CN101736865A - Greenhouse solar energy storage water heater wall panel and building solar energy storage water heater wall panel - Google Patents

Greenhouse solar energy storage water heater wall panel and building solar energy storage water heater wall panel Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101736865A
CN101736865A CN200910230982A CN200910230982A CN101736865A CN 101736865 A CN101736865 A CN 101736865A CN 200910230982 A CN200910230982 A CN 200910230982A CN 200910230982 A CN200910230982 A CN 200910230982A CN 101736865 A CN101736865 A CN 101736865A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
energy storage
water
panel
solar energy
water tank
Prior art date
Application number
CN200910230982A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
任树华
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任树华
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
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Publication date
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Priority to CN200910230982A priority Critical patent/CN101736865A/en
Publication of CN101736865A publication Critical patent/CN101736865A/en

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/25Greenhouse technology, e.g. cooling systems therefor
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B10/00Integration of renewable energy sources in buildings
    • Y02B10/20Solar thermal
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/40Solar thermal energy, e.g. solar towers
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/12Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries using renewable energies, e.g. solar water pumping
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/14Measures for saving energy, e.g. in green houses

Abstract

The invention discloses a greenhouse solar energy storage water heater wall panel and a building solar energy storage water heater wall panel, and belongs to the fields of agricultural production equipment and housing construction. A water tank is arranged on the inner side of a heat-collecting glass tube, and the inside of the water tank is provided with an energy storage tank which is filled with energy storage liquid prepared by mixing salt, ferric oxide, acetic acid and water; one end of the energy storage tank is provided with an energy storage liquid crystallizing exciter which is provided with magnetic exciting plates; and when the exciting plates vibrate, the energy storage liquid is crystallized under the excitation of the exciting plates and releases heat to heat the water outside the energy storage tank. The greenhouse solar energy storage water heater wall panel and the building solar energy storage water heater wall panel have the advantages that: the energy storage tank realizes two-time solar energy utilization; and the inner side face of a main water tank can be embedded with an insulation board or ventilating board so as to realize free change of heat insulation and direct heat dissipation. The greenhouse solar energy storage water heater wall panel and the building solar energy storage water heater wall panel have important significance for protecting environment, saving energy and reducing emission, improving agricultural productivity, accelerating agricultural modernization and improving quality of life of people.

Description

Greenhouse solar energy storage water heater wall panel and building solar energy storage water heater wall panel

Technical field:

Greenhouse solar energy storage water heater wall panel belongs to the agricultural production apparatus field; Building solar energy storage water heater wall panel belongs to the house property building field.

Technical background:

The technical development of modern sun energy geyser is very fast, and innovation emerges in an endless stream with improvement.The traditional agriculture summer does the production model in winter slack and can not satisfy the demand far away, and agriculture in greenhouse production is greatly developed in an urgent demand.Agriculture in greenhouse production needs heating, to keep the needed temperature of ordinary production.It is too backward to burn the coal heating, and safety inadequately, and then cost is too high to utilize solar electrical energy generation to warm oneself.Therefore, utilize a comparatively desirable selection of solar water heater heating just becoming.But, how to utilize solar water heater to improve the temperature in greenhouse efficiently, remain the important topic of demanding urgently researching and solving.

The solar water heater that install at the building top of standing in great numbers in modern town and country is close and numerous, but because the building topside area is limited, can not satisfy the demand far away.Therefore there is the people to design the suspension type solar water heater.Though this suspension type solar water heater has solved the problem that can not satisfy the demand in the building top, but the negative issue that has also produced: be exactly not only install and inconvenient maintenance and danger, increase resident's life cost greatly, and had a strong impact on the overall image in impression and city.

Summary of the invention:

The present invention has put upside down prior solar water heater water tank has been placed in the structure of heat collecting glass tube top, and water tank is placed in the inboard of heat collecting glass tube, and in the water tank indoor design energy storage case, energy storage case inside is full of energy storage liquid.And energy storage liquid crystalization exciter is housed at an end of energy storage case, be magnetic on the exciter and excite sheet, excite the streamline groove that symmetry is arranged on the sheet, when exciting the sheet vibration, energy storage liquid excites crystallization and release heat down at it, in order to the water of heating energy storage case outside, thereby promote the satisfaction of people to the hot water demand.

Greenhouse solar energy storage water heater wall panel is made of one group of heat collecting glass tube and incubator thereof, water tank, reflector, energy storage case, exciter, reservoir chamber, water pump, tube connector; Heat collecting glass tube inserts water tank upper; The energy storage case is installed in the water tank, and exciter is installed in an end of energy storage case; Reservoir chamber is underground in the greenhouse.

Building solar energy storage water heater wall panel is made of one group of heat collecting glass tube and incubator, main water box and secondary water tank, reflector, energy storage case, exciter, radiator, water pump, tube connector; Heat collecting glass tube inserts water tank upper; Two energy storage casees are installed in respectively in main water box and the secondary water tank, and two exciters are installed in an end of two energy storage casees respectively.

The water tank of described greenhouse solar energy storage water heater wall panel, inside have a vertical tube, and there is elbow the upper end of vertical tube, and this elbow bends towards the lower edge of heat collecting glass tube upper port.

Described energy storage case, inside are full of the energy storage liquid that is mixed by salt, iron oxide, acetate and water.

Described exciter, by barrel shrond, magnetic coil and fixedly back-up ring, soft iron cylinder and soft iron disk, return spring, excite sheet to constitute; Its sheet that excites is the rectangular bow type of fillet, and the streamline groove of symmetry is arranged; Excite sheet to be installed in the inward flange of the inner oral area of barrel shrond.

Described exciter, the internal end cover of its barrel shrond tightly are fixed on the barrel shrond, and the circular hole that the center of internal end cover has a soft iron cylinder to pass has a water seal between this circular hole and the soft iron cylinder; A pore is arranged on the outer end cap of barrel shrond.

Described exciter, there is fixedly back-up ring the outer end of its magnetic coil, and fixedly back-up ring is bolted on the barrel shrond with two at least.

Described incubator, its lateral surface are one deck printing opacity poly (methyl methacrylate) plate or glass plate; The medial surface of incubator has one deck warming plate and one deck reflector; There is one deck warming plate the bottom surface of incubator; There is one group of heat collecting glass tube the incubator the inside, and water tank upper is inserted in the upper end of heat collecting glass tube, and insert in the warming plate of incubator bottom the lower end.

Described main water box, its medial surface has hollow groove, can embed warming plate in the hollow groove, also can embed the air permeable plate of porous.

The incubator of described building solar energy storage water heater wall panel, its end face are the poly (methyl methacrylate) plate or the glass plates of an activity.

The beneficial effect of this project has increased the energy storage case, has realized utilizing solar energy twice; Enlarge water tank capacity and increased incubator, can manyly store solar energy better; The medial surface of building solar energy storage water heater wall panel main water box has hollow groove, can embed warming plate or heat sink as required in hollow groove, has realized any conversion of heat insulation and direct heat radiation.In a word, this project is of great importance for environmental protection, energy-saving and emission-reduction, raising rural labor productivity and acceleration modernization construction, raising people's lives quality.

Description of drawings:

Fig. 1 is the greenhouse solar energy storage water heater wall panel schematic diagram.

Fig. 2 is the exciter schematic diagram.

Fig. 3 is the building solar energy storage water heater wall panel schematic diagram.

Fig. 4 is the building solar energy storage water heater wall panel sectional view.

The specific embodiment:

As shown in Figure 1, the cross section top of the water tank 11 of greenhouse solar energy storage water heater wall panel is right-angled trapezium, and the bottom is a triangle; The lower seat of water tank 11 is on ground below 2; Insert in the circular hole on water tank 11 tops the upper end of heat collecting glass tube 14; There is tight bonding rubber ring the circular hole inboard of water tank 11, can seal heat collecting glass tube 14, does not make and leaks.

Water tank 11 upper outside have insulation layer 16, and the outside of insulation layer 16 connects the film 2 in greenhouse; Because the cold water of water tank 11 bottoms is not easy to be by convection into water tank upper, therefore increased a vertical tube 7, there is elbow the upper end of vertical tube 7, this elbow is facing to the lower edge of heat collecting glass tube 14 upper port, when the hot water in heat collecting glass tube 14 flows out from the upper limb of upper port, cold water just flows to from lower edge, and like this, the cold water of water tank 11 bottoms just flows to heat collecting glass tube 14 by vertical tube 7 and suffered.

One group of heat collecting glass tube 14 is arranged in the incubator 13, and insert in the warming plate of incubator 13 bottom surfaces the lower end of heat collecting glass tube 14; The lateral surface of incubator 13 is poly (methyl methacrylate) plate or glass plate 15.

Between the insulation layer 12 of incubator 13 and the heat collecting glass tube 14 reflector 10 is arranged, the reverberation of reflector 10 can improve the collecting efficiency of heat collecting glass tube 14 from back side illuminaton heat collecting glass tube 14.

Energy storage case 8 is arranged at the bottom of water tank 11, and energy storage case 8 inside are full of the energy storage liquid that is mixed by salt, iron oxide, acetate and water.One end of energy storage case 8 is connected with exciter 9; The barrel shrond of energy storage case 8 and exciter 9 all is a plastic material, and barrel shrond the inner of exciter 9 is stretched in the energy storage case 8, and its joint portion is tightly bonding with adhesive.

Reservoir chamber 1 is embedded in below ground in the greenhouse, and tap water water inlet pipe 4, outlet pipe 3 and return pipe 5 are arranged on the water tank 11, and a water pump 6 is arranged on the return pipe 5, and water pump 6 is arranged in pump chamber, and there is the lid door of an activity in pump chamber.

The volume of reservoir chamber 1 is huge, can reach 1000 times of water tank capacity, and its effect is a large amount of hot water storage that sun in summer energy geyser is produced, in order to using winter.Open water pump 6 when needing, the heat-exchanger pump inlet water tank 11 of reservoir chamber 1, this moment, water tank 11 used as radiator.

As shown in Figure 2, energy storage liquid crystalization exciter 9 by barrel shrond 24, magnetic coil 21 and fixedly back-up ring 22, soft iron cylinder 19 and soft iron disk 25, return spring 23, excite sheet 17, internal end cover 20 and outer end cap 27 to constitute.

The right-hand member of soft iron cylinder 19 is fixed in the center of soft iron disk 25, soft iron cylinder 19 inserts in the magnetic coil 21, return spring 23 and fixing back-up ring 22 are arranged between soft iron disk 25 and the magnetic coil 21, and fixedly back-up ring 22 is bolted on the barrel shrond 24 with two at least.

Exciting sheet 17 is rectangular bow types of fillet, and the streamline groove of symmetry is arranged; Excite sheet 17 to be installed in the inward flange 18 of barrel shrond 24 inner oral areas; The internal end cover 20 of the barrel shrond 24 of exciter 9 tightly is fixed on the barrel shrond 24, and the circular hole that the center of internal end cover 20 has a soft iron cylinder 19 to pass has a water seal between this circular hole and the soft iron cylinder 19, in case liquid flows out along soft iron cylinder 19.

There is an air-vent at outer end cap 27 centers of the barrel shrond 24 of exciter 9; Outer end cap 27 has internal thread, and there is external screw thread the outer end of barrel shrond 24, and outer end cap 27 is spun on the barrel shrond 24, can limit the position of soft iron disk 25; There is a rubber washer 26 outer end cap 27 the insides, the impact force in the time of can cushioning soft iron disk 25 returns.

When the power knob switch of pressing exciter 9, connect the power supply of magnetic coil 21, the magnetic attraction soft iron disk 26 of magnetic coil 21 is to left movement, and then soft iron cylinder 19 bumps excite sheet 17 vibrations; Cut off the power supply of magnetic coil 21, then soft iron disk 26 and soft iron cylinder 19 return to the right under the effect of return spring 23 excites sheet 17 also to restore to the original state; Press press button continuously, make to excite sheet 17 to shake continuously, can excite the energy storage liquid crystalization fast, release heat improves the water temperature in the water tank, thereby reaches the purpose that prolongs the heating time.

As shown in Figure 3, the water tank of building solar energy storage water heater wall panel has two: main water box 11 and secondary water tank 30.Main water box 11 is positioned at the inboard of heat collecting glass tube 14, and insert in the circular hole on main water box 11 tops the upper end of solar energy heating glass tube 14, and the circular hole inboard of main water box 11 has and main water box 11 tight bonding rubber rings, can seal heat collecting glass tube 14, does not make and leaks.

The cross section of secondary water tank 30 is squares, also can be round; Secondary water tank 30 is positioned at the top in washroom or kitchen, has water pipe 32 to be connected with water pipe 33 between main water box 11 and the secondary water tank 30.Two water tanks all have the energy storage case, and the structure of energy storage case and exciter and installation thereof are all identical with greenhouse solar energy storage water heater wall panel.

Secondary water tank 30 has a tap water water inlet pipe 4; Between secondary water tank 30 and the radiator radiator inleting pipe 28 is arranged, a water pump 6 is arranged on the outlet pipe of radiator, heating is opened water pump 6 and can quicken hot water circuit season; Secondary water tank 30 has an electric heater 31, and electric heater 31 and exciter 9 all are embedded in the insulation layer 29 of secondary water tank 30.

As shown in Figure 4, main water box 11 is in the inboard of heat collecting glass tube 14, and the cross section top of main water box 11 is right-angled trapezium, and the bottom is a triangle; The end face of main water box 11 has insulation layer 34; Main water box 11 has an electric heater 31.

One group of heat collecting glass tube 14 is arranged in the incubator 13, and insert in the warming plate of incubator 13 bottoms the lower end of heat collecting glass tube 14; There is reflector 10 inboard of heat collecting glass tube 14, and the reverberation of reflector 10 can improve the collecting efficiency of heat collecting glass tube 14 from back side illuminaton solar energy heating glass tube 14.

The end face of incubator 13 is poly (methyl methacrylate) plate or glass plates 35 of an activity, and this design one is to have increased glazed area, sunlight can penetrating window glass and glass plate 35 shine on the heat collecting glass tube 14; The 2nd, take away glass plate 35 and can keep in repair inside or the inner dust of wiping easily; Incubator has one and conplane poly (methyl methacrylate) plate of body of wall or glass plate 37, and insert in the slit at incubator 13 edges the bottom of glass plate 37, and its top is fastened on the window frame 39 with bolt 38.

The medial surface of main water box 11 has hollow groove 36, and the non-heating phase embeds warming plate in hollow groove 36, to stop main water box to indoor heat radiation; The heating phase embeds the ventilating board of porous in hollow groove 36, so that main water box 11 is to indoor direct heat radiation, this has just saved one group of radiator.

Claims (10)

1. a greenhouse solar energy storage water heater wall panel is characterized in that, is made of one group of heat collecting glass tube and incubator, water tank, reflector, energy storage case and exciter, reservoir chamber, water pump, tube connector; Heat collecting glass tube inserts water tank upper; The energy storage case is installed in the water tank, and exciter is installed in an end of energy storage case.
2. a building solar energy storage water heater wall panel is characterized in that, is made of one group of heat collecting glass tube and incubator, main water box and secondary water tank, reflector, energy storage case, exciter, radiator, water pump, tube connector; Heat collecting glass tube is installed on the main water box; Two energy storage casees are installed in respectively in main water box and the secondary water tank, and two exciters are installed in an end of two energy storage casees respectively.
3. water tank according to claim 1 is characterized in that, its cross section top is right-angled trapezium, and the bottom is a triangle; There is a vertical tube its inside, and there is elbow the upper end of vertical tube, and this elbow bends towards the lower edge of heat collecting glass tube upper port.
4. energy storage case according to claim 1 is characterized in that, inside is full of the energy storage liquid that is mixed by salt, iron oxide, acetate and water.
5. exciter according to claim 1 is characterized in that, by barrel shrond, magnetic coil and fixedly back-up ring, soft iron cylinder and soft iron disk, soft iron disk return spring, excite sheet to constitute.
6. exciter according to claim 1 is characterized in that, the internal end cover of its barrel shrond tightly is fixed on the barrel shrond, and the circular hole that the center of internal end cover has a soft iron cylinder to pass has a water seal between this circular hole and the soft iron cylinder; A pore is arranged on the outer end cap of barrel shrond; Its sheet that excites is the rectangular bow type of fillet, and the streamline groove of symmetry is arranged; Excite sheet to be installed in the inward flange of the inner oral area of barrel shrond.
7. exciter according to claim 1 is characterized in that there is fixedly back-up ring the outer end of its magnetic coil, and fixedly back-up ring is bolted on the barrel shrond with two at least.
8. incubator according to claim 1 is characterized in that, there is one group of heat collecting glass tube the inside, and insert in the water tank upper end of heat collecting glass tube, and insert in the warming plate of incubator bottom the lower end; The lateral surface of incubator is one deck printing opacity poly (methyl methacrylate) plate or glass plate; The medial surface of incubator has one deck warming plate and one deck reflector.
9. main water box according to claim 2 and secondary water tank is characterized in that, the cross section top of main water box is right-angled trapezium, and the bottom is a triangle; The cross section of secondary water tank is a square, also can be round; The medial surface of main water box has hollow groove, can embed warming plate in the hollow groove, also can embed the air permeable plate of porous.
10. incubator according to claim 2 is characterized in that, its end face is the poly (methyl methacrylate) plate or the glass plate of an activity.
CN200910230982A 2009-11-27 2009-11-27 Greenhouse solar energy storage water heater wall panel and building solar energy storage water heater wall panel CN101736865A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN200910230982A CN101736865A (en) 2009-11-27 2009-11-27 Greenhouse solar energy storage water heater wall panel and building solar energy storage water heater wall panel

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN200910230982A CN101736865A (en) 2009-11-27 2009-11-27 Greenhouse solar energy storage water heater wall panel and building solar energy storage water heater wall panel

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CN101736865A true CN101736865A (en) 2010-06-16

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102518274A (en) * 2011-11-28 2012-06-27 杭州希尔特节能保温材料有限公司 Thermal insulation plate with multiple interfaces
CN104145747A (en) * 2014-07-07 2014-11-19 兰州交通大学 Active-passive cooperative heat storage wall heating system of solar greenhouse

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4343296A (en) * 1979-10-15 1982-08-10 Karl Wojcik Solar heating system
CN2336283Y (en) * 1997-10-17 1999-09-01 徐敏芬 Solar water heater
CN101485268A (en) * 2009-03-10 2009-07-22 郑建秋 Energy-saving seedling cultivation greenhouse

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4343296A (en) * 1979-10-15 1982-08-10 Karl Wojcik Solar heating system
CN2336283Y (en) * 1997-10-17 1999-09-01 徐敏芬 Solar water heater
CN101485268A (en) * 2009-03-10 2009-07-22 郑建秋 Energy-saving seedling cultivation greenhouse

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102518274A (en) * 2011-11-28 2012-06-27 杭州希尔特节能保温材料有限公司 Thermal insulation plate with multiple interfaces
CN102518274B (en) * 2011-11-28 2013-12-11 杭州希尔特节能保温材料有限公司 Thermal insulation plate with multiple interfaces
CN104145747A (en) * 2014-07-07 2014-11-19 兰州交通大学 Active-passive cooperative heat storage wall heating system of solar greenhouse
CN104145747B (en) * 2014-07-07 2016-05-18 兰州交通大学 The moving collaborative accumulation of heat body of wall heating system of a kind of heliogreenhouse main quilt

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