CN101650785B - Dangerous- article physical-distribution intelligent supervision method based on radio frequency identification - Google Patents

Dangerous- article physical-distribution intelligent supervision method based on radio frequency identification Download PDF

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CN101650785B
CN101650785B CN 200910306009 CN200910306009A CN101650785B CN 101650785 B CN101650785 B CN 101650785B CN 200910306009 CN200910306009 CN 200910306009 CN 200910306009 A CN200910306009 A CN 200910306009A CN 101650785 B CN101650785 B CN 101650785B
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monitoring
information
dangerous
real
dangerous goods
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CN 200910306009
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CN101650785A (en
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姚振强
王建
秦玉
程青青
胡永祥
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上海交通大学
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Abstract

The invention relates to a dangerous-article physical-distribution intelligent supervision method based on radio frequency identification, which belongs to the technical field of physical-distribution supervision. The method comprises the following steps: installing a dangerous-article packing container state monitoring system in a dangerous-article packing container, and acquiring the physical state of the dangerous articles in real time and writing in an RFID tag outside the container; reading and writing the RFID tag information in real time in the entire physical-distribution process by using a dangerous-article vehicle-mounted monitoring system, monitoring stations and on-way inspection stations, and dynamically exchanging dangerous-article physical-distribution information, state information, safety information and vehicle running state information with a dangerous-article physical-distribution centralized supervision platform; using the dangerous-article physical-distribution centralized supervision platform to realize the centralized supervision in the physical-distribution process and provide real-time inquiries for remote users. Therefore, the method forms the dangerous-article physical-distribution intelligent supervision comprising multi-stage real-time monitoring, synchronous in-time alarming, automatic failure treatment and uniform logic distribution, and completely realizes the multi-stage distribution monitoring, real-time process tracking, automatic fault treatment and real-time remote inquiry in the dangerous-article physical-distribution process.

Description

基于射频识别的危险品物流智能监管方法 Based on Dangerous Goods Logistics radio frequency identification smart regulatory approach

[0001] 本发明是由专利申请号为:200810035M3. 1,专利申请名称为:“基于射频识别的危险品物流智能监管系统及方法”,专利申请人为:上海交通大学,专利申请日为:2008年4 月3日的专利分案申请。 [0001] The present invention is a patent application number:. 200810035M3 1, Patent Application entitled: "Dangerous Goods Logistics intelligent monitoring system and method for RFID-based" patent applicant is: Shanghai Jiaotong University, patent filing date: 2008 in patent divisional application is April 3.

技术领域 FIELD

[0002] 本发明涉及一种检测技术领域的系统及方法,具体地说,涉及的是一种基于射频识别(RFID)的危险品物流智能监管方法。 [0002] The present invention relates to a technical field of detection systems and methods, and more particularly, relates to a radio frequency identification (RFID) smart stream based regulation of Dangerous Goods.

背景技术 Background technique

[0003] 近年来我国危险货物道路运输事故较多,对道路沿线周围的居民、生态环境造成极大损害。 [0003] In recent years, our country more dangerous goods road transport accidents, residents along the road around, cause great damage to the ecological environment. 据统计,我国95%以上的危险化学品属于长途运输问题,如液氨的年流动量达80万吨,液氯的年流动量达170万吨,其中80%左右是通过道路长途运输的。 According to statistics, more than 95% of long-distance transport of dangerous chemicals belong to issues such as the annual flow capacity of 800,000 tons of liquid ammonia, liquid chlorine annual flow capacity of 1.7 million tons, of which about 80% of long-distance transport by road. 危险货物在运输时,存在着潜在危险性,一旦发生交通事故,其灾难性后果波及面广,影响十分严重。 Dangerous goods transport, there is a potential risk, in the event of traffic accidents, its disastrous consequences reach wide, the impact is very serious.

[0004] 目前,危险货物运输环节存在许多不安全因素,并缺乏有效的监管手段。 [0004] Currently, there are many aspects of the transport of dangerous goods insecurity, and lack of effective means of supervision. 一方面, 政府和企业对于危险货物运输过程中存在的恶性事故和可能被劫持进行恐怖活动的潜在危险,缺乏有效的科技监控手段,无法对不安全事件进行预警,事故发生以后也无法及时获取支持应急响应的相关信息;另一方面,司乘人员在车辆驾驶过程中存在超速、超载等违规行为,车辆行驶过程中不按照预定路线行驶或违规进出目标区域,无法及时获取危险货物货物状态信息,这些因素都是安全隐患。 On the one hand, the government and enterprises to fatal accidents during transport of dangerous goods in the presence of potentially dangerous and likely to be hijacked by terrorist activities, the lack of effective means of monitoring technology can not be early warning of unsafe events, after the accident occurred can not get timely support information on emergency response; on the other hand, there is speeding drivers and passengers in the vehicle driving, overloading and other irregularities, the vehicle is running or not running out illegal target area, not timely access to shipment status information of dangerous goods according to a predetermined route, these factors are security risks. 因此,如何运用先进技术保障危险货物运输过程中的安全问题,提高整个危险货物运输行业的安全水平,是目前迫切需要解决的问题。 Therefore, how to use advanced technology to protect the security problems in the process of transport of dangerous goods, to improve the level of safety throughout the transport of dangerous goods industry, is the urgent need to address the problem. 为适应对危险品之类特殊货物的运输安全监管,目前普遍采取车载监视终端和远程监控中心配合的方法,由车载终端实时发送自身位置、行驶速度等车辆信息,监控中心实现实时跟踪车辆位置、进行运输路径规划,并接收车载终端的人工报警请求等功能。 To meet the transportation safety supervision of dangerous goods such special cargo, now widely adopted method of on-board monitoring terminal and remote monitoring center with the sending of vehicle information own position, speed and other real-time by the car terminal, the control center for real-time tracking of the vehicle position, for transport route planning, and other artificial alert request received vehicle terminal function.

[0005] 经对现有技术的文献检索发现,许松华在其硕士学位论文“危险货物运输监控系统关键技术研究”[北京交通大学.2007]中,分析了危险货物运输车辆监控系统的关键技术,提出了危险货物运输监控系统框架,实现了危险货物监控系统的初步开发,其采用条形码作为货物信息存储单元,车载系统实时将货物种类和自身车速、GPS位置等信息上传给监控中心进行管理。 [0005] literature search of the prior art found Xu Songhua in its master's degree thesis [Beijing Jiaotong University .2007] in "Key Technologies Transport of Dangerous Goods Monitoring System", analyzes the key technology of dangerous goods transport vehicle monitoring system, proposed transport of dangerous goods monitoring system framework to achieve the initial development of dangerous goods monitoring system, which uses bar codes as cargo information storage unit, on-board real-time information to the type of goods and their speed, GPS location to manage uploads to the monitoring center. 检索中还发现,连保康等人在《安全与环境学报》[2006.6 Supplement : 173-175]上发表的论文“危险品的GPS运输监控技术现状分析”中,指出今后危险品运输监控技术的发展趋势是,综合利用条形码技术获取危化品信息,有效集成GPS (全球定位系统)、TRANS-GIS(交通地理信息系统)、GSM(全球移动通信系统)等通信技术,建立智能化全程监控危化品的运输系统,通过车辆的动态定位而间接实现对危险品进行动态跟踪管理,以保证相应危险品的各种信息在安全、公安、消防、交通、环保、卫生等部门之间共享。 Retrieval also found that even Baokang et al [2006.6 Supplement: 173-175] "Journal of Safety and Environment" on paper, "the status quo GPS monitoring technology transport of dangerous goods Analysis", pointed out that the future transport of dangerous goods monitoring technology The trend is, utilization of barcode technology to obtain information on hazardous chemicals, the effective integration of GPS (global positioning system), TRANS-GIS (geographic information system traffic), GSM (global system for mobile communications) and other communication technologies, the establishment of intelligent process monitoring risk chemicals, transportation systems, dynamic positioning of the vehicle by indirectly for dangerous goods dynamic tracking management to ensure that all kinds of information corresponding share of dangerous goods between security, public security, fire, transportation, environmental protection, health and other sectors. 但这些技术均无法做到对危险品物理量进行实时监测和集成监管。 However, these techniques are unable to do the physical quantity of dangerous goods for real-time monitoring and integrated supervision. 发明内容 SUMMARY

[0006] 本发明的目的是针对现有技术的不足,提供一种基于射频识别的危险品物流智能监管方法,使其解决背景技术中危险品监控系统无法对危险品状态进行实时采集处理并传输的问题,实现对危险品物理状态、动态物流信息等实时智能的监管。 [0006] The object of the present invention is the lack of the prior art, there is provided a method of regulation of dangerous goods logistics smart RFID-based, it can not solve the dangerous goods monitoring system for real-time acquisition and processing of hazardous materials and the transmission state of the background art the problem, implementation, logistics and dynamic information such as real-time intelligence on the physical state regulation of dangerous goods.

[0007] 本发明是通过以下技术方案实现的: [0007] The present invention is achieved by the following technical solutions:

[0008] 本发明所涉及的基于射频识别的危险品物流智能监管系统,包括:装箱点监控站、 多个途中检查站、卸箱点监控站、危险品包装箱状态监控系统、危险品车载监控系统和危险品物流集成监管平台。 [0008] Intelligent dangerous goods logistics monitoring system based on radio frequency identification according to the present invention, comprising: a packing point monitoring stations, a plurality of checkpoints on the way, point monitoring stations unloading boxes, crates hazardous condition monitoring system, dangerous goods vehicle dangerous goods logistics monitoring system and integrated monitoring platform. 这些子系统协作完成危险品物流过程的实时监管,其中: These subsystems collaborate on dangerous goods logistics process real-time monitoring, in which:

[0009] 所述装箱点监控站负责危险品包装箱状态监控系统和危险品车载监控系统的安装、模块初始化和物流信息远程预录提交; [0009] The packing station is responsible for monitoring the installation point of dangerous goods packaging hazardous condition monitoring system and vehicle monitoring system, the remote module initialization and pre-recorded stream information submitted;

[0010] 所述多个途中检查站负责对进站车辆的危险品包装箱进行状态采集、安全信息校验,并将结果上传给危险品物流集成监管平台集中管理; [0010] The plurality of checkpoints way responsible for packaging dangerous goods vehicle stop state is acquired, the security check information, and upload the results to the monitoring platform dangerous goods logistics integrated centralized management;

[0011] 所述卸箱点监控站负责对车辆的危险品包装箱进行状态采集、安全信息校验,必要时拆除危险品包装箱状态监控系统,并将结果上传给危险品物流集成监管平台集中管理; [0011] The tank unloading point monitoring station responsible for dangerous goods packaging collect the state of the vehicle, the security check information, dangerous goods packaging removal condition monitoring system, if necessary, and the result is uploaded to the internet dangerous goods logistics integrated centralized Regulated management;

[0012] 所述危险品包装箱状态监控系统负责对包装箱内各待检物理量进行实时采集,并定时写入包装箱RFID标签,同时还执行危险品车载监控系统转发过来的指令; [0012] The dangerous condition monitoring system is responsible for packing various physical quantities within the container to be examined in real-time acquisition and timing of the programming box RFID tag, while also performing dangerous vehicle monitoring instructions over the transponder;

[0013] 所述危险品车载监控系统负责实时采集包装箱RFID标签中的危险品状态信息、 包装箱安全信息,通过车载传感器实时采集GPS位置、车速等信息,通过GPRS通信模块实现与危险品物流集成监管平台的实时数据交换,对这些信息进行安全报警和数据上传,自动实现故障处理,同时还接受危险品物流集成监管平台的各种指令实现各类信息的实时查询等任务; [0013] The vehicle monitoring system responsible for dangerous goods dangerous state information of real-time acquisition of the RFID tag in the box, the box security information, GPS position acquisition by onboard sensors, vehicle speed and other information in real time, realize of dangerous goods stream through GPRS communication module Real-time data integration platform for the exchange of regulatory, security alarm conduct of such information and data upload, automatically troubleshooting, while also accepting various commands of dangerous goods logistics integrated monitoring platform to achieve real-time access all types of information and other tasks;

[0014] 所述危险品物流集成监管平台负责与各个危险品车载监控系统进行无线数据交换,与各装箱点监控站、卸箱点监控站、途中检查站通过hternet交换数据,对各类数据进行校验、集中存储等处理,实现对各危险品运输车辆实时跟踪,危险品状态全局监控,各类报警和故障处理,对车辆进行路径规划,并处理用户远程登录查询等请求。 [0014] The integrated monitoring platform dangerous stream responsible for wireless data exchange with the respective dangerous vehicle monitoring system, the monitoring points each packing station, unloading boxes point monitoring station, inspection station by way hternet exchanging data, various types of data verify, centralized storage, processing, and real-time tracking of various dangerous goods transport vehicles, the state of the global monitoring of dangerous goods, all kinds of alarm and fault handling, the vehicle route planning and remote user login process inquiries and other requests.

[0015] 所述装箱点监控站,包括装箱点监控终端模块、第一固定式RFID读写设备、单片机编程器。 [0015] The packing point monitoring station, monitoring terminal point packing module comprising, a first fixed RFID reader device, the microcontroller programmer. 其中: among them:

[0016] 所述装箱点监控终端模块控制第一固定式RFID读写设备,实现对RFID标签的读写操作,装箱点监控终端模块控制单片机编程器实现包装箱状态采集监控模块单片机的程序下载,装箱点监控终端模块为操作员提供操作界面,将其中使用的相关物流信息以及初始化信息通过网络浏览器登录危险品物流集成监管平台Web网站,进行物流初始信息的预录; [0016] The monitoring terminal point packing module controls the first fixed RFID reader device, the RFID tag read and write operation, the monitoring terminal point packing SCM control module implements status collection box program monitoring module SCM Download, packing point monitoring terminal module provides the operator interface, related logistics information and initialization information using the login dangerous goods logistics integrated monitoring platform Web site via a Web browser, a pre-recorded initial logistics information;

[0017] 所述第一固定式RFID读写设备与装箱点监控终端模块通信,实现对RFID标签的无线读写; [0017] The first RFID reader fixed point monitoring terminal device and packing module in communication, reading and writing of the RFID wireless tag;

[0018] 所述单片机编程器接收装箱点监控终端模块提供的单片机程序文件,将程序下载到包装箱状态采集监控模块单片机中。 [0018] The programming of the microcontroller MCU receives a file packing module provides point monitoring terminal, download the program to the state collection box PCU microcontroller.

[0019] 所述途中检查站,包括途中检查站监控终端模块、第二固定式RFID读写设备、第一手持PDA (个人数字助理)。 [0019] way of the inspection station, the terminal comprising a monitoring module checkpoints way, a second fixed RFID reader device, the first handheld PDA (personal digital assistant). 其中: among them:

[0020] 所述检查站监控终端模块控制第二固定式RFID读写设备,实现对RFID标签的读写操作,并导入第一手持PDA的数据;检查站监控终端模块对RFID标签中的信息进行校验, 若门封安全或危险品物理状态异常,则向操作员报警以进行应急处理,同时将采集到的信息和校验结果上传给危险品物流集成监管平台集中管理,并为操作员提供操作界面; [0020] The inspection station monitor module controls the second fixed terminal RFID reader device, read and write operations of the RFID tag, and import data of a first handheld PDA; checkpoint control terminal module RFID tag information is performed check if door seals or safety of dangerous goods abnormal physical state, it alerts the operator to carry out emergency treatment, while the collected information and check the results uploaded to the dangerous goods logistics integrated monitoring platform for centralized management and provides for the operator user interface;

[0021] 所述第二固定式RFID读写设备由检查站监控终端模块控制,实现对RFID标签的无线读写; [0021] The second fixed RFID reader device is controlled by monitoring the terminal module checkpoint, reading and writing of the RFID wireless tag;

[0022] 所述第一手持PDA,用于人工读取包装箱RFID标签中的各类信息,并通过其检查站监控终端模块导出这些信息。 [0022] The first handheld PDA, RFID tags for packaging various types of information in a human readable, and the information derived by monitoring its checkpoints terminal module.

[0023] 所述卸箱点监控站,包括卸箱点监控终端模块、第三固定式RFID读写设备、第二手持PDA。 [0023] The monitoring station point of unloading boxes, including box unloading terminal point monitoring module, the third fixed RFID reader device, the second handheld PDA. 其中: among them:

[0024] 所述卸箱点监控终端模块为操作员提供操作界面,控制固定式RFID读写设备,实现对RFID标签的读写操作,并导入第二手持PDA的数据,卸箱点监控终端模块还对RFID标签中的信息进行校验,若门封安全或危险品物理状态异常,则向操作员报警以进行应急处理,并将采集到的信息和校验结果上传给危险品物流集成监管平台集中管理; [0024] The monitoring terminal point of unloading boxes module provides an operator interface, the control apparatus fixed RFID reader, the RFID tag read and write operation of data and introducing a second handheld PDA, the monitoring terminal point unloading boxes information module is further verify the RFID tag, if the safety door seal or dangerous abnormal physical state, alerts the operator to the emergency treatment, and upload the collected information and verification result to dangerous goods logistics integrated Regulated centralized management platform;

[0025] 所述第三固定式RFID读写设备由卸箱点监控终端模块控制,实现对RFID标签的无线读写; [0025] The third fixed RFID reader device is controlled by monitoring the point of unloading boxes terminal module, write to the RFID wireless tag;

[0026] 所述第二手持PDA,用于人工读取包装箱RFID标签中的各类信息,并通过其卸箱点监控终端模块导出这些信息。 [0026] The second handheld PDA, RFID tags for packaging various types of information in a human readable, and through its point of unloading boxes monitoring module export the information terminal.

[0027] 所述危险品包装箱状态监控系统包括箱内的包装箱状态采集与监控模块、传感器组、箱内RFID读写设备、包装箱RFID标签和第一报警指示单元。 [0027] The dangerous condition monitoring system comprises a packing box packing state acquisition and monitoring module, sensors, the equipment inside the RFID reader, RFID tags and the first box alarm indication unit. 其中: among them:

[0028] 所述包装箱状态采集与监控模块是该系统处理核心,通过查询传感器组各采集通道,对包装箱内各待检物理量进行实时采集,对监控参量进行判定,若参量超过预定报警值,则启动第一报警指示单元(警报灯、蜂鸣器等)进行本地报警,包装箱状态采集与监控模块根据预设上报频率,通过箱内RFID读写设备,将监控参量数值写入包装箱RFID标签, 并根据预设下载频率,对包装箱RFID标签内专用指令存储区进行读取,以执行危险品车载监控系统转发过来的特殊指令(如改变采集频率、屏蔽采集通道等); [0028] The package with the state monitoring module is a collection processing core of the system, each sensor group by querying the acquisition channel, each physical quantities within the container to be examined for real-time collection, monitoring parameters determination, if the parameter exceeds a predetermined alarm value , indicating the activation of the first alarm unit (warning lamp, buzzer, etc.) for a local alarm, status collection box and monitoring module reports according to a preset frequency by the RFID reader inside the device, the monitoring parameter value is written to the box RFID tag, and according to a preset download frequency, dedicated instructions stored in the box area of ​​the RFID tag read, an instruction to perform special hazardous forwarded by vehicle monitoring system (e.g., changing the frequency acquisition, channel acquisition shield, etc.);

[0029] 所述箱内RFID读写设备由包装箱状态采集与监控模块控制,实现对RFID标签的无线读写; [0029] The RFID reader inside the device and collected by the state monitoring module control boxes, wireless reading and writing the RFID tag;

[0030] 所述传感器组对待测物理量进行采集,每个传感器分别联接包装箱状态采集与监控模块的一个采集通道; [0030] The treated group measured physical quantity sensor collected, each sensor box are coupled with the state monitoring module collecting a collection channel;

[0031] 所述包装箱RFID标签,其中存储了危险品的各类信息,包括物流信息、危险品状态信息、门封安全信息、监控指令信息; [0031] The package of the RFID tag, which stores information of all kinds of dangerous goods, including logistics information, dangerous status information, security information door seal, monitoring instruction information;

[0032] 所述报警指示单元接收包装箱状态采集与监控模块输出的报警信号后动作,向附近人员发出警报。 [0032] The packing unit receives alarm status of the alarm indication signal acquisition and monitoring of the operation of the output module, alert nearby persons.

[0033] 所述危险品车载监控系统,包括车载监控终端模块、车载RFID设备、GPS接收机、 GPRS通信模块、显示屏、第二报警指示单元。 [0033] The dangerous vehicle monitoring system comprising a vehicle monitoring terminal module, vehicle RFID devices, GPS receivers, GPRS communication module, display screen, the second alarm indication unit. 其中: among them:

[0034] 所述车载监控终端模块控制车载RFID设备对包装箱RFID标签进行读写,实时采集危险品包装箱的各种状态信息,并通过GPRS通信模块实现与危险品物流集成监管平台的实时数据交换,按预设上报频率上传各种数据,接收危险品物流集成监管平台发送的各种指令并执行,车载监控终端模块还向显示屏输出,实时显示各类信息,当包装箱监控状态或安全状态异常时,输出信号触发第二报警指示单元及时进行本地报警,通知车上人员进行处理; [0034] The vehicle monitoring terminal control module of the vehicle box RFID tag RFID device for reading and writing the various states of real-time acquisition of dangerous goods crates, and real-time data stream with integrated monitoring platform dangerous goods by GPRS communication module switching, according to the preset frequency of reporting upload various data, various commands received dangerous goods logistics integrated supervision platform and performs transmission, vehicle monitoring module is further to display the output terminal, real-time display various information, when the state monitoring or safety box when the abnormal state, an output signal to trigger a second alarm indication unit local alarm promptly notify the vehicle personnel for processing;

[0035] 所述车载RFID设备由车载监控终端模块控制,实现对RFID标签的无线读写; [0035] The RFID device controlled by an onboard vehicle monitoring terminal module, write to the RFID wireless tag;

[0036] 所述GPS接收机通过GPS天线与卫星通信,实时接收GPS数据,车载监控终端模块采集这些数据并处理; [0036] The GPS antenna by GPS receiver and satellite communications, GPS data received in real time, vehicle monitoring terminal the data acquisition and processing module;

[0037] 所述GPRS通信模块通过GPRS天线与移动网络通信,实现车载监控终端模块与危险品物流集成监管平台的无线通信。 [0037] The communication module GPRS GPRS network communication with a mobile antenna, the vehicle-mounted wireless communication module and the monitor terminal regulatory dangerous goods logistics integrated platform.

[0038] 所述危险品物流集成监管平台包括集成监管模块、实时数据库和远程监管网站。 [0038] The Dangerous Goods Logistics integrated monitoring platform includes an integrated administration module, remote monitoring and real-time database and website. 其中: among them:

[0039] 所述集成监管模块与各个运输车辆的危险品车载监控系统进行无线数据交换,对危险品车载监控系统上传的报文进行解析,按报文命令字进行对应处理:①校验初始化申请,校验实时数据库中预录信息,向车载系统发送初始化报文;②将上报的危险品状态数据存入实时数据库;③接收故障或报警请求,实现本地报警并自动反馈报文进行处理(如屏蔽故障采集通道);④接受路径规划申请,发送下一批途经地点和危险地点的数据;⑤接受主动休眠申请,发送允许休眠报文; [0039] The administration module integrated with each transport vehicle dangerous goods vehicle monitoring system for wireless data exchange, vehicle monitoring system of dangerous goods uploaded message parsing, message according to the correspondence processing command word: ① application initialization check , check the pre-recorded information real-time database, send initialization messages to the in-vehicle system; ② the status data reported by the dangerous goods into real-time database; ③ request receiving fault or alarm, alarm and automatically implement local feedback message is processed (e.g. shielding fault collection passage); ④ receive route planning application, a transmit data via a number of sites and hazardous locations; ⑤ receiving active application sleep, sleep allows transmission packets;

[0040] 所述集成监管模块对实时数据库进行监视、读写操作,交换各类命令和数据信息, 通过查询数据库中的远程用户请求,生成查询报文发送给相应的危险品车载监控系统,使其执行对应任务; [0040] The supervision module integrated monitoring real-time database, read and write operations to exchange various types of commands and data information requested by the remote user queries the database, generating a query message sent to the corresponding dangerous goods vehicle monitoring system, so that which perform the corresponding task;

[0041] 所述集成监管模块为管理员提供监控管理界面,可全局查看所有危险品物流信息、危险品安全信息、危险品状态信息、车辆位置信息、故障和报警信息等;集成监管模块还根据当前故障和报警信息进行本地报警,提示管理员做出处理; [0041] The administration module integrated monitoring and management interface for the administrator, may be dangerous to view all global logistics information, security information dangerous, dangerous state information, vehicle position information, and fault alarm information; The integrated module further regulatory current fault and alarm information for local police, prompting the administrator to make a deal;

[0042] 所述实时数据库集中存储危险品物流监控过程各类信息,包括危险品物流信息、 包装箱RFID标签安全信息、危险品实时监控参量数据、危险品车载监控系统状态、各类故障和报警状态、远程查询信息、用户账户信息; [0042] The centralized database stores real dangerous goods logistics monitoring process all kinds of information, dangerous goods logistics information, security box RFID tag information, real-time monitoring of dangerous goods parametric data, dangerous goods vehicle monitoring system status, alarms, and various types of failure status, remote query information, user account information;

[0043] 所述远程监管网站,为危险品货代、用户等提供物流信息和监控状态实时查询;为装箱点监控站、卸箱点监控站、途中检查站提供远程数据录入修改等服务。 [0043] The remote site supervision, monitoring status information and logistics as dangerous freight, and other real-time user query; remote data entry edit point monitoring and other services packing station, unloading boxes point monitoring station, the way checkpoints.

[0044] 本发明所涉及的基于射频识别的危险品物流智能监管方法,具体为:在危险品包装箱内安装一套危险品包装箱状态监控系统,实时采集危险品物理状态并写入容器外的RFID标签中,然后采用危险品车载监控系统、各监控站和途中检查站在物流全过程中对RFID标签信息进行实时读写,并与危险品物流集成监管平台动态交换危险品物流信息、状态信息、安全信息、车辆行驶状态等信息;危险品物流集成监管平台实现物流过程的集中监管并提供远程用户实时查询;形成一套“多级实时监控、同步及时报警、故障自动处理、逻辑分布统一”的危险品物流智能监控方法,完整实现了危险品物流过程的分布多级监控、过程实时跟踪、自动错误处理和远程实时查询。 [0044] Regulated stream smart RFID-based hazardous material according to the present invention, in particular: in a hazardous installation box packing dangerous condition monitoring system, real-time acquisition and written to the physical state of the outer container dangerous RFID tags, and use of dangerous goods vehicle monitoring system, each monitoring station and the way the whole process of examination standing stream of read RFID tag information in real time, and dangerous goods logistics integrated monitoring platform dangerous dynamic logistics information exchange state information, security information, such as vehicle traveling state information; dangerous goods logistics and integrated monitoring platform for centralized supervision of the logistics process and provides real-time remote user query; the formation of a "multi-level real-time monitoring, synchronization and timely alarm, automatic fault handling, distribution unified logic "dangerous goods logistics intelligent monitoring methods, to achieve a complete distribution of dangerous goods logistics process of multi-level monitoring, process real-time tracking, automatic error handling and remote real-time queries.

[0045] 与现有技术相比,本发明是综合RFID、GPS、GIS、GPRS等技术的集成智能监管系统,在危险品物流全过程中,对危险品物理状态、动态物流信息等进行全面实时监控并及时报警处理,完整实现了危险品物流过程的分布多级监控、过程实时跟踪、自动错误处理和远程实时查询。 [0045] Compared with the prior art, the present invention is an integrated RFID, GPS, GIS, GPRS technology intelligent integrated monitoring system, the whole stream of dangerous goods in process, the dangerous physical state, comprehensive dynamic real-time information stream monitoring and timely alarm processing, to achieve a complete distribution of dangerous goods logistics process of multi-level monitoring, process real-time tracking, automatic error handling and remote real-time queries. 系统具有极强的实时性、安全性、容错性和可伸缩性。 The system has a strong real-time, security, fault tolerance and scalability. 本发明适用于危险品封闭包装运输监控各种场合。 The present invention is applicable to packaging and transportation of dangerous goods enclosed monitors various occasions. 附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0046] 图1为本发明危险品物流过程智能监管系统结构图 [0046] FIG. 1 process stream intelligent monitoring system configuration diagram of dangerous goods of the present invention

[0047] 图2为危险品包装箱状态监控系统结构图 [0047] FIG. 2 is a dangerous condition monitoring system configuration diagram box

[0048] 图3为危险品车载监控系统结构图 [0048] FIG. 3 is a dangerous vehicle monitor system of FIG.

[0049] 图4为危险品物流集成监管平台结构图 [0049] FIG. 4 is a hazardous goods logistics integrated monitoring platform structure of FIG.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0050] 下面结合附图对本发明的实施例作详细说明:本实施例在以本发明技术方案为前提下进行实施,给出了详细的实施方式和具体的操作过程,但本发明的保护范围不限于下述的实施例。 [0050] The following embodiments in conjunction with the accompanying drawings of embodiments of the present invention will be described in detail: In the present embodiments of the present invention is a technical premise, given the specific operation and detailed embodiments, but the scope of the present invention It is not limited to the following examples.

[0051] 如图1所示,本实施例危险品物流智能监管系统包括装箱点监控站1、危险品包装箱状态监控系统2、危险品车载监控系统3、多个途中检查站4、危险品物流集成监管平台5、 卸箱点监控站6。 [0051] As shown in FIG. 1, for example, dangerous goods logistics monitoring system of the present embodiment includes a intelligent packing point monitoring station 1, hazardous condition monitoring system box 2, dangerous goods vehicle monitoring system 3, a plurality of inspection stations 4 on the way, dangerous integrated product stream monitoring platform 5, 6 unloading boxes point monitoring station. 这些子系统协作完成危险品物流过程的实时监管。 These subsystems real-time monitoring of dangerous goods logistics process collaboratively.

[0052] 1.装箱点监控站 [0052] 1. Packing point monitoring station

[0053] 装箱点监控站主要由装箱点监控终端模块、固定式RFID读写设备(包括固定式RFID读写器及RFID天线)、单片机编程器组成。 [0053] Packing point monitoring stations mainly by the monitoring terminal point packing module, fixed RFID reader device (including fixed RFID reader and an RFID antenna), composed microcontroller programming. 装箱点监控站主要任务为初始化危险品物流过程,包括对危险品包装箱状态监控系统、危险品车载监控系统的安装初始化以及危险品物流过程初始数据的预录。 The main task of packing point monitoring station initialization dangerous goods logistics process, including pre-recorded on the condition monitoring system of dangerous goods packaging dangerous goods vehicle monitoring system installation and initialization of dangerous goods during the initial data stream. 各部件的主要功能如下: The main functions of the components are as follows:

[0054] 1)装箱点监控终端模块 [0054] 1) Packing terminal point monitoring module

[0055] 装箱点监控终端模块具体功能为:⑴装箱点监控终端模块控制固定式RFID读写设备,实现对RFID标签的读写操作;(2)装箱点监控终端模块控制单片机编程器实现包装箱状态采集监控模块单片机的程序下载;C3)操作员将装箱点监控终端模块中使用的相关物流信息以及初始化信息通过网络浏览器登录危险品物流集成监管平台Web网站,进行物流初始信息的预录;为操作员提供操作界面。 [0055] Packing point monitoring terminal module specific functions to: ⑴ packing point monitoring control terminal module fixed RFID reader device, the RFID tag read and write operation; and (2) packing point monitoring terminal control module Microcontroller Programmer box collection program to achieve the status monitoring module SCM download; C3) operator related logistics information and initialization information boxed point monitoring terminal module using the login dangerous goods logistics and integrated monitoring platform Web site through a web browser, logistics initial information the pre-recorded; providing user interface for the operator.

[0056] 2)固定式RFID读写设备 [0056] 2) fixed RFID reader device

[0057] 固定式RFID读写器与装箱点监控终端模块通信,通过RFID天线实现电信号和射频信号间的相互转换,实现对RFID标签的无线读写。 [0057] Fixed RFID reader module in communication with the packing point monitoring terminal, RFID antennas to achieve conversion between electrical signals and radio frequency signals by the RFID wireless tag reader.

[0058] 3)单片机编程器 [0058] 3) Microcontroller Programmer

[0059] 单片机编程器接收装箱点监控终端模块提供的单片机程序文件,将程序下载到包装箱状态采集监控模块单片机中。 [0059] SCM SCM program file packing receiving terminal point monitoring module and download the program to the state collection box PCU microcontroller.

[0060] 2.途中检查站 [0060] 2. way checkpoint

[0061] 途中检查站主要由途中检查站监控终端模块、固定式RFID读写设备(包括固定式RFID读写器及RFID天线)、手持PDA(个人数字助理)组成。 [0061] way mainly by way checkpoint checkpoint control terminal module fixed RFID reader device (including fixed RFID reader and an RFID antenna), a handheld PDA (personal digital assistant) composition. 途中检查站主要任务为对危险品RFID标签中各种信息进行校验,如出现非安全或报警情况,提示操作员立即进行处理;同时将信息和校验结果上传给危险品物流集成监管平台集中管理。 The main task of checkpoints on the way to the RFID tag for dangerous goods check all kinds of information, such as non-secure or alarm occurs, prompt the operator to immediately process; at the same time to upload information and check the results to the dangerous goods logistics integrated centralized monitoring platform management. 各部件的主要功能如下: The main functions of the components are as follows:

[0062] 1)检查站监控终端模块 [0062] 1) Check the terminal station monitoring module

[0063] 检查站监控终端模块具体功能为:(1)控制固定式RFID读写设备,实现对RFID标签的读写操作;⑵导入手持PDA的数据;(3)对RFID标签中的信息进行校验,若门封安全或危险品物理状态异常,则向操作员报警以进行应急处理;(4)将采集到的信息和校验结果上传给危险品物流集成监管平台集中管理;(5)为操作员提供操作界面。 [0063] Checkpoint monitor terminal module specific functions to: (1) controlling an RFID interrogator device, read and write operations of the RFID tag; ⑵ introduced handheld PDA data; and (3) the RFID tag information is performed correction test, if the safety door seal or dangerous abnormal physical state, then alerts the operator to perform emergency treatment; (4) the collected information and verification result dangerous goods uploaded to the centralized management logistics integrated supervision platform; (5) The operator provides operator interface.

[0064] 2)固定式RFID读写设备 [0064] 2) fixed RFID reader device

[0065] 固定式RFID读写器由检查站监控终端模块控制,通过RFID天线实现电信号和射频信号间的相互转换,实现对RFID标签的无线读写。 [0065] RFID reader fixed checkpoints is controlled by monitoring the terminal module, conversion between electrical signals and radio frequency signals via the RFID antenna, the RFID wireless tag reader.

[0066] 3)手持PDA [0066] 3) handheld PDA

[0067] 操作员利用手持PDA可以人工读取包装箱RFID标签中的各类信息,并通过其检查站监控终端模块导出这些信息。 [0067] The operator using handheld PDA various information box RFID tag may be manually read, and the information derived by monitoring its checkpoints terminal module.

[0068] 3.卸箱点监控站 [0068] 3. unloading boxes point monitoring station

[0069] 卸箱点监控站主要由卸箱点监控终端模块、固定式RFID读写设备(包括固定式RFID读写器及RFID天线)、手持PDA组成。 [0069] point of unloading boxes mainly by the monitoring station monitoring terminal point of unloading boxes module, fixed RFID reader device (including fixed RFID reader and an RFID antenna), a handheld PDA composition. 卸箱点监控站主要任务为对危险品RFID标签中各种信息进行校验,如出现非安全或报警情况,提示操作员立即进行处理;同时将信息和校验结果上传给危险品物流集成监管平台集中管理。 The main task of unloading boxes point monitoring station for the RFID tag dangerous verify various information, such as a security or non-alarm condition occurs, prompt the operator to immediately process; the same time to upload information and verification result dangerous goods logistics integrated Regulated centralized management platform. 各部件的主要功能如下: The main functions of the components are as follows:

[0070] 1)卸箱点监控终端模块 [0070] 1) container unloading point monitoring terminal module

[0071] 卸箱点监控终端模块具体功能为:为操作员提供操作界面;控制固定式RFID读写设备,实现对RFID标签的读写操作;导入手持PDA的数据;对RFID标签中的信息进行校验, 若门封安全或危险品物理状态异常,则向操作员报警以进行应急处理;将采集到的信息和校验结果上传给危险品物流集成监管平台集中管理。 [0071] The monitoring terminal point of unloading boxes module specific functions to: provide operator interface; controlling an RFID interrogator device, read and write operations of the RFID tag; PDA handheld data introduced; the RFID tag information is performed check, if the safety door seal or dangerous abnormal physical state, then alerts the operator to perform emergency treatment; the collected information and verification result dangerous goods uploaded to the centralized management logistics integrated monitoring platform.

[0072] 2)固定式RFID读写设备 [0072] 2) fixed RFID reader device

[0073] 固定式RFID读写器由卸箱点监控终端模块控制,通过RFID天线实现电信号和射频信号间的相互转换,实现对RFID标签的无线读写。 [0073] Fixed RFID reader is controlled by monitoring the point of unloading boxes terminal module, conversion between electrical signals and radio frequency signals via the RFID antenna, the RFID wireless tag reader.

[0074] 3)手持PDA [0074] 3) handheld PDA

[0075] 操作员利用手持PDA可以人工读取包装箱RFID标签中的各类信息,并通过其卸箱点监控终端模块导出这些信息。 [0075] The operator using handheld PDA various information box RFID tag may be manually read, and through its point of unloading boxes monitoring module export the information terminal.

[0076] 4.危险品包装箱状态监控系统 [0076] 4. The carton hazardous condition monitoring system

[0077] 危险品包装箱状态监控系统由箱内的包装箱状态采集与监控模块、传感器组、箱内RFID读写设备(包括固定式RFID读写器及RFID天线)、包装箱RFID标签和报警指示单元组成。 [0077] The dangerous condition monitoring system by the carton box with the collection tank status monitoring module, sensors, the RFID reader inside the device (including fixed RFID reader antenna and RFID), RFID tags and alarm box indication units. 各部件的主要功能如下: The main functions of the components are as follows:

[0078] 1)包装箱状态采集与监控模块 [0078] 1) Case Status collection and monitoring module

[0079] 包装箱状态采集与监控模块是该系统处理核心,通过查询传感器组各采集通道, 对包装箱内各待检物理量进行实时采集,对监控参量进行判定,若参量超过预定报警值,则启动报警指示单元(警报灯、蜂鸣器等)进行本地报警;根据预设上报频率,通过箱内RFID 固定式读写器,将监控参量数值写入包装箱RFID标签;根据预设下载频率,对包装箱RFID 标签内专用指令存储区进行读取,以执行危险品车载监控系统转发过来的特殊指令(如改变采集频率、屏蔽采集通道等)。 [0079] packing state acquisition and monitoring module is that the system processing core, by querying the sensor group in each acquisition channel, each to be examined physical quantities within the container for real-time collection, monitoring parameters for the determination, if the parameter exceeds a predetermined alarm value, activating an alarm indicating unit (warning lamp, buzzer, etc.) of a local alarm; default reporting frequency, the fixed RFID reader inside the box monitoring parameter values ​​are written to the RFID tag; default download frequency, dedicated instructions stored in the box area of ​​the RFID tag read, an instruction to perform special hazardous forwarded by vehicle monitoring system (e.g., changing the frequency of collection, shielding acquisition channels, etc.).

[0080] 2)箱内RFID读写设备 [0080] 2) inside the RFID reader device

[0081] 固定式RFID读写器由包装箱状态采集与监控模块控制,通过RFID天线实现电信号和射频信号间的相互转换,实现对RFID标签的无线读写。 [0081] RFID reader fixed collection box and is controlled by the state monitoring module, to achieve conversion between electrical signals and radio frequency signals via the RFID antenna, the RFID wireless tag reader.

[0082] 3)传感器组[0083] 传感器组由一组传感器组成,传感器种类、个数及布局依据监控要求而定。 [0082] 3) The sensor group [0083] The sensor group consisting of a group of sensors, sensor type, number and arrangement depending on the monitoring requirements. 传感器组按一定布局要求安装在包装箱内,对待测物理量进行采集,每个传感器分别联接包装箱状态采集与监控模块的一个采集通道。 The sensor group according to a certain layout requirements mounted within the container, the measured physical quantity acquisition treated, each separately coupled to a sensor acquisition channel status collection box and monitoring module.

[0084] 4)包装箱RFID标签 [0084] 4) packing RFID tag

[0085] 包装箱RFID标签中存储了危险品的各类信息,包括物流信息、危险品状态信息、 门封安全信息、监控指令信息。 [0085] RFID package tag information stored in a variety of dangerous goods, including logistics information, dangerous status information, security information door seal, monitoring instruction information. 包装箱RFID标签可被各种固定式RFID读写器、手持PDA进行通信;标签内信息进授权后可被相应的读写设备读取或写入。 RFID package tags may be a variety of fixed RFID reader, handheld PDA communicating; information into the license can be read or written to the corresponding read-write device within the tag.

[0086] 5)报警指示单元 [0086] 5) an alarm indicating unit

[0087] 报警指示单元包括报警灯和蜂鸣器,安装在包装箱外壳上。 [0087] The alarm indication unit comprises a buzzer and a warning lamp mounted on the housing box. 当接收到包装箱状态采集与监控模块输出的报警信号后动作,向附近人员发出警报。 When receiving the alarm signal box module output status collection and monitoring operation, to alert nearby persons.

[0088] 5.危险品车载监控系统 [0088] 5. The vehicle monitoring system of dangerous

[0089] 危险品车载监控系统由车载监控终端模块、车载RFID设备(包括固定式RFID读写器和RFID天线)、GPS接收机(包括GPS天线)、GPRS通信模块(包括GPRS天线)、显示屏、键盘、报警指示单元组成。 [0089] dangerous vehicle monitoring vehicle monitoring system consists of a terminal block, in-vehicle RFID device (comprising an RFID interrogator and an RFID antenna), GPS receiver (including GPS antenna), GPRS communication module (antenna including GPRS), a display screen , keyboard, alarm indication unit. 各部件的主要功能如下: The main functions of the components are as follows:

[0090] 1)车载监控终端模块 [0090] 1) vehicle monitoring terminal module

[0091] 车载监控终端模块控制车载RFID读写器对包装箱RFID标签进行读写,实时采集危险品包装箱的各种状态信息;通过GPRS通信模块实现与危险品物流集成监管平台的实时数据交换,按预设上报频率上传各种数据,接收危险品物流集成监管平台发送的各种指令并执行;向显示屏输出,实时显示各类信息;当包装箱监控状态或安全状态异常时,输出信号触发报警指示单元及时进行本地报警,通知车上人员进行处理。 [0091] The vehicle monitoring terminal control module of the vehicle box RFID reader RFID tag reader, a variety of real-time acquisition of the state information of dangerous goods packaging; real-time data is achieved by GPRS communication module integrated with dangerous goods logistics monitoring platform exchange , according to the preset frequency of reporting upload various data, various commands received dangerous goods logistics integrated transmission and perform supervision platform; output to the display screen, displaying various information in real time; state or when monitoring security box abnormal state, the output signal trigger an alarm indicating unit in time for local police to inform the persons on board for processing.

[0092] 2)车载RFID设备 [0092] 2) vehicle RFID device

[0093] 车载RFID读写器由车载监控终端模块控制,通过RFID天线实现电信号和射频信号间的相互转换,实现对RFID标签的无线读写。 [0093] RFID reader is controlled by the vehicle-mounted vehicle monitoring terminal module, conversion between electrical signals and radio frequency signals via the RFID antenna, the RFID wireless tag reader.

[0094] 3) GPS 接收机 [0094] 3) GPS receiver

[0095] GPS接收机通过GPS天线与卫星通信,实时接收GPS数据(GPS位置坐标、行驶方向、行驶速度等),车载监控终端模块采集这些数据并处理。 [0095] GPS receiver via a GPS antenna with a communication satellite, the GPS data received in real time (GPS coordinate position, traveling direction, traveling speed, etc.), vehicle monitoring terminal the data acquisition and processing module.

[0096] 4) GPRS通信模块 [0096] 4) GPRS communications module

[0097] GPRS通信模块通过GPRS天线与移动网络通信,实现车载监控终端模块与危险品物流集成监管平台的无线通信。 [0097] GPRS communication module through the GPRS network communicate with the mobile antenna, the vehicle-mounted wireless communication module and the monitor terminal regulatory dangerous goods logistics integrated platform.

[0098] 5)显示屏 [0098] 5) Display

[0099] 显示屏实时指示危险品各状态参量值、门封安全状态、车辆GPS数据和报警状态等,供司机随时观察。 [0099] display real-time indication of dangerous goods each state parameter value, state security door seal, vehicle GPS data and alarm status for the driver at any time observed.

[0100] 6)键盘 [0100] 6) keyboard

[0101] 车上人员通过键盘操作实现各种状态的指示进行切换、系统开启/关闭、紧急复位、系统重置等。 [0101] the art to achieve the vehicle indicating various states switched by operating the keyboard, system on / off, emergency reset, system reset and the like.

[0102] 7)报警指示单元 [0102] 7) alarm indication unit

[0103] 报警指示单元包括车载报警指示灯、蜂鸣器等,当故障或报警情况发生时车载监控终端模块输出信号触发报警指示单元,提示司机采取相应措施。 [0103] Alarm indicating unit includes a vehicle alarm indicator, buzzer, or an alarm when a failure occurs vehicle monitoring terminal module output signal to trigger an alarm indicating means to alert drivers to take appropriate measures.

[0104] 6.危险品物流集成监管平台[0105] 危险品物流集成监管平台主要由集成监管模块、实时数据库和远程监管网站组成。 [0104] 6. Dangerous Goods Logistics integrated monitoring platform [0105] dangerous goods logistics integrated monitoring platform consists of an integrated regulatory module, remote monitoring and real-time database and website components. 各部分主要功能如下: The main functions of each part are as follows:

[0106] 1)集成监管模块 [0106] 1) administration module integrated

[0107] a)集成监管模块与各个运输车辆的危险品车载监控系统进行无线数据交换,对危险品车载监控系统上传的报文进行解析,按报文命令字进行对应处理:(1)校验初始化申请,校验实时数据库中预录信息,向车载系统发送初始化报文;(2)将上报的危险品状态数据存入实时数据库;(3)接收故障或报警请求,实现本地报警并自动反馈报文进行处理(如屏蔽故障采集通道);(4)接受路径规划申请,发送下一批途经地点和危险地点的数据;(5) 接受主动休眠申请,发送允许休眠报文。 [0107] a) the administration module integrated with dangerous goods vehicle monitoring system according to various wireless data exchange transport vehicle, vehicle monitoring system of dangerous goods uploaded message parsing, message according to the correspondence processing command word: (1) check initialization request, check the pre-recorded information real-time database, sending the initialization message to the in-vehicle system; (2) the status data reported dangerous goods into real-time database; (3) or a reception failure alert request to achieve local alarm and automatic feedback packet processing (acquisition channel shielding failure); (4) receive route planning application, a transmit data via a number of sites and hazardous locations; (5) receiving active application sleep, sleep allows the transmission packets.

[0108] b)对实时数据库进行监视、读写操作,交换各类命令和数据信息,通过查询数据库中的远程用户请求,生成查询报文发送给相应的危险品车载监控系统,使其执行对应任务。 [0108] b) monitoring the real-time database, read and write operations to exchange various types of commands and data information requested by the remote user queries the database, generating a query message sent to the corresponding dangerous goods vehicle monitoring system, to execute the corresponding task.

[0109] c)为管理员提供监控管理界面,可全局查看所有危险品物流信息、危险品安全信息、危险品状态信息、车辆位置信息、故障和报警信息等。 [0109] c) provides administrators with monitoring and management interface, you can view all the global logistics and dangerous goods information, information security of dangerous goods, dangerous goods status information, vehicle location information, fault and alarm information.

[0110] d)根据当前故障和报警信息进行本地报警,提示管理员做出处理。 [0110] d) a current fault and alarm information according to the local alarm, prompting the administrator to make a deal.

[0111] 2)实时数据库 [0111] 2) real-time database

[0112] 实时数据库集中存储危险品物流监控过程各类信息,包括危险品物流信息、包装箱RFID标签安全信息、危险品实时监控参量数据、危险品车载监控系统状态、各类故障和报警状态、远程查询信息、用户账户信息。 [0112] centralized database stores real dangerous goods logistics monitoring process all kinds of information, dangerous goods logistics information, security box RFID tag information, real-time monitoring of dangerous goods parametric data, dangerous goods vehicle monitoring system status, alarm status and various types of fault, remote query information, user account information.

[0113] 3)远程监管网站 [0113] 3) Remote Monitoring Site

[0114] 为危险品货代、用户等提供物流信息和监控状态实时查询;为装箱点监控站、卸箱点监控站、途中检查站提供远程数据录入修改等服务。 [0114] logistics monitoring and status information as dangerous freight, and other real-time user query; remote data entry edit point monitoring and other services packing station, unloading boxes point monitoring station, the way checkpoints.

[0115] 本实施例上述的系统具体工作时,流程如下: When the above-described embodiment of the system specific work [0115] embodiment of the present process is as follows:

[0116] 1.装箱阶段 [0116] Stage 1. Packing

[0117] 1)初始化危险品包装箱状态监控系统 [0117] 1) Initialize the condition monitoring system of dangerous goods containers

[0118] 在装箱前,操作员根据危险品待监控参量选取对应的传感器组,按照监控要求选取合适的空间布局安装在包装箱内。 [0118] Before packing, the operator of dangerous goods to be monitored according to the parameters corresponding to the selected sensor group mounted in a suitable space layout within the box selected in accordance with the monitoring requirements. 通过装箱点监控站固定式RFID读写器将待运输的危险品物流信息、监控参量初始化信息写入危险品包装箱状态监控系统的包装箱RFID标签中,并为其分配一个全球唯一的ID。 By encasing dangerous point information stream monitoring station fixed RFID reader to be transported, the monitoring parameter initialization information is written in the RFID tag packaging dangerous goods crates condition monitoring system, and assign a globally unique ID . 通过单片机编程器将对应选定监控传感器组的单片机程序录入包装箱状态采集与监控模块中,并将其与包装箱RFID标签ID绑定,使其仅可对该标签进行读写操作。 By programming the microcontroller MCU program corresponding to the selected set of input monitoring sensor status collection box and monitoring module, and the RFID tag ID is associated with the box, so that it can only read and write the label. 完成上述初始化后,为包装箱安装完成其他组件(如报警灯、蜂鸣器等),装箱完成后,关闭箱门后装上包装箱RFID标签,插入门封锁销。 After completion of the initialization package for the installation of other components (such as an alarm lamp, a buzzer, etc.), after the completion of packing, to close the box door mounted on the RFID tag, the pin block insertion door.

[0119] 2)初始化危险品车载监控系统 [0119] 2) initialization of dangerous goods vehicle monitoring system

[0120] 待危险品包装箱车辆进站后,若该车未安装危险品车载监控系统,则为其安装并初始化。 [0120] After the crates of dangerous goods vehicle stop, if the car is not dangerous goods vehicle monitoring system is installed, its installation and initialization. 按下危险品车载监控系统的硬件复位按钮,清除原有所有配置信息。 Press dangerous goods vehicle monitoring system hardware reset button to clear all existing configuration information.

[0121] 3)预录危险品物流及监管信息 [0121] 3) pre-recorded dangerous goods logistics and regulatory information

[0122] 装箱点监控站操作员通过远程登录危险品物流集成监管平台Web网站,将危险品物流信息、监控参量与采集通道、包装箱RFID标签ID和危险品车载监控系统ID预录进入危险品物流集成监管平台的实时数据库。 [0122] Packing point monitoring station operator via telnet dangerous goods logistics integrated monitoring platform Web sites, dangerous goods logistics information, monitoring parameters and acquisition channels, crates RFID tag ID and vehicle monitoring system ID prerecorded dangerous goods into the danger product logistics integration of real-time database monitoring platform.

[0123] 2.运输阶段[0124] 危险品车载监控系统对包装箱RFID标签进行定时读写,采集危险品包装箱的各种状态信息;根据车载监控系统初始化时设定的参数阈值对RFID标签信息进行判断,当出现状态异常或故障时,及时进行本地报警,通知车上人员进行处理;通过无线通信网络实现与危险品物流集成监管平台的数据交换,按预设上报频率上传各种状态信息、GPS数据;接收集成监管平台发送的各种指令并执行;显示屏实时显示各类信息。 [0123] Stage 2. Transport [0124] dangerous vehicle monitoring system box RFID tag read timing, collecting various status information of dangerous goods crates; according to the parameter set threshold vehicle monitoring system initialization RFID tag determination information, or when there is abnormal failure, timely local alarm, notification processing board staff; realize data exchange with dangerous goods logistics monitoring platform integrated through a wireless communication network, according to the preset frequency reporting upload various status information , GPS data; receiving various commands sent by the integrated monitoring platform and execution; display real-time display of various types of information.

[0125] 集成监管平台接收并处理各个危险品车载监控系统发送的数据报文,进行解析并依据报文类型进行处理;将危险品各类信息存入实时数据库;响应各种请求发送反馈报文;根据危险品车载监控系统初始化时设定的参数阈值对信息进行判断,当出现状态异常或故障时,及时进行本地报警,通知管理员进行处理,并自动生成错误处理报文发送给危险品车载监控系统;实时监视实时数据库中的远程用户查询请求,转换成报文发送给响应的危险品车载监控系统。 [0125] integrated monitoring platform receives and processes data packets each dangerous goods vehicle monitoring system sends, parsed and processed according to message type; all kinds of dangerous goods information into real-time database; respond to various requests feedback message ; the information according to the parameter set threshold initialization dangerous goods vehicle monitoring system determines, when there is abnormal or failure, timely local alarm, notification process administrator, and automatically generates an error packet to the handling of dangerous goods vehicle monitoring system; real-time monitoring of remote users in real-time database queries, convert dangerous goods vehicle monitoring system sends the packet to the response.

[0126] 3.途中检查 [0126] 3. Check the way

[0127] 当危险品包装箱车辆进站时,检查站人员通过检查站监控终端模块控制RFID读写设备,实现对RFID标签的各类信息采集(或者直接用手持PDA采集,再导入检查站监控终端模块中)。 [0127] When the vehicle stop dangerous goods containers, RFID reader control checkpoints art apparatus checkpoints monitoring terminal module, various types of RFID tag information collection (or directly acquired a handheld PDA, checkpoints and then introduced to monitor terminal module). 检查站监控终端模块自动校验包装箱RFID标签中的物流、门封安全、危险品物理状态等各类信息,如出现非安全或报警情况,可立即提示操作员进行处理;检查站监控终端模块将信息校验结果上传给危险品物流集成监管平台集中管理。 Checkpoint control terminal module automatically check box RFID tag stream, security door seal, dangerous physical state, and other information, such as security or non-alarm condition occurs, prompt the operator can immediately be processed; checkpoint control terminal module the results verify the information uploaded to the dangerous goods logistics integrated monitoring platform for centralized management.

[0128] 4.卸箱阶段 [0128] 4. Remove tank stage

[0129] 当危险品包装箱车辆进站时,卸箱点人员通过卸箱点监控终端模块控制RFID读写设备,实现对RFID标签的信息采集(也可直接用手持PDA采集,再导入卸箱点监控终端模块中)。 [0129] When the vehicle stop dangerous goods crates, boxes unloading point unloading boxes point art by monitoring the control terminal module RFID reader device, the RFID tag information collection (also handheld PDA directly collected after introducing unloading boxes terminal point monitoring module). 检查站监控终端模块将信息校验结果上传给危险品物流集成监管平台进行自动确认。 Checkpoint control terminal module verification result information is uploaded to the monitoring platform dangerous goods logistics integrated automatic confirmation. 若反馈信息指示运输全过程安全则可以卸箱进入堆场或卸箱,否则进行相应的报警处理。 If the feedback information indicates that the whole process of transportation safety box can be discharged into the yard or unloading boxes, or the corresponding alarm processing. 如该车辆不参与后续危险品监控运输,必要时可拆除危险品包装箱状态监控系统。 If the vehicle does not participate in the follow-up to monitor the transport of dangerous goods, dangerous goods containers can be removed if necessary condition monitoring system.

[0130] 基于上述的系统,本发明所提供的监管方法是在危险品包装箱内安装一套危险品包装箱状态监控系统,实时采集危险品物理状态并写入箱外的RFID标签中;通过危险品车载监控系统、各监控站和检查站在物流全过程中对RFID标签信息进行实时读写,并与危险品物流集成监管平台动态交换危险品物流信息、状态信息、安全信息、车辆行驶状态等信息;危险品物流集成监管平台实现物流过程的集中监管并提供远程用户实时查询,完成一套“多级实时监控、同步及时报警、故障自动处理、逻辑分布统一”的危险品物流智能监控。 [0130] Based on the above systems, the regulatory process of the present invention provides a carton is to install a hazardous condition monitoring system in the dangerous goods containers, real-time acquisition and dangerous physical state write RFID tag of the outer box; by dangerous goods vehicle monitoring system, each monitoring station and check the logistics of the whole process of standing RFID tag information in real-time read and write, and integrated logistics and dangerous goods regulation dangerous goods logistics platform for dynamic exchange of information, status information, security information, the vehicle running state and other information; dangerous goods logistics and integrated monitoring platform for centralized supervision of the logistics process and provides real-time remote user queries, complete set of "multi-level real-time monitoring, synchronization and timely alarm, automatic fault handling, distribution unified logic" dangerous goods logistics intelligent monitoring.

[0131] 以下结合附图和具体工作步骤对本实施例的实施方式作如下说明: [0131] in conjunction with the following drawings and specific embodiments of the present work steps of the embodiment will be explained:

[0132] 本实施例以集装箱作为运输包装容器,实现了危险品在装箱点被装入集装箱,由安装危险品车载监控系统的集装箱卡车负责运输,途径2个检查站,最后运送到目的地卸箱点的全过程危险品物流实时智能监管。 [0132] In this embodiment, as a transportation container packaging container, to achieve a dangerous point on the packing container is loaded, a truck-mounted container dangerous vehicle monitoring system responsible for transport, two checkpoint pathway, and finally delivered to the destination the whole process of real-time intelligent logistics and dangerous goods regulatory point of unloading boxes.

[0133] 图1为危险品物流过程智能监管流程图。 [0133] FIG. 1 is a flowchart illustrating a smart regulatory dangerous goods logistics process. 如图所示,危险品在装箱点监控站1进行危险品包装箱状态监控系统2和危险品车载监控系统3的安装后,由危险品包装箱车辆进行运输。 As shown, the dangerous goods and hazardous materials for a vehicle monitoring system installation box hazardous condition monitoring system 23 of the monitoring station on the packing point, packaging dangerous goods for transport by the vehicle. 运输过程中,危险品车载监控系统3对危险品、包装箱、车辆等状态进行实时监控,并定时上报数据给危险品物流集成监管平台5 ;在驶入途中检查站4时,检查站对包装箱RFID标签进行数据读取和校验后,若无安全报警则继续进行运输;当危险品包装箱车辆驶入卸箱点监控站5时,该检查站对对包装箱RFID标签进行数据读取和校验后,若无安全报警则卸箱入库。 During transport of dangerous goods vehicle monitoring system 3 to the state of dangerous goods, crates, and other real-time monitoring of the vehicle, and to regularly report to the data integration monitoring platform 5 hazardous stream; 4, the inspection station on the way into the packaging Checkpoint rear box RFID tag data read and verify, if no security alarm is continued transport; dangerous when the vehicle enters the box unloading boxes 5-point monitoring station, the inspection station pairs read RFID tag data box and after calibration, the security alarm if no storage tank unloading. 物流全过程中,装箱点监控站1、危险品车载监控系统3、途中检查站4、卸箱点监控站6等各系统均与危险品物流集成监管平台5实现数据交换,实现了全过程的危险品物流实时智能监管。 The whole process stream, packing point monitoring station 1, dangerous goods vehicle monitoring system 3, 4 checkpoint way, unloading boxes each point monitoring system stations 6, etc. are integrated monitoring platform and dangerous stream 5 to exchange data, the whole process to achieve dangerous goods logistics and real-time intelligent regulation. 各类用户可远程登录监管平台5网站实时跟踪查询危险品各类信肩、ο All types of users can log on remotely monitoring platform for real-time tracking and tracing 5 website shoulder all kinds of dangerous goods letter, ο

[0134] 图2为危险品包装箱状态监控系统结构图。 [0134] FIG. 2 is a dangerous condition monitoring system configuration diagram box. 如图所示,状态采集与监控模块7安装在危险品包装箱11内,实时采集各传感器组8的参量数据,进行阈值判断,若超限则输出指示灯9和蜂鸣器10实现本地报警;监控模块定时读写包装箱RFID标签12,进行监控状态和指令的数据交换;可以通过手持PDA13或固定读写器14对包装箱RFID标签12进行读写。 As shown, acquisition and status monitoring module 7 mounted in the box 11 of dangerous goods, real-time data acquisition parameters of each sensor group 8, threshold determination, if the overrun of the output light 9 and the alarm buzzer 10 for local ; PCU timing of reading and writing the RFID tag 12 package, status monitoring and data exchange instruction; PDA13 can be read by a handheld or stationary reader RFID tag 12 package 14 pairs.

[0135] 图3为危险品车载监控系统结构图。 [0135] FIG. 3 is a dangerous vehicle monitoring system configuration of FIG. 如图所示,主处理单元(车载监控终端模块)15是系统的处理核心,它控制RFID读写器17通过RFID天线16读写包装箱RFID标签进行数据交换,若出现故障或数据超限则输出指示灯18和蜂鸣器19进行本地报警提示司机采取措施;主处理单元15接收GPS接收机22通过GPS天线23采集的GPS信息,并通过GPRS通信模块M及无线通信天线25与危险品物流集成监管平台实现数据交换;同时主处理单元还接收司机的键盘20操作指令,并将各类状态信息实时输出给车载显示屏21。 As shown, the main processing unit (vehicle monitoring terminal block) 15 is the processing core of the system, which controls the RFID reader 17 to exchange data via the RFID antenna 16 of the RFID tag reader box, or data overrun occurs if the fault is output indicator 18 and alarm buzzer driver 19 local measures; main processing unit 15 receives the GPS information of the GPS receiver 22 is collected by a GPS antenna 23, and through the GPRS communication module and a radio communication antenna 25 M dangerous goods logistics integrated data exchange supervision platform; while the main processing unit 20 also receives keyboard driver's operation instruction, and outputs various types of information in real time to the vehicle status display 21.

[0136] 图4为危险品物流集成监管平台结构图。 [0136] FIG. 4 is a hazardous goods logistics integrated monitoring platform structure of FIG. 如图所示,集成监管模块沈包括主处理单元27、报警/故障处理模块31、管理员界面模块32、路径规划模块33、主调度模块34、报文编码器35、报文解码器36和通信模块37。 As shown, the integrated module regulatory sink comprises a main processing unit 27, alarm / fault handling module 31, the administrator interface module 32, the path planning module 33, the master scheduler module 34, the message encoder 35, decoder 36 and the message the communication module 37. 主处理单元27是平台的核心处理部件,报文编码器35、报文解码器36分别负责对报文进行编码和解码,由通信模块37辅助实现主处理单元27和危险品车载监控系统3的报文通信;平台与网络直接交互的数据由主处理单元27直接和通信模块37交换;主处理单元27和实时数据库观间进行密切的数据交换,实现各类信息与指令的读写;主调度模块;34对集成监管模块各子模块进行动态调度、监视及故障处理;监管Web站点四与远程用户30交互,读取实时数据库观中的信息提供给用户30, 并接收用户的查询指令存入实时数据库28。 The main processing unit 27 is a core processing component platform, packet encoder 35, a message decoder 36 are responsible for message encoding and decoding, by the communication module 37 assist in achieving the main processing unit 27 and dangerous vehicle monitoring system 3 packet communications; internet data directly interacting with the network 27 directly exchange 37 by the main processing unit and the communication module; close the main processing unit 27 and the data exchange between the concept of real-time database, read and write various kinds of information and instructions; master scheduler module; 34 pairs administration module integrated submodules dynamic scheduling, monitoring and troubleshooting; 30 Regulated interactive Web site with four remote user, read the information in real-time database concept to a user 30, and receives a user's query instruction stored 28 real-time database.

Claims (1)

1. 一种基于射频识别的危险品物流智能监管方法,其特征在于,在危险品包装箱内安装危险品包装箱状态监控系统,实时采集危险品物理状态并写入容器外的RFID标签中,然后采用危险品车载监控系统、卸箱点监控站和途中检查站在物流全过程中对RFID标签信息进行实时读写,并与危险品物流集成监管平台动态交换危险品物流信息、状态信息、安全信息、车辆行驶状态信息;采用危险品物流集成监管平台实现物流过程的集中监管并提供远程用户实时查询,形成多级实时监控、同步及时报警、故障自动处理、逻辑分布统一的危险品物流智能监控,完整实现了危险品物流过程的分布多级监控、过程实时跟踪、自动错误处理和远程实时查询;所述危险品车载监控系统负责实时采集包装箱RFID标签中的危险品状态信息、包装箱安全信息,通过车载传感器实时采 A stream of Dangerous Goods intelligent regulation based on radio frequency identification, wherein the hazardous condition monitoring system is installed in the box the box dangerous goods, real-time acquisition and dangerous physical state write RFID tag of the outer container, then using dangerous vehicle monitoring system, the monitoring station and the unloading boxes way check point standing stream during the whole of the RFID tag information read in real time, and dangerous goods logistics integrated dynamic exchange supervision platform dangerous goods logistics information, status information, security information, vehicle traveling state information; the use of dangerous goods logistics and integrated monitoring platform for centralized supervision of the logistics process and provides remote users in real-time query, form a multi-level real-time monitoring, synchronization and timely alarm, automatic fault handling, unified logical distribution of dangerous goods logistics and intelligent monitoring , complete implementation of the distribution of dangerous goods logistics process of multi-level monitoring, process real-time tracking, automatic error handling and remote real-time query; the dangerous goods vehicle monitoring system is responsible for collecting real-time status information of dangerous goods packaging RFID tags, safety box information, real-time acquisition by onboard sensors GPS位置信息、车速信息,通过GPRS通信模块实现与危险品物流集成监管平台的实时数据交换,对这些信息进行安全报警和数据上传,自动实现故障处理,同时还接受危险品物流集成监管平台的各种指令实现各类信息的实时查询任务;所述途中检查站,包括途中检查站监控终端模块、第二固定式RFID读写设备、第一手持PDA,其中:所述途中检查站监控终端模块控制第二固定式RFID读写设备,实现对RFID标签的读写操作,并导入第一手持PDA的数据;途中检查站监控终端模块对RFID标签中的信息进行校验,若门封安全或危险品物理状态异常,则向操作员报警以进行应急处理,同时将采集到的信息和校验结果上传给危险品物流集成监管平台集中管理,并为操作员提供操作界面;所述第二固定式RFID读写设备由途中检查站监控终端模块控制,实现对RFID标签的无线读 GPS location information, vehicle speed information, real-time data exchange with dangerous goods logistics integrated monitoring platform via GPRS communications module for a security alarm and data information upload automatically troubleshooting, and also accepts various dangerous goods logistics integrated supervision platform kinds of real-time query task instruction information of all kinds; way the inspection station, the terminal comprising a monitoring module checkpoints way, a second fixed RFID reader device, the first portable PDA, wherein: the inspection station on the way to monitor the terminal control module second fixed RFID reader device, read and write operations of the RFID tag, and import data of a first handheld PDA; way checkpoint control terminal module RFID tag information can be verified, or when the safety door seal dangerous abnormal physical state, then alerts the operator to perform emergency treatment while the collected information and verification result dangerous goods uploaded to the centralized management supervision platform integration stream, and provides the user interface for the operator; the second fixed RFID read-write device is controlled by way of checkpoints monitors the terminal module, wireless reading of the RFID tag ;所述第一手持PDA,用于人工读取包装箱RFID标签中的各类信息,并通过其检查站监控终端模块导出这些信息,所述的卸箱点监控站,包括卸箱点监控终端模块、第三固定式RFID读写设备、第二手持PDA,其中:所述卸箱点监控终端模块为操作员提供操作界面,控制第三固定式RFID读写设备,实现对RFID标签的读写操作,并导入第二手持PDA的数据,卸箱点监控终端模块还对RFID标签中的信息进行校验,若门封安全或危险品物理状态异常,则向操作员报警以进行应急处理,并将采集到的信息和校验结果上传给危险品物流集成监管平台集中管理;所述第三固定式RFID读写设备由卸箱点监控终端模块控制,实现对RFID标签的无线读写;所述第二手持PDA,用于人工读取包装箱RFID标签中的各类信息,并通过其卸箱点监控终端模块导出这些信息。 ; The first handheld PDA, for all kinds of human-readable information box RFID tag, and the information derived by the terminal station monitoring module which checks the monitoring station point of unloading boxes, comprising a monitoring terminal point unloading boxes module, the third fixed RFID reader device, the second handheld PDA, wherein: said monitoring terminal point of unloading boxes module provides interface for the operator, the control apparatus of the third fixed RFID reader, the RFID tag read achieve write operation, and import data in a second handheld PDA, terminal unloading boxes point monitoring module further information in the RFID tag verify if the safety door seal or dangerous physical state is abnormal, an alarm to the operator for emergency treatment and upload the collected information and verification result to the monitoring platform dangerous goods logistics integrated centralized management; the third fixed RFID reader device is controlled by monitoring the point of unloading boxes terminal module, write to the RFID wireless tag; the second handheld PDA, RFID tags for packaging various types of information in a human readable, and through its point of unloading boxes monitoring module export the information terminal.
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