CN101650060B - Fresh-air ventilation type solar energy air heat collecting construction module - Google Patents

Fresh-air ventilation type solar energy air heat collecting construction module Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101650060B
CN101650060B CN2009101872798A CN200910187279A CN101650060B CN 101650060 B CN101650060 B CN 101650060B CN 2009101872798 A CN2009101872798 A CN 2009101872798A CN 200910187279 A CN200910187279 A CN 200910187279A CN 101650060 B CN101650060 B CN 101650060B
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China
Prior art keywords
solar energy
air
fresh
heat collecting
construction
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN2009101872798A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN101650060A (en
Inventor
陈滨
刘鸣
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Dalian University of Technology
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Dalian University of Technology
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B10/00Integration of renewable energy sources in buildings
    • Y02B10/20Solar thermal
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B30/00Energy efficient heating, ventilation or air conditioning [HVAC]
    • Y02B30/70Efficient control or regulation technologies, e.g. for control of refrigerant flow, motor or heating
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/40Solar thermal energy, e.g. solar towers
    • Y02E10/44Heat exchange systems

Abstract

The invention relates to a fresh-air ventilation type solar energy air heat collecting construction module which belongs to the technical field of utilization of natural energy resources. The construction module is characterized by solving the problems of winter indoor ventilation, comfortable natural adjustment and energy consumption reduction of the prior solar energy construction in northern cold regions. The construction module mainly comprises a heat collecting plate, an outer wall of the construction, a ventilator, a ventilation opening, a hollow stalinite cover plate, an outer cavity and a template frame. The optimal installation position of the fresh-air ventilation type solar energy air heat collecting construction module is a lower wall of a construction window. The invention organically combines a natural ventilation technology and a solar energy heat collecting technology skillfully, leads the indoor environment of the construction to be combined with nature into a whole, improves the indoor air quality and heat energy utilization efficiency of the traditional solar energy heat collector, is widely applied to the construction of the integration, the diversification and the industrialization of a solar energy component, a multistory construction and a new rural construction and has obvious environmental-friendly, social and economic benefits.

Description

Fresh-air ventilation type solar energy air heat collecting construction module
Technical field
The invention belongs to natural energy resources and utilize technical field, relate to a kind of fresh-air ventilation type solar energy air heat collecting construction module.
Background technology
By good architectural design, do not adopt traditional heating air conditioning equipment as far as possible, realize the adjusting of comfortableness indoor environment, be one of important goal of present solar building and component development thereof.In some developed countries, as Canada, employing be a kind of air heat-collecting wall with holes, outdoor air enters to be heated in the heat collector by aperture to be delivered to indoorly, has played the effect of heating and ventilation so simultaneously.At Chinese cold district, because the solar energy air heat collector employing is indoor circulating air, influenced indoor air quality, and the ventilation of directly windowing, a large amount of cold wind infiltrations can make room temperature descend rapidly.Up to now, can be divided into the exploitation and the Thermal Properties of novel heat collecting system both at home and abroad for the solar air systematic research, and the solar energy component research that combines with fresh-air ventilation seldom.Along with solar building integrated proposition, can seem more and more important with the exploitation of building integrated new type solar energy air heat-collecting module as a kind of future architecture development trend.
The present invention combines the fresh-air ventilation pattern and has proposed the fresh-air ventilation type solar energy air heat collecting module to improve the air quality of solar building with the solar heating and cooling technology.Send into new wind indoor winter when taking into account thermal-arrest, and weaken the thermal source effect of body of wall for reducing indoor inwall and room air temperature approach summer, by night ventilation, makes body of wall store more cold.Therefore, just carrying forward vigorously in country under the overall background of low cost development renewable energy technologies, research is explored the sustainable architecture-integral of solar energy and is utilized technology to cause people's extensive concern.
Find by retrieval: application number 200810137402.0 discloses a kind of construction integration solar air heating system, this patent mainly is to solve glass curtain wall structure to cross problems such as height at summer temp less than immobilising air space between active solar energy and body of wall and the glass curtain wall, above-mentioned patent is by behind the passive type thermal-arrest, introduce indoor by air channel importing air-conditioning unit the air of heating, passive type combines with active, mainly be suitable for having the elevation of building of glass curtain wall structure, therefore certainly will be subjected to the restriction of building type on using, air conditioner system air blast needs consumption of power.The patent No. 200720155626.5 discloses a kind of solar airconditioning system, utilizes casing, heat absorbing units and transparent cover body to carry out the absorption and the conveying of solar heat.They are different with weak point to be, carry out self-loopa heat adjustings to indoor winter, and new wind preheating or fresh-air ventilation improve indoor air quality consideration as yet.In addition, this device belongs to the building plug-in device, has certain difficulty with combining of external wall integrated design, as install improper can influence the elevation of building effect.
The present invention proposes the building block that a kind of fresh-air ventilation combines with the solar air heat collection technology, solved well winter indoor natural ventilation with the contradictory problems that reduces heat loss.
Summary of the invention
The technical problem to be solved in the present invention is the problem that existing solar building thing room ventilation in the winter ventilation of north cold area, comfortableness are regulated naturally and cut down the consumption of energy.The present invention is taking into account on the passive type solar energy building thermal-arrest basis, further utilizes the mode that the outdoor air of introducing is carried out preheating to be implemented in the indoor air quality of improvement under the condition of no new wind-heat load.Thereby a kind of fresh-air ventilation type solar energy air heat collecting construction module of being made up of heat collection component and fresh-air ventilation member is proposed.Fresh-air ventilation type heating and cooling technology is brought the reduction rate of very considerable resources and energy consumption, the indoor environment of more comfortable health, meets the life style of sustainable development more.
The present invention is achieved by the following technical solutions, and it is made up of dark thermal-arrest plate, external wall, ventilator, hollow tempering glass cover-plate, external cavity, template framework etc.Described fresh-air ventilation type solar energy air heat collecting construction module best position is at the breast of building, helps combining with facade is ingenious.Fresh wind port adopts ventilator, in order to increase the overall appearance effect of new wind intake and new wind module, ventilator is plugged with glass isometric from the bottom, switching can manually be controlled or electrodynamic induction control, ventilator is opened the main path that becomes indoor fresh-air ventilation, the ventilator closure is again good solar energy heat collecting module, and can be in opening summer for a long time, can suitably open winter and carry out indoor fresh-air ventilation.Described new wind modular structure needs some hollow tempering glass cover-plates and template framework, and for the ease of mounting test system and detection regularly, each member hollow tempering glass cover-plate can be opened good airproof performance when closing.New wind ventilating opening can be placed in the template framework side, and this mode ventilating opening is disguised better, also can be placed in the heat collector backboard, all can reach outdoor air to indoor transmissions.
Effect of the present invention and benefit are: the present invention's technology of dexterously gravity-flow ventilation being taken a breath organically combines with the solar energy heating technology, the indoor environment that makes building with combine together naturally, both improved the indoor air quality under traditional solar thermal collector, and improved utilization efficiency of heat energy again and improve the thermal environment situation of architecture indoor whole day significantly.Compared with former existing technology, the present invention has the reduction building energy consumption, regulates and utilize natural energy resources to greatest extent, and is convenient to and advantage such as the integrated realization batch production of architectural exterior-protecting construction production, is suitable for large tracts of land and promotes.Module of the present invention is flexible for installation, can combine with the tier building vertical design, can satisfy the changeability and the regular requirement of building facade.The present invention can use in the new rural housing construction that has a large capacity and a wide range, and this improves the grange rate of energy and have very important promotional value for the variation and the environmental amenity thereof of the grange design that improves China.The passive type solar energy utilization on natural energy resources that is implemented in of the present invention has very important significance with building integrated technology field.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the decomposing schematic representation of fresh-air ventilation type solar energy air heat collecting construction module of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the A portion enlarged drawing of Fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is the combination schematic diagram of fresh-air ventilation type solar energy air heat collecting construction module of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is the new wind module generalized section that the new wind ventilating opening of Fig. 3 is positioned at the template framework side.
Fig. 5 is the defeated mode schematic diagram of new hearsay that new wind ventilating opening of the present invention is positioned at the template framework side.
Fig. 6 is the new wind module generalized section that new wind ventilating opening is positioned at the heat collector backboard.
Fig. 7 is the defeated mode schematic diagram of new hearsay that new wind ventilating opening of the present invention is positioned at the thermal-arrest backboard.
Among the figure: 1 external wall, 3 new wind modules, 10 ventilator, 13 new wind ventilating openings, 14 module frames, 15 thermal-arrest plates, 15-1 thermal-arrest plate through hole, 17 external cavities, 18 glass cover-plates, 18-2 ordinary insulating glass cover plate, 21 reinforced liners, 27 new wind air inlets, 28 outdoor new wind.
The specific embodiment
Be described in detail the specific embodiment of the present invention below in conjunction with accompanying drawing and technical scheme.
Specific embodiments one: shown in Fig. 1~3, modular system mainly is made up of external wall 1, thermal-arrest plate 15, ventilator 10, hollow tempering glass cover-plate 18 and template framework 14 etc.Whole new wind module 3 is installed in breast outer fix the best, the air inlet of new wind module 3 adopts ventilator 10, ventilator 10 is plugged from the bottom, and ventilator 10 length and glass are isometric, and the new wind air inlet 27 of ventilator 10 opens and closes can manually be controlled or electrodynamic induction control.
Specific embodiments two: shown in Fig. 1~3, thermal-arrest plate 15 adopts the thick through hole 15-1 of 1mm form white steel plate, and through hole 15-1 aperture is 5mm, and pitch of holes is 15mm.The white steel plate surface increases surface roughness through after polishing, its outer dark absorber coatings absorptivity of selectivity>0.9 that is coated with, and emissivity is 0.45~0.5.
Specific embodiments three: shown in Fig. 1~4, template framework 14 is formed by extruded sheet, the liner galvanized sheet, and surrounding frame exocuticle is coated with white steel plate, and the inner chamber that surrounds is further strengthened by white steel square tube reinforced liner 21.Framework correspondence position between new wind module 3 and indoor or other continuous module is provided with new wind ventilating opening 13.The modular system outermost is provided with hollow tempering glass cover-plate 18, and new wind module outermost is installed ordinary insulating glass cover plate 18-2.For the ease of mounting test system, each member hollow tempering glass cover-plate can be opened good airproof performance when closing.
Specific embodiments four: shown in Fig. 4~8, new wind ventilating opening 13 can be placed in the template framework side, also can be placed in the heat collector backboard, all can reach outdoor air to indoor transmissions.On sunny daytime in winter, outdoor air ventilator 10 enters new wind module 3 and heats, by in new wind ventilating opening 13 inlet chambers or the heating module.On sunny daytime in summer, outdoor new wind constantly forms convection current by ventilator 10 and the indoor and indoor north orientation window of new wind ventilating opening 13 inflows, and so circulation improves indoor rate of ventilation, realizes the interior temperature and the relative humidity of gravity-flow ventilation conditioning chamber on daytime.

Claims (4)

1. fresh-air ventilation type solar energy air heat collecting construction module is characterized in that: described fresh-air ventilation type solar energy air heat collecting construction module is made up of external wall (1), thermal-arrest plate (15), ventilator (10), new wind ventilating opening (13), new wind air inlet (27), hollow tempering glass cover-plate (18) and template framework (14); Whole new wind module (3) is installed in the breast outer fix, the air inlet of new wind module (3) adopts ventilator (10), ventilator (10) is plugged from the bottom, ventilator (10) length and glass are isometric, outdoor air is via in new wind ventilating opening (13) inlet chamber, and the new wind air inlet (27) of ventilator (10) opens and closes can manually be controlled or electrodynamic induction control.
2. a kind of fresh-air ventilation type solar energy air heat collecting construction module according to claim 1 is characterized in that: thermal-arrest plate (15) adopts the thick through hole of 1mm (15-1) form white steel plate, and through hole (15-1) aperture is 5mm, and pitch of holes is 15mm; The white steel plate surface increases surface roughness through after polishing, its outer dark absorber coatings absorptivity of selectivity>0.9 that is coated with, and emissivity is 0.45~0.5.
3. a kind of fresh-air ventilation type solar energy air heat collecting construction module according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described modular system outermost is provided with some hollow tempering glass cover-plates (18), new wind module (3) outermost is installed ordinary insulating glass cover plate (18-2), for the ease of mounting test system, each member hollow tempering glass cover-plate can be opened good airproof performance when closing.
4. a kind of fresh-air ventilation type solar energy air heat collecting construction module according to claim 1 is characterized in that: template framework (14) is made by extruded sheet, the liner galvanized sheet, and the framework exocuticle is coated with white steel plate.
CN2009101872798A 2009-09-05 2009-09-05 Fresh-air ventilation type solar energy air heat collecting construction module Expired - Fee Related CN101650060B (en)

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CN2009101872798A CN101650060B (en) 2009-09-05 2009-09-05 Fresh-air ventilation type solar energy air heat collecting construction module

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2009101872798A CN101650060B (en) 2009-09-05 2009-09-05 Fresh-air ventilation type solar energy air heat collecting construction module

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CN101650060B true CN101650060B (en) 2011-08-24

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103292411B (en) * 2012-08-15 2016-12-21 慈溪市贝瑞软件有限公司 A kind of solar energy blower fan
CN102914067A (en) * 2012-10-29 2013-02-06 绍兴文理学院 Solar air heat collection system
CN103244999B (en) * 2013-05-09 2015-11-18 北京建筑大学 A kind of solar building heating ventilator system
CN110258846A (en) * 2019-06-04 2019-09-20 同济大学 A kind of modularization dynamic building epidermis using natural energy resources

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