CN201575609U - Multifunctional solar air heat-collector combined module arranged on integrated wall surface of building - Google Patents

Multifunctional solar air heat-collector combined module arranged on integrated wall surface of building Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201575609U
CN201575609U CN2009202031070U CN200920203107U CN201575609U CN 201575609 U CN201575609 U CN 201575609U CN 2009202031070 U CN2009202031070 U CN 2009202031070U CN 200920203107 U CN200920203107 U CN 200920203107U CN 201575609 U CN201575609 U CN 201575609U
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module
air
building
heat
air heat
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CN2009202031070U
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Chinese (zh)
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陈滨
刘鸣
索健
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Dalian University of Technology
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Dalian University of Technology
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B10/00Integration of renewable energy sources in buildings
    • Y02B10/20Solar thermal
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/40Solar thermal energy, e.g. solar towers
    • Y02E10/44Heat exchange systems

Abstract

The utility model provides a multifunctional solar air heat-collector combined module arranged on an integrated wall surface of a building, belonging to the technical field of natural energy resource utilization. The multifunctional solar air heat-collector combined module is characterized by solving the problem that by utilizing the characteristic of the building, the effective collection, transmission and storage of the energy are realized comprehensively and the indoor environmental comfort of the solar building in a whole year is adjusted passively and naturally. The multifunctional module is divided into a heating module, a new wind module and a heat accumulating module that are arranged on the external wall of the building; the multifunctional module mainly comprises an external wall of the building, a heat collecting plate, a ventilator, a fan, an inverted valve, a hollow toughened glass cover plate, a template frame and the like. The multifunctional solar air heat-collector combined module has the effects and benefits that the multifunctional module plays the self-adjusting function of the building to the maximum degree, and utilizes the recyclable resources with low cost, low environmental load and high comfort. The multifunctional solar air heat-collector combined module has obvious environment-protecting benefits, social benefits and economic benefits in the integration construction of solar component and the multilayer building and the diversification and industrialization construction of the new rural residences.

Description

The multi-use architecture integrated wall is solar energy air heat collector combined module installed
Technical field
The utility model belongs to natural energy resources and utilizes technical field, relates to a kind of solar energy air heat collecting construction module, relates in particular to that a kind of to have heating, accumulation of heat, fresh-air ventilation multi-use architecture integrated wall solar energy air heat collector combined module installed.
Background technology
In recent years, the implication of passive type solar energy building has had the more variation of deep layer, can maximally utilise the potential of natural environment when adapting to natural environment, the indoor environment of its formation with combine together naturally, can actually experience the nature pulse.Still there are many common problems in heating system with regard to traditional solar energy air heat collector is formed, and for example the dynamic change of outdoor climate conditions causes that the fluctuation of solar building room temperature is big, the unreasonable heat loss that causes of operation is excessive etc.For the technological development of solar energy air heat collector, mainly focus on the influence factor of heat collector hot property under the natural circulation mode, the analytical method of diabatic process and the aspects such as structure optimization of heat collector both at home and abroad.The air exit temp of ubiquity heat collector or thermal-arrest wall is very high, but indoor intensification is very slow, and this heating effect that this system is described is not only relevant with the building thermal technique performance, also is subjected to the influence of hot mode of movement largely.How to pass through the control to running, it is indoor that the collected solar thermal energy of solar energy air heat collector is delivered to as much as possible, to reach better heating effect, is the problem of present solar building technical concerns.
In addition, the winter heating performance of passive solar house is good more, and with regard to the easy more superheating phenomenon in summer that occurs, this is a problem demanding prompt solution in the passive type heating and cooling technology application process always.Up to the present, there are many natural falling temperature techniques to obtain using widely, as utilize the coating reflected sunlight on roof, the sun that utilizes green plants to reduce roof and building enclosure gets hot, improve the heat-insulating property of body of wall, window is carried out sunshade and gravity-flow ventilation at night etc., and wherein the gravity-flow ventilation at night is most widely used cooling in summer measure.Indoor by the outdoor air introducing that nocturnal temperature is lower, utilize the caloic cold-storage, reach the purpose that reduces indoor temperature peak value next day.Therefore, to combine with the heavy building element be to solve above-mentioned key and good approach for problem to architecture-self hot-air transmission ﹠ distribution mode.
Find by retrieval: patent No. Wo/2006/041418 discloses a kind of composite building element type air-conditioning system, its difference with weak point is, utilize sandwich construction and auxiliary equipment, realize heat supply, refrigeration and ventilation as coil pipe layer, porous material layer, thermal insulation layer, air humidifier etc., actively combine with the passive type using energy source, the energy transmission needs consumption of power.Application number 200810137392.0 discloses a kind of construction integration solar synthesis heat utilization system, and is too high with summer temp in the solution glass curtain wall structure.Its difference with weak point is, above-mentioned patent is by behind the passive type thermal-arrest, introduce indoor by air channel importing air-conditioning unit the air of heating, be that passive type combines with active using energy source, only be suitable for having the elevation of building of glass curtain wall structure, therefore certainly will be subjected to the restriction of building type on using, air conditioner system air blast needs consumption of power, and the system thermal storage problem is not considered as yet." modular solar power air circulation aircondition " (patent No. 200720155626.5) discloses the air circulation aircondition that a kind of modularization can absorb solar energy.They are different with weak point to be, carry out self-loopa heat adjustings to indoor winter, and new wind preheating or fresh-air ventilation improve indoor air quality and the consideration as yet of system's accumulation of heat problem.In addition, this device belongs to the building plug-in device, has certain difficulty with combining of external wall integrated design, as install improper can influence the elevation of building effect.
The utility model system is when considering solar thermal utilization, design with architecture-integral, utilize the characteristics of building own, comprehensively realize energy efficient collection, transmission and storage problem, solve the problem that passive type solar energy architecture indoor comfortableness is regulated naturally.
Summary of the invention
The technical problems to be solved in the utility model is: utilize the characteristics of building own, the comprehensive energy efficient of realizing is collected, is transmitted and stores, passive type is regulated solar building indoor comfort problem naturally, and passive type solar energy technology and architectural exterior-protecting construction are integrated, the replacement problem of industrialization problem and passive type solar energy architectural design form.The utility model is to take into account on passive type solar energy building thermal-arrest, the accumulation of heat basis, further utilize passive type heating and cooling technology to solve annual indoor environment comfortableness problem, thereby it is solar energy air heat collector combined module installed to propose a kind of multi-use architecture integrated wall of being made up of heating system, hold over system, air exchange system in the mode of regulating naturally.
The utility model is achieved through the following technical solutions, and it adds blower fan, hollow tempering glass cover-plate, demarcation strip, push-pull valve, external window of building, external wall, internal cavity, external cavity, template framework etc. by thermal-arrest plate, ventilator, non-return valve and forms.Described modular system is made up of heating module, new wind module and accumulation of heat module, and described heating, new wind and accumulation of heat module are installed on the external wall.Described heating module is installed in the wall between windows outside, and an air port is respectively established at position through walls, heating module top and bottom.Described new wind module is installed in the breast outside, and ventilator is adopted in new wind module air port, and ventilator is plugged with glass isometric from the bottom.Described accumulation of heat module is installed on the window wall outside, is provided with demarcation strip in the accumulation of heat module, two air ports and non-return valve about position through walls, upper end is provided with, the corresponding indoor floor air space in air port.In order to realize the transmission naturally and circulation of energy, between heating module and the new wind module, all be provided with opening between heating module and the accumulation of heat module, make module form a whole circulatory system.Outdoor new wind and room air be Hybrid Heating in new wind module, partially mixed air is by natural heating in the uptake inlet chamber, partially mixed air flow into accumulation of heat module and room air once more Hybrid Heating enter floor air space with the heat storage be discharged into indoor.
Described modular structure needs some hollow tempering glass cover-plates and template framework.Described thermal-arrest plate adopts the white steel plate of open-cellular form, and its outer coating for selective absorption that is coated with is to improve the heat-collecting capacity performance.Thermal-arrest plate and glass cover-plate and module backboard form internal cavity and external cavity respectively, and an end in air channel is communicated with internal cavity, and non-return valve and blower fan are arranged on the air channel.Described hollow tempering glass cover-plate correspondence is installed in the outermost of each module.For the ease of mounting test system and detection regularly, each member hollow tempering glass cover-plate can be opened good airproof performance when closing.
Effect of the present utility model and benefit are: the utility model advocate a kind of brand-new be the Base Design theory with ecological balance principle, propose to have heating, accumulation of heat, fresh-air ventilation multi-use architecture integrated wall be solar energy air heat collector combined module installed.In conditioning chamber in the environmental process, this module makes building can bring into play the regulatory function of self to greatest extent, collecting, transmitting and store with solar energy is the natural energy at center, realizes that low cost, low environmental load, high-comfort energy ground develop regenerative resource.Compared with former existing technology, the utlity model has substantive using value and be convenient to and advantage such as the integrated realization batch production of architectural exterior-protecting construction production, be suitable for large tracts of land and promote.The utility model module is flexible for installation, can realize with tier building integratedly, can effectively reduce and improve the energy consumption of tier building, and architecture-self can also be finished the adjusting of comfortableness indoor environment simultaneously.The utility model can be used in the new rural housing construction that has a large capacity and a wide range, this variation for the grange that improves China, industrialization and environmental amenity thereof improve the grange rate of energy and have crucial promotional value and good prospects for application.Of the present utility modelly be implemented in the passive solar utilization and have very important significance with building integrated technology field.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the decomposing schematic representation of multi-functional composite module of the present utility model.
Fig. 2 is the combination schematic diagram of multi-functional composite module of the present utility model.
Fig. 3 is an inner-cavity structure elevational schematic view of the present utility model.
Fig. 4 is the A portion enlarged drawing of Fig. 1.
Fig. 5 is the B-B directional profile figure of Fig. 7.
Fig. 6 is the C-C directional profile figure of Fig. 7.
Fig. 7 is the partial enlarged drawing of accumulation of heat module air outlet (8).
Fig. 8 is the partial enlarged drawing of accumulation of heat module return air inlet (9).
Fig. 9 is the air current composition schematic diagram of accumulation of heat module.
Figure 10 is the air current composition schematic diagram of accumulation of heat module.
Figure 11 is the air current composition schematic diagram of multi-functional composite module.
Among the figure: 1 external wall, 2 heating modules, 3 new wind modules, 4 accumulation of heat modules, 5 external window of building, 6 uptakes, 7 times air ports, 8 air outlets, 9 return air inlets, 10 ventilator, 11 demarcation strips, 12 push-pull valves, 13 new wind ventilating openings, 14 module frames, 15 thermal-arrest plates, 15-1 thermal-arrest plate through hole, 16 internal cavities, 17 external cavities, 18 glass cover-plates, 18-1 ultrawhite double glazing cover plate, 18-2 ordinary insulating glass cover plate, 19 blower fans, 20 non-return valves, 21 reinforced liners, 22 air grilles, 24 sleeve pipes, 25 warming plates, 26 concrete walls, 27 new wind air inlets, 28 outdoor new wind, south orientation rooms 29,30 spatial transitions, north orientation rooms 31.
The specific embodiment
Be described in detail the specific embodiment of the present utility model below in conjunction with accompanying drawing and technical scheme.
Specific embodiments one: shown in Fig. 1~8, modular system mainly is made up of external wall 1, thermal-arrest plate 15, blower fan 19, non-return valve 20, ventilator 10, hollow tempering glass cover-plate 18 and template framework 14 etc.Modular system is divided into heating module 2, new wind module 3 and accumulation of heat module 4, is installed on the external wall 1.Heating module 2 is installed in the wall between windows outside, and position through walls, heating module 2 upper ends is provided with uptake 6, air port 7 under the position through walls, lower end.New wind module 3 is installed in the breast outside, and the air inlet of new wind module 3 adopts ventilator 10, and ventilator 10 is plugged from the bottom, and ventilator 10 length and glass are isometric.Accumulation of heat module 4 is installed in the wall outside on the window, is provided with demarcation strip 11 in the accumulation of heat module, and position through walls, upper end is provided with air outlet 8 and non-return valve 20, return air inlet 9 and non-return valve 20, air outlet 8 and return air inlet 9 corresponding indoor floor air spaces.The part that external wall 1 is installed heat collecting construction module adopts concrete layer to add the polyphenyl plate heat preserving layer.Thermal-arrest plate 14 forms internal cavity 16 and external cavity 17 respectively with glass cover-plate 18 and module backboard, and an end of uptake 6, following air port 7, air outlet 8, return air inlet 9 is communicated with internal cavity 16, and blower fan 19 is arranged on the corresponding air channel.
Specific embodiments two: shown in Fig. 1~3, thermal-arrest plate 15 adopts the thick through hole 15-1 of 1mm form white steel plate, and through hole 15-1 aperture is 5mm, and pitch of holes is 15mm.The white steel plate surface increases surface roughness through after polishing, its outer dark absorber coatings absorptivity of selectivity>0.9 that is coated with, and emissivity is about 0.45~0.5.
Specific embodiments three: shown in Fig. 3~5, template framework 14 is formed by extruded sheet, the liner galvanized sheet, and surrounding frame exocuticle is coated with white steel plate, and the inner chamber that surrounds is further strengthened by white steel square tube reinforced liner 21.Framework correspondence position between described heating module 2 and the accumulation of heat module 4 is provided with push-pull valve 12, and the framework correspondence position between described heating module 2 and the new wind module 3 is provided with new wind ventilating opening 13.
Specific embodiments four: as Fig. 1~shown in Figure 4, the modular system outermost is provided with hollow tempering glass cover-plate 18.Heating module 2 outermost are installed two ultrawhite double glazing cover plate 18-1, the relevant position is provided with opening, new wind module outermost is installed two ordinary insulating glass cover plate 18-2, accumulation of heat module outermost is installed two ordinary insulating glass cover plate 18-2, each member hollow tempering glass cover-plate can be opened good airproof performance when closing.
Specific embodiments five: shown in Fig. 5~11, sunny daytime in winter, outdoor air ventilator 10 enters new wind module 3, enter heating module 2 by new wind ventilating opening 13, with by following air port 7 from indoor air Hybrid Heating, the part air is by in uptake 6 inlet chambers, so circulation, part flows into 4 heating of accumulation of heat module by push-pull valve 12, the air space of the corresponding floor in the air port of accumulation of heat module 4 transmits heat by air outlet 8 to concrete floor, and the heat part that heat storage absorbs passes to indoor by heat convection, another part is stored in the heat storage, release heat when night or cloudy day.
Sunny daytime in summer, the vertical air interbed of module can play the effect of solar chimney, room air enters air space from the following air port 7 of exterior wall, heated layer of air constantly flows to outdoor by the air grille 22 on the heating module glass cover-plate, so circulation realizes the interior temperature and the relative humidity of hot pressing ventilation conditioning chamber on daytime.Heat storage combines in night ventilation and the floor, and the air space of the corresponding floor in the air port of accumulation of heat module 4 utilizes in the floor heat storage transmission and stores cold, passes to indoor and is discharged into indoor gradually on daytime next day by heat convection.

Claims (5)

1. a multi-use architecture integrated wall is solar energy air heat collector combined module installed, it is characterized in that:
A) described multifuctional solar air heat-collecting composite module is made up of external wall (1), external window of building (5), thermal-arrest plate (15), blower fan (19), non-return valve (20), ventilator (10), hollow tempering glass cover-plate (18) and template framework (14);
B) modular system is divided into heating module (2), new wind module (3) and accumulation of heat module (4), is installed on the external wall (1);
C) heating module (2) is installed in the wall between windows outside, and position through walls, heating module (2) upper end is provided with uptake (6), under the position through walls, lower end air port (7);
D) new wind module (3) is installed in the breast outside, and the air inlet of new wind module (3) adopts ventilator (10), and ventilator (10) is plugged from the bottom, and ventilator (10) length and glass are isometric;
E) accumulation of heat module (4) is installed in the wall outside on the window, and position through walls, upper end is provided with air outlet (8), return air inlet (9) and non-return valve (20);
F) thermal-arrest plate (14) forms internal cavity (16) and external cavity (17) respectively with glass cover-plate (18) and module backboard, one end of uptake (6), following air port (7), air outlet (8), return air inlet (9) is communicated with internal cavity (16), and blower fan (19) is arranged on the corresponding air channel.
2. a kind of multi-use architecture integrated wall according to claim 1 is solar energy air heat collector combined module installed, it is characterized in that: thermal-arrest plate (15) adopts the thick through hole of 1mm (15-1) form white steel plate, through hole (15-1) aperture is 5mm, and pitch of holes is 15mm; The white steel plate surface increases surface roughness through after polishing, its outer dark absorber coatings absorptivity of selectivity>0.9 that is coated with, and emissivity is 0.45~0.5.
3. a kind of multi-use architecture integrated wall according to claim 1 is solar energy air heat collector combined module installed, it is characterized in that: described modular system outermost is provided with some hollow tempering glass cover-plates (18), heating module (2) outermost is installed ultrawhite double glazing cover plate (18-1), and other installs ordinary insulating glass cover plate (18-2).
4. a kind of multi-use architecture integrated wall according to claim 1 is solar energy air heat collector combined module installed, it is characterized in that: template framework (14) is made by extruded sheet, the liner galvanized sheet, and the framework exocuticle is coated with white steel plate.
5. a kind of multi-use architecture integrated wall according to claim 1 is solar energy air heat collector combined module installed, it is characterized in that: the air space that the corresponding indoor floor in position is set of accumulation of heat module inner wind outlet (8) and return air inlet (9), air from push-pull valve (12) transmits heat by air outlet (8) to concrete floor, the heat that concrete floor absorbs is shunted or passes to indoor, perhaps is stored in the concrete floor; Non-return valve (20) is arranged on the outside of leaning on of air outlet (8), and non-return valve (20) is arranged on the indoor of leaning on of return air inlet (9), is provided with demarcation strip (11) between air outlet (8) and the return air inlet (9).
CN2009202031070U 2009-09-05 2009-09-05 Multifunctional solar air heat-collector combined module arranged on integrated wall surface of building Expired - Lifetime CN201575609U (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101650080B (en) * 2009-09-05 2011-05-11 大连理工大学 Multifunctional solar energy air heat collector combined module integrated with construction wall
CN102630526A (en) * 2012-04-01 2012-08-15 西北农林科技大学 Solar greenhouse with heat-storage rear wall
CN103906882A (en) * 2011-10-28 2014-07-02 索拉帕斯公司 Solar window and solar wall structure and method

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101650080B (en) * 2009-09-05 2011-05-11 大连理工大学 Multifunctional solar energy air heat collector combined module integrated with construction wall
CN103906882A (en) * 2011-10-28 2014-07-02 索拉帕斯公司 Solar window and solar wall structure and method
CN102630526A (en) * 2012-04-01 2012-08-15 西北农林科技大学 Solar greenhouse with heat-storage rear wall

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Granted publication date: 20100908

Effective date of abandoning: 20090905