CN101649652A - Waterproof structure and manufacturing method thereof - Google Patents

Waterproof structure and manufacturing method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101649652A
CN101649652A CN 200810117935 CN200810117935A CN101649652A CN 101649652 A CN101649652 A CN 101649652A CN 200810117935 CN200810117935 CN 200810117935 CN 200810117935 A CN200810117935 A CN 200810117935A CN 101649652 A CN101649652 A CN 101649652A
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China
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sealant
waterproof structure
substrate
gap
modified
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CN 200810117935
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Chinese (zh)
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余建平
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北京森聚柯高分子材料有限公司
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Publication of CN101649652A publication Critical patent/CN101649652A/en

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Abstract

The invention relates to a waterproof structure and a manufacturing method thereof. The waterproof structure comprises a first substrate, a second substrate forming a gap with the first substrate, a sealant which is filled in the gap and connected with the first substrate and the second substrate, and an isolation rod arranged in the sealant; and the waterproof structure also comprises a limit part for limiting the depth of the sealant in the gap. The sealant is made of the following materials: silicone sealant, polyurethane sealant, polysulfide sealant, polyacrylate sealant, polyisobutylene sealant, neoprene sealant, polystyrene-ethylene-butadiene-styrene sealant, polystyrene-butadiene-styrene sealant, butyronitrile sealant, chlorosulfonated acrylic acid sealant, asphalt and rubber modified sealant, PVC and modified sealant, and plastic ointment. In the waterproof structure, in the change process of the width of a seam caused by external environment, the sealant cannot be changed in an interface of the substrate to cause bond damage, thereby prolonging the service life.

Description

防水结构及其制造方法 Waterproof structure and manufacturing method

技术领域 FIELD

本发明涉及一种建筑领域的防水结构,特别是涉及一种用于建筑缝隙处,防止因缝隙变化造成渗水的防水结构及其制造方法。 The present invention relates to a waterproof structure of a building field, particularly relates to a method for the gap at the building, to prevent the gap caused by changes in water structure and method of seepage.

背景技术 Background technique

建筑防水工程中,多数建筑防水失效,大多数发生在建筑缝隙。 Waterproof construction projects, most building waterproofing failures, mostly in construction gap. 而造 And made

成建筑缝隙渗漏水的主要原因是,建筑密封胶(膏)弹性体因缝隙变化过 Mainly due to water leakage gap construction is building sealant (paste) through the elastic body due to changes in the gap

程中,发生在基材界面脱粘,水份从脱粘处渗入缝隙内,或者从密封胶中间本体断裂面造成漏水。 Process, the substrate interface debonding occurs, moisture from penetrating inside the gap debonding, resulting in leakage from the sealant or intermediate body fracture surface.

即使是经过严格计算缝隙位移变化量以及缝隙的位移率,并且选用了完全能抵抗这一位移形变的抗高位移密封胶。 Even rigorously calculated displacement amount and the displacement slot of the slot, and the fully selected for resisting the displacement of the higher displacement deformable sealant. 但由于密封材料的抗位移值是指其施工时,起始阶段的延伸率和拉伸弹性模量。 However, since the anti-displacement value of the sealing material refers to its construction, the initial stage elongation and tensile modulus of elasticity. 更因为密封材料中加入了增塑剂,溶剂废油等可迁移液体低分子材料。 Since the sealing material is further added to the plasticizer, solvent, waste oil can migrate liquid low-molecular material. 随着弹性密封材料使用时间的增加,其增塑剂可迁移成份不断向界面迁移并散发在空气中。 With increasing time the elastic sealing material, a plasticizer which may migrate to the interface component and continue to migrate distributed in the air. 弹性密封材料本身的延伸率不断降低,其弹性模量也不断增加。 Elastic sealing material itself continuously reduce elongation, modulus of elasticity also increases. 对于弱界面, 其最终结果是界面粘接强度低于密封胶本体强度。 For weak interface that the end result is less than the interfacial adhesion strength sealant body strength. 一些密封胶在长达数年间不间断交联,发生此等交联也不断使其弹性模量增大。 Some of up to several years without interruption sealant crosslinked, such crosslinking occurs constantly so that the elastic modulus increases.

本体强度不断增大而发生界面粘接破坏,而对于强度高的界面,密封胶尽管对基材粘接强度高,但由于其抗位移能力已经低于缝隙的位移量。 Body strength increasing interfacial adhesion destruction occurs, and for the high strength of the interface, the sealant substrate despite the high adhesive strength, but because of its ability to have an anti-displacement less than the displacement amount of the gap. 导致密封胶开胶或界面开胶。 Resulting in a plastic sealant or glue interface.

发明内容 SUMMARY

本发明的主要目的在于,克服现有的建筑缝隙处防水结构存在的缺陷, 而提供一种新的防水结构及其制造方法,所要解决的技术问题是改善缝隙防水效果,提高缝隙防水结构的使用寿命。 The main object of the present invention is to solve the problems of conventional construction waterproof structure at the gap, to provide a new method of manufacturing the waterproof structure, the technical problem to be solved is to improve the slot waterproof effect, improve the waterproof structure using the gap life.

本发明的目的及解决其技术问题是采用以下技术方案来实现的。 Objects and solve the technical problem of the invention is achieved by the following technical solutions. 依据本发明提出的一种防水结构,其包括:第一基材;第二基材,与第一基材之间形成缝隙;密封胶体,填充于上述的缝隙之间,并与上述的第一基材和第二基材粘结;以及隔离棒,设置在上述的密封胶体内。 A waterproof structure according to the present invention is proposed, comprising: a first substrate; a second substrate, and the gap is formed between the first substrate; a sealing colloid filled in a gap between the above-described, the above-described first and and second substrates bonded; and an isolation bar disposed in said seal colloid.

本发明的目的及解决其技术问题还可采用以下技术措施进一步实现。 The purpose and solve the technical problem of the present invention also adopt the following measures to further implement technology.

优选的,前述的防水结构,其中的所述的第一基材和第二基材的材质分别选自于:混凝土、金属、玻璃、塑料、木材、人造板材、陶瓷、石材、 砖、以及上述材料的复合材料。 Preferably, the waterproof structure, wherein the material of the first substrate and the second substrate are selected from: concrete, metal, glass, plastic, wood, man-made sheet, ceramics, stone, brick, and said composite material.

优选的,前述的防水结构,其还包括限位件,设置在所述的缝隙之间, 用于限制密封胶体在所述缝隙间的深度。 Preferably, the waterproof structure, further comprising a stopper, disposed between said slit for limiting the depth of the seal between the colloid gap.

优选的,前述的防水结构,其中所述的隔离棒和限位件的材质分别为: 聚乙烯材料、聚丙烯材料、氟树脂类材料或聚苯乙烯类材料。 Preferably, the waterproof structure, spacer bars and wherein the material of the stopper member are: polyethylene, polypropylene, fluorine resin-based material or a polystyrene material.

优选的,前述的防水结构,其中所述的密封胶体的材质为:硅酮类及改性密封胶、聚氨酯类及改性密封胶、聚硫类及改性类密封胶、聚丙烯酸酯类及改性类密封胶、聚异丁烯类及改性类密封胶、氯丁类及改性密封胶、 聚苯乙烯一乙烯一丁二烯一苯乙烯类及改性类密封胶、聚苯乙烯一丁二烯一苯乙烯类及改性密封胶、丁腈类及改性类密封胶、氯硫化丙稀酸类密封胶、沥青类及橡胶改性密封胶、PVC类及改性密封膏或塑性油膏。 Preferably, the waterproof structure, wherein the sealing material of the colloid is: and modified silicone sealants, urethane sealants and modified, and the modified type polysulfide based sealants, and polyacrylates modified based sealants, modified and polyisobutylene-based sealants, chloroprene sealants and modified, a polystyrene-ethylene-butadiene-styrene and a modifier based sealant, a polystyrene butyl styrene and a diene-modified sealant, a nitrile-based sealants and modified, chlorine vulcanization type acrylic sealants, and rubber-modified asphalt-based sealants, PVC-based sealant or plastic and oil-modified paste.

优选的,前述的防水结构,其中所述的密封胶体内设有无纺布或者网 Preferably, the waterproof structure, wherein said seal is equipped with a colloidal or nonwoven web

格布o Plaid o

优选的,前述的防水结构,其中所述的密封胶体溢出缝隙并与各基材的表面粘结。 Preferably, the waterproof structure, wherein the sealing surface of the adhesive and colloidal overflow gap with the substrate.

本发明的目的及解决其技术问题还可以采用以下技术方案来实现的。 Objects and solve the technical problem of the present invention can also be achieved by the following technical solutions.

依据本发明提出的一种防水结构的制造方法,包括以下步骤:在由两个基材构成的缝隙之间填充一限位件;在所述限位件的一侧,向缝隙内填充密封胶;在已经填充的密封胶上放置隔离棒;继续填充密封胶,直至填满限位件一侧的缝隙。 A method for producing a waterproof structure according to the present invention is proposed, comprising the steps of: filling a gap between the stopper member constituted by the two substrates; the side of the stopper member, the sealant is filled into the gap ; sealant has been placed on the filled spacer rods; sealant continues to fill until the gap is filled with a side of the stopper member.

优选的,前述的防水结构制造方法,在所述的两个基材的表面设置美纹纸或者保护压敏胶带;所述的密封胶溢出缝隙并充满所述美纹纸或者保护压敏胶带构成的空间; Preferably, the method of manufacturing a waterproof structure is provided on the surface of the masking of the two substrates, or the protective pressure sensitive adhesive tape; the sealant overflows and fills the gap masking or protecting the pressure sensitive adhesive tape composed of Space;

以美纹纸或者保护压敏胶带的上表面为准,刮平溢出的密封胶;密胶凝固后,撤去美纹纸或者保护压敏胶带。 In the upper surface protective pressure sensitive masking tape or subject, overflowing sealant leveled; dense gel after solidification, removed the protective masking or pressure sensitive tape.

优选的,前述的防水结构制造方法,在填充密封胶过程中加入无纺布或网格布。 Preferably, the method of manufacturing a waterproof structure, a nonwoven fabric or mesh added sealant filling process.

借由上述技术方案,本发明至少具有下列优点:本发明的防水结构, 其两侧基材在实际使用过程中,随着温差变化、大风、机械性振动、撞击等会所引起接缝宽度在变大、变小过程中,弹性密封材料在长时间使用时, 不会在基材界面发生变化而导致粘接破坏。 By means of the above technical solutions, the present invention has at least the following advantages: the waterproof structure of the present invention, both sides of the substrate in actual use, as the temperature changes, wind, mechanical vibration, impact and other clubs joint width due to variations in larger, smaller process, an elastic sealing material is used in a long time, the adhesive will not lead to a change in the destruction of the substrate interface.

上述说明仅是本发明技术方案的概述,为了能够更清楚了解本发明的技术手段,并可依照说明书的内容予以实施,以下以本发明的较佳实施例并配合附图详细说明如后。 The above description is only an overview of the technical solution of the present invention, in order to more fully understood from the present disclosure, may be implemented in accordance with the contents of the specification, the following preferred embodiments of the present invention and to be described later in detail with drawings.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

图1是本发明实施例所示的缝隙防水结构的断面示意图。 FIG. 1 is a sectional schematic view of a waterproof structure of the embodiment of the slit of the present invention shown in FIG.

图2至图6是本发明的防水结构的制造方法的过程示意图。 2 to FIG. 6 is a process of a manufacturing method of a waterproof structure according to the present invention. FIG.

图7至图11是本发明另一实施例的防水结构的制造方法的过程示意图。 7 to FIG. 11 is a process of manufacturing method of a waterproof structure according to another embodiment of the present invention. FIG.

具体实施方式 detailed description

为更进一步阐述本发明为达成预定发明目的所采取的技术手段及功效, 以下结合附图及较佳实施例,对依据本发明提出的缝隙防水结构及其制造方法的具体实施方式、结构、特征及其功效,详细说明如后。 To further elaborate the technical means and effects the present invention is predetermined to achieve the object of the invention taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings and the following preferred embodiments, the pair of slots waterproof structure according to the invention and the manufacturing method set forth specific embodiments, structures, features its effect, as described in detail later.

请参阅图1所示,是本发明实施例所示的缝隙防水结构的断面示意图。 Please refer to FIG. 1, is a sectional schematic view of a waterproof structure of the embodiment of the slit of the present invention is shown. 该防水结构针对两个基材对接处形成的缝隙处进行防水处理的结构,其主要包括,第一基材ll、第二基材12、隔离棒13和密封胶体15。 The waterproof structure for waterproofing a slit formed at the butt joint of two substrates structure including, a first substrate ll, a second substrate 12, spacer bars 13 and 15 seal colloid. 其中所述的第一基材11和第二基材12为建筑物的一部分,例如为墙体、房顶或者楼板实体或桥梁、隧道、地下掩体、水池、地坪实体。 Wherein the first substrate 11 and second substrate 12 as part of a building, for example, a wall, roof or floor or entity bridges, tunnels, underground bunkers, sinks, floor entities. 所述的第一基材11 和第二基材12的材质分别选自于:混凝土、金属、玻璃、塑料、木材、人 The material of the first substrate 11 and second substrate 12 are selected from: concrete, metal, glass, plastic, wood, man

造板材、陶瓷、石材、砖、以及上述材料的复合材料。 Making sheet metal, ceramics, stone, brick, and composite materials of the above. 上述的第一基材11 和第二基材12的材质可以相同也可以不同,本发明对此没有限制。 The material of the first substrate 11 and second substrate 12 may be the same or different, the present invention has no limitation. 第一基材11和第二基材12由于是组成建筑物的不同部分或者由于建筑施工的限制必须采用不同部分构成,二者在构成建筑时必然形成缝隙,所述的密封 The first base substrate 11 and the second seal 12 as is different parts of the building or due to limitations of the construction must be composed of different parts, a gap is inevitably formed at both constituting the building, said

胶体15填充于第一基材11和第二基材12形成的缝隙中,用于防止该缝隙渗水。 Colloidal filled in the gap 15 of the first substrate 11 and second substrate 12 is formed in the gap for preventing water seepage. 该密封胶与第一基材11和第二基材12的侧面紧密粘结,从而可以阻止水渗入缝隙中,达到缝隙防水的目的。 The sealant of the first side of the second substrate 11 and the substrate 12 is closely adhered, thereby preventing water from penetrating into the gap in the object, to waterproof a gap. 密封胶体15的材质为:硅酮类及改性密封胶、聚氨酯类及改性密封胶、聚硫类及改性类密封胶、聚丙烯酸酷类及改性密封胶、聚异丁烯类及改性密封胶、氯丁烯类及改性类密封胶、聚苯乙烯一乙烯一丁二烯一苯乙烯类及改性类密封胶、聚苯乙烯一丁二烯一苯乙烯类及改性密封胶、丁腈类及改性类密封胶、氯磺化丙稀酸类密封胶、沥青类及橡胶改性密封胶、PVC (聚氯乙烯)类及改性密封膏、塑性油膏。 Colloidal sealing material 15 is: and the modified silicone sealant, and modified urethane sealant, polysulfide-based sealants based and modified, and the modified polyacrylic acid-based sealants cool, polyisobutylene and modified sealant, and a modified type chloroprene-based sealant, a polystyrene, an ethylene-modified butadiene-based and styrene-based sealant, a polystyrene, a styrene-butadiene modified and sealants , a nitrile-based sealants and modified, chlorosulfonated ACID sealants, and rubber-modified asphalt-based sealants, PVC (polyvinyl chloride), and modified based sealant, plastic ointment. 密封胶体的材质可以通过商业渠道购买得到,例如北京森聚柯高分子材料有限公司SJK1907单组分聚氨酯密封胶。 Sealing the colloidal material is commercially available from commercial sources, e.g. Beijing-polyethylene polymer materials Ltd. SJK1907 Ko-component polyurethane sealant. 该密封胶体15,可以是膏状体,也可以是液体,也可以喷出为气体雾化状态后在缝隙内形成液体或膏状体或弹性体。 The colloid seal 15, may be a paste body, may be a liquid, a gas may be discharged after the formation of atomized liquid or paste state or elastomer in the gap. 所述的隔离13棒位于密封胶体内,从而在密封胶体内形成一个非密封胶体材料所占据的空间。 The spacer bar 13 is located within the sealing colloid, a non-sealed so as to form a space occupied by the colloidal material in the sealing gel. 隔离棒13,除其两端暴露出密封胶体外,其它部分被密封胶体15包围,不与空气接触。 Spacer rods 13, in addition to its outer ends to expose the seal colloid, other parts being sealed colloid surround 15, is not in contact with the air. 隔离棒13的材质选自:聚乙烯材料、聚丙烯材料、氟树脂类材料或聚苯乙烯类材料。 Spacer rods 13 of a material selected from the group: polyethylene, polypropylene, fluorine resin-based material or a polystyrene material. 隔离棒13与上述的密封胶体15没有实质性粘结,与密封胶体15间的粘附力远远小于密封胶体15与第一基材和第二基材之间的粘结力。 Spacer rods 13 and 15 above the seal no substantial binding colloid, colloidal sealing adhesive force 15 is much smaller than the adhesive force between the seal 15 and the first hydrocolloid and second substrates.

较佳的,为控制密封胶体15进入缝隙的深度,该防水结构还可以包括限位件14,其设置在第一基材和第二基材形成的缝隙中。 Preferably, to control the depth of the seal 15 into the slot colloid, the waterproof structure 14 may also include a slit provided between the first and second substrates formed in the stopper member. 该限位件的直径略大于缝隙的宽度,从而可以与第一基材和第二基材保持一定压力达到限位的目的。 Diameter slightly greater than the width of the slit of the stopper member, so as to achieve the purpose of maintaining a certain pressure limit of the first and second substrates. 所述的密封胶体15在填充于缝隙时遇到限位件14即不再渗入缝隙,从而可以控制密封胶体在缝隙中的用量。 The colloidal seal 15 is filled in the gap encountered at the stopper 14 ceases to penetrate the slit, the sealing can be controlled in the gap in the amount of colloid. 所述的限位件14的材质选自:聚乙烯材料、聚丙烯材料、氟树脂类材料或聚苯乙烯类材料。 The material of the stopper 14 is selected from: polyethylene, polypropylene, fluorine resin-based material or a polystyrene material. 该限位件14与上述的密封胶体15没有实质性粘结,与密封胶体15间的粘附力远远小于密封胶体15与第一基材和第二基材之间的粘结力。 The stopper member 14 above the seal 15 no substantial adhesion colloid, colloidal sealing adhesive force 15 is much smaller than the adhesive force between the seal 15 and the first hydrocolloid and second substrates. 隔离棒13与限位件14可以是圆形棒状、也可以是椭圆形状、可以是多孔性材料。 Spacer rods 13 and the stopper member 14 may be circular rod may be an elliptical shape, may be a porous material. 所述的多孔性材料可以是开孔、也可以是闭孔,上述这些材料可以从市场购买得到。 The porous material can be open, or may be a closed cell, these materials may be obtained from the market later.

较佳的,所述的密封胶体15可以溢出缝隙,并在第一基材11和第二基材12的表面形成一定的覆盖范围,并与第一基材和第二基材的表面紧密粘结,从而可以达到更好的防水效果。 Preferably, the seal 15 may overflow slit colloid, and a certain coverage of the surface of the first substrate 11 and second substrate 12 and closely adhered to the surface of the first substrate and the second substrate, junctions, which can achieve a better waterproof effect.

较佳的,还在密封胶体15中设有无纺布或者网格布,用于增强密封胶体15的抗拉强度。 Preferably, the seal is also provided with a nonwoven fabric or a colloidal mesh 15, a tensile strength of 15 to enhance the sealing colloid.

本发明提出的防水结构,由于在密封胶体中间设置了一个隔离棒,使得密封胶不再是一个厚的实心体,而是一个空心体,这样密封胶体就是上下两层皮,其在拉伸和压縮过程中,缝隙中密封胶体实际应力大大减小。 Waterproof structure proposed by the present invention, since the intermediate seal colloidal provided a spacer rods, such that the sealant is no longer a thick solid body, but a hollow body, so that the sealing colloid skin two layers, which is stretched and compression process, slit seal colloidal actual stress is greatly reduced. 即使在密封胶体因其可迁移物散发到空气中以及其内部不断交联过程中造成密封胶弹性模量增加,延伸率降低条件下,采用削弱缝隙密封胶体中心作用力。 Even in its sealing colloidal migrateables into the atmosphere and its internal cross-linking process continues resulting in increased elastic modulus sealant elongation reduction condition, using colloidal weakened central gap seal force. 一则是其永远小于界面的粘接力,二则即使本身模量再高,延伸率降低,由于中间为空心状,上下为两层较薄的皮。 One which is always less than the adhesive force of the interface, even though two themselves then high modulus, elongation decreases, since the intermediate hollow shape, the upper and lower thin layers of skin. 其在拉伸过程中不易拉裂,更好地适应缝隙位移的变化,大大延长了使用寿命。 It is not easy to crack in the stretching process, to better adapt to changes in the displacement of the gap, greatly extend the service life.

请参阅图2至图6所示,是本发明的防水结构的制造方法的过程示意图。 Please refer to FIG. 2 through FIG. 6 is a process of a manufacturing method of a waterproof structure according to the present invention. FIG. 在第一基材11和第二基材12形成的缝隙中填入棒状的限位件14,该限位件14的直径略大于缝隙的宽度约0. 1-1. 0mm (图2所示)。 Rod-shaped stopper member 14 is filled in the gap of the first substrate 11 and second substrate 12 are formed, the width of the slit slightly larger than the diameter of the stopper member 14 about 0. 1-1. 0mm (FIG. 2 ). 该限位件14的材质选自于:聚乙烯材料、聚丙烯材料、氟树脂类材料或聚苯乙烯类材料。 The material of the stopper member 14 is selected from: polyethylene, polypropylene, fluorine resin-based material or a polystyrene material. 如图3所示,在该限位件14的一侧填充密封胶,该密封胶可以是膏状体,也可以是液体,也可以喷出为气体雾化状态后在缝隙内形成液体或膏状体或弹性体。 3, a side of the sealant filling stopper member 14, the sealant material may be a paste, may be a liquid, a gas may be discharged after the atomized liquid or paste state is formed within the gap like or elastomer. 由于限位件与第一基材和第二基材紧密接触,所以密封胶不会进入限位件的另一侧。 Since the stopper member into close contact with the first and second substrates, so the sealant does not enter the other side of the stopper member. 如图4所示,在填充密封胶的过程中,在密封胶内放置以隔离棒,使密封胶将该隔离棒包围。 As shown, during the filling of the sealant, the sealant is placed in a 4 to isolate the rod, so that the spacer rods surrounded by the sealant. 如图5所示,继续填充密封胶,直至填满缝隙。 5, the sealant continues to fill until the gap filling. 经过一段时间后,密封胶与第一基材和第二基材形成紧密粘结,既可实现前述的缝隙防水结构。 After some time, the sealant of the first and second substrates to form a tight bond, the slits can achieve a waterproof structure.

如图5所示,较佳的,在第一基材11和第二基材12的表面设有美纹纸或者保护压敏胶带17,填充密封胶时,使密封胶溢出缝隙并充满所述美纹纸或者保护压敏胶带构成的空间。 5, preferably, when the surface of the masking with the first substrate 11 and second substrate 12 or the protection of pressure sensitive adhesive tape 17, filling sealant, so that the sealant overflows and fills the gap Masking or pressure sensitive tape composed of the protected space. 以美纹纸或者保护压敏胶带的上表面为准,刮平溢出的密封胶。 In the upper surface protective pressure sensitive masking tape or subject, Calibrating sealant overflow. 如图6所示,密封胶凝固后,撤去美纹纸或者保护压敏胶带。 6, after the solidification of the sealant was removed masking or protecting the pressure sensitive adhesive tape.

请参阅如图7至图11所示,是本发明另一实施例的防水结构的制造方法的过程示意图。 See FIGS. 7 to 11, the method is a process for producing a waterproof structure according to another embodiment of the present invention. FIG. 与上一实施例相比,本实施例在填充密封胶过程中,加入无纺布或网格布,再打密封胶或防水涂料。 Compared with the previous embodiment, the present embodiment during the filling sealants, nonwoven fabric or mesh were added, waterproof paint or sealant call. 此为一布两涂加强层16,从而使密封胶中含有无纺布或网格布增强密封胶的抗拉强度。 This is a two-coat reinforcing fabric layer 16, so that the tensile strength of the sealant contained in the nonwoven fabric or reinforcement mesh sealant.

应用实例: Applications:

混凝土层面,每隔5米X5米切割缝隙12mm宽20腿深。 Concrete deck, at intervals of 5 m X5 12mm slit width of 20 m cut depth legs. 在缝隙两侧离缝边缘l(hnm处帖上美纹纸17。缝隙内填入宽度为12mmPE聚乙烯三角形泡沫限位棒14,填入后,保持三角形PE限位棒14上平面距缝隙上平面约12mm。 用排笔刷子将暴露型弹性聚氨酯(脲)(北京森聚柯高分子材料有限公司生产)防水涂料涂布于缝隙中,并在缝隙两侧面和缝隙上平面一同涂布。然后加盖网络布作为加强层,再涂布暴露型弹性聚氨酯(脲)防水涂料。 一布两涂16总厚度约3mm。然后于缝隙中间填入①5mm聚乙烯泡沫棒13。在填入5mm聚乙烯材质的泡沫棒13于缝中间后,然后在其上覆盖防水涂料,高出平面约1〜2mm。去掉美纹纸。固化后缝隙材料具有弹性。在自然条件下其至少有10年以上使用寿命,不开裂,不渗水。 On both sides of the slit (HNM note masking the gap 17. The inner edge fill from the seam width l 12mmPE triangular polyethylene foam stopper rod 14, the fill and maintain gap 14 from the upper limit plane triangles PE rod plane about 12mm. exposed sub-discharging brush-type elastic polyurethane (urea) (Beijing-Ko polymer materials poly Co., Ltd.) in the gap waterproof coating composition, and coated with a plane on both sides of the slit and the slit. then network stamped cloth as a reinforcing layer, and then exposing the coating-type elastomeric polyurethane (urea) waterproof coating. the total thickness of a fabric 16 is coated about two 3mm. ①5mm then filled into the intermediate gap filled into polyethylene foam rods 13. 5mm polyethylene foam material intermediate rod 13 after sewing, and then overlaid on the waterproof coating, from about 1~2mm above the plane. Masking is removed. after curing the elastic material having slits in which under natural conditions of at least 10 years service life , no crack, no water seepage.

以上所述,仅是本发明的较佳实施例而已,并非对本发明作任何形式上的限制,任何熟悉本专业的技术人员,在不脱离本发明技术方案范围内, 当可利用上述揭示的技术内容作出些许更动或修饰为等同变化的等效实施例,但凡是未脱离本发明技术方案的内容,依据本发明的技术实质对以上实施例所作的任何简单修改、等同变化与修饰,均仍属于本发明技术方案的范围内。 The above are only preferred embodiments of the present invention only, not limitation of the present invention in any form, any Those skilled in the art, without departing from the scope of the technical solution of the present invention, when the techniques disclosed above can be utilized SUMMARY make minor modifications as equivalent variations or modifications equivalent embodiments, but all without departing from the technical solutions of the present invention, any simple modification based on the technical essence of the present invention is made to the above embodiment of the embodiment, modifications and equivalent, are still falling within the scope of the technical solution of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1、一种防水结构,其特征在于其包括: 第一基材; 第二基材,与第一基材之间形成缝隙; 密封胶体,填充于上述的缝隙之间,并与上述的第一基材和第二基材粘结;以及隔离棒,设置在上述的密封胶体内。 A waterproof structure, characterized in that it comprises: a first substrate; a second substrate to form a gap between the first substrate and; colloidal sealed, filled between the slits, and the above-described first and second substrates bonded; and an isolation bar disposed in said seal colloid.
2、 根据权利要求l所述的防水结构,其特征在于其中的所述的第一基材和第二基材的材质分别选自于:混凝土、金属、玻璃、塑料、木材、人造板材、陶瓷、石材、砖、以及上述材料的复合材料。 2, according to the waterproof structure as claimed in claim l, wherein said first substrate wherein the material of the second substrate and are selected from: concrete, metal, glass, plastic, wood, man-made sheet, ceramic , stone, brick, and a composite material of the material.
3、 根据权利要求l所述的防水结构,其特征在于其还包括限位件,设置在所述的缝隙之间,用于限制密封胶体在所述缝隙间的深度。 3, the waterproof structure according to claim l, characterized in that it further comprises a stopper member disposed between said slot for limiting the depth of the seal between the colloid gap.
4、 根据权利要求1或4所述的防水结构,其特征在于其中所述的隔离棒和限位件的材质分别为:聚乙烯材料、聚丙烯材料、氟树脂类材料或聚苯乙烯类材料。 4. The waterproof structure of claim 1 or claim 4, characterized in that the spacer bar and wherein the material of the stopper member are: polyethylene, polypropylene, fluorine resin-based material or a polystyrene-based material .
5、 根据权利要求l所述的防水结构,其特征在于其中所述的密封胶体的材质为:硅酮类及改性密封胶、聚氨酯类及改性密封胶、聚硫类及改性类密封胶、聚丙烯酸酯类及改性类密封胶、聚异丁烯类及改性类密封胶、 氯丁类及改性类密封胶、聚苯乙烯一乙烯一丁二烯—苯乙烯类及改性类密封胶、聚苯乙烯一丁二烯一苯乙烯类及改性密封胶、丁腈类及改性类密封胶、氯磺化丙稀酸类密封胶、沥青类及橡胶改性密封胶、PVC类及改性密封膏或塑性油膏。 5. The waterproof structure according to claim l, characterized in that the sealing material wherein the colloid is: and modified silicone sealants, urethane sealants and modified, and the polysulfide-modified type seal type gum, polyacrylates and modified based sealants, modified and polyisobutylene-based sealants, chloroprene sealants and modified type, a polystyrene-ethylene-butadiene - styrene-modified type and sealant, a polystyrene, a styrene-butadiene modified and sealants, a nitrile-based sealants and modified, chlorosulfonated ACID sealants, and rubber-modified asphalt-based sealants, PVC and modified based ointment or plastic sealant.
6、 根据权利要求l所述的防水结构,其特征在于其中所述的密封胶体内设有无纺布或者网格布。 6, a waterproof structure as claimed in claim l, characterized in that said sealing colloidal equipped with a nonwoven fabric or a mesh.
7、 根据权利要求1所述的防水结构,其特征在于其中所述的密封胶体溢出缝隙并与各基材的表面粘结。 7, the waterproof structure according to claim 1, wherein said sealing gap and overflow colloid adhered to the surface of the respective substrates.
8、 一种防水结构的制造方法,其特征在于其包括以下步骤: 在由两个基材构成的缝隙之间填充一限位件; 在所述限位件的一侧,向缝隙内填充密封胶;在已经填充的密封胶上放置隔离棒;继续填充密封胶,直至填满限位件一侧的缝隙。 8. A method for producing a waterproof structure, characterized in that it comprises the steps of: filling a gap between the stopper member constituted by the two substrates; the side of the stopper member is filled into the gap seal plastic; sealant has been placed on the filled spacer rods; sealant continues to fill until the gap is filled with a side of the stopper member.
9、 根据权利要求8所述的防水结构制造方法,其特征在于在所述的两个基材的表面设置美纹纸或者保护压敏胶带;所述的密封胶溢出缝隙并充满所述美纹纸或者保护压敏胶带构成的空间;以美纹纸或者保护压敏胶带的上表面为准,刮平溢出的密封胶;密封胶凝固后,撤去美纹纸或者保护压敏胶带。 9. The method of manufacturing a waterproof structure according to claim 8, characterized in that provided protection or masking the surface of the pressure sensitive adhesive tape of the two substrates; said sealant overflows and fills the gap Masking paper or pressure sensitive tape composed of the protected space; to the upper surface of the protective pressure sensitive masking tape, or subject, overflowing sealant Calibrating; sealant after solidification was removed masking or protective pressure sensitive adhesive tape.
10、 根据权利要求8所述的防水结构的制造方法,其特征在于在填充密封胶过程中加入无纺布或网格布。 10. The method of manufacturing a waterproof structure as claimed in claim 8, characterized in that the addition of a nonwoven fabric or mesh sealant filling process.
CN 200810117935 2008-08-15 2008-08-15 Waterproof structure and manufacturing method thereof CN101649652A (en)

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Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102953435A (en) * 2011-08-18 2013-03-06 上海美特幕墙有限公司 Adhesive tape for waterproof interface of unit curtain wall
CN103649432A (en) * 2011-02-21 2014-03-19 Siniat国际有限责任公司 Element resistant to air transfers and thermal and hydric transfers in the field of construction, especially for lightweight walls or lightweight facades
CN103696396A (en) * 2013-11-25 2014-04-02 中国水利水电科学研究院 Water-seal structure with expansion joint and spraying and filling construction method for forming same
CN104328848A (en) * 2014-09-03 2015-02-04 西安建筑科技大学 Novel connecting structure of assembly type non-bearing exterior wall and adjacent wall body
CN104711917A (en) * 2015-03-20 2015-06-17 刘保群 Security construction method for sealing expansion joint of airport runway take-off and landing strip
CN104975686A (en) * 2015-06-17 2015-10-14 中国建筑第八工程局有限公司 Waterproof node structure of air pipe concrete discharge structure cave entrance and construction method of waterproof node structure
CN105756101A (en) * 2016-03-01 2016-07-13 上海东方雨虹防水工程有限公司 Building basement, subway and tunnel expansion joint waterproof maintenance and irrigation filling construction method
TWI632282B (en) * 2017-02-16 2018-08-11 張展祥 Window frame trapping method

Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103649432A (en) * 2011-02-21 2014-03-19 Siniat国际有限责任公司 Element resistant to air transfers and thermal and hydric transfers in the field of construction, especially for lightweight walls or lightweight facades
CN102953435A (en) * 2011-08-18 2013-03-06 上海美特幕墙有限公司 Adhesive tape for waterproof interface of unit curtain wall
CN102953435B (en) * 2011-08-18 2016-09-21 上海美特幕墙有限公司 A kind of cell curtain wall adhesive tape for waterproof interface
CN103696396B (en) * 2013-11-25 2016-06-08 中国水利水电科学研究院 Engineering method is filled out in the water sealing structure at a kind of expansion joint and the spray forming this water sealing structure
CN103696396A (en) * 2013-11-25 2014-04-02 中国水利水电科学研究院 Water-seal structure with expansion joint and spraying and filling construction method for forming same
CN104328848A (en) * 2014-09-03 2015-02-04 西安建筑科技大学 Novel connecting structure of assembly type non-bearing exterior wall and adjacent wall body
CN104328848B (en) * 2014-09-03 2017-02-22 西安建筑科技大学 Connecting structure of assembly type non-bearing exterior wall and adjacent wall body
CN104711917A (en) * 2015-03-20 2015-06-17 刘保群 Security construction method for sealing expansion joint of airport runway take-off and landing strip
CN104975686A (en) * 2015-06-17 2015-10-14 中国建筑第八工程局有限公司 Waterproof node structure of air pipe concrete discharge structure cave entrance and construction method of waterproof node structure
CN104975686B (en) * 2015-06-17 2017-09-15 中国建筑第八工程局有限公司 Airduct goes out the waterproofing node structure and its construction method at concrete structure hole
CN105756101A (en) * 2016-03-01 2016-07-13 上海东方雨虹防水工程有限公司 Building basement, subway and tunnel expansion joint waterproof maintenance and irrigation filling construction method
TWI632282B (en) * 2017-02-16 2018-08-11 張展祥 Window frame trapping method

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