CN101638971A - Method and device for controlling built-in automatic control shading double-layer glass window - Google Patents

Method and device for controlling built-in automatic control shading double-layer glass window Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101638971A
CN101638971A CN200910157354A CN200910157354A CN101638971A CN 101638971 A CN101638971 A CN 101638971A CN 200910157354 A CN200910157354 A CN 200910157354A CN 200910157354 A CN200910157354 A CN 200910157354A CN 101638971 A CN101638971 A CN 101638971A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
blinds
actuator
shading
double
layer glass
Prior art date
Application number
CN200910157354A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
许�鹏
Original Assignee
许�鹏
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Publication date
Application filed by 许�鹏 filed Critical 许�鹏
Priority to CN200910157354A priority Critical patent/CN101638971A/en
Publication of CN101638971A publication Critical patent/CN101638971A/en

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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E06DOORS, WINDOWS, SHUTTERS, OR ROLLER BLINDS IN GENERAL; LADDERS
    • E06BFIXED OR MOVABLE CLOSURES FOR OPENINGS IN BUILDINGS, VEHICLES, FENCES OR LIKE ENCLOSURES IN GENERAL, e.g. DOORS, WINDOWS, BLINDS, GATES
    • E06B9/00Screening or protective devices for wall or similar openings, with or without operating or securing mechanisms; Closures of similar construction
    • E06B9/24Screens or other constructions affording protection against light, especially against sunshine; Similar screens for privacy or appearance; Slat blinds
    • E06B9/26Lamellar or like blinds, e.g. venetian blinds
    • E06B9/264Combinations of lamellar blinds with roller shutters, screen windows, windows, or double panes; Lamellar blinds with special devices
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E06DOORS, WINDOWS, SHUTTERS, OR ROLLER BLINDS IN GENERAL; LADDERS
    • E06BFIXED OR MOVABLE CLOSURES FOR OPENINGS IN BUILDINGS, VEHICLES, FENCES OR LIKE ENCLOSURES IN GENERAL, e.g. DOORS, WINDOWS, BLINDS, GATES
    • E06B9/00Screening or protective devices for wall or similar openings, with or without operating or securing mechanisms; Closures of similar construction
    • E06B9/24Screens or other constructions affording protection against light, especially against sunshine; Similar screens for privacy or appearance; Slat blinds
    • E06B9/26Lamellar or like blinds, e.g. venetian blinds
    • E06B9/264Combinations of lamellar blinds with roller shutters, screen windows, windows, or double panes; Lamellar blinds with special devices
    • E06B2009/2643Screens between double windows
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A30/00Adapting or protecting infrastructure or their operation
    • Y02A30/24Structural elements or technologies for improving thermal insulation
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B80/00Architectural or constructional elements improving the thermal performance of buildings

Abstract

The invention discloses a method and a device for controlling a built-in automatic control shading double-layer glass window. The device comprises a window body and a shading automatic control circuit, wherein the window body comprises a window body with double-layer glasses and a built-in shading shutter window body mounted between the double-layer glasses; the shading automatic control circuit comprises a shutter height control actuator, a shutter angle control actuator, an actuator controller, a light sensor, a temperature sensor and a direct-current power source; the output ends of the shutter height control actuator and the shutter angle control actuator are respectively connected with a shutter angle and lifting control stay guy rotating shaft of the shutter; the actuator controlleris a microcomputer circuit; and the input end of the actuator controller is connected with the light sensor and the temperature sensor. The invention can solve the technical problems that the traditional active-mode shading system is possible to have a fault, is not suitable to be mounted on prior buildings, difficult to clean and unattractive in appearance.

Description

The control method of built-in Automatic Control shading double-layer glass window and device

Technical field

The invention belongs to a kind of control technology of glass window sunshade.

Background technology

China's building area was broken through 40,000,000,000 square metres in 2006.Building energy consumption has reached 23.1% in the total commodity energy consumption of society.In recent years, China's building energy consumption constantly increased along with the raising of raising, expanding economy and the living standards of the people of urbanization rate.Such as, built total commodity energy consumption from 2.3 hundred million tons of standard coals to 2006 in 1996, rise to 5.63 hundred million standard coals, increased by 1.3 times.In the energy consumption that increases, the heating energy consumption of northern area and the air conditioning energy consumption of southern area are two the fastest factors that increase.The heating year energy consumption in cities and towns, the north rises to 1.43 hundred million tons of (2006) standard coals from 0.72 hundred million ton of standard coal.In south, along with popularizing of air-conditioning comprehensively, the air-conditioning total energy consumption in Chinese cities and towns in 2006 has reached 31,000,000,000 degree electricity, is converted into 1,050 ten thousand standard coals.

Increasing rapidly of building energy consumption proposed new requirement to the constructional materials of energy-conserving and environment-protective.In building energy consumption, the heat waste of window is maximum.The characteristic of window is that light transmission is good, but heat-insulating property is poor.The room of big glass, in bright day gas, it is very big that the sunlight direct projection gets heat.At the cloudy day, more much bigger than body of wall by the radiation loss of forms.If want to reduce the air-conditioning heating load in room, this gets the hot initiative control of doing with regard to requiring to the sunlight of forms.Shield sunlight summer outdoor as far as possible, reduce hotly indoor.Allow more sunlight come in winter as far as possible, improve hotly indoor.A way that addresses this problem is used active shading system exactly.

The structural form of active shading system appears at the Europe in 20th century the earliest.Its objective is to solve large-area curtain wall and forms are hotly too much in summer, and the too much problem of loss of heat in the winter time.Main way is to set up a cover shading system at glass window or curtain wall outside.Shading system cornices sunshade if fixing system in the dust then is traditional passive type shading system such as building.The passive type system, fairly simple, but when need sunlight winter, also crested of sunlight.The passive type shading system when sun altitude is lower, can't be avoided indoor dazzle in addition.The reason that active sunshade is different from the passive type sunshade is that sunshade is to have regulated according to the angle of the sun and the demand of changes in temperature.Winter, shading system was opened when needing sunlight.Summer, shading system was closed when needing shielded from sunlight.So both can guarantee cool in summer and warm in winterly, and have and to control dazzle effectively according to the angle of the sun, to satisfy the indoor illumination intensity demand.

But active shading system is not also adopted widely in China, mainly contains several reasons:

The one, control is difficult, and the control assembly of proactive system outdoor, exposes to the sun and rain.Break down easily.

The 2nd,, for existing building, proactive system can't be installed.Since the eighties in 20th century, China has adopted the building of glass curtain wall structure widely.These buildings are cold in winter and hot in summer, will lean on the comfort requirement in mechanical air conditioner and the heating system maintenance room fully.Consume a large amount of energy.But, because elevation of building requirement attractive in appearance can't be installed shading system.

The 3rd,, traditional external is shading system initiatively, cleans difficulty.Big quantity set ash has a strong impact on the attractive in appearance of building.Usually abandoned by the owner.

The 4th,, external active shading system does not solve the heat transfer problem of forms.The relatively poor window of heat-insulating property can be lost a large amount of heats in the winter time in outdoor.

External initiative shading system does not solve and utilizes winter sunshine to get hot problem.In the winter time, the dazzle discomfort that causes for fear of indoor sunlight direct projection.Shading system usually also must be in closed condition.Wasted amount of solar heat.

Summary of the invention

The control method and the device that the purpose of this invention is to provide a kind of built-in Automatic Control shading double-layer glass window are prone to fault, are unsuitable for being installed on the existing building and technical problem such as not attractive in appearance with what solve that traditional active shading system exists.

The control method of built-in Automatic Control shading double-layer glass window of the present invention: the blind that in the forms of double-layer glass, is hung with sunshade, utilization is arranged on the outer illumination inductor of forms and is arranged on the interior temperature inductor of forms and detects intensity of illumination and interior temperature height, signal is passed to the actuator controller that microprocessor is formed, according to illumination, the input value of temperature, export different controlling parameter and give the height control actuator and the blinds angle control actuator of blind, make shading that blinds is in adaptation towards, angle and be in suitable lifting Lift position.

The structure of built-in Automatic Control shading double-layer glass window of the present invention comprises: forms and sunshade full-automatic control circuit two parts; Described forms comprise forms with double-layer glass, are installed in the built-in sun-shading louver forms between the double-layer glass; Described sunshade full-automatic control circuit comprises blinds height control actuator, blinds angle control actuator, actuator controller, illumination inductor, temperature inductor and dc source; The output of described blinds height control actuator and blinds angle control actuator is connected with lifting control backguy rotating shaft with the blinds angle of shutter respectively, described actuator controller is a microcomputer circuit, the input of actuator controller is connected to illumination inductor and temperature inductor, and output is connected to blinds height control actuator, blinds angle control actuator; Described blinds height control actuator, blinds angle control actuator are formed by actuating motor and motor-drive circuit.

Aforesaid built-in Automatic Control shading double-layer glass window, described dc source is made up of solar energy photovoltaic panel, rechargeable battery and charging circuit.

Aforesaid built-in Automatic Control shading double-layer glass window, the two sides of described sun-shading louver scribbles different reflecting materials, promptly to the blinds coating of the antiradar reflectivity of sunlight and the blinds coating of high reflectance; External during the blinds face heating of antiradar reflectivity, external during the refrigeration of high reflectance surface.

Aforesaid built-in Automatic Control shading double-layer glass window in the glass outer inboard of double-layer glass, is provided with low-launch-rate, infrared radiation is played the Low-E plated film layer of shielding action.

Internally-arranged type of the present invention, active shading system have solved for a long time, and shading system is difficult to maintenance, it is difficult to clean, and illumination is comfortable and the problem of changes in temperature control contradiction.Effect of the present invention is as follows: 1, can such as tall and big curtain wall and ceiling glass window, realize full-automatic sunshade control in the place that manual control can't realize; Can be used for the transformation of existing building curtain wall and zenith; 3, sun direct projection in summer gets hotly, can reduce more than 90%; 4, winter the heat waste because of preventing that dazzle from adopting sunshade to bring, reduce more than 50%; 5, whole window heat-insulating property is higher more than 30% than common hollow window.

Description of drawings

Fig. 1 is a window structure schematic diagram of the present invention.

Fig. 2 is the theory diagram of sunshade full-automatic control circuit of the present invention.

The specific embodiment

Window structure of the present invention is referring to Fig. 1, comprises forms 3 with double-layer glass, is installed in the built-in sun-shading louver forms between double-layer glass 3-1, the 3-2; The forms 3 of described double-layer glass are the structure of hollow, between inside and outside layer glass 3-1,3-2 the sun-shading louver forms are installed.The left side is outdoor, and the right side is indoor.The sun-shading louver forms are traditional structure, comprise blinds 4, blinds angle control backguy 4-2, promote control backguy 4-1 etc.Scribble different reflecting materials on the two sides of blinds 4, i.e. the blinds coating of the blinds coating of antiradar reflectivity and high reflectance.When interior temperature is lower than 18 degrees centigrade is that outside antiradar reflectivity faced, air conditioning window entered the heating pattern.During freezed summer, towards sunlight was to be coated with low absorptivity, the blinds face of highly reflective material.Heating period in the winter time, towards sunlight is to be coated with high reflectance, the blinds face of low absorptivity material.When interior temperature surpassed 22 degrees centigrade, outside high reflectance faced, air conditioning window entered refrigeration mode; At the inner surface of outside glass 3-2, Low-E plated film 3-3 is installed, assurance can be lost to heat outdoor by the blinds surface that the sun heats.Because the shielding action to the radiation of infrared wavelength of plated film, winter, amount of solar heat was stayed within to greatest extent.

On the angle and lifting control rotating shaft of blinds, described blinds angle is connected with the output shaft that the blinds height is controlled the actuating motor of actuator 5 with blinds angle control actuator 1 with the lifting control rotating shaft respectively for described blinds angle control backguy 4-2, lifting control backguy 4-1.Being positioned on the forms eaves is provided with fritter photovoltaic panel (not shown) and will provides power supply power for whole system.In the time of the sunlight direct projection, unnecessary electric power is stored in the rechargeable battery.For The whole control system provides uninterrupted direct current supply.The actuator controller is accepted the signal of illumination inductor 6 and temperature inductor 2, after treatment, control signal is sent to blinds height and angle control actuator.It can be one that the actuator controller is accepted illumination inductor 6, also can be indoor one group.Because of condition is decided, outdoor illumination inductor need be set in case of necessity.

Fig. 2 is the theory diagram of sunshade full-automatic control circuit of the present invention.Illumination inductor and temperature inductor are passed to the actuator controller with signal, the actuator controller is according to the input value of illumination, temperature, export different controlling parameter and give blinds height control actuator and blinds angle control actuator, make shading that blinds is in adaptation towards, angle be in suitable lifting Lift position.In Fig. 2, the PV photovoltaic panel links to each other with rechargeable battery, for the control and the actuator of system provides power.Temperature inductor, illumination inductor and actuator controller link to each other, for controller provides signal.

The full control system that thermal control of the present invention and photocontrol are combined as a whole.The control system of shutter is combined as a whole light, thermal control.Indoorly not only to satisfy the illumination intensity requirement, and will regulate the blinds angle automatically, guarantee that inner dazzle intensity is in the requirement of comfortable illumination according to the angle of the sun.Under the prerequisite that satisfies indoor basic illumination requirement, realize the optimum control of changes in temperature pattern.The user can selective light, the priority of heat.

Claims (5)

1, a kind of control method of built-in Automatic Control shading double-layer glass window, it is characterized in that: the blind that in the forms of double-layer glass, is hung with sunshade, utilization is arranged on the outer illumination inductor of forms and is arranged on the interior temperature inductor of forms and detects intensity of illumination and interior temperature height, signal is passed to the actuator controller that microprocessor is formed, according to illumination, the input value of temperature, export different controlling parameter and give the height control actuator and the blinds angle control actuator of blind, make shading that blinds is in adaptation towards, angle and be in suitable lifting Lift position.
2, a kind of built-in Automatic Control shading double-layer glass window, it comprises: forms and sunshade full-automatic control circuit two parts; It is characterized in that: described forms comprise forms with double-layer glass, are installed in the built-in sun-shading louver forms between the double-layer glass; Described sunshade full-automatic control circuit comprises blinds height control actuator, blinds angle control actuator, actuator controller, illumination inductor, temperature inductor and dc source; The output of described blinds height control actuator and blinds angle control actuator is connected with lifting control backguy rotating shaft with the blinds angle of shutter respectively, described actuator controller is a microcomputer circuit, the input of actuator controller is connected to illumination inductor and temperature inductor, and output is connected to blinds height control actuator, blinds angle control actuator; Described blinds height control actuator, blinds angle control actuator are formed by actuating motor and motor-drive circuit.
3, a kind of built-in Automatic Control shading double-layer glass window as claimed in claim 2, it is characterized in that: described dc source is made up of solar energy photovoltaic panel, rechargeable battery and charging circuit, and actuator, controller and dc source are completely enclosed within the forms.
4, a kind of built-in Automatic Control shading double-layer glass window as claimed in claim 2, it is characterized in that: the two sides of described sun-shading louver scribbles different reflecting materials, promptly to the blinds coating of the antiradar reflectivity of sunlight and the blinds coating of high reflectance, external during the blinds face heating of antiradar reflectivity, external during the refrigeration of high reflectance surface.
5, a kind of built-in Automatic Control shading double-layer glass window as claimed in claim 2 is characterized in that: in the glass outer inboard of double-layer glass, what be provided with low-launch-rate plays the Low-E plated film layer of shielding action to infrared radiation.
CN200910157354A 2009-07-28 2009-07-28 Method and device for controlling built-in automatic control shading double-layer glass window CN101638971A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN200910157354A CN101638971A (en) 2009-07-28 2009-07-28 Method and device for controlling built-in automatic control shading double-layer glass window

Applications Claiming Priority (3)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN200910157354A CN101638971A (en) 2009-07-28 2009-07-28 Method and device for controlling built-in automatic control shading double-layer glass window
PCT/CN2010/000237 WO2011011961A1 (en) 2009-07-28 2010-02-25 Built-in type fully-automatic controlled shading window with double-layer glass
PCT/CN2010/000236 WO2011011960A1 (en) 2009-07-28 2010-02-25 Method for controlling built-in type fully-automatic controlled shading window with double-layer glass

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN101638971A true CN101638971A (en) 2010-02-03

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Cited By (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101864889A (en) * 2010-04-29 2010-10-20 烟台汽车工程职业学院 Automatic light temperature control curtain
WO2011011960A1 (en) * 2009-07-28 2011-02-03 Xu Peng Method for controlling built-in type fully-automatic controlled shading window with double-layer glass
CN102493743A (en) * 2011-12-02 2012-06-13 赵同章 Self-generating automatic shutter
CN103255986A (en) * 2013-05-15 2013-08-21 浙江建设职业技术学院 Composite energy efficient glass system in hot-summer and cold-winter zones
CN103498626A (en) * 2013-09-25 2014-01-08 江苏合发集团有限责任公司 Ventilation louver used for glass curtain wall
CN105764768A (en) * 2013-12-04 2016-07-13 奥地利西门子公司 Side window for a passenger compartment in a vehicle
CN106437056A (en) * 2016-09-21 2017-02-22 无锡凯皓科技有限公司 Outdoor applicable decorating plate
CN106968561A (en) * 2017-05-08 2017-07-21 四川浩能新能源有限公司 A kind of improved solar energy window
CN107036058A (en) * 2016-02-03 2017-08-11 霍尼韦尔国际公司 The lighting controller of camera auxiliary
CN110259358A (en) * 2019-06-14 2019-09-20 中国建筑设计研究院有限公司 A kind of photovoltaic sun-shading louver system and its control method
CN110630969A (en) * 2019-09-30 2019-12-31 艾麦欧(上海)建筑设计咨询有限公司 Passive sunshade system of curtain
CN110805391A (en) * 2019-10-31 2020-02-18 徐州赛欧电子科技有限公司 Household intelligent photovoltaic power generation environment-friendly shutter
CN111664527A (en) * 2020-06-10 2020-09-15 沈承 Energy-saving building structure and using method

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EP0208721A1 (en) * 1985-01-16 1987-01-21 Vermont Management Pty. Ltd. Blind adjuster
DE10317911A1 (en) * 2002-04-17 2003-11-06 Bbvv Gmbh Ges Fuer Beteiligung Motorised sunshade for glazed window or door, has driver device inserted into mounting block and releasably connected to sunshade electromechannical components
CN1210482C (en) * 2004-04-09 2005-07-13 孔凡营 Combined type window for external wall
CN201180478Y (en) * 2008-03-14 2009-01-14 昆明市官渡区东华二小 Solar heating and insulating window
CN201196008Y (en) * 2008-05-22 2009-02-18 昆明理工大学 Hollow window shutter for keeping cool in summer and warm in winter
CN201225080Y (en) * 2008-06-06 2009-04-22 金男顺 Solar hollow shutter
CN101638971A (en) * 2009-07-28 2010-02-03 许�鹏 Method and device for controlling built-in automatic control shading double-layer glass window

Cited By (14)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2011011960A1 (en) * 2009-07-28 2011-02-03 Xu Peng Method for controlling built-in type fully-automatic controlled shading window with double-layer glass
WO2011011961A1 (en) * 2009-07-28 2011-02-03 Xu Peng Built-in type fully-automatic controlled shading window with double-layer glass
CN101864889A (en) * 2010-04-29 2010-10-20 烟台汽车工程职业学院 Automatic light temperature control curtain
CN102493743A (en) * 2011-12-02 2012-06-13 赵同章 Self-generating automatic shutter
CN103255986A (en) * 2013-05-15 2013-08-21 浙江建设职业技术学院 Composite energy efficient glass system in hot-summer and cold-winter zones
CN103498626A (en) * 2013-09-25 2014-01-08 江苏合发集团有限责任公司 Ventilation louver used for glass curtain wall
CN105764768A (en) * 2013-12-04 2016-07-13 奥地利西门子公司 Side window for a passenger compartment in a vehicle
CN107036058A (en) * 2016-02-03 2017-08-11 霍尼韦尔国际公司 The lighting controller of camera auxiliary
CN106437056A (en) * 2016-09-21 2017-02-22 无锡凯皓科技有限公司 Outdoor applicable decorating plate
CN106968561A (en) * 2017-05-08 2017-07-21 四川浩能新能源有限公司 A kind of improved solar energy window
CN110259358A (en) * 2019-06-14 2019-09-20 中国建筑设计研究院有限公司 A kind of photovoltaic sun-shading louver system and its control method
CN110630969A (en) * 2019-09-30 2019-12-31 艾麦欧(上海)建筑设计咨询有限公司 Passive sunshade system of curtain
CN110805391A (en) * 2019-10-31 2020-02-18 徐州赛欧电子科技有限公司 Household intelligent photovoltaic power generation environment-friendly shutter
CN111664527A (en) * 2020-06-10 2020-09-15 沈承 Energy-saving building structure and using method

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Publication number Publication date
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WO2011011960A1 (en) 2011-02-03

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Application publication date: 20100203