CN101632614A - Multifunctional wheelchair for handicapped person - Google Patents

Multifunctional wheelchair for handicapped person Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101632614A
CN101632614A CN 200810053895 CN200810053895A CN101632614A CN 101632614 A CN101632614 A CN 101632614A CN 200810053895 CN200810053895 CN 200810053895 CN 200810053895 A CN200810053895 A CN 200810053895A CN 101632614 A CN101632614 A CN 101632614A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
wheelchair
linear electric
electric motors
guide rail
handicapped person
Prior art date
Application number
CN 200810053895
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Chinese (zh)
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CN101632614B (en
Inventor
张建国
薛强
朱贤仲
Original Assignee
天津科技大学
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Filing date
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Priority to CN 200810053895 priority Critical patent/CN101632614B/en
Publication of CN101632614A publication Critical patent/CN101632614A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN101632614B publication Critical patent/CN101632614B/en

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Abstract

The invention relates to a multifunctional wheelchair for handicapped persons, which consists of a vehicle frame, a chair, a vehicle wheel group, a wheelchair motor group and a power supply, wherein the chair is arranged on the vehicle frame; the lower part of the vehicle frame is provided with the vehicle wheel group; the machine frame is provided with the wheelchair motor group and the power supply for driving the vehicle wheel group. The vehicle frame consists of a horizontal base and a guide rail bracket which is vertically and fixedly arranged on the base; the front side of the guide rail bracket is provided with a suspension arm bracket which is driven to lift by a first linear motor fixedly arranged on the base and operates under the guidance of the guide rail bracket; a chair frame body is suspended under the suspension arm bracket through a rotating shaft; and the lower part of the chair frame body is provided with a turnover seat plate. The wheelchair of the invention is developed completely according to human body biomechanic properties and ergonomic theories and scientifically designed through finite element simulation analysis, is novel in structure, stable in operation, safe and reliable, simple in operation, convenient in use, overall in function and wide in application rage, can effectively the quality of life of the handicapped persons and is a highly creative and humane multifunctional wheelchair for the handicapped persons.

Description

Multifunctional wheelchair for handicapped person
Technical field
The present invention relates to disabled's mobile accessory, particularly a kind of multifunctional wheelchair for handicapped person.
Background technology
The assistive device that is directed to the lower limb disabled in the market has a lot, can help lower limb to have the people of obstacle to move well such as electric wheelchair; Recovery training appliance for recovery lower limbs tool such as parallel bar, walker etc. can effectively assist disabled to carry out walking exercise and lower-limb muscular strength training; Many special indoor mobile accessories are also arranged on the market simultaneously disabled go to toilet with solving, balneation and be forwarded to problem such as wheelchair, but most product needed just can be finished this function in others' help.Though mostly lower limb disability accessory can satisfy different disabled's demands, their realize that function ratio is more single, and the said goods often has only one, two kind of function, and the scope of application is less relatively.Because the limitation of structure, seldom there is product can realize that disabled are high-end in the market and gets the thing function, as get bookshelf article such as submit a written statement to a higher authority.A kind of Liftable and movable wheelchair is disclosed in the open text (CN101066234A) of Chinese invention patent, be on general wheel Wheel-chair is ridden the basis of function instead of walk, to have set up lifting and translation functions, can make things convenient for the patient to take turns Wheel-chair up and down, but this kind wheel Wheel-chair still needs just can finish above-mentioned functions under others help, uses comparatively inconvenience.
Summary of the invention
The objective of the invention is to overcome the deficiencies in the prior art, provide a kind of function many, applied widely, can improve the multifunctional wheelchair for handicapped person of lower limb disability patients ' life quality.
The present invention solves its technical problem and takes following technical scheme to realize:
A kind of multifunctional wheelchair for handicapped person, by vehicle frame, seat, set of wheels, the wheelchair group of motors, power supply constitutes, chair mounted is on vehicle frame, set of wheels is installed in the vehicle frame bottom, a wheelchair group of motors and a power supply that drives set of wheels is installed on vehicle frame, it is characterized in that: vehicle frame reaches the guide rail bracket that vertically is installed on the base by horizontal base and constitutes, the installed in front of this guide rail bracket has one by the cantilever shalving that is packed in first linear electric motors driving lifting on the base and relies on the guide rail bracket guiding to move, below this cantilever shalving, hang installation one seat support body, a upset seat board is installed in seat support body bottom by rotating shaft.
And described cantilever shalving lateral symmetry is equipped with the rolling bearing that is flush-mounted in the made guide groove of guide rail bracket.
And, installing a motor fixing frame at the guide rail bracket medium position, this motor fixing frame is installed in the first linear electric motors casing outside.
And two interior angle places of the guide groove of described guide rail bracket all are shaped on a boss.
And the horizontal connecting plate that installing plate that described cantilever shalving end is installed and seat support body upper end are installed is installed mutually by rotating shaft, is coaxially installed with needle roller thrust bearing at the end face of connecting plate.
And, described upset seat board is installed between the arm-rest frame that seat support body both sides are installed by the frame plate that its both sides installed is hinged, the tailing edge of upset seat board and the hinged installation of push rod of second linear electric motors, these second linear electric motors vertically are installed in seat support body top.
And, bottom at the upset seat board is equipped with pedal, this pedal is made of symmetrically arranged parallel four connecting rod folding stands and pedal, the horizontal lower link of this parallel four connection-rod support installs pedal jointly, parallel vertical bar upper end symmetry is articulated in overturning seat front edge of board both sides, install a connecting rod between the symmetric parallel vertical bar, this connecting rod hinge is loaded on the push rod end of the 3rd linear electric motors, and the 3rd linear electric motors are installed on upset seat board tailing edge bottom.
And symmetry hinge dress is installed the shoulder support arm at seat support body middle part, and the front end of this shoulder support arm cuts with scissors the push rod end that is loaded on two the 4th linear electric motors respectively, and these two the 4th linear electric motors symmetries are installed in the seat support body both sides of shoulder support arm bottom.
Advantage of the present invention and good effect are:
1. the seat support body of this multifunctional wheelchair for handicapped person is installed on the guide rail bracket by a cantilever shalving vertical lifting, thereby can drive cantilever shalving drive seat support body integral body by first linear electric motors and carry out lifting, the patient is seated on the upset seat board can realize high-end function of getting thing, and the elevating function of seat support body integral body also is to realize the requisite functional steps of other function of this multifunctional wheelchair for handicapped person.
2. the bearing element installed by its both sides of the cantilever shalving of this multifunctional wheelchair for handicapped person is installed in the made guide groove of guide rail bracket, lifting operates steadily reliably, and the guide groove interior angle all is shaped on boss, also can effectively avoid cantilever shalving in the bearing medial wall that the lifting running causes owing to horizontal deflection and the friction of guide groove inwall, strengthen the cantilever shalving running stability, reduce the wearing and tearing of bearing, prolong bearing service life.
3. the seat support body of this multifunctional wheelchair for handicapped person hangs by the connecting plate rotation of its support body upper end and is installed on the cantilever shalving below, and the patient is a rotatable seat integral body by oneself applying external force, with convenient actions such as transfer on the wheelchair vehicle seats.
4. the upset seat board of this multifunctional wheelchair for handicapped person hinge is loaded between the arm-rest frame of seat support body both sides, and the upset seat board can be driven by second linear electric motors according to patient's difference action needs and realize opening and overturn and being retracted to the vertical position at seat support body back of horizontal level.
5. the seat support body of this multifunctional wheelchair for handicapped person middle part also is hinged with the shoulder support arm that is driven by symmetrically arranged two the 3rd linear electric motors, and support arm lifts and patient's upper body can be held up, and reduces patient's lower limb support load.
6. this multifunctional wheelchair for handicapped person also adopts a kind of folding opening and the pedal of drawing back function that have, and makes the patient feel comfortable when taking, and can regain easily when finishing other action.
7. the present invention takes turns the whole research and development of Wheel-chair based on body biomechanics characteristic and ergonomic theory, design through the finite element modelling analysis science, novel structure, it is safe and reliable to operate steadily, simple to operate, easy to use, complete function, the scope of application is extensive, can effectively improve disability patient's quality of life, is a kind ofly to have than high innovation character and have the multifunctional wheelchair for handicapped person of hommization.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is front view of the present invention (broken section);
Fig. 2 is the A portion enlarged drawing of Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is the vertical view of Fig. 1;
Fig. 4 is the B portion enlarged drawing of Fig. 3;
Fig. 5 is the rearview of Fig. 1;
Fig. 6 is perspective view of the present invention (the seat support body is whole to raise);
Fig. 7 is perspective view of the present invention (the shoulder support arm lifts, and the upset seat board is regained, and pedal is regained);
Fig. 8 is perspective view of the present invention (a seat support body Rotate 180 °).
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing embodiments of the invention are further described, following examples are descriptive, are not determinate, can not limit protection scope of the present invention with this.
A kind of multifunctional wheelchair for handicapped person, be made of vehicle frame, seat, set of wheels, wheelchair group of motors, power supply, chair mounted is installed set of wheels in the vehicle frame bottom on vehicle frame, install to drive the wheelchair group of motors of set of wheels on vehicle frame, the wheelchair group of motors is connected with power supply on being installed in vehicle frame.
The vehicle frame of this multifunctional wheelchair reaches the guide rail bracket that vertically is installed on the horizontal base by horizontal base 22 and constitutes, and guide rail bracket 1 upper end installs fixedly frame plate 2.In base front end lateral symmetry universal wheel 21 is installed, in the base rear end lateral symmetry adhesion wheel 25 is installed, install the wheelchair group of motors at the base bottom surface, this wheelchair group of motors constitutes for the two wheelchair motors 24 that drive two adhesion wheels respectively.The wheelchair motor internal carries reduction gearing, by the different rotating speeds of control left and right sides wheelchair motor, realizes the move left and right function according to wheel differential principle.Power supply 23 is installed on base.
The operation of vertically leading in the front side of guide rail bracket is equipped with the cantilever shalving 4 that is driven by first linear electric motors, concrete mounting structure is: vertical frame body 3 both sides of cantilever shalving are symmetrically installed with two groups of rolling bearings 30 by installing plate 31, and this rolling bearing rolls and is flush-mounted in the guide groove of supporting guide frame.Two interior angle places of guide rail bracket guide groove all are shaped on a boss 32, the effect of this boss be reduce the rolling bearing medial surface in lifting process with the friction of guide groove internal face, prolong service life of rolling bearing, strengthen the running stability of cantilever shalving.Be fixed with first linear electric motors 34 on the vehicle frame base, the push rod of these first linear electric motors is installed in the vertical frame body bottom of cantilever shalving, and the driving cantilever shalving carries out lifting along guide rail bracket.For guaranteeing the installation stability of cantilever shalving, install a motor fixing frame 33 at the guide rail bracket medium position, this motor fixing frame is installed in the first linear electric motors casing outside.
Leading section at cantilever shalving is shaped on horizontal installing plate 5, seat support body 7 upper ends are shaped on a horizontal connecting plate 6, the horizontal connecting plate of seat support body rotates the horizontal installing plate below that is installed on cantilever shalving by rotating shaft, adopts connecting bolt 27, nut 26 to rotate and install in the present embodiment.At all coaxial installed thrust needle bearing 29 of the upper and lower end face of horizontal connecting plate, all coaxial package has thrust bearing internal diameter transition circle 28 in needle roller thrust bearing.The seat support body can apply at user and realize under certain rotation external force rotating.
Upset seat board 16 is installed on the bracing frame that arm-rest frame 12 bottoms are installed by frame plate that its both sides installed 15 is hinged, the tailing edge of upset seat board and the hinged installation of push rod of second linear electric motors 9, and these second linear electric motors vertically are installed in the top of seat support body.Second linear electric motors drive opening to horizontal level or turning to the back of seat support body of upset seat board.
Bottom at the upset seat board is equipped with pedal, this pedal is made of symmetrically arranged parallel four connecting rod folding stands and pedal 19, the horizontal lower link 20 of these parallel four connecting rod folding stands installs pedal jointly, the parallel vertical bar 18 upper end symmetries of folding stand are articulated in upset front end both sides, seat board bottom surface, install a connecting rod 36 between the symmetric parallel vertical bar, this connecting rod hinge is loaded on the push rod end of the 3rd linear electric motors 17, and the 3rd linear electric motors are installed on the installing rack 35 of upset seat board tailing edge bottom.The 3rd linear electric motors drive the withdrawal of pedal and open.
The medium position of the front side of seat support body is fixed with a backboard 8, lateral symmetry hinge dress shoulder support arm 10 at this backboard, the leading section of this shoulder support arm cuts with scissors the push rod end that is loaded on two the 4th linear electric motors 11 respectively, and these two the 4th linear electric motors symmetries are installed on the seat support body of shoulder support arm bottom.Raise when driving realization shoulder support arm, upwards hold up patient's shoulder, reduce the lower limb support load thereby can play by the 4th linear electric motors.
The arm-rest frame front end that is installed at the seat support body is equipped with controller 14 these controllers and is connected with wheelchair group of motors, first linear electric motors, second linear electric motors, the 3rd linear electric motors and the 4th linear electric motors by control line, and controller is provided with joystick 13, can be by this joystick by the action of each parts of the own driving wheel Wheel-chair of patient, displacement about comprising behind the control wheelchair Herba Plantaginis, the lifting of cantilever shalving, the upset of upset seat board, the lifting of shoulder support arm descends, and pedal open withdrawal.Wheelchair group of motors, first linear electric motors, second linear electric motors, the 3rd linear electric motors and two the 4th linear electric motors all are connected with power supply on being installed in base by cable.
Action by each parts of control epicycle Wheel-chair realizes following function:
1. move and travel:
By control rocking bar control wheelchair group of motors, thus the locomotive function all around of realization wheel Wheel-chair.
2. the high-end thing of getting:
Control the flexible of the first linear electric motors push rod by controller, drive the lifting of cantilever shalving and then driving seat support body, the patient takes on the wheel Wheel-chair can realize the high-end thing of getting.
3. lower limb rehabilitation training:
When carrying out lower limb rehabilitation training, the running of each parts of wheel Wheel-chair is: pedal is folding to be reclaimed, the upset of upset seat board is recycled to vertical position, the shoulder support arm raises patient's upper body is lifted, reduce patient's lower limb support load, the whole lifting certain altitude of seat support body makes the patient be in auxiliary station and makes rehabilitation trainings such as realizing walking.Can store pre-set programs in the control box of wheel Wheel-chair, the wheel Wheel-chair can have different travel speeds and travel route according to program.Program can be write according to different lower limb disability patient's concrete condition and training objectives, takes turns Wheel-chair like this and just can satisfy different rehabilitation of patients training requirements.
4. mobile accessory:
The epicycle Wheel-chair can be used as mobile accessory, comprehensive different action is auxiliary finish the patient from sick bed to the switching of taking turns Wheel-chair and go to toilet, action such as balneation.As, during the switching of patient from sick bed to the epicycle Wheel-chair, the course of action of its each parts is: pedal is folding to be regained, the upset of upset seat board is regained, the seat support body is raised to the sick bed sustained height and makes things convenient for the patient to take a seat, the rotary seat support body makes the patient back rely on the back-rest of seat support body, raise the shoulder support arm, the patient is promoted certain altitude, buttocks breaks away from sick bed, open the upset seat board this moment, waits the upset seat board to open the brace of complete back porch articular branches the patient is put down, and the patient can be seated on the wheel Wheel-chair.
Finish from multifunctional wheelchair for handicapped person to other destination, during as the switching on ground such as toilet or fixed seat, its operation principle and above-mentioned similar, the sequence of movement action of its each parts is with above-mentioned just in time opposite.
The epicycle Wheel-chair is simple to operate, easy to use, the mobile driving functions that had both had general electric wheel-chair vehicle, also can help the patient to carry out lower limb rehabilitation training as the recovery training appliance for recovery lower limbs tool, also has simultaneously high-end function of getting thing and mobile accessory, can realize lower limb disability patient alone from sick bed to go to toilet, balneation or place the patient to actions such as destination such as fixed seats, need not stranger's assistance, thereby effectively improve disability patient's quality of life.

Claims (8)

1. multifunctional wheelchair for handicapped person, by vehicle frame, seat, set of wheels, the wheelchair group of motors, power supply constitutes, chair mounted is on vehicle frame, set of wheels is installed in the vehicle frame bottom, a wheelchair group of motors and a power supply that drives set of wheels is installed on vehicle frame, it is characterized in that: vehicle frame reaches the guide rail bracket that vertically is installed on the base by horizontal base and constitutes, the installed in front of this guide rail bracket has one by the cantilever shalving that is packed in first linear electric motors driving lifting on the base and relies on the guide rail bracket guiding to move, below this cantilever shalving, hang installation one seat support body, a upset seat board is installed in seat support body bottom by rotating shaft.
2. multifunctional wheelchair for handicapped person according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described cantilever shalving lateral symmetry is equipped with the rolling bearing that is flush-mounted in the made guide groove of guide rail bracket.
3. multifunctional wheelchair for handicapped person according to claim 1 is characterized in that: install a motor fixing frame at the guide rail bracket medium position, this motor fixing frame is installed in the first linear electric motors casing outside.
4. multifunctional wheelchair for handicapped person according to claim 2 is characterized in that: two interior angle places of the guide groove of described guide rail bracket all are shaped on a boss.
5. multifunctional wheelchair for handicapped person according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the horizontal connecting plate that installing plate that described cantilever shalving end is installed and seat support body upper end are installed is installed mutually by rotating shaft, is coaxially installed with needle roller thrust bearing at the end face of connecting plate.
6. multifunctional wheelchair for handicapped person according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described upset seat board is installed between the arm-rest frame that seat support body both sides are installed by the frame plate that its both sides installed is hinged, the tailing edge of upset seat board and the hinged installation of push rod of second linear electric motors, these second linear electric motors vertically are installed in seat support body top.
7. multifunctional wheelchair for handicapped person according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the bottom at the upset seat board is equipped with pedal, this pedal is made of symmetrically arranged parallel four connecting rod folding stands and pedal, the horizontal lower link of this parallel four connection-rod support installs pedal jointly, parallel vertical bar upper end symmetry is articulated in overturning seat front edge of board both sides, install a connecting rod between the symmetric parallel vertical bar, this connecting rod hinge is loaded on the push rod end of the 3rd linear electric motors, and the 3rd linear electric motors are installed on upset seat board tailing edge bottom.
8. multifunctional wheelchair for handicapped person according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: symmetry hinge dress is installed the shoulder support arm at seat support body middle part, the front end of this shoulder support arm cuts with scissors the push rod end that is loaded on two the 4th linear electric motors respectively, and these two the 4th linear electric motors symmetries are installed in the seat support body both sides of shoulder support arm bottom.
CN 200810053895 2008-07-21 2008-07-21 Multifunctional wheelchair for handicapped person CN101632614B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 200810053895 CN101632614B (en) 2008-07-21 2008-07-21 Multifunctional wheelchair for handicapped person

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 200810053895 CN101632614B (en) 2008-07-21 2008-07-21 Multifunctional wheelchair for handicapped person

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CN101632614A true CN101632614A (en) 2010-01-27
CN101632614B CN101632614B (en) 2011-01-19

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Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102846440A (en) * 2012-09-28 2013-01-02 昆山市工业技术研究院有限责任公司 Multi-functional standing and sitting device for walker wheelchair
CN103971854A (en) * 2014-05-29 2014-08-06 浙江兆龙线缆有限公司 Cabling and line-concentrating die for multi-pair parallel symmetric axis cables
CN104323892A (en) * 2014-10-30 2015-02-04 浙江工业大学 Standing and sitting dual-purpose living self-care vehicle for disabled person
CN105902346A (en) * 2016-05-25 2016-08-31 张家港市仁和医疗器械有限公司 All-terrain mobility scooter for the disabled
CN106137575A (en) * 2016-08-24 2016-11-23 上海邦邦机器人有限公司 A kind of stand-type car of taking care of oneself
CN108578091A (en) * 2017-06-06 2018-09-28 明光市朗威医疗器械科技有限公司 A kind of spinal cord patients ' recovery intelligent wheel chair
CN109646200A (en) * 2018-12-21 2019-04-19 杭州铭智云教育科技有限公司 A kind of hand is from dual-purpose electric wheelchair
CN110381906A (en) * 2017-03-08 2019-10-25 西特沃克斯公司 Orthopedic standing and walking ancillary equipment

Family Cites Families (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2379096Y (en) * 1999-06-28 2000-05-24 孙铁 Wheeled chair used for diagnosis
CN1275584C (en) * 2003-09-10 2006-09-20 倪厚心 Multifunctional rehabilitation vehicle capable of standing running
CN2899750Y (en) * 2006-05-22 2007-05-16 天津科技大学 Multifunction electric wheel chair
CN101066234B (en) * 2007-01-24 2010-06-09 兰州理工大学 Liftable and movable wheelchair

Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102846440A (en) * 2012-09-28 2013-01-02 昆山市工业技术研究院有限责任公司 Multi-functional standing and sitting device for walker wheelchair
CN103971854A (en) * 2014-05-29 2014-08-06 浙江兆龙线缆有限公司 Cabling and line-concentrating die for multi-pair parallel symmetric axis cables
CN104323892A (en) * 2014-10-30 2015-02-04 浙江工业大学 Standing and sitting dual-purpose living self-care vehicle for disabled person
CN105902346A (en) * 2016-05-25 2016-08-31 张家港市仁和医疗器械有限公司 All-terrain mobility scooter for the disabled
CN105902346B (en) * 2016-05-25 2018-05-15 张家港市仁和医疗器械有限公司 A kind of full landform scooter of disabled person
CN106137575A (en) * 2016-08-24 2016-11-23 上海邦邦机器人有限公司 A kind of stand-type car of taking care of oneself
CN106137575B (en) * 2016-08-24 2018-01-02 上海邦邦机器人有限公司 A kind of stand-type car of taking care of oneself
CN110381906A (en) * 2017-03-08 2019-10-25 西特沃克斯公司 Orthopedic standing and walking ancillary equipment
CN108578091A (en) * 2017-06-06 2018-09-28 明光市朗威医疗器械科技有限公司 A kind of spinal cord patients ' recovery intelligent wheel chair
CN108578091B (en) * 2017-06-06 2019-08-13 明光市朗威医疗器械科技有限公司 A kind of spinal cord patients ' recovery intelligent wheel chair
CN109646200A (en) * 2018-12-21 2019-04-19 杭州铭智云教育科技有限公司 A kind of hand is from dual-purpose electric wheelchair

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