CN101550800B - A multi-functional shutter - Google Patents

A multi-functional shutter Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101550800B
CN101550800B CN2009101034593A CN200910103459A CN101550800B CN 101550800 B CN101550800 B CN 101550800B CN 2009101034593 A CN2009101034593 A CN 2009101034593A CN 200910103459 A CN200910103459 A CN 200910103459A CN 101550800 B CN101550800 B CN 101550800B
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China
Prior art keywords
blinds
sliding guide
shutter
forms
storehouse
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CN2009101034593A
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CN101550800A (en
Inventor
串禾
景胜蓝
伍培
申罗恒
郑洁
李百战
高俊敏
梁卿
郭喆
郭恒
曾玲玲
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Chongqing International Construction Corporation
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Chongqing University
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Abstract

A multi-functional shutter, wherein, the top of the window frame is hinged with the shutter body; sliding chutes are provided on both side walls of the shutter body, and are corresponding to the bearing rods provided on the lateral wall o fhte window frame; the shutter body is composed of shutter storehouses, shutter leaves, sliding guide rods, an upper guiding rail, a lower guiding rail and the like; shutter storehouses for containing shutter leaves are respectively provided at the right and left sides of the shutter body, and the shutter leaves and the sliding guide rods are vertically provided between the upper guiding rail and lower guiding rail; and the shutter leaves are in flexible connection with the sliding guide rods through the shutter lock body. This invention skillfully flexibly connects the shutter leaves and the sliding guide rods, can facilitate leaf rotation to achieve light modulation and ventilation functions; can fold both shutter leaves and sliding guide rods in the shutter storehouses to achieve natural ventilation; shutter leaves can also be conveniently divorced from the sliding guide rods to fold the shutter leaves in the shutter storehouses, for using as an anti-theft window by a sliding guide; the shutter is opened, and supported by a window frame hinge bearing rod, and the shutter opening angle can be modulated to realize the objective of sun-shadingand rain-proof.

Description

A kind of multi-functional shutter
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of building doors and windows, is a kind of multi-functional shutter that has antitheft, ventilation, sunshade and screening rain function concurrently specifically.
Background technology
In the prior art, the window of building is generally metal or wooden sliding sash or casement window, for antitheft a lot of people also will be installed burglary-resisting window additional outside window; But in order to satisfy the needs of regulating sunlight in the inlet chamber, again at window installed inside curtain or dress shutter; And, also to rain visor be installed in upper edge, the window outside in order to prevent that rainwater from wafing into indoor by window.The installation of these members has not only increased user's use cost, and dismounting also inconvenience in back is installed basically, and modulability is poor.And the reinforcing cage net that existing burglary-resisting window normally can not be opened can not be opened when accident or fire occurring at all and be easy to cause the fire disaster casualty accident.Therefore, people constantly research and develop various multi-functional shutters for a long time.ZL02292971.1 disclosed " a kind of frame venetian blinds " for example, it comprises framework and forms, it is characterized in that settling in the forms metal louvres sheet, the swing mechanism of louvre blade is placed in the window frame of forms, the cross section of metal louvres sheet is " 5 " word shape, the louvre blade swing mechanism is made up of rotating pull handle and gear strip transmission mechanism, rotating pull handle is positioned on the window frame by catch base, rack and pinion drive mechanism is made up of driving gear, tooth bar and driven gear, driving gear is embedded on the catch base, and driven gear is fixed on the louvre blade two ends.Advantages such as that this frame venetian blinds has is firm in structure, antitheft, fire prevention, but its blinds can not regain fully, window is in ventilate fully and the state of printing opacity, the while forms can not support and do rain-proof shed use; ZL200820084878.8 disclosed " a kind of anti-theft louver " and for example, it comprises window frame, pendulum leaf and pull bar, there is rotating shaft at the two ends of pendulum leaf, the rotating shaft of pendulum leaf is fixed on the window frame, all pendulum leaf and pull bars link together, the rotating shaft that it is characterized in that putting the leaf two ends is a steel component that is set in the integral body in the pendulum leaf, also can be inlaid with steel framework in the window frame.Anti-theft louver of the present utility model also is inlaid with steel framework because the centre of every pendulum leaf all places a steel component in the window frame, shutter constitutes the net structure of a steel work.Therefore, except the general utility functions that possess shutter, have antitheft effect simultaneously, but its forms have equally and window are in fully ventilate and the state of printing opacity, the while forms can not support the defective of doing rain-proof shed use.
So how to design a kind of can be as burglary-resisting window, the function that has common shutter light modulation, ventilation again, can also play the shutter of the effect of sun-shading rain-proof, reach above-mentioned functions must be installed various element of installation on window frame defective to solve in the prior art, just become present technique field problem demanding prompt solution.
Summary of the invention
At the prior art above shortcomings, the purpose of this invention is to provide a kind of multi-functional shutter that is installed on the glass window outside, make it have the function of common shutter light modulation, ventilation again, can also play the effect of sun-shading rain-proof as burglary-resisting window.
For achieving the above object, the technical solution adopted in the present invention is:
A kind of multi-functional shutter comprises window frame, and its characteristics are, the top of the window frame blinds forms that have been connected through the hinge; It is corresponding that the both sides outer wall of blinds forms is provided with the pole that is provided with on chute and the window frame sidewall;
The blinds forms comprise and are arranged at blinds the forms up and down upper rail and the lower guideway of both sides, can laterally vertically be arranged at the sliding guide between upper rail and the lower guideway slidably, connect and fix symmetrically in the blinds of sliding guide both sides; Wherein, sliding guide can be along circumferential rotation, two ends that specifically can sliding guide are set to circular and on clamping is gone into slidably, the chute inside of lower guideway, sliding guide can realize that horizontal slip can realize the function that rotates in a circumferential direction again like this, can also be at the sliding guide two ends roller to be set to cooperate simultaneously with guide rail, form of structure such as cooperate between roller and the sliding guide more rotationally, between sliding guide and blinds, all be provided with equidistant connecting line separately, the specifically described equidistant meaning be meant between the adjacent guide and the connecting line between the adjacent blinds equidistant, blinds and guide rod connecting line separately are also equidistant simultaneously, the position of connecting line is the best with the top that is arranged at sliding guide and blinds simultaneously, the length of each section connecting line is less than or equal to the blinds width on the sliding guide, the connecting line length overall is corresponding with the length of blinds forms, the meaning of wherein said correspondence be meant guide rod pulled out fully and be covered with the blinds forms after connecting line be straightened just, the initiating terminal relative fixed of connecting line is in limit, shutter side, and two groups also can be drawn in respectively in the blinds forms left and right sides about sliding guide and blinds were divided into;
About two groups of sliding guides after drawing back the upper rail that closes up the place and lower guideway on be respectively arranged with the guide rail lock, two sliding guides that guide rail lock lockable closes up, be provided with the forms lock between blinds forms and the window frame, the blinds forms draw reliable forms lock locking behind window frame in.
Sliding guide among the present invention can pull out and regain, so can be used as shutter after pulling out uses, can realize natural ventilation after the withdrawal, and sliding guide is provided with for rotatable, so can also the rotational slide guide rod after sliding guide is pulled out with the angle of regulating its blade and then regulate the air quantity that can pass through and the size of light, the adjusting vane angle struts blinds forms integral body during to full closeding state, can be used as sunshade uses, to be connected to after blinds on the sliding guide takes off, sliding guide is pulled out and locked, can be used as burglary-resisting window and use.
As a further improvement on the present invention, also be provided with the blinds angle adjusting mechanism, described blinds angle adjusting mechanism is by adjusting knob, gear mechanism, fixed gear constitutes, wherein fixed gear is set on the sliding guide of the side of blinds forms, the gear mechanism correspondence is arranged on herein the blinds forms, the adjusting knob correspondence is arranged at the external side of shutter herein, gear mechanism one end and fixed gear engagement, the other end is connected with adjusting knob, can drive the fixed gear rotation by transferring adjusting knob, with the angle of adjusting sliding guide, thus the angle of regulating blinds.This governor motion makes that the blinds adjusting angle is more convenient, and blinds has the function of angle orientation behind adjusting angle, and is convenient when making shutter need regulate blinds to carry out light modulation and hide rain.
As a kind of preferred material of sliding guide among the present invention and connecting line, described sliding guide constitutes for the lightweight hard material, and connecting line constitutes for the high-strength flexible material.Specifically, guide rod can adopt lightweight hard materials such as aluminium alloys, stainless steel, duroplasts to constitute, and connecting line adopts high strength flexible materials such as wire rope or rigid plastics rope to constitute.Can further improve the intensity of sliding guide and connecting line like this, it is destroyed that it is difficult for, and further improved the theftproof performance of shutter.
As a further improvement on the present invention, the described blinds forms left and right sides fixedly installs respectively and is useful on the blinds storehouse of taking in sliding guide and blinds, described blinds storehouse comprises blinds storehouse side cover and cover, blinds storehouse side cover is provided with guide rod and connects terminal, blinds connection terminal, the initiating terminal that is used for fixing connecting line, the inwall in blinds storehouse is provided with a lateral projection, blinds is provided with and the groove of described projection coupling, described projection and groove is matched after making in blinds is accommodated in the blinds storehouse.The blinds storehouse can be used for taking in sliding guide and blinds in it like this; to play the effect of protection, with after blinds and the sliding guide disengaging, blinds can be suspended on the projection of described cover simultaneously; sliding guide is pulled out and locked, can be used as pure burglary-resisting window and use.
As a further improvement on the present invention and optimize, corresponding position also is provided with the blinds ejection mechanism in above-mentioned blinds storehouse, and described blinds ejection mechanism comprises two push pedals that are relatively arranged on the left and right sides, blinds storehouse inwall, connect the leverage of two push pedals, can be horizontally set at push rod and push rod connecting rod that blinds lock on the blinds was done, was arranged at lock hook assembly on the sliding guide, vertically is arranged at the interior bar of sliding guide inside, links to each other successively with interior bar bottom horizontally slidingly; Wherein, push pedal is articulated on the inwall of blinds storehouse, the push pedal of either side is provided with the extension blinds button that is attached thereto, hang the outside that the blinds button exposes blinds storehouse cover, and reliably promotion extension blinds button moves horizontally the push pedal at its place, and the push pedal of opposite side is done move toward one another under the leverage effect; The position that corresponding blinds lock is done in the push pedal is provided with row's projection; The end that blinds lock is done offsets with described projection under sheathed compression spring action thereon, and the other end is spirogyrate and matches with lock hook assembly on the sliding guide; Described lock hook assembly comprises four latch hooks and two latch hook push pedals, wherein latch hook bottom by torsionspring be connected be two groups after, be connected to a black box by the two latch hook push pedals that are hinged again, the end clamping that the complications end of two groups of latch hook heads is set to concave shaped in opposite directions and described blinds lock can be done spirogyrate within it; Bar and two latch hook push pedals are connected in its hinged place in described, and can inner bar move up and down and drive the latch hook push pedal and rotate and then drive two groups of latch hooks and do on the contrary or in opposite directions and move horizontally, the top of interior bar is provided with the compression spring, the bottom links to each other with the push rod rod hinge connection of horizontally set by the push rod of oblique setting, and the push rod connecting rod other end passes outside, blinds storehouse and is provided with pusher button.
The bottom of the blinds described in the present invention is the row's of setting rain hole further, makes it be beneficial to row's rain when doing the sunshade use, prevents water inlet in the lower guideway.
Two sliding guides that face in two groups of sliding guides about of the present invention are provided with pull handle.Can make things convenient for pulling out and drawing in of sliding guide.
Compared to existing technology, the present invention has following advantage:
1, sliding guide is provided with for rotatable among the present invention, can make things convenient for blade rotation, realizes the function of light modulation, ventilation; 2, louvre blade and sliding guide all can be folded in the blinds storehouse, this moment, shutter was in opening-wide state, and can make the indoor purpose that reaches complete natural ventilation this moment, also can be used as the usefulness of emergency exits; 3, simultaneously, louvre blade and sliding guide also can conveniently break away from, and louvre blade is folded in the blinds storehouse, can make burglary-resisting window after fixing and use sliding guide is locked; 4 and blinds forms and window frame upper end hinged, louvre blade be connected with sliding guide finish after, after the expansion blinds, blinds is adjusted to the state of complete closure, shutter is opened, supported and adjust the angle that shutter is opened, realize sunshade, the purpose of keeping off the rain by window frame hinge bearing rod; 5, the present invention only need install an equipment and can realize the function of a plurality of equipment, so possess conserve space, the advantage of save material, saving cost; 6, the present invention is convenient to installation and removal and only need be installed on building window frame place, so do not influence facade; 7, the blinds forms can strut recoverablely among the present invention, and blinds and guide rod can draw back and can draw in the blinds storehouse, also can be dynamically connected certainly and dismantle between blinds and the guide rod, and it is flexible, changeable to have form of structure.
Description of drawings
Structural behavior schematic diagram when Fig. 1 all regains the blinds storehouse for blinds among the present invention and sliding guide;
Fig. 2 is a blinds with after sliding guide separates, the structural behavior schematic diagram when separately sliding guide being pulled out;
Fig. 3 makees the structural behavior schematic diagram of the time spent of rain shade for blinds and sliding guide being pulled out and regulated the blinds angle together after totally-enclosed after again blinds forms integral body being propped up;
Fig. 4 is a blinds storehouse assembly structure schematic diagram; Be clear expression, omitted the structure of blinds and part sliding guide among the figure;
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of blinds in the blinds storehouse, sliding guide and push pedal part;
Fig. 6 is the plan structure schematic diagram of lock hook assembly and blinds lock stem portion among Fig. 5;
Fig. 7 looks cross-sectional view for the left side of sliding guide part among Fig. 5;
Fig. 8 is the structural representation of leverage in the blinds ejection mechanism of the present invention;
Fig. 9 is the structural representation of blinds angle adjusting mechanism of the present invention;
Figure 10 is the vertical view of Fig. 9.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments the present invention is described in further detail.
As shown in Figure 3, a kind of multi-functional shutter comprises window frame 1, and wherein, the top of window frame 1 is connected with blinds forms 3 by hinge 2; It is corresponding that the both sides outer wall of blinds forms 3 is provided with the pole 32 that is provided with on chute 31 and window frame 1 sidewall.
As Fig. 1, shown in Figure 5, blinds forms 3 comprise upper rail 33 and the lower guideway 34 that is arranged at blinds forms both sides about in the of 3, can laterally vertically be arranged at the sliding guide 4 between upper rail 33 and the lower guideway 34 slidably, connect and fix symmetrically in the blinds 6 of sliding guide 4 both sides; Wherein, sliding guide 4 can be along circumferential rotation, be that the two ends of sliding guide 4 are set to circular and upper rail 33 is gone in clamping slidably during concrete enforcement, the chute inside of lower guideway 34, make sliding guide 4 can realize that horizontal slip can realize the function that rotates in a circumferential direction again, simultaneously can also be to adopt at sliding guide 4 two ends roller to be set and to cooperate with guide rail, the embodiment that cooperates rotationally again between roller and the sliding guide 4, between sliding guide 4 and blinds 6, all be provided with equidistant connecting line 7 separately, between the wherein adjacent sliding guide 4 and the connecting line 7 between the adjacent blinds 6 equidistant, simultaneously blinds 6 and sliding guide 4 connecting line 7 between separately is also equidistant, the position of connecting line 7 all is arranged at the top of sliding guide 4 and blinds 6, each section connecting line 7 equal blinds 6 width on the sliding guide 4, connecting line 7 length overalls are corresponding with the length of blinds forms 3, make sliding guide 4 pulled out fully and be covered with blinds forms 3 back connecting lines 7 and all be straightened just, the initiating terminal relative fixed of connecting line 7 is in blinds forms 3 sides, and two groups also can be drawn in respectively in blinds forms 3 left and right sides about sliding guide 4 and blinds 6 were divided into.
As shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2, about two groups of sliding guides 4 after drawing back the upper rail that closes up the place 33 and lower guideway 34 on be respectively arranged with guide rail lock 35, during concrete enforcement, about two groups of sliding guides 4 be set to equal number, so the place of closing up after sliding guide 4 draws back promptly is the middle part of forms just, guide rail is locked two sliding guides 4 that 35 lockables close up, and is provided with forms lock 36 between blinds forms 3 and the window frame 1, and blinds forms 3 draw reliable forms lock 36 lockings in window frame 1 back in.During concrete enforcement, guide rail lock 35 and forms lock 36 all can adopt common lockset of the prior art, only need it function that possesses locking to get final product.
As Fig. 4, Fig. 9, shown in Figure 10, embodiment as a further improvement on the present invention, also be provided with the blinds angle adjusting mechanism, by adjusting knob 80, gear mechanism 81, fixed gear 82 constitutes, wherein fixed gear 82 is set on the sliding guide 4 of blinds forms 3 sides, gear mechanism 81 correspondences are arranged on herein the blinds forms 3, adjusting knob 80 correspondences are arranged at blinds forms 3 outsides herein, gear mechanism 81 1 ends and fixed gear 82 engagements, the other end is connected with adjusting knob 80, can drive fixed gear 82 rotations by transferring adjusting knob 80, with the angle of adjusting sliding guide 4, thus the angle of regulating blinds 6.During concrete enforcement, the sliding guide of side can be provided with the block of coupling up and down in the last lower guideway 33,34 at place, two ends, making this sliding guide become can only circumferentially to rotate can not be along the form of structure of guide rail horizontal slip, can be beneficial to the setting of governor motion like this, gear mechanism 81 in the governor motion can be to be set to single gear, also can be to be set to the gear train that a plurality of gears engaged constitute, the size of visual its position of concrete condition and required gearratio size be determined.
A kind of preferred implementation as sliding guide among the present invention and material that connecting line uses, described sliding guide 4 its main components can adopt specific embodiments such as aluminum alloy materials, stainless steel material, duroplasts, and connecting line 7 can adopt specific embodiments such as wire rope or rigid plastics rope.Can further improve the theftproof performance of shutter like this.
As Fig. 1, Fig. 4 and shown in Figure 5, embodiment as a further improvement on the present invention, described blinds forms 3 left and right sides fixedly install respectively and are useful on the blinds storehouse 9 of taking in sliding guide 4 and blinds 6, described blinds storehouse 9 comprises blinds storehouse side cover 90 and cover 91, blinds storehouse side cover 90 is provided with guide rod and connects terminal 92, blinds connects terminal 93, the initiating terminal that is used for fixing connecting line 7, the inwall in blinds storehouse 9 is provided with a lateral projection 94, blinds 6 is provided with and the grooves of described protruding 94 couplings, can make after making in blinds 6 is accommodated in blinds storehouse 9 described protruding 94 and groove match.
As Fig. 4, Fig. 5, Fig. 6, shown in Figure 7, as a further improvement on the present invention with the specific embodiment of optimizing, 9 corresponding positions also are provided with the blinds ejection mechanism in above-mentioned blinds storehouse, and described blinds ejection mechanism comprises two push pedals 95 that are relatively arranged on blinds storehouse 9 left and right sides inwalls, the leverage 96 that connects two push pedals 95, the blinds lock that can be horizontally set at horizontally slidingly on the blinds 6 does 61, be arranged at the lock hook assembly on the sliding guide 4, vertically be arranged at the interior bar 41 of sliding guide 4 inside, the push rod 42 and the push rod connecting rod 43 that link to each other with interior bar 41 bottoms; Wherein, push pedal 42 is articulated on 9 inwalls of blinds storehouse, the push pedal 42 of either side is provided with the extension blinds button 97 that is attached thereto, hang the outside that blinds button 97 exposes blinds storehouse cover 91, and can promote to hang blinds button 97 push pedal 95 at its place is moved horizontally, the push pedal 95 of opposite side is done move toward one another under leverage 96 effects, the position of corresponding blinds lock dried 61 is provided with row's projection 98 in the push pedal 95; Blinds lock is done an end of 61 and is offseted with described protruding 98 under sheathed compression spring 62 effects thereon, and the other end is spirogyrate and matches with lock hook assembly 99 on the sliding guide 4; Described lock hook assembly comprises four latch hooks 44 and two latch hook push pedals 45, wherein latch hook 44 bottoms by torsionspring 46 be connected be two groups after, be connected to a black box by the two latch hook push pedals 45 that are hinged again, the end clamping that the complications end of two groups of latch hook 44 heads is set to concave shaped in opposite directions and described blinds lock can be done 61 spirogyrates within it; Bar 41 and two latch hook push pedals 45 are connected in its hinged place in described, and can inner bar 41 move up and down and drive latch hook push pedal 45 and rotate and then drive two groups of latch hooks 44 and do on the contrary or in opposite directions and move horizontally, the top of interior bar 41 is provided with compression spring 47, the bottom is hinged and connected by the push rod 42 of oblique setting and the push rod connecting rod 43 of horizontally set, and push rod connecting rod 43 other ends pass 9 outsides, blinds storehouse and are provided with pusher button 48.During concrete enforcement as shown in Figure 4, described push pedal 95 is the inwalls that are articulated in blinds storehouse 9 by four clothes-hooks 89, described leverage 96 as shown in Figure 8, comprise the force application rod 961 that is horizontally placed on both sides about in the of 9, blinds storehouse, one end is hinged and connected the lever 963 that the other end links to each other with force rod 962 simultaneously with force application rod 961, wherein force application rod 961 links to each other with the push pedal that is provided with blinds button 97, and force rod 962 links to each other with another push pedal.
As shown in Figure 3, in the above-described embodiment, row's rain hole 63 also can be set in the bottom of described blinds 6 further, make it when doing the sunshade use, be beneficial to row's rain, in addition, can also be during concrete enforcement at inner rubber cushion or the sealing ring that adds waterproof of the chute of guide rail, can play preferably protective effects such as waterproof and dustproof to guide rail; As shown in Figure 2, two sliding guides 4 that face in two groups of sliding guides 4 about described are provided with pull handle 49, can make things convenient for pulling out and drawing in of sliding guide.
Various user modes at shutter are described further its specific embodiment below.
1, the shutter state of adjustable light.
During this state, blinds forms 3 integral body are arranged in window frame 1 and are locked by forms lock 36, blinds 6 is connected on the sliding guide 4, with about two groups of sliding guides 4 pull out fully, connecting line 7 is in complete stretching state, be the shutter state of adjustable light this moment, when needing to regulate light, rotation adjusting knob 80, the angle that adjusting knob 80 is regulated the sliding guide at its place by gear mechanism 81 and fixed gear 82, and then the angle of regulating all sliding guides 4 and blinds 6 by the effect of connecting line 7, thereby make that the light that enters shutter is adjustable, obtain the desired indoor light of injecting, the angle of blinds 6 is transferred to the state of tiling, can stop fully and outdoorly spy on, perhaps become curtain or block when needing at night to indoor.Simultaneously also can be during this state further with 35 lockings of guide rail lock, to limit the horizontal slip of sliding guide 4.
2, Fully ventilation state.
During this state, as shown in Figure 1, blinds forms 3 integral body are arranged in window frame 1 and by 36 lockings of forms locks, blinds 6 and sliding guide 4 integral body all are accommodated in the blinds storehouse 9 simultaneously, and shutter is in opening-wide state, but the time can make the indoor purpose that reaches complete natural ventilation.Also can prevent when perils such as indoor breaking out of fire, shutter to be transferred to the usefulness of this state as emergency exits.
3, sunshade, state keeps off the rain.
During this state, as shown in Figure 3, sliding guide 4 and blinds 6 are pulled out fully and locked, regulating adjusting knob 80 makes the angle of blinds 6 transfer to the state of tiling, blinds forms 3 are full closeding state at this moment, open forms lock 36, blinds forms 3 are pushed open and propped up by pole 32, can regulate the angle that blinds forms 3 strut by regulating the position of pole 32 terminations in chute 31, realize sunshade, the purpose of keeping off the rain; Wherein when being used to keep off the rain, the row's rain hole 63 that is provided with on the blinds 6 can be beneficial to the discharging of rainwater, avoids rainwater to enter lower guideway 34; When being used for sunshade, the angle that can also regulate blinds 6 makes part light to inject, and wishes to shine the sun demand when only needing part light but the straight fully solarization of sunshine sometimes is too strong again thereby satisfy resident family.
4, anti-theft state.
During this state, as shown in Figure 2, blinds forms 3 integral body are arranged in window frame 1 and are locked by forms lock 36, simultaneously sliding guide 4 is pulled out fully and lock by guide rail lock 35, blinds 6 under this state can unload and stay in blinds storehouse 9, this moment, the apperance and the common burglary-resisting window apperance of shutter were similar, connect by connecting line between its each sliding guide 4, thereby fixed-site, each guide rod utilizes normal forces to draw back, and plays the effect of burglary-resisting window, and in the present invention sliding guide 4 further, all adopt special substance to constitute with connecting line 7, can prevent more effectively that the robber from passing through the window burglary, anti-theft effect strengthens greatly.
5, the automatic dismounting and the connection procedure of blinds.
When needs with blinds 6 when sliding guide 4 disassembles, earlier with sliding guide 4 and on blinds 6 regain in the blinds storehouses 9, as shown in Figure 5, the draw-in groove that blinds 6 is regained on the blinds 6 of back fully is fastened on the projection 94 of blinds storehouse 9 inwalls automatically, this moment, blinds 6 was by in dried 61 lock hook assemblies 99 that are connected on the sliding guide 4 of the lock of the blinds on it, the pusher button of pressing as shown in Figure 4 48 moves the push rod connecting rod 43 of horizontally set inward, through the push rod 44 of oblique setting this horizontal thrust is converted into straight up thrust, and then bar 41 overcomes the active force of compression spring 47 and moves upward in promoting, the latch hook push pedal 45 that drives when interior bar 41 moves upward is as shown in Figure 7 rotated, and then drive two groups of latch hooks 44 and do rightabout moving horizontally, as shown in Figure 6, when two groups of latch hooks 44 are done counter motion, the clamping relation that makes lock hook assembly 99 and blinds lock do between 61 is loosening, the end that the blinds lock is done 61 spirogyrates detaches from lock hook assembly 99 under the effect of compression spring 62, so just finished the automatic unloading process of blinds 6, unclamp pusher button 48 this moment, interior bar 41 down resets under compression spring 47 effects at its top, and then drive lock hook assembly 99 is returned to initial state.
When needs are connected blinds 6 on the sliding guide 4, blinds 6 and sliding guide 4 are all regained in the blinds storehouse 9, realize corresponding one by one the arrangement by the width of himself between blinds 6 and the sliding guide 4, press the extension blinds button 97 on the blinds storehouse cover 91 this moment, make the push pedal that links to each other with extension blinds button 97 promote inward, simultaneously as Fig. 4, two force application rods 961 in the leverage 96 shown in Figure 8 are done motion in the same way under 97 effects of extension blinds button, force application rod 961 prizes force rod 962 by lever 963 and does move toward one another with extension blinds button 97, and then promote another push pedal and hang blinds button 97 and do move toward one another, showing as two push pedals 95 this moment promotes simultaneously inward, corresponding blinds lock dried 61 past sliding guide 4 directions of projection in the push pedal 95 98 promotions move horizontally as shown in Figure 5, this moment as shown in Figure 6, the torsion that one end of dried 61 spirogyrates of blinds lock overcomes torsionspring 46 in the lock hook assembly 99 is squeezed in the lock hook assembly 99, and hold formed concave shaped to connect and fix mutually with the complications of two groups of latch hook 44 heads, so just finished the automatic connection procedure of blinds 6.
6, other active states.
If in the winter time, select transparent and the material with heat-insulation and heat-preservation material of transparent organic glass or other as blinds 6, when deployed condition, button 80 is regulated in rotation makes it tile fully, this moment, sliding guide 4 became invisible anti-theft network, and at this time shutter becomes airtight window, with original indoor window, form double-layer glass, increase the heat insulation effect that thermal resistance improves window.Certainly in order to prevent dust or rainwater, and improve heat insulation and preservation effect, can lay the hairbrush bar in the chute of last lower guideway 33,34 or other can have the material of sealing function.Wherein, also can adorn bilayer or multilayer shutter of the present invention, when needing heat-insulation and heat-preservation in the winter time, even when needing sound insulation, launch two-layer or shutter fully as window; When needing ventilation, can adjust the angle that blinds 6 is opened, both can realize natural ventilation, also can avoid ventilating directly forms strong convection.When summer or sunlight need sunshade strong season, can open outside shutter and be transferred to the sunshade state, that inner blinds window can be used as is antitheft, the usefulness of ventilation, shading.

Claims (7)

1. a multi-functional shutter comprises window frame (1), it is characterized in that, the top of window frame (1) is connected with blinds forms (3) by hinge (2); It is corresponding that the both sides outer wall of blinds forms (3) is provided with the pole (32) that is provided with on chute (31) and window frame (1) sidewall;
Blinds forms (3) comprise and are arranged at blinds forms (3) upper rail of both sides (33) and lower guideway (34) up and down, can laterally vertically be arranged at the sliding guide (4) between upper rail (33) and the lower guideway (34) slidably, connect and fix symmetrically in the blinds (6) of sliding guide (4) both sides; Wherein, sliding guide (4) can be along circumferential rotation, all be provided with equidistant connecting line (7) separately between sliding guide (4) and the blinds (6), the length of each section connecting line (7) is less than or equal to blinds (6) width on the sliding guide (4), connecting line (7) length overall is corresponding with the length of blinds forms (3), the initiating terminal relative fixed of connecting line (7) is in blinds forms (3) side, and two groups also can be drawn in respectively in blinds forms (3) left and right sides about sliding guide (4) and blinds (6) were divided into;
About two groups of sliding guides (4) after drawing back the upper rail that closes up the place (33) and lower guideway (34) on be respectively arranged with guide rail lock (35), two sliding guides (4) that guide rail lock (35) lockable closes up, be provided with forms locks (36) between blinds forms (3) and the window frame (1), blinds forms (3) draw in window frame (1) the reliable forms locks in back (36) locking.
2. multi-functional shutter as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, also be provided with the blinds angle adjusting mechanism, described blinds angle adjusting mechanism is by adjusting knob (80), gear mechanism (81) and fixed gear (82) constitute, wherein fixed gear (82) is set on the sliding guide (4) of the side of blinds forms (3), gear mechanism (81) correspondence is arranged on herein the blinds forms (3), adjusting knob (80) correspondence is arranged at blinds forms (3) outside herein, gear mechanism (81) one ends and fixed gear (82) engagement, the other end is connected with adjusting knob (80), can drive fixed gear (82) rotation by transferring adjusting knob (80), with the angle of adjusting sliding guide (4), thus the angle of regulating blinds (6).
3. multi-functional shutter according to claim 1 and 2 is characterized in that, described sliding guide (4) mainly is made of the lightweight hard material, and connecting line (7) constitutes for the high-strength flexible material.
4. multi-functional shutter according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterized in that, described blinds forms (3) left and right sides fixedly installs respectively and is useful on the blinds storehouse (9) of taking in sliding guide (4) and blinds (6), described blinds storehouse (9) comprises blinds storehouse side cover (90) and cover (91), blinds storehouse side cover (90) is provided with guide rod and connects terminal (92), blinds connects terminal (93), the initiating terminal that is used for fixing connecting line (7), the inwall in blinds storehouse is provided with a lateral projection (94), blinds (6) is provided with the groove with described projection (94) coupling, described projection (94) and groove is matched after making in blinds (6) is accommodated in blinds storehouse (9).
5. multi-functional shutter according to claim 4, it is characterized in that, also be provided with the blinds ejection mechanism, described blinds ejection mechanism comprises two push pedals (95) that are relatively arranged on the left and right sides, blinds storehouse (9) inwall, the leverage (96) that connects two push pedals (95), can be horizontally set at the blinds locking bar (61) on the blinds (6) horizontally slidingly, be arranged at the lock hook assembly (99) on the sliding guide (4), vertically be arranged at the inner interior bar (41) of sliding guide (4), the push rod (42) and the push rod connecting rod (43) that bottom interior bar (41), link to each other successively; Wherein, push pedal (95) is articulated on the inwall of blinds storehouse, the push pedal of either side (95) is provided with the extension blinds button (97) that is attached thereto, hang the outside that blinds button (97) exposes blinds storehouse cover (91), and reliably promotion extension blinds button (97) moves horizontally the push pedal (95) at its place, and the push pedal of opposite side (95) is done move toward one another under leverage (96) effect; The position of the last corresponding blinds locking bar (61) of push pedal (95) is provided with one and ranked second projection (98); One end of blinds locking bar (61) sheathed compression spring (62) effect thereon down and described second projection (98) offset, the other end is spirogyrate and matches with lock hook assembly (99) on the sliding guide (4); Described lock hook assembly (99) comprises four latch hooks (44) and two latch hook push pedals (45), wherein latch hook (44) bottom by torsionspring (46) be connected be two groups after, be connected to a black box by the two latch hook push pedals (45) that are hinged again, the complications end of two groups of latch hooks (44) head is set to concave shaped and can be with an end clamping of described blinds locking bar (61) spirogyrate within it in opposite directions; Bar (41) is connected in its hinged place with two latch hook push pedals (45) in described, and can inner bar (41) move up and down and drive latch hook push pedal (45) and rotate and then drive two groups of latch hooks (44) and do on the contrary or in opposite directions and move horizontally, the top of interior bar (41) is provided with compression spring (47), the bottom is hinged and connected by the push rod (42) of oblique setting and the push rod connecting rod (43) of horizontally set, and push rod connecting rod (43) other end passes outside, blinds storehouse (9) and is provided with pusher button (48).
6. multi-functional shutter according to claim 1 and 2 is characterized in that, the bottom of described blinds (6) is provided with row rain hole (63).
7. multi-functional shutter according to claim 1 and 2 is characterized in that, two sliding guides (4) that face in two groups of sliding guides (4) about described are provided with pull handle (49).
CN2009101034593A 2009-03-26 2009-03-26 A multi-functional shutter Active CN101550800B (en)

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CN103452456A (en) * 2013-08-19 2013-12-18 江苏荣光塑料科技发展有限公司 Push-pull window top frame device with canopy
CN103541643B (en) * 2013-11-08 2015-06-03 李向东 Blind with louver blades capable of being folded and unfolded automatically
CN108179953A (en) * 2017-12-29 2018-06-19 安徽高德铝业有限公司 A kind of sliding window with local invisible structure
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