CN101509349B - Electromagnetical drilling impactor - Google Patents

Electromagnetical drilling impactor Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN101509349B
CN101509349B CN2009100612647A CN200910061264A CN101509349B CN 101509349 B CN101509349 B CN 101509349B CN 2009100612647 A CN2009100612647 A CN 2009100612647A CN 200910061264 A CN200910061264 A CN 200910061264A CN 101509349 B CN101509349 B CN 101509349B
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
drill bit
control module
anvil
impactor
drilling
Prior art date
Application number
CN2009100612647A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN101509349A (en
Inventor
卢春华
蒋国盛
鄢泰宁
吴翔
陆洪智
Original Assignee
中国地质大学(武汉)
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 中国地质大学(武汉) filed Critical 中国地质大学(武汉)
Priority to CN2009100612647A priority Critical patent/CN101509349B/en
Publication of CN101509349A publication Critical patent/CN101509349A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN101509349B publication Critical patent/CN101509349B/en

Links

Abstract

The invention relates to an electromagnetic drilling impactor. The electromagnetic drilling impactor comprises a power supplier, a monitor and controller, an electromagnetic driver, a medium passage and a drilling component. An upper joint, an end cap, an inner tube and a cylinder slideway are in screw connection; the upper joint is pressed on a supporting ring and the end cap; the medium passage is arranged between the inner tube and an outer tube; the inner cylinder is provided with a rechargeable battery and a control module and a sensor is arranged on the side wall; coils are wound around the cylinder slideway and a ferromagnetic columnar punch hammer is sealed in the cylinder slideway; an anvil is arranged under the punch hammer; the anvil, a lower joint, a core barrel and a drill bit are in screw connection in sequence. When rotation information of the drill bit is detected by the sensor, the control module gives out direction to control direction and time of power supply by the battery to the coils, thereby driving the punch hammer to move to and fro up and down to impact the anvil; the impact energy is transmitted to the drill bit by the lower joint and the core barrel, thereby improving drilling efficiency. The electromagnetic drilling impactor has rational structure, low production cost, convenient modulation and operation, simple control method, and easy maintenance; furthermore, the electromagnetic drilling impactor has no requirement for washing medium, thereby being applicable to slant holes with larger vertex angle.

Description

Electromagnetical drilling impactor
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of electromagnetical drilling impactor, specifically a kind of impactor that utilizes electromagnetic principle, adopts high-power rechargeable powered battery realization percussion drilling belongs to the probing field.
Background technology
Rock has hard fragility, and this has just determined ballistic work of stack on the basis of rotary drilling, can increase substantially drilling efficiency, reduces drilling cost.Studies show that impact rotating probing also has advantages such as drilling quality height, accident rate are low.For this reason, driller author has spent a large amount of human and material resources and has studied various impactors, yet on-the-spot result of use is all not really desirable.The impactor major part of using at present is fluid power impactor and pneumatic impactor, the following deficiency of ubiquity: (1) block stamp relies on scouring media to drive, directly contact with scouring media, very strict when therefore impactor uses to the requirement of the solid concentration in the scouring media, and can sneak into landwaste in the drilling process scouring media unavoidably; (2) every kind of impactor can only be used for corresponding scouring media boring, such as hydraulic impacter can not be used for the air probing; (3) the adjusting more complicated of impactor service behaviour parameter, the scene is not easy to operate, the cost height of care and maintenance; (4) owing to the influence of gravity, in high deviation angle well and horizontal well, use and be subjected to certain restriction.
In recent years, along with China's development of the West Regions and the big investigation implementation of National Geology, survey industry and recover fast, the probing workload sharply increases, developing a kind of scientific structure, stable work in work, the simple impactor of control method becomes the urgent task of pendulum in face of driller author.
Summary of the invention
The present invention seeks in order to overcome above-mentioned the deficiencies in the prior art, and provide a kind of electromagnetical drilling impactor, not only scientific structure, low cost of manufacture, debugging are easy to use, stable work in work, control method are simple, be easy to care and maintenance, and can be used for the boring of any medium.
Realize that the technical scheme that purpose of the present invention adopts is: provide a kind of electromagnetical drilling impactor, comprise top connection 1, outer tube 8, block stamp 12, anvil 13, lower contact 15, basket 16 and drill bit 17, top connection is connected with outer tube by screw thread and pushes down support ring 2 and end cap 3, end cap is connected with inner core 7 by screw thread, is provided with medium channel 9 between inner core and the outer tube; Rechargeable battery 4 and control module 6 are installed in the inner core, at the inner core sidewall sensor 5 are installed, sensor is connected with control module; Inner core is connected with cylinder slideway 11 by screw thread, and the cylinder slideway is around with coil 10, is provided with strong magnetic cylinder block stamp in the cylinder slideway; Be provided with anvil below the strong magnetic cylinder block stamp, anvil was provided with medium channel 14, and anvil, lower contact, basket and drill bit are successively by screwed connection.
The effect from member of above-mentioned electromagnetical drilling impactor is divided, and also we can say by power pack, monitoring part, control section, Electromagnetic Drive part and MEDIA FLOW passage and drilling tool and partly forms.
Described rechargeable battery 4 is chargeable high-capacity lithium ion cell as power pack, is installed in the inner core 7, is Electromagnetic Drive part and control section power supply.
Described sensor 5 is installed on the inner core sidewall as the monitoring part.
Described control module 6 comprises chip, electronic devices and components as control section, is installed in the inner core 7.Control module 6 mainly is achieved as follows function: the signal of receiving sensor, thus the supplier of electricity of 4 pairs of coils 10 of control rechargeable battery is to controlling moving up and down of strong magnetic cylinder block stamp with the time; Rechargeable battery pack is to be formed by the connection in series-parallel of many Battery packs, and current/voltage is bigger during work, and the very abominable situations such as short circuit damage that occur easily of working environment, and control module also has the function of rechargeable battery being carried out overvoltage, overcurrent protection; In addition, control module also has important parameter in the hole is stored function with playback.
Described coil 10 and the strong magnetic cylinder block stamp in the cylinder slideway 12 outside cylinder slideway 11 formed the Electromagnetic Drive part.Described strong magnetic cylinder block stamp is sealed in cylinder slideway inside.Form magnetic pole and ferromagnetic strong magnetic cylinder block stamp interaction when giving coil charges, the charging direction by continuous conversion coil then can drive strong magnetic cylinder block stamp and move up and down in the cylinder slideway.
Described top connection 1, outer tube 8, anvil 13, lower contact 15, basket 16 and drill bit 17 constitute the drilling tool part, and anvil not only will pass to bottom basket and drill bit place to the ballistic work of strong magnetic cylinder block stamp 12, also wants transfer torque.
Described medium channel 9, mistake medium channel 14 communicate with basket 16, drill bit 17 inner chambers, the MEDIA FLOW passage is meant the passage that can lead to liquid or gas, scouring media from the face of land can enter basket, drill bit inner chamber behind medium channel and mistake medium channel, at the bottom of the hole, finish the task of cooling drill bit, lubricated drill bit and row's powder.
A kind of control method of above-mentioned electromagnetical drilling impactor the steps include:
A. when drill bit begins rotary drilling, sensor 5 monitors the drill bit rotation information, signal is transferred to control module 6, control module is sent instruction, control rechargeable battery 4 is given direction, the time of coil 10 chargings, pump to control strong magnetic cylinder block stamp, impact anvil, impact energy passes to drill bit by lower contact and basket;
B. finish when drill bit rotates, sensor 5 monitors drill bit and rotates ending message, and signal is transferred to control module 6, and control module is sent the instruction of stopping power supply to rechargeable battery 4, strong magnetic cylinder block stamp stop motion, and impactor quits work.
Impactor of the present invention has overcome many deficiencies of conventional impact device, has following advantage:
1, impactor scientific structure of the present invention, by the high-power rechargeable powered battery, low cost of manufacture, stable work in work.
2, impactor of the present invention is sealed in strong magnetic cylinder block stamp in the cylinder slideway, the strong suffered frictional force of magnetic cylinder block stamp is little, energy loss is few, can regulate impact stroke and ballistic work easily during design, Mi Feng strong magnetic cylinder block stamp is not subjected to the influence of scouring media simultaneously, and impactor is had no requirement to scouring media.
3, the adjusting of impactor running parameter of the present invention ratio is easier to, and control method is simple, and execute-in-place is convenient, and the cost of care and maintenance is low.
4, electromagnetical drilling impactor of the present invention can use in the bigger boring of hole deviation.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is an electromagnetical drilling impactor structural representation of the present invention.
Among the figure: 1. top connection, 2. support ring, 3. end cap, 4. rechargeable battery, 5. sensor, 6. control module, 7. inner core, 8. outer tube, 9. medium channel, 10. coil, 11. cylinder slideways, the last 12. magnetic cylinder block stamp, 13. anvil, 14. cross medium channel, 15. lower contacts, 16. baskets, 17. drill bits.
The specific embodiment
The invention will be further described below in conjunction with drawings and Examples.
Embodiment 1: the invention provides a kind of electromagnetical drilling impactor, structure as shown in Figure 1, include top connection 1, support ring 2, end cap 3, rechargeable battery 4, sensor 5, control module 6, inner core 7, outer tube 8, medium channel 9, coil 10, cylinder slideway 11, strong magnetic cylinder block stamp 12, anvil 13, cross medium channel 14, lower contact 15, basket 16 and drill bit 17.
Top connection 1 is connected with outer tube 8 by screw thread and pushes down support ring 2 and end cap 3, end cap is connected with inner core 7 by screw thread, rechargeable battery 4 and control module 6 are installed in the inner core, at the inner core sidewall sensor 5 is installed, sensor is connected with control module, is provided with medium channel 9 between inner core and the outer tube; Inner core is connected with cylinder slideway 11 by screw thread, the cylinder slideway is around with coil 10, be sealed with strong magnetic cylinder block stamp 12 in the cylinder slideway, be provided with anvil 13 below the strong magnetic cylinder block stamp, anvil was provided with medium channel 14, and anvil, lower contact 15, basket 16, drill bit 17 are successively by screwed connection.
Embodiment 2: control method and process during the work of electromagnetical drilling impactor of the present invention:
Earlier the drilling rod bottom is received in the top connection 1 of the electromagnetical drilling impactor of embodiment 1, impactor is lowered in the probing hole at the bottom of the arrival hole; Drill bit begins normal rotary drilling, in a single day sensor 5 monitors drill bit begins to rotate, send signal to control module 6 immediately, after control module 6 receives signal, just the rechargeable battery 4 of assigning instruction control power pack is coil 10 power supplies, comprises the direction of control power supply and charging interval accurately; When giving the power supply of coil forward, repel each other in the magnetic pole same sex, under the principle that there is a natural attraction between the sexes, the power that strong magnetic cylinder block stamp 12 is subjected to straight up, block stamp moves upward, when block stamp during near cylinder slideway top, power-on time finishes, control module 6 control rechargeable batteries 4 oppositely power for coil, and this moment, strong magnetic cylinder block stamp must be subjected to rightabout power, also i.e. the magnetic force of direction and self gravitation straight down, do accelerated motion downwards, and bump anvil 13, impact energy reaches on the drill bit 17 by lower contact 15, basket 16, thereby improves drilling efficiency; Behind the strong magnetic cylinder block stamp bump anvil, control module is controlled rechargeable battery immediately and is given coil power supply, enters next circulation, so moves in circles, and anvil is constantly clashed in the strong continuous upper and lower motion of magnetic cylinder block stamp, realizes the impact rotating probing;
Scouring media from the face of land enters basket, drill bit inner chamber through medium channel 9 with after crossing medium channel 14 simultaneously, at the bottom of the hole, finishes cooling drill bit, lubricated drill bit and row's powder task.
When the end of drill bit normal rotation, sensor monitors is rotated ending message to drill bit, passes to control module, and control module is sent the instruction of stopping power supply to rechargeable battery, strong magnetic cylinder block stamp stop motion, and impactor quits work.
Electromagnetical drilling impactor scientific structure of the present invention, low cost of manufacture, field adjustable are easy to operate, and control method is simple, and easy care and maintenance do not have any requirement to scouring media, can increase substantially drilling efficiency.Electromagnetical drilling impactor of the present invention also can be used in the bigger inclined hole of drift angle, and application prospect is extensive.

Claims (2)

1. an electromagnetical drilling impactor comprises top connection, end cap, inner core, outer tube, rechargeable battery, coil, the control module that is connected with sensor, block stamp, anvil, lower contact, basket and drill bit, is provided with medium channel between inner core and the outer tube; It is characterized in that described top connection is connected with outer tube by screw thread and pushes down support ring and end cap, end cap is connected with inner core by screw thread; Rechargeable battery and control module are installed in the inner core, at the inner core sidewall sensor is installed, inner core is connected with the cylinder slideway by screw thread, the cylinder slideway is around with coil, described sensor monitors is to the rotation information of drill bit, signal is transferred to control module, and control module is sent instruction according to the signal that receives, and the control rechargeable battery is given direction, the time of coil charges; Be provided with block stamp in the described cylinder slideway, be strong magnetic cylinder block stamp, strong magnetic cylinder block stamp is sealed in cylinder slideway inside; Be provided with anvil below the strong magnetic cylinder block stamp, anvil was provided with medium channel, and anvil, lower contact, basket and drill bit are successively by screwed connection.
2. method of controlling the described electromagnetical drilling impactor of claim 1 is characterized in that step is:
A. when drill bit begins rotary drilling, sensor monitors is to the drill bit rotation information, signal is transferred to control module, control module is sent instruction according to the signal that receives, the control rechargeable battery is given direction, the time of coil charges, pump to control strong magnetic cylinder block stamp, impact anvil, impact energy passes to drill bit by lower contact and basket;
B. finish when drill bit rotates, sensor monitors is rotated ending message to drill bit, and signal is transferred to control module, and control module is sent the instruction of stopping power supply to rechargeable battery, strong magnetic cylinder block stamp stop motion, and impactor quits work.
CN2009100612647A 2009-03-25 2009-03-25 Electromagnetical drilling impactor CN101509349B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2009100612647A CN101509349B (en) 2009-03-25 2009-03-25 Electromagnetical drilling impactor

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2009100612647A CN101509349B (en) 2009-03-25 2009-03-25 Electromagnetical drilling impactor

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN101509349A CN101509349A (en) 2009-08-19
CN101509349B true CN101509349B (en) 2011-11-16

Family

ID=41001868

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN2009100612647A CN101509349B (en) 2009-03-25 2009-03-25 Electromagnetical drilling impactor

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN101509349B (en)

Families Citing this family (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101705784B (en) * 2009-11-19 2012-02-08 中国地质大学(武汉) Hole bottom power-driven impactor control system
CN102678055B (en) * 2012-05-18 2015-10-28 西南石油大学 One scrape cut-impact combined drill
CN103161400B (en) * 2013-04-08 2015-04-22 屈家发 Electromagnetic impacter
CN105019822A (en) * 2015-07-16 2015-11-04 张萍 Novel petroleum exploration device based on internet of things

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
SU1167314A1 (en) * 1984-03-30 1985-07-15 Институт Горного Дела Ан Казсср Impact assembly of electromagnetic perforator
SU1700226A1 (en) * 1990-01-03 1991-12-23 Институт Горного Дела Ан Казсср Percussion unit of electromagnetic perforator
EP1070569A1 (en) * 1997-12-19 2001-01-24 Furukawa Co., Ltd. Impact machine
CN2716483Y (en) * 2004-05-26 2005-08-10 中国石化集团胜利石油管理局钻井工艺研究院 Downhole vibrodrilling tool induced by hydraulic pulse
CN201118419Y (en) * 2007-09-06 2008-09-17 陈一定 Electromagnetic vibration impact machine for line vibration electromotor

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
SU1167314A1 (en) * 1984-03-30 1985-07-15 Институт Горного Дела Ан Казсср Impact assembly of electromagnetic perforator
SU1700226A1 (en) * 1990-01-03 1991-12-23 Институт Горного Дела Ан Казсср Percussion unit of electromagnetic perforator
EP1070569A1 (en) * 1997-12-19 2001-01-24 Furukawa Co., Ltd. Impact machine
CN2716483Y (en) * 2004-05-26 2005-08-10 中国石化集团胜利石油管理局钻井工艺研究院 Downhole vibrodrilling tool induced by hydraulic pulse
CN201118419Y (en) * 2007-09-06 2008-09-17 陈一定 Electromagnetic vibration impact machine for line vibration electromotor

Non-Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
JP昭61-84791U 1986.06.04
JP特开平6-297303A 1994.10.25

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN101509349A (en) 2009-08-19

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN102916480B (en) Photovoltaic power generation system
CN104309801B (en) A kind of middle part is rotary wind type unmanned plane and the landing seat thereof of spherical solar catcher
CN100582729C (en) Moon soil sampling device
CN101051701B (en) Pulse quick charging method and system for accumulator
CN102709534B (en) Sodion battery cathode material
CN104526702B (en) A kind of self-driven type liquid metal machine and application thereof
CN103346324B (en) Lithium ion battery cathode material and its preparation method
CN105332851B (en) Wave energy converting device based on adaptive spacing wing plate
CN105244944B (en) Power transmission line unmanned wisdom energy charging platform
CN205596156U (en) Shatter -resistant device
CN102140893B (en) Magnetorheological intelligent drilling vibration damper
CN103840143A (en) Preparation method of S/TiO2 composite material for anode of sodium-sulfur battery
CN201326415Y (en) Direct-push sampling drill with hydraulic vibrating impacter
CN101821883B (en) Alkali metal battery
CN101577510B (en) 24-hour-service solar photovoltaic power-generating self-tracking system
CN101707248B (en) Method for preparing positive electrode material of anion-cation multi-component compound lithium battery
CN1835328A (en) Hybrid accumulator for elevator and control method thereof
CN104120974A (en) Swing type rotary steering well drilling rig
CN104747361B (en) Adjustable swing type wave power generation device
CN105863502A (en) Impact type oil exploration system with remote control function
CN102829824A (en) Self-powered intelligent sensor for fluid pipeline
CN107104246A (en) A kind of lithium-rich manganese-based full battery of voltage drop suppressive and preparation method thereof
CN202206150U (en) Energy management control system
CN103700816B (en) A kind of preparation method of lithium ion battery silicon based composite material
CN101672170B (en) Electric directional coring apparatus

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C06 Publication
PB01 Publication
C10 Entry into substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
EE01 Entry into force of recordation of patent licensing contract

Assignee: Address: Ministry of mines; Wuxi drilling tools factory

Assignor: China University of Geosciences (Wuhan)

Contract record no.: 2012990000181

Denomination of invention: Electromagnetical drilling impactor

Granted publication date: 20111116

License type: Common License

Open date: 20090819

Record date: 20120401

C17 Cessation of patent right
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20111116

Termination date: 20130325