CN101478124B - Automatic laying method for electric cable and apparatus thereof - Google Patents

Automatic laying method for electric cable and apparatus thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101478124B
CN101478124B CN2009100141526A CN200910014152A CN101478124B CN 101478124 B CN101478124 B CN 101478124B CN 2009100141526 A CN2009100141526 A CN 2009100141526A CN 200910014152 A CN200910014152 A CN 200910014152A CN 101478124 B CN101478124 B CN 101478124B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
cable
support
described
hoist engine
end
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CN2009100141526A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN101478124A (en
Inventor
程广仁
陈强
赵民生
张武明
孙鹏
刘广文
施光连
徐爱杰
秦家顺
刘炳川
赵海峰
吕守龙
和嘉
张凤兰
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中建八局第一建设有限公司
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Priority to CN2009100141526A priority Critical patent/CN101478124B/en
Publication of CN101478124A publication Critical patent/CN101478124A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN101478124B publication Critical patent/CN101478124B/en

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Abstract

The invention discloses a method and a device for automatically laying cables. The method comprises the steps of (1) preparing for construction, and installing and configuring a cable controller, a cable reel support and a windlass; (2) installing a group of guide brackets at proper intervals on the path where cables need laying; (3) laying wire ropes along the guide brackets, wherein, one end of each of the wire ropes is connected with the windlass, and the other end thereof is connected with one end of a cable; (4) turning the windlass to lay the cables on the guide brackets by the controller. The invention has the advantages of less labor, little investment, wide application, reducd labor intensity of workers, and convenient maintenance.

Description

A kind of automatic laying method for electric cable and device thereof

Technical field

The present invention relates to a kind of cabling method and device thereof, specifically, relate to a kind of method and device thereof that utilizes the automatic cabling of control device.

Background technology

The modern architecture scale of construction is big, multiple functional, and power consumption is big and high to requiring for distribution, and cable is the main carrier of electric energy transmitting in the modern architecture, and the cable of modern architecture has characteristics such as quantity is many, the cross section is big.The labour who needs by traditional artificial cabling is many, the engineering time is longer, particularly leans on traditional artificial cabling in some skyscrapers, irregular building and small space, and the difficulty of construction of its cable is bigger relatively, difficult more.In addition, after the cable laying, the phenomenon that also often has cable to be stolen takes place, and after cable is stolen, not only causes than the large economy loss, and the life of returning people brings a lot of inconvenience.This is the deficiencies in the prior art parts.

Summary of the invention

Main purpose of the present invention is at the deficiencies in the prior art, and a kind of method and device thereof of automatic cabling is provided, and shortens the cable laying time greatly, saves the labour.

The present invention adopts following technical scheme to realize goal of the invention:

A kind of automatic laying method for electric cable may further comprise the steps:

(1) configuration cable control device, cable hank support are installed;

(2) according to suitable spacing one group of guiding trestle is installed in the path that needs cabling;

(3) lay steel wire rope along guiding trestle, the fixedly connected hoist engine of described steel wire rope one end, one end of other end stube cable, end at cable run is provided with a fixed pulley, the part that described steel wire rope is connected with hoist engine is laid in the downside of guiding trestle, its other end is connected with cable through fixed pulley, and described cable is positioned at the guiding trestle upside;

(4) control device rotates hoist engine cabling on guiding trestle.

Described guiding trestle comprises straight line support, turn support and flat bank support up and down, at the straightway of cable run the straight line support is set, and at the turning of cable run turn up and down support or flat bank support is set.

Turn up and down support and flat bank support all is arranged at the big side of turning radian.

Described steel wire rope connects described cable by traction casing.

In the cable run appropriate position supervising device is installed, described supervising device connects described control device, in time monitor message is sent to control device.

Compared with prior art, use automatic control equipment to compare, have following advantage with traditional artificial cabling:

1, save the labour:

Utilize hoist engine to rotate cabling, need not manually to drag in a large number, no matter the size of the cross-section of cable and cable length what, all can construct smoothly, simultaneously do not need a large amount of workmans that cable is nursed, by the video image and the video recording of control device, safer, reliable to the nurse of cable.

2, small investment

After the disposable input of cost of the present invention, can be repeatedly used; Simultaneously the die-offing of workmen during cabling saved artificial wage widely.

3, the scope of application is wide:

The present invention is used for the cable construction under the relevant environment such as high level, irregular building; Be used for simultaneously under the space is narrow and small, the people is difficult for entering the environment, the construction cable can more save time, laborsaving; Compare with traditional cable construction and to have superiority more.

4, reduce labor strength:

During cabling, do not need to use a large amount of labours that cable is pulled, the workman only needs the process of the cable of surveillance construction in real time, has reduced working strength of workers widely.

Description of drawings

Fig. 1 is the workflow diagram of the preferred embodiment of the present invention.

Fig. 2 is a preferred embodiment of the present invention straight line supporting structure schematic diagram.

Fig. 3 is a preferred embodiment of the present invention flat bank supporting structure schematic diagram.

Fig. 4 is the preferred embodiment of the present invention supporting structure schematic diagram of turning up and down.

Embodiment

Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing and preferred embodiment the present invention is done further to describe in detail.

Referring to Fig. 1, before implementing embodiment, all engineering crane span structure constructions must be finished, and crane span structure is fixed on the support, carry out preparation of construction work then, with reference to step S01, at first cable bearer is selected a correct position to fix, cable hank is positioned on the cable hank support, weld with the 10# channel-section steel on the basis of cable hank support, the shape on basis generally is welded into the T type, and is firm to guarantee, do not turn on one's side.After the T type basis welding of cable hank is good, two SC80 steel pipes of direction welding on vertical basis, steel pipe needs parallel, spacing is between 300~400mm, outside two SC80 steel pipes, respectively be inserted in two SC100 steel sleeves again, the length of steel sleeve is about 15~20cm, and SC 100 steel sleeves of the outer horizontal direction of two SC80 steel pipes are welded to connect with 10# channel-section steel cross-arm, in the middle of the 10# of upper end channel-section steel cross-arm, weld the stopping means (semicircle of steel pipe after vertical incision can be welded on the centre of 10# channel-section steel cross-arm) of semicircular arc in addition.Every spacing 150mm perforate on the SC80 steel pipe, steel pipe must be crossed in the hole, and diameter is 16mm or 20mm, guarantees that the reinforcing bar of Φ more than 14 can pass, and after cable hank was positioned on the cable hank support, height can arbitrarily be adjusted according to the cable hank size.Adopt two cable hank supports to be used the carrying cable dish.

With reference to step S02, hoist engine is installed, the Mechanics Calculation that the watt level of hoist engine should be correlated with according to the maximum cross-section and the length of cable is also selected corresponding power of motor, the present embodiment hoist engine is installed in cable hank support next door, the pedestal of hoist engine is fixed with expansion bolt, for the sake of security, the pulling force side that is subjected at hoist engine must be reinforced, guarantee that hoist engine is firm, reliably, the reinforcing mode of present embodiment hoist engine is the stressed side SC40 welded still pipe at hoist engine, and the bottom is fixed on the pedestal of hoist engine, and the upper end is fixed on the concrete ceiling, prevent the hoist engine rollover, reach the purpose of reinforcing.Shell to hoist engine is done iterative earthing.The power line of hoist engine and switch should be selected according to the power of hoist engine, forbid to avoid the power line cross section too small, and switch should be complementary with the power line of selecting and the power of hoist engine; When laying the power line of hoist engine and control line, should avoid the place that personnel and machinery are are often come in and gone out, avoid destroying circuit.

With reference to step S03, at the straightway of cable run the straight line support is set, at the turning of cable run turn up and down support or flat bank support are set.The installation of turning and arc crane span structure inner support, must guarantee support in the big side of crane span structure radian, after intact enough surpluses be arranged, make things convenient for the arrangement of cable in crane span structure to guarantee cable construction, all supports are fixed with forked tail filament in crane span structure, generally get final product with four forked tail filaments are fixing; The arc crane span structure guarantees that when cabling, cable does not contact, rubs with crane span structure, in order to avoid destroy insulated hull according to the suitable placing rack of size of radian; The installation of crane span structure straightway support also should be followed when cabling, the principle that cable does not contact with crane span structure.

With reference to step S04, place fixed pulley at the destination county of cable run.

With reference to step S05, the configuration control device is installed, the control device of present embodiment is a computer, is mainly used in the control of hoist engine work start and stop, the functions such as reception demonstration of video pictures.

With reference to step S06, supervising device is installed, with the top of camera installation, adjust angle with crane span structure, strive for maximum visual angle radiation crane span structure, to reduce the installation quantity of camera, save cost; In the place that crane span structure corner angle is less camera must be installed,, destroy insulated hull so that monitor the scraping that prevents cable at any time; Straightway can corresponding minimizing camera installation quantity; If insufficient light in the angular field of view of camera influences the effect of video image, need establish light source in addition, just generally near camera, add incandescent lamp can, the power selection of incandescent lamp gets final product at the best video image with camera; When laying the camera video line, need the distance certain, otherwise can influence image effect with the forceful electric power line segregation; The video line of camera can not be laid in the often place of discrepancy of personnel, machinery, in order to avoid destroy; After the video line of camera laid, a termination was gone into camera, and a termination is gone into the capture card on the computer.

Above-mentioned steps S01-S06 is the preparation stage of cable laying construction, and operation is prepared flow process and is not limited to said sequence, also can adjust order according to the real work demand, as long as can finish the preparation before the cable laying.

With reference to step S07, lay steel wire rope, steel wire rope is laid in the support in the crane span structure, and can not the be laid in same position of support of steel wire rope and cable, the centre will have support to separate, and to prevent cable and steel wire rope wringing together, influences cable construction, the mechanical strength of steel wire rope must meet the requirements, and select according to the size and the length of the cross-section of cable.Steel wire rope one end fixing with hoist engine on, opposite side needs firmly link together with wire sets, the effect of wire sets is that cable is inserted wire sets, under the effect of pulling force, cable just is fixed in the net firmly, is unlikely to come off; The mode of this kind stube cable does not need to cut off the cable colligation of marching into the arena, and can not destroy the insulating barrier of cable yet.

With reference to step S08, debug whole laying system, hoist engine is inserted power supply, start computer, press the start button of hoist engine, whether observing system is moved normally, and whether video image is clear, if any fault, get rid of immediately, up to system and plant equipment operate as normal.

With reference to step S09, it is after the operate as normal that system debug is finished, and just can carry out the cable laying construction: the cable hank that at first rolls, an end of cable is extracted out, and penetrate in the wire sets.Start hoist engine, at first crawl is fixed in the wire sets end of cable tightly, observes simultaneously to have or not abnormal conditions, confirm errorless after, restart hoist engine, lay.Need guarantee during cable laying that 4 people carry out coordinative construction, and all be equipped with intercom, so that link up at any time.One people is in Control Room operation control, one people nurses whether working well of cable hank and hoist engine, two people make an inspection tour on the path laying of cable and cooperate in addition, at any time wait monitor staff's notice, break away from support or meet obstacle if any cable, the computer operator can find by camera, press after the stop button of hoist engine, be available intercom notice tour personnel abort situation, the tour personnel promptly go to and handle, and continue the construction of cable after disposing.After a cable laying is finished, press the invert button of hoist engine, tow back to steel wire rope, can carry out the construction of next root cable.

Referring to Fig. 2, straight line supporting structure schematic diagram of the present invention, base 1, fixing hole 2, bracing frame 3, rotating shaft 4.Base 1 is provided with one group of fixing hole 2, is symmetrically arranged with bracing frame 3 on the base 1, is provided with rotating shaft 4 between described two bracing frames 3.

Referring to Fig. 3, described turning support comprises the base 1 ' that is provided with one group of fixing hole 2 ', be symmetrically arranged with bracing frame 3 ' on the base 1 ', an end that is provided with rotating shaft 4 ' base 1 ' between two bracing frames 3 ' is set with one and erects holder 5 ', erects holder 5 ' and is provided with two vertical rotating shafts 6 '.

Referring to Fig. 4, the described support of turning up and down comprise be provided with one group of fixing hole 2 " base 1 ", described base 1 " have a certain radian; be convenient to be positioned over corner up and down; be symmetrically arranged with bracing frame 3 on it ", described two bracing frames 3 " between be provided with rotating shaft 4 ", described base 1 " be symmetrically arranged with fixed mount 5 on the dual-side ".

Certainly, above-mentioned explanation is not a limitation of the present invention, and the present invention also is not limited only to above-mentioned giving an example, and variation, remodeling, interpolation or replacement that those skilled in the art are made in essential scope of the present invention also belong to protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (5)

1. automatic laying method for electric cable may further comprise the steps:
(1) configuration cable control device, cable hank support and hoist engine are installed in preparation of construction;
(2) according to suitable spacing one group of guiding trestle is installed in the path that needs cabling;
(3) lay steel wire rope along guiding trestle, the fixedly connected hoist engine of described steel wire rope one end, one end of other end stube cable, end at cable run is provided with a fixed pulley, the part that described steel wire rope is connected with hoist engine is laid in the downside of guiding trestle, its other end is connected with cable through fixed pulley, and described cable is positioned at the guiding trestle upside;
(4) control device rotates hoist engine cabling on guiding trestle.
2. according to the described automatic laying method for electric cable of claim 1, it is characterized in that: described guiding trestle comprises straight line support, turn support and flat bank support up and down, straightway at cable run is provided with the straight line support, at the turning of cable run turn up and down support or flat bank support is set.
3. according to the described automatic laying method for electric cable of claim 2, it is characterized in that: turn up and down support and flat bank support all are arranged at the big side of turning radian.
4. according to the described automatic laying method for electric cable of claim 1, it is characterized in that: described steel wire rope connects described cable by traction casing.
5. according to the described automatic laying method for electric cable of claim 1, it is characterized in that: supervising device is installed in the cable run appropriate position, and described supervising device connects described control device, in time monitor message is sent to control device.
CN2009100141526A 2009-02-18 2009-02-18 Automatic laying method for electric cable and apparatus thereof CN101478124B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2009100141526A CN101478124B (en) 2009-02-18 2009-02-18 Automatic laying method for electric cable and apparatus thereof

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2009100141526A CN101478124B (en) 2009-02-18 2009-02-18 Automatic laying method for electric cable and apparatus thereof

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CN101478124A CN101478124A (en) 2009-07-08
CN101478124B true CN101478124B (en) 2011-01-12

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Families Citing this family (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101728790B (en) * 2009-12-29 2012-05-02 广东省工业设备安装公司 Method for laying vertical cables for extra-high building
CN102332691B (en) * 2011-09-19 2014-02-19 中建五局工业设备安装有限公司 Auxiliary device capable of paying off cable from top to bottom in building construction and cable paying off method
CN103606863B (en) * 2013-09-25 2016-06-01 中煤第三建设公司机电安装工程处 The broken stubborn strength installation method of pit shaft cable transferred by two stable cars
CN106099768B (en) * 2016-08-16 2018-04-10 白银有色集团股份有限公司 Outdoor complicated piping lane cable laying of bridge frame method
CN109217181A (en) * 2018-09-21 2019-01-15 中国葛洲坝集团电力有限责任公司 Method suitable for the laying of height of water shipping shore power system service cable

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2491992Y (en) * 2001-05-26 2002-05-15 青岛港务局 Cable drag guiding device
CN2932778Y (en) * 2006-08-16 2007-08-08 江南造船(集团)有限责任公司 Cable laying device
CN201113309Y (en) * 2007-08-08 2008-09-10 上海宝冶建设有限公司 Turning roller for laying heavy cable
CN101364718A (en) * 2007-08-08 2009-02-11 上海宝冶建设有限公司 Heavy cable laying system and laying method

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2491992Y (en) * 2001-05-26 2002-05-15 青岛港务局 Cable drag guiding device
CN2932778Y (en) * 2006-08-16 2007-08-08 江南造船(集团)有限责任公司 Cable laying device
CN201113309Y (en) * 2007-08-08 2008-09-10 上海宝冶建设有限公司 Turning roller for laying heavy cable
CN101364718A (en) * 2007-08-08 2009-02-11 上海宝冶建设有限公司 Heavy cable laying system and laying method

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Title
JP特开2002-341152A 2002.11.27
JP特开平6-153356A 1994.05.31

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Owner name: CHINA CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRIAL EQUIPMENT INSTALLATI

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Effective date of registration: 20110526

Address after: 250001 No. 89 Industrial South Road, Shandong, Ji'nan

Co-patentee after: China Construction Industrial Equipment Installation Co., Ltd.

Patentee after: The First Company of China Eighth Engineering Bureau Ltd.

Address before: 250001 No. 89 Industrial South Road, Shandong, Ji'nan

Patentee before: The First Company of China Eighth Engineering Bureau Ltd.

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Granted publication date: 20110112

Termination date: 20150218