CN101338622A - Rapidly assembled bamboo wood barrack - Google Patents

Rapidly assembled bamboo wood barrack Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101338622A
CN101338622A CNA2008100317321A CN200810031732A CN101338622A CN 101338622 A CN101338622 A CN 101338622A CN A2008100317321 A CNA2008100317321 A CN A2008100317321A CN 200810031732 A CN200810031732 A CN 200810031732A CN 101338622 A CN101338622 A CN 101338622A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
plate unit
ash
bamboo
plate
unit
Prior art date
Application number
CNA2008100317321A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN101338622B (en
Inventor
肖岩
单波
佘立永
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湖南大学
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Application filed by 湖南大学 filed Critical 湖南大学
Priority to CN2008100317321A priority Critical patent/CN101338622B/en
Publication of CN101338622A publication Critical patent/CN101338622A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN101338622B publication Critical patent/CN101338622B/en

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Abstract

The invention relates to a quickly assembled bamboo frame house which comprises plate units, bamboo house frames, connecting pillars and connecting beams; wherein, the frame of the plate unit is made of bamboo veneers or wood beams; the external plate of the plate unit is made of bamboo veneers; the internal plate of a wall plate unit is made of gypsum plates or bamboo veneers or light wooden plates; the internal plate of a house plate unit is made of gypsum plates; and thermal-insulation material or sound-insulation material is filled between the external plate and the internal plate. The connecting pillars and the connecting beams are made of bamboo veneers; the connecting beam is connected with the side of the wall plate unit by bolts; and the wall plate units are connected with each other by the connecting pillars and bolts. The wall plate units at the corners of a house are connected with each other by bolts and angle steel. With excellent quakeproof performance and good thermal-insulation effect, the frame house provided by the invention can be processed and assembled quickly and can be dismounted and reused; moreover, the main construction material is environmental friendly and the material source is wide; therefore, the frame house has low manufacturing cost.

Description

A kind of rapidly assembled bamboo wood barrack
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of building, particularly relate to a kind of rapidly assembled bamboo wood barrack.
Background technology
Earthquake is as a kind of very difficult natural phenomena of being grasped by people, and it causes tremendous loss to people's life and property.
China is the country of earthquake more than, and eighties of last century since the sixties only is in Xingtai, areas such as Tangshan, maritime, Lijing, Keshen just successively quite strong earthquake took place, and had brought huge life, property loss to people.On May 12nd, 2008 occurred in 8.0 grades of special violent earthquakes of Richter scale of Wenchuan, Sichuan, and the house wall of local rural area brick mix structure almost all collapses, and caused precast floor slab to collapse, and caused the mass casualties, and large quantities of masses suffering from disaster are homeless.This is outstanding to show that the newly-built dwelling house anti-seismic performance in rural area is relatively poor, and the consequence harm that causes of caving in of concrete prefabricated floor is serious, and the rebuilding in disaster-hit areas amount is huge.
In view of this, on the one hand, in new countryside construction, press for the more rational dwelling house system of exploitation, improve the shock resistance of grange; On the other hand, more urgent is will provide as early as possible and assemble the antidetonation room cheaply fast as transitional house, for the usefulness of settling the interim inhabitation of the victims of the disaster.
Existing prefabricated building multipurpose color steel plate and section bar are manufactured, and the steel consumption amount is more, and the assembling speed of application is slower, and cost of production is higher, and anti-seismic performance, heat insulating effect is not good enough.
Bamboo wood is a kind of important forest reserves, and the bamboo grove cultivated area and the bamboo wood output of China all occupy first place in the world, and the our province bamboo timber resource is very abundant.This natural resource of bamboo wood is applied to civil engineering, uses as main structural meterials, develop novel bamboo structure system, meet the requirement of construction " amphitypy society " and building continuous development, the utmost point promises to be the break-through point of changing in the field of civil engineering.
Summary of the invention
It is slower to the objective of the invention is to overcome existing prefabricated building assembling speed of application, anti-seismic performance, heat insulating effect is not good enough, the more high shortcoming of cost of production provides a kind of processing fast, and assembling is fast, anti-seismic performance is good, dismantled and assembled repeated use, main constructional materials environmental protection, good effect of heat insulation, and raw material sources are extensive, cheap rapidly assembled bamboo wood barrack.
Technical scheme of the present invention is: it comprises the plate unit, roof truss, joint pin, linking beam, described plate unit comprises ash wall body plate unit and roof panel unit, it is characterized in that, the skeleton of plate unit is made with bamboo plywood or flitch, and the outer panels of plate unit is a bamboo plywood, and the wainscot of ash wall body plate unit is gypsum plank or bamboo plywood or lightweight plank, the wainscot of roof panel unit is a gypsum plank, is filled with heat insulating material or sound insulation materials between the interior outer panels; Described roof truss is made of lower chord spare on the roof truss that cuts into bamboo plywood and the scab that utilizes bamboo plywood to make, and connects by bolt or nail between the last lower edge of roof truss; Described joint pin and linking beam are to be cut into bamboo plywood, and linking beam is connected by bolt with the side of ash wall body plate unit, to strengthen the globality in house; The ash wall body plate unit connects by joint pin and bolt each other; Adopt angle steel to be connected in the outside between the ash wall body plate unit of house corner with bolt; Adopt nail to be connected winding up of roof truss between roof panel unit and the roof truss; Be connected by bolt and angle steel between ash wall body plate plate unit and the basis.
Below be preferred version:
Described joint pin is with behind the two-layer above bamboo plywood excision forming,, or connects with nail, or makes with following closely to be connected with cementing agent or/and bolt connects by cementing agent.
Described linking beam is with behind the two-layer above bamboo plywood excision forming,, or connects with nail, or makes with following closely to be connected with cementing agent or/and bolt connects by cementing agent.
The wainscot surface of described plate unit should cover the F R Oil enamelled coating, to improve the fireproof performance of bamboo wood barrack.
The outer panels surface coverage of described ash wall body plate unit has the dubbin enamelled coating, and roof panel unit end face is coated with waterproof roll; The seam crossing of plate unit and plate unit is filled with encapsulant; Improve the water resistance of bamboo wood barrack with this.
Compared with prior art, the advantage of the present invention's rapidly assembled bamboo wood barrack is: (1) has very high strength/weight ratio: bamboo structure toughness is big, for moment impact load and periodicity fatigue failure very strong resistivity is arranged, have good seismic resistance; (2) be convenient to adopt standardization member, standardization modulus to carry out modularized design and production, the working (machining) efficiency height, assembling speed is fast; (3) repeatedly dismounting recycling, and the dismounting proportion of goods damageds are low, even local damage is arranged, also are easy to repair; (4) simple in structure, moulding is succinct, and manufacturing specification can be varied, and its roof can be designed to forms such as flat slope roof, pentroof, double pitch roof; Advantages such as (5) bamboo has fast growth, the cycle of becoming a useful person is short, output is big, renewable, so the bamboo wood source is secure; What is more important, bamboo wood are green materials, and its manufacturing process environmental protection is pollution-free, meets the requirement of sustainable development; (6) corrosion-resistant, bamboo wood has corrosion resistance to many chemical substances, the mashed and insect pest of the born corrosion resistant of many bamboo kinds; (7) in a single day bamboo wood reaches equilibrium moisture content, and its change in size can be very little, very high balance of tool and low-shrinkage; (8) bamboo structure has long-term investment value preserving benefit.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the axonometric drawing of one embodiment of the invention;
Fig. 2 is agent structure (removing a roof panel unit) schematic diagram embodiment illustrated in fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is a bamboo wood roof truss elevational schematic view embodiment illustrated in fig. 1;
Fig. 4 is a plate block construction schematic diagram embodiment illustrated in fig. 1
Fig. 5 is that ash wall body plate unit embodiment illustrated in fig. 1 is connected elevational schematic view with linking beam
Fig. 6 is two ash wall body plate unit embodiment illustrated in fig. 1 and the floor map that is connected of joint pin
Fig. 7 be ash wall body plate unit embodiment illustrated in fig. 1 with the basis between be connected floor map;
Among the figure: 1-1. ash wall body plate unit; 1-2. roof panel unit; 2. steam vent; 3. window; The door; 5. bamboo wood roof truss; 6. bamboo or wooden frame; 7. gypsum plank; 8. be incubated or sound insulation materials; 9. waterproof paint; 10. bamboo plywood; 11. joint pin; 12 bolts or screw; 13. angle steel; 14. linking beam
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples the present invention is described in further details.
With reference to Fig. 1,2, present embodiment comprises ash wall body plate unit 1-1, roof panel unit 1-2, and bamboo wood roof truss 5, joint pin 11, linking beam 14, the ash wall body plate unit is provided with steam vent 2, window 3, door 4;
With reference to Fig. 3, bamboo wood roof truss 5 is made of lower chord spare on the roof truss that cuts into bamboo plywood and the scab that utilizes bamboo plywood to make, and connects by bolt or nail between the last lower edge of roof truss;
With reference to Fig. 4, the skeleton 6 usefulness bamboo plywoods or the flitch of plate unit are made, the outer panels of plate unit is a bamboo plywood 10, the wainscot of ash wall body plate unit 1-1 is fire prevention veneer gypsum plank 7, the wainscot of roof panel unit 1-2 is a gypsum plank, be filled with heat insulating material or sound insulation materials 8 between the interior outer panels, bamboo plywood 10 surface coverage have dubbin enamelled coating 9.
With reference to Fig. 5, linking beam 14 is to link by bolt with two bamboo plywoods to be made, and linking beam 14 is connected by bolt (or screw) 12 with the side of ash wall body plate unit 1-1;
With reference to Fig. 6, two ash wall body plate unit that are made of gypsum plank 7, insulation or sound insulation materials 8 and bamboo plywood 10 are connected by joint pin 11 and bolt (or screw) 12, and joint pin 11 adopts two bamboo plywoods to link by screw and makes;
With reference to Fig. 7, between the ash wall body plate unit 1-1 and basis that each sheet connects, adopt angle steel 13 as connector, connect by bolt 12;
Adopt angle steel to be connected in the outside between the ash wall body plate unit 1-1 of house corner with bolt; Adopt nail to be connected winding up of roof truss between roof panel unit 1-2 and the bamboo wood roof truss 5.
The wainscot surface coverage of the wainscot surface of ash wall body plate unit 1-1 and roof panel unit 1-2 has the F R Oil enamelled coating.
The outer panels surface of ash wall body plate unit 1-1 is brushed with waterproof paint, and roof panel unit 1-2 end face is equipped with waterproof roll; The seam crossing of plate unit and plate unit is filled with encapsulant.
Installation step: two ash wall body plate unit 1-1 that (1) will process connect with bolt or screw 12 by joint pin 11; (2) the ash wall body plate unit 1-1 that each sheet is connected adopts angle steel 13 as connector with the basis, connects by bolt 12; (3) linking beam 14 is connected by the side of bolt 12 in the ash wall body plate unit; (4) treat that all linking beams all connect with the ash wall body plate unit after, two Pin bamboo wood roof trusses are connected by screw with roof panel unit 1-2 on the ground; Two Pin roof trusses of the band roofing unit that (5) will connect are placed on the top of ash wall body plate unit 1-1, again a Pin roof truss 5 is placed on the body of wall, with nail with roof panel unit 1-2 nail on the winding up of roof truss, repeat previous step, roof truss and roof panel unit are all installed; (6),, with encapsulant the seam crossing of plate unit is carried out encapsulation process simultaneously at the outside of ash wall body plate unit 1-1 brush waterproof paint with waterproof roll nail end face at roof panel unit 1-2.

Claims (7)

1, a kind of rapidly assembled bamboo wood barrack, comprise the plate unit, roof truss, joint pin, linking beam, described plate unit comprises ash wall body plate unit and roof panel unit, it is characterized in that, the skeleton of plate unit is made with bamboo plywood or flitch, the outer panels of plate unit is a bamboo plywood, the wainscot of ash wall body plate unit is gypsum plank or bamboo plywood or lightweight plank, and the wainscot of roof panel unit is a gypsum plank, is filled with heat insulating material or sound insulation materials between the interior outer panels; Described roof truss is made of lower chord spare on the roof truss that cuts into bamboo plywood and the scab that utilizes bamboo plywood to make, and connects by bolt or nail between the last lower edge of roof truss; Described joint pin and linking beam are to be cut into bamboo plywood, and linking beam is connected by bolt with the side of ash wall body plate unit, to strengthen the globality in house; The ash wall body plate unit connects by joint pin and bolt each other; Adopt angle steel to be connected in the outside between the ash wall body plate unit of house corner with bolt; Adopt nail to be connected winding up of roof truss between roof panel unit and the roof truss; Be connected by bolt and angle steel between ash wall body plate plate unit and the basis.
2, rapidly assembled bamboo wood barrack according to claim 1 is characterized in that, described joint pin is with behind the two-layer above bamboo plywood excision forming,, or connects with nail, or makes with following closely to be connected with cementing agent or/and bolt connects by cementing agent.
3, rapidly assembled bamboo wood barrack according to claim 1 and 2 is characterized in that, described linking beam is with behind the two-layer above bamboo plywood excision forming,, or connects with nail, or makes with following closely to be connected with cementing agent or/and bolt connects by cementing agent.
4, rapidly assembled bamboo wood barrack according to claim 1 and 2 is characterized in that, the wainscot surface coverage of described plate unit has the fire prevention surface layer.
5, rapidly assembled bamboo wood barrack according to claim 1 and 2 is characterized in that, the outer panels surface coverage of described ash wall body plate unit has waterproof paint or waterproof layer, and roof panel unit end face is coated with waterproof roll; The seam crossing of plate unit and plate unit is filled with encapsulant.
6, rapidly assembled bamboo wood barrack according to claim 3 is characterized in that, the outer panels surface coverage of described ash wall body plate unit has the dubbin enamelled coating, and roof panel unit end face is coated with waterproof roll; The seam crossing of plate unit and plate unit is filled with encapsulant.
7, rapidly assembled bamboo wood barrack according to claim 4 is characterized in that, the outer panels surface coverage of described ash wall body plate unit has the dubbin enamelled coating, and roof panel unit end face is coated with waterproof roll; The seam crossing of plate unit and plate unit is filled with encapsulant.
CN2008100317321A 2008-07-11 2008-07-11 Rapidly assembled bamboo wood barrack CN101338622B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2008100317321A CN101338622B (en) 2008-07-11 2008-07-11 Rapidly assembled bamboo wood barrack

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2008100317321A CN101338622B (en) 2008-07-11 2008-07-11 Rapidly assembled bamboo wood barrack

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CN101338622A true CN101338622A (en) 2009-01-07
CN101338622B CN101338622B (en) 2010-06-09

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Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101839023A (en) * 2010-05-21 2010-09-22 山东龙腾实业有限公司 Wooden house
CN101914975A (en) * 2010-08-06 2010-12-15 中国林业科学研究院木材工业研究所 Method for manufacturing and connecting round bamboo stick structure in pre-cast bamboo building
CN101936053A (en) * 2010-08-06 2011-01-05 国际竹藤网络中心 Manufacturing method of solar round bamboo prefabricated building
CN103061533A (en) * 2013-01-18 2013-04-24 四川大学 Environment-friendly anti-seismic eco-house system suitable for mountainous areas
CN104153629A (en) * 2014-08-05 2014-11-19 武汉博硕聚才科技有限公司 Method for building shake-proof wooden house
CN106436913A (en) * 2016-10-26 2017-02-22 南宁众创空间科技有限公司 Manufacture method of simple house
CN104989010B (en) * 2015-07-10 2017-07-28 昆明理工大学 A kind of connection method for bamboo and wood prefabricated panel
CN109235682A (en) * 2018-09-06 2019-01-18 中国十七冶集团有限公司 A kind of Windproof anti-seismic wooden frame structure
CN110593399A (en) * 2019-09-19 2019-12-20 浙江永裕竹业股份有限公司 Bamboo board prefabricated house

Family Cites Families (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1314868C (en) * 2005-02-28 2007-05-09 熊师辉 Build up type bamboo house and its manufacturing method
CN200975024Y (en) * 2006-12-06 2007-11-14 湖南大学 Bamboo wood home building
CN201232372Y (en) * 2008-07-11 2009-05-06 湖南大学 Rapid assembling bamboo and wood barrack

Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101839023A (en) * 2010-05-21 2010-09-22 山东龙腾实业有限公司 Wooden house
CN101914975A (en) * 2010-08-06 2010-12-15 中国林业科学研究院木材工业研究所 Method for manufacturing and connecting round bamboo stick structure in pre-cast bamboo building
CN101936053A (en) * 2010-08-06 2011-01-05 国际竹藤网络中心 Manufacturing method of solar round bamboo prefabricated building
CN101936053B (en) * 2010-08-06 2012-01-11 国际竹藤网络中心 Manufacturing method of solar round bamboo prefabricated building
CN101914975B (en) * 2010-08-06 2012-05-23 中国林业科学研究院木材工业研究所 Method for manufacturing and connecting round bamboo stick structure in pre-cast bamboo building
CN103061533A (en) * 2013-01-18 2013-04-24 四川大学 Environment-friendly anti-seismic eco-house system suitable for mountainous areas
CN104153629A (en) * 2014-08-05 2014-11-19 武汉博硕聚才科技有限公司 Method for building shake-proof wooden house
CN104989010B (en) * 2015-07-10 2017-07-28 昆明理工大学 A kind of connection method for bamboo and wood prefabricated panel
CN106436913A (en) * 2016-10-26 2017-02-22 南宁众创空间科技有限公司 Manufacture method of simple house
CN109235682A (en) * 2018-09-06 2019-01-18 中国十七冶集团有限公司 A kind of Windproof anti-seismic wooden frame structure
CN110593399A (en) * 2019-09-19 2019-12-20 浙江永裕竹业股份有限公司 Bamboo board prefabricated house

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