CN201128950Y - Fast-fabricated bamboo house - Google Patents

Fast-fabricated bamboo house Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201128950Y
CN201128950Y CNU200720065280XU CN200720065280U CN201128950Y CN 201128950 Y CN201128950 Y CN 201128950Y CN U200720065280X U CNU200720065280X U CN U200720065280XU CN 200720065280 U CN200720065280 U CN 200720065280U CN 201128950 Y CN201128950 Y CN 201128950Y
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
bamboo
house
plywood
quickly
wood
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CNU200720065280XU
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
肖岩
单波
佘立永
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Hunan University
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Hunan University
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Publication date
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Priority to CNU200720065280XU priority Critical patent/CN201128950Y/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN201128950Y publication Critical patent/CN201128950Y/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The utility model relates to a quickly assembled bamboo house that comprises a beam, a column, a composite slab, an external wall surface and a roof waterproof structure; the beam is a bamboo beam made by bonding a bamboo plywood and a binder, and comprises a floor beam, a roof frame beam and a connecting beam; the bamboo column system is made by connecting a bamboo plywood, an angle steel and a bolt, and is used as the framework of the composite wall on the external wall; the bearing component of the composite slab can have a wood framework or a bamboo framework; the external panel is a bamboo plywood; the external panel is a gypsum board, a bamboo plywood or a wood plywood, and can be used as a wall body, a floor or a roof top; the external panel is coated by a metal leather in the corners and the edges according to the times of disassembly and assembly, and is provided with a connecting hole. The bamboo house has the advantages of capability of being disassembled and assembled a plurality of times, repeated use, light weight, convenient and quick construction, security, reliability, wide source of raw materials, no pollution in the production process, excellent seismic performance, corrosion resistance and stability.

Description

A kind of quickly mounted bamboo house
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of building, particularly relates to a kind of quickly mounted bamboo house of easy accessibility.
Background technology
Existing mobile house and light house mainly are based on steel work, masonry structure or reinforced concrete structure, consume great deal of steel, cement, and metallurgy and cement industry always belong to high energy consumption, high pollution industry, steel and Cement Production need consume a large amount of energy and non-renewable natural resource, produce a large amount of waste water, waste gas and waste residue simultaneously, have a strong impact on ecological environment, do not meet the requirement of sustainable development; And there is the cost height in this class formation prefabricated house, big, shortcomings such as difficulty of construction big, long construction period take up room.Therefore, increasing personage advocate adopt natural, environmental protection, reproducible organic material through modern crafts processing, make and become structural element, progressively replacing steel and cement components uses, and think that it is the only way of realizing the builing industry sustainable development, make it progressively become the important opportunity that guarantees human social.At present, using maximum natural, renewable organic materials at building field is timber.
The timber of architectural use mainly is divided into two classes.One class is log and utilizes log through the flitch of sawing, plane is processed into, plank etc.Adopt log and goods thereof to build wooden construction, long history is arranged in China.Advantage such as that wooden construction has is easy to process, construction is simple, elegant in appearance, applicability is good.But in China, because forest reserves scarcity, country is strict to timber felling control, even if artificial afforestration because forest becomes a useful person the phase long, the log source is very limited, can not a large amount of construction wood structure buildings.Another kind of is laminated wood, and this material is generally sheet material, utilizes cementing agent and extrusion forming technology, and the plank that size is less is combined into the relatively large plank of size.Laminated wood generally can only be used for interior decoration or make template and use.
The utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is to overcome the defective that prior art exists, and provides a kind of structural safety reliable, and is easy to make quick, can reuse, and environmental-protecting performance is quickly mounted bamboo house preferably.
The technical solution of the utility model is: it comprises beam, pillar, compoboard, wall face and deck water proof structure, it is characterized in that, the bamboo wood beam of described beam for adopting bamboo plywood, cementing agent gummed to form comprises floor beam, roof truss beam and linking beam; Bamboo wood post system is connected and composed by angle steel and bolt by bamboo plywood, and it is the skeleton as assembled wall at the exterior wall position; The compoboard supporting member is wooden frame or bamboo wood skeleton, and outer panels is a bamboo plywood, and wainscot is gypsum plank or bamboo plywood or wood plywood, as body of wall, superstructure or deck, outer panels is by estimating the dismounting number of times, to its bight and edge kalamein skin, and establish connecting hole, with easy disassembly.
Described bamboo wood column section can be H type, T type, box or solid type.
Preferably be filled with heat insulating material between the outer panels of described compoboard and the wainscot or/and sound insulation materials, to improve heat-insulation and heat-preservation, the sound insulation value in house, energy conservation reduces noise.
Described bamboo wood post can be connected with the steel connector by bolt with beam, and the bamboo wood post is connected by the steel connector with the basis.
Be connected with bolt between described compoboard and bamboo wood beam or the bamboo wood post or follow closely connection, so that dismounting; And preferably adopt 3 connected modes, and to guarantee bonding strength, dismounting simultaneously is more convenient, and body of wall also can have good heat-insulating property.
Described exterior wall and deck water proof structure can be made of plug-in wire mesh mortar layer, use as semipermanent light house body of wall; Also can add waterproof coating again and constitute, as the body of wall and the deck use of complete detachable prefabricated house by filling caulking material between wallboard; Also can adopt other water proof structure.
Linking beam is the connecting elements between pillar and the pillar, is used to improve the globality in house.The roof truss beam is used to bear roof load.
The basis can be rammed soil type of foundation plinth, concrete foundation, reinforced concrete foundation or masonry basis.
Compared with prior art, the advantage of the quickly mounted bamboo house of the utility model is: (1) is fabricated construction, repeatedly dismounting recycling, and also the dismounting proportion of goods damageds are low, even there is local damage also to be easy to repair; (2) from heavy and light, convenient and quick construction, the main material of used bamboo wood beam and bamboo wood post is the bamboo fibre of hollow, and density is little, and therefore, bamboo wood is conducted oneself with dignity much smaller than steel and concrete; Simultaneously, owing to used bamboo plywood can dig, can saw, can bore, so process very convenient; (3) design and manufacturing specification can be varied, and be handsome in appearance; Be convenient to adopt standardization member, standardization modulus to design and construct, can be designed to the 1-3 layer as required; Its roof can be designed to types of roofs such as flat slope roof, pentroof, double pitch roof, italian roof; (4) bamboo wood framework of Cai Yonging or framed bent system are safe and reliable, can satisfy the requirement of relevant building structural design specification; (5) adopt bamboo wood as main raw material(s), advantage such as its raw material sources are wide, and are renewable resources, and bamboo has fast growth, the cycle of becoming a useful person is short, output is big, so the bamboo wood source is secure; What is more important, bamboo wood are green materials, and its manufacturing process environmental protection is pollution-free, meets the requirement of sustainable development; (6) have very high strength/weight ratio: bamboo structure toughness is big, for moment impact load and periodicity fatigue failure very strong resistivity is arranged, and has good seismic resistance in all structures; (7) corrosion-resistant, bamboo wood has corrosion resistance to many chemical substances, the mashed and insect pest of the born corrosion resistant of many bamboo kinds; (8) in a single day bamboo wood reaches equilibrium moisture content, and its change in size can be very little, very high balance of tool and low-shrinkage, and bamboo structure has long-term investment value preserving benefit.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the agent structure schematic diagram of the utility model one embodiment;
Fig. 2 is a Pin framed bent schematic diagram embodiment illustrated in fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is that bamboo wood post embodiment illustrated in fig. 1 is connected floor map with the basis;
Fig. 4 is a compoboard structural representation embodiment illustrated in fig. 1;
Fig. 5 is that two bodies of wall embodiment illustrated in fig. 1 etc. connect elevational schematic view;
Fig. 6 is an another kind of compoboard structural representation of the present utility model;
Fig. 7 is that pillar embodiment illustrated in fig. 1 is connected elevational schematic view with the roof truss beam;
Fig. 8 is body of wall and a post connection diagram embodiment illustrated in fig. 1;
Among the figure: 1a. roof truss beam; 1b. linking beam; 1c. floor beam; 2. pillar; 3. compoboard; 4. exposed wall water proof is constructed; 5. wooden frame; 6. metal skin; 7. steel connector; 8. embedding gap material; 9. outer panels waterproof coating; 10. cement sand bed; 11. gauze wire cloth; 12. bamboo plywood; 13. heat insulating material; 14. gypsum plank; 15. wainscot dope layer; 16. bolt
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples the utility model is described in further details.
See figures.1.and.2, the present embodiment quickly mounted bamboo house, the basis adopts the steel concrete plate terrace as the basis, and the main body load-carrying members adopt framed bent or frame construction, and it comprises beam, pillar 2, compoboard 3, exposed wall water proof structure 4; Described beam comprises floor beam 1c, roof truss beam 1a and linking beam 1b, it is the bamboo wood beam that adopts gummeds such as bamboo plywood, cementing agent to form, its at the exterior wall position and the superstructure position as the skeleton of assembled wall, the span of linking beam is to design as fixing modulus with the length of veneer or width dimensions; With reference to Fig. 3, pillar 2 is the bamboo wood posts that adopt bamboo plywood, angle steel and bolt 16 to be formed by connecting, and the spacing of pillar 2 is to design as fixing modulus with the length of veneer or width dimensions; Be connected by steel connector 7, bolt 16 between pillar 2 and the basis, be connected by bar planting between bolt 16 and the terrace; With reference to Fig. 4, compoboard 3 is made of outer panels waterproof coating 9, cement sand bed 10, gauze wire cloth 11, bamboo plywood 12, wooden frame 5, gypsum plank 14, wainscot dope layer 15 successively, be filled with heat insulating material (or sound insulation materials) 13 between bamboo plywood 12 and the gypsum plank 14, be connected with hold-down screw between bamboo plywood 12 and the gypsum plank 14 with between wood or the bamboo ribs frame 5; Compoboard 3 is used for body of wall, superstructure or roof, and the bamboo plywood 12 in the compoboard 3 is pressed and estimated the dismounting number of times to its bight and edge kalamein skin 6, and establishes connecting hole, so that dismounting; Described exterior wall and deck water proof structure 4 adopt plug-in wire mesh mortar layer, use as semipermanent light house body of wall; Or fill caulking material 8 (referring to Fig. 5) between wallboard, add waterproof coating again and constitute, as the body of wall and the deck use of complete detachable prefabricated house.
The floor beam each other with bamboo wood or wood members as the shearing support strengthening globality, beam with as being connected with bolt or self-drilling self-tapping screw between the compoboard 3 of floor plate; It is to strengthen being connected between pillar and the pillar that linking beam 1b mainly acts on, and improves the globality in house, thus stressed less, adopt the cutting of monolithic bamboo plywood to form or form with bamboo plywood, adhesive gummed, easy to make fast; The main bolt that adopts is connected between linking beam and the pillar, and indivedual rotation angle positions employing angle steel are connected with bolt.Roof truss beam 1a forms with bamboo plywood, cementing agent compacting, be connected (referring to Fig. 7) by steel connector 7 with bolt 16 between roof truss beam 1a or roof truss beam and the pillar 2, steel connector 7 all is up and down a U-shaped, and as required, two U-shapeds can reverse 90 ° or other angles; Purlin adopts lumps of wood purlin, is connected in the side with bolt with angle steel between purlin and the roof truss beam 1a, can realize smoothly mounting and dismounting.Roof panel adopts compoboard 3 or carries the individual layer or the double-deck profiled sheet of heat insulating material secretly, it with purlin between be connected with the self-drilling self-tapping screw of being with rubber washer, convenient and swift and be easy to dismounting, make the house have good heat-insulating property simultaneously.
Figure 6 shows that the another kind of structure of compoboard 3, compare with compoboard shown in Figure 4, mainly is to lack cement sand bed 10 and gauze wire cloth 11.The body of wall and the deck that can be used as complete detachable prefabricated house use
Described pillar 2 cross sections are H type (also can be T type, box or solid etc.), are connected with steel fastener 7 by bolt 16 between pillar 2 and the beam, are connected (referring to Fig. 7) by angle steel or other forms of steel fastener 7 between pillar 2 and the basis.
Be connected with bolt between described compoboard 3 and beam or the pillar 2 or follow closely connection, mainly adopt 3 connections to guarantee bonding strength, connect and dismounting all more convenient, like this, body of wall not only has good heat-insulating property, and conduct oneself with dignity less (referring to Fig. 8)
Job practices: factory according to drawing with each element precast good after, be transported to the job site and install.After installing bamboo wood post 2, bamboo wood linking beam 1b is installed, bamboo wood post 2 is connected with bolt 16 with bamboo wood linking beam 1b; Be connected bamboo wood post 2 and bamboo wood roof truss (roof truss beam) 1a with bolt 16 with steel fastener 7, connect body of wall 3 and bamboo wood post 2 with bolt; Be connected roof purline and roof truss beam 1a with bolt with angle steel, connect roof panel and purlin, and shingle nail and roof panel are done waterproofing work with the self-drilling self-tapping screw.

Claims (8)

1, a kind of quickly mounted bamboo house comprises beam, pillar, compoboard, wall face and deck water proof structure, it is characterized in that, the bamboo wood beam of described beam for adopting bamboo plywood, cementing agent gummed to form comprises floor beam, roof truss beam and linking beam; Bamboo wood post system is connected and composed by angle steel and bolt by bamboo plywood, and it is the skeleton as assembled wall at the exterior wall position; The compoboard supporting member is wooden frame or bamboo wood skeleton, and outer panels is a bamboo plywood, and wainscot is gypsum plank or bamboo plywood or wood plywood, as body of wall, superstructure or deck, outer panels to its bight and edge kalamein skin, and is established connecting hole by estimating the dismounting number of times.
2, quickly mounted bamboo house according to claim 1 is characterized in that, described bamboo wood column section is H type, T type, box or solid type.
3, quickly mounted bamboo house according to claim 1 and 2 is characterized in that, is filled with heat insulating material or/and sound insulation materials between the outer panels of described compoboard and the wainscot.
4, quickly mounted bamboo house according to claim 1 and 2 is characterized in that, described bamboo wood post is connected with the steel connector by bolt with the floor beam, and the bamboo wood post is connected by the steel connector with the basis.
5, quickly mounted bamboo house according to claim 3 is characterized in that, described bamboo wood post is connected with the steel connector by bolt with the floor beam, and the bamboo wood post is connected by the steel connector with the basis.
6, quickly mounted bamboo house according to claim 1 and 2 is characterized in that, described compoboard is connected by bolt or nail with beam or bamboo wood post.
7, quickly mounted bamboo house according to claim 1 and 2 is characterized in that, described exterior wall and deck water proof structure are made of plug-in wire mesh mortar layer.
8, quickly mounted bamboo house according to claim 1 and 2 is characterized in that, described exterior wall and deck water proof structure add waterproof coating again and constitute by filling caulking material between wallboard.
CNU200720065280XU 2007-12-03 2007-12-03 Fast-fabricated bamboo house Expired - Fee Related CN201128950Y (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNU200720065280XU CN201128950Y (en) 2007-12-03 2007-12-03 Fast-fabricated bamboo house

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNU200720065280XU CN201128950Y (en) 2007-12-03 2007-12-03 Fast-fabricated bamboo house

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN201128950Y true CN201128950Y (en) 2008-10-08

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101691785B (en) * 2009-10-09 2011-04-13 李登满 Building method of bamboo structure house with open internal wall
CN102733466A (en) * 2011-04-01 2012-10-17 高玉和 Modularization mobile toilet
CN103061533A (en) * 2013-01-18 2013-04-24 四川大学 Environment-friendly anti-seismic eco-house system suitable for mountainous areas
CN104989010B (en) * 2015-07-10 2017-07-28 昆明理工大学 A kind of connection method for bamboo and wood prefabricated panel

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101691785B (en) * 2009-10-09 2011-04-13 李登满 Building method of bamboo structure house with open internal wall
CN102733466A (en) * 2011-04-01 2012-10-17 高玉和 Modularization mobile toilet
CN102733466B (en) * 2011-04-01 2015-03-25 高玉和 Modularization mobile toilet
CN103061533A (en) * 2013-01-18 2013-04-24 四川大学 Environment-friendly anti-seismic eco-house system suitable for mountainous areas
CN104989010B (en) * 2015-07-10 2017-07-28 昆明理工大学 A kind of connection method for bamboo and wood prefabricated panel

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GR01 Patent grant
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20081008

Termination date: 20111203

C17 Cessation of patent right