CN101314962B - Fabricated building of composite material - Google Patents

Fabricated building of composite material Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101314962B
CN101314962B CN2008100220379A CN200810022037A CN101314962B CN 101314962 B CN101314962 B CN 101314962B CN 2008100220379 A CN2008100220379 A CN 2008100220379A CN 200810022037 A CN200810022037 A CN 200810022037A CN 101314962 B CN101314962 B CN 101314962B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
composite
wallboard
roof panel
panel
fabricated building
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN2008100220379A
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Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN101314962A (en
Inventor
刘伟庆
方海
鲍相宇
万里
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Jiangsu Bohong New Material Technology Co., Ltd.
Original Assignee
Nanjing University of Science and Technology
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Nanjing University of Science and Technology filed Critical Nanjing University of Science and Technology
Priority to CN2008100220379A priority Critical patent/CN101314962B/en
Publication of CN101314962A publication Critical patent/CN101314962A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN101314962B publication Critical patent/CN101314962B/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The invention discloses a fabricated building made of a composite material. A wallboard (3) and a roof panel (4) thereof adopt a composite sandwich structure form which takes foam or light wood as the core material, and the industrialized production can be performed. The roof panel (4) and the wallboard (3) have higher bearing capacity and form a wallboard self-supporting system, and a stress system of a glass fiber reinforced plastic beam column framework (5) is also can adopted. Because the fabricated building made of the composite material has the advantages of light weight, high strength, heat preservation, energy conservation and corrosion resistance, the rapid assembly can be realized, and the fabricated building can be used for various temporary buildings and permanent buildings, such as temporary buildings for emergency rescue and disaster relief,temporary buildings for field operation of oil extraction and exploration, temporary command posts, etc.

Description

A kind of fabricated building of composite material
Technical field
But the present invention relates to the fabricated building of composite material that a kind of batch production is produced, belong to building field.
Background technology
Traditional house building pattern mostly is the site operation mode, as: masonry structure, reinforced concrete structure, steel work etc., the site work amount is big, and operation is many, and construction period is long.Therefore the assembling pattern that is changed to by the whole members of plant produced by traditional site operation pattern has been the inevitable outcome of human house building history development.And at present common prefabricated building mainly to adopt light steel or wooden construction be skeleton system, enclosed structure is then mostly to be light weight boards of various novel environment friendlies, as chromatic steel sandwich plate, no asbestos calcium silicate board with microporous (NALC plate), oriented wood chipboard (OSB plate), glass fibre reinforced composion (GRC) light cellular partition board, plant fibre cement composite material (PRC) light composite wall partition panel etc.But the prefabricated building of existing steel, wooden structures skeleton system have easy-to-rust, damage by worms, poor durability, defective such as attractive in appearance inadequately, application life is comparatively of short duration, maintenance cost is higher, and this house component often conduct oneself with dignity bigger, give convenient transportation and rapidly assembling bring difficulty.Though and the sheet material of its use part has advantages such as light-weight environment-friendly, energy-saving heat preserving, waterproof fireproofing, prolonged corrosion resistant, its mechanical property is not high, often can not use as load-bearing wall panel separately.
Summary of the invention
The objective of the invention is in order to solve the problems of traditional steel, wooden prefabricated building, solve the problem that existing building safeguards that the sheet material mechanical property is not high, can not use as load-bearing wall panel simultaneously, what proposed to be convenient to the batch production manufacturing utilizes the fabricated building of composite material of composite sandwich construction material as wallboard and roof panel.
Purpose of the present invention can reach by following measure:
Fabricated building of composite material can be single or multiple lift, it comprises wallboard 3, roof panel 4, wallboard 3 and roof panel 4 adopt the composite material sandwich structure form, and this composite material sandwich structure comprises core 1 and panel 2, is provided with the panel 2 that fiber layer of cloth and resin solidification form in the two sides of core 1.Flat types of roofs can be adopted, also the pitched roof form can be adopted.
Described core 1 material is Balsa wood, paulownia wood, China fir, oak, veneer, polyurethane foam, polyvinyl chloride foam or carbon foam.The kind of core and thickness can be adjusted flexibly according to stressed needs.
The fiber layer of cloth that described panel 2 adopts is: single shaft to, twin shaft to or multiaxis to carbon fiber, glass fiber, basalt fibre, aramid fiber or hybridization cloth, the resin that panel 2 adopts is: unsaturated polyester (UP), vinylite, epoxy resin or phenolic resins.The laying direction of fiber layer of cloth and the number of plies can be adjusted flexibly according to stressed needs, and the thickness of core both sides panel can unanimity also can be inconsistent.
Insert connection, rivet connection or bolt connection by tongue and groove between described wallboard 3 and the roof panel 4 or between the wallboard 3 or between the roof panel 4.
Also can connect by beam column skeleton 5 between described wallboard 3 and the roof panel 4 or between the wallboard 3 or between the roof panel 4, beam column skeleton 5 is provided with some grooves, during connection wallboard 3 or roof panel 4 closely is embedded in the groove of beam column skeleton 5.The beam column skeleton is main bearing system.Can comprise door and window during the wallboard assembly unit.
Described beam column skeleton 5 comprises three kinds according to the position of its upper groove with the different of quantity: L type beam column skeleton 7, T type beam column skeleton 8, I type beam column skeleton 9, beam column skeleton 5 is a section bar, this section bar is that glass fiber, basalt fibre, metal material or composite material are made.The size of beam column skeleton 5 with and the quantity of upper groove and position can adjust by the number of plies flexible design of concrete stressed needs and prefabricated building.
The adjacent junction of described roof panel 4 is provided with ridge 6, and ridge 6 is a section bar, and this section bar is that glass fiber, basalt fibre, metal material or composite material are made.The shape of ridge 6 and size can need the flexible design adjustment by the gradient and the draining of roof panel.
Above-mentioned wallboard 3 and roof panel 4 can adopt hand to stick with paste technology, vacuum bag moulding process, vacuum guiding and forming technique or the preparation of RTM (resin transfer moulding) moulding process.Above-mentioned beam column skeleton 5 and ridge 6 adopt the pultrude process preparation.
The present invention has following advantage:
Fabricated building of composite material of the present invention is compared with other existing products, its maximum characteristics are: in light weight, the intensity height, protection against the tide, sound insulation, corrosion-resistant, antistripping, heat insulation, insulation, energy-conservation, wallboard has advantages of high bearing capacity, can realize quick assembling, can be used for various provisional and permanent houses, as: field work one off houses such as disaster relief and rescue one off houses, the exploration of recovering the oil, interim command post etc.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the essential structure schematic diagram of wallboard of the present invention and roof panel.
Fig. 2 is a fabricated building of composite material schematic diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is a beam column skeleton schematic diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is a ridge schematic diagram of the present invention.
Among the figure: 1 is core, comprising: cork wood (Balsa wood, paulownia wood, China fir, oak, veneer etc.) and foam (polyurethane, polyvinyl chloride, carbon foam etc.); 2 is panel, is formed by fiber layer of cloth and resin solidification; 3 is wallboard; 4 roof panel; 5 is the beam column skeleton; 6 is ridge; 7 is L type beam column skeleton; 8 is T type beam column skeleton; 9 is I type beam column skeleton.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments the present invention is further described:
Embodiment 1
Fabricated building of composite material of the present invention is 1 layer, it comprises wallboard 3 and roof panel 4, wallboard has weight capacity, the core 1 of wallboard 3 and roof panel 4 is a paulownia wood, panel 2 is formed to glass fabric and the phenolic resin curing with fire resistance by two-layer twin shaft, adopts the preparation of vacuum introducing technology.Roof panel 4 is a pitched roof, and glass fiber reinforced plastic ridge 6 is adopted at its top.
Embodiment 2
Fabricated building of composite material of the present invention is 1 layer, it comprises wallboard 3 and roof panel 4, and wallboard has weight capacity, and the core 1 of wallboard 3 and roof panel 4 is a polyurethane foam, panel 2 is formed by 1 layer of four-axial basalt fiber cloth and epoxy resin cure, adopts hand to stick with paste the technology preparation.Roof panel 4 is flat roof.
Embodiment 3
Fabricated building of composite material of the present invention is 2 layers, and it comprises wallboard 3, roof panel 4 and glass fiber reinforced plastic beam column skeleton 5, and the beam column skeleton is main stress system.The core 1 of wallboard 3 and roof panel 4 is the PVC foam, and panel 2 is formed by 1 layer of four-axial glass fabric and vinylite curing, adopts the preparation of RTM technology.Roof panel 4 is a pitched roof, and glass fiber reinforced plastic ridge 6 is adopted at its top.
The manufacture method of above-mentioned fabricated building of composite material can adopt craft or suitability for industrialized production, and roughly preparation process is as follows:
A. adopt hand to stick with paste technology, vacuum bag moulding process, vacuum guiding and forming technique or RTM moulding process and prepare composite material sandwich structure sheet material, its panel is the composite material that fiber and resin solidification form, core is light materials such as foam, cork wood, as accompanying drawing 1;
B. the composite board that makes is cut into the wallboard and the roof panel of standard module, wallboard employing tongue and groove plug-in type or rivet, bolt assembly unit connect, and form the wallboard bearing system;
C. wherein the b step also can be put up the beam column skeleton earlier, and wallboard is embedded wherein, forms beam column skeleton stress system;
D. after wallboard is built up, roof panel can be built, flat roof or pitched roof can be adopted.
E. if adopt pitched roof, can the glass fiber reinforced plastic ridge be set at adjacent roof panel place.
At this moment, the fabricated building of composite material of or beam column skeleton stress system stressed with wallboard is built and is finished, and its wallboard and roof panel have high-strength light, heat preservation energy-saving, remarkable advantage such as corrosion-resistant.
Wherein: the structure of the kind of the kind of the kind of core 1 and thickness, panel 2 and the number of plies, resin, wallboard 3 and roof panel 4 all can be adjusted as required flexibly.

Claims (4)

1. fabricated building of composite material, it comprises wallboard (3), roof panel (4), it is characterized in that wallboard (3) and roof panel (4) adopt the composite material sandwich structure form, this composite material sandwich structure comprises core (1) and panel (2), is provided with the panel (2) that fiber layer of cloth and resin solidification form in the two sides of core (1); Connect by beam column skeleton (5) between described wallboard (3) and the roof panel (4) or between the wallboard (3) or between the roof panel (4), beam column skeleton (5) is provided with some grooves, during connection wallboard (3) or roof panel (4) closely is embedded in the groove of beam column skeleton (5); Described beam column skeleton (5) is divided into three kinds according to the position of its upper groove with the different of quantity: L type beam column skeleton (7), T type beam column skeleton (8), I type beam column skeleton (9), above-mentioned three kinds of beam column skeletons (5) are section bar, and this section bar is that glass fiber, basalt fibre, metal material or composite material are made.
2. fabricated building of composite material according to claim 1 is characterized in that described core (1) material is Balsa wood, paulownia wood, China fir, oak, veneer, polyurethane foam, polyvinyl chloride foam or carbon foam.
3. fabricated building of composite material according to claim 1, it is characterized in that the fiber layer of cloth that described panel (2) adopts is: single shaft to or multiaxis to carbon fiber, glass fiber, basalt fibre, aramid fiber or hybridization cloth, the resin that panel (2) adopts is: unsaturated polyester (UP), vinylite, epoxy resin or phenolic resins.
4. fabricated building of composite material according to claim 1 is characterized in that the adjacent junction of described roof panel (4) is provided with ridge (6), and ridge (6) is a section bar, and this section bar is that glass fiber, basalt fibre, metal material or composite material are made.
CN2008100220379A 2008-07-17 2008-07-17 Fabricated building of composite material Expired - Fee Related CN101314962B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2008100220379A CN101314962B (en) 2008-07-17 2008-07-17 Fabricated building of composite material

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2008100220379A CN101314962B (en) 2008-07-17 2008-07-17 Fabricated building of composite material

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN101314962A CN101314962A (en) 2008-12-03
CN101314962B true CN101314962B (en) 2010-09-22

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Family Applications (1)

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CN2008100220379A Expired - Fee Related CN101314962B (en) 2008-07-17 2008-07-17 Fabricated building of composite material

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111287492A (en) * 2020-03-05 2020-06-16 山东平安建筑工业化科技有限公司 Novel modern assembled house

Families Citing this family (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103112178B (en) * 2012-10-08 2015-09-09 郭格林 The manufacture method of one-body molded mobile building
CN104912249A (en) * 2014-03-13 2015-09-16 徐卫国 Fibre-reinforced composite non-linear architecture

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111287492A (en) * 2020-03-05 2020-06-16 山东平安建筑工业化科技有限公司 Novel modern assembled house

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Address after: 3905, room 200040, SOHO, Donghai Plaza, 299 Tongren Road, Shanghai, Jingan District

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Patentee before: Nanjing University of Technology

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