CN101230759A - Design construction method for even fight combining with underground automobile garage mouth - Google Patents

Design construction method for even fight combining with underground automobile garage mouth Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101230759A
CN101230759A CNA2008100260018A CN200810026001A CN101230759A CN 101230759 A CN101230759 A CN 101230759A CN A2008100260018 A CNA2008100260018 A CN A2008100260018A CN 200810026001 A CN200810026001 A CN 200810026001A CN 101230759 A CN101230759 A CN 101230759A
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China
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wartime
peacetime
clear glass
garage
construction method
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CNA2008100260018A
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CN100560920C (en
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姚军
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Guangdong Tiandun Renfang Engineering Technology Co ltd
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Individual
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Abstract

The invention discloses a design and construction method for a mouth part of a peacetime and wartime combined underground garage, and the method adopts the prior construction technology of the current construction project. A sinking-mode underground small-sized structure foundation which is in a pit shape is built at the mouth part. The structure foundation comprises an atrium, a civil air protective passageway, a civil air sealing passageway, a peacetime ventilation plant room and an air collecting chamber. The structure foundation is communicated with the underground garage by a fire door, a clear glass component for natural illumination and ventilation is adopted at the ground outdoors, and a clear glass head cover and a clear glass water retaining and clear glass ventilation grills are provided. A floor slab of a wall body under the ground outdoors adopts a reinforced concrete structure, the wall body is provided with a normally open civil air protective sealing valve, and clear fireproof glass is arranged behind the normally open civil air protective sealing valve for natural illumination. A protruded ground section of an implementation structure foundation of the invention is built by the clear glass, thereby having favorable natural illumination effect. A built ventilation passageway provides a favorable air inlet and outlet condition for forming a comfortable indoor environment.

Description

A kind of design and construction method of manufacturing products for both peacetime and wartime us underground automobile garage mouth
Technical field
The present invention relates to building engineering field, particularly relate to a kind of design and construction method of manufacturing products for both peacetime and wartime us underground automobile garage mouth.
Background technology
The 22 regulation of the existing Civil Air Defense Law of the PRC: the newly-built civilian construction in city, build the basement that can be used for air defense wartime according to the provisions of the relevant regulations issued by the State.National departments concerned is also stipulated: the city is newly-built more than 10 layers or 9 layer below the civilian construction of embeded depth of foundation more than 3 meters, should build the air defense basement corresponding to first floor building area.
Because the promulgation of people's air defense method, China has built the air defense basement of a large amount of areas in city construction engineering.And air defense basement and underground automobile garage all belong to the part in the building engineering field, the air defense basement that has a large capacity and a wide range uses in conjunction with basement garage function often, at ordinary times as the basement garage, wartime then as air defense basement, form the multi-functional basement garage of manufacturing products for both peacetime and wartime us.
According to existing " Code for design of basement for civil air defence " GB50038-2005 regulation, air defense basement is meant the basement with predetermined air defense in wartime function; Oral area is meant the main body and the ground surface of air defense basement, or with the coupling part of other basements building; Protective unit is meant in air defense basement, the usage space that its protective equipment and internal unit all can establish one's own system, and each air defense basement is all divided protective unit by area requirements; Outdoor access is meant that the ground segment (unshielded roof section) that of passage is positioned at air defense basement upper building drop shadow spread access in addition; The specification forces clause requires each protective unit that an outdoor access must minimumly be set.
According to existing " garage, garage parking, parking lot design fire code " GB50067-97 regulation, the underground automobile garage of area above 2000 square metres should be provided with the mechanical smoke extraction system, and airshaft is the important component part of mechanical smoke extraction system; In addition, underground automobile garage is divided fire compartmentation according to certain area requirements, fire compartmentation is no more than 4000 square metres under the condition with fire-fighting automatic spray fire extinguishing system, the mechanical smoke extraction system requirements of each fire compartmentation independently is provided with, therefore each fire compartmentation generally all relates to airshaft, and large-scale underground automobile garage contains a considerable amount of airshafts.At present, airshaft all is independent setting generally, has single ventilation function of use, and airshaft quite a lot protrudes ground respectively, makes troubles for sub-district garden landscape planning.
As the people defence area, protection and seal are the characteristics of manufacturing products for both peacetime and wartime us basement garage, it causes this class to be required that the building of sealing is difficult to have some natural lightings, each place, all need consumed power to carry out illuminating and lighting all the time, and the interior architectural applications environment is relatively poor, can't see a green plants and outdoor environment, the environmental protection and saving type green building that the construction of current basement garage and nation-building portion carry out is also far apart.
Beyond upper building drop shadow spread is the outstanding feature of the outdoor access of people's air defense, these characteristics cause the outdoor access of people's air defense can't and upper building between produce and vertically get in touch, the outdoor access of people's air defense can't give that the personnel of live and work offer convenience in upper building, so people usually are accustomed to using the elevator that links to each other on vertical with top-out or stair and do not use the outdoor access of people's air defense.When the outdoor access of people's air defense is used for personnel at ordinary times and comes in and goes out, the small-scale terrestrial building that goes out the outdoor ground section is traditionally arranged to be between the sealing fire-escape stair, be higher than about 3 meters of outdoor ground between ladder, such protrusion entity can influence the aesthetic feeling of sub-district garden landscape greatly, therefore, now for obsolete outdoor access at ordinary times, often be not utilized at ordinary times, general all above it outdoor ground places,, only just be opened and use its tight covering with prefabricated units as the outdoor access of people's air defense at durante bello.The outdoor access that is not utilized has at ordinary times not only taken the land resources of certain area, and constructs it and also need substantial contribution.
Comprehensive above technical background is described, and the deficiency of the automobile garage mouth of basement at ordinary times of manufacturing products for both peacetime and wartime us at present is: the outdoor access of people's air defense is generally hidden by prefabricated units, and is not fully utilized in this outlet at ordinary times; Airshaft generally all is independent setting, only has single ventilation function of use, and airshaft mostly protrudes ground, influences sub-district garden landscape design; The basement garage belongs to enclosure space, generally has only artificial illumination, and does not have natural lighting, wastes electric power on the one hand, lacks architectural environment on the other hand, brings the sensation that people constrain.
Summary of the invention
The design and construction method that the purpose of this invention is to provide a kind of manufacturing products for both peacetime and wartime us underground automobile garage mouth, with the manufacturing products for both peacetime and wartime us underground automobile garage mouth is design object, design the structure job practices that can obtain good ventilation, strengthen the natural lighting effect, improve architectural environment and realize people's air defense outdoor access in wartime, the present invention's influence of manufacturing products for both peacetime and wartime us underground automobile garage mouth of having taken on a new look greatly to the sub-district garden landscape, and improved the service condition of manufacturing products for both peacetime and wartime us underground automobile garage, it has very strong reproducibility in engineering practice, be easy to promote.
The present invention can realize by following measure, a kind of design and construction method of manufacturing products for both peacetime and wartime us underground automobile garage mouth, it is characterized in that adopting existing construction technology on the present construction work market, build up the underground small-sized structure that a sunk type is the pit shape at oral area, these structure include Zhongting, people's air defense gas defence passage, people's air defense airtight passage, mean time ventilation machine room and collection chamber, and these structure are communicated with by labeled door with underground automobile garage; These structure adopt transparent glass member to carry out natural lighting and ventilation in the outdoor ground section, comprise clear glass top cover, clear glass dash and clear glass ventilating blind, body of wall below the outdoor ground section and floor adopt reinforced concrete structure, the people's air defense airtight blast door of often opening at ordinary times is installed on the body of wall, behind the people's air defense airtight blast door of often opening at ordinary times transparent fire-resistant glass is set again and carries out natural lighting.
The present invention can do following improvement, and it also is the intersection of several fire compartmentations simultaneously that described structure are arranged in the several Protective Unit of Civil Air Defence subregions of basement parking garage, and structure are realized the mechanical ventilation of the several fire compartmentations of basement parking garage simultaneously.Because it generally is that the Protective Unit of Civil Air Defence subregion combines with fire compartmentation that basement is provided with, structure are arranged in several Protective Unit of Civil Air Defence subregions, also be the point of interface place of several fire compartmentations simultaneously, can solve the ventilation and the daylighting problem of several subregions simultaneously, form people's air defense outdoor access in wartime, and have comfortable architectural environment.
The present invention can be further improved, and described structure are arranged in B1 garage or underground multilayer garage.The present invention can also be applicable to the multilayer underground garage not only applicable to one deck basement parking garage, has improved the service efficiency of structure.
The present invention can also do following improvement, adopt in the Zhongting of described structure cast-in-situ steel reinforced concrete make permanent stair or after add the assembling steel structure stairway and realize that wartime personnel are current in ground by basement, form people's air defense outdoor access in wartime.The following body of wall floor of permanent stair of steel concrete and outdoor ground section is constructed and disposable the cast simultaneously; And the stair of assembling type steel structure are to seal up for safekeeping after at ordinary times the steel work built-up member being carried out, and can be in place in a short period of time wartime, and the outdoor access of assembling people's air defense bench has been dwindled the Zhongting area of structure, and is more economical.
The Zhongting ground of described structure and metope use the white construction material.The white construction material can increase the room lighting degree, has better natural lighting effect.
Arrange green plants on the Zhongting metope of described structure, ground and the outdoor access bench.
On the Zhongting ground of described structure the background illumination lamp is set.
Indoor occupant can be seen Zhongting greening view, via setting off by contrast of background illumination lamp, makes the people pleasing more, brings people comfortable visual experience.
It is the curvilinear clear glass top cover of wave that described clear glass top cover is built into profile.
Described clear glass top cover is built into the container shapes that profile is a charge for remittance, and at internal tank water fountain shower nozzle is set, and forms the fountain water scenery.
The outdoor ground section of unique glass roof profile and full glass system has formed the architectural featurette of sub-district garden landscape planning, and the fountain moulding of glass roof incorporates these structure in the view of sub-district fully.
Compared with prior art, adopt design and construction method of the present invention that following advantage is arranged:
1, the present invention is under the requirement of satisfying existing standard, natural light and green plants view are introduced in the basement garage of manufacturing products for both peacetime and wartime us, improve the architectural environment of manufacturing products for both peacetime and wartime us underground automobile garage effectively, eliminated the psychological pressure of underground automobile garage indoor occupant, have high use value.
2, by structure structure compactness of the invention process, reduce implementation cost and only take the land resources of small size, possess multiple functions such as the outdoor access of people's air defense, mean time ventilation vertical shaft, natural lighting, indoor architecture environment and landscape hardwork essay, have high economic worth.
3, the present invention combines technology such as people's air defense, fire-fighting, garden planning, constructional materials and environmental protection and energy saving, both can a thing one usefulness by the structure after the inventive method construction, and also can one-object-many-purposes.
4, the present invention has very strong reproducibility in engineering is used, and is easy to promote.The structure of implementing by invention do not have fixed shape, length, highly, the number of plies and status requirement, it will be easy to be fused in each concrete individual works and go.
5, the form that structure of the invention process can the surface structures essay incorporates in the garden landscape of sub-district and goes, it is all-glass construction and the corpusculum amount architectural featurette about 1.3 meters highly only that structure protrude ground segment, like this, the airshaft that it can be counted as enlarging and be not subjected to special concern, so, the owner of sub-district and developer are willing to accept these class structure psychologically, thereby can extensive use on market.
6, structure protrusion ground segment of the invention process is a totally-enclosed body except that the mean time ventilation blinds, and the personnel of ground running comprise the child who plays in the sub-district, will can not fall wherein, do not have potential safety hazard, meet the common interests of each side.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is a structure floor map of the invention process;
Fig. 2 is Fig. 1 structure A-A of the invention process generalized section.
Among the figure, 1-Zhongting, 2-people's air defense gas defence passage, 3-mean time ventilation machine room, 4-people's air defense airtight passage, 5-labeled door, 6-steel concrete or after add the assembling steel structure stairway, 7-people's air defense airtight blast door, 8-transparent fire-resistant glass, 9-clear glass dash, 10-clear glass ventilating blind, 11-clear glass top cover, 12-Protective Unit of Civil Air Defence one, 13-Protective Unit of Civil Air Defence two, 14-background illumination lamp, 15-people's air defense diffuser casing, the 16-green plants, the 17-reinforced concrete structure, 18-collection chamber, 19-grade, 20-people's air defense valve, 21-people's air defense sealed door, the common brick wall of 22-
The specific embodiment
As Fig. 1, shown in Figure 2, the design and construction method of a kind of manufacturing products for both peacetime and wartime us underground automobile garage mouth of the present invention, be to adopt existing construction technology on the present construction work market, build up the underground small-sized structure that a sunk type is the pit shape at the manufacturing products for both peacetime and wartime us underground automobile garage mouth, these structure are arranged in the intersection of basement parking garage Protective Unit of Civil Air Defence one and Protective Unit of Civil Air Defence two, the Protective Unit of Civil Air Defence subregion also is two fire compartmentations simultaneously, these structure are arranged in the B1 garage, structure include Zhongting, people's air defense gas defence passage, the people's air defense airtight passage, mean time ventilation machine room and collection chamber, also comprise the people's air defense diffuser casing, it communicates with Zhongting by the people's air defense valve, and these structure are communicated with underground automobile garage by labeled door; Structure adopt transparent glass member to carry out natural lighting and ventilation in the outdoor ground section, comprise clear glass top cover, clear glass dash and clear glass ventilating blind, wherein, clear glass dash, clear glass ventilating blind and clear glass top cover are upwards constructed by grade successively, the clear glass dash is located at the outdoor ground place around the structure, prevents that surface water from pouring in down a chimney into Zhongting; Clear glass top cover profile is the wave curve-like, the clear glass cap height is set at approximately 1.3 meters apart from grade, this is highly moderate, better appearance, and can satisfy the requirement of lateral ventilation, also the clear glass top cover can be made the container shapes that profile is a charge for remittance, and water fountain shower nozzle is set at internal tank, form the fountain water scenery, can also make other shape, make its moulding be easy to incorporate among the garden landscape of sub-district.
The following body of wall floor of the outdoor ground section of structure adopts reinforced concrete structure, and body of wall floor and agent structure are constructed and disposable the cast simultaneously; The outdoor access of structure bench can be provided with cast-in-situ steel reinforced concrete make permanent stair or after add the assembling steel structure stairway, realize that wartime, personnel were passed through to ground by basement, wherein, the following body of wall floor of permanent stair of steel concrete and outdoor ground section is constructed and disposable the cast simultaneously, the stair of assembling type steel structure are to seal up for safekeeping after at ordinary times the steel work built-up member being carried out, and can be in place in a short period of time wartime.
On the body of wall below the outdoor ground section people's air defense airtight blast door is installed, transparent fire-resistant glass is set behind the people's air defense airtight blast door again carries out natural lighting, at ordinary times, the people's air defense airtight blast door all is the state of opening, it is indoor that the natural light that penetrates from glass roof and other glass component can be injected underground automobile garage by transparent fire-resistant glass, should do the area of airtight blast door and transparent fire-resistant glass big as far as possible, can strengthen the natural lighting effect, in wartime, implement to meet the airtight blast door gate-type shutoff of people's air defense requirement.
In the present invention, realize the system of mean time ventilation vertical shaft function, its air intake path is: the people's air defense sealed door → collection chamber (labeled door of collection chamber is normally closed) of the people's air defense airtight blast door → people's air defense gas defence passage of outdoor fresh air → side direction clear glass blinds → Zhongting → often open or people's air defense airtight passage → often open → pass through common brick wall (starting point of ventilating duct is set) → mechanical ventilator (mean time ventilation the machine room) → underground automobile garage indoor (terminal point of ventilating duct is set) of collection chamber; And the air draft path is opposite with the air intake path, because the transparent fire-resistant glass that daylighting and view use can stop the gas crossfire effectively, thereby can guarantee the establishment of above-mentioned ventilating path.
It also is the intersection of several fire compartmentations simultaneously that these structure can be arranged in the several Protective Unit of Civil Air Defence subregions of basement parking garage, can also be arranged in underground multilayer garage, such as underground two-layer, three layers or four layers of garage, for example a certain underground automobile garage, total F3/B3, these structure are arranged at four fire compartmentations (Protective Unit of Civil Air Defence subregion) intersection, amount to 12 fire compartmentations, structure just can be realized the ventilation of 12 fire compartmentations, the natural lighting function, and possesses the outdoor access of personnel in wartime of Protective Unit of Civil Air Defence subregion, form comfortable architectural environment etc., its service efficiency is multiplied.
Coat at the Zhongting ground of these structure and metope and to sweep up dust water or to stick white construction material such as white ceramic tiles, increase the room lighting degree, have better natural lighting effect; The background illumination lamp to be set on Zhongting ground, and to arrange green plants on the bench of the outdoor access of Zhongting metope, ground and people's air defense, in order not shutting out the light, to use short plant as far as possible, green coverage is big as far as possible.
One-object-many-purposes of the present invention utilizes the various attributes of this constructional materials of glass, realization glass printing opacity as much as possible, rainproof, waterproof, fire prevention and performance such as ornamental on structure of the present invention; The airtight blast door of people's air defense, sealed door and gas defence passage are people's air defense outdoor access in wartime, also are the mechanical ventilation passages of underground automobile garage at ordinary times; The people's air defense airtight blast door is the shutoff measure member of people's air defense, also is the natural lighting passage, especially the green windows of underground automobile garage indoor architecture environment; The structure Zhongting is the passage of the outdoor access of people's air defense, also is the vent passages and the green plants seating position of underground automobile garage, the natural lighting media of underground automobile garage especially.
Structure of the invention process are made by clear glass basically in the outdoor ground section, glittering and translucent, it is long-pending little to protrude the ground segment body, and it is transparent again, can not block people's sight, by day, indoor occupant can be seen the greening and the landscape more than the part outdoor ground of Zhongting by transparent daylighting flame resistant glass; To night, after the Zhongting background light is opened, setting off green plant, and the anaclasis that sees through ground surface glass multi-angle, build emerald beautiful scenery and just produced, under the irradiation of Zhongting background light, indoor occupant can be seen identical view equally.Very affine of the indoor occupant of underground automobile garage and outdoor environment, even blowing and raining that can the perception outdoor ground like this, with eliminating the discomfort sensation that enclosure space in the past brings greatly, make these structure become sub-district garden landscape planning building essay.Certainly, no matter night on daytime, outdoor personnel also can see the greening of structure Zhongting simultaneously.
In wartime, remove the clear glass top cover, just can make things convenient for wartime personnel from the turnover of the outdoor access of people's air defense bench.

Claims (9)

1. the design and construction method of the underground automobile garage mouth of a manufacturing products for both peacetime and wartime us, it is characterized in that: adopt existing construction technology on the present construction work market, build up the underground small-sized structure that a sunk type is the pit shape at oral area, these structure include Zhongting, people's air defense gas defence passage, people's air defense airtight passage, mean time ventilation machine room and collection chamber, and these structure are communicated with by labeled door with underground automobile garage; These structure adopt transparent glass member to carry out natural lighting and ventilation in the outdoor ground section, comprise clear glass top cover, clear glass dash and clear glass ventilating blind, body of wall floor below the outdoor ground section adopts reinforced concrete structure, the people's air defense airtight blast door of often opening is installed on the body of wall, behind the people's air defense airtight blast door of often opening transparent fire-resistant glass is set again and carries out natural lighting.
2. the design and construction method of manufacturing products for both peacetime and wartime us air automobile garage mouth according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: it also is the intersection of several fire compartmentations simultaneously that described structure are arranged in the several Protective Unit of Civil Air Defence subregions of basement parking garage, and structure are realized the mechanical ventilation of the several fire compartmentations of basement parking garage simultaneously.
3. the design and construction method of manufacturing products for both peacetime and wartime us air automobile garage mouth according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described structure are arranged in B1 garage or underground multilayer garage.
4. according to the design and construction method of the underground automobile garage mouth of claim 2 or 3 described manufacturing products for both peacetime and wartime uss, it is characterized in that: adopt in the Zhongting of described structure cast-in-situ steel reinforced concrete make permanent stair or after add the assembling steel structure stairway and realize that wartime personnel are current in ground by basement, form people's air defense outdoor access in wartime.
5. according to the design and construction method of the underground automobile garage mouth of claim 2 or 3 described manufacturing products for both peacetime and wartime uss, it is characterized in that: the Zhongting ground of described structure and metope use the white construction material.
6. according to the design and construction method of the underground automobile garage mouth of claim 2 or 3 described manufacturing products for both peacetime and wartime uss, it is characterized in that: arrange green plants on the Zhongting metope of described structure, ground and the outdoor access bench.
7. according to the design and construction method of the underground automobile garage mouth of claim 2 or 3 described manufacturing products for both peacetime and wartime uss, it is characterized in that: on the Zhongting ground of described structure the background illumination lamp is set.
8. the design and construction method of the underground automobile garage mouth of manufacturing products for both peacetime and wartime us according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: it is the curvilinear clear glass top cover of wave that described clear glass top cover is built into profile.
9. the design and construction method of the underground automobile garage mouth of manufacturing products for both peacetime and wartime us according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described clear glass top cover is built into the container shapes that profile is a charge for remittance, and at internal tank water fountain shower nozzle is set, and forms the fountain water scenery.
CNB2008100260018A 2008-01-24 2008-01-24 A kind of design and construction method of manufacturing products for both peacetime and wartime us underground automobile garage mouth Expired - Fee Related CN100560920C (en)

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Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101798934A (en) * 2009-02-10 2010-08-11 上海市政工程设计研究总院 Light shielding segment structure of tunnel (subway) and construction method thereof
CN102134857A (en) * 2011-02-14 2011-07-27 上海市城市建设设计研究院 Underground vehicle driving channel
CN102296878A (en) * 2011-05-18 2011-12-28 陈志龙 Household shelter integrating underground parking function
CN101476401B (en) * 2008-12-30 2013-12-25 上海市政工程设计研究总院 Semi-opened underground garage
CN103842598A (en) * 2011-06-27 2014-06-04 室井纮 Architectural structure
CN106437264A (en) * 2016-08-31 2017-02-22 浙江华安电子科技有限公司 Safety guaranteeing device for civil air-defense construction
CN108019079A (en) * 2017-12-09 2018-05-11 惠州市人防工程设计院有限公司 A kind of air-raid shelter's protective unit diffuser casing faces people's air defense staircase structure
CN109779371A (en) * 2018-12-24 2019-05-21 惠州市人防工程设计院有限公司 A kind of air-raid shelter's port structure
CN110528926A (en) * 2019-09-20 2019-12-03 上海市地下空间设计研究总院有限公司 A kind of lakebed people's air defense garage
CN114592731A (en) * 2021-10-25 2022-06-07 全焜 Peacetime and war time combined underground garage

Cited By (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101476401B (en) * 2008-12-30 2013-12-25 上海市政工程设计研究总院 Semi-opened underground garage
CN101798934A (en) * 2009-02-10 2010-08-11 上海市政工程设计研究总院 Light shielding segment structure of tunnel (subway) and construction method thereof
CN101798934B (en) * 2009-02-10 2014-05-21 上海市政工程设计研究总院 Light shielding segment structure of tunnel (subway) and construction method thereof
CN102134857A (en) * 2011-02-14 2011-07-27 上海市城市建设设计研究院 Underground vehicle driving channel
CN102134857B (en) * 2011-02-14 2013-06-12 上海市城市建设设计研究院 Underground vehicle driving channel
CN102296878A (en) * 2011-05-18 2011-12-28 陈志龙 Household shelter integrating underground parking function
CN103842598A (en) * 2011-06-27 2014-06-04 室井纮 Architectural structure
CN106437264A (en) * 2016-08-31 2017-02-22 浙江华安电子科技有限公司 Safety guaranteeing device for civil air-defense construction
CN106437264B (en) * 2016-08-31 2018-10-12 浙江华安电子科技有限公司 A kind of safety convenience instrument of civil air defense constructions and installations
CN108019079A (en) * 2017-12-09 2018-05-11 惠州市人防工程设计院有限公司 A kind of air-raid shelter's protective unit diffuser casing faces people's air defense staircase structure
CN109779371A (en) * 2018-12-24 2019-05-21 惠州市人防工程设计院有限公司 A kind of air-raid shelter's port structure
CN110528926A (en) * 2019-09-20 2019-12-03 上海市地下空间设计研究总院有限公司 A kind of lakebed people's air defense garage
CN114592731A (en) * 2021-10-25 2022-06-07 全焜 Peacetime and war time combined underground garage

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Granted publication date: 20091118