CN101229475A - Method of using ammonia process to remove carbon dioxide from generating plant smoke gas and system thereof - Google Patents

Method of using ammonia process to remove carbon dioxide from generating plant smoke gas and system thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101229475A
CN101229475A CNA2007100537134A CN200710053713A CN101229475A CN 101229475 A CN101229475 A CN 101229475A CN A2007100537134 A CNA2007100537134 A CN A2007100537134A CN 200710053713 A CN200710053713 A CN 200710053713A CN 101229475 A CN101229475 A CN 101229475A
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carbon dioxide
flue gas
ammonia
carbonic hydroammonium
ammoniacal liquor
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CN100551494C (en
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朱敬
韩旭
高翔鹏
余福胜
李瑞鑫
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WUHAN KAIDI ELECTRIC POWER ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION CO Ltd
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WUHAN KAIDI ELECTRIC POWER ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION CO Ltd
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A50/00TECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE in human health protection, e.g. against extreme weather
    • Y02A50/20Air quality improvement or preservation, e.g. vehicle emission control or emission reduction by using catalytic converters
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02CCAPTURE, STORAGE, SEQUESTRATION OR DISPOSAL OF GREENHOUSE GASES [GHG]
    • Y02C20/00Capture or disposal of greenhouse gases
    • Y02C20/40Capture or disposal of greenhouse gases of CO2

Abstract

The invention relates to a method for removing carbon dioxide from flue gas of power station by employing ammonia process and a system thereof. The method of the invention is that the spray of an ammonia empty tower circulation removes carbon dioxide; the ammonium hydrogen carbonate fell to tower bottom is divided into three paths: the first path is to circulate by means of a primary spray device at the upper part of a deposition pond; the second path is to circulate by means of a secondary spray device at the middle part of the deposition pond; the third path is that pumping the ammonium hydrogen carbonate out from the bottom of the deposition pond to process fertilizer ammonium bicarbonate after rotational flow, centrifugation and drying treatment; the flue gas after being removed carbon dioxide and defogged is emitted into atmosphere. The system comprises the primary spay device, the secondary spray device, a carbon dioxide absorbing tower of the defogging device from top to bottom, wherein, the primary spray device and the secondary spray device are respectively connected with the upper part and the middle of the deposition pond via a primary slurry circulation pump and a secondary circulation pump, and the water inlet of the primary spray device is provided with a ammonia supply device; the bottom of the deposition pond is serially connected with a cyclone separator, a centrifuge and a drier via a fluid thickening circulation pump; the invention is especially suitable for treating flue gas of power station with large flux and low carbon dioxide concentration, in addition, ammonium bicarbonate fertilizer can be obtained.

Description

Ammonia process removes the method and the system thereof of carbon dioxide in the generating plant flue gas
Technical field
The present invention relates to purification treatment technology, refer to that particularly a kind of ammonia process removes the method and the system thereof of carbon dioxide in the generating plant flue gas the coal-fired power station boiler tail flue gas.
Background technology
The atmosphere greenhouse effects are one of human main environmental problems that faced.Carbon dioxide is main greenhouse gases, and thermal power plant is the concentrated emission source of carbon dioxide, and its CO2 emissions account for 30% of carbon dioxide total release that mankind's activity causes.The amount of carbon dioxide that the thermal power plant of a 600MW per hour discharges can reach 500 tons.Therefore, in order to reduce Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide content, primary is to reduce the amount of carbon dioxide of station boiler tail flue gas to airborne release.
At present, the method for administering at carbon dioxide roughly can be divided into physical method and chemical method two big classes.Physical method mainly comprises solvent absorption, adsorption method of separation, film permeation method and low temperature distillation method etc.Chemical method mainly refers to chemical absorption method, and its principle is to make carbon dioxide and chemical solvent generation chemical reaction and be absorbed.Scientific and technical personnel discover, utilize ammoniacal liquor to have unique advantages as the absorbent of carbon dioxide, ammoniacal liquor and carbon dioxide generation chemical reaction generate carbonic hydroammonium, can organically combine with production carbonic hydroammonium chemical fertilizer removing carbon dioxide like this.But the research work of carbon dioxide still is in small-scale, experimental stage in the at present relevant ammoniacal liquor absorbing and removing flue gas, according to relevant report: Bai professor H. of Taiwan National Chiao Tung University adopts semi-continuous process ammoniacal liquor bubbling absorbing carbon dioxide simulated flue gas, and Yeh professor J.T. of USDOE waits and also studied in the flue gas other composition to the influence of ammoniacal liquor bubbling absorbing carbon dioxide.Because ammoniacal liquor is immobilising when adopting Bubbling method to absorb in the flue gas carbon dioxide, cause effective contact area of ammoniacal liquor and flue gas less, simultaneously owing to concentration of carbon dioxide in the flue gas is lower, the normal pressure carbon dioxide is difficult for reasons such as dissolving, this method reaction time is very long, absorption efficiency is too low, can only be adapted to the occasion that gas concentration lwevel is higher, flue gas flow is little, also have very big gap from practical application.Employing ammoniacal liquor such as Scott professor S. of Univ Edinburgh UK spray the packed tower absorbing carbon dioxide and generate carbonic hydroammonium, though this method can make effective contact area of ammoniacal liquor and carbon dioxide increase, but the ammonium bicarbonate soln that its reaction is generated has crystalline particle to occur in concentration more often, be easy to cause the packing layer in the absorption tower to stop up, cause the absorption tower can't operate as normal, thereby still be not suitable for using in practice.
The station boiler tail flue gas has its particularity, and the one, its gas concentration lwevel is on the low side, and the 2nd, its flue gas flow is huge.Various types of after testing station boiler tail flue gas, its gas concentration lwevel is about 10~15%.Power plant with a 600MW is an example, the about 2000000Nm of its boiler tail flue gas discharge capacity 3/ h.Because above-mentioned ammoniacal liquor bubbling and the inherent defect of filler absorption pattern and the particularity of station boiler tail flue gas make it be difficult to reach the purpose that effectively removes carbon dioxide in the flue gas.
Summary of the invention
Purpose of the present invention is exactly the method and the system thereof that will provide a kind of ammonia process to remove carbon dioxide in the generating plant flue gas.Adopt this method and system thereof can adapt to the characteristics that station boiler tail flue gas flow is huge, gas concentration lwevel is low fully, effectively improve carbon dioxide eliminating rate in the flue gas, and its technological process is simple, system architecture simplification, investment and operating cost are cheap, can also obtain byproduct carbonic hydroammonium chemical fertilizer.
For achieving the above object, the designed ammonia process of the present invention removes the method for carbon dioxide in the generating plant flue gas, is the process of handling again through the station boiler tail flue gas of conventional dedusting and desulfurization processing.This method comprises the steps:
1) will import through the gas approach of the flue gas after dedusting and the desulfurization processing from the carbon dioxide absorption tower bottom, make flue gas when moving upward, carbon dioxide wherein carries out reverse the contact with the ammoniacal liquor absorbent slurry that sprays out from carbon dioxide absorption tower top, the gas-liquid two-phase reaction takes place and generate carbonic hydroammonium, the carbonic hydroammonium that is generated falls into carbon dioxide absorption tower bottom precipitation pond.Can adopt mass percentage concentration is 20~30% ammoniacal liquor absorbing carbon dioxide, and its chemical equation is:
CO 2+NH 3=NH 2COONH 4
NH 2COONH 4+H 2O=NH 4HCO 3+NH 3
NH 3+H 2O=NH 4OH
NH 4HCO 3+NH 4OH=(NH 4) 2CO 3+H 2O
(NH 4) 2CO 3+CO 2+H 2O=2NH 4HCO 3
2) the carbonic hydroammonium slurries that will fall into carbon dioxide absorption tower bottom precipitation pond are divided into three the tunnel: first via carbonic hydroammonium slurries are extracted from sedimentation basin top by the one-level slurry circulating pump, be delivered in the one-level spray equipment on carbon dioxide absorption tower top and circulate, and before these road carbonic hydroammonium slurries enter the one-level spray equipment, replenish the ammoniacal liquor absorbent, make the carbon dioxide in the flue gas reaction fully take place with the ammoniacal liquor absorbent slurry; The second road carbonic hydroammonium slurries are extracted from the sedimentation basin middle part by the secondary slurry circulating pump, be delivered in the secondary spray equipment of one-level spray equipment top and circulate, make a part of unsaturated carbonate hydrogen ammonium salt solution in these road carbonic hydroammonium slurries generate the carbonic hydroammonium crystalline solid in the evaporation of flue gas; Third Road carbonic hydroammonium slurries are extracted from the sedimentation basin bottom by stiff liquid circulating pump, make the reaction cycle of carbonic hydroammonium slurries in carbon dioxide absorption tower that contains part carbonic hydroammonium crystalline solid and separate.
3) handle carrying out demist through the flue gas that continues to move upward after the carbon dioxide absorption reaction, remove acid mist entrained in the flue gas, the clean flue gas that is obtained is from the exhanst gas outlet discharging at carbon dioxide absorption tower top.
4) the Third Road carbonic hydroammonium slurries that stiff liquid circulating pump is extracted carry out rotational flow separation and centrifugation processing successively, obtain solid ammonium bicarbonate, but handle the carbonic hydroammonium chemical fertilizer that obtains the stock through super-dry again.
In said method, the carbon dioxide in the carbon dioxide absorption tower in the flue gas and the reaction temperature of ammoniacal liquor absorbent slurry are preferably in 25~35 ℃ scope.The pressure of flue gas is controlled in the scope of 2200~2500Pa in the carbon dioxide absorption tower.The increment of ammoniacal liquor is determined in following ratio in the ammoniacal liquor absorbent slurry: the mol ratio of the carbon dioxide in ammoniacal liquor and the flue gas is 1.1~1.3.Like this, the ammoniacal liquor absorbent slurry can be under suitable temperature with flue gas in carbon dioxide reaction fully completely takes place, the carbon dioxide of the overwhelming majority is converted into carbonic hydroammonium, both can improves the efficient that flue gas removes carbon dioxide, also can obtain byproduct carbonic hydroammonium chemical fertilizer more.
For realizing that the custom-designed ammonia process of above-mentioned technology removes the system of carbon dioxide in the generating plant flue gas, comprise the carbon dioxide absorption tower, cyclone separator, centrifuge and the drier that link to each other by pipeline, described carbon dioxide absorption tower is packless void tower structure, be disposed with one-level spray equipment, secondary spray equipment and demister from bottom to top between its underpart gas approach and the top exhanst gas outlet, finish the course of reaction of ammoniacal liquor and carbon dioxide with the form that adopts hollow-spraying-tower, be provided with sedimentation basin bottom it.The top of described sedimentation basin links to each other with the one-level spray equipment by external one-level slurry circulating pump, and the import department of one-level spray equipment also is provided with the ammoniacal liquor device for supplying, is unique place that whole system is replenished ammoniacal liquor herein.The middle part of described sedimentation basin links to each other with the secondary spray equipment by external secondary slurry circulating pump.The bottom of described sedimentation basin links to each other with the import of cyclone separator by external stiff liquid circulating pump, and the sediment outlet of cyclone separator links to each other with the import of sedimentator, and the solid outlet of sedimentator links to each other with drier.Thus, in removing flue gas in the carbon dioxide, also can realize the continuous processing of its byproduct is handled, after its separation, dehydration, drying, but directly become stock's carbonic hydroammonium chemical fertilizer.
Above-mentioned one-level spray equipment and secondary spray equipment preferred design have 3~5 spraying layers.Like this, can guarantee that carbon dioxide and the ammoniacal liquor absorbent slurry under the spray state in the flue gas have maximum contact area by the one-level spray equipment on the one hand, can fully fully chemical reaction take place and be absorbed, can pass whole spray uptake zone from top to bottom by the ammonium bicarbonate soln that the secondary spray equipment generates reaction on the other hand, get back in the sedimentation basin after evaporation by flue gas makes the crystallization of part carbonic hydroammonium, be convenient to subsequent technique and be processed into the carbonic hydroammonium chemical fertilizer.
Above-mentioned demister preferably adopts the combination demister, is made of upper and lower layer demist filter screen and the cleaning spraying mechanism between upper and lower layer demist filter screen.Can make the blade of demister remain cleaning like this, guarantee that demister efficiently moves, farthest remove and carry the acid mist drop in the flue gas, make discharged flue gas clean more.
The mother liquor of outlet of the mother liquor of above-mentioned cyclone separator and sedimentator exports all with liquid return hole on the carbon dioxide absorption tower and links to each other, the mother liquor of separating can be turned back to again like this in the sedimentation basin of carbon dioxide absorption tower bottom and circulate, realize the innoxious and recycling of decarburization product.
The present invention compared with prior art has following outstanding effect:
One, adopt the carbon dioxide absorption tower of void tower structure, by the carbon dioxide in the mode smoke treatment of the uninterrupted circulated sprinkling of ammoniacal liquor absorbent, can make ammoniacal liquor and carbon dioxide in the confined space of no any obstacle, produce strong gas-liquid conversed turbulent flow, can significantly increase the contact area of ammoniacal liquor and carbon dioxide, can avoid again because of the clogging that packing layer produces is set, thereby can effectively overcome the inherent shortcoming of existing ammoniacal liquor bubbling and filler absorption pattern, its carbon dioxide eliminating efficient can reach more than 95%, and it is low to be particularly suitable for handling gas concentration lwevel, the coal-fired power station boiler tail flue gas that flue gas flow is big.
They are two years old, the two-stage circulating sprayer is set in the carbon dioxide absorption tower of void tower structure, every grade of circulating sprayer adopts 3~5 spraying layers to combine, wherein the main effect of one-level circulating sprayer is the carbon dioxide that absorbs in the flue gas, the secondary circulating sprayer can also make saturated ammonium bicarbonate soln generating portion carbonic hydroammonium crystalline solid by the evaporation of flue gas except that the effect with one-level circulating sprayer.Like this, designed absorption tower not only has higher carbon dioxide absorption efficient, and can make byproduct carbonic hydroammonium direct crystallization in the absorption tower, makes the absorption tower melt multiple function in one.Simultaneously, by stiff liquid circulating pump the separating of carbon dioxide absorption tower and carbonic hydroammonium, dehydration, drying device organically are combined into a complete process system, both simplify technological process and system architecture, significantly reduced the investment and the operating cost of equipment again.
They are three years old, utilize the station boiler tail flue gas to turn waste into wealth, when effectively reducing the carbon dioxide greenhouse gas discharging, obtain byproduct carbonic hydroammonium chemical fertilizer, both helped the comprehensive regulation of air environmental pollution, help the benign development of recycling economy again, can realize the innoxious and recycling of station boiler tail flue gas, meet the national conditions of China especially as large agricultural country.
Description of drawings
Accompanying drawing removes the structural principle schematic diagram of the system of carbon dioxide in the generating plant flue gas for the ammonia process that combines with traditional flue gas desulphurization system.
The specific embodiment
Below at a station boiler unit institute discharged flue gas, the present invention is described in further detail in conjunction with the accompanying drawings:
Traditional flue gas desulphurization system shown in the figure adopts the desulfurization of lime stone absorbent, it comprises electric cleaner 1, the outlet flue of electric cleaner 1 links to each other with the mouth that advances of desulfurization reaction tower 4 by booster fan 2, flue gas heat exchange device 3 successively, the outlet flue of desulfurization reaction tower 4 is divided into two-way, one the tunnel directly links to each other with chimney 21 by flue gas heat exchange device 3, and another road links to each other with the bottom gas approach of carbon dioxide absorption tower 7 by gas bypass baffle plate 20, booster fan 19, cooler 18 successively.
Ammonia process of the present invention removes the system of carbon dioxide in the generating plant flue gas shown in the figure, and it comprises carbon dioxide absorption tower 7, cyclone separator 15, centrifuge 14 and the drier 13 that links to each other by pipeline.Carbon dioxide absorption tower 7 is packless void tower structure, is disposed with one-level spray equipment 5, secondary spray equipment 6 and demister 17 between its underpart gas approach and the top exhanst gas outlet from bottom to top, and its bottom is provided with sedimentation basin 8.One-level spray equipment 5 and secondary spray equipment 6 all have 3~5 spraying layers, fully contact with carbon dioxide in the flue gas to guarantee the ammoniacal liquor absorbent slurry.Demister 17 can be selected the combination demister for use, is made of upper and lower layer demist filter screen and the cleaning spraying mechanism 16 between upper and lower layer demist filter screen, to remove the acid mist in the flue gas fully.The top of sedimentation basin 8 links to each other with one-level spray equipment 5 by one-level slurry circulating pump 9, and the import department of one-level spray equipment 5 is provided with ammoniacal liquor device for supplying 12.The middle part of sedimentation basin 8 links to each other with secondary spray equipment 6 by secondary slurry circulating pump 11.The bottom of sedimentation basin 8 links to each other with the import of cyclone separator 15 by stiff liquid circulating pump 10, and the sediment outlet of cyclone separator 15 links to each other with the import of sedimentator 14, and the solid outlet of sedimentator 14 links to each other with drier 13.The mother liquor of outlet of the mother liquor of cyclone separator 15 and sedimentator 14 exports all with liquid return hole on the carbon dioxide absorption tower 7 and links to each other, and the mother liquor of separating is turned back in the carbon dioxide absorption tower 7 again circulate.
The course of work that ammonia process of the present invention removes the method for carbon dioxide in the generating plant flue gas is as follows: the station boiler tail flue gas is after electric cleaner 1 dedusting, boost to about 4000Pa by booster fan 2, enter by flue gas heat exchange device 3 again and carry out flue gas desulfurization in the desulfurization reaction tower 4, the flue-gas temperature of coming out from desulfurization reaction tower 4 is about 50 ℃, pressure and is about 900Pa, the SO in the flue gas 2Content is less than 160mg/m 3, SO 3Content is less than 70mg/m 3Flue gas after the desulfurization about 70% goes chimney 21 to discharge through flue gas heat exchange device 3, the remainder flue gas enters booster fan 19 through gas bypass baffle plate 20, boost to 2200~2500Pa, be cooled to 25~35 ℃ through subcooler 18 again, enter the tower from the bottom gas approach of carbon dioxide absorption tower 7.
In the circulation of carbon dioxide absorption tower 7 inside, one-level slurry circulating pump 9 is from the top suction carbonic hydroammonium slurry mixture of sedimentation basin 8, be transported in the one-level spray equipment 5, the ammoniacal liquor absorbent also passes through ammoniacal liquor device for supplying 12 synchronous transport in one-level spray equipment 5, keeping the mol ratio of carbon dioxide in ammoniacal liquor and the flue gas is 1.1~1.3, reverse contact of carbon dioxide gas-liquid two-phase the mixed serum that ejects from one-level spray equipment 5 and the flue gas, sufficient chemical reaction taking place generate carbonic hydroammonium, falls back at last in the sedimentation basin 8.Secondary slurry circulating pump 11 is from the middle part suction carbonic hydroammonium slurry mixture of sedimentation basin 8, be transported in the secondary spray equipment 6, the mixed serum that ejects from secondary spray equipment 6 passes through whole absorption spray section, not only with carbon dioxide generation chemical reaction, also the evaporation by flue gas makes part carbonic hydroammonium wherein become crystalline solid, also falls back in the sedimentation basin 8 at last.
The flue gas that has been absorbed carbon dioxide by ammoniacal liquor continues upwards to flow, and the demister 17 at process carbon dioxide absorption tower 7 tops removes acid mist, and demister 17 disposes and cleans spraying mechanism 16, can make the blade cleaning of demister, guarantees that demist is respond well.The cleaning flue gases that removes acid mist can directly enter atmosphere.
The dense thick carbonic hydroammonium slurries that are accumulated to sedimentation basin 8 bottoms are then pumped out by stiff liquid circulating pump 10, be transported in the cyclone separator 15, the carbonic hydroammonium slurries of cyclone separator 15 solid content of separating 20~40% enter in the centrifuge 14, centrifuge 14 further separates these carbonic hydroammonium slurries, obtain solid ammonium bicarbonate, the mother liquor that cyclone separator 15 and centrifuge 14 are separated then turns back in the sedimentation basin 8 and recycles, solid ammonium bicarbonate is admitted in the drier 13, but drying is treated as stock's carbonic hydroammonium chemical fertilizer.

Claims (10)

1. an ammonia process removes the method for carbon dioxide in the generating plant flue gas, is the process that the station boiler tail flue gas of handling through conventional dedusting and desulfurization is handled again, and it is characterized in that: this method comprises the steps:
1) will import through the gas approach of the flue gas after dedusting and the desulfurization processing from the carbon dioxide absorption tower bottom, make flue gas when moving upward, carbon dioxide wherein carries out reverse the contact with the ammoniacal liquor absorbent slurry that sprays out from carbon dioxide absorption tower top, the gas-liquid two-phase reaction takes place and generate carbonic hydroammonium, the carbonic hydroammonium that is generated falls into carbon dioxide absorption tower bottom precipitation pond;
2) the carbonic hydroammonium slurries that will fall into carbon dioxide absorption tower bottom precipitation pond are divided into three the tunnel: first via carbonic hydroammonium slurries are extracted from sedimentation basin top by the one-level slurry circulating pump, be delivered in the one-level spray equipment on carbon dioxide absorption tower top and circulate, and before these road carbonic hydroammonium slurries enter the one-level spray equipment, replenish the ammoniacal liquor absorbent, make the carbon dioxide in the flue gas reaction fully take place with the ammoniacal liquor absorbent slurry; The second road carbonic hydroammonium slurries are extracted from the sedimentation basin middle part by the secondary slurry circulating pump, be delivered in the secondary spray equipment of one-level spray equipment top and circulate, make a part of unsaturated carbonate hydrogen ammonium salt solution in these road carbonic hydroammonium slurries generate the carbonic hydroammonium crystalline solid in the evaporation of flue gas; Third Road carbonic hydroammonium slurries are extracted from the sedimentation basin bottom by stiff liquid circulating pump, make the reaction cycle of carbonic hydroammonium slurries in carbon dioxide absorption tower that contains part carbonic hydroammonium crystalline solid and separate;
3) handle carrying out demist through the flue gas that continues to move upward after the carbon dioxide absorption reaction, remove acid mist entrained in the flue gas, the clean flue gas that is obtained is from the exhanst gas outlet discharging at carbon dioxide absorption tower top;
4) the Third Road carbonic hydroammonium slurries that stiff liquid circulating pump is extracted carry out rotational flow separation and centrifugation processing successively, obtain solid ammonium bicarbonate, but handle the carbonic hydroammonium chemical fertilizer that obtains the stock through super-dry again.
2. ammonia process according to claim 1 removes the method for carbon dioxide in the generating plant flue gas, it is characterized in that: the reaction temperature of carbon dioxide in the flue gas and ammoniacal liquor absorbent slurry is controlled in 25~35 ℃ the scope.
3. ammonia process according to claim 1 and 2 removes the method for carbon dioxide in the generating plant flue gas, it is characterized in that: the reaction pressure of flue gas is controlled in the scope of 2200~2500Pa in the carbon dioxide absorption tower.
4. ammonia process according to claim 1 and 2 removes the method for carbon dioxide in the generating plant flue gas, it is characterized in that: the increment of ammoniacal liquor is determined in following ratio in the ammoniacal liquor absorbent slurry: the mol ratio of the carbon dioxide in ammoniacal liquor and the flue gas is 1.1~1.3.
5. ammonia process according to claim 3 removes the method for carbon dioxide in the generating plant flue gas, it is characterized in that: the increment of ammoniacal liquor is determined in following ratio in the ammoniacal liquor absorbent slurry: the mol ratio of the carbon dioxide in ammoniacal liquor and the flue gas is 1.1~1.3.
6. one kind is adopted the described method of claim 1 and custom-designed ammonia process removes the system of carbon dioxide in the generating plant flue gas, comprise the carbon dioxide absorption tower (7), cyclone separator (15), centrifuge (14) and the drier (13) that link to each other by pipeline, it is characterized in that: described carbon dioxide absorption tower (7) is packless void tower structure, be disposed with one-level spray equipment (5), secondary spray equipment (6) and demister (17) between its underpart gas approach and the top exhanst gas outlet from bottom to top, its bottom is provided with sedimentation basin (8); The top of described sedimentation basin (8) links to each other with one-level spray equipment (5) by external one-level slurry circulating pump (9), and the import department of one-level spray equipment (5) also is provided with ammoniacal liquor device for supplying (12); The middle part of described sedimentation basin (8) links to each other with secondary spray equipment (6) by external secondary slurry circulating pump (11); The bottom of described sedimentation basin (8) links to each other with the import of cyclone separator (15) by external stiff liquid circulating pump (10), the sediment outlet of cyclone separator (15) links to each other with the import of sedimentator (14), and the solid outlet of sedimentator (14) links to each other with drier (13).
7. ammonia process according to claim 6 removes the system of carbon dioxide in the generating plant flue gas, it is characterized in that: said one-level spray equipment (5) and secondary spray equipment (6) all have 3~5 spraying layers.
8. remove the system of carbon dioxide in the generating plant flue gas according to claim 6 or 7 described ammonia process, it is characterized in that: the mother liquor outlet of said cyclone separator (15) and the mother liquor of sedimentator (14) export all with liquid return hole on the carbon dioxide absorption tower (7) and link to each other.
9. remove the system of carbon dioxide in the generating plant flue gas according to claim 6 or 7 described ammonia process, it is characterized in that: said demister (17) adopts the combination demister, is made of upper and lower layer demist filter screen and the cleaning spraying mechanism (16) between upper and lower layer demist filter screen.
10. ammonia process according to claim 8 removes the system of carbon dioxide in the generating plant flue gas, it is characterized in that: said demister (17) adopts the combination demister, is made of upper and lower layer demist filter screen and the cleaning spraying mechanism (16) between upper and lower layer demist filter screen.
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CN102078743A (en) * 2011-01-05 2011-06-01 浙江大学 Improved CO2 inorganic absorbing agent
CN102218261A (en) * 2011-04-14 2011-10-19 清华大学 Method and equipment for collecting carbon dioxide from fuel gas by using ammonia water fine spraying
WO2012109964A1 (en) * 2011-02-16 2012-08-23 安徽淮化股份有限公司 System and process for trapping sulfur dioxide and carbon dioxide by ammonia absorption at atmospheric pressure
CN103007721A (en) * 2012-11-26 2013-04-03 东南大学 Ammonia circulation-based method and device for carbonating fixation of CO2 in coal-fired flue gas
CN103193229A (en) * 2012-01-09 2013-07-10 桂雷珠 Combustion method-based carbon dioxide generating device
CN104258721A (en) * 2014-09-23 2015-01-07 东方电气集团东方锅炉股份有限公司 Low-energy-consumption and ultraclean-emission flue gas desulfurization method and device
CN104307337A (en) * 2014-10-27 2015-01-28 李元杰 Method and system for catching and separating carbon dioxide in flue gas of hot blast stove
WO2015051400A1 (en) * 2013-10-07 2015-04-16 Reid Systems (Australia) Tpy Ltd Method and apparatus for removing carbon dioxide from flue gas
CN105776248A (en) * 2016-05-23 2016-07-20 定州旭阳科技有限公司 Ammonium carbonate production device and production method thereof
CN105895183A (en) * 2016-04-21 2016-08-24 中广核研究院有限公司 Carbon-14-containing waste gas treatment method and system
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CN102078743A (en) * 2011-01-05 2011-06-01 浙江大学 Improved CO2 inorganic absorbing agent
CN102078743B (en) * 2011-01-05 2013-01-02 浙江大学 Improved CO2 inorganic absorbing agent
US8858905B2 (en) 2011-02-16 2014-10-14 Anhui Huaihua Co. Ltd. System and process for trapping sulfur dioxide and carbon dioxide by ammonia absorption at atmospheric pressure
WO2012109964A1 (en) * 2011-02-16 2012-08-23 安徽淮化股份有限公司 System and process for trapping sulfur dioxide and carbon dioxide by ammonia absorption at atmospheric pressure
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