CN101220686A - Formwork component - Google Patents

Formwork component Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101220686A
CN101220686A CNA2008100091039A CN200810009103A CN101220686A CN 101220686 A CN101220686 A CN 101220686A CN A2008100091039 A CNA2008100091039 A CN A2008100091039A CN 200810009103 A CN200810009103 A CN 200810009103A CN 101220686 A CN101220686 A CN 101220686A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
shuttering
sidewall
plate
perhaps
groove
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Pending
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CNA2008100091039A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
邱则有
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Hunan Qiuzeyou Patent Strategy Planning Co Ltd
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邱则有
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Priority to CNA2008100091039A priority Critical patent/CN101220686A/en
Publication of CN101220686A publication Critical patent/CN101220686A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention provides a shuttering member which includes an upper plate (1) and a surrounding side wall (2) which form an open basin-shaped member. The invention is characterized in that a vertical groove (3) is arranged on the surrounding side wall (2), the vertical groove (3) has no lower rabbets and the upper end is communicated with a transversal groove (3). In this way, the invention is applicable to constructing a hollow building floor, a house floor, a wall, a foundation mat and a hollow bridge with cast-in-situ reinforced concrete or pre-stressed reinforced concrete, and is especially suitable for the construction of a hollow flat slab floor.

Description

A kind of shuttering member
The application for the applying date be that December 15, application number in 2003 are 200310124188.2, name is called the dividing an application of application for a patent for invention of " a kind of shuttering member ".
(1) technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of shuttering member.
(2) background technology
The most of precast hollow slab that adopts of the building of brick mix structure and frame construction is as floor structure at present, this floor structure has advantages such as speed of application is fast, cost is low, but owing to firmly do not link between adjacent two precast hollow slabs, only use cement mortar blind, thereby not only globality is poor, be unfavorable for antidetonation, and phenomenons such as slit cracking, infiltration often occur, put to no little inconvenience and psychological pressure to resident family.In order to address the above problem, a lot of building have adopted the method for Cast-in-place concrete floor (hollow, solid).Though the Cast-in-place concrete floor has solved antidetonation and problems of crack, when construction, to use a large amount of templates, like this, not only increased expense, and the speed of application that slowed down, prolonged the duration.The patent No. is ZL00203695.9's " combination concrete hidden rib floor structure " utility model patent, it is made up of prefabricated plate, formwork, dark rib, upper plate, each prefabricated plate is horizontal positioned at interval, on prefabricated plate, be fixed with formwork, formwork comprises upper plate and side plate on every side, be provided with dark rib between contiguous prefabricated thin plate or the formwork, upper plate covers on the formwork, and connect as one with dark rib, this kind floor structure no longer needs to use in a large number template, accelerate speed of application, shortened the duration, thereby reduced cost.But during the construction of this floor structure, the intensity and the rigidity of the cast-in-place concrete hidden rib between its shuttering member are relatively low, the ability of bearing the point load effect a little less than, and can't form shearing pier formula superstructure.Therefore, develop a kind of novel shuttering member for being badly in need of.
(3) summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of shuttering member, be applied to superstructure after, can significantly improve the mechanical property of superstructure, its intensity and rigidity are bigger, the ability of bearing the point load effect is stronger.
Solution of the present invention is on the basis of existing technology, comprise upper plate, sidewall on every side, upper plate, sidewall surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, it is characterized in that described around sidewall be provided with vertical groove, vertical groove does not have the lower end notch, and upper end and horizontal groove are interconnected.Like this, after shuttering member is applied to Cast-in-place Concrete Building Floor, because the peripheral side of shuttering member is provided with vertical groove, Cast-in-place concrete can form the reinforcing rib of the cast-in-place concrete hidden rib between the shuttering member in groove, thereby can improve the mechanical property of superstructure significantly, its intensity and rigidity are bigger, and the ability of bearing the point load effect is stronger; Particularly when shuttering member is close to arrangement in superstructure, then formed vertical pier or post in vertical groove, the consumption of reinforcing bar and concrete further reduces, the corresponding shearing pier formula superstructure that formed of superstructure, thereby the mechanical property of superstructure further improves, and particularly anti-seismic performance further improves; Simultaneously, characteristics such as that shuttering member also has is simple in structure, intensity is high, resistance to deformation, the anti-vibration performance is good, easy to manufacture, cost is low, easy construction, speed of application are fast, thereby reached purpose of the present invention, the hollow building cover, roof system, body of wall, sole plate and the hollow bridges that are applicable to cast-in-situ reinforced concrete or prestressed reinforced concrete are used, and are particularly useful for hollow arch without beam and use.
Feature of the present invention also is describedly to be provided with at least one vertical groove on the sidewall around each.Like this, when shuttering member was applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, Cast-in-place concrete poured in the vertical groove, had formed the Cast-in-place concrete vertical strengthening ribs on cast-in-place dark rib, had improved the strength and stiffness of Cast-in-place concrete rib, had improved the combination property of cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor greatly.
Feature of the present invention is that also described many vertical grooves are parallel, oblique or the setting of extended line oblique each other.Like this, when shuttering member is applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, concrete pours into and above-mentionedly is parallel to each other, in the vertical groove of oblique or extended line oblique after, on the Cast-in-place concrete rib corresponding formed be parallel to each other, the Cast-in-place concrete of oblique or extended line oblique adds competent structure, improved the combination property of superstructure greatly.
Feature of the present invention also be described upper plate or on every side sidewall be provided with the horizontal groove or the groove of other direction.Like this, when shuttering member was applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, in the transverse concave groove that concrete enters upper plate, be provided with on the sidewall on every side, the corresponding Cast-in-place concrete that formed added competent structure, comprehensive reinforcement has been done in the force part of superstructure inside, improved the combination property of superstructure greatly.
Feature of the present invention is that also the described horizontal groove or the groove of other direction are interconnected with vertical groove.Like this, when shuttering member is applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, Cast-in-place concrete pours in the groove of above-mentioned mutual UNICOM, has formed cast-in-place mutual interconnection on the weak part and be the whole competent structure that adds in cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, has improved the overall performance and the mechanical property of superstructure greatly.
Feature of the present invention is also that the cross sectional shape of the groove of described vertical groove, horizontal groove or other direction is that square opening, opening rectangle, opening are trapezoidal, U-shaped, V-arrangement, stairstepping or semicircle.Like this, the variation of the shape of the groove on the shuttering member, make shuttering member be applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor after, correspondingly formed various difform cast-in-situ concrete structures, thereby make that the structure of cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor is more reasonable, made things convenient for design and construction unit to select for use.
Feature of the present invention is also that sidewall is protruding around described a toss.Like this, when shuttering member was applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, outwardly directed toss can replace construction formwork, reduced the template loss, reduced material cost, can save the template installation procedure simultaneously, accelerated speed of application, improved efficiency of construction.
Feature of the present invention is that also upper plate, sidewall or toss on every side contain reinforce, perhaps also has reinforce to expose, and perhaps reinforce stretches into anchoring in the matrix of each adjacent member each other.Reinforce is at least a in reinforcing bar, steel wire, steel mesh reinforcement, gauze wire cloth, fiber, fibre bundle, fibrous mesh cloth, nonwoven, metal foil band, porose thin band, strap, the braid over braid etc.Like this, upper plate, contain above-mentioned reinforce in sidewall or the bridging piece on every side, their strength and stiffness have been improved greatly, make shuttering member cracky not in stacking, transportation, installation, work progress, even the breakage of small size is arranged, because of the connection of reinforce is arranged, do not need to repair yet, can continue to come into operation.If also have reinforce to expose the shuttering member outside on the shuttering member, when shuttering member is applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, reinforce and Cast-in-place concrete that it exposes combine, and can improve the bond stress between Cast-in-place concrete and the shuttering member greatly, optimize the performance of whole hollow building cover; Simultaneously, expose reinforce and also make things convenient for shuttering member when carrying, make handle or suspension ring or suspension hook and use.
Feature of the present invention also be described upper plate or sidewall or toss on every side be provided with suspender member hang built-in fitting or junction box or spool or light trough box or airduct at least one.Like this, after shuttering member is applied in the superstructure, because suspender member or hang built-in fitting or the setting in advance of junction box or spool or light trough box or airduct; made things convenient for the installation of various relevant devices in the superstructure; simultaneously, can prevent to knock destruction effectively, the overall performance of protection superstructure afterwards.
Feature of the present invention also is also to be provided with on the described shuttering member at least one in inner corner trim, chamfering, pit, boss module, raised line, the external corner.Like this, after shuttering member was applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, Cast-in-place concrete poured in inner corner trim, chamfering, the pit, and the corresponding Cast-in-place concrete that forms the part adds competent structure; The boss module that is provided with on the shuttering member, raised line, external corner can be found time the concrete that does not stress in the superstructure, further alleviate the weight of superstructure self, save the consumption of concrete, reduce the cost of superstructure, also improve the performance of superstructure simultaneously.
Feature of the present invention also is also to be provided with reinforcing rib, stiffening rib, bracing boom on the described shuttering member or adds in wringing at least one.Like this, after shuttering member is applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, reinforcing rib, stiffening rib, the bracing boom that is provided with in the shuttering member or add and wring and can form cast-in-place and the prefabricated composite construction that combines with Cast-in-place concrete optimized cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor inside stress system.
Feature of the present invention is that also described at least two shuttering members connect into the gang mould mould component by toss, constitutes the internal-rib die cavity between the adjacent shuttering member, perhaps also is provided with transverse concave groove with the toss contact site on the sidewall on every side.Like this, when shuttering member was applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, toss can replace construction formwork, save the template installation procedure, reduced material wastage rate, simultaneously, a plurality of shuttering members connect into the gang mould mould component by toss, and then the efficiency of construction of shuttering member is higher, and construction cost is lower.If also be provided with transverse concave groove with the toss contact site on the sidewall around between the shuttering member, then Cast-in-place concrete can form the edge of a wing or the reinforcing rib of cast-in-place concrete hidden rib in groove, and cast-in-place concrete hidden rib has then formed the dark rib of inverted T-shaped.Thereby the intensity of superstructure is higher, and rigidity is bigger, and mechanical property is better.
Feature of the present invention also is to be provided with in the described internal-rib die cavity spacer draw piece.Between the spacer draw piece can be rod member, rope, plate, muscle, silk, thin band, piece, pier etc.Like this, when shuttering member was applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, construction was laid more convenient, between the spacer draw piece can be fixed or movable spacer draw piece, after shuttering member installs, the dismounting of flexible staybolt draw piece can be reclaimed secondary and use, reduce the cost of production of shuttering member, simultaneously, behind the dismounting support draw piece, reinforcing bar can be laid in the internal-rib die cavity very easily, and concrete also can pour in the internal-rib die cavity swimmingly, it is more convenient to construct, and efficiency of construction is higher.
Feature of the present invention also be described upper plate or sidewall or toss on every side at least one be provided with overlapping layers.Like this, owing to be provided with overlapping layers, thereby the making of shuttering member is easier, production efficiency is higher, and cost of production is lower.Simultaneously, the intensity and the rigidity of shuttering member are bigger, pile up, cracky more not in transportation and the construction and installation process.
Feature of the present invention is that also described shuttering member is provided with the carrying part.Like this, can very easily shuttering member be piled up, transport, lift and construct, reduce the work difficulty and the working strength of above-mentioned operation, help improving efficiency of construction, reduce construction cost.
Feature of the present invention also is described at least two shuttering members alternately, connects into the gang mould mould component by a spacer draw piece each other, constitutes the internal-rib die cavity between the adjacent shuttering member.Like this, when shuttering member is applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, improved the efficiency of construction and the speed of application of superstructure greatly.
Feature of the present invention is that also the horizontal profile of described shuttering member is shaped as rectangle, square, polygon, arc angle polygon, chamfering polygon, multi sphere limit shape, corrugated or circular.Like this, the variation of shuttering member shape, make shuttering member be applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor after, correspondingly formed various difform cast-in-situ concrete structures, thereby made that the structure of cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor is more reasonable, made things convenient for design and construction unit to select for use.
Feature of the present invention is that also the re-entrant portion of described shuttering member is provided with light material.Like this, shuttering member has better sound insulation, heat insulation, heat-insulating property; Simultaneously, also improve the shock resistance of shuttering member greatly, reduced the breakage rate of product in the construction application process.Light material can be foamed plastics, expanded perlite, expanded vermiculite, foaming or aerated light concrete, rock wool, mineral wool, glass wool, haydite or haydite concrete etc., and the diversity of its light material kind is drawn materials when being convenient to produce nearby, helps reducing production costs.
Feature of the present invention is that also described shuttering member is provided with align member.Align member can be draw ring, drag hook, iron wire, feet, small lugs, little protruding nail or other device.Like this, after shuttering member is applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, can accurately locate shuttering member, prevent that phenomenons such as shuttering member floats, displacement from producing when building concrete, simultaneously, also can carry out spacingly, guarantee the pouring quality of superstructure effectively reinforcing bar.
Feature of the present invention is that also described shuttering member is provided with connector connected to one another between the shuttering member.Connector can be reinforcing bar, steel mesh reinforcement, steel wire, gauze wire cloth, angle steel, channel-section steel, L shaped steel, T-steel, cutting ferrule, bolt, male and female groove, socket component, indention, tongue, groove, bayonet socket, cutting ferrule, hole, embedded iron parts etc.Like this, after shuttering member was applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, the connector that is provided with on the shuttering member can be controlled the distance between the shuttering member effectively, reliably, the width and the height of control Cast-in-place concrete rib, the pouring quality of assurance superstructure internal construction; Simultaneously, also help shuttering member connection location each other, perhaps constitute member in groups, accelerate speed of application.
Feature of the present invention also be described upper plate or on every side at least one of sidewall be provided with overlapping layers.Like this, owing to be provided with overlapping layers, thereby the making of shuttering member is easier, production efficiency is higher, and cost of production is lower.Simultaneously, the intensity and the rigidity of shuttering member are bigger, pile up, cracky more not in transportation and the construction and installation process.
Feature of the present invention is that also described overlapping layers is light aggregate concrete layer, aerating concrete layer, cement sand bed, Cement fibre layer, cement steel screen layer, cement concrete layer, steel bar concrete layer, plastic plate, metal crimp template or wood glue plate or bamboo offset plate.Like this, the variation of overlapping layers manufacturing materials can make shuttering member fully satisfy the needs of various different situations, helps reducing product cost.
Feature of the present invention also be the upper plate of described shuttering member or on every side the wall of sidewall be the wall of Cement fibre, Cement fibre net, cement steel net, cement gauze wire cloth, concrete plate, bamboo offset plate, wood glue plate, plastics, metal crimp template, lightweight concrete, perhaps toss is the toss of cement mortar, concrete, lightweight concrete, polymer concrete, polymer mortar.Like this, the upper plate of shuttering member and the variation of sidewall manufacturing materials on every side can make shuttering member fully satisfy the needs of various different situations, help reducing product cost.
Feature of the present invention is that also in described upper plate, sidewall or the toss on every side at least one is to be stained with the muscle of cementitious material or the superimposed gluing of reinforce of net forms by multilayer.Like this, be stained with upper plate, sidewall or the toss on every side that the reinforce of the muscle of cementitious material or net is formed by stacking, have characteristics such as intensity height, rigidity be big, in light weight by multilayer, the respective mode mould component pile up, cracky more not in transportation and the construction and installation process.
(4) description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 1.In each accompanying drawing, 1 be upper plate, 2 for around sidewall, 3 for vertical groove, below in each accompanying drawing, number identically, its explanation is identical.As shown in Figure 1, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, and sidewall 2 was provided with vertical groove 3 around it was described.
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 2, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, and sidewall 2 is provided with vertical groove 3 on every side, and it is described to be provided with a vertical groove 3 on the sidewall 2 around each.
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 3, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, and sidewall 2 is provided with vertical groove 3 on every side, and its described many vertical grooves 3 are set in parallel each other.
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 4, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, sidewall 2 is provided with vertical groove 3 on every side, and its described upper plate 1 is provided with the groove 3 of transverse intersection, yet is provided with vertical groove 3 on every side on the sidewall 2.
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 5, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, and sidewall 2 is provided with vertical groove 3 on every side, and the cross sectional shape of its described vertical groove 3 is a U-shaped.
Fig. 6 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 6, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, and sidewall 2 is provided with vertical groove 3 on every side, and the cross sectional shape of its described vertical groove 3 is that opening is trapezoidal.
Fig. 7 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 7, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, and sidewall 2 is provided with vertical groove 3 on every side, and sidewall 2 was protruding around it was described a toss 4.
Fig. 8 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 8, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, sidewall 2 is provided with vertical groove 3 on every side, sidewall 2 is protruding on every side a toss 4, its described upper plate 1, sidewall 2 contains reinforce 5 on every side, reinforce 5 stretches into anchoring in the matrix of each adjacent member each other, and the reinforce 5 in the diagram upper plate 1 is the metal foil band.
Fig. 9 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 9, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, sidewall 2 is provided with vertical groove 3 on every side, also is respectively arranged with suspender member 6, junction box 7, spool 8, light trough box 9 simultaneously on the sidewall 2 around its described upper plate 1 reaches.
Figure 10 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 10, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, and sidewall 2 is provided with vertical groove 3 on every side, and sidewall 2 was provided with airduct 10 around it was described.
Figure 11 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 11, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, sidewall 2 is provided with vertical groove 3 on every side, also is provided with chamfering 12, pit 13, boss module 14 and external corner 16 on its described shuttering member simultaneously.
Figure 12 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 12, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, and sidewall 2 is provided with vertical groove 3 on every side, also is provided with inner corner trim 11, chamfering 12 and raised line 15 on its described shuttering member simultaneously.
Figure 13 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 13, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, sidewall 2 is provided with vertical groove 3 on every side, also is provided with reinforcing rib 17, stiffening rib 18, bracing boom 19 on its described shuttering member simultaneously and adds to wring 20.
Figure 14 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 14, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, sidewall 2 is provided with vertical groove 3 on every side, sidewall 2 is protruding on every side a toss 4, its described a plurality of shuttering members connect into the gang mould mould component by toss 4, constitute internal-rib die cavity 21 between the adjacent shuttering member, also be provided with transverse concave groove 3 with toss 4 contacts site on the sidewall 2 on every side.
Figure 15 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 15, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, sidewall 2 is provided with vertical groove 3 on every side, sidewall 2 is protruding on every side a toss 4, a plurality of shuttering members connect into the gang mould mould component by toss 4, constitute internal-rib die cavity 21 between the adjacent shuttering member, also be provided with transverse concave groove 3 with toss 4 contacts site on the sidewall 2 on every side, be provided with a spacer draw piece 22 in its described internal-rib die cavity 21.
Figure 16 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 16, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, and sidewall 2 is provided with vertical groove 3 on every side, also is provided with overlapping layers 23 on its described upper plate 1.
Figure 17 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 17, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, sidewall 2 is provided with vertical groove 3 on every side, its described a plurality of shuttering members alternately, connect into the gang mould mould component by a spacer draw piece 22 each other, constitute internal-rib die cavity 21 between the adjacent shuttering member.
Figure 18 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 18, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, and sidewall 2 is provided with vertical groove 3 on every side, and the horizontal profile of its described shuttering member is shaped as the chamfering polygon.
Figure 19 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 19, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, sidewall 2 is provided with vertical groove 3 on every side, and the re-entrant portion of its described shuttering member is provided with light material 25, and diagram light material 25 is an expanded perlite.
Figure 20 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 20, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, and sidewall 2 is provided with vertical groove 3 on every side, and its described shuttering member is provided with align member 26, and illustrated position member 26 is a locating piece.
Figure 21 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 21, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, sidewall 2 is provided with vertical groove 3 on every side, its described shuttering member is provided with connector 27 connected to one another between the shuttering member, and diagram connector 27 is the combination of rod member and hole.
Figure 22 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 22, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, and sidewall 2 is provided with vertical groove 3 on every side, also is provided with overlapping layers 23 on its described upper plate 1.
(5) specific embodiment
The present invention is further illustrated below in conjunction with drawings and Examples.
The present invention as shown in drawings, comprise upper plate 1, sidewall 2 on every side, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, it is characterized in that described around sidewall 2 be provided with vertical groove 3, vertical groove 3 no lower end notches, upper end and horizontal groove 3 are interconnected.Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 1.In each accompanying drawing, 1 be upper plate, 2 for around sidewall, 3 for vertical groove, below in each accompanying drawing, number identically, its explanation is identical.As shown in Figure 1, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, and sidewall 2 was provided with vertical groove 3 around it was described.As shown in figure 12, sidewall 2 is provided with vertical groove 3 on every side, vertical groove 3 no lower end notches, and upper end and horizontal groove 3 are interconnected.
Feature of the present invention also is describedly to be provided with at least one vertical groove 3 on the sidewall 2 around each.Fig. 2 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 2, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, and sidewall 2 is provided with vertical groove 3 on every side, and it is described to be provided with a vertical groove 3 on the sidewall 2 around each.
Feature of the present invention is that also described many vertical grooves 3 are parallel, oblique or the setting of extended line oblique each other.Fig. 3 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 3, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, and sidewall 2 is provided with vertical groove 3 on every side, and its described many vertical grooves 3 are set in parallel each other.
Feature of the present invention also be described upper plate 1 or on every side sidewall 2 be provided with the groove 3 of horizontal groove 3 or other direction.Fig. 4 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 4, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, sidewall 2 is provided with vertical groove 3 on every side, and its described upper plate 1 is provided with the groove 3 of transverse intersection, yet is provided with vertical groove 3 on every side on the sidewall 2.
Feature of the present invention is that also the described horizontal groove 3 or the groove 3 of other direction are interconnected with vertical groove 3.As shown in Figure 4, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, and sidewall 2 is provided with vertical groove 3 on every side, and upper plate 1 is provided with the groove 3 of transverse intersection, yet be provided with vertical groove 3 on every side on the sidewall 2, its described horizontal groove 3 is interconnected with vertical groove 3.
Feature of the present invention is also that the cross sectional shape of the groove 3 of described vertical groove 3, horizontal groove 3 or other direction is that square opening, opening rectangle, opening are trapezoidal, U-shaped, V-arrangement, stairstepping or semicircle.Fig. 5 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 5, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, and sidewall 2 is provided with vertical groove 3 on every side, and the cross sectional shape of its described vertical groove 3 is a U-shaped.Fig. 6 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 6, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, and sidewall 2 is provided with vertical groove 3 on every side, and the cross sectional shape of its described vertical groove 3 is that opening is trapezoidal.
Feature of the present invention is also that sidewall 2 is protruding around described a toss 4.Fig. 7 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 7, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, and sidewall 2 is provided with vertical groove 3 on every side, and sidewall 2 was protruding around it was described a toss 4.
Feature of the present invention is that also upper plate 1, sidewall 2 or toss 4 on every side contain reinforce 5, perhaps also has reinforce 5 to expose, and perhaps reinforce 5 stretches into anchoring in the matrix of each adjacent member each other.Reinforce 5 is at least a in reinforcing bar, steel wire, steel mesh reinforcement, gauze wire cloth, fiber, fibre bundle, fibrous mesh cloth, nonwoven, metal foil band, porose thin band, strap, the braid over braid etc.Fig. 8 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 8, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, sidewall 2 is provided with vertical groove 3 on every side, sidewall 2 is protruding on every side a toss 4, its described upper plate 1, sidewall 2 contains reinforce 5 on every side, reinforce 5 stretches into anchoring in the matrix of each adjacent member each other, and the reinforce 5 in the diagram upper plate 1 is the metal foil band.
Feature of the present invention also be described upper plate 1 or sidewall 2 or toss 4 on every side be provided with suspender member hang built-in fitting 6 or junction box 7 or spool 8 or light trough box 9 or airduct 10 at least one.Fig. 9 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 9, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, sidewall 2 is provided with vertical groove 3 on every side, also is respectively arranged with suspender member 6, junction box 7, spool 8, light trough box 9 simultaneously on the sidewall 2 around its described upper plate 1 reaches.Figure 10 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 10, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, and sidewall 2 is provided with vertical groove 3 on every side, and sidewall 2 was provided with airduct 10 around it was described.
Feature of the present invention also is also to be provided with on the described shuttering member at least one in inner corner trim 11, chamfering 12, pit 13, boss module 14, raised line 15, the external corner 16.Figure 11 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 11, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, sidewall 2 is provided with vertical groove 3 on every side, also is provided with chamfering 12, pit 13, boss module 14 and external corner 16 on its described shuttering member simultaneously.Figure 12 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 12, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, and sidewall 2 is provided with vertical groove 3 on every side, also is provided with inner corner trim 11, chamfering 12 and raised line 15 on its described shuttering member simultaneously.
Feature of the present invention also is also to be provided with reinforcing rib 17, stiffening rib 18, bracing boom 19 on the described shuttering member or to add at least one of wringing in 20.Figure 13 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 13, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, sidewall 2 is provided with vertical groove 3 on every side, also is provided with reinforcing rib 17, stiffening rib 18, bracing boom 19 on its described shuttering member simultaneously and adds to wring 20.
Feature of the present invention is that also described at least two shuttering members connect into the gang mould mould component by toss 4, constitutes internal-rib die cavity 21 between the adjacent shuttering member, perhaps also is provided with transverse concave groove 3 with toss 4 contacts site on the sidewall 2 on every side.Figure 14 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 14, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, sidewall 2 is provided with vertical groove 3 on every side, sidewall 2 is protruding on every side a toss 4, its described a plurality of shuttering members connect into the gang mould mould component by toss 4, constitute internal-rib die cavity 21 between the adjacent shuttering member, also be provided with transverse concave groove 3 with toss 4 contacts site on the sidewall 2 on every side.
Feature of the present invention also is to be provided with in the described internal-rib die cavity 21 a spacer draw piece 22.Figure 15 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 15, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, sidewall 2 is provided with vertical groove 3 on every side, sidewall 2 is protruding on every side a toss 4, a plurality of shuttering members connect into the gang mould mould component by toss 4, constitute internal-rib die cavity 21 between the adjacent shuttering member, also be provided with transverse concave groove 3 with toss 4 contacts site on the sidewall 2 on every side, be provided with a spacer draw piece 22 in its described internal-rib die cavity 21.
Feature of the present invention also be described upper plate 1 or sidewall 2 or toss 4 on every side at least one be provided with overlapping layers 23.Figure 16 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 16, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, and sidewall 2 is provided with vertical groove 3 on every side, also is provided with overlapping layers 23 on its described upper plate 1.
Feature of the present invention is that also described shuttering member is provided with carrying part 24.As shown in figure 16, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, and sidewall 2 is provided with vertical groove 3 on every side, also is provided with overlapping layers 23 on the upper plate 1.Its described shuttering member is provided with carrying part 24.Diagram carrying part 24 is handle.
Feature of the present invention also is described at least two shuttering members alternately, connects into the gang mould mould component by a spacer draw piece 22 each other, constitutes internal-rib die cavity 21 between the adjacent shuttering member.Figure 17 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 17, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, sidewall 2 is provided with vertical groove 3 on every side, its described a plurality of shuttering members alternately, connect into the gang mould mould component by a spacer draw piece 22 each other, constitute internal-rib die cavity 21 between the adjacent shuttering member.
Feature of the present invention is that also the horizontal profile of described shuttering member is shaped as rectangle, square, polygon, arc angle polygon, chamfering polygon, multi sphere limit shape, corrugated or circular.Figure 18 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 18, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, and sidewall 2 is provided with vertical groove 3 on every side, and the horizontal profile of its described shuttering member is shaped as the chamfering polygon.
Feature of the present invention is that also the re-entrant portion of described shuttering member is provided with light material 25.Figure 19 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 19, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, sidewall 2 is provided with vertical groove 3 on every side, and the re-entrant portion of its described shuttering member is provided with light material 25, and diagram light material 25 is an expanded perlite.
Feature of the present invention is that also described shuttering member is provided with align member 26.Figure 20 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 20, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, and sidewall 2 is provided with vertical groove 3 on every side, and its described shuttering member is provided with align member 26, and illustrated position member 26 is a locating piece.
Feature of the present invention is that also described shuttering member is provided with connector 27 connected to one another between the shuttering member.Figure 21 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 21, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, sidewall 2 is provided with vertical groove 3 on every side, its described shuttering member is provided with connector 27 connected to one another between the shuttering member, and diagram connector 27 is the combination of rod member and hole.
Feature of the present invention also be described upper plate 1 or on every side at least one of sidewall 2 be provided with overlapping layers 23.Figure 22 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 22, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, and sidewall 2 is provided with vertical groove 3 on every side, also is provided with overlapping layers 23 on its described upper plate 1.
Feature of the present invention is that also described overlapping layers 23 is light aggregate concrete layer, aerating concrete layer, cement sand bed, Cement fibre layer, cement steel screen layer, cement concrete layer, steel bar concrete layer, plastic plate, metal crimp template or wood glue plate or bamboo offset plate.As shown in figure 22, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, and sidewall 2 is provided with vertical groove 3 on every side, also is provided with overlapping layers 23 on the upper plate 1, and its described overlapping layers 23 is the light aggregate concrete layer.
Feature of the present invention also be the upper plate 1 of described shuttering member or on every side the wall of sidewall 2 be the wall of Cement fibre, Cement fibre net, cement steel net, cement gauze wire cloth, concrete plate, bamboo offset plate, wood glue plate, plastics, metal crimp template, lightweight concrete, perhaps toss 4 is the toss of cement mortar, concrete, lightweight concrete, polymer concrete, polymer mortar.As shown in Figure 2, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, sidewall 2 is provided with vertical groove 3 on every side, is provided with a vertical groove 3 on the sidewall 2 around each, the upper plate 1 of its described shuttering member and on every side the wall of sidewall 2 be the Cement fibre wall.
Feature of the present invention is that also in described upper plate 1, sidewall 2 or the toss 4 on every side at least one is to be stained with the muscle of cementitious material or the reinforce 5 superimposed gluings of net form by multilayer.As shown in Figure 1, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, and sidewall 2 is provided with vertical groove 3 on every side, its described upper plate 1 and on every side sidewall 2 be to form by the netted reinforce 5 superimposed gluings that multilayer is stained with cementitious material.
During the invention process, mix system cement mortar cementitious matter earlier, adopt one deck cementitious matter, one deck fibrous mesh cloth reinforce 5, the mode of one deck cementitious matter again, sidewall 2 is provided with the shuttering member of vertical groove 3 around forming in the mould, maintenance promptly gets shuttering member to stipulating the demoulding in the length of time.

Claims (10)

1. shuttering member, comprise upper plate (1), sidewall (2) on every side, upper plate (1), sidewall (2) surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, it is characterized in that described sidewall (2) on every side is provided with vertical groove (3), the vertical no lower end of groove (3) notch, upper end and horizontal groove (3) are interconnected.
2. a kind of shuttering member according to claim 1 is characterized in that describedly being provided with at least one vertical groove (3) on the sidewall (2) around each.
3. a kind of shuttering member according to claim 2 is characterized in that described many vertical grooves (3) are parallel, oblique or the setting of extended line oblique each other.
4. a kind of shuttering member according to claim 1, it is characterized in that described upper plate (1) or on every side sidewall (2) be provided with the groove (3) of horizontal groove (3) or other direction.
5. a kind of shuttering member according to claim 4 is characterized in that the groove (3) of described other direction and vertical groove (3) are interconnected.
6. a kind of shuttering member according to claim 5, the cross sectional shape that it is characterized in that the groove (3) of described vertical groove (3), horizontal groove (3) or other direction are that square opening, opening rectangle, opening are trapezoidal, U-shaped, V-arrangement, stairstepping or semicircle.
7. according to the described a kind of shuttering member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 6, it is characterized in that sidewall (2) is protruding around described has a toss (4).
8. a kind of shuttering member according to claim 7, it is characterized in that upper plate (1), sidewall (2) or toss (4) on every side contain reinforce (5), perhaps also have reinforce (5) to expose, perhaps reinforce (5) stretches into anchoring in the matrix of each adjacent member each other.Reinforce (5) is at least a in reinforcing bar, steel wire, steel mesh reinforcement, gauze wire cloth, fiber, fibre bundle, fibrous mesh cloth, nonwoven, metal foil band, porose thin band, strap, the braid over braid etc.; Perhaps upper plate (1) or sidewall (2) or toss (4) on every side be provided with suspender member hang built-in fitting (6) or junction box (7) or spool (8) or light trough box (9) or airduct (10) at least one; Perhaps also be provided with at least one in inner corner trim (11), chamfering (12), pit (13), boss module (14), raised line (15), the external corner (16) on the shuttering member; Perhaps also be provided with reinforcing rib (17), stiffening rib (18), bracing boom (19) on the shuttering member or add at least one of wringing in (20); Perhaps at least two shuttering members connect into the gang mould mould component by toss (4), constitute internal-rib die cavity (21) between the adjacent shuttering member, perhaps around sidewall (2) go up and toss (4) contact site also is provided with transverse concave groove (3); Perhaps be provided with a spacer draw piece (22) in the internal-rib die cavity (21); Perhaps at least one of upper plate (1) or sidewall (2) or toss (4) on every side is provided with overlapping layers (23); Perhaps shuttering member is provided with carrying part (24).
9. according to the described a kind of shuttering member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 6, it is characterized in that described at least two shuttering members alternately, connect into the gang mould mould component by a spacer draw piece (22) each other, constitute internal-rib die cavity (21) between the adjacent shuttering member; Perhaps the horizontal profile of shuttering member is shaped as rectangle, square, polygon, arc angle polygon, chamfering polygon, multi sphere limit shape, corrugated or circular; Perhaps the re-entrant portion of shuttering member is provided with light material (25); Perhaps shuttering member is provided with align member (26); Perhaps shuttering member is provided with connector connected to one another (27) between the shuttering member.
10. according to the described a kind of shuttering member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 6, it is characterized in that described upper plate (1) or on every side at least one of sidewall (2) be provided with overlapping layers (23); Perhaps overlapping layers (23) is light aggregate concrete layer, aerating concrete layer, cement sand bed, Cement fibre layer, cement steel screen layer, cement concrete layer, steel bar concrete layer, plastic plate, metal crimp template or wood glue plate or bamboo offset plate; Perhaps the upper plate of shuttering member (1) or on every side the wall of sidewall (2) be the wall of Cement fibre, Cement fibre net, cement steel net, cement gauze wire cloth, concrete plate, bamboo offset plate, wood glue plate, plastics, metal crimp template, lightweight concrete, perhaps toss (4) is the toss of cement mortar, concrete, lightweight concrete, polymer concrete, polymer mortar; Perhaps at least one in upper plate (1), sidewall (2) or the toss (4) on every side is to be stained with the muscle of cementitious material or the superimposed gluing of the reinforce of net (5) forms by multilayer.
CNA2008100091039A 2003-12-15 2003-12-15 Formwork component Pending CN101220686A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNA2008100091039A CN101220686A (en) 2003-12-15 2003-12-15 Formwork component

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNA2008100091039A CN101220686A (en) 2003-12-15 2003-12-15 Formwork component

Related Parent Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN 200310124188 Division CN1629426A (en) 2003-12-15 2003-12-15 A shuttering member

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN101220686A true CN101220686A (en) 2008-07-16

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Family Applications (1)

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Country Link
CN (1) CN101220686A (en)

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