CN101165196B - Technique for continuously smelting copper by employing oxygen bottom converter and device thereof - Google Patents

Technique for continuously smelting copper by employing oxygen bottom converter and device thereof Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN101165196B
CN101165196B CN2006101137986A CN200610113798A CN101165196B CN 101165196 B CN101165196 B CN 101165196B CN 2006101137986 A CN2006101137986 A CN 2006101137986A CN 200610113798 A CN200610113798 A CN 200610113798A CN 101165196 B CN101165196 B CN 101165196B
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
blowing
copper
slag
oxygen
furnace
Prior art date
Application number
CN2006101137986A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN101165196A (en
Inventor
蒋继穆
尉克俭
张振民
史学谦
林晓芳
Original Assignee
中国恩菲工程技术有限公司
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Family has litigation
Application filed by 中国恩菲工程技术有限公司 filed Critical 中国恩菲工程技术有限公司
Priority to CN2006101137986A priority Critical patent/CN101165196B/en
Publication of CN101165196A publication Critical patent/CN101165196A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN101165196B publication Critical patent/CN101165196B/en
First worldwide family litigation filed litigation Critical https://patents.darts-ip.com/?family=39334051&utm_source=google_patent&utm_medium=platform_link&utm_campaign=public_patent_search&patent=CN101165196(B) "Global patent litigation dataset” by Darts-ip is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Links

Classifications

    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P10/00Technologies related to metal processing
    • Y02P10/20Recycling

Abstract

The present invention relates to continuous copper-smelting oxygen bottom blowing furnace process and apparatus. The continuous copper-smelting process includes smelting high grade copper matte in an oxygen bottom blowing furnace, smelting coarse copper product with the high grade copper matte in one other bottom blowing furnace, producing high iron slag, dressing the furnace slag to obtain copper concentrate and returning to smelting furnace, separating out iron concentrate product and obtaining tailings. The process has short flow path, low investment, low power consumption, low cost, environment friendship and other advantages.

Description

A kind of technology and device thereof that adopts oxygen bottom blowing stove continual copper smelting
Technical field
The invention relates to a kind of non-ferrous metal metallurgy copper smelting method and device thereof, more particularly, is technology and the device thereof that adopts oxygen bottom blowing stove continual copper smelting about a kind of.
Background technology
The pyrometallurgical smelting of China's copper is used for industrial existing with regard to melting: the melting of flash stove, Rouyn-Noranda melting, Ao Simaite melting, the melting of Chinese mugwort Sa, pyritic smelting, the melting of silver method and traditional blast furnace smelting, electrosmelting, reverberatory smelting etc.Above-mentioned melting method is difficult to reach the desired emission standard of environment protection except that back three kinds of traditional methods, and other all are the comparatively advanced melting technologies that the world today adopts.With regard to the blowing of copper, the world today is last all to be to adopt the PS converter more than 90%, is interrupted operation, and the copper matte regulus of melting output need wrap in the workshop with copper matte regulus and have bad luck, and causes SO 2The loss of flue gas low latitude adds the reinforced and converting process of converter, and flue gas is difficult to seal fully, exists loss in various degree to pollute, and it is very poor to make PS bessemerize the operating environment of operation.This is that current copper is smelted one global problem that faces, and each state all addresses this problem trying hard to.
There are two kinds to be used for industrial continuous converting technology at present abroad, solved copper matte regulus and problem such as in the workshop, had bad luck.The capture rate of sulphur>99.5% has solved the low vacancy pollution of copper matte regulus blowing preferably.
Wherein, the Mitsubishi process of Japan research and development adopts the melting of top blast stove, and electric furnace sedimentation copper matte regulus and slag also carry out dilution to slag, and the top blast stove blows copper matte regulus to blister copper continuously.Three stoves connect with two chutes, have realized continual copper smelting.Existing in the world four such factories of family are producing, and are less, the lower-cost continual copper smelting technology of a kind of investment.
Another kind is the copper metallurgy technology of Utah,U.S.A Kennecott smeltery, adopts that the melting of flash stove, slag ore dressing, copper matte regulus water are broken, dry, ore grinding blows into blister copper with the flash stove again.Only there is a family producing at present.
Above-mentioned two kinds of continual copper smelting technologies, though solved the environmental protection problem of blowing operation, the part that also all comes with some shortcomings requires further improvement raising:
Mitsubishi process is by four stoves (smelting furnace, slag cleaning furnace, converting furnace, anode furnace) gravity flow configuration, the smelting furnace of first procedure need be configured in higher floor position, building cost is higher relatively, the slag of Mitsubishi process adopts electric dilution in addition, the waste copper content reaches 0.6-0.7%, far above the average grade of the most large-scale copper mine exploitated ores of China, resource does not obtain to make full use of.
The continuous converting of flash stove, its shortcoming are that copper matte regulus needs first water broken, dry, levigate again after, the operation of just blowing, operation is numerous and diverse, and the per pass operation all is difficult to guarantee 100% the rate of recovery, and a spot of mechanical loss is all arranged.Moreover liquid high temperature copper matte regulus water is broken, and its physics heat is complete loss almost, and the broken solid-state copper matte regulus of water, drying and converting process need outer supplying heat source, and heat energy utilization is unreasonable.The broken need of copper matte regulus water dash with big water gaging, add drying, fragmentation, have additionally increased artificial and power consumption, cause the blowing cost to increase, and perhaps this be that this technology does not obtain the major reason of large-scale popularization for many years.
Also have the Rouyn-Noranda continuous converting method in addition, still be in the commerical test stage.
Summary of the invention
Technical problem to be solved by this invention is the shortcoming that overcomes prior art, and a kind of employing effective ways are provided, and solves present copper and smelts the low latitude SO that PS bessemerizes 2Pollution problem provides technology and device thereof than continual copper smelting technology such as existing Mitsubishi process, flash converting process is more advanced in the world, flow process is shorter, investment more economizes, cost is lower, the rate of recovery is higher, oxygen bottom blowing stove continual copper smelting is better adopted in comprehensive utilization simultaneously.
Technical scheme of the present invention realizes by following steps:
A kind of technology that adopts oxygen bottom blowing continuous copper smelting is characterized in that, this technology may further comprise the steps:
(1) copper sulfide concentrate and flux, return comprise copper materials in the middle of flue dust, slag copper ore concentrates, the blowing slag etc., behind disk pelletizing machine mixing granulation, the stove charging opening of being delivered to bottom-blown smelting stove top by belt feeder adds in the stove, oxygen becomes the oxygen lance at 0-16 degree angle to send into to carry out melting reaction in the stove by being located at furnace bottom with vertical line, the stove pellet of going into that mixes generates copper matte regulus and smelting slag through melting, and smelting temperature is 1080-1250 ℃;
(2) copper matte regulus of bottom-blown smelting stove generation is put the chute that is connected to the bottom-blown smelting stove by the siphon escape orifice that is located at bottom-blown smelting stove one end; Copper matte regulus is delivered to the charging opening that is located at centre, bottom blowing converting furnace end through chute and is added in the stove, send into oxygen and blow, copper matte regulus continuous converting is become blister copper and blowing slag by being located at the oxygen lance that becomes 0-16 degree angle at the bottom of the bottom blowing converting furnace with vertical line, the blowing temperature is 1220-1250 ℃; When sending oxygen blowing,, make iron calcium slag from the perforate that is located at bottom blowing converting furnace top adding Wingdale or lime by slag making required amount continuous and quantitative; Above-mentioned bottom-blown smelting stove is emitted and returned to iron calcium slag by the overflow slag notch;
(3) blister copper of above-mentioned bottom blowing converting furnace production is emitted continuously by the siphon escape orifice; Blister copper is delivered to anode furnace through chute, operation routinely in anode furnace, and behind initial oxidation, the back reduction refining, qualified anode copper is delivered to the anode casting machine by chute, is cast as copper anode plate;
(4) slag of above-mentioned bottom-blown smelting stove output, by the slag chute that connects with the bottom-blown smelting stove, cinder ladle is put in overflow continuously, adopts a plurality of cinder ladles to recycle, and realizes the smelting slag slow cooling, or pours smelting slag into pit by cinder ladle and carry out slow cooling; Smelting slag after the slow cooling, the mine order of sending to be elected is handled, and the slag copper ore concentrates of ore dressing output returns above-mentioned bottom-blown smelting stove;
(5) temperature of bottom-blown smelting stove, bottom blowing converting furnace output is at 950 ℃-1200 ℃ high-temperature flue gas, by being located at the top smoke outlet of its discharge end, enter the waste heat boiler that is provided with the arc cover, in waste heat boiler, pass through to produce the saturation steam of 4MPa, reclaim its waste heat, flue-gas temperature is reduced to below 400 ℃ or 400 ℃, enters to send after the electric precipitator udst separation acid plant to produce sulfuric acid again;
(6) flue dust collected of the waste heat boiler of bottom-blown smelting stove and bottom blowing converting furnace and dust precipitator, by bury the material scraper conveyer, chapelet is delivered to bottom-blown smelting furnace roof intermediate bunker, behind humidification, returns the bottom convertor melting after sending disk pelletizing machine mixing granulation; All flue dust are set at does not have airborne dust, processed circularly in the closed circulation system of assurance workshop excellent environment condition.
Above-mentioned burying expects that scraper conveyer is a kind of special transportation device of coloured smelting factory transport high temperature pulverulent material, has special manufactory to produce.The delivery chain of this equipment is embedded in the pulverulent material, by the cycle rotation of chain, material is transported to blanking point (destination locations) by the feed point.Transportation is all airtight, does not produce airborne dust, and is free from environmental pollution.
Technology as previously discussed is characterized in that:
The copper matte regulus blowing is meant: originate from the liquid high temperature copper matte regulus of bottom-blown smelting stove, inject the oxygen bottom blowing converting furnace continuously through chute, send into oxygen-rich air continuously from the converting furnace bottom higher-grade copper matte regulus is carried out continuous converting;
Simultaneously, by feed bin, measuring belt feeding machine, add flux lime or Wingdale slag making continuously from the furnace roof opening by the calculation requirement amount; Or furnace roof opening not, with flux lime or Wingdale pulverize, by feed bin, measuring belt feeding machine from the slag making in oxygen is sent into stove of oxygen rifle; Than the top perforate, the discharging smelting slag is than the bottom perforate at stove one end, siphoning installation discharging blister copper is set, realize adding continuously copper matte regulus, continuous converting, add flux, slag making continuously, continuous discharging slag continuously, and emit blister copper continuously, realize the technology of converting process serialization;
Adopt cupric to blow up to the 68-70% copper matte regulus, oxygen blowing is adopted in the bottom blowing blowing, the blowing load is little, the blowing quantity of slag is less, oxygen blowing is adopted in the bottom blowing blowing, the blowing temperature is to reach rational blowing temperature by regulating oxygen concentration and the oxygen-supplying amount of unit time or blowing speed, and above-mentioned rational blowing temperature is meant control or regulates the blowing temperature between 1220-1250 ℃; It is 5: 5 to 8: 2 that adjusting oxygen nitrogen volume ratio makes the oxygen nitrogen volume ratio regulation range of air feed, and air demand is relevant with air pressure, and the regulation range of oxygen and nitrogen pressure is 0.4MPa to 0.8MPa, with the speed of response of control blowing.
Technology as previously discussed is characterized in that:
Determine blowing slag type and whether add flux according to the concentrate composition: copper ore concentrates gangue iron content height, alkaline elements such as calcic, magnesium are few, will add the flux calcium oxide during melting; Adopt iron calcium slag type, return smelting furnace after the blowing pulp water is broken, substitute the lime stone flux of the required interpolation of melting; Handle the high copper ore concentrates of calcium content: do not need to add lime stone flux during melting, can add quartzite at converting furnace and make ferro-silicon slag, after slow cooling, send the slag enrichment plant to handle; Oxygen bottom-blowing slag Fe 3O 4Content is low, can adopt high iron silicon ratio slag making, and above-mentioned bottom convertor melting adopts high iron slag type to be meant: by the flux amount of allocating into, and the FeO/SiO of smelting slag 2Weight ratio be controlled between the 2.0-2.2, adopt high ferro calcium slag type, can make the quartzy flux amount of adding less, the melting inventory is reduced, the slag rate is low, the inventory of slag ore dressing is few, energy consumption descends, copper amount with the slag loss also reduces, smelting furnace to converting furnace, converting furnace to chute all is set between the anode furnace, chute top is provided with uses burning diesel oil or Sweet natural gas to the chute heat tracing, prevents that copper matte regulus or blister copper are frozen in the insulation burner in the chute, the environmental protection ventilating hood is set above chute, and this environmental protection ventilating hood is the SO with copper matte regulus loss in the chute 2Drain into desulfurizer with the combustion exhaust that is incubated the burner generation and carry out desulfurization processing back emptying, and guarantee operating environment good in the workshop, guarantee capture rate>99.6% of total system sulphur and the environmental protection ventilating hood of the full factory of realization cleaner production.
Technology as previously discussed is characterized in that:
The configuration of above-mentioned workshop, employing is cast to the anode furnace refining to the anode copper coin to blowing from melting, technology from height to low tact system configuration: compound is after disk pelletizing, deliver to the bottom-blown smelting stove with reinforced belt, copper matte regulus flow to bottom blowing converting furnace certainly through chute, blister copper is flow automatically to anode furnace through chute by converting furnace, anode copper is cast into anode through the chute gravity flow, finish blister copper and smelt the configuration layout that whole process high-temperature liquid state melt all flows automatically and transports certainly, thereby the labour productivity of increasing substantially, reduce the material that returns of steamed stuffed bun shell, cut down the consumption of energy, when overcoming the high-temperature liquid state material and having bad luck, the SO that can't overcome 2The technology of free loss or an environmental protection difficult problem; Be that a kind of melting, blowing, refining, ingot bar four procedures of making closely connect together, finish continuously that configuration is compact, reduce the technology of a large amount of construction investments.
Technology as previously discussed, it is characterized in that: iron calcium slag type is adopted in blowing, above-mentioned iron calcium slag type be flowability preferably, copper that is mingled with and cupric oxide are easy to clarify isolating, can reduce slag content, lower to the basic-lined chemical corrosion degree of magnesite chrome brick, help extending furnace lining life, improve the iron calcium slag type of operating rate; Iron calcium slag Returning smelting stove is regulated the smelting slag type, replenishes required calcium amount in the smelting slag; When replenishing the calcium amount: iron calcium slag ingredient is controlled in weight ratio=2.5-2.6 of Fe/CaO.
Technology as previously discussed is characterized in that:
This process using bottom convertor blowing, the bottom blowing blowing is continuous converting under the situation of blister copper, copper matte regulus, slag three-phase coexistence: oxygen is introduced into the blister copper layer, blister copper layer oxygen gesture is the highest, is mixed in the V group element in the blister copper: S, As, Sb, Bi oxidized removing earlier, obtains the higher blister copper of quality; Then, oxygen by blister copper as carrier, with Cu 2Cu in O, CuO form and the copper matte regulus 2S, CuS reaction generates Cu and SO 2, part generates FeO, SO with FeS reaction in the copper matte regulus 2And Cu, be a kind of Fe that generates and enter in the slag 3O 4Content is less, and the viscosity of slag is lower, can reduce Cu in the blowing slag 2The technology of the inclusion content of O; And more a spot of Fe in the slag 3O 4Also partly generated FeO, copper content<10% in the slag by the reduction of the CuS in the copper matte regulus.
A kind of bottom blowing converting furnace that is used for bottom blowing continuous copper smelting is characterized in that: the furnace construction of this bottom blowing converting furnace is the pierce smith converter that the feed end diameter cylindrical shell identical with the discharge end diameter formed; Shell is a steel plate, inner lining refractory, and cylindrical shell is placed on the foundation of civil work by two idler stands, and one of them carrying roller one end is furnished with motor, geartransmission, body of heater is configured to and can comes back rotation along the axle center; The close feed end in body of heater bottom, all spray gun of distributing oxygen; The feed end upper of furnace body is provided with the opening that is used to add the flux slag making, the center, end is provided with the opening that is used to add liquid copper matte regulus, the discharge end upper of furnace body is provided with the opening that is used to discharge flue gas, the center, end is provided with the blowing slag overflow port that is used for continuous discharging slag, and the cinder notch bottom is provided with the siphon port that is used for the continuous blow-down blister copper; Bottom blowing converting furnace is configured to make bottom blowing converting furnace that obliquity is arranged, big and long stove inclination angle is less, little and the short bigger structure in stove inclination angle, this structure makes the blister copper layer of copper matte regulus inlet end thinner, can directly send into the copper matte regulus layer from the oxygen-rich air that spray gun is sent into, the reaction of blowing prevents to produce excessive Cu 2O; Blister copper escape orifice one end has thicker blister copper layer; Be provided with at this end: for preventing the part furnace bottom gas permeable brick with the sulphur content of copper matte regulus reverse balanced reaction raising blister copper; This bottom blowing converting furnace also is provided with: send into a small amount of oxygen-rich air, slowly enter blister copper, improve its oxygen gesture, control blister copper sulphur content oxygen-rich air adding apparatus up to standard; Two discrepancy in elevation that support carrying roller of passing through that converting furnace forms blister copper, copper matte regulus, blowing slag three-phase coexistence from bottom to top dispose; It is 0-50mm that the blister copper layer thickness is configured to make big of the oxygen of feed end can directly enter the blow blister copper layer thickness of close feed end of reaction of copper matte regulus layer, near discharge end blister copper layer is 300-400mm, above-mentioned blister copper layer near discharge end is that 300-400mm is meant: this section no longer send oxygen to stir, the blister copper that slag and copper matte regulus layer are mingled with has certain sedimentation time to separate from slag and copper matte regulus, and enter the blister copper layer, reach and reduce the copper bearing purpose of slag, and make thickness near the blister copper layer of discharge end, can be discharged into anode furnace smoothly by siphon port.
The bottom blowing converting furnace that is used for bottom blowing continuous copper smelting as previously discussed, it is characterized in that: the body of heater bottom is near feed end, the uniform 3-5 of every interval 1.1m-1.3m props up the spray gun that send oxygen that becomes 0-16 degree angle with vertical line, and bottom blowing converting furnace is configured to make bottom blowing converting furnace that the obliquity of 1-3% is arranged; Adopt the bottom blowing spray gun that reduces the factory building total height.
Some explanation to above technology and device:
1, regulates oxygen material ratio, production higher-grade copper matte regulus.The copper matte regulus grade is controlled at 68-70%, to reduce the lifting capacity of follow-up copper matte regulus blowing operation, and the copper matte regulus of output<70% simultaneously, the smelting slag cupric is in than low water-mark, can obtain higher melting direct yield;
2, high iron slag type is adopted in melting: by the flux amount of allocating into, and the FeO/SiO of smelting slag 2Weight ratio be controlled between the 2.0-2.2, be higher than the level of the 1.4-1.6 of Mitsubishi process, also be higher than the 1.6-1.8 (the slag type that is used for the slag ore dressing) of flash stove.Why can adopt high iron silicon ratio slag making, be because the reaction mechanism of bottom-blown smelting is that oxygen directly acts on copper matte regulus, and copper matte regulus is as the carrier of oxygen, and the iron sulphide reaction that generates in Red copper oxide and the concentrate generates FeO, and the oxygen gesture of slag making reaction is low, is difficult for generating Fe 3O 4, thereby slag can adopt higher iron silicon ratio.Otherwise, Mitsubishi process or flash smelting process, its reaction mechanism is that oxygen directly acts on concentrate, the direct and oxygen reaction of iron sulphide, the oxygen gesture is higher, generates Fe 3O 4Trend big, the ratio height, slag is clamminess, Cu 2The inclusion content of O in slag increases, and is unfavorable for that slag copper separates.Especially Mitsubishi process, too high iron silicon ratio, Fe in the slag 3O 4Increase, outside copper content raises in the slagging-off, the danger that produces foamy slag in addition.
Because oxygen bottom-blowing slag Fe 3O 4Content is low, can adopt high iron silicon ratio slag making, and therefore, the quartzy flux amount that melting adds is less relatively, and the melting inventory reduces, and the slag rate is low, and the inventory of slag ore dressing is few, and the also corresponding decline of energy consumption is with the also corresponding minimizing of copper amount of slag loss.
3, smelting slag ore dressing:
The smelting slag of bottom convertor output, by cinder ladle or pit, handle in the ore deposit of sending to be elected after slow cooling, ore dressing process comprise with the slag fragmentation, levigate after, flotation is selected the slag copper ore concentrates, is selected and select iron ore concentrate and mine tailing again.The ore dressing of copper smelter slag has mature technology both at home and abroad.Bottom blowing slag and Rouyn-Noranda smelting slag are similar.The Rouyn-Noranda smelting slag is handled in Daye, and the optional copper ore concentrates of slagging tap, iron ore concentrate, the mine tailing of output can supply water mud batching or brickmaking have realized that the smeltery does not have waste residue.Mine tailing cupric<0.35% than electric dilution technology, can improve the total yield 0.6-0.7% of copper.Electric dilution waste cupric better index is 0.6-0.7%, and China's copper resource is in great shortage, and the resource of raw ore cupric about 0.42% is still in exploitation.This technology slag adopts ore-dressing technique to reclaim remaining copper, the copper recovery height, and resource is fully utilized, and meets national conditions.Still more, adopt beneficiation method to handle the unit initial cost and the operation cost of slag per ton, remain basically stable with electric dilution, therefore, from economic angle, the slag ore dressing is also more favourable.
4, copper matte regulus blowing
Originate from the liquid high temperature copper matte regulus of bottom-blown smelting stove, inject the oxygen bottom blowing converting furnace continuously, send into oxygen-rich air continuously from the converting furnace bottom higher-grade copper matte regulus is carried out continuous converting through chute.Meanwhile, by feed bin, measuring belt feeding machine, add flux lime or Wingdale slag making continuously from the furnace roof opening by the calculation requirement amount.But (also furnace roof opening not, with flux lime or Wingdale pulverize, by feed bin, measuring belt feeding machine from the slag making in oxygen is sent into stove of oxygen rifle.) at stove one end than the top perforate, the discharging smelting slag than the bottom perforate, is provided with siphoning installation discharging blister copper, sees Fig. 2.Realize adding continuously copper matte regulus, continuous converting, add flux, slag making continuously, deslagging continuously, and emit blister copper continuously, realize the converting process serialization, this is the place of the core technology of this patent; Its characteristics have:
1) adopts the bottom convertor blowing.Continuous converting under blister copper, copper matte regulus, slag three-phase coexistence situation, oxygen is by the blister copper transmission, therefore; the oxygen gesture of blister copper is the highest; can guarantee to obtain the blister copper lower, and help removing of V group elements such as As, Sb, Bi, improve the blister copper quality than other continuous converting sulphur content.The blowing of bottom blowing simultaneously can reduce Fe 3O 4Growing amount, prevent Fe 3O 4The generation of precipitation and foamy slag, Fe in the slag 3O 4Content is low, and the viscosity of slag is just low, can reduce Cu in the blowing slag 2The inclusion content of O makes the slag cupric be lower than the slag copper content of flash blowing and Mitsubishi process blowing, can reduce to Cu<10%;
2) adopt higher-grade copper matte regulus (Cu 68-70%) blowing, the blowing load is little, and the blowing quantity of slag is less relatively.By the speed of response that the oxygen nitrogen ratio and the oxygen supply pressure (oxygen nitrogen volume ratio regulation range is 5: 5 to 8: 2, and oxygen supply is 0.4-0.8MPa for nitrogen pressure regulation range) of the oxygen supply of adjusting oxygen rifle are controlled blowing, temperature is at 1220-1250 ℃ thereby may command blows;
3) determine blowing slag type according to the concentrate composition: copper ore concentrates gangue iron content height generally speaking, alkaline elements such as calcic, magnesium are few, need add the flux calcium oxide during melting.This patent all adopts iron calcium slag type generally speaking, returns smelting furnace after the blowing pulp water is broken, substitutes the lime stone flux of the required interpolation of melting.When in particular cases handling the high copper ore concentrates of calcium content when (not needing to add lime stone flux during melting), this patent also can add quartzite at converting furnace and make ferro-silicon slag, send the slag enrichment plant to handle after slow cooling;
4) bottom blowing converting furnace according to the stove size, keeps the obliquity of 1-3% in preparation, the blister copper layer that makes it the copper matte regulus inlet end is thinner, can directly send into the copper matte regulus layer from the oxygen-rich air that spray gun is sent into, and the reaction of blowing prevents to produce excessive Cu 2O.Blister copper escape orifice one end can keep thicker blister copper layer again, for preventing the sulphur content with copper matte regulus reverse balanced reaction raising blister copper, at this end part furnace bottom gas permeable brick is set, send into a small amount of oxygen-rich air, slowly enter blister copper, improve its oxygen gesture, control blister copper sulphur content is up to standard, avoided Mitsubishi process and flash continuous converting method in anode furnace, to need desulfurization again, caused the anode furnace flue gas to need special processing to solve environmental issue;
5) bottom convertor continuous converting, furnace temperature is stable, has overcome the excessive shortcoming of converter discontinuous running temperature fluctuation, helps increasing substantially the life-span of converting furnace, reduces refractory consumption rate and maintenance load, thereby reduces the copper metallurgy cost.Continuous converting, exhaust gas volumn and smoke components (SO 2Content) stable equilibrium, body of heater need not often rotate, thus air leak rate of air curtain declines to a great extent, and has overcome the big shortcoming of converter discontinuous running exhaust gas volumn and smoke components fluctuation, helps relieving haperacidity, reduces the investment of sour factory;
6) smelting furnace to converting furnace is provided with the copper matte regulus chute, and copper matte regulus directly flows into converting furnace from smelting furnace by chute.Insulation burner heat tracing is set on the connection chute, prevents that copper matte regulus from freezing in chute.At chute one end the ventilation petticoat pipe is set, gets rid of the flue gas of copper matte regulus loss in insulation burner and the chute, flue gas emptying after desulfurization is handled.When having overcome the converter discontinuous running, in the workshop, have bad luck copper matte regulus, SO in the copper matte regulus with bull ladle 2A large amount of inorganization loss cause serious SO 2Low vacancy pollution worsens the plant operations environment.Adopt bottom convertor continuous converting copper matte regulus, the capture rate of total system sulphur>99.6% can be guaranteed the cleaner production of full factory.
5, workshop configuration
Melting is adopted from high and is avoided high-temperature fusant to have bad luck in the workshop to low line configurations method, and this helps continuous production, helps process automation control and raises labour productivity.
Compound is after disk pelletizing, deliver to the bottom-blown smelting stove with reinforced belt, oneself flow to bottom blowing converting furnace to copper matte regulus through chute, blister copper is flow automatically to anode furnace through chute by converting furnace, anode copper is cast into anode through the chute gravity flow, finish blister copper and smelt all configuration layouts of gravity flow of whole process liquid melts, its main process device is arranged synoptic diagram such as Fig. 2.
Owing to adopt bottom blowing spray gun rather than top-blown spray gun, there is not the sedimentation electric furnace in addition, there is not very high electric furnace electrode, therefore greatly reduce factory building height, hang down about 10 meters than the factory building height of Mitsubishi process.
A kind of technology of oxygen bottom blowing stove continual copper smelting and device thereof of adopting of the present invention has following characteristics or beneficial effect compared with prior art:
(1) bottom-blown smelting can adopt high iron silicon ratio slag type, and the factory's melting inventory and the quantity of slag of equal scale are less relatively;
(2) slag adopts ore dressing to handle, copper total recovery height, and slag all fully utilizes, and realizes no waste residue smelting;
(3) adopt bottom blowing continuous converting, blister copper quality height, sulfur-bearing are low, and the anode furnace flue gas is without desulfurization;
(4) adopt the gravity flow configuration, avoided copper matte regulus to have bad luck, the workshop compact in design can realize cleaner production.
These characteristics or effect have guaranteed advantages such as the present invention has factory construction reduced investment, metal recovery rate height, low, the comprehensive utilization of resources level height of product cost, and comprehensive energy consumption is low, operating environment is good, are most advanced world copper metallurgy technology.
Description of drawings:
Fig. 1 is process flow diagram or the bottom blowing continuous copper smelting novel process principle process synoptic diagram that adopts oxygen bottom blowing stove continual copper smelting;
Fig. 2 is the layout synoptic diagram or the oxygen bottom blowing continuous copper smelting technology main equipment schematic layout pattern of main process device of the present invention.
Among Fig. 2:
1, bottom-blown smelting stove;
2, bottom blowing converting furnace;
3, anode furnace;
4, positive plate liquid filling machine;
5,15 slag-drip openings;
6, raw material adds inlet;
7, slag;
8, copper matte regulus;
9, smoke outlet;
10, waste heat boiler;
11, copper matte regulus outlet;
12, chute;
13, flux adds inlet;
14, blister copper;
16, oxygen jet;
17, disk pelletizing machine;
18, belt feeder.
Specific embodiment:
Embodiment 1
A kind of technology that adopts oxygen bottom blowing continuous copper smelting is characterized in that, this technology may further comprise the steps:
(1) copper sulfide concentrate and flux, return comprise copper materials in the middle of flue dust, slag copper ore concentrates, the blowing slag etc., behind disk pelletizing machine mixing granulation, the stove charging opening of being delivered to bottom-blown smelting stove top by belt feeder adds in the stove, oxygen becomes the oxygen lance at 0 ° of angle to send into to carry out melting reaction in the stove by being located at furnace bottom with vertical line, the stove pellet of going into that mixes generates copper matte regulus and smelting slag through melting, and smelting temperature is 1080 ℃;
(2) copper matte regulus of bottom-blown smelting stove generation is put the chute that is connected to the bottom-blown smelting stove by the siphon escape orifice that is located at bottom-blown smelting stove one end; Copper matte regulus is delivered to the charging opening that is located at centre, bottom blowing converting furnace end through chute and is added in the stove, send into oxygen and blow, copper matte regulus continuous converting is become blister copper and blowing slag by being located at the oxygen lance that becomes 0 degree angle at the bottom of the bottom blowing converting furnace with vertical line, the blowing temperature is 1220 ℃; When sending oxygen blowing,, make iron calcium slag from the perforate that is located at bottom blowing converting furnace top adding Wingdale by slag making required amount continuous and quantitative; Above-mentioned bottom-blown smelting stove is emitted and returned to iron calcium slag by the overflow slag notch;
(3) blister copper of above-mentioned bottom blowing converting furnace production is emitted continuously by the siphon escape orifice; Blister copper is delivered to anode furnace through chute, operation routinely in anode furnace, and behind initial oxidation, the back reduction refining, qualified anode copper is delivered to the anode casting machine by chute, is cast as copper anode plate;
(4) slag of above-mentioned bottom-blown smelting stove output, by the slag chute that connects with the bottom-blown smelting stove, cinder ladle is put in overflow continuously, pours smelting slag into pit by cinder ladle and carries out slow cooling; Smelting slag after the slow cooling, the mine order of sending to be elected is handled, and the slag copper ore concentrates of ore dressing output returns above-mentioned bottom-blown smelting stove;
(5) temperature of bottom-blown smelting stove, bottom blowing converting furnace output is at the high-temperature flue gas of 950 ℃ or 1050 ℃, by being located at the top smoke outlet of its discharge end separately, enter the waste heat boiler that is provided with the arc cover, in waste heat boiler, pass through to produce the saturation steam of 4MPa, reclaim its waste heat, flue-gas temperature is reduced to below 400 ℃, enters to send after the electric precipitator udst separation acid plant to produce sulfuric acid again;
(6) flue dust collected of the waste heat boiler of bottom-blown smelting stove and bottom blowing converting furnace and dust precipitator, by bury the material scraper conveyer, chapelet is delivered to bottom-blown smelting furnace roof intermediate bunker, behind humidification, returns the bottom convertor melting after sending disk pelletizing machine mixing granulation; All flue dust are set at or are sealed in does not have airborne dust, handles in the custody transfer system of assurance workshop excellent environment condition.
Embodiment 2
Except oxygen becomes the oxygen lance at 16 ° of angles to send into to carry out melting reaction in the stove by being located at furnace bottom with vertical line, send into the oxygen stove pellet of going into that mixes that blows and generate copper matte regulus and smelting slag by being located at the oxygen lances that become 16 degree angles at the bottom of the bottom blowing converting furnace with vertical line through melting, smelting temperature is 1100 ℃, the blowing temperature is 1250 ℃, the temperature of bottom-blown smelting stove, bottom blowing converting furnace output is outside the high-temperature flue gas of 1000 ℃ and 1100 ℃, and all the other are described identical with embodiment 1.
Embodiment 3
A kind of technology that adopts oxygen bottom blowing continuous copper smelting is characterized in that:
The copper matte regulus blowing is meant: originate from the liquid high temperature copper matte regulus of bottom-blown smelting stove, inject the oxygen bottom blowing converting furnace continuously through chute, send into oxygen-rich air continuously from the converting furnace bottom higher-grade copper matte regulus is carried out continuous converting;
Simultaneously, furnace roof is opening not, by feed bin, measuring belt feeding machine, presses the calculation requirement amount with the flux lime powder, by feed bin, measuring belt feeding machine from the slag making in oxygen is sent into stove of oxygen rifle; Than the top perforate, the discharging smelting slag is than the bottom perforate at stove one end, siphoning installation discharging blister copper is set, realize adding continuously copper matte regulus, continuous converting, add flux, slag making continuously, continuous discharging slag continuously, and emit blister copper continuously, realize the technology of converting process serialization;
Adopt cupric to blow up to 68% copper matte regulus, oxygen blowing is adopted in the bottom blowing blowing, and the blowing load is little, and the blowing quantity of slag is less, oxygen blowing is adopted in the bottom blowing blowing, and the blowing temperature is to reach rational blowing temperature by regulating oxygen concentration and the oxygen-supplying amount of unit time or blowing speed; It is 5: 5 that adjusting oxygen nitrogen volume ratio makes the oxygen nitrogen volume ratio of air feed, air demand and oxygen are pressed with the pass, the regulation range of oxygen and nitrogen pressure is 0.4MPa to 0.8MPa, controls the speed of response of blowing, and above-mentioned rational blowing temperature is meant control or regulates the blowing temperature at 1220 ℃.
Embodiment 4
A kind of technology that adopts oxygen bottom blowing continuous copper smelting is characterized in that:
The copper matte regulus blowing is meant: originate from the liquid high temperature copper matte regulus of bottom-blown smelting stove, inject the oxygen bottom blowing converting furnace continuously through chute, send into oxygen-rich air continuously from the converting furnace bottom higher-grade copper matte regulus is carried out continuous converting;
Simultaneously, by feed bin, measuring belt feeding machine, add the slag making of flux Wingdale continuously from the furnace roof opening by the calculation requirement amount; Than the top perforate, the discharging smelting slag is than the bottom perforate at stove one end, siphoning installation discharging blister copper is set, realize adding continuously copper matte regulus, continuous converting, add flux, slag making continuously, continuous discharging slag continuously, and emit blister copper continuously, realize the technology of converting process serialization;
Adopt cupric to blow up to 70% copper matte regulus, oxygen blowing is adopted in the bottom blowing blowing, and the blowing load is little, and the blowing quantity of slag is less, oxygen blowing is adopted in the bottom blowing blowing, and the blowing temperature is to reach rational blowing temperature by regulating oxygen concentration and the oxygen-supplying amount of unit time or blowing speed; It is 8: 2 that adjusting oxygen nitrogen volume ratio makes the oxygen nitrogen volume ratio of air feed, air demand and oxygen are pressed with the pass, the regulation range of oxygen pressure is 0.4MPa to 0.8MPa, controls the speed of response of blowing, and above-mentioned rational blowing temperature is meant control or regulates the blowing temperature at 1250 ℃.
Embodiment 5
A kind of technology that adopts oxygen bottom blowing continuous copper smelting is characterized in that:
Determine blowing slag type and whether add flux according to the concentrate composition: copper ore concentrates gangue iron content height, alkaline elements such as calcic, magnesium are few, will add the flux calcium oxide during melting; Adopt iron calcium slag type, return smelting furnace after the blowing pulp water is broken, substitute the lime stone flux of the required interpolation of melting; Handle the high copper ore concentrates of calcium content: do not need to add lime stone flux during melting, can add quartzite at converting furnace and make ferro-silicon slag, after slow cooling, send the slag enrichment plant to handle; Oxygen bottom-blowing slag Fe 3O 4Content is low, can adopt high iron silicon ratio slag making, and above-mentioned bottom convertor melting adopts high iron slag type to be meant: by the flux amount of allocating into, and the FeO/SiO of smelting slag 2Weight ratio be controlled at 2.0, described flux can also be quartzy, the quartzy flux amount that melting adds is less, the melting inventory reduces, the slag rate is low, the inventory of slag ore dressing is few, the corresponding decline of energy consumption, the also corresponding minimizing of copper amount with the slag loss, smelting furnace to converting furnace, converting furnace to chute all is set between the anode furnace, chute top is provided with uses burning diesel oil or Sweet natural gas to the chute heat tracing, prevents that copper matte regulus or blister copper are frozen in the insulation burner in the chute, the environmental protection ventilating hood is set above chute, and this environmental protection ventilating hood is the SO with copper matte regulus loss in the chute 2Drain into desulfurizer with the combustion exhaust that is incubated the burner generation and carry out desulfurization processing back emptying, and guarantee operating environment good in the workshop, guarantee capture rate>99.6% of total system sulphur and the environmental protection ventilating hood of the full factory of realization cleaner production.
Embodiment 6
A kind of technology that adopts oxygen bottom blowing continuous copper smelting is characterized in that:
FeO/SiO except smelting slag 2Weight ratio be controlled at outside 2.2, all the other are described identical with embodiment 5.
Embodiment 7
A kind of technology that adopts oxygen bottom blowing continuous copper smelting is characterized in that:
The configuration of above-mentioned workshop, employing is cast to the anode furnace refining to the anode copper coin to blowing from melting, technology from height to low tact system configuration: compound is after disk pelletizing, deliver to the bottom-blown smelting stove with reinforced belt, copper matte regulus flow to bottom blowing converting furnace certainly through chute, blister copper is flow automatically to anode furnace through chute by converting furnace, anode copper is cast into anode through the chute gravity flow, finish blister copper and smelt all configuration layouts of gravity flow of whole process liquid melts, employing is carried out transporting certainly to the high-temperature liquid state intermediate material, increase substantially labour productivity, reduce the material that returns of steamed stuffed bun shell, cut down the consumption of energy, when overcoming the high-temperature liquid state material and having bad luck, the SO that can't overcome 2The technology of free loss; And adopt melting, blowing, refining, ingot bar four procedures are closely connected together, to finish continuously, configuration is compact, reduces the technology of a large amount of construction investments.
Embodiment 8
A kind of technology that adopts oxygen bottom blowing continuous copper smelting is characterized in that:
Iron calcium slag type is adopted in blowing, above-mentioned iron calcium slag type be flowability preferably, copper that is mingled with and cupric oxide are easy to clarify isolating, can reduce slag content, lower to the basic-lined chemical corrosion degree of magnesite chrome brick, help extending furnace lining life, improve the iron calcium slag type of operating rate; Iron calcium slag Returning smelting stove is regulated the smelting slag type, replenishes required calcium amount in the smelting slag; When replenishing the calcium amount: iron calcium slag ingredient is controlled in weight ratio=2.5 of Fe/CaO.
Embodiment 9
A kind of technology that adopts oxygen bottom blowing continuous copper smelting is characterized in that:
When replenishing the calcium amount: iron calcium slag ingredient is controlled in weight ratio=2.6 of Fe/CaO, and all the other are described identical with embodiment 8.
Embodiment 10
A kind of technology that adopts oxygen bottom blowing continuous copper smelting is characterized in that:
This process using bottom convertor blowing, the bottom blowing blowing is continuous converting under the situation of blister copper, copper matte regulus, slag three-phase coexistence: oxygen is introduced into the highest blister copper layer of oxygen gesture, be mixed in the V group element in the blister copper: S, As, Sb, Bi oxidized removing earlier, obtain the higher blister copper of quality; Then, oxygen by blister copper as carrier, with Cu 2Cu in O, CuO form and the copper matte regulus 2S, CuS reaction generates Cu and SO 2, part generates FeO, SO with FeS reaction in the copper matte regulus 2And Cu, therefore, generate and enter the Fe in the slag in this technology 3O 4Content is less, and the viscosity of slag is lower, can reduce Cu in the blowing slag 2The inclusion content of O; And more a spot of Fe in the slag 3O 4Also partly generated FeO, copper content<10% in the slag by the reduction of the CuS in the copper matte regulus.
Embodiment 11
A kind of bottom blowing converting furnace that is used for bottom blowing continuous copper smelting is characterized in that: the furnace construction of this bottom blowing converting furnace is the pierce smith converter of the feed end diameter cylindrical shell combination identical with the discharge end diameter; Shell is a steel plate, inner lining refractory, and cylindrical shell is placed on the foundation of civil work by two idler stands, and one of them carrying roller one end is furnished with motor, geartransmission, body of heater is configured to come back rotation along the axle center; The close feed end in body of heater bottom, all spray gun of distributing oxygen; The feed end upper of furnace body is provided with the opening that is used to add the flux slag making, the center, end is provided with the opening that is used to add liquid copper matte regulus, the discharge end upper of furnace body is provided with the opening that is used to discharge flue gas, the center, end is provided with the blowing slag overflow port that is used for continuous discharging slag, and the cinder notch bottom is provided with the siphon port that is used for the continuous blow-down blister copper; Bottom blowing converting furnace is configured to make bottom blowing converting furnace that obliquity is arranged, big and long stove inclination angle is less, little and the short bigger structure in stove inclination angle, this structure makes the blister copper layer of copper matte regulus inlet end thinner, can directly send into the copper matte regulus layer from the oxygen-rich air that spray gun is sent into, the reaction of blowing prevents to produce excessive Cu 2O; Blister copper escape orifice one end has thicker blister copper layer; Be provided with at this end: for preventing the part furnace bottom gas permeable brick with the sulphur content of copper matte regulus reverse balanced reaction raising blister copper; This bottom blowing converting furnace also is provided with: send into a small amount of oxygen-rich air, slowly enter blister copper, improve its oxygen gesture, control blister copper sulphur content oxygen-rich air adding apparatus up to standard; Two discrepancy in elevation that support carrying roller of passing through that converting furnace forms blister copper, copper matte regulus, blowing slag three-phase coexistence from bottom to top dispose; It is 10mm that the blister copper layer thickness is configured to make big of the oxygen of feed end can directly enter the blow blister copper layer thickness of close feed end of reaction of copper matte regulus layer, near discharge end blister copper layer is 300mm, above-mentioned blister copper layer near discharge end is that 300mm is meant: send oxygen to stir herein no longer in a large number, the blister copper that slag and copper matte regulus layer are mingled with has certain sedimentation time to separate from slag and copper matte regulus, and enter the blister copper layer, reach and reduce the copper bearing purpose of slag, the thickness of the blister copper layer of close discharge end is bigger, helps siphon port and discharges blister copper smoothly.
Embodiment 12
A kind of bottom blowing converting furnace that is used for bottom blowing continuous copper smelting is characterized in that:
Except the blister copper layer thickness is configured to make big of the oxygen of feed end can directly enter the blow blister copper layer thickness of close feed end of reaction of copper matte regulus layer is 50mm, near discharge end blister copper layer is 400mm, above-mentioned blister copper layer near discharge end is that 400mm is meant: the blister copper that slag and copper matte regulus layer are mingled with has certain sedimentation time to separate from slag and copper matte regulus, and enter the blister copper layer, reach and reduce the copper bearing purpose of slag, the thickness of the blister copper layer of close discharge end can increase converting process thermal capacity, guarantee better outside the thermostability of process that all the other are described identical with embodiment 11.
Embodiment 13
A kind of bottom blowing converting furnace that is used for bottom blowing continuous copper smelting is characterized in that:
Except the close feed end in body of heater bottom, uniform 3 spray guns that send oxygen that become 0 degree angle with vertical line of every interval 1.1m, bottom blowing converting furnace is configured to make bottom blowing converting furnace that 3% obliquity is arranged; Adopt outside the bottom blowing spray gun that reduces the factory building total height, all the other are described identical with embodiment 11.
Embodiment 14
A kind of bottom blowing converting furnace that is used for bottom blowing continuous copper smelting is characterized in that:
Except the close feed end in body of heater bottom, uniform 5 spray guns that send oxygen that become 0 degree angle with vertical line of every interval 1.3m, bottom blowing converting furnace is configured to make bottom blowing converting furnace that 1% obliquity is arranged; Adopt outside the bottom blowing spray gun that reduces the factory building total height, all the other are described identical with embodiment 11.
Above embodiment and explanation are just done comparatively detailed description to the present invention; be not used for limiting protection scope of the present invention; in the scope that does not break away from spirit of the present invention and design, those of ordinary skills can carry out various improvement or variation, still belong to protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (8)

1. a technology that adopts oxygen bottom blowing continuous copper smelting is characterized in that, this technology may further comprise the steps:
(1) copper sulfide concentrate and flux, the middle copper material that comprises flue dust, slag copper ore concentrates, blowing slag that returns, behind disk pelletizing machine mixing granulation, the stove charging opening of being delivered to bottom-blown smelting stove top by belt feeder adds in the stove, oxygen becomes the oxygen lance at 0-16 ° of angle to send into to carry out melting reaction in the stove by being located at furnace bottom with vertical line, the stove pellet of going into that mixes generates copper matte regulus and smelting slag through melting, and smelting temperature is 1080-1250 ℃;
(2) copper matte regulus of bottom-blown smelting stove generation is put the chute that is connected to the bottom-blown smelting stove by the siphon escape orifice that is located at bottom-blown smelting stove one end; Copper matte regulus is delivered to the charging opening that is located at centre, bottom blowing converting furnace end through chute and is added in the stove, send into oxygen and blow, copper matte regulus continuous converting is become blister copper and blowing slag by being located at the oxygen lance that becomes 0-16 degree angle at the bottom of the bottom blowing converting furnace with vertical line, the blowing temperature is 1220-1250 ℃; When sending oxygen blowing,, make iron calcium slag from the perforate that is located at bottom blowing converting furnace top adding Wingdale or lime by slag making required amount continuous and quantitative; Above-mentioned bottom-blown smelting stove is emitted and returned to iron calcium slag by the overflow slag notch;
(3) blister copper of above-mentioned bottom blowing converting furnace production is emitted continuously by the siphon escape orifice; Blister copper is delivered to anode furnace through chute, operation routinely in anode furnace, and behind initial oxidation, the back reduction refining, qualified anode copper is delivered to the anode casting machine by chute, is cast as copper anode plate;
(4) smelting slag of above-mentioned bottom-blown smelting stove output, by the slag chute that connects with the bottom-blown smelting stove, cinder ladle is put in overflow continuously, adopts a plurality of cinder ladles to recycle, and realizes the smelting slag slow cooling, or pours smelting slag into pit by cinder ladle and carry out slow cooling; Smelting slag after the slow cooling, the mine order of sending to be elected is handled, and the slag copper ore concentrates of ore dressing output returns above-mentioned bottom-blown smelting stove;
(5) temperature of bottom-blown smelting stove, bottom blowing converting furnace output is at 950 ℃-1200 ℃ high-temperature flue gas, by being located at the top smoke outlet of its discharge end, enter the waste heat boiler that is provided with the arc cover, in waste heat boiler, pass through to produce the saturation steam of 4MPa, reclaim its waste heat, flue-gas temperature is reduced to below 400 ℃, enters to send after the electric precipitator udst separation acid plant to produce sulfuric acid again;
(6) flue dust of the waste heat boiler of bottom-blown smelting stove and bottom blowing converting furnace and electric precipitator collection, deliver to bottom-blown smelting furnace roof intermediate bunker by burying material scraper conveyer, chapelet, behind humidification, return the melting of bottom-blown smelting stove after sending disk pelletizing machine mixing granulation; All flue dust are sealed in does not have airborne dust, processed circularly in the closed circulation system of assurance workshop excellent environment condition.
2. technology according to claim 1 is characterized in that:
The copper matte regulus blowing is meant: originate from the liquid high temperature copper matte regulus of bottom-blown smelting stove, inject the oxygen bottom blowing converting furnace continuously through chute, send into oxygen-rich air continuously from the bottom blowing converting furnace bottom higher-grade copper matte regulus is carried out continuous converting;
Simultaneously, by feed bin, measuring belt feeding machine, add flux lime or Wingdale slag making continuously from the perforate on bottom blowing converting furnace top by the calculation requirement amount; Than the top perforate, discharging blowing slag is than the bottom perforate at stove one end, siphoning installation discharging blister copper is set, realize adding continuously copper matte regulus, continuous converting, add flux, slag making continuously, continuous discharging slag continuously, and emit blister copper continuously, realize the technology of converting process serialization;
Adopt cupric to blow up to the 68-70% copper matte regulus, the blowing load is little, the blowing quantity of slag is less, oxygen blowing is adopted in the bottom blowing blowing, the blowing temperature is to reach rational blowing temperature by regulating oxygen concentration and the oxygen-supplying amount of unit time or blowing speed, and above-mentioned rational blowing temperature is meant control or regulates the blowing temperature between 1220-1250 ℃; It is 5: 5 to 8: 2 that the volume ratio of adjusting oxygen nitrogen makes the oxygen nitrogen volume ratio regulation range of air feed, and air demand and oxygen are pressed with the pass, and the regulation range of oxygen and nitrogen pressure is 0.4MPa to 0.8MPa, controls the speed of response of blowing with this.
3. technology according to claim 1 is characterized in that:
Determine blowing slag type and whether add flux according to the concentrate composition: copper ore concentrates gangue iron content height, calcic, magnesium alkaline element are few, will add the flux calcium oxide during melting; Adopt iron calcium slag type, return the bottom-blown smelting stove after the blowing pulp water is broken, substitute the lime stone flux of the required interpolation of melting; Handle the high copper ore concentrates of calcium content: do not need to add lime stone flux during melting, add quartzite at bottom blowing converting furnace and make ferro-silicon slag, after slow cooling, send the slag enrichment plant to handle; Oxygen bottom-blowing slag Fe 3O 4Content is low, adopts high iron silicon ratio slag making, and above-mentioned bottom-blown smelting stove melting adopts high iron slag type to be meant: by the flux amount of allocating into, and the FeO/SiO of smelting slag 2Weight ratio be controlled between the 2.0-2.2; Described flux is quartzite or contains SiO 2River sand more than>90%, less being meant of quartzy flux amount that melting adds: the melting inventory is reduced, the slag rate is low, the inventory of slag ore dressing is few, energy consumption descends, the quartzy flux amount that the copper amount of slag loss also reduces, the bottom-blown smelting stove to bottom blowing converting furnace, bottom blowing converting furnace to chute all is set between the anode furnace, chute top is provided with uses burning diesel oil or Sweet natural gas to the chute heat tracing, prevent that copper matte regulus or blister copper are frozen in the insulation burner in the chute, the environmental protection ventilating hood is set above chute, and this environmental protection ventilating hood is the SO with copper matte regulus loss in the chute 2Drain into desulfurizer with the combustion exhaust that is incubated the burner generation and carry out desulfurization processing back emptying, and guarantee operating environment good in the workshop, guarantee capture rate>99.6% of total system sulphur and the environmental protection ventilating hood of the full factory of realization cleaner production.
4. technology according to claim 3 is characterized in that:
The workshop configuration, employing is cast to the anode furnace refining to the anode copper coin to blowing from melting, technology from height to low tact system configuration: compound is after disk pelletizing, deliver to the bottom-blown smelting stove with reinforced belt, copper matte regulus flow to bottom blowing converting furnace certainly through chute, blister copper is flow automatically to anode furnace through chute by bottom blowing converting furnace, anode copper is cast into anode through the chute gravity flow, finish blister copper and smelt all configuration layouts of gravity flow of whole process liquid melts, employing is carried out transporting certainly to the high-temperature liquid state intermediate material, increase substantially labour productivity, reduce the material that returns of steamed stuffed bun shell, cut down the consumption of energy, when overcoming the high-temperature liquid state material and having bad luck, the SO that can't overcome 2The technology of free loss; And adopt melting, blowing, refining, ingot bar four procedures are closely connected together, to finish continuously, configuration is compact, reduces the technology of a large amount of construction investments.
5. technology according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: iron calcium slag type is adopted in blowing, above-mentioned iron calcium slag type be flowability preferably, copper that is mingled with and cupric oxide are easy to clarify isolating, can reduce the slag copper content, lower to the basic-lined chemical corrosion degree of magnesite chrome brick, help extending furnace lining life, improve the iron calcium slag type of operating rate; Iron calcium slag returns the bottom-blown smelting stove, regulates the smelting slag type, replenishes required calcium amount in the smelting slag; When replenishing the calcium amount: iron calcium slag ingredient is controlled in weight ratio=2.5-2.6 of Fe/CaO.
6. technology according to claim 1 is characterized in that:
This process using bottom blowing converting furnace blowing, the bottom blowing blowing is continuous converting under the situation of blister copper, copper matte regulus, slag three-phase coexistence: oxygen is introduced into the highest blister copper layer of oxygen gesture, be mixed in S, As, oxidized the removing of Sb, Bi elder generation in the blister copper, obtain the higher blister copper of quality; Then, oxygen by blister copper as carrier, with Cu 2Cu in O, CuO form and the copper matte regulus 2S, CuS reaction generates Cu and SO 2, part generates FeO, SO with FeS reaction in the copper matte regulus 2And Cu, adopted in this technology to make the Fe that generates and enter in the slag 3O 4Content is less, and the viscosity of slag is lower, can reduce Cu in the blowing slag 2The inclusion content of O and also slag in more a spot of Fe 3O 4Also partly generated the technology of FeO, copper content<10% in the slag by the reduction of the CuS in the copper matte regulus.
7. bottom blowing converting furnace that is used for bottom blowing continuous copper smelting is characterized in that: the furnace construction of this bottom blowing converting furnace is the pierce smith converter of the feed end diameter cylindrical shell combination identical with the discharge end diameter; Shell is a steel plate, inner lining refractory, and cylindrical shell is placed on the foundation of civil work by two idler stands, and one of them carrying roller one end is furnished with motor, geartransmission, body of heater is configured to and can comes back rotation along the axle center; The close feed end in body of heater bottom, all spray gun of distributing oxygen; The feed end upper of furnace body is provided with the opening that is used to add the flux slag making, the center, end is provided with the opening that is used to add liquid copper matte regulus, the discharge end upper of furnace body is provided with the opening that is used to discharge flue gas, the center, end is provided with the blowing slag overflow port that is used for continuous discharging slag, and the cinder notch bottom is provided with the siphon port that is used for the continuous blow-down blister copper; Bottom blowing converting furnace is configured to make bottom blowing converting furnace that obliquity is arranged, big and long stove inclination angle is less, little and the short bigger structure in stove inclination angle, this structure makes the blister copper layer of copper matte regulus inlet end thinner, can directly send into the copper matte regulus layer from the oxygen-rich air that spray gun is sent into, the reaction of blowing prevents to produce excessive Cu 2O; Blister copper escape orifice one end has thicker blister copper layer; Be provided with at this end: for preventing and the part furnace bottom gas permeable brick of the sulphur content of copper matte regulus reverse balanced reaction raising blister copper, send into a small amount of oxygen-rich air, slowly enter blister copper, improve its oxygen gesture, control blister copper sulphur content oxygen-rich air adding apparatus up to standard; Two discrepancy in elevation that support carrying roller of passing through that bottom blowing converting furnace forms blister copper, copper matte regulus, blowing slag three-phase coexistence from bottom to top dispose; It is 0-50mm that the blister copper layer thickness is configured to make big of the oxygen of feed end can directly enter the blow blister copper layer thickness of close feed end of reaction of copper matte regulus layer, near discharge end blister copper layer is 300-400mm, above-mentioned blister copper layer near discharge end is that 300-400mm is meant: no longer send oxygen to stir herein, the blister copper that slag and copper matte regulus layer are mingled with has certain sedimentation time to separate from slag and copper matte regulus, and enter the blister copper layer, reach and reduce the copper bearing purpose of slag, the thickness of the blister copper layer of simultaneously close discharge end is bigger, helps siphon port and discharges blister copper smoothly.
8. the bottom blowing converting furnace that is used for bottom blowing continuous copper smelting as claimed in claim 7, it is characterized in that: the body of heater bottom is near feed end, the uniform 3-5 of every interval 1.1m-1.3m props up the spray gun that send oxygen that becomes 0-16 degree angle with vertical line, and bottom blowing converting furnace is configured to make bottom blowing converting furnace that the obliquity of 1-3% is arranged; Adopt the bottom blowing spray gun that reduces the factory building total height.
CN2006101137986A 2006-10-19 2006-10-19 Technique for continuously smelting copper by employing oxygen bottom converter and device thereof CN101165196B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2006101137986A CN101165196B (en) 2006-10-19 2006-10-19 Technique for continuously smelting copper by employing oxygen bottom converter and device thereof

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2006101137986A CN101165196B (en) 2006-10-19 2006-10-19 Technique for continuously smelting copper by employing oxygen bottom converter and device thereof

Related Child Applications (5)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CNA2008101327848A Division CN101328547A (en) 2006-10-19 2006-10-19 Converting process of bottom blowing converting furnace continuous copper smelting
CNA2008101327833A Division CN101328546A (en) 2006-10-19 2006-10-19 Dust circulation process method for continuous copper smelting
CNA2008101327829A Division CN101328545A (en) 2006-10-19 2006-10-19 Process of oxygen bottom blowing continuous copper smelting
CNA2008101327814A Division CN101328544A (en) 2006-10-19 2006-10-19 Bottom blowing converting furnace for bottom blowing continuous copper smelting
CNA200810132780XA Division CN101328543A (en) 2006-10-19 2006-10-19 Oxygen bottom blowing continuous copper smelting apparatus

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN101165196A CN101165196A (en) 2008-04-23
CN101165196B true CN101165196B (en) 2010-12-08

Family

ID=39334051

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN2006101137986A CN101165196B (en) 2006-10-19 2006-10-19 Technique for continuously smelting copper by employing oxygen bottom converter and device thereof

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN101165196B (en)

Families Citing this family (30)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102272862B (en) * 2008-10-30 2015-09-23 电磁学公司 Constituent in the material of processing and fabricating: system IA
CN101865603A (en) * 2010-06-07 2010-10-20 中国瑞林工程技术有限公司 Feeding method and equipment of anode refining furnace
CN102181661A (en) * 2011-04-15 2011-09-14 东营鲁方金属材料有限公司 Copper smelting device and process
CN102492959B (en) * 2011-12-28 2014-03-19 重庆重冶铜业有限公司 Production method of electrolytic copper anode
CN102703734A (en) * 2012-06-18 2012-10-03 中国恩菲工程技术有限公司 Top-blown smelting equipment
CN102901344B (en) * 2012-10-18 2015-12-09 铜陵有色金属集团股份有限公司金冠铜业分公司 For smelting the horizontal submergence top blast stove of low-grade copper scap
CN102925717B (en) * 2012-11-28 2014-08-13 昆明冶金研究院 Novel technology for comprehensively recovering copper and cobalt from cobalt-copper concentrate
CN103014370B (en) * 2012-12-24 2014-02-19 中国恩菲工程技术有限公司 Copper matte bottom blowing converting process and copper matte bottom blowing converting furnace
CN103014371B (en) * 2012-12-24 2014-02-19 中国恩菲工程技术有限公司 Copper matte bottom blowing converting process and copper matte bottom blowing converting furnace
CN103276223B (en) * 2013-06-19 2014-05-28 赤峰云铜有色金属有限公司 Double-furnace multi-gun top-blown continuous converting furnace
CN103695661B (en) * 2013-12-10 2015-03-18 赤峰富邦铜业有限责任公司 Operation method for manufacturing high-iron low-silicon slag through copper oxygen enrichment double side blow smelting furnace
CN103740944A (en) * 2013-12-13 2014-04-23 金川集团股份有限公司 Method for copper smelting by pyrometallurgical process
DE102014008987A1 (en) * 2014-06-13 2015-12-17 Aurubis Ag Process for the recovery of metals from secondary and other organic materials
CN104232923B (en) * 2014-07-28 2015-09-16 包头华鼎铜业发展有限公司 SO is reduced in a kind of Copper making process 3the method produced
CN104331050A (en) * 2014-10-29 2015-02-04 中国科学院沈阳自动化研究所 Oxygen enrichment bottom blowing copper smelting process energy efficiency evaluation method based on process simulation
CN104561589A (en) * 2014-12-12 2015-04-29 金川集团股份有限公司 Method for blowing matte through copper converter
CN104651614A (en) * 2015-01-23 2015-05-27 安徽蛟龙科技有限公司 Application of rare earth material in copper melting
CN104694766B (en) * 2015-03-19 2017-03-29 江苏华威铜业有限公司 A kind of method of Rotary Anode Furnace smelting high-grade copper scap
CN105002371A (en) * 2015-07-29 2015-10-28 赤峰金峰冶金技术发展有限公司 Process for producing anode copper by adoption of four connected furnaces
CN106399713A (en) * 2016-06-15 2017-02-15 易门铜业有限公司 Oxygen enrichment bottom blowing copper smelting process
CN106399699B (en) * 2016-12-19 2018-03-16 浙江富冶集团有限公司 A kind of handling process of copper-contained sludge
CN107385228A (en) * 2017-06-05 2017-11-24 东营方圆有色金属有限公司 A kind of immersion oxygen rifle continuous converting tilts metallurgical furnace
CN107326195A (en) * 2017-06-14 2017-11-07 中国恩菲工程技术有限公司 Short route copper smelting method
CN109593971A (en) * 2017-09-30 2019-04-09 易门铜业有限公司 A kind of bottom-blown smelting, top blast blowing, anode refining copper smelting device
CN109593970B (en) * 2017-09-30 2021-04-16 易门铜业有限公司 Bottom blowing smelting, closed blowing and anode refining triple blowing device
CN108624764A (en) * 2018-05-14 2018-10-09 山东方泰循环金业股份有限公司 A kind of continuous oxygen-enriched air converting technique of matte
CN108950209B (en) * 2018-08-09 2019-09-24 济源职业技术学院 A kind of copper smelting by pyrometallurgy technique
CN110195165A (en) * 2019-06-10 2019-09-03 烟台国润铜业有限公司 A kind of Copper making technique
CN110885933A (en) * 2019-11-15 2020-03-17 北京科技大学 Method for strengthening smelting effect of bottom-blowing smelting furnace and improving melt splashing
CN110951966A (en) * 2019-12-23 2020-04-03 中南大学 Method for harmlessly treating electroplating sludge

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4504309A (en) * 1982-06-18 1985-03-12 Noranda Inc. Process and apparatus for continuous converting of copper and non-ferrous mattes
CN1072962A (en) * 1992-07-04 1993-06-09 水口山矿务局 Bottom blowing molten bath copper-smelting method and device thereof
CN1715818A (en) * 2005-06-30 2006-01-04 安徽工业大学 Fixed copper anode furnace bottom air blower and its process

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4504309A (en) * 1982-06-18 1985-03-12 Noranda Inc. Process and apparatus for continuous converting of copper and non-ferrous mattes
CN1072962A (en) * 1992-07-04 1993-06-09 水口山矿务局 Bottom blowing molten bath copper-smelting method and device thereof
CN1715818A (en) * 2005-06-30 2006-01-04 安徽工业大学 Fixed copper anode furnace bottom air blower and its process

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN101165196A (en) 2008-04-23

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN101935766B (en) Method and device for smelting jamesonite by bottom-blowing pool
CN103173637B (en) Antimony sulfide concentrate oxygen-enriched melting tank melting method and side-blown furnace
CA1325519C (en) Method for preparing ferrocarbon intermediate product for use in steel manufacture and furnace for realization thereof
US8771396B2 (en) Method for producing blister copper directly from copper concentrate
CN101445848B (en) Process and device for continuous steelmaking from ferriferous material
CN102321806B (en) A kind of smelting process of processing zinc leaching residue by oxygen-enriched side-blowing furnace
CN101538631B (en) Process and device for smelting ferronickel and nickel-containing molten iron by using lower-nickel materials
CN103924094B (en) A kind of method processing copper scum silica frost
ES2744232T3 (en) Suspension control procedure in a suspension smelting furnace, a smelting suspension furnace and a concentrate burner
CN106399699B (en) A kind of handling process of copper-contained sludge
CN101086038B (en) Direct lead smelting method in molten pool and its device
CN105969981B (en) A kind of technique of vanadium titano-magnetite comprehensive utilization
CN104131170B (en) The smelting process of low-grade useless composition brass
CN101942575B (en) Production method of continuous antimony smelting by bottom blowing bath smelting of stibnite and device thereof
CN102978405B (en) Side-blown continuous smelting device for electronic scrap
CN103421955B (en) Zinc leaching slag treatment method
CN100352956C (en) Side-blown submerged smelting bath smelting process
CN103924100B (en) A kind of method and device producing needle antimony containing weisspiessglanz material bath smelting
CN101538629A (en) Process and device for smelting chromium irons and chromium-containing molten iron by using chromium ore powder
CN101514399B (en) Balancing lead smelting process for comprehensive resource utilization and device thereof
CN106367605B (en) A kind of production method of side-blown dilution copper smelting slag
CA2200090C (en) Apparatus and process for producing blister copper
CN103757152A (en) Method and device for treating steel slag
CN103114206B (en) The method and its device of valuable element are reclaimed from the silver-colored bismuth slag of the lead of Copper making
ES2755992T3 (en) Method for producing raw copper

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C06 Publication
PB01 Publication
C10 Entry into substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant