CN101130617A - ABS composite material - Google Patents

ABS composite material Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101130617A
CN101130617A CN 200610037194 CN200610037194A CN101130617A CN 101130617 A CN101130617 A CN 101130617A CN 200610037194 CN200610037194 CN 200610037194 CN 200610037194 A CN200610037194 A CN 200610037194A CN 101130617 A CN101130617 A CN 101130617A
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abs
composite
material
hardness
fiber
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CN 200610037194
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Chinese (zh)
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CN101130617B (en )
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姚其海
瑟 岳
杨得志
汪克风
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佛山市顺德区汉达精密电子科技有限公司
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Abstract

The invention discloses an ABS composite material, which comprises the following parts: 45-65% ABS, 5-20% glass fiber, 5-10% compatible agent, 1-5% toughening agent, 15-21% bromine-system fire retardant, 5-7% antimony-system fire retardant, 0. 1-0. 5% anti-oxidant, 0. 05-0. 3% manufacturing stabilizer and 0. 05-0. 2% coupler, wherein the ABS composite material adopts the method to add glass fiber into ABS to improve hardness of the composite material, which satisfies the need of surface hardness for partially special product. The invention modifies the flame resistance, which can prepare the ABS composite material with high flame resistant grade and surface hardness.

Description

--种ABS复合材料技术领域本发明涉及到高分子技朮领域,特别是涉及一种高分子材料。 - ABS species Field The present invention relates to a composite polymer technology, and more particularly, to a polymer material. 背景技术ABS是丙烯腈、丁二烯、苯乙烯的共聚物,具有良好的综合性能:好的耐化学腐蚀性和加工流动性以及较高耐热性、韧性、冲击性能和刚性,故被广泛地应用于制造各种机械、仪器设备的零部件,及电器、仪表的外壳。 BACKGROUND ABS is acrylonitrile, butadiene, styrene copolymers, having good overall performance: good chemical resistance and processing fluidity and high heat resistance, toughness, impact resistance and rigidity, it is widely It applied to manufacturing machinery, equipment parts, and electrical appliances, instrument housing. 但是,ABS 的表面硬度相对较低,制品容易被刮伤,不能满足部分制品的具有高表面硬度的要求,需要进一步对制品进行喷涂油漆或光油等后加工处理,生产成本也较高。 However, the surface hardness of the ABS is relatively low, the article is easily scratched and can not meet the requirements of having a high surface hardness of the portion of the article, after the article requires further coating like paint or varnish processing, the production cost is high. 发明内容鉴于以上问题,本发明的目的在于提供一种ABS复合材料,该ABS复合材料表面硬度可达到1H ,满足了部分特殊产品对表面硬度的要求。 SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION In view of the above problems, an object of the present invention is to provide a composite material ABS, the ABS composite surface hardness can reach 1H, some special products to meet the requirements of surface hardness. 为达到上述目的,本发明提供一种ABS复合材料,其主要包括以下成分, 以重量份数表示为:ABS 45〜65玻璃纤维5〜20相容剂5〜10增韧剂1〜5 ;溴系阻燃剂锑系阻燃剂抗氧剂加工稳定剂偶联剂15〜21 ; 5〜7 ; 0. 1〜0. 5 ; 0. 05〜0. 3 0. 05〜0.2。 To achieve the above object, the present invention provides a composite material ABS, which mainly comprises the following components, in parts by weight expressed as: ABS 45~65 5~20 glass fiber compatibility agent 1 ~ 5 5 ~ 10 toughener; bromo based flame retardant an antimony-based coupling agent, processing stabilizer antioxidant 15~21; 5 ~ 7; 0. 5 1~0; 0. 3 0. 05~0.2 05~0. 其中,所述兼容剂可为ABS-g-MAH或PP-g-MAH等。 Wherein the compatibility agent may be ABS-g-MAH or PP-g-MAH like. 所述增韧剂可为MBS(甲基丙烯酸甲酯-丁二烯-苯乙烯共聚物)、SBS-g-MAH 、EPDM-g-MAH等。 The toughening agent may be MBS (methyl methacrylate - butadiene - styrene copolymer), SBS-g-MAH, EPDM-g-MAH like. 所述溴系阻燃剂可为溴化聚碳酸酯、四溴双酚A、四溴双酚A聚碳酸酯齐聚物、六溴环十二烷或十溴二苯乙垸等。 The bromine-based flame retardant may be brominated polycarbonates, tetrabromobisphenol A, tetrabromobisphenol A polycarbonate oligomer, hexabromo Decabromodiphenyl alkyl or phenethyl embankment like. 所述锑系阻燃剂可为三氧化二锑、五氧化二锑或锑酸钠等。 The antimony-based flame retardant may be antimony trioxide, antimony pentoxide, sodium antimonate or the like. 所述抗氧剂可为抗氧剂2921或抗氧剂1010等。 Antioxidant The antioxidant may be 2921 or 1010 antioxidant and the like. 所述加工稳定剂可为磷酸酯、亚磷酸酯等。 The processing stabilizer may be a phosphate, a phosphite and the like. 所述偶联剂优选为硅烷偶联剂与钛酸酯偶联剂的混合物,其中所述两者的质量优选为1:1。 The coupling agent is preferably a mixture of a silane coupling agent and a titanate coupling agent, wherein both of said mass is preferably 1: 1. 优选的,本发明提供的一种ABS复合材料,其组分以重量份数表示为:ABS玻璃纤维PP-g-匪MBS十溴二苯乙烷三氧化二锑抗氧剂1010 亚磷酸酯偶联剂优选的,本发明提供的-ABS玻璃纤维PP-g-匪MBS十溴二苯乙烷三氧化二锑抗氧剂1010 亚磷酸酯偶联剂6555〗8 ; 6 ; 0.4 ; 0.2 ; 0. 05。 Preferably, an ABS composite material provided by the present invention which ingredients are expressed as parts by weight: ABS PP-g- bandit glass fiber MBS decabromodiphenyl ethane trioxide even phosphite antioxidant 1010 preferred linking agent, -ABS PP-g- bandit glass fibers of the present invention provides an MBS decabromodiphenyl ethane coupling agent antimony trioxide phosphite antioxidant 1010 6555 〖8; 6; 0.4; 0.2; 0 05. 种ABS复合材料,其组分以重量份数表示为53 10 ]0]8 ;6 ; 0.4 0.2 0. 1。 ABS types of composite materials, which ingredients are expressed as parts by weight of 5310] 0] 8; 6; 0.4 0.2 0.1. 优选的,本发明提供的- -种ABS复合材料ABS 45 ;玻璃纤维 20 ;PP-g-匪 10 ;MBS 5 ;十溴二苯乙烷 15 ;三氧化二锑 5 ;抗氧剂1010 0.4 ;亚磷酸酯 0.2 ;偶联剂 0.2。 Preferably, the present invention provides - - ABS 45 ABS Composites species; glass fiber 20; PP-g- bandit 10; MBS 5; Decabromodiphenyl ethane 15; antimony trioxide 5; 0.4 Antioxidant 1010; phosphite 0.2; 0.2 the coupling agent. 总上所述,本发明提供的ABS复合材料,其采用在ABS中添加玻璃纤維的方法,以提高该复合材料的硬度,从而满足部分特殊材料产品队表面硬度的需求,同时,该方法还对ABS进行了阻燃改性,制备出一种阻燃级高表面硬度的ABS复会材料。 The upper total, ABS composite material provided by the invention, which employs a method of adding the glass fibers in the ABS, to increase the hardness of the composite material, the surface hardness to meet the needs of some special materials products team, while the method also flame retarded ABS was prepared resumed ABS flame retardant material that high surface hardness. 具体实施方式实施例1 按比例称取下列材料: ABS 65 ;玻璃纤维 5 ;PP-g-MAH 5 ;MBS 1 s十溴二苯乙烷 18 ;三氧化二锑 6 ;抗氧剂1010 0.4 ;亚磷酸酯 (,.2 ;偶联剂 0. 05。再将该共混料通过挤出机中混炼造粒,所得混炼造粒经注射成型制成成品,然后测试其性能,其结果与改善前ABS原料相关性能比较如表1所示:表1 :实施例1所得成品与ABS原料之间档 £能比较<table>table see original document page 6</column></row> <table>再将该共混料通过挤出机中混炼造粒,所得混炼造粒经注射成型制成成品,然后测试其性能,其结果与改善前ABS原料相关性能比较如表2所示:表2 :实施例2所得成品与ABS原^ 叫之间性能比较 <table>table see original document page 6</column></row> <table> <table>table see original document page 7</column></row> <table>实施例3 按比例称取下列材料: <table>table see original document page 7</column></row> <table>再 DETAILED DESCRIPTION Embodiments Example 1 The following materials were weighed to scale: ABS 65; a glass fiber 5; PP-g-MAH 5; MBS 1 s decabromodiphenylethane 18; antimony trioxide 6; 0.4 Antioxidant 1010; phosphite (, .2; re-coupling 0. 05. the blend pelletized by an extruder and kneaded, the resulting kneaded was granulated into finished injection molding, and tested for properties as a result ABS material associated with the front improve performance comparison as shown in table 1: table 1: Example 1 obtained between the gear and the finished ABS material can be relatively £ <table> table see original document page 6 </ column> </ row> <table > was added and the blend is kneaded by means of extruder granulation, the resulting granulated and kneaded by injection molding into finished, and then tested for performance, the results associated with improved performance comparison front ABS material shown in table 2: table 2: 2 and the resulting finished ABS Example original called performance comparison between ^ <table> table see original document page 6 </ column> </ row> <table> <table> table see original document page 7 </ column> </ row> <table> Example 3 The following materials were weighed proportion: <table> table see original document page 7 </ column> </ row> <table> and then 该共混料通过挤出机中混炼造粒,所得混炼造粒经注射成型制成成品,然后测试其性能,其结果与改善前ABS原料相关性能比较如表3所示:表3 :实施例3所得成品与ABS原私 kt间性能比较 <table>table see original document page 7</column></row> <table>以上所述,仅是本发明较佳可行的实施例而已,不能因此即局限本发明的权利范围,对熟悉本领域的普通技术人员来说,举凡运用本发明的技术方案和技术构思做出其它各种相应的改变和变形,而所有这些改变和变形都应属在本发明权利要求的保护范围之内。 The blend pelletized by an extruder and kneaded, the resulting kneaded was granulated into finished injection molding, and tested for performance, the results associated with improved performance comparison front ABS material shown in Table 3: Table 3: obtained in Example 3 between the finished product and the original private ABS performance comparison kt <table> table see original document page 7 </ column> </ row> <table> above are only preferred embodiments of the present invention possible embodiments only, not Thus i.e. limitation of scope of the present invention, those skilled in the art of one of ordinary skill in the art, the technical solution covered the use of the inventive concepts and techniques that various other changes and modifications appropriate, and all such changes and modifications should belong to both within the scope of the claims of the invention.

Claims (11)

  1. 1.一种ABS复合材料,其特征在于,主要包括以下成分,以重量份数表示为: ABS 45~65; 玻璃纤维5~20; 相容剂5~10; 增韧剂1~5; 溴系阻燃剂15~21; 锑系阻燃剂5~7; 抗氧剂0.1~0.5; 加工稳定剂0.05~0.3; 偶联剂0.05~0.2。 An ABS composite material, characterized in that, including the following ingredients, in parts by weight expressed as: ABS 45 ~ 65; 20 ~ 5 glass fibers; compatibilizer 5-10; 1-5 toughener; bromo 15 ~ 21-based flame retardant; antimony flame retardants 5-7; 0.1-0.5 antioxidant; processing stabilizers 0.05 to 0.3; coupling agent is 0.05 to 0.2.
  2. 2. 根据权利要求1所述的ABS复合材料,其特征在于,所述相容剂可为ABS-g-MAH或PP-g-MAH等。 2. ABS composite material according to claim 1, wherein the compatibilizing agent may be ABS-g-MAH or PP-g-MAH like.
  3. 3. 根据权利要求1所述的ABS复合材料,其特征在于,所述增韧剂可为MBS (甲基丙烯酸甲酯-丁二烯-苯乙烯共聚物)、SBS_g-MAH、 EPDM-g-MAH等。 3. ABS composite material according to claim 1, wherein the toughening agent may be MBS (methyl methacrylate - butadiene - styrene copolymer), SBS_g-MAH, EPDM-g- MAH and so on.
  4. 4. 根据权利要求1所述的ABS复合材料,其特征在于,所述抗氧剂可为抗氧剂2921或抗氧剂1010等。 ABS composite material according to the claim 1, wherein said antioxidant or antioxidants can be Antioxidant 2921 1010.
  5. 5. 根据权利要求1所述的ABS复合材料,其特征在于,所述溴系阻燃剂可为溴化聚碳酸酯、四溴双酚A、四溴双酚A聚碳酸酯齐聚物、六溴环十二烷或十溴二苯乙烷等。 5. ABS composite material according to claim 1, wherein the bromine-based flame retardant may be brominated polycarbonates, tetrabromobisphenol A, tetrabromobisphenol A polycarbonate oligomer, hexabromocyclododecane alkoxy or decabromodiphenyl ethane.
  6. 6. 根据权利要求1所述的ABS复合材料,其特征在于,所述锑系阻燃剂可为三氧化二锑、五氧化二锑或锑酸钠等。 6. ABS composite material according to claim 1, wherein the antimony-based flame retardant may be antimony trioxide, antimony pentoxide, sodium antimonate or the like.
  7. 7. 根据权利要求1所述的ABS复合材料,其特征在于,所述加工稳定剂可为磷酸酯、亚磷酸酯等。 7. ABS composite material according to claim 1, wherein the processing stabilizer may be a phosphate, a phosphite and the like.
  8. 8. 根据权利要求1所述的ABS复合材料,其特征在于,所述偶联剂优选为硅烷偶联剂与钛酸酯偶联剂的混合物,其中所述两者的质量优选为1 : 1。 ABS composite material according to claim 1, characterized in that the coupling agent is preferably a mixture of a silane coupling agent and a titanate coupling agent, wherein both of said mass is preferably 1: 1 .
  9. 9. 根据权利要求1-8任意一项所述的ABS复合材料,其特征在于,其优选配方以重量份数表示为:ABS 65玻璃纤维5PP-g-■ 5MBS 1十溴二苯乙烷18三氧化二锑6 抗氧剂1010 0. 4 ;亚磷酸酯0. 2 ;偶联剂0.05。 According to any one of claims 1-8 said ABS composite material characterized in that it is preferably expressed in parts by weight formulation as: ABS 65 glass fiber 5PP-g- ■ 5MBS 1 decabromodiphenylethane 18 Antimony trioxide 6 antioxidant 1010 0.4; 0.2 phosphites; coupling agent 0.05.
  10. 10.根据权利要求1-8任意一项所述的ABS复合材料,其特征在于,其优选配方以重量份数表示为:ABS 53 ;玻璃纤维 10 ;PP-g-國 10 ;MBS 3 ;十溴二苯乙烷 18 ;三氧化二锑 6 ;抗氧剂1010 0.4 ;亚磷酸酯 0.2偶联剂 0. 1。 According to claim any one of claims 1-8 ABS composite material characterized in that it is preferably expressed in parts by weight formulation as: ABS 53; a glass fiber 10; PP-g- State 10; MBS 3; ten 18-bromo-diphenyl ethane; antimony trioxide 6; 0.4 antioxidant 1010; phosphites coupling agent 0.1 0.2.
  11. 11.根据权利要求1-8任意一项所述的ABS复合材料,其特征在于,其优选配方以重量份数表示为:45ABS玻璃纤维PP-g-隨MBS十溴二苯乙烷三氧化二锑抗氧剂1010 亚磷酸酯偶联剂20 10 515 50.4 ; 0.2 : 0.2。 According to any one of claims 1-8 of the ABS composite material characterized in that it is preferably expressed in parts by weight of the formulation: 45ABS glass fibers with PP-g- MBS decabromodiphenyl ethane trioxide antimony phosphites coupling antioxidant 1010 2,010,515 50.4; 0.2: 0.2.
CN 200610037194 2006-08-25 2006-08-25 ABS composite material CN101130617B (en)

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Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102127285A (en) * 2011-01-30 2011-07-20 江苏金发科技新材料有限公司 Flame-retarding reinforced acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene (ABS) composite material and preparation method thereof
CN102234407A (en) * 2011-05-06 2011-11-09 深圳市兴迪塑胶有限公司 Flame-retardant acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene resin composition and preparation method thereof
CN102532789A (en) * 2010-12-27 2012-07-04 重庆工商大学 Glass fiber-reinforced flame-retardant antistatic ABS (Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene) plastic formula for treating oil
CN102993621A (en) * 2011-09-13 2013-03-27 黑龙江鑫达企业集团有限公司 Glass fiber reinforced flame-retardant ABS composite material having high impact resistance and high heat resistance, and its preparation technology
CN103265787A (en) * 2013-05-28 2013-08-28 杭州金州高分子科技有限公司 Glass fiber reinforced ABS (Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene) material with high heat resistance
CN103509312A (en) * 2013-09-11 2014-01-15 青岛颐世保塑料有限公司 Flame retardant ABS material
CN103724922A (en) * 2013-12-09 2014-04-16 天津金发新材料有限公司 Low-odor enhanced-glassfibre ABS composition and preparation method thereof
CN105086337A (en) * 2015-09-01 2015-11-25 深圳市兴邦盛塑胶原料有限公司 Flame-retarding enhanced ABS composition and preparation method thereof
CN105949705A (en) * 2016-07-11 2016-09-21 新昌县绿泰塑胶有限公司 Acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene (ABS) material

Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102532789A (en) * 2010-12-27 2012-07-04 重庆工商大学 Glass fiber-reinforced flame-retardant antistatic ABS (Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene) plastic formula for treating oil
CN102127285A (en) * 2011-01-30 2011-07-20 江苏金发科技新材料有限公司 Flame-retarding reinforced acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene (ABS) composite material and preparation method thereof
CN102234407A (en) * 2011-05-06 2011-11-09 深圳市兴迪塑胶有限公司 Flame-retardant acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene resin composition and preparation method thereof
CN102234407B (en) 2011-05-06 2013-03-20 深圳市兴盛迪新材料有限公司 Flame-retardant acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene resin composition and preparation method thereof
CN102993621A (en) * 2011-09-13 2013-03-27 黑龙江鑫达企业集团有限公司 Glass fiber reinforced flame-retardant ABS composite material having high impact resistance and high heat resistance, and its preparation technology
CN102993621B (en) * 2011-09-13 2015-09-30 黑龙江鑫达企业集团有限公司 A high-impact, high heat resistant glass fiber reinforced flame-retardant composite material and its preparation process abs
CN103265787A (en) * 2013-05-28 2013-08-28 杭州金州高分子科技有限公司 Glass fiber reinforced ABS (Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene) material with high heat resistance
CN103509312A (en) * 2013-09-11 2014-01-15 青岛颐世保塑料有限公司 Flame retardant ABS material
CN103724922A (en) * 2013-12-09 2014-04-16 天津金发新材料有限公司 Low-odor enhanced-glassfibre ABS composition and preparation method thereof
CN103724922B (en) * 2013-12-09 2016-09-14 天津金发新材料有限公司 A low-odor glass fiber reinforced compositions and preparation method abs
CN105086337A (en) * 2015-09-01 2015-11-25 深圳市兴邦盛塑胶原料有限公司 Flame-retarding enhanced ABS composition and preparation method thereof
CN105949705A (en) * 2016-07-11 2016-09-21 新昌县绿泰塑胶有限公司 Acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene (ABS) material

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