CN101089147A - Prepn process of clean biodiesel oil - Google Patents

Prepn process of clean biodiesel oil Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101089147A
CN101089147A CNA2006100318293A CN200610031829A CN101089147A CN 101089147 A CN101089147 A CN 101089147A CN A2006100318293 A CNA2006100318293 A CN A2006100318293A CN 200610031829 A CN200610031829 A CN 200610031829A CN 101089147 A CN101089147 A CN 101089147A
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China
Prior art keywords
oil
diesel oil
clean
preparation
clean biometric
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Pending
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CNA2006100318293A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
颜克绳
周建梁
蔡霞
颜斌
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Individual
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Individual
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Priority to CNA2006100318293A priority Critical patent/CN101089147A/en
Publication of CN101089147A publication Critical patent/CN101089147A/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E50/00Technologies for the production of fuel of non-fossil origin
    • Y02E50/10Biofuels, e.g. bio-diesel

Abstract

The present invention is preparation process of clean biodiesel oil. Various types of biological oil, including waste biological oil are refined, and added with chemical material as auxiliary agent and cetane number improver to form the clean biodiesel oil. The clean biodiesel oil has simple production process, stable material source, low cost, good starting performance, complete burning, high heat efficiency, less carbon deposit, less smoke, excellent lubricating function and other advantages, and may be used as fuel for engine, boiler, furnace and kiln alone or through mixing with diesel oil in any ratio.

Description

A kind of preparation method of clean biometric diesel oil
Technical field:
The present invention relates to a kind of preparation method of clean biometric diesel oil.It is the clean fuel that a kind of ideal substitutes diesel oil, belongs to the renewable energy source category.
Background technology:
The energy and environmental problem have become the human focus of paying close attention to.As everyone knows, oil is non-renewable consumable resource.Along with developing rapidly of global economy, fuel consumption is in sharp increase, diesel oil particularly, and since the nineties, the demand cumulative year after year rate of diesel oil has reached more than 8%.For this reason, not only environmental protection but also reproducible biodiesel are all being sought in countries in the world.
The Chinese government attaches great importance to the development and use of bioenergy." People's Republic of China's renewable energy source method " passed through in the 14 meeting of the Tenth National People's Congress on February 28 in 2005.This law is clearly stipulated: " country classifies the development and use of renewable energy source as the pioneer field of energy development.”
Vast territory and abundant resources in China, and reproducible plant is very abundant; Higher as oil content in plants such as soya bean, peanut, vegetable seed, cottonseed, camellia son, Chinese tallow tree sons; The oleaginousness of little algae plant reaches 30% in the ocean; More than 30 kind of seed oleaginousness arranged more than 40% in the xylophyta; Particularly the hogwash fat in the cloaca of urban sewage system oil and hotel, restaurant also is the good raw material of processing clean biometric diesel oil.
Summary of the invention:
The present invention adopts reproducible bio oil, is main fuel as rapeseed oil, peanut oil, Cotton seed oil, synthetic oil or cloaca oil, hogwash fat 70-75% after the chemical conversion reaction is refined; Be auxiliary with lighter hydrocarbons industrial chemicals 24-29% such as ethanol, toluene, propyl carbinol, ethylene glycol ethyl ethers again; And be cetane number improver with 2-nitropropane, isooctyl ester nitrate 0.6-1.5%, the synthetic clean biometric diesel oil that is allocated as.This clean biometric diesel oil, production technique is simple, and cost is low, and both safety and environmental protection was again inexhaustible renewable energy source.
1, formulation ratio: (% by weight)
Bio oil 70-75 alcohol 5-10 toluene 10-15
Propyl carbinol 3-5 ethylene glycol ethyl ether 0.5-1.5 2-nitric acid propane 0.5-1
Isooctyl ester nitrate 0.1-0.5
2, blending process:
By proportioning weight, main fuel is added stirred pot at normal temperatures and pressures, again auxiliary is added stirred pot respectively by " 1, formulation ratio " order, start agitator, stir 10-15 minute (rotating speed 100-150/ branch) and make its thorough mixing; Then cetane number improver is also dropped in the stirred pot, continue to stir after 3-5 minute, can use.
3, preparation example: (% by weight)
Example 1:
Bio oil 70 ethanol 10 toluene 15
Propyl carbinol 3 ethylene glycol ethyl ethers 1 2-nitric acid propane 0.5
Isooctyl ester nitrate 0.5
Example 2:
Bio oil 75 ethanol 6 toluene 12
Propyl carbinol 5 ethylene glycol ethyl ethers 0.5 2-nitric acid propane 1
Isooctyl ester nitrate 0.5
Products characteristics:
1, clean biometric diesel oil can be used as the fuel of various diesel motors and boiler, kiln, both can use separately, also can mix use with various diesel oil, and ratio is not limit.
2, clean biometric diesel oil startability is good, and sufficient combustion, thermo-efficiency height, carbon distribution are few, and smoke extract rate reduces more than 50% than mineral diesel.
3, clean biometric diesel oil has good lubricated kinetic energy, and engine scuffing is lower than mineral diesel.
4, clean biometric diesel oil not sulfur-bearing, have no side effect environmental protection, safety.
Assay
Testing product: 0# clean biometric diesel oil
Analysis project Quality standard The actual measurement quality Test method
Colourity number is not more than 3.5 3.2 GB/T6540
Oxidation stability, total insoluble substance mg/100ml is not more than 2.5 0.93 SH/T0175
Sulfuric acid amount a, % (m/m) is not more than 0.2 0.06 GB/T380
Moisture b, % (V/V) is not more than Vestige Vestige GB/T260
Acidity, mgKOH/100ml is not more than 7 4.24 GB/T258
10% steams the excess carbon residue c, % (m/m) is not more than 0.3 0.039 GB/T268
Ash content, % (m/m) 0.01 0.005 GB/T508
(50 ℃, 3h), level is not more than in copper corrosion l 1a GB/T5096
Mechanical impurity b Do not have Do not have GB/T511
Kinematic viscosity (20 ℃), mm 2/s 3.0~8.0 4.71 GB/T265
Condensation point ℃ is not higher than 0 0 GB/T510
Cold filter clogging temperature ℃ is not higher than 4 2 SH/T0248
Flash-point (remaining silent) ℃ is not less than 55 62 GB/T261
Cetane value dBe not less than 45 47.5 GB/T386
Boiling range: 50% recovered temperature, ℃ be not higher than 90% recovered temperature, ℃ be not higher than 95% recovered temperature, ℃ be not higher than 300 355 365 288 349 364 GB/T6536
Density (20 ℃), kg/m 3 Actual measurement 802.3 GB/T1884 GB/T1885

Claims (4)

1, a kind of preparation method of clean biometric diesel oil is characterized in that this product is combined by main fuel, auxiliary, cetane number improver, drops into stirred pot with configuration proportion sequentially, after stirring makes its thorough mixing, clean biometric diesel oil.
2, according to the preparation method of claim 1, described a kind of clean biometric diesel oil, it is characterized in that: wherein said main fuel is a bio oil, as rapeseed oil, peanut oil, Oleum Gossypii semen, tea-seed oil, synthetic wet goods or the cloaca oil, the hogwash fat that extract through the chemical conversion reaction, proportional quantity is: 70%-75%.
3, according to the preparation method of claim 1, described a kind of clean biometric diesel oil, it is characterized in that: wherein said auxiliary is: ethanol 5-10%, toluene 10-15%, propyl carbinol 3-5%, ethylene glycol ethyl ether 0.5-1.5%.
4, according to the preparation method of claim 1, described a kind of clean biometric diesel oil, it is characterized in that: wherein said cetane number improver is: 2-nitric acid propane 0.5-1%, isooctyl ester nitrate 0.1-0.5.
CNA2006100318293A 2006-06-15 2006-06-15 Prepn process of clean biodiesel oil Pending CN101089147A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNA2006100318293A CN101089147A (en) 2006-06-15 2006-06-15 Prepn process of clean biodiesel oil

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNA2006100318293A CN101089147A (en) 2006-06-15 2006-06-15 Prepn process of clean biodiesel oil

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN101089147A true CN101089147A (en) 2007-12-19

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CNA2006100318293A Pending CN101089147A (en) 2006-06-15 2006-06-15 Prepn process of clean biodiesel oil

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN101089147A (en)

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102167987A (en) * 2010-02-25 2011-08-31 颜克绳 Preparation method of biosynthesized diesel
CN102399600A (en) * 2011-09-28 2012-04-04 武汉嘉源华环保科技发展有限公司 Illegal cooking oil composite renewable fuel and its preparation method
CN102807904A (en) * 2012-08-30 2012-12-05 梁渠 Seed oil-compounded renewable diesel oil and compounding method thereof
CN103160343A (en) * 2013-04-10 2013-06-19 刘伟 Synthetic diesel and preparation method thereof
CN108018102A (en) * 2017-12-27 2018-05-11 湖南楚润石化新能源有限公司 A kind of biodiesel blend fuels oil additive and preparation method thereof
CN111690446A (en) * 2020-06-24 2020-09-22 张兰华 Novel open-fire non-combustible energy fuel formula
CN112662439A (en) * 2020-11-19 2021-04-16 崔双赫 Liquid biomass composite fuel and preparation method thereof

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102167987A (en) * 2010-02-25 2011-08-31 颜克绳 Preparation method of biosynthesized diesel
CN102399600A (en) * 2011-09-28 2012-04-04 武汉嘉源华环保科技发展有限公司 Illegal cooking oil composite renewable fuel and its preparation method
CN102807904A (en) * 2012-08-30 2012-12-05 梁渠 Seed oil-compounded renewable diesel oil and compounding method thereof
CN103160343A (en) * 2013-04-10 2013-06-19 刘伟 Synthetic diesel and preparation method thereof
CN103160343B (en) * 2013-04-10 2014-08-06 刘伟 Synthetic diesel and preparation method thereof
CN108018102A (en) * 2017-12-27 2018-05-11 湖南楚润石化新能源有限公司 A kind of biodiesel blend fuels oil additive and preparation method thereof
CN111690446A (en) * 2020-06-24 2020-09-22 张兰华 Novel open-fire non-combustible energy fuel formula
CN112662439A (en) * 2020-11-19 2021-04-16 崔双赫 Liquid biomass composite fuel and preparation method thereof

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