CN100465016C - Concave permanent magnetic suspension mechanism and hanger rail road vehicle distribution technique - Google Patents

Concave permanent magnetic suspension mechanism and hanger rail road vehicle distribution technique Download PDF

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Publication number
CN100465016C
CN100465016C CNB200610112941XA CN200610112941A CN100465016C CN 100465016 C CN100465016 C CN 100465016C CN B200610112941X A CNB200610112941X A CN B200610112941XA CN 200610112941 A CN200610112941 A CN 200610112941A CN 100465016 C CN100465016 C CN 100465016C
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permanent
magnet
spill
track
suspender
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CNB200610112941XA
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CN1919640A (en
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李岭群
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李岭群
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Abstract

The invention discloses a concave permanent-magnet suspending mechanism and overhang rail vehicle layout technology, which is characterized by the following: the concave permanent-magnet suspending mechanism is fixed on the upper part of vehicle central position with equal distance, which loads guide wheel, the permanent-magnet is fixed on two sides of concave permanent-magnet suspending mechanism, the rail is fixed under beam parallelingly with bottom suspended, the overhang rail vehicle is formed between two sides of concave permanent-magnet suspending mechanism, the gap of rail and permanent-magnet on two sides equal, two sides of rail can be guide rail, which contacts guide wheel in the concave permanent-magnet suspending mechanism, the vehicle guide wheel is supported on the guide rail, which controls the rail in the center of concave permanent-magnet suspending mechanism, the vehicle is made of non-magnetic material.

Description

A kind of spill permanent magnet suspension mechanism and hanger rail road vehicle distribution technique
Technical field
The invention belongs to permanent magnet suspension track and train technical field thereof, specifically, relate to a kind of spill permanent magnet suspension mechanism and hanger rail road vehicle distribution technique.
Background technology
Permanent magnetic levitation train is energy-conservation with it, cost is low, suspending power is strong and obtain social extensive concern.It represents technology permanent-magnet compensation formula suspension technology system: scold suspension operating mechanism form relative with car permanent magnet homopolarity by the rail permanent magnet; Form suction suspension operating mechanism by inhaling the floating rail plate of suspension permanent magnetic plate and ferrimagnetism suction, both lift force increases and decreases compensate mutually, and train is suspended.Though this suspension technology has solved German electromagnetism magnetic suspension and Japanese super-conductive magnetic suspension cost height, the weak shortcoming of suspending power, also exists the track permanent magnet and lays more shortcoming.The above-mentioned background technology is seen Chinese patent " vacuum and permanent magnet compensated pipeline-type hovertrain-overhead railway-station system " (patent 001057137.5).
Summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of spill permanent magnet suspension mechanism and hanger rail road vehicle distribution technique.
For achieving the above object, spill permanent magnet suspension mechanism provided by the invention and hanger rail road vehicle distribution technique, its middle concave permanent magnet suspension mechanism is made up of spill permanent-magnet suspender and the ferrimagnetism track of rank in the spill permanent-magnet suspender;
The spill permanent-magnet suspender is fixed on the top of car body middle position equidistantly, and the middle part of spill permanent-magnet suspender is equipped with track adjusting wheel;
The recess inwall both sides of spill permanent-magnet suspender respectively are fixed with a permanent magnet, and two permanent magnets are parallel to each other, and heteropole is relative;
Corresponding with the spill permanent-magnet suspender, be fixed on parallel track and stride the beam below, the lower end of this track is unsettled, holds in the mouth respectively between the permanent magnet of spill permanent-magnet suspender inwall both sides, forms hanger rail road vehicle; Track equates with the air gap of both sides permanent magnet;
The double guided way of doing in track two sides contacts with track adjusting wheel in the spill permanent-magnet suspender of car body top;
Be supported on the guided way by the car body track adjusting wheel, track be controlled at the central authorities of spill permanent-magnet suspender;
Car body is that nonferromugnetic material is made;
When the lower end of permanent magnet in the lower end of described track and the spill permanent-magnet suspender during at sustained height, the spill permanent-magnet suspender is zero at the lift force of vertical direction; During the lower end of permanent magnet, the spill permanent-magnet suspender provides lift force upwards to car body in the lower end of described track is higher than the spill permanent-magnet suspender; During the lower end of permanent magnet, the spill permanent-magnet suspender provides downward pulling force to car body in the lower end of described track is lower than the spill permanent-magnet suspender.
Described spill permanent magnet suspension mechanism and hanger rail road vehicle distribution technique thereof, wherein, the spill permanent-magnet suspender is a plurality of, is fixed on the car body top respectively equidistantly; The track of equal number is held in the mouth in the spill permanent-magnet suspender respectively accordingly.
Described spill permanent magnet suspension mechanism and hanger rail road vehicle distribution technique thereof, wherein, the spill permanent-magnet suspender that track adjusting wheel is installed is positioned in the middle of the car body top, and these spill permanent-magnet suspender two tops are provided with piston shoes, when train suspended inefficacy, piston shoes contacted with the track top and slide.
Described spill permanent magnet suspension mechanism and hanger rail road vehicle distribution technique thereof, wherein, permanent magnet is a Nd-Fe-B permanent magnet.
Described spill permanent magnet suspension mechanism and hanger rail road vehicle distribution technique thereof, wherein, nonferromugnetic material is polyamine fat, polytetrafluoroethylene, copper or aluminum alloy.
Described spill permanent magnet suspension mechanism and hanger rail road vehicle distribution technique thereof, wherein, track is steel, iron, nickel, cobalt or its alloy material.
Described spill permanent magnet suspension mechanism and hanger rail road vehicle distribution technique thereof, wherein, track is H shaped steel or square tube shaped steel, to increase the longitudinal rigidity of track.
Do not need lay permanent magnesium rail on the track of the present invention, further reduced cost.
The present invention also can be used for other track suspended field of mechanical technique.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is a spill permanent magnet suspension mechanism schematic cross-sectional view of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a hanger rail schematic cross-sectional view of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is a permanent magnetic levitation train schematic cross-sectional view of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is a hanger rail road vehicle topology layout schematic cross-sectional view of the present invention.
The specific embodiment
The following stated content is the detailed description of in conjunction with the accompanying drawings the present invention being done, and should not be understood that it is limitation of the invention.
Spill permanent magnet suspension mechanism of the present invention and hanger rail road vehicle distribution technique are that the ferrimagnetism hanger rail is held in the mouth in the spill permanent-magnet suspender, form and inhale suspension mechanism, for train provides powerful lift force technology.Track is fixed on strides below the beam, and the spill permanent magnet suspension mechanism is arranged on above the train, and recess inwall both sides respectively are fixed with a permanent magnet, and wherein a side is set to the N utmost point, and opposite side is set to the S utmost point.Article two, permanent magnet is parallel to each other, and heteropole is relative.The ferrimagnetism track of rank in the spill permanent-magnet suspender equates with the strip permanent magnet air gap of both sides.When track is pulled outwardly in recess, will with the both sides permanent magnet between produce the permanent magnetism suction opposite, i.e. lift force with pull-out direction.This spill permanent magnet suspension mechanism and hanger rail road vehicle distribution technique thereof are made up of two parts, wherein:
Track with stride the beam part, track is made by ferromagnetic material, be fixed on abreast stride beam below, form hanger rail.Can wall scroll, also can many secured in parallel, to satisfy the requirement of train to lift force and stability.Present embodiment is that three parallel tracks are fixed, wherein, and middle double guided way of doing.
Spill permanent-magnet suspender part is made concave body by ferromagnetic material, and in the inwall both sides of concave body, each fixes a permanent magnet symmetrically.Wherein a side is the N utmost point, and opposite side is the S utmost point, and two permanent magnets are parallel to each other, and heteropole is relative.This spill permanent-magnet suspender can be single, also can be a plurality of.If adopt singlely, then be fixed on the central authorities of car body, if adopt a plurality ofly, then be fixed on the car body top equidistantly.Because the track of narrating previously is three, be example also therefore with three spill permanent-magnet suspenders.
Article three, the spill permanent-magnet suspender is fixed on above the train, and recess upwards is parallel to each other, and three hanger rails with the top are corresponding respectively.The top of central concave permanent-magnet suspender is provided with piston shoes, and both sides are provided with track adjusting wheel.
Be fixed on three spill permanent-magnet suspenders above the train, be parallel to each other with being fixed on three tracks of striding below the beam, spacing equates, corresponds to each other.The track rank equates with the permanent magnet air gap of groove walls both sides in spill permanent-magnet suspender central authorities, because the track adjusting wheel of train body is supported on the both sides of middle hanger rail, so three respective carter are controlled at the central authorities of three spill permanent magnetic devices.Make track and spill permanent magnetic device in the train driving process, not come in contact friction all the time.Air gap between track and the both sides permanent magnet is more little in theory, lift force is big more, but during specific design, to design that (these factors are design factors well known in the art according to factors such as the turn radius of track, train amplitudes of fluctuation, and not the emphasis that the present invention inquires into, therefore do not elaborate).
When the track bottom was identical with permanent magnet bottom elevation in the concave body, the lift force of vertical direction was zero.When track is pulled out in spill permanent-magnet suspender recess, be that track bottom elevation is when being higher than in the concave body permanent magnet bottom elevation, then produce the permanent magnetism suction opposite between the permanent magnet of track and its both sides with pull-out direction, it is long more to pull out part, suction is big more, when being pulled out to the 69%-79% of permanent magnet section height, permanent magnetism suction maxim occurs in this interval, after this reduces gradually.Therefore this maxim interval is very important when the lift force of design permanent magnetic levitation train, and when surpassing this interval, the piston shoes on the train will contact with slide rail, to prevent the magnetic suspension train derailing.
, be spill permanent magnet suspension mechanism schematic cross-sectional view please referring to Fig. 1.Can from figure, the inboard of the spill permanent-magnet suspender of making by ferromagnetic material 1, symmetry and fixing abreast (for example using bolt) have two by hard magnetic material (as but be not limited to Nd-Fe-Bo permanent magnet material) permanent magnet 2 made, wherein a side is the N utmost point, opposite side is the S utmost point, and heteropole is relative each other for two permanent magnets 2.Rank has the track of being made by ferromagnetic material 3 between both sides permanent magnet 2.Track 3 is identical with air gap between the both sides permanent magnet 2, and air gap between the two is more little theoretically, and lift force is just big more.But when on actual engineering, using, turn radius, the train that the design of its air gap will be taken all factors into consideration track 3 factors such as amplitude (this technology belongs to routine techniques, and therefore the emphasis that non-the present invention discusses is not described in detail) that swing.When the lower end of the lower end of track 3 and both sides permanent magnet 2 during at same elevation, the spill permanent-magnet suspender is zero at the lift force of vertical direction.When the lower end of track 3 was higher than the elevation of both sides permanent magnet 2 lower ends, the spill permanent-magnet suspender provided lift force upwards to magnetic suspension train, and both depth displacements are big more, and the lift force that provides to train is just big more.When the distance that staggers relatively during greatly about the 69%-79% of permanent magnet 2, lift force maxim occurs in this interval.After this, along with the increase of the elevation that staggers, lift force reduces gradually.On the contrary, when the elevation of track 3 lower ends is lower than the elevation of both sides permanent magnet 2, the spill permanent-magnet suspender at the lift force of vertical direction for zero or downward pulling force is provided.Track 3 can be steel, iron, nickel, cobalt or its alloy material, and its cross sectional shape is H type or square tube type etc., to increase the thickness of track 3, saving in material or reinforcement longitudinal rigidity.
Seeing also Fig. 2, is the hanger rail schematic cross-sectional view.As can be seen from the figure, three tracks 3 be fixed on abreast stride beam 4 below.A middle track 3 is except that having the effect that produces lift force, and its top also is provided with slide rail 3a, and the two sides of this track 3 are guided way 3b.
Seeing also Fig. 3, is the permanent magnetic levitation train schematic cross-sectional view.As can be seen from the figure, the top of car body 5 is suspension piggyback pod 5a, and the bottom is visitor (goods) cabin 5b.Be fixed with three spill permanent-magnet suspenders 1 of permanent magnet 2, be installed in the suspension piggyback pod 5a.Its spacing three tracks 3 fixing with striding the soffit are identical, and correspond to each other, parallel.The upper end of central concave body 1 is provided with piston shoes 1a, and both sides are provided with track adjusting wheel 6.This track adjusting wheel 6 is fixed in the suspension piggyback pod 5a.Car body is that nonferromugnetic material is made, this nonferromugnetic material as but be not limited to non-magnetic materials such as polytetrafluoroethylene, aluminum alloy.
, be hanger rail road vehicle topology layout schematic cross-sectional view please referring to Fig. 4.As can be seen from the figure, be fixed on three tracks 3 of striding below the beam 4, be coupling in the middle of three concave body 1 in the suspension piggyback pod 5a, equate with air gap between the both sides permanent magnet 2.Piston shoes 1a is corresponding with slide rail 3a, and above it, when train suspended inefficacy, piston shoes 1a contacted with the slide rail 3a of track 3 tops and slides, and guarantees train operating safety.Track adjusting wheel 6 is supported on the guided way 3b, is controlling track 3 friction that do not contact with permanent magnet 2 in the spill permanent-magnet suspender 1.
Electrode concave permanent magnet suspension mechanism of the present invention and hanger rail road vehicle distribution technique thereof have the following advantages:
1, suspending power is big, can satisfy passenger traffic and suspend, and can satisfy again the requirement that shipping suspends.
2, manufacturing process is simple and direct, need not lay permanent-magnet material on the track, and cost is low.
3, good, the safety of magnetic circuit closure, environmental protection.
4, center of gravity is low, and radius of turn is little, operates steadily.

Claims (6)

1, a kind of spill permanent magnet suspension mechanism and hanger rail road vehicle, its middle concave permanent magnet suspension mechanism is made up of spill permanent-magnet suspender and the ferrimagnetism track of rank in the spill permanent-magnet suspender;
The spill permanent-magnet suspender is fixed on the car body top equidistantly, and the middle part of spill permanent-magnet suspender is equipped with track adjusting wheel;
The recess inwall both sides of spill permanent-magnet suspender respectively are fixed with a permanent magnet, and two permanent magnets are parallel to each other, and heteropole is relative; Described permanent magnet is a Nd-Fe-B permanent magnet;
Be fixed on described parallel track and stride beam below, the lower end of this track is unsettled, and corresponding with spill hydromagnetic levitation device, holds in the mouth respectively between the permanent magnet of the recess inwall both sides of spill permanent-magnet suspender, forms hanger rail; Described track equates with the air gap of both sides permanent magnet;
The double guided way of doing in described track two sides contacts with track adjusting wheel in the spill permanent-magnet suspender of car body top;
Track adjusting wheel in the spill permanent-magnet suspender is supported on the guided way, described track is controlled at the central authorities of spill permanent-magnet suspender;
Car body is that nonferromugnetic material is made;
When the lower end of permanent magnet in the lower end of described track and the spill permanent-magnet suspender during at sustained height, the spill permanent-magnet suspender is zero at the lift force of vertical direction; During the lower end of permanent magnet, the spill permanent-magnet suspender provides lift force upwards to car body in the lower end of described track is higher than the spill permanent-magnet suspender; During the lower end of permanent magnet, the spill permanent-magnet suspender provides downward pulling force to car body in the lower end of described track is lower than the spill permanent-magnet suspender.
2, spill permanent magnet suspension mechanism as claimed in claim 1 and hanger rail road vehicle thereof, wherein, the spill permanent-magnet suspender is a plurality of, is fixed on the car body top respectively equidistantly; Hold in the mouth accordingly in the spill permanent-magnet suspender respectively with the described track of spill permanent-magnet suspender equal number.
3, spill permanent magnet suspension mechanism as claimed in claim 2 and hanger rail road vehicle thereof, wherein, the spill permanent-magnet suspender that track adjusting wheel is installed is positioned in the middle of the car body top, and top, the recess both sides of this spill permanent-magnet suspender is provided with piston shoes, when train suspended inefficacy, piston shoes contacted with described track top and slide.
4, spill permanent magnet suspension mechanism as claimed in claim 1 and hanger rail road vehicle thereof, wherein, nonferromugnetic material is polyamine fat, polytetrafluoroethylene, copper or aluminum alloy.
5, as claim 1,2 or 3 described spill permanent magnet suspension mechanism and hanger rail road vehicles thereof, wherein, described track is steel, iron, nickel or cobalt.
6, spill permanent magnet suspension mechanism as claimed in claim 5 and hanger rail road vehicle thereof, wherein, described track is H shaped steel or square tube shaped steel, to increase the longitudinal rigidity of described track.
CNB200610112941XA 2006-09-13 2006-09-13 Concave permanent magnetic suspension mechanism and hanger rail road vehicle distribution technique Expired - Fee Related CN100465016C (en)

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CN103129563A (en) * 2013-03-08 2013-06-05 北京宇航世纪超导技术有限公司 High-efficient permanent magnet gathering type guide rail mechanism suitable for high-temperature superconductive maglev system
CN103144547B (en) * 2013-03-08 2016-02-24 北京宇航世纪超导技术有限公司 A kind of composite magnetic gathering type permanent magnetic guideway mechanism being applicable to high-speed superconducting magnetic suspension system
ITUA20164396A1 (en) * 2016-06-15 2017-12-15 Ironbox S R L "Magnetic suspension"
CN108406142B (en) * 2018-03-23 2019-02-15 伊欧激光科技(苏州)有限公司 A kind of linear movement system and the laser processing device with the linear movement system

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US5319275A (en) * 1990-09-17 1994-06-07 Maglev Technology, Inc. Magnetic levitation self-regulating systems having enhanced stabilization forces
CN1264660A (en) * 2000-04-04 2000-08-30 李岭群 Vacuum and permanent magnet compensated pipeline-type hovertrain-overhead railway-station system
CN1316359A (en) * 2000-04-05 2001-10-10 王光宇 Driving system of magnetic suspension train
CN1680135A (en) * 2004-04-09 2005-10-12 李岭群 Suspended road-vehicle system with hanging rail and permanent double attracted balancing compensation
CN1683181A (en) * 2004-04-16 2005-10-19 侯虞城 Permanent magnet suspension transport module

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3834318A (en) * 1972-01-24 1974-09-10 Tracked Hovercraft Ltd Ground transportation systems and tracks and vehicles therefor
US5218257A (en) * 1990-09-17 1993-06-08 Maglev Technology, Inc. Magnetic levitation self-regulating systems
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CN1264660A (en) * 2000-04-04 2000-08-30 李岭群 Vacuum and permanent magnet compensated pipeline-type hovertrain-overhead railway-station system
CN1316359A (en) * 2000-04-05 2001-10-10 王光宇 Driving system of magnetic suspension train
CN1680135A (en) * 2004-04-09 2005-10-12 李岭群 Suspended road-vehicle system with hanging rail and permanent double attracted balancing compensation
CN1683181A (en) * 2004-04-16 2005-10-19 侯虞城 Permanent magnet suspension transport module

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