CN100408739C - All cotton hydroscopic fast-drying shell fabric and producing method thereof - Google Patents

All cotton hydroscopic fast-drying shell fabric and producing method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN100408739C
CN100408739C CNB2005100612850A CN200510061285A CN100408739C CN 100408739 C CN100408739 C CN 100408739C CN B2005100612850 A CNB2005100612850 A CN B2005100612850A CN 200510061285 A CN200510061285 A CN 200510061285A CN 100408739 C CN100408739 C CN 100408739C
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China
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yarn
hydrophilic
water
fabric
cotton
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CNB2005100612850A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN1752317A (en
Inventor
徐磊
刘向荣
王庆淼
孙理
王超
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宁波雅戈尔日中纺织印染有限公司
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Publication of CN1752317A publication Critical patent/CN1752317A/en
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Publication of CN100408739C publication Critical patent/CN100408739C/en

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Abstract

The present invention discloses all-cotton hygroscopic quickly-dried face fabric which is plated fabric knitted by plated work. The present invention is characterized in that the plated fabric has two kinds of loops, wherein the first kind of loop is composed of a strand of hydrophilic yarn and a strand of hydrofuge yarn; the second kind of loop is composed of two strands of hydrophilic yarn. The first kind of loop is mainly arranged in the plated fabric. The present invention has the arrangement manner that the second kind of loops are arranged among the first kind of loops at intervals, which causes face yarn arranged and appearing on the outer layer of the face fabric to be all hydrophilic yarn and causes the bottom yarn arranged and appearing on the inner layer of the face fabric to be strands of hydrofuge yarn between which the hydrophilic yarn is arranged. The hydrophilic yarn is cotton yarn obtained through hydrophilicity arrangement. The hydrofuge yarn is cotton yarn having water and oil repellent functions and obtained through water repellent arrangement. The producing method for the face fabric comprises yarn dyeing, yarn water and oil repellent arranging (or hydrophilicity arranging), high frequency drying, spooling, knitting, mirror examining, cloth preparing, piece opening, water washing, dewatering, drying, shaping, preshrinking, etc. The face fabric product not only has the advantages of all-cotton face fabric but also has the functions of favorable hygroscopic sweat lead and causing water to quickly diffuse towards the front side. Simultaneously, the reverse side of the fabric contacting skins keeps dry. The producing method has the advantages of reasonable process and obvious effect.

Description

Hygroscopic quick-drying facing material of cotton and its preparation method
Technical field
The present invention relates to garment material, particularly a kind of Hygroscopic quick-drying facing material of cotton and its preparation method.
Background technology
It is active relatively at present the research of functional form knit fabric of sweat to be led in moisture absorption, and some of them manufacturer has developed many dissimilar products according to different designs and in conjunction with the production capacity of self.These products mostly are to wash entirely or polyester-cotton blend, to be aided with the whole operation in special weaving method and back, to make lining have quick moisture absorption and lead sweat and the fast function of doing.For example " DRIFIT " lining of popular NIKE on the market adopts the cotton structure that interweaves with terylene, exactly in conjunction with the wet absorption quick drying fabric of hydrophilic finish exploitation.More in addition is to adopt the special-shaped silk of terylene, and it can rely on the ability of the reinforcement wetness guiding perspiration dischargings such as groove of fiber surface, and as COOLMAX, COOLNICE, DRIRELEASE etc. have the polyster fibre lining of drop.
From the patent disclosure situation, Chinese patent ZL 03230944.9 discloses " slim strip moisture absorbing and sweat releasing knit fabric ", this lining is the horizontal stripe that the taeniae that is made into of the profiled-cross-section wet fiber of mutual cross arrangement and water absorbent fiber are made into, the profiled-cross-section wet fiber that adopts is the polyester filament through hydrophilic treatment, and water absorbent fiber is natural fabric cotton, hair, silk etc.Chinese patent ZL200420025810.4 disclosed " a kind of worsted lining of moisture absorbing and sweat releasing ", its structure and aforementioned patent are similar, and only its warp is the double twisted yarn by wool 70wt% and terylene 30wt%, and weft yarn is a Cool Max yarn.That Chinese patent ZL 02215153.2 disclosed " monoblock type quick moisture conducting knit fabric " then comprises is interior, in, outer three layers, internal layer is the skin surface that high wet fiber constitutes, netted chemical fibre conducting shell is put for high density in the centre, and outer is that the moisture absorption natural fabric is formed the lining front.97119509.9 of Chinese patent ZL disclose " cloth with damp-proof characteristic ", it comprises a plurality of first fibers and a plurality of second fibers, first fiber is arranged to be presented on the first surface of hydrofuge cloth, and second fiber then is arranged to be presented on the second surface of the relative first surface of hydrofuge cloth; Second fiber itself comprises can produce capillary member, and the capillarity of this member is stronger than the capillarity that the first interfibrous gap is produced, and takes this to make the moisture nationality of first surface to help capillarity and be transformed into this second surface; Wherein, described member is groove, gauffer, fine hair, hole, scale or crack.This employed fiber of cloth with damp-proof characteristic is an artificial fibre.From the situation of above patent disclosure, at first be all to adopt the cotton fiber to realize the hydroscopic fast-drying function, thereby aspect snugness of fit, have much room for improvement; Next is except that Chinese patent ZL 97119509.9 disclosed clothes, and the moisture absorption hydrofuge function of the cloth of its excess-three patent disclosure may be subjected to the restriction of structure and not very good, remains further to be improved.
Summary of the invention
Technical problem to be solved by this invention is to provide a kind of Hygroscopic quick-drying facing material of cotton and its preparation method that is constituted and had good hydroscopic fast-drying function by the cotton fiber at the prior art present situation.
The present invention solves the problems of the technologies described above the technical scheme that is adopted: all cotton hydroscopic fast-drying shell fabric of the present invention, it is by the knitting plated fabric that forms of plating structure, described plated fabric has two kinds of coils, wherein first kind of coil formed by a hydrophilic yarn and a water-proof yarn, second kind of coil then formed by two hydrophilic yarns, in described plated fabric based on first kind of coil, the arrangement mode that it is characterized in that two kinds of coils in the described plated fabric is: promptly be arranged with the described second kind of coil of 1~2 mould every the described first kind of coil of 4~8 moulds, and its arrangement mode makes and arranges and be presented on the outer field veil of lining all is hydrophilic yarn, and the filling of arranging and be presented on the lining nexine then is to be separated with hydrophilic yarn between between the water-proof yarn; Described hydrophilic yarn is through hydrophilic finish and the cotton yarn that gets, and described water-proof yarn is the cotton yarn that has the water and oil repellant function through water repellent finish.
Such interval distribution situation basic and the human body sweat gland adapts, and helps obtaining rational balance between perspiration functions and dry and comfortable sensation.
Described water-proof yarn is the cotton yarn that has the water and oil repellant function through the arrangement of Organic fluoride class water repellent finishing agent, and Organic fluoride class finishing agent is selected the finishing agent of commodity OLEOPHOBOL CO by name usually for use.
Described hydrophilic yarn is the cotton yarn of handling through hydrophilic softener, hydrophilic softener is selected from any one among SEBOSAN HIS, DCW, HCT, HSD, the HV usually, and wherein SEBOSAN HIS, DCW, HCT, HSD, HV are the trade name of hydrophilic softener.
The method of production all cotton hydroscopic fast-drying shell fabric of the present invention is characterized in that comprising following operation:
1) yarn dyeing;
2) finishing functions: the cotton yarn separated into two parts that will handle through yarn dyeing, a part is carried out hydrophilic finish and is become hydrophilic yarn, and another part carries out water and oil repellent finish with Organic fluoride class finishing agent and becomes water-proof yarn;
3) hydrophilic yarn and water-proof yarn dewater respectively and carry out hf drying and winder;
4) knitting: that water-proof yarn and hydrophilic yarn are weaved into plated fabric, make plated fabric have two kinds of coils, wherein first kind of coil formed by a hydrophilic yarn and a water-proof yarn, second kind of coil then formed by two hydrophilic yarns, in described plated fabric based on first kind of coil, the arrangement mode of two kinds of coils is promptly to be arranged with the described second kind of coil of 1~2 mould every the described first kind of coil of 4~8 moulds, and its arrangement mode makes and arranges and be presented on the outer field veil of lining all is hydrophilic yarn, and the filling of arranging and be presented on the lining nexine then is to be separated with hydrophilic yarn between between the water-proof yarn;
5) through microscopy, be equipped with cloth, open-width, wash water, dehydration, oven dry, typing and promptly get the lining finished product.
Shrinking processes are also arranged one behind the described shaping process, and shrinking processes can better be improved the shrink and the feel of lining, make fabric construction tightr simultaneously, and the minimizing of cloth cover filoplume, can improve the hydrophilicity of fabric to a certain extent.
The used Organic fluoride class finishing agent of described water and oil repellent finish is the finishing agent of commodity OLEOPHOBOL CO by name, finishing condition is as follows: OLEOPHOBOL CO consumption is 4~8%o.w.f, water repellent finish additive XAN consumption is at 2~3%o.w.f, and bath raio is between 1: 10~1: 15; And earlier yarn was cleaned completely before putting in order, slowly adding finishing agent below 30 ℃ then, PH is adjusted between 5~7; Slowly be warmed up to then between 45 ℃~60 ℃, heating rate is 0.5~1.5 ℃/minute, and back insulation 10~20 minutes heats up.
Described wash water operation comprises wash water and crosses soft two step process that wherein the process conditions of wash water are: scouring agent JA 1g/L, and penetrating agent JFC 0.5g/L, soda ash 1g/L handled 30 minutes down in 55~65 ℃ of temperature conditions; Crossing soft process conditions is: silicone based hydrophilic softener HV 2~5wt%, handled 20 minutes down in 37~45 ℃ of temperature conditions.
Compared with prior art, the invention has the advantages that: product is when having the advantage of cotton fabric, because adopted described structure, thereby the nexine that makes lining mainly is a water-proof yarn, it can make the fabric backing of contact skin keep dry and comfortable, the hydrophilic yarn that is interval in the filling between the water-proof yarn then can outwards export to the outer field hydrophilic yarn of lining rapidly with sweat, thereby lining of the present invention also has the function that good moisture absorption is led sweat and moisture is spread rapidly to the front, the fabric backing that contacts skin simultaneously keeps dry and comfortable again, even also dress is nice and cool during the broiling summer, further improved the wearability of cotton fabric.After testing, the reverse side quick-drying of lining of the present invention can reach 30S in second.Reasonable, remarkably productive advantage that producer rule of the present invention has technology makes cotton fabric have the function that good moisture absorption is led sweat and moisture is spread rapidly to the front dexterously, and the fabric backing that contacts skin simultaneously keeps dry and comfortable again.
Our company is through nearly 1 year model exploitation and bulk production trial production, by adopting yarn water and oil repellent finish method, design textile structure and adopt special back finishing process scientifically, successfully make knit goods in the physical index that keeps regulation, have above functional effect.We have successfully developed the knit fabric of several different cultivars such as single face single jersey, PIQUE mesh and have obtained stable production technology so far.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of embodiment of the invention lining;
Fig. 2 is the left view of the longitudinal cross-section of lining among Fig. 1.
The specific embodiment
Embodiment describes in further detail the present invention below in conjunction with accompanying drawing.
Embodiment
As Fig. 1~shown in Figure 2, be a kind of better embodiment of the present invention.As Fig. 1, all cotton hydroscopic fast-drying shell fabric shown in Figure 2, it is by the knitting plated fabric that forms of plating structure, plated fabric has two kinds of coils, wherein first kind of coil formed by a hydrophilic yarn 1 and a water-proof yarn 2, second kind of coil then formed by two hydrophilic yarns 1, in plated fabric based on first kind of coil, its arrangement mode is promptly to be arranged with second kind of coil of 1~2 mould every first kind of coil of 4~8 moulds, and its arrangement mode makes and arranges and be presented on the outer field veil of lining all is hydrophilic yarn 1, and the filling of arranging and be presented on the lining nexine then is to be separated with hydrophilic yarn 1 between between the water-proof yarn 2; Described hydrophilic yarn 1 is through hydrophilic finish and the cotton yarn that gets, and described water-proof yarn 2 is the cotton yarns that have the water and oil repellant function through water repellent finish.Because the nexine of lining mainly is a water-proof yarn 2, it can make the fabric backing of contact skin keep dry and comfortable, the hydrophilic yarn 1 that is interval in the filling between the water-proof yarn 2 then can outwards export to sweat the outer field hydrophilic yarn 1 of lining rapidly, thereby lining has the function that good moisture absorption is led sweat and moisture is spread rapidly to the front, the fabric backing that contacts skin simultaneously keeps dry and comfortable again, even also dress is nice and cool during the broiling summer, further improved the wearability of cotton fabric.
The production method of present embodiment all cotton hydroscopic fast-drying shell fabric is:
At first its technological process can be schematically as follows:
Yarn dyeing → yarn water and oil repellent finish (or hydrophilic finish) → hf drying → winder → knitting → microscopy → cloth → open-width → wash water → dehydration → oven dry → typing → preshrunk fully.
Details are as follows:
1) yarn dyeing;
2) finishing functions: the cotton yarn separated into two parts that will handle through yarn dyeing, a part is carried out hydrophilic finish and is become hydrophilic yarn 1, and another part carries out water and oil repellent finish with Organic fluoride class finishing agent and becomes water-proof yarn 2;
3) hydrophilic yarn 1 and water-proof yarn 2 dewater respectively and carry out hf drying and winder;
4) knitting: that water-proof yarn 2 and hydrophilic yarn 1 are weaved into plated fabric, make plated fabric have two kinds of coils, wherein first kind of coil formed by a hydrophilic yarn 1 and a water-proof yarn 2, second kind of coil then formed by two hydrophilic yarns 1, in plated fabric based on first kind of coil, its arrangement mode is promptly to be arranged with second kind of coil of 1~2 mould every first kind of coil of 4~8 moulds, and its arrangement mode makes and arranges and be presented on the outer field veil of lining all is hydrophilic yarn 1, and the filling of arranging and be presented on the lining nexine then is to be separated with hydrophilic yarn 1 between between the water-proof yarn 2;
5) through microscopy, be equipped with cloth, open-width, wash water, dehydration, oven dry, typing, preshrunk and promptly get the lining finished product.Shrinking processes can better be improved the shrink and the feel of lining, make fabric construction tightr simultaneously, and the minimizing of cloth cover filoplume, can improve the hydrophilicity of fabric to a certain extent.
Therefore the finishing functions behind this production method yarn dyeing comprises two kinds, and a kind of is water and oil repellent finish, and another kind is a hydrophilic finish.Because the hygroscopicity of cotton yarn was just relatively good originally, hydrophilic finish is comparatively speaking than being easier to, as long as add hydrophilic softener SEBOSAN HIS; DCW; HCT, HSD, HV gets final product.Therefore the key of this technology is the water and oil repellent finish technology of yarn.The selection of finishing agent type, consumption, arrangement temperature and time all can have very big influence to finishing effect.Defects such as inappropriate technology can cause the gathering of finishing agent precipitation, finishing effect is inhomogeneous or not durable.Therefore the finishing technique condition determines it is the key point of this technology.
Through deep research and a large amount of experiments, we think that Organic fluoride class water-refusing oil-refusing finishing agent OLEOPHOBOLCO can obtain more stable and durable finishing effect on yarn.
The technology of Organic fluoride class finishing agent OLEOPHOBOL CO in yarn finish is as follows: OLEOPHOBOL CO consumption is 4~8%o.w.f, and water repellent finish additive XAN consumption is at 2~3%o.w.f, and bath raio is between 1: 10~1: 20; And earlier yarn was cleaned completely before putting in order, slowly adding finishing agent below 30 ℃ then, PH is adjusted between 5~7; Slowly be warmed up to then between 45 ℃~60 ℃, heating rate is 0.5~1.5 ℃/minute, and back insulation 10~20 minutes heats up.Circulating pump need adopt two-way circulation, to guarantee to obtain uniform finishing effect.
The knitting design:
The yarn of two kinds of difference in functionalitys need could be realized the function that we need by rational knitting design.The optimal tissue of realizing the two sides difference in functionality on knitted fabric is a plating structure.Plating structure is meant a kind of tissue that all or part of coil on the fabric is formed by two yarns.When the braiding plating structure, operating technology is required to deal with improperly than higher, can influence the coverage effect of two coils, grinning effect occurs.
For all cotton hydroscopic fast-drying shell fabric, can not simply hydrophilic yarn 1 be all arranged in the front, reverse side all is arranged as water-proof yarn 2.Because the result of Pai Lieing is that the one side that fabric is pressed close to skin all is a water-proof yarn 2 like this, skin and positive hydrophilic yarn 1 are all kept apart, just be unfavorable for sweat quick drain from inside to outside.Therefore we have carried out the design of science to the arrangement of filling, promptly promptly are arranged with second kind of coil of 1~2 mould every first kind of coil of 4~8 moulds.The hydrophilic yarn 1 of second kind of coil of this 1~2 mould just becomes the bridge that connects outer hydrophilic yarn 1.The human sweat can pass through these hydrophilic yarns 1 at interval and be diffused into skin very soon, so and internal layer since major part to be that water-proof yarn 2 still can keep dry and comfortable.Above braided structure can be referring to Fig. 1, illustrated in Figure 2: wherein black yarn is represented hydrophilic yarn 1, and white yarn is represented water-proof yarn 2.As seen from the figure, veil all is a hydrophilic yarn 1, and the filling major part is a water-proof yarn 2, has wherein clocklike arranged 1~2 mould hydrophilic yarn 1.
Wash water technology:
Also will make fabric have good hydrophilic moisture pick-up properties when guaranteeing reverse side water and oil repellant effect, we have improved conventional wash water technology.Conventional wash water technology only adds a small amount of degreaser and soda ash was handled 20 minutes at 50 ℃, crosses cationic softener then.And this wash water technology is more violent than conventional wash water technology, crosses the soft difference that also has.If wash water is insufficient, then hydrophily can descend.Wash water is too violent, and then the function of reverse side water and oil repellant yarn can descend.Present embodiment wash water process conditions are as follows:
The wash water operation comprises wash water and crosses soft two step process that wherein the process conditions of wash water are: scouring agent JA 1g/L, and penetrating agent JFC 0.5g/L, soda ash 1g/L handled 30 minutes down in 55~65 ℃ of temperature conditions; Crossing soft process conditions is: silicone based hydrophilic softener HV 2~5wt%, handled 20 minutes down in 37~45 ℃ of temperature conditions.
The operation of not giving detailed description in this production method is a conventional method.
Present embodiment lining product moisture pick-up properties is good, and hydrophilic physical index reaches following standard before and after the washing:
The reverse side hydroscopic fast-drying: 30 seconds with interior (AATCC 79 methods)

Claims (8)

1. all cotton hydroscopic fast-drying shell fabric, it is by the knitting plated fabric that forms of plating structure, described plated fabric has two kinds of coils, wherein first kind of coil formed by a hydrophilic yarn and a water-proof yarn, second kind of coil then formed by two hydrophilic yarns, in described plated fabric based on first kind of coil, the arrangement mode that it is characterized in that two kinds of coils in the described plated fabric is: promptly be arranged with the described second kind of coil of 1~2 mould every the described first kind of coil of 4~8 moulds, and its arrangement mode makes and arranges and be presented on the outer field veil of lining all is hydrophilic yarn, and the filling of arranging and be presented on the lining nexine then is to be separated with hydrophilic yarn between between the water-proof yarn; Described hydrophilic yarn is through hydrophilic finish and the cotton yarn that gets, and described water-proof yarn is the cotton yarn that has the water and oil repellant function through water repellent finish.
2. all cotton hydroscopic fast-drying shell fabric according to claim 1 is characterized in that described water-proof yarn is the cotton yarn that has the water and oil repellant function through the arrangement of Organic fluoride class water repellent finishing agent.
3. all cotton hydroscopic fast-drying shell fabric according to claim 1 is characterized in that described hydrophilic yarn is the cotton yarn of handling through hydrophilic softener.
4. all cotton hydroscopic fast-drying shell fabric according to claim 3, it is characterized in that described hydrophilic softener is to be selected among SEBOSAN HIS, DCW, HCT, HSD, the HV any one, wherein SEBOSAN HIS, DCW, HCT, HSD, HV are the trade name of hydrophilic softener.
5. method of producing all cotton hydroscopic fast-drying shell fabric as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that comprising following operation:
1) yarn dyeing;
2) finishing functions: the cotton yarn separated into two parts that will handle through yarn dyeing, a part is carried out hydrophilic finish and is become hydrophilic yarn, and another part carries out water and oil repellent finish with Organic fluoride class finishing agent and becomes water-proof yarn;
3) hydrophilic yarn and water-proof yarn dewater respectively and carry out hf drying and winder;
4) knitting: that water-proof yarn and hydrophilic yarn are weaved into plated fabric, make plated fabric have two kinds of coils, wherein first kind of coil formed by a hydrophilic yarn and a water-proof yarn, second kind of coil then formed by two hydrophilic yarns, in described plated fabric based on first kind of coil, the arrangement mode of two kinds of coils is promptly to be arranged with the described second kind of coil of 1~2 mould every the described first kind of coil of 4~8 moulds, and its arrangement mode makes and arranges and be presented on the outer field veil of lining all is hydrophilic yarn, and the filling of arranging and be presented on the lining nexine then is to be separated with hydrophilic yarn between between the water-proof yarn;
5) through microscopy, be equipped with cloth, open-width, wash water, dehydration, oven dry, typing and promptly get the lining finished product.
6. method according to claim 5 is characterized in that shrinking processes are also arranged one behind described shaping process.
7. according to claim 5 or 6 described methods, it is characterized in that the used Organic fluoride class finishing agent of described water and oil repellent finish is the finishing agent of commodity OLEOPHOBOL CO by name, finishing condition is as follows: OLEOPHOBOL CO consumption is 4~8%o.w.f, water repellent finish additive XAN consumption is at 2~3%o.w.f, and bath raio is between 1: 10~1: 15; And earlier yarn was cleaned completely before putting in order, slowly adding finishing agent below 30 ℃ then, PH is adjusted between 5~7; Slowly be warmed up to then between 45 ℃~60 ℃, heating rate is 0.5~1.5 ℃/minute, and back insulation 10~20 minutes heats up.
8. according to claim 5 or 6 described methods, it is characterized in that described wash water operation comprises wash water and crosses soft two step process, wherein the process conditions of wash water are: scouring agent JA 1g/L, penetrating agent JFC 0.5g/L, soda ash 1g/L handled 30 minutes down in 55~65 ℃ of temperature conditions; Crossing soft process conditions is: silicone based hydrophilic softener HV 2~5wt%, handled 20 minutes down in 37~45 ℃ of temperature conditions.
CNB2005100612850A 2005-10-27 2005-10-27 All cotton hydroscopic fast-drying shell fabric and producing method thereof CN100408739C (en)

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