CN100408739C - All cotton hydroscopic fast-drying shell fabric and producing method thereof - Google Patents

All cotton hydroscopic fast-drying shell fabric and producing method thereof Download PDF

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CN100408739C
CN100408739C CN 200510061285 CN200510061285A CN100408739C CN 100408739 C CN100408739 C CN 100408739C CN 200510061285 CN200510061285 CN 200510061285 CN 200510061285 A CN200510061285 A CN 200510061285A CN 100408739 C CN100408739 C CN 100408739C
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yarn
fabric
hydrophilic
water
repellent
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CN 200510061285
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Chinese (zh)
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CN1752317A (en
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刘向荣
理 孙
磊 徐
超 王
王庆淼
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宁波雅戈尔日中纺织印染有限公司
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Abstract

本发明公开了一种全棉吸湿快干面料,它是由添纱组织针织而成的添纱织物,所述添纱织物具有两种线圈,其中第一种线圈由一根亲水纱和一根拒水纱形成,而第二种线圈则由两根亲水纱形成,其特征在于所述添纱织物中两种线圈的排列方式是:每隔4~8模所述第一种线圈即排列有1~2模所述第二种线圈,并且其排列方式使排列并呈现在面料外层的面纱全部是亲水纱,而排列并呈现在面料里层的底纱则是拒水纱之间间隔有亲水纱。 The present invention discloses a moisture management cotton fabric, which is knitted by the plating yarn plaited fabric made of tissue, the plaited fabric has two coils, wherein the first coil is composed of a hydrophilic yarn and a root yarns formed of water-repellent, and the second coil is formed by two hydrophilic yarn, wherein the arrangement of the plaited fabric of two coils is: every 4 to 8 of the first coil molded i.e. 1-2 are arranged to the second coil module, and which are arranged so that arrangement presented in the fabric and the outer layer to reveal all hydrophilic yarn, a bottom yarn are arranged and presented in the fabric of the inner layer is the water-repellent yarn interval hydrophilic yarn. 生产方法则包括:染纱、纱线拒水拒油整理(或亲水性整理)、高频烘干、络筒、针织、镜检、备布、开幅、洗水、脱水、烘干、定型、预缩等。 The production method comprising: dyeing, finishing yarn water and oil repellent (hydrophilic or finishing), high-frequency drying, winding, knitting, microscopy, fabric preparation, slitting, washing, dehydration, drying, stereotypes, pre-shrinking the like. 面料产品不仅具有全棉面料的优点,而且还具有良好的吸湿导汗并使水分向正面迅速扩散的功能,同时接触皮肤的织物反面又保持干爽。 Fabric products has the advantage of not only cotton fabrics but also has good moisture absorbent function I. Khan and quickly spread to the front, while contacting the skin remains dry and the fabric back. 生产方法则具有工艺合理,效果突出的优点。 The production process has a reasonable process, the effect of significant advantages.

Description

全棉吸湿快干面料及其生产方法技术领域本发明涉及服装面料,特别是一种全棉吸湿快干面料及其生产方法。 Cotton fabrics and moisture management Technical Field The present invention relates to a fabric, in particular a cotton moisture management fabric and its production method. 賴駄目前对吸湿导汗的功能型针织面料的研究相对活跃,其中一些生产厂家根据不同的设计方案并结合自身的生产能力开发了许多不同类型的产品。 Lai Dai current research on the moisture I. Khan of functional knitted fabric is relatively active, with some manufacturers according to different designs and its own production capacity developed many different types of products. 这些产品大都是以全涤或涤棉为主,辅以特殊的织造方法和后整工序,使面料具有快速吸湿导汗和快干的功能。 These products are mostly based on polyester or cotton, supplemented by a special method of weaving and finishing step, the fabric having a moisture I. Khan and quick drying function. 例如市场上比较流行的NIKE的"DRIFIT"面料,就是采用棉与涤纶交织的结构,结合亲水性整理开发的吸湿速干面料。 For example NIKE more popular on the market "DRIFIT" fabric, it is the use of cotton and polyester interwoven structure, combined with hydrophilic finishing the development of moisture wicking fabric. 另外较多的是采用漆纶异型丝,其可以依靠纤维表面的沟槽等加强导湿排汗的能力,如COOLMAX, COOLNICE, DRIRELEASE等有吊牌的涤纶纤维面料。 Further more paint is to use nylon shaped wire, which can rely on other reinforcing fiber surface grooves wicking capacity of perspiration, such as COOLMAX, COOLNICE, DRIRELEASE have tags like polyester fiber fabric. 从专利公开情况看,中国专利ZL03230944.9公开了"薄型条状吸湿排汗针织面料", 该面料为相互交叉排列的异型截面导湿纤维织成的纵条与吸湿纤维织成的横条,采用的异型截面导湿纤维是经过亲水处理的涤纶长丝,吸湿纤维是天然纤维棉、毛、丝等。 From Patent Publication situation, Chinese Patent No. ZL03230944.9 discloses "thin strip wicking knitted fabric", which is a fabric cross-sectional profile arranged in interdigitated wicking fibers woven into vertical strips and absorbent fibers woven into the bar, shaped cross-section employed wicking fibers are subjected to hydrophilic treatment of polyester filaments, absorbent fibers are natural fibers of cotton, wool, silk and the like. 中国专利ZL 200420025810.4公开的"一种吸湿排汗的精纺呢绒面料",其结构与前述专利类似, 只不过其经线为由羊毛70wt。 Disclosed in Chinese Patent No. ZL 200420025810.4 "an worsted woolen fabrics wicking", and the patent is similar to its structure, except that the warp by wool 70wt. /。 /. 和涤纶30wt。 And polyester 30wt. /。 /. 的二合股纱,纬纱为Cool Max纱。 Two-ply yarn, the weft yarn is Cool Max. 中国专利ZL 02215153.2公开的"整体式快速导湿针织面料"则包括内、中、外三层,内层为高导湿纤维构成的贴身面,中间为高密度点网状化纤传导层,外层为吸湿天然纤维组成面料正面。 Chinese Patent No. ZL 02215153.2 disclosed in "Fast wicking unitary knitted fabric" includes inner and the outer three layers, the inner layer close to the highly conductive surface of the wet fibers, the intermediate point of a high density fiber mesh conductive layer, an outer layer hygroscopic natural fibers side of the fabric. 中国专利ZL97119509.9则公开了"具有排湿特性的布料",它包括复数条第一纤维和复数条第二纤维,第一纤维被安排呈现在排湿布料的第一表面,而第二纤维则被安排呈现在排湿布料相对第一表面的第二表面;第二纤维本身包括能产生毛细作用的构件,且该构件的毛细作用比第一纤维间的间隙所产生的毛细作用强,籍此可使第一表面的水分籍助于毛细作用而转换到该第二表面;其中,所述构件是凹槽、皱褶、绒毛、孔洞、鳞片或裂缝。 China Patent No. ZL97119509.9 disclosed is a "characteristic humidity fabric having", which includes a plurality of first fibers and a plurality of second fibers, the first fibers are arranged in a first surface of the humidity present in the fabric, the second fiber They were arranged in rendering a second surface opposite the first surface of the fabric humidity; a second fiber itself comprises a member capable of generating capillary action, and the action of the strong capillary action of the capillary member than a gap generated between the first fiber, Ji this allows moisture Ji means of capillary action is converted to the first surface and the second surface; wherein said member is a groove, corrugation, fluff, holes, cracks or flakes. 该具有排湿特性的布料所使用的纤维是人造纤维。 The fiber cloth has a characteristic humidity used is rayon. 从以上专利公开的情况看,首先是都不能采用全棉纤维实现吸湿快干功能,因而在穿着舒适性方面有待改进;其次是除中国专利ZL 97119509.9公开的布料外,其余三专利公开的布料的吸湿排湿功能可能受结构的限制而并不十分理想,有待进一步提高。 From the above patent disclosure see, first of all can not be achieved using cotton fiber moisture management function, thus wearing comfort areas for improvement; followed by the addition to the Chinese patent ZL 97119509.9 open fabric, the remaining three patent disclosure cloth moisture absorption features may be limited by the structure of which is not very satisfactory, needs to be further improved. 本发明所要解决的技术问题是针对现有技术现状而提供一种由全棉纤维构成且具有良好的吸湿快干功能的全棉吸湿快干面料及其生产方法。 The present invention solves the technical problem for the prior art and to provide a status consists of cotton fibers and has a good moisture absorbing moisture management function cotton fabric and its production method. 本发明解决上述技术问题所采用的技术方案为:本发明全棉吸湿快干面料,它是由添纱组织针织而成的添纱织物,所述添纱织物具有两种线圈,其中第一种线圈由一根亲水纱和一根拒水纱形成,而第二种线圈则由两根亲水纱形成,在所述添纱织物中以第一种线圈为主,其特征在于所述添纱织物中两种线圈的排列方式是:每隔4〜8模所述第一种线圈即排列有1〜2模所述第二种线圈,并且其排列方式使排列并呈现在面料外层的面纱全部是亲水纱,而排列并呈现在面料里层的底纱则是拒水纱之间间隔有亲水纱;所述亲水纱是经亲水性整理而得的棉纱,所述拒水纱是经拒水整理而具有拒水拒油功能的棉纱。 The present invention is to solve the above technical problem is technical solution: cotton moisture management fabric of the present invention, it is made of plaited plaiting stitch knitting fabric, plaited fabric has two of said coil, wherein a first a coil formed of a hydrophilic yarn and a water-repellent yarn, while the second coil is formed by two hydrophilic yarn, oriented in a first coil in said fabric plaiting, characterized in that the additive yarn fabric of the coil is arranged in two ways: the first mold every 4 to 8 coils arranged 1~2 i.e. the second mold coil arrangement and which are arranged so that the outer layer fabric and rendered veil all hydrophilic yarns, yarns are arranged in the bottom and render the fabric of the inner layer is a hydrophilic water-repellent yarn between the yarn interval; said hydrophilic yarns are obtained by finishing the hydrophilic yarn, the repellent water is by water repellent finishing yarn and cotton yarn has water and oil repellent function. 这样的间隔基本与人体汗腺的分布情况相适应,有利于在排汗功能与干爽感觉之间取得合理的平衡。 Such spacing adapted to the distribution of basic human sweat glands is conducive to strike a reasonable balance between perspiration and dry feeling. 所述的拒水纱是经有机氟类拒水整理剂整理而具有拒水拒油功能的棉纱,有机氟类整理剂通常选用商品名为OLEOPHOBOL CO的整理剂。 The warp yarns are water repellent fluorine-based organic water repellent finishing agent and finishing yarn having water and oil repellent function, organic fluorine-based finishing agent is usually used tradename OLEOPHOBOL CO finishing agent. 所述亲水纱是经过亲水性柔软剂处理的棉纱,亲水性柔软剂通常选自SEBOSANHIS、 DCW、 HCT、 HSD、 HV中的任意一种,其中SEBOSAN HIS、 DCW、 HCT、 HSD、 HV为亲水性柔软剂的商品名。 After the hydrophilic yarns are hydrophilic softener treated cotton, any one hydrophilic softener is generally selected from SEBOSANHIS, DCW, HCT, HSD, HV, wherein SEBOSAN HIS, DCW, HCT, HSD, HV hydrophilic softener trade name. 生产本发明全棉吸湿快干面料的方法,其特征在于包括以下工序-1) 染纱;2) 功能整理:将经染纱处理的棉纱分成两部分, 一部分进行亲水性整理成亲水纱,另一部分用有机氟类整理剂进行拒水拒油整理成拒水纱;3) 亲水纱和拒水纱分别脱水并进行高频烘干及络筒;4) 针织:将拒水纱和亲水纱编成添纱织物,使添纱织物具有两种线圈,其中第一种线圈由一根亲水纱和一根拒水纱形成,而第二种线圈则由两根亲水纱形成,在所述添纱织物中以第一种线圈为主,两种线圈的排列方式是每隔4~8模所述第一种线圈即排列有1〜2模所述第二种线圈,并且其排列方式使排列并呈现在面料外层的面纱全部是亲水纱,而排列并呈现在面料里层的底纱则是拒水纱之间间隔有亲水纱; 5)经镜检、备布、开幅、洗水、脱水、烘干、定型即得面料成品。 Cotton moisture management fabric production process of the present invention, comprising the steps of -1) dyeing; 2) Finishing function: the yarn was divided into two parts yarn dyeing process, a portion of the hydrophilic finishing hydrophilic yarn , another part with an organic fluorine-based water- and oil-repellent finishing agent to water repellent finishing yarn; 3) a hydrophilic water- yarns are yarns and dehydration and drying and the high-frequency winding; 4) knitting: the water- and yarns the hydrophilic yarn knitted plaited fabric, plaited fabric has two make a coil, wherein a first coil is formed of a hydrophilic yarn and a water-repellent yarn, while the second coil is formed by two hydrophilic yarns , the plaited fabric to a first main coil, the coil is arranged in two ways every 4 to 8 of the mold has a first coil arrangement i.e. the second coil 1~2 mold, and and which are arranged so that arrangement presented in the fabric of the outer layer to reveal all hydrophilic yarns, yarns are arranged in the bottom and render the fabric of the inner layer is a hydrophilic yarn spacing between the water-repellent yarn; 5) by microscopy, preparation fabric, open width, washing, dehydration, drying, shaping to obtain the finished fabric. 所述定型工序后还进行有一道预縮工序,预縮工序可以更好的改善面料的縮水和手感,同时使织物结构更加紧密,并且布面毛羽的减少,在一定程度上可以提高织物的亲水性能。 After the shaping step there is performed a further pre-shrinking process, the shrinking process may be better shrinkage and improved fabric feel, while the fabric structure more closely, and to reduce the hairiness of the fabric, can be improved to some extent the affinity of the fabric water performance. 所述拒水拒油整理所用的有机氟类整理剂是商品名为OLEOPHOBOL CO的整理剂, 整理条件如下:OLEOPHOBOL CO用量为4~8% owf,拒水整理添加剂XAN用量在2~3% owf,浴比在1 : 10~1 : 15之间;且在进行整理之前先对纱线进行彻底的清洗,然后在3(TC以下缓慢加入整理剂,PH调节在5〜7之间;然后缓慢升温到45'C〜60'C之间,升温速率为0.5〜1.5'C/分钟,升温后保温10~20分钟。所述洗水工序包括洗水与过软两步工艺,其中洗水的工艺条件为:精练剂JA lg/L, 渗透剂JFC 0.5 g/L,纯碱1 g/L,于55〜65r温度条件下处理30分钟;过软的工艺条件为: 有机硅类亲水性柔软剂HV 2~5wt%,于37〜45"C温度条件下处理20分钟。与现有技术相比,本发明的优点在于:产品在具有全棉面料的优点的同时,因为采用了所述的结构,从而使面料的里层主要是拒水纱,其可使接触皮肤的织物反面保持干爽, 而底纱 The water and oil repellent finish used organic fluorine finish finish is trade name of OLEOPHOBOL CO, finishing conditions were as follows: OLEOPHOBOL CO in an amount of 4 ~ 8% owf, water repellent finish additive in an amount XAN 2 ~ 3% owf bath ratio of 1: 10 to 1: 15 between; and the yarn is first thoroughly cleaned prior to finishing, and 3 (TC was slowly added to the finishing agent, PH adjusted between at 5 ~ 7; then slowly warmed to between 45'C~60'C, a heating rate of 0.5~1.5'C / min, holding the temperature was raised 10 to 20 minutes. the washing step comprising washing with a soft two-step process through which the washing water process conditions were: scouring agent JA lg / L, treatment at penetrant JFC 0.5 g / L, sodium carbonate 1 g / L, for 30 minutes at a temperature 55~65r; too soft to process conditions: soft hydrophilic silicone agent HV 2 ~ 5wt%, treated at 37~45 "C temperature for 20 minutes as compared with the prior art, advantages of the present invention is that: the product also has the advantages of cotton fabrics, because the use of the structure, so that the fabric inner layer is mainly water-repellent yarn, fabric which can make contact with the skin of the back remains dry, while the ground yarn 中间隔于拒水纱之间的亲水纱则可将汗水迅速向外导出至面料外层的亲水纱,因而本发明面料还具有良好的吸湿导汗并使水分向正面迅速扩散的功能,同时接触皮肤的织物反面又保持干爽,即使在炎热的夏季也穿着凉爽,进一步提高了全棉面料的服用性能。经检测,本发明面料的反面快干性可达30S秒以内。本发明的生产方法则具有工艺合理,效果突出的优点,巧妙地使全棉面料具有了良好的吸湿导汗并使水分向正面迅速扩散的功能,同时接触皮肤的织物反面又保持干爽。本公司经过近一年的样板开发和大货试生产,通过采用纱线拒水拒油整理方法、科学地设计织物结构和采用特殊的后整理加工工艺,成功地使针织织物在保持规定的物理指标的同时具有以上功能效果。目前为止我们己经成功开发出单面汗布、单珠地网眼等几种不同品种的针织面料并 Hydrophilic yarn in the interval between the water-repellent yarn can quickly be exported out to sweat fabric outer layer hydrophilic yarn, fabric and thus the present invention also have good moisture absorbent function I. Khan and quickly spread to the front, simultaneously contacting the opposite skin and the fabric remains dry, even in the hot summer months wear cool, to further improve the wearability of cotton fabric. detected, reverse quick-drying fabric of the present invention to within seconds 30S manufactured according to the present invention. the method of the reasonable process, the effect of significant advantages, artfully cotton fabric having good moisture absorbent function I. Khan and quickly spread to the front, while contacting the skin remains dry and the fabric back. the company after nearly a year the model development and large cargo trial production, an oil repellent finishing process by using the water-repellent yarn, fabric structure and scientific design special finishing process, knitted fabric has succeeded in making the above functions while maintaining a predetermined physical indicators of effect. So far we have successfully developed several different varieties of knitted fabrics single jersey, single pique and so on 得了稳定的生产工艺。附图说明图1为本发明实施例面料的结构示意图; 图2为图1中面料的纵向截面的左视图。具体实施方式以下结合附图实施例对本发明作进一步详细描述。 实施例如图1〜图2所示,为本发明的一种较佳实施方式。如图l、图2所示的全棉吸湿快干面料,它是由添纱组织针织而成的添纱织物,添纱织物具有两种线圈,其中第一种线圈由一根亲水纱1和一根拒水纱2形成,而第二种线圈则由两根亲水纱l形成,在添纱织物中以第一种线圈为主,其排列方式是每隔4〜8模第一种线圈即排列有1〜2模第二种线圈,并且其排列方式使排列并呈现在面料外层的面纱全部是亲水纱1,而排列并呈现在面料里层的底纱则是拒水纱2之间间隔有亲水纱1;所述亲水纱1是经亲水性整理而得的棉纱,所述拒水纱2是经拒水整理而具有拒水拒油功能的棉纱。 Had stable production process 1 shows a schematic structural diagram of the embodiment of the present invention fabric; Figure 2 is a left side view in longitudinal section of the fabric of FIG. 1 according to the present invention will be further detailed description of embodiments in conjunction with the accompanying drawings DETAILED DESCRIPTION. . 1 ~ FIG example embodiment shown in FIG. 2, a preferred embodiment of the present invention. FIG. L, cotton moisture management fabric shown in FIG. 2, which is obtained by knitting a plaited tissue of plating yarn fabric, plaited fabric has two coils, wherein the first coil 1 and a water-repellent yarn 2 is formed of a hydrophilic yarn, and the second coil is formed by two l hydrophilic yarn, fabric plaiting for the master to a first coil is arranged with its die every 4 to 8 are arranged a first coil that is 1 to 2 second mold coil arrangement and which is so arranged and presented in the fabric of the outer layer to reveal all 1 is a hydrophilic yarn, are arranged and presented in the bottom layer of fabric yarn is a yarn with a hydrophilic spacer repellency between water yarns 2; said hydrophilic yarn 1 is obtained by the hydrophilic finishing yarn, the He said water-repellent yarn 2 is warp yarn having a water repellent finish and water and oil repellent features. 因为面料的里层主要是拒水纱2, 其可使接触皮肤的织物反面保持干爽,而底纱中间隔于拒水纱2之间的亲水纱1则可将汗水迅速向外导出至面料外层的亲水纱1,因而面料具有良好的吸湿导汗并使水分向正面迅速扩散的功能,同时接触皮肤的织物反面又保持干爽,即使在炎热的夏季也穿着凉爽,进一步提高了全棉面料的服用性能。 Because the fabric's water-repellent layer mainly yarn 2, which make contact with the skin of the back fabric remains dry, while the bottom repellent hydrophilic yarn to yarn spacing between the yarns 1 can be rapidly water export outwardly to sweat fabric an outer hydrophilic yarn, fabric and thus has a good moisture absorbent function I. Khan and quickly spread to the front, while the negative contact with the skin and the fabric remains dry, even in the hot summer months wear cool, to further improve the cotton wearability of the fabric. 本实施例全棉吸湿快干面料的生产方法是:首先其工艺流程可示意如下:染纱一纱线拒水拒油整理(或亲水性整理)一高频烘干4络筒—针织—镜检—备布— 开幅—洗水—脱水—烘干—定型—预縮。 Production Example cotton moisture management fabric of the present embodiment is: firstly the process which may be indicated as follows: a yarn dyeing water- and oil-repellent finish (or hydrophilic finishing) a high-frequency drying winding 4 - Knit - microscopy - Preparation of cloth - slitting - Water - dehydration - drying - stereotypes - pre-shrinking. 详述如下:1) 染纱;2) 功能整理:将经染纱处理的棉纱分成两部分, 一部分进行亲水性整理成亲水纱l, 另一部分用有机氟类整理剂进行拒水拒油整理成拒水纱2;3) 亲水纱1和拒水纱2分别脱水并进行高频烘干及络筒;4) 针织:将拒水纱2和亲水纱1编成添纱织物,使添纱织物具有两种线圈,其中第一种线圈由一根亲水纱1和一根拒水纱2形成,而第二种线圈则由两根亲水纱1形成,在添纱织物中以第一种线圈为主,其排列方式是是每隔4〜8模第一种线圈即排列有1~2 模第二种线圈,并且其排列方式使排列并呈现在面料外层的面纱全部是亲水纱1,而排列并呈现在面料里层的底纱则是拒水纱2之间间隔有亲水纱1;5)经镜检、备布、开幅、洗水、脱水、烘干、定型、预縮即得面料成品。 As detailed below: 1) dyeing; 2) Finishing function: the yarn by yarn dyeing process is divided into two parts, one for the hydrophilic finishing hydrophilic yarn L, another part water and oil repellent finishing agent with an organic fluorine water- organized into yarn 2; 3) a hydrophilic water-repellent yarn 1 and yarn 2 are dehydration and drying and the high-frequency winding; 4) knitting: the water-repellent and hydrophilic yarn 2 plaiting yarn knitted fabric 1, so plaited fabric has two coils, wherein the first coil 1 and a water-repellent yarn 2 is formed of a hydrophilic yarn, and the second coil 1 is formed by two hydrophilic yarn, fabric in the plating yarn in a first main coil, which is arranged in every other way is to mold a first coil 4 to 8 that is arranged in the mold 1 to the second coil 2, and which are arranged so that arrangement presented in the fabric and the outer layer to reveal all 1 is a hydrophilic yarn, a bottom yarn are arranged and presented in the fabric of the inner layer is a hydrophilic water-repellent yarn has a yarn interval between 2; 5) by microscopy, fabric preparation, slitting, washing, dehydration, drying dry, shaping, pre-shrinking to obtain the finished fabric. 预縮工序可以更好的改善面料的縮水和手感,同时使织物结构更加紧密,并且布面毛羽的减少, 在一定程度上可以提高织物的亲水性能。 Shrinking step can be improved better feel and fabric shrinkage, while the fabric structure is more compact, and to reduce the hairiness of the fabric, can be improved to some extent, the hydrophilic properties of the fabric. 由上可见,本生产方法染纱后的功能整理包括两种, 一种是拒水拒油整理,另一种是亲水性整理。 As seen above, after the function of the present method of producing yarn dyeing finishing it comprises two types of water and oil repellent finish, and the other is hydrophilic finishing. 由于棉纱的吸湿性本来就比较好,亲水性整理相对而言比较容易,只要添加亲水性柔软剂SEBOSANHIS; DCW; HCT, HSD, HV即可。 Because cotton moisture absorption was relatively good, hydrophilic finish is relatively easy, as long as a hydrophilic softener SEBOSANHIS; DCW; HCT, HSD, HV can be. 因此此项技术的关键是纱线的拒水拒油整理工艺。 So the key to this technique is the water- and oil-repellent yarn finishing process. 整理剂类型的选择、用量、整理温度和时间对整理效果都会有很大的影响。 Finish Type selection, dosage, finishing temperature and time have a great impact on the finishing effect will be. 工艺不当会导致整理剂沉淀聚集、整理效果不均匀或不耐久等疵病。 Improper process can cause precipitation of finishing agent aggregation, uneven or other defects not durable finishing effect. 因此整理工艺条件的确定是本工艺的关键点。 Therefore, to determine the finishing process conditions is the key point in this process. 经过深入的研究和大量的实验,我们认为有机氟类拒水拒油整理剂OLEOPHOBOL CO可以在纱线上获得比较稳定和耐久的整理效果。 After in-depth research and a lot of experiments, we believe that organic fluorine-containing water and oil repellent finishing agent OLEOPHOBOL CO can get more stable and durable finishing effect on the yarn. 有机氟类整理剂OLEOPHOBOL CO在纱线整理中的工艺如下:OLEOPHOBOL CO用量为4~8% owf,拒水整理添加剂XAN用量在2~3% owf, 浴比在1 : 10~1 : 20之间; 且在进行整理之前先对纱线进行彻底的清洗,然后在3(TC以下缓慢加入整理剂,PH调节在5〜7之间;然后缓慢升温到45'C〜6(TC之间,升温速率为0.5〜1.5'C/分钟,升温后保温10~20分钟。循环泵需采用双向循环,以保证获得均匀的整理效果。针织工艺设计:两种不同功能的纱线需要通过合理的针织工艺设计才能实现我们需要的功能。在针织物上实现两面不同功能的最理想的组织是添纱组织。添纱组织是指织物上的全部或部分线圈由两根纱形成的一种组织。在编织添纱组织时对操作技术要求比较高,处理不当,会影响两个线圈的覆盖效果,出现露底现象。对于全棉吸湿快干面料,并不能简单的将正面全部排列亲水纱1,反面全 Organic fluorine-based finishing agent OLEOPHOBOL CO yarn finish process are as follows: OLEOPHOBOL CO in an amount of 4 ~ 8% owf, water repellent finish additive in an amount XAN 2 ~ 3% owf, bath ratio 1: 10 to 1:20 of Room; of yam and thorough cleaning prior to finishing, then 3 (TC was slowly added to the finishing agent, PH adjusted between 5 ~ 7; then slowly warmed to between 45'C~6 (TC, the heating rate was 0.5~1.5'C / min, incubated 10 to 20 minutes after heating circulation pump cycle requires the use of two-way, in order to ensure a uniform finish results obtained knitting process design: two kinds of yarns different functions need reasonable knit process design to achieve we needed. organization to achieve the best of both surfaces of different functions in a plaited knit organization. plaited organization refers to a fabric or tissue on the entire portion of the coil is formed by two yarns in plaited knitting operation tissues relatively high technical requirements, handled properly, will affect the covering effect of the two coils, appeared exposed end of the phenomenon. for cotton moisture management fabric and not simply of the entire arrangement of a hydrophilic yarn 1 positive, negative all 排列为拒水纱2。因为这样排列的结果是织物贴近皮肤的一面全部是拒水纱2,将皮肤与正面的亲水纱l全部隔离开来,就不利于汗液由内到外的快速排放。因此我们对底纱的排列进行了科学的设计,即每隔4~8模第一种线圈即排列有1~2模第二种线圈。这1~2模第二种线圈的亲水纱1就成为连接外层亲水纱1的桥梁。人体汗液会通过着这些间隔的亲水纱1很快扩散到外层,而内层由于大部分是拒水纱2所以仍旧能够保持干爽。以上编织结构可以参见图l、图2所示意:其中黑色纱线代表亲水纱l,而白色纱线代表拒水纱2。由图可见, 面纱全部是亲水纱l,而底纱大部分是拒水纱2,其中有规律的排列了1〜2模亲水纱1。 洗水工艺:为了保证反面拒水拒油效果的同时还要使织物具有良好的亲水吸湿性能,我们改进了常规的洗水工艺。常规洗水工艺仅加少量去油剂和纯碱在 2. water repellent yarn are arranged as a result of this arrangement is close to the skin side of the fabric are all water-repellent yarn 2, the front skin and the hydrophilic yarn l all isolates, is not conducive to sweat quickly discharged from the inside to the outside Accordingly we arranged for the ground yarn is a scientific design, i.e. every 4 to 8 die has a first coil that is arranged a second coil 1-2 mold. this mold 1 ~ 2 second coil hydrophilic yarn 1 functions as a link connecting the outer layer of a hydrophilic yarn. human sweat of these will be spaced by hydrophilic yarn 1 spread quickly to the outer and the inner layer is water-repellent because most of it is still possible to yarn 2 remains dry. above Referring to FIG braided structure can be L, FIG 2 schematically: Representative hydrophilic yarn wherein the yarn black L, while the white yarn is representative of water repellent yarn seen from Figure 2, all hydrophilic yarn veil L, and most of the ground yarn is water repellent yarn 2, which has a regular arrangement of the mold 1 to 2 1. hydrophilic yarn washing process: in order to ensure water- and oil-repellency while negative effects but also good fabric has a hydrophilic moisture absorption, we have improved the conventional Water technology. conventional washing process only to add a small amount of oil and soda ash in 5(TC处理20分钟,然后过阳离子柔软剂。而本洗水工艺要比常规洗水工艺剧烈一些,过软也有不同。如果洗水不充分, 则亲水性会下降。洗水过于剧烈,则反面拒水拒油纱的功能会下降。本实施例洗水工艺条件如下:洗水工序包括洗水与过软两步工艺,其中洗水的工艺条件为:精练剂JA lg/L,渗透剂JFC 0.5 g /L,纯碱1 g /L,于55〜65'C温度条件下处理30分钟;过软的工艺条件为:有机硅类亲水性柔软剂HV 2~5wt%,于37〜45'C温度条件下处理20分钟。本生产方法中未予详述的工序为常规方法。本实施例面料产品吸湿性能良好,水洗前后亲水物理指标达到以下标准: 反面吸湿快干性:30秒以内(AATCC 79方法) 5 (TC for 20 minutes and then over a cationic softener. And this intense washing process than some conventional washing process, there are different too soft. If the washing is insufficient, the hydrophilic go down. Water is too severe, the reverse water and oil repellent yarn drop feature of the present embodiment carries out washing conditions: washing step comprises washing with a two-step process too soft, wherein the process conditions for washing: scouring agent JA lg / L, osmotic JFC agent for 30 minutes at 0.5 g / L, sodium carbonate 1 g / L, at a temperature 55~65'C; too soft conditions were: hydrophilic silicone softener HV 2 ~ 5wt%, to 37~ treatment at a temperature of 45'C for 20 minutes were not detailed in the present production process is a step of a conventional method of this embodiment can be good fabric products hygroscopic, hydrophilic physical indicators before and after washing meet the following criteria: reverse moisture management properties: 30 within seconds (AATCC 79 method)

Claims (8)

1. 一种全棉吸湿快干面料,它是由添纱组织针织而成的添纱织物,所述添纱织物具有两种线圈,其中第一种线圈由一根亲水纱和一根拒水纱形成,而第二种线圈则由两根亲水纱形成,在所述添纱织物中以第一种线圈为主,其特征在于所述添纱织物中两种线圈的排列方式是:每隔4~8模所述第一种线圈即排列有1~2模所述第二种线圈,并且其排列方式使排列并呈现在面料外层的面纱全部是亲水纱,而排列并呈现在面料里层的底纱则是拒水纱之间间隔有亲水纱;所述亲水纱是经亲水性整理而得的棉纱,所述拒水纱是经拒水整理而具有拒水拒油功能的棉纱。 A cotton fabric moisture management, which is organized in a knitting a plaited fabric of plaiting, the plaited fabric has two coils, wherein the first coil consists of a repellent and a hydrophilic yarn yarns form water, while the second coil is formed by two hydrophilic yarn, oriented in a first coil in said fabric plaiting, characterized in that the plaited fabric of the coil is arranged in two ways: every 4 to 8 of the mold has a first coil that is arranged in the mold 1 ~ 2 second coil arrangement and which are arranged so that the outer layer of the fabric and veil presented all hydrophilic yarn, are arranged and rendered yarns in the fabric where the bottom layer is water-repellent yarn between the yarn with a hydrophilic spacer; said hydrophilic yarns are obtained by finishing the hydrophilic yarn, the warp yarns are water-repellent to water repellent finish having water repellent cotton oil repellent function.
2、 根据权利要求1所述的全棉吸湿快干面料,其特征在于所述的拒水纱是经有机氟类拒水整理剂整理而具有拒水拒油功能的棉纱。 2, according to claim cotton moisture management fabric of claim 1, wherein said warp yarn is a water repellent organic fluorine water repellent agent exhibit yarn having water and oil repellent features.
3、 根据权利要求1所述的全棉吸湿快干面料,其特征在于所述亲水纱是经过亲水性柔软剂处理的棉纱。 3, according to claim cotton moisture management fabric of claim 1, characterized in that said hydrophilic yarn is a cotton yarn through a hydrophilic softener treatment.
4、 根据权利要求3所述的全棉吸湿快干面料,其特征在于所述亲水性柔软剂是选自SEBOSAN HIS、 DCW、 HCT、 HSD、 HV中的任意一种,其中SEBOSAN HIS、 DCW、 HCT、 HSD、 HV为亲水性柔软剂的商品名。 4, according to claim cotton moisture management fabric according to claim 3, wherein said hydrophilic softener is selected SEBOSAN HIS, DCW, HCT, HSD, any one HV, wherein SEBOSAN HIS, DCW , HCT, HSD, HV hydrophilic softener trade name.
5、 一种生产如权利要求1所述的全棉吸湿快干面料的方法,其特征在于包括以下工序:1) 染纱;2) 功能整理:将经染纱处理的棉纱分成两部分, 一部分进行亲水性整理成亲水纱,另一部分用有机氟类整理剂进行拒水拒油整理成拒水纱;3) 亲水纱和拒水纱分别脱水并进行高频烘干及络筒;4) 针织:将拒水纱和亲水纱编成添纱织物,使添纱织物具有两种线圈,其中第一种线圈由一根亲水纱和一根拒水纱形成,而第二种线圈则由两根亲水纱形成,在所述添纱织物中以第一种线圈为主,两种线圈的排列方式是每隔4~8模所述第一种线圈即排列有1〜2模所述第二种线圈,并且其排列方式使排列并呈现在面料外层的面纱全部是亲水纱,而排列并呈现在面料里层的底纱则是拒水纱之间间隔有亲水纱;5) 经镜检、备布、开幅、洗水、脱水、烘干、定型即得面料成品。 5. A method as cotton moisture management fabric according to claim 1 production, comprising the following steps: 1) dyeing; 2) Finishing function: the yarn was divided into two parts in the yarn dyeing process, a part hydrophilic hydrophilic finishing yarn, the other portion is water and oil repellent finishing yarn into the water-repellent finishing agent with an organic fluorine; 3) a hydrophilic water- yarns are yarns and dehydration and drying and the high-frequency winding; 4) knitting: the water-repellent and hydrophilic yarn plaited yarn knitted fabric, plaited fabric has two make a coil, wherein a first coil is formed of a hydrophilic yarn and a water-repellent yarn, and the second hydrophilic yarn formed by two coils, a first coil oriented in plaiting the fabrics, two kinds of coil arrangement is every 4 to the mold 8 are arranged a first coil that is 1 to 2 molding said second coil, and which are arranged so that arrangement presented in the fabric and the outer layer to reveal all hydrophilic yarn, a bottom yarn are arranged and presented in the fabric of the inner layer is a hydrophilic spacer between the water-repellent yarn yarn; 5) by microscopy, fabric preparation, slitting, washing, dehydration, drying, shaping to obtain the finished fabric.
6、 根据权利要求5所述的方法,其特征在于在所述定型工序后还进行有一道预缩工序。 6. The method as claimed in claim 5, further characterized in that there is a pre-shrinking step carried out after said shaping step.
7、 根据权利要求5或6所述的方法,其特征在于所述拒水拒油整理所用的有机氟类整理剂是商品名为OLEOPHOBOLCO的整理剂,整理条件如下:OLEOPHOBOL CO用量为4~8% owf,拒水整理添加剂XAN用量在2~3% owf,浴比在1 : 10~1 : 15之间;且在进行整理之前先对纱线进行彻底的清洗,然后在3(TC以下缓慢加入整理剂,PH调节在5~7之间;然后缓慢升温到45。C〜60'C之间,升温速率为0.5〜1.5'C/分钟,升温后保温10~20 分钟。 7. A method as claimed in claim 5 or 6, characterized in that the organic fluorine-based water- and oil finishes finishing agent used was trade name OLEOPHOBOLCO the finish, finishing conditions were as follows: OLEOPHOBOL CO in an amount of 4 to 8 % owf, the amount of water repellent finishing additive XAN 2 ~ 3% owf, bath ratio of 1: 10 to 1: 15 between; and the yarn is first thoroughly cleaned prior to finishing, then 3 (TC hereinafter slow finishing agent was added, PH adjusted between 5-7; then slowly warmed to between 45.C~60'C, a heating rate of 0.5~1.5'C / min, holding the temperature was raised 10 to 20 minutes.
8、 根据权利要求5或6所述的方法,其特征在于所述洗水工序包括洗水与过软两步工艺,其中洗水的工艺条件为:精练剂JA lg/L,渗透剂JFC 0.5 g/L,纯碱1 g/L,于55~65 'C温度条件下处理30分钟;过软的工艺条件为:有机硅类亲水性柔软剂HV 2~5wt%,于37〜45'C温度条件下处理20分钟。 8. The method as claimed in claim 5 or 6, wherein said washing step comprising washing with a two-step process too soft, wherein the process conditions for washing: scouring agent JA lg / L, penetrant JFC 0.5 g / L, sodium carbonate. 1 g / L, for 30 minutes at 55 ~ 65 'C a temperature condition; too soft conditions were: hydrophilic silicone softener HV 2 ~ 5wt%, in 37~45'C temperature conditions for 20 minutes.
CN 200510061285 2005-10-27 2005-10-27 All cotton hydroscopic fast-drying shell fabric and producing method thereof CN100408739C (en)

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