CH433608A - Procédé de coulée - Google Patents

Procédé de coulée

Info

Publication number
CH433608A
CH433608A CH403864A CH403864A CH433608A CH 433608 A CH433608 A CH 433608A CH 403864 A CH403864 A CH 403864A CH 403864 A CH403864 A CH 403864A CH 433608 A CH433608 A CH 433608A
Authority
CH
Switzerland
Prior art keywords
casting
Prior art date
Application number
CH403864A
Other languages
English (en)
Inventor
Accary Andre
Trouve Jean
Original Assignee
Commissariat Energie Atomique
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to FR930455A priority Critical patent/FR1360841A/fr
Priority to FR956480A priority patent/FR84908E/fr
Priority to US335580A priority patent/US3231153A/en
Application filed by Commissariat Energie Atomique filed Critical Commissariat Energie Atomique
Publication of CH433608A publication Critical patent/CH433608A/fr

Links

Classifications

    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B33/00Clay-wares
    • C04B33/32Burning methods
    • C04B33/323Burning methods involving melting, fusion or softening
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01JCHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROCESSES, e.g. CATALYSIS OR COLLOID CHEMISTRY; THEIR RELEVANT APPARATUS
    • B01J6/00Heat treatments such as Calcining; Fusing Pyrolysis
    • B01J6/005Fusing
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B22CASTING; POWDER METALLURGY
    • B22DCASTING OF METALS; CASTING OF OTHER SUBSTANCES BY THE SAME PROCESSES OR DEVICES
    • B22D7/00Casting ingots, e.g. from ferrous metals
    • B22D7/005Casting ingots, e.g. from ferrous metals from non-ferrous metals
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D83/00Containers or packages with special means for dispensing contents
    • B65D83/14Containers or packages with special means for dispensing contents for delivery of liquid or semi-liquid contents by internal gaseous pressure, i.e. aerosol containers comprising propellant for a product delivered by a propellant
    • B65D83/44Valves specially adapted therefor; Regulating devices
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C01INORGANIC CHEMISTRY
    • C01BNON-METALLIC ELEMENTS; COMPOUNDS THEREOF; METALLOIDS OR COMPOUNDS THEREOF NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASS C01C
    • C01B32/00Carbon; Compounds thereof
    • C01B32/90Carbides
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C01INORGANIC CHEMISTRY
    • C01BNON-METALLIC ELEMENTS; COMPOUNDS THEREOF; METALLOIDS OR COMPOUNDS THEREOF NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASS C01C
    • C01B32/00Carbon; Compounds thereof
    • C01B32/90Carbides
    • C01B32/914Carbides of single elements
    • C01B32/928Carbides of actinides
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B33/00Clay-wares
    • C04B33/32Burning methods
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C22METALLURGY; FERROUS OR NON-FERROUS ALLOYS; TREATMENT OF ALLOYS OR NON-FERROUS METALS
    • C22BPRODUCTION AND REFINING OF METALS; PRETREATMENT OF RAW MATERIALS
    • C22B9/00General processes of refining or remelting of metals; Apparatus for electroslag or arc remelting of metals
    • C22B9/16Remelting metals
    • C22B9/22Remelting metals with heating by wave energy or particle radiation
    • C22B9/228Remelting metals with heating by wave energy or particle radiation by particle radiation, e.g. electron beams
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C30CRYSTAL GROWTH
    • C30BSINGLE-CRYSTAL-GROWTH; UNIDIRECTIONAL SOLIDIFICATION OF EUTECTIC MATERIAL OR UNIDIRECTIONAL DEMIXING OF EUTECTOID MATERIAL; REFINING BY ZONE-MELTING OF MATERIAL; PRODUCTION OF A HOMOGENEOUS POLYCRYSTALLINE MATERIAL WITH DEFINED STRUCTURE; SINGLE CRYSTALS OR HOMOGENEOUS POLYCRYSTALLINE MATERIAL WITH DEFINED STRUCTURE; AFTER-TREATMENT OF SINGLE CRYSTALS OR A HOMOGENEOUS POLYCRYSTALLINE MATERIAL WITH DEFINED STRUCTURE; APPARATUS THEREFOR
    • C30B11/00Single-crystal growth by normal freezing or freezing under temperature gradient, e.g. Bridgman-Stockbarger method
    • C30B11/04Single-crystal growth by normal freezing or freezing under temperature gradient, e.g. Bridgman-Stockbarger method adding crystallising materials or reactants forming it in situ to the melt
    • C30B11/08Single-crystal growth by normal freezing or freezing under temperature gradient, e.g. Bridgman-Stockbarger method adding crystallising materials or reactants forming it in situ to the melt every component of the crystal composition being added during the crystallisation
    • C30B11/10Solid or liquid components, e.g. Verneuil method
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F27FURNACES; KILNS; OVENS; RETORTS
    • F27BFURNACES, KILNS, OVENS, OR RETORTS IN GENERAL; OPEN SINTERING OR LIKE APPARATUS
    • F27B3/00Hearth-type furnaces, e.g. of reverberatory type; Tank furnaces
    • F27B3/08Hearth-type furnaces, e.g. of reverberatory type; Tank furnaces heated electrically, with or without any other source of heat
    • F27B3/085Arc furnaces
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F27FURNACES; KILNS; OVENS; RETORTS
    • F27BFURNACES, KILNS, OVENS, OR RETORTS IN GENERAL; OPEN SINTERING OR LIKE APPARATUS
    • F27B5/00Muffle furnaces; Retort furnaces; Other furnaces in which the charge is held completely isolated
    • F27B5/04Muffle furnaces; Retort furnaces; Other furnaces in which the charge is held completely isolated adapted for treating the charge in vacuum or special atmosphere
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F27FURNACES; KILNS; OVENS; RETORTS
    • F27DDETAILS OR ACCESSORIES OF FURNACES, KILNS, OVENS, OR RETORTS, IN SO FAR AS THEY ARE OF KINDS OCCURRING IN MORE THAN ONE KIND OF FURNACE
    • F27D19/00Arrangements of controlling devices
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F27FURNACES; KILNS; OVENS; RETORTS
    • F27DDETAILS OR ACCESSORIES OF FURNACES, KILNS, OVENS, OR RETORTS, IN SO FAR AS THEY ARE OF KINDS OCCURRING IN MORE THAN ONE KIND OF FURNACE
    • F27D21/00Arrangements of monitoring devices; Arrangements of safety devices
    • F27D21/0035Devices for monitoring the weight of quantities added to the charge
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F27FURNACES; KILNS; OVENS; RETORTS
    • F27DDETAILS OR ACCESSORIES OF FURNACES, KILNS, OVENS, OR RETORTS, IN SO FAR AS THEY ARE OF KINDS OCCURRING IN MORE THAN ONE KIND OF FURNACE
    • F27D3/00Charging; Discharging; Manipulation of charge
    • F27D3/0025Charging or loading melting furnaces with material in the solid state
    • F27D3/0032Charging or loading melting furnaces with material in the solid state using an air-lock
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F27FURNACES; KILNS; OVENS; RETORTS
    • F27DDETAILS OR ACCESSORIES OF FURNACES, KILNS, OVENS, OR RETORTS, IN SO FAR AS THEY ARE OF KINDS OCCURRING IN MORE THAN ONE KIND OF FURNACE
    • F27D3/00Charging; Discharging; Manipulation of charge
    • F27D3/10Charging directly from hoppers or shoots
    • GPHYSICS
    • G05CONTROLLING; REGULATING
    • G05DSYSTEMS FOR CONTROLLING OR REGULATING NON-ELECTRIC VARIABLES
    • G05D9/00Level control, e.g. controlling quantity of material stored in vessel
    • G05D9/12Level control, e.g. controlling quantity of material stored in vessel characterised by the use of electric means
    • GPHYSICS
    • G21NUCLEAR PHYSICS; NUCLEAR ENGINEERING
    • G21CNUCLEAR REACTORS
    • G21C3/00Reactor fuel elements and their assemblies; Selection of substances for use as reactor fuel elements
    • G21C3/42Selection of substances for use as reactor fuel
    • G21C3/58Solid reactor fuel Pellets made of fissile material
    • G21C3/62Ceramic fuel
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01JELECTRIC DISCHARGE TUBES OR DISCHARGE LAMPS
    • H01J37/00Discharge tubes with provision for introducing objects or material to be exposed to the discharge, e.g. for the purpose of examination or processing thereof
    • H01J37/30Electron-beam or ion-beam tubes for localised treatment of objects
    • H01J37/305Electron-beam or ion-beam tubes for localised treatment of objects for casting, melting, evaporating or etching
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F27FURNACES; KILNS; OVENS; RETORTS
    • F27DDETAILS OR ACCESSORIES OF FURNACES, KILNS, OVENS, OR RETORTS, IN SO FAR AS THEY ARE OF KINDS OCCURRING IN MORE THAN ONE KIND OF FURNACE
    • F27D3/00Charging; Discharging; Manipulation of charge
    • F27D2003/0034Means for moving, conveying, transporting the charge in the furnace or in the charging facilities
    • F27D2003/0038Means for moving, conveying, transporting the charge in the furnace or in the charging facilities comprising shakers
    • Y02E30/38
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S266/00Metallurgical apparatus
    • Y10S266/90Metal melting furnaces, e.g. cupola type
CH403864A 1963-04-04 1964-03-31 Procédé de coulée CH433608A (fr)

Priority Applications (3)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
FR930455A FR1360841A (fr) 1963-04-04 1963-04-04 Improvements in casting processes, in particular ingots, and in particular uranium carbide
FR956480A FR84908E (fr) 1963-04-04 1963-12-09 Improvements in casting processes, in particular ingots, and in particular uranium carbide
US335580A US3231153A (en) 1964-01-03 1964-01-03 Multiple spray rate pressurized package dispenser

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CH433608A true CH433608A (fr) 1967-04-15

Family

ID=27247141

Family Applications (3)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CH403864A CH433608A (fr) 1963-04-04 1964-03-31 Procédé de coulée
CH1530064A CH428109A (fr) 1963-04-04 1964-11-26 Four pour la fabrication de lingots, ou de barreaux d'uranium
CH1530164A CH425100A (fr) 1963-04-04 1964-11-26 Four pour la fabrication de lingots, ou de barreaux d'uranium

Family Applications After (2)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CH1530064A CH428109A (fr) 1963-04-04 1964-11-26 Four pour la fabrication de lingots, ou de barreaux d'uranium
CH1530164A CH425100A (fr) 1963-04-04 1964-11-26 Four pour la fabrication de lingots, ou de barreaux d'uranium

Country Status (11)

Country Link
US (3) US3338988A (fr)
BE (4) BE645828A (fr)
CH (3) CH433608A (fr)
DE (3) DE1296748B (fr)
FI (1) FI40525B (fr)
FR (1) FR84908E (fr)
GB (4) GB1002794A (fr)
IL (3) IL22561A (fr)
LU (3) LU45751A1 (fr)
NL (4) NL6403591A (fr)
SE (2) SE316547B (fr)

Families Citing this family (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR1427925A (fr) * 1964-12-29 1966-02-11 Electro Refractaire Method and apparatus for continuous melting and solidification of electrofused refractories
FR1445684A (fr) * 1965-06-03 1966-07-15 Commissariat Energie Atomique Device for continuous casting of refractory materials
US3528484A (en) * 1967-09-15 1970-09-15 Edelstahlwerk Veb Crystallizers for vacuum-melting installations,particularly electronbeam melting furnaces
US3570449A (en) * 1969-03-13 1971-03-16 United Aircraft Corp Sensor system for a vacuum deposition apparatus
US3590777A (en) * 1969-03-13 1971-07-06 United Aircarft Corp Ingot feed drive
US3590242A (en) * 1969-06-12 1971-06-29 Gen Electric Making fused thorium carbide-tungsten cathodes for electron guns
EP0289116A1 (fr) * 1987-03-04 1988-11-02 Westinghouse Electric Corporation Procédé et dispositif pour la coulée des matériaux pulvérisés
DE3740530A1 (de) * 1987-11-30 1989-06-08 Leybold Ag Schmelzofen zum erzeugen von strangguss-bloecken in einer schutzgasatmosphaere
US5142549A (en) * 1989-09-05 1992-08-25 Bremer Siegfried M K Remelting apparatus and method for recognition and recovery of noble metals and rare earths
US5320786A (en) * 1991-11-27 1994-06-14 The United States Of America As Represented By The Department Of Energy Zone sintering of ceramic fuels
EP0615512A1 (fr) * 1992-06-22 1994-09-21 FERRAYE, Joseph Systeme universel de propulsion progressive et ou d'atomisation active pour aerosols
TWI553127B (zh) * 2015-11-13 2016-10-11 Nat Inst Chung Shan Science & Technology An electron beam vacuum refining furnace

Family Cites Families (16)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2246907A (en) * 1940-04-12 1941-06-24 William R Webster Continuous molding machine
US2682691A (en) * 1949-07-09 1954-07-06 Babcock & Wilcox Co Continuous casting process and apparatus
US2586713A (en) * 1949-07-29 1952-02-19 Babcock & Wilcox Co Apparatus for controlling the rate of pouring fluid material from one container into another
US2709284A (en) * 1950-03-28 1955-05-31 Babcock & Wilcox Co Control apparatus for and method of continuous casting
DE903017C (de) * 1951-01-31 1954-02-01 Sueddeutsche Laboratorien Gmbh Herstellung kleiner Kugeln aus hochschmelzbaren Materialien
LU31801A1 (fr) * 1951-11-10
DE949768C (de) * 1953-11-11 1956-09-27 Hermann C Starck Ag Verfahren zur Herstellung von Straengen schwer schmelzbarer metallischer oder nichtmetallischer Stoffe
US2800519A (en) * 1953-11-12 1957-07-23 Republic Steel Corp Method and apparatus for forming ingots
NL203334A (fr) * 1955-01-05
US2902714A (en) * 1955-08-23 1959-09-08 Herbert G Johnson Rod extrusion press
AT201995B (de) * 1955-12-09 1959-02-10 Emimeta Fabrikationsanstalt Verfahren und Vorrichtung zur Herstellung von Mehrfarbenschichtblöcken
US2882570A (en) * 1956-05-22 1959-04-21 Joseph B Brennan Continuous vacuum casting
US2922710A (en) * 1957-02-19 1960-01-26 Du Pont Production of refractory metals
US3101515A (en) * 1960-06-03 1963-08-27 Stauffer Chemical Co Electron beam furnace with magnetically guided axial and transverse beams
DE1157739B (de) * 1961-07-13 1963-11-21 Heraeus Gmbh W C Schmelzofen, insbesondere Vakuum-Schmelzofen, mit Mitteln zur Steuerung des Vorschubes der Abschmelzelektrode
US3183086A (en) * 1963-05-03 1965-05-11 Kulite Tungsten Co Method of making porous body with imperviously sealed surface

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
BE645828A (fr) 1964-07-16
FI40525B (fr) 1968-10-31
GB1079919A (en) 1967-08-16
DE1280487B (de) 1968-10-17
NL6414244A (fr) 1965-06-10
IL22613A (en) 1968-08-22
DE1296748B (de) 1969-06-04
US3388736A (en) 1968-06-18
GB1002794A (en) 1965-08-25
SE300095B (fr) 1968-04-01
US3388903A (en) 1968-06-18
BE656367A (fr) 1965-03-16
GB1081329A (en) 1967-08-31
BE656368A (fr) 1965-03-16
NL146455B (nl) 1975-07-15
NL6414245A (fr) 1965-06-10
SE316547B (fr) 1969-10-27
LU47490A (fr)
NL6415245A (fr) 1965-07-05
NL6403591A (fr) 1964-10-05
FR84908E (fr) 1965-05-07
LU45751A1 (fr) 1964-05-26
LU47490A1 (fr) 1965-02-01
GB1079920A (en) 1967-08-16
CH425100A (fr) 1966-11-30
LU47467A1 (fr) 1965-01-28
IL22562A (en) 1968-10-24
BE657786A (fr) 1965-06-30
LU47467A (fr)
US3338988A (en) 1967-08-29
IL22561A (en) 1968-11-27
CH428109A (fr) 1967-01-15
DE1458015A1 (de) 1968-12-05

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