CA1083099A - Rechargeable sprayer - Google Patents

Rechargeable sprayer

Info

Publication number
CA1083099A
CA1083099A CA000160302A CA160302A CA1083099A CA 1083099 A CA1083099 A CA 1083099A CA 000160302 A CA000160302 A CA 000160302A CA 160302 A CA160302 A CA 160302A CA 1083099 A CA1083099 A CA 1083099A
Authority
CA
Canada
Prior art keywords
liquid
piston
chamber
container
sprayer
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired
Application number
CA000160302A
Other languages
French (fr)
Other versions
CA160302S (en
Inventor
William Horvath
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
AFA Products Inc
Original Assignee
William Horvath
Thiokol Corporation
Afa Products, Inc.
Afa Acquisition Corp.
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to US22620472A priority Critical
Priority to US226,204 priority
Application filed by William Horvath, Thiokol Corporation, Afa Products, Inc., Afa Acquisition Corp. filed Critical William Horvath
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CA1083099A publication Critical patent/CA1083099A/en
Expired legal-status Critical Current

Links

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B05SPRAYING OR ATOMISING IN GENERAL; APPLYING FLUENT MATERIALS TO SURFACES, IN GENERAL
    • B05BSPRAYING APPARATUS; ATOMISING APPARATUS; NOZZLES
    • B05B9/00Spraying apparatus for discharge of liquids or other fluent material, without essentially mixing with gas or vapour
    • B05B9/03Spraying apparatus for discharge of liquids or other fluent material, without essentially mixing with gas or vapour characterised by means for supplying liquid or other fluent material
    • B05B9/04Spraying apparatus for discharge of liquids or other fluent material, without essentially mixing with gas or vapour characterised by means for supplying liquid or other fluent material with pressurised or compressible container; with pump
    • B05B9/08Apparatus to be carried on or by a person, e.g. of knapsack type
    • B05B9/085Apparatus to be carried on or by a person, e.g. of knapsack type with a liquid pump
    • B05B9/0877Apparatus to be carried on or by a person, e.g. of knapsack type with a liquid pump the pump being of pressure-accumulation type or being connected to a pressure accumulation chamber
    • B05B9/0883Apparatus to be carried on or by a person, e.g. of knapsack type with a liquid pump the pump being of pressure-accumulation type or being connected to a pressure accumulation chamber having a discharge device fixed to the container

Abstract

TITLE: Improved Liquid Spraying Device with Rechargeable Feature ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE: A manually operated, hand-held liquid spray-ing device which includes a non-pressurized, refillable or non-refillable container, is disclosed. The sprayer is a completely contained device wherein an internal cam in one part of the device which is rotated, causes a displacement of a piston, apart of which is a cam follower. Piston displacement vacates a chamber which Is simultaneously charged with liquid. The piston is moved as a result of the cammed motion against a responsor biasing it. The biased responsor generates a hydraulic pressure on the liquid now in the chamber vacated by the piston, since a check valve traps the liquid in the chamber. The liquid is released from the chamber by de-pressing a push button device, which action uncovers a port in an outlet conduitpermitting liquid to flow from the chamber through the conduit and out through aflow connected nozzle in response to the responsor-urged piston moving down through the liquid in the chamber.

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Description

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BAC.KGROUN:D OF THE: INVENTION
- ~ . ' : (I) Field~of the Invention : ~ ' The invention hereinafter to be described is a hand-held spraying device .
which tllrough its unique arrangement of featu:res and parts permits an atomi~ed spray comparable to that found in aerosol type sprayers now currently enjoying widespread acceptance on the open Inarket. However, aerosol sprayers have disadvantages in that *
they must be pre-charged, usually with a propellant such as "Freon" or the like, at rela-tively high pressures. In addition their entire contents are subjcct to this high press1lre, 10 even in storage. Further, such devices often retain high resiclual pressure even whetl in the so-called "empty" conc1itiol1, hence are of high potential danger whetl discarded.

* Tradernark :Eor a series of fluorocarbon products used as reErigerants, blowing agents and aerosol propellants "Freon 12", a tradernark for a t~pical me..mber of this series, is dichlorodifluoromethane (CC12F2).
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(2) Description of the Prior Art Devices now currently enjoying favor in the art of atomizing dispensers include the manually operated sprayer described in U.S. Patent No.
3,471,065 to C.E. Malone, dated August 7, 1969. In this device an inner cham-ber is pressurized by applying a downwardly directed force to the device.
This results in one portion telescoping into another portion and operates to effect a pumping action by compressing a spring and simultaneously drawing liquid into a chamber below a piston. Since the piston is urged against the liquid, and a valve below the liquid in the chamber entrance closes, the liquid is trapped therein until released by an appropriate discharge device.
However, while the above sprayer is advantageous over aerosol bombs and the like, it does have certain practical limits insofar as pressure chamber volume is concerned, because in its telescoping member concept its length must be increased, either to charge or discharge, hence liquid capa-city under pressure isg of necessity, limited. Thus it is evident that such volume limitations, from a practicality point of view are inherent in these devices.
Other prior art sprayers of the hand-held type usually require constant hand action to pump liquid, such as by triggering or squeezing and the like, and while these en~oy relatively wide-spread usage they do have the disadvantage of poor spray rate control, poor atomization, and from a user standpoint9 require much physical effort to operate.
Accordingly, these disadvantages, inherent in the above and in other type devices of this nature, are believed overcome by the herein to be presented invention as will be more apparent from the description which follows.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

This invention relates to improvements in liquid spraying devices and more particularly to improvements in the relatively small, hand-held devices which desirably produce spray mists as fine as, or finer than, that produced by the aerosol spray bombs and triggering devices.
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~t i8 there~ore, an ob~ect of the present invention to provide an efficient, yet simple in operation and construction, rechargeable liquid - spraying devlce, low enough in cost to provide the average person with a refillable, or throwaway~ i.e., non-refillable, hand-operated sprayer for spraying in a miqt the many liquids commonly used today, i.e., hair sprays, perfumes, toilet water, deodorants, insecticides, as well as for use in other fields such as in the medical field to provide a safe and reliable device for accuratel~ controlled, sterile dispensing of antibiotics, medical alcohol, and other medicines in hospital operating rooms and the like.
Another obJect is to provide a rechargeable liquid spraying devlce which is easily held in the hand and which, when charged may be operated in any position or attitude by finger ~ctuation of a push button - type of trigger arrangement.
An additional ob~ect is to provide a rechargeable liquid sprayer of the character described which may be charged from most any position or attitude so long as liquid remains within the invention.
A further obJect is to provide a rechargeable liquid spraying device of the character described which is completely safe, requires no outslde power and which is capable of dispensing liquid under high pressure ; 20 in the form of a fine mist, but wherein the bulk of the liquid stored in the device is sub~ected to atmospheric pressure only, thereby avoiding the ;- explosi~n hazards of the com~on aerosol type sprayer~
~ still further ob~ect of this invention is to provide a re-chargeable liquid spraying device of the character described which requires no pressurizing gas to be contained nor other foreign propellant thereby avoiding the problems of contamination and dilution of the liquid product to be diQpensed as well as circumventing inherent problems in the ~e of .
; pre-pressurized devices.

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Thus, in accordance with the present teachings? a liquid sprayer is provided whlch comprises a rotatable container with the container having a receptacle for holding a quantity of liquid and a liquid pressurizing chamber adaptable to receive a charge of liquid with an opening for filling the receptacle with liquid. An inlet conduit is provided in the container for conducting the charge from the receptacle to the chamber with a first fluid control means in the container which permits liquid to flow into the chamber with a second control fluid means in the container for permitting air to flow into the receptacle. The sprayer cap is provided rotatably connected to the container with a moveable pis~on in the cap wi~h compres-sible means in the cap positioned therein in biasing relationship to the piston. Charging means is provided on the container operably connected to a portion of the piston such that rotation of the container relative to the cap causes the piston to move in the cap to compre~s the compressible means and pressurize the charge in the chamber. A spray nozzle is provided on the cap for discharging liquid from the chamber with an outlet conduit means for conducting the liquid from the chamber to the spray noæzle and dischar~ing mean~ in the cap for controlling discharge of the liquid from the chamber through the nozzle. Guide means are pro-vided on the piston in the cap for guiding the piston in the cap.
By a further embodiment of the present teachings, a liquid sprayer is provided which comprises a container adapted to contain a body of liquid to be sprayed and which is formed in the -~
two relatively rotatable sections, a relatively reciprocable piston and cylinder which defines a pressurizable chamber therebetween and a spring means operably associated with the piston and bias 30 to tend to produce relative motion of the piston and cylinder in ~ - ,, -4a-, .

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a direction to pressurize the chamber. A spray nozzle is mounted on the exterior of the container for discharging the liquid from the chamber with rigid conduit means for conducting pressurized liquid to the spray nozzle and manually-operable means in the rigid conduit for controlling -~
the flow of liquid through the rigid conduit to the spray nozzle. Conduit means is provided effectively connecting the body of the liquid to the chamber and includes a check valve to prevent flow of liquid from the chamber to the body of liqllid.. Venting means is provided to permit air flow into the container and means for effectively connecting one of the .
rotatable sections to the piston and means for effectively connecting the other of said rotatable sections to the cylinder whereby relative rotation of the rotatable sections produces relative movement of the piston end cylinder ~o compress the spring means and draw liquid from the body of liquid i~to the pressurizable chamber~ :
Other ob~ecte, features and advantages of the present invention will become apparent from the following detailed description taken in connection with the accompanying drawings in which: ~ ;
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
Figure 1 is a central longitudinal sectional view of an apparatus employing the invention showing sa~e lcaded with liquid but as yet uncharged;
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Figure 2 is a view similar lo Figure 1, partially sectionecl, showing the de-vice in an intermediate state of charge or pressuri~ation;
Figure 3 is a view similar to Figures 1 and 2, partially sectionéd, showing the invention in a completely charged or pressurized state ready for spraying opera-tion;
Figure 4 is a pictorial, exploded view of the cap and piston portions of the invention, partially cut away to show the respective guides or keyways and splines utilized to insure proper engagement of these parts;
Figure 5 is a sectional expanded view of a spray noz~le, push button and io control valve operated thereby and a typical safety lever, the latter being shown in the "Off" position; and, Figure 6 is an enlargement, in section, of a portion of Figure 1, in particular the central and mid upper right-hand portion ill~lstrating the pressure chamber inlet check valve and the air inlet check valve, together with d portion of a piston and charge or pressurization chamber.
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DESCRIP~ION OF T~IE PREF}~;RRED EMBODIMENT
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Referring in more detail to the accompanying drawings, Figures 1 through 3 illustrate a preferred embodiment of a liquid spraying device 10 of the present in-vention which preferably is dimensioned to be conveniently held in the hand, much in the same manner as the common aerosol bomb much in evidence today. In general, spray device 10 comprises a separable cylindricalcontainerll for storing a quantity of liquid 12 to be sprayed, and a cap or spray housing 13 mounted thereon, container ll and spray housing 13 being two main sub-assemblies of sprayer 10. As best illus-.
trated in Figure 1, housing 13 comprises a cylindrical recess 14 depending from the top iherèof for receiving one end of a biasing member? or responsor 15 in the form shown here for illustrationj of a coiled spring, and an outlet conduit 16 centrally dis-posed in recess 14. It shoulcl be readily apparent that other forms of biasing members can be used for responsor l5. Thus flat, Belleville washer type springs either a single element or stacked into a long biasing chain can be u~ecl ancl such will occur to the s~illed artisan. Further, responsor 15 need not be of metal, ,15 many plastics now il3iQ~

becoming available which have relatively high densily and excell~nt "memory" can be utilized. ;E'olyethylene and polypropylene are examples of such piastics.
Outlet 16 terminates in a central tube 38 formecl in a piston 9. Tube 38 at its top (see Figure 1) is fitted with a liquid seal 39, in this instance an O-ring, al-though many other suitable seals will occur to skilled artisans. Seal 39 is retained in tube 38 by a retainer 40 and provides a seal against liquid leakage between tube 38 and the lower end of outlet 16.
In the t~p of outlet 16, and reference may now be had to Fig. 5 wherein the parts now to be described are shown in clearer detail, is a discharge valvF 17 comprising a movable stem 20, a partially precompressed spring 22 positioned in a cavity 23 so as to urge stem 20 against a shoulder 6 at the entrance to cavity 23. The upper portion of stem 20 terminates in sealing relationship in a push button 24 containing a dlscharge nozzle 19. Stem 20 is formed with flow passages which are tlow connected at their lower end to an orifice 8 and at their upper end to nozzle 19. A valve seal 21 adjacent orifice 8 seals against liquid flow therethrough until push button 24 is de-pressed. Seal 21 in the form of an O-ring is shown; however other seals will adequately accomplish this purpose. It is thus readily apparent that valve 17 is a normally closed device. As stated above when push button 24 is depressed, stem 20 moves c~ownwardly into a second cavity 25 uncovering orifice 8.
A safety lever 26 is mounted on stem 20 between push button 24 and valve 17.
Lever 26 has two positions; in one position a plug 27 engages the underside of button 24 and prevents downward movement thereof when pushed. In the other position StDp 27 comes into register with a recess (not shown) in the bottom of button 24 and normal movement of push button 24 is permitted. Thus, by lever 26 an "On-Off" capability in sprayer 10 is simply and economically provided.
` Referring again to Flgure 1, piston 9, as hereinbefore mentioned, has a central tube 38 which, at its upper end, is formed with grooves to accommodate seal 39 and seal retainer 40. At the lower end of piston 9 i9 a ram end 28 (see FIG.
2) on the outside periphery of which a seal groove is formed to receive a ram end seal l~, (see FIG. 6) the one shown bcing a preferred type of - O-ring although other sealing means well known to the skilled artisan will serve the purpose.

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Container 11, the second of two main sub-assemblies, comprises a re-ceptacle 31 for holding a quantity of liquid 12. An inlet conduit 32 is centrally posi-tioned therein and extends downwardly to a point just above the bottom wall, or cover 7 of container 11. In the embodiment shown wall 7 is adapted to receive, in a threaded fitting 42, a removable filler plug 41, for filling reservoir or receptacle 31 with liquid 12. Obviously, a non-refillable, precharged, ancl factory sealed container 11 is also contemplated as being within the scope of the present invention. Bottom wall or cover 7 can be pressed on to form a tight seal; however, other sealing methods such as ultra sonic welding or heat sealing can easily be employed to close cover 7 more permanently and such methods are fully contemplated as being within the inventive purview hereof.
Central inlet conduit 32 terminates in an inlet check valve 43 at the entrance to a liquid pressurizing chamber 33. Valve 43 is arranged to permit flow into chamber 33 but to prevent flow in the opposite direction. A second valve, an air inlet check valve 44, is arranged in the top of container 11 and operates to permit air to flow into receptacle 31, while preventing liquid flow ouk. Valves 43 and 44 are more clearly , .
illustrated in Figure 6 which is an e~largemeIlt of a portion of Figure 1.
Container 11 is formed with a peripheral bevelled rim 35, which engages with a peripheral ridge or shelf 36 in cap or spray housing 13, and has a pair of cams or cammed suraces 30 in cam recesses 34. Cams 30 operatively contact a pair of cam followers 29 and, as will be more fully explained hereinafter, are instrumental in the operation oE this invention.
Referring now to Figure 4 there is shown in an exploded view, cap 13 and piston 9 illustrating relationship of these two members when assembled. Cap 13 is formed with inner peripheral splines or keys 49 and adjacent spline recesses or key-ways 47, which engage with corresponding recesses 48 and keys 46 respectively on peripheral skirt 45 of piston 9. Also more clearly visible in Figure 4 are peripheral ridges, shelves, or notches 36 in the bottom of splines 49 which engage bevelled or chamfered rim 35 on container 11 elsewhere describe(~. Piston 9 when assembletl with cap 13 is slidabIy movable therein over splines 49 and Iceyways 47 on recess 4~ and keys 46.

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Having describcd sprayer 10 and its several parts, it shoul(l be evident that what has been presentecl as a genuine advance ln the art of dispensing and spraying is a unique combination of elements and parts, economical to produce since all of its parts can be made of plastic. In fact, a particularly preferred plastic material is polypropylene. It is also to be noted that sprayer 10 is easily assembled by unskilled laborers~andobviously~thevariouspartsthereof canbearrangedinto gubassemblieS
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which are thereafter assembled to produce the complete unit. For example, piston 9, fitted with seals 18 and 33 and retainer 40 make a subassémbly. Inlet check valve 43, and air inlet check valve 44 installed in appropriate seats in container 11, bottom cover 7 with filler plu,, 41 in Litting 42 thereon make ~mother subassembly. Pre-assembled piston 9 can then be assembled in container 11 by inserting cylindrical ram end 28 thereof into chamber 33. Responsor 15~can then be positioned on piston 9 over central tube 38.
~ap 13 with seal 21 in reFess 23, valve 17 spring 22 installed on seal 21, stem 20 in recess 23 in spring 22 and seal 21 after being forced by shoulder 6 in the openin~ on top Oe cap 13, makes still anotller sul)assembly. Stem 20 compresses spring 22 slightly and assumes the positlon shown in Figure 5, with orifice 8 adjacent seal 21.
Safety lever 26 installed over the upper end of stem 20, push button 24 with no~zle 19 presses over the top of stem 20 over lever 26, insuring that plugs 27 are in proper position to permit lever 26 to move back and forth around stem 20 into its "On" or"Off"
positions as desired, complcte cap 13 subassembly.
Subassembly cap 13 is now ready for assembly with subassembly container 11. To cornplete assembly of sprayer 10 cap 13 is inverted and placed over container 11 with piston 9 therein and responsor 15 protruding from the responsor recess 37 around tube 38, and firmly pressed down, compressing responsor 15, until notches 36 snap into place over bevelled rim 35 on contniner 11. Sprayer 10 is now completely asscmbled and ready for fillin~ with liquid which can thereafter be charged and sprayed as desired.

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OPER~TION OF TME INVENTION

In operation of the present invention, receptacle 31 in container 11 is filled with liquid to be sprayed, or dlspensed, and sprayer 10 is charged. To charge, sprayer 10 is grasped in the left hand by cap 13 and held tightly. Container 11 is then grasped with the right hand and rotated to the right (arrows in Figures 2 and 3, cap 13 being held stationary during rotation of container 11) 180, or until a slight click is heard. Rotation of container 11 causes cams 30 to rotate which in turn cause piston 9 to rise up into cap 13, sliding therein on keys 46 and keyways 48 of skirt 45 in corres~
ponding keyways 47 and keys 49, compressing responsor 15 ahead of it. As piston 9 begins to rise, ram end 38 leaves the bottom of chamber 33 creating a slight vacuum.

Valves 43 and 44 open permitting liquid 12 to flow into chamber 33 and air to flow into receptacle 31. As shown in Figure 2, piston 9 is at the beginning of its upward stroke and liquid 12 is filling the partially vacated chamber 33. If at this point rotation of container 11 ceases, the liquid already in chamber 33 will remain therein being under pressure caused by responsor 15, which pressure will cause check valves 43 and 4a~
to close, trapping the liquid. As rotation of container l1 is resumcd, piston 9 reaches the position shown in Figure 3 and sprayer 10 is now fully charged. It should be under-stood that sprayer 10 can be charged to any intermediate position between the positions of Flgures 1 and 3. The only difference with respect to spraying i~ that in an inter-mediate charge position cam follower 29 action is slightly different, as will be more 20fully explained in the following description of the spraying operation.
Assuming now that sprayer 10 is fully charged as in Figure 3, spraying operation can now begin and is accomplished by placing the index finger on push button 24 and applying a downward pressure there against. This action causes stem 20 to move downwardly into recess 25 (Figure 5) uncovering orifice 8. Liquid 12 from chamber 33, central tube 38 and outlet conduit 16 then passes around the end of stem 20 and enters the flow passages therein through orifice 8 and out through nozzle l9.
Nozzle 19 flow passages can, of course, be sized to give as fine a mist spray as de-sired. It is also intended and contemplated, to enhance liquid atomization, that the various liquid passages surfaces in nozzle 19 and stem 20 have s~virl inducers formed therein or thereon. Such devices (not shown) cause liquid breakup which results in 3~

It should, of course, be understood that sprayer 10 can be charged by rotating cap 13 while container 11 is held stationary, since piston 9 upward move-ment is the same.
As liquid 12 is discharged from nozæle 19, piston 9 is forced downwardly into chamber 33 by responsor 1~, forcing liquid 12 up through tube 38 and into outlet conduit 1(;. The motion of piston 9 is downward along a linear path on the vertieal surface 29-a of cam follower 29 in slidable contact with the corresponding vertical sur-face 30-a of cam 30. When fully discharged sprayer 10 and its various working parts will appear as shown in Flgure 1, i. e., piston 9 ram en~ 28 occupying chamber 33 and cam follower 29 bottomed on cam 30 in recess 34. Of course, the level of liquid 12 in receptacle 31 will be somewhat lower being diminished by the amount sprayed.
As herei:nbefore mentioned, sprayer 10 can be charged to any intermediate position by slmply ceasing rotation of oontainer 11. However, when spraying liquid with piston 9 in any position short than -fully charged, piston 9 will move down cam 30 on follower 29 until it again assumes the position showll in Figure 1.
There has thus been provided a unique and improved, manually operated spray device, which because of its novel features and ingenious charging mechanism advances the art of spraying significantly. It is thereforF believed that from the fore-going description, the mode of operation and assembly thereof will be readily apparent to one skilled in the art, it being also understood that variations in the mode of opera-tion, manufacture and assembly will occur to such skilled artisans without departing ; from the spirit of the invention. Therefore, what is sought to be protected by Letters Patellt is set forth in the claims appended hereto, and no limitations as to modifications and ohanges are to be placed thereupon except as defined in said appended claims.

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Claims (20)

The embodiments of the invention in which an exclusive property or privilege is claimed are defined as follows:
1. A liquid sprayer comprising:
a rotatable container, said container having a receptacle for holding a quantity of liquid, a liquid pressurizing chamber adaptable to receive a charge of liquid, and an opening for filling said receptacle with liquid;
an inlet conduit in said container for conducting said charge from said receptacle to said chamber;
a first fluid control means in said container permitting liquid to flow into said chamber;
a second fluid control means in said container permitting air to flow into said receptable;
a sprayer cap rotatably connected to said container;
a movable piston in said cap;
compressible means in said cap positioned therein in biasing relationship to said piston;
charging means on said container operatively connected to a portion of said piston such that rotation of said container relative to said cap causes said piston to move in said cap to compress said compressible means and pressurize said charge in said chamber;
a spray nozzle on said cap for discharging liquid from said chamber;
an outlet conduit means for conducting said liquid from said chamber to said spray nozzle;
discharging means in said cap for controlling discharge of liquid from said chamber through said nozzle; and, guide means on said piston and in said cap for guiding said piston in said cap.
2. The sprayer of claim 1 wherein said compressible means is a biasing member contacting said piston and urging said piston away from said cap.
3. The sprayer of claim 1 further including means mounted under said spray nozzle for rendering said nozzle inoperable in one of two positions and operable in the other of said two positions.
4. The sprayer of claim 1 wherein the charging means is a cam.
5. The sprayer of claim 1 wherein the first fluid control means is a check valve.
6. The sprayer of claim 1 wherein the second fluid control means is a check valve.
7. The sprayer of claim 2 wherein the biasing member is a spring.
8. The sprayer of claim 7 wherein the spring is a coiled spring.
9. The sprayer of claim 7 wherein the spring is a flat spring.
10. The sprayer of claim 1 wherein said opening for filling said receptacle is a recloseable plug.
11. A liquid sprayer comprising a rotatable container, said container having a receptacle for holding quantity of liquid, a liquid pressurizing chamber, and an opening for filling said receptacle with the liquid;
an inlet conduit in said container for conducting liquid from said receptacle to said chamber;
an inlet check valve in said conduit permitting liquid flow into said chamber;
an air inlet check valve in said container permitting air flow into said receptacle;
a sprayer cap rotatably connected to said container;
a movable piston in said cap;
cam means in said container operatively contacting a portion of said piston for moving said piston in said cap in response to rotation of said container relative to said cap;
a spray nozzle in said cap for discharging said liquid from said container;
an outlet conduit for conveying said liquid from said chamber to said spray nozzle;
a discharge valve in said outlet conduit for controlling discharge of liquid from said chamber through said nozzle;
conduit means in said piston connected to said outlet conduit and said pressurizing chamber for conveying liquid from said chamber to said outlet conduit and to said spray nozzle;
responsor means in said cap contacting said piston in a blasing relationship such that said piston is urged away from said cap and into said pressurizing chamber whereby liquid therein is displaced by said piston in said chamber and forced to flow into said conduit means, into said outlet conduit and said spray nozzle for discharge thereat; and guide means on said piston and in said cap for guiding said piston in said cap.
12. The sprayer of claim 11 further including means mounted under said spray nozzle for rendering said nozzle inoperable in one of two positions and operable in the other of said two positions.
13. The sprayer of claim 11 wherein the responsor means is a spring.
14. The sprayer of claim 13 wherein the spring is a coiled spring.
15. The sprayer of claim 13 wherein the spring is a flat spring.
16. The sprayer of claim 11 wherein said opening for filling said receptacle is a recloseable plug.
17. A liquid sprayer which comprises a container adapted to contain a body of liquid to be sprayed and which is formed in two relatively rotatable sections, a relatively reciprocable piston and cylinder defining a pressurizable chamber therebetween spring means operatively associated with said piston and biased to tend to produce relative motion of the piston and cylinder in a direction to pressurize said chamber a spray nozzle mounted on the exterior said container for discharging liquid from said chamber, rigid conduit means for conducting pressurized liquid to the spray-nozzle manually operable valve means in said rigid conduit for controlling the flow of liquid through the rigid conduit to the spray nozzle conduit means effectively-connecting-said body of liquid to said chamber, including a check valve to prevent flow of liquid from said chamber to said body of liquid venting means to permit air flow into said container and means for effectively connecting one of said rotatable sections to said piston and means for effectively connecting the other of said rotatable sections to said cylinder whereby relative rotation of said rotatable sections produces relative movement of said piston and cylinder to compress said spring means and draw liquid from said body of liquid into said pressurizable chamber.
18. A liquid sprayer comprising a container adapted to contain a body of liquid and which is formed in two relatively rotatable sections a cylinder within said container and a piston recipro-cably movable in said cylinder, the cylinder and piston defining a pressurizing chamber therebetween spring means operatively associated with said piston and biased to tend to produce relative motion of the piston in said cylinder in a direction to pressurize said chamber a spray nozzle mounted on said container externally thereof a rigid outlet conduit for conducting pressurized liquid to the spray nozzle, the piston being slideable about said conduit manually operable valve means in said rigid conduit for controlling the flow of liquid therethrough to the spray nozzle conduit means effectively connecting the body of liquid to the pressurizing chamber, said conduit means having a check valve therein to prevent flow of liquid from said chamber to said body of liquid venting means to permit air flow into said container and means for effectively connecting one of said relatively rotatable sections to said piston and means for effectively connecting the other of said relatively rotatable sections to said cylinder whereby relative rotation of said rotatable sections produces relative motion of the piston in the cylinder to compress said spring means and draw liquid from said body of liquid into said pressurizable chamber.
19. A liquid spray comprising a container adapted to contain a body of liquid and which is formed in two relatively rotatable sections a cylinder within said container and a piston reciproc-ably movable in said cylinder, the cylinder and piston defining a pressurized chamber therebetween spring means operatively associated with said piston and biased to tend to produce relative motion of the piston in said cylinder in a direction to pressurize said chamber a spray nozzle mounted on said container externally thereof a rigid outlet conduit for conducting pressurized liquid to the spray nozzle, the piston being slideable about the lower portion of the rigid conduit, the upper end of said rigid conduit being in fixed relation to the spray nozzle manually operable valve means for controlling the flow of liquid through the rigid conduit to the spray nozzle conduit means effectively connecting the body of liquid to the pressurizing chamber, said conduit means having a check valve therein to prevent flow of liquid from said chamber to said body of liquid venting means to permit air flow into said container and means for effectively connecting one of said relatively rotatable sections to said piston and means for effectively connecting the other of said relatively rotatable sections to said cylinder whereby relative rotation of said rotatable sections produces relative motion of the piston in the cylinder to compress said spring means and draw liquid from said body of liquid into said pressurizable chamber.
20. A liquid sprayer comprising a container adapted to contain a body of liquid and which is formed in two relatively rotatable sections a cylinder within said container and a piston reciprocably movable in said cylinder, the cylinder and piston defining a pressurizing chamber therebetween spring means operatively associated with said piston and biased to tend to produce relative motion of the piston in said cylinder in a direction to pressurize said chamber a spray nozzle mounted on said container externally thereof a rigid outlet conduit for conducting pressurized liquid to the spray nozzle, the piston being slideable about the lower portion of the rigid conduit, the upper end of said rigid conduit being in fixed relation to said spray nozzle manually operable valve means communicating with the spray nozzle and the rigid conduit for controlling the passage of liquid therethrough conduit means for effectively connecting said body of liquid to the pressurizing chamber, including a check valve to prevent flow of liquid from the pressurizing chamber to the body of liquid air inlet check valve means in said container for equalizing the pressure decrease over the body of liquid caused by a portion of said liquid being drawn into the pressurizing chamber and means for effectively connecting one of said rotatable sections to said piston and means for effect-ively connecting the other of said rotatable sections to said cylinder whereby relative rotation of said rotatable sections produces relative movement of said piston in said cylinder to compress said spring means and draw liquid from said body of liquid into said pressurizable chamber.
CA000160302A 1972-02-14 1972-12-29 Rechargeable sprayer Expired CA1083099A (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US22620472A true 1972-02-14 1972-02-14
US226,204 1972-02-14

Publications (1)

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CA1083099A true CA1083099A (en) 1980-08-05

Family

ID=22847991

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CA000160302A Expired CA1083099A (en) 1972-02-14 1972-12-29 Rechargeable sprayer

Country Status (19)

Country Link
US (1) US3790034A (en)
JP (1) JPS5249561B2 (en)
AT (1) AT327087B (en)
BE (1) BE795375A (en)
BR (1) BR7301050D0 (en)
CA (1) CA1083099A (en)
CH (1) CH566820A5 (en)
DE (1) DE2306085A1 (en)
ES (1) ES408179A1 (en)
FI (1) FI54769C (en)
FR (1) FR2172677A5 (en)
GB (1) GB1389702A (en)
IL (1) IL40491A (en)
IT (1) IT974304B (en)
LU (1) LU67020A1 (en)
NL (1) NL155462B (en)
NO (1) NO135165C (en)
PT (1) PT65134B (en)
ZA (1) ZA7208968B (en)

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US4033700A (en) * 1976-02-02 1977-07-05 Spatz Corporation Dispenser for fluent material
US4167941A (en) * 1976-10-05 1979-09-18 James D. Pauls, Ltd. (Limited Partnership) Mechanically operated dispensing device for increasing discharge pressure and dispensing time
IT8223675V0 (en) * 1982-12-10 1982-12-10 Sar Spa CONTAINER FOR FLUID SUBSTANCES USABLE WITH HAND-OPERATED PUMPS FOR THE DISPENSING OF SUCH SUBSTANCES.
EP0112950A1 (en) * 1982-12-30 1984-07-11 COMPAGNIE CENTRALE SICLI (Société Anonyme) Fire extinguishing apparatus
US5186395A (en) * 1988-07-29 1993-02-16 Brody David E Air powered particle sprayer with air flow control means
US4872595A (en) * 1988-09-27 1989-10-10 Roy Hammett Mechanically pressurized aerosol dispenser
DE69033466T2 (en) * 1989-12-28 2000-11-02 Yoshino Kogyosho Co Ltd Liquid jet generator
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EP0560858B1 (en) * 1990-12-04 1996-02-14 Dmw (Technology) Limited Nozzle assembly for preventing back-flow
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US5339988A (en) * 1992-10-19 1994-08-23 Ballard Medical Products Disposable tray sump foamer, assembly and methods
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US6543703B2 (en) 2000-12-26 2003-04-08 William S. Blake Flexible face non-clogging actuator assembly
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US8177101B1 (en) * 2007-02-06 2012-05-15 William Sydney Blake One turn actuated duration spray pump mechanism
US8286837B1 (en) * 2008-07-14 2012-10-16 William Sydney Blake One turn actuated duration dual mechanism spray dispenser pump
US9415401B2 (en) 2012-04-04 2016-08-16 Alternative Packaging Solutions Llc One turn actuated duration spray pump mechanism
US8973847B2 (en) 2012-07-09 2015-03-10 Easy Spray Llc Non-aerosol liquid spray device with continuous spray
US9648992B2 (en) 2013-12-19 2017-05-16 Gojo Industries, Inc. Pumps with vents to vent inverted containers and refill units having non-collapsing containers
US10160590B2 (en) * 2014-02-24 2018-12-25 Gojo Industries, Inc. Vented non-collapsing containers, dispensers and refill units having vented non-collapsing containers
US9596963B2 (en) 2014-07-30 2017-03-21 Gojo Industries, Inc. Vented refill units and dispensers having vented refill units

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
JPS5249561B2 (en) 1977-12-17
JPS4892910A (en) 1973-12-01
AT327087B (en) 1976-01-12
AU4709372A (en) 1974-04-04
CH566820A5 (en) 1975-09-30
CA1083099A1 (en)
IL40491A (en) 1974-12-31
NL155462B (en) 1978-01-16
NL7301993A (en) 1973-08-16
LU67020A1 (en) 1974-02-21
IL40491D0 (en) 1972-12-29
BR7301050D0 (en) 1973-12-18
GB1389702A (en) 1975-04-09
DE2306085A1 (en) 1973-08-30
NO135165C (en) 1977-02-23
BE795375A1 (en)
NO135165B (en) 1976-11-15
BE795375A (en) 1973-08-13
PT65134B (en) 1977-10-12
FI54769C (en) 1979-03-12
ATA23473A (en) 1975-03-15
US3790034A (en) 1974-02-05
IT974304B (en) 1974-06-20
ZA7208968B (en) 1973-09-26
FI54769B (en) 1978-11-30
PT65134A (en) 1976-06-01
FR2172677A5 (en) 1973-09-28
ES408179A1 (en) 1975-11-01

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