WO2023160152A1 - Photovoltaic roofing reinforcement structure with waterproof function - Google Patents

Photovoltaic roofing reinforcement structure with waterproof function Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2023160152A1
WO2023160152A1 PCT/CN2022/139511 CN2022139511W WO2023160152A1 WO 2023160152 A1 WO2023160152 A1 WO 2023160152A1 CN 2022139511 W CN2022139511 W CN 2022139511W WO 2023160152 A1 WO2023160152 A1 WO 2023160152A1
Authority
WO
WIPO (PCT)
Prior art keywords
plate
frame
waterproof
roof
groove
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/CN2022/139511
Other languages
French (fr)
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张国明
陶爱兵
韩建栋
沈佳
Original Assignee
江苏携创新能源科技有限公司
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 江苏携创新能源科技有限公司 filed Critical 江苏携创新能源科技有限公司
Publication of WO2023160152A1 publication Critical patent/WO2023160152A1/en

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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B7/00Roofs; Roof construction with regard to insulation
    • E04B7/02Roofs; Roof construction with regard to insulation with plane sloping surfaces, e.g. saddle roofs
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04DROOF COVERINGS; SKY-LIGHTS; GUTTERS; ROOF-WORKING TOOLS
    • E04D13/00Special arrangements or devices in connection with roof coverings; Protection against birds; Roof drainage; Sky-lights
    • E04D13/04Roof drainage; Drainage fittings in flat roofs, balconies or the like
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04DROOF COVERINGS; SKY-LIGHTS; GUTTERS; ROOF-WORKING TOOLS
    • E04D3/00Roof covering by making use of flat or curved slabs or stiff sheets
    • E04D3/36Connecting; Fastening
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04DROOF COVERINGS; SKY-LIGHTS; GUTTERS; ROOF-WORKING TOOLS
    • E04D3/00Roof covering by making use of flat or curved slabs or stiff sheets
    • E04D3/36Connecting; Fastening
    • E04D3/365Connecting; Fastening by simple overlapping of the marginal portions with use of separate connecting elements, e.g. hooks or bolts for corrugated sheets
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02SGENERATION OF ELECTRIC POWER BY CONVERSION OF INFRARED RADIATION, VISIBLE LIGHT OR ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT, e.g. USING PHOTOVOLTAIC [PV] MODULES
    • H02S20/00Supporting structures for PV modules
    • H02S20/20Supporting structures directly fixed to an immovable object
    • H02S20/22Supporting structures directly fixed to an immovable object specially adapted for buildings
    • H02S20/26Building materials integrated with PV modules, e.g. façade elements
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B10/00Integration of renewable energy sources in buildings
    • Y02B10/10Photovoltaic [PV]
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy

Definitions

  • the invention relates to the technical field of photovoltaic power generation, in particular to a photovoltaic roof strengthening structure with waterproof function.
  • the conventional practice is that the photovoltaic modules use glass as a laminate, and a 30mm ⁇ 50mm thick frame is installed around them.
  • the waterproof function cannot be achieved.
  • some companies have also designed waterproof brackets for conventional component applications.
  • the waterproof brackets can only withstand small flow of water and are not durable. Once the rain is heavy or the time is long, the waterproof performance will no longer exist.
  • the applicant provides a photovoltaic roof reinforcement structure with waterproof function, so as to strengthen the photovoltaic modules and photovoltaic modules.
  • the gaps between the installations are waterproof and sealed, and the gaps between the photovoltaic modules and the installation gaps between the photovoltaic modules are simultaneously solved for water collection and drainage, which meets the high-level requirements of the photovoltaic modules as the roof of the building without water leakage and water seepage.
  • a photovoltaic roof reinforcement structure with waterproof function comprising a roof frame, the upper surface of the roof frame is inclined with multiple groups of drainage beam assemblies, the drainage beam assemblies are evenly arranged along the upper surface of the roof frame, and a single drainage beam assembly passes through the beam
  • the pressure block is fixedly connected to the roof frame, and multiple groups of interconnected waterproof photovoltaic modules are installed on the upper surface between two adjacent drainage beam assemblies;
  • the structure of the waterproof photovoltaic module is: a photovoltaic laminate with a rectangular structure, one set of opposite sides of the photovoltaic laminate is equipped with a fixed frame, and the other set of opposite sides of the photovoltaic laminate is respectively equipped with a cover frame and the bottom frame, the fixed frame and the cover frame are fixedly connected by corner codes, the fixed frame and the bottom frame are fixedly connected by corner codes, the corner codes are a right-angle bending structure, the fixed frame, the cover frame, The bottom frame and the photovoltaic laminate are sealed and connected by edge sealing material;
  • the fixed frame is installed on the upper surface of the drainage beam assembly through the photovoltaic module fixing parts.
  • the cover frame of the same waterproof photovoltaic module is located below the bottom frame, and the cover frame and bottom frame of adjacent waterproof photovoltaic modules will be connected to each other.
  • the cover frame and the bottom frame A photovoltaic module connection seal is also installed between the frames;
  • Both ends of the bottom frame are open at the bottom, and the opening is located above the drainage beam assembly;
  • a waterproof cover assembly is installed on the upper surface of the adjacent fixed frame.
  • the structure of the cover frame is as follows: it includes a first rectangular tubular body, the interior of the first rectangular tubular body is a first corner code cavity, and a U-shaped first horizontal opening is arranged on the upper part of one side of the first rectangular tubular body.
  • Laminate installation groove, the upper surface of the first laminate installation groove is provided with an upper cover, and the lower surface of the upper cover and the upper surface of the rectangular tubular body form a U-shaped positioning groove.
  • the structure of the bottom frame is as follows: it includes a second rectangular tubular body, the interior of the second rectangular tubular body is a second corner code cavity, and a U-shaped wrapping groove with a horizontal opening is arranged on one side of the second rectangular tubular body.
  • the upper part of the wrapping groove is a plate-shaped positioning flute, the width of the lower part of the wrapping groove is greater than the width of the positioning flute, and a folded edge is arranged upward at the edge of the lower part of the wrapping groove parallel to the length direction of the wrapping groove, and the second rectangular
  • the upper part of the tubular body is provided with a U-shaped connecting seal groove with an upward opening
  • the other upper part of the second rectangular tubular body is provided with a U-shaped second laminate installation groove with a horizontal opening
  • the second laminate installation groove There is a glue overflow groove parallel to the length direction of the second laminate installation groove inside the opposite side; the upper surface of the positioning flute, the upper surface of the upper groove side of the second laminate installation groove and the upper surface of the connecting seal groove The surface is flush.
  • the structure of the fixed frame is: including a third rectangular tubular body, the inside of the third rectangular tubular body is a third corner code cavity, and a U-shaped third layer with a horizontal opening is arranged on the upper part of one side of the third rectangular tubular body
  • the pressing piece installation groove, the upper surface of the third laminate installation groove is higher than the upper surface of the third rectangular tubular body, and the upper surface of the third rectangular tubular body forms a pressing block step.
  • the structure of the drainage beam assembly is: including a plurality of drainage beams, main tank joints and auxiliary tank joints;
  • the structure of the drainage beam is as follows: it includes a horizontally arranged rectangular bottom plate, the upper surface of the opposite ends of the bottom plate forms a briquetting seat, and the middle part of the upper surface of the bottom plate is symmetrically provided with a support seat parallel to the outer edge of the briquetting seat,
  • the support seat and the bottom plate form the main water tank
  • the support seat is a rectangular plate structure installed vertically
  • the upper end of the plate structure is provided with an inverted U-shaped bending structure inwardly
  • the outer upper part of the support seat is horizontally arranged
  • There is a plate-shaped limiting strip and the upper surface of the bottom plate between the limiting strip and the briquetting seat is inclined to the outside with a rectangular wing plate, the lower edge of the wing plate is parallel to the outer edge of the briquetting seat, so
  • the upper edge of the wing plate is provided with a hemming structure parallel to the lower edge of the wing plate inwardly
  • the ends of the main water tanks of two adjacent drainage beams are sealed and installed with main water tank joints, and the ends of the auxiliary water tanks of two adjacent drainage beams are sealed and installed with auxiliary water tank joints;
  • the main water tank joint is a first U-shaped groove structure, the bottom of the first U-shaped groove structure is attached to the bottom edge of the main water tank, and the two side plates of the first U-shaped groove structure are clamped on the support
  • the inner side of the seat, the auxiliary water tank is a second U-shaped groove-shaped structure, the bottom edge of the second U-shaped groove-shaped structure is attached to the bottom edge of the auxiliary water tank, and one side of the second U-shaped groove-shaped structure
  • the side of the support seat fits and is snapped on the lower surface of the limit bar, and the other side of the second U-shaped groove-like structure fits and snaps to the inner surface of the wing plate. Inside the hem structure.
  • the structure of the photovoltaic module fixing part is to include a fixed pressing block, the fixed pressing block is a U-shaped plate-shaped structure, and the upper end of the U-shaped plate-shaped structure is symmetrically provided with outward horizontal folds, and the U-shaped plate A through hole is opened at the bottom of the horizontal folded edge, and the lower part of the horizontal fold is pressed on the fixed frame, and a nut is also included.
  • the nut is a rectangular block structure, and a threaded hole is opened in the center of the rectangular block structure.
  • the nut It is movably installed inside the drainage beam assembly, and bolts are installed through the through holes and threaded holes.
  • the structure of the waterproof cover assembly is: including a waterproof cover, a spring leaf is installed in the middle of the waterproof cover, waterproof tapes are installed on the lower surfaces of both sides of the waterproof cover, and the waterproof cover assembly is fixed to two adjacent ones by waterproof tapes.
  • the upper surface of the frame is connected, and the waterproof cover assembly is clamped and fixedly installed with the bottom of two adjacent fixed frames through a spring piece;
  • the structure of the waterproof cover is as follows: it includes a symmetrically arranged horizontal rectangular mounting plate, and a convex cover with a symmetrical door-shaped plate structure is arranged on the mounting plate, and the two sides of the convex cover are respectively located on the sides of the two mounting plates. On the inner upper surface, a cover fixing groove opening in the horizontal direction is formed between the convex cover and the mounting plate;
  • the structure of the spring piece is as follows: it includes a rectangular plate-shaped upper mounting piece, the upper mounting piece is diagonally cut, and the bottom of the upper mounting piece is symmetrically installed with a lower elastic piece, and the lower elastic piece is provided with a convex surface outwardly.
  • the upper mounting piece is clamped in the fixing groove of the cover, and the upper part of the bending part of the lower elastic piece is clamped in the bottom of the fixed frame.
  • the section of the roof frame is herringbone, and the upper surface of the end of the drainage beam assembly at the top of the roof frame is installed with a roof ridge assembly.
  • the structure of the ridge assembly is as follows: it includes a ridge transition plate installed on the upper surface of the end of the drainage beam assembly at the gable top of the roof frame, the ridge transition plate is a concave plate structure, and the concave plate structure
  • the bottom is parallel with a plurality of rectangular strip-shaped corrugated blocks, the upper surface of the compact corrugated is flush, and a butt plate is horizontally arranged on the top of the outer side of the concave plate-shaped structure, and the butt plate and the concave plate-shaped structure are aligned.
  • the butt edge formed on the top of the side outer edge, the end surface of the butt plate opposite to the butt edge is provided with a ridge fixing groove parallel to the butt edge, and the upper edge of the ridge fixing groove extends outward to form a frame cover plate, and the butt edge
  • the side of the concave plate-shaped structure on one side and the bottom of the concave plate-shaped structure form an overflow tank, and the two ends of the roof transition plate in the depth direction are respectively located on two adjacent drainage beam assemblies.
  • the end of the ridge transition plate is fixed by the ridge pressing block assembly and the drainage beam assembly installed on the pressing block flute, the roof pressing block assembly is installed on the pressing block flute, and the roof pressing block assembly and the photovoltaic module fixing part have the same structure;
  • a ridge plate is installed on the top of the ridge transition plate, and the ridge plate is a herringbone plate structure, and the butt plate is fixedly connected with the lower end of the ridge plate through the ridge fixing screws, and the ridge fixing groove is connected with the ridge plate.
  • the bottom frame of the uppermost waterproof photovoltaic module is clamped, the frame cover overlaps the upper surface of the bottom frame, a photovoltaic module connection seal is provided between the frame cover and the bottom frame, and the frame cover
  • a ridge waterproof adhesive strip is arranged between the upper surface of the board and the lower surface of the ridge board.
  • the outermost drainage beam assembly is equipped with a fixed frame through the fixing part of the photovoltaic module, and a side transition plate is pressed between the fixed frame and the drainage beam assembly.
  • the side transition plate is a bent plate structure, so The outer side of the side transition board is connected with a roof waterproof board, and the side transition board and the roof waterproof board are installed on the upper surface of the roof frame.
  • the present invention has a compact and reasonable structure, and is easy to operate.
  • a specially designed cover frame, bottom frame, and fixed frame for installing photovoltaic laminates By adopting a specially designed cover frame, bottom frame, and fixed frame for installing photovoltaic laminates, the structure of the waterproof photovoltaic module itself and the connection structure between the waterproof photovoltaic modules are more airtight.
  • the waterproof photovoltaic module cooperates with the drainage beam assembly and the waterproof cover assembly to achieve a stable and sealed installation, and at the same time, it can also collect and drain water when water leaks in the gap between the waterproof photovoltaic module and the waterproof photovoltaic module.
  • High-level requirements such as water leakage and impermeability.
  • the photovoltaic roof reinforcement structure with waterproof function has obtained the test certification of 15cm water storage and pressure retention for 24 hours by the TUV testing agency, and the photovoltaic roof reinforcement structure with waterproof function is applied to large steel structure roofs, and has also passed the customer's invitation.
  • Architectural-grade waterproof test by a third-party certification body The waterproof test method is to store water and maintain pressure on the surface of the photovoltaic roof. The water depth of the water storage and pressure is 15cm.
  • the back of the photovoltaic roof is monitored through the 24-hour water storage and pressure test, and the back of the photovoltaic roof is actually tested. No water seepage.
  • the shingled connection structure between the bottom frame and the cover frame makes it easier to achieve sealing and waterproofing, and the operation is more convenient.
  • the photovoltaic module connection seal is installed at the lap joint, which can prevent most of the water.
  • connection seal on the bottom frame enables the pre-installation of the connection seal of the photovoltaic module, which simplifies the difficulty of on-site construction and improves the convenience of industrial application.
  • the overflow groove is set inside the second laminate installation groove of the bottom frame, and the secondary buffer is used to realize the overflow seal, and then keep the upper cover plate superimposed on the bottom frame to cover the frame, so as to achieve consistent surface height and reduce cleaning Artificial effect, at the same time, the structure of the overflow groove of the bottom frame also plays a strengthening role, which can make the opposite side of the second laminate installation groove thinner.
  • the structure of the waterproof cover assembly is simple and easy to install. It is used to seal and waterproof the gap between two adjacent rows of waterproof photovoltaic modules. In addition, the waterproof cover itself also prevents external foreign objects from falling into the drainage beam groove to avoid long-term blockage affect drainage.
  • the drainage beam assembly cooperates with other components of the waterproof photovoltaic roof to realize the fixed installation of waterproof photovoltaic modules, and also realizes multi-channel waterproof and water-repellent functions.
  • Photovoltaic modules are designed in the way of shingling up and down, based on the placement of artificial natural positions, and the push-in-place mode is quick and easy to install. There is an installation gap in the connection structure between the bottom frame and the cover frame in the longitudinal direction of the waterproof photovoltaic module. This installation gap also provides fault tolerance between waterproof photovoltaic modules, and also adapts to various potential deformation requirements outdoors.
  • Both ends of the package groove of the bottom frame are open, and the opening is located above the auxiliary water tank of the drainage beam, which can collect water leakage from the gap between the bottom frame and the cover frame, and also collect the edge sealing material from the cover frame when it fails water leakage.
  • the main water tank is used to catch water leakage in the gap between adjacent fixed frames.
  • the ridge assembly is used to close the gap between the ends of the drainage beam assembly at the top of the herringbone, and the water in the overflow tank of the ridge transition plate flows into the main water tank of the drainage beam to both sides.
  • the side transition plate is installed on the drainage beam to connect the outermost waterproof photovoltaic module and waterproof cover, which can greatly reduce the risk of water leakage.
  • FIG. 1 is a schematic diagram of the structure of the present invention (a waterproof photovoltaic module is omitted, excluding side transition boards and roof waterproof boards).
  • Figure 2 is a partial enlarged view of A in Figure 1 (the beam clamp and waterproof cover assembly are omitted).
  • Fig. 3 is a front view of the present invention (side transition board and roof waterproof board are omitted).
  • Fig. 4 is a schematic diagram of the connection between the transition board and the roof waterproof board of the present invention (roof frame is omitted).
  • Fig. 5 is a schematic structural diagram of the waterproof photovoltaic module of the present invention.
  • Fig. 6 is a front view of the waterproof photovoltaic module of the present invention.
  • Fig. 7 is a schematic diagram of the assembly structure of the waterproof photovoltaic module and the waterproof module of the present invention.
  • Fig. 8 is a schematic diagram of the installation structure of the waterproof photovoltaic module and the drainage beam of the present invention.
  • Fig. 9 is a schematic diagram of the installation structure of the waterproof cover assembly of the present invention.
  • Fig. 10 is a schematic structural view of the cover frame of the present invention.
  • Fig. 11 is a schematic structural diagram of the bottom frame of the present invention.
  • Fig. 12 is a schematic structural view of the fixed frame of the present invention.
  • Fig. 13 is a schematic structural view of the drainage beam assembly of the present invention.
  • Fig. 14 is a structural schematic diagram of the drainage beam of the present invention.
  • Fig. 15 is a schematic structural view of the fixed pressing block of the present invention.
  • Fig. 16 is a structural schematic diagram of the waterproof cover of the present invention.
  • Fig. 17 is a schematic diagram of the structure of the spring leaf of the present invention.
  • FIG. 18 is a partially enlarged view of point C in FIG. 3 .
  • Fig. 19 is a schematic diagram of the installation of the ridge transition plate of the present invention.
  • Fig. 20 is a structural schematic diagram of the ridge transition plate of the present invention.
  • Fig. 21 is a schematic diagram of the waterproof principle of the combined structure of the cover frame and the bottom frame of the present invention.
  • Ridge assembly 61. Ridge plate; 62. Ridge transition plate; 63. Roof pressing block assembly; 64. Ridge waterproof strip; 65. Ridge fixing screw;
  • the photovoltaic roof reinforcement structure with waterproof function of this embodiment includes a roof frame 9, and the upper surface of the roof frame 9 is obliquely provided with multiple groups of drainage beam assemblies 4, and the drainage beam assemblies 4 are arranged along the roof frame.
  • the upper surfaces of 9 are arranged evenly at intervals, and a single drainage beam assembly 4 is fixedly connected to the roof frame 9 through beam pressing blocks 10, and multiple groups of interconnected waterproof photovoltaic modules 1 are installed on the upper surface between two adjacent drainage beam assemblies 4.
  • the structure of the waterproof photovoltaic module 1 is: a photovoltaic laminate 11 with a rectangular structure, a set of opposite sides of the photovoltaic laminate 11 is equipped with a fixed frame 12, and the other side of the photovoltaic laminate 11 is A cover frame 13 and a bottom frame 14 are respectively installed on the opposite sides of the group.
  • the fixed frame 12 and the cover frame 13 are fixedly connected by corners, and the fixed frame 12 and the bottom frame 14 are fixedly connected by corners. The corners are bent at right angles. structure, the fixed frame 12 , the cover frame 13 , the bottom frame 14 and the photovoltaic laminate 11 are sealed and connected by the edge sealing material 15 .
  • the photovoltaic laminate 11 is edge-sealed and fixed by a waterproof frame composed of two sets of fixed frames 12, cover frame 13, bottom frame 14, and corners.
  • the material type of the edge-sealing material 15 can be silica gel, foam material, etc.
  • the fixed frame 12 is installed on the upper surface of the drainage beam assembly 4 through the photovoltaic module fixing part 3, the cover frame 13 of the same waterproof photovoltaic module 1 is located below the bottom frame 14, and the adjacent waterproof photovoltaic module 1
  • the cover frame 13 and the bottom frame 14 will be connected to each other, and the photovoltaic module connection seal 2 is installed between the cover frame 13 and the bottom frame 14 .
  • the shingled connection structure between the bottom frame 14 and the cover frame 13 makes it easier to achieve sealing and waterproofing, and the operation is more convenient.
  • the photovoltaic module connection seal 2 is installed at the overlapping part, which can prevent most of the water.
  • the material of the photovoltaic module connection sealing member 2 may be foam material, butyl material, elastic rubber material and the like.
  • both ends of the bottom frame 14 are open at the bottom, and the opening is located above the drainage beam assembly 4 .
  • both ends of the wrapping groove 143 of the bottom frame 14 are open, and the opening position is located above the auxiliary water tank 412 of the drainage beam 41 to realize multi-channel waterproofing, and even if there is a reverse flow, water will not flow to the ground.
  • a waterproof cover assembly 5 is installed on the upper surface of the adjacent fixed frame 12.
  • the waterproof cover assembly 5 is used for sealing the gap between two adjacent rows of waterproof photovoltaic modules 1
  • the ridge assembly 6 is used for sealing the top of the roof system.
  • the structure of the cover frame 13 is: comprising a first rectangular tubular body, the inside of the first rectangular tubular body is a first corner code cavity 132, and a U-shaped horizontal opening is arranged on one side of the first rectangular tubular body.
  • the first laminate installation groove 131, the upper surface of the first laminate installation groove 131 is provided with an upper cover 133, the lower surface of the upper cover 133 and the upper surface of the rectangular tubular body form a U-shaped positioning groove 134.
  • the photovoltaic laminate 11 is sealed and installed in the first laminate installation groove 131 through the edge sealing material 15 , and the first corner code cavity 132 is matched with the corner code.
  • the structure of the bottom frame 14 is as follows: it includes a second rectangular tubular body, inside the second rectangular tubular body is a second corner code cavity 142, and a U-shaped wrapping groove with a horizontal opening is arranged on one side of the second rectangular tubular body 143, the upper part of the wrapping groove 143 is a plate-shaped positioning flute 144, the width of the lower part of the wrapping groove 143 is larger than the width of the positioning flute 144, and a folded edge 147 is arranged upward at the edge of the wrapping groove 143 parallel to the length direction of the wrapping groove 143 , the upper part of the second rectangular tubular body is provided with a U-shaped connecting seal groove 145 with an upward opening, and a U-shaped second laminate installation groove 141 with a horizontal opening is provided on the upper part of the other side of the second rectangular tubular body, and the second laminate
  • the inside of the opposite side of the installation groove 141 is provided with a glue overflow groove 146 parallel to the length direction of the second laminate installation groove 141;
  • the photovoltaic laminate 11 is sealed and installed in the second laminate installation groove 141 through the edge sealing material 15 , and the second corner code cavity 142 is matched with the corner code.
  • the photovoltaic module connection seal 2 can be installed in the connection seal groove 145 of the bottom frame 14 in advance, which simplifies the difficulty of on-site construction and improves the convenience of industrial application.
  • the upper part of the bottom frame 14 is designed to be lower than the fixed frame 12 and the cover frame 13, and the upper cover plate 133 of the upper waterproof photovoltaic module 1 cover frame 13 covers the bottom of the lower waterproof photovoltaic module 1
  • the wrapping groove 143 of the bottom frame 14 of the waterproof photovoltaic module 1 below supports the first rectangular tubular body of the upper waterproof photovoltaic module 1 cover frame 13, and the wrapping groove 143 collects
  • the second laminate mounting groove 141 of the bottom frame 14 is provided with an overflow glue groove 146, and the second laminate mounting groove 141 is connected with the photovoltaic
  • the laminates 11 are connected by edge sealing material 15, when the photovoltaic laminate 11 is installed into the second laminate installation groove 141, the excess
  • the structure of the glue groove 146 also plays a strengthening role, which can make the opposite side of the second laminate installation groove 141 thinner; the installation gap between the cover frame 13 and the bottom frame 14 is also the gap between the waterproof photovoltaic module 1 in the longitudinal direction. Provides fault tolerance, and also adapts to various potential deformation requirements outdoors.
  • the structure of the fixed frame 12 is: comprising a third rectangular tubular body, the inside of the third rectangular tubular body is a third corner code cavity 122, and a U-shaped first horizontal opening is arranged on one side of the third rectangular tubular body.
  • There are three laminate installation grooves 121 the upper surface of the third laminate installation groove 121 is higher than the upper surface of the third rectangular tubular body, and the upper surface of the third rectangular tubular body forms a pressing block step 123 .
  • the photovoltaic laminate 11 is sealed and installed in the third laminate installation groove 121 through the edge sealing material 15 , and the third corner code cavity 122 is matched with the corner code.
  • the structure of the drainage beam assembly 4 is: comprising a plurality of drainage beams 41 , main tank joints 43 and auxiliary tank joints 42 .
  • the structure of the drainage beam 41 is as follows: it includes a rectangular bottom plate 410 arranged horizontally, and the upper surface of the opposite ends of the bottom plate 410 forms a briquetting seat 414, and the middle part of the upper surface of the bottom plate 410
  • a support seat 413 parallel to the outer edge of the press block seat 414 is arranged symmetrically.
  • the support seat 413 and the bottom plate 410 enclose the main water tank 411.
  • the support seat 413 is a rectangular plate structure installed vertically. The upper end of the plate structure is provided with an inverted U to the inside.
  • the outer upper part of the support seat 413 is horizontally provided with a plate-shaped limiting strip 415, and the upper surface of the bottom plate 410 between the limiting strip 415 and the pressure block seat 414 is provided with a rectangular wing plate 416 inclined to the outside.
  • the lower edge of the wing plate 416 is parallel to the outer edge of the briquetting block seat 414, and the upper edge of the wing plate 416 is provided with a hemming structure parallel to the lower edge of the wing plate 416 inwardly.
  • the water tank 412 and the beam pressing block 10 are plate-like structures.
  • the main water tank 411 of the drainage beam 41 is located below the adjacent fixed frame 12 of two adjacent rows of waterproof photovoltaic modules 1, the fixed frame 12 is installed on the support seat 413 of the drainage beam 41, and the main water tank 411 is used to catch the adjacent fixed frame 12 Water leaks in between.
  • the ends of the main water tanks 411 of two adjacent drainage beams 41 are sealed with main water tank joints 43
  • the ends of auxiliary water tanks 412 of two adjacent drainage beams 41 are sealed with auxiliary water tank joints 42 .
  • the main water tank joint 43 is a first U-shaped groove structure
  • the bottom edge of the first U-shaped groove structure is attached to the bottom edge of the main water tank 411
  • the two sides of the first U-shaped groove structure Two side plates are clamped on the inner side of the support seat 413
  • the auxiliary water tank 412 is a second U-shaped groove structure
  • the bottom edge of the second U-shaped groove structure is attached to the bottom edge of the auxiliary water groove 412
  • the second U-shaped groove shape One side of the structure fits on the outside of the support seat 413 and snaps on the lower surface of the limiting bar 415
  • the other side of the second U-shaped groove structure fits on and snaps on the inner surface of the wing 416. 416 in the hemming structure of the upper edge.
  • the structure of the photovoltaic module fixing part 3 is as follows, including a fixed pressing block 31, the fixed pressing block 31 is a U-shaped plate-shaped structure, and the upper end of the U-shaped plate-shaped structure is symmetrically provided with outward horizontal folds 311, a through hole is opened at the bottom of the U-shaped plate structure, and the lower part of the horizontal flange 311 is press-fitted on the fixed frame 12, and also includes a nut 32.
  • the nut 32 is a rectangular block structure, and a threaded hole is opened in the center of the rectangular block structure. Nuts 32 are movably installed inside the drainage beam assembly 4, and bolts 33 are installed through through holes and threaded holes.
  • the bottom of the horizontal flange 311 of the fixed pressing block 31 of the photovoltaic module fixing part 3 cooperates with the pressing block step 123 of the fixed frame 12, and the nut 32 is rotated into the main water tank 411 of the drainage beam 41 and then stuck under the inverted U-shaped bending structure. Press-fit the fixed frame 12 on the drainage beam 41 through the fastening between the nuts 32, bolts 33 and the fixed pressure block 31; after fastening and installation, the upper surface of the fixed pressure block 31 is lower than the fixed frame 12 of the waterproof photovoltaic module 1 surface.
  • the main water tank 411 of the drainage beam 41 is located below the adjacent fixed frame 12 .
  • the structure of the waterproof cover assembly 5 is: comprising a waterproof cover 51, a spring leaf 52 is installed in the middle of the waterproof cover 51, waterproof tapes 53 are installed on the lower surfaces of both sides of the waterproof cover 51, and the waterproof cover The component 5 is connected to the upper surfaces of the two adjacent fixed frames 12 through the waterproof tape 53 , and the waterproof cover component 5 is clamped and fixedly installed with the bottoms of the two adjacent fixed frames 12 through the spring piece 52 .
  • the structure of the waterproof cover 51 is as follows: a symmetrically arranged horizontal rectangular mounting plate 511 is provided. The sides are respectively located on inner upper surfaces of the two mounting plates 511 , and a cover fixing groove 513 opening in the horizontal direction is formed between the convex cover 512 and the mounting plate 511 .
  • the structure of the spring piece 52 is as follows: it includes a rectangular plate-shaped upper mounting piece 521, the upper mounting piece 521 has a cut corner on the corner, the bottom of the upper mounting piece 521 is symmetrically installed with a lower elastic piece 522, and the lower
  • the elastic piece 522 is provided with a bent portion protruding outward, the upper mounting piece 521 is snapped into the cover fixing groove 513 , and the upper part of the bent portion of the lower elastic piece 522 is snapped into the bottom of the fixed frame 12 .
  • the upper mounting piece 521 has a cut corner on the opposite corner, which can be turned into the cover fixing groove 513 by rotation, so as to reduce the labor intensity of assembling the waterproof cover 51 and the spring piece 52, and the spring piece 52 is snapped into and installed on the upper surface of the drainage beam assembly 4
  • the bottom of the fixed frame 12 pulls the waterproof cover 51 by elastic force to prevent the waterproof cover 51 from tilting.
  • the photovoltaic module fixing part 3 and the spring piece 52 of the waterproof cover assembly 5 are both arranged at the main water tank 411 of the drainage beam assembly 4, and can be arranged at intervals according to the actual situation.
  • the section of the roof frame 9 is herringbone, and the upper surface of the end of the drainage beam assembly 4 at the top of the roof frame 9 is installed with a roof ridge assembly 6 .
  • the roof ridge assembly 6 is used for sealing at the top of the roof herringbone.
  • the structure of ridge assembly 6 is: comprise the ridge transition board 62 that is installed on the end upper surface of the drainage beam assembly 4 that is positioned at the roof frame 9 herringbone tops, and the ridge transition board 62 is Concave plate-shaped structure, the bottom of the concave plate-shaped structure is provided with a plurality of rectangular strip-shaped corrugated blocks 623 in parallel, the upper surface of the pressed block corrugated 623 is flush, and a butt plate 624 is horizontally arranged on the top of one side of the concave plate-shaped structure , the butt plate 624 and the butt edge 625 formed on the top of one side of the concave plate-shaped structure, the end surface of the butt plate 624 opposite to the butt edge 625 is provided with a ridge fixing groove 621 parallel to the butt edge 625, and the ridge fixing groove 621 The edge extends outward to form a frame cover plate 626.
  • the side of the concave plate-shaped structure on the side of the butt joint edge 625 and the bottom of the concave plate-shaped structure form an overflow groove 622.
  • the two ends of the roof transition plate 62 in the depth direction are respectively On the two adjacent drainage beam assemblies 4, the end of the ridge transition plate 62 is fixed to the drainage beam assembly 4 through the roof ridge pressing assembly 63 installed on the pressing block flute 623, and the ridge pressing block is installed on the pressing block flute 623
  • Assemblies 63 the structure of the ridge pressing block assembly 63 is the same as that of the photovoltaic module fixing part 3 .
  • the ridge assembly 6 is used to close the gap between the ends of the drainage beam assembly on the herringbone top, the ridge transition plate 62 is used to support the ridge plate 61 installed above it, and the two ends of the ridge transition plate 62 are specifically located at the main water tank 411 of the drainage beam 41 At the same time, the water in the overflow groove 622 of the ridge transition plate 62 flows into the main water groove 411 of the drainage beam 41 to both sides.
  • a ridge plate 61 is installed on the upper part of the ridge transition plate 62, and the ridge plate 61 is a herringbone plate structure, and the lower end of the herringbone plate structure of the butt plate 624 passes through the ridge fixing screw 65 and the ridge plate 61 Fixed connection, the ridge fixing groove 621 is clamped with the bottom frame 14 of the uppermost waterproof photovoltaic module 1, the frame cover 626 is lapped on the upper surface of the bottom frame 14, and the photovoltaic module is connected and sealed between the frame cover 626 and the bottom frame 14 Part 2, a ridge waterproof rubber strip 64 is provided between the upper surface of the frame cover plate 626 and the lower surface of the ridge plate 61 .
  • the ridge fixing groove 621 of the ridge transition plate 62 is specifically engaged with the positioning groove 144 of the bottom frame 14, and the material of the ridge waterproof rubber strip 64 can be silica gel, rubber strip, foam strip, butyl tape, etc.
  • the installation of the ridge plate 61 by adopting the structure of the ridge transition plate 62 can greatly reduce the risk of water leakage.
  • a fixed frame 12 is installed on the outermost drainage beam assembly 4 through the photovoltaic module fixing part 3, and a side transition plate 7 is pressed between the fixed frame 12 and the drainage beam assembly 4, and the side transition plate 7 is a folding
  • the curved plate structure, the outer side of the side transition board 7 is connected with the roof waterproof board 8, and the side transition board 7 and the roof waterproof board 8 are installed on the upper surface of the roof frame 9.
  • the side transition plate 7 is specifically installed on the upper part of the support seat 413 of the drainage beam 41, and the material of the roof waterproof plate 8 can be a color steel tile.
  • the side transition plate 7 is installed on the drainage beam 41 to connect the outermost waterproof photovoltaic module 1 and the waterproof cover 51, which can greatly reduce the risk of water leakage, and can also be applied to the roof where the waterproof photovoltaic module 1 does not need to be laid.
  • Embodiment 1 The roof frame is a common frame structure
  • the photovoltaic roof reinforcement structure with waterproof function mainly includes a roof frame 9 , a drainage beam assembly 4 , a waterproof photovoltaic assembly 1 and a waterproof cover assembly 5 .
  • the waterproof photovoltaic module 1 is assembled with a sealed structure, and the waterproof cover assembly 5 is a sealed and waterproof device installed above the gap between two adjacent rows of waterproof photovoltaic modules 1.
  • the upper part has been structurally waterproofed. water proof.
  • a drainage beam assembly 4 is provided, and the waterproof photovoltaic module 1 is installed on the drainage beam assembly 4 .
  • the waterproof function of the present invention is reflected in the following aspects:
  • the main water tank 411 of the drainage beam 41 is located below the adjacent fixed frame 12 of two adjacent rows of waterproof photovoltaic modules 1, when the waterproof tape 53 of the waterproof cover assembly 5 leaks or the waterproof cover 51 is damaged Water leakage occurs, and the main water tank 411 is used to catch the water leakage here.
  • the wrapping groove 143 of the bottom frame 14 of the lower waterproof photovoltaic module 1 supports the first rectangular tubular body of the upper waterproof photovoltaic module 1 cover frame 13.
  • the photovoltaic module connection seal 2 between the bottom frame 14 and the cover frame 13 fails or in other cases, water leakage occurs in the gap between the bottom frame 14 and the cover frame 13, and the wrapping groove 143 collects overflowing water droplets.
  • Both ends of the wrapping groove 143 are open, and the opening position is located above the auxiliary water tank 412 of the drainage beam 41, and the auxiliary water tank 412 is used to catch the water leakage here.
  • the wrapping groove 143 of the bottom frame 14 of the lower waterproof photovoltaic module 1 supports the first rectangular tubular body of the upper waterproof photovoltaic module 1 cover frame 13, when the cover frame 13
  • the edge sealing material 15 fails or in other circumstances, water leakage occurs in the installation groove 131 of the first laminate, and the wrapping groove 143 collects overflowing water droplets.
  • the auxiliary water tank 412 is used to catch the water leakage here.
  • Embodiment 2 The roof frame is a herringbone structure in section
  • the photovoltaic roof reinforcement structure with waterproof function mainly includes a roof frame 9 , a drainage beam assembly 4 , a waterproof photovoltaic assembly 1 , a waterproof cover assembly 5 and a roof ridge assembly 6 .
  • the waterproof photovoltaic module 1 is assembled with a sealed structure
  • the waterproof cover assembly 5 is a sealing and waterproof device installed above the gap between two adjacent rows of waterproof photovoltaic modules 1
  • the roof assembly 6 is used to seal the herringbone direction.
  • the above components On the top of the group drainage beam assembly 4, the above components have been structurally waterproofed for the waterproof photovoltaic roof.
  • a drainage beam assembly 4 is provided, and the waterproof photovoltaic assembly 1 and the roof ridge assembly 6 are installed on the drainage beam assembly 4 .
  • the waterproof function of the present invention is reflected in the following aspects in addition to the three aspects in Embodiment 1:
  • Embodiment 3 When there is a part of the roof frame that does not need to install waterproof photovoltaic modules 1
  • the side transition plate 7 is installed on the outer drainage beam 41, and the outermost waterproof photovoltaic module 1 and waterproof cover 51 are connected by installing the side transition plate 7. It can greatly reduce the risk of water leakage, and it can also be applied to roof parts that do not need to lay waterproof photovoltaic modules 1.
  • water leaks in the gap between the side transition plate 7 and the upper part of the drainage beam support seat 413 it can flow into the main water tank 411 and the drainage beam 41.
  • the photovoltaic roof reinforcement structure with waterproof function can collect water and drain water when water leaks in the gap between the waterproof photovoltaic module and the waterproof photovoltaic module, and meet the high-level requirements of the photovoltaic module as a building roof without water leakage and water seepage.

Abstract

The present invention relates to a photovoltaic roofing reinforcement structure with a waterproof function, comprising a roof frame; a plurality of drainage beam assemblies are obliquely arranged on the upper surface of the roof frame; a plurality of waterproof photovoltaic modules connected to each other are installed on the upper surface between every two adjacent drainage beam assemblies; each waterproof photovoltaic module structure comprises a photovoltaic laminate with a rectangular structure, and fixed frames, a cover frame and a bottom frame which are installed on the periphery of the photovoltaic laminate; openings are formed in the bottoms of two ends of each bottom frame; the opening locations are above the drainage beam assemblies; a waterproof cover assembly is installed on the upper surfaces of every adjacent fixed frames. While enhancing waterproof sealing of installation gaps amongst the photovoltaic modules, water collection and drainage are synchronously solved when water leaks from gaps amongst photovoltaic modules and installation gaps amongst the photovoltaic modules, meeting a high-level requirement that the photovoltaic modules, serving as the roof of a building, do not suffer from water leakage, water seepage, etc.

Description

一种具有防水功能的光伏屋面强化结构A photovoltaic roof reinforcement structure with waterproof function 技术领域technical field
本发明涉及光伏发电技术领域,尤其是一种具有防水功能的光伏屋面强化结构。The invention relates to the technical field of photovoltaic power generation, in particular to a photovoltaic roof strengthening structure with waterproof function.
背景技术Background technique
随着能源价格的上涨,开发利用新能源成为当今能源领域研究的主要课题。由于太阳能具有无污染、无地域性限制、取之不竭等优点,研究太阳能发电成为开发利用新能源的主要方向。利用太阳能组件发电是当今人们使用太阳能的一种主要方式。随着工业越来越发达,能源消耗逐年以惊人的速度增长,而建筑作为能耗大户(发达国家的建筑能耗一般占到全国总能耗的1/3以上),其节能效益则变得尤其重要,随着地面光伏电站地面资源日渐减少,光伏建筑一体化概念将越来越多应用于建筑上。With the rise of energy prices, the development and utilization of new energy has become the main topic of research in the field of energy. Because solar energy has the advantages of no pollution, no regional restrictions, and inexhaustible supply, the study of solar power generation has become the main direction for the development and utilization of new energy. Using solar modules to generate electricity is one of the main ways people use solar energy today. As the industry becomes more and more developed, energy consumption increases at an alarming rate year by year, and buildings, as large energy consumers (building energy consumption in developed countries generally accounts for more than 1/3 of the country's total energy consumption), its energy-saving benefits become Especially important, as the ground resources of ground photovoltaic power plants are decreasing day by day, the concept of building integrated photovoltaics will be more and more applied to buildings.
光伏建筑一体化的应用过程中常规的做法为,光伏组件采用玻璃作为层压件,四周安装30mm~50mm厚边框,但电站安装后因为光伏组件之间有很大的间隙,无法做到防水功能。而有些公司也设计了针对于常规组件应用的防水支架,可防水支架也只可以抵御小流量水,同时不耐久,一旦雨水大一些或者时间一长,防水性能将不复存在。In the application process of building integrated photovoltaics, the conventional practice is that the photovoltaic modules use glass as a laminate, and a 30mm~50mm thick frame is installed around them. However, after the power station is installed, there is a large gap between the photovoltaic modules, so the waterproof function cannot be achieved. . And some companies have also designed waterproof brackets for conventional component applications. The waterproof brackets can only withstand small flow of water and are not durable. Once the rain is heavy or the time is long, the waterproof performance will no longer exist.
随着针对BIPV光伏建筑一体化、国家制定碳中和碳达峰的目标以及进一步加快在绿色建筑等政策的推进,光伏组件做为建筑的屋面方面的要求就进一步提升到比较高的级别。如何能够满足建筑级别的方式设计?如何满足可以在屋面进行水压测试保压测试也不漏水不渗水等要求?如何从结构细节从设计上真正解决上述问题,是目前行业内面临的挑战。With the BIPV building-integrated photovoltaics, the country's goal of carbon neutrality and carbon peaking, and the further acceleration of policies such as green buildings, the requirements for photovoltaic modules as building roofs have been further raised to a relatively high level. How can it be designed in a manner that satisfies the architectural level? How to meet the requirements that the water pressure test can be carried out on the roof without water leakage or water seepage? How to truly solve the above problems from the structural details and the design is the challenge that the industry is currently facing.
技术问题technical problem
本申请人针对上述现有光伏建筑一体化应用中光伏组件以及光伏组件之间安装间隙抵御雨水的能力不足的问题,提供一种具有防水功能的光伏屋面强化结构,从而在加强光伏组件及光伏组件之间安装间隙防水密封的同时,同步解决光伏组件间隙及光伏组件之间安装间隙漏水时集水排水,满足光伏组件做为建筑的屋面不漏水不渗水等高级别要求。Aiming at the problem of insufficient rainwater resistance in the installation gap between photovoltaic modules and photovoltaic modules in the above-mentioned existing photovoltaic building integration applications, the applicant provides a photovoltaic roof reinforcement structure with waterproof function, so as to strengthen the photovoltaic modules and photovoltaic modules. At the same time, the gaps between the installations are waterproof and sealed, and the gaps between the photovoltaic modules and the installation gaps between the photovoltaic modules are simultaneously solved for water collection and drainage, which meets the high-level requirements of the photovoltaic modules as the roof of the building without water leakage and water seepage.
技术解决方案technical solution
本发明所采用的技术方案如下:The technical scheme adopted in the present invention is as follows:
一种具有防水功能的光伏屋面强化结构,包括屋顶框架,所述屋顶框架上表面倾斜设置有多组排水梁组件,排水梁组件沿着屋顶框架上表面均匀间隔排布,单个排水梁组件通过梁压块与屋顶框架固定连接,相邻两个排水梁组件之间的上表面安装有多组互相连接的防水光伏组件;A photovoltaic roof reinforcement structure with waterproof function, comprising a roof frame, the upper surface of the roof frame is inclined with multiple groups of drainage beam assemblies, the drainage beam assemblies are evenly arranged along the upper surface of the roof frame, and a single drainage beam assembly passes through the beam The pressure block is fixedly connected to the roof frame, and multiple groups of interconnected waterproof photovoltaic modules are installed on the upper surface between two adjacent drainage beam assemblies;
所述防水光伏组件结构为:包括长方形结构的光伏层压件,所述光伏层压件的一组对边安装有固定边框,所述光伏层压件的另一组对边分别安装有盖边框和底边框,所述固定边框与盖边框之间通过角码固定连接,所述固定边框与底边框之间通过角码固定连接,所述角码为直角折弯结构,固定边框、盖边框、底边框与光伏层压件之间均通过封边材料密封连接;The structure of the waterproof photovoltaic module is: a photovoltaic laminate with a rectangular structure, one set of opposite sides of the photovoltaic laminate is equipped with a fixed frame, and the other set of opposite sides of the photovoltaic laminate is respectively equipped with a cover frame and the bottom frame, the fixed frame and the cover frame are fixedly connected by corner codes, the fixed frame and the bottom frame are fixedly connected by corner codes, the corner codes are a right-angle bending structure, the fixed frame, the cover frame, The bottom frame and the photovoltaic laminate are sealed and connected by edge sealing material;
固定边框通过光伏组件固定件安装于排水梁组件上表面,同一防水光伏组件的盖边框位于底边框的下方,相邻的防水光伏组件的盖边框与底边框相互将连接,所述盖边框与底边框之间还安装有光伏组件连接密封件;The fixed frame is installed on the upper surface of the drainage beam assembly through the photovoltaic module fixing parts. The cover frame of the same waterproof photovoltaic module is located below the bottom frame, and the cover frame and bottom frame of adjacent waterproof photovoltaic modules will be connected to each other. The cover frame and the bottom frame A photovoltaic module connection seal is also installed between the frames;
所述底边框的两端底部开口,且开口位置位于排水梁组件上方;Both ends of the bottom frame are open at the bottom, and the opening is located above the drainage beam assembly;
所述相邻的固定边框上表面安装有防水盖组件。A waterproof cover assembly is installed on the upper surface of the adjacent fixed frame.
作为上述技术方案的进一步改进:As a further improvement of the above technical solution:
所述盖边框的结构为:包括第一矩形管状本体,所述第一矩形管状本体内部为第一角码型腔,所述第一矩形管状本体的一侧上部设置水平开口的U形第一层压件安装槽,所述第一层压件安装槽的上表面设置有上盖板,上盖板下表面和矩形管状本体的上表面形成U形的定位槽。The structure of the cover frame is as follows: it includes a first rectangular tubular body, the interior of the first rectangular tubular body is a first corner code cavity, and a U-shaped first horizontal opening is arranged on the upper part of one side of the first rectangular tubular body. Laminate installation groove, the upper surface of the first laminate installation groove is provided with an upper cover, and the lower surface of the upper cover and the upper surface of the rectangular tubular body form a U-shaped positioning groove.
所述底边框的结构为:包括第二矩形管状本体,所述第二矩形管状本体内部为第二角码型腔,所述第二矩形管状本体一侧设置水平开口的U形包裹槽,所述包裹槽的上部为板状的定位楞,所述包裹槽下部的宽度大于定位楞的宽度,并在包裹槽下部平行于包裹槽长度方向的边沿处向上设置有折边,所述第二矩形管状本体上部设置有开口向上的U形连接密封件槽,所述第二矩形管状本体的另一侧上部设置水平开口的U形第二层压件安装槽,所述第二层压件安装槽的对边内部设置有平行于第二层压件安装槽长度方向的溢胶槽;所述定位楞的上表面、第二层压件安装槽上槽边的上表面及连接密封件槽的上表面齐平。The structure of the bottom frame is as follows: it includes a second rectangular tubular body, the interior of the second rectangular tubular body is a second corner code cavity, and a U-shaped wrapping groove with a horizontal opening is arranged on one side of the second rectangular tubular body. The upper part of the wrapping groove is a plate-shaped positioning flute, the width of the lower part of the wrapping groove is greater than the width of the positioning flute, and a folded edge is arranged upward at the edge of the lower part of the wrapping groove parallel to the length direction of the wrapping groove, and the second rectangular The upper part of the tubular body is provided with a U-shaped connecting seal groove with an upward opening, and the other upper part of the second rectangular tubular body is provided with a U-shaped second laminate installation groove with a horizontal opening, and the second laminate installation groove There is a glue overflow groove parallel to the length direction of the second laminate installation groove inside the opposite side; the upper surface of the positioning flute, the upper surface of the upper groove side of the second laminate installation groove and the upper surface of the connecting seal groove The surface is flush.
所述固定边框的结构为:包括第三矩形管状本体,所述第三矩形管状本体内部为第三角码型腔,所述第三矩形管状本体的一侧上部设置水平开口的U形第三层压件安装槽,所述第三层压件安装槽的上表面高于第三矩形管状本体的上表面,所述第三矩形管状本体的上表面形成压块台阶。The structure of the fixed frame is: including a third rectangular tubular body, the inside of the third rectangular tubular body is a third corner code cavity, and a U-shaped third layer with a horizontal opening is arranged on the upper part of one side of the third rectangular tubular body The pressing piece installation groove, the upper surface of the third laminate installation groove is higher than the upper surface of the third rectangular tubular body, and the upper surface of the third rectangular tubular body forms a pressing block step.
所述排水梁组件的结构为:包括多个排水梁、主水槽接头及副水槽接头;The structure of the drainage beam assembly is: including a plurality of drainage beams, main tank joints and auxiliary tank joints;
所述排水梁的结构为:包括水平设置的矩形底板,所述底板相对的两端处上表面形成压块座,所述底板上表面中部对称设置有与压块座外侧边缘平行的支撑座,所述支撑座与底板围成主水槽,所述支撑座为垂直安装的矩形板状结构,所述板状结构上端向内侧设置有倒U形折弯结构,所述支撑座的外侧上部水平设置有板状的限位条,所述限位条与压块座之间的底板上表面向外侧倾斜设置有矩形结构的翼板,所述翼板的下边缘与压块座外侧边缘平行,所述翼板的上边缘向内侧设置有与翼板下边缘平行的折边结构,所述翼板、支撑座和底板围成副水槽,所述梁压块为板状结构,所述梁压块的一端压装于安装于压块座上表面,所述梁压块的另一端固定安装于屋顶框架上表面;The structure of the drainage beam is as follows: it includes a horizontally arranged rectangular bottom plate, the upper surface of the opposite ends of the bottom plate forms a briquetting seat, and the middle part of the upper surface of the bottom plate is symmetrically provided with a support seat parallel to the outer edge of the briquetting seat, The support seat and the bottom plate form the main water tank, the support seat is a rectangular plate structure installed vertically, the upper end of the plate structure is provided with an inverted U-shaped bending structure inwardly, and the outer upper part of the support seat is horizontally arranged There is a plate-shaped limiting strip, and the upper surface of the bottom plate between the limiting strip and the briquetting seat is inclined to the outside with a rectangular wing plate, the lower edge of the wing plate is parallel to the outer edge of the briquetting seat, so The upper edge of the wing plate is provided with a hemming structure parallel to the lower edge of the wing plate inwardly, the wing plate, the support seat and the bottom plate form an auxiliary water tank, the beam pressing block is a plate-shaped structure, and the beam pressing block One end of the beam is press-fitted on the upper surface of the pressure block seat, and the other end of the beam pressure block is fixedly installed on the upper surface of the roof frame;
两个相邻排水梁的主水槽端部内密封安装有主水槽接头,两个相邻排水梁的副水槽端部内密封安装有副水槽接头;The ends of the main water tanks of two adjacent drainage beams are sealed and installed with main water tank joints, and the ends of the auxiliary water tanks of two adjacent drainage beams are sealed and installed with auxiliary water tank joints;
所述主水槽接头为第一U形槽状结构,所述第一U形槽状结构的底边与主水槽底边贴合,第一U形槽状结构的两个侧板卡接在支撑座的内侧,所述副水槽为第二U形槽状结构,所述第二U形槽状结构的底边与副水槽的底边贴合,所述第二U形槽状结构的一侧边与支撑座的外部贴合并卡接在限位条的下表面,所述第二U形槽状结构的另一侧边与所述翼板的内表面贴合并卡接在翼板上边缘的折边结构内。The main water tank joint is a first U-shaped groove structure, the bottom of the first U-shaped groove structure is attached to the bottom edge of the main water tank, and the two side plates of the first U-shaped groove structure are clamped on the support The inner side of the seat, the auxiliary water tank is a second U-shaped groove-shaped structure, the bottom edge of the second U-shaped groove-shaped structure is attached to the bottom edge of the auxiliary water tank, and one side of the second U-shaped groove-shaped structure The side of the support seat fits and is snapped on the lower surface of the limit bar, and the other side of the second U-shaped groove-like structure fits and snaps to the inner surface of the wing plate. Inside the hem structure.
所述光伏组件固定件的结构为,包括固定压块,所述固定压块为U形板状结构,所述U形板状结构上端对称设置有向外的水平折边,所述U形板状结构底部开有通孔,所述水平折边的下部压装于固定边框上,还包括螺母,所述螺母为矩形块状结构,所述矩形块状结构中心开有螺纹孔,所述螺母活动安装于排水梁组件内部,穿过所述通孔和螺纹孔安装有螺栓。The structure of the photovoltaic module fixing part is to include a fixed pressing block, the fixed pressing block is a U-shaped plate-shaped structure, and the upper end of the U-shaped plate-shaped structure is symmetrically provided with outward horizontal folds, and the U-shaped plate A through hole is opened at the bottom of the horizontal folded edge, and the lower part of the horizontal fold is pressed on the fixed frame, and a nut is also included. The nut is a rectangular block structure, and a threaded hole is opened in the center of the rectangular block structure. The nut It is movably installed inside the drainage beam assembly, and bolts are installed through the through holes and threaded holes.
所述防水盖组件的结构为:包括防水盖,所述防水盖中部安装有弹簧片,所述防水盖两侧下表面安装有防水胶带,所述防水盖组件通过防水胶带与相邻两个固定边框上表面连接,所述防水盖组件通过弹簧片与相邻两个固定边框底部卡接固定安装;The structure of the waterproof cover assembly is: including a waterproof cover, a spring leaf is installed in the middle of the waterproof cover, waterproof tapes are installed on the lower surfaces of both sides of the waterproof cover, and the waterproof cover assembly is fixed to two adjacent ones by waterproof tapes. The upper surface of the frame is connected, and the waterproof cover assembly is clamped and fixedly installed with the bottom of two adjacent fixed frames through a spring piece;
所述防水盖的结构为:包括对称设置的水平矩形安装板,所述安装板上设置有对称门形板状结构的凸盖,所述凸盖的两个侧边分别位于两个安装板的内侧上表面,所述凸盖与安装板之间形成水平方向开口的盖固定槽;The structure of the waterproof cover is as follows: it includes a symmetrically arranged horizontal rectangular mounting plate, and a convex cover with a symmetrical door-shaped plate structure is arranged on the mounting plate, and the two sides of the convex cover are respectively located on the sides of the two mounting plates. On the inner upper surface, a cover fixing groove opening in the horizontal direction is formed between the convex cover and the mounting plate;
所述弹簧片的结构为:包括矩形板状上安装片,所述上安装片对角开有切角,所述上安装片的底部对称安装有下弹片,所述下弹片设置有向外侧凸出的折弯部,所述上安装片卡接在盖固定槽内,所述下弹片的折弯部上部卡接在固定边框底部。The structure of the spring piece is as follows: it includes a rectangular plate-shaped upper mounting piece, the upper mounting piece is diagonally cut, and the bottom of the upper mounting piece is symmetrically installed with a lower elastic piece, and the lower elastic piece is provided with a convex surface outwardly. The upper mounting piece is clamped in the fixing groove of the cover, and the upper part of the bending part of the lower elastic piece is clamped in the bottom of the fixed frame.
所述屋顶框架截面呈人字形,位于屋顶框架人字形顶部的排水梁组件的端部上表面安装有屋脊组件。The section of the roof frame is herringbone, and the upper surface of the end of the drainage beam assembly at the top of the roof frame is installed with a roof ridge assembly.
所述屋脊组件的结构为:包括安装于位于屋顶框架人字形顶部的排水梁组件的端部上表面的屋脊过渡板,所述屋脊过渡板为凹形板状结构,所述凹形板状结构底部平行设置有多条矩形条状的压块楞,所述压块楞上表面齐平,凹形板状结构一侧外边顶部水平设置有对接板,所述对接板与凹形板状结构一侧外边顶部形成的对接边,所述对接板的与对接边相对一侧端面设置有与对接边平行的屋脊固定槽,所述屋脊固定槽上边沿向外延伸形成边框盖板,所述对接边一侧的凹形板状结构侧边与凹形板状结构底部围成溢流槽,所述屋脊过渡板深度方向上的两个端部位分别于相邻的两个排水梁组件上,所述屋脊过渡板的端部通过安装于压块楞上的屋脊压块组件与排水梁组件固定,所述压块楞上安装有屋脊压块组件,所述屋脊压块组件与所述光伏组件固定件的结构相同;The structure of the ridge assembly is as follows: it includes a ridge transition plate installed on the upper surface of the end of the drainage beam assembly at the gable top of the roof frame, the ridge transition plate is a concave plate structure, and the concave plate structure The bottom is parallel with a plurality of rectangular strip-shaped corrugated blocks, the upper surface of the compact corrugated is flush, and a butt plate is horizontally arranged on the top of the outer side of the concave plate-shaped structure, and the butt plate and the concave plate-shaped structure are aligned. The butt edge formed on the top of the side outer edge, the end surface of the butt plate opposite to the butt edge is provided with a ridge fixing groove parallel to the butt edge, and the upper edge of the ridge fixing groove extends outward to form a frame cover plate, and the butt edge The side of the concave plate-shaped structure on one side and the bottom of the concave plate-shaped structure form an overflow tank, and the two ends of the roof transition plate in the depth direction are respectively located on two adjacent drainage beam assemblies. The end of the ridge transition plate is fixed by the ridge pressing block assembly and the drainage beam assembly installed on the pressing block flute, the roof pressing block assembly is installed on the pressing block flute, and the roof pressing block assembly and the photovoltaic module fixing part have the same structure;
所述屋脊过渡板上部安装有屋脊板,所述屋脊板为人字形板状结构,所述对接板的通过屋脊固定螺丝与屋脊板的人字形板状结构下端部固定连接,所述屋脊固定槽与最上端的防水光伏组件的底边框卡接,所述边框盖板搭接在所述底边框的上表面,所述边框盖板与所述底边框之间设置光伏组件连接密封件,所述边框盖板上表面与屋脊板下表面之间设置有屋脊防水胶条。A ridge plate is installed on the top of the ridge transition plate, and the ridge plate is a herringbone plate structure, and the butt plate is fixedly connected with the lower end of the ridge plate through the ridge fixing screws, and the ridge fixing groove is connected with the ridge plate. The bottom frame of the uppermost waterproof photovoltaic module is clamped, the frame cover overlaps the upper surface of the bottom frame, a photovoltaic module connection seal is provided between the frame cover and the bottom frame, and the frame cover A ridge waterproof adhesive strip is arranged between the upper surface of the board and the lower surface of the ridge board.
最外侧的所述排水梁组件上通过光伏组件固定件安装有固定边框,所述固定边框与排水梁组件之间压装有侧过渡板,所述侧过渡板为折弯形板状结构,所述侧过渡板的外侧连接有屋顶防水板,所述侧过渡板以及屋顶防水板安装于屋顶框架上表面。The outermost drainage beam assembly is equipped with a fixed frame through the fixing part of the photovoltaic module, and a side transition plate is pressed between the fixed frame and the drainage beam assembly. The side transition plate is a bent plate structure, so The outer side of the side transition board is connected with a roof waterproof board, and the side transition board and the roof waterproof board are installed on the upper surface of the roof frame.
有益效果Beneficial effect
本发明的有益效果如下:The beneficial effects of the present invention are as follows:
本发明结构紧凑、合理,操作方便,通过采用特别设计的用于安装光伏层压件的盖边框、底边框、固定边框,使得防水光伏组件自身结构及防水光伏组件之间的连接结构密封性更好,防水光伏组件配合排水梁组件和防水盖组件在实现稳固密封安装的同时,还可以在防水光伏组件及防水光伏组件之间间隙处漏水时集水排水,满足光伏组件做为建筑的屋面不漏水不渗水等高级别要求。The present invention has a compact and reasonable structure, and is easy to operate. By adopting a specially designed cover frame, bottom frame, and fixed frame for installing photovoltaic laminates, the structure of the waterproof photovoltaic module itself and the connection structure between the waterproof photovoltaic modules are more airtight. Well, the waterproof photovoltaic module cooperates with the drainage beam assembly and the waterproof cover assembly to achieve a stable and sealed installation, and at the same time, it can also collect and drain water when water leaks in the gap between the waterproof photovoltaic module and the waterproof photovoltaic module. High-level requirements such as water leakage and impermeability.
本具有防水功能的光伏屋面强化结构获得TUV测试机构的15cm储水并保压24小时的测试认证,且本具有防水功能的光伏屋面强化结构应用于大型钢结构屋面,也通过了客户邀请的第三方认证机构建筑级防水测试。防水测试方法是在光伏屋面的表面进行表面蓄水并保压,蓄水保压的水深度为15cm,通过持续24小时的蓄水保压测试来监测光伏屋面的背面,实际测试光伏屋面的背面无任何渗水现象。The photovoltaic roof reinforcement structure with waterproof function has obtained the test certification of 15cm water storage and pressure retention for 24 hours by the TUV testing agency, and the photovoltaic roof reinforcement structure with waterproof function is applied to large steel structure roofs, and has also passed the customer's invitation. Architectural-grade waterproof test by a third-party certification body. The waterproof test method is to store water and maintain pressure on the surface of the photovoltaic roof. The water depth of the water storage and pressure is 15cm. The back of the photovoltaic roof is monitored through the 24-hour water storage and pressure test, and the back of the photovoltaic roof is actually tested. No water seepage.
本发明还包括如下优点:The present invention also includes the following advantages:
(1)底边框和盖边框之间的叠瓦式连接结构,使得实现密封防水更加简单,操作更加便利,搭接部位安装有光伏组件连接密封件,可杜绝大部分的水。(1) The shingled connection structure between the bottom frame and the cover frame makes it easier to achieve sealing and waterproofing, and the operation is more convenient. The photovoltaic module connection seal is installed at the lap joint, which can prevent most of the water.
(2)底边框上的连接密封件槽结构,使得光伏组件连接密封件实现预安装,简化现场施工难度,提升产业化应用的便利性。(2) The groove structure of the connection seal on the bottom frame enables the pre-installation of the connection seal of the photovoltaic module, which simplifies the difficulty of on-site construction and improves the convenience of industrial application.
(3)底边框第二层压件安装槽内部设置溢胶槽,采用二次缓冲来实现溢流密封,进而保持在底边框叠加盖边框的上盖板,实现表面高度一致,也实现减少清洁人工的效果,同时底边框溢胶槽的结构也起到了加强作用,可以使第二层压件安装槽对边更薄。(3) The overflow groove is set inside the second laminate installation groove of the bottom frame, and the secondary buffer is used to realize the overflow seal, and then keep the upper cover plate superimposed on the bottom frame to cover the frame, so as to achieve consistent surface height and reduce cleaning Artificial effect, at the same time, the structure of the overflow groove of the bottom frame also plays a strengthening role, which can make the opposite side of the second laminate installation groove thinner.
(4)防水盖组件结构简单、安装方便,用于相邻两排防水光伏组件之间间隙密封防水,另外防水盖本身也阻止外部的异物杂物掉入排水梁槽内,避免长期形成的堵塞影响排水效果。(4) The structure of the waterproof cover assembly is simple and easy to install. It is used to seal and waterproof the gap between two adjacent rows of waterproof photovoltaic modules. In addition, the waterproof cover itself also prevents external foreign objects from falling into the drainage beam groove to avoid long-term blockage affect drainage.
(5)排水梁组件与防水光伏屋面其它部件配合实现防水光伏组件固定安装的同时,也实现多道防水和疏水功能。(5) The drainage beam assembly cooperates with other components of the waterproof photovoltaic roof to realize the fixed installation of waterproof photovoltaic modules, and also realizes multi-channel waterproof and water-repellent functions.
(6)光伏组件采用上下叠瓦方式设计,基于人工自然位置的放置,推送到位模式快捷安装。防水光伏组件的纵向方向底边框与盖边框之间的连接结构留有安装间隙。这个安装间隙也为防水光伏组件之间提供容错能力,同样适应户外的各种潜在形变需求。(6) Photovoltaic modules are designed in the way of shingling up and down, based on the placement of artificial natural positions, and the push-in-place mode is quick and easy to install. There is an installation gap in the connection structure between the bottom frame and the cover frame in the longitudinal direction of the waterproof photovoltaic module. This installation gap also provides fault tolerance between waterproof photovoltaic modules, and also adapts to various potential deformation requirements outdoors.
(7)底边框的包裹槽两端开口,开口位置位于排水梁的副水槽上方,可收集来自底边框与盖边框之间的间隙处漏水,也可收集来自盖边框处的封边材料失效时漏水。(7) Both ends of the package groove of the bottom frame are open, and the opening is located above the auxiliary water tank of the drainage beam, which can collect water leakage from the gap between the bottom frame and the cover frame, and also collect the edge sealing material from the cover frame when it fails water leakage.
(8)主水槽用于接住相邻固定边框之间间隙处漏水。(8) The main water tank is used to catch water leakage in the gap between adjacent fixed frames.
(9)屋脊组件用于人字形顶部的排水梁组件的端部之间间隙封闭,屋脊过渡板的溢流槽的水向两侧流入排水梁的主水槽中。(9) The ridge assembly is used to close the gap between the ends of the drainage beam assembly at the top of the herringbone, and the water in the overflow tank of the ridge transition plate flows into the main water tank of the drainage beam to both sides.
(10)侧过渡板通过安装于排水梁上来衔接最外侧的防水光伏组件和防水盖,可以大大减少漏水的风险。(10) The side transition plate is installed on the drainage beam to connect the outermost waterproof photovoltaic module and waterproof cover, which can greatly reduce the risk of water leakage.
附图说明Description of drawings
图1为本发明结构示意图(省略一块防水光伏组件,不包括侧过渡板和屋顶防水板)。Figure 1 is a schematic diagram of the structure of the present invention (a waterproof photovoltaic module is omitted, excluding side transition boards and roof waterproof boards).
图2为图1中A处的局部放大图(省略梁压块和防水盖组件)。Figure 2 is a partial enlarged view of A in Figure 1 (the beam clamp and waterproof cover assembly are omitted).
图3为本发明的主视图(省略侧过渡板和屋顶防水板)。Fig. 3 is a front view of the present invention (side transition board and roof waterproof board are omitted).
图4为本发明的过渡板和屋顶防水板的连接示意图(省略屋顶框架)。Fig. 4 is a schematic diagram of the connection between the transition board and the roof waterproof board of the present invention (roof frame is omitted).
图5为本发明防水光伏组件的结构示意图。Fig. 5 is a schematic structural diagram of the waterproof photovoltaic module of the present invention.
图6为本发明防水光伏组件的主视图。Fig. 6 is a front view of the waterproof photovoltaic module of the present invention.
图7为本发明防水光伏组件与防水组件的组装结构示意图。Fig. 7 is a schematic diagram of the assembly structure of the waterproof photovoltaic module and the waterproof module of the present invention.
图8为本发明防水光伏组件与排水梁的安装结构示意图。Fig. 8 is a schematic diagram of the installation structure of the waterproof photovoltaic module and the drainage beam of the present invention.
图9为本发明防水盖组件的安装结构示意图。Fig. 9 is a schematic diagram of the installation structure of the waterproof cover assembly of the present invention.
图10为本发明盖边框的结构示意图。Fig. 10 is a schematic structural view of the cover frame of the present invention.
图11为本发明底边框的结构示意图。Fig. 11 is a schematic structural diagram of the bottom frame of the present invention.
图12为本发明固定边框的结构示意图。Fig. 12 is a schematic structural view of the fixed frame of the present invention.
图13为本发明排水梁组件的结构示意图。Fig. 13 is a schematic structural view of the drainage beam assembly of the present invention.
图14为本发明排水梁的结构示意图。Fig. 14 is a structural schematic diagram of the drainage beam of the present invention.
图15为本发明固定压块的结构示意图。Fig. 15 is a schematic structural view of the fixed pressing block of the present invention.
图16为本发明防水盖的结构示意图。Fig. 16 is a structural schematic diagram of the waterproof cover of the present invention.
图17为本发明弹簧片的结构示意图。Fig. 17 is a schematic diagram of the structure of the spring leaf of the present invention.
图18为图3中C处的局部放大图。FIG. 18 is a partially enlarged view of point C in FIG. 3 .
图19为本发明屋脊过渡板的安装示意图。Fig. 19 is a schematic diagram of the installation of the ridge transition plate of the present invention.
图20为本发明屋脊过渡板的结构示意图。Fig. 20 is a structural schematic diagram of the ridge transition plate of the present invention.
图21为本发明盖边框和底边框组合结构的防水原理示意图。Fig. 21 is a schematic diagram of the waterproof principle of the combined structure of the cover frame and the bottom frame of the present invention.
其中:in:
1、防水光伏组件;11、光伏层压件;12、固定边框;13、盖边框;14、底边框;15、封边材料;1. Waterproof photovoltaic module; 11. Photovoltaic laminate; 12. Fixed frame; 13. Cover frame; 14. Bottom frame; 15. Edge sealing material;
121、第三层压件安装槽;122、第三角码型腔;123、压块台阶;131、第一层压件安装槽;132、第一角码型腔;133、上盖板;134、定位槽;141、第二层压件安装槽;142、第二角码型腔;143、包裹槽;144、定位楞;145、连接密封件槽;146、溢胶槽;147、折边;121. The third laminate installation groove; 122. The third corner code cavity; 123. The briquetting step; 131. The first laminate installation groove; 132. The first corner code cavity; 133. The upper cover plate; 134 , positioning groove; 141, second laminate mounting groove; 142, second corner code cavity; 143, wrapping groove; 144, positioning corrugated; 145, connecting seal groove; 146, overflow glue groove; ;
2、光伏组件连接密封件;3、光伏组件固定件;31、固定压块;32、螺母;33、螺栓;4、排水梁组件;41、排水梁;42、副水槽接头;43、主水槽接头;2. Photovoltaic module connection seal; 3. Photovoltaic module fixing piece; 31. Fixed pressing block; 32. Nut; 33. Bolt; 4. Drainage beam assembly; 41. Drainage beam; 42. Auxiliary sink joint; 43. Main sink connector;
311、水平折边;410、底板;411、主水槽;412、副水槽;413、支撑座;414、压块座;415、限位条;416、翼板;311, horizontal flanging; 410, bottom plate; 411, main water tank; 412, auxiliary water tank; 413, support seat; 414, briquetting seat; 415, limit bar; 416, wing plate;
5、防水盖组件;51、防水盖;52、弹簧片;53、防水胶带;5. Waterproof cover assembly; 51. Waterproof cover; 52. Spring leaf; 53. Waterproof tape;
511、安装板;512、凸盖;513、盖固定槽;521、上安装片;522、下弹片;511, mounting plate; 512, convex cover; 513, cover fixing groove; 521, upper mounting piece; 522, lower shrapnel;
6、屋脊组件;61、屋脊板;62、屋脊过渡板;63、屋脊压块组件;64、屋脊防水胶条;65、屋脊固定螺丝;6. Ridge assembly; 61. Ridge plate; 62. Ridge transition plate; 63. Roof pressing block assembly; 64. Ridge waterproof strip; 65. Ridge fixing screw;
621、屋脊固定槽;622、溢流槽;623、压块楞;624、对接板;625、对接边;626、边框盖板;621, ridge fixing groove; 622, overflow groove; 623, briquetting block; 624, butt plate; 625, butt edge; 626, frame cover plate;
7、侧过渡板;8、屋顶防水板;9、屋顶框架;10、梁压块。7. Side transition board; 8. Roof waterproof board; 9. Roof frame; 10. Beam pressing block.
本发明的实施方式Embodiments of the present invention
下面结合附图,说明本发明的具体实施方式。The specific implementation manner of the present invention will be described below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.
如图1-图9所示,本实施例的具有防水功能的光伏屋面强化结构,包括屋顶框架9,屋顶框架9上表面倾斜设置有多组排水梁组件4,排水梁组件4沿着屋顶框架9上表面均匀间隔排布,单个排水梁组件4通过梁压块10与屋顶框架9固定连接,相邻两个排水梁组件4之间的上表面安装有多组互相连接的防水光伏组件1。As shown in Figures 1-9, the photovoltaic roof reinforcement structure with waterproof function of this embodiment includes a roof frame 9, and the upper surface of the roof frame 9 is obliquely provided with multiple groups of drainage beam assemblies 4, and the drainage beam assemblies 4 are arranged along the roof frame. The upper surfaces of 9 are arranged evenly at intervals, and a single drainage beam assembly 4 is fixedly connected to the roof frame 9 through beam pressing blocks 10, and multiple groups of interconnected waterproof photovoltaic modules 1 are installed on the upper surface between two adjacent drainage beam assemblies 4.
如图5、图7所示,防水光伏组件1结构为:包括长方形结构的光伏层压件11,光伏层压件11的一组对边安装有固定边框12,光伏层压件11的另一组对边分别安装有盖边框13和底边框14,固定边框12与盖边框13之间通过角码固定连接,固定边框12与底边框14之间通过角码固定连接,角码为直角折弯结构,固定边框12、盖边框13、底边框14与光伏层压件11之间均通过封边材料15密封连接。光伏层压件11采用由两组固定边框12、盖边框13、底边框14以及角码组成的防水边框进行封边固定,封边材料15的材料种类可以为硅胶、泡棉材料等。As shown in Figures 5 and 7, the structure of the waterproof photovoltaic module 1 is: a photovoltaic laminate 11 with a rectangular structure, a set of opposite sides of the photovoltaic laminate 11 is equipped with a fixed frame 12, and the other side of the photovoltaic laminate 11 is A cover frame 13 and a bottom frame 14 are respectively installed on the opposite sides of the group. The fixed frame 12 and the cover frame 13 are fixedly connected by corners, and the fixed frame 12 and the bottom frame 14 are fixedly connected by corners. The corners are bent at right angles. structure, the fixed frame 12 , the cover frame 13 , the bottom frame 14 and the photovoltaic laminate 11 are sealed and connected by the edge sealing material 15 . The photovoltaic laminate 11 is edge-sealed and fixed by a waterproof frame composed of two sets of fixed frames 12, cover frame 13, bottom frame 14, and corners. The material type of the edge-sealing material 15 can be silica gel, foam material, etc.
如图6、图7所示,固定边框12通过光伏组件固定件3安装于排水梁组件4上表面,同一防水光伏组件1的盖边框13位于底边框14的下方,相邻的防水光伏组件1的盖边框13与底边框14相互将连接,盖边框13与底边框14之间还安装有光伏组件连接密封件2。底边框14和盖边框13之间的叠瓦式连接结构,使得实现密封防水更加简单,操作更加便利,搭接部位安装有光伏组件连接密封件2,可杜绝大部分的水。光伏组件连接密封件2的材料可以为泡棉材料、丁基材料、弹性橡胶类材料等。As shown in Figure 6 and Figure 7, the fixed frame 12 is installed on the upper surface of the drainage beam assembly 4 through the photovoltaic module fixing part 3, the cover frame 13 of the same waterproof photovoltaic module 1 is located below the bottom frame 14, and the adjacent waterproof photovoltaic module 1 The cover frame 13 and the bottom frame 14 will be connected to each other, and the photovoltaic module connection seal 2 is installed between the cover frame 13 and the bottom frame 14 . The shingled connection structure between the bottom frame 14 and the cover frame 13 makes it easier to achieve sealing and waterproofing, and the operation is more convenient. The photovoltaic module connection seal 2 is installed at the overlapping part, which can prevent most of the water. The material of the photovoltaic module connection sealing member 2 may be foam material, butyl material, elastic rubber material and the like.
如图2所示,底边框14的两端底部开口,且开口位置位于排水梁组件4上方。具体为底边框14的包裹槽143两端开口,开口位置位于排水梁41的副水槽412上方,实现多道防水,即使有逆向水流也不会发生水流到地面上。As shown in FIG. 2 , both ends of the bottom frame 14 are open at the bottom, and the opening is located above the drainage beam assembly 4 . Specifically, both ends of the wrapping groove 143 of the bottom frame 14 are open, and the opening position is located above the auxiliary water tank 412 of the drainage beam 41 to realize multi-channel waterproofing, and even if there is a reverse flow, water will not flow to the ground.
如图1、图8-图10所示,相邻的固定边框12上表面安装有防水盖组件5。防水盖组件5用于相邻两排防水光伏组件1之间间隙密封,屋脊组件6用于屋面系统顶部密封。As shown in Fig. 1, Fig. 8- Fig. 10, a waterproof cover assembly 5 is installed on the upper surface of the adjacent fixed frame 12. The waterproof cover assembly 5 is used for sealing the gap between two adjacent rows of waterproof photovoltaic modules 1 , and the ridge assembly 6 is used for sealing the top of the roof system.
如图10所示,盖边框13的结构为:包括第一矩形管状本体,第一矩形管状本体内部为第一角码型腔132,第一矩形管状本体的一侧上部设置水平开口的U形第一层压件安装槽131,第一层压件安装槽131的上表面设置有上盖板133,上盖板133下表面和矩形管状本体的上表面形成U形的定位槽134。光伏层压件11通过封边材料15密封安装于第一层压件安装槽131中,第一角码型腔132与角码配合。As shown in Figure 10, the structure of the cover frame 13 is: comprising a first rectangular tubular body, the inside of the first rectangular tubular body is a first corner code cavity 132, and a U-shaped horizontal opening is arranged on one side of the first rectangular tubular body. The first laminate installation groove 131, the upper surface of the first laminate installation groove 131 is provided with an upper cover 133, the lower surface of the upper cover 133 and the upper surface of the rectangular tubular body form a U-shaped positioning groove 134. The photovoltaic laminate 11 is sealed and installed in the first laminate installation groove 131 through the edge sealing material 15 , and the first corner code cavity 132 is matched with the corner code.
如图11所示,底边框14的结构为:包括第二矩形管状本体,第二矩形管状本体内部为第二角码型腔142,第二矩形管状本体一侧设置水平开口的U形包裹槽143,包裹槽143的上部为板状的定位楞144,包裹槽143下部的宽度大于定位楞144的宽度,并在包裹槽143下部平行于包裹槽143长度方向的边沿处向上设置有折边147,第二矩形管状本体上部设置有开口向上的U形连接密封件槽145,第二矩形管状本体的另一侧上部设置水平开口的U形第二层压件安装槽141,第二层压件安装槽141的对边内部设置有平行于第二层压件安装槽141长度方向的溢胶槽146;定位楞144的上表面、第二层压件安装槽141上槽边的上表面及连接密封件槽145的上表面齐平。光伏层压件11通过封边材料15密封安装于第二层压件安装槽141,第二角码型腔142与角码配合。可提前在底边框14的连接密封件槽145内安装好光伏组件连接密封件2,简化现场施工难度,提升产业化应用的便利性。As shown in Figure 11 , the structure of the bottom frame 14 is as follows: it includes a second rectangular tubular body, inside the second rectangular tubular body is a second corner code cavity 142, and a U-shaped wrapping groove with a horizontal opening is arranged on one side of the second rectangular tubular body 143, the upper part of the wrapping groove 143 is a plate-shaped positioning flute 144, the width of the lower part of the wrapping groove 143 is larger than the width of the positioning flute 144, and a folded edge 147 is arranged upward at the edge of the wrapping groove 143 parallel to the length direction of the wrapping groove 143 , the upper part of the second rectangular tubular body is provided with a U-shaped connecting seal groove 145 with an upward opening, and a U-shaped second laminate installation groove 141 with a horizontal opening is provided on the upper part of the other side of the second rectangular tubular body, and the second laminate The inside of the opposite side of the installation groove 141 is provided with a glue overflow groove 146 parallel to the length direction of the second laminate installation groove 141; The upper surface of the seal groove 145 is flush. The photovoltaic laminate 11 is sealed and installed in the second laminate installation groove 141 through the edge sealing material 15 , and the second corner code cavity 142 is matched with the corner code. The photovoltaic module connection seal 2 can be installed in the connection seal groove 145 of the bottom frame 14 in advance, which simplifies the difficulty of on-site construction and improves the convenience of industrial application.
如图7、图10、图11所示,底边框14的上部设计低于固定边框12和盖边框13,上方的防水光伏组件1盖边框13的上盖板133覆盖下方的防水光伏组件1底边框14的上部,并盖住连接密封件槽145;下方的防水光伏组件1底边框14的包裹槽143承托上方的防水光伏组件1盖边框13的第一矩形管状本体,同时包裹槽143收集于其对应的盖边框13和底边框14安装间隙的溢流水滴;底边框14的定位楞144插入到盖边框13的定位槽134中,通过此结构控制盖边框13和底边框14之间的间隙,防止因间隙过大造成大量的雨水透进入到底边框14的包裹槽143;底边框14的第二层压件安装槽141内部设置溢胶槽146,第二层压件安装槽141与光伏层压件11之间采用封边材料15连接,在将光伏层压件11装入第二层压件安装槽141时,多余的正面封边材料15被挤到第二层压件安装槽141的整体结构中,采用二次缓冲来实现溢流密封,进而保持在底边框14叠加盖边框13的上盖板133后,实现表面高度一致,也实现减少清洁人工的效果,同时底边框14溢胶槽146的结构也起到了加强作用,可以使第二层压件安装槽141的对边更薄;盖边框13和底边框14之间的安装间隙,这个间隙也为防水光伏组件1纵向之间提供容错能力,同样适应户外的各种潜在形变需求。As shown in Figure 7, Figure 10, and Figure 11, the upper part of the bottom frame 14 is designed to be lower than the fixed frame 12 and the cover frame 13, and the upper cover plate 133 of the upper waterproof photovoltaic module 1 cover frame 13 covers the bottom of the lower waterproof photovoltaic module 1 The upper part of the frame 14 and covers the connecting seal groove 145; the wrapping groove 143 of the bottom frame 14 of the waterproof photovoltaic module 1 below supports the first rectangular tubular body of the upper waterproof photovoltaic module 1 cover frame 13, and the wrapping groove 143 collects The overflow water droplets in the gap between the corresponding cover frame 13 and bottom frame 14; gap, to prevent a large amount of rainwater from penetrating into the wrapping groove 143 of the bottom frame 14 due to the excessive gap; the second laminate mounting groove 141 of the bottom frame 14 is provided with an overflow glue groove 146, and the second laminate mounting groove 141 is connected with the photovoltaic The laminates 11 are connected by edge sealing material 15, when the photovoltaic laminate 11 is installed into the second laminate installation groove 141, the excess front edge sealing material 15 is squeezed into the second laminate installation groove 141 In the overall structure, the secondary buffer is used to realize the overflow seal, and then keep the upper cover plate 133 of the bottom frame 14 superimposed on the cover frame 13 to achieve the same surface height and reduce the effect of cleaning labor. At the same time, the bottom frame 14 overflows The structure of the glue groove 146 also plays a strengthening role, which can make the opposite side of the second laminate installation groove 141 thinner; the installation gap between the cover frame 13 and the bottom frame 14 is also the gap between the waterproof photovoltaic module 1 in the longitudinal direction. Provides fault tolerance, and also adapts to various potential deformation requirements outdoors.
如图12所示,固定边框12的结构为:包括第三矩形管状本体,第三矩形管状本体内部为第三角码型腔122,第三矩形管状本体的一侧上部设置水平开口的U形第三层压件安装槽121,第三层压件安装槽121的上表面高于第三矩形管状本体的上表面,第三矩形管状本体的上表面形成压块台阶123。光伏层压件11通过封边材料15密封安装于第三层压件安装槽121,第三角码型腔122与角码配合。As shown in Figure 12, the structure of the fixed frame 12 is: comprising a third rectangular tubular body, the inside of the third rectangular tubular body is a third corner code cavity 122, and a U-shaped first horizontal opening is arranged on one side of the third rectangular tubular body. There are three laminate installation grooves 121 , the upper surface of the third laminate installation groove 121 is higher than the upper surface of the third rectangular tubular body, and the upper surface of the third rectangular tubular body forms a pressing block step 123 . The photovoltaic laminate 11 is sealed and installed in the third laminate installation groove 121 through the edge sealing material 15 , and the third corner code cavity 122 is matched with the corner code.
如图13所示,排水梁组件4的结构为:包括多个排水梁41、主水槽接头43及副水槽接头42。As shown in FIG. 13 , the structure of the drainage beam assembly 4 is: comprising a plurality of drainage beams 41 , main tank joints 43 and auxiliary tank joints 42 .
如图8、图9、图13、图14所示,排水梁41的结构为:包括水平设置的矩形底板410,底板410相对的两端处上表面形成压块座414,底板410上表面中部对称设置有与压块座414外侧边缘平行的支撑座413,支撑座413与底板410围成主水槽411,支撑座413为垂直安装的矩形板状结构,板状结构上端向内侧设置有倒U形折弯结构,支撑座413的外侧上部水平设置有板状的限位条415,限位条415与压块座414之间的底板410上表面向外侧倾斜设置有矩形结构的翼板416,翼板416的下边缘与压块座414外侧边缘平行,翼板416的上边缘向内侧设置有与翼板416下边缘平行的折边结构,翼板416、支撑座413和底板410围成副水槽412,梁压块10为板状结构,梁压块10的一端压装于安装于压块座414上表面,梁压块10的另一端固定安装于屋顶框架9上表面。排水梁41的主水槽411位于相邻两排防水光伏组件1的相邻固定边框12下方,固定边框12安装于排水梁41的支撑座413上,主水槽411用于接住相邻固定边框12之间间隙处漏水。As shown in Fig. 8, Fig. 9, Fig. 13 and Fig. 14, the structure of the drainage beam 41 is as follows: it includes a rectangular bottom plate 410 arranged horizontally, and the upper surface of the opposite ends of the bottom plate 410 forms a briquetting seat 414, and the middle part of the upper surface of the bottom plate 410 A support seat 413 parallel to the outer edge of the press block seat 414 is arranged symmetrically. The support seat 413 and the bottom plate 410 enclose the main water tank 411. The support seat 413 is a rectangular plate structure installed vertically. The upper end of the plate structure is provided with an inverted U to the inside. Shaped bending structure, the outer upper part of the support seat 413 is horizontally provided with a plate-shaped limiting strip 415, and the upper surface of the bottom plate 410 between the limiting strip 415 and the pressure block seat 414 is provided with a rectangular wing plate 416 inclined to the outside. The lower edge of the wing plate 416 is parallel to the outer edge of the briquetting block seat 414, and the upper edge of the wing plate 416 is provided with a hemming structure parallel to the lower edge of the wing plate 416 inwardly. The water tank 412 and the beam pressing block 10 are plate-like structures. One end of the beam pressing block 10 is press-fitted on the upper surface of the pressing block seat 414, and the other end of the beam pressing block 10 is fixedly installed on the roof frame 9 upper surface. The main water tank 411 of the drainage beam 41 is located below the adjacent fixed frame 12 of two adjacent rows of waterproof photovoltaic modules 1, the fixed frame 12 is installed on the support seat 413 of the drainage beam 41, and the main water tank 411 is used to catch the adjacent fixed frame 12 Water leaks in between.
如图13所示,两个相邻排水梁41的主水槽411端部内密封安装有主水槽接头43,两个相邻排水梁41的副水槽412端部内密封安装有副水槽接头42。As shown in FIG. 13 , the ends of the main water tanks 411 of two adjacent drainage beams 41 are sealed with main water tank joints 43 , and the ends of auxiliary water tanks 412 of two adjacent drainage beams 41 are sealed with auxiliary water tank joints 42 .
如图13、图14所示,主水槽接头43为第一U形槽状结构,第一U形槽状结构的底边与主水槽411底边贴合,第一U形槽状结构的两个侧板卡接在支撑座413的内侧,副水槽412为第二U形槽状结构,第二U形槽状结构的底边与副水槽412的底边贴合,第二U形槽状结构的一侧边与支撑座413的外部贴合并卡接在限位条415的下表面,第二U形槽状结构的另一侧边与翼板416的内表面贴合并卡接在翼板416上边缘的折边结构内。As shown in Figure 13 and Figure 14, the main water tank joint 43 is a first U-shaped groove structure, the bottom edge of the first U-shaped groove structure is attached to the bottom edge of the main water tank 411, and the two sides of the first U-shaped groove structure Two side plates are clamped on the inner side of the support seat 413, the auxiliary water tank 412 is a second U-shaped groove structure, the bottom edge of the second U-shaped groove structure is attached to the bottom edge of the auxiliary water groove 412, and the second U-shaped groove shape One side of the structure fits on the outside of the support seat 413 and snaps on the lower surface of the limiting bar 415, and the other side of the second U-shaped groove structure fits on and snaps on the inner surface of the wing 416. 416 in the hemming structure of the upper edge.
如图8、图15所示,光伏组件固定件3的结构为,包括固定压块31,固定压块31为U形板状结构,U形板状结构上端对称设置有向外的水平折边311,U形板状结构底部开有通孔,水平折边311的下部压装于固定边框12上,还包括螺母32,螺母32为矩形块状结构,矩形块状结构中心开有螺纹孔,螺母32活动安装于排水梁组件4内部,穿过通孔和螺纹孔安装有螺栓33。光伏组件固定件3固定压块31的水平折边311底部与固定边框12的压块台阶123配合,螺母32旋转放入排水梁41的主水槽411后卡在倒U形折弯结构的下方,通过螺母32、螺栓33以及固定压块31之间的紧固将固定边框12压装在排水梁41上;紧固安装后,固定压块31上表面低于防水光伏组件1的固定边框12上表面。排水梁41的主水槽411位于相邻固定边框12下方。As shown in Fig. 8 and Fig. 15, the structure of the photovoltaic module fixing part 3 is as follows, including a fixed pressing block 31, the fixed pressing block 31 is a U-shaped plate-shaped structure, and the upper end of the U-shaped plate-shaped structure is symmetrically provided with outward horizontal folds 311, a through hole is opened at the bottom of the U-shaped plate structure, and the lower part of the horizontal flange 311 is press-fitted on the fixed frame 12, and also includes a nut 32. The nut 32 is a rectangular block structure, and a threaded hole is opened in the center of the rectangular block structure. Nuts 32 are movably installed inside the drainage beam assembly 4, and bolts 33 are installed through through holes and threaded holes. The bottom of the horizontal flange 311 of the fixed pressing block 31 of the photovoltaic module fixing part 3 cooperates with the pressing block step 123 of the fixed frame 12, and the nut 32 is rotated into the main water tank 411 of the drainage beam 41 and then stuck under the inverted U-shaped bending structure. Press-fit the fixed frame 12 on the drainage beam 41 through the fastening between the nuts 32, bolts 33 and the fixed pressure block 31; after fastening and installation, the upper surface of the fixed pressure block 31 is lower than the fixed frame 12 of the waterproof photovoltaic module 1 surface. The main water tank 411 of the drainage beam 41 is located below the adjacent fixed frame 12 .
如图9、图16、图17所示,防水盖组件5的结构为:包括防水盖51,防水盖51中部安装有弹簧片52,防水盖51两侧下表面安装有防水胶带53,防水盖组件5通过防水胶带53与相邻两个固定边框12上表面连接,防水盖组件5通过弹簧片52与相邻两个固定边框12底部卡接固定安装。As shown in Figure 9, Figure 16, and Figure 17, the structure of the waterproof cover assembly 5 is: comprising a waterproof cover 51, a spring leaf 52 is installed in the middle of the waterproof cover 51, waterproof tapes 53 are installed on the lower surfaces of both sides of the waterproof cover 51, and the waterproof cover The component 5 is connected to the upper surfaces of the two adjacent fixed frames 12 through the waterproof tape 53 , and the waterproof cover component 5 is clamped and fixedly installed with the bottoms of the two adjacent fixed frames 12 through the spring piece 52 .
如图9、图16所示,防水盖51的结构为:包括对称设置的水平矩形安装板511,安装板511上设置有对称门形板状结构的凸盖512,凸盖512的两个侧边分别位于两个安装板511的内侧上表面,凸盖512与安装板511之间形成水平方向开口的盖固定槽513。As shown in Fig. 9 and Fig. 16, the structure of the waterproof cover 51 is as follows: a symmetrically arranged horizontal rectangular mounting plate 511 is provided. The sides are respectively located on inner upper surfaces of the two mounting plates 511 , and a cover fixing groove 513 opening in the horizontal direction is formed between the convex cover 512 and the mounting plate 511 .
如图9、图17所示,弹簧片52的结构为:包括矩形板状上安装片521,上安装片521对角开有切角,上安装片521的底部对称安装有下弹片522,下弹片522设置有向外侧凸出的折弯部,上安装片521卡接在盖固定槽513内,下弹片522的折弯部上部卡接在固定边框12底部。上安装片521对角开有切角,可以通过旋转的方式转入盖固定槽513中,降低防水盖51与弹簧片52的组装劳动强度,弹簧片52卡入安装于排水梁组件4上表面的固定边框12底部,通过弹力将防水盖51拉住,防止防水盖51翘起。As shown in Figure 9 and Figure 17, the structure of the spring piece 52 is as follows: it includes a rectangular plate-shaped upper mounting piece 521, the upper mounting piece 521 has a cut corner on the corner, the bottom of the upper mounting piece 521 is symmetrically installed with a lower elastic piece 522, and the lower The elastic piece 522 is provided with a bent portion protruding outward, the upper mounting piece 521 is snapped into the cover fixing groove 513 , and the upper part of the bent portion of the lower elastic piece 522 is snapped into the bottom of the fixed frame 12 . The upper mounting piece 521 has a cut corner on the opposite corner, which can be turned into the cover fixing groove 513 by rotation, so as to reduce the labor intensity of assembling the waterproof cover 51 and the spring piece 52, and the spring piece 52 is snapped into and installed on the upper surface of the drainage beam assembly 4 The bottom of the fixed frame 12 pulls the waterproof cover 51 by elastic force to prevent the waterproof cover 51 from tilting.
光伏组件固定件3与防水盖组件5的弹簧片52均设置于排水梁组件4的主水槽411处,可根据实际情况间隔排布。The photovoltaic module fixing part 3 and the spring piece 52 of the waterproof cover assembly 5 are both arranged at the main water tank 411 of the drainage beam assembly 4, and can be arranged at intervals according to the actual situation.
屋顶框架9截面呈人字形,位于屋顶框架9人字形顶部的排水梁组件4的端部上表面安装有屋脊组件6。当屋顶框架结构9界面呈人字形时,屋脊组件6用于屋顶人字顶端处密封。The section of the roof frame 9 is herringbone, and the upper surface of the end of the drainage beam assembly 4 at the top of the roof frame 9 is installed with a roof ridge assembly 6 . When the interface of the roof frame structure 9 is herringbone, the roof ridge assembly 6 is used for sealing at the top of the roof herringbone.
如图1、图18-图20所示,屋脊组件6的结构为:包括安装于位于屋顶框架9人字形顶部的排水梁组件4的端部上表面的屋脊过渡板62,屋脊过渡板62为凹形板状结构,凹形板状结构底部平行设置有多条矩形条状的压块楞623,压块楞623上表面齐平,凹形板状结构一侧外边顶部水平设置有对接板624,对接板624与凹形板状结构一侧外边顶部形成的对接边625,对接板624的与对接边625相对一侧端面设置有与对接边625平行的屋脊固定槽621,屋脊固定槽621上边沿向外延伸形成边框盖板626,对接边625一侧的凹形板状结构侧边与凹形板状结构底部围成溢流槽622,屋脊过渡板62深度方向上的两个端部位分别于相邻的两个排水梁组件4上,屋脊过渡板62的端部通过安装于压块楞623上的屋脊压块组件63与排水梁组件4固定,压块楞623上安装有屋脊压块组件63,屋脊压块组件63与光伏组件固定件3的结构相同。屋脊组件6用于人字形顶部的排水梁组件的端部之间间隙封闭,屋脊过渡板62用于支撑安装其上方的屋脊板61,屋脊过渡板62两端具体位于排水梁41的主水槽411上方,同时屋脊过渡板62的溢流槽622的水向两侧流入排水梁41的主水槽411中。As shown in Fig. 1, Fig. 18-Fig. 20, the structure of ridge assembly 6 is: comprise the ridge transition board 62 that is installed on the end upper surface of the drainage beam assembly 4 that is positioned at the roof frame 9 herringbone tops, and the ridge transition board 62 is Concave plate-shaped structure, the bottom of the concave plate-shaped structure is provided with a plurality of rectangular strip-shaped corrugated blocks 623 in parallel, the upper surface of the pressed block corrugated 623 is flush, and a butt plate 624 is horizontally arranged on the top of one side of the concave plate-shaped structure , the butt plate 624 and the butt edge 625 formed on the top of one side of the concave plate-shaped structure, the end surface of the butt plate 624 opposite to the butt edge 625 is provided with a ridge fixing groove 621 parallel to the butt edge 625, and the ridge fixing groove 621 The edge extends outward to form a frame cover plate 626. The side of the concave plate-shaped structure on the side of the butt joint edge 625 and the bottom of the concave plate-shaped structure form an overflow groove 622. The two ends of the roof transition plate 62 in the depth direction are respectively On the two adjacent drainage beam assemblies 4, the end of the ridge transition plate 62 is fixed to the drainage beam assembly 4 through the roof ridge pressing assembly 63 installed on the pressing block flute 623, and the ridge pressing block is installed on the pressing block flute 623 Assemblies 63 , the structure of the ridge pressing block assembly 63 is the same as that of the photovoltaic module fixing part 3 . The ridge assembly 6 is used to close the gap between the ends of the drainage beam assembly on the herringbone top, the ridge transition plate 62 is used to support the ridge plate 61 installed above it, and the two ends of the ridge transition plate 62 are specifically located at the main water tank 411 of the drainage beam 41 At the same time, the water in the overflow groove 622 of the ridge transition plate 62 flows into the main water groove 411 of the drainage beam 41 to both sides.
如图18-图20所示,屋脊过渡板62上部安装有屋脊板61,屋脊板61为人字形板状结构,对接板624的通过屋脊固定螺丝65与屋脊板61的人字形板状结构下端部固定连接,屋脊固定槽621与最上端的防水光伏组件1的底边框14卡接,边框盖板626搭接在底边框14的上表面,边框盖板626与底边框14之间设置光伏组件连接密封件2,边框盖板626上表面与屋脊板61下表面之间设置有屋脊防水胶条64。屋脊过渡板62的屋脊固定槽621具体与底边框14的定位楞144卡接,屋脊防水胶条64的材料可以为硅胶、胶条、泡棉条、丁基胶带等。采用屋脊过渡板62的结构安装屋脊板61,可以大大减少漏水的风险。As shown in Figures 18-20, a ridge plate 61 is installed on the upper part of the ridge transition plate 62, and the ridge plate 61 is a herringbone plate structure, and the lower end of the herringbone plate structure of the butt plate 624 passes through the ridge fixing screw 65 and the ridge plate 61 Fixed connection, the ridge fixing groove 621 is clamped with the bottom frame 14 of the uppermost waterproof photovoltaic module 1, the frame cover 626 is lapped on the upper surface of the bottom frame 14, and the photovoltaic module is connected and sealed between the frame cover 626 and the bottom frame 14 Part 2, a ridge waterproof rubber strip 64 is provided between the upper surface of the frame cover plate 626 and the lower surface of the ridge plate 61 . The ridge fixing groove 621 of the ridge transition plate 62 is specifically engaged with the positioning groove 144 of the bottom frame 14, and the material of the ridge waterproof rubber strip 64 can be silica gel, rubber strip, foam strip, butyl tape, etc. The installation of the ridge plate 61 by adopting the structure of the ridge transition plate 62 can greatly reduce the risk of water leakage.
如图4所示,最外侧的排水梁组件4上通过光伏组件固定件3安装有固定边框12,固定边框12与排水梁组件4之间压装有侧过渡板7,侧过渡板7为折弯形板状结构,侧过渡板7的外侧连接有屋顶防水板8,侧过渡板7以及屋顶防水板8安装于屋顶框架9上表面。侧过渡板7具体安装于排水梁41的支撑座413上部,屋顶防水板8材料可以为彩钢瓦。侧过渡板7通过安装于排水梁41上来衔接最外侧的防水光伏组件1和防水盖51,可以大大减少漏水的风险,也可以适用于不需要铺设防水光伏组件1的屋顶部位。As shown in Figure 4, a fixed frame 12 is installed on the outermost drainage beam assembly 4 through the photovoltaic module fixing part 3, and a side transition plate 7 is pressed between the fixed frame 12 and the drainage beam assembly 4, and the side transition plate 7 is a folding The curved plate structure, the outer side of the side transition board 7 is connected with the roof waterproof board 8, and the side transition board 7 and the roof waterproof board 8 are installed on the upper surface of the roof frame 9. The side transition plate 7 is specifically installed on the upper part of the support seat 413 of the drainage beam 41, and the material of the roof waterproof plate 8 can be a color steel tile. The side transition plate 7 is installed on the drainage beam 41 to connect the outermost waterproof photovoltaic module 1 and the waterproof cover 51, which can greatly reduce the risk of water leakage, and can also be applied to the roof where the waterproof photovoltaic module 1 does not need to be laid.
实施例一:屋顶框架为普通框架结构Embodiment 1: The roof frame is a common frame structure
如图1、图2、图3、图21所示,本发明在实际使用过程中:As shown in Fig. 1, Fig. 2, Fig. 3 and Fig. 21, the present invention in actual use:
具有防水功能的光伏屋面强化结构主要包括屋顶框架9、排水梁组件4、防水光伏组件1以及防水盖组件5。其中防水光伏组件1是采用密封结构组装而成,防水盖组件5为安装于相邻两排防水光伏组件1之间的间隙上方的密封防水装置,上部件已在结构上进行了防水光伏屋面的防水。为了防止上述部件结构密封处有渗漏或者时间长密封效果变差的情况,设置排水梁组件4,防水光伏组件1安装于排水梁组件4上。The photovoltaic roof reinforcement structure with waterproof function mainly includes a roof frame 9 , a drainage beam assembly 4 , a waterproof photovoltaic assembly 1 and a waterproof cover assembly 5 . The waterproof photovoltaic module 1 is assembled with a sealed structure, and the waterproof cover assembly 5 is a sealed and waterproof device installed above the gap between two adjacent rows of waterproof photovoltaic modules 1. The upper part has been structurally waterproofed. water proof. In order to prevent leakage of the structural seal of the above-mentioned components or deterioration of the sealing effect over time, a drainage beam assembly 4 is provided, and the waterproof photovoltaic module 1 is installed on the drainage beam assembly 4 .
在有可能出现的连接结构处漏水情况时,本发明的防水功能体现在如下几个方面:In the case of possible water leakage at the connecting structure, the waterproof function of the present invention is reflected in the following aspects:
(1)如图9所示,排水梁41的主水槽411位于相邻两排防水光伏组件1的相邻固定边框12下方,当防水盖组件5的防水胶带53处漏水或者防水盖51破损时出现漏水现象,主水槽411用于接住此处漏水。(1) As shown in Figure 9, the main water tank 411 of the drainage beam 41 is located below the adjacent fixed frame 12 of two adjacent rows of waterproof photovoltaic modules 1, when the waterproof tape 53 of the waterproof cover assembly 5 leaks or the waterproof cover 51 is damaged Water leakage occurs, and the main water tank 411 is used to catch the water leakage here.
(2)如图2、图7、图21所示,下方的防水光伏组件1底边框14的包裹槽143承托上方的防水光伏组件1盖边框13的第一矩形管状本体,当此处的底边框14与盖边框13之间的光伏组件连接密封件2失效或其它情况下,底边框14与盖边框13之间的间隙处出现漏水现象,包裹槽143收集于溢流水滴。包裹槽143两端开口,开口位置位于排水梁41的副水槽412上方,副水槽412用于接住此处漏水。(2) As shown in Figure 2, Figure 7, and Figure 21, the wrapping groove 143 of the bottom frame 14 of the lower waterproof photovoltaic module 1 supports the first rectangular tubular body of the upper waterproof photovoltaic module 1 cover frame 13. When the photovoltaic module connection seal 2 between the bottom frame 14 and the cover frame 13 fails or in other cases, water leakage occurs in the gap between the bottom frame 14 and the cover frame 13, and the wrapping groove 143 collects overflowing water droplets. Both ends of the wrapping groove 143 are open, and the opening position is located above the auxiliary water tank 412 of the drainage beam 41, and the auxiliary water tank 412 is used to catch the water leakage here.
(3)如图2、图7、图21所示,下方的防水光伏组件1底边框14的包裹槽143承托上方的防水光伏组件1盖边框13的第一矩形管状本体,当盖边框13处的封边材料15失效或者其它情况下,第一层压件安装槽131出现漏水现象,包裹槽143收集于溢流水滴。副水槽412用于接住此处漏水。(3) As shown in Figure 2, Figure 7, and Figure 21, the wrapping groove 143 of the bottom frame 14 of the lower waterproof photovoltaic module 1 supports the first rectangular tubular body of the upper waterproof photovoltaic module 1 cover frame 13, when the cover frame 13 When the edge sealing material 15 fails or in other circumstances, water leakage occurs in the installation groove 131 of the first laminate, and the wrapping groove 143 collects overflowing water droplets. The auxiliary water tank 412 is used to catch the water leakage here.
实施例二:屋顶框架为截面为人字形结构Embodiment 2: The roof frame is a herringbone structure in section
如图1、图2、图3、图18、图19、图21所示,本发明在实际使用过程中:As shown in Fig. 1, Fig. 2, Fig. 3, Fig. 18, Fig. 19 and Fig. 21, the present invention in actual use process:
具有防水功能的光伏屋面强化结构主要包括屋顶框架9、排水梁组件4、防水光伏组件1、防水盖组件5以及屋脊组件6。其中防水光伏组件1是采用密封结构组装而成,防水盖组件5为安装于相邻两排防水光伏组件1之间的间隙上方的密封防水装置,屋脊组件6用于密封人字方向并排设置多组排水梁组件4的顶部,以上部件已在结构上进行了防水光伏屋面的防水。为了防止上述部件结构密封处有渗漏或者时间长密封效果变差的情况,设置排水梁组件4,防水光伏组件1与屋脊组件6安装于排水梁组件4上。The photovoltaic roof reinforcement structure with waterproof function mainly includes a roof frame 9 , a drainage beam assembly 4 , a waterproof photovoltaic assembly 1 , a waterproof cover assembly 5 and a roof ridge assembly 6 . Among them, the waterproof photovoltaic module 1 is assembled with a sealed structure, the waterproof cover assembly 5 is a sealing and waterproof device installed above the gap between two adjacent rows of waterproof photovoltaic modules 1, and the roof assembly 6 is used to seal the herringbone direction. On the top of the group drainage beam assembly 4, the above components have been structurally waterproofed for the waterproof photovoltaic roof. In order to prevent leakage of the structural seal of the above-mentioned components or deterioration of the sealing effect over time, a drainage beam assembly 4 is provided, and the waterproof photovoltaic assembly 1 and the roof ridge assembly 6 are installed on the drainage beam assembly 4 .
在有可能出现的连接结构处漏水情况时,本发明的防水功能体现在除了实施例一中三个方面外,还包括以下方面:In the case of possible water leakage at the connection structure, the waterproof function of the present invention is reflected in the following aspects in addition to the three aspects in Embodiment 1:
如图18、图19、所示,屋脊组件6的屋脊防水胶条64处出现漏水问题或者其它情况下,水滴汇入位于屋脊组件6下部的溢流槽622中,然后水向两侧流入排水梁41的主水槽411中。As shown in Fig. 18 and Fig. 19 , if there is a water leakage problem at the ridge waterproof strip 64 of the ridge assembly 6 or in other circumstances, the water droplets will flow into the overflow groove 622 located at the lower part of the ridge assembly 6, and then the water will flow into the drainage to both sides. In the main tank 411 of the beam 41.
实施例三:当屋顶框架有部位不需要安装防水光伏组件1的情况Embodiment 3: When there is a part of the roof frame that does not need to install waterproof photovoltaic modules 1
如图4所示,本发明在实际使用过程中,除了实施例一、实施例二所提到的防水功能外,还包括以下方面:As shown in Figure 4, in the actual use of the present invention, in addition to the waterproof function mentioned in Embodiment 1 and Embodiment 2, it also includes the following aspects:
当屋顶框架9上部分部位不需要铺设防水光伏组件1的情况下,在外侧排水梁41上安装侧过渡板7,通过安装侧过渡板7来衔接最外侧的防水光伏组件1和防水盖51,可以大大减少漏水的风险,也可以适用于不需要铺设防水光伏组件1的屋顶部位,当侧过渡板7与排水梁支撑座413上部之间间隙处漏水时可流入排水梁41的主水槽411和副水槽412中。When the waterproof photovoltaic module 1 does not need to be laid on the upper part of the roof frame 9, the side transition plate 7 is installed on the outer drainage beam 41, and the outermost waterproof photovoltaic module 1 and waterproof cover 51 are connected by installing the side transition plate 7. It can greatly reduce the risk of water leakage, and it can also be applied to roof parts that do not need to lay waterproof photovoltaic modules 1. When water leaks in the gap between the side transition plate 7 and the upper part of the drainage beam support seat 413, it can flow into the main water tank 411 and the drainage beam 41. In the auxiliary sink 412.
具有防水功能的光伏屋面强化结构可以在防水光伏组件及防水光伏组件之间间隙处漏水时集水排水,满足光伏组件做为建筑的屋面不漏水不渗水等高级别要求。The photovoltaic roof reinforcement structure with waterproof function can collect water and drain water when water leaks in the gap between the waterproof photovoltaic module and the waterproof photovoltaic module, and meet the high-level requirements of the photovoltaic module as a building roof without water leakage and water seepage.
以上描述是对本发明的解释,不是对发明的限定,本发明所限定的范围参见权利要求,在本发明的保护范围之内,可以作任何形式的修改。The above description is an explanation of the present invention, not a limitation of the invention. For the limited scope of the present invention, please refer to the claims. Within the protection scope of the present invention, any form of modification can be made.

Claims (10)

  1. 一种具有防水功能的光伏屋面强化结构,其特征在于:包括屋顶框架(9),所述屋顶框架(9)上表面倾斜设置有多组排水梁组件(4),排水梁组件(4)沿着屋顶框架(9)上表面均匀间隔排布,单个排水梁组件(4)通过梁压块(10)与屋顶框架(9)固定连接,相邻两个排水梁组件(4)之间的上表面安装有多组互相连接的防水光伏组件(1);A photovoltaic roof reinforcement structure with waterproof function, characterized in that it includes a roof frame (9), and the upper surface of the roof frame (9) is inclined with multiple groups of drainage beam assemblies (4), and the drainage beam assemblies (4) are arranged along the The upper surface of the roof frame (9) is evenly spaced, and a single drainage beam assembly (4) is fixedly connected to the roof frame (9) through the beam pressing block (10). The upper surface between two adjacent drainage beam assemblies (4) Multiple groups of interconnected waterproof photovoltaic modules (1) are installed on the surface;
    所述防水光伏组件(1)结构为:包括长方形结构的光伏层压件(11),所述光伏层压件(11)的一组对边安装有固定边框(12),所述光伏层压件(11)的另一组对边分别安装有盖边框(13)和底边框(14),所述固定边框(12)与盖边框(13)之间通过角码固定连接,所述固定边框(12)与底边框(14)之间通过角码固定连接,所述角码为直角折弯结构,固定边框(12)、盖边框(13)、底边框(14)与光伏层压件(11)之间均通过封边材料(15)密封连接;The structure of the waterproof photovoltaic module (1) is: a photovoltaic laminate (11) with a rectangular structure, a set of opposite sides of the photovoltaic laminate (11) is equipped with a fixed frame (12), the photovoltaic laminate The other set of opposite sides of the piece (11) is respectively equipped with a cover frame (13) and a bottom frame (14), and the fixed frame (12) is fixedly connected with the cover frame (13) through a corner code, and the fixed frame (12) is fixedly connected to the bottom frame (14) through corner codes, the corner codes are right-angled bending structures, the fixed frame (12), the cover frame (13), the bottom frame (14) and the photovoltaic laminate ( 11) are sealed and connected by edge sealing material (15);
    固定边框(12)通过光伏组件固定件(3)安装于排水梁组件(4)上表面,同一防水光伏组件(1)的盖边框(13)位于底边框(14)的下方,相邻的防水光伏组件(1)的盖边框(13)与底边框(14)相互将连接,所述盖边框(13)与底边框(14)之间还安装有光伏组件连接密封件(2);The fixed frame (12) is installed on the upper surface of the drainage beam assembly (4) through the photovoltaic module fixing piece (3), the cover frame (13) of the same waterproof photovoltaic module (1) is located under the bottom frame (14), and the adjacent waterproof The cover frame (13) and the bottom frame (14) of the photovoltaic module (1) are connected to each other, and a photovoltaic module connection seal (2) is installed between the cover frame (13) and the bottom frame (14);
    所述底边框(14)的两端底部开口,且开口位置位于排水梁组件(4)上方;Both ends of the bottom frame (14) are open at the bottom, and the opening position is located above the drainage beam assembly (4);
    所述相邻的固定边框(12)上表面安装有防水盖组件(5)。A waterproof cover assembly (5) is installed on the upper surface of the adjacent fixed frame (12).
  2. 如权利要求1所述的一种具有防水功能的光伏屋面强化结构,其特征在于:所述盖边框(13)的结构为:包括第一矩形管状本体,所述第一矩形管状本体内部为第一角码型腔(132),所述第一矩形管状本体的一侧上部设置水平开口的U形第一层压件安装槽(131),所述第一层压件安装槽(131)的上表面设置有上盖板(133),上盖板(133)下表面和矩形管状本体的上表面形成U形的定位槽(134)。A photovoltaic roof strengthening structure with waterproof function according to claim 1, characterized in that: the structure of the cover frame (13) is: comprising a first rectangular tubular body, the interior of the first rectangular tubular body is a second A corner code cavity (132), the upper part of one side of the first rectangular tubular body is provided with a U-shaped first laminate installation groove (131) with a horizontal opening, and the first laminate installation groove (131) The upper surface is provided with an upper cover plate (133), and the lower surface of the upper cover plate (133) and the upper surface of the rectangular tubular body form a U-shaped positioning groove (134).
  3. 如权利要求1所述的一种具有防水功能的光伏屋面强化结构,其特征在于:所述底边框(14)的结构为:包括第二矩形管状本体,所述第二矩形管状本体内部为第二角码型腔(142),所述第二矩形管状本体一侧设置水平开口的U形包裹槽(143),所述包裹槽(143)的上部为板状的定位楞(144),所述包裹槽(143)下部的宽度大于定位楞(144)的宽度,并在包裹槽(143)下部平行于包裹槽(143)长度方向的边沿处向上设置有折边(147),所述第二矩形管状本体上部设置有开口向上的U形连接密封件槽(145),所述第二矩形管状本体的另一侧上部设置水平开口的U形第二层压件安装槽(141),所述第二层压件安装槽(141)的对边内部设置有平行于第二层压件安装槽(141)长度方向的溢胶槽(146);所述定位楞(144)的上表面、第二层压件安装槽(141)上槽边的上表面及连接密封件槽(145)的上表面齐平。A photovoltaic roof strengthening structure with waterproof function according to claim 1, characterized in that: the structure of the bottom frame (14) is: comprising a second rectangular tubular body, the interior of the second rectangular tubular body is the first Two-corner code cavity (142), a U-shaped wrapping groove (143) with a horizontal opening is arranged on one side of the second rectangular tubular body, and the upper part of the wrapping groove (143) is a plate-shaped positioning flute (144), so The width of the lower part of the wrapping groove (143) is larger than the width of the positioning flute (144), and a folded edge (147) is provided upward at the edge of the lower part of the wrapping groove (143) parallel to the length direction of the wrapping groove (143). The upper part of the second rectangular tubular body is provided with a U-shaped connecting seal groove (145) with an upward opening, and the upper part of the other side of the second rectangular tubular body is provided with a U-shaped second laminate mounting groove (141) with a horizontal opening, so that The inside of the opposite side of the second laminate installation groove (141) is provided with a glue overflow groove (146) parallel to the length direction of the second laminate installation groove (141); the upper surface of the positioning corrugated (144), The upper surface of the upper groove side of the second laminate mounting groove (141) is flush with the upper surface of the connecting seal groove (145).
  4. 如权利要求1所述的一种具有防水功能的光伏屋面强化结构,其特征在于:所述固定边框(12)的结构为:包括第三矩形管状本体,所述第三矩形管状本体内部为第三角码型腔(122),所述第三矩形管状本体的一侧上部设置水平开口的U形第三层压件安装槽(121),所述第三层压件安装槽(121)的上表面高于第三矩形管状本体的上表面,所述第三矩形管状本体的上表面形成压块台阶(123)。A photovoltaic roof strengthening structure with waterproof function according to claim 1, characterized in that: the structure of the fixed frame (12) is: comprising a third rectangular tubular body, the interior of the third rectangular tubular body is the first Triangular code cavity (122), the upper part of one side of the third rectangular tubular body is provided with a U-shaped third laminate installation groove (121) with a horizontal opening, and the upper part of the third laminate installation groove (121) The surface is higher than the upper surface of the third rectangular tubular body, which forms a briquetting step (123).
  5. 如权利要求1所述的一种具有防水功能的光伏屋面强化结构,其特征在于:所述排水梁组件(4)的结构为:包括多个排水梁(41)、主水槽接头(43)及副水槽接头(42);A photovoltaic roof reinforcement structure with waterproof function according to claim 1, characterized in that: the structure of the drainage beam assembly (4) is: including a plurality of drainage beams (41), main tank joints (43) and Auxiliary sink connector (42);
    所述排水梁(41)的结构为:包括水平设置的矩形底板(410),所述底板(410)相对的两端处上表面形成压块座(414),所述底板(410)上表面中部对称设置有与压块座(414)外侧边缘平行的支撑座(413),所述支撑座(413)与底板(410)围成主水槽(411),所述支撑座(413)为垂直安装的矩形板状结构,所述板状结构上端向内侧设置有倒U形折弯结构,所述支撑座(413)的外侧上部水平设置有板状的限位条(415),所述限位条(415)与压块座(414)之间的底板(410)上表面向外侧倾斜设置有矩形结构的翼板(416),所述翼板(416)的下边缘与压块座(414)外侧边缘平行,所述翼板(416)的上边缘向内侧设置有与翼板(416)下边缘平行的折边结构,所述翼板(416)、支撑座(413)和底板(410)围成副水槽(412),所述梁压块(10)为板状结构,所述梁压块(10)的一端压装于安装于压块座(414)上表面,所述梁压块(10)的另一端固定安装于屋顶框架(9)上表面;The structure of the drainage beam (41) is: a rectangular bottom plate (410) arranged horizontally, the upper surface of the opposite ends of the bottom plate (410) forms a briquetting seat (414), and the upper surface of the bottom plate (410) The middle part is symmetrically provided with a support seat (413) parallel to the outer edge of the press block seat (414), the support seat (413) and the bottom plate (410) enclose the main water tank (411), and the support seat (413) is vertical The installed rectangular plate structure, the upper end of the plate structure is provided with an inverted U-shaped bending structure inwardly, and the upper outer part of the support base (413) is horizontally provided with a plate-shaped limit strip (415). The upper surface of the bottom plate (410) between the bit strip (415) and the briquetting seat (414) is inclined to the outside with a wing plate (416) of rectangular structure, the lower edge of the wing plate (416) is in contact with the briquetting seat ( 414) are parallel to the outer edges, and the upper edge of the wing plate (416) is provided with a hemming structure parallel to the lower edge of the wing plate (416) inwardly, and the wing plate (416), the support seat (413) and the bottom plate ( 410) to form an auxiliary water tank (412), the beam press block (10) is a plate-like structure, one end of the beam press block (10) is press-fitted on the upper surface of the press block seat (414), and the beam press block (10) The other end of the briquetting block (10) is fixedly installed on the upper surface of the roof frame (9);
    两个相邻排水梁(41)的主水槽(411)端部内密封安装有主水槽接头(43),两个相邻排水梁(41)的副水槽(412)端部内密封安装有副水槽接头(42);The ends of the main water tanks (411) of two adjacent drainage beams (41) are internally sealed with main water tank joints (43), and the ends of the auxiliary water tanks (412) of two adjacent drainage beams (41) are internally sealed with auxiliary water tank joints (42);
    所述主水槽接头(43)为第一U形槽状结构,所述第一U形槽状结构的底边与主水槽(411)底边贴合,第一U形槽状结构的两个侧板卡接在支撑座(413)的内侧,所述副水槽(412)为第二U形槽状结构,所述第二U形槽状结构的底边与副水槽(412)的底边贴合,所述第二U形槽状结构的一侧边与支撑座(413)的外部贴合并卡接在限位条(415)的下表面,所述第二U形槽状结构的另一侧边与所述翼板(416)的内表面贴合并卡接在翼板(416)上边缘的折边结构内。The main tank joint (43) is a first U-shaped groove structure, the bottom of the first U-shaped groove structure is attached to the bottom edge of the main water tank (411), and the two sides of the first U-shaped groove structure The side plate is clamped on the inner side of the support seat (413), the auxiliary water tank (412) is a second U-shaped groove structure, and the bottom edge of the second U-shaped groove structure and the bottom edge of the auxiliary water groove (412) Fitting, one side of the second U-shaped groove-shaped structure is attached to the outside of the support seat (413) and snapped on the lower surface of the limit bar (415), the other side of the second U-shaped groove-shaped structure One side is attached to the inner surface of the wing plate (416) and snapped into the hemming structure of the upper edge of the wing plate (416).
  6. 如权利要求1所述的一种具有防水功能的光伏屋面强化结构,其特征在于:所述光伏组件固定件(3)的结构为,包括固定压块(31),所述固定压块(31)为U形板状结构,所述U形板状结构上端对称设置有向外的水平折边(311),所述U形板状结构底部开有通孔,所述水平折边(311)的下部压装于固定边框(12)上,还包括螺母(32),所述螺母(32)为矩形块状结构,所述矩形块状结构中心开有螺纹孔,所述螺母(32)活动安装于排水梁组件(4)内部,穿过所述通孔和螺纹孔安装有螺栓(33)。The photovoltaic roof strengthening structure with waterproof function according to claim 1, characterized in that: the structure of the photovoltaic module fixing part (3) includes a fixed pressing block (31), and the fixed pressing block (31 ) is a U-shaped plate structure, the upper end of the U-shaped plate-shaped structure is symmetrically provided with outward horizontal folds (311), the bottom of the U-shaped plate-shaped structure has a through hole, and the horizontal folds (311) The lower part of the frame is press-fitted on the fixed frame (12), and also includes a nut (32), the nut (32) is a rectangular block structure, and a threaded hole is opened in the center of the rectangular block structure, and the nut (32) is movable It is installed inside the drainage beam assembly (4), and bolts (33) are installed through the through holes and threaded holes.
  7. 如权利要求1所述的一种具有防水功能的光伏屋面强化结构,其特征在于:所述防水盖组件(5)的结构为:包括防水盖(51),所述防水盖(51)中部安装有弹簧片(52),所述防水盖(51)两侧下表面安装有防水胶带(53),所述防水盖组件(5)通过防水胶带(53)与相邻两个固定边框(12)上表面连接,所述防水盖组件(5)通过弹簧片(52)与相邻两个固定边框(12)底部卡接固定安装;A photovoltaic roof strengthening structure with waterproof function according to claim 1, characterized in that: the structure of the waterproof cover assembly (5) includes a waterproof cover (51), and the middle part of the waterproof cover (51) is installed There is a spring piece (52), and waterproof tapes (53) are installed on the lower surface of both sides of the waterproof cover (51), and the waterproof cover assembly (5) is connected to two adjacent fixed frames (12) through the waterproof tape (53) The upper surface is connected, and the waterproof cover assembly (5) is clamped and fixedly installed with the bottom of two adjacent fixed frames (12) through the spring piece (52);
    所述防水盖(51)的结构为:包括对称设置的水平矩形安装板(511),所述安装板(511)上设置有对称门形板状结构的凸盖(512),所述凸盖(512)的两个侧边分别位于两个安装板(511)的内侧上表面,所述凸盖(512)与安装板(511)之间形成水平方向开口的盖固定槽(513);The structure of the waterproof cover (51) is: a horizontal rectangular mounting plate (511) arranged symmetrically, and a convex cover (512) with a symmetrical door-shaped plate structure is arranged on the mounting plate (511), and the convex cover The two sides of (512) are respectively located on the inner upper surfaces of the two mounting plates (511), and a cover fixing groove (513) with a horizontal opening is formed between the convex cover (512) and the mounting plate (511);
    所述弹簧片(52)的结构为:包括矩形板状上安装片(521),所述上安装片(521)对角开有切角,所述上安装片(521)的底部对称安装有下弹片(522),所述下弹片(522)设置有向外侧凸出的折弯部,所述上安装片(521)卡接在盖固定槽(513)内,所述下弹片(522)的折弯部上部卡接在固定边框(12)底部。The structure of the spring piece (52) is: it includes a rectangular plate-shaped upper mounting piece (521), the upper mounting piece (521) has cut corners on the opposite corners, and the bottom of the upper mounting piece (521) is symmetrically installed with The lower elastic piece (522), the lower elastic piece (522) is provided with a bent portion protruding outward, the upper mounting piece (521) is snapped into the cover fixing groove (513), the lower elastic piece (522) The upper part of the bending part is clamped on the bottom of the fixed frame (12).
  8. 如权利要求1所述的一种具有防水功能的光伏屋面强化结构,其特征在于:所述屋顶框架(9)截面呈人字形,位于屋顶框架(9)人字形顶部的排水梁组件(4)的端部上表面安装有屋脊组件(6)。A photovoltaic roof reinforcement structure with waterproof function according to claim 1, characterized in that: the roof frame (9) has a herringbone cross-section, and the drainage beam assembly (4) at the top of the roof frame (9) is herringbone A ridge assembly (6) is installed on the upper surface of the end of the roof.
  9. 如权利要求8所述的一种具有防水功能的光伏屋面强化结构,其特征在于:所述屋脊组件(6)的结构为:包括安装于位于屋顶框架(9)人字形顶部的排水梁组件(4)的端部上表面的屋脊过渡板(62),所述屋脊过渡板(62)为凹形板状结构,所述凹形板状结构底部平行设置有多条矩形条状的压块楞(623),所述压块楞(623)上表面齐平,凹形板状结构一侧外边顶部水平设置有对接板(624),所述对接板(624)与凹形板状结构一侧外边顶部形成的对接边(625),所述对接板(624)的与对接边(625)相对一侧端面设置有与对接边(625)平行的屋脊固定槽(621),所述屋脊固定槽(621)上边沿向外延伸形成边框盖板(626),所述对接边(625)一侧的凹形板状结构侧边与凹形板状结构底部围成溢流槽(622),所述屋脊过渡板(62)深度方向上的两个端部位分别于相邻的两个排水梁组件(4)上,所述屋脊过渡板(62)的端部通过安装于压块楞(623)上的屋脊压块组件(63)与排水梁组件(4)固定,所述压块楞(623)上安装有屋脊压块组件(63),所述屋脊压块组件(63)与所述光伏组件固定件(3)的结构相同;A photovoltaic roof strengthening structure with waterproof function according to claim 8, characterized in that: the structure of the roof ridge assembly (6) is: a drainage beam assembly installed on the gable top of the roof frame (9) ( 4) The ridge transition plate (62) on the upper surface of the end of the roof, the ridge transition plate (62) is a concave plate-shaped structure, and the bottom of the concave plate-shaped structure is provided with a plurality of rectangular strips in parallel (623), the upper surface of the pressing block flute (623) is flush, and the top of the outer side of the concave plate-shaped structure is horizontally provided with a butt plate (624), and the butt plate (624) is connected to the side of the concave plate-shaped structure The butt edge (625) formed on the top of the outer edge, the end surface of the butt plate (624) opposite to the butt edge (625) is provided with a ridge fixing groove (621) parallel to the butt edge (625), and the ridge fixing groove The upper edge of (621) extends outward to form a frame cover (626), and the side of the concave plate structure on the side of the butt edge (625) and the bottom of the concave plate structure form an overflow tank (622). The two ends of the ridge transition plate (62) in the depth direction are respectively located on the two adjacent drainage beam assemblies (4), and the ends of the ridge transition plate (62) are installed on the pressure block corrugated (623) The ridge pressing block assembly (63) on the top is fixed with the drainage beam assembly (4), the ridge pressing block assembly (63) is installed on the pressing block flute (623), and the roof ridge pressing block assembly (63) and the photovoltaic The components fixing parts (3) have the same structure;
    所述屋脊过渡板(62)上部安装有屋脊板(61),所述屋脊板(61)为人字形板状结构,所述对接板(624)的通过屋脊固定螺丝(65)与屋脊板(61)的人字形板状结构下端部固定连接,所述屋脊固定槽(621)与最上端的防水光伏组件(1)的底边框(14)卡接,所述边框盖板(626)搭接在所述底边框(14)的上表面,所述边框盖板(626)与所述底边框(14)之间设置光伏组件连接密封件(2),所述边框盖板(626)上表面与屋脊板(61)下表面之间设置有屋脊防水胶条(64)。The ridge plate (61) is installed on the upper part of the ridge transition plate (62), and the ridge plate (61) is a herringbone plate structure, and the butt joint plate (624) is connected with the ridge plate (61) through the ridge fixing screw (65). ) is fixedly connected to the lower end of the herringbone plate structure, the ridge fixing groove (621) is clamped with the bottom frame (14) of the uppermost waterproof photovoltaic module (1), and the frame cover (626) is lapped on the The upper surface of the bottom frame (14), the photovoltaic module connection seal (2) is arranged between the frame cover (626) and the bottom frame (14), the upper surface of the frame cover (626) and the roof ridge Ridge waterproof rubber strips (64) are arranged between the lower surfaces of the boards (61).
  10. 如权利要求1所述的一种具有防水功能的光伏屋面强化结构,其特征在于:最外侧的所述排水梁组件(4)上通过光伏组件固定件(3)安装有固定边框(12),所述固定边框(12)与排水梁组件(4)之间压装有侧过渡板(7),所述侧过渡板(7)为折弯形板状结构,所述侧过渡板(7)的外侧连接有屋顶防水板(8),所述侧过渡板(7)以及屋顶防水板(8)安装于屋顶框架(9)上表面。The photovoltaic roof strengthening structure with waterproof function according to claim 1, characterized in that: the outermost said drainage beam assembly (4) is equipped with a fixed frame (12) through the photovoltaic module fixing piece (3), A side transition plate (7) is pressed between the fixed frame (12) and the drainage beam assembly (4), and the side transition plate (7) is a bent plate structure, and the side transition plate (7) The outer side of the roof is connected with a roof waterproof board (8), and the side transition board (7) and the roof waterproof board (8) are installed on the upper surface of the roof frame (9).
PCT/CN2022/139511 2022-02-24 2022-12-16 Photovoltaic roofing reinforcement structure with waterproof function WO2023160152A1 (en)

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CN117139446A (en) * 2023-10-31 2023-12-01 绵阳二四机械有限公司 Shielding case cladding plate bending device
CN117139446B (en) * 2023-10-31 2024-01-02 绵阳二四机械有限公司 Shielding case cladding plate bending device
CN117583436A (en) * 2024-01-19 2024-02-23 中城投集团新能源有限责任公司 Bending processing device and method for photovoltaic building integrated medium-wave crest roof board
CN117583436B (en) * 2024-01-19 2024-04-19 中城投集团新能源有限责任公司 Bending processing device and method for photovoltaic building integrated medium-wave crest roof board

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