WO2022217596A1 - 一种垃圾处理方法及系统 - Google Patents

一种垃圾处理方法及系统 Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2022217596A1
WO2022217596A1 PCT/CN2021/087849 CN2021087849W WO2022217596A1 WO 2022217596 A1 WO2022217596 A1 WO 2022217596A1 CN 2021087849 W CN2021087849 W CN 2021087849W WO 2022217596 A1 WO2022217596 A1 WO 2022217596A1
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Prior art keywords
garbage
trash
information
authentication account
recycling
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PCT/CN2021/087849
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English (en)
French (fr)
Inventor
蔡怀取
邱满
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厦门市天诚峰益科技有限公司
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Priority to PCT/CN2021/087849 priority Critical patent/WO2022217596A1/zh
Publication of WO2022217596A1 publication Critical patent/WO2022217596A1/zh

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65FGATHERING OR REMOVAL OF DOMESTIC OR LIKE REFUSE
    • B65F1/00Refuse receptacles; Accessories therefor
    • B65F1/14Other constructional features; Accessories

Definitions

  • the invention relates to the technical field of garbage disposal and garbage disposal, and in particular, to a garbage disposal method and system.
  • the present invention provides a garbage disposal method and system, which can reduce the number of trash cans at the front end and the time cost of user garbage classification, while the waste disposal method and system at the back end can be reduced. Precise weighing and sorting at the sorting office can effectively reduce the cost of production, maintenance and use of trash cans.
  • a method of disposing of waste comprising:
  • M-in-1 trash can with a second logo, open the trash can for garbage throwing or recycling by scanning the second logo, and the trash can is used to receive the garbage bag with the first logo, wherein M is greater than 2 ;
  • the garbage is transferred to the garbage classification place for classification and weighing, and the weighing results are respectively recorded in the first authentication account or the second authentication account.
  • a method of disposing of waste comprising:
  • N is equal to M-1, open the trash can for garbage disposal or recycling by scanning the second logo, recyclable trash cans or N-in-one trash cans are used for receiving the garbage bag with the first identification;
  • the garbage is transferred to the garbage classification place for classification and weighing, and the weighing result is recorded to the first authentication account or the second authentication account respectively.
  • M is equal to 4.
  • the first logo is printed or posted on a garbage bag, and the first authentication account scans the first logo to register and bind user information and upload it to the cloud server.
  • the first authentication account scans the second identifier and sends the first authentication account ID information, the first authentication account openid and the first request header to the cloud server. a data request, so that the cloud server receives the first data request and parses the first request header to obtain the first authentication account information and trash can information;
  • the cloud server sends a first opening instruction to the door opening controller to open the throw-in door on the trash can, and throw the trash bag into the trash bag through the throw-in door.
  • a sensor for detecting the height of garbage is arranged in the trash can, and when the trash can is abnormal or the sensor detects that the garbage height is greater than a threshold, the delivery door stops opening.
  • the threshold is 80% of the bucket height.
  • the cloud server releases the recycling order information including the location information of the trash can.
  • the second authentication account within the distance receives the recycling order information, and grabs the order to obtain the location information of the trash can.
  • the second authentication account scans the second identifier and sends a second data request including the second authentication account information and the second request header to the cloud server, for the purpose of
  • the cloud server receives the second data request and parses the second request header to obtain the second authentication account information and trash can information;
  • the cloud server sends a second opening instruction to the door opening controller to open the recycling door, and take out the garbage from the recycling door and transfer it to a sorting place.
  • the cloud server After throwing in or taking out garbage or when there is no operation at a time threshold, the cloud server sends a corresponding closing instruction to the door opening controller to close the throwing door or the recycling door.
  • the present invention also provides a garbage disposal system, including garbage bags, trash cans and garbage sorting places; the garbage bags, the garbage cans and the garbage sorting places are used to interactively execute the garbage disposal method according to any one of the above .
  • the garbage does not need to be sorted and packed into a garbage bag with a first mark, and the M-in-one trash can is opened by scanning the second mark, and garbage is thrown or Recycling, where M is greater than 2, when the garbage cans are full, the garbage is transferred to the back-end sorting place for weighing and sorting; it can reduce the number of front-end garbage cans and the user’s waste sorting time cost, and carry out accurate sorting at the back-end sorting place. Weighing and sorting can effectively reduce the cost of production, maintenance and use of trash cans.
  • FIG. 1 is a flowchart of Embodiment 1 of a garbage disposal method provided by the present invention
  • FIG. 2 is a flowchart of Embodiment 2 of the garbage disposal method provided by the present invention.
  • FIG. 3 is a schematic structural diagram of a trash can in Embodiment 1 provided by the present invention.
  • FIG. 4 is a schematic structural diagram of a trash can in Embodiment 2 provided by the present invention.
  • first and second are only used for descriptive purposes, and cannot be understood as indicating or implying relative importance; the technical features designed in the different embodiments of the present invention described below are not constituted as long as they do not constitute each other. Conflicts can be combined with each other.
  • a garbage disposal method provided by the present invention includes:
  • M-in-one trash can with a second mark 10 open the trash can for garbage throwing or recycling by scanning the second mark 10, and the trash can is used to receive the garbage bag with the first mark, wherein M greater than 2;
  • the garbage is transferred to the garbage classification place for classification and weighing, and the weighing results are respectively recorded in the first authentication account or the second authentication account.
  • the trash can 20 can be an M-in-one trash can, wherein M is greater than 2, and the M types of garbage include plastic, metal, fabric, paper, glass and other types of recyclable garbage,
  • M is greater than 2
  • the M types of garbage include plastic, metal, fabric, paper, glass and other types of recyclable garbage
  • a garbage disposal method is characterized in that, comprising:
  • N is equal to M-1, open the trash can for garbage disposal or recycling by scanning the second logo, recyclable trash cans or N-in-one trash cans are used for receiving the garbage bag with the first identification;
  • the garbage is transferred to the garbage classification place for classification and weighing, and the weighing result is recorded to the first authentication account or the second authentication account respectively.
  • the trash can 20 includes a recyclable trash can and a A trash can, N is equal to M-1, where M is equal to 4, and N kinds of garbage include kitchen waste, other garbage and hazardous garbage. Recyclable trash cans or N-in-one trash cans are used to receive all the garbage with the first logo. the garbage bag.
  • the first logo can be a two-dimensional code, the first logo is printed or posted on the garbage bag, and the first logo printed on the garbage bag is a common technical means in the prior art, here No further description;
  • the garbage bag can be an ordinary bag, such as an extra plastic bag obtained from grocery shopping or shopping, thus canceling the original four garbage bag settings, and any bag can be used As a garbage bag, it can realize the real recycling of resources, avoid the original multiple garbage bag settings and classify the bags according to the category, which limits the use of garbage bags.
  • the first authentication account may be a user account, and when the first authentication account scans the first identifier, the cloud server may obtain the user's publicly available information and the user's authorization to use the trash can in this method, and then register the user information of the first authentication account, That is, by scanning the first identification, the first authentication account is bound to the first identification, and the information of the first authentication account bound with the first identification is uploaded to the cloud server, and the garbage bag bound with the first identification is used to pack it. After the garbage is delivered and placed, the back end can return the corresponding points to the user according to the weighing record of each garbage bag.
  • different authentication accounts can open the delivery door 30 or the recycling door 40 on the trash can 20 by scanning the second logo 10 set on the trash can;
  • the authentication account scans the second logo 10 to open the throwing door 30 of the trash can 20, and throws a garbage bag into the trash can 20 through the throwing door 30.
  • the garbage bag contains recyclable garbage, and the recyclable garbage includes plastic, metal , fabric, paper, glass and other categories, when front-end users put garbage, they can be sorted without the need to sort, so as to reduce the time cost of garbage sorting for users.
  • the second identification 10 may be a two-dimensional code
  • the first authentication account and the second authentication account scan the second identification 10 to send a data request to the cloud server
  • the cloud server receives and analyzes the data request, compares with the database, and sends
  • the opening command of the throwing door 30 and the recycling door 40 on the trash can 20 controls the opening of the throwing door 30 or the recycling door 40 .
  • the first authentication account scans the second identifier 10 and sends a first data request including the first authentication account ID information, the first authentication account openid and the first request header to the cloud server, and the cloud server receives the first data request and analyzes it
  • the first request header obtains information such as the terminal model used by the first authentication account, the location information of the first authentication account, the scan code time, the APP version, the ID information of the first authentication account, and the trash can ID;
  • Analyze according to the current trash can latitude and longitude and trash can ID information obtain the user's current regional location, and form the corresponding location information; obtain the system time, calculate the time difference according to the current location of the first authentication account, analyze the current date and scan time, etc., The corresponding time information is formed; if the location information does not match the time information, the door opening instruction is stopped.
  • the cloud server netty establishes a connection with the door opening controller, and sends the first opening instruction to open the delivery door to the door opening controller;
  • the cloud server records the information of the first authentication account for throwing garbage. After the garbage disposal is completed or there is no operation within the time threshold, the cloud server sends the first closing instruction corresponding to closing the throwing door to the door opening controller to close the throwing door, wherein, The completion of garbage disposal includes placing the garbage bag into the trash can from the delivery door.
  • a sensor for detecting the height of garbage is provided in the trash can 20.
  • the first authentication account receives the information that the trash can is full, and puts the The door stops opening; when the trash can 20 is in an abnormal state, the first authentication account receives the trash can abnormal information, and the delivery door also stops opening;
  • the threshold is set to 80% of the bucket height
  • the sensor can be an infrared sensor
  • the sensor can be arranged on the top of the trash can, and the trash height is determined by comparing the distance measured by the sensor with the bucket height.
  • some garbage cans can only be scanned in a reverse way, that is, a code scanner is installed on the garbage can, and the user's QR code is scanned in reverse.
  • the QR code identifies the user. This method is generally used with a touch screen at the same time. After scanning the user's QR code to complete the identification, the user clicks the touch screen to select the garbage category and so on for the next step. This method increases the user cost, learning cost and time cost. At the same time, the equipment itself is expensive and difficult to maintain, requiring specialized technical personnel.
  • the second is to scan the QR code on the fixed garbage bag.
  • this method reduces the cost more than the first method, in the actual operation process, due to the material characteristics of the garbage bag itself, the QR code is difficult to be easily identified. , causing the user to perform auxiliary operations with their hands. In most cases, the user may have both hands occupied, and the user is unwilling to touch the bag itself or unwilling to lift the garbage bag to match the height of the garbage can for the garbage bag. QR code scanning, so the actual operation is not humane.
  • the user when throwing garbage in the trash can in the prior art, the user needs to select the garbage to throw after logging in. In the case of throwing multiple types of garbage at one time, the garbage needs to be put on the ground, and the operation is relatively troublesome; or The user scans the QR code on the garbage bag through the trash can, and then automatically opens the corresponding delivery port. This operation still needs to open the QR code on the garbage bag to facilitate the machine identification. Due to the characteristics of the plastic bag, it needs to be operated with two hands, and in the case of a large amount of garbage, it is very inconvenient.
  • the sensor in the trash can detects the height of the trash, and when the trash height is greater than 80% of the bucket height, the bucket full information is sent to the cloud server, and the cloud server releases the recycling order information including the location information of the trash can.
  • the trash cans are spread out in turn by distance as the center.
  • the cloud server obtains the location information of the trash can that is full of garbage, starts from the location of the trash can, and searches for the second authentication account in the surrounding area.
  • the second authentication account may be a recycler.
  • the second authentication account within 500 meters first displays the recycling order information, and then the range is expanded to 1 km, 1.5 km, and 2 km in turn, until a second authentication account grabs the recycling order.
  • the second authentication account within the distance receives the recycling order information and grabs the order.
  • the terminal bound to the second authentication account displays the order grabbing interface, and various orders are displayed on the order grabbing interface. Verified accounts can be used for order grabbing; when a second authentication account succeeds in grabbing an order, the recalled order information will disappear from the order grabbing interface.
  • the bucket full information is sent to the cloud server, and the cloud server publishes the recycling order information including the location information of the garbage can for recyclers to recycle, which can ensure that any When a trash can is full, the information is uploaded and processed in time, which reduces the secondary pollution caused by the long-term stacking of garbage, and also avoids the situation that users throw garbage near the full trash can because the trash can is full; And grabbing orders can improve work efficiency and standardization.
  • the second authentication account that grabbed the recycling order obtains the location information of the full trash can.
  • the second authentication account scans the second identification 10 and sends the second authentication account information and the second request header to the cloud server.
  • Second data request the second authentication account information has been stored in the database in advance, for example, RBAC (role access control, RBAC) such as recycling member ID information and corresponding permissions
  • the cloud service receives information including the second authentication account information, the second authentication
  • the cloud server parses the second request header to obtain the second authentication account information, the location of the second authentication account, the trash can information and the corresponding scan time information, Verified account information and trash can information are compared with the database;
  • the cloud server netty and the door open
  • the controller establishes a connection and sends a second opening command to open the recycling door to the door opening controller, so that the door opening controller opens the recycling door, takes out the garbage through the recycling door, and transfers it to the sorting place; when the second authentication account information and trash can information match the When the database does not match, the cloud server stops issuing door opening instructions.
  • the cloud server sends a corresponding closing command to the door opening controller to close the recycling door; at this time, the second authentication account can obtain the recycling order information for the next time.
  • Order grabbing when the recycling door is not successfully closed, it means that the garbage collection failed this time.
  • the garbage After the garbage is taken out, it is transferred to the classification place for weighing and classification. Specifically, the recycled garbage is weighed by a metering device at the classification place.
  • the weighing system is communicatively connected, and the second authentication account scans the third logo of the weighing system to log in to the weighing system, and records the transferred garbage weighing result to the second authentication account.
  • the weighing system is based on the garbage bag measured by the weighing device. The weight returns the corresponding points to the second authentication account.
  • the garbage in the classification place is quantitatively or regularly cleaned and transported, for example, according to the removal of non-recyclable garbage to incineration plants or landfills, etc.
  • the garbage in the classification place is in line with the transportation of the cleaning truck
  • the garbage in the classification place will be cleared and transported by the truck, or the garbage in the classification place will be cleared and transported every 4 hours and every night at a fixed time;
  • each garbage bag is individually and accurately classified and weighed, thereby reducing the difficulty of front-end sorting for users, and there is no need to install weighing-related measuring devices in the front-end trash can, reducing the manufacturing of trash cans. costs and maintenance costs.
  • a scanning device to scan the first logo on the garbage bag to confirm the first authentication account information, and then take out the garbage in the garbage bag for inspection and classification, and place it according to each category. After the weight of items such as plastics or fabrics is recorded, it is recorded to the first authentication account;
  • corresponding points can be returned to the first authentication account according to the corresponding weight in the garbage bag; if the garbage in the garbage bag is abnormal and does not meet the garbage classification standard, corresponding prompt information is sent to the corresponding first authentication account.
  • various types of garbage are transported into the garbage container by the conveyor belt, and finally the garbage in the garbage container is compressed and packed, and then sent to the corresponding processing point, for example, the paper is sent to the pulp mill.
  • the present invention also provides a garbage disposal system, including garbage bags, trash cans and garbage sorting places; the garbage bags, the garbage cans and the garbage sorting places are used to interactively execute the garbage disposal method according to any one of the above .
  • the garbage does not need to be sorted and packed into a garbage bag with a first mark, and the M-in-one trash can is opened by scanning the second mark, and garbage is thrown or Recycling, where M is greater than 2, when the garbage cans are full, the garbage is transferred to the back-end sorting place for weighing and sorting; it can reduce the number of front-end garbage cans and the user’s waste sorting time cost, and carry out accurate sorting at the back-end sorting place. Weighing and sorting can effectively reduce the cost of production, maintenance and use of trash cans.

Abstract

一种垃圾处理方法及系统,其中,一种垃圾处理方法,生成带有第一标识的垃圾袋,所述第一标识用于绑定用户信息(S100);提供一带有第二标识的M合一垃圾桶,通过扫描第二标识开启M合一垃圾桶进行垃圾投放或回收,所述M合一垃圾桶用于接收带有第一标识的所述垃圾袋,其中,M大于2(S200);在所述M合一垃圾桶装满时,将垃圾转移至垃圾分类处进行分类和称重,根据称重结果分别记录至第一认证账户或第二认证账户(S300);减少了前端垃圾桶的数量和用户垃圾分类时间成本,在后端分类处进行精确称重分类,避免了现有技术中垃圾桶的占地面积过多的问题,进而有效地减少了设备的制造成本以及运营维护成本。

Description

一种垃圾处理方法及系统 技术领域
本发明涉及垃圾投放及垃圾处理技术领域,特别涉及一种垃圾处理方法及系统。
背景技术
随着垃圾分类的不断推进,人们的环保意识不断加强,对塑料、布料、饮料瓶、纸类、金属等有回收再利用价值的垃圾进行有偿回收不仅符合垃圾分类的要求,而且对投递人有一定的经济回报,因此越来越被重视。
由于现代人的生活节奏较快,经常只能在清晨或者深夜扔垃圾,在小区或者人流密集处放置固定的垃圾回收设备成为更好的回收方式,例如中国专利申请(公开号为CN111453235A)公开了一种智能垃圾分类装置,可用小区、工厂、学校等人口多的场所和环境市容环保等领域,解决了现实生活中垃圾不分类不明确、投放不明确等的现象。使得垃圾处理困难和不合理以至于造成环境污染。
但目前这种无人的智能垃圾回收设备的技术还不是很成熟,且现有技术中通常为激励用户对垃圾进行分类,单可回收物垃圾分为塑料,金属,织物,纸类,玻璃等多种类别,结合原有剩下的三种,垃圾分类的类别多达七八种;导致需要采用多个垃圾桶,每个种类一个桶,一排连在一起占用了非常大的空间,从而使得垃圾回收设施占地面积大,也导致其制作成本,维护成本,使用成本过高。
发明内容
为解决上述现有技术中垃圾桶的制作、维护及使用成本过高的不足,本发明提供的一种垃圾处理方法及系统,可以减少前端垃圾桶的数量和用户垃圾分类时间成本,在后端分类处进行精确称重分类,从而有效地降低垃圾桶的制作、维护及使用成本。
一种垃圾处理方法,包括:
生成带有第一标识的垃圾袋,所述第一标识用于绑定用户信息;
提供一带有第二标识的M合一垃圾桶,通过扫描第二标识开启垃圾桶进行垃圾投放或回收,所述垃圾桶用于接收带有第一标识的所述垃圾袋,其中,M大于2;
在所述M合一垃圾桶装满时,将垃圾转移至垃圾分类处进行分类和称重,根据称重结果分别记录至第一认证账户或第二认证账户。
一种垃圾处理方法,包括:
生成带有第一标识的垃圾袋,所述第一标识用于绑定用户信息;
提供带有第二标识的可回收垃圾桶和N合一垃圾桶,N等于M-1,通过扫描第二标识开启垃圾桶进行垃圾投放或回收,可回收垃圾桶或N合一垃圾桶用于接收带有第一标识的所述垃圾袋;
在所述可回收垃圾桶或所述N合一垃圾桶装满时,将垃圾转移至垃圾分类处进行分类和称重,根据称重结果分别记录至第一认证账户或第二认证账户。
在上述方案的基础上,进一步地,M等于4。
在上述方案的基础上,进一步地,所述第一标识印制或张贴于垃圾袋上,第一认证账户扫描所述第一标识用以登记绑定用户信息并上传至云服务器。
在上述方案的基础上,进一步地,在投放垃圾时,第一认证账户扫描所述第二标识向云服务器发送包含第一认证账户ID信息、第一认证账户openid 及第一请求头的第一数据请求,以使云服务器接收所述第一数据请求并解析第一请求头获取第一认证账户信息及垃圾桶信息;
当第一认证账户信息与垃圾桶信息匹配时,所述云服务器发送第一开启指令至开门控制器使垃圾桶上的投放门打开,通过所述投放门投入所述垃圾袋。
在上述方案的基础上,进一步地,在所述垃圾桶内设置检测垃圾高度的传感器,当垃圾桶异常或所述传感器检测到垃圾高度大于阈值时,所述投放门停止打开。
在上述方案的基础上,进一步地,所述阈值为80%桶高,当传感器检测到垃圾桶内的垃圾高度大于80%桶高时,云服务器发布包含所述垃圾桶位置信息的回收订单信息,在距离范围内的第二认证账户接收所述回收订单信息,并进行抢单以获取所述垃圾桶位置信息。
在上述方案的基础上,进一步地,在垃圾回收时,第二认证账户扫描所述第二标识向所述云服务器发送包含第二认证账户信息及第二请求头的第二数据请求,用以所述云服务器接收所述第二数据请求并解析第二请求头获取第二认证账户信息及垃圾桶信息;
当所述第二数据请求与垃圾桶信息匹配时,所述云服务器发送第二开启指令至开门控制器使回收门打开,从所述回收门取出垃圾进行转移至分类处。
在上述方案的基础上,进一步地,在投放、取出垃圾后或时间阈值无操作时,所述云服务器发送对应的关闭指令至开门控制器使投放门或回收门关闭。
在上述方案的基础上,进一步地,在垃圾转移回收至分类处后进行称重及分类,将所有垃圾称重结果记录至所述第二认证账户并返回对应积分,将每个所述垃圾袋的称重结果根据每个第一标识记录至所述第一认证账户并返 回对应积分。
本发明还提供一种垃圾处理系统,包括垃圾袋、垃圾桶以及垃圾分类处;所述垃圾袋、所述垃圾桶以及所述垃圾分类处用于交互执行如上任一项所述的垃圾处理方法。
与现有技术相比,本发明提供的一种垃圾处理方法及系统,垃圾无需分类装至带有第一标识的垃圾袋内,通过扫描第二标识开启M合一垃圾桶,进行垃圾投放或回收,其中,M大于2,在垃圾桶装满时,将垃圾转移至后端分类处进行称重和分类;可以减少前端垃圾桶的数量和用户垃圾分类时间成本,在后端分类处进行精确称重分类,从而有效地降低垃圾桶的制作、维护及使用成本。
附图说明
为了更清楚地说明本发明实施例或现有技术中的技术方案,下面将对实施例或现有技术描述中所需要使用的附图作一简单地介绍,显而易见地,下面描述中的附图是本发明的一些实施例,对于本领域普通技术人员来讲,在不付出创造性劳动的前提下,还可以根据这些附图获得其他的附图。
图1为本发明提供的垃圾处理方法实施例一的流程图;
图2为本发明提供的垃圾处理方法实施例二的流程图;
图3为本发明提供的实施例一中垃圾桶的结构示意图;
图4为本发明提供的实施例二中垃圾桶的结构示意图。
附图标记:
10第二标识 20垃圾桶 30投放门 40回收门
具体实施方式
为使本发明实施例的目的、技术方案和优点更加清楚,下面将结合本发明实施例中的附图,对本发明实施例中的技术方案进行清楚、完整地描述,显然,所描述的实施例是本发明一部分实施例,而不是全部的实施例。基于本发明中的实施例,本领域普通技术人员在没有作出创造性劳动前提下所获得的所有其他实施例,都属于本发明保护的范围。
此外,术语“第一”、“第二”仅用于描述目的,而不能理解为指示或暗示相对重要性;下面所描述的本发明不同实施方式中所设计的技术特征只要彼此之间未构成冲突就可以相互结合。
随着生活节奏的加快,垃圾分类对于用户来说,部分用户由于时间紧张之所以不愿意垃圾分类,而现有技术中垃圾处理过程中则要求用户将垃圾分成多种类别,而用户将可回收垃圾细分成多种类别时,则需要不断地进行点击对应种类,开门,投递,点击,开门,投递,造成了使用成本和时间成本大大增加。
再者,由于现有技术中垃圾所分类别太多,以可回收垃圾为例,现有技术中将可回收垃圾分为塑料,金属,织物,纸类,玻璃等多种类别,容易用户对可回收垃圾分类不熟悉而出现的分类错误现象,不利于垃圾的分类回收;而由于各类运输成本过大,经常出现“先分后混”,在运输过程中将已经分类好的垃圾又再度混合在一起,不利于资源节约型、环境友好型社会的建设以及生态文明建设水平的提高。
如图1所示,本发明提供的一种垃圾处理方法,包括:
生成带有第一标识的垃圾袋,所述第一标识用于绑定用户信息;
提供一带有第二标识10的M合一垃圾桶,通过扫描第二标识10开启垃圾桶进行垃圾投放或回收,所述垃圾桶用于接收带有第一标识的所述垃圾袋,其中,M大于2;
在所述M合一垃圾桶装满时,将垃圾转移至垃圾分类处进行分类和称重,根据称重结果分别记录至第一认证账户或第二认证账户。
具体实施时,本实施例中,垃圾桶20可以是M合一垃圾桶,其中,M大于2,M种垃圾包括可回收垃圾中的塑料,金属,织物,纸类,玻璃等多种类别,垃圾桶20用于接收装有带有第一标识的垃圾袋。
如图2所示,一种垃圾处理方法,其特征在于,包括:
生成带有第一标识的垃圾袋,所述第一标识用于绑定用户信息;
提供带有第二标识的可回收垃圾桶和N合一垃圾桶,N等于M-1,通过扫描第二标识开启垃圾桶进行垃圾投放或回收,可回收垃圾桶或N合一垃圾桶用于接收带有第一标识的所述垃圾袋;
在所述可回收垃圾桶或所述N合一垃圾桶装满时,将垃圾转移至垃圾分类处进行分类和称重,根据称重结果分别记录至第一认证账户或第二认证账户。
具体实施时,结合实际生活场景,有毒有害的垃圾数量非常少,对应垃圾袋和垃圾清运使用率低,造成极大的浪费,本实施例中,垃圾桶20包括可回收垃圾桶和N合一垃圾桶,N等于M-1,其中,M等于4,N种垃圾包括厨余垃圾、其他垃圾和有害垃圾,可回收垃圾桶或N合一垃圾桶用于接收带有第一标识的所述垃圾袋。
在上述实施例的基础上,第一标识可以是二维码,第一标识印制或张贴于垃圾袋上,第一标识印制于垃圾袋上属于现有技术中常见的技术手段,在此不再赘述;第一标识张贴于垃圾袋时,此垃圾袋可以是普通袋子,例如,买菜或购物等获取的多余塑料袋,从而取消了原有四种垃圾袋设定,可以采用任何袋子当作垃圾袋,实现资源真正的回收利用,避免原有多种垃圾袋设定按照类别将袋子分好类,限制了垃圾袋的使用。
第一认证账户可以是用户账户,第一认证账户扫描第一标识时,云服务器可以获取用户可公开的信息及用户使用本方法中的垃圾桶的授权,然后登记第一认证账户的用户信息,即通过扫描第一标识,将第一认证账户与第一标识绑定,并将该第一标识绑定的第一认证账户信息上传至云服务器,使用已绑定第一标识的垃圾袋装好垃圾后进行投递和投放,以便于后端根据每个垃圾袋称重记录向用户返回对应积分。
如图3、图4所示,不同认证账户通过扫描设于垃圾桶上的第二标识10,可以打开垃圾桶20上的投放门30或回收门40;在实际垃圾投放或回收时,第一认证账户扫描第二标识10打开垃圾桶20的投放门30,通过投放门30向垃圾桶20内投放垃圾袋,本实施例中,垃圾袋中装有可回收垃圾,可回收垃圾包括塑料,金属,织物,纸类,玻璃等多种类别,前端用户投放垃圾时,可以无需进行分类,以降低用户垃圾分类的时间成本。
具体地,第二标识10可以是二维码,第一认证账户和第二认证账户扫描第二标识10向云服务器发送数据请求,云服务器接收并分析数据请求,通过与数据库进行对比,下发垃圾桶20上的投放门30和回收门40的开启指令,控制投放门30或回收门40的开启。
在投放垃圾时,第一认证账户扫描第二标识10向云服务器发送包含第一认证账户ID信息、第一认证账户openid及第一请求头的第一数据请求,云服务器接收第一数据请求分析第一请求头,获取第一认证账户所使用的终端型号、第一认证账户位置信息、扫码时间、APP版本、第一认证账户ID信息及垃圾桶ID等信息;
根据当前垃圾桶经纬度和垃圾桶ID信息进行分析,获取用户当前区域位置,形成相应的位置信息;获取系统时间,根据第一认证账户当前所在位置计算时差,分析当前的日期和扫码时间等,形成相应的时间信息;若位置信 息与时间信息不符合,则停止下发开门指令。
接着,将第一数据请求与数据库进行对比,根据第一数据请求中包含的第一认证账户信息与数据库内的ID信息进行比对;当数据库内已有该第一认证账户信息且与数据库内第一认证账户ID信息相匹配,且垃圾桶处于正常状态,则云服务器netty和开门控制器建立连接,向开门控制器发送开启投放门的第一开启指令;
同时,云服务器记录投放垃圾的第一认证账户信息,在垃圾投放完成后或在时间阈值内无操作,云服务器发送对应关闭投放门的第一关闭指令至开门控制器使投放门关闭,其中,垃圾投放完成包括从投放门将垃圾袋投放至垃圾桶内。
优选地,在垃圾桶20内设置检测垃圾高度的传感器,当垃圾桶处于已满状态,即垃圾桶20内的传感器检测到垃圾高度大于阈值时,第一认证账户接收垃圾桶已满信息,投放门停止打开;当垃圾桶20处于异常状态,第一认证账户接收垃圾桶异常信息,投放门也停止打开;
本实施例中,阈值设置为80%桶高,传感器可以是红外传感器,传感器可以设于垃圾桶的顶部,通过传感器测量的距离与桶高的距离对比,判断垃圾高度。
现有技术中存在部分只能垃圾桶采用反向扫码方式,即在垃圾桶上安装扫码器,并反向扫取用户的二维码,有以下两种方式,第一种,扫描用户二维码识别用户,此方式一般同时具有一块触摸屏使用,在扫描用户二维码完成识别后,用户点击触摸屏选择垃圾类别等进行下一步操作。这种方式增加了用户使用成本,学习成本和时间成本,同时导致了设备本身造价过高且难以维护,需要专门的技术人员。
第二种,扫描固定垃圾袋上二维码,此方式较第一种方式虽减少了较多 成本,但在实际操作过程中,由于垃圾袋本身的材质特性,二维码很难被轻易识别,导致用户不得不用手进行辅助操作,大部分情况下,用户可能双手被占用,并且用户是不愿意去触碰袋子本身的或者不愿意将垃圾袋托举至于垃圾桶高度相匹配以进行垃圾袋二维码扫描,所以实际操作并不人性。
且现有技术中的垃圾桶在投放垃圾时,用户在登录后需要选择所扔垃圾,在一次扔多种垃圾的情况下,需要将垃圾放到地上,腾出手点击屏幕,操作较为麻烦;或者用户将垃圾袋上的二维码经由垃圾桶扫描,后自动开启相应投递口。此操作仍需要将垃圾袋上二维码撑开,方便机器识别,因塑料袋特性,需要用两个手操作,且在垃圾量大的情况下,很不便利。
而本实施例中垃圾处理方法,以可回收垃圾为例,用户从投放门将垃圾袋投放至垃圾桶内时,无需再次选择本次所扔垃圾类别,真正实现傻瓜式操作,在几秒内完成投递;通过用户扫描设于垃圾桶上的二维码,确保各年龄段居民均可以轻易学习并使用的同时,提高了使用效率。
投放门关闭后,垃圾桶内的传感器检测垃圾高度,当垃圾高度大于80%桶高时向云服务器发送桶满信息,云服务器发布包含所述垃圾桶位置信息的回收订单信息,回收订单信息以所述垃圾桶为中心按距离依次扩散。
具体地,云服务器获取垃圾已满的垃圾桶位置信息,从该垃圾桶的位置开始,搜寻周边所在的第二认证账户,本实施例中,第二认证账户可以是回收员,该垃圾桶周围500米内的第二认证账户先显示此回收订单信息,然后范围依次扩至1千米、1.5千米、2千米,直到有第二认证账户抢到此回收订单。
距离范围内的第二认证账户接收回收订单信息并抢单,第二认证账户所绑定的终端上显示抢单界面,抢单界面上显示各类订单,任何看到此回收订单信息的第二认证账户均可进行抢单;当某个第二认证账户抢单成功后,此 回收订单信息从抢单界面上消失。
目前现有技术中垃圾回收时,仍然需要回收员定时定点回收,因此经常出现垃圾桶满用户将垃圾扔在已满垃圾桶附近,同时,还会出现垃圾桶未满便回收的情况,由于用户扔垃圾时间的不确定性,这种回收方法浪费了回收员的人工成本和时间成本。
而本实施例中垃圾处理方法,当垃圾高度高于满桶阈值时,向云服务器发送桶满信息,云服务器发布包含所述垃圾桶位置信息的回收订单信息使回收员进行回收,可以确保任何一个垃圾桶满时及时上传信息和处理,减少垃圾因长时间堆放产生的二次污染,也避免了因垃圾桶满用户将垃圾扔在已满垃圾桶附近的情况;回收员通过接收回收订单信息并抢单可以提高的工作效率和规范程度。
抢到回收订单的第二认证账户获取已满垃圾桶的位置信息,到达该垃圾桶时,第二认证账户扫描第二标识10向云服务器发送包含第二认证账户信息及第二请求头的第二数据请求,第二认证账户信息已提前在数据库内存储,例如是回收员ID信息及对应权限等RBAC(角色的访问控制,简称RBAC),云服务接收包含第二认证账户信息、第二认证账户所在位置及第二请求头的第二数据请求时,云服务器解析第二请求头获取第二认证账户信息、第二认证账户所在位置、垃圾桶信息及对应扫码时间信息,通过将第二认证账户信息及垃圾桶信息与数据库相对比;
当扫描第二标识10所绑定的垃圾桶信息与数据库内垃圾桶信息相匹配,且数据库内已有该第二认证账户信息且与数据库内回收员ID信息相匹配,则云服务器netty和开门控制器建立连接,向开门控制器发送开启回收门的第二开启指令,以使开门控制器开启回收门,通过回收门取出垃圾回收转移至分类处;当第二认证账户信息及垃圾桶信息与数据库不匹配时,云服务器停 止下发开门指令。
优选地,垃圾桶内的垃圾被取出或在时间阈值无操作时,云服务器发送对应的关闭指令至开门控制器使回收门关闭;此时第二认证账户可对回收订单信息进行下一次获取及抢单,当回收门未成功关闭时,则代表此次回收垃圾失败。
垃圾取出后转移至分类处进行称重及分类,具体地,在分类处利用计量装置对已回收的垃圾进行称重,计量装置可以是较为精确的千分称或万分称,该计量装置与称重系统通信连接,第二认证账户扫描称重系统的第三标识登录称重系统,将转移来的垃圾称重结果记录至第二认证账户,优选地,称重系统根据计量装置测量的垃圾袋重量向第二认证账户返还对应积分。
相比现有技术中回收垃圾时需要在垃圾桶内翻拣以及回收员进行二次扫码识别并检测垃圾类别,本发明提供的垃圾回收方法中,降低了回收员的工作强度,提高了回收效率。
接着,根据垃圾类别对分类处的垃圾定量或定期进行清运,例如,根据将不可回收垃圾清运至焚烧厂或填埋场等,具体地,当分类处的垃圾量符合清运车的运载量时,通过清运车将分类处的垃圾进行清运,或者每4个小时、每天晚上固定时间对分类处的垃圾进行清运;
从而确保用户每日投放的垃圾可以得到处理,一方面减少了垃圾因长时间存放产生的异味、腐烂等二次污染,另一方面减少了回收员从所回收垃圾的垃圾桶处至垃圾仓库的距离,降低了回收员的时间成本。
分类处的垃圾清运后,再对每个垃圾袋进行单独精确分类及称重,从而减少了用户前端分类难度,且前端垃圾桶内也无需安装称重相关计量装置,减少了垃圾桶的制造成本和维修成本。
具体地,使用扫描装置扫描垃圾袋上的第一标识确认第一认证账户信息, 再将垃圾袋内的垃圾取出进行检查分类,按照各类别分类放置,例如,分别称出垃圾袋中金属、纸类、塑料或织物等物品的重量后,记录至第一认证账户;
本实施例中,可以根据垃圾袋内相应的重量向第一认证账户返还对应的积分;若垃圾袋内垃圾异常不符合垃圾分类标准,则发送对应提示信息给对应第一认证账户。最后,在利用传送带将各类别垃圾传送至垃圾容器内,最后对垃圾容器内的垃圾进行压缩打包处理,再送至对应处理点,例如,纸类送至纸浆厂等。
本发明还提供一种垃圾处理系统,包括垃圾袋、垃圾桶以及垃圾分类处;所述垃圾袋、所述垃圾桶以及所述垃圾分类处用于交互执行如上任一项所述的垃圾处理方法。
与现有技术相比,本发明提供的一种垃圾处理方法及系统,垃圾无需分类装至带有第一标识的垃圾袋内,通过扫描第二标识开启M合一垃圾桶,进行垃圾投放或回收,其中,M大于2,在垃圾桶装满时,将垃圾转移至后端分类处进行称重和分类;可以减少前端垃圾桶的数量和用户垃圾分类时间成本,在后端分类处进行精确称重分类,从而有效地降低垃圾桶的制作、维护及使用成本。
最后应说明的是:以上各实施例仅用以说明本发明的技术方案,而非对其限制;尽管参照前述各实施例对本发明进行了详细的说明,本领域的普通技术人员应当理解:其依然可以对前述各实施例所记载的技术方案进行修改,或者对其中部分或者全部技术特征进行等同替换;而这些修改或者替换,并不使相应技术方案的本质脱离本发明各实施例技术方案的范围。

Claims (11)

  1. 一种垃圾处理方法,其特征在于,包括:
    生成带有第一标识的垃圾袋,所述第一标识用于绑定用户信息;
    提供一带有第二标识的M合一垃圾桶,通过扫描第二标识开启M合一垃圾桶进行垃圾投放或回收,所述M合一垃圾桶用于接收带有第一标识的所述垃圾袋,其中,M大于2;
    在所述M合一垃圾桶装满时,将垃圾转移至垃圾分类处进行分类和称重,根据称重结果分别记录至第一认证账户或第二认证账户。
  2. 根据权利要求1所述的垃圾处理方法,其特征在于:所述第一标识印制或张贴于垃圾袋上,第一认证账户扫描所述第一标识用以登记绑定用户信息并上传至云服务器。
  3. 根据权利要求1所述的垃圾处理方法,其特征在于:在投放垃圾时,第一认证账户扫描所述第二标识向云服务器发送包含第一认证账户ID信息、第一认证账户openid及第一请求头的第一数据请求,以使云服务器接收所述第一数据请求并解析第一请求头获取第一认证账户信息及垃圾桶信息;
    当第一认证账户信息与垃圾桶信息匹配时,所述云服务器发送第一开启指令至开门控制器使垃圾桶上的投放门打开,通过所述投放门投入所述垃圾袋。
  4. 根据权利要求3所述的垃圾处理方法,其特征在于:在所述垃圾桶内设置检测垃圾高度的传感器,当垃圾桶异常或所述传感器检测到垃圾高度大于阈值时,所述投放门停止打开。
  5. 根据权利要求4所述的垃圾处理方法,其特征在于:所述阈值为80%桶高,当传感器检测到垃圾桶内的垃圾高度大于80%桶高时,云服务器发布包含所述垃圾桶位置信息的回收订单信息,在距离范围内的第二认证账户接收所述回收订单信息,并进行抢单以获取所述垃圾桶位置信息。
  6. 根据权利要求5所述的垃圾处理方法,其特征在于:在垃圾回收时,第二认证账户扫描所述第二标识向所述云服务器发送包含第二认证账户信息及第二请求头的第二数据请求,用以所述云服务器接收所述第二数据请求并解析第二请求头获取第二认证账户信息及垃圾桶信息;
    当所述第二数据请求与垃圾桶信息匹配时,所述云服务器发送第二开启指令至开门控制器使回收门打开,从所述回收门取出垃圾进行转移至分类处。
  7. 根据权利要求3或6所述的垃圾处理方法,其特征在于:在投放、取出垃圾后或时间阈值无操作时,所述云服务器发送对应的关闭指令至开门控制器使投放门或回收门关闭。
  8. 根据权利要求7所述的垃圾处理方法,其特征在于:在垃圾转移回收至分类处后进行称重及分类,将所有垃圾称重结果记录至所述第二认证账户并返回对应积分,将每个所述垃圾袋的称重结果根据每个第一标识记录至所述第一认证账户并返回对应积分。
  9. 一种垃圾处理方法,其特征在于,包括:
    生成带有第一标识的垃圾袋,所述第一标识用于绑定用户信息;
    提供带有第二标识的可回收垃圾桶和N合一垃圾桶,N等于M-1,通过扫描第二标识开启垃圾桶进行垃圾投放或回收,所述可回收垃圾桶或N合一垃圾桶用于接收带有第一标识的所述垃圾袋;
    在所述可回收垃圾桶或所述N合一垃圾桶装满时,将垃圾转移至垃圾分类处进行分类和称重,根据称重结果分别记录至第一认证账户或第二认证账户。
  10. 根据权利要求9所述的垃圾处理方法,其特征在于:M等于4。
  11. 一种垃圾处理系统,其特征在于:包括垃圾袋、垃圾桶以及垃圾分类处;所述垃圾袋、所述垃圾桶以及所述垃圾分类处用于交互执行如上权利 要求1-9任一项所述的垃圾处理方法。
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CN110482077A (zh) * 2019-08-15 2019-11-22 大连索信环保科技有限公司 智能垃圾分类系统
CN110902188A (zh) * 2019-12-09 2020-03-24 上海良韶智能科技有限公司 一种智能化垃圾分类垃圾箱
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