WO2020238920A1 - 全电驱动混砂设备及全电驱动混砂设备的自动控制系统 - Google Patents

全电驱动混砂设备及全电驱动混砂设备的自动控制系统 Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2020238920A1
WO2020238920A1 PCT/CN2020/092445 CN2020092445W WO2020238920A1 WO 2020238920 A1 WO2020238920 A1 WO 2020238920A1 CN 2020092445 W CN2020092445 W CN 2020092445W WO 2020238920 A1 WO2020238920 A1 WO 2020238920A1
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Prior art keywords
drive motor
suction
control system
mixing
manifold
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PCT/CN2020/092445
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English (en)
French (fr)
Inventor
田雨
李泓杉
弋大浪
刘波
李水华
Original Assignee
四川宏华石油设备有限公司
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Application filed by 四川宏华石油设备有限公司 filed Critical 四川宏华石油设备有限公司
Priority to CA3139313A priority Critical patent/CA3139313A1/en
Priority to US17/614,509 priority patent/US20220219129A1/en
Publication of WO2020238920A1 publication Critical patent/WO2020238920A1/zh

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01FMIXING, e.g. DISSOLVING, EMULSIFYING OR DISPERSING
    • B01F23/00Mixing according to the phases to be mixed, e.g. dispersing or emulsifying
    • B01F23/50Mixing liquids with solids
    • B01F23/59Mixing systems, i.e. flow charts or diagrams
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01FMIXING, e.g. DISSOLVING, EMULSIFYING OR DISPERSING
    • B01F27/00Mixers with rotary stirring devices in fixed receptacles; Kneaders
    • B01F27/80Mixers with rotary stirring devices in fixed receptacles; Kneaders with stirrers rotating about a substantially vertical axis
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01FMIXING, e.g. DISSOLVING, EMULSIFYING OR DISPERSING
    • B01F33/00Other mixers; Mixing plants; Combinations of mixers
    • B01F33/50Movable or transportable mixing devices or plants
    • B01F33/502Vehicle-mounted mixing devices
    • B01F33/5026Vehicle-mounted mixing devices using sledges or skids for moving or displacing the mixing installation
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01FMIXING, e.g. DISSOLVING, EMULSIFYING OR DISPERSING
    • B01F35/00Accessories for mixers; Auxiliary operations or auxiliary devices; Parts or details of general application
    • B01F35/181Preventing generation of dust or dirt; Sieves; Filters
    • B01F35/187Preventing generation of dust or dirt; Sieves; Filters using filters in mixers, e.g. during venting
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01FMIXING, e.g. DISSOLVING, EMULSIFYING OR DISPERSING
    • B01F35/00Accessories for mixers; Auxiliary operations or auxiliary devices; Parts or details of general application
    • B01F35/20Measuring; Control or regulation
    • B01F35/21Measuring
    • B01F35/211Measuring of the operational parameters
    • B01F35/2112Level of material in a container or the position or shape of the upper surface of the material
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01FMIXING, e.g. DISSOLVING, EMULSIFYING OR DISPERSING
    • B01F35/00Accessories for mixers; Auxiliary operations or auxiliary devices; Parts or details of general application
    • B01F35/20Measuring; Control or regulation
    • B01F35/22Control or regulation
    • B01F35/2201Control or regulation characterised by the type of control technique used
    • B01F35/2209Controlling the mixing process as a whole, i.e. involving a complete monitoring and controlling of the mixing process during the whole mixing cycle
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01FMIXING, e.g. DISSOLVING, EMULSIFYING OR DISPERSING
    • B01F35/00Accessories for mixers; Auxiliary operations or auxiliary devices; Parts or details of general application
    • B01F35/71Feed mechanisms
    • B01F35/717Feed mechanisms characterised by the means for feeding the components to the mixer
    • B01F35/7173Feed mechanisms characterised by the means for feeding the components to the mixer using gravity, e.g. from a hopper
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01FMIXING, e.g. DISSOLVING, EMULSIFYING OR DISPERSING
    • B01F35/00Accessories for mixers; Auxiliary operations or auxiliary devices; Parts or details of general application
    • B01F35/71Feed mechanisms
    • B01F35/717Feed mechanisms characterised by the means for feeding the components to the mixer
    • B01F35/7176Feed mechanisms characterised by the means for feeding the components to the mixer using pumps
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01FMIXING, e.g. DISSOLVING, EMULSIFYING OR DISPERSING
    • B01F35/00Accessories for mixers; Auxiliary operations or auxiliary devices; Parts or details of general application
    • B01F35/71Feed mechanisms
    • B01F35/717Feed mechanisms characterised by the means for feeding the components to the mixer
    • B01F35/71775Feed mechanisms characterised by the means for feeding the components to the mixer using helical screws
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01FMIXING, e.g. DISSOLVING, EMULSIFYING OR DISPERSING
    • B01F35/00Accessories for mixers; Auxiliary operations or auxiliary devices; Parts or details of general application
    • B01F35/71Feed mechanisms
    • B01F35/717Feed mechanisms characterised by the means for feeding the components to the mixer
    • B01F35/718Feed mechanisms characterised by the means for feeding the components to the mixer using vacuum, under pressure in a closed receptacle or circuit system
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01FMIXING, e.g. DISSOLVING, EMULSIFYING OR DISPERSING
    • B01F35/00Accessories for mixers; Auxiliary operations or auxiliary devices; Parts or details of general application
    • B01F35/71Feed mechanisms
    • B01F35/717Feed mechanisms characterised by the means for feeding the components to the mixer
    • B01F35/71815Feed mechanisms characterised by the means for feeding the components to the mixer using vibrations, e.g. standing waves or ultrasonic vibrations
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01FMIXING, e.g. DISSOLVING, EMULSIFYING OR DISPERSING
    • B01F35/00Accessories for mixers; Auxiliary operations or auxiliary devices; Parts or details of general application
    • B01F35/75Discharge mechanisms
    • B01F35/754Discharge mechanisms characterised by the means for discharging the components from the mixer
    • B01F35/7544Discharge mechanisms characterised by the means for discharging the components from the mixer using pumps
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01FMIXING, e.g. DISSOLVING, EMULSIFYING OR DISPERSING
    • B01F35/00Accessories for mixers; Auxiliary operations or auxiliary devices; Parts or details of general application
    • B01F35/80Forming a predetermined ratio of the substances to be mixed
    • B01F35/88Forming a predetermined ratio of the substances to be mixed by feeding the materials batchwise
    • B01F35/883Forming a predetermined ratio of the substances to be mixed by feeding the materials batchwise using flow rate controls for feeding the substances
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH DRILLING; MINING
    • E21BEARTH DRILLING, e.g. DEEP DRILLING; OBTAINING OIL, GAS, WATER, SOLUBLE OR MELTABLE MATERIALS OR A SLURRY OF MINERALS FROM WELLS
    • E21B43/00Methods or apparatus for obtaining oil, gas, water, soluble or meltable materials or a slurry of minerals from wells
    • E21B43/25Methods for stimulating production
    • E21B43/26Methods for stimulating production by forming crevices or fractures
    • E21B43/2607Surface equipment specially adapted for fracturing operations
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH DRILLING; MINING
    • E21BEARTH DRILLING, e.g. DEEP DRILLING; OBTAINING OIL, GAS, WATER, SOLUBLE OR MELTABLE MATERIALS OR A SLURRY OF MINERALS FROM WELLS
    • E21B43/00Methods or apparatus for obtaining oil, gas, water, soluble or meltable materials or a slurry of minerals from wells
    • E21B43/25Methods for stimulating production
    • E21B43/26Methods for stimulating production by forming crevices or fractures
    • E21B43/267Methods for stimulating production by forming crevices or fractures reinforcing fractures by propping
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F04POSITIVE - DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; PUMPS FOR LIQUIDS OR ELASTIC FLUIDS
    • F04BPOSITIVE-DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; PUMPS
    • F04B17/00Pumps characterised by combination with, or adaptation to, specific driving engines or motors
    • F04B17/03Pumps characterised by combination with, or adaptation to, specific driving engines or motors driven by electric motors
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F04POSITIVE - DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; PUMPS FOR LIQUIDS OR ELASTIC FLUIDS
    • F04BPOSITIVE-DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; PUMPS
    • F04B49/00Control, e.g. of pump delivery, or pump pressure of, or safety measures for, machines, pumps, or pumping installations, not otherwise provided for, or of interest apart from, groups F04B1/00 - F04B47/00
    • F04B49/06Control using electricity
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01FMIXING, e.g. DISSOLVING, EMULSIFYING OR DISPERSING
    • B01F2101/00Mixing characterised by the nature of the mixed materials or by the application field
    • B01F2101/49Mixing drilled material or ingredients for well-drilling, earth-drilling or deep-drilling compositions with liquids to obtain slurries

Definitions

  • the invention relates to the field of oil drilling equipment, in particular to an all-electric drive sand mixing equipment for fracturing equipment and an automatic control system thereof.
  • sand mixing equipment is widely used in the construction process of increasing oil and gas production; sand mixing equipment is the main supporting equipment for oil field fracturing and sand control operations, mainly used for mixing, mixing, and conveying fracturing operations.
  • the traditional sand mixing skid is generally driven by two diesel engines, or electro-hydraulic hybrid drive. Both of these drive forms cannot get rid of the hydraulic drive.
  • the hydraulic drive transmits the power to each oil pump through the transmission system, respectively.
  • the control system of the sand mixing equipment mainly controls the suction pump ,
  • the displacement of the discharge pump and the liquid level of the sand mixing tank, the hydraulic drive control process is complicated, and the operation requirements are high;
  • the components of the existing electro-hydraulic driven sand mixing equipment are set up, the inverter placement room and the operation room are integrated. They are fixedly arranged on the upper layer of the sand mixing equipment, while the suction pump, discharge pump, dry adding device, liquid adding equipment and various manifolds are all arranged under the inverter placement room and operation room.
  • the existing technology has the following problems:
  • the hydraulic drive type of the prior art has a complicated structure and is difficult to maintain;
  • the existing technology uses hydraulic drive, so the response speed and control accuracy are not very high;
  • the existing technology adopts hydraulic drive, and the noise is very loud during construction, and it is impossible to work at night.
  • the purpose of the present invention is to overcome the above-mentioned shortcomings in the prior art, and provide an all-electric-driven sand mixing equipment that can improve response speed and control accuracy and an automatic control system for controlling the all-electric-driven sand mixing equipment.
  • the present invention provides the following technical solutions.
  • the fully electric driven sand mixing equipment includes a foundation, which is divided into upper and lower layers, namely the upper foundation layer and the lower foundation layer, and also includes:
  • a suction pump which is fixedly connected to the lower layer of the foundation;
  • a suction pump drive motor, the suction pump drive motor is fixed and electrically connected to the suction pump, and the bottom of the suction pump drive motor is fixedly connected to the lower foundation;
  • a suction manifold the suction manifold is fixedly connected to the lower layer of the foundation, and one end of the suction manifold is fixedly connected and communicated with the other end of the suction pump;
  • a mixing agitator the mixing agitator is connected to the other end of the suction manifold, and the mixing agitator is fixedly connected to the upper layer and the lower layer of the foundation;
  • a mixing agitator driving motor is fixedly connected to the top of the mixing agitator, and the mixing agitator driving motor is electrically connected to the mixing agitator;
  • said dry-adding device is fixedly connected to the upper layer of the foundation, said dry-adding device is in communication with said mixing agitator, and the number of said dry-adding device is M, M ⁇ 1;
  • a dry-adding device drive motor the dry-adding device drive motor is fixed and electrically connected to the dry-adding device, and the number of the dry-adding device drive motors is the same as the number of the dry-adding device;
  • liquid addition device said liquid addition device is fixedly connected with the lower layer of the foundation, said liquid addition device is in communication with said mixing and agitator, the number of said liquid addition device is N, and said N ⁇ 1;
  • the liquid adding device drive motor the liquid adding device drive motor is fixed and electrically connected with the liquid adding device, the bottom of the liquid adding device drive motor is fixedly connected with the foundation lower layer, the number of the liquid adding device driving motors Consistent with the number of the liquid adding device;
  • Sand conveying device the sand conveying device is fixedly connected with the upper foundation layer and the lower foundation layer, the electric sand conveying device is at a certain angle with the foundation plate, and the sand conveying device communicates with the mixing and agitator;
  • a sand conveying device driving motor which is fixed and electrically connected to the top of the sand conveying device
  • a discharge pump which is fixedly connected to the lower layer of the foundation, and the discharge pump is in communication with the mixing and agitator;
  • a discharge pump drive motor, the discharge pump drive motor is fixed and electrically connected to the discharge pump, and the discharge pump drive motor is also fixedly connected to the lower foundation;
  • Discharge manifold one end of the discharge manifold is fixedly connected and communicated with the discharge pump, one end of the discharge manifold is also communicated with the mixing agitator, and the discharge manifold is fixedly connected with the lower foundation;
  • the operation room is fixedly connected with the upper layer of the foundation.
  • the sand conveying device is fixedly installed at one end of the foundation, the upper layer of the foundation is provided with L foundation plates, L ⁇ 2, the foundation plate is detachable, and the mixing and agitator is next to
  • the sand conveying device is installed, the upper part of the mixing mixer is fixedly connected with the upper foundation layer, the lower part of the mixing mixer is fixedly connected with the lower foundation layer, the discharge pump, the discharge pump driving motor, and the discharge pipe
  • the sink, the suction pump, the drive motor of the suction pump, the suction manifold, the liquid adding device, and the drive motor of the liquid adding device are respectively fixedly connected to the lower foundation layer, and are all arranged between the upper foundation layer and the lower foundation layer, the operation room Fixedly installed on the upper layer of the foundation, located above the discharge pump, discharge pump drive motor, discharge manifold, suction pump, suction pump drive motor, suction manifold, liquid filling device, and liquid filling device drive motor.
  • discharge pump drive motor When maintenance is required When replacing the discharge pump, discharge pump drive motor, discharge manifold, suction pump, suction pump drive motor, suction manifold, liquid filling device, and liquid filling device drive motor, remove the base plate for operation, which is convenient for operators to operate , There is no need to carry out extensive dismantling and installation work.
  • the all-electric drive sand mixing equipment further includes a frequency converter placement room, and the installation mode of the frequency converter placement room is either of the following two forms:
  • the frequency converter housing is fixedly installed at the other end of the foundation, and is fixedly connected to the lower layer of the foundation;
  • the inverter placement room is independent into a skid.
  • the suction pump drive motor, the mixer drive motor, the liquid addition device drive motor, the dry addition device drive motor, the sand conveying device drive motor and the discharge pump drive motor are configured in the following four ways One of:
  • the drive motor of the suction pump, the drive motor of the mixer, the drive motor of the liquid adding device, the drive motor of the dry adding device, the drive motor of the sand conveying device, and the drive motor of the discharge pump are all connected with a frequency converter.
  • the drive motor of the suction pump, the drive motor of the mixing stirrer, the drive motor of the liquid filling device, the drive motor of the dry filling device, the drive motor of the sand conveying device and the drive motor of the discharge pump are integrated;
  • the drive motor of the suction pump, the drive motor of the mixer, the drive motor of the liquid adding device, the drive motor of the dry adding device, the drive motor of the sand conveying device and the drive motor of the discharge pump are all connected with a frequency converter, and the frequency converter is connected to the
  • the suction pump drive motor, the mixing stirrer drive motor, the liquid adding device drive motor, the dry adding device drive motor, the sand conveying device drive motor, and the discharge pump drive motor are integrated into one body, and the suction manifold is provided with a regulating valve;
  • the driving motor of the mixing and stirring device, the driving motor of the liquid adding device, the driving motor of the dry adding device and the driving motor of the sand conveying device are all connected with a frequency converter, and the frequency converter is driven by the driving motor of the mixing and stirring device and the liquid adding device.
  • the motor, the dry adding device drive motor and the sand conveying device drive motor are integrated into one, the suction pump drive motor and the discharge pump drive motor are both rated speed drive motors, and the suction manifold is provided with a regulating valve;
  • the drive motor of the suction pump, the drive motor of the mixing stirrer, the drive motor of the liquid adding device, the drive motor of the dry adding device and the drive motor of the sand conveying device are all connected with a frequency converter, and the frequency converter is connected to the drive motor of the suction pump,
  • the driving motor of the mixing stirrer, the driving motor of the liquid adding device, the driving motor of the dry adding device and the driving motor of the sand conveying device are integrated into a whole, and the driving motor of the discharge pump is a driving motor of a rated speed;
  • the drive motor of the suction pump, the drive motor of the mixing stirrer, the drive motor of the liquid adding device, the drive motor of the dry adding device and the drive motor of the sand conveying device are all connected with a frequency converter, and the frequency converter is connected to the drive motor of the suction pump,
  • the driving motor of the mixing and agitator, the driving motor of the liquid adding device, the driving motor of the dry adding device and the driving motor of the sand conveying device are integrated, the discharge pump driving motor is a rated speed driving motor, and the suction manifold is provided with a regulating valve;
  • the driving motor of the mixing and agitator, the driving motor of the liquid adding device, the driving motor of the dry adding device, the driving motor of the sand conveying device and the driving motor of the discharge pump are all connected with a frequency converter, and the frequency converter is connected with the driving motor of the mixing and agitator.
  • the driving motor of the liquid filling device, the driving motor of the dry filling device, the driving motor of the sand conveying device and the driving motor of the discharge pump are integrated into one body, the driving motor of the suction pump is a driving motor of a rated speed, and a regulating valve is arranged on the suction manifold.
  • the suction pump drive motor, the mixer drive motor, the liquid addition device drive motor, the dry addition device drive motor, the sand conveying device drive motor and the discharge pump drive motor are configured in the following four ways One of:
  • the drive motor of the suction pump, the drive motor of the mixer, the drive motor of the liquid adding device, the drive motor of the dry adding device, the drive motor of the sand conveying device and the drive motor of the discharge pump are all connected with a frequency converter, and the frequency converter is fixedly installed in The frequency converter is placed in the house;
  • the drive motor of the suction pump, the drive motor of the mixer, the drive motor of the liquid adding device, the drive motor of the dry adding device, the drive motor of the sand conveying device and the drive motor of the discharge pump are all connected with a frequency converter, and the frequency converter is fixedly installed in The frequency converter is placed in a house, and a regulating valve is provided on the suction manifold;
  • the drive motor of the mixing and stirrer, the drive motor of the liquid adding device, the drive motor of the dry adding device and the drive motor of the sand conveying device are all connected with a frequency converter, and the frequency converter is fixedly installed in the frequency converter placement room.
  • Both the suction pump drive motor and the discharge pump drive motor are rated speed drive motors, and the suction manifold is provided with a regulating valve;
  • the drive motor of the suction pump, the drive motor of the mixer, the drive motor of the liquid adding device, the drive motor of the dry adding device and the drive motor of the sand conveying device are all connected with a frequency converter, and the frequency converter is fixedly installed in the frequency converter.
  • the discharge pump drive motor is a rated speed drive motor;
  • the drive motor of the suction pump, the drive motor of the mixer, the drive motor of the liquid adding device, the drive motor of the dry adding device and the drive motor of the sand conveying device are all connected with a frequency converter, and the frequency converter is fixedly installed in the frequency converter.
  • the discharge pump drive motor is a rated speed drive motor, and the suction manifold is provided with a regulating valve;
  • the driving motor of the mixing and stirring device, the driving motor of the liquid adding device, the driving motor of the dry adding device, the driving motor of the sand conveying device and the driving motor of the discharge pump are all connected with a frequency converter, and the frequency converter is fixedly installed in the frequency converter.
  • the suction pump drive motor is a rated speed drive motor, and the suction manifold is provided with a regulating valve.
  • the liquid addition device is also in communication with the discharge manifold, a shut-off valve is provided on the connecting pipeline between the liquid addition device and the mixing and agitator, and the liquid addition device is connected to the discharge manifold.
  • the connecting line of the manifold is provided with the stop valve, and when the liquid adding device is in communication with the mixing and agitator, the stop valve on the connecting line of the liquid adding device and the discharge manifold is closed.
  • the shut-off valve on the connecting pipeline between the liquid addition device and the mixing stirrer is shut off, which can realize the liquid in the mixing stirrer.
  • the addition of additives can also realize the addition of liquid additives in the discharge manifold.
  • the liquid addition device is also in communication with the suction manifold, and the connecting line between the liquid addition device and the suction manifold is provided with the stop valve; the liquid addition device is connected to the suction manifold.
  • the stop valve on the connecting pipeline between the liquid addition device and the suction manifold and the discharge manifold is closed; the liquid addition device is in communication with the discharge manifold
  • the stop valve on the connecting line is closed; when the liquid addition device is in communication with the suction manifold, the liquid addition device
  • the shut-off valve on the connecting pipeline with the mixing and agitator and the discharge manifold is closed, which can realize the addition of liquid additives in the mixing and agitator or the addition of liquid additives in the discharge manifold. Add liquid additives in the suction manifold.
  • the present invention further includes a level gauge, which is fixedly arranged in the mixing and agitator, and the level gauge is used to display the height of the mixture in the mixing and agitator.
  • an auxiliary manifold one and an auxiliary manifold two are installed in communication between the suction manifold and the discharge manifold, the suction manifold is provided with valve one, and the auxiliary manifold one is provided with There is a valve two, the auxiliary manifold two is provided with a valve three, and the input manifold is provided with a valve four; when the valve one and the valve four are opened, the valve two and the valve three are closed, the suction The pump and the suction manifold work together, and the discharge pump and the discharge manifold work together; when the valve one and valve four are closed, and the valve two and valve three are open, the suction pump and the auxiliary manifold two ,
  • the discharge manifold works together, the discharge pump, the suction manifold and the auxiliary manifold work together to realize the left suction right row and the right suction left row of the entire sand mixing equipment.
  • the foundation is a skid.
  • the foundation is a sand mixer.
  • the sand mixing equipment includes a funnel screen, the upper part of the sand mixing tank is provided with a filter screen, and both the funnel screen and the filter screen are provided with a vibration motor.
  • the vibrating motor is activated to loosen the blocked fracturing proppant to achieve the purpose of dredging.
  • An automatic control system for controlling the aforementioned all-electric drive sand mixing equipment which includes:
  • a suction control system the suction control system is electrically connected to the suction pump drive motor, and the suction control system controls the suction pump drive motor to work;
  • a mixing control system the mixing control system is electrically connected to the mixing and agitator driving motor through the frequency converter, and the mixing control system controls the frequency converter to change the speed of the mixing and agitating driving motor, thereby controlling the Rotation speed of the inner stirring blade of the mixing stirrer;
  • Dry-adding control system the dry-adding control system is electrically connected to the dry-adding device drive motor through the frequency converter, and the dry-adding control system changes the speed of the dry-adding device drive motor through the frequency converter, thereby Controlling the dry powder additive dosage of the dry adding device;
  • the liquid addition control system is electrically connected to the liquid addition device drive motor through the frequency converter, and the liquid addition control system changes the rotation speed of the liquid addition device drive motor through the frequency converter, thereby Controlling the liquid additive amount of the liquid adding device;
  • the sand conveying control system is electrically connected to the sand conveying device drive motor through the frequency converter, and the sand conveying control system changes the speed of the sand conveying device drive motor through the frequency converter, thereby Changing the input amount of proppant of the sand conveying device;
  • the discharge control system is electrically connected to the discharge pump, and the discharge control system controls the discharge pump to work.
  • the suction control system is electrically connected to the suction pump drive motor through the frequency converter, and the suction control system controls the rotation speed of the suction pump drive motor through the frequency converter, thereby controlling the The suction volume of the suction pump.
  • the suction control system is electrically connected to the suction pump driving motor through the frequency converter, and the suction control system controls the rotation speed of the suction pump driving motor through the frequency converter, and The cooperation of the regulating valve controls the suction volume of the suction pump.
  • the suction control system is directly electrically connected to the suction pump drive motor, the suction pump drive motor is an ordinary non-frequency conversion motor, and the suction control system controls the suction pump drive motor to work through The regulating valve controls the suction volume of the suction pump.
  • the discharge control system is electrically connected to the discharge pump drive motor through the frequency converter, and the discharge control system controls the rotation speed of the discharge pump drive motor through the frequency converter, thereby controlling the discharge pump drive motor.
  • the discharge volume of the discharge pump is electrically connected to the discharge pump drive motor through the frequency converter, and the discharge control system controls the rotation speed of the discharge pump drive motor through the frequency converter, thereby controlling the discharge pump drive motor.
  • the discharge control system is directly electrically connected to the discharge pump drive motor, the discharge pump drive motor is an ordinary non-frequency conversion motor, and the discharge control system controls the discharge pump drive motor to work.
  • the present invention also includes a level gauge, which is built in the mixing and agitator and electrically connected to the suction control system, and the level gauge is used to display the mixing and agitator
  • the height of the internal liquid level is transmitted to the suction control system in real time, and the suction control system controls the liquid supply amount of the suction pump according to the liquid level data.
  • the vibration control system is electrically connected with the vibration motor, and the vibration control system controls the on and off of the vibration motor.
  • All the devices in the present invention are driven by motors without hydraulic drive, the structure and driving process are relatively simple, and the maintenance is convenient;
  • All the equipment in the present invention is driven by a motor, and does not need to be equipped with a heat sink, which reduces noise and energy consumption, and reduces the failure rate and the operating cost more;
  • the invention adopts all-electric drive, and the corresponding speed and control accuracy are both high;
  • the invention adopts all-electric drive, has low noise, can be operated at night, and improves work efficiency
  • the present invention adopts an automatic control system, which has a high degree of automation, simple operation and precise control;
  • the invention adopts a vibrating motor to effectively solve the problem of sand accumulation.
  • Figure 1 is a perspective view of the present invention
  • Figure 2 is a perspective view of the present invention after the operation room and the upper layer of the foundation are removed;
  • Figure 3 is another perspective view of the present invention after the operation room and the upper layer of the foundation are removed;
  • FIG. 4 is a perspective view of the integration of the inverter and the drive motor of the present invention.
  • FIG. 5 is a block diagram of the automatic control system of the present invention.
  • FIG. 6 is a block diagram of an embodiment of the automatic control system of the present invention.
  • FIG. 7 is a block diagram of another embodiment of the automatic control system of the present invention.
  • FIG. 8 is a block diagram of another embodiment of the automatic control system of the present invention.
  • FIG. 9 is a block diagram of another embodiment of the automatic control system of the present invention.
  • FIG. 10 is a block diagram of another embodiment of the automatic control system of the present invention.
  • FIG. 11 is a block diagram of another embodiment of the automatic control system of the present invention.
  • Fig. 12 is a block diagram of another embodiment of the automatic control system of the present invention.
  • the fully electric drive sand mixing equipment includes a skid frame 01 (also known as foundation 01), suction pump 02, suction pump drive motor 03, suction manifold 04, mixing mixer 05, Mixer drive motor 06, dry add device 07, dry add device drive motor 08, liquid add device 09, liquid add device drive motor 10, sand transport device 11, sand transport device drive motor 12, discharge pump 13, discharge pump drive Motor 14, discharge manifold 15, frequency converter placement room 16, operation room 17, base plate 18, regulating valve 19, vibration motor 20, switching valve 21, auxiliary manifold one 22 and auxiliary manifold two 23, in other embodiments
  • the middle skid frame 01 can be replaced with a sand mixer.
  • the frequency converter placement room 16 can be fixedly connected to the skid frame 01 or can be independently formed as a skid.
  • the skid frame 01 is divided into upper and lower layers, which are the upper layer of the skid frame 011 (also called Foundation upper layer 011) and skid lower layer 012 (also called basic lower layer 012), suction pump 02, suction pump drive motor 03, suction manifold 04, liquid addition device 09, liquid addition device drive motor 10, discharge pump 13 , Discharge pump drive motor 14, discharge manifold 15, frequency converter placement room 16, auxiliary manifold one 22 and auxiliary manifold two 23 are fixedly connected to the lower layer of the skid frame 012, and the dry adding device 07 and operation room 17 are respectively connected to the skid frame
  • the upper layer 011 is fixedly connected, and the base plate 18 is placed on the upper layer 011 of the skid frame and is movably connected to the upper layer 011 of the skid frame for easy disassembly.
  • the upper part of the sand conveying device 11 is fixedly connected with the upper layer of the skid frame 011, and the lower part of the sand conveying device 11 is connected to the lower layer of the skid frame 012 is fixedly connected, and the sand conveying device 11 is at a certain angle with the lower layer 012 of the skid frame.
  • the sand conveying device 11 has three augers, and each auger is equipped with a sand conveying device drive motor 12. One of the augers is 8 inches, the other two are 12 inches, and the sand conveying device 11 There are 5 hopper screens at the bottom, each hopper screen is equipped with a vibration motor 20, the sand conveying device 11 is connected with the mixing and agitator 05, and the sand conveying device 11 and the sand conveying device driving motor 12 are fixed and electrically connected.
  • the upper part of the mixing stirrer 05 is fixedly connected with the upper base layer 011
  • the lower part of the mixing stirrer 05 is fixedly connected with the lower layer 012 of the skid frame
  • the mixing stirrer drive motor 06 is fixedly connected with the upper part of the mixing stirrer 05
  • the mixing stirrer 05 is connected to the mixing stirrer.
  • the drive motor 06 is electrically connected.
  • the upper part of the mixer 05 is equipped with a filter screen. In this embodiment, there are three vibration motors 20 on the filter screen. When the fracturing proppant is blocked on the filter screen, the vibration motor 20 starts The filter screen is vibrated to disperse the fracturing proppant and leak into the mixing tank.
  • a level gauge is installed in the mixing mixer 05 to display the liquid level of the mixture in the mixing mixer 05.
  • the number of dry-adding devices is set according to actual needs.
  • the dry-adding device drive motor 08 and the dry-adding device 07 are fixed and electrically connected, and the dry-adding device 07 is combined with mixing and stirring. ⁇ 05 is connected.
  • liquid addition devices 09 there are 2 liquid addition devices 09. In other embodiments, the number of liquid addition devices is set according to actual needs.
  • the liquid addition device driving motor 10 is fixed and electrically connected to the liquid addition device 09, and the liquid addition device 09 is combined with mixing and stirring. ⁇ 05 is connected.
  • the suction pump 02 is fixedly connected to the suction pump drive motor 03, and the suction pump 02 is fixedly connected and communicated with one end of the suction manifold 04.
  • the suction manifold 04 is provided with a switch valve 211, and the suction manifold is also provided There is a regulating valve 18, the other end of the suction manifold 04 is connected to the mixing and agitator 05;
  • the discharge pump 013 is fixedly connected with the discharge pump driving motor 14, the discharge pump 13 is fixedly connected and communicated with one end of the discharge manifold 15, and the discharge manifold 13 is provided with a switch valve 214, the other end of the discharge manifold 13 is connected to the mixing and agitator 05; between the suction manifold 04 and the discharge manifold 13 are fixed and connected with auxiliary manifold one 22 and auxiliary manifold two 23, Auxiliary manifold one 22 is provided with on-off valve two 212, and auxiliary manifold two 23 is provided with on-off valve three 213
  • the liquid addition device 09 is also connected with the suction manifold 04 and the discharge manifold 15.
  • the connecting pipeline between the liquid addition device 09 and the suction manifold 04 and the discharge manifold 15 is provided with a stop valve.
  • the liquid adding device 09 can directly add liquid additives to the mixing and agitator 05, or directly add liquid additives to the suction manifold 04, or directly add liquid additives to the discharge manifold 15.
  • the suction pump drive motor 03, the mixing and stirrer drive motor 06, the dry adding device drive motor 08, the liquid adding device drive motor 10, the sand conveying device drive motor 12, and the discharge pump drive motor 14 are all connected with a frequency converter,
  • the frequency converters are fixedly installed in the frequency converter placement room 16.
  • the suction pump drive motor 03 and the discharge pump drive motor 14 are not connected to the frequency converter, and the suction pump drive motor 03 and the discharge pump drive motor 14 are both ordinary non- Frequency conversion motor, in other embodiments, the suction pump drive motor 03 is connected with a frequency converter, and the discharge pump drive motor 14 is an ordinary non-frequency conversion motor (that is, not connected to the frequency converter); or the suction pump drive motor 03 is a common non-frequency conversion motor (ie The inverter is not connected), and the discharge pump drive motor 14 is connected to the inverter.
  • the structure of this embodiment is the same as the structure of embodiment 1 except for the inverter housing room 16, which will not be repeated here.
  • the inverter housing room 16 is not included in this embodiment.
  • the motors 24 are integrated with their respective drive motors, that is, the suction pump drive motor 03 is integrated with the inverter 24, the hybrid agitator drive motor 06 is integrated with the inverter 24, and the dry add device drive motor 08 and the inverter 24 are integrated.
  • the liquid filling device drive motor 10 is integrated with the frequency converter 24, the sand conveying device drive motor 12 is integrated with the frequency converter 24, and the discharge pump drive motor 14 is integrated with the frequency converter 24.
  • the suction pump drive motor 03 is not integrated with a frequency converter 24 or the discharge pump drive motor 14 is not integrated with a frequency converter and is an ordinary non-frequency conversion motor.
  • the automatic control system of the all-electric drive sand mixing equipment includes:
  • the suction control system is electrically connected to the suction pump 02 through the frequency converter, and the suction control system controls the frequency converter to change the rotation speed of the suction pump drive motor 03, thereby controlling the suction volume of the suction pump 02;
  • the stirring control system is electrically connected to the mixing stirrer drive motor 06 through the frequency converter.
  • the stirring control system controls the frequency converter to change the speed of the mixing stirrer drive motor 06 to control the speed of the inner stirring blade of the mixing stirrer 05;
  • Dry-adding control system the dry-adding control system is electrically connected to the dry-adding device drive motor 08 through the inverter, and the dry-adding control system changes the speed of the dry-adding device drive motor 08 through the inverter to control the dry powder additive amount of the dry-adding device 07;
  • the liquid addition control system is electrically connected to the liquid addition device driving motor 10 through a frequency converter, and the liquid addition control system changes the speed of the liquid addition device driving motor 10 through the frequency converter, thereby controlling the liquid addition amount of the liquid addition device 09;
  • the sand conveying control system is electrically connected to the sand conveying device driving motor 12 through the frequency converter.
  • the sand conveying control system changes the speed of the sand conveying device driving motor 12 through the frequency converter, thereby changing the input amount of proppant of the sand conveying device 11 ;
  • the discharge control system is electrically connected to the discharge pump drive motor 14 through the frequency converter.
  • the discharge control system changes the speed of the discharge pump drive motor 14 through the frequency converter, thereby controlling the discharge volume of the discharge pump 13;
  • the level gauge is built in the mixing mixer 05 and is electrically connected to the suction control system;
  • the vibration control system can be added or the level gauge can be eliminated.
  • the automatic control system of the all-electric drive sand mixing equipment includes:
  • the suction control system is electrically connected to the suction pump drive motor 03, the suction control system controls the operation of the suction pump drive motor 03, and the suction volume of the suction pump 02 is controlled by adjusting the valve 19;
  • the stirring control system is electrically connected to the mixing stirrer drive motor 06 through the frequency converter.
  • the stirring control system controls the frequency converter to change the speed of the mixing stirrer drive motor 06 to control the speed of the inner stirring blade of the mixing stirrer 05;
  • Dry-adding control system the dry-adding control system is electrically connected to the dry-adding device drive motor 08 through the inverter, and the dry-adding control system changes the speed of the dry-adding device drive motor 08 through the inverter to control the dry powder additive amount of the dry-adding device 07;
  • the liquid addition control system is electrically connected to the liquid addition device driving motor 10 through a frequency converter, and the liquid addition control system changes the speed of the liquid addition device driving motor 10 through the frequency converter, thereby controlling the liquid addition amount of the liquid addition device 09;
  • the sand conveying control system is electrically connected to the sand conveying device driving motor 12 through the frequency converter.
  • the sand conveying control system changes the speed of the sand conveying device driving motor 12 through the frequency converter, thereby changing the input amount of proppant of the sand conveying device 11 ;
  • the discharge control system is electrically connected to the discharge pump drive motor 14, and the discharge control system controls the discharge pump 13 to work;
  • the level gauge is built in the mixing mixer 05 and is electrically connected to the suction control system;
  • the vibration control system can be added or the level gauge can be eliminated.
  • the automatic control system of the all-electric drive sand mixing equipment includes:
  • the suction control system is electrically connected to the suction pump 02 through the frequency converter.
  • the suction control system controls the frequency converter to change the rotation speed of the suction pump driving motor 03, and controls the suction volume of the suction pump 02 through the cooperation of the adjustment valve 19;
  • the stirring control system is electrically connected to the mixing stirrer drive motor 06 through the frequency converter.
  • the stirring control system controls the frequency converter to change the speed of the mixing stirrer drive motor 06 to control the speed of the inner stirring blade of the mixing stirrer 05;
  • Dry-adding control system the dry-adding control system is electrically connected to the dry-adding device drive motor 08 through the inverter, and the dry-adding control system changes the speed of the dry-adding device drive motor 08 through the inverter to control the dry powder additive amount of the dry-adding device 07;
  • the liquid addition control system is electrically connected to the liquid addition device driving motor 10 through a frequency converter, and the liquid addition control system changes the speed of the liquid addition device driving motor 10 through the frequency converter, thereby controlling the liquid addition amount of the liquid addition device 09;
  • the sand conveying control system is electrically connected to the sand conveying device driving motor 12 through the frequency converter.
  • the sand conveying control system changes the speed of the sand conveying device driving motor 12 through the frequency converter, thereby changing the input amount of proppant of the sand conveying device 11 ;
  • the discharge control system is electrically connected to the discharge pump drive motor 14 through the frequency converter, and the discharge control system changes the speed of the discharge pump drive motor 14 through the frequency converter, thereby controlling the discharge volume of the discharge pump 13;
  • the level gauge is built in the mixing mixer 05 and is electrically connected to the suction control system;
  • the vibration control system can be added or the level gauge can be eliminated.
  • the automatic control system of the all-electric drive sand mixing equipment includes:
  • the suction control system is electrically connected to the suction pump drive motor 03, the suction control system controls the operation of the suction pump drive motor 03, and the suction volume of the suction pump 02 is controlled by adjusting the valve 19;
  • the stirring control system is electrically connected to the mixing stirrer drive motor 06 through the frequency converter.
  • the stirring control system controls the frequency converter to change the speed of the mixing stirrer drive motor 06 to control the speed of the inner stirring blade of the mixing stirrer 05;
  • the dry-adding control system is electrically connected to the dry-adding device drive motor 08 through a frequency converter, and the dry-adding control system changes the speed of the dry-adding device drive motor 08 through the inverter, thereby controlling the dry powder addition amount of the dry adding device 07;
  • the liquid addition control system is electrically connected to the liquid addition device driving motor 10 through a frequency converter, and the liquid addition control system changes the speed of the liquid addition device driving motor 10 through the frequency converter, thereby controlling the liquid addition amount of the liquid addition device 09;
  • the sand conveying control system is electrically connected to the sand conveying device driving motor 12 through the frequency converter.
  • the sand conveying control system changes the speed of the sand conveying device driving motor 12 through the frequency converter, thereby changing the input amount of proppant of the sand conveying device 11 ;
  • the discharge control system is electrically connected to the discharge pump drive motor 14 through the frequency converter, and the discharge control system changes the speed of the discharge pump drive motor 14 through the frequency converter, thereby controlling the discharge volume of the discharge pump 13;
  • the level gauge is built in the mixing mixer 05 and is electrically connected to the suction control system;
  • the vibration control system can be added or the level gauge can be eliminated.
  • the automatic control system of the all-electric drive sand mixing equipment includes:
  • the suction control system is electrically connected to the suction pump 02 through the frequency converter, and the suction control system controls the frequency converter to change the rotation speed of the suction pump drive motor 03, thereby controlling the suction volume of the suction pump 02;
  • the stirring control system is electrically connected to the mixing stirrer drive motor 06 through the frequency converter.
  • the stirring control system controls the frequency converter to change the speed of the mixing stirrer drive motor 06 to control the speed of the inner stirring blade of the mixing stirrer 05;
  • Dry-adding control system the dry-adding control system is electrically connected to the dry-adding device drive motor 08 through the inverter, and the dry-adding control system changes the speed of the dry-adding device drive motor 08 through the inverter to control the dry powder additive amount of the dry-adding device 07;
  • the liquid addition control system is electrically connected to the liquid addition device driving motor 10 through a frequency converter, and the liquid addition control system changes the speed of the liquid addition device driving motor 10 through the frequency converter, thereby controlling the liquid addition amount of the liquid addition device 09;
  • the sand conveying control system is electrically connected to the sand conveying device driving motor 12 through the frequency converter.
  • the sand conveying control system changes the speed of the sand conveying device driving motor 12 through the frequency converter, thereby changing the input amount of proppant of the sand conveying device 11 ;
  • the discharge control system is electrically connected to the discharge pump drive motor 14, and the discharge control system controls the discharge pump 13 to work;
  • the level gauge is built in the mixing mixer 05 and is electrically connected to the suction control system;
  • the vibration control system can be added or the level gauge can be eliminated.
  • the automatic control system of the all-electric drive sand mixing equipment includes:
  • the suction control system is electrically connected to the suction pump 02 through the frequency converter, the suction control system controls the frequency converter to change the rotation speed of the suction pump drive motor 03, and controls the suction volume of the suction pump 02 through the regulating valve 19;
  • the stirring control system is electrically connected to the mixing stirrer drive motor 06 through the frequency converter.
  • the stirring control system controls the frequency converter to change the speed of the mixing stirrer drive motor 06 to control the speed of the inner stirring blade of the mixing stirrer 05;
  • Dry-adding control system the dry-adding control system is electrically connected to the dry-adding device drive motor 08 through the inverter, and the dry-adding control system changes the speed of the dry-adding device drive motor 08 through the inverter to control the dry powder additive amount of the dry-adding device 07;
  • the liquid addition control system is electrically connected to the liquid addition device driving motor 10 through a frequency converter, and the liquid addition control system changes the speed of the liquid addition device driving motor 10 through the frequency converter, thereby controlling the liquid addition amount of the liquid addition device 09;
  • the sand conveying control system is electrically connected to the sand conveying device driving motor 12 through the frequency converter.
  • the sand conveying control system changes the speed of the sand conveying device driving motor 12 through the frequency converter, thereby changing the input amount of proppant of the sand conveying device 11 ;
  • the discharge control system is electrically connected to the discharge pump drive motor 14, and the discharge control system controls the discharge pump 13 to work;
  • the level gauge is built in the mixing mixer 05 and is electrically connected to the suction control system;
  • the vibration control system can be added or the level gauge can be eliminated.
  • the automatic control system of the fully electric drive sand mixing equipment includes:
  • the suction control system is electrically connected to the suction pump drive motor 03, and the suction control system controls the suction pump drive motor 03 to work;
  • the stirring control system is electrically connected to the mixing stirrer drive motor 06 through the frequency converter.
  • the stirring control system controls the frequency converter to change the speed of the mixing stirrer drive motor 06 to control the speed of the inner stirring blade of the mixing stirrer 05;
  • Dry-adding control system the dry-adding control system is electrically connected to the dry-adding device drive motor 08 through the inverter, and the dry-adding control system changes the speed of the dry-adding device drive motor 08 through the inverter to control the dry powder additive amount of the dry-adding device 07;
  • the liquid addition control system is electrically connected to the liquid addition device driving motor 10 through a frequency converter, and the liquid addition control system changes the speed of the liquid addition device driving motor 10 through the frequency converter, thereby controlling the liquid addition amount of the liquid addition device 09;
  • the sand conveying control system is electrically connected to the sand conveying device driving motor 12 through the frequency converter.
  • the sand conveying control system changes the speed of the sand conveying device driving motor 12 through the frequency converter, thereby changing the input amount of proppant of the sand conveying device 11 ;
  • the discharge control system is electrically connected to the discharge pump drive motor 14, and the discharge control system controls the discharge pump 13 to work;
  • the vibration control system is electrically connected to the vibration motor 20, and the vibration control system controls the on and off of the vibration motor 20;
  • the aforementioned vibration control system can be eliminated or a level gauge can be added.
  • the level gauge is built in the mixing mixer 05 and electrically connected to the suction control system.

Abstract

一种全电驱动混砂设备及其自动控制系统,全电驱动混砂设备包括基础(01),分别与基础(01)固定连接的吸入泵(02)、吸入泵驱动电机(03)、吸入管汇(04)、混合搅拌器(05)、混合搅拌器驱动电机(06)、干添装置(07)、干添装置驱动电机(08)、液添装置(09)、液添装置驱动电机(10)、输砂装置(11)、输砂装置驱动电机(12)、排出泵(13)、排出泵驱动电机(14)、排出管汇(15)、变频器安置房(16)和操作房(17),吸入泵驱动电机(03)、混合搅拌器驱动电机(06)、干添装置驱动电机(08)、液添装置驱动电机(10)、输砂装置驱动电机(12)及排出泵驱动电机(14)分别与吸入泵(02)、混合搅拌器(05)、干添装置(07)、液添装置(09)、输砂装置(11)及排出泵(13)固定且电连接。

Description

全电驱动混砂设备及全电驱动混砂设备的自动控制系统
本申请要求于2019年05月28日提交中国专利局、申请号为201910450747.X、发明名称为“全电驱动混砂设备及全电驱动混砂设备的自动控制系统”的中国专利申请的优先权,其全部内容通过引用结合在本申请中。
技术领域
本发明涉及石油钻采设备领域,特别涉及一种压裂设备用的全电驱动混砂设备及其自动控制系统。
背景技术
混砂设备作为压裂施工设备中的核心设备,广泛应用于石油天然气增产施工过程中;混砂设备是油田压裂、防砂作业的主要配套设备,主要用于混合、搅拌、输送压裂作业需要的砂液等介质;传统的混砂橇一般采用两台柴油机进行驱动,或者电液混合驱动,这两种驱动形式都无法摆脱液压驱动,液压驱动机将动力经传动系统传给各个油泵,分别驱动各机构中的油马达,从而驱动吸入供液泵、输砂绞龙、干添马达、液添泵、排出砂泵、搅拌罐马达、风扇等;混砂设备的控制系统主要是控制吸入泵、排出泵的排量以及混砂罐液位高度,其液压驱动控制过程复杂,操作要求高;现有的电液驱动混砂设备各部件在设置时,变频器安置房和操作房为一体,共同固定设置在混砂设备上层,而吸入泵、排出泵、干添装置、液添设备及各种管汇均设置在变频器安置房和操作房的下方。
现有技术存在以下几个问题:
1、现有技术的液压驱动形式的结构复杂,维修困难;
2、现有技术的液压驱动过程复杂;
3、现有技术的液压驱动过程中需要定期更换液压油,并配备散热装置,故而造成故障率高、噪音大、排放大、能耗高、液压油泄露等缺陷,运行成本较高;
4、现有技术中设备的位置布局原因,由于变频器安置房和操作房不便于拆卸,造成维修人员维修吸入泵、排出泵、干添装置、液添设备及各种管汇时从下层爬进爬出非常不方便;
5、现有技术采用有液压驱动,故响应速度和控制精度不是很高;
6、现有技术采用有液压驱动,施工时噪声非常大,不能在夜间进行工作。
为解决上述问题,需要发明一种适用于压裂施工作业的全电驱动混砂设备及控制该全电驱动混砂设备的自动控制系统。
发明内容
本发明的目的在于克服现有技术中所存在的上述不足,提供一种能提高响应速度和控制精度的全电驱动混砂设备及控制该全电驱动混砂设备的自动控制系统。
为了实现上述发明目的,本发明提供了以下技术方案。
全电驱动混砂设备,其包括基础,所述基础分为上下两层分别是基础上层和基础下层,还包括:
吸入泵,所述吸入泵与所述基础下层固定连接;
吸入泵驱动电机,所述吸入泵驱动电机与所述吸入泵的固定且电连接,所述吸入泵驱动电机的底部与所述基础下层固定连接;
吸入管汇,所述吸入管汇与所述基础下层固定连接,所述吸入管汇的一端与所述吸入泵的另一端固定连接并连通;
混合搅拌器,所述混合搅拌器与所述吸入管汇的另一端连通,所述混合搅拌器与所述基础上层和基础下层固定连接;
混合搅拌器驱动电机,所述混合搅拌器驱动电机与所述混合搅拌器顶部固定连接,所述混合搅拌器驱动电机与所述混合搅拌器电连接;
干添装置,所述干添装置与所述基础上层固定连接,所述干添装置与所述混合搅拌器连通,所述干添装置的数量为M,M≥1;
干添装置驱动电机,所述干添装置驱动电机与所述干添装置固定且电连接,所述干添装置驱动电机的数量与所述干添装置的数量一致;
液添装置,所述液添装置与所述基础下层固定连接,所述液添装置与所述混合搅拌器连通,所述液添装置的数量为N,所述N≥1;
液添装置驱动电机,所述液添装置驱动电机与所述液添装置固定且电连接,所述液添装置驱动电机的底部与所述基础下层固定连接,所述液添装置驱动电机的数量与所述液添装置的数量一致;
输砂装置,所述输砂装置分别与所述基础上层和基础下层固定连接,所述电动输砂装置与所述基础板呈一定角度,所述输砂装置与所述混合搅拌器连通;
输砂装置驱动电机,所述输砂装置驱动电机与所述输砂装置顶部固定且电连接;
排出泵,所述排出泵与所述基础下层固定连接,所述排出泵与所述混合搅拌器连通;
排出泵驱动电机,所述排出泵驱动电机与所述排出泵固定且电连接,所述排出泵驱动电机还与所述基础下层固定连接;
排出管汇,所述排出管汇的一端与所述排出泵固定连接并连通,所述排出管汇的一端还与所述混合搅拌器连通,所述排出管汇与所述基础下层固定连接;
操作房,所述操作房与所述基础上层固定连接。
作为本发明的优选方案,所述输砂装置固定安装在所述基础的一端,所述基础上层搭设有L块基础板,L≥2,所述基础板可拆卸,所述混合搅拌器紧挨所述输砂装置进行安装,所述混合搅拌器的上部与所述基础上层固定连接,所述混合搅拌器的下部与所述基础下层固定连接,所述排出泵、排出泵驱动电机、排出管汇、吸入泵、吸入泵驱动电机、吸入管汇、液添装置、液添装置驱动电机分别与所述基础下层固定连接,且均设置在所述基础上层和基础下层之间,所述操作房固定安装在所述基础上层,位于所述排出泵、排出泵驱动电机、排出管汇、吸入泵、吸入泵驱动电机、吸入管汇、液添装置、液添装置驱动电机的上方,当需要维护更换所述排出泵、排出泵驱动电机、排出管汇、吸入泵、吸入泵驱动电机、吸入管汇、液添装置、液添装置驱动电机时,拆除所述基础板进行操作,方便操作人员操作,也不用进行大范围的拆除安装工作。
作为本发明的优选方案,所述全电驱动混砂设备还包括变频器安置房,所述变频器安置房的安装方式为以下两种形式中的任一种:
A、所述变频器安置房固定安装在所述基础的另一端,与所述基础下层固定连接;
B、所述变频器安置房独立成橇。
作为本发明的优选方案,所述吸入泵驱动电机、混合搅拌器驱动电机、液添装置驱动电机、干添装置驱动电机、输砂装置驱动电机和排出泵驱动电机的配置为以下四种方式中的一种:
C、所述吸入泵驱动电机、混合搅拌器驱动电机、液添装置驱动电机、干添装置驱动电机、输砂装置驱动电机和排出泵驱动电机均连接有变频器,所述变频器与所述吸入泵驱动电机、混合搅拌器驱动电机、液添装置驱动电机、干添装置驱动电机、输砂装置驱动电机和排出泵驱动电机集成为一体;
D、所述吸入泵驱动电机、混合搅拌器驱动电机、液添装置驱动电机、干添装置驱动电机、输砂装置驱动电机和排出泵驱动电机均连接有变频器,所述变频器与所述吸入泵驱动电机、混合搅拌器驱动电机、液添装置驱动电机、干添装置驱动电机、输砂装置驱动电机和排出泵驱动电机集成为一体,所述吸入管汇上设置有调节阀门;
E、所述混合搅拌器驱动电机、液添装置驱动电机、干添装置驱动电机和输砂装置驱动电机均连接有变频器,所述变频器与所述混合搅拌器驱动电机、液添装置驱动电机、干添装置驱动电机和输砂装置驱动电机集成为一体,所述吸入泵驱动电机和排出泵驱动电机均为额定转速驱动电机,所述吸入管汇上设置有调节阀门;
F、所述吸入泵驱动电机、混合搅拌器驱动电机、液添装置驱动电机、干添装置驱动电机和输砂装置驱动电机均连接有变频器,所述变频器与所述吸入泵驱动电机、混合搅拌器驱动电机、液添装置驱动电机、干添装置驱动电机和输砂装置驱动电机集成为一体,所述排出泵驱动电机为额定转速驱动电机;
G、所述吸入泵驱动电机、混合搅拌器驱动电机、液添装置驱动电机、干添装置驱动电机和输砂装置驱动电机均连接有变频器,所述变频器与所 述吸入泵驱动电机、混合搅拌器驱动电机、液添装置驱动电机、干添装置驱动电机和输砂装置驱动电机集成为一体,所述排出泵驱动电机为额定转速驱动电机,所述吸入管汇上设置有调节阀门;
H、所述混合搅拌器驱动电机、液添装置驱动电机、干添装置驱动电机、输砂装置驱动电机和排出泵驱动电机均连接有变频器,所述变频器与所述混合搅拌器驱动电机、液添装置驱动电机、干添装置驱动电机、输砂装置驱动电机和排出泵驱动电机集成为一体,所述吸入泵驱动电机为额定转速驱动电机,所述吸入管汇上设置有调节阀门。
作为本发明的优选方案,所述吸入泵驱动电机、混合搅拌器驱动电机、液添装置驱动电机、干添装置驱动电机、输砂装置驱动电机和排出泵驱动电机的配置为以下四种方式中的一种:
I、所述吸入泵驱动电机、混合搅拌器驱动电机、液添装置驱动电机、干添装置驱动电机、输砂装置驱动电机和排出泵驱动电机均连接有变频器,所述变频器固定安装在所述变频器安置房内;
J、所述吸入泵驱动电机、混合搅拌器驱动电机、液添装置驱动电机、干添装置驱动电机、输砂装置驱动电机和排出泵驱动电机均连接有变频器,所述变频器固定安装在所述变频器安置房内,所述吸入管汇上设置有调节阀门;
K、所述混合搅拌器驱动电机、液添装置驱动电机、干添装置驱动电机和输砂装置驱动电机均连接有变频器,所述变频器固定安装在所述变频器安置房内,所述吸入泵驱动电机和排出泵驱动电机均为额定转速驱动电机,所述吸入管汇上设置有调节阀门;
P、所述吸入泵驱动电机、混合搅拌器驱动电机、液添装置驱动电机、干添装置驱动电机和输砂装置驱动电机均连接有变频器,所述变频器固定安装在所述变频器安置房内,所述排出泵驱动电机为额定转速驱动电机;
Q、所述吸入泵驱动电机、混合搅拌器驱动电机、液添装置驱动电机、干添装置驱动电机和输砂装置驱动电机均连接有变频器,所述变频器固定安装在所述变频器安置房内,所述排出泵驱动电机为额定转速驱动电机,所述吸入管汇上设置有调节阀门;
R、所述混合搅拌器驱动电机、液添装置驱动电机、干添装置驱动电 机、输砂装置驱动电机和排出泵驱动电机均连接有变频器,所述变频器固定安装在所述变频器安置房内,所述吸入泵驱动电机为额定转速驱动电机,所述吸入管汇上设置有调节阀门。
作为本发明的优选方案,所述液添装置还与所述排出管汇连通,所述液添装置与所述混合搅拌器的连接管线上设置有截止阀,所述液添装置与所述排出管汇的连接管线上设置有所述截止阀,所述液添装置与所述混合搅拌器之间连通时,所述液添装置与所述排出管汇的连接管线上的所述截止阀关断,所述液添装置与所述排出管汇之间连通时,所述液添装置与所述混合搅拌器的连接管线上的所述截止阀关断,可以实现在混合搅拌器内进行液体添加剂的添加也可以实现在排出管汇内进行液体添加剂的添加。
作为本发明的优选方案,所述液添装置还与所述吸入管汇连通,所述液添装置与所述吸入管汇的连接管线上设置有所述截止阀;所述液添装置与所述混合搅拌器之间连通时,所述液添装置与所述吸入管汇和排出管汇的连接管线上的所述截止阀关断;所述液添装置与所述排出管汇之间连通时,所述液添装置与所述混合搅拌器和吸入管汇的连接管线上的所述截止阀关断;所述液添装置与所述吸入管汇之间连通时,所述液添装置与所述混合搅拌器和排出管汇的连接管线上的所述截止阀关断,可以实现在混合搅拌器内进行液体添加剂的添加也可以实现在排出管汇内进行液体添加剂的添加还可以实现在吸入管汇内进行液体添加剂的添加。
作为本发明的优选方案,还包括液位计,所述液位计固定设置于所述混合搅拌器内,所述液位计用于显示所述混合搅拌器内混合物的高度。
作为本发明的优选方案,所述吸入管汇和排出管汇之间连通安装有辅助管汇一和辅助管汇二,所述吸入管汇上设置有阀门一,所述辅助管汇一上设置有阀门二,所述辅助管汇二上设置有阀门三,所述输入管汇上设置有阀门四;当所述阀门一和阀门四打开,所述阀门二和阀门三关闭时,所述吸入泵和吸入管汇配合工作,所述排出泵和所述排出管汇配合工作;当所述阀门一和阀门四关闭、所述阀门二和阀门三打开时,所述吸入泵和辅助管汇二、排出管汇配合工作,所述排出泵和所述吸入管汇、辅助管汇一配合工作,进而实现整个混砂设备的左吸右排和右吸左排。
作为本发明的优选方案,所述基础为橇架。
作为本发明的优选方案,所述基础为混砂车。
作为本发明的优选方案,所述混砂设备包含有漏斗筛,所述混砂搅拌罐上部设置有过滤筛,所述漏斗筛和过滤筛上均设置有振动电机,当压裂支撑剂有堵塞情况发生时,启动所述振动电机以使堵塞压裂支撑剂松散进而达到疏通的目的。
一种控制前述全电驱动混砂设备的自动控制系统,其包括:
吸入控制系统,所述吸入控制系统与所述吸入泵驱动电机电连接,所述吸入控制系统控制所述吸入泵驱动电机工作;
搅拌控制系统,所述搅拌控制系统通过所述变频器与所述混合搅拌器驱动电机电连接,所述搅拌控制系统控制所述变频器改变所述混合搅拌器驱动电机的转速,从而控制所述混合搅拌器的内搅拌叶的转速;
干添控制系统,所述干添控制系统通过所述变频器与所述干添装置驱动电机电连接,所述干添控制系统通过所述变频器改变所述干添装置驱动电机的转速,从而控制所述干添装置的干粉添加剂量;
液添控制系统,所述液添控制系统通过所述变频器与所述液添装置驱动电机电连接,所述液添控制系统通过所述变频器改变所述液添装置驱动电机的转速,从而控制所述液添装置的液体添加剂量;
输砂控制系统,所述输砂控制系统通过所述变频器与所述输砂装置驱动电机电连接,所述输砂控制系统通过所述变频器改变所述输砂装置驱动电机的转速,从而改变所述输砂装置支撑剂的输入量;
排出控制系统,所述排出控制系统所述排出泵电连接,所述排出控制系统控制所述排出泵进行工作。
作为本发明的优选方案,所述吸入控制系统通过所述变频器与所述吸入泵驱动电机电连接,所述吸入控制系统通过所述变频器控制所述吸入泵驱动电机的转速,进而控制所述吸入泵的吸入量。
作为本发明的优选方案,所述吸入控制系统通过所述变频器与所述吸入泵驱动电机电连接,所述吸入控制系统通过所述变频器控制所述吸入泵驱动电机的转速,通过所述调节阀门的配合控制所述吸入泵的吸入量。
作为本发明的优选方案,所述吸入控制系统与所述吸入泵驱动电机直接电连接,所述吸入泵驱动电机为普通非变频电机,所述吸入控制系统控 制所述吸入泵驱动电机工作,通过所述调节阀门控制所述吸入泵的吸入量。
作为本发明的优选方案,所述排出控制系统通过所述变频器与所述排出泵驱动电机电连接,所述排出控制系统通过所述变频器控制所述排出泵驱动电机的转速,进而控制所述排出泵的排出量。
作为本发明的优选方案,所述排出控制系统与所述排出泵驱动电机直接电连接,所述排出泵驱动电机为普通非变频电机,所述排出控制系统控制所述排出泵驱动电机工作。
作为本发明的优选方案,还包括液位计,所述液位计内置于所述混合搅拌器内,并与所述吸入控制系统电连接,所述液位计用于显示所述混合搅拌器内液位的高度并实时传输液位数据给所述吸入控制系统,所述吸入控制系统根据液位数据控制所述吸入泵的供液量。
作为本发明的优选方案,还包括振动控制系统,所述振动控制系统与所述振动电机电连接,所述振动控制系统控制所述振动电机的开停。
与现有技术相比,本发明的有益效果:
1、本发明中的所有设备均使用电机进行驱动,无液压驱动,结构和驱动过程均比较简单,维修方便;
2、本发明中的所有设备均使用电机进行驱动,不需要使用液压油,不会有污染环境的危险;
3、本发明中的所有设备均使用电机进行驱动,不需要配备散热装置,降低了噪音,降低了能耗,且故障率降低,运行成本降低较多;
4、本发明中各设备的布局,在维护吸入泵、吸入泵驱动电机、排出泵、排出泵驱动电机、液添设备、液添设备驱动电机及各种管汇时,只需要拆除相应位置的基础板即可进行相关维护,无需拆除操作房及变频器安置房等大型设施即可实现;
5、本发明采用全电驱动,相应速度和控制精度均较高;
6、本发明采用全电驱动,噪音小,可进行夜间作业,提高了工作效率;
7、本发明采用自动控制系统,自动化程度高,操作简单,控制精准;
8、本发明采用振动电机,有效解决积砂问题。
附图说明
图1是本发明的立体图;
图2为本发明拆除操作房和基础上层后的立体图;
图3为本发明拆除操作房和基础上层后的另一立体图;
图4为本发明变频器与驱动电机集成为一体的立体图;
图5为本发明自动控制系统框图;
图6为本发明自动控制系统一实施例框图;
图7为本发明自动控制系统另一实施例框图;
图8为本发明自动控制系统另一实施例框图;
图9为本发明自动控制系统另一实施例框图;
图10为本发明自动控制系统另一实施例框图;
图11为本发明自动控制系统另一实施例框图;
图12为本发明自动控制系统另一实施例框图。
图中标记:01-基础,011-基础上层,012-基础下层,02-吸入泵,03-吸入泵驱动电机,04-吸入管汇,05-混合搅拌器,06-混合搅拌器驱动电机,07-干添装置,08-干添装置驱动电机,09-液添装置,10-液添装置驱动电机,11-输砂装置,12-输砂装置驱动电机,13-排出泵,14-排出泵驱动电机,15-排出管汇,16-变频器安置房,17-操作房,18-基础板,19-调节阀门、20-振动电机,21-开关阀,211-开关阀一,212-开关阀二,213-开关阀三,214-开关阀四,22-辅助管汇一,23-辅助管汇二。
具体实施方式
下面结合具体实施方式对本发明作进一步的详细描述,但不应将此理解为本发明上述主题的范围仅限于以下的实施例,凡在本发明的精神和原则之内所作的任何修改、等同替换和改进等,均应包含在本发明的保护范围之内。
实施例1
如图1-3所示,全电驱动混砂设备,其包括橇架01(也可称之为基础 01)、吸入泵02、吸入泵驱动电机03、吸入管汇04、混合搅拌器05、混合搅拌器驱动电机06、干添装置07、干添装置驱动电机08、液添装置09、液添装置驱动电机10、输砂装置11、输砂装置驱动电机12、排出泵13、排出泵驱动电机14、排出管汇15、变频器安置房16、操作房17、基础板18、调节阀门19、振动电机20、开关阀21、辅助管汇一22和辅助管汇二23,在其他实施例中橇架01可以替换为混砂车,变频器安置房16可以与橇架01固定连接也可以独立成橇,橇架01分为上下两层,分别为橇架上层011(也可称之为基础上层011)和橇架下层012(也可称之为基础下层012),吸入泵02、吸入泵驱动电机03、吸入管汇04、液添装置09、液添装置驱动电机10、排出泵13、排出泵驱动电机14、排出管汇15、变频器安置房16、辅助管汇一22和辅助管汇二23分别与橇架下层012固定连接,干添装置07和操作房17分别与橇架上层011固定连接,基础板18搭设在橇架上层011上与橇架上层011活动连接,方便拆卸,输砂装置11的上部与橇架上层011固定连接,输砂装置11的下部与橇架下层012固定连接,输砂装置11与橇架下层012呈一定角度。
本实施例中,输砂装置11有三个绞龙,每一个绞龙配备一个输砂装置驱动电机12,其中一个绞龙是8吋的,另外两个绞龙是12吋的,输砂装置11底部设置有5个漏斗筛,每一个漏斗筛上设置有一个振动电机20,输砂装置11与混合搅拌器05连通,输砂装置11与输砂装置驱动电机12固定且电连接。
混合搅拌器05的上部与基础上层011固定连接,混合搅拌器05的下部与橇架下层012固定连接,混合搅拌器驱动电机06与混合搅拌器05的上部固定连接,混合搅拌器05与混合搅拌器驱动电机06电连接,混合搅拌器05的上部设置有过滤筛,本实施例中过滤筛上设置有3个振动电机20,当压裂支撑剂在过滤筛上发生堵塞时,振动电机20启动并振动过滤筛使压裂支撑剂散开并漏入搅拌罐内,混合搅拌器05内设置有液位计,用于显示混合搅拌器05内混合物质的液位。
本实施例中干添装置07共有2个,在其他实施例中干添装置的数量根据实际需要设置,干添装置驱动电机08与干添装置07固定且电连接,干添装置07与混合搅拌器05连通。
本实施例中液添装置09共有2个,在其他实施例中液添装置的数量根据实际需要设置,液添装置驱动电机10与液添装置09固定且电连接,液添装置09与混合搅拌器05连通。
本实施例中吸入泵02与吸入泵驱动电机03进行固定连接,吸入泵02与吸入管汇04的一端固定连接且连通,吸入管汇04上设置有开关阀一211,吸入管汇上还设置有调节阀门18,吸入管汇04的另一端与混合搅拌器05连通;排出泵013与排出泵驱动电机14进行固定连接,排出泵13与排出管汇15的一端固定连接且连通,排出管汇13上设置有开关阀四214,排出管汇13的另一端与混合搅拌器05连通;吸入管汇04与排出管汇13之间固定且连通有辅助管汇一22和辅助管汇二23,辅助管汇一22上设置有开关阀二212,辅助管汇二23上设置有开关阀三213;当开关阀一211和开关阀四214打开、开关阀二212和开关阀三213关断时,吸入泵02和吸入管汇04配合进行工作、排出泵13和排出管汇15配合进行工作;当开关阀一211和开关阀四214关断、开关阀二212和开关阀三213打开时,吸入泵02和排出管汇15、辅助管汇二23配合进行工作、排出泵13和吸入管汇04、辅助管汇一22配合进行工作,从而实现混砂橇的左吸右排和右吸左排。
本实施例中,液添装置09还与吸入管汇04和排出管汇15连通,液添装置09与吸入管汇04和排出管汇15的连接管线上设置有截止阀,根据实际工作需要,液添装置09可以直接往混合搅拌器05中添加液体添加剂也可以直接往吸入管汇04内添加液体添加剂还可以直接往排出管汇15内添加液体添加剂。
本实施例中,吸入泵驱动电机03、混合搅拌器驱动电机06、干添装置驱动电机08、液添装置驱动电机10、输砂装置驱动电机12和排出泵驱动电机14均连接有变频器,变频器均固定安装在变频器安置房16内,在另一实施例中吸入泵驱动电机03和排出泵驱动电机14不连接变频器,吸入泵驱动电机03和排出泵驱动电机14均采用普通非变频电机,在其他实施例中,吸入泵驱动电机03连接有变频器,排出泵驱动电机14为普通非变频电机(即不连接变频器);或吸入泵驱动电机03为普通非变频电机(即不连接变频器),排出泵驱动电机14连接有变频器。
实施例2
如图4所示,该实施例的结构与实施例1的结构除了变频器安置房16以外均一样,在此不再赘述,本实施例中不包含变频器安置房16,本实施例中变频器24均与各自的驱动电机集成为一体,即吸入泵驱动电机03与变频器24集成为一体、混合搅拌器驱动电机06与变频器24集成为一体、干添装置驱动电机08与变频器24集成为一体、液添装置驱动电机10与变频器24集成为一体、输砂装置驱动电机12与变频器24集成为一体和排出泵驱动电机14与变频器24集成为一体,在其他实施例中吸入泵驱动电机03不集成有变频器24或排出泵驱动电机14不集成有变频器为普通非变频电机。
实施例3
如图6所述,全电驱动混砂设备的自动控制系统,其包括:
吸入控制系统,吸入控制系统通过变频器与吸入泵02电连接,吸入控制系统控制变频器改变吸入泵驱动电机03的转速,从而控制吸入泵02的吸入量;
搅拌控制系统,搅拌控制系统通过变频器与混合搅拌器驱动电机06电连接,搅拌控制系统控制变频器改变混合搅拌器驱动电机06的转速,从而控制混合搅拌器05的内搅拌叶的转速;
干添控制系统,干添控制系统通过变频器与干添装置驱动电机08电连接,干添控制系统通过变频器改变干添装置驱动电机08的转速,从而控制干添装置07的干粉添加剂量;
液添控制系统,液添控制系统通过变频器与液添装置驱动电机10电连接,液添控制系统通过变频器改变液添装置驱动电机10的转速,从而控制液添装置09的液体添加剂量;
输砂控制系统,输砂控制系统通过变频器与输砂装置驱动电机12电连接,输砂控制系统通过变频器改变输砂装置驱动电机12的转速,从而改变输砂装置11支撑剂的输入量;
排出控制系统,排出控制系统通过变频器与排出泵驱动电机14电连 接,排出控制系统通过变频器改变排出泵驱动电机14的转速,从而控制排出泵13的排出量;
液位计,液位计内置于混合搅拌器05内,并与吸入控制系统电连接;
在其他实施例中可以增加振动控制系统或去除液位计。
实施例4
如图7所述,全电驱动混砂设备的自动控制系统,其包括:
吸入控制系统,吸入控制系统与吸入泵驱动电机03电连接,吸入控制系统控制吸入泵驱动电机03工作,通过调节阀门19控制吸入泵02的吸入量;
搅拌控制系统,搅拌控制系统通过变频器与混合搅拌器驱动电机06电连接,搅拌控制系统控制变频器改变混合搅拌器驱动电机06的转速,从而控制混合搅拌器05的内搅拌叶的转速;
干添控制系统,干添控制系统通过变频器与干添装置驱动电机08电连接,干添控制系统通过变频器改变干添装置驱动电机08的转速,从而控制干添装置07的干粉添加剂量;
液添控制系统,液添控制系统通过变频器与液添装置驱动电机10电连接,液添控制系统通过变频器改变液添装置驱动电机10的转速,从而控制液添装置09的液体添加剂量;
输砂控制系统,输砂控制系统通过变频器与输砂装置驱动电机12电连接,输砂控制系统通过变频器改变输砂装置驱动电机12的转速,从而改变输砂装置11支撑剂的输入量;
排出控制系统,排出控制系统与排出泵驱动电机14电连接,排出控制系统控制排出泵13工作;
液位计,液位计内置于混合搅拌器05内,并与吸入控制系统电连接;
在其他实施例中可以增加振动控制系统或去除液位计。
实施例5
如图8所示,全电驱动混砂设备的自动控制系统,其包括:
吸入控制系统,吸入控制系统通过变频器与吸入泵02电连接,吸入控 制系统控制变频器改变吸入泵驱动电机03的转速,通过调节阀门19的配合控制吸入泵02的吸入量;
搅拌控制系统,搅拌控制系统通过变频器与混合搅拌器驱动电机06电连接,搅拌控制系统控制变频器改变混合搅拌器驱动电机06的转速,从而控制混合搅拌器05的内搅拌叶的转速;
干添控制系统,干添控制系统通过变频器与干添装置驱动电机08电连接,干添控制系统通过变频器改变干添装置驱动电机08的转速,从而控制干添装置07的干粉添加剂量;
液添控制系统,液添控制系统通过变频器与液添装置驱动电机10电连接,液添控制系统通过变频器改变液添装置驱动电机10的转速,从而控制液添装置09的液体添加剂量;
输砂控制系统,输砂控制系统通过变频器与输砂装置驱动电机12电连接,输砂控制系统通过变频器改变输砂装置驱动电机12的转速,从而改变输砂装置11支撑剂的输入量;
排出控制系统,排出控制系统通过变频器与排出泵驱动电机14电连接,排出控制系统通过变频器改变排出泵驱动电机14的转速,从而控制排出泵13的排出量;
液位计,液位计内置于混合搅拌器05内,并与吸入控制系统电连接;
在其他实施例中可以增加振动控制系统或去除液位计。
实施例6
如图9所示,全电驱动混砂设备的自动控制系统,其包括:
吸入控制系统,吸入控制系统与吸入泵驱动电机03电连接,吸入控制系统控制吸入泵驱动电机03工作,通过调节阀门19控制吸入泵02的吸入量;
搅拌控制系统,搅拌控制系统通过变频器与混合搅拌器驱动电机06电连接,搅拌控制系统控制变频器改变混合搅拌器驱动电机06的转速,从而控制混合搅拌器05的内搅拌叶的转速;
干添控制系统,干添控制系统通过变频器与干添装置驱动电机08电连接,干添控制系统通过变频器改变干添装置驱动电机08的转速,从而控制 干添装置07的干粉添加剂量;
液添控制系统,液添控制系统通过变频器与液添装置驱动电机10电连接,液添控制系统通过变频器改变液添装置驱动电机10的转速,从而控制液添装置09的液体添加剂量;
输砂控制系统,输砂控制系统通过变频器与输砂装置驱动电机12电连接,输砂控制系统通过变频器改变输砂装置驱动电机12的转速,从而改变输砂装置11支撑剂的输入量;
排出控制系统,排出控制系统通过变频器与排出泵驱动电机14电连接,排出控制系统通过变频器改变排出泵驱动电机14的转速,从而控制排出泵13的排出量;
液位计,液位计内置于混合搅拌器05内,并与吸入控制系统电连接;
在其他实施例中可以增加振动控制系统或去除液位计。
实施例7
如图10所示,全电驱动混砂设备的自动控制系统,其包括:
吸入控制系统,吸入控制系统通过变频器与吸入泵02电连接,吸入控制系统控制变频器改变吸入泵驱动电机03的转速,从而控制吸入泵02的吸入量;
搅拌控制系统,搅拌控制系统通过变频器与混合搅拌器驱动电机06电连接,搅拌控制系统控制变频器改变混合搅拌器驱动电机06的转速,从而控制混合搅拌器05的内搅拌叶的转速;
干添控制系统,干添控制系统通过变频器与干添装置驱动电机08电连接,干添控制系统通过变频器改变干添装置驱动电机08的转速,从而控制干添装置07的干粉添加剂量;
液添控制系统,液添控制系统通过变频器与液添装置驱动电机10电连接,液添控制系统通过变频器改变液添装置驱动电机10的转速,从而控制液添装置09的液体添加剂量;
输砂控制系统,输砂控制系统通过变频器与输砂装置驱动电机12电连接,输砂控制系统通过变频器改变输砂装置驱动电机12的转速,从而改变输砂装置11支撑剂的输入量;
排出控制系统,排出控制系统与排出泵驱动电机14电连接,排出控制系统控制排出泵13工作;
液位计,液位计内置于混合搅拌器05内,并与吸入控制系统电连接;
在其他实施例中可以增加振动控制系统或去除液位计。
实施例8
如图11所示,全电驱动混砂设备的自动控制系统,其包括:
吸入控制系统,吸入控制系统通过变频器与吸入泵02电连接,吸入控制系统控制变频器改变吸入泵驱动电机03的转速,通过调节阀门19控制吸入泵02的吸入量;
搅拌控制系统,搅拌控制系统通过变频器与混合搅拌器驱动电机06电连接,搅拌控制系统控制变频器改变混合搅拌器驱动电机06的转速,从而控制混合搅拌器05的内搅拌叶的转速;
干添控制系统,干添控制系统通过变频器与干添装置驱动电机08电连接,干添控制系统通过变频器改变干添装置驱动电机08的转速,从而控制干添装置07的干粉添加剂量;
液添控制系统,液添控制系统通过变频器与液添装置驱动电机10电连接,液添控制系统通过变频器改变液添装置驱动电机10的转速,从而控制液添装置09的液体添加剂量;
输砂控制系统,输砂控制系统通过变频器与输砂装置驱动电机12电连接,输砂控制系统通过变频器改变输砂装置驱动电机12的转速,从而改变输砂装置11支撑剂的输入量;
排出控制系统,排出控制系统与排出泵驱动电机14电连接,排出控制系统控制排出泵13工作;
液位计,液位计内置于混合搅拌器05内,并与吸入控制系统电连接;
在其他实施例中可以增加振动控制系统或去除液位计。
实施例9
如图12所示,全电驱动混砂设备的自动控制系统,其包括:
吸入控制系统,吸入控制系统与吸入泵驱动电机03电连接,吸入控制 系统控制吸入泵驱动电机03工作;
搅拌控制系统,搅拌控制系统通过变频器与混合搅拌器驱动电机06电连接,搅拌控制系统控制变频器改变混合搅拌器驱动电机06的转速,从而控制混合搅拌器05的内搅拌叶的转速;
干添控制系统,干添控制系统通过变频器与干添装置驱动电机08电连接,干添控制系统通过变频器改变干添装置驱动电机08的转速,从而控制干添装置07的干粉添加剂量;
液添控制系统,液添控制系统通过变频器与液添装置驱动电机10电连接,液添控制系统通过变频器改变液添装置驱动电机10的转速,从而控制液添装置09的液体添加剂量;
输砂控制系统,输砂控制系统通过变频器与输砂装置驱动电机12电连接,输砂控制系统通过变频器改变输砂装置驱动电机12的转速,从而改变输砂装置11支撑剂的输入量;
排出控制系统,排出控制系统与排出泵驱动电机14电连接,排出控制系统控制排出泵13工作;
振动控制系统,振动控制系统与振动电机20电连接,振动控制系统控制振动电机20的开停;
在其他实施例中可以去除前述振动控制系统或增加液位计,液位计内置于混合搅拌器05内,并与吸入控制系统电连接。

Claims (24)

  1. 全电驱动混砂设备,其包括基础,所述基础分为上下两层分别是基础上层和基础下层,其特征在于,还包括:
    吸入泵,所述吸入泵与所述基础下层固定连接;
    吸入泵驱动电机,所述吸入泵驱动电机与所述吸入泵固定且电连接,所述吸入泵驱动电机的底部与所述基础下层固定连接;
    吸入管汇,所述吸入管汇与所述基础下层固定连接,所述吸入管汇的一端与所述吸入泵的另一端固定连接并连通;
    混合搅拌器,所述混合搅拌器与所述吸入管汇的另一端连通,所述混合搅拌器与所述基础上层和基础下层固定连接;
    混合搅拌器驱动电机,所述混合搅拌器驱动电机与所述混合搅拌器顶部固定连接,所述混合搅拌器驱动电机与所述混合搅拌器电连接;
    干添装置,所述干添装置与所述基础上层固定连接,所述干添装置与所述混合搅拌器连通,所述干添装置的数量为M,M≥1;
    干添装置驱动电机,所述干添装置驱动电机与所述干添装置固定且电连接,所述干添装置驱动电机的数量与所述干添装置的数量一致;
    液添装置,所述液添装置与所述基础下层固定连接,所述液添装置与所述混合搅拌器连通,所述液添装置的数量为N,所述N≥2;
    液添装置驱动电机,所述液添装置驱动电机与所述液添装置固定且电连接,所述液添装置驱动电机的底部与所述基础下层固定连接,所述液添装置驱动电机的数量与所述液添装置的数量一致;
    输砂装置,所述输砂装置分别与所述基础上层和基础下层固定连接,所述电动输砂装置与所述基础板呈一定角度,所述输砂装置与所述混合搅拌器连通;
    输砂装置驱动电机,所述输砂装置驱动电机与所述输砂装置顶部固定且电连接;
    排出泵,所述排出泵与所述基础下层固定连接,所述排出泵与所述混合搅拌器连通;
    排出泵驱动电机,所述排出泵驱动电机与所述排出泵固定且电连接, 所述排出泵驱动电机还与所述基础下层固定连接;
    排出管汇,所述排出管汇的一端与所述排出泵固定连接并连通,所述排出管汇的一端还与所述混合搅拌器连通,所述排出管汇与所述基础下层固定连接;
    操作房,所述操作房与所述基础上层固定连接。
  2. 根据权利要求1所述的全电驱动混砂设备,其特征在于:
    所述输砂装置固定安装在所述基础的一端,所述基础上层搭设有L块基础板,L≥2,所述基础板可拆卸,所述混合搅拌器紧挨所述输砂装置进行安装,所述混合搅拌器的上部与所述基础上层固定连接,所述混合搅拌器的下部与所述基础下层固定连接,所述排出泵、排出泵驱动电机、排出管汇、吸入泵、吸入泵驱动电机、吸入管汇、液添装置、液添装置驱动电机分别与所述基础下层固定连接,且均设置在所述基础上层和基础下层之间,所述操作房固定安装在所述基础上层,位于所述排出泵、排出泵驱动电机、排出管汇、吸入泵、吸入泵驱动电机、吸入管汇、液添装置、液添装置驱动电机的上方。
  3. 根据权利要求2所述的全电驱动混砂设备,其特征在于:还包括变频器安置房,所述变频器安置房的安装方式为以下两种形式中的任一种:
    A、所述变频器安置房固定安装在所述基础的另一端,与所述基础下层固定连接;
    B、所述变频器安置房独立成橇。
  4. 根据权利要求2所述的全电驱动混砂设备,其特征在于:所述吸入泵驱动电机、混合搅拌器驱动电机、液添装置驱动电机、干添装置驱动电机、输砂装置驱动电机和排出泵驱动电机的配置为以下六种方式中的一种:
    C、所述吸入泵驱动电机、混合搅拌器驱动电机、液添装置驱动电机、干添装置驱动电机、输砂装置驱动电机和排出泵驱动电机均连接有变频器,所述变频器与所述吸入泵驱动电机、混合搅拌器驱动电机、液添装置驱动电机、干添装置驱动电机、输砂装置驱动电机和排出泵驱动电机集成为一体;
    D、所述吸入泵驱动电机、混合搅拌器驱动电机、液添装置驱动电机、干添装置驱动电机、输砂装置驱动电机和排出泵驱动电机均连接有变频器, 所述变频器与所述吸入泵驱动电机、混合搅拌器驱动电机、液添装置驱动电机、干添装置驱动电机、输砂装置驱动电机和排出泵驱动电机集成为一体,所述吸入管汇上设置有调节阀门;
    E、所述混合搅拌器驱动电机、液添装置驱动电机、干添装置驱动电机和输砂装置驱动电机均连接有变频器,所述变频器与所述混合搅拌器驱动电机、液添装置驱动电机、干添装置驱动电机和输砂装置驱动电机集成为一体,所述吸入泵驱动电机和排出泵驱动电机均为额定转速驱动电机,所述吸入管汇上设置有调节阀门;
    F、所述吸入泵驱动电机、混合搅拌器驱动电机、液添装置驱动电机、干添装置驱动电机和输砂装置驱动电机均连接有变频器,所述变频器与所述吸入泵驱动电机、混合搅拌器驱动电机、液添装置驱动电机、干添装置驱动电机和输砂装置驱动电机集成为一体,所述排出泵驱动电机为额定转速驱动电机;
    G、所述吸入泵驱动电机、混合搅拌器驱动电机、液添装置驱动电机、干添装置驱动电机和输砂装置驱动电机均连接有变频器,所述变频器与所述吸入泵驱动电机、混合搅拌器驱动电机、液添装置驱动电机、干添装置驱动电机和输砂装置驱动电机集成为一体,所述排出泵驱动电机为额定转速驱动电机,所述吸入管汇上设置有调节阀门;
    H、所述混合搅拌器驱动电机、液添装置驱动电机、干添装置驱动电机、输砂装置驱动电机和排出泵驱动电机均连接有变频器,所述变频器与所述混合搅拌器驱动电机、液添装置驱动电机、干添装置驱动电机、输砂装置驱动电机和排出泵驱动电机集成为一体,所述吸入泵驱动电机为额定转速驱动电机,所述吸入管汇上设置有调节阀门。
  5. 根据权利要求3所述的全电驱动混砂设备,其特征在于:所述吸入泵驱动电机、混合搅拌器驱动电机、液添装置驱动电机、干添装置驱动电机、输砂装置驱动电机和排出泵驱动电机的配置为以下六种方式中的一种:
    I、所述吸入泵驱动电机、混合搅拌器驱动电机、液添装置驱动电机、干添装置驱动电机、输砂装置驱动电机和排出泵驱动电机均连接有变频器,所述变频器固定安装在所述变频器安置房内;
    J、所述吸入泵驱动电机、混合搅拌器驱动电机、液添装置驱动电机、 干添装置驱动电机、输砂装置驱动电机和排出泵驱动电机均连接有变频器,所述变频器固定安装在所述变频器安置房内,所述吸入管汇上设置有调节阀门;
    K、所述混合搅拌器驱动电机、液添装置驱动电机、干添装置驱动电机和输砂装置驱动电机均连接有变频器,所述变频器固定安装在所述变频器安置房内,所述吸入泵驱动电机和排出泵驱动电机均为额定转速驱动电机,所述吸入管汇上设置有调节阀门;
    P、所述吸入泵驱动电机、混合搅拌器驱动电机、液添装置驱动电机、干添装置驱动电机和输砂装置驱动电机均连接有变频器,所述变频器固定安装在所述变频器安置房内,所述排出泵驱动电机为额定转速驱动电机;
    Q、所述吸入泵驱动电机、混合搅拌器驱动电机、液添装置驱动电机、干添装置驱动电机和输砂装置驱动电机均连接有变频器,所述变频器固定安装在所述变频器安置房内,所述排出泵驱动电机为额定转速驱动电机,所述吸入管汇上设置有调节阀门;
    R、所述混合搅拌器驱动电机、液添装置驱动电机、干添装置驱动电机、输砂装置驱动电机和排出泵驱动电机均连接有变频器,所述变频器固定安装在所述变频器安置房内,所述吸入泵驱动电机为额定转速驱动电机,所述吸入管汇上设置有调节阀门。
  6. 根据权利要求4或5所述的全电驱动混砂设备,其特征在于:所述液添装置还与所述排出管汇连通,所述液添装置与所述混合搅拌器的连接管线上设置有截止阀,所述液添装置与所述排出管汇的连接管线上设置有所述截止阀,所述液添装置与所述混合搅拌器之间连通时,所述液添装置与所述排出管汇的连接管线上的所述截止阀关断,所述液添装置与所述排出管汇之间连通时,所述液添装置与所述混合搅拌器的连接管线上的所述截止阀关断。
  7. 根据权利要求4或5所述的全电驱动混砂设备,其特征在于:所述液添装置还与所述吸入管汇连通,所述液添装置与所述吸入管汇的连接管线上设置有所述截止阀;所述液添装置与所述混合搅拌器之间连通时,所述液添装置与所述吸入管汇和排出管汇的连接管线上的所述截止阀关断;所述液添装置与所述排出管汇之间连通时,所述液添装置与所述混合搅拌 器和吸入管汇的连接管线上的所述截止阀关断;所述液添装置与所述吸入管汇之间连通时,所述液添装置与所述混合搅拌器和排出管汇的连接管线上的所述截止阀关断。
  8. 根据权利要求6所述的全电驱动混砂设备,其特征在于:
    还包括液位计,所述液位计固定设置于所述混合搅拌器内。
  9. 根据权利要求7所述的全电驱动混砂设备,其特征在于:
    还包括液位计,所述液位计固定设置于所述混合搅拌器内。
  10. 根据权利要求6所述的全电驱动混砂设备,其特征在于:所述吸入管汇和排出管汇之间连通安装有辅助管汇一和辅助管汇二,所述吸入管汇上设置有阀门一,所述辅助管汇一上设置有阀门二,所述辅助管汇二上设置有阀门三,所述输入管汇上设置有阀门四;当所述阀门一和阀门四打开,所述阀门二和阀门三关闭时,所述吸入泵和吸入管汇配合工作,所述排出泵和所述排出管汇配合工作;当所述阀门一和阀门四关闭、所述阀门二和阀门三打开时,所述吸入泵和辅助管汇二、排出管汇配合工作,所述排出泵和所述吸入管汇、辅助管汇一配合工作。
  11. 根据权利要求7所述的全电驱动混砂设备,其特征在于:所述吸入管汇和排出管汇之间连通安装有辅助管汇一和辅助管汇二,所述吸入管汇上设置有阀门一,所述辅助管汇一上设置有阀门二,所述辅助管汇二上设置有阀门三,所述输入管汇上设置有阀门四;当所述阀门一和阀门四打开,所述阀门二和阀门三关闭时,所述吸入泵和吸入管汇配合工作,所述排出泵和所述排出管汇配合工作;当所述阀门一和阀门四关闭、所述阀门二和阀门三打开时,所述吸入泵和辅助管汇二、排出管汇配合工作,所述排出泵和所述吸入管汇、辅助管汇一配合工作。
  12. 根据权利要求4-5任一权利要求所述的全电驱动混砂设备,其特征在于:所述基础为橇架。
  13. 根据权利要求4-5任一权利要求所述的全电驱动混砂设备,其特征在于:所述基础为车载。
  14. 根据权利要求4-5任一权利要求所述的全电驱动混砂设备,其特征在于:所述混砂设备包含有漏斗筛,所述混砂设备上部设置有过滤筛,所述漏斗筛和过滤筛上均设置有振动电机。
  15. 一种控制权利要求4或5任一权利要求所述全电驱动混砂设备的自动控制系统,其特征在于,包括:
    吸入控制系统,所述吸入控制系统与所述吸入泵驱动电机电连接,所述吸入控制系统控制所述吸入泵驱动电机工作;
    搅拌控制系统,所述搅拌控制系统通过所述变频器与所述混合搅拌器驱动电机电连接,所述搅拌控制系统控制所述变频器改变所述混合搅拌器驱动电机的转速,从而控制所述混合搅拌器内的搅拌叶的转速;
    干添控制系统,所述干添控制系统通过所述变频器与所述干添装置电连接,所述干添控制系统通过所述变频器改变所述干添装置驱动电机的转速,从而控制所述干添装置的干粉添加剂量;
    液添控制系统,所述液添控制系统通过所述变频器与所述液添装置电连接,所述液添控制系统通过所述变频器改变所述液添装置驱动电机的转速,从而控制所述液添装置的液体添加剂量;
    输砂控制系统,所述输砂控制系统通过所述变频器与所述输砂装置驱动电机电连接,所述输砂控制系统通过所述变频器改变所述输砂装置驱动电机的转速,从而改变所述输砂装置支撑剂的输入量;
    排出控制系统,所述排出控制系统与所述排出泵电连接,所述排出控制系统控制所述排出泵进行工作。
  16. 根据权利要求15所述的自动控制系统,其特征在于:所述吸入控制系统通过所述变频器与所述吸入泵驱动电机电连接,所述吸入控制系统通过所述变频器控制所述吸入泵驱动电机的转速,进而控制所述吸入泵的吸入量。
  17. 根据权利要求15所述的自动控制系统,其特征在于:所述吸入控制系统通过所述变频器与所述吸入泵驱动电机电连接,所述吸入控制系统通过所述变频器控制所述吸入泵驱动电机的转速,通过所述调节阀门的配合控制所述吸入泵的吸入量。
  18. 根据权利要求15所述的自动控制系统,其特征在于:所述吸入控制系统与所述吸入泵驱动电机直接电连接,所述吸入泵驱动电机为普通非变频电机,所述吸入控制系统控制所述吸入泵驱动电机以额定转速工作,通过所述调节阀门控制所述吸入泵的吸入量。
  19. 根据权利要求16或17或18所述的自动控制系统,其特征在于:所述排出控制系统通过所述变频器与所述排出泵驱动电机电连接,所述排出控制系统通过所述变频器控制所述排出泵驱动电机的转速,进而控制所述排出泵的排出量和排出压力。
  20. 根据权利要求16或17或18所述的自动控制系统,其特征在于:所述排出控制系统与所述排出泵驱动电机直接电连接,所述排出泵驱动电机为普通非变频电机,所述排出控制系统控制所述排出泵驱动电机以额定转速工作。
  21. 根据权利要求19所述的自动控制系统,其特征在于:
    还包括液位计,所述液位计内置于所述混合搅拌器内,并与所述吸入控制系统电连接。
  22. 根据权利要求20所述的自动控制系统,其特征在于:
    还包括液位计,所述液位计内置于所述混合搅拌器内,并与所述吸入控制系统电连接。
  23. 根据权利要求19所述的全电驱动混砂设备的自动控制系统,其特征在于:还包括振动控制系统,所述振动控制系统与振动电机电连接,所述振动控制系统控制所述振动电机的开停。
  24. 根据权利要求20所述的自动控制系统,其特征在于:还包括振动控制系统,所述振动控制系统与振动电机电连接,所述振动控制系统控制所述振动电机的开停。
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