WO2020221250A1 - 一种裂解分离系统 - Google Patents

一种裂解分离系统 Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2020221250A1
WO2020221250A1 PCT/CN2020/087501 CN2020087501W WO2020221250A1 WO 2020221250 A1 WO2020221250 A1 WO 2020221250A1 CN 2020087501 W CN2020087501 W CN 2020087501W WO 2020221250 A1 WO2020221250 A1 WO 2020221250A1
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Prior art keywords
pipe
pyrolysis
separation system
cooling pipe
gas
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PCT/CN2020/087501
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English (en)
French (fr)
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何姿雨
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何姿雨
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Publication of WO2020221250A1 publication Critical patent/WO2020221250A1/zh

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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10BDESTRUCTIVE DISTILLATION OF CARBONACEOUS MATERIALS FOR PRODUCTION OF GAS, COKE, TAR, OR SIMILAR MATERIALS
    • C10B53/00Destructive distillation, specially adapted for particular solid raw materials or solid raw materials in special form
    • C10B53/02Destructive distillation, specially adapted for particular solid raw materials or solid raw materials in special form of cellulose-containing material
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10BDESTRUCTIVE DISTILLATION OF CARBONACEOUS MATERIALS FOR PRODUCTION OF GAS, COKE, TAR, OR SIMILAR MATERIALS
    • C10B57/00Other carbonising or coking processes; Features of destructive distillation processes in general
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10JPRODUCTION OF PRODUCER GAS, WATER-GAS, SYNTHESIS GAS FROM SOLID CARBONACEOUS MATERIAL, OR MIXTURES CONTAINING THESE GASES; CARBURETTING AIR OR OTHER GASES
    • C10J3/00Production of combustible gases containing carbon monoxide from solid carbonaceous fuels
    • C10J3/72Other features
    • C10J3/82Gas withdrawal means
    • C10J3/84Gas withdrawal means with means for removing dust or tar from the gas
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10KPURIFYING OR MODIFYING THE CHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF COMBUSTIBLE GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE
    • C10K1/00Purifying combustible gases containing carbon monoxide
    • C10K1/04Purifying combustible gases containing carbon monoxide by cooling to condense non-gaseous materials
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E50/00Technologies for the production of fuel of non-fossil origin
    • Y02E50/10Biofuels, e.g. bio-diesel

Definitions

  • This application relates to the field of cracking technology, and in particular to a cracking separation system.
  • the purpose of this application is to provide a cracking separation system that can separate cracked products and improve resource utilization.
  • This application provides a pyrolysis and separation system for separating plant waste, the pyrolysis and separation system includes:
  • a cracking device which is used to crack plant waste into a mixed gas of cracked oil and cracked gas
  • the cooling pipe communicates with the cracking device, the cooling pipe is used to cool the mixed gas of cracked oil and cracked gas, the mixed gas of cracked oil and cracked gas is cooled to form liquefied cracked oil and gasification products, the cooling pipe It has a first outlet and a second outlet, the second outlet is provided with a first filter, and the first filter is used to block the liquefied pyrolysis oil;
  • a first collection box the first collection box is in communication with the first outlet, and the first collection box is used for collecting liquefied pyrolysis oil;
  • a second collection box the second collection box is in communication with the second outlet, and the second collection box is used for collecting liquefied products
  • a third collection box is connected to the second collection box through a transmission pipe, and a second filter is arranged in the transmission pipe, and the second filter is used to filter gas products into combustible gas.
  • the third collection box is used to collect combustible gas.
  • the cooling pipe includes a first cooling pipe and a second cooling pipe, and the second cooling pipe is communicated with the cracking device through the first cooling pipe;
  • the first cooling pipe includes an outer tube and an inner tube, the inner tube is provided in the outer tube, the channel between the outer tube and the inner tube is used to contain the cooling liquid, and the inner tube is used to transmit Mixed gas of cracked oil and cracked gas;
  • the second cooling pipe has the first outlet and the second outlet.
  • the outer tube is provided with an input port and an output port, the input port is used for cooling liquid to flow into the outer tube, and the output port is used for cooling liquid to flow out of the outer tube.
  • the input port and the output port are each connected with a throat pipe, and each throat pipe is provided with a switch.
  • a temperature meter is provided on the cooling pipe, and the temperature meter is used to detect the temperature of the mixed gas of pyrolysis oil and pyrolysis gas.
  • the cracking separation system further includes a generator
  • the generator is connected to the first collecting box through a connecting pipe, and a third filter is arranged in the connecting pipe, and the cracked gas in the first collecting box is filtered into the generator only by the third filter, And push the fan blades of the generator to make the generator generate electricity.
  • At least one switch device is provided on the connecting pipe.
  • the pyrolysis separation system further includes a spraying device, and the spraying device is used to spray cooling liquid to the second cooling pipe.
  • the pyrolysis separation system includes a base shell
  • the second cooling pipe is located in the base shell.
  • the base shell is provided with a liquid drain, and the liquid drain is used to drain the cooling liquid sprayed by the spray device.
  • the cracking separation system in the embodiment of the present application connects the cooling pipe with the cracking device, and the cracked oil and cracking
  • the gas mixture is cooled through the cooling pipe to form liquefied pyrolysis oil and gasification products, which are blocked and filtered by the filter and enter the corresponding collection boxes respectively, thereby separating the pyrolysis products and improving resource utilization.
  • Figure 1 is a schematic plan view of a separation and cracking system provided by an embodiment of the present application.
  • Fig. 2 is a partial structural diagram of a first cooling pipe provided by an embodiment of the present application.
  • one of the embodiments of the present application provides a cracking separation system 100, including a cracking device 10, a cooling pipe, a first collection box 30, a second collection box 40, and a third collection box 50 , Engine 60, spray device 70 and base shell 80.
  • the cracking device 10 is a cracking device known to those skilled in the art.
  • the cracking device 10 uses a specific temperature to crack plant waste into a mixed gas of cracked oil and cracked gas.
  • the cooling pipes can be metal cooling pipes or cooling pipes of other materials.
  • the models can be 6 points, 4 points, 3 points, 2 points and 1 point. Suitable specifications and models can be adopted according to actual needs, without being limited to this embodiment In the limit.
  • the cooling pipe is connected to the cracking device 10, and the cooling pipe is used to cool the mixed gas of cracked oil and cracked gas obtained by the cracking of the cracking device 10.
  • the mixed gas of cracked oil and cracked gas passes through the cooling pipe and forms a liquefied cracking under the cooling action of the cooling pipe Oil and gasification products.
  • the liquefied pyrolysis oil is tar.
  • the cooling pipe has a first outlet 202 and a second outlet 204, and a first filter 206 is provided at the second outlet 204, and the first filter 206 is used to block the liquefied pyrolysis oil.
  • the first filter 206 may be a HG-T 20570.22-1995 pipeline filter.
  • a filter made of cast iron, carbon steel, low alloy steel or stainless steel can be considered.
  • the shape of the first collection box 30 may be square, circular or other shapes.
  • the first collection tank 30 is in communication with the first outlet 202, and the first collection tank 30 is used to collect the liquefied pyrolysis oil. Specifically, after the cracking device 10 uses a specific temperature to crack the plant waste into a mixed gas of cracked oil and cracked gas, the mixed gas of cracked oil and cracked gas passes through the cooling pipe and forms liquefied cracked oil under the cooling effect of the cooling pipe. With the gasification product, the liquefied pyrolysis oil flows into the first collection tank 30 under the barrier of the first filter 206.
  • the shape of the second collection box 40 may be square, round or other shapes, and the height of the second collection box 40 is higher than that of the first collection box 30.
  • the second collection box 40 is connected to the second outlet 204 for collecting liquefied products and vaporized products. Specifically, after the cracking device 10 uses a specific temperature to crack the plant waste into a mixed gas of cracked oil and cracked gas, the mixed gas of cracked oil and cracked gas passes through the cooling pipe and forms liquefied cracked oil under the cooling effect of the cooling pipe. With the gasification product, the liquefied pyrolysis oil flows into the first collection tank 30 under the barrier of the first filter 206, and the gasification product directly enters the second collection tank 40 through the first filter 206. It should be noted that part of the gasification products will be transformed into liquefied products and stored in the second collection tank 40.
  • the third collection box 50 is a gas storage box.
  • the shape of the third collection box 50 can be square, round or other shapes.
  • the height of the third collection box 50 is higher than that of the first collection box 30 and the second collection box 40.
  • the third collection box 50 is connected to the second collection box 40 through a transfer pipe.
  • a second filter 207 is provided in the transfer pipe.
  • the second filter 207 is used to filter gas products into combustible gas
  • the third collection box 50 is used to collect combustible gas.
  • the second filter 207 is a combustible gas filter.
  • the cracking device 10 uses a specific temperature to crack the plant waste into a mixed gas of cracked oil and cracked gas
  • the mixed gas of cracked oil and cracked gas passes through the cooling pipe and forms liquefied cracked oil under the cooling effect of the cooling pipe.
  • the gasification product With the gasification product, the liquefied pyrolysis oil flows into the first collection tank 30 under the barrier of the first filter 206, and the gasification product directly enters the second collection tank 40 through the first filter 206. Part of the gasification products will be transformed into liquefied products and stored in the second collection tank 40.
  • the unliquefied gas product flows through the transmission pipeline and the combustible gas filter 207 to the third collecting tank 50 to become combustible gas.
  • the mixed gas of cracked pyrolysis oil and cracked gas in the cracking device 10 is cooled by the cooling pipe to form liquefied cracked oil and gasification products, which are blocked and filtered by the filter and enter the corresponding Collecting box to separate cracked products and improve resource utilization.
  • the cooling pipe includes a first cooling pipe 210 and a second cooling pipe 220, and the second cooling pipe 220 communicates with the cracking device 10 through the first cooling pipe 210.
  • the first cooling pipe 210 is a double sleeve, which includes an outer pipe 2101 and an inner pipe 2102.
  • the inner pipe 2102 is arranged in the outer pipe 2101.
  • the channel between the outer pipe 2101 and the inner pipe 2102 is used to contain the cooling liquid, and the inner pipe 2102 is used It is used to transport a mixture of cracked oil and cracked gas.
  • the second cooling pipe 220 has a first outlet 202 and a second outlet 204.
  • the mixed gas of cracked oil and cracked gas enters the inner pipe 2102 of the first cooling pipe 210, because the first cooling pipe 210
  • the passage between the outer tube 2101 and the inner tube 2102 has a cooling liquid, so the mixed gas of pyrolysis oil and pyrolysis gas passing through the inner tube 2102 under the action of the cooling liquid forms liquefied pyrolysis oil and gasification products, which are formed after cooling
  • the pyrolysis oil and gasification products of the gas then enter the second cooling pipe 220.
  • the passage between the outer tube and the inner tube is used to contain the cooling liquid, which on the one hand facilitates sufficient heat dissipation of the product, and on the other hand, is beneficial to save costs.
  • a temperature meter 230 is provided on the cooling pipe, and the temperature meter 230 is used to detect the temperature of the mixed gas of pyrolysis oil and pyrolysis gas.
  • the outer tube 2101 is provided with an input port 21011 and an output port 21012, the input port 21011 is used for the cooling liquid to flow into the outer tube 2101, and the output port 21012 is used for the cooling liquid to flow out of the outer tube 2101.
  • the input port 21011 and the output port 21012 are each connected to a throat pipe, and each throat pipe is provided with a switch, that is, the input port 21011 is connected to the throat pipe 21013, the output port 21012 is connected to the throat pipe 21014, and the throat pipe 21013 is provided with a switch 21015.
  • the throat 21014 is provided with a switch 21016.
  • a temperature meter 230 is provided on the first cooling pipe 210, and a temperature meter (not shown) is correspondingly provided on the second cooling pipe 220.
  • the cooling liquid enters the input port 21011 from the throat 21013, and then flows into the channel between the outer pipe 2101 and the inner pipe 2102, and the cooling liquid flows out of the output port 21012, and flows out of the outer pipe 2101 through the throat 21014.
  • the throat 21011 is connected with the throat 21013, and the throat 21013 is provided with a switch 21015, and the output 21012 is connected with the throat 21014.
  • the throat 21014 is provided with a switch 21016 to form a water circulation, which fully cools the cracking in the inner pipe 2102.
  • the outer tube 2101 of the first cooling pipe 210 is provided with a temperature meter 230, which can measure and display the temperature of the mixed gas of pyrolysis oil and pyrolysis gas at all times, and can also detect and display the temperature of the coolant.
  • the cracking separation system further includes a generator 60.
  • the generator 60 is connected to the first collection box 30 through a connecting pipe.
  • a third filter 208 is provided in the connecting pipe.
  • the cracked gas in the first collection box 30 Only the third filter 208 filters into the generator 60 and pushes the fan blades of the generator 60 to generate electricity.
  • the connecting pipe is provided with at least one switching device, namely, a switch 250, a switch 260 and a one-way valve 270.
  • the switch 250 is used to switch the connecting pipe
  • the switch 260 is used to output steam
  • the one-way valve 270 is used to prevent the backflow of vaporized products.
  • at least one opening 280 is provided on the connecting pipe, and the opening is used to discharge water vapor.
  • the liquefied pyrolysis oil flows into the first collection tank 30 under the barrier of the first filter 206, and the gasification product directly enters the second collection tank 40 through the first filter 206, because some of the gasification product will be liquefied.
  • the product is stored in the second collection box 40. Since part of the gasification product will flow into the first collection box 30, this part of the gasification product will enter the generator 60 after being filtered through the connecting pipe through the third filter 208, thereby promoting power generation The fan blades of the generator 60 make the generator 60 generate electricity, thereby making full use of resources.
  • the third filter 208 is a metal filter.
  • the pyrolysis separation system further includes a spray device 70, and the spray device 70 is used to spray the cooling liquid to the second cooling pipe 220.
  • the spray device 70 is arranged above the second cooling pipe 220.
  • the spray device 70 will continuously spray coolant to cool the second cooling pipe 220. As the temperature is lowered, a large amount of water vapor will be generated. It will exit through the opening 280 on the connecting pipe, thereby entering the generator 60, and pushing the fan blades of the generator 60 to make the generator 60 generate electricity.
  • the pyrolysis separation system includes a base shell 80, the second cooling pipe 220 is located in the base shell 80, and the base shell 80 is provided with a liquid discharge port 802, which is used to discharge the spray device 70 Coolant spray.
  • the base shell 80 is also provided with a first collection box 30 and a second collection box 40.
  • the coolant flows out from the output port 21012, flows out of the outer pipe 2101 through the throat 21014, and forms a water circulation to fully cool the cracked oil in the inner pipe 2102
  • the mixed gas with cracked gas forms liquefied cracked oil and gasification products.
  • the liquefied pyrolysis oil and gasification products formed after cooling then enter the second cooling pipe 220.
  • the spray device 70 above the second cooling pipe 220 will continue to spray The cooling fluid cools the second cooling pipe 220.
  • the generated water vapor will exit through the opening 280 on the connecting pipe, thereby entering the generator 60 and pushing the generator
  • the fan blades of 60 make the generator 60 generate electricity, and the generated water will flow away through the drain 802.
  • the second cooling pipe 220 has a first outlet 202 and a second outlet 204, the liquefied pyrolysis oil will flow into the first collection tank 30 due to the blocking of the first filter 206, and the gasification product will directly enter the first collection tank 30 through the first filter 206.
  • the second collection box 40 some of the gasification products will be transformed into liquefied products and stored in the second collection box 40.
  • the unliquefied gas product flows through the transfer pipe and the second filter 207 to the third collecting tank 50 to become combustible gas.
  • part of the gasification products will flow into the first collection box 30, and this part of the gasification products will enter the generator 60 after being filtered by the third filter 208 through the connecting pipe, thereby pushing the fan blades of the generator 60 to make the generator 60 generate electricity. .
  • This can realize separation of cracked products and improve resource utilization.
  • the cooling liquid can be water, alcohol, glycerin, glycol, etc.

Abstract

本申请涉及裂解技术领域,提供一种裂解分离系统,裂解分离系统用于分离植物废料,包括裂解装置,冷却管以及第一收集箱、第二收集箱以及第三收集箱。冷却管连通裂解装置,冷却管用于冷却解油和裂解气体的混合气体,冷却管具有第一出口和第二出口,第二出口处设有第一过滤器,第一过滤器用于阻挡液化的裂解油,第一收集箱与第一出口相连通,第一收集箱用于收集液化的裂解油,第二收集箱与所述第二出口相连通,第二收集箱用于收集液化产物,第三收集箱通过传输管连通第二收集箱,传输管内设有第二过滤器,第二过滤器用于将气体产物过滤成可燃气,第三收集箱用于收集可燃气,由此可实现分隔裂解产物,提高资源利用率。

Description

一种裂解分离系统
相关申请交叉引用
本申请要求于2019年04月29日申请的、申请号为201920614096.9,申请名称为“一种裂解分离系统”的中国专利申请的优先权,其全部内容通过引用结合在本申请中。
技术领域
本申请涉及裂解技术领域,特别是涉及一种裂解分离系统。
背景技术
对于农业和林木业所产生的植物废料,其中含有众多有用成分,传统的做法是将这些宝贵资源都弃置于堆填区或是将收割后剩余的大量秸秆进行就地焚烧,焚烧后的秸秆会产生大量烟尘,产生空气污染,并且就地焚烧十分浪费地球资源。
发明内容
针对现有技术的上述缺陷,本申请的目的是提供一种裂解分离系统,能够分隔裂解产物,提高资源利用率。
本申请的目的是通过如下技术方案实现的:
本申请提供一种裂解分离系统,用于分离植物废料,所述裂解分离系统包括:
裂解装置,所述裂解装置用于将植物废料裂解成裂解油和裂解气体的混合气体;
冷却管,所述冷却管连通所述裂解装置,所述冷却管用于冷却裂解油和裂解气体的混合气体,裂解油和裂解气体的混合气体冷却形成液化的裂解油和气化产物,所述冷却管具有第一出口和第二出口,所述第二 出口处设有第一过滤器,所述第一过滤器用于阻挡液化的裂解油;
第一收集箱,所述第一收集箱与所述第一出口相连通,所述第一收集箱用于收集液化的裂解油;
第二收集箱,所述第二收集箱与所述第二出口相连通,所述第二收集箱用于收集液化产物;
第三收集箱,所述第三收集箱通过传输管连通所述第二收集箱,所述传输管内设有第二过滤器,所述第二过滤器用于将气体产物过滤成可燃气,所述第三收集箱用于收集可燃气。
在本申请的一些实施例中,所述冷却管包括第一冷却管和第二冷却管,所述第二冷却管通过所述第一冷却管与所述裂解装置相连通;
所述第一冷却管道包括外管和内管,所述内管设在所述外管内,所述外管和所述内管之间的通道用于盛放冷却液,所述内管用于传输裂解油和裂解气体的混合气体;
所述第二冷却管具有所述第一出口和所述第二出口。
在本申请的一些实施例中,所述外管设有输入口和输出口,所述输入口用于冷却液流入所述外管,所述输出口用于冷却液流出所述外管。
在本申请的一些实施例中,所述输入口和所述输出口各与一个喉管连通,每个所述喉管皆设有开关。
在本申请的一些实施例中,所述冷却管上设有温度仪表,所述温度仪表用于检测裂解油和裂解气体的混合气体的温度。
在本申请的一些实施例中,所述裂解分离系统还包括发电机;
所述发电机通过连接管连接所述第一收集箱,所述连接管内设有第三过滤器,所述第一收集箱内的裂解气体仅由所述第三过滤器过滤进入发电机内,并推动发电机的扇叶使所述发电机发电。
在本申请的一些实施例中,所述连接管上设有至少一个开关装置。
在本申请的一些实施例中,所述裂解分离系统还包括喷淋装置,所述喷淋装置用于向所述第二冷却管喷淋冷却液。
在本申请的一些实施例中,所述裂解分离系统包括基壳;
所述第二冷却管位于所述基壳内。
在本申请的一些实施例中,所述基壳设有排液口,所述排液口用于排出所述喷淋装置喷淋的冷却液。
与现有技术相比,本申请的有益效果是:区别于现有技术的情况,本申请实施例中的裂解分离系统,通过将冷却管与裂解装置连通,裂解装置中裂解的裂解油和裂解气体的混合气体通过冷却管进行冷却形成液化的裂解油和气化产物,经过过滤器的阻挡和过滤,分别进入对应的收集箱,从而分隔裂解产物,提高资源利用率。
附图说明
一个或多个实施例通过与之对应的附图进行示例性说明,这些示例性说明并不构成对实施例的限定,附图中具有相同参考数字标号的元件表示为类似的元件,除非有特别申明,附图中的图不构成比例限制。
图1是本申请实施例提供的一种分离裂解系统的平面示意图;
图2是本申请实施例提供的第一冷却管的局部结构示意图。
具体实施方式
为了便于理解本申请,下面结合附图和具体实施方式,对本申请进行更详细的说明。需要说明的是,当元件被表述“固定设置于”另一个元件,它可以直接在另一个元件上、或者其间可以存在一个或多个居中的元件。当一个元件被表述“连接”另一个元件,它可以是直接连接到另一个元件、或者其间可以存在一个或多个居中的元件。本说明书所使用的术语“上”、“下”、“内”、“外”、“垂直的”、“水平的”等指示的方位或位置关系为基于附图所示的方位或位置关系,仅是为了便于描述本申请和简化描述,而不是指示或暗示所指的装置或元件必须具有特定的方位、以特定的方位构造和操作,因此不能理解为对本申请的限制。此外,术语“第一”、“第二”等仅用于描述目的,而不能理解为指示或暗示相对重要性。
除非另有定义,本说明书所使用的所有的技术和科学术语与属于本 申请的技术领域的技术人员通常理解的含义相同。本说明书中在本申请的说明书中所使用的术语只是为了描述具体的实施方式的目的,不是用于限制本申请。本说明书所使用的术语“和/或”包括一个或多个相关的所列项目的任意的和所有的组合。
此外,下面所描述的本申请不同实施例中所涉及的技术特征只要彼此之间未构成冲突就可以相互结合。
请一并参照图1至图2,本申请其中一实施例提供了一种裂解分离系统100,包括裂解装置10,冷却管,第一收集箱30,第二收集箱40,第三收集箱50,发动机60,喷淋装置70以及基壳80。
在本申请实施例中,裂解装置10为所属领域技术人员所知的裂解设备,裂解装置10利用特定的温度将植物废料裂解成裂解油和裂解气体的混合气体。
冷却管可以为金属冷却管也可以为其他材质的冷却管,型号可以为6分、4分、3分、2分和1分,可根据实际需求采用合适的规格型号,无需限制于本实施例中的限定。冷却管连通裂解装置10,冷却管用于冷却经裂解装置10裂解得到的裂解油和裂解气体的混合气体,裂解油和裂解气体的混合气体经过冷却管并在冷却管的冷却作用下形成液化的裂解油和气化产物。液化的裂解油为焦油。冷却管具有第一出口202和第二出口204,第二出口204处设有第一过滤器206,第一过滤器206用于阻挡液化的裂解油。第一过滤器206可以为HG-T 20570.22-1995管道过滤器,对于不同的服役条件可考虑选择铸铁、炭钢、低合金钢或不锈钢材质的过滤器。
第一收集箱30的形状可以为方形、圆形或者其他形状。第一收集箱30与第一出口202相连通,第一收集箱30用于收集液化的裂解油。具体地,当裂解装置10利用特定的温度将植物废料裂解成裂解油和裂解气体的混合气体后,裂解油和裂解气体的混合气体经过冷却管并在冷却管的冷却作用下形成液化的裂解油和气化产物,液化的裂解油在第一过滤器206的阻挡下流入第一收集箱30。
第二收集箱40的形状可以为方形、圆形以及其他形状,第二收集箱40的高度高于第一收集箱30。第二收集箱40与第二出口204相连通,用于收集液化产物和气化产物。具体地,当裂解装置10利用特定的温度将植物废料裂解成裂解油和裂解气体的混合气体后,裂解油和裂解气体的混合气体经过冷却管并在冷却管的冷却作用下形成液化的裂解油和气化产物,液化的裂解油在第一过滤器206的阻挡下流入第一收集箱30,气化产物通过第一过滤器206直接进入第二收集箱40。需要说明的是,气化产物中有部分会化成液化产物并存储在第二收集箱40。
第三收集箱50为气体存储箱,第三收集箱50的形状可以为方形、圆形以及其他形状,第三收集箱50的高度高于第一收集箱30和第二收集箱40。第三收集箱50通过传输管连通第二收集箱40,传输管内设有第二过滤器207,第二过滤器207用于将气体产物过滤成可燃气,第三收集箱50用于收集可燃气。第二过滤器207为可燃气过滤器。具体地,当裂解装置10利用特定的温度将植物废料裂解成裂解油和裂解气体的混合气体后,裂解油和裂解气体的混合气体经过冷却管并在冷却管的冷却作用下形成液化的裂解油和气化产物,液化的裂解油在第一过滤器206的阻挡下流入第一收集箱30,气化产物通过第一过滤器206直接进入第二收集箱40。气化产物中有部分会化成液化产物并存储在第二收集箱40。未液化的气体产物经过传输管道及可燃气过滤器207流向第三收集箱50变成可燃气。通过将冷却管与裂解装置10连通,裂解装置10中裂解的裂解油和裂解气体的混合气体通过冷却管进行冷却形成液化的裂解油和气化产物,经过过滤器的阻挡和过滤,分别进入对应的收集箱,从而分隔裂解产物,提高资源利用率。
在本申请的一些实施例中,冷却管包括第一冷却管210和第二冷却管220,第二冷却管220通过第一冷却管210与裂解装置10连通。第一冷却管210为双套管,包括外管2101和内管2102,内管2102设在外管2101内,外管2101和内管2102之间的通道用于盛放冷却液,内管2102用于传输裂解油和裂解气体的混合气体。第二冷却管220具有第一出口202和第二出口204。具体地,裂解装置10利用特定的温度将植物废料 裂解成裂解油和裂解气体的混合气体后,裂解油和裂解气体的混合气体进入第一冷却管210的内管2102,由于第一冷却管210的外管2101和内管2102之间的通道具有冷却液,因此经过内管2102中的裂解油和裂解气体的混合气体在冷却液的作用下,形成液化的裂解油和气化产物,经过冷却形成的裂解油和气化产物接着进入第二冷却管道220。通过外管和内管之间的通道盛放冷却液,一方面有利于对产物进行充分散热,另一方面有利于节省成本。
在本申请的一些实施例中,冷却管上设有温度仪表230,温度仪表230用于检测裂解油和裂解气体的混合气体的温度。
在本申请的一些实施例中,外管2101设有输入口21011和输出口21012,输入口21011用于冷却液流入外管2101,输出口21012用于冷却液流出外管2101。输入口21011和输出口21012各与一个喉管连通,每个喉管皆设有开关,即输入口21011与喉管21013连通,输出口21012与喉管21014连通,喉管21013设有开关21015,喉管21014设有开关21016。第一冷却管210上设有一个温度仪表230,第二冷却管道220上相应的设有一个温度仪表(图未示)。具体地,冷却液从喉管21013进入输入口21011,从而流入外管2101和内管2102之间的通道,冷却液从输出口21012流出,经过喉管21014流出外管2101。通过输入口21011与喉管21013连通,在喉管21013上设有开关21015,以及通过输出口21012与喉管21014连通,喉管21014上设有开关21016形成水循环,充分冷却内管2102内的裂解油和裂解气体的混合气体。并且第一冷却管道210的外管2101上设有温度仪表230,可时刻测量并显示裂解油和裂解气体的混合气体的温度,也可检测并显示冷却液的温度。
在本申请的一些实施例中,裂解分离系统还包括发电机60,发电机60通过连接管连接第一收集箱30,连接管内设有第三过滤器208,第一收集箱30内的裂解气体仅由第三过滤器208过滤进入发电机60内,并推动发电机60的扇叶使发电机60发电。连接管上设有至少一个开关装置即开关250,开关260以及单向阀270,开关250用于开关连接管,开关260用于输出蒸气,单向阀270用于防止气化产物回流。需要说明 的是,连接管上设有至少一个开口280,该开口用于排出水蒸气。具体地,液化的裂解油在第一过滤器206的阻挡下流入第一收集箱30,气化产物通过第一过滤器206直接进入第二收集箱40,由于有部分气化产物会化为液化产物并存储在第二收集箱40,由于有部分气化产物会流入第一收集箱30,该部分气化产物会通过连接管经过第三过滤器208过滤后进入发电机60内,从而推动发电机60的扇叶使发电机60发电,由此可充分利用资源。需要说明的是,第三过滤器208为金属过滤器。
在本申请的一些实施例中,裂解分离系统还包括喷淋装置70,喷淋装置70用于向第二冷却管220喷淋冷却液。喷淋装置70设于第二冷却管220的上方,喷淋装置70会持续喷出冷却液令第二冷却管220降温,由于在降温的过程中,会产生大量的水蒸气,产生的水蒸气会通过连接管上的开口280离开,从而进入发电机60内,推动发电机60的扇叶使发电机60发电。
在本申请的一些实施例中,裂解分离系统包括基壳80,第二冷却管220位于基壳80内,且基壳80设有排液口802,排液口802用于排出喷淋装置70喷淋的冷却液。基壳80内还设有第一收集箱30和第二收集箱40。具体地,当裂解装置10利用特定的温度将植物废料裂解成裂解油和裂解气体的混合气体后,裂解油和裂解气体的混合气体进入第一冷却管210的内管2102,同时冷却液从喉管21013进入输入口21011,从而流入外管2101和内管2102之间的通道,冷却液从输出口21012流出,经过喉管21014流出外管2101,形成水循环,充分冷却内管2102内的裂解油和裂解气体的混合气体,形成液化的裂解油和气化产物。经过冷却形成的液化的裂解油和气化产物接着进入第二冷却管道220,当液化的裂解油和气化产物进入第二冷却管道220时,第二冷却管道220上方的喷淋装置70会持续喷出冷却液令第二冷却管220降温,由于在降温的过程中,会产生大量的水蒸气和水,产生的水蒸气会通过连接管上的开口280离开,从而进入发电机60内,推动发电机60的扇叶使发电机60发电,同时产生的水会经排液口802流走。由于第二冷却管道220具有第一出口202和第二出口204,经过液化的裂解油由于第一过 滤器206的阻挡会流入第一收集箱30,气化产物通过第一过滤器206直接进入第二收集箱40,气化产物中有部分会化成液化产物并存储在第二收集箱40。未液化的气体产物经过传输管及第二过滤器207流向第三收集箱50变成可燃气。同时有部分气化产物会流入第一收集箱30,该部分气化产物会通过连接管经过第三过滤器208过滤后进入发电机60内,从而推动发电机60的扇叶使发电机60发电。由此可实现分隔裂解产物,提高资源利用率。
冷却液可以是水,也可以是酒精、甘油、乙二醇等。
最后应说明的是:以上实施例仅用以说明本申请的技术方案,而非对其限制;在本申请的思路下,以上实施例或者不同实施例中的技术特征之间也可以进行组合,步骤可以以任意顺序实现,并存在如上所述的本申请的不同方面的许多其它变化,为了简明,它们没有在细节中提供;尽管参照前述实施例对本申请进行了详细的说明,本领域的普通技术人员应当理解:其依然可以对前述各实施例所记载的技术方案进行修改,或者对其中部分技术特征进行等同替换;而这些修改或者替换,并不使相应技术方案的本质脱离本申请各实施例技术方案的范围。

Claims (10)

  1. 一种裂解分离系统,用于分离植物废料,其特征在于,所述裂解分离系统包括:
    裂解装置,所述裂解装置用于将植物废料裂解成裂解油和裂解气体的混合气体;
    冷却管,所述冷却管连通所述裂解装置,所述冷却管用于冷却裂解油和裂解气体的混合气体,裂解油和裂解气体的混合气体冷却形成液化的裂解油和气化产物,所述冷却管具有第一出口和第二出口,所述第二出口处设有第一过滤器,所述第一过滤器用于阻挡液化的裂解油;
    第一收集箱,所述第一收集箱与所述第一出口相连通,所述第一收集箱用于收集液化的裂解油;
    第二收集箱,所述第二收集箱与所述第二出口相连通,所述第二收集箱用于收集液化产物;
    第三收集箱,所述第三收集箱通过传输管连通所述第二收集箱,所述传输管内设有第二过滤器,所述第二过滤器用于将气体产物过滤成可燃气,所述第三收集箱用于收集可燃气。
  2. 根据权利要求1所述的裂解分离系统,其特征在于,所述冷却管包括第一冷却管和第二冷却管,所述第二冷却管通过所述第一冷却管与所述裂解装置相连通;
    所述第一冷却管道包括外管和内管,所述内管设在所述外管内,所述外管和所述内管之间的通道用于盛放冷却液,所述内管用于传输裂解油和裂解气体的混合气体;
    所述第二冷却管具有所述第一出口和所述第二出口。
  3. 根据权利要求2所述的裂解分离系统,其特征在于,所述外管设有输入口和输出口,所述输入口用于冷却液流入所述外管,所述输出口用于冷却液流出所述外管。
  4. 根据权利要求3所述的裂解分离系统,其特征在于,所述输入口和所述输出口各与一个喉管连通,每个所述喉管皆设有开关。
  5. 根据权利要求1至4任一项所述的裂解分离系统,其特征在于,所述冷却管上设有温度仪表,所述温度仪表用于检测裂解油和裂解气体 的混合气体的温度。
  6. 根据权利要求1至4任一项所述的裂解分离系统,其特征在于,所述裂解分离系统还包括发电机;
    所述发电机通过连接管连接所述第一收集箱,所述连接管内设有第三过滤器,所述第一收集箱内的裂解气体仅由所述第三过滤器过滤进入发电机内,并推动发电机的扇叶使所述发电机发电。
  7. 根据权利要求6所述的裂解分离系统,其特征在于,所述连接管上设有至少一个开关装置。
  8. 根据权利要求2至4任一项所述的裂解分离系统,其特征在于,所述裂解分离系统还包括喷淋装置,所述喷淋装置用于向所述第二冷却管喷淋冷却液。
  9. 根据权利要求8所述的裂解分离系统,其特征在于,所述裂解分离系统包括基壳;
    所述第二冷却管位于所述基壳内。
  10. 根据权利要求9所述的裂解分离系统,其特征在于,所述基壳设有排液口,所述排液口用于排出所述喷淋装置喷淋的冷却液。
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