WO2020019455A1 - Electric transmission power pack cooling system for switch engine - Google Patents

Electric transmission power pack cooling system for switch engine Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2020019455A1
WO2020019455A1 PCT/CN2018/106358 CN2018106358W WO2020019455A1 WO 2020019455 A1 WO2020019455 A1 WO 2020019455A1 CN 2018106358 W CN2018106358 W CN 2018106358W WO 2020019455 A1 WO2020019455 A1 WO 2020019455A1
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Prior art keywords
cooling
water
air
permanent magnet
diesel engine
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PCT/CN2018/106358
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French (fr)
Chinese (zh)
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周美旺
陈建旺
周美志
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中车大连机车研究所有限公司
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Priority to CN201810847666.9A priority Critical patent/CN109080646B/en
Priority to CN201810847666.9 priority
Application filed by 中车大连机车研究所有限公司 filed Critical 中车大连机车研究所有限公司
Publication of WO2020019455A1 publication Critical patent/WO2020019455A1/en

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B61RAILWAYS
    • B61CLOCOMOTIVES; MOTOR RAILCARS
    • B61C17/00Arrangement or disposition of parts; Details or accessories not otherwise provided for; Use of control gear and control systems
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B61RAILWAYS
    • B61CLOCOMOTIVES; MOTOR RAILCARS
    • B61C17/00Arrangement or disposition of parts; Details or accessories not otherwise provided for; Use of control gear and control systems
    • B61C17/04Arrangement or disposition of driving cabins, footplates or engine rooms; Ventilation thereof

Abstract

Disclosed are an electric transmission power pack cooling system for a switch engine, comprising: a cooling apparatus, a direct-drive electrical-control silicone oil cooling fan, an expandable water tank, a cooling water pipeline, and a charge air pipeline. One side of the direct-drive electrical-control silicone oil cooling fan is directly connected to an output shaft of a free end of a diesel engine, and the other side of the direct-drive electrical-control silicone oil cooling fan is provided with the cooling apparatus. The diesel engine is connected to the cooling apparatus by means of the cooling water pipeline and the charge air pipeline. A permanent magnet generator is connected to the cooling apparatus by means of a water inlet pipeline of the permanent magnet generator and a water outlet pipeline of the permanent magnet pipeline. The expandable water tank is connected to the diesel engine and the cooling apparatus by means of the cooling water pipeline. The present invention uses overall integration and direct-drive cooling technology on a cooling system of a switch engine, reduces the spatial size and the weight, improves the maintainability of a product, creates an innovate cooling air inlet and outlet flow path, reduces the air temperature in a power pack, and increase the service life of an electric element device.

Description

一种调车机车电传动动力包冷却系统Electric drive power pack cooling system for shunting locomotive 技术领域Technical field
本发明涉及轨道车辆换热领域,尤其涉及一种调车机车电传动动力包冷却系统。The invention relates to the field of heat exchange of rail vehicles, in particular to an electric transmission power pack cooling system for a shunting locomotive.
背景技术Background technique
调车机车是用于列车编组、解体、转线及车辆取送等调车作业的机车。其工作特点是频繁地启动和停车,作业速度低,短期负荷大。冷却系统是调车机车的重要部件,其功能是保证调车机车动力传动系统在各种运行工况下始终处于较佳工作温度。Shunting locomotive is a locomotive used for shunting operations such as train marshalling, dismantling, transfer, and vehicle pick-up and delivery. Its working characteristics are frequent starting and stopping, low operating speed and large short-term load. The cooling system is an important part of the shunting locomotive. Its function is to ensure that the power transmission system of the shunting locomotive is always at a better working temperature under various operating conditions.
鉴于环保要求,国内外调车机车一般均采用增压型柴油机作为动力,液力传动箱+车轴齿轮箱的动力传递技术,其冷却系统一般包括柴油机冷却水子系统、增压空气冷却子系统、传动油冷却子系统和静液压子系统,用于冷却柴油机冷却水、增压空气、传动油和静液压油,冷却风扇由静液压子系统驱动及控制。In view of environmental protection requirements, shunting locomotives at home and abroad generally use a supercharged diesel engine as the power transmission technology of the hydraulic transmission box + axle gearbox. The cooling system generally includes the diesel engine cooling water subsystem, charge air cooling subsystem, and transmission. The oil cooling subsystem and hydrostatic subsystem are used to cool the diesel engine cooling water, charge air, transmission oil and hydrostatic oil. The cooling fan is driven and controlled by the hydrostatic subsystem.
目前调车机车采用的冷却风扇静液压驱动技术一般适用于大功率独立的冷却装置,对于中小功率等级(500kW以下)调车机车将会导致以下技术问题:1)柴油机间内空气温度高;2)部件多,体积大,重量重;3)额外增加了液压油的冷却,结构复杂,制造成本高;4)液压油过滤器滤芯、静压油、高压胶管等需要定期检查及更换,维护成本高,且可维护性差。The current cooling fan hydrostatic drive technology used in shunting locomotives is generally suitable for high-power independent cooling devices. For small and medium power classes (under 500kW), shunting locomotives will cause the following technical problems: 1) high air temperature in the diesel engine room; 2 ) Many components, large volume and heavy weight; 3) additional cooling of hydraulic oil, complicated structure, high manufacturing cost; 4) hydraulic oil filter element, static pressure oil, high pressure hose, etc. need to be regularly inspected and replaced, maintenance costs High and poor maintainability.
发明内容Summary of the Invention
本发明提供一种调车机车电传动动力包冷却系统,以克服上述技术问题。The invention provides an electric transmission power pack cooling system for a shunting locomotive to overcome the above technical problems.
本发明调车机车电传动动力包冷却系统,包括:The electric drive power pack cooling system of a shunting locomotive according to the present invention includes:
冷却装置、直驱式电控硅油冷却风机、膨胀水箱、冷却水管路、增压空气管路;直驱式电控硅油冷却风机一侧与柴油机自由端输出轴直联,直驱式电控硅油冷却风机另一侧设置所述冷却装置,所述柴油机与所述冷却装置之间通过所述冷却水管路、增压空气管路连接,永磁发电机与冷却装置之间通过永磁发电机进水管路、永磁发电机出水管路连接,膨胀水箱与柴油机、冷却装置之间通过冷却水管路连接。Cooling device, direct-drive electronically controlled silicon oil cooling fan, expansion water tank, cooling water pipeline, charge air pipeline; one side of the direct-driven electrically controlled silicon oil cooling fan is directly connected to the free end output shaft of the diesel engine, and the direct-driven electrically controlled silicon oil The cooling device is provided on the other side of the cooling fan. The diesel engine and the cooling device are connected through the cooling water line and the charge air line. The permanent magnet generator and the cooling device are connected through the permanent magnet generator. The water pipe and the water outlet pipe of the permanent magnet generator are connected, and the expansion water tank is connected with the diesel engine and the cooling device through a cooling water pipe.
进一步地,所述直驱式电控硅油冷却风机包括:Further, the direct-drive electronically controlled silicon oil cooling fan includes:
风机底座、连接法兰、电控硅油离合器、冷却风扇、冷却风扇防护网、风室和风机支架;Fan base, connecting flange, electronically controlled silicon oil clutch, cooling fan, cooling fan protection net, air chamber and fan bracket;
所述冷却风扇进风口设置所述冷却风扇防护网,所述冷却风扇四周设置所述风室,所述冷却风扇通过轮毂与所述电控硅油离合器连接,所述电控硅油离合器与所述连接法兰连接,所述连接法兰与柴油机自由端输出轴连接。The cooling fan inlet is provided with the cooling fan protection net, the cooling fan is provided with the air chamber around, the cooling fan is connected to the electronically controlled silicon oil clutch through a hub, and the electrically controlled silicon oil clutch is connected to the electronically controlled silicon oil clutch. Flange connection, the connection flange is connected with the free end output shaft of the diesel engine.
进一步地,所述冷却装置,包括:Further, the cooling device includes:
空空中冷器、水散热器、自夹紧式密封胶条、进风道以及出风道;Air-to-air cooler, water radiator, self-clamping sealing strip, air inlet and outlet;
所述空空中冷器与所述水散热器并排设置,所述水散热器和空空中冷器均采用铝板翅式结构,所述进风道方向与所述出风道方向相互垂直,所述进风道、所述出风道设置所述自夹紧式密封胶条。The air-to-air cooler and the water radiator are arranged side by side. Both the water and air-to-air cooler adopt an aluminum plate-fin structure. The direction of the air inlet channel and the direction of the air outlet channel are perpendicular to each other. The air inlet duct and the air outlet duct are provided with the self-clamping sealing rubber strip.
进一步地,还包括:Further, it also includes:
控制保护装置,所述控制保护装置包括:A control protection device, the control protection device comprising:
电控硅油离合器控制器、CAN总线、增压空气温度传感器、冷却水温度传感器和连续浮球液位传感器;Electronically controlled silicon oil clutch controller, CAN bus, charge air temperature sensor, cooling water temperature sensor and continuous float liquid level sensor;
所述增压空气温度传感器安装在增压空气管路的出气端,所述冷却水温度传感器安装在柴油机高温出水管上,所述连续浮球液位传感器安装在膨胀水箱上,所述增压空气温度传感器、冷却水温度传感器和连续浮球液位传感器的采集信号通过所述CAN总线发送至所述电控硅离合器控制器,所述电控硅离合器控制器与所述电控硅油离合器连接。The charge air temperature sensor is installed at the outlet end of the charge air pipeline, the cooling water temperature sensor is installed on the high temperature water outlet pipe of the diesel engine, the continuous floating ball liquid level sensor is installed on the expansion water tank, and the booster The acquisition signals of the air temperature sensor, the cooling water temperature sensor and the continuous float liquid level sensor are sent to the electronically controlled silicon clutch controller through the CAN bus, and the electrically controlled silicon clutch controller is connected to the electrically controlled silicon oil clutch. .
进一步地,所述控制保护装置还包括:Further, the control and protection device further includes:
报警单元,用于接收通过所述CAN总线传送的增压空气温度传感器、冷却水温度传感器和连续浮球液位传感器的采集信号,并进行高温和低水位报警。An alarm unit is configured to receive the collected signals of the charge air temperature sensor, the cooling water temperature sensor and the continuous floating ball liquid level sensor transmitted through the CAN bus, and perform high temperature and low water level alarms.
进一步地,还包括:Further, it also includes:
节流装置、单向阀和节温器;Throttling device, check valve and thermostat;
所述节流装置设置在所述永磁发电机旁通管路上,所述单向阀设置于永磁发电机进水管上,所述节温器控制冷却水从柴油机进入水散热器和/或永磁发电机。The throttling device is arranged on the bypass pipe of the permanent magnet generator, the check valve is arranged on the inlet pipe of the permanent magnet generator, and the thermostat controls the cooling water from the diesel engine to enter the water radiator and / or Permanent magnet generator.
进一步地,还包括:Further, it also includes:
进风口、排风口;Inlet and exhaust vents;
所述进风口设置于所述永磁发电机端动力包静音箱的两侧,所述排风口设置于冷却装置端动力包静音箱的顶部。The air inlet is provided on both sides of the mute box of the power pack on the permanent magnet generator side, and the air outlet is provided on the top of the mute box of the power pack on the cooling device side.
进一步地,还包括:Further, it also includes:
压力注水单元和无压力注水单元,所述压力注水单元为设置于所述冷却水管路底部两侧的压力加注器,所述无压力注水单元为设置于膨胀水箱顶部的无压力加注口。A pressure water injection unit and a pressureless water injection unit. The pressure water injection unit is a pressure filler installed on both sides of the bottom of the cooling water pipeline, and the pressure water injection unit is a pressureless filling port provided on the top of the expansion water tank.
本发明在调车机车冷却系统上采用了整体集成技术、直驱式电控硅油冷却通风技术、永磁发电机水冷技术和控制保护技术,实现了冷却系统的整体模块化设计,节省了空间尺寸和重量,提高了产品可维护性,创新了冷却空气进出风流动线路,降低了动力包间内空气温度,提高了电子元器件的使用寿命。The invention adopts the overall integrated technology, direct-drive electronically controlled silicon oil cooling and ventilation technology, permanent magnet generator water cooling technology and control protection technology on the shunting locomotive cooling system, realizes the overall modular design of the cooling system, and saves space size And weight, improve the maintainability of the product, innovate the flow of cooling air in and out of the wind, reduce the air temperature in the power pack, and increase the service life of the electronic components.
附图说明BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
为了更清楚地说明本发明实施例或现有技术中的技术方案,下面将对实施例或现有技术描述中所需要使用的附图作一简单地介绍,显而易见地,下面描述中的附图是本发明的一些实施例,对于本领域普通技术人员来讲,在不付出创造性劳动性的前提下,还可以根据这些附图获得其他的附图。In order to more clearly explain the embodiments of the present invention or the technical solutions in the prior art, the drawings used in the description of the embodiments or the prior art will be briefly introduced below. Obviously, the drawings in the following description These are some embodiments of the present invention. For those of ordinary skill in the art, other drawings can be obtained based on these drawings without paying creative labor.
图1为本发明调车机车电传动动力包冷却系统结构示意图;1 is a schematic structural diagram of a cooling system for an electric transmission power pack of a shunting locomotive according to the present invention;
图2为本发明冷却系统通风示意图主视图;2 is a front view of a schematic ventilation diagram of a cooling system of the present invention;
图3为本发明冷却系统通风示意图俯视图;3 is a schematic plan view of a ventilation system of a cooling system according to the present invention;
图4为本发明冷却系统结构简图;FIG. 4 is a schematic structural diagram of a cooling system according to the present invention; FIG.
图5为本发明冷却装置结构简图;FIG. 5 is a simplified structural diagram of a cooling device of the present invention;
图6为本发明直驱式电控硅油冷却风机结构简图。FIG. 6 is a schematic diagram of a structure of a direct-drive electronically controlled silicon oil cooling fan according to the present invention.
附图标记说明:Reference sign description:
1永磁发电机;2柴油机;3水泵;4柴油机除气管;5冷却系统补水管;6连续浮球液位传感器;7膨胀水箱;8无压力加注口;9膨胀水箱溢流阀;10增压空气管路;11直驱式电控硅油冷却风机;11-1风机底座;11-2连接法兰;11-3电控硅油离合器;11-4冷却风扇;11-5冷却风扇防护网;11-6风室;11-7风机支架;12水散热器除气管;13冷却装置;13-1空空中冷器;13-2水散热器;13-3冷却装置进风道自夹紧式密封胶条;13-4冷却装置进 风道;13-5安装框架;13-6冷却装置出风道;13-7冷却装置出风道自夹紧式密封胶条;14增压空气温度传感器;15柴油机高温出水管;16冷却水温度传感器;17节温器;18电控硅油离合器控制器;19CAN总线;20冷却水管路;21柴油机低温出水管;22压力加注器;23节流装置;24永磁发电机旁通水管路;25单向阀;26永磁发电机进水管路;27永磁发电机出水管路。28动力包静音箱;28-1出风防护网;28-2进风防尘网;29动力包;29-1动力包底座;29-2控制保护装置。1 permanent magnet generator; 2 diesel engine; 3 water pump; 4 diesel engine degassing pipe; 5 cooling system water supply pipe; 6 continuous floating ball liquid level sensor; 7 expansion water tank; 8 pressureless filling port; 9 expansion water tank overflow valve; 10 Charge air line; 11 direct-drive electronic silicon oil cooling fan; 11-1 fan base; 11-2 connection flange; 11-3 electronic silicon oil clutch; 11-4 cooling fan; 11-5 cooling fan protection net 11-6 air chamber; 11-7 fan bracket; 12 water radiator degassing tube; 13 cooling device; 13-1 air-to-air cooler; 13-2 water radiator; 13-3 cooling device air inlet self-clamping 13-4 cooling device air inlet; 13-5 installation frame; 13-6 cooling device air outlet; 13-7 cooling device air outlet self-clamping sealing rubber strip; 14 pressurized air temperature Sensors; 15 diesel high-temperature water outlet pipes; 16 cooling water temperature sensors; 17 thermostats; 18 electronically controlled silicon oil clutch controllers; 19CAN bus; 20 cooling water pipelines; 21 diesel low-temperature water outlet pipes; 22 pressure fillers; 23 throttles Device; 24 permanent magnet generator bypass water pipeline; 25 one-way valve; 26 permanent magnet generator water inlet pipeline; 27 permanent magnet generator water outlet pipe . 28 power pack mute box; 28-1 wind protection net; 28-2 air intake dust net; 29 power pack; 29-1 power pack base; 29-2 control and protection device.
具体实施方式detailed description
为使本发明实施例的目的、技术方案和优点更加清楚,下面将结合本发明实施例中的附图,对本发明实施例中的技术方案进行清楚、完整地描述,显然,所描述的实施例是本发明一部分实施例,而不是全部的实施例。基于本发明中的实施例,本领域普通技术人员在没有作出创造性劳动前提下所获得的所有其他实施例,都属于本发明保护的范围。In order to make the objectives, technical solutions, and advantages of the embodiments of the present invention clearer, the technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described with reference to the accompanying drawings in the embodiments of the present invention. Obviously, the described embodiments It is a part of the embodiments of the present invention, but not all the embodiments. Based on the embodiments of the present invention, all other embodiments obtained by a person of ordinary skill in the art without creative efforts shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
图1为本发明调车机车电传动动力包冷却系统结构示意图,如图1所示,本实施例的系统可以包括:FIG. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of a cooling system for an electric transmission power pack of a shunting locomotive according to the present invention. As shown in FIG. 1, the system in this embodiment may include:
冷却装置、直驱式电控硅油冷却风机、膨胀水箱、冷却水管路、增压空气管路;直驱式电控硅油冷却风机一侧与柴油机自由端输出轴直联,直驱式电控硅油冷却风机另一侧设置所述冷却装置,所述柴油机与所述冷却装置之间通过所述冷却水管路、增压空气管路连接,永磁发电机与冷却装置之间通过永磁发电机进水管路、永磁发电机出水管路连接,膨胀水箱与柴油机、冷却装置之间通过冷却水管路连接。Cooling device, direct-drive electronically controlled silicon oil cooling fan, expansion water tank, cooling water pipeline, charge air pipeline; one side of the direct-driven electrically controlled silicon oil cooling fan is directly connected to the free end output shaft of the diesel engine, and the direct-driven electrically controlled silicon oil The cooling device is provided on the other side of the cooling fan. The diesel engine and the cooling device are connected through the cooling water line and the charge air line. The permanent magnet generator and the cooling device are connected through the permanent magnet generator. The water pipe and the water outlet pipe of the permanent magnet generator are connected, and the expansion water tank is connected with the diesel engine and the cooling device through a cooling water pipe.
具体而言,本实施例的动力包为永磁发电机和柴油机,为该动力包冷却的装置包括水冷单元和风冷单元。风冷单元包括:直驱式电控硅油冷却风机和增压空气管路;水冷单元包括:膨胀水箱和冷却水管路。水泵为膨胀水箱供水。柴油机与该膨胀水箱之间设置柴油机除气管。膨胀水箱通过冷却系统补水管将冷却水注入柴油机。该膨胀水箱下方设置膨胀水箱溢流阀。如图4所示,柴油机飞轮端与永磁发电机输入端连接,所述直驱式电控硅油冷却风机一侧与所述柴油机自由端输出轴直联,所述直驱式电控硅油冷却风机另一侧设置所述散热装置,所述柴油机与所述冷却装置之间通过所述冷却水管路、所述增压空气管路以及水散热器除气管连接,所述永磁发电机与所述冷却装 置之间通过所述永磁发电机进水管路、所述永磁发电机出水管路以及永磁发电机旁通水管路连接,所述控制保护装置安装在动力包上,所述膨胀水箱与柴油机、所述冷却装置之间通过所述冷却水管路连接。Specifically, the power pack of this embodiment is a permanent magnet generator and a diesel engine. The device for cooling the power pack includes a water cooling unit and an air cooling unit. The air-cooled unit includes: a direct-drive electronically controlled silicon oil cooling fan and a charge air line; the water-cooled unit includes: an expansion water tank and a cooling water line. The water pump supplies water to the expansion tank. A diesel exhaust pipe is provided between the diesel engine and the expansion water tank. The expansion water tank injects cooling water into the diesel engine through the cooling system water supply pipe. An expansion water tank relief valve is provided below the expansion water tank. As shown in FIG. 4, the end of the flywheel of the diesel engine is connected to the input of the permanent magnet generator, one side of the direct-drive type silicon controlled oil cooling fan is directly connected to the output shaft of the free end of the diesel engine, and the direct-drive type silicon controlled oil is cooled The other side of the fan is provided with the heat dissipation device, and the diesel engine and the cooling device are connected through the cooling water pipeline, the charge air pipeline, and a water radiator degassing pipe. The cooling devices are connected through the permanent magnet generator water inlet pipeline, the permanent magnet generator water outlet pipeline, and the permanent magnet generator bypass water pipeline. The control and protection device is installed on the power pack, and the expansion The water tank is connected with the diesel engine and the cooling device through the cooling water pipeline.
进一步地,如图6所示,所述直驱式电控硅油冷却风机包括:Further, as shown in FIG. 6, the direct-drive electronically controlled silicon oil cooling fan includes:
风机底座、连接法兰、电控硅油离合器、冷却风扇、冷却风扇防护网、风室和风机支架;Fan base, connecting flange, electronically controlled silicon oil clutch, cooling fan, cooling fan protection net, air chamber and fan bracket;
所述冷却风扇进风口设置所述冷却风扇防护网,所述冷却风扇四周设置所述风室,所述冷却风扇通过轮毂与所述电控硅油离合器连接,所述电控硅油离合器与所述连接法兰连接,所述连接法兰与柴油机自由端输出轴连接。The cooling fan inlet is provided with the cooling fan protection net, the cooling fan is provided with the air chamber around, the cooling fan is connected to the electronically controlled silicon oil clutch through a hub, and the electrically controlled silicon oil clutch is connected to the electronically controlled silicon oil clutch. Flange connection, the connection flange is connected with the free end output shaft of the diesel engine.
具体而言,冷却风扇由柴油机直接驱动。电控硅油离合器控制器可根据冷却水温度信号、增压空气温度信号和柴油机转速信号按照设定的控制逻辑对电控硅油离合器进行控制,从而控制冷却风扇的转速,满足调车机车各工况下的冷却要求。Specifically, the cooling fan is directly driven by a diesel engine. The electronically controlled silicon oil clutch controller can control the electronically controlled silicon oil clutch according to the set control logic according to the cooling water temperature signal, the charge air temperature signal and the diesel engine speed signal, so as to control the speed of the cooling fan to meet the various working conditions of the locomotive. Under cooling requirements.
进一步地,所述冷却装置,包括:Further, the cooling device includes:
空空中冷器、水散热器、自夹紧式密封胶条、进风道以及出风道;Air-to-air cooler, water radiator, self-clamping sealing strip, air inlet and outlet;
所述空空中冷器与所述水散热器并排设置,所述水散热器和空空中冷器均采用铝板翅式结构,所述进风道方向与所述出风道方向相互垂直,所述进风道、所述出风道设置所述自夹紧式密封胶条。The air-to-air cooler and the water radiator are arranged side by side. Both the water and air-to-air cooler adopt an aluminum plate-fin structure. The direction of the air inlet channel and the direction of the air outlet channel are perpendicular to each other. The air inlet duct and the air outlet duct are provided with the self-clamping sealing rubber strip.
具体而言,水散热器和空空中冷器均采用铝板翅式结构,其中热侧采用强化传热的锯齿型翅片,冷侧采用耐污脏的波纹型翅片,在保证传热能力的基础上加强了产品的可维护性。所述冷却装置出风道采用圆弧+逐渐扩口结构,降低了冷却装置出风道的压力损失。Specifically, the water radiator and air-to-air cooler both use aluminum plate-fin structure. The hot side uses zig-zag fins to enhance heat transfer, and the cold side uses corrugated fins that are resistant to dirt. On the basis of this, the maintainability of the product is enhanced. The air outlet of the cooling device adopts a circular arc + gradually expanding structure, which reduces the pressure loss of the air outlet of the cooling device.
如图5所示,包括空空中冷器、水散热器、冷却装置进风道自夹紧式密封胶条、冷却装置进风道、安装框架、冷却装置出风道和冷却装置出风道自夹紧式密封胶条等,所述冷却装置进风道自夹紧式密封胶条安装在冷却装置进风道进风口上,所述冷却装置出风道自夹紧式密封胶条安装在冷却装置出风道的出风口上。所述空空中冷器和所述水散热器并排安装,并与所述冷却装置进风道、所述冷却装置出风道一起与安装框架栓接,整个冷却装置通过安装框架与动力包底座栓接。As shown in Fig. 5, including air-to-air cooler, water radiator, self-clamping sealing strip of cooling device inlet duct, cooling device inlet duct, installation frame, cooling device outlet duct and cooling device outlet duct. The self-clamping sealing rubber strip of the cooling device air inlet is installed on the air inlet of the air inlet of the cooling device, and the self-clamping sealing rubber strip of the cooling device air outlet is installed on the cooling device. The air outlet of the air outlet of the device. The air-to-air cooler and the water radiator are installed side by side, and are bolted to a mounting frame together with the cooling device inlet duct and the cooling device outlet duct. The entire cooling device is bolted to the base of the power pack through the mounting frame. Pick up.
进一步地,还包括:Further, it also includes:
控制保护装置,所述控制保护装置包括:A control protection device, the control protection device comprising:
电控硅油离合器控制器、CAN总线、增压空气温度传感器、冷却水温度传感器和连续浮球液位传感器;Electronically controlled silicon oil clutch controller, CAN bus, charge air temperature sensor, cooling water temperature sensor and continuous float liquid level sensor;
所述增压空气温度传感器安装在增压空气管路的出气端,所述冷却水温度传感器安装在柴油机高温出水管上,所述连续浮球液位传感器安装在膨胀水箱上,所述增压空气温度传感器、冷却水温度传感器和连续浮球液位传感器的采集信号通过所述CAN总线发送至所述电控硅离合器控制器,所述电控硅离合器控制器与所述电控硅油离合器连接。The charge air temperature sensor is installed at the outlet end of the charge air pipeline, the cooling water temperature sensor is installed on the high temperature water outlet pipe of the diesel engine, the continuous floating ball liquid level sensor is installed on the expansion water tank, and the booster The acquisition signals of the air temperature sensor, the cooling water temperature sensor and the continuous float liquid level sensor are sent to the electronically controlled silicon clutch controller through the CAN bus, and the electrically controlled silicon clutch controller is connected to the electrically controlled silicon oil clutch. .
具体而言,电控硅油离合器控制器通过冷却水温度传感器提供的冷却水温度信号,增压空气温度传感器提供的增压空气温度信号,连续浮球液位传感器提供的冷却系统水位信号以及柴油机通过CAN总线提供的柴油机转速信号,根据设定的保护逻辑,再通过CAN总线传送到电控硅离合器控制器,该电控硅离合器控制器根据该些采集信号控制电控硅离合器。Specifically, the electronically controlled silicon oil clutch controller uses the cooling water temperature signal provided by the cooling water temperature sensor, the charge air temperature signal provided by the charge air temperature sensor, the cooling system water level signal provided by the continuous float ball level sensor, and the diesel engine through The diesel engine speed signal provided by the CAN bus is transmitted to the electronic silicon clutch controller through the CAN bus according to the set protection logic. The electronic silicon clutch controller controls the electronic silicon clutch according to the collected signals.
进一步地,所述控制保护装置还包括:Further, the control and protection device further includes:
报警单元,用于接收通过所述CAN总线传送的增压空气温度传感器、冷却水温度传感器和连续浮球液位传感器的采集信号,并进行高温和低水位报警。An alarm unit is configured to receive the collected signals of the charge air temperature sensor, the cooling water temperature sensor and the continuous floating ball liquid level sensor transmitted through the CAN bus, and perform high temperature and low water level alarms.
具体而言,本实施例的控制保护装置,还可实现低水位报警、温度超高报警等功能。Specifically, the control and protection device of this embodiment can also implement functions such as a low water level alarm and an ultra-high temperature alarm.
进一步地,还包括:Further, it also includes:
节流装置、单向阀和节温器;Throttling device, check valve and thermostat;
所述节流装置设置在所述永磁发电机旁通管路上,所述单向阀设置于永磁发电机进水管上,所述节温器控制冷却水从柴油机进入水散热器和/或永磁发电机。The throttling device is arranged on the bypass pipe of the permanent magnet generator, the check valve is arranged on the inlet pipe of the permanent magnet generator, and the thermostat controls the cooling water from the diesel engine to enter the water radiator and / or Permanent magnet generator.
具体而言,通过节温器控制冷却水流经水散热器对柴油机水套进行冷却,通过节温器、节流装置和单向阀控制冷却水流经永磁发电机为永磁发电机冷却。Specifically, the cooling water flowing through the water radiator is controlled by the thermostat to cool the diesel water jacket, and the cooling water is controlled to flow through the permanent magnet generator through the thermostat, the throttling device and the check valve to cool the permanent magnet generator.
本实施例的节温器开启温度为82-93℃,当冷却水温度低于82℃时,因节温器的作用,冷却水不进入水散热器进行冷却,而是通过柴油机低温出水管进入永磁发电机进水管,因单向阀作用,冷却水只进入永磁发电机对永磁 发电机进行冷却,然后流回柴油机。The opening temperature of the thermostat in this embodiment is 82-93 ° C. When the cooling water temperature is lower than 82 ° C, due to the role of the thermostat, the cooling water does not enter the water radiator for cooling, but enters through the low-temperature outlet pipe of the diesel engine. The inlet pipe of the permanent magnet generator, because of the check valve, cooling water only enters the permanent magnet generator to cool the permanent magnet generator, and then flows back to the diesel engine.
当冷却水温在82-93℃之间时,部分冷却水通过柴油机高温出水管进入水散热器,部分冷却水通过柴油机低温出水管进入永磁发电机,汇合后再流回柴油机。When the cooling water temperature is between 82-93 ° C, part of the cooling water enters the water radiator through the high-temperature outlet pipe of the diesel engine, and part of the cooling water enters the permanent magnet generator through the low-temperature outlet pipe of the diesel engine, and then flows back to the diesel engine after converging.
当冷却水温大于93℃时,因节温器的作用,冷却水通过柴油机高温出水管全部进入水散热器进行冷却,冷却后的冷却水因节流装置作用,部分水进入永磁发电机冷却,部分冷却水进入永磁电机旁通管路,两股冷却水汇合后,流回柴油机。When the temperature of the cooling water is greater than 93 ° C, the cooling water will enter the water radiator through the high-temperature outlet pipe of the diesel engine for cooling due to the role of the thermostat. Part of the cooling water enters the bypass line of the permanent magnet motor, and after the two streams of cooling water meet, it flows back to the diesel engine.
进一步地,还包括:Further, it also includes:
进风口、排风口;Inlet and exhaust vents;
所述进风口设置于所述永磁发电机端动力包静音箱的两侧,所述排风口设置于冷却装置端动力包静音箱的顶部。The air inlet is provided on both sides of the mute box of the power pack on the permanent magnet generator side, and the air outlet is provided on the top of the mute box of the power pack on the cooling device side.
具体而言,如图2和图3所示,从位于永磁发电机端动力包静音箱两侧的进风防尘网吸入冷却空气,先冷却动力包内永磁发电机、柴油机周围的热空气后,由直驱式电控硅油冷却风机将吸入的冷却空气再吹入冷却装置,与冷却装置水散热器、空空中冷器进行热交换后的高温冷却空气通过冷却装置出风道、出风防护网后排向动力包静音箱顶部的大气环境。Specifically, as shown in FIG. 2 and FIG. 3, the cooling air is sucked in from the air inlet dust-proof nets on both sides of the mute box of the permanent magnet generator end power pack, and the heat around the permanent magnet generator and the diesel engine in the power pack is cooled first. After the air, the direct-drive electronic silicon oil cooling fan blows the sucked cooling air into the cooling device, and the high-temperature cooling air after heat exchange with the cooling device water radiator and air-to-air cooler passes through the cooling device outlet duct, The rear of the wind protection net is towards the atmospheric environment at the top of the power pack mute box.
该种通风方式在满足调车机车冷却要求的同时,可以降低柴油机周围的空气温度,提高柴油机及其电控元件的使用寿命。This ventilation method can meet the cooling requirements of shunting locomotive while reducing the air temperature around the diesel engine and increasing the service life of the diesel engine and its electronic control components.
进一步地,还包括:Further, it also includes:
动力包底座、冷却装置进风道自夹紧式密封胶条、冷却装置出风道自夹紧式密封胶条;Base of power pack, self-clamping sealing strip for air inlet of cooling device, self-clamping sealing strip for air outlet of cooling device;
所述直驱式电控硅油冷却风机与柴油机、永磁发电机装配后,加减振器一起固定在所述动力包底座上,所述冷却装置直接固定在动力包底座上,并与所述直驱式电控硅油冷却风机、动力包静音箱之间均采用自夹紧式密封胶条密封的柔性连接结构,有效避免了冷却装置、直驱式电控硅油冷却风机、动力包静音箱相互之间的振动耦合。After the direct-drive electronically controlled silicon oil cooling fan is assembled with a diesel engine and a permanent magnet generator, a damper is fixed together on the base of the power pack, and the cooling device is directly fixed on the base of the power pack. The self-clamping sealing tape seals the flexible connection structure between the direct-drive electronically controlled silicon oil cooling fan and the power pack mute box, effectively avoiding the cooling device, the direct-driven electronically controlled silicon oil cooling fan, and the power pack mute box. Vibration coupling between.
进一步地,还包括:Further, it also includes:
压力注水、无压力注水,所述压力注水为设置于所述冷却水管路底部两侧的压力加注器,所述无压力注水为设置于膨胀水箱顶部的无压力加注口。 实现了冷却系统根据机车运用环境可选择多种便捷的注水结构。Pressure water injection and pressureless water injection. The pressure water injection is a pressure filler installed on both sides of the bottom of the cooling water pipeline, and the pressure water injection is a pressureless filling port provided on the top of the expansion water tank. It has realized that the cooling system can choose a variety of convenient water injection structures according to the operating environment of the locomotive.
具体而言,压力注水是通过分别安装在冷却水管路底部两侧的2个压力加注器,可实现调车机车两侧压力注水;无压力加注口设置在膨胀水箱顶部,采用卡箍快拆结构,可快捷进行无压力注水。Specifically, the pressure water injection is achieved by two pressure fillers installed on both sides of the bottom of the cooling water pipeline, which can realize pressure water injection on both sides of the shunting locomotive; the pressure-free filling port is set on the top of the expansion water tank, and the clamp is used to quickly Dismantling the structure, it can quickly perform pressureless water injection.
最后应说明的是:以上各实施例仅用以说明本发明的技术方案,而非对其限制;尽管参照前述各实施例对本发明进行了详细的说明,本领域的普通技术人员应当理解:其依然可以对前述各实施例所记载的技术方案进行修改,或者对其中部分或者全部技术特征进行等同替换;而这些修改或者替换,并不使相应技术方案的本质脱离本发明各实施例技术方案的范围。Finally, it should be noted that the above embodiments are only used to illustrate the technical solution of the present invention, but not limited thereto. Although the present invention has been described in detail with reference to the foregoing embodiments, those skilled in the art should understand that: The technical solutions described in the foregoing embodiments can still be modified, or some or all of the technical features can be equivalently replaced; and these modifications or replacements do not depart from the essence of the corresponding technical solutions of the technical solutions of the embodiments of the present invention. range.

Claims (8)

  1. 一种调车机车电传动动力包冷却系统,其特征在于,包括:An electric transmission power pack cooling system for a shunting locomotive is characterized in that it includes:
    冷却装置、直驱式电控硅油冷却风机、膨胀水箱、冷却水管路、增压空气管路;直驱式电控硅油冷却风机一侧与柴油机自由端输出轴直联,直驱式电控硅油冷却风机另一侧设置所述冷却装置,所述柴油机与所述冷却装置之间通过所述冷却水管路、增压空气管路连接,永磁发电机与冷却装置之间通过永磁发电机进水管路、永磁发电机出水管路连接,膨胀水箱与柴油机、冷却装置之间通过冷却水管路连接。Cooling device, direct-drive electronically controlled silicon oil cooling fan, expansion water tank, cooling water pipeline, charge air pipeline; one side of the direct-driven electrically controlled silicon oil cooling fan is directly connected to the free end output shaft of the diesel engine, and the direct-driven electrically controlled silicon oil The cooling device is provided on the other side of the cooling fan. The diesel engine and the cooling device are connected through the cooling water line and the charge air line. The permanent magnet generator and the cooling device are connected through the permanent magnet generator. The water pipe and the water outlet pipe of the permanent magnet generator are connected, and the expansion water tank is connected with the diesel engine and the cooling device through a cooling water pipe.
  2. 根据权利要求1所述的系统,其特征在于,所述直驱式电控硅油冷却风机包括:The system of claim 1, wherein the direct-drive electronically controlled silicon oil cooling fan comprises:
    风机底座、连接法兰、电控硅油离合器、冷却风扇、冷却风扇防护网、风室和风机支架;Fan base, connecting flange, electronically controlled silicon oil clutch, cooling fan, cooling fan protection net, air chamber and fan bracket;
    所述冷却风扇进风口设置所述冷却风扇防护网,所述冷却风扇四周设置所述风室,所述冷却风扇通过轮毂与所述电控硅油离合器连接,所述电控硅油离合器与所述连接法兰连接,所述连接法兰与柴油机自由端输出轴连接。The cooling fan inlet is provided with the cooling fan protection net, the cooling fan is provided with the air chamber around, the cooling fan is connected to the electronically controlled silicon oil clutch through a hub, and the electrically controlled silicon oil clutch is connected to the electronically controlled silicon oil clutch. Flange connection, the connection flange is connected with the free end output shaft of the diesel engine.
  3. 根据权利要求1所述的系统,其特征在于,所述冷却装置,包括:The system according to claim 1, wherein the cooling device comprises:
    空空中冷器、水散热器、自夹紧式密封胶条、进风道以及出风道;Air-to-air cooler, water radiator, self-clamping sealing strip, air inlet and outlet;
    所述空空中冷器与所述水散热器并排设置,所述水散热器和空空中冷器均采用铝板翅式结构,所述进风道方向与所述出风道方向相互垂直,所述进风道、所述出风道设置所述自夹紧式密封胶条。The air-to-air cooler and the water radiator are arranged side by side. Both the water and air-to-air cooler adopt an aluminum plate-fin structure. The direction of the air inlet channel and the direction of the air outlet channel are perpendicular to each other. The air inlet duct and the air outlet duct are provided with the self-clamping sealing rubber strip.
  4. 根据权利要求2所述的系统,其特征在于,还包括:控制保护装置,所述控制保护装置包括:The system according to claim 2, further comprising: a control protection device, the control protection device comprising:
    电控硅油离合器控制器、CAN总线、增压空气温度传感器、冷却水温度传感器和连续浮球液位传感器;Electronically controlled silicon oil clutch controller, CAN bus, charge air temperature sensor, cooling water temperature sensor and continuous float liquid level sensor;
    所述增压空气温度传感器安装在增压空气管路的出气端,所述冷却水温度传感器安装在柴油机高温出水管上,所述连续浮球液位传感器安装在膨胀水箱上,所述增压空气温度传感器、冷却水温度传感器和连续浮球液位传感器的采集信号通过所述CAN总线发送至所述电控硅离合器控制器,所述电控硅离合器控制器与所述电控硅油离合器连接。The charge air temperature sensor is installed at the outlet end of the charge air pipeline, the cooling water temperature sensor is installed on the high temperature water outlet pipe of the diesel engine, the continuous floating ball liquid level sensor is installed on the expansion water tank, and the booster The acquisition signals of the air temperature sensor, the cooling water temperature sensor and the continuous float liquid level sensor are sent to the electronically controlled silicon clutch controller through the CAN bus, and the electrically controlled silicon clutch controller is connected to the electrically controlled silicon oil clutch. .
  5. 根据权利要求4所述的系统,其特征在于,所述控制保护装置还包括:The system according to claim 4, wherein the control and protection device further comprises:
    报警单元,用于接收通过所述CAN总线传送的增压空气温度传感器、冷 却水温度传感器和连续浮球液位传感器的采集信号,并进行高温和低水位报警。The alarm unit is configured to receive the collected signals of the charge air temperature sensor, the cooling water temperature sensor and the continuous floating ball liquid level sensor transmitted through the CAN bus, and perform high temperature and low water level alarms.
  6. 根据权利要求1所述的系统,其特征在于,还包括:The system according to claim 1, further comprising:
    节流装置、单向阀和节温器;Throttling device, check valve and thermostat;
    所述节流装置设置在所述永磁发电机旁通管路上,所述单向阀设置于永磁发电机进水管上,所述节温器控制冷却水从柴油机进入水散热器和/或永磁发电机。The throttling device is arranged on the bypass pipe of the permanent magnet generator, the check valve is arranged on the inlet pipe of the permanent magnet generator, and the thermostat controls the cooling water from the diesel engine to enter the water radiator and / or Permanent magnet generator.
  7. 根据权利要求1所述的系统,其特征在于,还包括:The system according to claim 1, further comprising:
    进风口、排风口;Inlet and exhaust vents;
    所述进风口设置于所述永磁发电机端动力包静音箱的两侧,所述排风口设置于冷却装置端动力包静音箱的顶部。The air inlet is provided on both sides of the mute box of the power pack on the permanent magnet generator side, and the air outlet is provided on the top of the mute box of the power pack on the cooling device side.
  8. 根据权利要求1所述的系统,其特征在于,还包括:The system according to claim 1, further comprising:
    压力注水单元和无压力注水单元,所述压力注水单元为设置于所述冷却水管路底部两侧的压力加注器,所述无压力注水单元为设置于膨胀水箱顶部的无压力加注口。A pressure water injection unit and a pressureless water injection unit. The pressure water injection unit is a pressure filler installed on both sides of the bottom of the cooling water pipeline, and the pressure water injection unit is a pressureless filling port provided on the top of the expansion water tank.
PCT/CN2018/106358 2018-07-27 2018-09-19 Electric transmission power pack cooling system for switch engine WO2020019455A1 (en)

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CN113982735A (en) * 2021-11-22 2022-01-28 中车青岛四方机车车辆股份有限公司 Power pack cooling system of railway vehicle and control method

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