一种齿轮加工设备Gear processing equipment
本发明属于齿轮加工技术领域，特别是涉及一种齿轮加工设备。The invention belongs to the technical field of gear processing, in particular to a gear processing equipment.
插齿机是一种常用的齿轮加工设备，现有的插齿机结构复杂，插齿机的内部工作组件之间通过各种传动机构形成紧密的连接驱动关系，由于组件之间相互驱动，制造和运行时，需要较高的匹配度，容易引起运行偏差，从而影响加工零件精度，且运行组件多，运行故障率高。The gear shaper is a commonly used gear processing equipment. The existing gear shaper has a complicated structure. The internal working components of the gear shaper form a close connection and drive relationship through various transmission mechanisms. Because the components drive each other, they are manufactured. When running, it needs a high degree of matching, which easily causes deviations in operation, which affects the accuracy of the processed parts. There are many running components and a high failure rate.
发明内容Summary of the Invention
针对上述现有技术存在的不足，本发明提供一种结构简单，易于制造，操作方便，故障率低、加工精度高的齿轮加工设备。In view of the shortcomings of the foregoing prior art, the present invention provides a gear processing equipment with simple structure, easy manufacturing, convenient operation, low failure rate, and high processing accuracy.
本发明所采取的技术方案是：一种齿轮加工设备，包括机架、工作台、芯轴、插齿刀、刀轴、无杆气缸一、减速电机、支架、伸缩气缸、转动电机及减速器；所述工作台安装在机架上，所述芯轴通过轴承一与工作台转动连接，齿轮可拆卸固定套装在芯轴上，所述减速器的输出轴与芯轴固定连接，减速器的输入轴与转动电机的输出轴固定连接，减速器和转动电机均安装在机架上，所述插齿刀固定套装在刀轴上，所述刀轴竖直设置，刀轴上端与减速电机的输出轴固定连接，减速电机与无杆气缸一的滑块固定连接，所述无杆气缸一竖直安装在支架上，所述支架与机架左右滑动连接，所述伸缩气缸水平设置，伸缩气缸的活塞杆外端与支架固定连接，伸缩气缸的缸体与机架固定连接。The technical solution adopted by the present invention is: a gear processing equipment, including a frame, a table, a mandrel, a gear cutter, a knife shaft, a rodless cylinder, a reduction motor, a bracket, a telescopic cylinder, a rotating motor and a reducer The table is installed on the frame, the core shaft is rotatably connected to the table through a bearing, the gear is detachably fixed on the core shaft, and the output shaft of the reducer is fixedly connected to the core shaft. The input shaft is fixedly connected to the output shaft of the rotating motor. The reducer and the rotating motor are both installed on the frame. The gear cutter is fixed on the blade shaft. The blade shaft is arranged vertically. The output shaft is fixedly connected. The reduction motor is fixedly connected to the slider of the rodless cylinder. The rodless cylinder is vertically mounted on a bracket. The bracket is slidably connected to the left and right sides of the frame. The outer end of the piston rod is fixedly connected to the bracket, and the cylinder body of the telescopic cylinder is fixedly connected to the frame.
本发明的有益效果在于：The beneficial effects of the present invention are:
本发明在齿轮原件的转动和插齿刀插齿工作处均设有单独的驱动部件，彼此之间相互配合，结构紧凑、零件精简、易于制造，运行故障率低、加工精度高，且当其中一个零件出现偏差时，易于更换，便于检修。In the invention, separate driving parts are provided at the rotating parts of the gear original and the working of the gear shaping knife, and they cooperate with each other. The structure is compact, the parts are simple, easy to manufacture, the operating failure rate is low, and the machining accuracy is high. When a part has a deviation, it is easy to replace and easy to repair.
附图说明BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
图1：本发明结构示意图；Figure 1: Schematic diagram of the present invention;
图2：本发明机架的平台俯视图；Figure 2: Top view of the platform of the rack of the present invention;
图3：本发明机架的平台主视图；Figure 3: Front view of the platform of the rack of the present invention;
图4：本发明滑动安装座结构示意图；Figure 4: Schematic diagram of the sliding mount of the present invention;
图5：本发明往复式开关俯视图；Figure 5: Top view of the reciprocating switch of the present invention;
图6：本发明往复式开关主视图；Figure 6: Front view of the reciprocating switch of the present invention;
其中：1-机架；1-1-平台；1-2-凸起滑道；1-3-倒T型滑道；1-4-通道；1-5-方形凸起；2-工作台；2-1-加工盘座；2-2-滑动底座；2-3-无杆气缸二；2-4-滑动安装座；2-5-轴承二；2-6-通孔；3-齿轮；4-芯轴；5-插齿刀；6-刀轴；7-滴油装置；7-1-油瓶；7-2-往复式开关；7-21-方形框板；7-22-不完全齿轮齿条机构；7-23-链轮传动机构；7-24-齿条板；7-25-不完全齿轮；7-26-轮轴；7-29-主动链轮；7-27-从动链轮；7-30-链条；7-3-连接杆；7-4-固定杆；7-5-轴承四；7-7-轴承五；7-6-支撑杆；8-无杆气缸一；9-减速电机；10-支架；11-伸缩气缸；12-转动电机；13-减速器。Among them: 1-frame; 1-platform; 1-2-1 raised slide; 1-3-4 inverted T-shaped slide; 1-4-channel; 1-5-square raised; 2-table ; 2--processing disk seat; 2-2-sliding base; 2-3- rodless cylinder two; 2-4-sliding mount; 2-5-bearing two; 2-6-through hole; 3-gear ; 4-mandrel; 5-gear; 6-knife shaft; 7- oil drip device; 7--1 oil bottle; 7-2-reciprocating switch; 7-21- square frame plate; 7-22- Incomplete rack and pinion mechanism; 7-23-sprocket transmission mechanism; 7-24-rack plate; 7-25-incomplete gear; 7-26-axle; 7-29-active sprocket; 7-27- Driven sprocket; 7-30-chain; 7-3-connecting rod; 7-4-fixed rod; 7-5-bearing four; 7-7-bearing five; 7-6-supporting rod; 8-without rod Cylinder one; 9-reduction motor; 10-bracket; 11-retractable cylinder; 12-rotating motor; 13-reducer.
如图1～图6所示，一种齿轮加工设备，包括机架1、工作台2、芯轴4、插齿刀5、刀轴6、无杆气缸一8、减速电机9、支架10、伸缩气缸11、转动电机12及减速器13；所述工作台2安装在机架1上，所述芯轴4通过轴承一与工作台2转动连接，齿轮3可拆卸固定套装在芯轴4上，所述减速器13 的输出轴与芯轴4固定连接，减速器13的输入轴与转动电机12的输出轴固定连接，减速器13和转动电机12均安装在机架1上，所述插齿刀5固定套装在刀轴6上，所述刀轴6竖直设置，刀轴6上端与减速电机9的输出轴固定连接，减速电机9与无杆气缸一8的滑块固定连接，所述无杆气缸一8竖直安装在支架10上，所述支架10与机架1左右滑动连接，所述伸缩气缸11水平设置，伸缩气缸11的活塞杆外端与支架10固定连接，伸缩气缸11的缸体与机架1固定连接。As shown in FIG. 1 to FIG. 6, a gear processing equipment includes a frame 1, a table 2, a core shaft 4, a gear cutter 5, a shaft 6, a rodless cylinder 8, a reduction motor 9, a bracket 10, Telescopic cylinder 11, rotating motor 12, and reducer 13; the workbench 2 is installed on the frame 1, the mandrel 4 is rotatably connected to the workbench 2 through a bearing 1, and the gear 3 is detachably fixed on the mandrel 4. The output shaft of the speed reducer 13 is fixedly connected to the core shaft 4. The input shaft of the speed reducer 13 is fixedly connected to the output shaft of the rotating motor 12. The speed reducer 13 and the rotating motor 12 are both installed on the frame 1. The toothed knife 5 is fixedly mounted on the knife shaft 6, which is arranged vertically. The upper end of the knife shaft 6 is fixedly connected to the output shaft of the reduction motor 9. The reduction motor 9 is fixedly connected to the slider of the rodless cylinder 1-8. The rodless cylinder 8 is vertically installed on a bracket 10, the bracket 10 is slidably connected to the left and right sides of the frame 1, the telescopic cylinder 11 is horizontally arranged, the outer end of the piston rod of the telescopic cylinder 11 is fixedly connected to the bracket 10, and the telescopic cylinder The cylinder of 11 is fixedly connected to the frame 1.
工作原理：先将齿轮3安装在芯轴4上，然后启动转动电机12带动减速器13并将动力传递给芯轴4，使芯轴4转动，同时，启动减速电机9和无杆气缸一8使刀轴6和插齿刀5在上下运动的过程中能够小幅度的转动并进行插齿作业，当插齿刀5向上往返时，伸缩气缸11带动支架10、减速电机9及插齿刀5向后移动，进行让刀作业，当插齿刀5离开齿轮3后伸缩气缸11带动插齿刀5回到初始轴线位置，即完成一次插齿作业。Working principle: First install the gear 3 on the mandrel 4, then start the rotating motor 12 to drive the reducer 13 and transmit the power to the mandrel 4 to make the mandrel 4 rotate. At the same time, start the reduction motor 9 and the rodless cylinder 8 The knife shaft 6 and the gear shaping knife 5 can be rotated in a small range during the up-and-down movement and the gear shaping operation is performed. When the gear shaping knife 5 reciprocates upward, the telescopic cylinder 11 drives the bracket 10, the reduction motor 9 and the gear shaping knife 5. Move backward to perform the knife-giving operation. When the gear-shaping knife 5 leaves the gear 3, the telescopic cylinder 11 drives the gear-shaping knife 5 back to the initial axis position, and a gear-shaping operation is completed.
所述工作台2包括加工盘座2-1、滑动底座2-2、无杆气缸二2-3及滑动安装座2-4；所述加工盘座2-1与滑动底座2-2上表面固定连接，所述滑动底座2-2通过无杆气缸二2-3与机架1左右方向滑动连接，便于调节芯轴4与插齿刀5的距离以适应不同规格的齿轮3加工，所述芯轴4下端通过轴承一与加工盘座2-1转动连接，所述减速器13和转动电机12均通过滑动安装座2-4滑动安装在机架1上。The worktable 2 includes a processing disk base 2-1, a sliding base 2-2, a rodless cylinder two 2-3, and a sliding mounting base 2-4; the processing disk base 2-1 and the upper surface of the sliding base 2-2 It is fixedly connected, and the sliding base 2-2 is slidably connected to the left and right sides of the frame 1 through a rodless cylinder two 2-3, which is convenient for adjusting the distance between the core shaft 4 and the gear cutter 5 to adapt to the processing of gears 3 of different specifications. The lower end of the mandrel 4 is rotatably connected to the processing disk base 2-1 through a bearing one, and the speed reducer 13 and the rotary motor 12 are both slidably mounted on the frame 1 through a sliding mounting base 2-4.
所述机架1设有的平台1-1上表面左端开设有凸起滑道1-2，所述机架1设有的平台1-1下表面开设有倒T型滑道1-3，所述凸起滑道1-2和倒T型滑道1-3均沿左右方向设置，且凸起滑道1-2和倒T型滑道1-3上下对应设置，在凸起滑道1-2、倒T型滑道1-3以及位于两者之间的平台1-1部分上从左至 右开设有通道1-4，所述无杆气缸二2-3的丝杠两端均通过轴承二2-5安装在凸起滑道1-2处的通道1-4上，所述滑动底座2-2和滑动安装座2-4均与无杆气缸二2-3的滑块固定连接，滑动底座2-2与凸起滑道1-2滑动连接，所述滑动安装座2-4与倒T型滑道1-3滑动连接，滑动安装座2-4上开设有通孔2-6，所述减速器13的输出轴穿过滑动安装座2-4的通孔2-6与芯轴4下端固定连接，所述芯轴4设置在无杆气缸二2-3的丝杠一侧，所述减速器13与转动电机12均固定安装在滑动安装座2-4的下表面上。The left end of the upper surface of the platform 1-1 provided on the rack 1 is provided with a raised slide 1-2, and the lower surface of the platform 1-1 provided on the rack 1 is provided with an inverted T-shaped slide 1-3. The raised slideway 1-2 and the inverted T-shaped slideway 1-3 are arranged along the left and right directions, and the raised slideway 1-2 and the inverted T-shaped slideway 1-3 are arranged up and down correspondingly, and the convex slideway 1-2, inverted T-shaped slide 1-3 and the platform 1-1 located between the two are provided with channels 1-4 from left to right, and the two ends of the screw rod of the rodless cylinder 2-3 Both are mounted on the channel 1-4 at the raised slideway 1-2 through the bearing 2-5, and the slide base 2-2 and the slide mount 2-4 are both with the slider of the rodless cylinder two 2-3 Fixedly connected, the sliding base 2-2 is slidably connected to the raised slide 1-2, the slide mounting base 2-4 is slidably connected to the inverted T-shaped slide 1-3, and the slide mounting base 2-4 is provided with a through hole. 2-6, the output shaft of the reducer 13 is fixedly connected to the lower end of the core shaft 4 through the through hole 2-6 of the sliding mount 2-4, and the core shaft 4 is arranged on the wire of the rodless cylinder two 2-3. On the side of the lever, the speed reducer 13 and the rotating motor 12 are both fixedly mounted on the lower surface of the sliding mount 2-4.
所述滑动底座2-2和滑动安装座2-4均与无杆气缸二2-3的滑块固定连接，实现芯轴4与减速器13和转动电机12的同步移动。The sliding base 2-2 and the sliding mounting base 2-4 are fixedly connected with the slider of the rodless cylinder two 2-3, so as to realize the synchronous movement of the core shaft 4 with the reducer 13 and the rotating motor 12.
所述支架10下端面上沿左右方向开设有方形豁口，所述机架1上表面上开设有方形凸起1-5，所述支架10通过方形豁口与机架1的方形凸起1-5滑动连接。A square notch is provided on the lower end surface of the bracket 10 in the left-right direction, and a square protrusion 1-5 is provided on the upper surface of the rack 1. The bracket 10 is connected to the square protrusion 1-5 of the rack 1 through the square notch. Slide connection.
所述齿轮加工设备还包括滴油装置7，所述滴油装置7固定安装在减速电机9的壳体上。用于给芯轴4和工作台2提供润滑油。The gear processing equipment further includes an oil drip device 7 that is fixedly mounted on a housing of the reduction motor 9. Used to supply lubricating oil to the mandrel 4 and the table 2.
所述滴油装置7包括油瓶7-1、往复式开关7-2、连接杆7-3及固定杆7-4，所述油瓶7-1竖直设置，油瓶7-1的瓶口设置在下方，所述油瓶7-1的瓶身通过连接杆7-3与减速电机9的壳体固定连接，所述往复式开关7-2通过固定杆7-4与连接杆7-3固定连接，往复式开关7-2安装在油瓶7-1的瓶口处，起到开闭瓶口的作用。The oil drip device 7 includes an oil bottle 7-1, a reciprocating switch 7-2, a connecting rod 7-3, and a fixing rod 7-4. The oil bottle 7-1 is arranged vertically, and the bottle of the oil bottle 7-1 The mouth is arranged below, the bottle body of the oil bottle 7-1 is fixedly connected to the housing of the reduction motor 9 through a connecting rod 7-3, and the reciprocating switch 7-2 is connected to the connecting rod 7- 3 Fixed connection, the reciprocating switch 7-2 is installed at the bottle mouth of the oil bottle 7-1, which plays the role of opening and closing the bottle mouth.
所述往复式开关7-2包括方形框板7-21、不完全齿轮齿条机构7-22及链轮传动机构7-23；所述方形框板7-21水平设置，方形框板7-21与固定杆7-4固定连接，方形框板7-21的框口设置在油瓶7-1瓶口的下方，所述不完全齿轮齿条机构7-22滑动安装在方形框板7-21内，所述不完全齿轮齿条机构7-22 的轮轴7-26与减速电机9的输出轴之间连接有链轮传动机构7-23。The reciprocating switch 7-2 includes a square frame plate 7-21, an incomplete rack and pinion mechanism 7-22, and a sprocket transmission mechanism 7-23; the square frame plate 7-21 is arranged horizontally, and the square frame plate 7- 21 is fixedly connected to the fixing rod 7-4. The frame mouth of the square frame plate 7-21 is arranged below the bottle mouth of the oil bottle 7-1. The incomplete rack and pinion mechanism 7-22 is slidably installed on the square frame plate 7- In 21, a sprocket transmission mechanism 7-23 is connected between a wheel shaft 7-26 of the incomplete rack and pinion mechanism 7-22 and an output shaft of the reduction motor 9.
所述不完全齿轮齿条机构7-22包括齿条板7-24、不完全齿轮7-25及轮轴7-26，所述齿条板7-24两侧面设有滑槽并与方向框板7-21滑动连接，所述不完全齿轮7-25固定套装在轮轴7-26上，不完全齿轮7-25与齿条板7-24啮合连接。The incomplete rack and pinion mechanism 7-22 includes a rack plate 7-24, an incomplete gear 7-25, and an axle 7-26. The rack plate 7-24 is provided with sliding grooves on both sides of the rack plate and the direction frame plate. 7-21 sliding connection, the incomplete gear 7-25 is fixedly set on the axle 7-26, and the incomplete gear 7-25 is meshed with the rack plate 7-24.
齿条板7-24左端设置在油瓶7-1的瓶口下，齿条板7-24在不完全齿轮7-25的作用下向右移动时，油瓶7-1的瓶口漏出，向下滴油，不完全齿轮7-25向左移动时，堵住瓶口。The left end of the rack plate 7-24 is set under the bottle mouth of the oil bottle 7-1. When the rack plate 7-24 moves to the right under the action of the incomplete gear 7-25, the bottle mouth of the oil bottle 7-1 leaks, When dripping oil, the incomplete gear 7-25 moves to the left, blocking the bottle mouth.
所述链轮传动机构7-23包括主动链轮7-29、从动链轮7-27及链条7-30；所述主动链轮7-29固定套装在减速电机9的输出轴上，所述从动链轮7-27固定套装在轮轴7-26上，从动链轮7-27通过链条7-30与主动链轮7-29传动连接。The sprocket transmission mechanism 7-23 includes a driving sprocket 7-29, a driven sprocket 7-27, and a chain 7-30; the driving sprocket 7-29 is fixedly set on the output shaft of the reduction motor 9, so The driven sprocket 7-27 is fixed on the axle 7-26, and the driven sprocket 7-27 is drivingly connected to the driving sprocket 7-29 through a chain 7-30.
所述滴油装置7还包括轴承四7-5、轴承五7-7及支撑杆7-6；所述轴承四7-5固定套装在轮轴7-26上，轴承五7-7固定套装在减速器13的输出轴上，轴承四7-5通过支撑杆7-6与轴承五7-7固定连接。所述轴承四7-5设置在链轮传动机构7-23下方。轴承四7-5、轴承五7-7及支撑杆7-6的作用是支撑轮轴7-26。The oil drip device 7 further includes a bearing four 7-5, a bearing five 7-7, and a support rod 7-6. The bearing four 7-5 is fixedly mounted on the axle 7-26, and the bearing five 7-7 is fixedly mounted on On the output shaft of the reducer 13, the bearing IV 7-5 is fixedly connected to the bearing V 7-7 through the support rod 7-6. The bearing four 7-5 is arranged below the sprocket transmission mechanism 7-23. The function of bearing four 7-5, bearing five 7-7 and support rod 7-6 is to support the wheel shaft 7-26.
以上所述仅为本发明的优选实施例而已，并不用于限制本发明，对于本领域的技术人员来说，本发明可以有各种更改和变化。凡在本发明的精神和原则之内，所作的任何修改、等同替换、改进等，均应包含在本发明的保护范围之内。The above descriptions are merely preferred embodiments of the present invention and are not intended to limit the present invention. For those skilled in the art, the present invention may have various modifications and changes. Any modification, equivalent replacement, or improvement made within the spirit and principle of the present invention shall be included in the protection scope of the present invention.