WO2019024810A1 - 一种水净化保质系统 - Google Patents

一种水净化保质系统 Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2019024810A1
WO2019024810A1 PCT/CN2018/097556 CN2018097556W WO2019024810A1 WO 2019024810 A1 WO2019024810 A1 WO 2019024810A1 CN 2018097556 W CN2018097556 W CN 2018097556W WO 2019024810 A1 WO2019024810 A1 WO 2019024810A1
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WO
WIPO (PCT)
Prior art keywords
water
way joint
water purification
way
inlet
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/CN2018/097556
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English (en)
French (fr)
Inventor
何应斌
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湖南长翔实业有限公司
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Publication of WO2019024810A1 publication Critical patent/WO2019024810A1/zh

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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F9/00Multistage treatment of water, waste water or sewage
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61LMETHODS OR APPARATUS FOR STERILISING MATERIALS OR OBJECTS IN GENERAL; DISINFECTION, STERILISATION OR DEODORISATION OF AIR; CHEMICAL ASPECTS OF BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS OR SURGICAL ARTICLES; MATERIALS FOR BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS OR SURGICAL ARTICLES
    • A61L9/00Disinfection, sterilisation or deodorisation of air
    • A61L9/16Disinfection, sterilisation or deodorisation of air using physical phenomena
    • A61L9/18Radiation
    • A61L9/20Ultraviolet radiation
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F1/00Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F1/001Processes for the treatment of water whereby the filtration technique is of importance
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F1/00Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F1/28Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by sorption
    • C02F1/283Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by sorption using coal, charred products, or inorganic mixtures containing them
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F1/00Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F1/42Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by ion-exchange
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F1/00Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F1/44Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by dialysis, osmosis or reverse osmosis
    • C02F1/444Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by dialysis, osmosis or reverse osmosis by ultrafiltration or microfiltration
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F1/00Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F1/50Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by addition or application of a germicide or by oligodynamic treatment
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F1/00Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F1/68Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by addition of specified substances, e.g. trace elements, for ameliorating potable water
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F1/00Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F1/72Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by oxidation
    • C02F1/78Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by oxidation with ozone
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F2209/00Controlling or monitoring parameters in water treatment
    • C02F2209/42Liquid level
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F2301/00General aspects of water treatment
    • C02F2301/08Multistage treatments, e.g. repetition of the same process step under different conditions
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F2303/00Specific treatment goals
    • C02F2303/04Disinfection

Definitions

  • the invention particularly relates to a water purification and quality assurance system.
  • the existing water purification system includes a raw water supply unit, a raw water purification unit, a water and gas mixer, a booster pump, a water purification tower, a hot biliary, a faucet assembly, an ozone generator, and an air pump, wherein the faucet assembly includes a cold water tap and a hot water tap.
  • the water purification tower includes a water purification tower body, and the water purification tower body is provided with a water inlet and a water outlet, and the water inlet of the water purification tower is connected with the water outlet of the booster pump.
  • the raw water supply unit communicates with the water inlet end of the water gas mixer through the raw water purification unit, the air pump is in communication with the intake end of the ozone generator, and the output end of the ozone generator is connected to the intake end of the water gas mixer, the water The water outlet of the gas mixer is in communication with the water inlet of the booster pump.
  • the raw water supply unit provides raw water that does not meet the drinking water standard, and after being purified by the raw water purification unit, the ozone water is mixed by the water gas mixer to output the ozone water to the water purification tower.
  • the water stored in the water purification tower is heated on the one hand and hot water is supplied through the hot water tap.
  • the water stored in the water purification tower on the other hand provides normal temperature water through a cold water tap.
  • a siphon opening is opened at the top of the body of the water purification tower.
  • the siphon mouth directly communicates with the outside world, so bacteria, viruses, impurities, etc. in the outside air easily enter the water purification tower body through the siphon mouth, thereby polluting the purified water stored in the water purification tower body, endangering human health.
  • the body of the water purification tower is easily contaminated, it is necessary to regularly clean and disinfect the body of the water purification tower, thereby increasing the use and maintenance cost, and there are residual disinfectants, which further endanger human health.
  • the water intake terminal adopts the water tank water supply mode, and the water tank water supply mode has the following disadvantages:
  • the water stored in the water tank cannot be recycled to the direct drinking water for circulation in the pipeline network and returned to the main machine for reactivation and disinfection. This part of the water will be aged or aged due to long-term storage in the water tank, affecting the water quality.
  • the water tank and the water parts will be polluted for a long time, it needs to be cleaned regularly, it takes a lot of labor and cleaning disinfectant, and the disinfectant will remain on the water tank and water parts when cleaning, polluting water quality ,Harmful to health.
  • the water intake end of the direct drinking water machine uses the natural pressure siphon principle of the atmosphere to take water, and the water output is small.
  • the faucet assembly comprises a water outlet nozzle, wherein the water outlet nozzle is cylindrical, half of the water outlet of the cold water tap and half of the water outlet of the hot water tap are connected to the outside through the water outlet nozzle, and finally the cold water and the hot water flow out through the water outlet nozzle.
  • the outlet pipe diameter is large, the actual water outlet of the cold water tap and the hot water tap has only half of the water outlet area, so the water flow from the cold water tap and the hot water tap is small, the flow rate is slow, and the water pressure is small.
  • the effect of flushing the inner wall of the spout is not enough, so that the bacteria on the inner wall of the spout cannot be washed away, resulting in pollution of drinking water.
  • the outlet nozzle and the faucet assembly are integrally connected, which is inconvenient to clean.
  • the water-gas mixer is susceptible to ozone corrosion and backwater, so that the ozone generator does not generate ozone and corrode the ozone generator when it encounters water, loses the function of sterilizing and disinfecting water by using ozone, has low work reliability, and endangers human health. Increased use and maintenance costs and low operational reliability.
  • the purified water can not be recycled, it is easy to be secondary pollution, and the oxygen cannot be supplemented as needed, and the quality is low.
  • the object of the present invention is to provide a full-circulation water purification and quality assurance system which is not easy to be aged and is not easily polluted and clean-free, and can increase oxygen in the purified water as needed to remove harmful substances in the raw water.
  • the substance retains the beneficial substances in the raw water.
  • the clean water supply link is equipped with a sterilizing and disinfecting device to sterilize and disinfect the water. The total number of colonies is zero, the quality of the purified water is high, and the cost of use and maintenance is low to protect human health.
  • the technical solution adopted by the present invention is:
  • a water purification and quality assurance system comprising a raw water supply unit, a raw water purification unit, a water and gas mixer, a booster pump, a water purification tower, a faucet assembly, a first ozone generator and an air pump, wherein the faucet assembly comprises a cold water tap, the net
  • the water tower comprises a water purification tower body, a siphon opening is arranged at the top of the water purification tower body, and the raw water supply unit is connected to the water inlet end of the water gas mixer through the raw water purification unit, and the air pump is connected to the intake end of the first ozone generator
  • the output end of the first ozone generator is connected to the inlet end of the water gas mixer, and the water outlet end of the water gas mixer is connected to the water inlet of the water purification tower through a booster pump, and the structural feature thereof also includes two a three-way solenoid valve, an ozone water tap, a first three-way joint, a second three-way joint, and a one-way water
  • the water in the water purification tower and the water supply pipeline can be completely circulated back to the water inlet end of the water gas mixer through the third end of the second three-way joint, and the ozone gas is mixed and disinfected in the water gas mixer, thereby
  • the water quality is cyclically activated and regenerated, aerobic and sterilized, the water quality is not easy to be aged and is not easily polluted, no need to be cleaned, the quality of the purified water is high, the use and maintenance cost is low, and human health is guaranteed.
  • the air entering the siphon port can be filtered first by the first air filter, and then the ozone pair generated by the second ozone generator enters through the siphon port.
  • the air in the water purification tower is sterilized and disinfected to ensure that bacteria, viruses or impurities do not pollute the water in the water purification tower body or the body of the water purification tower through the siphon mouth to ensure the water quality of the water purification tower body. There is no need to clean and disinfect the water purification tower body, which reduces the maintenance cost, and there is no problem of residual disinfectant and human health.
  • the handle assembly drives the normally open reed switch to move and the normally open reed switch is located within the magnetic field of the magnet, so that the two contacts of the normally open reed switch are connected.
  • the controller detects, the first end and the second end of the two-position three-way solenoid valve are controlled to be turned on, so that the ozone water outputted from the water outlet end of the booster pump can directly flow out through the ozone water tap.
  • the handle assembly drives the normally open reed switch to move and the normally open reed switch is located outside the magnetic field of the magnet, so that the two contacts of the normally open reed switch are disconnected.
  • the controller After the controller detects, the first end and the third end of the two-position three-way solenoid valve are controlled to communicate, and the ozone water outputted from the water outlet end of the booster pump flows to the water purification tower in a conventional manner.
  • a dual-purpose machine can be provided, that is, an oxygen-rich oxygen-rich water can be provided, and ozone water for sterilization and disinfection can be provided.
  • first end and the second end of the second three-way joint are straight-through ends, and the third end of the second three-way joint is a bypass end and the opening is downward.
  • the utility model further includes a hot biliary and a third three-way joint, the faucet assembly further comprising a hot water tap, the first end of the third three-way joint is connected with the water outlet of the water purification tower, and the third three-way joint is The second end is in communication with the hot biliary water inlet, the third end of the third three-way joint is in communication with the first end of the second three-way joint, and the hot biliary water outlet is in communication with the hot water tap inlet.
  • a water pump is further included, and the water outlet of the water purification tower is connected to the water inlet of the one-way water outlet valve through the water pump.
  • the water pump is connected between the third end of the third three-way joint and the first end of the second three-way joint, or the water pump is connected to the third end of the second three-way joint and the single Between the outlet valves.
  • the electronic switch is required to open the water pump to obtain the water, so that there is another benefit. That is, when the water purification tower is placed for a long time, the purified water should be recycled and disinfected. When the water is taken at this time, the water pump cannot be opened, and the purified water cannot be obtained, thereby ensuring that every drop of the purified water is high-quality drinking water. That is, it is impossible to obtain unqualified, unqualified water.
  • the water purification tower body is provided with at least one ultraviolet lamp tube located above the water level of the water purification tower body.
  • the ultraviolet light tube is used to sterilize and disinfect the air above the water level, forming a protective barrier for the water in the water purification tower body, preventing bacteria from breeding and breeding from the source, ensuring that the water is not polluted, and ensuring that the water is always sterile. .
  • setting up multiple UV lamps is more reliable, and in the event of failure of one of the UV lamps, other UV lamps can still work normally.
  • a photosensitive sensor is disposed at one end of each of the ultraviolet lamps, and an output end of the photosensor is electrically connected to the controller, and an output end of the controller is electrically connected to the warning unit.
  • the photosensitive sensor can sense whether the corresponding ultraviolet lamp is working normally and feed back to the controller. If one of the ultraviolet lamps fails, the controller controls the warning unit to alarm.
  • the faucet assembly further includes a funnel-shaped water spout, a closed cavity between the upper part of the funnel-shaped spout and the cold water tap and the hot water tap, and the water outlet of the cold water tap and the hot water tap are both empty
  • the cavities are in communication, and the cavities communicate with the outside through a water outlet tube at a lower portion of the funnel.
  • all the caliber of the cold water tap outlet are located in the cavity, and all the caliber of the hot water tap outlet are located in the cavity, so that the water flow from the cold tap and the hot water tap is large, the flow rate is fast, and the water pressure is high.
  • Larger, hot and cold water forms eddy currents, alternately flushing each other, and can flush the inner wall of the water outlet to wash out the bacteria on the inner wall of the water nozzle.
  • the hot water can also sterilize the inside of the water outlet to prevent bacteria from growing and breeding.
  • the water gas mixer comprises a first electromagnetic valve, a fourth three-way joint and an intake line, the first end of the fourth three-way joint is an intake end, and the second end of the fourth three-way joint is a feed
  • the water end, the third end of the fourth three-way joint is a water outlet end
  • the first solenoid valve comprises a valve seat, a coil assembly, a valve core assembly and a return spring, wherein the valve seat is connected to the coil assembly, and the valve seat is provided
  • the air chamber, the air chamber communicates with the output end of the first ozone generator 1904 through the air inlet
  • the coil assembly has an air inlet passage that can communicate with the water gas mixer intake line
  • the valve core assembly includes the air inlet passage a magnetic rod inside, a return spring is disposed in the intake passage, and one end of the return spring is connected to one end of the electromagnetic rod, and the other end of the electromagnetic rod is provided with a plug that can open or close the air inlet hole, the over-gas
  • the cavity is
  • the porcelain piece is not corroded by ozone, so the sealing property is good, and the water is not returned, so that the ozone generator does not generate ozone when it encounters water.
  • the ozone generator does not generate ozone when it encounters water.
  • the spool assembly further includes a sealing sleeve covering the electromagnetic rod.
  • the sealing of the electromagnetic valve by the sealing sleeve can prevent the electromagnetic rod from being corroded by ozone and generating substances harmful to the human body.
  • first end and the second end of the second three-way joint are straight-through ends, and the third end of the second three-way joint is a bypass end and the opening is downward.
  • the utility model further includes a hot biliary and a third three-way joint, the faucet assembly further comprising a hot water tap, the first end of the third three-way joint is connected with the water outlet of the water purification tower, and the third three-way joint is The second end is in communication with the hot biliary water inlet, the third end of the third three-way joint is in communication with the first end of the second three-way joint, and the hot biliary water outlet is in communication with the hot water tap inlet.
  • a water pump is further included, and the water outlet of the water purification tower is connected to the water inlet of the one-way water outlet valve through the water pump.
  • the water pump is connected between the third end of the third three-way joint and the first end of the second three-way joint, or the water pump is connected to the third end of the second three-way joint and the single Between the outlet valves.
  • the faucet assembly further includes a water receiving box including an open box body having an outlet pipe at the bottom of the box body, a cold water tap and a hot water faucet sealing the opening of the box body, and the water outlet of the cold water tap
  • the water outlet of the hot water tap is connected through the box body and the water outlet pipe, and the water outlet of the cold water tap and the hot water tap outlet are smaller than the diameter of the water outlet pipe.
  • the water gas mixer includes a first electromagnetic valve, a fourth three-way joint, and an intake line, and the first end of the fourth three-way joint is an intake end, and the second three-way joint is second.
  • the end is a water inlet end, and the third end of the fourth three-way joint is a water outlet end;
  • the first solenoid valve comprises a valve seat, a coil assembly, a valve core assembly and a return spring, wherein the valve seat is connected to the coil assembly, and the valve seat is An air chamber is provided, and the air chamber communicates with the output end of the first ozone generator 1904 through the air inlet hole, and the coil assembly has an air inlet passage that can communicate with the water gas mixer intake line, and the valve core assembly is included a magnetic rod in the intake passage, a return spring is disposed in the intake passage, and one end of the return spring is connected to one end of the electromagnetic rod, and the other end of the electromagnetic rod is provided with a plug that can open or close the intake hole.
  • the ceramic chamber is further provided with a ceramic plate for sealing the air inlet hole, and the ceramic plate has a through hole extending through the air hole and the air passage cavity, and the plug includes a fixed connection with one end of the electromagnetic rod and the through hole. Relative gas sluice.
  • the invention does not need to be cleaned, the water in the water purification tower and the pipeline can be completely circulated, the purified water is not easy to be aged and is not easily polluted, and the purified water can be oxygenated as needed to remove harmful substances in the raw water.
  • the beneficial substances in the raw water are retained, and the sterilizing and disinfecting device is arranged in the water supply chain to sterilize and disinfect the water.
  • the total number of colonies is zero, the quality of the purified water is high, and the use and maintenance cost are low, thereby ensuring human health.
  • FIG. 1 is a block diagram showing an embodiment of the present invention.
  • FIG. 2 is a schematic structural view of a water purification tower.
  • Figure 3 is a schematic view showing the structure of the body of the water purification tower.
  • FIG. 4 is a schematic structural view of the sand head of FIG. 2.
  • Fig. 5 is a structural schematic view showing the components of the product shown in Fig. 4 in a separated state.
  • Figure 6 is a schematic view showing the structure of the float of Figure 2;
  • Fig. 7 is a structural schematic view showing the components of the product shown in Fig. 6 in a separated state.
  • Fig. 8 is a schematic view showing the circuit connection structure of the water purification tower.
  • Figure 9 is a schematic diagram showing the structure of the water level detector circuit.
  • FIG 10 is a schematic view showing the structure of the faucet assembly of Figure 1.
  • FIG 11 is a schematic view of the appearance of the faucet assembly of Figure 1.
  • Figure 12 is a schematic view of the appearance of a water gas mixer.
  • Figure 13 is a cross-sectional view of the lower portion of Figure 12;
  • Figure 14 is an exploded view of the left portion of Figure 13.
  • Figure 15 is a cross-sectional view of another embodiment of the lower portion of Figure 12.
  • Figure 16 is an exploded view of the left portion of Figure 15.
  • Figure 17 is a schematic view showing the circuit structure of a water gas mixer.
  • Figure 18 is a schematic view showing the structure of a hard pipe quick connector.
  • Fig. 19 is a structural schematic view showing the components of the product shown in Fig. 18 in a separated state.
  • Figure 20 is a schematic view showing the appearance of the first embodiment of the drinking water machine.
  • Figure 21 is a schematic view showing the structure of Figure 20 after the front panel is removed.
  • Fig. 22 is a structural schematic view showing the components of the product of Fig. 21 in a separated state.
  • FIG. 23 is a schematic structural view of the faucet assembly of FIG. 21.
  • Figure 24 is a schematic view showing the appearance of the faucet assembly of Figure 23.
  • Figure 25 is a schematic view showing the structure of the hot biliary assembly of Figure 21;
  • Figure 26 is a schematic view showing the circuit structure of the first embodiment of the drinking water machine.
  • Figure 27 is a flow chart showing the overall operation of the drinking water machine.
  • FIG. 28 is a schematic structural view of a second embodiment of a faucet assembly.
  • Figure 29 is a schematic view showing the circuit structure of the second embodiment of the drinking water machine.
  • Figure 30 is a schematic view showing the structure of an ozone water faucet.
  • Figure 31 is a cross-sectional view of Figure 30.
  • Figure 32 is a diagram showing the connection relationship of the ozone water faucet circuit.
  • Figure 33 is a schematic view showing the structure of an air cleaner.
  • 9 is the faucet assembly
  • 901 is the cold water tap
  • 9011 is the cold water control handle
  • 902 is the hot water tap
  • 9021 is the hot water control handle
  • 903 is the second three-way joint
  • 904 is the first normally open reed switch
  • 905 For the first magnet
  • 906 is the inlet solenoid valve drive circuit
  • 907 is the inlet solenoid valve
  • 908 is the second normally open reed switch
  • 909 is the second magnet
  • 910 is the first self-reset travel switch
  • 911 is the first Two self-reset travel switches
  • 912 is the water outlet
  • 9121 is the cavity
  • 9122 is the water outlet pipe
  • 10 is the controller
  • 11 is the hot bile component
  • 1101 is the hot bile
  • 1102 is the air bag
  • 1103 is the hard tube
  • 1104 Water level detector
  • 11041 is the inlet electrode
  • 11042 is the full water electrode
  • 11043 is the common electrode
  • 1105 is
  • 14042 is the flange side
  • 14043 is the positioning rod
  • 1405 is the first normally closed reed switch
  • 1406 is the second normally closed reed switch
  • 1407 is the inlet solenoid valve drive circuit
  • 1408 is the inlet water solenoid valve
  • 1409 For the detection rod, 16 is the water purification tower, 1601 is the water purification tower body, 16011 is the siphon port, 1602 is the first three-way joint, 1603 is the first air filter, 1604 is the second ozone generator, and 1605 is the second ozone generator.
  • Air filter 1606 is the outlet pipe, 1607 is the UV lamp, 1608 is the photosensitive sensor, 1609 is the warning unit, 1610 is the air pipe, 1611 is the third ozone generator, 1612 is the first stainless steel baffle, 1613 is the third air Filter, 1614 is the second stainless steel baffle, 1615 is the inlet pipe, 1616 is the drainage Magnetic valve, 1617 is a three-way joint, 17 is a water and gas mixer, 8 is a hard pipe quick joint, 801 is a ring, 8011 is a first arc member, 8012 is a second arc member, and 80121 is a rib.
  • 802 is the first hard tube
  • 8021 is the threaded head
  • 803 is the connecting sleeve
  • 8031 is the mouth
  • 8032 is the convex rib
  • 804 is the second hard tube
  • 8041 is the flange flange
  • 805 is the second sealing ring
  • 1700 is The first solenoid valve
  • 1701 is the valve seat
  • 17011 is the air chamber
  • 17012 is the air inlet hole
  • 1702 is the coil assembly
  • 17021 is the intake passage
  • 1703 is the electromagnetic rod
  • 1704 is the return spring
  • 1705 is the intake line
  • 1707 For ceramic tiles, 17071 is a through hole, 1708 is a gas sluice gate, 1709 is a sealing sleeve
  • 1710 is a connecting member
  • 1711 is a fourth three-way joint
  • 1712 is an intake manifold
  • 1713 is an intake manifold
  • 1714 is a first solenoid valve.
  • Driving circuit 1715 is a sand head, 1716 is a common electrode, 1717 is a first electrode, 1718 is a second electrode, 1719 is a first voltage dividing resistor, 1720 is a second voltage dividing resistor, 1721 is a nut, and 1722 is a rubber seal.
  • 1723 is a rubber gasket
  • 1724 is a rubber seal
  • 1725 is a sealing rubber gasket
  • 1726 is an ozone delivery pipe
  • 1609 is a pre- Police unit
  • 18 is the ozone water tap
  • 1801 is the faucet body
  • 18011 is the cable trough
  • 1802 is the handle assembly
  • 1803 is the normally open reed switch
  • 1804 is the magnet
  • 1805 is the outlet solenoid valve drive circuit
  • 1806 is the second Three-way solenoid valve
  • 1900 is the direct drinking water machine
  • 1901 is the raw water supply unit
  • 1902 is the raw water purification unit
  • 19021 is the quartz sand water purification component
  • 19022 is the automatic regeneration resin water purification component
  • 19023 is the first activated carbon water purification component.
  • 19024 is the raw water solenoid valve
  • 19025 is the PP cotton resin water purification component
  • 19026 is the PP cotton activated carbon water purification component
  • 19027 is the vacuum fiber ultrafiltration membrane water purification component
  • 19082 is the second activated carbon water purification component
  • 1903 is the booster pump.
  • 1904 is the first ozone generator
  • 1905 is the air pump
  • 1906 is the water pump
  • 1907 is the one-way outlet valve
  • 1908 is the third three-way joint
  • 1909 is the air drying and filter assembly
  • 1910 is the fifth three-way joint
  • 1911 is The original water valve
  • 1912 is the boiling water furnace
  • 1913 is the variable frequency pump
  • 1914 is the water purifying faucet
  • 1915 is the water purifying water device
  • 10001 is the outer casing
  • 10002 is the vacuum air pump
  • 10003 is the ozone generator
  • 10004 is the ultraviolet lamp tube
  • 1000 5 is an air inlet hole
  • 10006 is an air outlet hole
  • 10007 is an air filter unit
  • 10008 is an air drying unit
  • 10009 is a gas separation plate
  • 1000901 is a first through hole.
  • the water purification and quality assurance system includes a raw water supply unit 1901, a raw water purification unit 1902, a water gas mixer 17, a booster pump 1903, a water purification tower 16, a faucet assembly 9, and a first ozone generator 1904. And a gas pump 1905, wherein the faucet assembly 9 comprises a cold water faucet 901, the water purification tower 16 comprises a water purification tower body 1601, a top of the water purification tower body 1601 is provided with a siphon opening 16011, and the raw water supply unit 1901 passes through the raw water purification unit 1902 and water.
  • the water inlet end of the gas mixer 17 is in communication, the air pump 1905 is in communication with the intake end of the first ozone generator 1904, and the output end of the first ozone generator 1904 is in communication with the intake end of the water gas mixer 17, water
  • the water outlet end of the gas mixer 17 is connected to the water inlet of the water purification tower 16 through the booster pump 1903, and further includes a two-position three-way solenoid valve 1806, an ozone water tap faucet 18, a first three-way joint 1602, and a second three-way joint.
  • the third end of the second three-way connector 903 is open
  • the one-way water outlet valve 1907 is in communication with the water inlet end of the water gas mixer 17; the first end of the first three-way joint 1602 is in communication with the siphon port 16011, and the second end of the first three-way joint 1602 is coupled to the first air filter.
  • the 1603 is in communication with the third end of the first three-way connector 1602 being in communication with the output of the second ozone generator 1604.
  • the ozone water tap faucet 18 includes a faucet body 1801 and a handle assembly 1802 on the faucet body 1801, and further includes a normally open reed switch 1803 and a magnet 1804 cooperating with the normally open reed switch 1803, the normally open The reed pipe 1803 is fixed on the handle assembly 1802.
  • the magnet 1804 is fixed on the faucet body 1801.
  • One end of the normally open reed pipe 1803 is grounded, and the other end of the normally open reed pipe 1803 and the controller 10 Electrically connected, the output end of the controller 10 is electrically connected to the two-position three-way solenoid valve 1806 through the water outlet solenoid valve driving circuit 1805, and the first end of the two-position three-way solenoid valve 1806 is connected to the output end of the boost pump 1903.
  • the second end of the three-way solenoid valve 1806 is in communication with the faucet body 1801, and the third end of the two-position three-way solenoid valve 1806 is connected to the water inlet of the water purification tower 16; when the faucet body 1801 is opened, the handle assembly 1802 drives the normally open type
  • the reed pipe 1803 moves and causes the normally open reed pipe 1803 to be located within the magnetic field of the magnet 1804.
  • the first end and the second end of the two-position three-way solenoid valve 1806 are in communication; when the faucet body 1801 is closed, the handle assembly 1802 is often driven.
  • Open type reed pipe 1803 The motion causes the normally open reed switch 1803 to be outside the magnetic field range of the magnet 1804, and the first end and the third end of the two-position three-way solenoid valve 1806 are in communication.
  • a wire trough 18011 is further formed on the faucet body 1801.
  • the opening manner of the handle assembly 1802 is a spiral type, a wrench type or a lift type.
  • the ozone water faucet 18 includes a faucet body 1801 and a handle assembly 1802 on the faucet body 1801, and further includes a normally open reed switch 1803 and a mating recloser 1803
  • the magnet 1804, the normally open reed pipe 1803 is fixed on the faucet body 1801, the magnet 1804 is fixed on the handle assembly 1802; one end of the normally open reed pipe 1803 is grounded, and the normally open reed switch 1803 The other end is electrically connected to the controller 10.
  • the output end of the controller 10 is electrically connected to the two-position three-way solenoid valve 1806 through the water outlet solenoid valve driving circuit 1805.
  • the first end of the two-position three-way solenoid valve 1806 and the booster pump 1903 The output ends are connected, the second end of the two-position three-way solenoid valve 1806 is in communication with the faucet body 1801, and the third end of the two-position three-way solenoid valve 1806 is connected to the water inlet connector 1503 of the clean water tank 15; the faucet body 1801 is open
  • the handle assembly 1802 drives the magnet 1804 to move and the normally open reed switch 1803 is located within the magnetic field of the magnet 1804, the first end and the second end of the two-position three-way solenoid valve 1806 are in communication; when the faucet body 1801 is closed, the handle Component 1802 drives magnetic 1804 motion and normally open reed switch such that a magnet is located outside the field range of 1804, two-way solenoid valve of the first and third terminals of the communication pipe 1806 1803.
  • the ozone water faucet 18 in this embodiment is similar in structure and principle to the ozone water faucet 18 in the drawing, except that the magnet 1804 and the normally open reed tube 1803 are disposed at different positions, so the structure is not
  • the drawings show, but do not affect, the understanding and implementation of the invention by those skilled in the art.
  • the raw water purification unit 1902 includes a quartz sand water purification component 19021, a fully automatic regeneration resin water purification component 19022, a first activated carbon water purification component 19023, a raw water electromagnetic valve 19024, a PP cotton resin water purification component 19025, and a PP cotton activated carbon.
  • the water component 19026, the vacuum fiber ultrafiltration membrane water purification component 19027, the second activated carbon water purification component 19082, and the like, may be connected with one or more sanitary water-providing water purification module components according to the raw water quality and the user's requirements.
  • a raw water solenoid valve 19024 is connected between the first activated carbon water purification unit 19023 and the PP cotton resin water purification unit 19025.
  • a raw water valve 1911 is provided between the raw water supply unit 1901 and the raw water purification unit 1902.
  • the one-way outlet valve 1907, the water-gas mixer 17 and the raw water purification unit 1902 are in communication with each other through a fifth three-way joint 1910.
  • the first air filter 1603 is a ceramic filter having a filter pore size of less than 0.15 microns.
  • An air drying and filtering assembly 1909 is coupled between the air pump 1905 and the intake end of the first ozone generator 1904.
  • the intake port of the second ozone generator 1604 is in communication with the atmosphere through the second air filter 1605.
  • An outlet pipe 1606 is connected to the bottom of the water purification tower body 1601.
  • a three-way joint 1617 is connected to the bottom end of the outlet pipe 1606.
  • the first end of the three-way joint 1617 is in communication with the bottom end of the outlet pipe 1606.
  • the second end of the tee joint 1617 is for supplying water.
  • the third end of the three-way joint 1617 is used to communicate with the drain pipe through the drain solenoid valve 1616, and the drain solenoid valve 1616 is used as a long-term water-free machine for automatic draining solenoid valve for timed draining of the water purification tower body 1601.
  • the first end and the second end of the second three-way joint 903 are straight-through ends, and the third end of the second three-way joint 903 is a bypass end and the opening is downward.
  • the water purification and quality assurance system further includes a hot die 1101 and a third tee joint 1908.
  • the faucet assembly 9 further includes a hot water tap 902, and the first end of the third tee joint 1908 is connected to the water outlet of the water purification tower 16.
  • the second end of the third three-way joint 1908 is in communication with the water inlet of the hot die 1101, and the third end of the third three-way joint 1908 is in communication with the first end of the second three-way joint 903, and the hot water 1101 is connected to the water outlet.
  • the hot water tap 902 is connected to the water inlet.
  • the water purification and quality assurance system further includes a water pump 1906 through which the water outlet of the water purification tower 16 communicates with the water inlet of the one-way water outlet valve 1907.
  • the water pump 1906 is connected between the third end of the third three-way joint 1908 and the first end of the second three-way joint 903, or the water pump 1906 is connected to the third end of the second three-way joint 903 and one-way. Between the outlet valves 1907.
  • At least one ultraviolet lamp tube 1607 located above the full water level of the water purification tower body 1601 is disposed in the water purification tower body 1601.
  • each of the ultraviolet lamps 1607 is provided with a photosensor 1608.
  • the output of the photosensor 1608 is electrically connected to the controller 10, and the output of the controller 10 is electrically connected to the warning unit 1609.
  • the water purification tower body 1601 is further provided with a gas pipe 1610, one end of the gas pipe 1610 is connected with the output end of the third ozone generator 1611, and the other end of the gas pipe 1610 is connected with the sand head 13, and the sand head 13 is disposed.
  • the ozone generated by the third ozone generator 1611 can be mixed through the sand head 13 into the purified water in the outlet pipe 1606 as needed to provide sterilizable ozone water.
  • the top end and the bottom end of the air tube 1610 are each provided with a first stainless steel baffle 1612.
  • the first stainless steel baffle 1612 can shield the ultraviolet radiation from aging of the plastic article at the top and bottom ends of the air tube 1610.
  • the intake port of the third ozone generator 1611 is in communication with the atmosphere through the third air filter 1613.
  • a water level detector is also disposed in the water purification tower body 1601.
  • the sand head 13 may be a sand head of the prior art or a sand head 13 modified as shown in Figs. 4 and 5. As shown in FIG. 4 and FIG. 5, the sand head 13 includes an air inlet nozzle 1301, a cylindrical sand cylinder 1302, a first connecting cylinder 1303, and a second connecting cylinder 1304.
  • Both ends of the sand cylinder 1302 are open, and the first connecting cylinder 1303
  • the bottom end opening, the top end of the second connecting barrel 1304 is open, and the bottom end of the second connecting barrel 1304 is sealed; the air inlet 1301 is disposed at the top end of the first connecting barrel 1303, and the bottom end of the first connecting barrel 1303 is
  • the top end of the second connecting cylinder 1304 is detachably connected to the top end of the first connecting cylinder 1303, and the other end of the sand cylinder 1302 is sleeved at the top end of the second connecting cylinder 1304.
  • the limiting portion 13031, the middle portion of the second connecting barrel 1304 has a second limiting portion 13041, the sand tube 1302 is located between the first limiting portion 13031 and the second limiting portion 13041, and the sidewall of the second connecting barrel 1304 is opened with sand A vent hole 13042 opposite to the side wall of the barrel 1302.
  • the sand head 13 is easily disassembled and the connection is tight.
  • the gas enters from the air inlet nozzle 1301, passes through the inner cavity of the first connecting cylinder 1303 and the inner cavity of the second connecting cylinder 1304 in sequence, and enters the inner cavity of the sand cylinder 1302 from the vent hole 13042, and passes through the porous sidewall of the sand cylinder 1302.
  • the particles are uniformly sprayed radially so that the ozone supplied from the third ozone generator 1611 can be uniformly mixed in the purified water outside the sand tube 1302.
  • the first limiting portion 13031 and the second limiting portion 13041 each have at least two ribs 1305 perpendicular to the central axis of the sand tube 1302, and a gap 1306 is formed between the adjacent ribs 1305.
  • the ribs are radially distributed around the central axis of the sand tube 1302, and the lengths of the ribs are equal, and the positioning effect is good.
  • the bottom end of the first connecting barrel 1303 is screwed to the top end of the second connecting barrel 1304.
  • the outer side wall of the first connecting barrel 1303 has a first friction portion 13032 for facilitating the tightening of the force.
  • the output end of the third ozone generator 1611 is connected to the air inlet 1301 through a gas pipe 1610.
  • the sand head 13 is disposed in the water inlet end of the water outlet pipe 1606, and the outer end of the rib 1305 and the inner side wall of the water outlet pipe 1606. Close to each other. Since the first limiting portion 13031 and the second limiting portion 13041 are provided with the ribs 1305, the outer ends of the ribs 1305 and the inner side walls of the water outlet pipe 1606 are abutted, and the sand head 13 can be restrained to prevent the sand head 13 from shaking.
  • the intake nozzle 1301 is disengaged from the air tube 1610, and the operation reliability is high. Since there is a gap 1306 between the adjacent ribs 1305, it does not affect the flow of clean water from the sand head 13 and the ozone is ejected from the sand tube 1302.
  • the water level detector may employ a water level detector of the prior art, or a modified water level detector as shown in Figs. 6 and 7.
  • the water level detector includes a detecting lever 1409 and a float 14 that is sleeved outside the detecting lever 1409 and movable along the detecting lever 1409.
  • the float 14 includes a ring magnet 1401, a base 1402 having a first through hole 14022 in a middle portion thereof, and a top cover 1403 having a second through hole 14032 in a middle portion.
  • An annular groove 14021 is defined in a sidewall of the base 1402, and the ring magnet 1401 is placed in the ring.
  • the groove 14021 further includes a sealing ring 1404.
  • the sealing ring 1404 includes an annular protrusion 14041 that is disposed in the annular groove 14021.
  • the top surface of the annular protrusion 14041 has a top surface disposed on the top cover 1403.
  • the detecting lever 1409 of the water level detector passes through the first through hole 14022 and the first through hole 14032.
  • the top end and the bottom end of the detecting rod 1409 are respectively provided with a second stainless steel baffle 1614, which can block ultraviolet radiation and prevent the plastic products at the top end and the bottom end of the detecting rod 1409 from aging.
  • the float 14 is easy to assemble and disassemble, and when any one of the float members 14 is damaged, it can be replaced separately, and the maintenance cost is low.
  • the sealing ring 1404 is provided with an annular protrusion 14041 and a flange edge 14042. The axial and radial pressing can achieve the effect of enhancing the sealing effect.
  • the float 14 has good followability to the water level and high detection sensitivity and accuracy.
  • the outer bottom surface of the annular protrusion 14041 is further connected with three equal length positioning rods 14043.
  • the positioning rod 14043 is parallel to the central axis of the base 1402, and the bottom end of the positioning rod 14043 abuts the ring magnet 1401.
  • the three positioning rods 14043 are evenly distributed along the circumference of the annular protrusion 14041. Since the positioning rod 14043 is provided, the ring magnet 1401 is less likely to sway during the ascending or descending process, and the operational reliability is high.
  • the base 1402 is screwed to the top cover 1403.
  • the outer side wall of the top cover 1403 has a second friction portion 14031 that facilitates tightening of the force.
  • the detecting rod 1409 is placed in the water purifying tower body 1601, and the first normally closed reed switch 1405 is disposed at a position corresponding to the water inlet position on the detecting rod 1409, and the second normally closed reed switch 1406 is disposed at a position corresponding to the full water level.
  • the input end of the controller 10 is electrically connected, and the output end of the controller 10 is electrically connected to the control end of the water inlet solenoid valve 1408 connected to the water inlet pipe 1615 of the water purification tower body 1601 through the water inlet solenoid valve driving circuit 1407.
  • a normally closed reed switch 1405 and a second normally closed reed switch 1406 are both mated with the ring magnet 1401.
  • the circuit structure diagram of the water purification tower 16 is shown in Fig. 8.
  • the float 14 moves up and down along the detection rod 1409 as the water level changes.
  • the float 14 is located below the water inlet position, and the first normally closed reed switch 1405 is located outside the magnetic field range of the ring magnet 1401, and the first normally closed type is dry at this time.
  • the two contacts of the reed pipe 1405 are always in communication, and after the controller 10 detects this state, the water inlet solenoid valve 1408 is driven to open and hold by the water inlet solenoid valve driving circuit 1407, thereby realizing water addition to the water purification tower body 1601.
  • the float 14 When the water level in the water purification tower body 1601 is higher than the full water level, the float 14 is located above the full water level, and the second normally closed reed switch 1406 is located outside the magnetic field of the ring magnet 1401. At this time, the second normally closed reed switch The two contacts of 1406 are always connected. After the controller 10 detects this state, the water inlet solenoid valve 1408 is driven to close and hold by the water inlet solenoid valve driving circuit 1407, thereby stopping the water supply to the water purification tower body 1601.
  • the faucet assembly 9 further includes a funnel-shaped spout 912.
  • the upper portion of the funnel-shaped spout 912 and the cold water faucet 901 and the hot water faucet 902 enclose a closed cavity 9121, the water outlet of the cold water tap 901 and the hot water tap 902. Both are in communication with the cavity 9121, and the cavity 9121 communicates with the outside through a water outlet pipe 9122 at the lower portion of the funnel-shaped water outlet 912.
  • the water outlets of the cold water tap 901 and the hot water tap 902 are both round holes, and the water outlet pipe 9122 has a circular cross section.
  • the cold water tap 901 and the hot water tap 902 are detachably connected to the water spout 912.
  • the water gas mixer 17 includes a first electromagnetic valve 1700, a fourth three-way joint 1711, and an intake line 1705.
  • the first end of the fourth three-way joint 1711 is an intake end, and the second three-way joint 1711 is second.
  • the end is a water inlet end, and the third end of the fourth three-way joint 1711 is a water outlet end;
  • the first solenoid valve 1700 includes a valve seat 1701, a coil assembly 1702, a valve core assembly and a return spring 1704, wherein the valve seat 1701 and the coil The assembly 1702 is connected.
  • the valve seat 1701 is provided with an air chamber 17011.
  • the air chamber 17011 communicates with the output end of the first ozone generator 1904 through the air inlet 17012.
  • the coil assembly 1702 has an air inlet and a gas inlet conduit. 1705 is connected to the intake passage 17021, the spool assembly includes a magnetic rod 1703 installed in the intake passage 17021, the return spring 1704 is placed in the intake passage 17021, and one end of the return spring 1704 is connected to one end of the electromagnetic rod 1703, and the electromagnetic
  • the other end of the rod 1703 is provided with a plug that can open or close the air inlet hole 17012.
  • the air chamber 17011 is further provided with a ceramic plate 1707 for sealing the air inlet hole 17012.
  • the ceramic plate 1707 is mounted on the ceramic plate 1707. Opening a through hole 17071 through the air hole and the air chamber 17011, Head 1703 includes an end opposite to the gas and fixedly connected with the solenoid rod through hole 17071 1708 sluice.
  • the spool assembly also includes a gland 1709 that encases the electromagnetic rod 1703.
  • the water gas mixer 17 further includes a connecting member 1710 sleeved at the top end of the sealing sleeve 1709, and the gas sluice gate 1708 is fastened to the joint by a nut 1721.
  • the upper end of the member 1710; the gas sluice 1708 is made of ceramic.
  • a rubber gasket 1723 is disposed between the gas sluice gate 1708 and the connecting member 1710.
  • a glue seal 1722 is disposed between the solenoid valve 1703 and the connecting member 1710.
  • a rubber seal 1724 is provided between the valve seat 1701 and the coil assembly 1702.
  • a sealing rubber gasket 1725 is provided between the valve seat 1701 and the ceramic plate 1707.
  • the water gas mixer 17 further includes a connecting member 1710 sleeved on the top end of the sealing sleeve 1709, and the gas sluice gate 1708 and the top end of the connecting member 1710 can be Disassembled and connected; the gas sluice 1708 is made of rubber.
  • a glue seal 1722 is disposed between the solenoid valve 1703 and the connecting member 1710.
  • a rubber seal 1724 is provided between the valve seat 1701 and the coil assembly 1702.
  • a sealing rubber gasket 1725 is provided between the valve seat 1701 and the ceramic plate 1707.
  • the water gas mixer further includes an intake manifold 1712 and an intake manifold 1713.
  • One end of the intake manifold 1712 and the intake conduit 1705 are in communication with the intake manifold 1713, and the other end of the intake manifold 1712 and the over-air chamber 17011 In communication, the other end of the intake line 1705 communicates with the over-air chamber 17011 through the intake passage 17021; one end of the intake manifold 1713 is sealed, and the other end of the intake manifold 1713 is in communication with the first end of the three-way joint 1711.
  • an intake branch pipe 1712 and an intake manifold 1713 are added.
  • the intake manifold 1712 and the intake conduit 1705 are both perpendicular to the intake manifold 1713.
  • a water level detector is connected to the intake manifold 1713.
  • the output of the water level detector is electrically connected to the controller 10, and the output of the controller 10 is passed.
  • the water inlet solenoid valve drive circuit 1714 is electrically connected to the control end of the water inlet solenoid valve 1700. Since the water level detector is added, it is possible to know in time whether the water gas mixer 17 returns water and take corrective measures.
  • a sand head 1715 is disposed inside the three-way joint 1711.
  • the sand head 1715 can be used to uniformly mix ozone into the water.
  • the air inlet end of the sand head 1715 is located in the first end of the three-way joint 1711 and communicates with the air chamber 17011.
  • the air outlet end of the sand head 1715 is located at the second end of the three-way joint 1711 and the third end of the three-way joint 1711. Between the three ends.
  • the water level detector includes a common electrode 1716 for grounding, a first electrode 1717 for detecting whether the water level in the intake manifold 1713 exceeds an early warning water level, and for detecting an external first ozone generator output end and an air inlet hole 17012. Whether the water level in the ozone delivery pipe 1726 exceeds the second electrode 1718 of the fault alarm water level, the first electrode 1717 is electrically connected to the first detecting end of the controller 10 through the first voltage dividing resistor 1719, and the second electrode 1718 passes the second point.
  • the voltage-resistance 1720 is electrically connected to the second detecting end of the controller 10, and the first detecting end and the second detecting end are both a pulse-switchable I/O port and an A/D detecting port multiplexing end; the first partial pressure Between the resistor 1719 and the first detecting end, the second voltage dividing resistor 1720 and the second detecting end are electrically connected to the positive electrode of the power source.
  • the water gas mixer 17 also includes an early warning unit 1609 that is electrically coupled to the controller 10.
  • the first detecting end and the second detecting end of the controller 10 are both I/O ports in a normal state, and the first detecting end and the second detecting end of the controller 10 are A/D detecting ports when the water level is detected by the pulse.
  • the first detecting end and the second detecting end are input to the controller 10 in a sinking state, and the voltage on the first electrode 1717 and the second electrode 1718 is zero volt, and water is not electrolyzed.
  • the detection time is extremely short, so the electrolysis time is extremely short, and the influence is basically negligible. Therefore, when the water level exceeds the warning water level, the common electrode and the first electrode 1717 are always connected into an electrolytic circuit to continuously perform electrolysis, thereby avoiding electrolysis to produce substances harmful to the human body.
  • the controller 10 When the controller 10 detects that the water level in the ozone delivery pipe 1726 is higher than the second water level, the controller 10 closes the water inlet solenoid valve 1408 through the water inlet solenoid valve driving circuit 1407, the ozone cannot enter the tee joint, and the water cannot pass.
  • the solenoid valve enters the first ozone generator.
  • the control unit 10 controls the warning unit 1609 to alarm.
  • the controller 10 is an STC12C5404AD chip and its peripheral circuits.
  • a rigid tube is passed between the intake line 1705 and the intake manifold 1713, between the intake line 1705 and the intake manifold 1713, and between the intake manifold 1713 and the first end of the tee joint 1711.
  • the quick connector 8 is connected.
  • the rigid tube quick connector 8 includes a connecting sleeve 803, and a threaded head 8021 that can be screwed to the connecting sleeve 803 at the connecting end of the first rigid tube 802 to be connected, and includes a first The arc member 8011, the second arc member 8012, the second rigid tube 804 has a flange flange 8041 at the connection end, the inner diameter of the sleeve 803 is larger than the outer diameter of the flange flange 8041, and the first arc member 8011 and the second The circular arc member 8012 is detachably connected and can form a ring 801 sleeved at the connecting end of the second rigid tube 804.
  • the outer diameter of the ring 801 is larger than the outer diameter of the flange flange 8041, and the inner side wall of the ring 801 is second hard.
  • the outer side wall of the tube 804 is fitted, the outer side wall of the ring 801 is in contact with the inner side wall of the connecting sleeve 803, and the ring 801 is limited by the opening 8031 of the outer end of the connecting sleeve 803.
  • the connecting end of the second rigid tube 804 with the flange flange 8041 is first passed through the connecting sleeve 803, and then the first circular arc member 8011 and the second
  • the circular arc member 8012 connects the ring 801 set at the connecting end of the second rigid tube 804, and finally the screw head 8021 is screwed to the connecting sleeve 803 to realize the connection between the first rigid tube 802 and the second rigid tube 804.
  • the first arc member 8011 and the second arc member 8012 that are detachably connected form an annular stopper, so that deformation and displacement are not easily performed, and the connection reliability between the hard tubes is high, and the sealing performance is good.
  • the end surface of the threaded head 8021 is further provided with a sealing ring 805; when the first rigid tube 802 and the second rigid tube 804 are connected, the sealing ring 805 is sandwiched between the end surface of the flange flange and the end surface of the threaded head 8021. between.
  • the seal ring 805 cannot be provided on the screw head 8021.
  • the second rigid tube 804 since the second rigid tube 804 is provided with the flange flange 8041, it can abut against the sealing ring 805 on the threaded head 8021 to achieve a sealing effect.
  • a groove is formed in the first arc member 8011, and the second arc member 8012 is provided with a rib portion 80121 that can be locked in the groove.
  • the rib portion 80121 is directly aligned with the groove, and then the outer end of the connecting sleeve 803 is pulled to realize the connection between the first circular arc member 8011 and the second circular arc member 8012, which is convenient and quick.
  • the outer sleeve of the connecting sleeve 803 is further provided with a rib 8032 for facilitating the tightening of the force.
  • the first rigid tube 802 and the second rigid tube 804 are PVC rigid tubes.
  • the first rigid tube 802 and the second rigid tube 804 have a diameter ranging from 2.5 mm to 250 mm.
  • the pipeline between the water purification tower 16 and the first three-way joint is connected with a clean water faucet 1914, a drinking water machine 1900, a water purifier (such as a water heater, a washing machine, etc.) 1915, a water heater 1912, and the like.
  • a water purifier such as a water heater, a washing machine, etc.
  • the structure of the direct drinking water machine 1900 is shown in Figs. 20 to 29 .
  • the direct drinking water machine 1900 includes a first three-way joint 1201, a faucet assembly 9 and a hot blast assembly 11, the faucet assembly 9 including a cold water tap 901 and a hot water tap 902, the hot bile assembly 11 including a hot bladder 1101, a first three-way
  • the first end of the joint 1201 is for communicating with the water supply end of the direct drinking water supply pipe network
  • the second end of the first three-way joint 1201 is for communicating with the water-removing end of the direct drinking water supply pipe network, and includes The one-way valve 1111;
  • the third end of the first three-way joint 1201 is in communication with the inlet of the water supply line of the direct drinking water machine 1900, and the water inlet of the cold water tap 901 and the water inlet of the hot bladder 1101 are both connected with the water supply line outlet of the drinking water machine 1900.
  • the hot water 1101 water outlet is in communication with the hot water tap 902 inlet; the steam outlet of the hot bladder 1101 is in communication with the inlet of the check valve 1111, and the outlet of the check valve 1111 is in communication with the outside.
  • the hot bladder 1101 is wrapped with an insulating material.
  • the one-way valve 1111 Since the one-way valve 1111 is provided (the one-way valve 1111 only allows the steam in the hot rib 1101 to be discharged through the one-way valve 1111, the outside air is not allowed to enter the hot biliary), when the hot jerk 1101 is heated, the pressure of the water vapor will The one-way valve 1111 is opened, at which time water vapor is discharged through the one-way valve 1111 (can be discharged to the waste water tank of the direct drinking water machine 1900, etc.); when the hot bladder 1101 is not heated, the one-way valve 1111 is not under pressure and is closed. status.
  • the steam outlet of the hot bladder 1101 does not need to be connected to the water tank, and does not heat the direct drinking water and cold water, and does not affect the access effect of the direct drinking water and cold water, and does not have any influence on the water experience.
  • Direct drinking water supply pipe network directly through the first three-way joint 1201 and the direct drinking water machine 1900 water supply line directly provide cold drinking water for the cold water tap 901 and hot galley 1101, avoiding the use of water tank water supply.
  • the direct drinking water supply pipe network not only provides the direct drinking water to the direct drinking water machine 1900, but also does not affect the direct drinking water supply pipe network to the normal water supply and normal drinking water.
  • the direct drinking water machine 1900 is equivalent to direct drinking water for delivery.
  • the “one pipe” of the pipe network is called “pipe overcurrent”.
  • the invention overcomes the secondary pollution existing in the traditional water tank water supply mode drinking water machine, the water quality aging, the cleaning and disinfection labor cost, the cleaning disinfectant cost large, the cleaning disinfectant Residual problem.
  • the water since the water is not required to be taken through the siphon principle of the water tank, it is directly taken through the water supply pipe of the water supply pipe, and the water output is large.
  • the first three-way joint 1201 is a mountain-shaped three-way joint, and the middle end of the mountain-shaped three-way joint is a third end of the first three-way joint 1201. Since the third end of the first three-way joint 1201 is installed on the upper end, if the water supply of the direct drinking water machine 1900 is not used for a long time, when the direct drinking water is supplied to the water channel in the conveying pipe network, even if the drinking water machine 1900 does not take water for a long time, the first three-way joint 1201 The water in the third end will also be brought into the drinking water network for the drinking water to participate in the circulating flow to avoid the generation of stagnant water.
  • the faucet assembly 9 further includes a water receiving box 912.
  • the water receiving box 912 includes an open box body 9121.
  • the bottom of the box body 9121 has an outlet pipe 9122, and the cold water tap 901 and the hot water tap 902 seal the opening of the box body 9121.
  • the water outlet of the cold water tap 901 and the water outlet of the hot water tap 902 are all connected through the box body 9121 and the water outlet pipe 9122.
  • the water outlets of the cold water tap 901 water outlet and the hot water tap 902 are smaller than the diameter of the water outlet pipe 9122.
  • the outlets of the water outlets of the cold water tap 901 and the water outlet of the hot water tap 902 are smaller than the diameter of the water outlet pipe 9122, when the cold water or the hot water is connected, the water in the water tank of the water tank 912 can be discharged through the water outlet pipe 9122 in time, and the water will not be discharged. It is stored in the water tank case 9121. At the same time, due to the large impact of the water flow at the moment when the faucet is opened, the bacteria in the water box box 9121 are flushed out in time to prevent bacterial growth and reproduction.
  • the hot water discharged from the hot water tap 902 can also sterilize the water tank case 9121. Thereby, the self-cleaning and self-sterilization function of the faucet assembly can be realized in various aspects.
  • the outlets of the cold water tap 901 and the hot water tap 902 are both round holes, and the water pipe 9122 is a round pipe. This structure is advantageous for production and assembly.
  • the cold water tap 901 and the hot water tap 902 are detachably connected to the water receiving box 912 for easy disassembly and assembly.
  • the direct drinking water machine 1900 further includes a second three-way joint 903, the first end and the second end of the second three-way joint 903 are straight-through ends, and the third end of the second three-way joint 903 is a bypass end, the second The first end of the three-way joint 903 is connected to the water supply line outlet of the direct drinking water machine 1900, the second end of the second three-way joint 903 is connected to the water inlet of the cold water tap 901, and the third end of the second three-way joint 903 is connected with the hot bladder.
  • the 1101 inlet is connected.
  • the first end and the third end of the three-way joint 903 flow into the hot die 1011; meanwhile, since the first end and the second end of the second three-way joint 903 are straight-through ends, the impact of the water flow in the water supply line of the extension will
  • the water at the second end of the second three-way joint 903 and the water inlet of the cold water tap 901 is taken away through the third end of the second three-way joint 903 and replenished in time to avoid the water supply between the extension water supply line and the water inlet of the cold water tap 901.
  • the water in the pipeline is aged to prevent bacterial growth.
  • the second end of the second three-way joint 903 has a length of 0 to 5 cm. After testing, the second end of the second three-way joint 903 is too long, which is not conducive to the flow of water; the second end of the second three-way joint 903 is too short, which is not conducive to production and disassembly, the second three-way The second end of the joint 903 has a length of 0 to 5 cm.
  • the first end of the second three-way joint 903 is detachably connected to the water supply line outlet of the direct drinking water machine 1900, and the second end of the second three-way joint 903 is fixedly connected with the water inlet of the cold water tap 901, and the second three-way The third end of the joint 903 is for detachable connection with the hot biliary water inlet.
  • An inflatable bladder 1102 is also coupled between the steam outlet of the hot die 1101 and the inlet of the check valve 1111.
  • the air bag 1102 is jacketed with a protective cover to prevent the air bag 1102 from bursting during inflation.
  • the expandable and contractible airbag 1102 Since the expandable and contractible airbag 1102 is provided, when the hot bladder 1101 is heated, the water vapor first enters the airbag 1102 through the steam outlet, and at this time, the airbag 1102 expands, and when the steam amount is too large, it is discharged through the check valve 1111; When the bladder 1101 is not heated, the water vapor is liquefied into water and stored in the airbag 1102, at which time the airbag 1102 contracts. This will avoid excessive water vapor.
  • the air bag 1102 is made of a silicone material, and the air bag 1102 is connected to the steam outlet of the hot jewel 1101 through a rigid tube 1103; the air bag 1102 and the rigid tube 1103 are vertically disposed above the hot sill 1101. Since the airbag 1102 is made of a silicone material, it has a certain hardness and deformation ability. The airbag 1102 and the hard straight tube 1103 are vertically disposed above the hot bladder 1101, so that the liquid water in the airbag 1102 can be returned to the hot bladder 1101 for reuse.
  • the drinking water machine 1900 further includes a water level detector 1104 and a water inlet solenoid valve 907 disposed on the water supply line of the direct drinking water machine 1900.
  • the water level detector 1104 includes a grounded common electrode 11043 for detecting whether the water level in the hot bladder 1101 exceeds.
  • the water inlet electrode 11041 is electrically connected to the water inlet detecting end of the controller 10 through the first voltage dividing resistor 1109,
  • the full water electrode 11042 is electrically connected to the full water detecting end of the controller 10 through the second voltage dividing resistor 1110, and the water inlet detecting end and the full water detecting end are both pulse switchable I/O ports and A/D detecting ports.
  • a multiplexing end a first voltage dividing resistor 1109 and a water detecting end, a second voltage dividing resistor 1110 and a full water detecting end are electrically connected to the power source positive electrode; the controller 10 passes the water inlet solenoid valve driving circuit 906 and The control end of the water inlet solenoid valve 907 is electrically connected.
  • the water inlet detecting end and the full water detecting end of the controller 10 are both I/O ports in a normal state, and the water inlet detecting end and the full water detecting end of the controller 10 are A/D detecting ports when the water level is detected by the pulse.
  • the influent detecting end and the full water detecting end are input to the controller 10 in a sinking state, and the voltage on the influent electrode 11041 and the full water electrode 11042 is zero volt, and water is not electrolyzed.
  • the detection time is extremely short, so the electrolysis time is extremely short, and the influence is basically negligible.
  • the controller 10 detects that the water level in the hot bladder 1101 is lower than the water level, the controller 10 drives the water inlet solenoid valve 907 to open by the water inlet solenoid valve driving circuit 906, and the drinking water enters the hot bladder 1101; when the controller 10 detects When the water level in the hot bladder 1101 is higher than the full water level, the controller 10 closes the water inlet solenoid valve 907 through the water inlet solenoid valve drive circuit 906, and the direct drinking water cannot enter the hot bladder 1101.
  • the terminals of the common electrode 11043, the water inlet electrode 11041 and the full water electrode 11042 are fixed on the hard tube 1103.
  • the controller 10 is an STC12C5404AD chip and its peripheral circuits.
  • a first normally open reed switch 904 is disposed in the cold water tap 901, and a cold magnet control handle 9011 of the cold water tap 901 is provided with a first magnet 905 that cooperates with the first normally open reed switch 904; the first normally open type
  • the first contact of the reed switch 904 is grounded, the second contact of the first normally open reed switch 904 is electrically connected to the controller 10, and the output of the controller 10 is connected to the straight through the water inlet solenoid valve drive circuit 906.
  • the control end of the water inlet solenoid valve 907 on the water supply line of the drinking water machine 1900 is electrically connected; when the cold water is connected, the cold water control handle 9011 drives the first magnet 905 to move and the first normally open type reed switch 904 is located at the first magnet 905. Within the magnetic field.
  • a second normally open reed switch 908 is disposed in the hot water tap 902.
  • the hot water control handle 9021 of the hot water tap 902 is provided with a second magnet 909 that cooperates with the second normally open reed switch 908; the second normally open The first contact of the type reed switch 908 is grounded, the second contact of the second normally open reed switch 908 is electrically connected to the controller 10, and the output of the controller 10 is connected to the water supply solenoid valve drive circuit 906.
  • the control end of the water inlet solenoid valve 907 on the drinking water machine 1900 water supply line is electrically connected; when the hot water is connected, the hot water control handle 9021 drives the second magnet 909 to move and the second normally open type reed switch 908 is located in the second The magnetic field of the magnet 909 is within the range.
  • the water inlet solenoid valve 907 is in a closed state in a normal state.
  • the cold water control handle 9011 drives the first magnet 905 to move and causes the first normally open reed switch 904 to be located within the magnetic field of the first magnet 905, at which time the first normally open reed switch 904 One contact and the second contact are in communication, and after the controller 10 detects the state, the water inlet solenoid valve 907 is driven to open by the water inlet solenoid valve driving circuit 906, and the water in the extension water supply line flows out through the cold water tap 901.
  • the hot water intake process is similar to the cold water intake process. Since the water inlet solenoid valve 907 is in a closed state when water is not taken, the water vapor in the heat jerk 1101 can be prevented from heating the water in the extension water supply line, thereby affecting the cold water intake effect.
  • a temperature sensor 1105 and a heating element 1106 are disposed in the hot die 1101.
  • the temperature sensor 1105 is electrically connected to an input end of the controller 10 through an A/D converter 1107, and an output end of the controller 10 passes through a heating element driving circuit 1108. It is electrically connected to the heating member 1106.
  • a suitable hot-boil water supply temperature is set in advance in the controller 10.
  • the water in the hot bladder 1101 is heated by the heating member 1106, and the temperature sensor 11058 detects the water temperature in the hot bladder 1101 and sends it to the controller 10, and the controller 10 detects the detected hot bile water temperature and the set heat.
  • the bile water supply temperature is compared.
  • the controller 10 controls the heating member 1106 to stop working by the heating member driving circuit 1108.
  • the temperature sensor 1105 is a temperature sensitive resistor.
  • the heating element 1106 is a heating wire.
  • the third end of the first three-way joint 1201 is connected to the water supply line of the direct drinking water machine 1900 through the extension main valve 1202.
  • the extension valve 1202 can be used to brake water and adjust the amount of water.
  • the components of the direct drinking water machine 1900 are installed in the extension housing 1204.
  • the extension housing 1204 is provided with a detachable front panel 1205.
  • the outlet of the one-way valve 1111 communicates with the waste water tank 1203 on the front panel 1205.
  • the adjustment handle of the extension master valve 1202 extends from the side panel of the extension housing 1204.
  • the faucet assembly 9 is exposed through the front panel 1205.
  • the bottom surface of the water leakage protection screen 1206 is insulated from the extension housing 1204.
  • a water leakage protection sheet 1207 is further disposed in the bottom of the extension housing 1204, and the water leakage protection sheet 1207 is electrically connected to the controller 10 through the water leakage protection sensing circuit 1207.
  • the water level detection logic in the hot bladder 1101 is as follows:
  • the direct drinking water machine 1900 is in a standby state every time the power is turned on. At this time, the full water detecting end and the influent detecting end connected to the full water electrode 11042 and the water inlet electrode 11041 of the controller 10 are in the normal I/.
  • the input mode of the O port, the full water detecting end and the influent detecting end are input into the controller 10 in the form of sinking current, and the voltage on the full water electrode 11042 and the influent electrode 11041 is zero volt. In fact, the hot swell 1101 is no longer or lower than this time. Into the water level, there will be no ionized water.
  • the voltage at the detection end of the full water and the detection end of the water is about 2 to 3V (the water quality is different, the heating wire is different, the voltage will change), and the hot bladder 1101 does not need to enter the water. This operation only needs one time. Detecting once every 0.05 seconds stops; 2 If there is no water between the full water electrode 11042 or the water inlet electrode 11041 and the common electrode 11043, the voltage at the full water detection end and the water inlet detection terminal is about 5V.
  • the water solenoid valve 907 is filled with water, and a pulse detection signal is generated once every 5 seconds, and the length of each inspection is 0.05 seconds.
  • the electrode of the water level detector 1104 is not in the water, but the water is flowing, and the water containing the contact electrode has flowed away without having to be electrolyzed, so the electrolysis problem is negligible.
  • the drinking water machine 1900 is not subjected to hot water operation in the daily work, and the water level detector 1104 does not detect, the hot water operation occurs, and the water level detector 1104 detection mode is consistent with the 2-2 mode.
  • the hot water 1101 water level control process is as follows:
  • the water level detector 1104 automatically detects whether there is water in the hot bladder 1101, and the state of the water level, and determines whether the hot bladder 1101 automatically enters the water, and is divided into the following cases:
  • the direct drinking water machine 1900 is turned on, and when the hot squid 1101 is dry, the water inlet solenoid valve 907 is automatically opened, and the hot bristles 1101 automatically enters the water.
  • the drinking water machine 1900 is turned on, and the water level detector 1104 detects that there is water in the hot shovel 1101, but when the water level does not reach the water level of the inlet electrode 11041, the water inlet solenoid valve 907 is triggered to open, and the hot shovel 1101 enters the water; when the water level reaches When the water electrode 11042 is at the water level, the water inlet solenoid valve 907 is closed to stop the water inlet.
  • the drinking water machine 1900 is turned on, and the water level detector 1104 detects that there is water in the hot rib 1101.
  • the water level detector 1104 detects that there is water in the hot rib 1101.
  • the water inlet solenoid valve 907 does not open, and the hot broth 1101 Do not enter the water.
  • the drinking water machine 1900 is turned on, and the water level detector 1104 detects that there is water in the hot rib 1101.
  • the water inlet solenoid valve 907 does not open, and the hot stalk 1101 does not enter the water.
  • the drinking water machine 1900 is turned on, and the water level detector 1104 detects that there is water in the hot rib 1101, the water level reaches the water level of the full water electrode 11042, and the water leakage protection piece 1206 does not detect the water leakage, the water inlet solenoid valve 907 does not open, the hot biliary 1101 does not enter the water.
  • the drinking water machine 1900 is turned on, the water level detector 1104 detects that there is water in the hot rib 1101, and when the water leakage protection piece 1206 detects the water leakage, the controller 10 reports a fault and performs automatic protection state processing, and all work stops; The water should be taken at the hot water tap 902. After restarting, the following situations will occur.
  • the direct drinking water machine 1900 can not work normally, the direct drinking water machine 1900 automatic protection, need to find the cause of the failure;
  • the water leakage protection sheet 1206 detects a water leakage, the direct drinking water machine 1900 is automatically protected, and the cause of the failure needs to be found.
  • the direct drinking water machine 1900 can resume normal working condition.
  • the overall working principle of the direct drinking water machine 1900 is as follows:
  • Drinking water machine 1900 is ready for work, and the circuit and waterway are ready.
  • the drinking water machine 1900 automatically heats the water in the hot bladder 1101 once at 95 ° C, and then heats it once every 24 hours at 95 ° C to circulate.
  • heating - insulation function When the water temperature of the direct drinking water machine 1900 hot broth 1101 reaches 95 ° C high temperature water, the direct drinking water machine 1900 closes the hot water function, in the heat preservation state, the hot water indicator light is green; when the water temperature is cooled At 80 ° C, the direct drinking water machine 1900 restarts the hot water function, and the hot water indicator light is red.
  • the water temperature has three models: 95°C, 65°C, and 40°C, and the specific installation depends on actual demand).
  • Water shortage protection When the drinking water machine 1900 hot water 1101 water enters, if within 8 minutes, the hot water 1101 water level does not reach the inlet water level line, the controller 10 determines that the water shortage protection, the water shortage indicator flashes red. , need to be reset to work.
  • Water leakage protection When the direct drinking water machine 1900 is in the state of starting, watering, heating, etc., if the water leakage protection piece 1206 is short-circuited by water, the drinking water machine 1900 may have water leakage phenomenon, and the direct drinking water machine 1900 immediately becomes Leakage protection status, the water inlet indicator (red light) flashes, the power indicator (green light), and all functional operations are disabled. Only manually solve the cause of the water leakage failure. For example, after the water droplets on the water leakage protection sheet are wiped dry, the direct drinking water machine 1900 will return to the normal working state.
  • another embodiment of the direct drinking water machine 1900 repeats the first embodiment, except that the cold water tap 901 is provided with a first self-resetting travel switch 910, and the first self-reset travel switch 910 is first.
  • the contact is grounded, the second contact of the first self-reset travel switch 910 is electrically connected to the controller 10, and the output end of the controller 10 passes through the water inlet solenoid valve drive circuit 906 and the water inlet connected to the water supply line of the direct drinking water machine 1900.
  • the control end of the solenoid valve 907 is electrically connected; when the cold water is connected, the cold water control handle 9011 drives the control lever of the first self-reset travel switch 910 to turn on the first contact and the second contact of the first self-reset travel switch 910.
  • a second self-resetting travel switch 911 is disposed on the hot water tap 902.
  • the first contact of the second self-reset travel switch 911 is grounded, and the second contact of the second self-reset travel switch 911 is electrically connected to the controller 10, and the controller 10
  • the output end is electrically connected to the control end of the water inlet solenoid valve 907 connected to the water supply line of the drinking water machine 1900 through the water inlet solenoid valve driving circuit 906; when the hot water is connected, the hot water control handle 9021 drives the second self-reset stroke
  • the lever of the switch 911 turns on the first contact and the second contact of the second self-reset travel switch 911.
  • the self-resetting travel switch is similar to the principle of using the normally open reed switch to control the hot and cold water.
  • the water inlet solenoid valve 907 is in a closed state under normal conditions.
  • the cold water control handle 9011 drives the control lever of the first self-reset travel switch 910 to turn on the first contact and the second contact of the first self-reset travel switch 910.
  • the water inlet solenoid valve 907 is driven to open by the water inlet solenoid valve drive circuit 906, and the water in the water supply line of the direct drinking water machine 1900 flows out through the cold water tap 901.
  • the hot water intake process is similar to the cold water intake process. Since the water inlet solenoid valve 907 is in a closed state when no water is taken, the water vapor in the hot cup 1101 can be prevented from heating the water in the water supply line of the drinking water machine 1900, thereby affecting the effect of taking cold water.
  • the air source is supplied from the air cleaner shown in Fig. 33.
  • the air purifier includes a casing 10001, a vacuum air pump 10002, and an ozone generator 10003.
  • the casing 10001 is provided with at least one ultraviolet lamp tube 10004, and the outer casing 10001 is located corresponding to one end of the ultraviolet lamp tube 10004.
  • An air inlet hole 10005 is provided, and at least one air outlet hole 10006 is disposed on the outer casing 10001 at a position corresponding to the other end of the ultraviolet light tube 10004.
  • the air filter unit 10007 communicates with the air inlet hole 10005 through the air drying unit 10008; the vacuum air pump 10002
  • the air inlet end communicates with the inner cavity of the outer casing 10001, and the air outlet end of the vacuum air pump 10002 communicates with the air inlet end of the ozone generator 10003.
  • the air outlet end of the ozone generator 10003 communicates with the inner cavity of the outer casing 10001.
  • the filtered and dried air enters the outer casing 10001 from one end of the ultraviolet lamp tube 10004, and flows through the ultraviolet lamp tube 10004 along the length direction (air flows in the longitudinal direction, the sterilization time is long, the sterilization effect is good), and the outer casing 10001 passes the ultraviolet lamp.
  • the air sterilized by the tube 10004 enters the ozone generator 10003, and the ozone is re-entered into the outer casing 10001, and finally the sterilized air is discharged from the air outlet 10006.
  • the air from the air purifier air outlet is sent to the water purification tower, the siphon port or the ozone generator, which can provide sterilized air for any equipment in need, and eliminate air pollution from the source.
  • At least one gas dividing plate 10009 is disposed in the inner cavity of the outer casing 10001 along the longitudinal direction of the ultraviolet lamp tube 10004.
  • the gas dividing plate 10009 is perpendicular to the longitudinal direction of the ultraviolet lamp tube 10004. The air at the end of the air circulation path in the outer casing 10001 is preferentially sent out for use, and the sterilization effect is good.
  • the gas partition plate 10009 is provided with a plurality of second through holes 1000901.
  • the gas partition plate 10009 is made of a material resistant to ultraviolet rays, and is determined in accordance with the volume of the outer casing 1.
  • the gas dividing plate 10009 divides the outer casing 10001 into a plurality of cavities, and the adjacent cavities communicate with each other through the second through holes 1000901 to provide a path for the air flow direction.
  • the outer casing 10001 is a cylinder or a cube.
  • the length direction of the outer casing 10001 is parallel or perpendicular to the horizontal plane.

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Abstract

一种水净化保质系统,包括原水供应单元(1901)、原水净化单元(1902)、水气混合器(17)、增压泵(1903)、净水塔(16)、水龙头组件(9)、第一臭氧发生器(1904)和气泵(1905),其中水龙头组件(9)包括冷水龙头(901),原水供应单元(1901)通过原水净化单元(1902)与水气混合器(17)的进水端相连通,气泵(1905)与第一臭氧发生器(1904)的进气端相连通,第一臭氧发生器(1904)的输出端与水气混合器(17)的进气端相连通,水气混合器(17)的出水端通过增压泵(1903)与净水塔(16)的进水口相连通,还包括二位三通电磁阀(1806)、臭氧水取水龙头(18)、第一三通接头(1602)、第二三通接头(903)和单向出水阀(1907),第二三通接头(903)的第一端与净水塔(16)的出水口相连通;该装置无需清洗,净水塔(16)和管道内的水能够全部循环,净水不易陈化且不易被污染,净水品质高,使用和维护成本低,保障人体健康。

Description

一种水净化保质系统 技术领域
本发明特别涉及一种水净化保质系统。
背景技术
现有的水净化系统包括原水供应单元、原水净化单元、水气混合器、增压泵、净水塔、热胆、水龙头组件、臭氧发生器和气泵,其中水龙头组件包括冷水龙头和热水龙头,净水塔包括净水塔本体,净水塔本体上设有进水口和出水口,净水塔的进水口与增压泵的出水口相连通。原水供应单元通过原水净化单元与水气混合器的进水端相连通,气泵与臭氧发生器的进气端相连通,臭氧发生器的输出端与水气混合器的进气端相连通,水气混合器的出水端与增压泵的入水口相连通。
原水供应单元提供不符合饮用水标准的原水,经过原水净化单元净化后,通过水气混合器混合臭氧后输出臭氧水至净水塔中。净水塔中储存的水一方面进入热胆加热,通过热水龙头提供热水。净水塔中储存的水另一方面通过冷水龙头提供常温水。
现有的水净化系统具有以下缺点:
第一,为调节净水塔本体内外气压平衡,在净水塔本体顶部开设虹吸口。在现有技术中,虹吸口直接与外界相通,因而外界空气中的细菌、病毒、杂质等容易通过虹吸口进入净水塔本体内,从而污染净水塔本体内储存的净水,危害人体健康。同时,由于净水塔本体容易被污染,需要定期对净水塔本体进行清洗消毒,增加了使用维护成本,还会有消毒剂残留,进一步危害人体健康。
第二,取水终端采用水箱供水模式,水箱供水模式具有以下缺点:
1、水箱内储存的水无法回收到直饮水供输管网中进行循环并回到主机再活化消毒,这部分水因长时间储存在水箱内,会发生陈化或老化,影响水质。
2、由于水箱进出水须采用虹吸原理,因而每次取用水都会有相应量的装机环境的空气进入水箱,从而导致装机环境空气中的尘埃、微生物孢子、致病菌等进入水箱混入水中,会造成直饮水的二次污染。
3、水箱和过水部件时间长了会被污染,需要对其进行定期清洗,需耗费大量的人工和清洗消毒剂,且清洗时会有杀菌消毒剂残留在水箱及过水部件上,污染水质,有害健康。
4、由于水箱供水,直饮水分机取水端利用大气自然压力虹吸原理取用水,出水量少。
第三,水龙头组件包括一个出水嘴,其中出水嘴为圆柱形,冷水龙头出水口的一半和热水龙头出水口的一半均通过出水嘴与外界连通,最终冷水和热水都是通过出水嘴流出。由于出水嘴管径较大,冷水龙头和热水龙头的实际用到的出水口只有本身出水口面积的一半,因而从冷水龙头和热水龙头出来的水流量较小,流速缓慢,水压小,达不到对出水嘴内壁进行冲刷的效果,因而无法冲刷掉出水嘴内壁上的细菌,造成饮水的污染。同时出水嘴与水龙头组件为一体式连接,不方便对其清洗。
第四,水气混合器易受臭氧腐蚀和返水,从而使得臭氧发生器遇水不产生臭氧并腐蚀臭氧发生器,失去利用臭氧对水进行杀菌消毒功能,工作可靠性低,危害人体健康,增加使用和维护成本,工作可靠性低。
总之,现有水净化系统中,净水不能循环,容易被二次污染,不能按需补氧,品质低。
发明内容
本发明的目的在于,针对上述现有技术的不足,提供一种水质不易陈化且不易被污染、免清洗的全循环水净化保质系统,可按需对净水增氧,除去原水中的有害物质,保留原水中的有益物质,净水供应环节配设了杀菌消毒装置,对水进行杀菌消毒,菌落总数为零,净水品质高,使用和维护成本低,保障人体健康。
为解决上述技术问题,本发明所采用的技术方案是:
一种水净化保质系统,包括原水供应单元、原水净化单元、水气混合器、增压泵、净水塔、水龙头组件、第一臭氧发生器和气泵,其中水龙头组件包括冷水龙头,所述净水塔包括净水塔本体,所述净水塔本体顶部开设虹吸口,原水供应单元通过原水净化单元与水气混合器的进水端相连通,气泵与第一臭氧发生器的进气端相连通,第一臭氧发生器的输出端与水气混合器的进气端相连通,水气混合器的出水端通过增压泵与净水塔的进水口相连通,其结构特点是还包括二位三通电磁阀、臭氧水取水龙头、第一三通接头、第二三通接头和单向出水阀,所述第二三通接头的第一端与净水塔的出水口相连通,第二三通接头的第二端与冷水龙头入水口相连通,第二三通接头的第三端通过单向出水阀与水气混合器的进水端相连通;第一三通接头的第一端与虹吸口相连通,第一三通接头的第二端与第一空气过滤器相连通,第一三通接头的第三端与第二臭氧发生器的输出端相连通;所述臭氧水取水龙头包括水龙头本体和水龙头本体上的手柄组件,还包括常开型干簧管以及与该常开型干簧管相配合的磁铁,所述常开型干簧管固设于手柄组件上,所述磁铁固设于水龙头本体上;常开型干簧管的一端接地,常开型干簧管的另一端与控制器电连接,控制器的输出端通过出水电磁阀驱动电路与二位三通电磁阀电连接,二位三通电磁阀的第一端与增压泵的输出端相连,二位三通电磁阀的第二端与水龙头本体相连通,二位三通电磁阀的第三端与净水塔的进水口相连;水龙头本体打开时,手柄组件带动常开型干簧管运动并使得常开型干簧管位于磁铁的磁场范围内,二位三通电磁阀的第一端和第二端连通;水龙头本体关闭时,手柄组件带动常开型干簧管运动并使得常开型干簧管位于磁铁的磁场范围外,二位三通电磁阀的第一端和第三端连通。
借由上述结构,净水塔及供水管路中的水可以通过第二三通接头的第三端全部循环回流至水气混合器进水端,在水气混合器中混合臭氧杀菌消毒,从而对水质进行循环活化再生、增氧杀菌,水质不易陈化且不易被污染,无需清洗,净水品质高,使用和维护成本低,保障人体健康。
由于虹吸口连有第一空气过滤器和第二臭氧发生器,因而首先可以通过第一空气过滤器对进入虹吸口的空气进行过滤,然后通过第二臭氧发生器产生的臭氧对通过虹吸口进入净水塔内的空气进行杀菌消毒,从而保证细菌、病毒或杂质等不会通过虹吸口对净水塔本体内的净水或净水塔本体本身进行污染,保证净水塔本体内的水质,无需对净水塔本体进行清洗消毒,降低了使用维护成本,同时也不会存在消毒剂残留的问题,保障人体健康。
当臭氧水取水龙头的水龙头本体打开时,手柄组件带动常开型干簧管运动并使得常开型干簧管位于磁铁的磁场范围内,从而常开型干簧管的两触点接通,控制器检测到后,控制二位三通电磁阀的第一端和第二端接通,从而增压泵出水端输出的臭氧水可以直接通过臭氧水取水龙头流出。当臭氧水取水龙头的水龙头本体关闭时,手柄组件带动常开型干簧管运动并使得常开型干簧管位于磁铁的磁场范围外,从而常开型干簧管的两触点断开,控制器检测到后,控制二位三通电磁阀的第一端和第三端连通,增压泵出水端输出的臭氧水按照常规的方式流向净水塔。从而实现一机两用,即可以提供富含氧气的富氧水,又可以提供杀菌消毒用臭氧水。
作为一种优选方式,所述第二三通接头的第一端和第二端为直通端,第二三通接头的第三端为旁通端且开口朝下。
进一步地,还包括热胆和第三三通接头,所述水龙头组件还包括热水龙头,所述第三三通接头的第一端与净水塔的出水口相连通,第三三通接头的第二端与热胆入水口相连通,第三三通接头的第三端与第二三通接头的第一端相连通,热胆出水口与热水龙头入水口相连通。
进一步的,还包括水泵,净水塔的出水口通过所述水泵与单向出水阀的入水口相连通。
作为一种优选方式,所述水泵接于第三三通接头的第三端与第二三通接头的第一端之间,或者所述水泵接于第二三通接头的第三端与单向出水阀之间。
增加水泵可以在净水循环时增压。当水泵接于第三三通接头的第三端与第二三通接头的第一端之间时,通过冷水龙头接常温水时需要电子开关打开水泵才能取到水,这样还有另外一个好处,即,当净水塔长期放置净水应该循环活化消毒时,此时取净水时,水泵打不开,无法取到净水,从而确保取到的每一滴净水都是优质饮用水,即无法取到不合格、不优质的水。
进一步地,净水塔本体内设有位于净水塔本体满水位上方的至少一根紫外线灯管。
利用紫外线灯管对满水位上方的空气进行杀菌消毒,对净水塔本体内的水形成一道保护屏障,从源头上杜绝细菌滋生和繁殖,可以保证净水不被污染,保证净水始终无菌。相较于仅设置一根紫外线灯管,设置多根紫外线灯管工作可靠性更高,在其中的某一根紫外线灯管出现故障的情况下,其它紫外线灯光仍能正常工作。
进一步地,每个所述紫外线灯管的一端均设有一光敏传感器,光敏传感器的输出端与控制器电连接,控制器的输出端与预警单元电连接。
光敏传感器能够感应到相应的紫外线灯管是否正常工作,并反馈给控制器,若其中的某一根紫外线灯管出现故障,控制器控制预警单元报警。
进一步地,所述水龙头组件还包括漏斗形出水嘴,所述漏斗形出水嘴的上部与冷水龙头、热水龙头之间围成密闭的空腔,冷水龙头和热水龙头的出水口均与所述空腔相连通,所述空腔通过漏斗形出水嘴下部的出水通管与外界相连通。
借由上述结构,冷水龙头出水口的全部口径均位于空腔内,热水龙头出水口的全部口径均位于空腔内,从而冷水龙头和热水龙头出来的水流量较大,流速较快,水压较大,冷热水形成涡流、交替互相冲刷,可以对出水嘴内壁进行冲刷,从而冲刷掉出水嘴内壁上的细菌,同时热水还可以对出水嘴内部进行高温消毒,防止细菌增长和繁殖。
进一步地,所述水气混合器包括第一电磁阀、第四三通接头和进气管路,第四三通接头的第一端为进气端,第四三通接头的第二端为进水端,第四三通接头的第三端为出水端;所述第一电磁阀包括阀座、线圈组件、阀芯组件和复位弹簧,其中阀座与线圈组件相连,阀座内设有过气腔,过气腔通过进气孔与第一臭氧发生器1904的输出端相连通,线圈组件具有可与水气混合器进气管路相通的进气通道,阀芯组件包括装于进气通道内的电磁杆,复位弹簧置于进气通道内且复位弹簧的一端与电磁杆的一端相接,电磁杆的另一端设有可打开或关闭所述进气孔的堵头,所述过气腔内还设有对所述进气孔封口的瓷片,所述瓷片上开设连通过气孔与过气腔的通孔,所述堵头包括与电磁杆一端固连并与通孔相对的气水闸。
借由上述结构,由于电磁阀通过瓷片与气水闸配合密封过气孔,而瓷片不会被臭氧腐蚀,因而密封性好,不会返水,避免出现臭氧发生器遇水不产生臭氧的情况,避免臭氧发生器被腐蚀,使用和维护成本低,工作可靠性高,不会产生有 毒有害物质。
进一步地,所述阀芯组件还包括包覆所述电磁杆的密封套。
利用密封套将电磁阀包覆,可防止电磁杆被臭氧腐蚀而产生对人体有害的物质。
作为一种优选方式,所述第二三通接头的第一端和第二端为直通端,第二三通接头的第三端为旁通端且开口朝下。
进一步地,还包括热胆和第三三通接头,所述水龙头组件还包括热水龙头,所述第三三通接头的第一端与净水塔的出水口相连通,第三三通接头的第二端与热胆入水口相连通,第三三通接头的第三端与第二三通接头的第一端相连通,热胆出水口与热水龙头入水口相连通。
进一步地,还包括水泵,净水塔的出水口通过所述水泵与单向出水阀的入水口相连通。
作为一种优选方式,所述水泵接于第三三通接头的第三端与第二三通接头的第一端之间,或者所述水泵接于第二三通接头的第三端与单向出水阀之间。
进一步地,所述水龙头组件还包括接水盒,该接水盒包括敞口的盒体,盒体的底部有一根出水管,冷水龙头和热水龙头封住盒体开口,且冷水龙头的出水口和热水龙头的出水口均通过该盒体和出水管相连通,冷水龙头出水口和热水龙头出水口的口径均小于出水管的管径。
作为一种优选方式,所述水气混合器包括第一电磁阀、第四三通接头和进气管路,第四三通接头的第一端为进气端,第四三通接头的第二端为进水端,第四三通接头的第三端为出水端;所述第一电磁阀包括阀座、线圈组件、阀芯组件和复位弹簧,其中阀座与线圈组件相连,阀座内设有过气腔,过气腔通过进气孔与第一臭氧发生器1904的输出端相连通,线圈组件具有可与水气混合器进气管路相通的进气通道,阀芯组件包括装于进气通道内的电磁杆,复位弹簧置于进气通道内且复位弹簧的一端与电磁杆的一端相接,电磁杆的另一端设有可打开或关闭所述进气孔的堵头,所述过气腔内还设有对所述进气孔封口的瓷片,所述瓷片上开设连通过气孔与过气腔的通孔,所述堵头包括与电磁杆一端固连并与通孔相对的气水闸。
与现有技术相比,本发明无需清洗,净水塔和管道内的水能够全部循环,净水不易陈化且不易被污染,可按需对净水增氧,除去原水中的有害物质,保留原水中的有益物质,净水供应环节配设了杀菌消毒装置,对水进行杀菌消毒,菌落总数为零,净水品质高,使用和维护成本低,保障人体健康。
附图说明
图1为本发明一实施例的方框结构图。
图2为净水塔的结构示意图。
图3为净水塔本体的结构示意图。
图4为图2中砂头的结构示意图。
图5为图4中所示产品各构件为分离状态时的结构示意图。
图6为图2中浮子的结构示意图。
图7为图6中所示产品各构件为分离状态时的结构示意图。
图8为净水塔的电路连接结构示意图。
图9为水位检测器电路结构示意图。
图10为图1中水龙头组件的结构示意图。
图11为图1中水龙头组件的外观示意图。
图12为水气混合器外观示意图。
图13为图12下部一实施例的剖视图。
图14为图13左部的爆炸图。
图15为图12下部另一实施例的剖视图。
图16为图15左部的爆炸图。
图17为水气混合器的电路结构示意图。
图18为硬管快接接头的结构示意图。
图19为图18所示产品各构件为分离状态时的结构示意图。
图20为直饮水分机实施例一外观示意图。
图21为图20中取掉前面板后的结构示意图。
图22为图21中所述产品各构件为分离状态时的结构示意图。
图23为图21中水龙头组件的结构示意图。
图24为图23中水龙头组件的外观示意图。
图25为图21中热胆组件的结构示意图。
图26为直饮水分机实施例一的电路结构示意图。
图27为直饮水分机的整体工作流程图。
图28为水龙头组件实施例二的结构示意图。
图29为直饮水分机实施例二的电路结构示意图。
图30为臭氧水取水龙头的结构示意图。
图31为图30的剖视图。
图32为臭氧水取水龙头电路连接关系图。
图33为空气净化器结构示意图。
其中,9为水龙头组件,901为冷水龙头,9011为冷水控制手柄,902为热水龙头,9021为热水控制手柄,903为第二三通接头,904为第一常开型干簧管,905为第一磁铁,906为进水电磁阀驱动电路,907为进水电磁阀,908为第二常开型干簧管,909为第二磁铁,910为第一自复位行程开关,911为第二自复位行程开关,912为出水嘴,9121为空腔,9122为出水通管,10为控制器,11为热胆组件,1101为热胆,1102为气囊,1103为硬质管,1104为水位检测器,11041为进水电极,11042为满水电极,11043为公共电极,1105为温度传感器,1106为加热件,1107为A/D转换器,1108为加热件驱动电路,1109为第一分压电阻,1110为第二分压电阻,1111为单向阀,1201为第一三通接头,1202为分机总阀,1203为废水盒,1204为分机外壳,1205为前面板,1206为漏水保护片,1207为漏水保护感应电路,13为砂头,1301为进气嘴,1302为砂筒,1303为第一连接筒,13031为第一限位部,13032为第一摩擦部,1304为第二连接筒,13041为第二限位部,13042为通气孔,1305为凸肋,1306为间隙,14为浮子,1401为环形磁铁,1402为底座,14021为环形凹槽,1403为顶盖,14031为第二摩擦部,1404为密封圈,14041为环形凸起,14042为法兰边,14043为定位杆,1405为第一常闭型干簧管,1406为第二常闭型干簧管,1407为进水电磁阀驱动电路,1408为进水电磁阀,1409为检测杆,16为净水塔,1601为净水塔本体,16011为虹吸口,1602为第一三通接头,1603为第一空气过滤器,1604为第二臭氧发生器,1605为第二空气过滤器,1606为出水管,1607为紫外线灯管,1608为光敏传感器,1609为预警单元,1610为气管,1611为第三臭氧发生器,1612为第一不锈钢挡板,1613为第三空气过滤器,1614为第二不锈钢挡板,1615为进水管,1616为排水电磁阀,1617为三通接头,17为水气混合器,8为硬管快接接头,801为圆环,8011为第一圆弧部件,8012为第二圆弧部件,80121为凸肋部,802为第一硬管,8021为螺纹头,803为连接套,8031为止口,8032为凸筋,804为第二硬管,8041为法兰凸缘,805为第二密封圈,1700为第一电磁阀,1701 为阀座,17011为过气腔,17012为进气孔,1702为线圈组件,17021为进气通道,1703为电磁杆,1704为复位弹簧,1705为进气管路,1707为瓷片,17071为通孔,1708为气水闸,1709为密封套,1710为连接件,1711为第四三通接头,1712为进气支管,1713为进气总管,1714为第一电磁阀驱动电路,1715为砂头,1716为公共电极,1717为第一电极,1718为第二电极,1719为第一分压电阻,1720为第二分压电阻,1721为螺母,1722为胶封,1723为橡胶垫圈,1724为橡胶密封件,1725为密封橡胶垫圈,1726为臭氧输送管道,1609为预警单元,18为臭氧水取水龙头,1801为水龙头本体,18011为走线槽,1802为手柄组件,1803为常开型干簧管,1804为磁铁,1805为出水电磁阀驱动电路,1806为二位三通电磁阀,1900为直饮水分机,1901为原水供应单元,1902为原水净化单元,19021为石英砂净水组件,19022为全自动再生树脂净水组件,19023为第一活性炭净水组件,19024为原水电磁阀,19025为PP棉树脂净水组件,19026为PP棉活性炭净水组件,19027为真空纤维超滤膜净水组件,19028为第二活性炭净水组件,1903为增压泵,1904为第一臭氧发生器,1905为气泵,1906为水泵,1907为单向出水阀,1908为第三三通接头,1909为空气干燥及过滤组件,1910为第五三通接头,1911为原水阀,1912为开水炉,1913为变频泵,1914为净水取水龙头,1915为净水用水器,10001为外壳,10002为真空气泵,10003为臭氧发生器,10004为紫外线灯管,10005为进气孔,10006为出气孔,10007为空气过滤单元,10008为空气干燥单元,10009为气体分隔板,1000901为第一通孔。
具体实施方式
如图1至图29所示,水净化保质系统包括原水供应单元1901、原水净化单元1902、水气混合器17、增压泵1903、净水塔16、水龙头组件9、第一臭氧发生器1904和气泵1905,其中水龙头组件9包括冷水龙头901,所述净水塔16包括净水塔本体1601,所述净水塔本体1601顶部开设虹吸口16011,原水供应单元1901通过原水净化单元1902与水气混合器17的进水端相连通,气泵1905与第一臭氧发生器1904的进气端相连通,第一臭氧发生器1904的输出端与水气混合器17的进气端相连通,水气混合器17的出水端通过增压泵1903与净水塔16的进水口相连通,还包括二位三通电磁阀1806、臭氧水取水龙头18、第一三通接头1602、第二三通接头903和单向出水阀1907,所述第二三通接头903的第一端与净水塔16的出水口相连通,第二三通接头903的第二端与冷水龙头901入水口相连通,第二三通接头903的第三端通过单向出水阀1907与水气混合器17的进水端相连通;第一三通接头1602的第一端与虹吸口16011相连通,第一三通接头1602的第二端与第一空气过滤器1603相连通,第一三通接头1602的第三端与第二臭氧发生器1604的输出端相连通。
所述臭氧水取水龙头18包括水龙头本体1801和水龙头本体1801上的手柄组件1802,还包括常开型干簧管1803以及与该常开型干簧管1803相配合的磁铁1804,所述常开型干簧管1803固设于手柄组件1802上,所述磁铁1804固设于水龙头本体1801上;常开型干簧管1803的一端接地,常开型干簧管1803的另一端与控制器10电连接,控制器10的输出端通过出水电磁阀驱动电路1805与二位三通电磁阀1806电连接,二位三通电磁阀1806的第一端与增压泵1903的输出端相连,二位三通电磁阀1806的第二端与水龙头本体1801相连通,二位三通电磁阀1806的第三端与净水塔16的进水口相连;水龙头本体1801打开时,手柄组件1802带动常开型干簧管1803运动并使得常开型干簧管1803位于磁铁1804的磁场范围内,二位三通电磁阀1806的第一端和第二端连通;水龙头本体 1801关闭时,手柄组件1802带动常开型干簧管1803运动并使得常开型干簧管1803位于磁铁1804的磁场范围外,二位三通电磁阀1806的第一端和第三端连通。
所述水龙头本体1801上还开设走线槽18011。
所述手柄组件1802的开启方式为螺旋式、扳手式或抬启式。
在另一种方案中,所述臭氧水取水龙头18包括水龙头本体1801和水龙头本体1801上的手柄组件1802,还包括常开型干簧管1803以及与该常开型干簧管1803相配合的磁铁1804,所述常开型干簧管1803固设于水龙头本体1801上,所述磁铁1804固设于手柄组件1802上;常开型干簧管1803的一端接地,常开型干簧管1803的另一端与控制器10电连接,控制器10的输出端通过出水电磁阀驱动电路1805与二位三通电磁阀1806电连接,二位三通电磁阀1806的第一端与增压泵1903的输出端相连,二位三通电磁阀1806的第二端与水龙头本体1801相连通,二位三通电磁阀1806的第三端与净水箱15的进水接头1503相连;水龙头本体1801打开时,手柄组件1802带动磁铁1804运动并使得常开型干簧管1803位于磁铁1804的磁场范围内,二位三通电磁阀1806的第一端和第二端连通;水龙头本体1801关闭时,手柄组件1802带动磁铁1804运动并使得常开型干簧管1803位于磁铁1804的磁场范围外,二位三通电磁阀1806的第一端和第三端连通。此实施例中的臭氧水取水龙头18与图示中的臭氧水取水龙头18结构和原理均类似,区别仅在于磁铁1804与常开型干簧管1803的设置位置不同,因此其结构并未在附图中示出,但并不影响本领域的技术人员对本发明的理解和实现。
原水净化单元1902包括依次相连通的石英砂净水组件19021、全自动再生树脂净水组件19022、第一活性炭净水组件19023、原水电磁阀19024、PP棉树脂净水组件19025、PP棉活性炭净水组件19026、真空纤维超滤膜净水组件19027、第二活性炭净水组件19028等,根据原水水质及用户的要求,可增加连接一个或多个经卫生行政许可的净水模块组件。第一活性炭净水组件19023与PP棉树脂净水组件19025之间连有原水电磁阀19024。
原水供应单元1901与原水净化单元1902之间设有原水阀1911。
单向出水阀1907、水气混合器17与原水净化单元1902之间通过第五三通接头1910相连通。
所述第一空气过滤器1603为过滤孔径小于0.15微米的陶瓷过滤器。
气泵1905与第一臭氧发生器1904的进气端之间连有空气干燥及过滤组件1909。
所述第二臭氧发生器1604的进气口通过第二空气过滤器1605与大气相连通。
所述净水塔本体1601底部连有出水管1606。
在现有技术中,由于虹吸口16011会对净水塔本体1601进行污染,因而净水塔本体1601底部积存有污染物,出水管1606不能开在净水塔本体1601底部,从而导致出水管1606位置以下的水均为陈水,有利于细菌滋生和繁殖。而在本申请中,由于不存在虹吸口16011污染净水塔本体1601问题,因而可以将出水管1606开在净水塔本体1601的最底部,从底部出水,防止净水塔本体1601内出现陈水,不利于细菌滋生和繁殖,进一步保证水质不被污染。
出水管1606的底端连有一三通接头1617。该三通接头1617的第一端与出水管1606的底端相连通。三通接头1617的第二端用于供净水。三通接头1617的第三端用于通过排水电磁阀1616与引排水管相连通,排水电磁阀1616作为长 期不取用水机器保质自动排水电磁阀用,用于定时排放净水塔本体1601内长期不用的净水,防止长期不用水或用水极少而产生陈化水及净水耗材变质的情况。
所述第二三通接头903的第一端和第二端为直通端,第二三通接头903的第三端为旁通端且开口朝下。
水净化保质系统还包括热胆1101和第三三通接头1908,所述水龙头组件9还包括热水龙头902,所述第三三通接头1908的第一端与净水塔16的出水口相连通,第三三通接头1908的第二端与热胆1101入水口相连通,第三三通接头1908的第三端与第二三通接头903的第一端相连通,热胆1101出水口与热水龙头902入水口相连通。
水净化保质系统还包括水泵1906,净水塔16的出水口通过所述水泵1906与单向出水阀1907的入水口相连通。
所述水泵1906接于第三三通接头1908的第三端与第二三通接头903的第一端之间,或者所述水泵1906接于第二三通接头903的第三端与单向出水阀1907之间。
净水塔本体1601内设有位于净水塔本体1601满水位上方的至少一根紫外线灯管1607。
每个所述紫外线灯管1607的一端均设有一光敏传感器1608,光敏传感器1608的输出端与控制器10电连接,控制器10的输出端与预警单元1609电连接。
所述净水塔本体1601内还设有气管1610,所述气管1610的一端与第三臭氧发生器1611的输出端相连通,气管1610的另一端连有砂头13,所述砂头13置于出水管1606内。可根据需要将第三臭氧发生器1611产生的臭氧通过砂头13混合至出水管1606中的净水中,从而提供可杀菌消毒的臭氧水。
所述气管1610的顶端和底端均设有第一不锈钢挡板1612。第一不锈钢挡板1612可以隔绝紫外线照射,防止气管1610顶端和底端的塑料制品老化。
所述第三臭氧发生器1611的进气口通过第三空气过滤器1613与大气相连通。
所述净水塔本体1601内还设有水位检测器。
砂头13可以采用现有技术中的砂头,也可以采用如图4和图5中所示改进后的砂头13。如图4和图5所示,砂头13包括进气嘴1301、圆柱状砂筒1302、第一连接筒1303和第二连接筒1304;砂筒1302的两端均开口,第一连接筒1303的底端开口,第二连接筒1304的顶端开口,第二连接筒1304的底端封口;所述进气嘴1301设于所述第一连接筒1303顶端,第一连接筒1303底端与第二连接筒1304顶端可拆卸相连,砂筒1302的一端套设于第一连接筒1303底端,砂筒1302的另一端套设于第二连接筒1304顶端,第一连接筒1303中段具有第一限位部13031,第二连接筒1304中段具有第二限位部13041,砂筒1302位于第一限位部13031与第二限位部13041之间,第二连接筒1304侧壁上开设与砂筒1302侧壁相对的通气孔13042。
借由上述结构,砂头13拆卸方便,连接紧密。工作时,气体从进气嘴1301进入,依次经过第一连接筒1303内腔和第二连接筒1304内腔后,从通气孔13042进入砂筒1302内腔,穿过砂筒1302的多孔侧壁后呈放射状均匀地喷出,从而第三臭氧发生器1611提供的臭氧可以均匀地混合在砂筒1302外的净水中。当砂头13的某一个零部件损坏时,可以单独进行替换,使用成本低。
所述第一限位部13031和第二限位部13041上均具有至少两条垂直于砂筒1302中轴线的凸肋1305,相邻的凸肋1305之间具有间隙1306。
所述凸筋以砂筒1302中轴线为中心呈放射状分布,各凸筋的长度相等,定位效果好。
所述第一连接筒1303底端与第二连接筒1304顶端相螺接。
所述第一连接筒1303外侧壁上具有便于拧紧着力的第一摩擦部13032。
所述第三臭氧发生器1611的输出端通过气管1610与所述进气嘴1301相连通,所述砂头13设于出水管1606进水端内,凸肋1305外端与出水管1606内侧壁相抵接。由于第一限位部13031和第二限位部13041上设有凸肋1305,因而凸肋1305外端和出水管1606内侧壁相抵接,可以对砂头13进行限位,防止砂头13晃动而致进气嘴1301从气管1610脱出,工作可靠性高。由于相邻的凸肋1305之间具有间隙1306,因而不会影响净水从砂头13处流过及臭氧从砂筒1302中喷出。
水位检测器可以采用现有技术中的水位检测器,也可以采用如图6和图7中所示改进后的水位检测器。如图6和图7所示,水位检测器包括检测杆1409和套设于检测杆1409外并可沿检测杆1409移动的浮子14。浮子14包括环形磁铁1401、中部设有第一贯通孔14022的底座1402、中部设有第二贯通孔14032的顶盖1403,底座1402侧壁上开设环形凹槽14021,环形磁铁1401置于该环形凹槽14021内,还包括密封圈1404,所述密封圈1404包括卡设于环形凹槽14021内的环形凸起14041,所述环形凸起14041侧壁顶部具有置于顶盖1403内顶面与底座1402上端口顶面之间的法兰边14042,所述底座与顶盖1403可拆卸相连。水位检测器的检测杆1409穿过第一贯通孔14022和第一贯通孔14032。所述检测杆1409的顶端和底端均设有第二不锈钢挡板1614,可以隔绝紫外线照射,防止检测杆1409顶端和底端的塑料制品老化。
借由上述结构,浮子14拆装方便,当浮子14的任意一个零部件损坏时,可单独进行更换,使用维修成本低。密封圈1404上设有环形凸起14041和法兰边14042,通过轴向和径向的挤压,可以达到增强密封效果的作用。浮子14对水位的跟随性能好,检测灵敏度和准确性高。
所述环形凸起14041外底面还连有三根等长的定位杆14043,所述定位杆14043平行于底座1402中心轴线,定位杆14043的底端与环形磁铁1401相抵接。三根定位杆14043沿环形凸起14041周圈均匀分布。由于设置了定位杆14043,从而环形磁铁1401在上升或下降的过程中不易晃动,工作可靠性高。
所述底座1402与顶盖1403相螺接。
所述顶盖1403外侧壁上具有便于拧紧着力的第二摩擦部14031。
检测杆1409置于净水塔本体1601内,检测杆1409上对应进水位的位置设有第一常闭型干簧管1405、对应满水位的位置设有第二常闭型干簧管1406,第一常闭型干簧管1405和第二常闭型干簧管1406的一端均接地,第一常闭型干簧管1405和第二常闭型干簧管1406的另一端均与控制器10的输入端电连接,控制器10的输出端通过进水电磁阀驱动电路1407与接在净水塔本体1601的进水管1615上的进水电磁阀1408的控制端电连接,所述第一常闭型干簧管1405和第二常闭型干簧管1406均与环形磁铁1401配合。净水塔16电路结构示意图如图8所示。
工作时,浮子14随水位变化而沿检测杆1409上下移动。当净水塔本体1601内水位低于进水位时,浮子14位于进水位之下,第一常闭型干簧管1405位于环形磁铁1401的磁场范围外,此时第一常闭型干簧管1405的两触点始终连通,控制器10检测到该状态后,通过进水电磁阀驱动电路1407驱动进水电磁阀1408打开并保持,从而实现对净水塔本体1601内加水。当净水塔本体1601内水位高于满水位时,浮子14位于满水位之上,第二常闭型干簧管1406位于环形磁铁1401的磁场范围外,此时第二常闭型干簧管1406的两触点始终连通,控制器10检测到该状态后,通过进水电磁阀驱动电路1407驱动进水电磁阀1408关闭并保 持,从而停止对净水塔本体1601加水。
所述水龙头组件9还包括漏斗形出水嘴912,所述漏斗形出水嘴912的上部与冷水龙头901、热水龙头902之间围成密闭的空腔9121,冷水龙头901和热水龙头902的出水口均与所述空腔9121相连通,所述空腔9121通过漏斗形出水嘴912下部的出水通管9122与外界相连通。
所述冷水龙头901出水口和热水龙头902出水口均为圆孔,出水通管9122横截面为圆形。
所述冷水龙头901和热水龙头902与出水嘴912可拆卸相连。
所述水气混合器17包括第一电磁阀1700、第四三通接头1711和进气管路1705,第四三通接头1711的第一端为进气端,第四三通接头1711的第二端为进水端,第四三通接头1711的第三端为出水端;所述第一电磁阀1700包括阀座1701、线圈组件1702、阀芯组件和复位弹簧1704,其中阀座1701与线圈组件1702相连,阀座1701内设有过气腔17011,过气腔17011通过进气孔17012与第一臭氧发生器1904的输出端相连通,线圈组件1702具有可与水气混合器进气管路1705相通的进气通道17021,阀芯组件包括装于进气通道17021内的电磁杆1703,复位弹簧1704置于进气通道17021内且复位弹簧1704的一端与电磁杆1703的一端相接,电磁杆1703的另一端设有可打开或关闭所述进气孔17012的堵头,所述过气腔17011内还设有对所述进气孔17012封口的瓷片1707,所述瓷片1707上开设连通过气孔与过气腔17011的通孔17071,所述堵头包括与电磁杆1703一端固连并与通孔17071相对的气水闸1708。
所述阀芯组件还包括包覆所述电磁杆1703的密封套1709。
如图13和图14所示,在本发明的一实施例中,水气混合器17还包括套在所述密封套1709顶端的连接件1710,所述气水闸1708通过螺母1721紧固在连接件1710上端;所述气水闸1708由陶瓷制成。气水闸1708与连接件1710之间设有橡胶垫圈1723。电磁阀1703与连接件1710之间设有胶封1722。阀座1701与线圈组件1702之间设有橡胶密封件1724。阀座1701与瓷片1707之间设有密封橡胶垫圈1725。
如图15和图16所示,在本发明的另一实施例中,水气混合器17还包括套在所述密封套1709顶端的连接件1710,所述气水闸1708与连接件1710顶端可拆卸相连;所述气水闸1708由橡胶制成。电磁阀1703与连接件1710之间设有胶封1722。阀座1701与线圈组件1702之间设有橡胶密封件1724。阀座1701与瓷片1707之间设有密封橡胶垫圈1725。
水气混合器还包括进气支管1712和进气总管1713,所述进气支管1712和进气管路1705的一端均与进气总管1713相连通,进气支管1712的另一端与过气腔17011相连通,进气管路1705的另一端通过进气通道17021与过气腔17011相连通;进气总管1713的一端密封,进气总管1713的另一端与三通接头1711的第一端相连通。为增加气流总流量,增设进气支管1712和进气总管1713。
所述进气支管1712与进气管路1705均与进气总管1713垂直,进气总管1713上连有水位检测器,水位检测器的输出端与控制器10电连接,控制器10的输出端通过进水电磁阀驱动电路1714与进水电磁阀1700的控制端电连接。由于增设水位检测器,可以及时知道水气混合器17是否返水并采取解决措施。
所述三通接头1711的内设有砂头1715。砂头1715可用于将臭氧均匀混合至水中。所述砂头1715的进气端位于三通接头1711的第一端内并与过气腔17011相连通,砂头1715的出气端位于三通接头1711的第二端与三通接头1711的第三端之间。
所述水位检测器包括用于接地的公共电极1716、用于检测进气总管1713内 水位是否超过预警水位的第一电极1717、用于检测外部第一臭氧发生器输出端与进气孔17012之间的臭氧输送管道1726内水位是否超过故障报警水位的第二电极1718,第一电极1717通过第一分压电阻1719与控制器10的第一检测端电连接,第二电极1718通过第二分压电阻1720与控制器10的第二检测端电连接,所述第一检测端和第二检测端均为可脉冲切换的I/O口和A/D检测口复用端;第一分压电阻1719与第一检测端之间、第二分压电阻1720与第二检测端之间均与电源正极电连接。
水气混合器17还包括预警单元1609,所述预警单元1609与控制器10电连接。
控制器10的第一检测端和第二检测端在常态下均为I/O口,控制器10的第一检测端和第二检测端在脉冲检测水位时为A/D检测口。在常态下,第一检测端和第二检测端以灌电流形态输入控制器10,第一电极1717和第二电极1718上电压为零伏特,不会电解水。而通过脉冲检测水位,检测时间极短,因而电解时间极短,其影响基本可以忽略。从而可以避免当水位超过预警水位时,公共电极与第一电极1717始终连成电解回路、持续电解,避免电解产生对人体有害的物质。
当控制器10检测到臭氧输送管道1726内水位高于第二水位时,控制器10通过进水电磁阀驱动电路1407使进水电磁阀1408关闭,臭氧无法进入三通接头,同时水也无法通过电磁阀进入第一臭氧发生器。
当控制器10检测到进进气总管1713内水位高于预警水位且低于故障报警水位时,控制单元10控制预警单元1609报警。
所述控制器10为STC12C5404AD芯片及其外围电路。
所述进气管路1705与进气总管1713之间、所述进气管路1705与进气总管1713之间、所述进气总管1713与三通接头1711的第一端之间各通过一硬管快接接头8相连。
如图18和图19所示,硬管快接接头8包括连接套803、在待连接的第一硬管802的连接端有可与连接套803相螺接的螺纹头8021,还包括第一圆弧部件8011、第二圆弧部件8012,第二硬管804连接端有法兰凸缘8041,连接套803的内径大于法兰凸缘8041的外径,第一圆弧部件8011和第二圆弧部件8012可拆卸相连并可形成套在第二硬管804连接端的圆环801,该圆环801的外径大于法兰凸缘8041的外径,圆环801的内侧壁与第二硬管804的外侧壁相贴合,圆环801的外侧壁与连接套803的内侧壁相贴合,圆环801由连接套803外端的止口8031限位。当连接第一硬管802与第二硬管804时,首先将带有法兰凸缘8041的第二硬管804的连接端穿过连接套803,再将第一圆弧部件8011与第二圆弧部件8012连接成套在第二硬管804连接端的圆环801,最后将螺纹头8021与连接套803相螺接,即可实现第一硬管802与第二硬管804之间的连接。本发明利用可拆卸相连的第一圆弧部件8011与第二圆弧部件8012形成圆环状限位部,因而不易变形和移位,硬管之间的连接可靠性高,密封性能好。
所述螺纹头8021的端面上还设有密封圈805;当第一硬管802和第二硬管804连接时,密封圈805夹设于法兰边凸缘的端面与螺纹头8021的端面之间。在现有技术中,由于第二硬管804处没有设置法兰凸缘8041,因而无法在螺纹头8021上设置密封圈805。本发明中,由于第二硬管804处设有法兰凸缘8041,因而可以与螺纹头8021上的密封圈805相抵接,实现密封效果。
所述第一圆弧部件8011上开设凹槽,所述第二圆弧部件8012上设有可卡设于凹槽内的凸肋部80121。安装时,直接将凸肋部80121对准凹槽,再将连接套803向外端一拉,即可实现第一圆弧部件8011与第二圆弧部件8012的连接, 方便快捷。
所述连接套803外周还设有便于拧紧着力的凸筋8032。
所述第一硬管802和第二硬管804为PVC硬管。第一硬管802和第二硬管804的直径范围均为2.5mm~250mm。
净水塔16与第一三通接头之间的管路上还连有净水取水龙头1914、直饮水分机1900、净水用水器(如热水器、洗衣机等)1915、开水炉1912等。
如图20至图29示出直饮水分机1900的结构。直饮水分机1900包括第一三通接头1201、水龙头组件9和热胆组件11,所述水龙头组件9包括冷水龙头901和热水龙头902,所述热胆组件11包括热胆1101,第一三通接头1201的第一端用于与直饮水供输管网的来水端相连通,第一三通接头1201的第二端用于与直饮水供输管网的去水端相连通,还包括单向阀1111;第一三通接头1201的第三端与直饮水分机1900供水管路入口相连通,冷水龙头901入水口和热胆1101入水口均与直饮水分机1900供水管路出口相连通,热胆1101出水口与热水龙头902入水口相连通;所述热胆1101的蒸汽出口与单向阀1111的入口相连通,单向阀1111的出口与外界相连通。所述热胆1101外包裹有保温材料。
由于设置了单向阀1111(单向阀1111只允许热胆1101内的蒸汽通过单向阀1111排出,不允许外界的空气进入热胆内),当热胆1101加热时,水蒸汽的压力会将单向阀1111打开,此时水蒸汽通过单向阀1111排出(可排至直饮水分机1900的废水盒等);当热胆1101不加热时,单向阀1111不受压力作用,处于关闭状态。可见,本发明中,热胆1101的蒸汽出口无须连接水箱,不会对直饮水冷水进行加热,不影响直饮水冷水的取用效果,不会对用水体验产生任何影响。
直饮水供输管网直接通过第一三通接头1201和直饮水分机1900供水管路直接为冷水龙头901和热胆1101提供直饮水,避免采用水箱供水。直饮水供输管网既给本直饮水分机1900提供了直饮水,又不影响直饮水供输管网向其它取水点正常供应与输送直饮水,直饮水分机1900相当于直连直饮水供输管网的“一截管道”,故而称作“管道过流”。由于直饮水分机1900中不采用水箱供水模式,因而本发明克服了传统水箱供水模式直饮水分机中存在的二次污染、水质陈化、清洗消毒人工耗费大、清洗消毒剂耗费大、清洗消毒剂残留问题。同时,由于取水时不需通过水箱虹吸原理供取,直接通过供输管网水压取用,出水量大。
所述第一三通接头1201为山字型三通接头,该山字型三通接头的中间端为第一三通接头1201的第三端。由于第一三通接头1201的第三端上位安装,因而若长期不用直饮水分机1900供水,当直饮水供输管网内水路流动时,即使直饮水分机1900长期不取水,第一三通接头1201第三端内的水也会被带入直饮水供输管网,参与循环流动,避免产生死水。
所述水龙头组件9还包括接水盒912,该接水盒912包括敞口的盒体9121,盒体9121的底部有一根出水管9122,冷水龙头901和热水龙头902封住盒体9121开口,且冷水龙头901的出水口和热水龙头902的出水口均通过该盒体9121和出水管9122相连通,冷水龙头901出水口和热水龙头902出水口的口径均小于出水管9122的管径。
由于冷水龙头901出水口和热水龙头902出水口的口径均小于出水管9122的管径,因而接冷水或热水时,接水盒912盒体内的水能及时通过出水管9122排出,水不会存积在接水盒盒体9121内。同时,由于龙头打开的瞬间水流冲击力较大,从而及时将接水盒盒体9121内的细菌冲刷出去,防止细菌生长和繁殖。热水龙头902排出的热水也能对接水盒盒体9121进行消毒杀菌。从而从多方面实现水龙头组件的自清洁以及自行消毒杀菌功能。
所述冷水龙头901出水口和热水龙头902出水口均为圆孔,接水管9122为 圆管,该种结构有利于生产和装配。
所述冷水龙头901和热水龙头902与接水盒912可拆卸相连,便于拆装。
直饮水分机1900还包括第二三通接头903,第二三通接头903的第一端和第二端为直通端,第二三通接头903的第三端为旁通端,所述第二三通接头903的第一端与直饮水分机1900供水管路出口相连,第二三通接头903的第二端与冷水龙头901入水口相连,第二三通接头903的第三端与热胆1101入水口相连。
借由上述结构,即使长期不使用冷水龙头901取水,当接热水时,由于分机供水管路与第二三通接头903的第一端相连通,分机供水管路中的水会通过第二三通接头903的第一端和第三端流至热胆1011内;同时,由于第二三通接头903的第一端和第二端为直通端,分机供水管路中水流的冲击力会将第二三通接头903第二端与冷水龙头901入水口处的水通过第二三通接头903的第三端带走并及时补充,从而避免分机供水管路与冷水龙头901入水口之间的管路中的水质陈化,防止细菌滋生。
所述第二三通接头903的第二端长度为0~5cm。经过试验,第二三通接头903的第二端长度过长,则不利于带动水流动;第二三通接头903的第二端长度过短,则不利于生产和拆装,第二三通接头903的第二端长度为0~5cm最适宜。
所述第二三通接头903的第一端用于与直饮水分机1900供水管路出口可拆卸相连,第二三通接头903的第二端与冷水龙头901入水口固连,第二三通接头903的第三端用于与热胆入水口可拆卸相连。
所述热胆1101的蒸汽出口与单向阀1111的入口之间还连有可膨胀和收缩的气囊1102。气囊1102外套设保护套,可防止气囊1102在膨胀过程中胀破。
由于设置了可膨胀和收缩的气囊1102,热胆1101加热时,水蒸汽首先会通过蒸汽出口进入气囊1102,此时气囊1102膨胀,当蒸汽量太大时才通过单向阀1111排出;当热胆1101不加热时,水蒸汽液化成水储存在气囊1102内,此时气囊1102收缩。这样可以避免排出的水蒸汽过多。
所述气囊1102为硅胶材质,所述气囊1102通过硬质管1103与热胆1101的蒸汽出口相连;所述气囊1102和硬质管1103均竖直设于热胆1101上方。由于气囊1102为硅胶材质,因而具有一定的硬度和形变能力。将气囊1102和硬直管1103竖直设于热胆1101上方,可便于气囊1102内的液态水返回至热胆1101重复利用。
直饮水分机1900还包括水位检测器1104和设于直饮水分机1900供水管路上的进水电磁阀907,所述水位检测器1104包括接地的公共电极11043、用于检测热胆1101内水位是否超过进水位的进水电极11041、用于检测热胆1101内水位是否超过满水位的满水电极11042;进水电极11041通过第一分压电阻1109与控制器10的进水检测端电连接,满水电极11042通过第二分压电阻1110与控制器10的满水检测端电连接,所述进水检测端和满水检测端均为可脉冲切换的I/O口和A/D检测口复用端;第一分压电阻1109与进水检测端之间、第二分压电阻1110与满水检测端之间均与电源正极电连接;控制器10通过进水电磁阀驱动电路906与进水电磁阀907的控制端电连接。
控制器10的进水检测端和满水检测端在常态下均为I/O口,控制器10的进水检测端和满水检测端在脉冲检测水位时为A/D检测口。在常态下,进水检测端和满水检测端以灌电流形态输入控制器10,进水电极11041和满水电极11042上电压为零伏特,不会电解水。而通过脉冲检测水位,检测时间极短,因而电解时间极短,其影响基本可以忽略。从而可以避免当水位超过进水位时,公共电极11043与进水电极11041始终连成电解回路、持续电解,避免电解产生对人体有害的物质。当控制器10检测到热胆1101内水位低于进水位时,控制器 10通过进水电磁阀驱动电路906驱动进水电磁阀907打开,直饮水进入热胆1101内;当控制器10检测到热胆1101内水位高于满水位时,控制器10通过进水电磁阀驱动电路906使进水电磁阀907关闭,直饮水无法进入热胆1101。
所述公共电极11043、进水电极11041和满水电极11042的接线端均固设于所述硬质管1103上。
所述控制器10为STC12C5404AD芯片及其外围电路。
冷水龙头901内设有第一常开型干簧管904,冷水龙头901的冷水控制手柄9011上设有与第一常开型干簧管904相互配合的第一磁铁905;第一常开型干簧管904的第一触点接地,第一常开型干簧管904的第二触点与控制器10电连接,控制器10的输出端通过进水电磁阀驱动电路906与接在直饮水分机1900供水管路上的进水电磁阀907的控制端电连接;当接冷水时,冷水控制手柄9011带动第一磁铁905运动并使得第一常开型干簧管904位于第一磁铁905的磁场范围内。
热水龙头902内设有第二常开型干簧管908,热水龙头902的热水控制手柄9021上设有与第二常开型干簧管908相互配合的第二磁铁909;第二常开型干簧管908的第一触点接地,第二常开型干簧管908的第二触点与控制器10电连接,控制器10的输出端通过进水电磁阀驱动电路906与接在直饮水分机1900供水管路上的进水电磁阀907的控制端电连接;当接热水时,热水控制手柄9021带动第二磁铁909运动并使得第二常开型干簧管908位于第二磁铁909的磁场范围内。
借由上述结构,进水电磁阀907在常态下处于关闭状态。当需要取冷水时,冷水控制手柄9011带动第一磁铁905运动并使得第一常开型干簧管904位于第一磁铁905的磁场范围内,此时第一常开型干簧管904的第一触点和第二触点相连通,控制器10检测到该状态后,通过进水电磁阀驱动电路906驱动进水电磁阀907打开,分机供水管路中的水通过冷水龙头901流出。热水取水过程与冷水取水过程类似。由于不取水时,进水电磁阀907处于关闭状态,从而可以防止热胆1101中的水蒸汽对分机供水管路中的水进行加热,影响冷水取用效果。
所述热胆1101内设有温度传感器1105和加热件1106,所述温度传感器1105通过A/D转换器1107与控制器10的输入端电连接,控制器10的输出端通过加热件驱动电路1108与加热件1106电连接。
借由上述结构,控制器10内预先设置适宜的热胆供水温度。热胆1101工作时,通过加热件1106加热热胆1101内的水,同时温度传感器11058检测热胆1101内的水温并送至控制器10,控制器10将检测到的热胆水温与设置的热胆供水温度进行比较,当检测到的热胆水温达到热胆供水温度时,控制器10通过加热件驱动电路1108控制加热件1106停止工作。
所述温度传感器1105为温敏电阻。所述加热件1106为加热丝。
所述第一三通接头1201的第三端通过分机总阀1202与直饮水分机1900供水管路相连。分机总阀1202即可闸水又可调节水量大小。
直饮水分机1900各部件安装在分机外壳1204内,分机外壳1204设有可拆卸前面板1205,单向阀1111的出口与前面板1205上的废水盒1203相连通。分机总阀1202的调节手柄从分机外壳1204侧面板伸出。水龙头组件9通过前面板1205外露。漏水保护屏1206底面与分机外壳1204之间绝缘。
分机外壳1204底部内还设有漏水保护片1207,漏水保护片1207通过漏水保护感应电路1207与控制器10电连接。
直饮水分机1900中,热胆1101内的水位检测逻辑如下:
1、直饮水分机1900每次通电时,首先处于待机状态,此时,连接在控制 器10的满水电极11042和进水电极11041处的满水检测端和进水检测端均处于普通I/O口输入形态,满水检测端和进水检测端以灌电流形态输入控制器10,满水电极11042和进水电极11041上电压为零伏特,事实上热胆1101这时无水或低于进水位,不会产生电离水的情况。
2、当直饮水分机1900每次按下开机时,有水或无水,连接在控制器10的满水电极11042和进水电极11041处的满水检测端和进水检测端由普通I/O口输入形态转为A/D检测输入状态,此时满水电极11042和进水电极11041上电压因阻值不同而不同:①如满水电极11042或进水电极11041与公共电极11043之间感应到有水时,则满水检测端和进水检测端电压约为2~3V(水质不同,加热丝不同,电压会有变化),热胆1101不需进水工作,此操作仅需一次,检测0.05秒钟一次即停止;②如满水电极11042或进水电极11041与公共电极11043之间感应到无水时,则满水检测端和进水检测端电压约为5V,此时打开进水电磁阀907进水,此时为5秒一次发生脉冲检测信号,每次检时长为0.05秒。因进水与出水同时进行,水位检测器1104的电极虽没入水中,但水是流动的,含接触过电极的水还没来得及电解就流走了,因此电解问题可忽略不计。
直饮水分机1900日常工作无人取热水操作,则水位检测器1104不发生检测,发生取热水操作,水位检测器1104检测模式与2-②模式一致。
3、直饮水分机1900每次按加热按钮开关或自动启动加热,控制器10会将满水检测端和进水检测端由普通I/O口输入形态装换为A/D检测输入形态,检测热胆1101是否需进水,即水位是否低于进水位,每次按加热按钮开关操作及自动启动加热动作,只发生检测一次,时间为每次0.05秒钟。这种相关功能性启动才进行水位检测的常闭性检测方法,大大降低了水位检测频率和时间,特别适合对容易被电解液体的液位检测,以避免被检测液位的液体电解,影响液体的质量,特别适合通过有线或无线信号发送供取液体信号、开启出液阀工作模式的液位检测。
直饮水分机1900中,热胆1101水位控制流程如下:
直饮水分机1900通电开机时,水位检测器1104自动检测热胆1101内是否有水,以及水位的状态,判断热胆1101是否自动进水,分为以下几种情况:
1、直饮水分机1900开启工作,热胆1101内无水时,触发进水电磁阀907自动打开,热胆1101自动进水。
2、直饮水分机1900开启工作,水位检测器1104检测到热胆1101里有水,但水位未达到进水电极11041水位时,触发进水电磁阀907打开,热胆1101进水;当水位达到满水电极11042水位时,关闭进水电磁阀907,停止进水。
3、直饮水分机1900开启工作,水位检测器1104检测到热胆1101里有水,水位达到进水电极11041水位而未超过满水电极11042水位时,进水电磁阀907不打开,热胆1101不进水。
4、直饮水分机1900开启工作,水位检测器1104检测到热胆1101里有水,水位达到满水电极11042水位时,进水电磁阀907不打开,热胆1101不进水。
5、直饮水分机1900开启工作,水位检测器1104检测到热胆1101里有水,水位达到满水电极11042水位而漏水保护片1206未检测到漏水时,进水电磁阀907不打开,热胆1101不进水。
6、直饮水分机1900开启工作,水位检测器1104检测到热胆1101里有水,漏水保护片1206检测到漏水时,控制器10报故障,作自动保护状态处理,所有工作停止;这时若需在热水龙头902处取水,重新开机后会出现如下几种情况。
①、直饮水分机1900能正常工作;
②、直饮水分机1900不能正常工作,直饮水分机1900自动保护,需查找 故障原因;
③、再接一段时间水时,看水位是否有变化
a、若漏水保护片1206检测到漏水时,直饮水分机1900处于自动保护,需查找故障原因。
b、若漏水保护片1206未检测到漏水时时,直饮水分机1900能恢复正常工作状态。
7、按下热水龙头902出水按键,进水电磁阀907打开(直饮水分机1900处于故障自动保护状态除外)。
如图8所示,直饮水分机1900的整体工作原理如下:
1、直饮水分机1900工作前准备,电路、水路准备就绪。
2、插上电源插座,直饮水分机1900处于待机状态,此时,电源指示灯显红色。
3、按下电源按键,直饮水分机1900出于开始工作状态,此时,电源指示灯显绿色。再次按下电源按键,直饮水分机1900出于待机工作状态,此时,电源指示灯显红色。
4、自动进水功能:直饮水分机1900处于开始工作状态时,水位检测器1104检测到热胆1101内无水时(脉冲式电压检测),进水电磁阀907打开,热胆1101进水,达到满水电极11042水位时,自动关闭进水电磁阀907。
5、按下直饮水分机1900冷水龙头901或热水龙头902出水按键时,进水电磁阀907打开,直饮水分机1900供应冷或热饮用水。
6、热胆1101进满水后,且水位达到进水电极11041水位时,直饮水分机1900自动加热热胆1101内的水95℃一次,每隔24小时再加热95℃一次,以此循环。
7、制热-保温功能:当直饮水分机1900热胆1101内水温达到95℃高温水时,直饮水分机1900关闭制热水功能,处于保温状态,制热水指示灯显绿色;当水温冷却到80℃时,直饮水分机1900重新开始制热水功能,制热水指示灯显红色。(水温有95℃、65℃、40℃三种机型,具体装机以实际需求而定)。
8、休眠功能:当直饮水分机1900制热水保温后,无人用高温水,70分钟后直饮水分机1900会处于休眠状态,此时,制热水指示灯会不断闪烁,制热水功能会停止,其他功能仍旧正常,只有重新按制热按键方可再次制热水。
9、缺水保护:当直饮水分机1900热胆1101进水时,如果8分钟之内,热胆1101水位未达到进水水位线,控制器10判定为缺水保护,缺水指示灯闪烁显示红色,需重新复位才能工作。
10、漏水保护:当直饮水分机1900在开机、进水、制热等状态时,如漏水保护片1206被水短路时,直饮水分机1900可能存在漏水的现象,此时直饮水分机1900立即变为漏水保护状态,进水指示(红灯)闪烁显示,电源指示(绿灯亮),各种功能操作均失效。只有人工解决掉漏水故障原因,如将漏水保护片上的水珠抹干以后,直饮水分机1900才会恢复到正常工作状态。
如图9和图10所示,直饮水分机1900的另一实施例重复实施例一,区别在于,冷水龙头901上设有第一自复位行程开关910,第一自复位行程开关910的第一触点接地,第一自复位行程开关910的第二触点与控制器10电连接,控制器10的输出端通过进水电磁阀驱动电路906与接在直饮水分机1900供水管路上的进水电磁阀907的控制端电连接;当接冷水时,冷水控制手柄9011带动第一自复位行程开关910的控制杆接通第一自复位行程开关910的第一触点和第二触点。
热水龙头902上设有第二自复位行程开关911,第二自复位行程开关911 的第一触点接地,第二自复位行程开关911的第二触点与控制器10电连接,控制器10的输出端通过进水电磁阀驱动电路906与接在直饮水分机1900供水管路上的进水电磁阀907的控制端电连接;当接热水时,热水控制手柄9021带动第二自复位行程开关911的控制杆接通第二自复位行程开关911的第一触点和第二触点。
利用自复位行程开关与利用常开型干簧管控制冷热水的取用工作原理类似。进水电磁阀907在常态下处于关闭状态。当需要取冷水时,冷水控制手柄9011带动第一自复位行程开关910的控制杆接通第一自复位行程开关910的第一触点和第二触点,控制器10检测到该状态后,通过进水电磁阀驱动电路906驱动进水电磁阀907打开,直饮水分机1900供水管路中的水通过冷水龙头901流出。热水取水过程与冷水取水过程类似。由于不取水时,进水电磁阀907处于关闭状态,从而可以防止热胆1101中的水蒸汽对直饮水分机1900供水管路中的水进行加热,影响冷水取用效果。
本发明中,所有用到空气的地方,空气来源均由图33所示的空气净化器提供。
如图33所示,空气净化器包括外壳10001、真空气泵10002和臭氧发生器10003,所述外壳10001内设有至少一根紫外线灯管10004,外壳10001上与紫外线灯管10004一端相对应的位置设有进气孔10005,外壳10001上与紫外线灯管10004另一端相对应的位置设有至少一个出气孔10006,空气过滤单元10007通过空气干燥单元10008与进气孔10005相连通;真空气泵10002的进气端与外壳10001内腔相连通,真空气泵10002的出气端与臭氧发生器10003的进气端相连通,臭氧发生器10003的出气端与外壳10001内腔相连通。经过过滤及干燥后的空气从紫外线灯管10004的一端进入外壳10001,沿长度方向流经紫外线灯管10004(空气沿长度方向流动,杀菌时间长,杀菌效果好),同时外壳10001内经由紫外线灯管10004杀菌消毒后的空气进入臭氧发生器10003,制得臭氧再进入外壳10001,最终从出气孔10006出来的为经过杀菌消毒后的空气。
将从空气净化器出气孔出来的空气送至净水塔、虹吸口或臭氧发生器,可以为任何有需要的设备提供经过杀菌消毒的空气,从源头上杜绝空气污染。
外壳10001内腔中沿紫外线灯管10004长度方向设有至少一块气体分隔板10009,气体分隔板10009垂直于紫外线灯管10004长度方向。将外壳10001内空气流通路径末端的空气优先送出使用,杀菌消毒效果好。
气体分隔板10009上设有若干第二通孔1000901。气体分隔板10009由耐紫外线的材料制作而成,根据外壳1体积确定数量。气体分隔板10009将外壳10001分隔为若干腔体,相邻的腔体之间通过第二通孔1000901连通,为空气流向提供路径。
所述外壳10001为圆柱体或立方体。所述外壳10001的长度方向与水平面平行或垂直。
上面结合附图对本发明的实施例进行了描述,但是本发明并不局限于上述的具体实施方式,上述的具体实施方式仅仅是示意性的,而不是局限性的,本领域的普通技术人员在本发明的启示下,在不脱离本发明宗旨和权利要求所保护的范围情况下,还可做出很多形式,这些均属于本发明的保护范围之内。

Claims (10)

  1. 一种水净化保质系统,包括原水供应单元(1901)、原水净化单元(1902)、水气混合器(17)、增压泵(1903)、净水塔(16)、水龙头组件(9)、第一臭氧发生器(1904)和气泵(1905),其中水龙头组件(9)包括冷水龙头(901),
    所述净水塔(16)包括净水塔本体(1601),所述净水塔本体(1601)顶部开设虹吸口(16011),原水供应单元(1901)通过原水净化单元(1902)与水气混合器(17)的进水端相连通,气泵(1905)与第一臭氧发生器(1904)的进气端相连通,第一臭氧发生器(1904)的输出端与水气混合器(17)的进气端相连通,水气混合器(17)的出水端通过增压泵(1903)与净水塔(16)的进水口相连通,其特征在于,还包括二位三通电磁阀(1806)、臭氧水取水龙头(18)、第一三通接头(1602)、第二三通接头(903)和单向出水阀(1907),所述第二三通接头(903)的第一端与净水塔(16)的出水口相连通,第二三通接头(903)的第二端与冷水龙头(901)入水口相连通,第二三通接头(903)的第三端通过单向出水阀(1907)与水气混合器(17)的进水端相连通;
    第一三通接头(1602)的第一端与虹吸口(16011)相连通,第一三通接头(1602)的第二端与第一空气过滤器(1603)相连通,第一三通接头(1602)的第三端与第二臭氧发生器(1604)的输出端相连通;
    所述臭氧水取水龙头(18)包括水龙头本体(1801)和水龙头本体(1801)上的手柄组件(1802),还包括常开型干簧管(1803)以及与该常开型干簧管(1803)相配合的磁铁(1804),所述常开型干簧管(1803)固设于手柄组件(1802)上,所述磁铁(1804)固设于水龙头本体(1801)上;常开型干簧管(1803)的一端接地,常开型干簧管(1803)的另一端与控制器(10)电连接,控制器(10)的输出端通过出水电磁阀驱动电路(1805)与二位三通电磁阀(1806)电连接,二位三通电磁阀(1806)的第一端与增压泵(1903)的输出端相连,二位三通电磁阀(1806)的第二端与水龙头本体(1801)相连通,二位三通电磁阀(1806)的第三端与净水塔(16)的进水口相连;水龙头本体(1801)打开时,手柄组件(1802)带动常开型干簧管(1803)运动并使得常开型干簧管(1803)位于磁铁(1804)的磁场范围内,二位三通电磁阀(1806)的第一端和第二端连通;水龙头本体(1801)关闭时,手柄组件(1802)带动常开型干簧管(1803)运动并使得常开型干簧管(1803)位于磁铁(1804)的磁场范围外,二位三通电磁阀(1806)的第一端和第三端连通。
  2. 如权利要求1所述的水净化保质系统,其特征在于,所述第二三通接头(903)的第一端和第二端为直通端,第二三通接头(903)的第三端为旁通端且开口朝下。
  3. 如权利要求1或2所述的水净化保质系统,其特征在于,还包括热胆(1101)和第三三通接头(1908),所述水龙头组件(9)还包括热水龙头(902),所述第三三通接头(1908)的第一端与净水塔(16)的出水口相连通,第三三通接头(1908)的第二端与热胆(1101)入水口相连通,第三三通接头(1908)的第三端与第二三通接头(903)的第一端相连通,热胆(1101)出水口与热水龙头(902)入水口相连通。
  4. 如权利要求3所述的水净化保质系统,其特征在于,还包括水泵(1906),净水塔(16)的出水口通过所述水泵(1906)与单向出水阀(1907)的入水口相连通。
  5. 如权利要求4所述的水净化保质系统,其特征在于,所述水泵(1906) 接于第三三通接头(1908)的第三端与第二三通接头(903)的第一端之间,或者所述水泵(1906)接于第二三通接头(903)的第三端与单向出水阀(1907)之间。
  6. 如权利要求1所述的水净化保质系统,其特征在于,净水塔本体(1601)内设有位于净水塔本体(1601)满水位上方的至少一根紫外线灯管(1607)。
  7. 如权利要求6所述的水净化保质系统,其特征在于,每个所述紫外线灯管(1607)的一端均设有一光敏传感器(1608),光敏传感器(1608)的输出端与控制器(10)电连接,控制器(10)的输出端与预警单元(1609)电连接。
  8. 如权利要求3所述的水净化保质系统,其特征在于,所述水龙头组件(9)还包括漏斗形出水嘴(912),所述漏斗形出水嘴(912)的上部与冷水龙头(901)、热水龙头(902)之间围成密闭的空腔(9121),冷水龙头(901)和热水龙头(902)的出水口均与所述空腔(9121)相连通,所述空腔(9121)通过漏斗形出水嘴(912)下部的出水通管(9122)与外界相连通。
  9. 如权利要求1或2所述的水净化保质系统,其特征在于,所述水气混合器(17)包括第一电磁阀(1700)、第四三通接头(1711)和进气管路(1705),第四三通接头(1711)的第一端为进气端,第四三通接头(1711)的第二端为进水端,第四三通接头(1711)的第三端为出水端;所述第一电磁阀(1700)包括阀座(1701)、线圈组件(1702)、阀芯组件和复位弹簧(1704),其中阀座(1701)与线圈组件(1702)相连,阀座(1701)内设有过气腔(17011),过气腔(17011)通过进气孔(17012)与第一臭氧发生器1904的输出端相连通,线圈组件(1702)具有可与水气混合器进气管路(1705)相通的进气通道(17021),阀芯组件包括装于进气通道(17021)内的电磁杆(1703),复位弹簧(1704)置于进气通道(17021)内且复位弹簧(1704)的一端与电磁杆(1703)的一端相接,电磁杆(1703)的另一端设有可打开或关闭所述进气孔(17012)的堵头,所述过气腔(17011)内还设有对所述进气孔(17012)封口的瓷片(1707),所述瓷片(1707)上开设连通过气孔与过气腔(17011)的通孔(17071),所述堵头包括与电磁杆(1703)一端固连并与通孔(17071)相对的气水闸(1708)。
  10. 如权利要求9所述的水净化保质系统,其特征在于,所述阀芯组件还包括包覆所述电磁杆(1703)的密封套(1709)。
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CN107311346B (zh) * 2017-07-31 2023-09-26 湖南长翔实业有限公司 一种水净化保质系统
CN107314147B (zh) * 2017-07-31 2023-08-04 湖南长翔实业有限公司 一种水气混合器用电磁阀及该水气混合器
CN107352686B (zh) * 2017-07-31 2019-12-13 湖南长翔实业有限公司 一种水净化保质系统
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