WO2019018960A1 - Solar led device for corridor illumination - Google Patents

Solar led device for corridor illumination Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2019018960A1
WO2019018960A1 PCT/CN2017/093969 CN2017093969W WO2019018960A1 WO 2019018960 A1 WO2019018960 A1 WO 2019018960A1 CN 2017093969 W CN2017093969 W CN 2017093969W WO 2019018960 A1 WO2019018960 A1 WO 2019018960A1
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led
battery
main control
solar
control board
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PCT/CN2017/093969
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French (fr)
Chinese (zh)
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沈尉
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沈尉
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Priority to PCT/CN2017/093969 priority Critical patent/WO2019018960A1/en
Publication of WO2019018960A1 publication Critical patent/WO2019018960A1/en

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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H05ELECTRIC TECHNIQUES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H05BELECTRIC HEATING; ELECTRIC LIGHT SOURCES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; CIRCUIT ARRANGEMENTS FOR ELECTRIC LIGHT SOURCES, IN GENERAL
    • H05B45/00Circuit arrangements for operating light-emitting diodes [LED]
    • H05B45/30Driver circuits
    • H05B45/37Converter circuits
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H05ELECTRIC TECHNIQUES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H05BELECTRIC HEATING; ELECTRIC LIGHT SOURCES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; CIRCUIT ARRANGEMENTS FOR ELECTRIC LIGHT SOURCES, IN GENERAL
    • H05B47/00Circuit arrangements for operating light sources in general, i.e. where the type of light source is not relevant
    • H05B47/10Controlling the light source

Definitions

  • the invention belongs to the technical field of illumination, and in particular relates to a solar LED corridor lighting device.
  • the present invention provides a solar LED corridor lighting device, which is safe, reliable, energy-saving, has a long life of the illuminator, high sensitivity, and can be integrated with the building.
  • a solar LED corridor lighting device comprises a solar panel, a main control panel, a storage battery, a plurality of LED lighting fixtures and a plurality of control sensor groups; the solar panel is placed on the roof; at least one LED lighting fixture is installed on each floor And a set of control sensor groups; the solar panel charges the battery through the main control board; the battery is powered by each LED lighting fixture; each control sensor group separately transmits the signal to the main control board; the main control board controls the LED lighting fixtures respectively. On and off; the main control board is integrated with a microcontroller.
  • the battery is powered by the lithium battery protection board to the main control board, and the lithium battery protection board overcharges, over discharges, over-currents and over-temperatures the battery.
  • control sensor group is composed of a voice sensor, a light control sensor and an infrared control sensor respectively transmitting signals independently to the main control board, and adopts an acousto-optic control and an infrared remote control control phase structure, which can better sense The walker's walking and ambient light brightness are more convenient and reasonable to use.
  • the solar panel is charged to the battery by the main control board: the main control board is integrated with a charging control field effect transistor, and the source and the drain of the charging control field effect transistor are corresponding. Connect the output end of the solar panel to the positive pole of the battery, and the gate of the charge control FET is controlled by the signal output of the single chip microcomputer.
  • the charge control FET can be an N-channel MOSFET or a P-channel MOSFET; the PN structure of the source and the drain of the MOSFET is the same, and the source and the drain are determined only after being connected to the circuit; The drain of the MOSFET is connected to a high potential; the source of the P-channel MOSFET is connected to a high potential, so the specific connection will not be described in detail herein.
  • the main control board separately controls the light-emitting structure of each LED lighting fixture: the main control board is integrated with a plurality of FETs of the same number as the LED lighting fixtures.
  • the source and the drain of each FET correspond to the positive terminal of the battery pack to the power supply end of each LED lighting fixture, and the gates of each FET are independently controlled by the single chip signal output.
  • the FET can be an N-channel MOSFET or a P-channel MOSFET.
  • the battery is powered by the LED lighting fixtures.
  • the main control board is integrated with a DC stabilized power supply forming module, and the DC stabilized power supply forming module connects the positive pole of the battery to each LED lighting.
  • the power supply terminal of the lamp; the DC stabilized power supply forming module converts the power supply voltage of the battery into the working voltage of the LED lighting device (DC12V in this example).
  • the solar cell panel is provided with an automatic light source tracking device, which can improve the use efficiency of the solar energy.
  • the battery is a lithium iron phosphate battery, which has the characteristics of large spot magnification, high energy density, safety and reliability, and long cycle life.
  • the utility model has the beneficial effects that: the solar battery is independently charged by the solar energy, and is not affected by the commercial power, and the corridor LED lighting fixture can still be normally used in the event of a fire or a natural accident or a commercial power failure, and the lithium battery protection board is used for the battery.
  • Overcharge, over-discharge, over-current and over-temperature protection using sound control, light control and infrared control sensors to sense the walking of the corridor staff and ambient light brightness, at night to achieve the function of people to light, people go out.
  • Figure 1 is a schematic view of the principle frame of the present invention
  • FIG. 2 is a schematic diagram of a circuit principle according to an embodiment of the present invention.
  • a solar LED corridor lighting device comprising a solar panel 1, a main control panel 2, a battery 3, a plurality of LED lighting fixtures LED 1 , LED 2 , ..., LED n , and a plurality of control sensor groups 5;
  • the solar panel 1 is placed on the top of the building; at least one LED lighting fixture and a set of control sensor groups are installed on each floor; the solar panel 1 charges the battery 3 through the main control board 2; the battery 3 is supplied to each LED lighting fixture
  • Each control sensor group independently transmits a signal to the main control board 2; the main control board 2 controls the illumination of each LED lighting fixture; the main control board 2 is integrated with a single-chip MCU.
  • the battery 3 is powered by the lithium battery protection board 4 to the main control board 2, and the lithium battery protection board 4 performs overcharge, overdischarge, overcurrent and overtemperature protection on the battery 3.
  • the control sensor group is composed of a voice sensor 51, a light control sensor 52 and an infrared control sensor 53 respectively transmitting signals independently to the main control board 2, and adopts an acousto-optic control and an infrared remote control control phase structure, which can better sense the walking of the corridor personnel. And ambient light brightness, the use is more convenient and reasonable.
  • the structure in which the solar panel 1 charges the battery 3 through the main control board 2 is: the main control board 2 is integrated with a charge control FET MOS1, and the charge control MOSFET MOSFET 1 source S and drain D Corresponding to the output end of the solar panel 1 to the anode of the battery 3, the gate G of the charge control FET MOS1 is controlled by the MCU signal output.
  • the charge control FET MOS1 can be an N-channel MOSFET or a P-channel MOSFET; the PN structure of the source and the drain of the MOSFET is the same, and the source and the drain are determined only after being connected to the circuit; Channel MOSFET The drain D is connected to a high potential; the source S of the P-channel MOSFET is connected to a high potential, so the specific connection will not be described in detail herein.
  • the main control board 2 respectively controls the light-off structure of each LED lighting fixture: the main control board 2 is integrated with a plurality of FETs MOS2 having the same number as the LED lighting fixtures, and the source S of each FET MOS2 Corresponding to the drain D, the positive pole of the battery pack 3 is connected to the power supply end of each LED lighting fixture, and the gate G of each FET MOS2 is independently controlled by the MCU signal output of the single chip.
  • the FET MOS2 can be an N-channel MOSFET or a P-channel MOSFET.
  • the battery 3 is powered by the LED lighting fixtures.
  • the main control board 2 is integrated with a DC stabilized power supply forming module 6 , and the DC stabilized power forming module 6 connects the positive pole of the battery 3 to each LED lighting fixture.
  • the power supply terminal; the DC stabilized power supply forming module 6 converts the power supply voltage of the battery 3 into an operating voltage of the LED lighting fixture (DC12V in this example).
  • the solar panel 1 is provided with an automatic light source tracking device to improve the efficiency of solar energy use.
  • the battery 3 is a lithium iron phosphate battery, which has the characteristics of large spot magnification, high energy density, safety and reliability, and long cycle life.
  • the solar panel 1 is placed on the roof of the building to receive sunlight.
  • the light source automatic tracking device is used to make the solar panel 1 always tilt toward the strong sunlight, effectively improving the solar energy utilization efficiency.
  • the charging is controlled by the MCU of the single-chip microcomputer, adopting PWM pulse width modulation mode, CC/CV output, and the MCU determines the charging current according to the battery voltage and temperature data, so that the charging conforms to the battery charging U/I curve.
  • the charge control FET MOS1 is turned off to stop charging.
  • each floor of the corridor has voice control, light control, infrared control sensors 51, 52, 53, when the light is weak to a certain degree in the evening, after the sound vibration signal or infrared sensing signal, the MCU control the LED of the channel
  • the MCU controls the LED of the channel to be off when there is no sound vibration signal or infrared sensing signal again within about 1 minute.
  • the light control sensor 52 uses a photoresistor
  • the infrared control sensor 53 uses an infrared light emitting LED and an infrared receiver.
  • the MCU of the MCU turns on or off the corresponding LED by controlling the on and off of the corresponding FET MOS2.
  • DC stabilized power supply forming module converts the battery voltage into 12V voltage through DC/DC to supply power to the LED.
  • 4S lithium battery protection board Overcharge, over discharge, over current, over temperature protection and other functions for lithium iron phosphate battery.
  • LED lighting power range 2 -10W
  • LED control mode voice control, light control, infrared sensor.
  • the application of LED as a light source has the characteristics of energy saving and long service life.
  • lithium iron phosphate as a battery has the characteristics of large discharge rate, high energy density, safety and reliability, and long cycle life.

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  • Circuit Arrangement For Electric Light Sources In General (AREA)

Abstract

Disclosed is a solar LED device for corridor illumination, comprising a solar cell panel (1), a main control panel (2), a storage battery (3), several LED illumination lamps (LED1, LED2,..., LEDn) and several control sensor sets (5), wherein the solar cell panel (1) is disposed on a building roof; a corridor of each floor is installed with at least one LED illumination lamp and at least one control sensor set (5); the solar cell panel (1) charges the storage battery (3) by means of the main control panel (2); the storage battery (3) supplies power to the LED illumination lamps; the control sensor sets (5) respectively and independently transmit information to the main control panel (2); and the main control panel (2) separately controls the turning on and off of each of the LED illumination lamps. The solar LED device for corridor illumination realizes the function that the lamps are turned on when someone is present and are turned off when there is nobody.

Description

太阳能LED楼道照明装置Solar LED corridor lighting
本发明属照明技术领域,尤其涉及一种太阳能LED楼道照明装置。The invention belongs to the technical field of illumination, and in particular relates to a solar LED corridor lighting device.
目前的楼道照明系统大部分采用的是普通电力照明,由于节能灯的启动电流大,控制器无法解决这个问题,所以只能采用白炽灯;并且光控系统是通过阳光透过透光孔照射到光敏电阻上来实现的,透光孔上很容易堆积灰尘,导致光控不准确,有白天启动照明的可能性;声控系统安装时间长则会不灵敏,影响居民的生活质量;同时,楼道走廊属于公共区域,对于老楼旧楼由于输电电线疏于检查、管理也存在安全隐患。Most of the current corridor lighting systems use ordinary electric lighting. Since the starting current of the energy-saving lamps is large, the controller cannot solve this problem, so only incandescent lamps can be used; and the light control system is irradiated through the light through the light-transmitting holes. The light-resistance is realized, the dust is easily accumulated on the light-transmitting hole, resulting in inaccurate light control, and the possibility of starting the lighting during the day; the long-time installation of the sound control system is insensitive and affects the quality of life of the residents; meanwhile, the corridor corridor belongs to In public areas, there are also potential safety hazards for the old buildings in the old buildings due to the neglect of inspection and management of transmission lines.
为了克服上述缺陷,本发明提供了一种太阳能LED楼道照明装置,安全可靠,节能,发光体寿命长,灵敏度高,可与建筑形成一体化。In order to overcome the above drawbacks, the present invention provides a solar LED corridor lighting device, which is safe, reliable, energy-saving, has a long life of the illuminator, high sensitivity, and can be integrated with the building.
本发明为了解决其技术问题所采用的技术方案是:The technical solution adopted by the present invention to solve the technical problem thereof is:
一种太阳能LED楼道照明装置,包括太阳能电池板、主控制板、蓄电池、若干LED照明灯具和若干控制传感器组;所述太阳能电池板置于楼顶;各层楼道上皆至少安装有一LED照明灯具和一组控制传感器组;该太阳能电池板通过主控制板对蓄电池充电;蓄电池供电于各LED照明灯具;各控制传感器组分别独立传信于主控制板;主控制板分别控制各LED照明灯具的亮灭;该主控制板上集成有单片机。A solar LED corridor lighting device comprises a solar panel, a main control panel, a storage battery, a plurality of LED lighting fixtures and a plurality of control sensor groups; the solar panel is placed on the roof; at least one LED lighting fixture is installed on each floor And a set of control sensor groups; the solar panel charges the battery through the main control board; the battery is powered by each LED lighting fixture; each control sensor group separately transmits the signal to the main control board; the main control board controls the LED lighting fixtures respectively. On and off; the main control board is integrated with a microcontroller.
作为本发明的进一步改进,所述蓄电池通过锂电保护板供电于主控制板,该锂电保护板对蓄电池进行过充、过放、过流及过温保护。As a further improvement of the present invention, the battery is powered by the lithium battery protection board to the main control board, and the lithium battery protection board overcharges, over discharges, over-currents and over-temperatures the battery.
作为本发明的进一步改进,所述控制传感器组由分别独立传信于主控制板的声控传感器、光控传感器和红外控制传感器构成,采用声光控制与红外遥感控制相结构,能更好地感应楼道人员走动及环境光亮度,使用更方便合理。As a further improvement of the present invention, the control sensor group is composed of a voice sensor, a light control sensor and an infrared control sensor respectively transmitting signals independently to the main control board, and adopts an acousto-optic control and an infrared remote control control phase structure, which can better sense The walker's walking and ambient light brightness are more convenient and reasonable to use.
作为本发明的进一步改进,所述太阳能电池板通过主控制板对蓄电池充电的结构为:所述主控制板上集成有充电控制场效应管,该充电控制场效应管的源极和漏极对应连通太阳能电池板的输出端至蓄电池的正极,该充电控制场效应管的栅极受单片机信号输出控制。该充电控制场效应管可为N沟道MOSFET,也可为P沟道MOSFET;因MOSFET的源极、漏极的PN结构造相同,仅为连接于电路后确定出源、漏极;N沟道MOSFET的漏极接高电位;P沟道MOSFET的源极接高电位,故此处对具体接法不再做详细叙述。As a further improvement of the present invention, the solar panel is charged to the battery by the main control board: the main control board is integrated with a charging control field effect transistor, and the source and the drain of the charging control field effect transistor are corresponding. Connect the output end of the solar panel to the positive pole of the battery, and the gate of the charge control FET is controlled by the signal output of the single chip microcomputer. The charge control FET can be an N-channel MOSFET or a P-channel MOSFET; the PN structure of the source and the drain of the MOSFET is the same, and the source and the drain are determined only after being connected to the circuit; The drain of the MOSFET is connected to a high potential; the source of the P-channel MOSFET is connected to a high potential, so the specific connection will not be described in detail herein.
作为本发明的进一步改进,所述主控制板分别控制各LED照明灯具的亮灭的结构为:所述主控制板上集成有与LED照明灯具数量相同的若干场效应管, 各场效应管的源极和漏极对应接通电池组的正极至各LED照明灯具的供电端,各场效应管的栅极分别独立受单片机信号输出控制。同样,该场效应管可为N沟道MOSFET,也可为P沟道MOSFET。As a further improvement of the present invention, the main control board separately controls the light-emitting structure of each LED lighting fixture: the main control board is integrated with a plurality of FETs of the same number as the LED lighting fixtures. The source and the drain of each FET correspond to the positive terminal of the battery pack to the power supply end of each LED lighting fixture, and the gates of each FET are independently controlled by the single chip signal output. Similarly, the FET can be an N-channel MOSFET or a P-channel MOSFET.
作为本发明的进一步改进,所述蓄电池供电于各LED照明灯具的结构为:所述主控制板上集成有直流稳压电源形成模块,该直流稳压电源形成模块连通蓄电池的正极至各LED照明灯具的供电端;该直流稳压电源形成模块将蓄电池的供电电压转换为LED照明灯具的工作电压(本例中为DC12V)。As a further improvement of the present invention, the battery is powered by the LED lighting fixtures. The main control board is integrated with a DC stabilized power supply forming module, and the DC stabilized power supply forming module connects the positive pole of the battery to each LED lighting. The power supply terminal of the lamp; the DC stabilized power supply forming module converts the power supply voltage of the battery into the working voltage of the LED lighting device (DC12V in this example).
作为本发明的进一步改进,所述太阳能电池板上设有光源自动跟踪装置,可提高太阳能的使用效率。As a further improvement of the present invention, the solar cell panel is provided with an automatic light source tracking device, which can improve the use efficiency of the solar energy.
作为本发明的进一步改进,所述蓄电池为磷酸铁锂电池,具有放点倍率大、能量密度高、安全可靠、循环寿命长等特点。As a further improvement of the present invention, the battery is a lithium iron phosphate battery, which has the characteristics of large spot magnification, high energy density, safety and reliability, and long cycle life.
本发明的有益效果是:采用太阳能对蓄电池独立充电,不受市电影响,在火灾或自然事故发生或市电出现故障停用时依然可以正常使用楼道LED照明灯具;采用锂电保护板对蓄电池进行过充、过放、过流及过温保护;采用声控、光控及红外控制传感器感应楼道人员走动及环境光亮度,于夜间实现人来灯亮,人走灯熄的功能。The utility model has the beneficial effects that: the solar battery is independently charged by the solar energy, and is not affected by the commercial power, and the corridor LED lighting fixture can still be normally used in the event of a fire or a natural accident or a commercial power failure, and the lithium battery protection board is used for the battery. Overcharge, over-discharge, over-current and over-temperature protection; using sound control, light control and infrared control sensors to sense the walking of the corridor staff and ambient light brightness, at night to achieve the function of people to light, people go out.
图1为本发明的原理框架示意图;Figure 1 is a schematic view of the principle frame of the present invention;
图2为本发明实施例的电路原理示意图。2 is a schematic diagram of a circuit principle according to an embodiment of the present invention.
实施例:一种太阳能LED楼道照明装置,包括太阳能电池板1、主控制板2、蓄电池3、若干LED照明灯具LED1、LED2、……、LEDn、和若干控制传感器组5;所述太阳能电池板1置于楼顶;各层楼道上皆至少安装有一LED照明灯具和一组控制传感器组;该太阳能电池板1通过主控制板2对蓄电池3充电;蓄电池3供电于各LED照明灯具;各控制传感器组分别独立传信于主控制板2;主控制板2分别控制各LED照明灯具的亮灭;该主控制板2上集成有单片机MCU。Embodiment: A solar LED corridor lighting device, comprising a solar panel 1, a main control panel 2, a battery 3, a plurality of LED lighting fixtures LED 1 , LED 2 , ..., LED n , and a plurality of control sensor groups 5; The solar panel 1 is placed on the top of the building; at least one LED lighting fixture and a set of control sensor groups are installed on each floor; the solar panel 1 charges the battery 3 through the main control board 2; the battery 3 is supplied to each LED lighting fixture Each control sensor group independently transmits a signal to the main control board 2; the main control board 2 controls the illumination of each LED lighting fixture; the main control board 2 is integrated with a single-chip MCU.
所述蓄电池3通过锂电保护板4供电于主控制板2,该锂电保护板4对蓄电池3进行过充、过放、过流及过温保护。The battery 3 is powered by the lithium battery protection board 4 to the main control board 2, and the lithium battery protection board 4 performs overcharge, overdischarge, overcurrent and overtemperature protection on the battery 3.
所述控制传感器组由分别独立传信于主控制板2的声控传感器51、光控传感器52和红外控制传感器53构成,采用声光控制与红外遥感控制相结构,能更好地感应楼道人员走动及环境光亮度,使用更方便合理。The control sensor group is composed of a voice sensor 51, a light control sensor 52 and an infrared control sensor 53 respectively transmitting signals independently to the main control board 2, and adopts an acousto-optic control and an infrared remote control control phase structure, which can better sense the walking of the corridor personnel. And ambient light brightness, the use is more convenient and reasonable.
所述太阳能电池板1通过主控制板2对蓄电池3充电的结构为:所述主控制板2上集成有充电控制场效应管MOS1,该充电控制场效应管MOS1的源极S和漏极D对应连通太阳能电池板1的输出端至蓄电池3的正极,该充电控制场效应管MOS1的栅极G受单片机MCU信号输出控制。该充电控制场效应管MOS1可为N沟道MOSFET,也可为P沟道MOSFET;因MOSFET的源极、漏极的PN结构造相同,仅为连接于电路后确定出源、漏极;N沟道MOSFET 的漏极D接高电位;P沟道MOSFET的源极S接高电位,故此处对具体接法不再做详细叙述。The structure in which the solar panel 1 charges the battery 3 through the main control board 2 is: the main control board 2 is integrated with a charge control FET MOS1, and the charge control MOSFET MOSFET 1 source S and drain D Corresponding to the output end of the solar panel 1 to the anode of the battery 3, the gate G of the charge control FET MOS1 is controlled by the MCU signal output. The charge control FET MOS1 can be an N-channel MOSFET or a P-channel MOSFET; the PN structure of the source and the drain of the MOSFET is the same, and the source and the drain are determined only after being connected to the circuit; Channel MOSFET The drain D is connected to a high potential; the source S of the P-channel MOSFET is connected to a high potential, so the specific connection will not be described in detail herein.
所述主控制板2分别控制各LED照明灯具的亮灭的结构为:所述主控制板2上集成有与LED照明灯具数量相同的若干场效应管MOS2,各场效应管MOS2的源极S和漏极D对应接通电池组3的正极至各LED照明灯具的供电端,各场效应管MOS2的栅极G分别独立受单片机MCU信号输出控制。同样,该场效应管MOS2可为N沟道MOSFET,也可为P沟道MOSFET。The main control board 2 respectively controls the light-off structure of each LED lighting fixture: the main control board 2 is integrated with a plurality of FETs MOS2 having the same number as the LED lighting fixtures, and the source S of each FET MOS2 Corresponding to the drain D, the positive pole of the battery pack 3 is connected to the power supply end of each LED lighting fixture, and the gate G of each FET MOS2 is independently controlled by the MCU signal output of the single chip. Similarly, the FET MOS2 can be an N-channel MOSFET or a P-channel MOSFET.
所述蓄电池3供电于各LED照明灯具的结构为:所述主控制板2上集成有直流稳压电源形成模块6,该直流稳压电源形成模块6连通蓄电池3的正极至各LED照明灯具的供电端;该直流稳压电源形成模块6将蓄电池3的供电电压转换为LED照明灯具的工作电压(本例中为DC12V)。The battery 3 is powered by the LED lighting fixtures. The main control board 2 is integrated with a DC stabilized power supply forming module 6 , and the DC stabilized power forming module 6 connects the positive pole of the battery 3 to each LED lighting fixture. The power supply terminal; the DC stabilized power supply forming module 6 converts the power supply voltage of the battery 3 into an operating voltage of the LED lighting fixture (DC12V in this example).
所述太阳能电池板1上设有光源自动跟踪装置,可提高太阳能的使用效率。The solar panel 1 is provided with an automatic light source tracking device to improve the efficiency of solar energy use.
所述蓄电池3为磷酸铁锂电池,具有放点倍率大、能量密度高、安全可靠、循环寿命长等特点。The battery 3 is a lithium iron phosphate battery, which has the characteristics of large spot magnification, high energy density, safety and reliability, and long cycle life.
结合图2对本实施例主要功能原理进行介绍:The main functional principles of this embodiment are introduced in conjunction with FIG. 2:
蓄电池充电:太阳能电池板1放置于楼顶,接收太阳光,采用光源自动跟踪装置,使太阳能电池板1始终向着阳光强的方向倾斜,有效的提高太阳能利用效率。充电受单片机MCU控制,采用PWM脉宽调制方式,CC/CV输出,单片机MCU根据电池电压、温度等数据来决定充电电流,使充电符合蓄电池充电U/I曲线。当蓄电池3充饱后,切断充电控制场效应管MOS1,停止充电。Battery charging: The solar panel 1 is placed on the roof of the building to receive sunlight. The light source automatic tracking device is used to make the solar panel 1 always tilt toward the strong sunlight, effectively improving the solar energy utilization efficiency. The charging is controlled by the MCU of the single-chip microcomputer, adopting PWM pulse width modulation mode, CC/CV output, and the MCU determines the charging current according to the battery voltage and temperature data, so that the charging conforms to the battery charging U/I curve. When the battery 3 is fully charged, the charge control FET MOS1 is turned off to stop charging.
LED照明:每层楼的楼道都有声控、光控、红外控制传感器51、52、53,晚间当光线弱到一定程度后,出现声音振动信号或红外感应信号后,单片机MCU控制该通道的LED灯打开,在约1分钟之内没有再次出现声音振动信号或红外感应信号时,单片机MCU控制该通道的LED灯灭。光控传感器52使用光敏电阻,红外控制传感器53使用红外发光LED和红外接收器。单片机MCU通过控制对应的场效应管MOS2的导通和截止打开或关闭相应的LED。LED lighting: each floor of the corridor has voice control, light control, infrared control sensors 51, 52, 53, when the light is weak to a certain degree in the evening, after the sound vibration signal or infrared sensing signal, the MCU control the LED of the channel When the light is turned on, the MCU controls the LED of the channel to be off when there is no sound vibration signal or infrared sensing signal again within about 1 minute. The light control sensor 52 uses a photoresistor, and the infrared control sensor 53 uses an infrared light emitting LED and an infrared receiver. The MCU of the MCU turns on or off the corresponding LED by controlling the on and off of the corresponding FET MOS2.
直流稳压电源形成模块:将电池电压通过DC/DC转换成12V电压,给LED供电。DC stabilized power supply forming module: converts the battery voltage into 12V voltage through DC/DC to supply power to the LED.
4S锂电保护板:对磷酸铁锂蓄电池进行过充、过放、过流、过温保护等功能。4S lithium battery protection board: Overcharge, over discharge, over current, over temperature protection and other functions for lithium iron phosphate battery.
主要电器参数:Main electrical parameters:
1、LED照明电压:DC 12±0.5V1, LED lighting voltage: DC 12 ± 0.5V
2、LED照明功率范围:2    -10W2, LED lighting power range: 2 -10W
3、太阳能电池板电压:20  -24V 3, solar panel voltage: 20 -24V
4、太阳能电池板充电电流:<6A4, solar panel charging current: <6A
5、蓄电池充电方式:CC/CV5, battery charging method: CC / CV
6、锂电过充保护(单颗):3.9±0.025V6, lithium battery overcharge protection (single): 3.9 ± 0.025V
7、锂电过放保护(单颗):2.0±0.025V7, lithium battery over discharge protection (single): 2.0 ± 0.025V
8、锂电过电流保护:30±5V8, lithium battery over current protection: 30 ± 5V
9、负载最大功率:200W9, the maximum load power: 200W
10、LED控制方式:声控,光控,红外感应。10, LED control mode: voice control, light control, infrared sensor.
性能特点:Performance characteristics:
1.声控、光控,红外感应控制相结和,使用更方便合理。1. Sound control, light control, infrared induction control phase and, more convenient and reasonable to use.
2.采用光源自动跟踪技术,提高了太阳能使用效率。2. Adopting automatic tracking technology of light source to improve the efficiency of solar energy use.
3.应用LED作为光源,具有节能,使用寿命长等特点。3. The application of LED as a light source has the characteristics of energy saving and long service life.
4.应用磷酸铁锂作为蓄电池,具有放电倍率大,能量密度高,安全可靠,循环寿命长等特点。 4. The application of lithium iron phosphate as a battery has the characteristics of large discharge rate, high energy density, safety and reliability, and long cycle life.

Claims (1)

  1. 一种太阳能LED楼道照明装置,其特征在于:包括太阳能电池板(1)、主控制板(2)、蓄电池(3)、若干LED照明灯具(LED1、LED2、……、LEDn)和若干控制传感器组(5);所述太阳能电池板(1)置于楼顶;各层楼道上皆至少安装有一LED照明灯具和一组控制传感器组;该太阳能电池板(1)通过主控制板(2)对蓄电池(3)充电;蓄电池(3)供电于各LED照明灯具;各控制传感器组分别独立传信于主控制板(2);主控制板(2)分别控制各LED照明灯具的亮灭;该主控制板(2)上集成有单片机(MCU)。A solar LED corridor lighting device, comprising: a solar panel (1), a main control board (2), a battery (3), a plurality of LED lighting fixtures (LED 1 , LED 2 , ..., LED n ) and a plurality of control sensor groups (5); the solar panel (1) is placed on the roof; at least one LED lighting fixture and a set of control sensor groups are installed on each floor; the solar panel (1) passes through the main control panel (2) charging the battery (3); the battery (3) is powered by the LED lighting fixtures; each control sensor group independently transmits the signal to the main control board (2); the main control board (2) controls the LED lighting fixtures respectively. On and off; the main control board (2) is integrated with a microcontroller (MCU).
    根据权利要求1所述的太阳能LED楼道照明装置,其特征在于:所述蓄电池(3)通过锂电保护板(4)供电于主控制板(2)。The solar LED corridor lighting device according to claim 1, characterized in that the battery (3) is supplied with power to the main control board (2) via a lithium battery protection board (4).
    根据权利要求1所述的太阳能LED楼道照明装置,其特征在于:所述控制传感器组由分别独立传信于主控制板(2)的声控传感器(51)、光控传感器(52)和红外控制传感器(53)构成。The solar LED corridor lighting device according to claim 1, wherein the control sensor group is independently controlled by a voice control sensor (51), a light control sensor (52) and an infrared control respectively transmitted to the main control board (2). The sensor (53) is constructed.
    根据权利要求1所述的太阳能LED楼道照明装置,其特征在于:所述太阳能电池板(1)通过主控制板(2)对蓄电池(3)充电的结构为:所述主控制板(2)上集成有充电控制场效应管(MOS1),该充电控制场效应管(MOS1)的源极(S)和漏极(D)对应连通太阳能电池板(1)的输出端至蓄电池(3)的正极,该充电控制场效应管(MOS1)的栅极(G)受单片机(MCU)信号输出控制。The solar LED corridor lighting device according to claim 1, wherein the solar panel (1) charges the battery (3) through the main control board (2): the main control board (2) A charge control FET (MOS1) is integrated thereon, and the source (S) and the drain (D) of the charge control FET (MOS1) correspond to the output end of the solar panel (1) to the battery (3). For the positive pole, the gate (G) of the charge control FET (MOS1) is controlled by the microcontroller (MCU) signal output.
    根据权利要求1所述的太阳能LED楼道照明装置,其特征在于:所述主控制板(2)分别控制各LED照明灯具的亮灭的结构为:所述主控制板(2)上集成有与LED照明灯具数量相同的若干场效应管(MOS2),各场效应管(MOS2)的源极(S)和漏极(D)对应接通电池组(3)的正极至各LED照明灯具的供电端,各场效应管(MOS2)的栅极(G)分别独立受单片机(MCU)信号输出控制。The solar LED corridor lighting device according to claim 1, wherein the main control panel (2) respectively controls the lighting and extinguishing of each LED lighting fixture: the main control panel (2) is integrated with The number of LED lighting fixtures is the same number of FETs (MOS2). The source (S) and drain (D) of each FET (MOS) correspond to the power supply of the battery pack (3) to the LED lighting fixtures. At the end, the gates (G) of the FETs (MOS2) are independently controlled by the MCU signal output.
    根据权利要求1所述的太阳能LED楼道照明装置,其特征在于:所述蓄电池(3)供电于各LED照明灯具的结构为:所述主控制板(2)上集成有直流稳压电源形成模块(6),该直流稳压电源形成模块(6)连通蓄电池(3)的正极至各LED照明灯具的供电端;该直流稳压电源形成模块(6)将蓄电池(3)的供电电压转换为LED照明灯具的工作电压。The solar LED corridor lighting device according to claim 1, wherein the battery (3) is powered by the LED lighting fixtures, and the main control board (2) is integrated with a DC stabilized power supply forming module. (6), the DC stabilized power supply forming module (6) connects the positive pole of the battery (3) to the power supply end of each LED lighting fixture; the DC stabilized power supply forming module (6) converts the supply voltage of the battery (3) into The operating voltage of LED lighting fixtures.
    根据权利要求1或4所述的太阳能LED楼道照明装置,其特征在于:所述太阳能电池板(1)上设有光源自动跟踪装置。The solar LED corridor lighting device according to claim 1 or 4, characterized in that the solar panel (1) is provided with an automatic light source tracking device.
    根据权利要求1、2、4或5所述的太阳能LED楼道照明装置,其特征在于:所述蓄电池(3)为磷酸铁锂电池。 The solar LED corridor lighting device according to claim 1, 2, 4 or 5, characterized in that the battery (3) is a lithium iron phosphate battery.
PCT/CN2017/093969 2017-07-22 2017-07-22 Solar led device for corridor illumination WO2019018960A1 (en)

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