WO2019000512A1 - Solar photovoltaic module and installation method thereof - Google Patents

Solar photovoltaic module and installation method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2019000512A1
WO2019000512A1 PCT/CN2017/093509 CN2017093509W WO2019000512A1 WO 2019000512 A1 WO2019000512 A1 WO 2019000512A1 CN 2017093509 W CN2017093509 W CN 2017093509W WO 2019000512 A1 WO2019000512 A1 WO 2019000512A1
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Prior art keywords
frame
groove
connection
laminates
solar
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PCT/CN2017/093509
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French (fr)
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张雨军
陶爱兵
唐洪
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苏州携创新能源科技有限公司
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Priority to CN201710506686.5A priority Critical patent/CN109150083A/en
Priority to CN201710506686.5 priority
Application filed by 苏州携创新能源科技有限公司 filed Critical 苏州携创新能源科技有限公司
Publication of WO2019000512A1 publication Critical patent/WO2019000512A1/en

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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02SGENERATION OF ELECTRIC POWER BY CONVERSION OF INFRA-RED RADIATION, VISIBLE LIGHT OR ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT, e.g. USING PHOTOVOLTAIC [PV] MODULES
    • H02S30/00Structural details of PV modules other than those related to light conversion
    • H02S30/10Frame structures
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01LSEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES; ELECTRIC SOLID STATE DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H01L31/00Semiconductor devices sensitive to infra-red radiation, light, electromagnetic radiation of shorter wavelength or corpuscular radiation and adapted either for the conversion of the energy of such radiation into electrical energy or for the control of electrical energy by such radiation; Processes or apparatus peculiar to the manufacture or treatment thereof or of parts thereof; Details thereof
    • H01L31/04Semiconductor devices sensitive to infra-red radiation, light, electromagnetic radiation of shorter wavelength or corpuscular radiation and adapted either for the conversion of the energy of such radiation into electrical energy or for the control of electrical energy by such radiation; Processes or apparatus peculiar to the manufacture or treatment thereof or of parts thereof; Details thereof adapted as photovoltaic [PV] conversion devices
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01LSEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES; ELECTRIC SOLID STATE DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H01L31/00Semiconductor devices sensitive to infra-red radiation, light, electromagnetic radiation of shorter wavelength or corpuscular radiation and adapted either for the conversion of the energy of such radiation into electrical energy or for the control of electrical energy by such radiation; Processes or apparatus peculiar to the manufacture or treatment thereof or of parts thereof; Details thereof
    • H01L31/04Semiconductor devices sensitive to infra-red radiation, light, electromagnetic radiation of shorter wavelength or corpuscular radiation and adapted either for the conversion of the energy of such radiation into electrical energy or for the control of electrical energy by such radiation; Processes or apparatus peculiar to the manufacture or treatment thereof or of parts thereof; Details thereof adapted as photovoltaic [PV] conversion devices
    • H01L31/042PV modules or arrays of single PV cells
    • H01L31/048Encapsulation of modules
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01LSEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES; ELECTRIC SOLID STATE DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H01L31/00Semiconductor devices sensitive to infra-red radiation, light, electromagnetic radiation of shorter wavelength or corpuscular radiation and adapted either for the conversion of the energy of such radiation into electrical energy or for the control of electrical energy by such radiation; Processes or apparatus peculiar to the manufacture or treatment thereof or of parts thereof; Details thereof
    • H01L31/04Semiconductor devices sensitive to infra-red radiation, light, electromagnetic radiation of shorter wavelength or corpuscular radiation and adapted either for the conversion of the energy of such radiation into electrical energy or for the control of electrical energy by such radiation; Processes or apparatus peculiar to the manufacture or treatment thereof or of parts thereof; Details thereof adapted as photovoltaic [PV] conversion devices
    • H01L31/042PV modules or arrays of single PV cells
    • H01L31/048Encapsulation of modules
    • H01L31/0488Double glass encapsulation, e.g. photovoltaic cells arranged between front and rear glass sheets
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy

Abstract

A solar photovoltaic module and an installation method thereof. The solar photovoltaic module comprises laminates (500) and frames disposed around the laminates. The frames also serve as a connecting mechanism between adjacent laminates (500). The frames comprise a first frame (100), a second frame (200), and a third frame (300). An overlap between a cover (120) of the first frame (100) and the second frame (200) is used to prevent water leakage with respect to two upper and lower laminates (500). Two left and right laminates (500) are connected by means of the third frame (300), and a waterproof strip (450) is provided above the third frame (300) and a drain (440) is provided below the third frame (300), so as to achieve secondary waterproofing.

Description

一种太阳能光伏组件及其安装方法Solar photovoltaic module and installation method thereof

技术领域Technical field

本发明涉及太阳能领域,特别涉及一种太阳能光伏组件及其安装方法。 The invention relates to the field of solar energy, and in particular to a solar photovoltaic module and a mounting method thereof.

背景技术Background technique

随着能源价格的上涨,开发利用新能源成为当今能源领域研究的主要课题。由于太阳能具有无污染、无地域性限制、取之不竭等优点,研究太阳能发电成为开发利用新能源的主要方向。利用太阳能电池发电是当今人们使用太阳能的一种主要方式,太阳能需要占用大量的土地屋面等场地,因此将太阳能组件与屋顶瓦相结合的产品较为普遍,但当前的屋顶瓦组件设计面临高成本的短板,并没有获得大量的应用推广。With the rise of energy prices, the development and utilization of new energy has become a major issue in the field of energy research today. Because solar energy has the advantages of no pollution, no regional restrictions, and inexhaustible, research on solar power has become the main direction for the development and utilization of new energy. The use of solar cells to generate electricity is one of the main ways people use solar energy today. Solar energy needs to occupy a large number of land and other sites. Therefore, the combination of solar modules and roof tiles is common, but the current roof tile components are designed to be costly. Short board, and did not get a lot of application promotion.

屋顶瓦光伏组件若想直接替代屋顶面结构,就要求其防水能力能够满足基本户外风雪自然条件,也要满足可以持续的发电能力。实际当前的光伏组件屋顶在结构密封方面很不理想,不能适用于要求严格不漏水的场合,而只适合养殖/种植/畜牧等场合,同时也面临组件的安装和后期维护的抗隐裂失效的风险,采用普通的背板组件工艺组件的抗隐裂能力弱,隐裂后热斑风险加剧,失效风险进一步的扩大;在常规的小的屋顶瓦组件设计上,也面临安装困难的问题,如何快速安装和方便后期的维护也是挑战。If the roof tile PV module wants to directly replace the roof surface structure, it needs to be waterproof to meet the basic outdoor wind and snow natural conditions, and also to meet the sustainable power generation capacity. Actually, the current PV module roof is not ideal in structural sealing, and it cannot be applied to occasions requiring strict watertightness, but only suitable for breeding/planting/livestock, etc., and also faces the anti-crack failure of component installation and later maintenance. Risk, the common anti-cracking ability of the process components of the backplane assembly is weak, the risk of hot spot after cracking is intensified, and the risk of failure is further expanded; in the design of conventional small roof tile components, it is also facing difficulties in installation, how to Quick installation and convenient post-maintenance are also challenges.

传统太阳能电池片主要晶体硅包括多晶/单晶硅电池片组件,但常规的电池片组件因为晶体硅脆性的特点,在封装后面临抗隐裂能力差的问题,易导致后续的隐裂纹电流收集不到,形成电流集中出现热斑,局部大电流高温等现象,对组件的封装材料形成严重的失效风险。近几年市场也开始逐步开发应用双玻,但双玻的设计绝大部分都是无边框,而无边框双玻因为四周没有保护,导致边缘容易触碰导致爆板失效,安装也困难,但在抗隐裂上完全克服,可以实现无隐裂。市场上每月开发大量应用常规的边框也是因为边框是除了电池片之外最贵的材料,成本因素导致市场选择无边框的双玻应用。但单玻组件的隐裂短板,双玻的容易爆板和安装困难,这些都不是最佳的产品应用。The main crystalline silicon of the conventional solar cell includes polycrystalline/monocrystalline silicon cell components, but the conventional cell component has the problem of poor anti-cracking ability after packaging due to the characteristics of crystalline silicon brittleness, which easily leads to subsequent hidden crack current. It can not be collected, and hot spots appear in the current concentration, local high current and high temperature, etc., which poses a serious failure risk to the packaging materials of the components. In recent years, the market has gradually developed and applied double glass, but most of the design of double glass is borderless, and the double-frameless glass has no protection around, which makes the edge easy to touch, which causes the explosion to fail and the installation is difficult. Completely overcome in the anti-hidden crack, can achieve no cracks. A large number of conventional frames are developed every month on the market because the frame is the most expensive material in addition to the battery, and the cost factor causes the market to choose a double-glass application without a frame. However, the cracked short board of the single glass component, the double glass is easy to explode and the installation is difficult, these are not the best product applications.

另外,在当前的无边框双玻组件应用中,也面临到四周的内应力的存在,内应力是当前的组件的层压加热工艺过程所致,长期的应用双玻组件四边有边缘翘起的潜在风险。随着长时间的户外应用,外部的湿气还是有机会侵入内部,尤其水面双玻组件应用就面临水汽透入边缘的风险,这个对电池片的表面氧化和电池片持续的高性能保持就有挑战,对长期的质量承诺也提出风险。 In addition, in the current application of frameless double glass components, there is also the existence of internal stresses around the internal stress caused by the lamination heating process of the current components. The long-term application of double-glass components has edge-lifting on all four sides. potential risks. With long-term outdoor applications, external moisture still has the opportunity to invade the interior. In particular, the application of water-based double-glass components faces the risk of water vapor penetrating the edge. This is the surface oxidation of the cell and the continuous high performance of the cell. Challenges also pose risks to long-term quality commitments.

常规组件当前的设计对应的安装方式主要有正面压块和背面螺丝固定两种模式,背面螺丝固定比较结实但操作不便;而正面压块安装在有台风地区时,实际遇到多起组件因为压块松脱,导致组件串方阵全面松脱,组件飞出损坏的现象。 The current design of the conventional components corresponds to the main clamping block and the rear screw fixing mode. The rear screw fixing is relatively strong but the operation is inconvenient. When the front pressing block is installed in the typhoon area, many components are actually encountered because of the pressure. When the block is loose, the component string matrix is completely loose, and the component flies out and is damaged.

针对当前的双面电池片发电组件,包括N型双面和异质结组件,当前主要是采用双面双玻结构,在安装方式上也涉及到如何规避背面遮挡,又能够满足正常的载荷机械性能,常规的压块安装方式在抗风压抗雪压方面承载能力都不高。组件存在压块边缘支撑面不够,存在背面遮挡等风险。For the current double-sided battery power generation components, including N-type double-sided and heterojunction components, the current main use of double-sided double-glass structure, in the installation method also involves how to avoid the back cover, and can meet the normal load machinery Performance, the conventional briquetting installation method is not high in bearing capacity against wind pressure and snow pressure. There is insufficient support surface at the edge of the clamp, and there is a risk of back occlusion.

发明内容Summary of the invention

为了解决现有技术的问题,本发明提供了一种太阳能光伏组件及其安装方法,技术方案如下: In order to solve the problems of the prior art, the present invention provides a solar photovoltaic module and a mounting method thereof, and the technical solution is as follows:

一方面,本发明提供了一种太阳能层压件间第一连接机构,用于连接两块太阳能层压件,所述第一连接机构包括条状的第一边框和第二边框,所述第一边框上设有第一凹槽和盖板,所述第二边框上设有第二凹槽,所述第一边框与第二边框相接配合,所述第一凹槽与第二凹槽分别用于容置相邻两块层压件的侧边缘,所述盖板的外沿覆盖第二边框的部分上表面或者全部上表面。In one aspect, the present invention provides a first connection mechanism between solar laminates for connecting two solar laminates, the first connection mechanism comprising a strip-shaped first frame and a second frame, the first a first groove and a cover plate are disposed on a frame, and a second groove is disposed on the second frame, the first frame is in mating engagement with the second frame, the first groove and the second groove For respectively accommodating side edges of two adjacent laminates, the outer edge of the cover covers a portion of the upper surface or all of the upper surface of the second frame.

进一步地,所述盖板的下方设有卡接部,所述第二边框上还设有与所述卡接部配合的第三凹槽,所述第一边框与第二边框通过卡接部与第三凹槽卡接配合。Further, a lower portion of the cover plate is provided with a latching portion, and the second frame is further provided with a third recess that cooperates with the latching portion, and the first frame and the second frame pass through the engaging portion. Engaged with the third groove.

另一方面,本发明提供了一种太阳能层压件间第二连接机构,用于连接两块太阳能层压件,所述第二连接机构包括第一连接件、第二连接件、卡压块和两个条状的第三边框,所述第三边框上设有水平方向开口的第四凹槽及开口向上的第五凹槽,两个第三边框的第四凹槽分别用于容置相邻两块层压件的侧边缘,所述卡压块设置在两个第三边框的第五凹槽中,所述第一连接件、第二连接件上下固定连接,并将所述卡压块压紧在所述第五凹槽中。In another aspect, the present invention provides a second connection mechanism between solar laminates for connecting two solar laminates, the second connection mechanism comprising a first connector, a second connector, and a clamping block And a third strip-shaped third frame, wherein the third frame is provided with a fourth groove with a horizontal opening and a fifth groove with an opening upward, and the fourth grooves of the two third frames are respectively used for accommodating Adjacent to the side edges of the two adjacent laminates, the clamping block is disposed in the fifth recess of the two third frames, the first connecting member and the second connecting member are fixedly connected up and down, and the card is The compact is pressed into the fifth recess.

进一步地,所述第一连接件为螺栓,所述第二连接件为螺母,所述连接机构还包括泄水槽,所述螺母与泄水槽的内壁相对限位连接,所述第三边框上还设有开口向下的第六凹槽,通过所述螺栓与螺母连接,所述泄水槽的两侧槽壁分别安装在两个第三边框的第六凹槽中;Further, the first connecting member is a bolt, the second connecting member is a nut, and the connecting mechanism further comprises a water draining tank, the nut is connected to the inner wall of the water draining tank, and the third frame is further connected a sixth recess having an opening downwardly is connected to the nut through the bolt, and the groove walls on both sides of the drain tank are respectively installed in the sixth grooves of the two third frames;

或者,所述第二连接机构还包括防水条,所述防水条覆盖两个第三边框的部分上表面或者全部上表面。 Alternatively, the second connecting mechanism further includes a waterproof strip covering a portion of the upper surface or all of the upper surfaces of the two third frames.

另一方面,本发明提供了一种太阳能光伏组件,包括层压件、如上所述的第一连接机构或如上所述的第二连接机构。 In another aspect, the invention provides a solar photovoltaic module comprising a laminate, a first attachment mechanism as described above, or a second attachment mechanism as described above.

另一方面,本发明提供了一种太阳能光伏组件,包括层压件、如上所述的第一连接机构以及如上所述的第二连接机构。In another aspect, the present invention provides a solar photovoltaic module comprising a laminate, a first attachment mechanism as described above, and a second attachment mechanism as described above.

进一步地,所述层压件的上侧面安装有第二边框,下侧面安装有第一边框,左侧面和右侧面均安装有第三边框,所述层压件与第一凹槽、第二凹槽和第四凹槽之间固定且密封连接。Further, the upper side of the laminate is mounted with a second frame, the lower side is mounted with a first frame, and the left side and the right side are both mounted with a third frame, the laminate and the first groove, A fixed and sealed connection between the second groove and the fourth groove.

进一步地,所述层压件的侧面安装有边框,所述边框包括第一边框、第二边框和第三边框,相邻的边框交接处栓接、粘接或利用L型角码搭接。 Further, a side surface of the laminate is mounted with a frame, and the frame comprises a first frame, a second frame and a third frame, and the adjacent frame intersections are bolted, bonded or overlapped by an L-shaped corner code.

进一步地,所述太阳能光伏组件为双玻光伏组件,所述光伏组件的边框厚度低于20mm。 Further, the solar photovoltaic component is a double glass photovoltaic component, and the photovoltaic component has a frame thickness of less than 20 mm.

再一方面,本发明提供了一种太阳能光伏组件安装方法,利用如上所述的第一连接机构以及如上所述的第二连接机构对层压件进行连接安装,包括上下两块层压件之间通过第一连接机构连接安装,左右两块层压件之间通过第二连接机构连接安装。In still another aspect, the present invention provides a solar photovoltaic module mounting method for connecting and mounting a laminate by using a first connecting mechanism as described above and a second connecting mechanism as described above, including two upper and lower laminates. The first connection mechanism is connected and installed, and the left and right laminates are connected and connected by a second connection mechanism.

本发明提供的技术方案带来的有益效果如下: The beneficial effects brought by the technical solutions provided by the present invention are as follows:

1)本发明根据组件安装高低倾斜的特点,利用第一边框上的盖板延伸搭接到下方光伏组件的第二边框上,实现防水功能,利用卡扣式实现光伏组件的快速安装; 1) The invention realizes the waterproof function by using the cover plate on the first frame and the second frame on the lower photovoltaic component according to the feature of the high and low inclination of the component installation, and realizes the quick installation of the photovoltaic component by using the snap type;

2)两个左右排列的层压件之间的边框采用卡压块方式实现快速安装,防止各组件之间错位滑动,避免单个组件没有安装牢固导致所有组件松动,提高安装的可靠性;2) The frame between the two left and right laminates is fast-installed by means of a clamping block to prevent misalignment between the components, so that the individual components are not installed firmly and the components are loosened, thereby improving the reliability of the installation;

3)相邻组件左右边框之间采用防水条,实现阻水防水功能,同时增加一体式U型泄水槽,进一步提高防水等级; 3) Waterproof strips are used between the left and right frames of adjacent components to achieve water and water resistance, and an integrated U-shaped drain tank is added to further improve the waterproof level;

4)针对无防水要求组件,层压件四条边均使用第三边框组合,节约成本; 4) For the components without waterproof requirements, the four sides of the laminate are combined with the third frame to save costs;

5)采用超薄边框,实现低成本高性能,且尺寸上完全适合于常规的光伏大组件,非常适合产业化和规模化; 5) Utilizing ultra-thin bezel to achieve low cost and high performance, and the size is completely suitable for conventional photovoltaic large components, which is very suitable for industrialization and scale;

6)本发明提供的边框结构可应用于双面电池片发电组件,在规避背面遮挡的前提下,又能够满足正常的载荷机械性能。 6) The frame structure provided by the invention can be applied to the double-sided battery chip power generation assembly, and can meet the normal load mechanical performance under the premise of avoiding the back cover.

附图说明DRAWINGS

为了更清楚地说明本发明实施例中的技术方案,下面将对实施例描述中所需要使用的附图作简单地介绍,显而易见地,下面描述中的附图仅仅是本发明的一些实施例,对于本领域普通技术人员来讲,在不付出创造性劳动的前提下,还可以根据这些附图获得其他的附图。In order to more clearly illustrate the technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention, the drawings used in the description of the embodiments will be briefly described below. It is obvious that the drawings in the following description are only some embodiments of the present invention. Other drawings may also be obtained from those of ordinary skill in the art in light of the inventive work.

图1是本发明实施例提供的太阳能光伏组件的安装结构示意图; 1 is a schematic view showing a mounting structure of a solar photovoltaic module according to an embodiment of the present invention;

图2是本发明实施例提供的上下相邻的两个层压件边框搭接结构示意图; 2 is a schematic view showing a framing structure of two laminates adjacent to each other in an embodiment of the present invention;

图3是本发明实施例提供的第一边框的剖视图; 3 is a cross-sectional view of a first frame provided by an embodiment of the present invention;

图4是本发明实施例提供的第二边框的剖视图; 4 is a cross-sectional view of a second frame provided by an embodiment of the present invention;

图5是本发明实施例提供的带倒钩的第一边框的剖视图; Figure 5 is a cross-sectional view of a barbed first frame according to an embodiment of the present invention;

图6是本发明实施例提供的第三边框的剖视示意图; 6 is a cross-sectional view of a third frame provided by an embodiment of the present invention;

图7是本发明实施例提供的第三边框之间的卡压块连接结构示意图; FIG. 7 is a schematic diagram of a connection structure of a clamping block between third frames according to an embodiment of the present invention; FIG.

图8是本发明实施例提供的第三边框之间的防水条安装结构示意图; 8 is a schematic view showing a waterproof strip mounting structure between third frames according to an embodiment of the present invention;

图9是本发明实施例提供的L型角码的结构示意图; 9 is a schematic structural diagram of an L-shaped corner code according to an embodiment of the present invention;

图10是本发明实施例提供的L型角码的固定安装剖视图; 10 is a cross-sectional view showing a fixed installation of an L-shaped corner code according to an embodiment of the present invention;

图11是图10中AA方向的剖视图; Figure 11 is a cross-sectional view taken along line AA of Figure 10;

图12是本发明实施例提供的卡压块的第一种俯视安装结构图; 12 is a first top view installation structure diagram of a card pressing block according to an embodiment of the present invention;

图13是本发明实施例提供的卡压块的第二种俯视安装结构图; FIG. 13 is a second top view installation structure diagram of a card pressing block according to an embodiment of the present invention; FIG.

图14是本发明实施例提供的卡压块的第三种俯视安装结构图; 14 is a third top view installation structure diagram of a card pressing block according to an embodiment of the present invention;

图15是本发明实施例提供的矩形螺母的俯视图; Figure 15 is a plan view of a rectangular nut provided by an embodiment of the present invention;

图16是本发明实施例提供的无防水要求下太阳能光伏组件的上下边框搭接示意图; 16 is a schematic diagram of overlapping upper and lower frames of a solar photovoltaic module without waterproof requirements according to an embodiment of the present invention;

图17是本发明实施例提供的卡压块的另一种安装结构剖视图。 Figure 17 is a cross-sectional view showing another mounting structure of the card pressing block according to the embodiment of the present invention.

其中,附图标记为:100-第一边框,110-第一凹槽,120-盖板,121-卡接部,130-倒钩,200-第二边框,210-第二凹槽,220-第三凹槽,300-第三边框,310-第四凹槽,320-第五凹槽,330-第六凹槽,410-第一连接件,420-第二连接件,430-卡压块,440-泄水槽,450-防水条,500-层压件,510-密封胶,600-L型角码。 Wherein, the reference numerals are: 100 - first frame, 110 - first groove, 120 - cover plate, 121 - snap portion, 130 - barb, 200 - second frame, 210 - second groove, 220 - third groove, 300 - third frame, 310 - fourth groove, 320 - fifth groove, 330 - sixth groove, 410 - first connector, 420 - second connector, 430 - card Briquetting, 440-sink, 450-waterproof strip, 500-laminate, 510-seal, 600-L corner.

具体实施方式Detailed ways

为了使本技术领域的人员更好地理解本发明方案,下面将结合本发明实施例中的附图,对本发明实施例中的技术方案进行清楚、完整地描述,显然,所描述的实施例仅仅是本发明一部分的实施例,而不是全部的实施例。基于本发明中的实施例,本领域普通技术人员在没有做出创造性劳动前提下所获得的所有其他实施例,都应当属于本发明保护的范围。The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention are clearly and completely described in the following with reference to the accompanying drawings in the embodiments of the present invention. It is an embodiment of the invention, but not all of the embodiments. All other embodiments obtained by those skilled in the art based on the embodiments of the present invention without creative efforts shall fall within the scope of the present invention.

需要说明的是,本发明的说明书和权利要求书及上述附图中的术语“第一”、“第二”等是用于区别类似的对象,而不必用于描述特定的顺序或先后次序。应该理解这样使用的数据在适当情况下可以互换,以便这里描述的本发明的实施例能够以除了在这里图示或描述的那些以外的顺序实施。此外,术语“包括”和“具有”以及他们的任何变形,意图在于覆盖不排他的包含,例如,包含了一系列步骤或单元的过程、方法、装置、产品或设备不必限于清楚地列出的那些步骤或单元,而是可包括没有清楚地列出的或对于这些过程、方法、产品或设备固有的其它步骤或单元。It is to be understood that the terms "first", "second", and the like in the specification and claims of the present invention are used to distinguish similar objects, and are not necessarily used to describe a particular order or order. It is to be understood that the data so used may be interchanged where appropriate, so that the embodiments of the invention described herein can be implemented in a sequence other than those illustrated or described herein. In addition, the terms "comprises" and "comprises" and "the" and "the" are intended to cover a non-exclusive inclusion, for example, a process, method, device, product or device that comprises a series of steps or units is not necessarily limited to Those steps or units may include other steps or units not explicitly listed or inherent to such processes, methods, products or devices.

实施例1Example 1

在本发明的一个实施例中,提供了两种太阳能层压件间连接机构,用于连接两块太阳能层压件,在本实施例中,所述连接机构是由两个边框组成,所述边框是层压件边框,即本申请中太阳能层压件的边框作为相邻两个层压件500之间的连接机构,第一种连接机构是用于连接上下两块层压件500的(本申请的太阳能层压件是铺设在倾斜屋顶上的,上下两块层压件500存在高度差),参见图2,第一连接机构包括条状的第一边框100和第二边框200,所述第一边框100上设有第一凹槽110和盖板120,参见图3,所述第二边框200上设有第二凹槽210,参见图4,所述第一边框100与第二边框200相接配合,所述第一凹槽110与第二凹槽210分别用于容置相邻两块层压件500的侧边缘,所述盖板120的外沿覆盖第二边框200的部分上表面(如图2)或者全部上表面(未图示),消除漏雨风险。In one embodiment of the present invention, two solar inter-laminate connection mechanisms are provided for joining two solar laminates. In the present embodiment, the connection mechanism is composed of two frames. The frame is a laminate frame, that is, the frame of the solar laminate in the present application serves as a connection mechanism between two adjacent laminates 500, and the first connection mechanism is used to connect the upper and lower laminates 500 ( The solar laminate of the present application is laid on a sloping roof, and the upper and lower laminates 500 have a height difference. Referring to FIG. 2, the first connecting mechanism includes a strip-shaped first frame 100 and a second frame 200. The first frame 100 is provided with a first groove 110 and a cover plate 120. Referring to FIG. 3, the second frame 200 is provided with a second groove 210. Referring to FIG. 4, the first frame 100 and the second frame are provided. The first groove 110 and the second groove 210 are respectively used for accommodating side edges of two adjacent laminates 500, and the outer edge of the cover plate 120 covers the second frame 200. Part of the upper surface (Figure 2) or all of the upper surface (not shown) eliminates the risk of rain.

为了便于上下两个层压件500的快速连接安装,所述盖板120的下方设有卡接部121,参见图3,所述第二边框200上还设有与所述卡接部121配合的第三凹槽220,参见图4,所述第一边框100与第二边框200通过卡接部121与第三凹槽220卡接配合,即将第一边框100的卡接部121嵌入第二边框200的第三凹槽220,就可实现两块层压件500的上下连接,方便快捷。具体地,所述卡接部121可以为与所述盖板120等长的卡接条,也可以是分布设置的卡接块,优选地,卡接块等间距设置在盖板120下方,本申请对卡接部121的具体形式不作限定,任何能够与第三凹槽220配合的结构都应当落入本申请的保护范围。In order to facilitate the quick connection of the upper and lower laminates 500, the cover 120 is provided with a latching portion 121. Referring to FIG. 3, the second frame 200 is further provided with the latching portion 121. The third recess 220, the first bezel 100 and the second bezel 200 are engaged with the third recess 220 by the engaging portion 121, that is, the engaging portion 121 of the first bezel 100 is embedded in the second recess 220. The third groove 220 of the frame 200 can realize the upper and lower connection of the two laminates 500, which is convenient and quick. Specifically, the engaging portion 121 may be a locking strip that is equal to the cover 120, or may be a distributed engaging block. Preferably, the engaging block is disposed at an equal distance below the cover 120. The application does not limit the specific form of the engaging portion 121, and any structure capable of cooperating with the third recess 220 should fall within the protection scope of the present application.

第二种连接机构是用于连接左右两块层压件500的,参见图7和图8,第二连接机构包括第一连接件410、第二连接件420、卡压块430和两个条状的第三边框300,参见图6,所述第三边框300上设有水平方向开口的第四凹槽310及开口向上的第五凹槽320,两个第三边框300的第四凹槽310分别用于容置相邻两块层压件500的侧边缘,所述卡压块430设置在两个第三边框300的第五凹槽320中,所述第一连接件410、第二连接件420上下固定连接,并将所述卡压块430压紧在所述第五凹槽320中。The second connecting mechanism is for connecting the left and right laminates 500. Referring to Figures 7 and 8, the second connecting mechanism includes a first connecting member 410, a second connecting member 420, a pressing block 430 and two strips. The third frame 300 of the shape, see FIG. 6, the third frame 300 is provided with a fourth groove 310 that is horizontally open and a fifth groove 320 that is open upward, and a fourth groove of the two third frames 300. 310 is respectively for accommodating side edges of two adjacent laminates 500, and the pressing block 430 is disposed in the fifth grooves 320 of the two third frames 300, the first connecting member 410, the second The connecting member 420 is fixedly connected up and down, and the pressing block 430 is pressed into the fifth recess 320.

在一个具体的实施例中,所述第一连接件410为螺栓,所述第二连接件420为螺母,优选为方形螺母,参见图15。所述连接机构还包括泄水槽440,所述螺母与泄水槽440的内壁相对限位连接,矩形螺母设计中对角有圆弧设计,可以方便地将螺母插入槽中,同时实现防止跟转的功能,所述第三边框300上还设有开口向下的第六凹槽330,通过所述螺栓与螺母连接,所述泄水槽440的两侧槽壁分别安装在两个第三边框300的第六凹槽330中,参见图7,所述泄水槽440一方面作为支撑梁支撑第三边框300以及整个光伏组件,同时可作为泄水用,实现二级防水功能。In a specific embodiment, the first connector 410 is a bolt and the second connector 420 is a nut, preferably a square nut, see FIG. The connecting mechanism further includes a drain 440. The nut is connected to the inner wall of the sump 440. The rectangular nut has a circular arc design in the diagonal direction, which can conveniently insert the nut into the slot and prevent the rotation. The third frame 300 is further provided with a sixth recess 330 having an opening downward, and is connected to the nut through the bolt, and the groove walls on both sides of the drain 440 are respectively mounted on the two third frames 300. In the sixth recess 330, referring to FIG. 7, the drain 440 serves as a supporting beam to support the third frame 300 and the entire photovoltaic component on the one hand, and can also be used as a water drain to realize a secondary waterproof function.

具体地,所述泄水槽440内固定有一矩形螺母,具体地,固定的螺栓从泄水槽440内部支出,螺栓可以滑动,矩形螺母采用焊接或者结构胶内部同泄水槽440内部形成连接,而不破坏泄水槽440的密封结构,实现从顶到下的一体式良好泄水密封性能;同时利用螺栓和矩形螺母的固定作用,实现左右相邻的两个边框之间的固定连接;另外接线盒的线缆也可以沿支撑边缘进行走线,本实施例中,所述卡压块430可采用图12所示的H型,也可以采用图13所示的U型或图14所示。Specifically, a rectangular nut is fixed in the sump 440. Specifically, the fixed bolt is paid out from the inside of the sump 440, the bolt can be slid, and the rectangular nut is welded or the inside of the structural glue is connected with the inside of the sump 440 without breaking. The sealing structure of the water discharge tank 440 realizes the integrated good water leakage sealing performance from top to bottom; at the same time, the fixed connection between the two adjacent left and right frames is realized by the fixing action of the bolt and the rectangular nut; The cable can also be routed along the support edge. In this embodiment, the clamping block 430 can adopt the H-shape shown in FIG. 12 or the U-shape shown in FIG. 13 or FIG.

所述第三边框300与第二边框200在结构上基本是一致的:第三边框300的第四凹槽310与第二边框200的第二凹槽210是一致的,第三边框300的第五凹槽320与第二边框200的第三凹槽220是一致的,差别仅在于,所述第二边框200的下方可以没有开口向下的凹槽(对应于第三边框300的第六凹槽330),但是,在实际生产中,为了简化部件分类,优选的做法是,将第二边框200采用第三边框300的结构,因此,本发明对第二边框200的具体结构形式(是否具有开口向下的凹槽)不作限定。The third frame 300 and the second frame 200 are substantially identical in structure: the fourth groove 310 of the third frame 300 is identical to the second groove 210 of the second frame 200, and the third frame 300 is The five grooves 320 are identical to the third grooves 220 of the second frame 200, except that the lower portion of the second frame 200 may have no downward groove (corresponding to the sixth concave of the third frame 300). The groove 330), however, in actual production, in order to simplify the component classification, it is preferable to adopt the structure of the third frame 300 by the second frame 200. Therefore, the specific structure of the second frame 200 of the present invention (whether or not The groove with the opening downward is not limited.

在防水结构方面,所述第二连接机构还包括防水条450,所述防水条450覆盖两个第三边框300的部分上表面(如图8)或者全部上表面(未图示)。所述防水条450采用耐候胶条、铝合金、塑钢、玻纤钢、碳钢或塑料材质,所述防水条450与边框间采用硅胶、双面胶或泡棉胶带连接或采用弹性胶条卡接,所述防水条450作为盖板,能够防止雨水从各组件中间渗透到屋顶上,本发明利用防水条450作为一级雨水阻挡,利用泄水槽440实现二级泄水功能,确保光伏组件安装方式具有良好的防水功能,这里的防水功能即指防止水从光伏组件的上表面渗到下方。作为优选的一个实施例,所述防水条450和泄水槽440分别为整条覆盖屋顶由上而下的宽度,即比如屋顶上覆盖了横向三排、纵向五列的光伏组件,则需要四根防水条450和/或4条泄水槽440,每一防水条/泄水槽安装在每相邻两列光伏组件之间的间隙处。但是需要说明的是,作为另一种可实施方式,可以将整条的防水条/泄水槽换作多条拼接的方式,比如,上一条泄水槽440的下端容置在下一条泄水槽440中,在此不多赘述。In terms of the waterproof structure, the second connecting mechanism further includes a waterproof strip 450 covering a portion of the upper surface (as shown in FIG. 8) or all of the upper surface (not shown) of the two third bezels 300. The waterproof strip 450 is made of weather-resistant strip, aluminum alloy, plastic steel, fiberglass steel, carbon steel or plastic material. The waterproof strip 450 and the frame are connected by silica gel, double-sided tape or foam tape or elastic strip card. The waterproof strip 450 is used as a cover plate to prevent rainwater from penetrating from the middle of each component to the roof. The present invention utilizes the waterproof strip 450 as a primary rain barrier, and utilizes the drain 440 to realize a secondary drain function to ensure the installation of the photovoltaic module. The method has a good waterproof function, and the waterproof function here means preventing water from seeping from below the upper surface of the photovoltaic module. As a preferred embodiment, the waterproof strip 450 and the sump 440 are respectively covered from the top to the bottom of the roof, that is, for example, the roof is covered with three rows of three horizontal rows and five columns of vertical, and four pieces are required. A waterproof strip 450 and/or four drains 440, each of which is mounted at a gap between each adjacent two columns of photovoltaic modules. However, it should be noted that, as another implementation manner, the entire waterproof strip/sink can be replaced by a plurality of splicing manners. For example, the lower end of the upper sump 440 is received in the next sump 440. I won't go into details here.

在实施过程中,所述防水条450和泄水槽440可以任选其一实现防水,但是在一个优选实施例中,同时采用防水条450和泄水槽440实现二级防水,取得双重防水保护效果。In the implementation process, the waterproof strip 450 and the drain 440 may be optionally waterproofed, but in a preferred embodiment, the waterproof strip 450 and the drain 440 are simultaneously used to achieve secondary waterproofing, achieving a double waterproof protection effect.

上述的两种连接机构是为太阳能光伏组件的安装提供服务的,在本发明的一个实施例中,提供了一种太阳能光伏组件,若无防水要求,所述光伏组件包括层压件500、如上所述的第一连接机构或如上所述的第二连接机构,即光伏组件的层压件500之间利用第一边框100和第二边框200实现快速连接,对盖板120的覆盖程度没有要求,或者利用卡压块430将两个第三边框300(也可以将第二边框200取代第三边框300,参见图16)实现固定连接,而对防水条450和泄水槽440没有要求(但是还是需要在第三边框下方固定第二连接件420如螺母的安装件,参见图17)。The above two connection mechanisms provide services for the installation of solar photovoltaic modules. In one embodiment of the invention, a solar photovoltaic module is provided, which, if not required for waterproofing, comprises a laminate 500, as above The first connecting mechanism or the second connecting mechanism as described above, that is, the laminate 500 of the photovoltaic module, realizes quick connection by using the first frame 100 and the second frame 200, and the coverage of the cover 120 is not required. Or using the clamping block 430 to achieve a fixed connection between the two third bezels 300 (the second bezel 200 may be replaced by the third bezel 300, see FIG. 16), and there is no requirement for the waterproof strip 450 and the drain 440 (but still It is necessary to fix the second connecting member 420 such as a nut mounting member under the third frame, see Fig. 17).

另外,在没有防水要求的情况下,在固定结构上,包括利用卡压块430进行两个边框之间的固定连接没有密封需求,就无需对边框进行加工开划口,因此可以直接通过卡压块简单设计(无需沉入式设计),参见图17。In addition, in the case of no waterproof requirement, in the fixed structure, including the use of the clamping block 430 for the fixed connection between the two frames, there is no sealing requirement, and the frame is not required to be processed and opened, so that the pressing can be directly performed. The block is simple in design (no need for a sunken design), see Figure 17.

显然,本领域的技术人员可以对发明进行各种改动和变型而不脱离本发明的精神和范围。这样,倘若本发明的这些修改和变型属于本发明权利要求及其等同技术的范围之内,则本发明也意图包括这些改动和变型在内。 It will be apparent to those skilled in the art that various modifications and variations can be made in the invention without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention. Thus, it is intended that the present invention cover the modifications and variations of the invention as claimed.

实施例2 Example 2

在本发明的实施例中,提供了一种防水型太阳能光伏组件,包括层压件500、如实施例1所述的第一连接机构以及第二连接机构,具体地,所述层压件500为矩形块状,由多个矩形的电池片按照矩阵形式排列而成,层压件500四周侧面设有边框:上侧面安装有第二边框200,下侧面安装有第一边框100,左侧面和右侧面均安装有第三边框300,所述层压件500与第一凹槽110、第二凹槽210和第四凹槽310之间固定且密封连接。In an embodiment of the present invention, a waterproof solar photovoltaic module is provided, comprising a laminate 500, a first connection mechanism as described in Embodiment 1, and a second connection mechanism, in particular, the laminate 500 The rectangular block is formed by a plurality of rectangular battery sheets arranged in a matrix form, and the side surface of the laminate 500 is provided with a frame: a second frame 200 is mounted on the upper side, and a first frame 100 is mounted on the lower side. A third bezel 300 is mounted to the right side, and the laminate 500 is fixedly and sealingly coupled to the first groove 110, the second groove 210, and the fourth groove 310.

所述第一凹槽110、第二凹槽210和第四凹槽310与层压件500中间设有形成C型包围的密封胶510,参见图2,在优化方案中,所述第一边框100上还设有倒钩130,参见图5,所述倒钩130可对所述密封胶510形成阻挡,减少正面密封胶溢出,避免污染,实现清洁。除了密封胶,边框与层压件500之间用硅胶或者泡棉胶带固定,可以防止雨水或水气从层压100侧边透过EVA或POE腐蚀电池片,从而对层压件四周进行100%全面的内部密封和保护结构。The first groove 110, the second groove 210 and the fourth groove 310 are provided with a sealant 510 forming a C-shape in the middle of the laminate 500. Referring to FIG. 2, in an optimized scheme, the first frame is The barbs 130 are also provided on the 100. Referring to FIG. 5, the barbs 130 can form a barrier to the sealant 510, reduce the overflow of the front sealant, avoid contamination, and achieve cleaning. In addition to the sealant, the frame and laminate 500 are secured with silicone or foam tape to prevent rain or moisture from eroding the cell through the EVA or POE from the side of the laminate 100, thereby 100% around the laminate. Comprehensive internal sealing and protection structure.

进一步地,所述层压件500的侧面安装有边框,所述边框包括第一边框100、第二边框200和第三边框300,相邻的边框交接处栓接、粘接或利用L型角码600搭接。在本实施例中,提供了一种L型角码600,位于单个太阳能光伏组件最边缘处,使用L型角码600进行固定,利用自动化的设备,将所述L型角码600卡入边框对应的卡槽设计中,这样就能形成结构紧促,但满足边框的保护和高强度。结构如图9,所述L型角码600包括L型条和设置在L型条上的三个凸起(单侧设有三个凸起,一个L型角码600包括6个凸起),所述L型角码600与边框的固定方式如图10和11所示,所述L型角码600的凸起分别与边框上的凹槽配合,其安装方向可以为从上至下安装,也可为从下至上安装,通过所述L型角码,快速实现同一个层压件500上相邻边框在直角处的快速固定连接。Further, a side surface of the laminate 500 is mounted with a frame, and the frame includes a first frame 100, a second frame 200, and a third frame 300. The adjacent frame intersections are bolted, bonded, or L-shaped. Code 600 is lapped. In this embodiment, an L-shaped corner code 600 is provided, which is located at the outermost edge of a single solar photovoltaic module, is fixed by using an L-shaped corner code 600, and is clamped into the frame by the automated device. In the corresponding card slot design, the structure can be tightly formed, but the protection and high strength of the frame are satisfied. Structure, as shown in FIG. 9, the L-shaped corner code 600 includes an L-shaped strip and three protrusions disposed on the L-shaped strip (three protrusions are provided on one side, and one protrusion is included in one L-shaped corner code 600). The fixing manners of the L-shaped corner code 600 and the frame are as shown in FIGS. 10 and 11. The protrusions of the L-shaped corner code 600 respectively cooperate with the grooves on the frame, and the mounting direction thereof can be installed from top to bottom. It is also possible to install from bottom to top, by means of the L-shaped corner code, to quickly achieve a fast fixed connection of adjacent frames on the same laminate 500 at right angles.

实施例3Example 3

在本发明的优选实施例中,所述太阳能光伏组件为双玻光伏组件,在现有技术中,双玻光伏组件由于本身强度达到一定标准,因此是不带边框的,在本实施例中,所述双玻光伏组件带边框,所述边框采用铝、铝合金、塑钢、玻纤钢、碳钢或塑料材料制成,在满足轻便和高强度需求的前提下,满足安装方便的需求,当然边框材料也可以选用满足上述要求的其他金属材料,边框通过增加截面壁厚或增加材质强度,也可以用于常规单玻光伏组件。In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the solar photovoltaic module is a double-glass photovoltaic component. In the prior art, the double-glass photovoltaic component has no frame due to its own strength, and in this embodiment, The double-glass photovoltaic component has a frame, and the frame is made of aluminum, aluminum alloy, plastic steel, glass fiber steel, carbon steel or plastic material, and meets the needs of convenient installation under the premise of meeting the requirements of lightness and high strength. The frame material can also be selected from other metal materials that meet the above requirements. The frame can also be used for conventional single glass photovoltaic modules by increasing the wall thickness of the section or increasing the material strength.

较佳地,所述边框的高度为12mm~25mm,即边框采用非常薄的结构设计,整个光伏组件的边框厚度低于20mm,一方面实现快速装框设计,也实现了各组件的户外快速安装;利用卡压块430设计,实现各组件物理限位功能,避免单一卡压块松动时,面临连锁的松脱和飞掉的风险。Preferably, the height of the frame is 12mm~25mm, that is, the frame adopts a very thin structure design, and the frame thickness of the entire photovoltaic component is less than 20mm, on the one hand, the quick frame design is realized, and the outdoor quick installation of each component is also realized. The use of the card clamp 430 design to achieve the physical limit function of each component, to avoid the risk of chain loosening and flying off when the single card clamp is loose.

需要说明的是:本发明中电池片可采用双玻结构,也可以采用各种晶体硅,此处不予限定;晶体硅可以是多晶或者单晶,各种效率都适用;电池片也可以适用于常规的焊接工艺,或者低温焊接,或者粘带工艺,或者是叠瓦组件工艺,都不限制应用;电池片也可以采用常规的单玻结构,工艺本身也不限制,但基于实际应用要考虑结构强度和抗隐裂能力的基本实际需求,可以主要考虑多主栅的晶体硅电池片组件产品,也可以考虑非晶体硅的产品应用;电路设计包括半片,叠瓦电路,可以采用透明或者白色EVA或者是彩釉背板玻璃等。It should be noted that: in the present invention, the battery sheet can adopt a double glass structure, and various crystalline silicon can also be used, which is not limited herein; the crystalline silicon can be polycrystalline or single crystal, and various efficiencies are applicable; Applicable to the conventional welding process, or low-temperature welding, or the adhesive tape process, or the tile assembly process, does not limit the application; the battery can also adopt the conventional single glass structure, the process itself is not limited, but based on the actual application Considering the basic practical requirements of structural strength and anti-cracking ability, it is possible to mainly consider the crystalline silicon cell component products of multi-main gates, and also the application of amorphous silicon products; the circuit design includes half-chip, tiled circuits, which can be transparent or White EVA or glazed back glass.

另外,本发明提供的边框结构可应用于双面电池片发电组件,在规避背面遮挡的前提下,又能够满足正常的载荷机械性能。 In addition, the frame structure provided by the invention can be applied to the double-sided battery chip power generation assembly, and can meet the normal load mechanical performance under the premise of avoiding the back cover.

实施例4 Example 4

在本发明的一个实施例中,提供了一种太阳能光伏组件安装方法,利用如实施例1所述的第一连接机构和第二连接机构对层压件500进行连接安装,方案步骤包括:上下两块层压件之间通过第一连接机构连接安装,左右两块层压件之间通过第二连接机构连接安装。In an embodiment of the present invention, a solar photovoltaic module mounting method is provided, and the laminate 500 is connected and assembled by using the first connecting mechanism and the second connecting mechanism as described in Embodiment 1, and the solution steps include: The two laminates are connected and connected by a first connecting mechanism, and the left and right laminates are connected and connected by a second connecting mechanism.

本实施例还提供了一种太阳能屋顶,利用上述太阳能光伏组件安装方法对多个光伏组件的层压件500矩阵排列,铺设在屋顶顶面或房梁上,形成可以替代传统砖瓦屋顶的太阳能屋顶,既实现了太阳能发电作用,又起到防雨水的作用。The embodiment further provides a solar roof, which is arranged in a matrix of a plurality of photovoltaic module laminates 500 by using the solar photovoltaic module mounting method described above, and is laid on the roof top surface or the house beam to form a solar energy that can replace the traditional tile roof. The roof not only realizes solar power generation, but also acts as a rainproof water.

综上所述,本发明提供的太阳能光伏组件,其层压件500是由多个矩形的电池片按照矩阵形式排列而成,所述层压件500的四条边均固定有边框,相邻的两个所述边框之间相互搭接,不同的层压件500之间通过边框进行连接安装。所述多个光伏组件组装时,将层压件500插入第一凹槽110、第二凹槽210和第四凹槽310内实现卡合,边框与边框之间用L型角码600固定,边框与层压件500之间用密封胶(硅胶)或者泡棉胶带固定,可以防止雨水或水气从层压件500侧边透过EVA或POE腐蚀电池片,从而形成100%全面的内部密封和保护结构;左右相邻的两个边框之间通过卡压块430的卡合实现搭接。本发明根据屋顶高低倾斜的特点,利用边框与卡压块的卡合,实现防水功能;同时利用上下、左右边框之间的卡合实现快速安装,不易脱落。In summary, the solar photovoltaic module provided by the present invention has a laminate 500 formed by arranging a plurality of rectangular battery sheets in a matrix form, and the four sides of the laminate 500 are fixed with a frame adjacent to each other. The two frames are overlapped with each other, and different laminates 500 are connected by a frame. When the plurality of photovoltaic modules are assembled, the laminate 500 is inserted into the first groove 110, the second groove 210, and the fourth groove 310 to be engaged, and the frame and the frame are fixed by an L-shaped corner code 600. The frame and the laminate 500 are fixed with a sealant (silica gel) or foam tape to prevent rain or moisture from corroding the cell through the EVA or POE from the side of the laminate 500, thereby forming a 100% overall internal seal. And the protection structure; the two adjacent frames between the left and right sides are overlapped by the engagement of the clamping block 430. According to the characteristics of the height inclination of the roof, the invention realizes the waterproof function by the engagement of the frame and the clamping block, and realizes quick installation by the engagement between the upper and lower sides and the left and right frames, and is not easy to fall off.

显然,本领域的技术人员可以对发明进行各种改动和变型而不脱离本发明的精神和范围。这样,倘若本发明的这些修改和变型属于本发明权利要求及其等同技术的范围之内,则本发明也意图包括这些改动和变型在内。It will be apparent to those skilled in the art that various modifications and variations can be made in the invention without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention. Thus, it is intended that the present invention cover the modifications and variations of the invention as claimed.

以上所述仅为本发明的较佳实施例,并不用以限制本发明,凡在本发明的精神和原则之内,所作的任何修改、等同替换、改进等,均应包含在本发明的保护范围之内。The above are only the preferred embodiments of the present invention, and are not intended to limit the present invention. Any modifications, equivalents, improvements, etc., which are within the spirit and scope of the present invention, should be included in the protection of the present invention. Within the scope.

Claims (10)

  1. 一种太阳能层压件间第一连接机构,用于连接两块太阳能层压件,其特征在于,所述第一连接机构包括条状的第一边框(100)和第二边框(200),所述第一边框(100)上设有第一凹槽(110)和盖板(120),所述第二边框(200)上设有第二凹槽(210),所述第一边框(100)与第二边框(200)相接配合,所述第一凹槽(110)与第二凹槽(210)分别用于容置相邻两块层压件的侧边缘,所述盖板(120)的外沿覆盖第二边框(200)的部分上表面或者全部上表面。A first connection mechanism between solar laminates for connecting two solar laminates, wherein the first connection mechanism comprises a strip-shaped first frame (100) and a second frame (200), The first frame (100) is provided with a first groove (110) and a cover plate (120), and the second frame (200) is provided with a second groove (210), the first frame ( 100) mating with the second frame (200), the first groove (110) and the second groove (210) are respectively used for accommodating side edges of two adjacent laminates, the cover plate The outer edge of (120) covers a portion of the upper surface or all of the upper surface of the second frame (200).
  2. 根据权利要求1所述的太阳能层压件间第一连接机构,其特征在于,所述盖板(120)的下方设有卡接部(121),所述第二边框(200)上还设有与所述卡接部(121)配合的第三凹槽(220),所述第一边框(100)与第二边框(200)通过卡接部(121)与第三凹槽(220)卡接配合。The first connection mechanism between the solar laminates according to claim 1, wherein the cover plate (120) is provided with a snap portion (121), and the second frame (200) is further provided. There is a third groove (220) that cooperates with the engaging portion (121), and the first frame (100) and the second frame (200) pass through the engaging portion (121) and the third groove (220). Card mating.
  3. 一种太阳能层压件间第二连接机构,用于连接两块太阳能层压件,其特征在于,所述第二连接机构包括第一连接件(410)、第二连接件(420)、卡压块(430)和两个条状的第三边框(300),所述第三边框(300)上设有水平方向开口的第四凹槽(310)及开口向上的第五凹槽(320),两个第三边框(300)的第四凹槽(310)分别用于容置相邻两块层压件的侧边缘,所述卡压块(430)设置在两个第三边框(300)的第五凹槽(320)中,所述第一连接件(410)、第二连接件(420)上下固定连接,并将所述卡压块(430)压紧在所述第五凹槽(320)中。A second connection mechanism between solar laminates for connecting two solar laminates, wherein the second connection mechanism comprises a first connection member (410), a second connection member (420), and a card a pressing block (430) and two strip-shaped third frames (300), wherein the third frame (300) is provided with a fourth groove (310) opening in the horizontal direction and a fifth groove (320) opening in the opening direction The fourth grooves (310) of the two third frames (300) are respectively for accommodating side edges of two adjacent laminates, and the pressing block (430) is disposed at two third frames ( In the fifth groove (320) of 300), the first connecting member (410) and the second connecting member (420) are fixedly connected up and down, and the pressing block (430) is pressed against the fifth In the groove (320).
  4. 根据权利要求3所述的太阳能层压件间第二连接机构,其特征在于,所述第一连接件(410)为螺栓,所述第二连接件(420)为螺母,所述连接机构还包括泄水槽(440),所述螺母与泄水槽(440)的内壁相对限位连接,所述第三边框(300)上还设有开口向下的第六凹槽(330),通过所述螺栓与螺母连接,所述泄水槽(440)的两侧槽壁分别安装在两个第三边框(300)的第六凹槽(330)中;The second connection mechanism between solar laminates according to claim 3, wherein the first connecting member (410) is a bolt, the second connecting member (420) is a nut, and the connecting mechanism further a water drain (440) is included, the nut is connected to the inner wall of the water drain (440) with a relatively limited position, and the third frame (300) is further provided with a sixth recess (330) having an opening downward. The bolt is connected to the nut, and the groove walls on both sides of the drain tank (440) are respectively installed in the sixth grooves (330) of the two third frames (300);
    或者,所述第二连接机构还包括防水条(450),所述防水条(450)覆盖两个第三边框(300)的部分上表面或者全部上表面。 Alternatively, the second attachment mechanism further includes a waterproof strip (450) covering a portion of the upper or all of the upper surfaces of the two third bezels (300).
  5. 一种太阳能光伏组件,其特征在于,包括层压件(500)、如权利要求1或2所述的第一连接机构或如权利要求3或4所述的第二连接机构。 A solar photovoltaic module characterized by comprising a laminate (500), a first connection mechanism according to claim 1 or 2 or a second connection mechanism according to claim 3 or 4.
  6. 一种太阳能光伏组件,其特征在于,包括层压件(500)、如权利要求1或2所述的第一连接机构以及如权利要求3或4所述的第二连接机构。A solar photovoltaic module characterized by comprising a laminate (500), a first connection mechanism according to claim 1 or 2, and a second connection mechanism according to claim 3 or 4.
  7. 根据权利要求6所述的太阳能光伏组件,其特征在于,所述层压件(500)的上侧面安装有第二边框(200),下侧面安装有第一边框(100),左侧面和右侧面均安装有第三边框(300),所述层压件(500)与第一凹槽(110)、第二凹槽(210)和第四凹槽(310)之间固定且密封连接。The solar photovoltaic module according to claim 6, wherein the upper side of the laminate (500) is mounted with a second frame (200), and the lower side is mounted with a first frame (100), and the left side is A third frame (300) is mounted on the right side, and the laminate (500) is fixed and sealed between the first groove (110), the second groove (210) and the fourth groove (310). connection.
  8. 根据权利要求6所述的太阳能光伏组件,其特征在于,所述层压件(500)的侧面安装有边框,所述边框包括第一边框(100)、第二边框(200)和第三边框(300),相邻的边框交接处栓接、粘接或利用L型角码(600)搭接。The solar photovoltaic module according to claim 6, wherein a side of the laminate (500) is mounted with a frame, the frame comprising a first frame (100), a second frame (200) and a third frame (300), the adjacent frame intersections are bolted, bonded or overlapped by an L-shaped corner code (600).
  9. 根据权利要求6所述的太阳能光伏组件,其特征在于,所述太阳能光伏组件为双玻光伏组件,所述光伏组件的边框厚度低于20mm。The solar photovoltaic module of claim 6 wherein the solar photovoltaic component is a dual glass photovoltaic component, the photovoltaic component having a frame thickness of less than 20 mm.
  10. 一种太阳能光伏组件安装方法,其特征在于,利用如权利要求1或2所述的第一连接机构以及如权利要求3或4所述的第二连接机构对层压件进行连接安装,包括上下两块层压件之间通过第一连接机构连接安装,左右两块层压件之间通过第二连接机构连接安装。A solar photovoltaic module mounting method, characterized in that the laminate is connected and assembled by using the first connecting mechanism according to claim 1 or 2 and the second connecting mechanism according to claim 3 or 4, including upper and lower The two laminates are connected and connected by a first connecting mechanism, and the left and right laminates are connected and connected by a second connecting mechanism.
PCT/CN2017/093509 2017-06-28 2017-07-19 Solar photovoltaic module and installation method thereof WO2019000512A1 (en)

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