WO2018059966A1 - Non-rotationally symmetric lens for non-rotationally symmetric light source resulting in rotationally symmetric beam pattern - Google Patents

Non-rotationally symmetric lens for non-rotationally symmetric light source resulting in rotationally symmetric beam pattern Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2018059966A1
WO2018059966A1 PCT/EP2017/073233 EP2017073233W WO2018059966A1 WO 2018059966 A1 WO2018059966 A1 WO 2018059966A1 EP 2017073233 W EP2017073233 W EP 2017073233W WO 2018059966 A1 WO2018059966 A1 WO 2018059966A1
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WO
WIPO (PCT)
Prior art keywords
surface
radiation pattern
led
profile
luminous intensity
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/EP2017/073233
Other languages
French (fr)
Inventor
Varun Dev KAKKAR
Emanuel Stassar
Erno Fancsali
Chunxia FENG
Rob ENGELEN
Original Assignee
Lumileds Holding B.V.
Lumileds Llc
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to US201662400252P priority Critical
Priority to US62/400,252 priority
Priority to EP16196997.7 priority
Priority to EP16196997 priority
Application filed by Lumileds Holding B.V., Lumileds Llc filed Critical Lumileds Holding B.V.
Publication of WO2018059966A1 publication Critical patent/WO2018059966A1/en

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Classifications

    • GPHYSICS
    • G02OPTICS
    • G02BOPTICAL ELEMENTS, SYSTEMS, OR APPARATUS
    • G02B19/00Condensers, e.g. light collectors or similar non-imaging optics
    • G02B19/0033Condensers, e.g. light collectors or similar non-imaging optics characterised by the use
    • G02B19/0047Condensers, e.g. light collectors or similar non-imaging optics characterised by the use for use with a light source
    • G02B19/0061Condensers, e.g. light collectors or similar non-imaging optics characterised by the use for use with a light source the light source comprising a LED
    • GPHYSICS
    • G02OPTICS
    • G02FDEVICES OR ARRANGEMENTS, THE OPTICAL OPERATION OF WHICH IS MODIFIED BY CHANGING THE OPTICAL PROPERTIES OF THE MEDIUM OF THE DEVICES OR ARRANGEMENTS FOR THE CONTROL OF THE INTENSITY, COLOUR, PHASE, POLARISATION OR DIRECTION OF LIGHT, e.g. SWITCHING, GATING, MODULATING OR DEMODULATING; TECHNIQUES OR PROCEDURES FOR THE OPERATION THEREOF; FREQUENCY-CHANGING; NON-LINEAR OPTICS; OPTICAL LOGIC ELEMENTS; OPTICAL ANALOGUE/DIGITAL CONVERTERS
    • G02F1/00Devices or arrangements for the control of the intensity, colour, phase, polarisation or direction of light arriving from an independent light source, e.g. switching, gating, or modulating; Non-linear optics
    • G02F1/01Devices or arrangements for the control of the intensity, colour, phase, polarisation or direction of light arriving from an independent light source, e.g. switching, gating, or modulating; Non-linear optics for the control of the intensity, phase, polarisation or colour 
    • G02F1/13Devices or arrangements for the control of the intensity, colour, phase, polarisation or direction of light arriving from an independent light source, e.g. switching, gating, or modulating; Non-linear optics for the control of the intensity, phase, polarisation or colour  based on liquid crystals, e.g. single liquid crystal display cells
    • G02F1/133Constructional arrangements; Operation of liquid crystal cells; Circuit arrangements
    • G02F1/1333Constructional arrangements; Manufacturing methods
    • G02F1/1335Structural association of cells with optical devices, e.g. polarisers or reflectors
    • G02F1/1336Illuminating devices
    • G02F1/133602Direct backlight
    • G02F1/133603Direct backlight with LEDs
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01LSEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES; ELECTRIC SOLID STATE DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H01L33/00Semiconductor devices with at least one potential-jump barrier or surface barrier specially adapted for light emission; Processes or apparatus specially adapted for the manufacture or treatment thereof or of parts thereof; Details thereof
    • H01L33/48Semiconductor devices with at least one potential-jump barrier or surface barrier specially adapted for light emission; Processes or apparatus specially adapted for the manufacture or treatment thereof or of parts thereof; Details thereof characterised by the semiconductor body packages
    • H01L33/58Optical field-shaping elements
    • GPHYSICS
    • G02OPTICS
    • G02BOPTICAL ELEMENTS, SYSTEMS, OR APPARATUS
    • G02B19/00Condensers, e.g. light collectors or similar non-imaging optics
    • G02B19/0004Condensers, e.g. light collectors or similar non-imaging optics characterised by the optical means employed
    • G02B19/0028Condensers, e.g. light collectors or similar non-imaging optics characterised by the optical means employed refractive and reflective surfaces, e.g. non-imaging catadioptric systems
    • GPHYSICS
    • G02OPTICS
    • G02BOPTICAL ELEMENTS, SYSTEMS, OR APPARATUS
    • G02B27/00Other optical systems; Other optical apparatus
    • G02B27/09Beam shaping, e.g. changing the cross-sectional area, not otherwise provided for
    • G02B27/0916Adapting the beam shape of a semiconductor light source such as a laser diode or an LED, e.g. for efficiently coupling into optical fibers
    • GPHYSICS
    • G02OPTICS
    • G02BOPTICAL ELEMENTS, SYSTEMS, OR APPARATUS
    • G02B27/00Other optical systems; Other optical apparatus
    • G02B27/09Beam shaping, e.g. changing the cross-sectional area, not otherwise provided for
    • G02B27/0938Using specific optical elements
    • G02B27/095Refractive optical elements
    • G02B27/0955Lenses
    • GPHYSICS
    • G02OPTICS
    • G02FDEVICES OR ARRANGEMENTS, THE OPTICAL OPERATION OF WHICH IS MODIFIED BY CHANGING THE OPTICAL PROPERTIES OF THE MEDIUM OF THE DEVICES OR ARRANGEMENTS FOR THE CONTROL OF THE INTENSITY, COLOUR, PHASE, POLARISATION OR DIRECTION OF LIGHT, e.g. SWITCHING, GATING, MODULATING OR DEMODULATING; TECHNIQUES OR PROCEDURES FOR THE OPERATION THEREOF; FREQUENCY-CHANGING; NON-LINEAR OPTICS; OPTICAL LOGIC ELEMENTS; OPTICAL ANALOGUE/DIGITAL CONVERTERS
    • G02F1/00Devices or arrangements for the control of the intensity, colour, phase, polarisation or direction of light arriving from an independent light source, e.g. switching, gating, or modulating; Non-linear optics
    • G02F1/01Devices or arrangements for the control of the intensity, colour, phase, polarisation or direction of light arriving from an independent light source, e.g. switching, gating, or modulating; Non-linear optics for the control of the intensity, phase, polarisation or colour 
    • G02F1/13Devices or arrangements for the control of the intensity, colour, phase, polarisation or direction of light arriving from an independent light source, e.g. switching, gating, or modulating; Non-linear optics for the control of the intensity, phase, polarisation or colour  based on liquid crystals, e.g. single liquid crystal display cells
    • G02F1/133Constructional arrangements; Operation of liquid crystal cells; Circuit arrangements
    • G02F1/1333Constructional arrangements; Manufacturing methods
    • G02F1/1335Structural association of cells with optical devices, e.g. polarisers or reflectors
    • G02F1/1336Illuminating devices
    • G02F1/133602Direct backlight
    • G02F1/133611Direct backlight including means for improving the brightness uniformity
    • GPHYSICS
    • G02OPTICS
    • G02FDEVICES OR ARRANGEMENTS, THE OPTICAL OPERATION OF WHICH IS MODIFIED BY CHANGING THE OPTICAL PROPERTIES OF THE MEDIUM OF THE DEVICES OR ARRANGEMENTS FOR THE CONTROL OF THE INTENSITY, COLOUR, PHASE, POLARISATION OR DIRECTION OF LIGHT, e.g. SWITCHING, GATING, MODULATING OR DEMODULATING; TECHNIQUES OR PROCEDURES FOR THE OPERATION THEREOF; FREQUENCY-CHANGING; NON-LINEAR OPTICS; OPTICAL LOGIC ELEMENTS; OPTICAL ANALOGUE/DIGITAL CONVERTERS
    • G02F1/00Devices or arrangements for the control of the intensity, colour, phase, polarisation or direction of light arriving from an independent light source, e.g. switching, gating, or modulating; Non-linear optics
    • G02F1/01Devices or arrangements for the control of the intensity, colour, phase, polarisation or direction of light arriving from an independent light source, e.g. switching, gating, or modulating; Non-linear optics for the control of the intensity, phase, polarisation or colour 
    • G02F1/13Devices or arrangements for the control of the intensity, colour, phase, polarisation or direction of light arriving from an independent light source, e.g. switching, gating, or modulating; Non-linear optics for the control of the intensity, phase, polarisation or colour  based on liquid crystals, e.g. single liquid crystal display cells
    • G02F1/133Constructional arrangements; Operation of liquid crystal cells; Circuit arrangements
    • G02F1/1333Constructional arrangements; Manufacturing methods
    • G02F1/1335Structural association of cells with optical devices, e.g. polarisers or reflectors
    • G02F1/1336Illuminating devices
    • G02F1/133602Direct backlight
    • G02F1/133606Direct backlight including a specially adapted diffusing, scattering or light controlling members
    • G02F2001/133607Direct backlight including a specially adapted diffusing, scattering or light controlling members the light controlling member including light directing or refracting elements, e.g. prisms or lenses

Abstract

A light source includes a light-emitting diode or device (LED) and an optic mounted over the LED. The LED emits a first radiation pattern that is non-rotationally symmetric about a first axis. The optic collects the first radiation pattern and projects a second radiation pattern that is rotational symmetric about a second axis and has a peak intensity that is angled from the second axis.

Description

NON-ROT ATIONALLY SYMMETRIC LENS FOR NON-ROT ATIONALLY SYMMETRIC LIGHT SOURCE RESULTING IN ROT ATIONALLY SYMMETRIC BEAM PATTERN

FIELD OF THE INVENTION

The present disclosure relates to a non-rotationally symmetric optic for non- rotationally symmetric light-emitting diodes or devices (LEDs).

BACKGROUND

A light-emitting diode or device (LED) is typically a surface emitter that emits light from its top surface. The top surface is usually square or rectangular. When a rotationally symmetric secondary lens is placed on top of one or more LEDs, the resulting radiation pattern is not completely rotationally symmetrical. In other words, radiation pattern slices taken at various angles from the radiation pattern have different luminous intensity profiles. To what extent this happens depends on the exact shapes of the top emitting surface and the secondary lens.

A 5 -sided emitting LED is a high power LED that emits light from its top surface as well as its vertical side surfaces. The resulting radiation pattern of the high power LED is also not completely rotationally symmetrical, in particular when combined with a secondary lens.

US 2012/0113621 Al discloses a LED package comprising a LED and a lens with a cavity, both provided on a substrate, with the LED in the cavity. The LED emits a radiation pattern that is symmetric with respect to the center axis of the light emitting surface of the

LED in planes perpendicular to the top emitting surface. Different planes have different light distributions.

US 2016/141472 Al discloses a light emitting device package including a package body, a frame located on the package body, a light source mounted on the frames, a lens located on the package body, and a wavelength conversion unit partially located on the package body between the package body and the lens. In case an asymmetrical light source is used, of which light source the minor-axis length differs from the major-axis lengths, the wavelength conversion unit may provide the effect as if the asymmetrical light source has the same minor-axis length as the major-axis lengths. SUMMARY

In one or more examples of the present disclosure, a light source includes a light- emitting diode or device (LED) and an optic mounted over the LED. The LED emits a first radiation pattern that is non-rotationally symmetric about a first axis. The optic collects the first radiation pattern and projects a second radiation pattern that is rotational symmetric about a second axis.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

In the drawings:

Figs. 1 shows a plot of a radiation pattern of a light-emitting diode or device (LED), measured in various directions and angles relative to the top emitting surface of the LED.

Fig. 2 shows radiation pattern slices taken at various directions from the radiation pattern of Fig. 1.

Fig. 3 shows a two-dimensional array of light sources each having a rotationally symmetrical optic mounted on a non-rotationally symmetrical LED.

Fig. 4 shows emission patterns and their overlapping brightness

profile of the light sources of Fig. 4 on a screen 402.

Fig. 5 shows a top view of a non-rotationally symmetrical optic in examples of the present disclosure.

Fig. 6 shows a cross-sectional view of the optic of Fig. 5 along an axial direction of an LED in examples of the present disclosure. Figs. 7 and 8 show top and bottom isometric views of the optic of Fig. 5 in examples of the present disclosure.

Fig. 9 shows partial cross-sections of a non-rotationally symmetrical body of the optic of Fig. 5 in examples of the present disclosure.

Fig. 10 shows the rotationally symmetrical output beam of a non- rotationally symmetrical LED with the non-rotationally symmetrical optic of Fig. 5 in examples of the present disclosure.

Fig. 11 shows the non-rotationally symmetrical output beam of a non- rotationally symmetrical LED with rotationally symmetrical optic.

Fig. 12 shows a radiation pattern of the array of Fig. 4 fitted with the non-rotationally symmetrical optics of Fig. 5 in examples of the present disclosure.

Fig. 13 shows a radiation pattern of the array of Fig. 3 fitted with

rotationally symmetrical optics.

Fig. 14 shows the addition of Gaussian profiles of light sources fitted with the non-rotationally symmetrical optics of Fig. 5 in the near field in examples of the present disclosure.

Fig. 15 shows the wide angle emission patterns of light sources fitted with the non-rotationally symmetrical optics of Fig. 5 and their overlapping brightness profiles on a screen in examples of the present disclosure.

Fig. 16 shows a side view of a liquid crystal display using LEDs with side-emitting lenses in a backlight in examples of the present disclosure.

Use of the same reference numbers in different figures indicates similar or identical elements.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION

Figs. 1 shows a plot of a radiation pattern 100 of a light-emitting diode or device (LED) 102 (in phantom), measured in various directions and angles relative to the top emitting surface of LED 102. LED 102 has a top emitting surface and side emitting surfaces. The top emitting surface is a regular polygon including an odd or an even number of edges. For example, LED 102 is cuboid and has a square top emitting surface and rectangular side emitting surfaces.

Radiation pattern 100 is plotted about a center axis 104 (e.g., the Z-axis), which is either the optical axis or the mechanical axis of LED 102. The optical axis is the axis through the center of the top emitting surface in the direction of the centroid of the optical radiation pattern. The mechanical axis is the axis through the center of the top emitting surface in the direction of the axis of symmetry of the emitter body or perpendicular to the top emitting surface.

Fig. 2 shows radiation pattern slices taken at various directions from radiation pattern 100 (Fig. 1). Radiation pattern 100 includes a first set of substantially similar luminous intensity profiles taken in first directions from the center of the top emitting surface to midpoints of the edges of the top emitting surface (e.g., axial directions), a second set of substantially similar luminous intensity profiles taken in second directions from the center of the top emitting surface to the corners of the top emitting surface (e.g., diagonal directions), and intermediate luminous intensity profiles between any pair of neighboring first and second directions.

For example, the 0° radiation pattern slice 202 is measured in a plane parallel to a first of the four sides of the emitter (e.g., along the X-axis). The 45° radiation pattern slice 204 is measured 45° off axis relative to the 0° radiation pattern slice. The 90° radiation pattern slice 206 is measured in a plane parallel to a second side (or a fourth side) of the emitter adjacent to the first side of the emitter (e.g., along the Y-axis). The 135° radiation pattern slice 208 is measured 135° off axis relative to the 0° radiation pattern slice. The 0° and the 90° radiation pattern slices 202 and 206 have substantially similar luminous intensity profiles. The 45° and the 145° radiation pattern slices 204 and 208 have substantially similar luminous intensity profiles that are greater than those of the 0° and the 90° radiation pattern slices 202 and 206. Intermediate radiation pattern slices between an axial direction (0, 90, 180, or 270°) and an adjacent diagonal direction (45, 135, 225, or 315°) have intermediate luminous intensity profiles that increase from the luminous intensity profile of the slice in the axial direction to the luminous intensity profile of the slice in the diagonal direction.

As described above, radiation pattern 100 is non-rotationally symmetric about center axis 104. In other words, radiation pattern 100 cannot be produced by rotating the luminous intensity profile of a single slice about center axis 104.

A conventional rotationally symmetric optic is often used with LED 102. When LED 102 has a non-rotationally symmetrical radiation pattern, the rotationally symmetrical optic collects the pattern and projects a non-rotationally symmetrical output beam.

Fig. 3 shows a two-dimensional array 300 of light sources 302. For example, light sources 302 are arranged in a 3 by 6 grid. Each light source 302 includes a non-rotationally symmetrical LED 102 and a dome-shaped lens. Array 300 is well suited for applications such as backlights for monitors and TVs, troffers, and luminaires. In these applications, it is important to mix light from neighboring light sources 302 in order to provide a uniform light emitting surface.

Fig. 4 shows light sources 302 mounted on a backplane 482. Each light source 302 emits light in a Lambertian pattern 483. Light sources 302 illuminate the back of a diffusive screen 484. Diffusive screen 484 may be a diffuser in an LCD backlight. The diffused brightness profile 485 of each light source 302 and its full width at half maximum (FWHM) are also shown. The nearfield light output at the front of screen 484 has noticeable bright spots unless lights sources 302 are placed close enough together. Therefore, such a backlight requires a relatively high density of light sources 302, resulting in an expensive backlight.

Figs. 5, 6, 7, 8, and 9 show various views of a non-rotationally symmetrical optic 500 in examples of the present disclosure. Non-rotationally symmetrical optic 500 is mounted over non-rotationally symmetrical LED 102. Optic 500 collects radiation pattern 100 from LED 102 and projects a radiation pattern that is rotational symmetrical about its center axis 502 (Fig. 6), which is the mechanical or the optical axis of optic 500. In other words, the projected radiation pattern has the same luminous intensity profile in all directions from the center of the LED's top emitting surface to points along the perimeter of the top emitting surface. In some examples of the present disclosure, optic 500 is a wide-emitting lens that has peak emission (Ipeak) within 50 to 80° or 70 to 80° off center axis 502 in the far field. Optic 600 may be designed so that the light emission (I0) along center axis 502 is 5 to 33% of the peak emission. Accordingly, the brightness profile for each LED 102 with optic 500 is more spread out as compared to brightness profile 485 in Fig. 4. Optic 500 is mounted over LED 102 to substantially coincide axes 104 and 502.

Referring to Figs. 6, 7, and 8, in one particular example of the present disclosure, optic 500 includes a body 602, an optional dimple 604 at the top of body 602, and an inner cavity 606 at the bottom of body 602. Body 602 may be freeform or defined by equations. For example, body 602 may have a shape similar to a saucer dome, which has a rise smaller than its span. Dimple 604 may have the shape of an inverted cone. The cross-section of the inverted cone may be a smooth curve instead of a straight line. Inner cavity 606 may be freeform or have the shape of a cone or an ogive. Inner cavity 606 provides a space to accommodate LED 102. Optic 500 and LED 102 (shown in phantom in Fig. 6) may be fixed relative to each other, such as being mounted on a common substrate, so LED 102 is located substantially inside inner cavity 606.

At least one of body 602, dimple 604, and inner cavity 606 has an optical surface that is non-rotationally symmetric about center axis 502. The optical surface includes a first surface profile in the first directions of LED 102 (i.e., from the center of the top emitting surface to midpoints of the edges of the top emitting surface), a second surface profile in the second directions of LED 102 (from the center of the top emitting surface to the corners of the top emitting surface), and intermediate surface profiles between any pair of neighboring first and second surface profiles.

For example, Fig. 5 highlights the contour 504 of a rotationally symmetrical body and the contour 506 of a non-rotationally symmetrical body 602. A non-rotationally symmetrical body 602 has an optical surface where the 0 and 90° cross-sections of the optical surface have a minimum surface profile, the 45 and 135° cross-sections of the optical surface have a maximum surface profile, intermediate cross-sections between an axial direction (0, 90, 180, or 270°) and a diagonal direction (45, 135, 225, or 315°) have intermediate surface profiles that increase from the minimum surface profile to the maximum surface profile.

Alternatively, non-rotationally symmetrical body 602 has an optical surface where the 0 and 90° cross-sections of the optical surface have a maximum surface profile, the 45 and 135° cross-sections of the optical surface have a minimum surface profile, intermediate cross- sections between an axial direction (0, 90, 180, or 270°) and a diagonal direction (45, 135, 225, or 315°) have intermediate surface profiles that increase from the minimum surface profile to the maximum surface profile.

Fig. 9 overlays partial cross-sections of a non-rotationally symmetrical body 602 in examples of the present disclosure. Cross-section 902 is the minimum surface profile at an axial direction, cross-section 908 is the maximum surface profile at a diagonal direction, and cross-sections 904 and 906 are intermediate surface profiles between the axial and the diagonal directions.

The non-rotationally symmetrical optical surface counters the effect of the non- rotationally symmetrical LED 102 to produce an output beam that is rotationally

symmetrical. Fig. 10 shows a substantially rotationally symmetrical output beam 1000 of a light source with a non-rotationally symmetric optic 500 mounted over a non-rotationally symmetric LED 102 in examples of the present disclosure. In contrast, Fig. 11 shows the non-rotationally symmetrical output beam 1100 of a light source with a rotationally symmetrical optic mounted over a non-rotationally symmetric LED 102. The non-uniformity of output beam 1100 is highly visible along the diagonal directions of LED 102. As can be seen from these figures, the non-uniformity present in output beam 1100 have been reduce in output beam 1000.

Fig. 12 shows a radiation pattern 1200 of array 300 where light sources 302 are non- rotationally symmetrical LEDs 102 fitted with non-rotationally symmetrical optics 500 in examples of the present disclosure. Radiation pattern 1200 has a uniform distribution within the grid of light sources 302. In contrast, Fig 13 shows a radiation pattern 1300 of array 300 where light sources 302 are non-rotationally symmetrical LEDs 102 fitted with rotationally symmetrical optics. Radiation pattern 1300 has non-uniformities and periodic variations from adding the non-rotationally symmetrical output beams of light sources 302 (not shown). These effects are not acceptable in certain backlight, troffer, and luminaire applications. The non-uniformities and periodic variations become more prominent when the pitch of the light sources increases and each light source individually illuminates certain area of the backlight, troffer, or luminaire.

In examples of the present disclosure, optical surfaces of body 702, dimple 704, and inner cavity 706 combine to provide a radiation pattern that has a substantially Gaussian profile. Fig. 14 shows the plots of five light sources 302 that are non-rotationally symmetrical LEDs 102 fitted with non-rotationally symmetrical optics 600 in examples of the present disclosure. In some examples, light source 302 have Gaussian profiles with a FWHM (e.g., 140 mm) greater than the pitch between light sources 302 (e.g., 120 mm) so the individual Gaussian profiles add smoothly to give a flat and uniform final distribution 1402.

Fig. 15 shows a backlight with light sources 1502 mounted to a backplane 1590 in examples of the present disclosure. Each light source 1502 includes a non-rotationally symmetrical LED 102 and a non-rotationally symmetrical, wide-emitting optic 500 mounted on LED 102. As mentioned before, the brightness profile 1592 for light source 1502 is more spread out as compared to brightness profile 485 in Fig. 4. Therefore, the pitch of light sources 1502 in the backlight of Fig. 15 can be larger than the pitch of light sources 302 in Fig. 4 while achieving the same near field light output uniformity at diffusive screen 484. This results in a less expensive backlight.

Fig. 16 shows a side view of a liquid crystal display 1602 with an LCD screen 1604, having controllable RGB pixels, a diffuser 1606, and a backlight 1608 for mixing light from red, green, and blue LEDs 1610, or white LEDs 1610, to create white light. Backlight 1608 is a diffusively reflective box. LEDs 1610 have side-emitting lenses made using the above- described techniques.

Various other adaptations and combinations of features of the embodiments disclosed are within the scope of the invention. Numerous embodiments are encompassed by the following claims.

Claims

CLAIMS:
source, comprising:
a light-emitting diode or device (LED) that emits a first radiation pattern that is non-rotationally symmetric about a first axis,
wherein the LED is a cuboid LED;
wherein the first axis is the center axis of a top emitting surface of the LED; and
wherein the first radiation pattern comprises:
i. a first luminous intensity profile in a first plane comprising the center axis of the top emitting surface and a first directions from the center axis to a midpoint of an edge of the top emitting surface; ii. a second luminous intensity profile in a second plane comprising the center axis and a second direction perpendicular to the first direction, the second luminous intensity profile being different from the first luminous intensity profile; and
iii. intermediate luminous intensity profiles between any pair of neighboring first and second luminous intensity profiles in intermediate planes between the first and second planes and comprising the center axis; and
an optic mounted over the LED, the optic collecting the first radiation pattern and projecting a second radiation pattern
wherein an optical surface of the optic comprises:
i. a first surface profile in the first plane;
ii. a second surface profile in the second plane, the second surface profile being different from the first surface profile; and iii. intermediate surface profiles in intermediate planes, the
intermediate surface profiles being different from the first and second surface profiles; and
wherein the second radiation pattern comprises a same luminous intensity profile in the first plane, the second plane and the intermediate planes; and wherein the second radiation pattern is rotational symmetric about a second axis and has a peak intensity that is angled from the second axis in a far field. The light source of claim 1, wherein the central axis and the second axis are the same.
The light source of claim 1, wherein the optic comprises:
a. a body; and
b. an inner cavity at the bottom of the body, wherein at least one of the body and the inner cavity has the optical surface that is non-rotationally symmetric about the second axis.
The light source of claim 1, wherein the peak intensity occurs 50 to 80 degrees off the second axis in the far field.
The light source of claim 1 , wherein the LED comprises a top emitting surface that is square.
The light source of claim 1, wherein the cuboid LED further comprises four side emitting surfaces.
The light source of claim 6, wherein:
a. the first radiation pattern comprises:
i. 0 and 90° radiation pattern slices having a first luminous intensity profile, the 0 and 90° radiation pattern slices being along axes of the LED;
ii. 45 and 135° radiation pattern slices having a second luminous intensity profile, the 45 and 135° radiation pattern slices being in diagonal directions of the LED; and
iii. intermediate radiation pattern slices having intermediate luminous intensity profiles that span between the first luminous intensity profile and the second luminous intensity profile;
b. the optical surface that comprises:
i. 0 and 90° cross-sections having a first surface profile, the 0 and 90° cross-sections being along the axes of the LED;
ii. 45 and 135° cross-sections having a second surface profile, the 45 and 135° cross-sections being in the diagonal directions of the LED; and iii. intermediate cross-sections having intermediate surface profiles that span between the first surface profile and the second surface profile.
8. A lighting apparatus, comprising a grid of light sources, wherein the light sources are each the light source of claim 1 and their second radiation patterns combine to form a uniform distribution within the grid.
9. The lighting apparatus of claim 8, wherein the second radiation pattern has a
substantially Gaussian profile in a near field.
10. A method to manufacture a light source, comprising:
a. providing a light-emitting diode or device (LED) that emits a first radiation pattern that is non-rotationally symmetric about the first axis
wherein the LED is a cuboid LED;
wherein the first axis is the center axis of a top emitting surface of the LED; and
wherein the first radiation pattern comprising:
i. a first luminous intensity profile in a first plane comprising the center axis of the top emitting surface and a first directions from a enter axis to a midpoint of an edge of the top emitting surface; ii. a second luminous intensity profile in a second plane comprising the center axis and a second directions perpendicular to the first direction, the second luminous intensity profile being different from the first luminous intensity profile; and iii. intermediate luminous intensity profiles between any pair of neighboring first and second luminous intensity profiles in intermediate planes between the first and second planes and comprising the center axis; and
b. mounting an optic over the LED, the optic collecting the first radiation pattern and projecting a second radiation pattern
wherein an optical surface of the optic comprises:
i. a first surface profile in the first plane;
ii. a second surface profile in the second plane, the second surface profile being different from the first surface profile; and iii. intermediate surface profiles in intermediate planes, the
intermediate surface profiles being different from the first and second surface profiles; and
wherein the second radiation pattern comprises a same luminous intensity profile in the first plane, the second plane and the intermediate planes; and wherein the second radiation pattern is rotational symmetric about a second axis and has a peak intensity that is angled from the second axis in a far field.
11. The method of claim 10, wherein the optic comprises:
a. a body; and
b. an inner cavity at the bottom of the body, wherein at least one of the body and the inner cavity has the optical surface that is non-rotationally symmetric about the second axis. 12. The method of claim 10, wherein the peak intensity occurs 50 to 80 degrees off the second axis in the far field.
13. The method of claim 10, wherein the LED comprises a top emitting surface that is square.
14. The method of claim 10, wherein the cuboid LED further comprises four side
emitting surfaces.
15. The method of claim 14, wherein:
a. the first radiation pattern comprises:
i. 0 and 90° radiation pattern slices having a first luminous intensity profile, the 0 and 90° radiation pattern slices being along axes of the LED;
ii. 45 and 135° radiation pattern slices having a second luminous intensity profile, the 45 and 135° radiation pattern slices being in diagonal directions of the LED; and
iii. intermediate radiation pattern slices having intermediate luminous intensity profiles that span between the first luminous intensity profile and the second luminous intensity profile; b. the optical surface that comprises:
i. 0 and 90° cross-sections having a first surface profile, the 0 and 90° cross-sections being along the axes of the LED;
ii. 45 and 135° cross-sections having a second surface profile, the 45 and 135° cross-sections being in the diagonal directions of the LED; and iii. intermediate cross-sections having intermediate surface profiles that span between the first surface profile and the second surface profile.
16. A method to manufacture a lighting apparatus, comprising arranging light sources in a grid, wherein the light sources are each manufactured according to claim 10 and their second radiation patterns combine to form a uniform distribution within the grid.
17. The method of claim 16, wherein the second radiation pattern has a substantially Gaussian profile in a near field.
PCT/EP2017/073233 2016-09-27 2017-09-15 Non-rotationally symmetric lens for non-rotationally symmetric light source resulting in rotationally symmetric beam pattern WO2018059966A1 (en)

Priority Applications (4)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US201662400252P true 2016-09-27 2016-09-27
US62/400,252 2016-09-27
EP16196997.7 2016-11-03
EP16196997 2016-11-03

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WO2018059966A1 true WO2018059966A1 (en) 2018-04-05

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PCT/EP2017/073233 WO2018059966A1 (en) 2016-09-27 2017-09-15 Non-rotationally symmetric lens for non-rotationally symmetric light source resulting in rotationally symmetric beam pattern

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Citations (5)

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US20060102914A1 (en) * 2004-11-15 2006-05-18 Lumileds Lighting U.S., Llc Wide emitting lens for LED useful for backlighting
US20120113621A1 (en) 2010-11-10 2012-05-10 Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Company, Ltd. Batwing beam based led and backlight module using the same
US20130003388A1 (en) * 2009-12-21 2013-01-03 Martin Professional A/S Light Collector With Complementing Rotationally Asymmetric Central And Peripheral Lenses
US20150055325A1 (en) * 2013-08-22 2015-02-26 Hon Hai Precision Industry Co., Ltd. Led element having elongated led and direct-type backlight module using the same
US20160141472A1 (en) 2014-11-19 2016-05-19 Lg Innotek Co., Ltd. Light emitting device package and lighting apparatus including the same

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20060102914A1 (en) * 2004-11-15 2006-05-18 Lumileds Lighting U.S., Llc Wide emitting lens for LED useful for backlighting
US20130003388A1 (en) * 2009-12-21 2013-01-03 Martin Professional A/S Light Collector With Complementing Rotationally Asymmetric Central And Peripheral Lenses
US20120113621A1 (en) 2010-11-10 2012-05-10 Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Company, Ltd. Batwing beam based led and backlight module using the same
US20150055325A1 (en) * 2013-08-22 2015-02-26 Hon Hai Precision Industry Co., Ltd. Led element having elongated led and direct-type backlight module using the same
US20160141472A1 (en) 2014-11-19 2016-05-19 Lg Innotek Co., Ltd. Light emitting device package and lighting apparatus including the same

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