WO2017165930A1 - Vehicle tracking system and method, tracking apparatus and corresponding computer programs - Google Patents

Vehicle tracking system and method, tracking apparatus and corresponding computer programs

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Publication number
WO2017165930A1
WO2017165930A1 PCT/BR2016/050066 BR2016050066W WO2017165930A1 WO 2017165930 A1 WO2017165930 A1 WO 2017165930A1 BR 2016050066 W BR2016050066 W BR 2016050066W WO 2017165930 A1 WO2017165930 A1 WO 2017165930A1
Authority
WO
Grant status
Application
Patent type
Prior art keywords
tracking
device
vehicle
devices
system
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/BR2016/050066
Other languages
French (fr)
Portuguese (pt)
Inventor
LEONARCZYK Gilson BARBOSA
Rafael TOGEL
Original Assignee
Barbosa Leonarczyk Gilson
Togel Rafael
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60RVEHICLES, VEHICLE FITTINGS, OR VEHICLE PARTS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B60R25/00Fittings or systems for preventing or indicating unauthorised use or theft of vehicles
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60RVEHICLES, VEHICLE FITTINGS, OR VEHICLE PARTS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B60R25/00Fittings or systems for preventing or indicating unauthorised use or theft of vehicles
    • B60R25/10Fittings or systems for preventing or indicating unauthorised use or theft of vehicles actuating a signalling device
    • B60R25/102Fittings or systems for preventing or indicating unauthorised use or theft of vehicles actuating a signalling device a signal being sent to a remote location, e.g. a radio signal being transmitted to a police station, a security company or the owner
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60RVEHICLES, VEHICLE FITTINGS, OR VEHICLE PARTS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B60R25/00Fittings or systems for preventing or indicating unauthorised use or theft of vehicles
    • B60R25/30Detection related to theft or to other events relevant to anti-theft systems
    • B60R25/33Detection related to theft or to other events relevant to anti-theft systems of global position, e.g. by providing GPS coordinates
    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06QDATA PROCESSING SYSTEMS OR METHODS, SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES; SYSTEMS OR METHODS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • G06Q50/00Systems or methods specially adapted for specific business sectors, e.g. utilities or tourism
    • G06Q50/28Logistics, e.g. warehousing, loading, distribution or shipping
    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06QDATA PROCESSING SYSTEMS OR METHODS, SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES; SYSTEMS OR METHODS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • G06Q50/00Systems or methods specially adapted for specific business sectors, e.g. utilities or tourism
    • G06Q50/30Transportation; Communications
    • GPHYSICS
    • G08SIGNALLING
    • G08BSIGNALLING OR CALLING SYSTEMS; ORDER TELEGRAPHS; ALARM SYSTEMS
    • G08B13/00Burglar, theft or intruder alarms
    • GPHYSICS
    • G08SIGNALLING
    • G08BSIGNALLING OR CALLING SYSTEMS; ORDER TELEGRAPHS; ALARM SYSTEMS
    • G08B21/00Alarms responsive to a single specified undesired or abnormal operating condition and not elsewhere provided for
    • GPHYSICS
    • G08SIGNALLING
    • G08BSIGNALLING OR CALLING SYSTEMS; ORDER TELEGRAPHS; ALARM SYSTEMS
    • G08B21/00Alarms responsive to a single specified undesired or abnormal operating condition and not elsewhere provided for
    • G08B21/18Status alarms
    • GPHYSICS
    • G08SIGNALLING
    • G08BSIGNALLING OR CALLING SYSTEMS; ORDER TELEGRAPHS; ALARM SYSTEMS
    • G08B25/00Alarm systems in which the location of the alarm condition is signalled to a central station, e.g. fire or police telegraphic systems
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04KSECRET COMMUNICATION; JAMMING OF COMMUNICATION
    • H04K3/00Jamming of communication; Counter-measures

Abstract

The present invention relates to a system and method for tracking vehicles (V1, V2), wherein the system (100) comprises at least one on-board central unit (200) and one or more tracking devices (3001...300n), and the method comprises the depositing by the on-board central unit (200) of tracking devices (3001...300n) to create a track or route (R) of the vehicle (V1, V2), which tracking devices (3001...300n) can be followed electronically or by devices for tracking mobile phone, satellite, radiofrequency and similar signals, or by visual tracking devices. The present invention further relates to an apparatus and to one or more corresponding computer programs.

Description

SYSTEM AND VEHICLE SCREENING METHOD AND SCREENING EQUIPMENT AND COMPUTER PROGRAMS CORRESPONDENTS

Application field

[001] The present invention belongs to the field of monitoring devices industry and vehicle tracking.

Introduction

[002] The present invention relates to a system and method for tracking vehicles by launching and tracking follow-up devices.

[003] The present invention also relates to a screening device and computer programs capable of performing the method according to the invention.

State of the art

[004] Today there are many companies that offer tracking services, with equipment embedded in the vehicle to be tracked provide a logistical control and security of the same, and that through a central or web platform, provide various information about vehicles tracked to the user as position, input and output of certain areas, speed, among others. Communication between central and vehicle is usually achieved through cell phone communication (GPRS) or satellite (GPS).

[005] With respect to security, some equipment bring tools such as locks, locks and alarms in risk situations such as theft, robbery or kidnapping, may take action and act in the vehicle, inhibiting or hindering a possible robbery attempt, for example.

[006] The increasing rates of robbery and kidnapping of both cargo and vehicles are also a result of the use of new technologies by thieves and kidnappers, making them able to circumvent almost all types of barriers used by active security scanners and peripherals today in vehicles or loads.

[007] Among these technologies used stands out a device called jammer, for example, that scrambles or blocks the signal tracker vehicle, inhibiting any kind of communication with the center. They are also widely applied to the signal detectors that are located physically crawler vehicle which, in turn, can be found off, damaged or even removed, also breaking the connection between vehicle and central.

[008] These mechanisms work in different ways and are constantly evolving, but have in common the playing mode, which is done within the vehicle or cargo in question. The problem is that the tracking equipment also share their way of acting in common, they are all installed in vehicles or cargo, even mobile trackers, which can be versatile for its mobility but need to be embedded to provide information of the tracked object. Consequently all available today trackers are subject to the actions of these various malicious mechanisms in order to circumvent their functions and facilitate the theft, robbery or kidnapping of a load or vehicle.

[009] prior art are known the most diverse solutions for remote monitoring of vehicles, especially including signaling devices and / or embedded location, ranging from radio equipment to complex georeferencing systems, through mobile devices, position indicators for RF and the like.

[010] An example of this kind is the Brazilian patenting document PI 0503452 number that reveals a system and devices for tracking vehicles and their loads. Said solution has processors, a transmitting device and receiving radio frequency, a transmitter to connect to a center, a GPS, and a monitoring module (2) is also fitted with receiving device and transmitting radio frequency, and the said module (2) is mounted on the vehicle to be monitored in case a trailer (T). It also has sensors (3) that comprise a battery and a transmission device and reception of radio frequency. In the case of uncoupling of the trailer (T) and tractive (M), the connection (4) between the device (1) and module (2) is stopped as well as the connections (5) of the device (1 ) with each transmitter (3). With this, the device (1) sends a warning signal (8) to a central monitoring (C), informing the event. In the case of a loss of connection (4), the module (2) comes into warning sign, going to transmit a panic signal (9), and any other similar device can capture your signal (9), even if this is similar device installed in another vehicle or a landmark along the road (R).

[01 1] A problem with this solution is the fact that it has a single direct connection (7) with the center (C) that is made through the device (1), ie, in the case of a GPS / GPRS signal blocker or jammer or similar equipment acting on the vehicle (M), any attempt to search and save the same boils down to the warning signs or panic (9) emitted by the module (2) and sensors (3) installed in the truck (T) . In this way, you lose the direct monitoring and monitoring by the central (C).

[012] Another problem of the invention described in PI 0,503,452 is that in the case of vehicular traffic (M) in the train, the disclosed system is committed to establish a connection or contact (12) to the monitoring station (C) with the device (1) responsible for the contact (12) is installed on only one train members while the rest is equipped with modules (2), sensors (3) and actuators, and in this case, a mere operation error or a single defect in the device (1) could compromise the whole train, for each module (2) or transmitters (3) installed in the member (M) of the train will start the programmed protocols, such as vehicle lock (M) for example, impairing the operation in question, that in this scenario will not with a direct connection to the center (C), making it impossible for them to continue their journey.

[013] In addition, the trailer (T) or load (V1, V2 ...), does not have direct connections to the center, ie in case of theft or risk, totally dependent on the likelihood of another truck ( M) is equipped with a similar device (1) and is passing next to the trailer (T) or load (V1, V2, ...) or on the road marks (R) being in the escape route for establishing a connection (14) and then establish a connection (13) with the core (C) and thus determine its location. Thus, in case of theft or risk situations, search and safeguard the vehicle or cargo is subject to a very large number of variants, as aforesaid.

[014] But the US patenting document US 5,703,598 consists of a method of tracking stolen goods using a radio receiver, continuously fed, to receive encrypted signals from a central station. When the received signal corresponds to a unique code stored in the receiver, a GPS receiver and a radio transmitter with the stolen goods, are connected by a predetermined period of time a power supply to a GPS signal received by the receiver to be processed and the position data thus produced is transmitted to the central station.

[015] This solution, as well as revealed by other patenting number of correlative document US 5,726,893, have in common the same problem comes to embedded devices and perform geocoding only via GPS and become easy targets for jammers, inhibitors, blockers and finders GPS signal, GPRS, satellite, etc.

[016] In general, therefore, the current reality reveals missing solutions able to cope with the growing presence of gangs specialized in cargo theft that, equipped with the latest technology, are able to inhibit or block GPS signals , GPRS, GSM through devices known as jammers, and similar devices are able to scramble even radio signals.

[017] Furthermore, as is known to those skilled in the art, radio frequency, which on one hand is effective and widely used in the recovery of cargo and vehicles, just to offer more resistance to jammers depends on the other hand, in certain situations, the use of aerial triangulation process, which involves a costly field work, thereby preventing one real-time monitoring of the vehicle or cargo in question by the central.

[018] With the proper knowledge of the art and their respective vulnerabilities, the Experience Center and Road Safety or CESVI, which promotes studies that test and evaluate technical companies, systems, products and services related to the automotive sector, published in a number of magazine 76, in December 201 1, page 32 the following statement: "the conclusion of CESVI is that, despite all efforts, there is not a feature that may impede the operation of the jammer efficiently and final. Despite the parallel paths to the barrier imposed by the signal blocker, the systems still are not able even remotely to maintain their communication with the central two-way (receiving commands and transmitting information). even adopting other forms of communication the signals are susceptible to blockage or detection, enabling a malicious action. These risks should be provided by those who get a visual equipment nto tracking - is the risk manager, the insurer or the client finar.

[019] As can be inferred from the above description, there is room and demand for improved vehicle tracking solution capable of overcoming the prior art shortcomings, especially as regards the elimination of vulnerability to inhibition equipment and lock sign.

Objectives of the invention

[020] One of the objectives of the present invention is a system according to the features of independent claim number 1.

[021] Another object of the invention is a method according to the features of independent claim 7 number.

[022] Finally, one of the goals of the invention is an apparatus according to the features of independent claim to 9 and one or more computer programs according to independent claim 10 number.

[023] Further detailing of these features and / or additional features are represented by the corresponding dependent claims.

Brief Description of the Figures

[024] For a better understanding and visualizing the object of the present invention, the same will now be described with reference to the accompanying drawings representing the technical effect obtained by means of a non-limiting exemplary embodiment the scope of the present invention, in which schematically:

[025] Figure 1: shows a side view of a vehicle provided with a system according to the invention;

[026] Figure 2 shows a side view of a vehicle provided with a system according to the invention by depositing tracking devices; [027] Figure 3 shows a side view of a core and embedded tracking devices according to the invention;

[028] Figure 4 shows a top view of a central and embedded tracking devices according to the invention;

[029] Figure 5: shows a side view of a screening device according to the invention;

[030] Figure 6 shows a top diagrammatic view of a vehicle provided with a system according to the invention being traced in a traffic situation and common everyday traffic;

[031] Figure 7 shows another non-limiting example of application of the system and method according to the invention;

[032] Figure 8 shows another non-limiting example of application of the system and method according to the invention; and

[033] Figure 9 shows another non-limiting example of application of the system and method according to the invention.

Detailed Description of the Invention

System

[034] A system according to the invention or merely system (100) to track vehicles (Vi, V2) essentially comprises enabling tracking of a vehicle (Vi, V2) by deposition or release from a central embedded ( 200) on the vehicle (Vi, V2), one or more tracking devices (300i ... 300 n), wherein these tracking devices (300i ... 300 n) forming a path or route (R) of the vehicle (Vi, V2) that can be followed electronically or by cellular signal tracking means, satellite, radio and / or similar or visually.

[035] A system (100) according to the invention therefore comprises at least one core - board (200) and one or more screening devices (300i ... 300 n). [036] A core-board (200) according to the invention may comprise, exemplary and non limiting manner:

- Power supply (210)

- georeferencing module (220)

- transmitting and receiving unit (230)

- central processing unit (240)

- data storage device (250),

- physical storage compartment (260),

- opening (270)

- depositing device and / or release (280) and

- motion detection device (290).

[037] Since the tracking device (300) according to the invention may comprise an exemplary and non-limiting manner:

- Power supply (310)

- georeferencing module (320)

- transmitting unit and receiving (330),

- the processing unit (340)

- motion detection device (350),

- illuminating device (360) and

- sound device (370).

[038] A core-board (200) according to the invention may comprise, therefore, the power source (210), georeferencing module (220), transmitting unit and receiving (230), central processing unit (240) data storage device (250), physical storage compartment (260), an opening (270), one depositing device and / or release (280) and optionally a movement detection device (290).

[039] The power source (210) should be a suitable source to the system operation (100) described herein, both waiting {standby) for operation in case of activation or both, may also include external charging device and / or attached to any part of the vehicle (Vi, V2) and sockets and / or matching couplings.

[040] The georeferencing module (220) should be a referencing module with antenna that supports the transmission and receipt of cellular signals (GSM, GPRS and / or similar), satellite (GPS) and radio frequency.

[041] The unit for transmitting and receiving (230) should be a drive compatible with the transmission and reception of cellular signals, satellite and radio, including any RFID technology and / or the like.

[042] The central processing unit (240) contains a processor with technical characteristics compatible and respective communication ports (serial and / or parallel, USB, etc.) capable of performing a system manager computer program (100) to to receive and process incoming information and generate output signals to the elements of the system controller (100).

[043] The data storage device (250) should be a memory (volatile and / or nonvolatile) able to store information received and processed by the central processing unit (240).

[044] The physical storage compartment (260) to be a container capable of storing one or more tracking devices (300i ... 300 n) so that they do not suffer physical damage by mechanical shock and are protected from dirt and weather.

[045] The aperture (270) of the central embedded (200) a physical interface must be able to allow the deposition and / or release one or more tracking devices (300i ... n) in case the drive system (100 ), a hatch may be a drawer, a door, a screw or the like or a combination thereof.

[046] The deposition device and / or release (280) should serve the removal of one or more tracking devices (300i ... 300 n) within the physical storage compartment (260) so that one or more devices tracking (300i ... 300 n) reach the external environment to the central embedded (200), and may be from a single opening drive means (270) for release by gravity of the tracking devices (300i ... 300 n) to a complex device or triggering release of the tracking devices (300i ... 300 n), this solution obviously also depending on the embedded central installation position (200).

[047] The motion detection device (290) should be a device capable of detecting core movement changes embedded (200), ie the part of the vehicle (Vi, V2) that is coupled, especially abrupt changes the vehicle motion status (Vi, V2), which may be, for example, an accelerometer or a gyroscope or a combination thereof or other similar equipment.

[048] A tracking device (300) according to the invention may comprise, therefore, the power source (310), georeferencing module (320), transmitting unit and receiving (330) the processing unit (340) and motion detection device (350).

[049] The power source (310) to be an appropriate source for the operation of the tracking device (300), both waiting {standby) for operation in case of activation or both, may include an activated drive means when the tracking device output (300) within the physical storage compartment (260).

[050] The georeferencing module (320) should be a referencing module with antenna that supports the transmission and receipt of cellular signals (GSM, GPRS and / or similar), satellite (GPS) and radio frequency.

[051] The unit for transmitting and receiving (330) should be a drive compatible with the transmission and reception of cellular signals, satellite and radio, including any RFID technology and / or the like.

[052] The processing unit (340) contains a processor compatible technical characteristics capable of performing a particular computer program to receiving and processing input data and generating output signals to the elements of the system controller (100 ).

[053] The motion detection device (350) should be a device capable of detecting motion changes the tracking device (300), especially sharp changes of tracking movement of the device status (300) may be, for example, an accelerometer or a gyroscope or a combination thereof or other similar equipment.

[054] The lighting device (360), optional, must be a device capable of generating an illumination able to assist in locating the tracking devices (300) in case of failure or destruction of one or more of the other devices provided, and may also include a fluorescent and / or phosphorescent paint.

[055] The sound device (370), also optional, it must be a device capable of generating sound waves able to assist in the location of the tracking devices (300) in case of failure or destruction of one or more of the other devices provided, It may also include ultrasound devices, radio frequency transmitters, Bluetooth ®, sonar , etc.

[056] One can also think of the use of various other useful devices to the location of the tracking devices (300), also as a form of redundancy herein described devices such as, for example, image capture devices, vibration devices, and autonomous movement and others, provided their use does not compromise the other functions and capabilities of the system (100). operation

[057] As described above, the elements of a system (100) according to the invention comprise a solution capable of promoting tracking of a vehicle (Vi, V2) by deposition and release from the vehicle (Vi, V2 ), preferably moving one or more tracking devices (300i ... 300 n), wherein these tracking devices (300i ... 300 n) forming a path or route (R) of the vehicle (Vi, V2 ) may be followed electronically or by cellular signal tracking devices, satellite, radio and / or similar or visually.

[058] It should be noted that the use of the system (100) according to the invention may also extend to other types of objects to be tracked. You can imagine the trace packages or boxes or even containers and people, alone or in groups, aircraft in distress, unguided vehicles, people and / or objects tied to parachutes, vehicles under observation vehicles fleeing, nautical vessels and underwater and other examples.

[059] To describe the operation of the system (100) according to the invention, however, one will use it non-limiting example of tracking a vehicle (Vi, V2) by the system (100), the vehicle (V V2) represented here by a tractive unit (V) and a trailer or trailer (V2), both known in the art.

[060] One or more central loaded (200) are arranged on the tractive unit (VI) or trailer or trailer (V2), or both, in order to hide his presence of third parties and preferably so as to hide them including their own user (driver) of the vehicle (Vi, V2).

[061] Said embedded core (200) are loaded, each with one or more tracking devices (300i ... 300 n). [062] The drive system (100) can be done manually or automatically, in person or remotely, or by a combination of these forms and methods.

[063] A non-limiting example might be triggering the manual operation of a panic button on the vehicle (Vi, V2).

[064] Another non-limiting example can be remote from a central drive, for example, has been informed of the robbery or kidnapping vehicle (Vi, V2).

[065] Another non-limiting example can be driven by means of a signal triggered by the motion detection device (290) when, for example, the achievement of a minimum acceleration value and / or the vehicle inclination (Vi, V2 ).

[066] Another non-limiting example can be driven by means of a signal triggered by the motion detection device (290) when, for example, the achievement of a minimum vehicle speed (Vi, V2) associated with another whose occurrence criterion (or absence) indicates abnormal operation.

[067] Another non-limiting example can be driven by means of a signal triggered by the georeference module (220), for example, when the vehicle (Vi, V2) entering a particular not permissible range or traffic exceeds a traffic threshold predetermined or both combined or similar trigger event.

[068] Once activated, the system (100) initiates a deposition cycle of the tracking devices (300i ... 300 n), dropping them on the ground or firing them to the ground, depending on the embedded central position (200 ) and the type of deposition device and / or release (280) is used, this deposition being performed in a controlled manner and at specific intervals.

[069] These specific ranges may be predetermined and fixed or dependent on certain variables such as, for example, the vehicle speed (Vi, V2), depositing less frequently in case of lower speeds and with greater frequency in the case of higher speeds. Other imaginable variables can be the value of the cargo, the type of route, traffic intensity etc.

[070] Of vital importance, however, is the deposition of a number of tracking devices (300i ... 300 n) such that the distance (x ... n) between them that allows the vehicle (Vi, V2) is tracked properly and with the greatest possible precision, obviously also taking into account the capacity of the physical storage compartment (260), which is limited.

[071] For the cases of vehicles (Vi, V2) that perform long-distance travel and / or remote areas, can be thought of both a reduction in the frequency of deposition as the use of more than one embedded core (200) . In this second possibility, one can create a hierarchy specific deposition of tracking devices (300i ... 300 n), for example, starting the deposition of tracking devices (300i ... 300 N) of a first central embedded (200) until it is no tracking devices (300i ... 300 n), and subsequently, if still necessary, by passing from the deposition of the next loaded central (200) and so on.

[072] The use of more than one core-board (200) may also increase the security system (100) as it increases the chance that at least one is not found and eliminated or blocked.

[073] When the release or firing of a first tracking device (300i), the central processing unit (240) makes a first record in the data storage device (250), and this record may contain various information, for example, the tracking device number (300i ... 300 n) deposited, date, time (hours, minutes and seconds), possibly the site for georeferencing, speed every deposition and other important information for further screening of the vehicle (Vi, V2) and events of the history store, for example, for subsequent reconstitution and double-proof evidence of the route (R).

[074] Once deposited, the georeferencing module (320) of the first tracking device (300i) initiates a georeferencing and communication procedure (A) informing its coordinates to a monitoring station, fixed and / or remotely by broadcast signals (a) by transmitting and receiving unit (330), and other relevant data such as the date and time (hour, minute and second) impact on the ground.

[075] It should be noted that communication can be performed either between the respective tracking device (300i ... 300 n) and a fixed central and / or remote, and between this and a suitable receiver for random such as, for example, the unit for transmitting and receiving (230) the embedded central (200). In addition, communication can also be made between the tracking devices (300i ... 300 n).

[076] After a certain time, depending on the predetermined specific deposition rate for each situation, it is deposited at a distance (x) of the first tracking device (300i) the second tracking device (30O2) repeating them above operations, especially repeating the georeferencing procedure and information your coordinates to a central monitoring, fixed and / or remote, through the emission of signals by transmitting and receiving unit (330), and other relevant data such as the date and time (hours, minutes and seconds) etc. deposition or release and / or impact on the ground.

[077] This deposition operation is carried out until the Nth tracking device (300 n) placed at a distance (x n) of the penultimate tracking device (300 n -i) deposited. [078] Thus it is possible to determine the speed and the approximate position of the vehicle (Vi, V2), check for any changes that speed and heading to estimate the route (R) most likely and the next possible position of the vehicle (Vi, V2), finally, one obtains a path or route (R) of the vehicle (Vi, V2).

[079] It should be noted that the deposition (by loosening or release) of the screening devices (300i ... 300 n) may follow a random distribution, generating a sequence of coordinates that should be analyzed within an appropriate context for each situation, such as (but not limited) to the consideration of elements such as the vehicle speed (Vi, V2), the type of road or path used, weather and weather conditions, time of year, time of day etc, estimating up and considering therefore tolerances for each case.

[080] It is also to be noted that the deposition (by loosening or release) of the tracking devices (300i ... 300 n) may be completed in several ways or have their appointed end by several different factors.

[081] A non - limiting example of completion of deposition of tracking devices (300i ... 300 n) may be the vehicle stops (Vi, V2) of the same traffic or below a certain predetermined speed.

[082] Another non - limiting example of completion of deposition of tracking devices (300i ... 300 n) may be interrupted by their intervention the system (100), similarly to the above activation can be done manually or automatically in person or remotely, or by a combination of these forms and methods.

[083] Another non-limiting example can be remote from a central drive, for example, has been informed of the recovery or location of the vehicle (Vi, V2).

[084] Another non-limiting example can be driven by means of a signal triggered by the georeference module (220), for example, when the vehicle (Vi, V2) entering a particular permitted traffic zone or secure or exceed a threshold surrounded known or predetermined movement or both combined or other similar event.

Method

[085] A method for track vehicles (Vi, V2) according to the invention comprises enabling tracking of a vehicle (Vi, V2) by depositing or launching, from a loaded center (200) in the vehicle (Vi, V2), one or more tracking devices (300i ... 300 n), wherein these tracking devices (300i ... 300 n) forming a path or route (R) of the vehicle (Vi, V2), which It can be followed electronically or by cellular signal tracking means, satellite, radio and / or similar or visually.

[086] Whereas the system (100) specimen according to the invention, comprising at least one core - board (200) and one or more screening devices (300i ... 300 n), a method according to the invention may comprise the following method steps:

step: receiving the (first) core-board (200) a drive signal;

- Step 2: deposit or release a first tracking device (300i);

- 3 step: recording the deposition of information from the first tracking device (300i) and start or restart or update georeferencing of the (first) Central embedded (200);

Step -4: georeferencing start of the first tracking device (300i);

- fifth step: sending one or more communication signals and / or location indications from the first tracking device (300i) and / or embedded core (200);

- Step 6: deposit or launch a second tracking device (3002) at a distance (x) of the first tracking device (300i);

- 7 step: recording the deposition of information from the second tracking device (30O2) and start or restart or update the embedded georeferencing central (200);

-8 step: start the georeferencing of the second tracking device (30O2);

- Step 9: issuing one or more communication signals and / or location indications from the second tracking device (30O2) and / or embedded core (200);

- 10. A step: comparing the communication data and / or indicative of location of the first tracking device

(3001) to the second screening device

(300 2);

- Step 11: depositing a third tracking device (30O3) in the ground, at a distance (X2) of the second screening device (30O2);

- 12 ã step: recording the deposition of information of the third tracking device (30O3) and start or restart or update the embedded georeferencing central (200);

- Step 13: Starting geocode the third tracking device (30O3);

- step 14: sending one or more communication signals and / or location indications from the third tracking device (30O3) and / or embedded core (200);

- 15 ã stage: compare the communication data and / or indicative of location of the second tracking device

(3002) to third tracking device

(3003) and possibly in relation to the first tracking device (300i);

- Step 16: Repeat the above steps until the receipt of a shutdown command and / or the deposition of the last screening device (300i ... 300 n) of the (first) core - board (200), or repeating steps described above a second central loaded (200) and so on.

[087] Note that the method described herein is a nonlimiting example of a system (100) according to the invention may operate in tracking a vehicle (Vi, V2).

[088] The method therefore should not be construed as limited to the above listed steps, with possible different combinations and different sequences of the presented and therefore complementation of the stages of exemplary method, for example, in the case of 10 § and ^ stages of 5- (and subsequent equivalents in the case of multiple tracking devices (300i ... 300 n). These can be carried out independently for each tracking device (300i ... 300 n) or, on the other hand, include grouping and evaluation of data obtained from all screening devices (300i ... 300 n) until then deposited, obtaining the additional data tracking helpful, for example, the total distance (χ τ) between the devices tracking (300 300i ... n) and thus an estimate of the total distance traveled by the vehicle (Vi, V2) from the drive system (100). [089] it is further noted that depending on the application situation , t anto georeferencing 3, and 1 \ 2 steps) and the issuance of one or more communication signals and / or indicative of location from the central embedded (200) 5, § 9 and § 14 steps) It can not be recommended or even advisable, since you can report the location of the embedded central (200) on the vehicle (Vi, V2).

[090] The data obtained from each tracking device (300i ... 300 n) can also be first stored and then grouped and / or evaluated and / or transmitted.

[091] Furthermore, there should be noted that the method steps described above may be modified or supplemented, or even eliminated depending on the type of vehicle (V) used.

[092] In the example application illustrated by figure 7, the plane (V) in emergency or hijacking , or other situation that requires tracking, tracking devices (300i ... 300 n) may have, for example, small devices drop delay, to keep them while sending signals not only position but also approximate altitude, for example, estimate a possible position of reaching the ground by the plane (V).

[093] Similar Reasoning can be applied to use in a skydiving situation as figure 8, or an underwater situation such as that of Figure 9.

Equipment

[094] The present invention also relates to an equipment comprising a system (100) according to the invention to perform tasks comprising the implementation of a method according to the invention.

Computer programs

[095] The present invention also relates to one or more computer programs storable on a storage medium and executable in a data processing apparatus, comprising operating a system (100) according to the invention and implementing a method according to the invention.

Conclusion

[096] It will be readily understood by those skilled in the art that modifications can be made herein without thereby departing from the concepts set forth in the above description. Such modifications should be considered comprised by the scope of the present invention. Accordingly, the particular embodiments described in detail above are only illustrative and exemplary and not limiting as to the scope of the present invention, which is to be given the full scope of the appended claims and any and all equivalents thereof.

Claims

1 . System for tracking vehicles, track vehicles (V1, V2) comprising the task of enabling the tracking of a vehicle (V1, V2) by deposition or release, from at least one core-board (200) in vehicle (V1, V2), one or more tracking devices (3001 ... 300n), wherein these tracking devices (3001 ... 300n) form a path or route (R) of the vehicle (V1, V2) , which may be followed electronically or by cellular signal tracking means, satellite, radio and / or similar or visually.
2. System according to claim 1, characterized in that the central embedded (200) comprises an energy source (210), georeferencing module (220), transmitting and receiving unit (230), central processing unit (240) , data storage device (250), physical storage compartment (260), opening (270), the deposition device and / or release (280) and motion detection device (290).
3. System according to claim 1, wherein each tracking means (3001 ... 300n) comprises an energy source (310), georeferencing module (320), transmitting and receiving unit (330); processing unit (340); and motion detection device (350).
4. System according to claims 1 and 3, characterized in that the tracking device (3001 ... 300n) comprise additionally and optionally illumination device (360) and / or sound device (370).
5. System according to claims 1, 2 and 3, characterized by the georeference module (220, 320) is compatible with the transmission and reception of cellular signals (GSM, GPRS and / or the like), satellite (GPS) and radio frequency and the unit for transmitting and receiving (230, 330) should be a drive compatible with the transmission and reception of cellular signals, satellite and radio, including any RFID technology and / or the like.
6. System according to claims 1, 2 and 3, characterized in that the central processing unit (240, 340) comprises a respective processor and communication ports (serial and / or parallel, USB, etc.) capable of executing a system manager software (100) to receive and process incoming information and generate output signals to the elements of the system controller (100).
7. Vehicle tracking method to track vehicles (V1, V2) comprising the task of enabling the tracking vehicle (V1, V2) by deposition or release, from at least one central embedded (200 ) on the vehicle (V1, V2), one or more tracking devices (3001 ... 300n), wherein these tracking devices (3001 ... 300n) form a path or route (R) of the vehicle (V1, V2), which may be followed electronically or by cellular signal tracking means, satellite, radio and / or similar or visually.
8. Method according to claim 7, comprising the following method steps:
- § step 1: receiving a trigger signal through the communication ports of the central processing unit (240) of a (first) core - board (200);
- step 2: depositing a first tracking device
(3001) in the soil;
- § 3 step: recording the first tracking device deposition information (3001) and start or restart or update the embedded georeferencing central (200); - A-step: Start the georeferencing of the first tracking device (3001);
- step 5: sending one or more communication signals and / or location indications from the first tracking device (3001) and / or embedded core (200);
- 6 § step: depositing one second tracking device
(3002) in the soil at a distance (x1) of the first tracking device (3001);
- 7 step: recording the deposition of information from the second screening device (3002) and start or restart or update the embedded georeferencing central (200);
- 8 § step: start the georeferencing of the second tracking device (3002);
- § step 9: sending one or more communication signals and / or location indications from the second tracking device (3002) and / or embedded core (200);
- 10 § stage: compare the communication data and / or indicative of the first tracking device location
(3001) to the second screening device
(3002);
- 1 1 § step: depositing a third tracking device (3003) into the soil at a distance (x2) of the second screening device (3002);
- § 12 step: recording the deposition of information of the third tracking device (3003) and start or restart or update the embedded georeferencing central (200); - § 13 step: start the georeferencing of the third tracking device (3003);
- § 14 step: issuing one or more communication signals and / or location indications from the third screening device (3003) and / or central onboard
(200);
- ^ 5- step: compare the communication data and / or indicative of the second location tracking device
(3002) to third tracking device
(3003) and possibly in relation to the first screening device (3001); and
- 16 § step: repeating the above steps until the receipt of a shutdown command and / or the deposition of the last screening device (3001 ... 300n) of the (first) core - board (200), or repeating steps above the central embedded in a second (200) and so on.
9. screening equipment for track vehicles (V, V1, V2) comprising a system (100) according to claims 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6 and can execute a method according to claims 7 and 8.
10. Computer programs, characterized by operating a system (100) according to claims 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6 and perform a method according to claim 7 is 8.
PCT/BR2016/050066 2016-03-29 2016-03-29 Vehicle tracking system and method, tracking apparatus and corresponding computer programs WO2017165930A1 (en)

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Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CA2887081A1 (en) * 2007-07-16 2009-01-22 Crucs Holdings, Llc System and method for monitoring vehicles on a roadway
US7860517B1 (en) * 2006-12-22 2010-12-28 Patoskie John P Mobile device tracking using mobile agent location breadcrumbs
US20130222115A1 (en) * 2012-02-23 2013-08-29 California Institute Of Technology Autonomous and controllable systems of sensors and methods of using such systems

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US7860517B1 (en) * 2006-12-22 2010-12-28 Patoskie John P Mobile device tracking using mobile agent location breadcrumbs
CA2887081A1 (en) * 2007-07-16 2009-01-22 Crucs Holdings, Llc System and method for monitoring vehicles on a roadway
US20130222115A1 (en) * 2012-02-23 2013-08-29 California Institute Of Technology Autonomous and controllable systems of sensors and methods of using such systems

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