WO2016070783A1 - New highly efficient and energy-saving building roof panel manufactured by industrialized production and manufacturing method therefor - Google Patents

New highly efficient and energy-saving building roof panel manufactured by industrialized production and manufacturing method therefor Download PDF

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WO2016070783A1
WO2016070783A1 PCT/CN2015/093656 CN2015093656W WO2016070783A1 WO 2016070783 A1 WO2016070783 A1 WO 2016070783A1 CN 2015093656 W CN2015093656 W CN 2015093656W WO 2016070783 A1 WO2016070783 A1 WO 2016070783A1
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layer
rod
layers
roof panel
structural
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PCT/CN2015/093656
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French (fr)
Chinese (zh)
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马恒忠
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马恒忠
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Priority to CN201410611735.8 priority Critical
Priority to CN201410611735.8A priority patent/CN104727489B/en
Priority to CN201510185323.7 priority
Priority to CN201510185323.7A priority patent/CN104831828B/en
Application filed by 马恒忠 filed Critical 马恒忠
Publication of WO2016070783A1 publication Critical patent/WO2016070783A1/en

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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04DROOF COVERINGS; SKY-LIGHTS; GUTTERS; ROOF-WORKING TOOLS
    • E04D3/00Roof covering by making use of flat or curved slabs or stiff sheets
    • E04D3/35Roofing slabs or stiff sheets comprising two or more layers, e.g. for insulation

Abstract

A highly efficient and energy-saving building roof panel manufactured by industrialized production comprises an outer layer (1) and an inner layer (2). The outer surface of the outer layer (1) is a planar or curved face structure or a tile-shaped structure; a middle structural layer (3) composed of a thermally insulating organic material is arranged between the outer layer (1) and the inner layer (2); when the middle structural layer (3) is provided as one layer, both sides of the middle structural layer (3) are in direct contact with the outer layer (1) and the inner layer (2), or thermally insulating layers (6) are provided between the middle structural layer (3) and the outer layer (1) and between the middle structural layer and the inner layer (2); and when the middle structural layer (3) is provided as two or more layers, a separating layer (77) composed of composite cement or concrete is provided between two middle structural layers (3). The roof panel has a durable structure, is not susceptible to ageing, and has a good thermal insulation effect.

Description

工厂化生产新型高效节能建筑屋面板及制作方法Factory-produced new energy-efficient building roof panel and manufacturing method thereof 技术领域Technical field
本发明涉及建材领域,尤其是涉及一种工厂化生产新型高效节能建筑屋面板及制作方法。The invention relates to the field of building materials, in particular to a factory-produced new energy-efficient building roof panel and a manufacturing method thereof.
背景技术Background technique
为推动建筑节能、防火、抗震、便捷、安全技术的健康发展,解决当前建筑屋面与保温层先后在施工现场制作以及存在的防火、抗震、安全等等问题,有发明人提出了名为“具有五防功能的建筑顶面新型隔热板”(申请号CN 03202848.2),但强度以及保温效果仍然有限,本发明人提出了名为“保温防火抗震一体化新型节能屋面板”(公开号:CN 102776988A),保温层无需在建筑现场施工、可节省大量的工时、材料,具有不易老化的效果,但在严寒地区使用,其保温效果仍然有提高空间。In order to promote the healthy development of building energy conservation, fire prevention, earthquake resistance, convenience and safety technology, the current building roof and insulation layer have been produced on the construction site and the existing fire prevention, earthquake resistance, safety and other issues have been raised by the inventors. The five-proof new roof insulation panel (application number CN 03202848.2), but the strength and insulation effect are still limited. The inventor proposed a new energy-saving roof panel called “insulation fireproof and seismic integration” (publication number: CN 102776988A), the insulation layer does not need to be constructed on the construction site, which can save a lot of man-hours and materials, and has the effect of not aging, but in the cold area, the insulation effect still has room for improvement.
发明内容Summary of the invention
本发明主要目的是提供一种既不易老化又有较好保温效果的工厂化生产新型高效节能建筑屋面板。The main object of the present invention is to provide a new type of high-efficiency energy-saving building roof panel which is not easy to age and has good heat preservation effect.
本发明另一个目的是提供一种成型快、层间强度高的工厂化生产新型高效节能建筑屋面板的制作方法。Another object of the present invention is to provide a method for manufacturing a new type of high-efficiency energy-saving building roof panel with rapid forming and high interlayer strength.
本发明工厂化生产新型高效节能建筑屋面板的上述技术问题主要是通过下述技术方案得以解决的:工厂化生产新型高效节能建筑屋面板, 包括外层和内层,其特征在于:外层的外表面为平面结构或弧形面结构或瓦状结构;在外层和内层之间设置由有机类保温材料构成的中间结构层;当中间结构层设为一层时,中间结构层两侧与外层、内层直接接触,或者中间结构层与外层、内层之间设置无机类保温材料构成的保温层;当中间结构层设为两层或两层以上时,两中间结构层之间设置由复合水泥或混凝土构成的间隔层。两中间结构层之间设置间隔层的结构,提高有机类保温材料的耐用性,不易老化失效;中间结构层两侧设保温层的结构,既不易老化又有较好保温效果。The above technical problems of the invention for the production of new high-efficiency energy-saving building roof panels are mainly solved by the following technical solutions: factory production of new energy-efficient building roof panels, The outer layer and the inner layer are characterized in that: the outer surface of the outer layer is a planar structure or a curved surface structure or a tile structure; an intermediate structural layer composed of an organic insulating material is disposed between the outer layer and the inner layer; When the structural layer is set to one layer, the two sides of the intermediate structural layer are in direct contact with the outer layer and the inner layer, or an insulating layer composed of an inorganic insulating material is disposed between the intermediate structural layer and the outer layer and the inner layer; when the intermediate structural layer is set When two or more layers are provided, a spacer layer composed of composite cement or concrete is disposed between the two intermediate structural layers. The structure of the spacer layer is arranged between the two intermediate structural layers to improve the durability of the organic insulating material, and is not easy to age and fail; the structure of the insulating layer on both sides of the intermediate structural layer is not easy to age and has better heat preservation effect.
作为优选,混凝土层或复合水泥层构成的外层和内层端面上,设置与相邻屋面板连接的凹凸体,该凹凸体为相互构成配合连接的凹槽和凸起;凹槽与凸起的截面呈三角形或弧形或方形。便于连接安装施工;也便于屋面板与屋面板的连接缝粘结砂浆密实结合,阻断空气。Preferably, the outer layer and the inner layer end surface formed by the concrete layer or the composite cement layer are provided with an uneven body connected to the adjacent roof panel, and the concave and convex body is a groove and a protrusion which are configured to be coupled with each other; the groove and the protrusion The cross section is triangular or curved or square. It is easy to connect and install; it is also convenient for the joint between the roof panel and the roof panel to bond the mortar and densely block the air.
作为优选,金属板的内侧面上设置钢筋凸起,邻近的钢筋凸起之间形成凹陷槽;保温层设与凹陷槽对应的凸起,该凸起嵌入凹陷槽中。有效增加连接强度。Preferably, the reinforcing plate protrusion is disposed on the inner side surface of the metal plate, and the concave groove is formed between the adjacent reinforcing bar protrusions; the heat insulating layer is provided with a protrusion corresponding to the concave groove, and the protrusion is embedded in the concave groove. Effectively increase the connection strength.
作为优选,金属板作为外层,边沿设立边,立边包住保温层侧边。封住保温层,防止雨水进入;钢筋凸起内部为两端封闭的空腔体;钢筋凸起背对金属板一侧的表面上设置若干个供浆料流入的通孔,与该通孔对应位置的保温层表面自该通孔延伸进入钢筋凸起的空腔形成对应结构的杆状体,使保温层与金属板的连接强度进一步提高。Preferably, the metal plate serves as an outer layer, and the edge is provided on the side, and the vertical side encloses the side of the heat insulating layer. Sealing the insulation layer to prevent rainwater from entering; the inside of the steel bar is a hollow body closed at both ends; the surface of the steel bar on the side opposite to the metal plate is provided with a plurality of through holes for the slurry to flow, corresponding to the through holes The surface of the insulating layer at the position extends from the through hole into the cavity of the reinforcing bar to form a rod-shaped body corresponding to the structure, so that the connection strength between the insulating layer and the metal plate is further improved.
作为优选,当外层为复合水泥或混凝土时,在中间结构层上设置若干栓孔,栓孔中设置栓杆,栓杆两端穿入两侧的保温层中;当中间结构层设为两层时,两中间结构层上的栓孔位置交错设置。栓杆可提供支撑,有效承担层间的剪切负载,防止相对滑动、相对转动的能力。栓杆两端 部设为截面大于杆体的结构,较大尺寸的端部结构,可以为层间提供拉力,防止层间相互松脱。作为优选,栓杆具有空腔的杆体,杆体两端为空腔端头;杆体中部设置进口,两空腔端头设置排口;杆体的腔体中设置弹簧和两个滑块;滑块分置在进口两侧,并与杆体的腔体构成滑动配合;弹簧为两端抵靠在在两滑块上的拉伸弹簧,或一端抵靠在滑块上、另一端抵靠在所在侧的空腔端头上的压缩弹簧;滑块上设置若干个贯通两端的过孔;每个滑块上过孔的总有效截面积小于进口的有效截面积,大于所在侧排口的有效截面积。杆体的空腔结构,灌浆时形成一根完整的棒状杆,可提供比栓杆更高的强度,而且成本较低。弹簧和滑块结构,两滑块间空气排空较充分,所形成的棒状杆上的气孔少,提高了棒状杆紧实度、强度。两滑块可向两端滑动,形成的棒状杆可具有较大的长度,以承担更大的负荷。另外,两滑块两端受弹簧力的结构,使棒状杆也相对中间结构层呈对称设置。Preferably, when the outer layer is composite cement or concrete, a plurality of bolt holes are arranged on the intermediate structure layer, and a bolt is arranged in the bolt hole, and both ends of the bolt penetrate into the heat insulating layers on both sides; when the intermediate structure layer is set to two In the case of layers, the positions of the pin holes on the two intermediate structural layers are staggered. The bolt can provide support and effectively bear the shear load between the layers to prevent relative sliding and relative rotation. Both ends of the bolt The part is configured to have a larger cross section than the rod body, and the larger end structure can provide tension between the layers to prevent the layers from loosening each other. Preferably, the bolt has a cavity of the cavity, the two ends of the rod are cavity ends; the middle of the rod body is provided with an inlet, and the two cavity ends are provided with a discharge port; the cavity of the rod body is provided with a spring and two sliders; Placed on both sides of the inlet and form a sliding fit with the cavity of the shaft; the spring is a tension spring with the two ends abutting on the two sliders, or one end abuts against the slider and the other end abuts on the side The compression spring on the end of the cavity; the slider is provided with a plurality of through holes extending through the two ends; the total effective sectional area of the through hole on each slider is smaller than the effective sectional area of the inlet, and larger than the effective sectional area of the side discharge port. The hollow structure of the shaft forms a complete rod-shaped rod during grouting, which provides higher strength than the bolt and is less expensive. The spring and the slider structure have sufficient air evacuation between the two sliders, and the formed pores on the rod-shaped rod are less, which improves the tightness and strength of the rod-shaped rod. The two sliders can slide to both ends, and the formed bar-shaped rod can have a large length to bear a larger load. In addition, the two ends of the slider are subjected to a spring force structure, so that the rod-shaped rod is also symmetrically arranged with respect to the intermediate structure layer.
作为优选,当外层为复合水泥或混凝土时,外层、内层内铺有钢筋架;屋面板端面上设有焊接槽,钢筋架的钢筋头至少部分露出在焊接槽中,钢筋头上设置销孔。相邻的屋面板可通过销孔进行插销连接,连接快速,有效加快屋面板的铺设速度。当外层为复合水泥或混凝土时,外层、内层内铺有钢筋架;当外层为金属板时,中间结构层两侧的保温层内铺有钢筋架;该钢筋架中的钢筋呈交叉状,并至少有一对钢筋头分别延伸至外层的相对的端面,在钢筋头位置的外层端面上设有焊接槽,钢筋头至少部分露出在焊接槽中;使用时,相邻屋面板相对的焊接槽对齐,使槽中的钢筋头可焊接于一体;当内层与外层均铺设有钢筋架时,内外两层中的钢筋架形状相同、位置对应,并设置加强筋将两钢筋架连接于一体;两层中位置对应的两根钢筋,与一根加强筋连接,形成一端封闭 的U型架,加强筋与钢筋的连接位置在焊接槽中。由于内置有钢筋架,使屋面板的强度得到大幅提高,能承受更高的挤压强度,别且不易破碎,更重要的是,屋面板之间可通过焊接而链接为一体,使屋面板的整体强度得到大幅度的提高,而且,屋面板可与混凝土柱、樑接面中的预埋铁或钢筋端头焊接,既提高了屋面板的强度,又使屋面板不易与建筑柱、樑分离,提高了抗震性能。这种一体化结构屋面板,材料均为无机、绿色、不燃、环保材料;混凝土层、复合水泥层、发泡水泥保温板材层、加气混凝土板材层的材料性质相容一致,能紧密结合,耐久牢固,没有有机保温材料与屋面板材料材质不一致、易燃、易老化不耐久会空鼓、脱落的先天缺陷。钢筋架呈U型架这种结构,其整体强度更高,抗震性能更强。Preferably, when the outer layer is composite cement or concrete, the outer layer and the inner layer are covered with a steel frame; the end surface of the roof panel is provided with a welding groove, and the steel bar of the steel frame is at least partially exposed in the welding groove, and the steel head is arranged Pin hole. Adjacent roof panels can be bolted through the pin holes for quick connection and speeding up the laying of the roof panels. When the outer layer is composite cement or concrete, the outer layer and the inner layer are covered with a steel frame; when the outer layer is a metal plate, the inner layer of the intermediate structure layer is covered with a steel frame; the steel bar in the steel frame is Cross-shaped, and at least one pair of steel heads respectively extending to opposite end faces of the outer layer, and a welding groove is arranged on the outer end surface of the steel bar position, and the steel bar is at least partially exposed in the welding groove; in use, adjacent roof panels The opposite welding grooves are aligned so that the steel heads in the grooves can be welded together; when the inner layer and the outer layer are both laid with the steel frame, the steel bars in the inner and outer layers have the same shape and position, and the reinforcing bars are used to set the two reinforcing bars. The frame is connected to one body; two steel bars corresponding to the positions in the two layers are connected with one reinforcing rib to form one end closed The U-shaped frame, the connection position of the reinforcing ribs and the reinforcing bars is in the welding groove. Thanks to the built-in steel frame, the strength of the roof panel is greatly improved, it can withstand higher extrusion strength, and it is not easy to be broken. More importantly, the roof panels can be linked together by welding to make the roof panel The overall strength is greatly improved, and the roof panel can be welded with the pre-embedded iron or the steel bar end in the concrete column and the beam joint, which not only improves the strength of the roof panel, but also makes the roof panel difficult to separate from the building pillar and the beam. Improves seismic performance. The integrated structural roof panel is made of inorganic, green, non-combustible and environmentally friendly materials; the concrete layer, composite cement layer, foamed cement insulation sheet layer and aerated concrete sheet layer have the same material properties and can be closely combined. Durable and durable, no organic insulation material and roofing material are inconsistent, flammable, easy to age, not durable, will be hollow, falling off congenital defects. The steel frame has a U-shaped frame structure, which has higher overall strength and stronger seismic performance.
为增加建筑外墙、分户隔墙以及建筑内套房外墙的墙体面板结合牢固程度,作为优选,两面板层之间设置连接杆件;当连接杆件为导热材质时,连接杆件与两面板层直接连接;连接杆件为绝热材质时,两面板层之间设置连接板,连接板两侧均设置连接杆件,每侧的连接杆件至少设置一根,连接杆件一端固定在连接板上,另一端固定在对应侧的面板层上。这种结构,连接两面板层,起到加强整体强度的作用;尤其是在连接的同时,还具有隔热作用,避免增加两面板层两侧的热传递途径。In order to increase the degree of firmness of the exterior wall of the building, the partition wall of the house and the wall panel of the exterior wall of the building, it is preferred to provide a connecting rod between the two panel layers; when the connecting rod is a heat conducting material, the connecting rod and the connecting rod are The two panel layers are directly connected; when the connecting rod member is a heat insulating material, a connecting plate is arranged between the two panel layers, and connecting rod members are arranged on both sides of the connecting plate, at least one connecting rod member is arranged on each side, and one end of the connecting rod member is fixed at On the connecting plate, the other end is fixed on the panel layer on the corresponding side. This structure connects the two panel layers to enhance the overall strength; especially when connecting, it also has a heat insulating effect to avoid increasing the heat transfer path on both sides of the two panel layers.
作为优选,连接板一侧设置一根连接杆件另一侧设置两根连接杆件,或者两侧各设两根连接杆件;当一侧设置一根连接杆件另一侧设置两根连接杆件时,单根侧的连接杆件处于两根侧的两根连接杆件之间;当连接板两侧各设两根连接杆件,四根连接杆件与连接板的连接部呈四角分布,同侧连接杆件位于对角位置。从而使连接部位错开,使两侧的连接杆件不会直接接触,从而不会形成热传递,避免降低保温效果。这种连 接部错开结构,还可使连接受力均匀,起到较好的加固作用。Preferably, one connecting rod member is disposed on one side of the connecting plate, and two connecting rod members are disposed on the other side, or two connecting rod members are disposed on two sides; when one connecting rod is disposed on one side, two connecting portions are disposed on the other side. In the case of the rod, the connecting rod member on the single side is located between the two connecting rod members on the two sides; when two connecting rod members are arranged on both sides of the connecting plate, the connecting portions of the four connecting rod members and the connecting plate are at four corners Distribution, the same side connecting rod is located at a diagonal position. Therefore, the connecting portions are staggered so that the connecting rod members on both sides are not directly contacted, so that heat transfer is not formed, and the heat insulating effect is prevented from being lowered. This kind of company The staggered structure of the joint can also make the connection force uniform and play a better reinforcement role.
本发明工厂化生产新型高效节能建筑屋面板制作方法的上述技术问题主要是通过下述技术方案得以解决的:将栓杆两端对称地置于中间结构层上的栓孔中,再将一层或两层中间结构层置于两模板之间;中间结构层为两层时,中间结构层之间设置间隔,将预拌好的发泡水泥保温材料浆料浇注入两模板与两中间结构层之间以及两中间结构层之间的空档内;中间结构层为一层时,将预拌好的发泡水泥保温材料浆料浇注入两模板与中间结构层之间的空档内,或者在两模板内侧设置外层、内层,再将预拌好的发泡水泥保温材料浆料浇注入外层、内层与中间结构层之间的空档内;中间结构层3为两层时,两层中间结构层3上的栓杆11位置错开设置;对应于外层外表面的模板的内侧面,为平面结构或弧形面结构或瓦状面结构。通过模板之间设置中间结构层,在各层间隙中浇注,成型快;在中间结构层上设置栓杆,使层间强度高。中间结构层为两层时,两层中间结构层上的栓杆位置错开设置。可在有限空间内设置更多的栓杆,以提高空间利用率,并提高层间强度,提高抗负载能力。The above technical problem of the method for manufacturing a new high-efficiency energy-saving building roof panel of the present invention is mainly solved by the following technical solutions: the two ends of the bolt are symmetrically placed in the bolt holes on the intermediate structure layer, and then one layer is further Or two layers of intermediate structure layer are placed between the two templates; when the middle structure layer is two layers, spaces are arranged between the intermediate structure layers, and the premixed foamed cement insulation material slurry is poured into the two templates and the two intermediate structure layers. In the gap between the two intermediate structural layers; when the intermediate structural layer is a layer, the premixed foamed cement insulation slurry is poured into the gap between the two templates and the intermediate structural layer, or An outer layer and an inner layer are disposed on the inner side of the two templates, and the pre-mixed foamed cement insulation material slurry is poured into the gap between the outer layer, the inner layer and the intermediate structure layer; when the intermediate structure layer 3 is two layers The bolts 11 on the two intermediate structural layers 3 are staggered; the inner side of the template corresponding to the outer surface of the outer layer is a planar structure or a curved surface structure or a tile-like structure. The intermediate structure layer is arranged between the templates, and is poured in the gaps of the layers to form a fast; the bolts are arranged on the intermediate structure layer to make the interlayer strength high. When the intermediate structural layer is two layers, the positions of the bolts on the two intermediate structural layers are staggered. More bolts can be installed in a limited space to improve space utilization, increase interlayer strength, and improve load resistance.
浆料浇注空档后进行发泡养护;待发泡水泥保温材料可以切割时,把溢出边沿外的发泡水泥保温材料切除。形成齐整的外观。After the slurry is poured into the gap, the foaming curing is carried out; when the foamed cement insulation material can be cut, the foamed cement insulation material outside the overflow edge is cut off. Form a neat appearance.
因此,本发明工厂化生产新型高效节能建筑屋面板既不易老化又有较好保温效果。Therefore, the factory-produced new high-efficiency and energy-saving building roof panel of the invention is not easy to age and has better heat preservation effect.
本发明工厂化生产新型高效节能建筑屋面板的制作方法,成型快、层间强度高的。The invention produces a new high-efficiency and energy-saving building roof panel by means of factory production, which has fast forming and high interlayer strength.
同时,还具有如下有益效果:At the same time, it also has the following beneficial effects:
①屋面板的材料均为绿色、环保材料,耐久牢固。1 The material of the roof panel is green and environmentally friendly, and it is durable and firm.
②将保温、防火、抗震功能有效结合为一体进行工厂化规模生产, 质量稳定有保障。2 Effectively combine the insulation, fire prevention and seismic functions into a factory-scale production. The quality is stable and guaranteed.
③避免了建筑的屋面层和保温层的分别先后现场构筑施工,一步到位,减少了大量的建筑施工工序、时间、能降低大量建筑成本。3 Avoiding the construction of the roof and insulation layers of the building successively, one step at a time, reducing a large number of construction processes, time, and a large number of construction costs.
④将保温材料作为屋面板中间结构层,重量轻。4 The insulation material is used as the intermediate structural layer of the roof panel and is light in weight.
⑤因为有机类保温材料是被密闭在屋面板中间,不接触流动空气,所以能有效地延缓有机保温材料和胶粘剂的老化,提高其耐久性,同时避免了有机保温材料和胶粘剂固有气体气味挥发,保证了节能屋面板产品的环保性。5 Because the organic insulation material is sealed in the middle of the roof panel and does not contact the flowing air, it can effectively delay the aging of the organic insulation material and the adhesive, improve its durability, and avoid the volatilization of the organic gas insulation material and the inherent gas odor of the adhesive. It ensures the environmental protection of energy-saving roofing panels.
⑥具有良好的抗震性。6 has good shock resistance.
附图说明DRAWINGS
附图1是本发明的一种结构示意图。BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS Figure 1 is a schematic view showing the structure of the present invention.
附图2是钢筋架的一种结构示意图。Figure 2 is a schematic view of a structure of a steel frame.
附图3是附图1的展开图。Figure 3 is a development view of Figure 1.
附图4是栓杆与中间结构层的装配示意图。Figure 4 is a schematic view of the assembly of the bolt and the intermediate structural layer.
附图5是中间结构层的一种结构示意图。Figure 5 is a schematic view of the structure of the intermediate structure layer.
附图6是栓杆的四种结构示意图。Figure 6 is a schematic view showing four structures of the bolt.
附图7是栓杆内置滑块的结构示意图。Figure 7 is a schematic view showing the structure of the built-in slider of the bolt.
附图8是采用两中间结构层时的结构示意图。Figure 8 is a schematic view showing the structure when two intermediate structural layers are employed.
附图9是金属板作为外层、内层的断面结构示意图。Figure 9 is a schematic cross-sectional view showing the metal plate as an outer layer and an inner layer.
附图10是一种屋面板浇注过程的示意图。Figure 10 is a schematic illustration of a roofing process.
附图11是另一种屋面板浇注过程的示意图。Figure 11 is a schematic illustration of another roofing process.
附图12是另一种屋面板浇注过程的示意图。Figure 12 is a schematic illustration of another roofing process.
附图13是屋面板堆砌连接成屋面的示意图。 Figure 13 is a schematic view showing the stacking of roof panels into a roof.
附图14是连接杆件与面板层的一种连接结构示意图。Figure 14 is a schematic view showing a connection structure of the connecting rod member and the panel layer.
附图15是连接杆件与连接板的一种装配结构示意图。Figure 15 is a schematic view showing an assembly structure of the connecting rod member and the connecting plate.
附图16是连接杆件与连接板的另一种装配结构示意图。Figure 16 is a schematic view showing another assembly structure of the connecting rod and the connecting plate.
具体实施方式detailed description
下面通过实施例,并结合附图,对本发明的技术方案作进一步具体的说明。The technical solutions of the present invention will be further specifically described below by way of embodiments and with reference to the accompanying drawings.
实施例1:本发明工厂化生产新型高效节能建筑屋面板,如附图1、附图3、附图9所示,包括由金属板或复合水泥或混凝土构成的外层1和内层2,外层的外表面为平面结构或弧形面结构或瓦状结构;在外层1和内层2之间设置由有机类保温材料构成的中间结构层3;当中间结构层3设为一层时,中间结构层3两侧与外层1、内层2直接接触,或者中间结构层3与外层1、内层2之间设置无机类保温材料构成的保温层6;当中间结构层3设为两层或两层以上时,两中间结构层3之间设置由复合水泥或混凝土构成的间隔层77。屋面板为四方形或菱形或三角形或多边形。Embodiment 1: The present invention industrially produces a new energy-efficient building roof panel, as shown in FIG. 1, FIG. 3, and FIG. 9, including an outer layer 1 and an inner layer 2 composed of a metal plate or a composite cement or concrete. The outer surface of the outer layer is a planar structure or a curved surface structure or a tile structure; an intermediate structural layer 3 composed of an organic insulating material is disposed between the outer layer 1 and the inner layer 2; when the intermediate structural layer 3 is set as a layer The two sides of the intermediate structure layer 3 are in direct contact with the outer layer 1 and the inner layer 2, or between the intermediate structure layer 3 and the outer layer 1 and the inner layer 2, an insulating layer 6 composed of an inorganic heat insulating material is disposed; when the intermediate structure layer 3 is provided When it is two or more layers, a spacer layer 77 composed of composite cement or concrete is disposed between the two intermediate structural layers 3. The roof panels are square or diamond or triangular or polygonal.
金属板101的内侧面上设置钢筋凸起102,邻近的钢筋凸起102之间形成凹陷槽;保温层6设与凹陷槽对应的凸起,该凸起嵌入凹陷槽中。作为外层的金属板101,边沿设立边103,立边103包住保温层6侧边。A reinforcing bar 102 is disposed on the inner side surface of the metal plate 101, and a recessed groove is formed between the adjacent reinforcing bar protrusions 102; the heat insulating layer 6 is provided with a protrusion corresponding to the recessed groove, and the protrusion is embedded in the recessed groove. As the outer metal plate 101, the edge 103 is set on the edge, and the vertical edge 103 covers the side of the heat insulating layer 6.
作为可供选择的较佳方案,钢筋凸起102内部为两端封闭的空腔体;钢筋凸起102背对金属板101一侧的表面上设置若干个供浆料流入的通孔,与该通孔对应位置的保温层6表面自该通孔延伸进入钢筋凸起102的空腔形成对应结构的杆状体。As an alternative preferred embodiment, the inside of the reinforcing bar 102 is a hollow body closed at both ends; the reinforcing protrusion 102 is provided with a plurality of through holes for the inflow of the slurry on the surface facing the metal plate 101 side, and The surface of the insulating layer 6 corresponding to the through hole extends from the through hole into the cavity of the reinforcing bar 102 to form a rod-shaped body of the corresponding structure.
当外层1为复合水泥或混凝土时,外层1、内层2内铺有钢筋架; 当外层1为金属板时,中间结构层3两侧的保温层6内铺有钢筋架。When the outer layer 1 is composite cement or concrete, the outer layer 1 and the inner layer 2 are covered with a steel frame; When the outer layer 1 is a metal plate, the heat insulating layer 6 on both sides of the intermediate structure layer 3 is covered with a steel frame.
如附图2所示,该钢筋架中的钢筋9呈交叉状,并至少有一对钢筋头4分别延伸至外层1的相对的端面,在钢筋头4位置的外层1端面上设有焊接槽5,钢筋头4至少部分露出在焊接槽5中;砌墙时,相邻屋面板相对的焊接槽5对齐,使槽中的钢筋头4可焊接于一体;当内层2与外层1均铺设有钢筋架时,内外两层中的钢筋架形状相同、位置对应,并设置加强筋8将两钢筋架连接于一体;两层中位置对应的两根钢筋9,与一根加强筋8连接,形成一端封闭的U型架,加强筋8与钢筋9的连接位置在焊接槽5中。As shown in FIG. 2, the reinforcing bars 9 in the steel frame are cross-shaped, and at least one pair of reinforcing bar heads 4 respectively extend to opposite end faces of the outer layer 1, and welding is provided on the end face of the outer layer 1 at the position of the reinforcing bar head 4. The groove 5, the steel head 4 is at least partially exposed in the welding groove 5; when the wall is built, the opposite welding grooves 5 of the adjacent roof panels are aligned, so that the steel head 4 in the groove can be welded together; when the inner layer 2 and the outer layer 1 When the steel frame is laid, the steel bars in the inner and outer layers have the same shape and position, and the reinforcing bars 8 are arranged to connect the two steel bars together; the two steel bars 9 corresponding to the positions in the two layers, and one reinforcing bar 8 The connection forms a U-shaped frame closed at one end, and the connection position of the reinforcing rib 8 and the reinforcing bar 9 is in the welding groove 5.
当外层1为复合水泥或混凝土时,外层1、内层2内铺有钢筋架;屋面板端面上设有焊接槽5,钢筋架的钢筋头4至少部分露出在焊接槽5中,钢筋头4上设置销孔。When the outer layer 1 is composite cement or concrete, the outer layer 1 and the inner layer 2 are covered with a steel frame; the end surface of the roof panel is provided with a welding groove 5, and the steel bar 4 of the steel frame is at least partially exposed in the welding groove 5, the steel bar A pin hole is provided in the head 4.
如附图13所示,屋面板之间堆砌成屋面,通过钢筋头4焊接连接;屋面板与柱、梁也可设置对应的焊接点,通过钢筋头4与屋面板焊接连接。As shown in Fig. 13, the roof panels are stacked between the roof panels and welded by the steel heads 4; the roof panels and the columns and beams can also be provided with corresponding welding points, and the steel heads 4 are welded to the roof panels.
如附图1、附图3所示,混凝土层或复合水泥层构成的外层1和内层2端面上,设置与相邻屋面板连接的凹凸体,该凹凸体为相互构成配合连接的凹槽7和凸起;凹槽7与凸起的截面呈三角形或弧形或方形。As shown in FIG. 1 and FIG. 3, on the end faces of the outer layer 1 and the inner layer 2 composed of a concrete layer or a composite cement layer, concave and convex bodies connected to adjacent roof panels are provided, and the concave and convex bodies are concaves which are configured to be coupled to each other. The groove 7 and the protrusion; the groove 7 and the protrusion have a triangular or curved or square cross section.
如附图4、附图5、附图6、附图8所示,当外层1为复合水泥或混凝土时,在中间结构层3上设置若干栓孔32,栓孔32中设置栓杆31,栓杆31两端穿入两侧的保温层6中。当中间结构层3设为两层时,两中间结构层3上的栓孔32位置交错设置,如附图9所示。As shown in FIG. 4, FIG. 5, FIG. 6, and FIG. 8, when the outer layer 1 is composite cement or concrete, a plurality of bolt holes 32 are provided in the intermediate structure layer 3, and the bolt 31 is disposed in the bolt hole 32. Both ends of the bolt 31 penetrate into the heat insulating layer 6 on both sides. When the intermediate structure layer 3 is set to two layers, the pin holes 32 on the two intermediate structure layers 3 are alternately arranged as shown in FIG.
对于栓杆,其强度决定了屋面板的强度;栓杆直径较大,采用金属材质的,成本较高;采用非金属材质,强度较小。因此,为进一步提高 层间的强度,较佳的选择方案是,如附图7所示,栓杆31具有空腔的杆体311,杆体311两端为空腔端头;杆体311中部设置进口312,两空腔端头设置排口315。这种空腔结构,灌浆时,浆料进入栓杆的空腔中,形成一根完整的棒状杆,浆料硬化后的棒状杆可提供比栓杆更高的强度,而且成本较低。For the bolt, the strength determines the strength of the roof panel; the bolt diameter is larger, the metal material is used, and the cost is higher; the non-metal material is used, and the strength is small. Therefore, to further improve For the strength between the layers, a preferred alternative is that, as shown in FIG. 7, the bolt 31 has a cavity 311 of the cavity, the two ends of the rod 311 are cavity ends; the middle of the rod 311 is provided with an inlet 312, and two cavity ends The head is provided with a discharge port 315. In the cavity structure, when grouting, the slurry enters the cavity of the bolt to form a complete rod-shaped rod, and the rod-shaped rod which is hardened by the slurry can provide higher strength than the bolt, and the cost is lower.
灌浆时,由于杆体311横置,腔体中气体不易排出,易存留大量气体,导致在杆体空腔中形成的棒状杆易存有大量气孔,从而影响杆体的强度。因此,杆体311的腔体中设置弹簧31和两个滑块313;滑块313分置在进口312两侧,并与杆体311的腔体构成滑动配合;弹簧314为两端抵靠在在两滑块313上的拉伸弹簧,或一端抵靠在滑块313上、另一端抵靠在所在侧的空腔端头上的压缩弹簧;滑块313上设置若干个贯通两端的过孔;每个滑块313上过孔的总有效截面积小于进口312的有效截面积,大于所在侧排口315的有效截面积。当栓杆31置于中间结构层时,两端分置中间结构层两侧,并呈对称设置;此时,进口312相对中间结构层呈对称设置,位于中间结构层两侧的面积相等。滑块313分置在进口312两侧,两滑块之间的空间远小于滑块外侧的空间,也就是说,两滑块之间的空气量小于两滑块两端的空气量。为便于排出空气,每个滑块313外周上或者邻近外周的位置设置若干过孔。During the grouting, since the rod body 311 is transversely disposed, the gas in the cavity is not easily discharged, and a large amount of gas is easily stored, so that the rod-shaped rod formed in the cavity of the rod body is likely to have a large number of pores, thereby affecting the strength of the rod body. Therefore, a spring 31 and two sliders 313 are disposed in the cavity of the rod body 311; the slider 313 is disposed on both sides of the inlet 312 and is in sliding engagement with the cavity of the rod body 311; the spring 314 is abutting at both ends a tension spring on the slider 313, or a compression spring having one end abutting on the slider 313 and the other end abutting on the cavity end of the side; the slider 313 is provided with a plurality of through holes extending through the two ends; The total effective sectional area of the via holes on the slider 313 is smaller than the effective sectional area of the inlet 312, which is larger than the effective sectional area of the side discharge port 315. When the bolt 31 is placed in the intermediate structure layer, the two ends are disposed on both sides of the intermediate structure layer and arranged symmetrically; at this time, the inlet 312 is symmetrically disposed with respect to the intermediate structure layer, and the areas on both sides of the intermediate structure layer are equal. The slider 313 is divided on both sides of the inlet 312, and the space between the two sliders is much smaller than the space outside the slider, that is, the amount of air between the two sliders is smaller than the amount of air at both ends of the two sliders. To facilitate the discharge of air, a plurality of via holes are provided on the outer circumference of each slider 313 or adjacent to the outer circumference.
当灌入的浆料高度至杆体时,通过杆体上的进口312和排口315入腔体;由于进口312的有效截面积较大,因此从进口312进入的浆料更多、进入速度更快。浆料刚开始通过进口312进入两滑块之间时,弹簧的作用力使滑块不滑动,浆料在滑块之间存积高度渐渐上升,上升的同时,压缩两滑块的空间将滑块间的空气挤出,挤出的空气部分从进口排出,部分从滑块上的过孔排至两滑块的两端腔体中,直至浆料上升至填 满两滑块之间的空间。当滑块间的空间填满后,外部浆料通过进口与滑块间的浆料连通,此时,外部浆料的压力通过进口传递给滑块间的浆料,滑块间的浆料自身的压力加上外部浆料的压力,可以克服弹簧的作用力,使两滑块向两端移动,形成更大的空间,相应引入更多的浆料,延长棒状杆的长度。两滑块间的浆料形成棒状杆,由于空气排空较充分,因此棒状杆上的气孔少,由此提高了棒状杆紧实度,也提高了强度。每个滑块313上过孔的总有效截面积小于进口312的有效截面积,大于所在侧排口315的有效截面积,这种结构,使流入滑块间的浆料速度大于从排口315进入的速度,再加上滑块间的空间本就小于两滑块两端的空间,因此浆料填满滑块间的空间时,两滑块两端的浆料仍然较少且存积的浆料高度仍较低,因此给两滑块留下向两端移动的较大空间,也就是说,滑块间的浆料形成的棒状杆可具有较大的长度,以承担负荷。另外,两滑块两端受弹簧力的结构,使棒状杆也相对中间结构层呈对称设置。When the filled slurry is at a height to the rod body, it enters the cavity through the inlet 312 and the discharge port 315 on the rod body; since the effective cross-sectional area of the inlet 312 is large, the slurry entering from the inlet 312 is more and enters faster. . When the slurry first enters between the two sliders through the inlet 312, the force of the spring causes the slider to not slide, and the accumulation height of the slurry between the sliders gradually rises, and while the space of the two sliders is compressed, the space of the two sliders is compressed. The air is squeezed between the blocks, and the extruded air is partially discharged from the inlet, and partially discharged from the through holes in the slider to the cavity at both ends of the two sliders until the slurry rises to fill The space between the two sliders. When the space between the sliders is filled, the external slurry is communicated through the slurry between the inlet and the slider. At this time, the pressure of the external slurry is transmitted to the slurry between the sliders through the inlet, and the slurry between the sliders themselves The pressure plus the pressure of the external slurry can overcome the force of the spring, moving the two sliders to the ends, forming a larger space, correspondingly introducing more slurry and extending the length of the rod. The slurry between the two sliders forms a rod-shaped rod, and since the air is evacuated sufficiently, the pores on the rod-shaped rod are small, thereby improving the tightness of the rod-shaped rod and improving the strength. The total effective sectional area of the via hole on each of the sliders 313 is smaller than the effective sectional area of the inlet 312, which is larger than the effective sectional area of the side discharge port 315. This structure makes the slurry velocity flowing between the sliders larger than the discharge port 315. The speed of entry, plus the space between the sliders, is smaller than the space between the two sliders. Therefore, when the slurry fills the space between the sliders, the slurry at both ends of the two sliders is still less and the accumulated slurry The height is still low, so that the two sliders leave a large space to move to both ends, that is, the bar-shaped rod formed by the slurry between the sliders can have a large length to bear the load. In addition, the two ends of the slider are subjected to a spring force structure, so that the rod-shaped rod is also symmetrically arranged with respect to the intermediate structure layer.
如图14所示,两面板层1之间设置连接杆件52;当连接杆件52为导热材质时,连接杆件52与两面板层1直接连接;连接杆件52为绝热材质时,两面板层1之间设置连接板51,连接板51两侧均设置连接杆件52,每侧的连接杆件6至少设置一根,连接杆件(6)一端固定在连接板51上,另一端固定在对应侧的面板层1上。As shown in FIG. 14, a connecting rod 52 is disposed between the two panel layers 1; when the connecting rod 52 is a heat conductive material, the connecting rod 52 is directly connected to the two panel layers 1; when the connecting rod 52 is a heat insulating material, two A connecting plate 51 is disposed between the panel layers 1. A connecting rod member 52 is disposed on both sides of the connecting plate 51, and at least one connecting rod member 6 is disposed on each side. One end of the connecting rod member (6) is fixed on the connecting plate 51, and the other end is fixed. It is fixed on the panel layer 1 on the corresponding side.
如图14、附图15、附图16所示,连接板51一侧设置一根连接杆件52另一侧设置两根连接杆件52,或者两侧各设两根连接杆件52;当一侧设置一根连接杆件52另一侧设置两根连接杆件52时,单根侧的连接杆件52处于两根侧的两根连接杆件52之间;当连接板51两侧各设两根连接杆件52,四根连接杆件52与连接板51的连接部呈四角分布,同侧连接杆件52位于对角位置。 As shown in FIG. 14, FIG. 15, and FIG. 16, a connecting rod member 52 is disposed on one side of the connecting plate 51, and two connecting rod members 52 are disposed on the other side, or two connecting rod members 52 are disposed on both sides; When one connecting rod member 52 is disposed on one side and two connecting rod members 52 are disposed on the other side, the single-side connecting rod member 52 is disposed between the two connecting rod members 52 on the two sides; when the connecting plate 51 is on both sides Two connecting rod members 52 are provided, and the connecting portions of the four connecting rod members 52 and the connecting plate 51 are distributed at four corners, and the same side connecting rod members 52 are located at diagonal positions.
当两面板层1中设有钢筋架时,连接杆件52可与钢筋架相接。When the steel frame is provided in the two panel layers 1, the connecting rod 52 can be connected to the steel frame.
实施例2:本发明工厂化生产新型高效节能建筑屋面板的制作方法,如附图10、附图11、附图12所示,将栓杆31两端对称地置于中间结构层3上的栓孔32中,再将一层或两层中间结构层3置于两模板11之间;中间结构层3为两层时,中间结构层3之间设置间隔,将预拌好的发泡水泥保温材料浆料浇注入两模板11与两中间结构层3之间以及两中间结构层3之间的空档内;中间结构层3为一层时,将预拌好的发泡水泥保温材料浆料浇注入两模板11与中间结构层3之间的空档内,或者在两模板11内侧设置外层1、内层2,再将预拌好的发泡水泥保温材料浆料浇注入外层1、内层2与中间结构层3之间的空档内;对应于外层外表面的模板11的内侧面,为平面结构或弧形面结构或瓦状面结构。Embodiment 2: The manufacturing method of the invention for manufacturing a new energy-efficient building roof panel, as shown in FIG. 10, FIG. 11, and FIG. 12, the two ends of the bolt 31 are symmetrically placed on the intermediate structure layer 3. In the bolt hole 32, one or two intermediate structure layers 3 are placed between the two templates 11; when the intermediate structure layer 3 is two layers, a space is provided between the intermediate structure layers 3, and the pre-mixed foamed cement is used. The thermal insulation material slurry is poured into the gap between the two template 11 and the two intermediate structural layers 3 and between the two intermediate structural layers 3; when the intermediate structural layer 3 is a layer, the premixed foamed cement thermal insulation material slurry is prepared. The material is poured into the gap between the two templates 11 and the intermediate structure layer 3, or the outer layer 1 and the inner layer 2 are disposed inside the two templates 11, and the premixed foamed cement insulation slurry is poured into the outer layer. 1. The inner space between the inner layer 2 and the intermediate structure layer 3; the inner side surface of the template 11 corresponding to the outer surface of the outer layer is a planar structure or a curved surface structure or a tile-like surface structure.
中间结构层3为两层时,两层中间结构层3上的栓杆11位置错开设置。When the intermediate structural layer 3 is two layers, the bolts 11 on the two intermediate structural layers 3 are positioned offset.
浆料浇注空档后进行发泡养护;待发泡水泥保温材料可以切割时,把溢出边沿外的发泡水泥保温材料切除。After the slurry is poured into the gap, the foaming curing is carried out; when the foamed cement insulation material can be cut, the foamed cement insulation material outside the overflow edge is cut off.
本发明的屋面板产品及方法可广泛应用于严寒、寒冷地区民用、公用建筑。以推动建筑节能、防火、抗震、便捷、节材节能安全技术的健康发展,解决当前建筑屋面板与保温层先后分别施工以及存在的屋面板保温材料相关火灾隐患、屋面板不抗震与严寒、寒冷地区建筑保温效果欠佳等问题。The roofing panel product and method of the invention can be widely applied to civil and public buildings in severe cold and cold regions. To promote the healthy development of energy-saving, fire-proof, earthquake-resistant, convenient, energy-saving and safety technologies for buildings, to solve the fire hazards associated with the construction of existing roof slabs and insulation layers, and the existing roof insulation materials, the roof panels are not earthquake-resistant and cold and cold. Problems such as poor insulation of regional buildings.
本发明的屋面板产品是集保温、防火、抗震等功能为一体的工厂化生产新型节能构造的装配式建筑屋面板产品(下简称“屋面板”),可与其他预制柱、梁、墙体等建筑构件在工程现场装配成房。屋面板为多层 结构的板状产品,从屋面朝天表面至朝地表面顺序排列,主要由外结构层(即外层),中间保温材料结构层(即中间结构层),内结构层(即内层)互相连接组合构成,其中外结构层和内结构层可以是混凝土层或者复合水泥层或者金属板层或者其他材料制成;中间保温材料结构层有三种方式:一是以无机类如发泡水泥保温板材(亦有称“泡沫砼保温板”、“泡沫混凝土”等)和有机类如挤塑聚苯板进行组合;二是以发泡水泥保温材料作中间保温结构层;三是以挤塑聚苯板作为中间保温结构层。外结构层和内结构层各用哪种材质结构层搭配与中间保温材料结构层组合制成屋面板构件产品,可视不同需要而定。The roofing panel product of the invention is a fabricated building roofing panel product (hereinafter referred to as "roof panel") which integrates the functions of heat preservation, fire prevention and earthquake resistance, and can be combined with other prefabricated columns, beams and walls. The building components are assembled into a house at the engineering site. Roof panel is multi-layer The structural plate-like product is arranged in order from the roof surface to the ground surface, mainly by the outer structural layer (ie, the outer layer), the intermediate thermal insulation material structural layer (ie, the intermediate structural layer), and the inner structural layer (ie, the inner layer) are interconnected. Combined composition, wherein the outer structural layer and the inner structural layer may be made of concrete layer or composite cement layer or metal plate layer or other materials; the intermediate thermal insulation material structural layer has three ways: one is inorganic material such as foamed cement insulation plate ( Also known as "foam 砼 insulation board", "foam concrete", etc. and organic such as extruded polystyrene board combination; second is foamed cement insulation material for intermediate insulation structural layer; third is extruded polystyrene board As an intermediate insulation structure layer. The outer structural layer and the inner structural layer are each combined with the intermediate thermal insulation material structural layer to form a roofing panel component product, which may be determined according to different needs.
本发明的屋面板产品规格Roof panel product specifications of the present invention
为方便运输和安装,屋面板构件的宽度建议900mm、1200mm、1500mm为常规的规格;长度根据房梁间距(跨度)、承重等要求建议1500mm、1800mm、2100mm为常规规格;厚度可根据使用屋面板的建筑物所处地域对节能保温的不同要求,对屋面板内的中间保温材料结构层的厚度进行调整定向制作供应,同时屋面板的外结构层与内结构层的厚度,应根据建筑设计对斜屋面、平屋面的不同要求和不同材质的强度等确定制作。For the convenience of transportation and installation, the width of the roof panel members is recommended to be 900mm, 1200mm, 1500mm for the conventional specifications; the length is recommended according to the requirements of the beam spacing (span), load bearing, etc. 1500mm, 1800mm, 2100mm; the thickness can be based on the use of the roof panel The different requirements for energy-saving insulation in the area where the building is located, the thickness of the structural layer of the intermediate thermal insulation material in the roof panel is adjusted and oriented, and the thickness of the outer structural layer and the inner structural layer of the roof panel should be based on the architectural design. The different requirements of the inclined roof and the flat roof and the strength of different materials are determined.
本发明的屋面板产品的技术措施、技术特征Technical measures and technical features of the roofing panel product of the invention
1、以金属板作为屋面板板产品的外结构层或内结构层时:1. When the metal plate is used as the outer structural layer or inner structural layer of the roof panel product:
①金属板朝内表面设置适量的经纬状排列钢筋,钢筋与金属板间采用点焊方法连接固定,设置钢筋作用有三:a、增强金属板强度的同时可视情适当减少金属板厚度节约成本;b、外结构层或内结构层设置钢筋的情形下,便于用若干短钢筋与相对的内结构层或外结构层预设钢筋进行连接形成支撑固定,使外、内两个结构层把中间保温材料结构层夹住牢固地结合为一体;c、凸出在金属板内表面的经纬状排列钢筋,其圆柱体 本身的形状产生的凹凸空间,便于将浇铸进的发泡水泥保温材料浆料发泡凝固在外,内结构层中间的保温层抓拉住。1 The metal plate is arranged with an appropriate amount of latitude and longitude arrangement of steel bars on the inner surface. The steel bars are connected and fixed by spot welding. The reinforcing bars have three functions: a. Strengthening the strength of the metal plates and reducing the thickness of the metal plates as appropriate; b. In the case where the outer structural layer or the inner structural layer is provided with reinforcing bars, it is convenient to use a plurality of short reinforcing bars to connect with the opposite inner structural layer or the outer structural layer to form a supporting and fixing, so that the outer and inner structural layers are insulated in the middle. The structural layer of the material is firmly integrated into one body; c. the warp and weft-shaped reinforcing steel protruding on the inner surface of the metal plate, the cylinder thereof The concave and convex space generated by the shape itself is convenient for foaming and solidifying the foamed cement thermal insulation material slurry which is cast into the outer layer, and the thermal insulation layer in the middle of the inner structural layer is grasped.
②作为屋面板外结构层的金属板的边沿应有预压的互相咬合边(安装咬合后能防止雨水进入),也可以采取其他连接防水措施。2 The edge of the metal plate as the outer structural layer of the roof panel shall have pre-compressed interlocking edges (the rainwater may be prevented from entering after the bite is installed), and other connection waterproofing measures may also be adopted.
2、以混凝土或复合水泥作为屋面板的外结构层或内结构层时:2. When concrete or composite cement is used as the outer structural layer or inner structural layer of the roof panel:
①在不影响强度的情形下,利用建筑废料(主要是拆下的废混凝土块)轧成颗粒,代替混凝土使用的石子;在复合水泥层中加进一定比例的生产发泡水泥保温材料生产的边角废料颗粒或其他无机轻集材料,以减轻屋面板自身重量。1 In the case of not affecting the strength, the construction waste (mainly the removed waste concrete block) is rolled into granules instead of the concrete used for the concrete; a certain proportion of the production of foamed cement insulation material is added to the composite cement layer. Corner scrap particles or other inorganic light-collecting materials to reduce the weight of the roof panel itself.
②在预制混凝土层或复合水泥层时,加进适量的耐碱高强工程纤维和少许胡椒,花椒等,以增加强度防裂和驱虫。2 In the precast concrete layer or composite cement layer, add appropriate amount of alkali-resistant high-strength engineering fiber and a little pepper, pepper, etc. to increase the strength of cracking and deworming.
③在混凝土层或复合层水泥层中预埋经纬状排列的钢筋网格(也可是其他排列形式),外结构层和内结构层中预埋的两张钢筋网格之间,用若干短钢筋将两层钢筋网焊接形成支撑固定;同时外结构层和内结构层的四个连接端面(指与其他层面板相接处)和内结构层朝下表面与梁的接触面的预埋钢筋外露端头,应预留供焊接或者其他连接固定方法所需的槽孔位置,以便屋面板与屋面板、层面板与梁之间的焊接或其他连接固定方法安装。3 Pre-embed the weft-arranged steel mesh (also in other arrangements) in the concrete layer or the composite cement layer, and use some short steel bars between the outer structural layer and the two pre-embedded steel meshes in the inner structural layer. The two layers of steel mesh are welded to form a support and fixed; at the same time, the four connecting end faces of the outer structural layer and the inner structural layer (refer to the interface with the other layer panels) and the embedded reinforcing bars of the contact faces of the inner structural layer facing the lower surface and the beam are exposed. At the end, the location of the slots required for soldering or other attachment methods should be reserved for the installation of the roof panel and the roof panel, the panel between the deck and the beam or other attachment methods.
④外结构层和结构层的四个连接端面均有预制的凹凸状构造,使分块预制的屋面板与屋面板之间,通过专用粘结砂浆粘合凹凸构造面,将中间保温材料层更好地密实封闭;每幢房子屋面板安装完成后。对屋面四周边沿的端面如外露的,应抹相关的专用砂浆把中间保温材料外露端面覆盖住。The four connecting end faces of the outer structural layer and the structural layer have a prefabricated concave-convex structure, so that the interfacial prefabricated roof panel and the roof panel are bonded to the concave and convex structural surface by a special bonding mortar, and the intermediate insulating material layer is further It is well sealed and closed; after the installation of each house roof panel is completed. If the end surface of the four peripheral edges of the roof is exposed, the relevant special mortar should be wiped to cover the exposed end surface of the intermediate insulation material.
⑤斜层面的屋面板之外结构层朝天表面,作为优选建议直接预制成 屋面瓦状,以免屋面板安装完成后再进行盖瓦施工之累。5 sloping layered roof panels outside the structural layer facing the surface, as a preferred suggestion directly prefabricated The roof is tile-shaped, so as to avoid the tiling construction after the installation of the roof panel is completed.
⑥前述屋面板外结构层或内结构层的预埋钢筋外露端头(指与同类层面板相接处),与另一屋面板外结构层或内结构层预埋钢筋的外露端头之间连接固定方法,主要是a、电焊法;b、螺丝螺帽连接固定;c、插销连接固定,指预埋钢筋端头预先冲压留孔,用马蹄形插销(即两端弯折呈U型的插销)插入两块屋面板连接端面外露钢筋端头的孔中。当然,还可以其他方法。6 between the exposed outer end of the outer structural layer or the inner structural layer of the roof panel (refer to the junction with the similar layer panel), and between the outer structural layer of the other roof panel or the exposed end of the inner structural layer embedded steel bar Connection fixing method, mainly a, electric welding method; b, screw nut connection fixed; c, pin connection fixed, refers to the pre-embossed steel end pre-punched hole, with horseshoe-shaped bolt (ie, the U-shaped pin bent at both ends ) Insert two roof panels to connect the holes in the exposed end of the end of the steel bar. Of course, there are other ways.
3、保温材料结构层的技术特点3. Technical characteristics of structural layers of thermal insulation materials
①两类保温材料组合1 two types of insulation materials combination
将保温功能和屋面板融为一体,使之成为保温的屋面,同时又因保温材料被密封在外、内结构层之间,既大幅提高了有机类保温材料耐久性,又杜绝了在使用有机类保温材料做外保温相关火灾隐患,起到了防火作用。将有机类保温材料与无机类保温材料组合。The heat insulation function and the roof panel are integrated into one, so that it becomes a heat-insulating roof, and at the same time, because the heat insulating material is sealed between the outer and inner structural layers, the durability of the organic heat insulating material is greatly improved, and the organic type is eliminated. Insulation materials for fire hazards related to external thermal insulation have played a role in fire prevention. The organic insulation material is combined with the inorganic insulation material.
把保温材料作为屋面板的中间结构层,通过这种构造方法将保温功能和屋面融为一体,使之成为保温的屋面,同时又因保温材料被密封在外、内结构层之间,杜绝了在使用有机类保温材料做外保温相关火灾隐患,起到了防火作用。制作时,可根据建筑所处地域节能要求选材构造。The thermal insulation material is used as the intermediate structural layer of the roof panel. Through this construction method, the thermal insulation function and the roof are integrated to make it a thermal insulation roof, and at the same time, because the thermal insulation material is sealed between the outer and inner structural layers, the The use of organic insulation materials for fire hazards related to external insulation has played a role in fire prevention. At the time of production, the material can be constructed according to the energy saving requirements of the building.
①寒带地区冬长夏短(霜冻期长于无霜冻期),主要是要解决建筑保温问题,冬季时,房屋屋面板内结构层处于房屋内暖热状态下,而屋面外结构层则长期处于零下数度直至零下几十度低温中,为缓冲温差对中间保温材料结构层的不利影响(如结露)和保证节能效果,A、作为优选建议中间保温材料结构层使用无机类如发泡水泥保温材料与有机类如挤塑聚苯板进行组合,制作方法是在外结构屋与内结构层之间的空间位置内,先在中间放置一块与外、内结构层同样大小的如挤塑聚苯板(该挤 塑聚苯板两面表平面上有若干个栓杆穿透,该栓杆两头露在挤塑聚苯板两面外表面外一小截,主要是起到抓位住发泡水泥保温材料层的作用。栓杆的材质可以是金属或木、竹等作为优选,建议以高强度碳纤维制作),然后将预拌好的以泡水泥保温材料浆料浇注入外结构层、内结构层与挤塑聚苯板之间的空档内,进行发泡盛开养护,待发泡水泥保温材料可以切割时,将溢出屋面板(指外、内结构层之间的边沿)边沿外的发泡水泥保温材料切除即可。B、还有一种是先在挤塑聚苯板穿上若干个栓杆,栓杆两端大头(或弯头)透出挤塑聚苯板表面,然后将固定有栓杆的挤塑聚苯板放进摸具内,把配拌好的复合水泥直接浇铸进模具与挤塑聚苯板之间的空间内养护即成。1 The cold zone is short in winter and long in summer (the frost period is longer than the frost-free period). The main problem is to solve the problem of building insulation. In winter, the structural layer inside the roof of the house is in the warm state of the house, while the structural layer outside the roof is in the low temperature for a long time. In the low temperature up to several tens of degrees below zero, the adverse effect of the buffer temperature difference on the structural layer of the intermediate thermal insulation material (such as condensation) and the guarantee of energy saving effect, A, as a preferred suggestion, the structural layer of the intermediate thermal insulation material is made of inorganic materials such as foamed cement. The material is combined with an organic type such as an extruded polystyrene board by a method in which a piece of extruded polystyrene board having the same size as the outer and inner structural layers is placed in the space between the outer structural house and the inner structural layer. (the squeeze There are several bolts on the surface of the plastic polystyrene board. The two ends of the bolts are exposed on the outer surface of both sides of the extruded polystyrene board, which is mainly used to grasp the layer of foamed cement insulation material. . The material of the bolt can be metal or wood, bamboo, etc., and it is recommended to make high-strength carbon fiber. Then, the pre-mixed slurry of cement insulation material is poured into the outer structural layer, the inner structural layer and the extruded polyphenylene. In the gap between the plates, foaming and blooming maintenance shall be carried out. When the foamed cement insulation material can be cut, the foamed cement insulation material which overflows the edge of the roof panel (the edge between the outer and inner structural layers) is removed. can. B. Another type is to first put a plurality of bolts on the extruded polystyrene board, and the big ends (or elbows) at both ends of the bolts are exposed to the surface of the extruded polystyrene board, and then the extruded polyphenylbenzene is fixed with the bolts. The board is placed in the touch tool, and the mixed composite cement is directly cast into the space between the mold and the extruded polystyrene board to be cured.
②热带地区夏热冬暖,主要是要解决建筑的隔热问题,其房屋面板内结构层处于房屋内相对较凉状态下,而屋面外结构屋经常处于零上数十度的相对高温中(太阳光直射屋面对温度会比日常空气温度高很多),建议参照寒带地区构制屋面板中间保温材料结构层。2 The hot summer and warm winter in the tropical region is mainly to solve the problem of heat insulation of the building. The structural layer inside the house panel is relatively cool in the house, and the structural house outside the roof is often in the relatively high temperature of tens of degrees above zero ( The direct sunlight of the house will be much higher than the daily air temperature. It is recommended to construct the structural layer of the intermediate insulation material of the roof panel with reference to the cold zone.
③温带地区,建议只用一类保温材料如发泡水泥保温材料作为中间结构层(用浇注法制作)。3 In the temperate zone, it is recommended to use only one type of insulation material such as foamed cement insulation material as the intermediate structural layer (made by casting method).
屋面板产品的应用技术要求及方法Application technical requirements and methods for roofing panels
1、斜屋面板1, sloping roof panel
①斜屋面板应自下而上铺设安装,先在靠檐口处铺设第一块屋面板,将屋面板的上端面预埋钢筋端头与横梁接面中的预埋铁或预留钢筋端头相连接固定(钢梁则直接焊连,下同);然后在第一块屋面板上端铺设第二块屋面板,第二块屋面板下端面预埋钢筋端头与第一块上端面预埋钢筋端头焊接后,再将第二块屋面板上端面预埋钢筋头与向上第二根横梁接面中的预埋铁或预留钢筋端头进行焊接,依次类推进行铺设安装成行 至屋顶。1 The sloping roof panel should be laid from the bottom to the top. Firstly, the first roof panel should be laid at the sill, and the upper end of the roof panel should be embedded with the pre-embedded iron or the reserved steel end in the joint of the steel bar and the beam. The connection is fixed (the steel beam is directly welded, the same below); then the second roof panel is laid on the upper end of the first roof panel, and the second end of the second roof panel is embedded with the steel end and the first upper end is embedded. After the end of the steel bar is welded, the pre-embedded steel head in the upper end face of the second roof panel and the pre-embedded iron or the reserved steel bar end in the upper second beam joint are welded, and then the installation is carried out in a row. To the roof.
②铺设施工好第二行屋面板(指屋面板上、下端连接从屋檐至屋顶为一行)后,将两行屋面板连接端面的屋面板内预埋钢筋端头进行焊接相连,依次类推进行施工。2 Laying and constructing the second row of roof slabs (the upper and lower ends of the roof panels are connected from the eaves to the roof), and then the prefabricated steel bars in the roof panels of the two rows of roof panels are connected and welded, and then the construction is carried out by analogy. .
③屋面板与混凝土横梁连接缝隙和屋面板与屋面板间的连接端缝,用粘结砂浆粘合填缝,要求密实无空漏透光。3 The roof panel and the concrete beam are connected to the gap and the joint end joint between the roof panel and the roof panel, and the joint is bonded by the bonding mortar, and the compact and air-free light transmission is required.
2、平屋面板2, flat roof panel
①先将第一块屋面板端面预埋钢筋端头与混凝土横梁接面中的预埋铁或钢筋端头焊接好,然后与第二块屋面连接端面钢筋端头相连焊接,再将第二块屋面板另一端面预埋钢筋端头与第二根混凝土横梁接面中的预埋铁或钢筋端头焊接上,依次类推铺设施工成行至屋面边沿。1 Firstly, the pre-embedded steel bar end of the first roof panel end face is welded with the pre-embedded iron or steel bar end in the joint of the concrete beam, and then welded to the end of the second roof connection end steel bar, and then the second block is welded. The other end of the roof panel is welded with the pre-embedded iron or steel end in the joint of the second concrete beam, and the construction is carried out to the edge of the roof.
②铺设施工好第二行屋面板后,将两行屋面板连接端面的屋面板预埋钢筋端头进行焊接相连,要求密实无空漏透光。2 After laying the second row of roof panels, the two-row roof panels are connected to the end panels of the roof panels to be welded and connected to the ends of the steel bars, requiring compact and no air leakage.
③屋面板与混凝土横梁连接缝隙和屋面板与屋面板间的连接端缝,用粘结砂浆粘合填缝,要求密实无空漏秀光。3 The roof panel and the concrete beam are connected to the gap and the joint end between the roof panel and the roof panel, and the joint is bonded with the bonding mortar, and the dense and leaking light is required.
④进行防水砂浆抹面屋施工。4 Construction of waterproof mortar plastering house.
本发明的优点Advantages of the invention
①屋面板的材料均为绿色、环保材料,耐久牢固。1 The material of the roof panel is green and environmentally friendly, and it is durable and firm.
②将保温、防火、抗震功能有效结合为一体进行工厂化规模生产,质量稳定有保障。2 The combination of heat preservation, fire prevention and anti-seismic functions will be integrated into the factory for scale production, and the quality will be stable and guaranteed.
③避免了建筑的屋面层和保温层的分别先后现场构筑施工,一步到位,减少了大量的建筑施工工序、时间、能降低大量建筑成本。3 Avoiding the construction of the roof and insulation layers of the building successively, one step at a time, reducing a large number of construction processes, time, and a large number of construction costs.
④本产品所需原材料(如水泥、粉煤灰、珍珠岩粉、石子、砂、钢筋等)均为国产易购,工艺相对简单,易于工厂化大量生产,工序简化, 施工方便(主要是连接焊接与粘结砂浆填接缝)高效(能节约大量浇铸层面所需的施工养护时间),使用范围广(可用于任何有保温隔热要求的公用、民用建筑),便于大量推广应用,有广阔的、良好的市场前景。4 The raw materials required for this product (such as cement, fly ash, perlite powder, stone, sand, steel, etc.) are all domestically available, the process is relatively simple, easy to mass-produce in the factory, and the process is simplified. Convenient construction (mainly connecting welding and bonding mortar filling joints) is highly efficient (can save a lot of construction maintenance time required for casting level), and has a wide range of use (can be used for any public and civil buildings with thermal insulation requirements). A large number of popularization and application, there is a broad, good market prospects.
⑤本产品及方法具有良好的抗震功能。由于屋面板之间预埋钢筋经焊接连为一体且与混凝土(或钢)横梁焊接相连,形成了相连支撑的钢筋骨架,能有效地抵御一般地震,增加对人身财产安全的保护。 5 This product and method have good seismic function. Because the pre-embedded steel bars between the roof panels are welded and integrated with the concrete (or steel) beams, the steel skeletons connected to each other are formed, which can effectively resist the general earthquake and increase the protection of personal property.

Claims (10)

  1. 一种工厂化生产新型高效节能建筑屋面板,包括外层(1)和内层(2),其特征在于:外层的外表面为平面结构或弧形面结构或瓦状结构;在外层(1)和内层(2)之间设置由有机类保温材料构成的中间结构层(3);当中间结构层(3)设为一层时,中间结构层(3)两侧与外层(1)、内层(2)直接接触,或者中间结构层(3)与外层(1)、内层(2)之间设置无机类保温材料构成的保温层(6);当中间结构层(3)设为两层或两层以上时,两中间结构层(3)之间设置由复合水泥或混凝土构成的间隔层(77)。A factory-produced new energy-efficient building roof panel comprising an outer layer (1) and an inner layer (2), characterized in that the outer surface of the outer layer is a planar structure or a curved surface structure or a tile-like structure; 1) An intermediate structural layer (3) composed of an organic insulating material is disposed between the inner layer (2); when the intermediate structural layer (3) is formed as a layer, the intermediate structural layer (3) is provided on both sides and an outer layer ( 1), the inner layer (2) is in direct contact, or an insulating layer (6) composed of an inorganic insulating material is disposed between the intermediate structural layer (3) and the outer layer (1) and the inner layer (2); 3) When two or more layers are provided, a spacer layer (77) composed of composite cement or concrete is disposed between the two intermediate structural layers (3).
  2. 根据权利要求1所述的工厂化生产新型高效节能建筑屋面板,其特征在于:混凝土层或复合水泥层构成的外层(1)和内层(2)端面上,设置与相邻屋面板连接的凹凸体,该凹凸体为相互构成配合连接的凹槽(7)和凸起;凹槽(7)与凸起的截面呈三角形或弧形或方形。The factory-produced new energy-efficient building roof panel according to claim 1, characterized in that: the outer layer (1) and the inner layer (2) end face formed by the concrete layer or the composite cement layer are arranged to be connected with the adjacent roof panels. The concave and convex body is a groove (7) and a protrusion which are configured to be coupled to each other; the groove (7) and the protrusion have a triangular or curved or square cross section.
  3. 根据权利要求1或2所述的工厂化生产新型高效节能建筑屋面板,其特征在于:作为外层的金属板(101),边沿设立边(103),立边(103)包住保温层(6)侧边;金属板(101)的内侧面上设置钢筋凸起(102),邻近的钢筋凸起(102)之间形成凹陷槽;保温层(6)设与凹陷槽对应的凸起,该凸起嵌入凹陷槽中。The factory-produced new high-efficiency energy-saving building roof panel according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that as the outer metal plate (101), the edge is provided with the edge (103), and the vertical edge (103) is wrapped with the heat insulation layer ( 6) side; a steel plate (101) is provided with a reinforcing bar protrusion (102) on the inner side surface, and a concave groove is formed between the adjacent reinforcing bar protrusions (102); the heat insulating layer (6) is provided with a protrusion corresponding to the concave groove, The projection is embedded in the recessed groove.
  4. 根据权利要求3所述的工厂化生产新型高效节能建筑屋面板,其特征在于:钢筋凸起(102)内部为两端封闭的空腔体;钢筋凸起(102)背对金属板(101)一侧的表面上设置若干个供浆料流入的通孔,与该通孔对应位置的保温层(6)表面自该通孔延伸进入钢筋凸起(102) 的空腔形成对应结构的杆状体。The factory-produced new high-efficiency energy-saving building roof panel according to claim 3, characterized in that: the inside of the reinforcing bar (102) is a hollow body closed at both ends; the reinforcing bar (102) is facing away from the metal plate (101) A plurality of through holes for inflow of the slurry are disposed on a surface of one side, and a surface of the heat insulating layer (6) corresponding to the through hole extends from the through hole into the reinforcing bar protrusion (102) The cavity forms a rod-like body of the corresponding structure.
  5. 根据权利要求1或2所述的工厂化生产新型高效节能建筑屋面板,其特征在于:当外层(1)为复合水泥或混凝土时,在中间结构层(3)上设置若干栓孔(32),栓孔(32)中设置栓杆(31),栓杆(31)两端穿入两侧的保温层(6)中;当中间结构层(3)设为两层时,两中间结构层(3)上的栓孔(32)位置交错设置;栓杆(31)具有空腔的杆体(311),杆体(311)两端为空腔端头;杆体(311)中部设置进口(312),两空腔端头设置排口(315);杆体(311)的腔体中设置弹簧(314)和两个滑块(313);滑块(313)分置在进口(312)两侧,并与杆体(311)的腔体构成滑动配合;弹簧(314)为两端抵靠在在两滑块(313)上的拉伸弹簧,或一端抵靠在滑块(313)上、另一端抵靠在所在侧的空腔端头上的压缩弹簧;滑块(313)上设置若干个贯通两端的过孔;每个滑块(313)上过孔的总有效截面积小于进口(312)的有效截面积,大于所在侧排口(315)的有效截面积。The factory-produced new energy-efficient building roof panel according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that: when the outer layer (1) is composite cement or concrete, a plurality of bolt holes are provided in the intermediate structure layer (3) (32) a bolt (31) is provided in the bolt hole (32), and both ends of the bolt (31) penetrate into the heat insulating layer (6) on both sides; when the intermediate structure layer (3) is set to two layers, the two intermediate structures The bolt holes (32) on the layer (3) are staggered; the bolt (31) has a hollow body (311), the rod body (311) has a cavity end at both ends; and the rod body (311) has an inlet (312) at the center. The two cavity ends are provided with a discharge port (315); a spring (314) and two sliders (313) are disposed in the cavity of the rod body (311); the sliders (313) are disposed on both sides of the inlet (312) And a sliding fit with the cavity of the rod body (311); the spring (314) has two ends that abut against the tension springs on the two sliders (313), or one end abuts against the slider (313), and the other One end abuts against the compression spring on the cavity end of the side; the slider (313) is provided with a plurality of through holes extending through the two ends; the total effective sectional area of the via holes on each slider (313) is smaller than the inlet (312) Effective cross-sectional area is larger than the side discharge port (315) Effective cross-sectional area.
  6. 根据权利要求1或2所述的工厂化生产新型高效节能建筑屋面板,其特征在于:当外层(1)为复合水泥或混凝土时,外层(1)、内层(2)内铺有钢筋架;屋面板端面上设有焊接槽(5),钢筋架的钢筋头(4)至少部分露出在焊接槽(5)中,钢筋头(4)上设置销孔。The factory-produced new energy-efficient building roof panel according to claim 1 or 2, wherein when the outer layer (1) is composite cement or concrete, the outer layer (1) and the inner layer (2) are laid out. The steel frame is provided with a welding groove (5) on the end surface of the roof panel, and the steel head (4) of the steel frame is at least partially exposed in the welding groove (5), and the steel head (4) is provided with a pin hole.
  7. 根据权利要求1或2所述的工厂化生产新型高效节能建筑屋面板,其特征在于:两面板层(1)之间设置连接杆件(52);当连接杆件(52)为导热材质时,连接杆件(52)与两面板层(1)直接连接;连接杆 件(52)为绝热材质时,两面板层(1)之问设置连接板(51),连接板(51)两侧均设置连接杆件(52),每侧的连接杆件(6)至少设置一根,连接杆件(6)一端固定在连接板(51)上,另一端固定在对应侧的面板层(1)上。The factory-produced new energy-efficient building roof panel according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that: a connecting rod member (52) is arranged between the two panel layers (1); when the connecting rod member (52) is a heat conducting material , the connecting rod (52) is directly connected to the two panel layers (1); the connecting rod When the piece (52) is a heat insulating material, the connecting plate (51) is disposed on the two panel layers (1), and the connecting rod members (52) are disposed on both sides of the connecting plate (51), and the connecting rod members (6) on each side are at least One is provided, and one end of the connecting rod member (6) is fixed on the connecting plate (51), and the other end is fixed on the panel layer (1) on the corresponding side.
  8. 根据权利要求7所述的工厂化生产新型高效节能建筑屋面板,其特征在于:连接板(51)一侧设置一根连接杆件(52)另一侧设置两根连接杆件(52),或者两侧各设两根连接杆件(52);当一侧设置一根连接杆件(52)另一侧设置两根连接杆件(52)时,单根侧的连接杆件(52)处于两根侧的两根连接杆件(52)之间;当连接板(51)两侧各设两根连接杆件(52),四根连接杆件(52)与连接板(51)的连接部呈四角分布,同侧连接杆件(52)位于对角位置。The factory-produced new energy-efficient building roof panel according to claim 7, characterized in that: one connecting rod member (52) is disposed on one side of the connecting plate (51), and two connecting rod members (52) are disposed on the other side. Or two connecting rod members (52) are provided on both sides; when one connecting rod member (52) is disposed on one side and two connecting rod members (52) are disposed on the other side, the single side connecting rod member (52) Between two connecting rods (52) on two sides; two connecting rods (52), four connecting rods (52) and connecting plates (51) are provided on both sides of the connecting plate (51) The connecting portions are distributed at four corners, and the ipsilateral connecting rod members (52) are located at diagonal positions.
  9. 如权利要求1所述的工厂化生产新型高效节能建筑屋面板的制作方法,其特征在于:将栓杆(31)两端对称地置于中间结构层(3)上的栓孔(32)中,再将一层或两层中间结构层(3)置于两模板(11)之间;中间结构层(3)为两层时,中间结构层(3)之间设置间隔,将预拌好的发泡水泥保温材料浆料浇注入两模板(11)与两中间结构层(3)之间以及两中间结构层(3)之间的空档内;中间结构层(3)为一层时,将预拌好的发泡水泥保温材料浆料浇注入两模板(11)与中间结构层(3)之间的空档内,或者在两模板(11)内侧设置外层(1)、内层(2),再将预拌好的发泡水泥保温材料浆料浇注入外层(1)、内层(2)与中间结构层(3)之间的空档内;中间结构层(3)为两层时,两层中间结构层(3)上的栓杆(11)位置 错开设置;对应于外层外表面的模板(11)的内侧面,为平面结构或弧形面结构或瓦状面结构。The method for manufacturing a new energy-efficient building roof panel according to claim 1, characterized in that the two ends of the bolt (31) are symmetrically placed in the bolt holes (32) of the intermediate structure layer (3). Then, one or two layers of the intermediate structure layer (3) are placed between the two templates (11); when the intermediate structure layer (3) is two layers, the intermediate structure layers (3) are spaced apart, and the mixture is premixed. The foamed cement insulation material slurry is poured into the gap between the two templates (11) and the two intermediate structure layers (3) and between the two intermediate structure layers (3); when the intermediate structure layer (3) is a layer , pouring the pre-mixed foamed cement insulation slurry into the gap between the two templates (11) and the intermediate structure layer (3), or placing the outer layer (1) inside the two templates (11) Layer (2), and then pouring the premixed foamed cement insulation material slurry into the gap between the outer layer (1), the inner layer (2) and the intermediate structure layer (3); the intermediate structure layer (3) When the two layers are two, the position of the bolt (11) on the two intermediate structural layers (3) Staggered; the inner side of the template (11) corresponding to the outer surface of the outer layer is a planar structure or a curved surface structure or a tile surface structure.
  10. 根据权利要求9所述的工厂化生产新型高效节能建筑屋面板制作方法,其特征在于:浆料浇注空档后进行发泡养护;待发泡水泥保温材料可以切割时,把溢出边沿外的发泡水泥保温材料切除。 The method for manufacturing a new high-efficiency energy-saving building roof panel according to claim 9, characterized in that: the slurry is poured into a neutral position and then foamed and cured; when the foamed cement insulation material can be cut, the overflow edge is emitted. The foam insulation material is removed.
PCT/CN2015/093656 2014-11-04 2015-11-03 New highly efficient and energy-saving building roof panel manufactured by industrialized production and manufacturing method therefor WO2016070783A1 (en)

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CN201410611735.8 2014-11-04
CN201410611735.8A CN104727489B (en) 2014-11-04 2014-11-04 Novel industrialized production energy-efficient building roof board and manufacturing method
CN201510185323.7 2015-04-17
CN201510185323.7A CN104831828B (en) 2015-04-17 2015-04-17 Factorial praluction assembled energy-saving light composite board shape wall

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CN201068622Y (en) * 2006-12-22 2008-06-04 潘旭鹏 Polystyrol formwork light heat preservation composite board
CN201924474U (en) * 2011-01-28 2011-08-10 鲍威 Multilayer composite temperature insulating wallboard
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DE102011120027A1 (en) * 2011-11-25 2013-05-29 Vpw Nink Gmbh Layer composite profile plate useful e.g. as roof, comprises layers of unplasticized polyvinyl chloride, where profiled plate is made of three functional layers, of which one layer differs from other two in density, toughness or stiffness
CN104727481A (en) * 2014-11-04 2015-06-24 马恒忠 Efficient energy-saving building wall for industrialized production and fabrication method of efficient energy-saving building wall
CN104727489A (en) * 2014-11-04 2015-06-24 马恒忠 Novel industrialized production energy-efficient building roof board and manufacturing method
CN104831828A (en) * 2015-04-17 2015-08-12 马恒忠 Factory production and assembling type novel energy-saving lightweight composite-plate-shaped wall

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN201068622Y (en) * 2006-12-22 2008-06-04 潘旭鹏 Polystyrol formwork light heat preservation composite board
CN201924474U (en) * 2011-01-28 2011-08-10 鲍威 Multilayer composite temperature insulating wallboard
DE102011120027A1 (en) * 2011-11-25 2013-05-29 Vpw Nink Gmbh Layer composite profile plate useful e.g. as roof, comprises layers of unplasticized polyvinyl chloride, where profiled plate is made of three functional layers, of which one layer differs from other two in density, toughness or stiffness
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CN104727481A (en) * 2014-11-04 2015-06-24 马恒忠 Efficient energy-saving building wall for industrialized production and fabrication method of efficient energy-saving building wall
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