WO2011059045A1 - Footwear insole and footwear for preventing or treating flat-foot, reducing weight and/or training plantar muscle or enhancing leg muscle strength - Google Patents

Footwear insole and footwear for preventing or treating flat-foot, reducing weight and/or training plantar muscle or enhancing leg muscle strength Download PDF

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WO2011059045A1
WO2011059045A1 PCT/JP2010/070167 JP2010070167W WO2011059045A1 WO 2011059045 A1 WO2011059045 A1 WO 2011059045A1 JP 2010070167 W JP2010070167 W JP 2010070167W WO 2011059045 A1 WO2011059045 A1 WO 2011059045A1
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footwear
insole
finger
toes
training
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PCT/JP2010/070167
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French (fr)
Japanese (ja)
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英智 中村
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学校法人久留米大学
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, e.g. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F5/00Orthopaedic methods or devices for non-surgical treatment of bones or joints; Nursing devices; Anti-rape devices
    • A61F5/01Orthopaedic devices, e.g. splints, casts or braces
    • A61F5/14Special medical insertions for shoes for flat-feet, club-feet or the like
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A43FOOTWEAR
    • A43BCHARACTERISTIC FEATURES OF FOOTWEAR; PARTS OF FOOTWEAR
    • A43B17/00Insoles for insertion, e.g. footbeds or inlays, for attachment to the shoe after the upper has been joined
    • A43B17/003Insoles for insertion, e.g. footbeds or inlays, for attachment to the shoe after the upper has been joined characterised by the material
    • A43B17/006Insoles for insertion, e.g. footbeds or inlays, for attachment to the shoe after the upper has been joined characterised by the material multilayered
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A43FOOTWEAR
    • A43BCHARACTERISTIC FEATURES OF FOOTWEAR; PARTS OF FOOTWEAR
    • A43B7/00Footwear with health or hygienic arrangements
    • A43B7/14Footwear with health or hygienic arrangements with foot-supporting parts
    • A43B7/1405Footwear with health or hygienic arrangements with foot-supporting parts with pads or holes on one or more locations, or having an anatomical or curved form
    • A43B7/1415Footwear with health or hygienic arrangements with foot-supporting parts with pads or holes on one or more locations, or having an anatomical or curved form characterised by the location under the foot
    • A43B7/142Footwear with health or hygienic arrangements with foot-supporting parts with pads or holes on one or more locations, or having an anatomical or curved form characterised by the location under the foot situated under the medial arch, i.e. under the navicular or cuneiform bones
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A43FOOTWEAR
    • A43BCHARACTERISTIC FEATURES OF FOOTWEAR; PARTS OF FOOTWEAR
    • A43B7/00Footwear with health or hygienic arrangements
    • A43B7/14Footwear with health or hygienic arrangements with foot-supporting parts
    • A43B7/1405Footwear with health or hygienic arrangements with foot-supporting parts with pads or holes on one or more locations, or having an anatomical or curved form
    • A43B7/1415Footwear with health or hygienic arrangements with foot-supporting parts with pads or holes on one or more locations, or having an anatomical or curved form characterised by the location under the foot
    • A43B7/1425Footwear with health or hygienic arrangements with foot-supporting parts with pads or holes on one or more locations, or having an anatomical or curved form characterised by the location under the foot situated under the ball of the foot, i.e. the joint between the first metatarsal and first phalange
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A43FOOTWEAR
    • A43BCHARACTERISTIC FEATURES OF FOOTWEAR; PARTS OF FOOTWEAR
    • A43B7/00Footwear with health or hygienic arrangements
    • A43B7/14Footwear with health or hygienic arrangements with foot-supporting parts
    • A43B7/1405Footwear with health or hygienic arrangements with foot-supporting parts with pads or holes on one or more locations, or having an anatomical or curved form
    • A43B7/1415Footwear with health or hygienic arrangements with foot-supporting parts with pads or holes on one or more locations, or having an anatomical or curved form characterised by the location under the foot
    • A43B7/1435Footwear with health or hygienic arrangements with foot-supporting parts with pads or holes on one or more locations, or having an anatomical or curved form characterised by the location under the foot situated under the joint between the fifth phalange and the fifth metatarsal bone
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A43FOOTWEAR
    • A43BCHARACTERISTIC FEATURES OF FOOTWEAR; PARTS OF FOOTWEAR
    • A43B7/00Footwear with health or hygienic arrangements
    • A43B7/14Footwear with health or hygienic arrangements with foot-supporting parts
    • A43B7/1405Footwear with health or hygienic arrangements with foot-supporting parts with pads or holes on one or more locations, or having an anatomical or curved form
    • A43B7/1415Footwear with health or hygienic arrangements with foot-supporting parts with pads or holes on one or more locations, or having an anatomical or curved form characterised by the location under the foot
    • A43B7/1445Footwear with health or hygienic arrangements with foot-supporting parts with pads or holes on one or more locations, or having an anatomical or curved form characterised by the location under the foot situated under the midfoot, i.e. the second, third or fourth metatarsal
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A43FOOTWEAR
    • A43BCHARACTERISTIC FEATURES OF FOOTWEAR; PARTS OF FOOTWEAR
    • A43B7/00Footwear with health or hygienic arrangements
    • A43B7/14Footwear with health or hygienic arrangements with foot-supporting parts
    • A43B7/1405Footwear with health or hygienic arrangements with foot-supporting parts with pads or holes on one or more locations, or having an anatomical or curved form
    • A43B7/1415Footwear with health or hygienic arrangements with foot-supporting parts with pads or holes on one or more locations, or having an anatomical or curved form characterised by the location under the foot
    • A43B7/145Footwear with health or hygienic arrangements with foot-supporting parts with pads or holes on one or more locations, or having an anatomical or curved form characterised by the location under the foot situated under the toes, i.e. the phalanges
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A43FOOTWEAR
    • A43BCHARACTERISTIC FEATURES OF FOOTWEAR; PARTS OF FOOTWEAR
    • A43B7/00Footwear with health or hygienic arrangements
    • A43B7/14Footwear with health or hygienic arrangements with foot-supporting parts
    • A43B7/1405Footwear with health or hygienic arrangements with foot-supporting parts with pads or holes on one or more locations, or having an anatomical or curved form
    • A43B7/1475Footwear with health or hygienic arrangements with foot-supporting parts with pads or holes on one or more locations, or having an anatomical or curved form characterised by the type of support
    • A43B7/148Recesses or holes filled with supports or pads
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A43FOOTWEAR
    • A43BCHARACTERISTIC FEATURES OF FOOTWEAR; PARTS OF FOOTWEAR
    • A43B7/00Footwear with health or hygienic arrangements
    • A43B7/14Footwear with health or hygienic arrangements with foot-supporting parts
    • A43B7/1405Footwear with health or hygienic arrangements with foot-supporting parts with pads or holes on one or more locations, or having an anatomical or curved form
    • A43B7/1475Footwear with health or hygienic arrangements with foot-supporting parts with pads or holes on one or more locations, or having an anatomical or curved form characterised by the type of support
    • A43B7/149Pads, e.g. protruding on the foot-facing surface

Abstract

Provided are a footwear insole and a footwear by which flat-foot can be prevented or treated, weight can be reduced and/or the plantar muscle can be trained or the leg muscle strength can be enhanced more efficiently. The footwear insole or footwear has such a structure as to positively induce movements of wearer's digits of foot, in particular, open-close (clasp/unclasp) movements of the digits of foot so as to repeatedly grasp the ground with the foot, thereby causing unconscious and spontaneous movements of the digits of foot while the wearer walks. The footwear insole is provided, at the toe side of a body (1), with a raised ridge (2) for placing the digits of foot thereon, on which the endphalanx of all of the digits of foot are placed when the wearer wears a footwear provided with the footwear insole therein and bends inward the distal interphalangeal joints, proximal interphalangeal joints and metacarpophalangeal joints of all of his/her first to fifth digits of foot.

Description

扁平足の予防もしくは治療用、ダイエット用及び/又は足裏の筋肉や脚筋力の鍛錬用の履き物用内底及び履き物Insole and footwear for footwear for prevention or treatment of flat feet, for diet and / or for training muscles and leg strength of soles
 本発明は、扁平足の予防もしくは治療用、ダイエット用及び/又は足裏の筋肉や脚筋力の鍛錬用の履き物用内底及び履き物に関するものである。更に詳しくは、使用者の足指全体の拡縮運動を促すことによって足裏にアーチ構造(土踏まず)を形成するための筋肉群を鍛えて扁平足の予防又は治療を行うものに関する。同時に本発明は、歩行時において、自然に足指全体の拡縮運動を促すことにより、足及び脚の筋肉運動を促し、ダイエット効果をもたらす履き物用内底及び履き物に関する。更には、足裏、脛、ふくらはぎ及び大腿部等の足及び脚の筋肉鍛錬用の履き物用内底及び履物に関する。 The present invention relates to an insole for footwear and footwear for prevention or treatment of flat feet, for diet and / or for training of muscles of the soles and leg strength. More specifically, the present invention relates to a technique for preventing or treating a flat foot by forging a muscle group for forming an arch structure (arch) on the sole of the foot by encouraging the user to expand and contract the entire toe. At the same time, the present invention relates to an insole for footwear and footwear that promotes muscle movement of the legs and legs by naturally accelerating the expansion and contraction motion of the entire toes during walking, thereby providing a diet effect. Furthermore, the present invention relates to an insole for footwear and footwear for training muscles of feet and legs such as soles, shins, calves and thighs.
 ヒトの足裏の内側には、土踏まずといわれる上方に湾曲したアーチ構造がある。このアーチ構造は、立位や歩行の際の体重分散や衝撃吸収を行う重要な役割を担っている。
 アーチ構造は、それを支える骨、靱帯、筋肉に障害が起こると、アーチが低くなり、扁平足になる。扁平足になると、特に長時間の立ち作業や歩行を行った場合等に、足や腰等の身体のいろいろな部位に痛みが生じたり、疲労しやすくなるといわれている。
Inside the human sole, there is an upwardly curved arch structure called an arch. This arch structure plays an important role in weight distribution and shock absorption during standing and walking.
In the arch structure, when the bone, ligament, and muscle that support the arch structure are damaged, the arch is lowered and flat feet are formed. It is said that flat feet tend to cause pain or fatigue in various parts of the body such as feet and hips, especially when standing for a long time or walking.
 扁平足であることによって生じる前記弊害を防ぐものとしては、例えば特許文献1(特開平7-207)に記載の「足の補整靴裏」がある。この靴裏は、軟偏平足として知られている内転足の補整に用いるものであり、足前部と足中部とを有し、足前部は内側の2本の指のつまさきから後ろのかかとまでは至らない部分を高い位置に支持し、足中部は中根骨を更に高い位置に支持し、土踏まずを支持する構造である。 For preventing the above-mentioned adverse effects caused by being flat feet, for example, there is “Foot correction shoe sole” described in Patent Document 1 (Japanese Patent Laid-Open No. 7-207). This shoe sole is used to correct an adductor foot known as a soft flat foot, and has a front part and a middle part of the foot, and the front part of the foot is behind the toes of the inner two fingers. The structure is such that the part that does not reach the heel is supported at a high position, and the middle part of the foot supports the middle root bone at a higher position and supports the arch.
 これにより、足裏の中央は内転できるようになり、第1中根骨と内側の2本の爪先を高くすることによって内転足の各部の高さが補整できるというものである。
 しかし、この靴裏は、いわゆる対症療法を行うものであって、扁平足の根本的な治療又は矯正を行うことができるものではない。
As a result, the center of the sole can be inverted, and the height of each part of the adduction foot can be adjusted by increasing the first middle root bone and the two inner toes.
However, this shoe sole performs so-called symptomatic treatment, and cannot perform fundamental treatment or correction of the flat foot.
 扁平足の予防又は治療(矯正)を行うには、足裏のアーチ構造を支える筋肉群(特に、足裏にある足裏筋群と、足と下腿を結んでいる後脛骨筋等)を鍛えることが有効とされており、そのための運動としては爪先立ち運動等が考えられるが、近年では、いわゆる足ジャンケンの指の形態である足指の「グー・パー運動」が有効であるとの知見もある(非特許文献1参照)。しかし、これらの運動を日常生活の中で継続して行うことは難しい。特に、小児が前記運動療法を行った場合、大人が行うよりも効果が高いと思われるが、小児に対してこのような運動を指導し、継続して行わせることはさらに困難である。 To prevent or correct (correct) flat feet, train the muscles that support the arch structure of the soles (especially, the sole muscles on the sole and the posterior tibial muscle that connects the foot and leg). As a movement for that purpose, the toe standing-up movement, etc. can be considered, but in recent years, there is also the knowledge that the so-called “goo-par movement” of the toes, which is the form of the so-called toes, is effective. (Refer nonpatent literature 1). However, it is difficult to continue these exercises in daily life. In particular, when a child performs the exercise therapy, it seems that the effect is higher than that performed by an adult, but it is more difficult to instruct the child to continue such an exercise and to continue the exercise.
 そこで、日常的に使用する靴等の履き物に足裏の筋肉群を強化する機能を持たせることで、効率的に扁平足の予防又は治療を行うことができるものが提案されている。このようなものとしては、例えば特許文献2(特開2001-157601)に記載の「乳幼児用靴及び中敷」及び特許文献3(特開2004-254864)に記載の「乳幼児用靴の中敷セット及び中敷」がある。 Therefore, it has been proposed that footwear such as shoes used on a daily basis has a function of strengthening the muscle group of the sole of the foot so that the flat foot can be efficiently prevented or treated. For example, “Infant shoes and insoles” described in Patent Document 2 (Japanese Patent Application Laid-Open No. 2001-157601) and “Insole of baby shoes” described in Patent Document 3 (Japanese Patent Application Laid-Open No. 2004-254864) can be used. There are “sets and insoles”.
 これらは、何れも中敷や靴内底の先側の足の第1指と第2指で挟むことができる位置に仕切り壁が立設されている構造であり、仕切り壁があることで第1指と他の4指をそれぞれ別に動かすことを容易にして、例えば小児が歩行するとき、足によって地面をつかむように動かすことが容易にできるようになり、その結果、適正な土踏まずの形成といった足の健全な成長を促進する効果が期待できるというものである。 These are structures in which a partition wall is erected at a position where the first finger and the second finger of the foot on the front side of the insole or shoe insole can be sandwiched. It makes it easy to move one finger and the other four fingers separately, for example, when a child walks, it can be easily moved to grab the ground with the foot, resulting in the formation of a proper arch The effect of promoting the healthy growth of the foot can be expected.
 また、近年、メタボリックシンドローム(略称メタボ)に関しての国民的関心が高まり、メタボリックシンドローム予防のためのダイエットに関して強い関心が抱かれている。こういった中で、ダイエット用の器具、食品等が多く商品化されている。
 この中で、ダイエット器具の一つとして、ダイエット靴、ダイエット中敷、ダイエットソール等の履物に関する器具が提案されている。
 更には、足及び脚部の筋力鍛錬にも強い関心が持たれ、いくつかのトレーニング用の履物が存在若しくは提案されている。
In recent years, public interest in metabolic syndrome (abbreviated as “metabo”) has increased, and there has been a strong interest in diets for preventing metabolic syndrome. Under these circumstances, a lot of diet instruments, foods, etc. have been commercialized.
Among these, as one of the diet devices, devices related to footwear such as diet shoes, diet insoles, and diet soles have been proposed.
Furthermore, there is a strong interest in leg and leg strength training, and several training footwear exists or has been proposed.
 例えば、特許文献4(特開2007-325897)に記載の「O脚予防・ダイエット機能を持たせた靴中しき」では、靴中敷若しくは靴底の形態として、踵内側と爪先の親指側(内側)に半円形の窪みを設けることで歩行時に足裏の力が中心に集まるように工夫されている。これにより、O脚の予防と共に、歩行時に体のバランスを強制的に保たせるように筋肉運動を誘発させることを期待し、その結果のダイエット効果を期待した中敷若しくは靴内底である。 For example, in “Shoe-inner shoe with O-leg prevention / diet function” described in Patent Document 4 (Japanese Patent Laid-Open No. 2007-325897), the inner side of the heel and the thumb side of the toe are used as the insole or shoe sole form ( It is devised so that the force of the sole of the foot gathers at the center when walking by providing a semicircular depression on the inside. As a result, it is an insole or shoe insole that is expected to induce muscle exercise so as to force balance of the body during walking, as well as prevent O-legs, and expect the resulting diet effect.
 また、特許文献5(特開2006-20656)に記載の「シェイプアップシューズ」では、靴底踵中央接地部分と親指球部近傍踏みつけ部分を切り欠き、これらの切り欠き部分に弾性を有し、縦方向の変位機能を有する容積吸収体を埋設することで、歩行時に起こる靴底のうねり効果による運動カロリーの増加によるダイエット効果を期待した靴底が提案されている。同時に、これらは足裏の不安定さに対して、バランスを保つことによる、脚部の筋力の鍛錬も示唆されている。
 更に、筋力鍛錬用の履物としては、従来から鉄下駄や靴等の履物自体の重量を重くし、脚部の筋力を鍛錬する履物も周知である。
In addition, in “Shape-up shoes” described in Patent Document 5 (Japanese Patent Application Laid-Open No. 2006-20656), the shoe sole heel center grounding part and the stepping part near the thumb ball part are notched, and these notch parts have elasticity, There has been proposed a shoe sole that is expected to have a diet effect due to an increase in exercise calories due to the undulation effect of the shoe sole that occurs during walking by embedding a volume absorber having a displacement function in the vertical direction. At the same time, they are also suggested to train leg strength by keeping balance against instability of the soles.
Furthermore, as footwear for muscular strength training, footwear for training muscular strength of legs by increasing the weight of footwear itself such as iron clogs and shoes has been well known.
特開平7-207JP-A-7-207 特開2001-157601JP 2001-157601 A 特開2004-254864JP 2004-254864 A 特開2007-325897JP2007-325897 特開2006-20656JP 2006-20656 A
 しかしながら、前記特許文献2及び3に記載されている中敷と靴には、次のような課題があった。
 すなわち、仕切り壁があることで第1指と他の4指をそれぞれ別に動かすことを容易にしてはいるが、足指の運動を促すというものではない。したがって、歩行時において、使用者が足指の運動を意識的に行わないと、土踏まず形成への効果はそれ程期待できない。
 また、歩行時において、足によって地面をつかむように足指を動かすときに、仕切り壁に対し掛かりが殆どないので、足指にあまり抵抗が作用せず、足裏の筋肉群を鍛える意味においては効果が十分とはいえない。
However, the insole and shoes described in Patent Documents 2 and 3 have the following problems.
That is, although the partition wall makes it easy to move the first finger and the other four fingers separately, it does not promote toe movement. Therefore, when walking, if the user does not consciously exercise the toes, the effect on the arch formation cannot be expected so much.
In addition, when walking toes to move the toes to grab the ground with the feet, there is almost no hang on the partition wall, so there is little resistance to the toes, and in the sense of training the muscles of the soles The effect is not enough.
 また、特許文献4及び5に記載されている靴中敷やシューズにおいては、親指の運動性や、歩行時のバランスを取ることによる筋肉運動を起こさせ、この結果筋肉のエネルギー消費を増大させることでのダイエット効果を期待しているが、足指の運動は親指に限定されることから、筋肉への刺激、運動は十分とは言えず、更なる大きな筋肉への刺激、運動によるより大きなエネルギー消費が望まれる。 In addition, the insoles and shoes described in Patent Documents 4 and 5 cause muscle movement by balancing the motility of the thumb and walking, resulting in an increase in muscle energy consumption. However, since the toe movement is limited to the thumb, the muscle stimulation and exercise are not sufficient, and the larger muscle stimulation and the greater energy from the exercise. Consumption is desired.
(本発明の目的)
 本発明の目的は、靴の中敷(インソール)や靴内底等の履き物用内底の構造を、使用者の足指の運動、特に足によって地面を繰り返しつかむように足指を動かす拡縮運動(グー・パー運動)を積極的に促すことができる構造にして、歩行時において使用者が特に意識しなくても自然に足指の運動を行わせることができ、扁平足の予防又は治療をより効果的に行うことができる履き物用内底及び履き物を提供することである。
(Object of the present invention)
It is an object of the present invention to perform the movement of a user's toes such as an insole or insole of a shoe such as a shoe insole, in particular, an expansion / contraction movement that moves the toes so that the ground is repeatedly grabbed by the feet. (Goo-Per-exercise) is a structure that can be actively promoted, and the toes can be exercised naturally even when the user is not conscious at the time of walking. It is to provide an insole for footwear and footwear that can be effectively performed.
 また、本発明の他の目的としては、足指として親指といった部分的な運動ではなく、足指総てを歩行時に「グー・パー運動」を強制的に促すことにより、従来の履き物用内底に比較して、下肢部及び上肢部の筋肉に対してより大きな、より強い刺激、運動を与えることで、運動エネルギーの消費量を増大させ、より大きなダイエット効果をもたらす履き物用内底及び履き物を提供することである。
 このように、下肢部及び上肢部の筋肉に対してより大きな、より強い刺激、運動を与えることから、同時に脚部の鍛錬用の靴を形成する、履き物用内底及び履き物を提供することも本発明の目的となる。
In addition, as another object of the present invention, it is not a partial motion such as a thumb as a toe, but a “goo-par motion” is forcibly urged when walking with all toes. Compared to the lower limb and upper limb muscles, by providing greater and stronger stimulation and exercise, the consumption of kinetic energy is increased and the footwear insole and footwear have a greater diet effect. Is to provide.
Thus, it is possible to provide an insole for footwear and footwear that simultaneously form a shoe for training the leg because it gives greater and stronger stimulation and exercise to the muscles of the lower limb and upper limb. It is an object of the present invention.
 前記課題を解決するために本発明が講じた手段は次のとおりである。
(1)本発明は、
 扁平足の予防若しくは治療用、ダイエット用及び/又は足裏の筋肉や脚筋力の鍛錬用の履き物用内底であって、使用者が該履き物用内底を設けた履き物を履いた状態において足指の第1指(親指)から第5指(小指)までの全指が歩行時において、拡縮運動可能となる手段が講じられた、
 扁平足の予防もしくは治療用、ダイエット用及び/又は足裏の筋肉や脚筋力の鍛錬用の履き物用内底である。
Means taken by the present invention to solve the above-mentioned problems are as follows.
(1) The present invention
An insole for footwear for the prevention or treatment of flat feet, for dieting and / or for training of muscles of the soles and leg strength, and the toes in a state where the user wears the footwear provided with the insole for footwear When all the fingers from the 1st finger (thumb) to the 5th finger (little finger) are walking, a means for enabling expansion / contraction movement was taken.
It is an insole for footwear for prevention or treatment of flat feet, for diet and / or for training muscles of leg soles and leg strength.
(2)本発明は、
 使用者が履き物用内底を設けた履き物を履いた状態において、足指の第1指(親指)から第5指(小指)までの全指が歩行時において、拡縮運動可能となる手段が、
 本体の先端側に、履き物用内底を設けた履き物を使用者が履いた状態で足指の第1指から第5指までの全指の遠位指節間関節、近位指節間関節及び中手指節間関節が内屈したときに、全指の末節が掛かる指掛け部が設けられている構造である、
 前記(1)に記載の扁平足の予防もしくは治療用、ダイエット用及び/又は足裏の筋肉や脚筋力の鍛錬用の履き物用内底である。
(2) The present invention
In a state in which the user wears footwear provided with an inner bottom for footwear, means for enabling expansion / contraction movement when all fingers from the first finger (thumb) to the fifth finger (little finger) of the toes are walking,
The joint between the distal interphalangeal joint and the proximal interphalangeal joint of all fingers from the first to fifth fingers of the toes in a state where the user wears the footwear provided with an inner bottom for footwear on the tip side of the main body And when the joint between the middle finger interphalangus is bent inward, it is a structure provided with a finger-hanging part that hangs the last node of all fingers,
The insole for footwear for prevention or treatment of flat feet, dieting and / or training of muscles of the soles and leg muscle strength as described in (1) above.
(3)本発明は、
 本体が可撓性又は変形性を有する材料で形成されている、
 前記(2)に記載の扁平足の予防もしくは治療用、ダイエット用及び/又は足裏の筋肉や脚筋力の鍛錬用の履き物用内底である。
(3) The present invention
The body is made of a flexible or deformable material;
It is an insole for footwear for prevention or treatment of flat feet as described in (2) above, for diet and / or for training of muscles of the soles and leg strength.
(4)本発明は、
 本体に、長手方向への変形を助ける切欠部が設けられている、
 前記(2)又は(3)に記載の扁平足の予防もしくは治療用、ダイエット用及び/又は足裏の筋肉や脚筋力の鍛錬用の履き物用内底である。
(4) The present invention
The main body is provided with a notch that assists deformation in the longitudinal direction.
The insole for footwear for the prevention or treatment of flat feet according to the above (2) or (3), for diet and / or for training muscles of the soles and leg muscle strength.
(5)本発明は、
 切欠部が、本体上面側に設けられたカバーで覆われている、
 前記(4)に記載の扁平足の予防もしくは治療用、ダイエット用及び/又は足裏の筋肉や脚筋力の鍛錬用の履き物用内底である。
(5) The present invention
The notch is covered with a cover provided on the top surface of the main body.
The insole for footwear for the prevention or treatment of flat feet, diet and / or training of muscles of the soles and leg strength as described in (4) above.
(6)本発明は、
 使用者が履き物用内底を設けた履き物を履いた状態において、足指の第1指(親指)から第5指(小指)までの全指が歩行時において、拡縮運動可能となる手段が、
 本体の形状を先端側の一部を切除した形状の履き物用内底又は成型して同形状様の履き物用内底とすることにより、足指部分が乗る部分と足指以外の足裏部分が乗る部分との間に、足指部分が窪み側に位置するよう段差を設けた構造である、
 前記(1)に記載の扁平足の予防もしくは治療用、ダイエット用及び/又は足裏の筋肉や脚筋力の鍛錬用の履き物用内底である。
(6) The present invention
In a state in which the user wears footwear provided with an inner bottom for footwear, means for enabling expansion / contraction movement when all fingers from the first finger (thumb) to the fifth finger (little finger) of the toes are walking,
By forming the shape of the main body into an insole for footwear with a part of the tip side cut or molded into an insole for footwear of the same shape, the part where the toe part rides and the sole part other than the toe It is a structure in which a step is provided between the riding part and the toe part located on the depression side.
The insole for footwear for prevention or treatment of flat feet, dieting and / or training of muscles of the soles and leg muscle strength as described in (1) above.
(7)本発明は、
 本体の先端部に指掛け部が設けられている、
 前記(6)に記載の扁平足の予防もしくは治療用、ダイエット用及び/又は足裏の筋肉や脚筋力の鍛錬用の履き物用内底である。
(7) The present invention
A finger hook is provided at the tip of the main body,
The insole for footwear for the prevention or treatment of flat feet according to (6), for dieting and / or for training of muscles of the soles and leg strength.
(8)本発明は、
 段差の窪みとなる部分に、足指の拡縮運動の際に、足指を内屈させる動作に支障を来さないで、且つ足指の伸展時において、靴装着時である元の形状に復元される柔らかさの指置き部が設けられている、
 前記(6)又は(7)に記載の扁平足の予防もしくは治療用、ダイエット用及び/又は足裏の筋肉や脚筋力の鍛錬用の履き物用内底である。
(8) The present invention
When the toes are expanded or contracted in the stepped depressions, the toes are bent inwardly, and when the toes are extended, they are restored to their original shape when wearing shoes. A soft finger holder is provided,
The insole for footwear for the prevention or treatment of flat feet according to (6) or (7), for diet and / or for training of muscles of the soles and leg muscle strength.
(9)本発明は、
 前記(1)乃至(8)に記載の扁平足の予防もしくは治療用、ダイエット用及び/又は足裏の筋肉や脚筋力の鍛錬用の履き物用内底として使用される、中敷である。
(9) The present invention
An insole used as an insole for footwear for preventing or treating a flat foot according to the above (1) to (8), for dieting, and / or for training muscles and leg strength of the sole.
(10)本発明は、
 前記(1)乃至(8)に記載の扁平足の予防もしくは治療用、ダイエット用及び/又は足裏の筋肉や脚筋力の鍛錬用の履き物用内底を一体に作り付けた、履き物である。
(10) The present invention
The footwear according to (1) to (8), wherein the insole for footwear is integrally formed for prevention or treatment of flat feet, for diet, and / or for training of muscles of the soles and leg muscle strength.
 本明細書及び特許請求の範囲にいう「履き物」の用語は、草履、サンダル、下駄、靴等を含むものであるが、歩行や運動を行うために足に履くものであれば、これらに限定されるものではない。 The term “footwear” as used in this specification and claims includes sandals, sandals, clogs, shoes, etc., but is limited to these as long as they can be worn on the foot for walking or exercising. It is not a thing.
 本明細書及び特許請求の範囲にいう「履き物用内底」の用語は、靴等の履き物用の中敷又は靴内底を含む意味で使用している。
 本明細書及び特許請求の範囲にいう「内屈」の用語は、足指の遠位指節間関節(慣習的に第一関節といわれることがある)、近位指節間関節(慣習的に第二関節といわれることがある)及び中手指節間関節(MP関節)がそれぞれ足裏側へ曲がり、それに伴って足指の末節、中節及び基節が内側へ丸くなるように角度が変わるという意味を含むものである。
The term “inner sole for footwear” in the present specification and claims is used to include an insole for footwear such as shoes or an insole for shoes.
The term “uniflexion” as used herein and in the claims refers to the distal interphalangeal joint of the toes (usually referred to as the first joint), the proximal interphalangeal joint (conventional And the joints between the metacarpophalangeal joints (MP joints) bend to the sole side, and the angle changes so that the terminal, middle and proximal joints of the toes are rounded inward. The meaning is included.
 本体の材料としては、例えばウレタン、塩化ビニール等の各種合成樹脂、皮革(天然、人工)、布、紙あるいはこれら各材料を適宜選択して複合したもの等があげられるが、これらに限定されるものではない。また、指掛け部の材料についても、本体と同様の材料を使用することができる。 Examples of the material of the main body include, but are not limited to, various synthetic resins such as urethane and vinyl chloride, leather (natural, artificial), cloth, paper, or a combination of these materials appropriately selected. It is not a thing. Moreover, the same material as that of the main body can be used for the material of the finger-hanging portion.
 又、本明細書及び特許請求の範囲にいう「足指を内屈させる動作に支障を来さないで、且つ足指の伸展時において、靴装着時である元の形状に復元される柔らかさの指置き部」とは、歩行時の足指の内屈状態のとき、十分に足指が内屈することを妨げないように窪み、かつ、足指の伸展状態においては、十分にその厚みが復元され、伸展状態における足指も含めた足裏の違和感が無いように設置されたものであり、エラストマー樹脂等を用いることが推奨されるが、本発明においては、当該機能が達成される材料であれば特に限定はされない。 In addition, in the present specification and claims, “the softness that does not hinder the toe bending operation and is restored to the original shape when the shoe is worn when the toe is extended” The `` finger placement part '' is a depression that does not prevent the toes from bending in a sufficiently bent state when the toes are bent in a walking state. It is restored and installed so that there is no sense of incongruity of the sole including the toes in the extended state, and it is recommended to use an elastomer resin or the like, but in the present invention, the material that achieves the function If it is, it will not be specifically limited.
(作 用)
 本発明に係る扁平足の予防もしくは治療用、ダイエット用及び/又は足裏の筋肉や脚筋力の鍛錬用の履き物用内底及び履き物の作用を説明する。なお、ここでは、説明で使用する各構成要件に、後述する実施の形態において各部に付与した符号を対応させて付与するが、この符号は、特許請求の範囲の各請求項に記載した符号と同様に、あくまで内容の理解を容易にするためであって、各構成要件の意味を前記各部に限定するものではない。
(Work)
The action of the insole for footwear and the footwear for the prevention or treatment of flat feet according to the present invention, for dieting and / or for the training of muscles and leg strength of the soles will be described. Here, the constituent elements used in the description are assigned in correspondence with the reference numerals given to the respective parts in the embodiments described later. These reference numerals are the same as the reference numerals described in the claims of the claims. Similarly, it is only for the purpose of facilitating the understanding of the contents, and the meaning of each component is not limited to each of the above parts.
 本発明に係る扁平足の予防もしくは治療用、ダイエット用及び/又は足裏の筋肉や脚筋力の鍛錬用の履き物用内底は、歩行時に積極的に総ての足指(親指である第1指から小指である第5指総て)の拡縮(指のグー・パー)運動を促すものである。
 前記したように、積極的に足指全体の「グー・パー運動」を促すことによって足裏のアーチ構造(土踏まず)を支える筋肉(特に、足裏にある足裏筋群と、足と下腿を結んでいる後脛骨筋等)が鍛えられることにより、土踏まずの形成を促し扁平足の予防もしくは治療がなされる。
 更には、前記筋肉群に加えて、大腿筋やふくらはぎの筋肉にも負荷をかけることとなり、通常の歩行に比較して大きなエネルギー消費を促すこととなり、ダイエットやシェイプアップの効果が期待される。同時に、足と局部の筋肉を鍛えることから、筋力の鍛錬にも有効となる。
 本発明に係る図1に示されるような靴中敷は、靴の内部に挿入され、靴底の上に敷いて使用される。使用者が靴を履くと、五本の足指全部は、各足指の裏側の窪みが指掛け部(2)に被さるようにして掛かる。
 この状態で使用者が歩行すると、靴の接地から蹴り上げまでは、各足指には内屈する方向へ自然に力が入り、いわゆる足ジャンケンの「グー運動」を行うことになる。各足指が「グー運動」をすると、各足指の末節が指掛け部(2)に強く掛かり、本体(1)の爪先部分が後方にスライドして縮む方向に力が作用する。この結果、本発明の中敷は、その中央部分が盛り上がることになる。(本発明の中敷の最後部部分である踵部は靴の後ろ部分がストッパーとなり、スライドしないため。)
The insole for footwear for the prevention or treatment of flat feet, diet and / or training of muscles and leg strength of the foot according to the present invention is positively applied to all toes (first finger which is a thumb) during walking. To all the fifth fingers (small fingers) to promote expansion / contraction (finger goo / par).
As mentioned above, the muscles that support the arch structure (arch) of the soles (especially the sole muscle group on the soles, the feet and lower legs) The tibia muscles etc. that are tied are trained to promote the formation of arches and prevent or treat flat feet.
Furthermore, in addition to the muscle group, the thigh muscles and calf muscles are also loaded, and a large energy consumption is promoted as compared with normal walking, and a diet and shape-up effect is expected. At the same time, because it trains the legs and local muscles, it is also effective in strengthening muscle strength.
A shoe insole as shown in FIG. 1 according to the present invention is inserted into a shoe and used on a shoe sole. When the user puts on the shoes, all five toes are hung so that the depression on the back side of each toe covers the finger-hanging portion (2).
When the user walks in this state, from the grounding of the shoe to the kicking-up, each toe is naturally forced in the direction of inward bending, and so-called “foot movement” of the foot junken is performed. When each toe makes a “goo movement”, the end node of each toe is strongly hooked on the finger hooking portion (2), and a force acts in a direction in which the toe portion of the main body (1) slides backward and contracts. As a result, the center part of the insole of the present invention is raised. (Because the heel part, the last part of the insole of the present invention, the back part of the shoe serves as a stopper and does not slide.)
 また、靴の蹴り上げから接地までは、各足指は前記「グー」の状態から弛緩して伸展され、いわゆる足ジャンケンの「パー」状態となる。これに伴い、各足指により指掛け部(2)に掛かっていた力は解除される。これによって、本発明の中敷は、盛り上がった際に加えられた力が解除されることにより、中敷の反発力(ひずみを基に戻す力)によって、爪先側が前方にスライドし元の位置に復元される。
 このように、靴中敷を使用することで、使用者の歩行に伴って、各足指の内屈・伸展運動(グー・パー運動)を自然に、又は指掛け部(2)が設けられた構造に積極的に促されるように繰り返し行うことで、使用者の足裏のアーチ構造を支える筋肉群が鍛えられる。これにより、足裏のアーチ構造すなわち土踏まずの形成又は扁平足の予防及び治療効果が期待できる。更には、前記したように、大腿部や、すね、ふくらはぎ部の筋肉も同時に鍛えられ、通常の歩行に比較して大きなエネルギー消費を促すこととなり、ダイエットやシェイプアップの効果が期待される。同時に足と局部の筋肉を鍛えることから筋力の鍛錬にも有効となる。
Also, from the kicking up of the shoe to the grounding, each toe is relaxed and extended from the “goo” state, and becomes a so-called “par” state of the foot junken. Along with this, the force applied to the finger rest (2) by each toe is released. As a result, the insole of the present invention is released by the force applied when it rises, so that the toe side slides forward and returns to its original position due to the repelling force of the insole (force to return strain). Restored.
In this way, by using the insole, the inward bending / extension movement (goo-par movement) of each toe was naturally provided with the walking of the user, or the finger hanging part (2) was provided. By repeatedly doing so as to be actively encouraged by the structure, the muscle group that supports the arch structure of the user's sole is trained. Thereby, the arch structure of the sole, that is, formation of an arch or prevention and treatment effects of flat feet can be expected. Furthermore, as mentioned above, the muscles of the thigh, shin, and calf are also trained at the same time, which promotes a large energy consumption compared to normal walking, and is expected to have a diet and shape-up effect. At the same time, because it trains the muscles of the feet and local areas, it is also effective for the training of strength.
 本体が、可撓性又は変形性を有する材料で形成されているもの、及び長手方向への変形を助ける切欠部が設けられているもの(図2参照)は、足指の「グー運動」の際に、前記のスライドがしやすくなり、いずれも足指を運動させる際の自由度が増すので、「グー運動」がしやすく、効果も高い。更には、本体が靴底内部面に対して、より小さな摩擦力となるような性質を有する材料であれば、前記した本体の踵方向及び爪先方向へのスライドがより効果的になされることから、一層の効果が得られる。又、「グー運動」時においては、切欠部の幅は、狭まり中敷は変形し、歪む。「グー運動」から、「パー運動」に移行すると、中敷は前記の歪により生じた反発力により元の形態に復元する。 When the main body is formed of a material having flexibility or deformability, and the main body is provided with a notch portion that facilitates deformation in the longitudinal direction (see FIG. 2), In this case, the slides are easy to slide, and in both cases, the degree of freedom in moving the toes is increased. Furthermore, if the main body is made of a material having a property that causes a smaller frictional force against the inner surface of the shoe sole, the main body can be more effectively slid in the heel direction and the toe direction. Further effects can be obtained. In addition, during the “goo movement”, the width of the notch is narrowed and the insole is deformed and distorted. When the “goo motion” shifts to the “par motion”, the insole is restored to its original form by the repulsive force generated by the strain.
 図2に示す靴中敷のように本体に、長手方向への変形を助ける例えば三角形状の切欠部(3)が設けられており、切欠部(3)は本体(1)上面側に設けられたカバー(4)で覆われているものは、切欠部(3)が設けられていることによる使用者の足裏の違和感を緩和することができる。
 カバー(4)は切欠部(3)を塞ぐように固定接続されている。固定接続されていないと、歩行時に、前記の拡縮(グー・パー)運動を際に、その位置がずれ、足裏の違和感の緩和の効果が損なわれることとなる。
 固定接続の形態としては、切欠部分が形成する三角形の爪先側の辺に沿って固定するか、爪先側及び踵側編の両辺を固定化する形態の何れかを選択することが好ましい。
 三角形の踵側の辺に沿った部分を固定し、爪先側の辺に沿っては固定しない場合は、前記の「グー運動」の際に、切欠部分より爪先側の本体部分が、踵側に引き寄せられることから、三角形のカバーの爪先側辺と足裏との引っ掛かり等が起こり易く、違和感の原因となる恐れがある。又、固定接続の方法としては、カバーと中敷が接着・接合して固定できればどのような方法で実施しても差し支えないが、例えば、縫い付け、接着剤による接着等が実施し易い方法として例示される。
Like the insole shown in FIG. 2, the main body is provided with, for example, a triangular notch (3) that facilitates deformation in the longitudinal direction, and the notch (3) is provided on the upper surface side of the main body (1). What is covered with the cover (4) can alleviate the discomfort of the user's sole due to the provision of the notch (3).
The cover (4) is fixedly connected so as to close the notch (3). If it is not fixedly connected, the position of the expansion / contraction (goo-par) movement will shift during walking, and the effect of alleviating the feeling of discomfort on the soles will be impaired.
As the form of the fixed connection, it is preferable to select either the form fixed on the toe side of the triangle formed by the notch portion or the form of fixing both sides of the toe side and the heel side knitting.
If the part along the heel side of the triangle is fixed and not fixed along the side of the toe side, the main body part on the toe side of the notch part will be Since they are attracted to each other, they are easily caught between the toe side of the triangular cover and the sole, which may cause a sense of incongruity. In addition, as a method of fixed connection, any method can be used as long as the cover and insole can be bonded and bonded and fixed, but for example, a method that is easy to perform sewing, bonding with an adhesive, etc. Illustrated.
 本発明の、もう一つの実施形態として、歩行時に足指の第1指から第5指までの総ての指の拡縮運動を積極的に促進する手段として、図3に示すような、中敷本体(1)等の履き物用内底の形状を先端(爪先)側の一部を切除した形状又は成型して同形状様とすることにより、例えば中敷本体(1)の厚み部分で形成されているもの、又は靴内底の爪先部分に一定の深さの窪みが形成されているものは、爪先、先端部分に大きな空間ができ、足指が動く部分の空間が大きくなるので、歩行時の拡縮(グー・パー)運動がさらに容易になり、効果も期待できる。
 この時、中敷の切除部分先端部又は、靴内底窪み部分の境界部に中敷本体の厚み又は、窪みの深さ以上の厚みを有する指掛部を設けることで、足指が引っ掛かり易くなり、より効果的な運動が可能となる。
As another embodiment of the present invention, as a means for actively promoting the expansion / contraction movement of all fingers from the first to fifth toes during walking, an insole as shown in FIG. The shape of the inner bottom for footwear such as the main body (1) is formed by cutting off a part of the tip (toe) side or by molding it into the same shape, for example, it is formed with the thickness part of the insole main body (1) If there is a dent with a certain depth on the toe part of the shoe sole, there will be a large space at the toe and tip, and the space where the toes will move will increase. The expansion and contraction (goo-par) movement becomes easier and the effect can be expected.
At this time, the toes are easily caught by providing a finger hook portion having a thickness of the insole main body or a thickness greater than the depth of the dent at the front end of the cut portion of the insole or at the boundary portion of the insole bottom recess portion. And more effective exercise is possible.
 本体(1)の形状を先端側の一部を切除した形状の履き物用内底又は成型して同形状様の履き物用内底とする際に、図5に示すように、更に、履き物用内底の切除部分もしくは、窪み部分に、足指を内屈させる動作に支障を来さない柔らかさの指置き部(15)が設けられているものは、足指を弛緩(伸展)させているときに、指置き部(15)によって各足指を安定的に保持することができる。この結果、歩行時の違和感が削減され、快適な歩行運動が可能となる。 As shown in FIG. 5, when the shape of the main body (1) is made into a footwear insole of a shape in which a part of the tip side is cut off or molded into an insole for footwear of the same shape, as shown in FIG. Those with a soft finger holder (15) that does not interfere with the movement of bending the toes in the excised or recessed part of the bottom relaxes (extends) the toes. Sometimes, each toe can be stably held by the finger placement part (15). As a result, a sense of incongruity during walking is reduced, and comfortable walking exercise is possible.
 各扁平足の予防もしくは治療用、ダイエット用及び/又は足裏の筋肉や脚筋力の鍛錬用の履き物用内底を一体に作り付けた履き物(S)は、前記各靴中敷又は靴内底等の履き物用内底を使用した履き物と同様の作用を有する履き物として使用することができる。 The footwear (S) in which the insole for footwear is integrally formed for prevention or treatment of each flat foot, for dieting and / or for training of muscles of the soles and leg strength, The present invention can be used as footwear having the same action as footwear using an inner bottom for footwear.
(a)本発明は、靴の中敷(インソール)や靴底等の構造を、使用者の足指の運動、特に足によって地面を繰り返しつかむように足指を動かす足指の拡縮運動(グー・パー運動)を積極的且つ高運動量に促すことができる構造であり、歩行時において使用者が特に意識しなくても自然に足指の運動を効果的に行うことができ、扁平足の予防又は治療効果、ダイエット効果及び/又は脚筋力等の鍛錬効果が期待できる履き物用内底及び履き物を提供することができる。 (A) In the present invention, the structure of an insole (insole), the sole of a shoe, etc. is applied to the movement of a user's toes, particularly toe expansion / contraction movements that move the toes so that the ground is repeatedly grabbed by the feet.・ A structure that can actively promote high-momentum (par exercise), and can effectively exercise toes naturally even when the user is not conscious of walking, preventing flat feet or It is possible to provide an insole for footwear and footwear that can be expected to have a therapeutic effect, a diet effect, and / or a training effect such as leg strength.
(b)本発明は、歩行時において、足によって地面をつかむように足指を動かすときに、掛かりがあり及び/又は十分な足指の拡縮運動の空間があることから、足指の大きな運動、足指の力強い運動を促すことができ、足裏の筋肉群や上下肢の筋力を鍛える意味においても十分な効果が期待できる。 (B) In the present invention, when the toes are moved so as to grab the ground by the feet during walking, there is a hook and / or a sufficient space for toe expansion / contraction motions, so that a large motion of the toes It is possible to promote strong exercises of the toes, and a sufficient effect can be expected in the sense of strengthening the muscle groups of the soles and upper and lower limbs.
本発明に係る靴中敷の第1実施形態を示す斜視図。The perspective view which shows 1st Embodiment of the shoe insole which concerns on this invention. 本発明に係る靴中敷の第2実施形態を示す斜視図。The perspective view which shows 2nd Embodiment of the shoe insole which concerns on this invention. 本発明に係る靴中敷の第3実施形態を示す斜視図。The perspective view which shows 3rd Embodiment of the shoe insole which concerns on this invention. 本発明に係る靴中敷の第4実施形態を示す斜視図。The perspective view which shows 4th Embodiment of the shoe insole which concerns on this invention. 本発明に係る靴中敷の第5実施形態を示す斜視図。The perspective view which shows 5th Embodiment of the shoe insole which concerns on this invention. 靴中敷の第2実施形態の作用を示し、(a)は足指を伸ばした状態の断面説明図、(b)は足指を内屈させた状態の断面説明図。The action of 2nd Embodiment of a shoe insole is shown, (a) is sectional explanatory drawing of the state which extended the toe, (b) is sectional explanatory drawing of the state which bent the toe. 靴中敷の第4実施形態の作用を示し、(a)は足指を伸ばした状態の断面説明図、(b)は足指を内屈させた状態の断面説明図。The effect | action of 4th Embodiment of a shoe insole is shown, (a) is sectional explanatory drawing of the state which extended the toe, (b) is sectional explanatory drawing of the state which bent the toe. 本発明に係る靴の一実施の形態を示し、(a)は足指を伸ばした状態の断面説明図、(b)は足指を内屈させた状態の断面説明図。BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS FIG. 1 shows an embodiment of a shoe according to the present invention, where (a) is a cross-sectional explanatory diagram in a state where the toes are extended, and (b) is a cross-sectional explanatory diagram in a state where the toes are bent inward.
 本発明を図面に示した実施の形態に基づき詳細に説明する。 The present invention will be described in detail based on the embodiments shown in the drawings.
 図1を参照し、靴中敷A1の構造を説明する。靴中敷A1は、靴の底に入れて使用する扁平足の予防もしくは治療用、ダイエット用及び/又は足裏の筋肉や脚筋力の鍛錬用の靴中敷である(後述する靴中敷又は靴内底A2~A5も同様)。
 靴中敷A1は、所要の厚みを有し、いわゆる足形の本体1を備えている。本体1は、やや硬質のウレタンが材料として使用されており、所要の強さの弾性、可撓性又は所要の強さの復元性を有する変形性を有している。
The structure of the shoe insole A1 will be described with reference to FIG. The shoe insole A1 is a shoe insole for preventing or treating a flat foot used in a shoe sole, for dieting, and / or for training muscles and leg strength of a sole (a shoe insole or a shoe described later). The same applies to the inner bottoms A2 to A5).
The insole A1 has a required thickness and includes a so-called foot-shaped main body 1. The main body 1 is made of a slightly hard urethane as a material, and has a required elasticity, flexibility, or a deformability having a required strength restoring property.
 本体1上面の先端寄りには、先端から所要の間隔をおいて、上方へ突出した指掛け部材2が固着されている。指掛け部材2は、その長さ方向が本体1の幅方向に設けられ、ほぼ全幅にわたる長さを有している。指掛け部材2は、使用者の五本の足指7全部の裏側の窪み若しくは、窪みよりやや先端71(図6参照)に対応した形状及び位置に設けられており、これにより全指をしっかりと掛けることができるようにしている。肝心なことは、足指が内屈(グー運動)開始時及び内屈運動時において、足指と指掛け部との間に、できるだけ遊び部分が生じないように設計することである。これによって、歩行時における、拡縮(グー・パー)運動がより無駄なく、効率的且つ大きな運動量で促すことができる。また、指掛け部材2は、全指が掛かって各足指が内屈するときに作用する力に十分に耐える強度を備えた合成樹脂で形成されている。なお、指掛け部材2は、本体1に一体成形によって設けることもできる。 Near the top end of the upper surface of the main body 1, a finger hook member 2 protruding upward is fixed at a predetermined interval from the front end. The finger hooking member 2 is provided in the width direction of the main body 1 in the length direction, and has a length extending over almost the entire width. The finger hooking member 2 is provided in the shape and position corresponding to the dent on the back side of all the five toes 7 of the user or the tip 71 (see FIG. 6) slightly from the dent. You can hang it. What is important is that the toes are designed so that there is as little play as possible between the toes and the finger-hanging part when the toes start inward bending (goo movement) and during inward bending movements. As a result, the expansion / contraction (goo-par) exercise at the time of walking can be promoted more efficiently and with a large amount of exercise. Further, the finger-hanging member 2 is formed of a synthetic resin having a strength sufficient to withstand the force acting when all fingers are hooked and each toe is bent inward. In addition, the finger hook member 2 can also be provided in the main body 1 by integral molding.
 又、歩行時においての、足指の拡縮運動をより大きく効率的に促すために、靴底と接する中敷の底面と、中敷と接する靴底面との間の、摩擦力を小さくし、より中敷が靴内面にて、足指の運動時に滑り易くした、構造及び/又は素材を使用することが推奨される。
 このことは、中敷と靴底との接触面を滑り易くすることで指の内屈(縮運動・グー運動)の際に、中敷の先端から中央部にかけての靴底との接触部が滑り易くなり、その結果、靴底と中敷との抵抗は小さく、中敷は踵方向に大きくスライドすることができる。これによって、足指はより大きな内屈がなされ、その結果より大きな足指の運動量となり、本発明の効果をより大きく得ることができる。
 本発明においては、前記したように少なくとも、中敷の足裏中央部から、爪先部分については、靴底との接触部に関して、その接触面での摩擦抵抗を少なくし、当該部分が靴底内で後方(踵方向)にスライドすることが好ましい。
In addition, in order to promote the toe expansion and contraction movement more greatly and efficiently during walking, the frictional force between the bottom of the insole in contact with the shoe sole and the bottom of the shoe in contact with the insole is reduced, and more It is recommended to use a structure and / or material that the insole is on the inner surface of the shoe and is slippery during toe movement.
This is because the contact surface between the insole and the sole is made slippery so that the contact part with the shoe sole from the tip of the insole to the center part during the internal bending of the finger (contraction movement / goo movement) As a result, the resistance between the sole and the insole is small, and the insole can slide greatly in the heel direction. As a result, the toes are bent more greatly, and as a result, the toes have a larger momentum, and the effects of the present invention can be obtained more greatly.
In the present invention, as described above, at least from the center part of the sole of the insole, with respect to the toe portion, with respect to the contact portion with the shoe sole, the frictional resistance at the contact surface is reduced, and the portion is in the shoe sole. It is preferable to slide backward (in the heel direction).
 次に、図2を参照して、靴中敷A2の構造を説明する。
 靴中敷A2は、前記靴中敷A1と同等の構造のものに、さらに切欠部3とカバー4を設けたものである。
 切欠部3は、本体1の長手方向のほぼ中間部に、内側方向に拡がって開口するようにV字状に切り欠いて設けられている。切欠部3の先端部には孔30が設けられ、この部分が破れの基点となることを防いでいる。
 切欠部3を設けることにより、歩行時の足指の内屈運動において、より容易に、かつより大きく、中敷の爪先側部分が後方である踵方向にスライドする。これによって、更に指のより大きな拡縮運動が達成され、本発明の効果を大きくすることができる。
 切欠部3の形状は、図2に示したように、三角形型に切り欠くことが好ましい。三角形に切り欠くことで、より効果的に、中敷の前後のスライドが達成され、前記した大きな効果を得ることができる。
Next, the structure of the shoe insole A2 will be described with reference to FIG.
The shoe insole A2 has a structure equivalent to that of the shoe insole A1 and further provided with a notch 3 and a cover 4.
The cutout portion 3 is provided in a substantially V-shaped cutout at an approximately middle portion in the longitudinal direction of the main body 1 so as to open in an inward direction. A hole 30 is provided at the tip of the notch 3 to prevent this portion from becoming a base point for tearing.
By providing the notch 3, the inner toe movement of the toes during walking is easier and larger, and slides in the heel direction where the toe side portion of the insole is behind. As a result, a greater expansion / contraction motion of the finger is achieved, and the effect of the present invention can be increased.
As shown in FIG. 2, the shape of the notch 3 is preferably notched in a triangular shape. By cutting out into triangles, the slide in front and back of the insole can be achieved more effectively, and the above-described great effect can be obtained.
 この場合、中敷においてスライドする部分は、主に、切欠部から前方(爪先側)の部分である。従って、この部分の靴底面との接触においては、なるべくその摩擦力を低減させることが、より効果的に中敷をスライドさせることとなる。
 また、孔30の存在は特に限定されることはなく、孔30が無くても、本発明を実施することは可能であるが、孔があることで歩行時における、足指の拡縮(グー・パー)運動に伴い、中敷の切欠から前部分(爪先側部分)が踵方向と爪先方向と、前後にスライドする際に、足裏に与える違和感を緩和することができる。また前記したように、中敷の破れを防ぐことができる。
 更に、孔30の形態についても、本発明では特に限定はされないが、前記した中敷の耐久性や、足裏の違和感の緩和といった観点から、円形であることが好ましい。
In this case, the part that slides in the insole is mainly the part forward (toe side) from the notch. Therefore, in contact with the shoe bottom surface of this portion, reducing the frictional force as much as possible slides the insole more effectively.
In addition, the presence of the hole 30 is not particularly limited, and the present invention can be carried out without the hole 30, but the presence or absence of the hole causes the toe to expand or contract during walking (goo Par) When the front part (toe side part) slides back and forth in the heel direction and the toe direction from the notch of the insole, it is possible to alleviate the uncomfortable feeling given to the sole of the foot. Moreover, as described above, it is possible to prevent the insole from being broken.
Further, the shape of the hole 30 is not particularly limited in the present invention, but it is preferably a circular shape from the viewpoint of durability of the insole described above and relaxation of a feeling of strangeness on the sole.
 図2に示した、本発明の靴中敷A2では、切欠部を覆うカバー4が取り付けられている。
 カバー4の材料は、本発明では特に限定はされないが、柔軟性を有する材料であることが好ましく、本実施例においては、軟質のウレタンでシート状に形成されたものを材料として、三角形状に形成されている。カバー4は、本体1の上面側に、切欠部3の切り欠き部分の両縁に沿って二辺が縫い付けられて固定されており、これにより切欠部3を塞いでいる。
 カバー4は、切欠部3を塞ぐことによって、切欠部3が設けられていることによる使用者の足裏の違和感を緩和するためのものである。
 又、カバー4の固定については、本発明においては特に限定されず、固定しなくても、歩行時に、カバーが切欠部を覆い、且つズレなければ支障はないが、基本的には固定することで、このようなズレは確実に防ぐことができる。
In the insole A2 of the present invention shown in FIG. 2, a cover 4 that covers the notch is attached.
The material of the cover 4 is not particularly limited in the present invention, but is preferably a material having flexibility. In this embodiment, the cover 4 is formed into a triangular shape using a material formed of a soft urethane in a sheet shape. Is formed. The cover 4 is fixed to the upper surface side of the main body 1 by sewing two sides along both edges of the cutout portion of the cutout portion 3, thereby closing the cutout portion 3.
The cover 4 is provided to relieve a user's discomfort on the sole of the foot due to the provision of the notch 3 by closing the notch 3.
Further, the fixing of the cover 4 is not particularly limited in the present invention. Even if the cover 4 is not fixed, there is no problem if the cover covers the notch and does not shift during walking. Thus, such a deviation can be surely prevented.
 更に、カバー4の固定方法についても、本発明では特に限定はされず、前記したように、縫い付けて固定してもよいし、接着材等によって固定しても差し支えない。
 固定の位置・部分については、本実施例のように切欠部3の切り欠き部分の両縁に沿って固定しても良いし、又、どちらか一つの縁部分を固定してもよい。
 一つの縁を固定する場合には、好ましくは両縁のうち、爪先側の縁を固定するのが好ましい。踵側の縁のみを固定した際には、歩行時の拡縮運動において、中敷の足指が内屈して、切欠部3から爪先部分が後方(踵方向)にスライドする際に、足裏がカバーに当たり違和感を感じると共に、カバーがめくれる恐れがある。
 両縁の爪先側の縁のみを固定した場合には、このような問題は緩和される。ただし、このような中敷を装着した靴を履く際に、両縁の爪先側部分である一縁のみを固定した場合は、靴の装着時に足を挿入する際にめくれる恐れがあることから、通常は両縁を固定することが推奨される。
Further, the fixing method of the cover 4 is not particularly limited in the present invention. As described above, the cover 4 may be fixed by sewing, or may be fixed by an adhesive or the like.
The fixing position / portion may be fixed along both edges of the cutout portion of the cutout portion 3 as in this embodiment, or one of the edge portions may be fixed.
In the case of fixing one edge, it is preferable to fix the edge on the toe side among both edges. When only the heel-side edge is fixed, the insole will bend inward during expansion / contraction during walking, and when the toe part slides backward (in the heel direction) from the notch 3, The cover may feel strange and the cover may turn over.
Such a problem is alleviated when only the edges on both toes are fixed. However, when wearing shoes with such insoles, if only one edge, which is the toe side part of both edges, is fixed, there is a risk of turning when inserting the foot when wearing shoes, It is usually recommended to fix both edges.
 図3を参照し、靴中敷A3の構造を説明する。
 靴中敷A3を中敷として靴に挿入する場合は、中敷の材料として特に可撓性又は変形性を有する必要はなく、比較的硬い皮革や硬質ウレタン等ある程度の固さを有し、加えて足裏に過重な刺激を与えないものを材料として使用し、所要の厚さ(本実施の形態では5~10mm程度)の本体のみで形成されている。靴中敷A3の厚さは、これに限定されるものではなく、指を掛け、切除部分となる足指部分において足指が十分に拡縮(グー・パー)運動するに十分な足指部位においての空間を確保するのに支障がなければ適宜の厚さに設定することができる。特に、人によって個人差のある足指の長さに応じて厚みを設定することが好ましい。このことから、本体の厚み(後記する窪みについても)に関しては、前記した図1乃至図2の中敷の指掛け部材2の高さ以上の長さであることが好ましい。靴中敷A3は、前記靴中敷A1、A2の本体1と比較して剛性が高く、変形しにくいが、各本体1と同じ材料で形成して同様の変形性を持たせてもよい。
The structure of the shoe insole A3 will be described with reference to FIG.
When the insole A3 is inserted into a shoe as an insole, the insole material does not need to be particularly flexible or deformable, and has a certain degree of hardness such as relatively hard leather or hard urethane. A material that does not give excessive stimulation to the sole of the foot is used as a material, and it is formed only by a main body having a required thickness (about 5 to 10 mm in this embodiment). The thickness of the insole A3 is not limited to this, and the toe is sufficiently stretched / retracted (goo-par) in the toe portion that is a part to be cut and hung by a finger. If there is no problem in securing the space, it can be set to an appropriate thickness. In particular, it is preferable to set the thickness according to the length of the toe that varies depending on the person. From this, it is preferable that the thickness of the main body (also for the dent described later) is equal to or longer than the height of the finger hooking member 2 in the insole described above. The shoe insole A3 is higher in rigidity than the main body 1 of the shoe insoles A1 and A2, and is not easily deformed. However, the shoe insole A3 may be formed of the same material as each main body 1 to have the same deformability.
 靴中敷A3は、いわば足形の本体の先端側の一部を切除した形状であり、この切除した部分となる先端面が指掛け部10となっている。指掛け部10の先端面形状は、幅方向の中央部が外側に向かってやや膨らんだ緩やかな円弧状に形成されている。指掛け部10は、使用者の五本の足指7全部の裏側の窪み71に対応した位置に設けられており、これにより全指を指掛け部10に掛けることができるようにしている。 The sock insole A3 has a shape in which a part of the tip side of the foot-shaped main body is cut out, and the tip end surface that becomes the cut-out part is the finger hook portion 10. The tip surface shape of the finger-hanging portion 10 is formed in a gentle arc shape in which the central portion in the width direction slightly bulges outward. The finger hooking portion 10 is provided at a position corresponding to the depression 71 on the back side of all the five toes 7 of the user so that all fingers can be hooked on the finger hooking portion 10.
 図4を参照し、靴中敷A4の構造を説明する。
 靴中敷A4は、二層構造の本体1aを備えている。本体1aの下層部11は、皮革や硬質ウレタン等の合成樹脂等を材料として使用し、足形に形成されている。下層部11の上面に接着されている上層部12は、同じく皮革や硬質ウレタン等の合成樹脂等で形成されており、本体1a及び下層部11は一体化され、いわば足形の本体の先端側の一部を切除した形状である。そして、上層部12の切除した部分となる先端面120には、上端が上層部12の上面よりやや突出するようにして指掛け部材13が接着されている。
 本発明を実施する上で、指掛け部材は必ずしも取り付ける必要はなく、本体部1aの切断面にて代用することもできる。
The structure of the shoe insole A4 will be described with reference to FIG.
The shoe insole A4 includes a main body 1a having a two-layer structure. The lower layer portion 11 of the main body 1a is formed in a foot shape using a synthetic resin such as leather or hard urethane as a material. The upper layer portion 12 bonded to the upper surface of the lower layer portion 11 is also formed of a synthetic resin such as leather or hard urethane, and the main body 1a and the lower layer portion 11 are integrated, so to speak, on the tip side of the foot-shaped main body. It is a shape that is partly excised. The finger hooking member 13 is bonded to the distal end surface 120, which is a portion of the upper layer portion 12 cut out, with the upper end slightly protruding from the upper surface of the upper layer portion 12.
In practicing the present invention, the finger-hanging member does not necessarily have to be attached, and the cut surface of the main body 1a can be substituted.
 指掛け部材13若しくは切断面は、特にその形状は限定されず指がかかるような形状であればよく、例えば図3における切断面10の形状でも差し支えないが、図4における先端面130のように、使用者の五本の足指全部の末節の裏面形状にほぼ沿うように湾曲して形成されている形状も好ましい。指掛け部材を設置する場合、指掛け部材13は、皮革や硬質ウレタン等の合成樹脂等で形成された本体1aと比較して強い弾性と復元力を有する材料で形成されることが好ましい。本実施の形態では、やや硬質の発泡ウレタンを使用しているが、これに限定するものではない。
 指掛け部材13は、使用者の五本の足指7全部の裏側の窪み71に対応した位置に設けられており、これにより全指を先端面130に掛けることができるようにしている。
The shape of the finger hooking member 13 or the cut surface is not particularly limited as long as the finger is applied to the finger hook member 13 or the cut surface. For example, the shape of the cut surface 10 in FIG. 3 may be used, but like the tip surface 130 in FIG. A shape that is curved so as to substantially conform to the back surface shape of the terminal node of all five toes of the user is also preferable. In the case of installing the finger hanging member, the finger hanging member 13 is preferably formed of a material having stronger elasticity and restoring force than the main body 1a formed of synthetic resin such as leather or hard urethane. In the present embodiment, a slightly hard urethane foam is used, but the present invention is not limited to this.
The finger hooking member 13 is provided at a position corresponding to the depression 71 on the back side of all the five toes 7 of the user so that all fingers can be hooked on the distal end surface 130.
 靴中敷A4には、足形の下層部11が設けられているので、靴の中敷として使用する際に、前記靴中敷A3と比較して靴内部で位置がずれないので、より安定する。
 また、指掛け部材13は、上端が上層部12の上面よりやや突出するようにして設けられており、靴中敷A3と比較して各足指の掛かりがよくなる。
Since the shoe insole A4 is provided with the foot-shaped lower layer portion 11, when used as a shoe insole, the shoe insole A4 is more stable because the position does not shift in the shoe compared to the shoe insole A3. .
Further, the finger hooking member 13 is provided such that the upper end slightly protrudes from the upper surface of the upper layer portion 12, and the toes of each toe are better compared to the shoe insole A3.
 図5を参照し、靴中敷A5の構造を説明する。
 靴中敷A5は、全体が足形に形成されており、本体1bを備えている。本体1bは、皮革や硬質ウレタン等の合成樹脂等を材料として使用し、いわば足形の本体の先端側の一部を切除した形状であり、図4における本体1aと同様である。ただし、本体1bの厚みに関しては、本体1aの厚みに比較して、より厚くすることが好ましい。
 そして、本体1bの切除した部分となる先端面が指掛け部14となっている。指掛け部14の形状は、前記靴中敷A4の指掛け部材13の先端面130と同様の形状である。また、本体1bの先端面を同様の形状とすることで、指掛け部14を設置しなくても本発明は実施できる。
The structure of the shoe insole A5 will be described with reference to FIG.
The insole A5 is formed in a foot shape as a whole and includes a main body 1b. The main body 1b uses a synthetic resin such as leather or hard urethane as a material, and is so-called a part of the foot-shaped main body that is cut off, and is the same as the main body 1a in FIG. However, regarding the thickness of the main body 1b, it is preferable to make it thicker than the thickness of the main body 1a.
And the front end surface used as the part which the main body 1b removed is the finger-hook part 14. In FIG. The shape of the finger hanging portion 14 is the same shape as the distal end surface 130 of the finger hanging member 13 of the shoe insole A4. In addition, the present invention can be implemented without installing the finger hook portion 14 by making the tip surface of the main body 1b have the same shape.
 指掛け部14若しくは指掛け部14と同様の形態の本体1bの切断面には、それと連続するように指置き部15が密着されている。指置き部15は、本体1bと同じ厚さを有し、本体1bと一体となることで、靴中敷A5全体として足形を形成する形状である。指置き部15は、皮革や硬質ウレタン等の合成樹脂等で形成された本体1bと比較して弾性と復元力を有する材料で形成されており、指掛け部14に対し各足指を内屈させて掛ける動作に支障を来さない柔らかさを有している。言い換えれば、歩行時における全足指拡縮運動が円滑に促されるように縮運動である内屈運動時に十分に窪み、又拡運動(足指の伸展)時には、足指裏面に密着し形状が復元される。指置き部15の材料として、本実施の形態では、軟質ウレタン等のエラストマー(elastomer)を使用しているが、これに限定するものではない。 The finger rest 15 is in close contact with the cut surface of the body 1b having the same form as the finger rest 14 or the finger rest 14 so as to be continuous therewith. The finger placement part 15 has the same thickness as the main body 1b and has a shape that forms a foot shape as a whole of the shoe insole A5 by being integrated with the main body 1b. The finger rest portion 15 is formed of a material having elasticity and restoring force as compared with the main body 1b formed of a synthetic resin such as leather or hard urethane. It has a softness that does not hinder the operation of hanging. In other words, in order to smoothly promote all toe expansion and contraction during walking, it is sufficiently depressed during internal flexion, which is a contraction, and in close contact with the back of the toes during expansion (toe extension), the shape is restored. Is done. In the present embodiment, an elastomer (elastomer) such as soft urethane is used as the material for the finger placement unit 15, but the present invention is not limited to this.
 指置き部15の材料としては、前記したように、歩行時における全足指拡縮運動が円滑に促されるように縮運動である内屈運動時に十分に窪み、又拡運動(足指の伸展)時には、足指裏面に密着することが可能な材料であればいかなる材料も使用できる。具体的な例としては、前記した軟質ウレタン、シリコーン樹脂等のエラストマー、これらエラストマーの、例えば2層シートの空間部分をエラストマーのピラー(枕・柱)を立てた、2層の間に空間を保持したものや、中空状のエラストマー成型体、海綿状の材料等が例示される。
 図3や図4の中敷に比較して、靴を履いた状態での足裏の違和感が指置き部15を設置することで緩和される。
 又、指置き部15の厚みは、基本的には足裏全体の違和感を回避するために本体1bの厚みと同一にすることが好ましい。前記したように図3に示した靴中敷A3本体の厚みより厚くすることが好ましい。厚みについては、指置き部15の指の内屈時の指置き部15の圧縮度に依存し、個々の材料によって異なるが、歩行時の指の拡縮運動を十分大きく達成するの十分な厚みであることが好ましい。
As described above, the material for the finger placement part 15 is sufficiently depressed or expanded (extension of the toes) during the internal bending movement, which is a contraction movement, so as to smoothly promote the expansion and contraction movement of all toes during walking. Sometimes, any material can be used as long as it can adhere to the toe back surface. As a specific example, elastomers such as the above-mentioned soft urethane, silicone resin, etc., and for example, a space portion of a two-layer sheet of these elastomers has an elastomer pillar (pillow / pillar) upright, and a space is maintained between the two layers. And a hollow elastomer molded body, a spongy material, and the like.
Compared with the insole of FIG. 3 or FIG. 4, the discomfort of the soles in the state of wearing shoes is alleviated by installing the finger placement unit 15.
In addition, it is preferable that the thickness of the finger placement portion 15 is basically the same as the thickness of the main body 1b in order to avoid a feeling of strangeness of the entire sole. As described above, the thickness of the insole A3 main body shown in FIG. The thickness depends on the degree of compression of the finger holder 15 when the finger of the finger holder 15 is bent, and differs depending on the individual material. However, the thickness is sufficient to achieve a sufficiently large finger expansion / contraction motion during walking. Preferably there is.
 本実施例に用いた図3から図5に示した靴中敷に関して、これら靴中敷が直接、靴内底(靴中底)と接合接着した形態、言い換えれば靴内底の形態が図3から図5に示した形態であるものも、本発明に包含される。
 靴中敷に比較して、図3から図5に示した中敷と同様の機能と形態を有する、一体化された靴内底の場合は、前記の中敷に比較して、直接に個々の靴の形態、形状に適合して形成されることから、靴装着時及び歩行時等における、違和感をより一層軽減することができる。
3 to 5 used in the present embodiment, these shoe insoles are directly bonded to the shoe insole (shoe insole), in other words, the shoe insole is shown in FIG. 5 are also included in the present invention.
In the case of an integrated shoe insole, which has the same functions and configurations as the insole shown in FIGS. 3 to 5 compared to the insole, the individual insole directly compared to the insole Therefore, it is possible to further reduce a sense of incongruity when wearing shoes or walking.
(作 用)
 靴中敷A2及び靴中敷A4を例に採り、これらを靴の内底に敷いて使用するときの作用を説明する。
(Work)
Taking the shoe insole A2 and the shoe insole A4 as an example, the operation when these are laid on the inner bottom of the shoe will be described.
 まず、図2及び図6を参照して、靴中敷A2の作用を説明する。
(1)靴中敷A2を靴5の内部に挿入し、靴5の靴底(ソール)50の上に敷く。使用者が靴5を履くと、五本の足指全部は、各足指7の裏側の窪み又は各足指裏の窪みに近い部分(窪みより少し爪先方向の位置)71が指掛け部材2に被さるようにして掛かる(図6(a)参照)。この状態で使用者が歩行すると、靴中敷A2は次のように作用する。
 指掛け部材2の位置が足指裏側窪み71より踵側に位置すると、足指が「グー運動」を行おうとしても、足指への指掛け部からの有効な反発力は得られず、その結果十分な中敷のスライドが生じない。この結果、半ば無意識な足指の「グー・パー運動」は生じないため、指掛け部材2自体の存在意義がなくなる。又、指掛け部材2の位置が余りに足指の裏側の窪みより、爪先側に位置すれば、足指は有効に指掛け部材2にかからず、同様に本発明の有効な効果は得られない。
First, with reference to FIG.2 and FIG.6, the effect | action of shoe insoles A2 is demonstrated.
(1) Insert the insole A2 into the inside of the shoe 5 and lay it on the sole (sole) 50 of the shoe 5. When the user puts on the shoes 5, all five toes have a depression on the back side of each toe 7 or a portion close to the depression on the back of each toe (a position in the toe direction slightly from the depression) 71 on the finger-hook member 2. It is hung so as to cover it (see FIG. 6A). When the user walks in this state, the shoe insole A2 acts as follows.
When the position of the finger hanging member 2 is located on the heel side from the toe back side depression 71, even if the toe tries to perform “goo movement”, an effective repulsive force from the finger hanging portion to the toe is not obtained, and as a result Not enough insole slides. As a result, since a semi-unconscious toe “go-par motion” does not occur, the presence of the finger-hook member 2 itself is lost. Moreover, if the position of the finger hooking member 2 is too far from the depression on the back side of the toes, the toes will not effectively touch the finger hooking member 2, and the effective effect of the present invention will not be obtained.
(2)歩行時、靴5の接地から蹴り上げまでは、各足指7には、内屈する方向へ自然に力が入り、いわゆる足ジャンケンの「グー運動」を行うことになる。各足指7が「グー運動」をすると、各足指7の末節70が指掛け部材2に強く掛かり、靴中敷A2の本体1が踵方向に縮む力が作用する。この力によって、本体1の先端側は、切欠部3の前後の間隔を縮めるようにスライドする。このとき、切欠部3を塞いでいるカバー4は、上方へ湾曲するように変形すると同時に、中敷本体の切欠部の間隔は変形して狭まり、切欠部分近傍で歪む。(図6(b)参照)。 (2) During walking, from the grounding of the shoe 5 to the kicking-up, each toe 7 is naturally forced in the direction of inward bending, and the so-called “foot movement” of the foot junken is performed. When each toe 7 performs a “goo movement”, the end node 70 of each toe 7 is strongly hooked on the finger hooking member 2, and the force that the main body 1 of the shoe insole A 2 contracts in the heel direction acts. By this force, the front end side of the main body 1 slides so as to reduce the distance between the front and rear of the notch 3. At this time, the cover 4 covering the notch 3 is deformed so as to be curved upward, and at the same time, the interval between the notches of the insole body is deformed and narrowed, and is distorted in the vicinity of the notch. (See FIG. 6 (b)).
(3)また、靴5の蹴り上げから接地までは、各足指7は前記「グー」の状態から弛緩して伸展され、いわゆる足ジャンケンの「パー」状態となる(図6(a)参照)。これに伴い、各足指7により指掛け部材2に掛かっていた力は解除され、本体1はその歪から解放され弾性によって元のように伸びた状態に戻る。このように、使用者の歩行に伴って、各足指7の内屈・伸展運動(グー・パー運動)を自然に且つ大きな運動量で、又は指掛け部材2が設けられた構造に積極的に促されるように繰り返し行うことで、使用者の足裏のアーチ構造を支える筋肉群が鍛えられ、アーチ構造すなわち土踏まずの形成又は扁平足の予防に寄与することができる。なお、各足指7を靴5の内部でよく動かすことになるので、外反母趾の予防又は治療の効果も期待できる。 (3) Also, from the kicking up of the shoe 5 to the grounding, each toe 7 is relaxed and extended from the “goo” state, so that it becomes a so-called “par” state of the foot junken (see FIG. 6A). ). Along with this, the force applied to the finger hooking member 2 by each toe 7 is released, and the main body 1 is released from the distortion and returned to its original stretched state by elasticity. As described above, as the user walks, the inflection / extension movement (goo-par movement) of each toe 7 is naturally urged with a large momentum or the structure provided with the finger hanging member 2. By repeatedly performing as described above, the muscle group supporting the arch structure of the user's sole is trained, which can contribute to the formation of an arch structure, that is, an arch or prevention of flat feet. In addition, since each toe 7 is often moved inside the shoe 5, an effect of preventing or treating hallux valgus can be expected.
 靴中敷A2の効果については、必ずしも扁平足の予防や治療だけではない。例えば、前記各足指7の内屈・伸展運動を自然に、あるいは半ば強制的に行うことができるので、すね部分の筋肉とふくらはぎ部分の筋肉の双方及び大腿部の筋肉の運動量が通常の靴装着歩行に比較して増大し、その結果エネルギー消費の増大となることから、ダイエット効果をもたらす。同時に脚力を増強するという効果ももたらす。 The effect of the shoe insole A2 is not always limited to the prevention and treatment of flat feet. For example, the inward bending / extension movement of each toe 7 can be performed naturally or semi-forcefully, so that the amount of exercise of both the shin muscle and the calf muscle and the thigh muscle is normal. Since it increases compared to walking with shoes, resulting in an increase in energy consumption, a diet effect is brought about. At the same time, it also has the effect of increasing leg strength.
 このことから、ランニングの能力の強化や足腰の鍛錬を目的としたスポーツの能力強化器具としての使用も可能である。また、前記したように、靴中敷A2を使用し歩行するだけで、自然に、あるいは半ば強制的に足裏部分、すね部分、ふくらはぎ部分及び大腿部分の筋肉群の運動を促す(又は、助長する)ことから、歩行における運動量が増大し、ダイエットやシェイプアップを目的とした靴等の履き物にも使用できる。 Therefore, it can also be used as an equipment for enhancing the ability of sports for the purpose of strengthening running ability and training of legs and legs. Further, as described above, by simply walking using the insole A2, the exercise of the muscle group of the sole part, the shin part, the calf part, and the thigh part is naturally or forcibly forced (or promoted). Therefore, the amount of exercise in walking increases, and it can be used for footwear such as shoes for dieting and shaping up.
 なお、前記靴中敷A1は、靴中敷A2と相違して切欠部3が設けられていないが、本体1が弾性変形の歪みを復元力とすることによって、靴中敷A2と同等の作用、効果を有するものである。 Unlike the shoe insole A2, the shoe insole A1 is not provided with the notch 3. However, the main body 1 has the same action as the shoe insole A2 by using the elastic deformation as a restoring force. , Have an effect.
 次に、図4及び図7を参照して、靴中敷A4の作用を説明する。
(1)靴中敷A4を靴5の内部に挿入し、靴5の靴底50の上に敷く。使用者が靴5を履くと、五本の足指全部は、各足指7の裏側の窪み71乃至足指の裏側から若干踵側に寄った足指窪みの近傍が指掛け部材13に被さるようにして掛かる(図7(a)参照)。この状態で使用者が歩行すると、靴中敷A4は次のように作用する。
Next, with reference to FIG.4 and FIG.7, the effect | action of shoe insoles A4 is demonstrated.
(1) Insert the insole A4 into the shoe 5 and place it on the sole 50 of the shoe 5. When the user puts on the shoes 5, the five toes cover the finger resting member 13 in the vicinity of the depression 71 on the back side of each toe 7 or the toe depression slightly on the heel side from the back side of the toes. (See FIG. 7A). When the user walks in this state, the shoe insole A4 acts as follows.
(2)歩行時、靴5の接地から蹴り上げまでは、各足指7には、内屈する方向へ自然に力が入り、いわゆる足ジャンケンの「グー運動」を行うことになる。各足指7が「グー運動」をすると、各足指7の末節70が指掛け部材13に強く掛かり、靴中敷A4の本体1aが縮む方向に力が作用する。本体1aは皮革製、硬質ウレタンや通常の可撓性を有しない合成樹脂等であり、この力が作用しても、撓まず若しくは殆ど撓まず、且つ、殆ど変形はしないが、その反発力によって各足指7には十分な負荷が掛かる。同時に、足指伸展(パー状態)時での指掛け部材と足裏での位置関係が前記したように各足指の窪み若しくは窪みからやや踵方向にずれた踵近傍に位置させることで、より大きな足指の運動範囲が確保され本発明の効果をより効率的に発揮することができる。無論、前記指掛け部材の位置が余りに踵方向にずらし過ぎると、「グー」状態で各足指は十分な反発力が得られなくなる。又、各足指の窪みより爪先側に位置した場合には有効な指先運動が達成されなくなる。なお、図7(b)では、本体1aの僅かな変形は、図示の便宜上あらわしていない。 (2) During walking, from the grounding of the shoe 5 to the kicking-up, each toe 7 is naturally forced in the direction of inward bending, and the so-called “foot movement” of the foot junken is performed. When each toe 7 performs “goo movement”, the end joint 70 of each toe 7 is strongly hooked on the finger hooking member 13, and a force acts in a direction in which the main body 1 a of the shoe insole A 4 contracts. The main body 1a is made of leather, hard urethane, or a normal synthetic resin that does not have flexibility. Even if this force is applied, the body 1a does not bend or hardly bends and hardly deforms. A sufficient load is applied to each toe 7. At the same time, the positional relationship between the finger-hanging member and the sole in the toe extension (par state) is larger by positioning it in the vicinity of the heel slightly shifted from the dent or dent of each toe as described above. The range of motion of the toes is ensured, and the effects of the present invention can be exhibited more efficiently. Of course, if the position of the finger-hanging member is shifted too much in the heel direction, each toe cannot obtain a sufficient repulsive force in the “goo” state. In addition, when the toes are located closer to the toes than the toes of each toe, effective fingertip movement cannot be achieved. In FIG. 7B, slight deformation of the main body 1a is not shown for convenience of illustration.
(3)また、靴5の蹴り上げから接地までは、各足指7は前記「グー」の状態から弛緩して伸展され、いわゆる足ジャンケンの「パー」状態となる(図7(a)参照)。これに伴い、各足指7により指掛け部材13に掛かっていた力は解除され、本体1aはその弾性によって元の状態に戻る。
 このように、使用者の歩行に伴って、各足指7の大きな内屈・伸展運動(グー・パー運動)を自然に、又は指掛け部材13が設けられた構造に積極的に促されるように繰り返し行うことで、前記靴中敷A2と同様に、使用者の足裏のアーチ構造を支える筋肉群が鍛えられ、アーチ構造すなわち土踏まずの形成又は扁平足の予防に寄与することができる。また、各足指7を靴5の内部でよく動かすことになるので、外反母趾の予防又は治療の効果も得られる。なお、靴中敷A4は、靴中敷A2と比較して、各足指7が動く部分の空間が大きくなるので、運動がさらに容易になり、より効果的である。
(3) Further, from the kicking up of the shoe 5 to the grounding, each toe 7 is relaxed and extended from the “goo” state to a so-called “par” state of the foot junken (see FIG. 7A). ). Along with this, the force applied to the finger hooking member 13 by each toe 7 is released, and the main body 1a returns to its original state due to its elasticity.
As described above, as the user walks, a large inward bending / extension movement (goo-par movement) of each toe 7 is naturally promoted or actively encouraged by the structure provided with the finger hooking member 13. By performing repeatedly, the muscle group which supports the arch structure of a user's sole is trained similarly to said shoe insole A2, and it can contribute to formation of an arch structure, ie, an arch, or prevention of a flat foot. Moreover, since each toe 7 is moved well inside the shoe 5, the effect of prevention or treatment of hallux valgus is also obtained. Note that the shoe insole A4 is more effective than the shoe insole A2 because the space where the toes 7 move is larger, making the movement easier.
 靴中敷A4の効果については、前記靴中敷A2と同様に、必ずしも扁平足の予防や治療だけではない。例えば、前記各足指7の内屈・伸展運動を自然に、あるいは半ば強制的に行うことができるので、すね部分の筋肉、ふくらはぎ部分の筋肉や大腿部の筋肉の強化につながり、脚力を増強するという効果も得られる。 The effect of the shoe insole A4 is not necessarily just the prevention and treatment of flat feet, like the shoe insole A2. For example, the inflection / extension movement of each toe 7 can be performed naturally or semi-forcedly, which leads to strengthening of the muscles of the shin, calf and thighs, and the leg strength. The effect of strengthening can also be obtained.
 このことから、ランニングの強化や足腰の鍛錬を目的としたスポーツの能力強化器具としての使用も可能である。また、靴中敷A4を使用し歩行するだけで、自然に、あるいは半ば強制的に足裏の筋肉群の運動を促す(又は、助長する)ことから、歩行における運動量が増大し、例えばダイエットやシェイプアップを目的とした靴等の履き物にも使用できる。 Therefore, it can also be used as an equipment for enhancing the ability of sports for the purpose of strengthening running and training of legs and legs. In addition, just by walking using the insole A4, the exercise of the muscle group of the foot is promoted (or promoted) naturally or semi-forced, so that the amount of exercise in walking increases, for example, It can also be used for footwear such as shoes for shape-up purposes.
 なお、前記靴中敷A3は、靴中敷A4とほぼ同様に使用することができる。靴中敷A3は、靴中敷A4と相違して指掛け部材13が設けられていないので、靴中敷A4と比較して指掛け部10に対する各足指の掛かりはやや劣るが、使用者が足裏に感じる違和感が少なくなるという利点もあり、全体的には靴中敷A4とほぼ同等の作用、効果を有するものである。 The insole A3 can be used in substantially the same manner as the insole A4. Unlike the shoe insole A4, the shoe insole A3 is not provided with the finger hanging member 13, so that the hook of each toe on the finger hanging portion 10 is slightly inferior to the shoe insole A4. There is also an advantage that the sense of incongruity felt on the back side is reduced, and overall, it has almost the same operation and effect as the insole A4.
 図8を参照して、本発明に係る靴Sの構造を説明する。
 履き物である靴Sは、履き物用内底である靴内底6を一体的に作り付けたものである。
靴内底6は、前記靴中敷A5とほぼ同等の構造を有している。
 なお、図8において、靴中敷A5と同一又は同等箇所には同一の符号を付して示しており、構造について重複する説明は省略する。
The structure of the shoe S according to the present invention will be described with reference to FIG.
The shoe S which is footwear is a shoe insole 6 which is an inner bottom for footwear.
The shoe inner sole 6 has a structure substantially equivalent to the shoe insole A5.
In FIG. 8, the same or equivalent portions as the insole A5 are denoted by the same reference numerals, and redundant description of the structure is omitted.
(1)使用者が靴Sを履くと、五本の足指全部は、足指の伸展状態で、各足指7の裏側の窪み71乃至は窪みから若干踵側の各足指裏側近傍が指掛け部14に被さる。この各足指7の伸展状態、つまり通常の弛緩時においては、各足指7は窪むように変形した指置き部15によって安定的に保持される(図8(a)参照)。そして、この状態で使用者が歩行すると、靴Sの靴底6は次のように作用する。尚、足裏と指掛け部14との位置関係等は、前記した靴中敷A4で説明した位置関係と同様である。 (1) When the user wears the shoes S, all five toes are in the extended state of the toes, and the depressions 71 on the back side of the toes 7 or the vicinity of the back side of each toe on the slightly heel side from the depressions Cover the finger rest 14. In the extended state of each toe 7, that is, during normal relaxation, each toe 7 is stably held by the finger rest 15 deformed so as to be depressed (see FIG. 8A). When the user walks in this state, the sole 6 of the shoe S acts as follows. The positional relationship between the soles and the finger rests 14 is the same as the positional relationship described in the above-mentioned shoe insole A4.
(2)歩行時、靴Sの接地から蹴り上げまでは、各足指7には、内屈する方向へ自然に力が入り、いわゆる足ジャンケンの「グー運動」を行うことになる。各足指7が「グー運動」をすると、指置き部15は各足指7の末節70又は指先によって圧迫されてさらに窪み、末節70は指掛け部14に掛かる。これにより、靴Sの靴底6の本体1bが縮む方向に力が作用する。本体1bは皮革製、硬質ウレタンや通常の可撓性を有しない合成樹脂等であり、この力が作用しても、撓まず、殆ど変形はしないが、その反発力によって各足指7には十分な負荷が掛かる。同時に、足指伸展(パー状態)時での指掛け部材と足裏での位置関係が前記したように各足指の窪み若しくは窪みからやや踵方向にずれた踵近傍に位置させることで、より大きな足指の運動範囲が確保され本発明の効果をより効率的に発揮することができる。無論、前記指抱え部材の位置が余りに踵方向にずらし過ぎると、「グー」状態で各足指は十分な反発力が得られなくなる。又、各足指の窪みより爪先側に位置した場合には有効な指先運動が達成されなくなる。なお、図8(b)では、本体1bの僅かな変形は、図示の便宜上あらわしていない。 (2) During walking, from the ground contact of the shoe S to the kicking-up, each toe 7 is naturally forced in the direction of inward bending, and the so-called “foot movement” of the foot junken is performed. When each toe 7 performs “goo movement”, the finger rest 15 is pressed by the end joint 70 or the fingertip of each toe 7 to be further depressed, and the end joint 70 is hooked on the finger hook 14. Thereby, force acts in the direction in which the main body 1b of the shoe sole 6 of the shoe S contracts. The main body 1b is made of leather, hard urethane, or a normal synthetic resin that does not have flexibility. Even if this force is applied, the main body 1b does not bend and hardly deforms. Sufficient load is applied. At the same time, the positional relationship between the finger-hanging member and the sole in the toe extension (par state) is larger by positioning it in the vicinity of the heel slightly shifted from the dent or dent of each toe as described above. The range of motion of the toes is ensured, and the effects of the present invention can be exhibited more efficiently. Of course, if the position of the finger holding member is shifted too much in the heel direction, each toe cannot obtain a sufficient repulsive force in the “goo” state. In addition, when the toes are located closer to the toes than the toes of each toe, effective fingertip movement cannot be achieved. In FIG. 8B, slight deformation of the main body 1b is not shown for convenience of illustration.
(3)また、靴5の蹴り上げから接地までは、各足指7は前記「グー」の状態から弛緩して伸展され、いわゆる足ジャンケンの「パー」状態となる(図8(a)参照)。これに伴い、各足指7により指掛け部14に掛かっていた力は解除され、本体1aはその弾性によって元の状態に戻る。さらに、各足指7が前記のように「グー」の状態から「パー」の状態となるときに、指置き部15の弾性(復元力)により各足指7の動きが補助される。
 尚、本体1bと指置き部15の厚みは、靴を履いた際の違和感を緩和する意味で、同一の厚みとすることが好ましい。又、厚みや指掛け部の位置、材質等に関しては靴中敷A5において記載したことと同様である。
(3) Further, from the kicking up of the shoe 5 to the grounding, each toe 7 is relaxed and extended from the “goo” state to a so-called “par” state of the foot junken (see FIG. 8A). ). Along with this, the force applied to the finger hook 14 by each toe 7 is released, and the main body 1a returns to its original state due to its elasticity. Further, when each toe 7 changes from the “goo” state to the “par” state as described above, the movement of each toe 7 is assisted by the elasticity (restoring force) of the finger placing portion 15.
In addition, it is preferable that the thickness of the main body 1b and the finger rest part 15 is the same thickness in order to relieve a sense of discomfort when wearing shoes. The thickness, the position of the finger rest, the material and the like are the same as those described in the shoe insole A5.
 このように、使用者の歩行に伴って、各足指7の大きな内屈・伸展運動(グー・パー運動)を自然に、又は指掛け部14が設けられた構造に積極的に促されるように繰り返し行うことで、前記靴中敷A2、A4と同様に、使用者の足裏のアーチ構造を支える筋肉群が鍛えられ、アーチ構造すなわち土踏まずの形成又は扁平足の予防に寄与することができる。また、各足指7を靴Sの内部でよく動かすことになるので、外反母趾の予防又は治療の効果が得られる。 As described above, as the user walks, a large inward bending / extension movement (goo-par movement) of each toe 7 is naturally promoted or actively encouraged by the structure provided with the finger-hanging portion 14. By performing repeatedly, the muscle group which supports the arch structure of a user's sole is trained similarly to said shoe insoles A2 and A4, and it can contribute to formation of an arch structure, ie, an arch, or prevention of a flat foot. Further, since each toe 7 is often moved inside the shoe S, the effect of preventing or treating hallux valgus is obtained.
 また、靴Sの効果については、前記靴中敷A2、A4と同様に、必ずしも扁平足の予防や治療だけではなく、例えば、前記各足指7の内屈・伸展運動を自然に、あるいは半ば強制的に行うことができるので、すね部分の筋肉、ふくらはぎ部分の筋肉及び大腿部の筋肉の強化につながり、脚力を増強するという効果も得られる。 As for the effects of the shoes S, as in the insoles A2 and A4, not only the prevention and treatment of flat feet, but also, for example, the inflection / extension movement of each toe 7 is naturally or semi-forced. Therefore, the muscles of the shin portion, the calf portion, and the thigh muscles are strengthened, and the leg strength is also enhanced.
 このことから、靴Sは、ランニングの強化や足腰の鍛錬を目的としたスポーツの能力強化器具としての使用も可能である。また、靴Sを履いて歩行するだけで、自然に、あるいは半ば強制的に足裏の筋肉群の運動を促す(又は、助長する)ことから、歩行における運動量が増大し、例えばダイエットやシェイプアップを目的とした靴としても使用できる。 For this reason, the shoe S can be used as a device for enhancing the ability of sports for the purpose of strengthening running and training of the legs. In addition, simply walking with shoes S naturally or half-forcedly promotes (or encourages) the exercise of muscles in the sole of the foot, increasing the amount of exercise during walking, such as dieting and shaping up. Can also be used as a shoe for the purpose.
 なお、前記靴中敷A5も、靴に入れて使用したときには、靴Sの靴底6と同様の作用、効果をあらわすことはいうまでもない。
 また、前記靴中敷A2以外の靴中敷A1、A3、A4については、A5と同様に靴底として靴に作り付けることが可能である。
Needless to say, when the shoe insole A5 is used in a shoe, it exhibits the same action and effect as the shoe sole 6 of the shoe S.
Further, the shoe insoles A1, A3, A4 other than the shoe insole A2 can be built into the shoe as a shoe sole in the same manner as A5.
 本明細書で使用している用語と表現は、あくまでも説明上のものであって、なんら限定的なものではなく、本明細書に記述された特徴およびその一部と等価の用語や表現を除外する意図はない。また、本発明の技術思想の範囲内で、種々の変形態様が可能であるということは言うまでもない。 The terms and expressions used in this specification are merely explanatory and are not limiting at all, and exclude terms and expressions equivalent to the features described in this specification and parts thereof. There is no intention to do. It goes without saying that various modifications are possible within the scope of the technical idea of the present invention.
 本発明によれば、靴の中敷(インソール)や靴底等の構造を、使用者の足指の運動、特に足によって地面を繰り返しつかむように足指を動かす足指の拡縮運動(グー・パー運動)を積極的且つ高運動量に促すことができる構造であって、歩行時において使用者が特に意識しなくても自然に足指の運動を効果的に行うことができ、扁平足の予防又は治療効果、ダイエット効果及び/又は脚筋力等の鍛錬効果が期待できる履き物用内底及び履き物を提供することができる。 According to the present invention, the structure of a shoe insole (insole), shoe sole, etc. is used to move the toes of the user, particularly toe expansion / contraction movements that move the toes so that the ground is repeatedly grabbed by the feet. (Par exercise) can be actively promoted to a high momentum, and the toe can be naturally and effectively exercised even when the user is not particularly conscious during walking. It is possible to provide an insole for footwear and footwear that can be expected to have a therapeutic effect, a diet effect, and / or a training effect such as leg strength.
 また、本発明によれば、歩行時において、足によって地面をつかむように足指を動かすときに、掛かりがあり及び/又は十分な足指の拡縮運動の空間があることから、足指の大きな運動、足指の力強い運動を促すことができ、足裏の筋肉群や上下肢の筋力を鍛える意味においても十分な効果が期待できる。 Further, according to the present invention, when the toe is moved so as to grab the ground by the foot during walking, there is a space for the toe and / or sufficient toe expansion / contraction motion. Exercise and strong toe exercise can be promoted, and a sufficient effect can be expected in the sense of strengthening muscle groups of the soles and upper and lower limbs.
A1 靴中敷、 1 本体、 2 指掛け部材、 3 切欠部、 30 孔、 4 カバー、
A2 靴中敷、 A3 靴中敷、 10 指掛け部、
A4 靴中敷、 1a 本体、 11 下層部、 12 上層部、 120 先端面、 13 指掛け部材、 130 先端面、
A5 靴中敷、 1b 本体、 14 指掛け部、 15 指置き部、 5 靴、 50 靴底、
S 靴、 6 靴底、 7 足指、 70 末節、 71 窪み
A1 shoe insole, 1 body, 2 finger hanging members, 3 notches, 30 holes, 4 covers,
A2 insoles, A3 insoles, 10 finger rests,
A4 shoe insole, 1a main body, 11 lower layer part, 12 upper layer part, 120 tip surface, 13 finger hook member, 130 tip surface,
A5 shoe insole, 1b body, 14 finger rest, 15 finger rest, 5 shoes, 50 shoe sole,
S shoes, 6 soles, 7 toes, 70 end nodes, 71 depressions

Claims (10)

  1.  扁平足の予防若しくは治療用、ダイエット用及び/又は足裏の筋肉や脚筋力の鍛錬用の履き物用内底であって、使用者が該履き物用内底を設けた履き物を履いた状態において足指の第1指(親指)から第5指(小指)までの全指が歩行時において、拡縮運動可能となる手段が講じられた、
     扁平足の予防もしくは治療用、ダイエット用及び/又は足裏の筋肉や脚筋力の鍛錬用の履き物用内底。
    An insole for footwear for the prevention or treatment of flat feet, for dieting and / or for training of muscles of the soles and leg strength, and the toes in a state where the user wears the footwear provided with the insole for footwear When all the fingers from the 1st finger (thumb) to the 5th finger (little finger) are walking, a means for enabling expansion / contraction movement was taken.
    Insole for footwear for prevention or treatment of flat feet, for diet and / or for training of muscles and leg strength of soles.
  2.  使用者が履き物用内底を設けた履き物を履いた状態において、足指の第1指(親指)から第5指(小指)までの全指が歩行時において、拡縮運動可能となる手段が、
     本体(1)の先端側に、履き物用内底を設けた履き物を使用者が履いた状態で足指の第1指から第5指までの全指の遠位指節間関節、近位指節間関節及び中手指節間関節が内屈したときに、全指の末節が掛かる指掛け部(2)が設けられている構造である、
     請求項1記載の扁平足の予防もしくは治療用、ダイエット用及び/又は足裏の筋肉や脚筋力の鍛錬用の履き物用内底。
    In a state in which the user wears footwear provided with an inner bottom for footwear, means for enabling expansion / contraction movement when all fingers from the first finger (thumb) to the fifth finger (little finger) of the toes are walking,
    The joint between the distal interphalangeal joints and proximal fingers of all fingers from the first to fifth toes of the toes with the user wearing the footwear provided with an inner bottom for footwear on the tip side of the body (1) When the internode joint and the middle interphalangeal joint are bent inwardly, it is a structure provided with a finger hooking portion (2) on which the last node of all fingers is applied,
    The insole for footwear for the prevention or treatment of flat feet according to claim 1, for diet and / or for training of muscles of the soles and leg strength.
  3.  本体(1)が可撓性又は変形性を有する材料で形成されている、
     請求項2記載の扁平足の予防もしくは治療用、ダイエット用及び/又は足裏の筋肉や脚筋力の鍛錬用の履き物用内底。
    The main body (1) is formed of a flexible or deformable material,
    The insole for footwear for prevention or treatment of flat feet according to claim 2, for dieting and / or for training muscles and leg strength of soles.
  4.  本体(1)に、長手方向への変形を助ける切欠部(3)が設けられている、
     請求項2又は3記載の扁平足の予防もしくは治療用、ダイエット用及び/又は足裏の筋肉や脚筋力の鍛錬用の履き物用内底。
    The body (1) is provided with a notch (3) that assists deformation in the longitudinal direction,
    4. An insole for footwear for preventing or treating flat feet according to claim 2 or 3, for dieting and / or for training muscles of leg soles and leg strength.
  5.  切欠部(3)が、本体(1)上面側に設けられたカバー(4)で覆われている、
     請求項4記載の扁平足の予防もしくは治療用、ダイエット用及び/又は足裏の筋肉や脚筋力の鍛錬用の履き物用内底。
    The notch (3) is covered with a cover (4) provided on the upper surface side of the main body (1),
    5. An insole for footwear for preventing or treating flat feet according to claim 4, for dieting and / or for training muscles of leg soles and leg strength.
  6.  使用者が履き物用内底を設けた履き物を履いた状態において、足指の第1指(親指)から第5指(小指)までの全指が歩行時において、拡縮運動可能となる手段が、
     本体の形状を先端側の一部を切除した形状の履き物用内底又は成型して同形状様の履き物用内底とすることにより、足指部分が乗る部分と足指以外の足裏部分が乗る部分との間に、足指部分が窪み側に位置するよう段差を設けた構造である、
     請求項1記載の扁平足の予防もしくは治療用、ダイエット用及び/又は足裏の筋肉や脚筋力の鍛錬用の履き物用内底。
    In a state in which the user wears footwear provided with an inner bottom for footwear, means for enabling expansion / contraction movement when all fingers from the first finger (thumb) to the fifth finger (little finger) of the toes are walking,
    By forming the shape of the main body into an insole for footwear with a part of the tip side cut or molded into an insole for footwear of the same shape, the part where the toe part rides and the sole part other than the toe It is a structure in which a step is provided between the riding part and the toe part located on the depression side.
    The insole for footwear for the prevention or treatment of flat feet according to claim 1, for diet and / or for training of muscles of the soles and leg strength.
  7.  本体(1)の先端部に指掛け部(13)が設けられている、
     請求項6記載の扁平足の予防もしくは治療用、ダイエット用及び/又は足裏の筋肉や脚筋力の鍛錬用の履き物用内底。
    A finger hook (13) is provided at the tip of the main body (1).
    The insole for footwear for prevention or treatment of a flat foot according to claim 6, for dieting and / or for training muscles and leg strength of the soles.
  8.  段差の窪みとなる部分に、足指の拡縮運動の際に、足指を内屈させる動作に支障を来さないで、且つ足指の伸展時において、靴装着時である元の形状に復元される柔らかさの指置き部(15)が設けられている、
     請求項6又は7に記載の扁平足の予防もしくは治療用、ダイエット用及び/又は足裏の筋肉や脚筋力の鍛錬用の履き物用内底。
    When the toes are expanded or contracted in the stepped depressions, the toes are bent inwardly, and when the toes are extended, they are restored to their original shape when wearing shoes. A soft finger holder (15) is provided,
    The insole for footwear for the prevention or treatment of flat feet according to claim 6 or 7, for diet and / or for training of muscles of the soles or leg strength.
  9.  請求項1乃至8に記載の扁平足の予防もしくは治療用、ダイエット用及び/又は足裏の筋肉や脚筋力の鍛錬用の履き物用内底として使用される、
     中敷。
    It is used as an insole for footwear for the prevention or treatment of flat feet according to claim 1, for dieting and / or for training of muscles of the soles and leg strength.
    Insole.
  10.  請求項1乃至8に記載の扁平足の予防もしくは治療用、ダイエット用及び/又は足裏の筋肉や脚筋力の鍛錬用の履き物用内底を一体に作り付けた、
     履き物。
    The insole for footwear for preventing or treating flat feet according to claim 1 to 8, for dieting and / or for training of muscles of the soles and leg muscle strength, is integrally formed.
    footwear.
PCT/JP2010/070167 2009-11-13 2010-11-12 Footwear insole and footwear for preventing or treating flat-foot, reducing weight and/or training plantar muscle or enhancing leg muscle strength WO2011059045A1 (en)

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US20160278387A1 (en) * 2013-10-04 2016-09-29 Morishita Jintan Co., Ltd. Seamless capsule for extermination of harmful insects
JP2017077381A (en) * 2015-10-21 2017-04-27 大貴 山口 Insole for improving force/power exerted by lower extremity
JP2017148321A (en) * 2016-02-25 2017-08-31 株式会社Dc insole
JP2019010370A (en) * 2017-06-30 2019-01-24 株式会社いきいき堂 insole
JPWO2020213204A1 (en) * 2019-04-15 2020-10-22
JP2021168910A (en) * 2020-04-14 2021-10-28 幹雄 斉藤 Footwear

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JPS6021701A (en) * 1983-07-18 1985-02-04 Shingo Motoda Foot engaging body of footwear
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JPS6021701A (en) * 1983-07-18 1985-02-04 Shingo Motoda Foot engaging body of footwear
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JPH0379704U (en) * 1989-12-05 1991-08-14
JPH11123102A (en) * 1997-10-23 1999-05-11 Ballerian Shoes Kk Insole structure for shoe
JP2000004902A (en) * 1998-06-23 2000-01-11 Agano:Kk Spontaneous muscle strengthening footgear
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Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20160278387A1 (en) * 2013-10-04 2016-09-29 Morishita Jintan Co., Ltd. Seamless capsule for extermination of harmful insects
AU2014330319B2 (en) * 2013-10-04 2017-09-14 Kyoto University Seamless capsule for extermination of harmful insects
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JP2017077381A (en) * 2015-10-21 2017-04-27 大貴 山口 Insole for improving force/power exerted by lower extremity
JP2017148321A (en) * 2016-02-25 2017-08-31 株式会社Dc insole
JP2019010370A (en) * 2017-06-30 2019-01-24 株式会社いきいき堂 insole
JPWO2020213204A1 (en) * 2019-04-15 2020-10-22
WO2020213204A1 (en) * 2019-04-15 2020-10-22 Sk8Insoll株式会社 Insole and shoe
JP2021168910A (en) * 2020-04-14 2021-10-28 幹雄 斉藤 Footwear
JP7122427B2 (en) 2020-04-14 2022-08-19 幹雄 斉藤 footwear.

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