WO2010090333A1 - Power supply system for moving body, and moving body - Google Patents

Power supply system for moving body, and moving body Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2010090333A1
WO2010090333A1 PCT/JP2010/051890 JP2010051890W WO2010090333A1 WO 2010090333 A1 WO2010090333 A1 WO 2010090333A1 JP 2010051890 W JP2010051890 W JP 2010051890W WO 2010090333 A1 WO2010090333 A1 WO 2010090333A1
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Prior art keywords
power
power supply
control
receiving
arrangement
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PCT/JP2010/051890
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French (fr)
Japanese (ja)
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順 植村
重光 鳥山
正明 長瀬
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マスプロ電工株式会社
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Priority to JP2009-027560 priority Critical
Priority to JP2009027560A priority patent/JP2010183804A/en
Application filed by マスプロ電工株式会社 filed Critical マスプロ電工株式会社
Publication of WO2010090333A1 publication Critical patent/WO2010090333A1/en

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LPROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; SUPPLYING ELECTRIC POWER FOR AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; MONITORING OPERATING VARIABLES OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRIC SAFETY DEVICES FOR ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES
    • B60L53/00Methods of charging batteries, specially adapted for electric vehicles; Charging stations or on-board charging equipment therefor; Exchange of energy storage elements in electric vehicles
    • B60L53/10Methods of charging batteries, specially adapted for electric vehicles; Charging stations or on-board charging equipment therefor; Exchange of energy storage elements in electric vehicles characterised by the energy transfer between the charging station and the vehicle
    • B60L53/12Inductive energy transfer
    • B60L53/122Circuits or methods for driving the primary coil, e.g. supplying electric power to the coil
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LPROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; SUPPLYING ELECTRIC POWER FOR AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; MONITORING OPERATING VARIABLES OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRIC SAFETY DEVICES FOR ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES
    • B60L50/00Electric propulsion with power supplied within the vehicle
    • B60L50/50Electric propulsion with power supplied within the vehicle using propulsion power supplied by batteries or fuel cells
    • B60L50/60Electric propulsion with power supplied within the vehicle using propulsion power supplied by batteries or fuel cells using power supplied by batteries
    • B60L50/66Arrangements of batteries
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LPROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; SUPPLYING ELECTRIC POWER FOR AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; MONITORING OPERATING VARIABLES OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRIC SAFETY DEVICES FOR ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES
    • B60L53/00Methods of charging batteries, specially adapted for electric vehicles; Charging stations or on-board charging equipment therefor; Exchange of energy storage elements in electric vehicles
    • B60L53/10Methods of charging batteries, specially adapted for electric vehicles; Charging stations or on-board charging equipment therefor; Exchange of energy storage elements in electric vehicles characterised by the energy transfer between the charging station and the vehicle
    • B60L53/12Inductive energy transfer
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LPROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; SUPPLYING ELECTRIC POWER FOR AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; MONITORING OPERATING VARIABLES OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRIC SAFETY DEVICES FOR ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES
    • B60L53/00Methods of charging batteries, specially adapted for electric vehicles; Charging stations or on-board charging equipment therefor; Exchange of energy storage elements in electric vehicles
    • B60L53/10Methods of charging batteries, specially adapted for electric vehicles; Charging stations or on-board charging equipment therefor; Exchange of energy storage elements in electric vehicles characterised by the energy transfer between the charging station and the vehicle
    • B60L53/12Inductive energy transfer
    • B60L53/126Methods for pairing a vehicle and a charging station, e.g. establishing a one-to-one relation between a wireless power transmitter and a wireless power receiver
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LPROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; SUPPLYING ELECTRIC POWER FOR AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; MONITORING OPERATING VARIABLES OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRIC SAFETY DEVICES FOR ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES
    • B60L53/00Methods of charging batteries, specially adapted for electric vehicles; Charging stations or on-board charging equipment therefor; Exchange of energy storage elements in electric vehicles
    • B60L53/30Constructional details of charging stations
    • B60L53/35Means for automatic or assisted adjustment of the relative position of charging devices and vehicles
    • B60L53/38Means for automatic or assisted adjustment of the relative position of charging devices and vehicles specially adapted for charging by inductive energy transfer
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LPROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; SUPPLYING ELECTRIC POWER FOR AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; MONITORING OPERATING VARIABLES OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRIC SAFETY DEVICES FOR ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES
    • B60L53/00Methods of charging batteries, specially adapted for electric vehicles; Charging stations or on-board charging equipment therefor; Exchange of energy storage elements in electric vehicles
    • B60L53/30Constructional details of charging stations
    • B60L53/35Means for automatic or assisted adjustment of the relative position of charging devices and vehicles
    • B60L53/38Means for automatic or assisted adjustment of the relative position of charging devices and vehicles specially adapted for charging by inductive energy transfer
    • B60L53/39Means for automatic or assisted adjustment of the relative position of charging devices and vehicles specially adapted for charging by inductive energy transfer with position-responsive activation of primary coils
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LPROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; SUPPLYING ELECTRIC POWER FOR AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; MONITORING OPERATING VARIABLES OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRIC SAFETY DEVICES FOR ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES
    • B60L58/00Methods or circuit arrangements for monitoring or controlling batteries or fuel cells, specially adapted for electric vehicles
    • B60L58/10Methods or circuit arrangements for monitoring or controlling batteries or fuel cells, specially adapted for electric vehicles for monitoring or controlling batteries
    • B60L58/18Methods or circuit arrangements for monitoring or controlling batteries or fuel cells, specially adapted for electric vehicles for monitoring or controlling batteries of two or more battery modules
    • B60L58/20Methods or circuit arrangements for monitoring or controlling batteries or fuel cells, specially adapted for electric vehicles for monitoring or controlling batteries of two or more battery modules having different nominal voltages
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02JCIRCUIT ARRANGEMENTS OR SYSTEMS FOR SUPPLYING OR DISTRIBUTING ELECTRIC POWER; SYSTEMS FOR STORING ELECTRIC ENERGY
    • H02J50/00Circuit arrangements or systems for wireless supply or distribution of electric power
    • H02J50/10Circuit arrangements or systems for wireless supply or distribution of electric power using inductive coupling
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02JCIRCUIT ARRANGEMENTS OR SYSTEMS FOR SUPPLYING OR DISTRIBUTING ELECTRIC POWER; SYSTEMS FOR STORING ELECTRIC ENERGY
    • H02J50/00Circuit arrangements or systems for wireless supply or distribution of electric power
    • H02J50/80Circuit arrangements or systems for wireless supply or distribution of electric power involving the exchange of data, concerning supply or distribution of electric power, between transmitting devices and receiving devices
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02JCIRCUIT ARRANGEMENTS OR SYSTEMS FOR SUPPLYING OR DISTRIBUTING ELECTRIC POWER; SYSTEMS FOR STORING ELECTRIC ENERGY
    • H02J50/00Circuit arrangements or systems for wireless supply or distribution of electric power
    • H02J50/90Circuit arrangements or systems for wireless supply or distribution of electric power involving detection or optimisation of position, e.g. alignment
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02JCIRCUIT ARRANGEMENTS OR SYSTEMS FOR SUPPLYING OR DISTRIBUTING ELECTRIC POWER; SYSTEMS FOR STORING ELECTRIC ENERGY
    • H02J7/00Circuit arrangements for charging or depolarising batteries or for supplying loads from batteries
    • H02J7/00032Circuit arrangements for charging or depolarising batteries or for supplying loads from batteries characterised by data exchange
    • H02J7/00034Charger exchanging data with an electronic device, i.e. telephone, whose internal battery is under charge
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02JCIRCUIT ARRANGEMENTS OR SYSTEMS FOR SUPPLYING OR DISTRIBUTING ELECTRIC POWER; SYSTEMS FOR STORING ELECTRIC ENERGY
    • H02J7/00Circuit arrangements for charging or depolarising batteries or for supplying loads from batteries
    • H02J7/02Circuit arrangements for charging or depolarising batteries or for supplying loads from batteries for charging batteries from ac mains by converters
    • H02J7/022Circuit arrangements for charging or depolarising batteries or for supplying loads from batteries for charging batteries from ac mains by converters characterised by the type of converter
    • H02J7/025Circuit arrangements for charging or depolarising batteries or for supplying loads from batteries for charging batteries from ac mains by converters characterised by the type of converter using non-contact coupling, e.g. inductive, capacitive
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LPROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; SUPPLYING ELECTRIC POWER FOR AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; MONITORING OPERATING VARIABLES OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRIC SAFETY DEVICES FOR ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES
    • B60L2240/00Control parameters of input or output; Target parameters
    • B60L2240/10Vehicle control parameters
    • B60L2240/30Parking brake position
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LPROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; SUPPLYING ELECTRIC POWER FOR AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; MONITORING OPERATING VARIABLES OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRIC SAFETY DEVICES FOR ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES
    • B60L2240/00Control parameters of input or output; Target parameters
    • B60L2240/40Drive Train control parameters
    • B60L2240/54Drive Train control parameters related to batteries
    • B60L2240/545Temperature
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LPROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; SUPPLYING ELECTRIC POWER FOR AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; MONITORING OPERATING VARIABLES OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRIC SAFETY DEVICES FOR ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES
    • B60L2240/00Control parameters of input or output; Target parameters
    • B60L2240/40Drive Train control parameters
    • B60L2240/54Drive Train control parameters related to batteries
    • B60L2240/547Voltage
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LPROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; SUPPLYING ELECTRIC POWER FOR AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; MONITORING OPERATING VARIABLES OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRIC SAFETY DEVICES FOR ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES
    • B60L2240/00Control parameters of input or output; Target parameters
    • B60L2240/40Drive Train control parameters
    • B60L2240/54Drive Train control parameters related to batteries
    • B60L2240/549Current
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LPROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; SUPPLYING ELECTRIC POWER FOR AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; MONITORING OPERATING VARIABLES OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRIC SAFETY DEVICES FOR ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES
    • B60L2250/00Driver interactions
    • B60L2250/16Driver interactions by display
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LPROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; SUPPLYING ELECTRIC POWER FOR AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; MONITORING OPERATING VARIABLES OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRIC SAFETY DEVICES FOR ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES
    • B60L2270/00Problem solutions or means not otherwise provided for
    • B60L2270/30Preventing theft during charging
    • B60L2270/34Preventing theft during charging of parts
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LPROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; SUPPLYING ELECTRIC POWER FOR AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; MONITORING OPERATING VARIABLES OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRIC SAFETY DEVICES FOR ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES
    • B60L2270/00Problem solutions or means not otherwise provided for
    • B60L2270/30Preventing theft during charging
    • B60L2270/36Preventing theft during charging of vehicles
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02JCIRCUIT ARRANGEMENTS OR SYSTEMS FOR SUPPLYING OR DISTRIBUTING ELECTRIC POWER; SYSTEMS FOR STORING ELECTRIC ENERGY
    • H02J7/00Circuit arrangements for charging or depolarising batteries or for supplying loads from batteries
    • H02J7/0042Circuit arrangements for charging or depolarising batteries or for supplying loads from batteries characterised by the mechanical construction
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T10/00Road transport of goods or passengers
    • Y02T10/60Other road transportation technologies with climate change mitigation effect
    • Y02T10/70Energy storage systems for electromobility, e.g. batteries
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T10/00Road transport of goods or passengers
    • Y02T10/60Other road transportation technologies with climate change mitigation effect
    • Y02T10/7072Electromobility specific charging systems or methods for batteries, ultracapacitors, supercapacitors or double-layer capacitors
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T90/00Enabling technologies or technologies with a potential or indirect contribution to GHG emissions mitigation
    • Y02T90/10Technologies relating to charging of electric vehicles
    • Y02T90/12Electric charging stations
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T90/00Enabling technologies or technologies with a potential or indirect contribution to GHG emissions mitigation
    • Y02T90/10Technologies relating to charging of electric vehicles
    • Y02T90/14Plug-in electric vehicles

Abstract

A power supply system for a moving body has a moving body that is equipped with a power reception device, which comprises a power reception side transmission means that transmits at least a charge request signal that indicates the need for charging, a power reception means that is capable of receiving power without contact and a storage means that stores the power received by said power reception means, and a power supply device, which comprises a power supply means that is provided on a vehicle base where the aforementioned moving body is mounted and supplies power without contact at least to the aforementioned power reception means, a power supply side reception means that receives the charge request signal transmitted from the aforementioned power reception side transmission means, and a power supply side system control means that performs control such that power can be supplied from the aforementioned power supply means to the aforementioned power reception means in response to the aforementioned charge request signal. The system is configured such that when the aforementioned moving body is parked on the aforementioned vehicle base where the aforementioned power supply device is provided and the aforementioned power supply means and the aforementioned power reception means are facing each other, the positions of the aforementioned power supply means and the aforementioned power reception means have two arrangement states, namely, a first arrangement which is the state before the power is supplied and a second arrangement which is the state when the power is supplied.

Description

移動体の電力供給システム,及び,移動体Mobile power supply system and mobile body
 本発明は,主に移動体の電力供給システムに利用される技術に関し,詳しくは,電力供給効率のきわめて優れた,非接触による移動体の電力供給システムと,その移動体に関する。 The present invention relates to a technique mainly used for a power supply system of a mobile body, and more particularly, to a non-contact power supply system of a mobile body with extremely excellent power supply efficiency and the mobile body.
 一般的に,移動体の代表例としての電気自動車は,当該電気自動車に備えられたバッテリに対する充電を行う際に,充電器が備えられている施設において,充電器のケーブルのコネクタを電気自動車に備えられているコネクタに差込んで充電する必要があり,そのための手間が面倒であった。そこで従来技術ではこの点に着目し,自動車を搭載する車両台に交流電力の供給によって所定電力の磁束を発生させる,給電手段としての一次コイルを設け,自動車側には,前記一次コイルからの磁束を受けて所定電力の磁束を発生させる,受電手段としての二次コイルと,当該二次コイルに発生する磁束に対応した電力で蓄電するバッテリを備えさせ,しかも,自動車が所定場所に位置しているときに,前記バッテリの容量が低下していれば,自動的に充電ができるように構成された,非接触による自動車の充電システムが提供されている。
 この自動車の給電システムによると,コイルを使った電磁誘導による非接触の給電方式で構成されており,しかも,例えば,予め決められたパーキングに車を駐車させるだけで充電を開始できることから,給電に係る準備等の必要がなく,その利便性は良い。
In general, an electric vehicle as a representative example of a mobile object is configured such that when charging a battery provided in the electric vehicle, the connector of the charger cable is connected to the electric vehicle in a facility equipped with the charger. It was necessary to insert the connector into the connector and charge it, which was troublesome. Therefore, in the prior art, paying attention to this point, a primary coil is provided as a power supply means for generating a magnetic flux of a predetermined power by supplying AC power to a vehicle base on which the automobile is mounted, and the magnetic flux from the primary coil is provided on the automobile side. And a secondary coil as a power receiving means for generating a magnetic flux of a predetermined power and a battery for storing electricity with electric power corresponding to the magnetic flux generated in the secondary coil, and the automobile is located at a predetermined location. There is provided a non-contact vehicle charging system configured to automatically charge the battery if the capacity of the battery is low.
This automobile power supply system is configured with a non-contact power supply method using electromagnetic induction using a coil, and for example, charging can be started simply by parking the car in a predetermined parking space. There is no need for such preparations, and its convenience is good.
特開平8-126120号公報JP-A-8-126120
 ところが,従来技術のような非接触による自動車の充電システムでは,一次コイルが備えられるパーキング等の路面と,二次コイルが備えられる自動車の底面との間の間隔が,自動車によって決まってしまい,その空間を隔てた電磁誘導では,二次コイル側に誘起される電力の変換効率は必ずしも良いものでは無いといった問題があった。更に加えて,自動車をパーキングに駐車したときの停め方によっては,一次コイルと二次コイルとが正対せず,一次コイルと二次コイルの位置が,最も効率が良くなる状態からズレたままで給電が始まる場合があり,その点においても電力の変換効率を適正に保つことができない場合が考えられる。そのため,従来技術のような非接触による自動車の給電システムでは,充電時間が長時間必要となるといった問題があった。また,これに対応するために,一次コイル及び二次コイルを大きくしたり,パワーアップしたりする方法も考えられるが,装置が大きくなることによって,車に搭載し難くなったり,コストがアップしたりするといった問題があった。 However, in a non-contact automobile charging system such as the prior art, the distance between the road surface of the parking etc. provided with the primary coil and the automobile bottom provided with the secondary coil is determined by the automobile. In the electromagnetic induction across the space, there is a problem that the conversion efficiency of the power induced on the secondary coil side is not always good. In addition, depending on how the vehicle is parked, the primary coil and the secondary coil may not face each other, and the primary and secondary coils may be displaced from the most efficient state. In some cases, power supply may start, and even in this respect, the power conversion efficiency may not be maintained properly. For this reason, the non-contact automobile power supply system as in the prior art has a problem that a long charging time is required. In order to cope with this, a method of enlarging the primary coil and the secondary coil or increasing the power can be considered. However, as the device becomes larger, it becomes difficult to install in the vehicle and the cost increases. There was a problem such as.
 そこで本願においては,こうした問題点を解決するためになされたものであり,
 その目的は,効率の良い,非接触式の移動体の給電システムを提供することにある。
 他の目的は,安全に使用できる,非接触式の移動体の給電システムを提供することにある。
Therefore, in this application, it was made to solve these problems.
The purpose is to provide an efficient non-contact type mobile power supply system.
Another object is to provide a contactless mobile power supply system that can be used safely.
 他の目的は,省エネルギーとなる,非接触式の移動体の給電システムを提供することにある。
 他の目的は,車をラフに停めて,給電手段(一次コイル)と受電手段(二次コイル)が正対しなくても,自動的に,常に最適な効率で給電できる,非接触式の移動体の給電システムを提供することにある。
Another object is to provide a non-contact type mobile power supply system that saves energy.
The other purpose is a non-contact type movement that can automatically supply power with optimum efficiency automatically even if the vehicle is stopped roughly and the power supply means (primary coil) and the power reception means (secondary coil) do not face each other. It is to provide a body power supply system.
 上記課題を解決するために,本発明の第1局面は,少なくとも,充電を必要とすることを示すための充電希望信号を送信する受電側送信手段と,非接触で電力の供給を受けることが可能な受電手段と,該受電手段で受電した電力を蓄電するための蓄電手段と,からなる電力受電装置を具備した移動体と,
 前記移動体を搭載する車両台側に設けられ,少なくとも,前記受電手段に対して非接触で電力を供給する給電手段と,前記受電側送信手段から送信される充電希望信号を受信する給電側受信手段と,前記充電希望信号に応じて,前記給電手段から前記受電手段に電力の供給を行うことができるように制御する給電側システム制御手段と,からなる電力給電装置と,
を備えてなる移動体の電力供給システムにおいて,
 前記移動体を前記電力給電装置が備えられた前記車両台に止め,前記給電手段と前記受電手段を対向させた状態で,前記給電手段と前記受電手段の位置が,給電前の状態である第1の配置と,給電時における第2の配置の,2様の配設状態を有するように構成した。
In order to solve the above-mentioned problem, the first aspect of the present invention is to receive power supply in a contactless manner with at least a power receiving side transmitting means for transmitting a charge request signal for indicating that charging is required. A movable body equipped with a power receiving device comprising: a possible power receiving means; and a power storage means for storing the power received by the power receiving means;
Power supply means provided on the vehicle platform side on which the moving body is mounted and supplies power to the power reception means in a non-contact manner, and power supply side reception for receiving a charge request signal transmitted from the power reception side transmission means A power feeding device comprising: a power supply side system control means for controlling the power supply means to supply power to the power receiving means in response to the charging request signal;
In a mobile power supply system comprising:
The movable body is stopped on the vehicle stand provided with the power feeding device, and the power feeding means and the power receiving means are in a state before feeding, with the power feeding means and the power receiving means facing each other. There are two arrangement states, one arrangement and a second arrangement during power feeding.
 本発明の第2局面は,本発明の第1局面の移動体の電力供給システムにおいて,
 前記受電手段と前記給電手段の配設位置を切替えるための手段であって,制御信号に基づいて,両手段の配設位置を,前記第1の配置にするか,前記第2の配置にするかの,何れか一方の配置に切替えるための可動手段を前記給電手段に備えさせ,
 前記給電側システム制御手段は,前記受電側送信手段から送信される充電希望信号に応じて,前記給電手段から前記受電手段に電力の供給を行うための駆動信号を出力するばかりで無く,更に,前記可動手段に対して,配設位置の切替えを行う前記制御信号を出力するように構成されており,
 前記給電側システム制御手段は,前記充電希望信号を受けていないと判定したなら,前記駆動信号を出力せず,前記給電手段から前記受電手段に電力の供給を行わないように制御すると共に,前記制御信号を前記可動手段に対して出力することによって,前記受電手段と前記給電手段との位置を,前記第1の配置に配設し,
 また,前記給電側システム制御手段は,前記充電希望信号を受けたと判定したなら,前記駆動信号を出力して,前記給電手段から前記受電手段に電力の供給を行うように制御すると共に,前記制御信号を前記可動手段に対して出力することによって,前記受電手段と前記給電手段との位置を,前記第2の配置に配設するように構成した。
According to a second aspect of the present invention, there is provided a mobile power supply system according to the first aspect of the present invention.
A means for switching the arrangement positions of the power receiving means and the power supply means, and the arrangement positions of both means are set to the first arrangement or the second arrangement based on a control signal. Movable means for switching to any one of the arrangements is provided in the power supply means,
The power supply side system control means not only outputs a drive signal for supplying power from the power supply means to the power reception means in response to a charge request signal transmitted from the power reception side transmission means, It is configured to output the control signal for switching the arrangement position to the movable means,
If it is determined that the power supply side system control means has not received the charging request signal, the power supply side system control means does not output the drive signal and performs control so as not to supply power from the power supply means to the power receiving means. By outputting a control signal to the movable means, the positions of the power receiving means and the power feeding means are arranged in the first arrangement,
In addition, when it is determined that the power supply side system control means has received the charge request signal, the drive signal is output, and control is performed so that power is supplied from the power supply means to the power reception means. By outputting a signal to the movable means, the positions of the power receiving means and the power feeding means are arranged in the second arrangement.
 本発明の第3局面は,本発明の第2局面の移動体の電力供給システムにおいて,前記可動手段は,前記給電側システム制御手段から出力される制御信号によって,前記受電手段と前記給電手段との位置を,前記第2の配置に配設するばかりで無く,更に,前記給電手段を,該給電手段がなす平面に平行な方向の所定の範囲内における,任意の座標を有した第3の配置に配設可能に構成されており,
 加えて,前記電力給電装置は,前記給電側システム制御手段から出力される制御信号を送信する給電側送信装置を備えており,
 更に,前記電力受電装置は,前記給電側システム制御手段からの前記制御信号を受信する受電側受信手段と,前記制御信号に基づいて,前記給電手段を前記所定の範囲内で該給電手段がなす平面に平行な方向に移動させたときの任意の座標における位置データと,当該座標における,前記受電手段で受電した電力の大きさを記憶すると共に,前記任意の位置とは異なる座標における位置データと前記受電手段で受電した電力の大きさを記憶し,それぞれの座標における電力の大きさの比較・判定を,前記所定の範囲内で座標を所定の間隔で変えながら繰り返し行うことによって,前記受電手段で受電した電力の大きさが最大となる前記給電手段の位置を判別し,その位置が判別したなら,その位置データを前記給電手段の最適位置情報として出力する受電側システム制御手段を備え,当該最適位置情報を,前記受電側送信手段を介して最適位置制御信号として送出するように構成することによって,
 前記給電側システム制御手段は,前記最適位置制御信号を受けたなら,当該最適位置制御信号に応じた制御信号を前記可動手段に対して出力することによって,前記給電手段は,前記受電手段で受電した電力の大きさが最大となる座標である,前記第3の配置に配設されるように構成した。
According to a third aspect of the present invention, in the power supply system for a moving body according to the second aspect of the present invention, the movable unit is configured to control the power reception unit, the power supply unit, and the power supply unit according to a control signal output from the power supply side system control unit. The third position having an arbitrary coordinate within a predetermined range in a direction parallel to the plane formed by the power supply means is also provided. It is configured to be distributable to the arrangement,
In addition, the power supply device includes a power supply side transmission device that transmits a control signal output from the power supply side system control means,
Further, the power receiving device includes: a power receiving side receiving means for receiving the control signal from the power feeding side system control means; and the power feeding means within the predetermined range based on the control signal. Stores position data at an arbitrary coordinate when moved in a direction parallel to a plane, the magnitude of power received by the power receiving means at the coordinate, and position data at a coordinate different from the arbitrary position; The power receiving means stores the magnitude of power received by the power receiving means, and repeatedly performs comparison / determination of the power magnitude at each coordinate while changing the coordinates at predetermined intervals within the predetermined range. If the position of the power feeding means that maximizes the amount of power received in step 1 is determined and the position is determined, the position data is used as the optimum position information of the power feeding means. Comprising a receiving-side system control means for force, by the optimum position information, configured to deliver the optimum position control signal through the receiving side transmission unit,
When the power feeding side system control means receives the optimum position control signal, the power feeding means outputs power to the movable means by outputting a control signal corresponding to the optimum position control signal to the movable means. The power is arranged in the third arrangement, which is the coordinate at which the magnitude of the electric power becomes the maximum.
 本発明の第4局面は,本発明の第1局面の移動体の電力供給システムにおいて,
 前記受電手段と前記給電手段の配設位置を切替えるための手段であって,制御信号に基づいて,両手段の配設位置を,第1の配置にするか,第2の配置にするかの,何れか一方の配置に切替えるための可動手段を前記受電手段に備えさせ,
 前記給電側システム制御手段は,前記送信手段から送信される充電希望信号に応じて,前記給電手段から前記受電手段に電力の供給を行うための駆動信号を出力ばかりで無く,更に,前記充電希望信号に応じた応答信号を出力するように構成されており,
 加えて,前記電力給電装置は,前記給電側システム制御手段からの前記応答信号を送信する給電側送信手段を備え,
 更に,前記電力受電装置は,前記給電側送信手段から送られてくる前記応答信号を受信する受電側受信手段と,当該応答信号に応じて,前記可動手段に対して前記制御信号を出力する受電側システム制御手段を備え,
 前記給電側システム制御手段は,前記充電希望信号を受けていないと判定したなら,前記駆動信号を出力せず,前記給電手段から前記受電手段に電力の供給を行わないように制御すると共に,前記応答信号を出力しないように構成されており,しかも,前記受電側システム制御手段は,前記給電側システム制御手段からの前記応答信号が無いことを受けて,前記制御信号を前記可動手段に対して出力することによって,前記受電手段と前記給電手段との位置を,前記第1の配置に配設し,
 また,前記給電側システム制御手段は,前記充電希望信号を受けたと判定したなら,前記駆動信号を出力して,前記給電手段から前記受電手段に電力の供給を行うように制御すると共に,前記応答信号を出力するように構成されており,しかも,前記受電側システム制御手段は,前記給電側システム制御手段からの前記応答信号を受けて,前記制御信号を前記可動手段に対して出力することによって,前記受電手段と前記給電手段との位置を,前記第2の配置に配設するように構成した。
According to a fourth aspect of the present invention, there is provided a mobile power supply system according to the first aspect of the present invention.
A means for switching the arrangement positions of the power reception means and the power supply means, and whether the arrangement positions of both means are set to the first arrangement or the second arrangement based on a control signal. , The power receiving means is provided with movable means for switching to any one of the arrangements,
The power supply side system control means outputs not only a drive signal for supplying power from the power supply means to the power receiving means in response to the charge request signal transmitted from the transmission means, but also the charge request. It is configured to output a response signal according to the signal,
In addition, the power supply apparatus includes power supply side transmission means for transmitting the response signal from the power supply side system control means,
In addition, the power receiving device receives the response signal transmitted from the power supply side transmitting unit, and receives the response signal from the power receiving unit, and outputs the control signal to the movable unit according to the response signal. Side system control means,
If it is determined that the power supply side system control means has not received the charging request signal, the power supply side system control means does not output the drive signal and performs control so as not to supply power from the power supply means to the power receiving means. In response to the absence of the response signal from the power supply side system control means, the power receiving side system control means sends the control signal to the movable means. By outputting, the positions of the power receiving means and the power feeding means are arranged in the first arrangement,
Further, if the power supply side system control means determines that it has received the charge request signal, it outputs the drive signal to control power supply from the power supply means to the power reception means, and the response The power receiving side system control means receives the response signal from the power feeding side system control means and outputs the control signal to the movable means. The power receiving unit and the power feeding unit are arranged in the second arrangement.
 本発明の第5局面は,本発明の第4局面の移動体の電力供給システムにおいて,前記可動手段は,前記応答信号に応じて前記受電側システム制御手段から出力される制御信号によって,前記受電手段と前記給電手段との位置を,前記第2の配置に配設するばかりで無く,更に,前記受電手段を,該受電手段がなす平面に平行な方向の所定の範囲内における,任意の座標を有した第3の配置に制御可能に構成されており,
 しかも,前記受電側システム制御手段は,前記制御信号を出力するばかりでなく,前記制御信号に基づいて,前記受電手段を前記所定の範囲内で該受電手段がなす平面に平行な方向に移動させたときの任意の座標における位置データと,当該座標における,前記受電手段で受電した電力の大きさを記憶するとともに,前記任意の位置とは異なる座標における位置データと前記受電手段で受電した電力の大きさを記憶し,それぞれの座標における電力の大きさの比較・判定を,前記所定の範囲内で座標を所定の間隔で変えながら繰り返し行うことによって,前記受電手段で受電した電力の大きさが最大となる前記給電手段の位置を判別し,その位置が判別したなら,その位置データを前記給電手段の最適位置制御信号として前記可動手段に対して出力するように構成することによって,
 前記受電手段は,前記可動手段によって,前記受電手段で受電した電力の大きさが最大となる座標である,前記第3の配置に配設されるように構成したものである。
According to a fifth aspect of the present invention, in the mobile power supply system according to the fourth aspect of the present invention, the movable means receives the power reception by a control signal output from the power receiving side system control means in response to the response signal. In addition to arranging the position of the power supply means and the power supply means in the second arrangement, the power reception means is further arranged at an arbitrary coordinate within a predetermined range in a direction parallel to the plane formed by the power reception means. And is configured to be controllable in a third arrangement having
Moreover, the power receiving side system control means not only outputs the control signal but also moves the power receiving means within the predetermined range in a direction parallel to the plane formed by the power receiving means based on the control signal. The position data at an arbitrary coordinate and the magnitude of the power received by the power receiving means at the coordinate, and the position data at a coordinate different from the arbitrary position and the power received by the power receiving means. The magnitude of the power received by the power receiving means is stored by repeatedly storing and comparing the magnitudes of the power at the respective coordinates while changing the coordinates at predetermined intervals within the predetermined range. When the position of the power supply means that is the maximum is determined and the position is determined, the position data is transmitted to the movable means as the optimum position control signal of the power supply means. By configured to output,
The power receiving means is configured to be arranged in the third arrangement, which is a coordinate at which the magnitude of the power received by the power receiving means is maximized by the movable means.
 本発明の第6局面は,本発明の第1局面から第5局面の何れかの移動体の電力供給システムにおいて,前記可動手段による前記第1の配置及び前記第2の配置の違いは,前記受電手段と前記給電手段を対向配置したときの離隔距離の違いであり,
 前記可動手段は,前記給電側システム制御手段若しくは受電側システム制御手段からの前記制御信号によって第2の配置の側に制御された場合に,前記離隔距離を前記第1の配置より小さく,しかも所定の離隔距離を保った状態に,前記受電手段と前記給電手段の間隔を近づけるよう構成した。
A sixth aspect of the present invention is the mobile power supply system according to any one of the first to fifth aspects of the present invention, wherein the difference between the first arrangement and the second arrangement by the movable means is the A difference in separation distance between the power receiving means and the power feeding means,
When the movable means is controlled to the second arrangement side by the control signal from the power supply side system control means or the power reception side system control means, the separation distance is smaller than the first arrangement and is predetermined. The distance between the power receiving means and the power feeding means is made close to the state where the separation distance is maintained.
 本発明の第7局面は,本発明の第1局面から第6局面の何れかの移動体の電力供給システムにおいて,前記電力受電装置は,移動体のパーキングブレーキの設定状態を検出する起動判定手段を備えており,少なくとも,前記起動判定手段が,移動体のパーキングブレーキが制動中であることを検出したときに,前記充電希望信号を出力するように構成した。 According to a seventh aspect of the present invention, in the mobile power supply system according to any one of the first to sixth aspects of the present invention, the power receiving device is an activation determination unit that detects a setting state of a parking brake of the mobile body. At least when the start determination means detects that the parking brake of the moving body is being braked, the charging request signal is output.
 本発明の第1局面によれば,前記給電手段と前記受電手段の位置が,給電前の状態である第1の配置と,給電時における第2の配置の,2様の配設状態を有するように構成したので,前記給電手段と前記受電手段を,路面と移動体の底面の間に形成される空間を挟んで対向配置させるばかりでなく,加えて,前記「第1の配置」の条件を,「車の駐車に際して邪魔にならない位置関係」とし,前記「第2の配置」の条件を,「非接触による給電を効率よく行える位置関係」とするといったように,給電前と給電時おける給電手段と受電手段の位置関係を,更に変えるように構成したことによって,例えば,移動体を駐車スペースに駐車したあとで,前記給電手段と前記受電手段との位置関係を前記「第2の配置」に動かすと共に,前記充電希望信号に応じて給電手段の駆動を開始するように構成すれば,効率よく電磁誘導を行うことができ,蓄電手段に対する充電時間の短縮を実現することができる。 According to the first aspect of the present invention, the positions of the power feeding means and the power receiving means have two arrangement states, a first arrangement that is in a state before feeding and a second arrangement at the time of feeding. Since the power supply unit and the power reception unit are arranged to face each other with a space formed between the road surface and the bottom surface of the moving body interposed therebetween, in addition, the condition of the “first arrangement” is provided. Is defined as “a positional relationship that does not interfere with parking of the car”, and the condition of the “second arrangement” is defined as “a positional relationship that allows efficient power supply without contact”. Since the positional relationship between the power feeding unit and the power receiving unit is further changed, for example, after the moving body is parked in a parking space, the positional relationship between the power feeding unit and the power receiving unit is changed to the “second arrangement”. And the charging If configured to start driving the feed means in response to Nozomu signal, can be efficiently perform electromagnetic induction, it is possible to realize a reduction of charging time for the storage means.
 本発明の第2局面によれば,本発明の第1局面の移動体の電力供給システムにおいて,前記第1の配置と前記第2の配置を切替えるための可動手段を前記給電手段に備え,しかも,前記給電側システム制御手段は,前記送信手段から送信される充電希望信号に応じて,前記給電手段から前記受電手段に電力の供給を行うための駆動信号を出力するばかりで無く,更に,前記可動手段に対して,配設位置の切替えを行う前記制御信号を出力するように構成したので,本発明の第1局面の前記効果に加え,前記電力受電装置を搭載した移動体が前記電力給電装置を備えた駐車スペースに駐車しても,電力給電装置側が充電希望信号を受信しない限り,給電手段を駆動しないので,システムを省エネルギーとすることができる。 According to a second aspect of the present invention, in the power supply system for a mobile body according to the first aspect of the present invention, the power supply means includes movable means for switching between the first arrangement and the second arrangement, The power supply side system control means not only outputs a drive signal for supplying power from the power supply means to the power reception means in response to a charge request signal transmitted from the transmission means, but also Since the control signal for switching the arrangement position is output to the movable means, in addition to the effect of the first aspect of the present invention, the mobile body equipped with the power receiving device is the power feeding device. Even if the vehicle is parked in a parking space, the power supply means is not driven unless the power supply device receives a charge request signal, so that the system can save energy.
 また,移動体を,前記電力給電装置を備えた駐車スペースに駐車しようとするときは,前記電力受電装置を搭載した移動体であっても,前記電力受電装置を搭載していない一般の移動体であっても,前記給電手段と前記受電手段の位置関係は前記「第1の配置」にあるので,何れの移動体の駐車であっても,これらの手段が駐車の邪魔になることはない。 In addition, when a mobile object is to be parked in a parking space equipped with the power supply device, a general mobile object that is not equipped with the power receiving device even if the mobile device is equipped with the power power receiving device. Even so, since the positional relationship between the power feeding means and the power receiving means is in the “first arrangement”, these means will not interfere with the parking of any moving object. .
 また,前記電力受電装置を搭載した移動体が前記電力給電装置を備えた駐車スペースに駐車し,少なくとも前記電力給電装置が充電希望信号を受信しない限り,前記給電手段と前記受電手段は「第1の配置」を維持するので,当該移動体が停められていない駐車スペースにおいて,歩行者や前記電力受電装置を搭載していない移動体等に危険や危害を及ぼすことがない。 In addition, as long as a mobile body equipped with the power receiving device is parked in a parking space equipped with the power feeding device and at least the power feeding device does not receive a charge request signal, the power feeding means and the power receiving means are “first Therefore, in a parking space where the moving body is not parked, there is no danger or harm to a pedestrian or a moving body not equipped with the power receiving device.
 本発明の第4局面によれば,本発明の第1局面の移動体の電力供給システムにおいて,前記第1の配置と前記第2の配置を切替えるための可動手段を前記受電手段に備え,しかも,前記給電側システム制御手段は,前記送信手段から送信される充電希望信号に応じて,前記給電手段から前記受電手段に電力の供給を行うための駆動信号を出力するばかりで無く,前記充電希望信号に応じた応答信号を出力するように構成されており,更に加えて,電力受電装置には前記応答信号に応じて,前記可動手段に対して前記制御信号を出力する受電側システム制御手段を備えるように構成したので,本発明の第1局面の前記効果に加え,前記電力受電装置を搭載した移動体が前記電力給電装置を備えた駐車スペースに駐車しても,電力受電装置と電力給電装置側との間で,充電希望信号と応答信号のやり取りをしない限り,給電手段を駆動しないので,システムを省エネルギーとすることができる。 According to a fourth aspect of the present invention, in the power supply system for a moving body according to the first aspect of the present invention, the power receiving means includes movable means for switching between the first arrangement and the second arrangement, The power supply side system control means not only outputs a drive signal for supplying power from the power supply means to the power reception means in response to the charge request signal transmitted from the transmission means, but also the charge request. The power receiving device is configured to output a response signal corresponding to the signal, and in addition, the power receiving device includes a power receiving side system control means for outputting the control signal to the movable means according to the response signal. In addition to the effect of the first aspect of the present invention, even if a mobile body equipped with the power receiving device parks in a parking space provided with the power feeding device, the power receiving device and the power Between the power supply device side, unless the exchange of charge desired signal and the response signal, does not drive the feed means, it is possible to save energy of the system.
 また,移動体を,前記電力給電装置を備えた駐車スペースに駐車しようとするときは,前記電力受電装置を搭載した移動体であっても,前記電力受電装置を搭載していない一般の移動体であっても,前記給電手段と前記受電手段の位置関係は前記「第1の配置」にあるので,何れの移動体の駐車であっても,これらの手段が駐車の邪魔になることはない。 In addition, when a mobile object is to be parked in a parking space equipped with the power supply device, a general mobile object that is not equipped with the power receiving device even if the mobile device is equipped with the power power receiving device. Even so, since the positional relationship between the power feeding means and the power receiving means is in the “first arrangement”, these means will not interfere with the parking of any moving object. .
 また,当該移動体が前記電力給電装置を備えた駐車スペースに駐車し,しかも,当該電力給電装置と前記電力受電装置との相互間で充電希望の了解の応答がなされない限り,前記受電手段が可動しないので,当該移動体の一般道路等における安全運行にまったく支障が生じることがない。 In addition, unless the mobile body is parked in a parking space equipped with the power feeding device, and the power supply device and the power receiving device do not respond to the request for charging, the power receiving means Since it does not move, there will be no hindrance to safe operation of the mobile body on general roads.
 本発明の第3局面または第5局面によれば,給電手段若しくは受電手段は,当該手段がなす平面に平行な方向の所定の範囲内における,任意の座標を有した第3の配置に配設可能に構成されていることによって,前記効果に加え,前記電力受電装置を搭載した移動体が,前記電力給電装置を備えた駐車スペースに,多少ラフに駐車してしまって,給電手段と受電手段が正対しない状態になった場合でも,車両台側の給電手段若しくは移動体側の受電手段が,変換効率の最も良くなる「第3の配置」に自動的に配設されることから,受電手段側に効率よく電力を誘起でき,蓄電手段に対する充電時間等の短縮が図れるばかりでなく,無駄に電力を消費しないので省エネルギーとなる。 According to the third aspect or the fifth aspect of the present invention, the power feeding means or the power receiving means is arranged in a third arrangement having arbitrary coordinates within a predetermined range in a direction parallel to a plane formed by the means. In addition to the above-described effects, the movable body mounted with the power receiving device is parked somewhat roughly in the parking space provided with the power feeding device. Even when the vehicle is not directly facing, the power supply means on the vehicle base side or the power reception means on the moving body side is automatically arranged in the “third arrangement” where the conversion efficiency is the best. In addition to being able to induce electric power efficiently on the side, it is possible not only to shorten the charging time for the power storage means, but also to save energy because it does not waste power.
 本発明の第6局面によれば,給電時には,給電手段と受電手段の離隔距離を更に狭くするように構成したので,給電時における給電手段と受電手段の電磁結合が密になり,受電手段側に効率よく電力を誘起でき,蓄電手段に対する充電時間等の短縮が図れる。また,給電手段と受電手段の変換効率が良くなるので,コイルの大きさを小さくでき,移動体への搭載や,駐車スペースへの設置を,より簡単に行うことができるようになる。 According to the sixth aspect of the present invention, the power supply unit and the power receiving unit are further configured to have a narrower separation distance at the time of power feeding, so that the electromagnetic coupling between the power feeding unit and the power receiving unit at the time of power feeding becomes dense and the power receiving unit side Power can be induced efficiently, and charging time for the storage means can be shortened. In addition, since the conversion efficiency of the power feeding means and the power receiving means is improved, the size of the coil can be reduced, and mounting on a moving body and installation in a parking space can be performed more easily.
 本発明の第7局面によれば,移動体のパーキングブレーキが制動中である場合に,前記充電希望信号を出力するように構成したので,前記効果に加え,路面側に備えた前記給電手段を可動手段で動かす実施形態にあっては,前記電力受電装置を搭載した移動体が,前記電力給電装置を備えた駐車スペースに駐車して,少なくとも,パーキングブレーキを掛けて停車し,安全を確保しない限り,給電手段を上昇させることがないので,当該移動体が停められていない駐車スペースにおいて,歩行者や前記電力受電装置を搭載していない移動体等に危険や危害を及ぼすことがない。 According to the seventh aspect of the present invention, since the charging request signal is output when the parking brake of the moving body is being braked, in addition to the effect, the power supply means provided on the road surface side is provided. In the embodiment that is moved by the movable means, the moving body equipped with the power receiving device parks in a parking space equipped with the power feeding device and stops at least by applying a parking brake, so that safety is not ensured. As long as the power supply means is not raised, there is no danger or harm to a pedestrian or a mobile object not equipped with the power receiving device in a parking space where the mobile object is not stopped.
 また,移動体側に備えた受電手段を動かす実施形態にあっては,前記電力受電装置を搭載した移動体が前記電力給電装置を備えた駐車スペースに駐車し,少なくとも,パーキングブレーキを掛けて停車し,安全を確保しない限り,受電手段を下降させることがないので,当該移動体の一般道路等の安全運行に何ら差し障りが生じるものではない。 Further, in an embodiment in which the power receiving means provided on the mobile body side is moved, the mobile body equipped with the power receiving device parks in a parking space provided with the power feeding device and stops at least by applying a parking brake. Unless the safety is ensured, the power receiving means is not lowered, so that there is no obstacle to the safe operation of the mobile body such as a general road.
本発明の第1実施形態に係る移動体の電力供給システムの具体的な使用例を示す斜視図であり,パーキングに電力供給システムを備えた場合の概略図である。It is a perspective view which shows the specific usage example of the electric power supply system of the moving body which concerns on 1st Embodiment of this invention, and is a schematic diagram at the time of providing the electric power supply system in parking. 本発明の第1実施形態に係る移動体の電力供給システムにおける,給電前の状態を示す概略構成図である。It is a schematic block diagram which shows the state before electric power feeding in the electric power supply system of the moving body which concerns on 1st Embodiment of this invention. 本発明の第1実施形態に係る移動体の電力供給システムにおける,給電時の状態を示す概略構成図である。It is a schematic block diagram which shows the state at the time of electric power feeding in the electric power supply system of the moving body which concerns on 1st Embodiment of this invention. 本発明の第1実施形態に係る移動体の電力供給システムにおける,システム起動の処理を説明するフローチャートである。It is a flowchart explaining the system starting process in the electric power supply system of the moving body which concerns on 1st Embodiment of this invention. 本発明の第2実施形態に係る移動体の電力供給システムにおける,給電時の状態を示す概略構成図である。It is a schematic block diagram which shows the state at the time of electric power feeding in the electric power supply system of the moving body which concerns on 2nd Embodiment of this invention. 本発明の第3実施形態に係る移動体の電力供給システムにおける,給電時の状態を示す概略構成図である。It is a schematic block diagram which shows the state at the time of electric power feeding in the electric power supply system of the moving body which concerns on 3rd Embodiment of this invention. 本発明の第3実施形態における給電手段の動きを模式的に示した図である。It is the figure which showed typically the motion of the electric power feeding means in 3rd Embodiment of this invention. 本発明の第3実施形態に係る移動体の電力供給システムにおける,システム起動の処理を説明するフローチャートである。It is a flowchart explaining the process of system starting in the electric power supply system of the mobile body which concerns on 3rd Embodiment of this invention. 本発明の第4実施形態に係る移動体の電力供給システムにおける,給電時の状態を示す概略構成図である。It is a schematic block diagram which shows the state at the time of electric power feeding in the electric power supply system of the moving body which concerns on 4th Embodiment of this invention.
1…路面,2…自動車,3…駐車スペース,5…仕切り線,6…車止め,7…処理部,8…表示部,9…副バッテリ,12…ACコンセント,20…電力受電装置,21…給電手段,21a…二次コイル,21b…基台,22…充電回路,23…蓄電手段(主バッテリ),24…ドライバ,25…モータ,26…起動判定手段,27…受電側送信手段,27a…通信部,27b…送信アンテナ,28…受電側受信手段,28a…通信部,28b…受信アンテナ,30…電力給電装置,31…給電手段,31a…一次コイル,31b…基台,32…駆動回路,33…開閉器,35a…給電側システム制御手段,35b…受電側システム制御手段,36…可動手段,37…給電側送信手段,37a…通信部,37b…送信アンテナ,38…給電側受信手段,38a…通信部,38b…受信アンテナ,C…一次コイルの中心点。 DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 1 ... Road surface, 2 ... Car, 3 ... Parking space, 5 ... Partition line, 6 ... Car stop, 7 ... Processing part, 8 ... Display part, 9 ... Sub battery, 12 ... AC outlet, 20 ... Electric power receiving device, 21 ... Power feeding means, 21a ... secondary coil, 21b ... base, 22 ... charging circuit, 23 ... power storage means (main battery), 24 ... driver, 25 ... motor, 26 ... start-up judging means, 27 ... power receiving side sending means, 27a ... Communication part, 27b ... Transmission antenna, 28 ... Receiving side receiving means, 28a ... Communication part, 28b ... Reception antenna, 30 ... Power feeding device, 31 ... Power feeding means, 31a ... Primary coil, 31b ... Base, 32 ... Drive Circuit, 33 ... Switch, 35a ... Power feeding side system control means, 35b ... Power receiving side system control means, 36 ... Moving means, 37 ... Power feeding side transmitting means, 37a ... Communication unit, 37b ... Transmission antenna, 38 ... Power feeding side Shin means, 38a ... communication unit, 38b ... reception antenna, the center point of the C ... primary coil.
 図1は本発明に係る第1実施形態を使った移動体の電力供給システムの具体例を説明するための斜視図であり,例えば自家用車等に代表される移動体を駐車するためのパーキングに本発明の電力供給システムを備えた場合の概略図である。この図において3は,自動車を搭載するための車両台としての道路の路面1に設けられ,左右を仕切り線5a,5bによって,後方を車止め6a,6bによって区切られた,自動車2を停めるための駐車スペースである。 FIG. 1 is a perspective view for explaining a specific example of a power supply system for a mobile body using the first embodiment according to the present invention. For example, in parking for parking a mobile body represented by a private car or the like. It is the schematic at the time of providing the electric power supply system of this invention. In this figure, 3 is provided on the road surface 1 of the road as a vehicle base for mounting the automobile, and is divided into the left and right by the partition lines 5a and 5b and the rear is separated by the car stops 6a and 6b for stopping the automobile 2. Parking space.
 尚,以下に示す本発明の実施形態では,移動体の例として自動車を使ったシステムの説明を行ったが,特にこの実施形態に限定されるものではなく,自動2輪等であっても良い。また,移動体を搭載する車両台の例として,路面1を使用した駐車スペース3の例を示して説明を行っているが,前記路面1に替わって,自動車2全体を載せることができるように形成された,例えばリフト式のパーキングの車両台や,自走式のパーキングの床面で構成してもよいことは言うまでもない。 In the embodiment of the present invention described below, a system using an automobile as an example of a moving body has been described. However, the present invention is not particularly limited to this embodiment, and may be an automatic two-wheeled vehicle. . In addition, as an example of a vehicle stand on which a moving body is mounted, an example of a parking space 3 using a road surface 1 is shown and described. However, instead of the road surface 1, the entire automobile 2 can be mounted. Needless to say, it may be formed of, for example, a lift-type parking vehicle platform or a self-propelled parking floor.
 本発明に係る自動車の電力供給システムは,電力受電装置20を備えた自動車2と,道路側に備えられた電力給電装置30から構成されており,前記自動車2を,図1によく示されるような,例えば,当該電力給電装置30を備えた前記駐車スペース3に停めることによって,電力の供給が開始されるように構成されている。 The power supply system for a vehicle according to the present invention includes a vehicle 2 provided with a power receiving device 20 and a power supply device 30 provided on the road side. The vehicle 2 is shown well in FIG. For example, power supply is started by stopping in the parking space 3 provided with the power supply device 30.
 このように構成された本発明の第1実施形態は,前記電力受電装置20と前記電力給電装置30の位置関係に特徴を有しており,詳しくは,前記電力給電装置30の構成要素の内,特に,前記自動車2に備えられた電力受電装置20の受電手段21に対し,非接触で電力を供給するための給電手段31の構成に基づくものである。 The first embodiment of the present invention configured as described above is characterized in the positional relationship between the power receiving device 20 and the power feeding device 30, and more specifically, among the components of the power feeding device 30. In particular, this is based on the configuration of the power feeding means 31 for supplying power to the power receiving means 21 of the power receiving device 20 provided in the automobile 2 in a contactless manner.
 具体的には,本発明の第1実施形態における前記給電手段31は,路面1とは固定されず,独立した状態で形成されていると共に,更に,前記給電手段31には,後に詳述する可動手段36を備えさせることによって,前記給電手段31の配設位置を自在に変えることができるように構成されているのであるが,本発明の第1実施形態では,図1に示されたような,給電手段31が,その上面を駐車スペース3の路面1と略平坦となるように収納された一般的な状態と,更に加えて,図1には示されていない状態である,給電手段31が前記可動手段36によって路面1と略平行状態を保ったまま上方に持ち上げられ,前記受電手段21との間が所定の間隔となるように配設された状態の,2様の配設状態を有するように構成されているのである。 Specifically, the power feeding means 31 in the first embodiment of the present invention is not fixed to the road surface 1 and is formed in an independent state. Further, the power feeding means 31 will be described in detail later. By providing the movable means 36, the arrangement position of the power supply means 31 can be freely changed. In the first embodiment of the present invention, as shown in FIG. The power supply means 31 is in a general state in which the upper surface thereof is housed so that the upper surface thereof is substantially flat with the road surface 1 of the parking space 3, and in addition, the power supply means is in a state not shown in FIG. Two disposition states in which 31 is lifted upward by the movable means 36 while maintaining a substantially parallel state with the road surface 1 and disposed at a predetermined distance from the power receiving means 21. It is configured to have A.
 一方,自動車2側に備えられた設備である前記電力受電装置20は,少なくとも,非接触で電力の供給を受けるための受電手段21が,自動車2を所定の位置に停めたとき,つまり,前記駐車スペース3のような,予め定められた場所(即ち,電力給電装置30を備えた場所)に車を停めたときに,前記給電手段31と対向する,図では示されていない自動車2の底面に位置するように備えられている。 On the other hand, the power receiving device 20 which is a facility provided on the side of the automobile 2 is at least when the power receiving means 21 for receiving power supply in a non-contact manner stops the automobile 2 at a predetermined position, that is, The bottom surface of the automobile 2 not shown in the figure, facing the power supply means 31 when the vehicle is parked at a predetermined location (that is, a location having the power supply device 30) such as the parking space 3. It is equipped to be located in.
 このように構成された本発明の第1実施形態を使った,駐車場における自動車の電力供給システムを簡単に説明する。電力受電装置20を備えた自動車2を,電力給電装置30を備えた,例えば駐車スペース3のような所定の場所に駐車させ,前記給電手段31と前記受電手段21が対向配置すると,前記電力受電装置20と前記電力給電装置30の間で「所定の手続」が行われ,充電が可能であるかどうかが判定される。ここで,充電が可能であると判定されたならば,前記給電手段31が前記受電手段21に向かって,所定の間隔となるまで上昇し,その配置が完了したなら,前記所定の間隔を保った状態で,前記給電手段31と前記受電手段21との間で電磁誘導を起こすことによって,前記電力受電装置20に備えられた,図には示されていない蓄電手段に対して,前記受電手段21で受電した電力を,非常に効率よく蓄電することができるように構成されている。 The electric power supply system for a car in a parking lot using the first embodiment of the present invention configured as described above will be briefly described. When the automobile 2 provided with the power receiving device 20 is parked in a predetermined place such as the parking space 3 provided with the power feeding device 30, and the power feeding means 31 and the power receiving means 21 are arranged to face each other, the power receiving power is received. A “predetermined procedure” is performed between the device 20 and the power supply device 30 to determine whether charging is possible. Here, if it is determined that charging is possible, the power feeding means 31 rises toward the power receiving means 21 until a predetermined interval is reached, and if the arrangement is completed, the predetermined interval is maintained. In this state, by causing electromagnetic induction between the power feeding means 31 and the power receiving means 21, the power receiving means is provided for the power storage means (not shown) provided in the power receiving device 20. The power received at 21 can be stored very efficiently.
 つまり,給電手段31の上面を駐車スペース3の路面1と略平坦となるように配設した一般的な状態は,言い換えれば「給電前の状態」であり,給電手段31が路面1と略平坦な状態を保った状態から更に上昇し,前記受電手段21との間を所定の間隔となるように配設した状態は,言い換えれば「給電時における状態」であるように,本発明は,「給電前の状態」と「給電時における状態」で,それぞれ,給電手段31と受電手段21との間隔を替えるように構成し,特に給電時には,給電手段31と受電手段21との離隔距離を一層狭くして電磁結合が密になるように構成することによって,システムの給電効率を極めてよくすることを主たる目的としているのである。 That is, the general state in which the upper surface of the power supply means 31 is disposed so as to be substantially flat with the road surface 1 of the parking space 3 is, in other words, the “state before power supply”, and the power supply means 31 is substantially flat with the road surface 1. The present invention is further described as “a state at the time of power feeding”, in which the state of further rising from the state in which the state is maintained and being arranged at a predetermined interval from the power receiving means 21 is “a state during power feeding”. The power supply unit 31 and the power receiving unit 21 are configured so that the distance between the power supply unit 31 and the power reception unit 21 is changed between the “state before power supply” and the “state during power supply”, respectively. The main purpose is to improve the power supply efficiency of the system by narrowing it so that the electromagnetic coupling becomes dense.
 ここで図2及び図3を用いて,本発明の第1実施形態における,前記電力受電装置20及び前記電力給電装置30について詳しく説明すると共に,図4を用いてシステムの起動手順について説明する。 Here, with reference to FIGS. 2 and 3, the power receiving device 20 and the power feeding device 30 in the first embodiment of the present invention will be described in detail, and the startup procedure of the system will be described with reference to FIG.
 まず自動車2に備えた電力受電装置20を説明する。図に良く示されるように,自動車2には,少なくとも,自動車2の底面の所定位置に備えられ,非接触で電力の供給を受けることが可能な受電手段21と,該受電手段21で受電した電力を蓄電するための蓄電手段23と,前記受電手段21と前記蓄電手段23との間に介在させた充電回路22を主たる構成要素とする電力受電装置20が備えられている。 First, the power receiving device 20 provided in the automobile 2 will be described. As shown well in the figure, the automobile 2 is provided at least at a predetermined position on the bottom surface of the automobile 2 and can receive power without contact, and the power receiving means 21 receives power. The power receiving device 20 is mainly provided with a power storage means 23 for storing power and a charging circuit 22 interposed between the power receiving means 21 and the power storage means 23.
 本発明の第1実施形態における前記受電手段21は,金属等の導電体からなる導線を巻き回してなる二次コイル21aと,当該二次コイル21aと一体となるように設けられた,絶縁体からなる二次コイル31aの支持部材としての基台21bから構成されており,当該基台21bが自動車2の底面によって支持されるように構成されている。また,前記蓄電手段23は,自動車2の主バッテリであり,例えば繰り返し充電可能なりチウムイオンバッテリ等からなる(以下,蓄電手段は主バッテリと記載する。)。更に前記充電回路22は,前記二次コイル21aが発生する交流信号を直流に変換すると共に,本システムに使用する主バッテリ23の種類に応じて,その充電を効率よく行うための制御を行うものである。 The power receiving means 21 in the first embodiment of the present invention includes a secondary coil 21a formed by winding a conducting wire made of a conductor such as metal, and an insulator provided so as to be integrated with the secondary coil 21a. The base 21b is used as a support member for the secondary coil 31a, and the base 21b is supported by the bottom surface of the automobile 2. Further, the power storage means 23 is a main battery of the automobile 2, and is composed of, for example, a lithium ion battery that can be repeatedly charged (hereinafter, the power storage means is referred to as a main battery). Further, the charging circuit 22 converts the alternating current signal generated by the secondary coil 21a into direct current and performs control for efficiently performing the charging according to the type of the main battery 23 used in the system. It is.
 このように構成された電力受電装置20の主バッテリ23には,モータ用のドライバ24を介してモータ25が備えられており,図には示されていない制御装置等によってモータの操作は制御される。また,主バッテリ23は,図の7で示される処理部によって,電圧や電流,温度等のデータが,図には示されていないセンサー等を使って収集されており,その結果は出力され,モニタ等の表示部8において表示される。また,前記処理部7は,主バッテリ23の電力容量などの状態監視だけでなく,例えば,パーキングブレーキの設定状態など,自動車各部の動作状況や周囲環境などを監視し,そのデータを収集・処理すると共に,後述するモニタ等の表示部8や各手段に対してそのデータを出力するように構成されている。 The main battery 23 of the power receiving device 20 configured as described above is provided with a motor 25 via a motor driver 24, and the operation of the motor is controlled by a control device or the like not shown in the drawing. The In addition, the main battery 23 collects data such as voltage, current, temperature, etc. using a sensor not shown in the figure by the processing unit shown in FIG. 7, and the result is output. It is displayed on the display unit 8 such as a monitor. The processing unit 7 not only monitors the state of the power capacity of the main battery 23, but also monitors the operation status of each part of the vehicle and the surrounding environment such as the setting state of the parking brake, and collects and processes the data. At the same time, the data is output to a display unit 8 such as a monitor, which will be described later, and each means.
 尚,図における9は副バッテリであり,電力受電装置20の各手段や前記処理部7や表示部8等の内で,システム待機時等に,常に電力を供給しておく必要があるもののための電源である。 In the figure, reference numeral 9 denotes a sub-battery, for which it is necessary to always supply power during the system standby or the like in each means of the power receiving device 20, the processing unit 7, the display unit 8 or the like. Is the power source.
 加えて,本発明の第1実施形態における電力供給システムは,自動車2が,予め決められた所定の駐車スペース3に停まって始めて,前記給電手段31の上昇及び駆動の開始を行うように,言い換えれば,所定の自動車2が停まらない限り,給電手段31の上昇及び駆動の開始を行わないようにするために,電力受電装置20と電力給電装置30の間で,システム稼動のための前記「所定の手続」が行われるように構成されており,その為,本発明の第1実施形態の電力受電装置20には,自動車2側に備えた前記電力受電装置20側から前記電力給電装置30に対し,充電を必要とすることを示すための充電希望信号を送信することができるように,通信部27aと送信部としての送信アンテナ27bからなる受電側送信手段27が備えられている。 In addition, the power supply system according to the first embodiment of the present invention is configured so that the power feeding means 31 is lifted and started when the automobile 2 stops in a predetermined parking space 3 determined in advance. In other words, unless the predetermined vehicle 2 stops, in order to prevent the power feeding means 31 from being lifted and starting to drive, it is necessary for the system operation between the power receiving device 20 and the power feeding device 30. The “predetermined procedure” is configured to be performed. Therefore, the power receiving device 20 according to the first embodiment of the present invention includes the power feeding from the power receiving device 20 provided on the vehicle 2 side. Power receiving side transmission means 27 comprising a communication unit 27a and a transmission antenna 27b as a transmission unit is provided so that a charging request signal for indicating that charging is required can be transmitted to the device 30. It has been.
 具体的には,前記「所定の手続」の開始手順として,電力受電装置20を備えた自動車2を,電力給電装置30を備えた所定の駐車スペース3に停め,少なくとも自動車2のパーキングブレーキを掛けて車を完全に停車させ,安全を確保した状態にしたときに,前記電力受電装置20側から前記充電希望信号を送信するように構成するため,前記電力受電装置20には,処理部7を介してパーキングブレーキの操作状態のデータを取得すると共に,自動車2のパーキングブレーキの設定状態が「ON」(制動中)であるかどうかを判定し,「ON」であると判定したなら,前記受電側送信手段27に対して,それに応じた信号を出力する起動判定手段26を備えさせている。そして,当該起動判定手段26から出力された信号は,前記通信部27aにおいて充電希望信号に変換されると共に,当該充電希望信号が送信アンテナ27bから電力給電装置30側に送信されることによって,システムの起動処理が開始されるように構成されている。 Specifically, as a starting procedure of the “predetermined procedure”, the vehicle 2 provided with the power receiving device 20 is stopped in a predetermined parking space 3 provided with the power feeding device 30 and at least the parking brake of the vehicle 2 is applied. When the vehicle is completely stopped and the safety is ensured, the power receiving device 20 is configured to transmit the charging request signal from the power receiving device 20 side. Data of the parking brake operation state is obtained through the control, and it is determined whether the parking brake setting state of the vehicle 2 is “ON” (braking). The side transmission unit 27 is provided with a start determination unit 26 that outputs a signal corresponding to the side transmission unit 27. Then, the signal output from the activation determination unit 26 is converted into a desired charging signal in the communication unit 27a, and the charging desired signal is transmitted from the transmitting antenna 27b to the power feeding device 30 side, thereby the system. The start process is configured to be started.
 更に加えて,本発明の第1実施形態の電力受電装置20には,前記処理部7によって得られたデータから,主バッテリ23の電力容量が所定値以上あるかどうかの判定を行うと共に,当該判定結果に基づいて,電力給電装置30側に対して,満充電情報を出力するための受電側システム制御手段35bが備えられており,自動車2を駐車スペースに駐車したときに,主バッテリ23の電力容量が所定値以上で有ったり,充電の途中に電力容量が所定値になったりしたときに,前記受電側システム制御手段35bから電力給電装置30側に対しての満充電情報が,前記受電側送信手段27を介して充電完了信号として送出されることによって,終了処理が開始されシステムは待機状態となる。 In addition, the power receiving device 20 according to the first embodiment of the present invention determines whether or not the power capacity of the main battery 23 is greater than or equal to a predetermined value from the data obtained by the processing unit 7. Based on the determination result, power receiving side system control means 35b for outputting full charge information to the power feeding device 30 side is provided. When the automobile 2 is parked in the parking space, the main battery 23 When the power capacity is a predetermined value or more, or when the power capacity becomes a predetermined value during charging, the full charge information from the power receiving side system control means 35b to the power feeding device 30 side is By being sent as a charge completion signal via the power receiving side transmission means 27, the termination process is started and the system enters a standby state.
 次に,本発明の第1実施形態における道路側に備えた電力給電装置30を説明する。図に良く示されるように,この実施形態における電力給電装置30には,前記充電希望信号等を受信するための受信部としての受信アンテナ38bと通信部38aからなる給電側受信手段38と,前記自動車2を所定位置に止めたときに,自動車2に備えた前記受電手段21としての前記二次コイル21aと対向する所定位置に配設される給電手段31と,当該給電手段31を動かすための可動手段36と,前記充電希望信号に応じて給電手段31の駆動を制御するばかりでなく,更には給電手段31の配設位置を変える可動手段36の制御を行う,給電側システム制御手段35aを備えている。そして,この実施形態では,前記給電側システム制御手段35aが,前記充電希望信号を受け入れることで前記「所定の手続」の手順が完了し,その手続の終了後に,システムが起動され給電が開始されるように構成されている。 Next, the power supply device 30 provided on the road side in the first embodiment of the present invention will be described. As shown well in the figure, the power feeding device 30 in this embodiment includes a power receiving side receiving means 38 including a receiving antenna 38b and a communication unit 38a as a receiving unit for receiving the desired charging signal, and the like. When the automobile 2 is stopped at a predetermined position, a power feeding means 31 disposed at a predetermined position facing the secondary coil 21a as the power receiving means 21 provided in the automobile 2, and for moving the power feeding means 31 The power supply side system control means 35a for controlling the movable means 36 and the movable means 36 for changing the position of the power supply means 31 as well as controlling the drive of the power supply means 31 in accordance with the desired charging signal. I have. In this embodiment, the power supply side system control means 35a accepts the charge request signal to complete the procedure of the “predetermined procedure”. After the procedure is completed, the system is started and power supply is started. It is comprised so that.
 前記給電手段31は,前記受電手段21に対して非接触で電力を供給するための,金属等の導電体からなる導線を巻き回してなる一次コイル31aと,当該一次コイル31aと一体となるように設けられた,絶縁体からなる一次コイル31aの支持部材としての基台31bから構成されており,当該基台31bが前記可動手段36によって支持されるように構成されている。 The power feeding means 31 is integrated with a primary coil 31a formed by winding a conductive wire made of a conductor such as metal for supplying power to the power receiving means 21 in a non-contact manner, and the primary coil 31a. The base 31b is a support member for the primary coil 31a made of an insulator, and the base 31b is supported by the movable means 36.
 この実施形態における前記可動手段36は,前記給電手段31と前記受電手段21との上下方向の寸法(離隔距離)を変えるために,例えばアクチュエーター等で構成されたものであり,前記充電希望信号に応じて出力される,前記給電側システム制御手段35aからの制御信号によって,前記給電手段31の配設位置を替えるように構成されている。また,本発明の実施形態における可動手段36は,図には示されていない,例えばリミットスイッチ等を備えさせてあり,前記給電側システム制御手段35aは,前記リミットスイッチを使って,前記給電手段31が,給電前の状態の所定位置である,基台31bの上面が,駐車スペース3の路面1に略平坦であるように配置した状態に完全に収納されていることを示すリミット信号と,給電手段31を上昇させた,給電時における所定位置に完全に配設されていることを示すリミット信号を監視するように構成されており,前記給電側システム制御手段35aは,このリミット信号を受けて給電手段31の配設状態を判定する。 The movable means 36 in this embodiment is composed of, for example, an actuator or the like in order to change the vertical dimension (separation distance) between the power feeding means 31 and the power receiving means 21. The arrangement position of the power supply means 31 is changed by a control signal output from the power supply side system control means 35a. Further, the movable means 36 in the embodiment of the present invention is provided with, for example, a limit switch not shown in the figure, and the power supply side system control means 35a uses the limit switch to supply the power supply means. 31 is a limit signal indicating that the upper surface of the base 31b is completely stored in a state where the upper surface of the base 31b is substantially flat on the road surface 1 of the parking space 3; The power supply means 31 is raised and is configured to monitor a limit signal indicating that the power supply means 31 is completely disposed at a predetermined position during power supply. The power supply side system control means 35a receives the limit signal. Then, the arrangement state of the power feeding means 31 is determined.
 具体的には,前記給電側システム制御手段35aは,前記充電希望信号を受けていない場合,若しくは,前記充電完了信号を受けて,主バッテリ23の電力容量が所定値以上あると判断したときなどは,システムを待機状態にするための終了処理を行う制御信号を,前記可動手段36に対して出力することによって,前記給電手段31が,給電前の状態の所定位置である,基台31bの上面が,駐車スペース3の路面1と略平坦であるように配置した状態(図2に示す給電前の状態であり,請求項に記載の第1の配置を示す。
 以下,「第1の配置」と記載する。)に収納されるように制御し,前記給電側システム制御手段35aが,前記充電希望信号を受けている場合は,システムを駆動するための制御信号を,前記可動手段36に対して出力することによって,前記可動手段36が,給電手段31を上昇させた,給電時における所定位置である,給電手段31と受電手段21との離隔距離を,前記「第1の配置」より小さく,しかも所定の離隔距離を保った状態となる位置に配置した状態(図3に示す給電時における状態であり,上述の課題を解決するための手段及び請求項に記載した第2の配置を示す。以下,「第2の配置」と記載する。)に配設されるように制御することによって,本発明の第1実施形態における自動車の電力給電システムは,給電手段31が2様の配設状態を有するように構成されているのである。
Specifically, when the power supply side system control unit 35a does not receive the charge request signal or receives the charge completion signal, the power supply side system control unit 35a determines that the power capacity of the main battery 23 is equal to or greater than a predetermined value. Outputs a control signal for performing a termination process for putting the system into a standby state to the movable means 36, so that the power supply means 31 is in a predetermined position in a state before power supply. A state in which the upper surface is arranged so as to be substantially flat with the road surface 1 of the parking space 3 (the state before power feeding shown in FIG. 2, showing the first arrangement described in the claims).
Hereinafter, it is referred to as “first arrangement”. And when the power supply side system control means 35a receives the charge request signal, it outputs a control signal for driving the system to the movable means 36. Thus, the movable means 36 raises the power supply means 31, and the separation distance between the power supply means 31 and the power reception means 21, which is a predetermined position at the time of power supply, is smaller than the “first arrangement” and has a predetermined value. A state in which the separation distance is maintained (a state at the time of power feeding shown in FIG. 3 and means for solving the above-described problem and the second arrangement described in the claims. In the power supply system for an automobile according to the first embodiment of the present invention, the power supply means 31 has two arrangement states. Ni It is what is.
 更に加えて,前記電力給電装置30は,交流電力を供給することによって,所定周期のパルスを発生すると共に,このパルスを,前記給電手段31を構成する一次コイル31aに加えることで,前記一次コイル31aを駆動する駆動回路32と,商用電源から電源を得るためのACコンセント12と前記駆動回路32との間に設けられ,前記充電希望信号に応じて,前記給電側システム制御手段35aから適宜出力される駆動信号によって,信号回路の開閉をおこなう開閉器33を備えさせている。 In addition, the power supply device 30 generates a pulse having a predetermined cycle by supplying AC power, and applies this pulse to the primary coil 31a constituting the power supply means 31, thereby the primary coil. Provided between the drive circuit 32 for driving 31a, the AC outlet 12 for obtaining power from a commercial power supply, and the drive circuit 32, and appropriately outputting from the power supply side system control means 35a according to the charge request signal A switch 33 that opens and closes the signal circuit according to the drive signal is provided.
 具体的には,前記給電側システム制御手段35aは,上述したように電力受電装置20側からの前記充電希望信号を受け,前記可動手段36に対して制御信号を出力すると共に,前記可動手段36から,給電手段31が「第2の配置」に完全に配設されたことを示す前記リミット信号を受け,その配設状態を判定するばかりでなく,更に,前記「第2の配置」のリミット信号に応じて,前記開閉器33の回路を導通状態とするための「閉」の駆動信号を出力する。前記開閉器33は,この駆動信号を受けて回路を閉じて導通状態となり,駆動回路32に交流電力の供給が始まることによって,一次コイル31aが駆動され,前記給電手段31から前記受電手段21への給電が開始するように構成されている。また,前記給電側システム制御手段35aは,前記充電希望信号を受け入れていない間,若しくは,前記充電完了信号を受け入れたときに,前記開閉器33に対して回路を遮断状態とするための「開」の駆動信号を出力することによって,開閉器33は遮断され,駆動回路32に交流電力の供給が止まり,一次コイル31aの駆動は行われない。 Specifically, as described above, the power supply side system control unit 35a receives the charge request signal from the power receiving device 20 side, outputs a control signal to the movable unit 36, and the movable unit 36. From the limit signal indicating that the power supply means 31 is completely arranged in the “second arrangement”, and not only determining the arrangement state but also the limit of the “second arrangement”. In response to the signal, a “closed” drive signal for turning on the circuit of the switch 33 is output. The switch 33 receives this drive signal, closes the circuit and becomes conductive, and when the supply of AC power to the drive circuit 32 starts, the primary coil 31a is driven, and the power supply means 31 to the power reception means 21. The power supply is configured to start. Further, the power supply side system control means 35a does not open the circuit for the switch 33 while the charge request signal is not received or when the charge completion signal is received. , The switch 33 is cut off, the supply of AC power to the drive circuit 32 is stopped, and the primary coil 31a is not driven.
 つまり,本発明の第1実施形態では,前記電力給電装置30に備えた給電側システム制御手段35aが,前記電力受電装置20側からの充電希望信号を受けるといった「所定の手続」を経て,前記給電手段31を前記2様の配設状態にする制御と,前記給電手段31から前記受電手段21への給電を開始する制御を行うように構成されているのである。 In other words, in the first embodiment of the present invention, the power feeding side system control means 35a provided in the power feeding device 30 undergoes a “predetermined procedure” such as receiving a charging request signal from the power receiving device 20 side, and The power supply unit 31 is configured to perform the control for setting the two arrangement states and the control for starting the power supply from the power supply unit 31 to the power reception unit 21.
 ここで図4を用いて,本発明の第1実施形態におけるシステムの起動手順について具体的に説明する。この図4において(a)部分は,前記給電側システム制御手段35aの処理を説明するフローチャートであり,(b)部分は前記給電側システム制御手段35aの処理に伴い行われる,一次コイル31aの駆動の手順を示す。 Here, with reference to FIG. 4, a procedure for starting the system in the first embodiment of the present invention will be specifically described. In FIG. 4, part (a) is a flowchart for explaining the processing of the power supply side system control means 35a, and part (b) is the driving of the primary coil 31a performed in accordance with the processing of the power supply side system control means 35a. The procedure of is shown.
 先ず,図4の(a)部分を用いて前記給電側システム制御手段35aの処理を説明する。本発明の実施形態では,前記給電側システム制御手段35aが,前記充電希望信号を受けたとき(S10 Yesの場合)は,前記給電側システム制御手段35aから前記可動手段36に対し,可動手段36を起動するための前記制御信号を出力(「ON」信号)することによって(S12),給電手段31は,図3によく示されるように,路面1より上昇して,給電時における状態である「第2の位置」に配設される。更に,前記給電側システム制御手段35aは,例えば,可動手段36(若しくは給電手段31)の配設状態を監視し,前記給電手段31が「第2の位置」に配設されたことによって,前記可動手段36から「第2の配置」のリミット信号を取得したなら(S14 Yesの場合),前記開閉器33に対して「閉」の駆動信号を出力(「ON」信号)することによって(S16),給電手段31から受電手段21に電力の供給が開始されるのである。そして,前記給電側システム制御手段35aは「閉」の駆動信号を出力したなら次のステップである,主バッテリ23の電力容量の判定に移行する(S18)。また,前記給電手段31が「第2の位置」に配設されていない場合は(S14 Noの場合),ステップ(S12)に戻って処理を繰り返す。 First, the processing of the power supply side system control means 35a will be described using the part (a) of FIG. In the embodiment of the present invention, when the power supply side system control means 35a receives the charge request signal (Yes in S10), the power supply side system control means 35a controls the movable means 36 with respect to the movable means 36. By outputting the control signal for starting up ("ON" signal) (S12), the power feeding means 31 rises above the road surface 1 and is in a state during power feeding, as well shown in FIG. Arranged at the “second position”. Further, the power supply side system control means 35a monitors, for example, the disposition state of the movable means 36 (or the power supply means 31), and the power supply means 31 is disposed at the “second position”. When the limit signal of “second arrangement” is acquired from the movable means 36 (in the case of S14, Yes), a “closed” drive signal is output (“ON” signal) to the switch 33 (S16). ), Power supply from the power supply means 31 to the power reception means 21 is started. Then, if the power supply side system control means 35a outputs a drive signal of “closed”, the process proceeds to the determination of the power capacity of the main battery 23, which is the next step (S18). If the power supply means 31 is not disposed at the “second position” (No in S14), the process returns to Step (S12) and is repeated.
 尚,この「閉」の駆動信号を出力するタイミングは,可動手段36若しくは給電手段31の配設状態を監視してリミット信号を判定する方法に替わって,所定の時間(つまり,給電手段31が上昇する間)だけ遅延させて出力するように構成しても良い。 It should be noted that the timing at which this “closed” drive signal is output is a predetermined time (that is, the power supply means 31 is not connected to the method of determining the limit signal by monitoring the arrangement of the movable means 36 or the power supply means 31). It may be configured to output with a delay only during the rise.
 一方,前記給電側システム制御手段35aが,前記充電希望信号を受けていないとき(S10 Noの場合)は,前記給電側システム制御手段35aが,前記可動手段36に対しシステムを待機状態にするための前記制御信号を出力(「OFF」信号)する(S20)ことによって,給電手段31は,図2によく示されるように,給電手段31の上面を路面1とフラットな状態となるように収納した,給電前の位置である「第1の位置」に配設され,更に,開閉器33に対し「開」の駆動信号を出力(「OFF」信号)する(S22)ことによって,給電手段31から受電手段21に対する電力の供給は行われないのである。 On the other hand, when the power supply side system control means 35a does not receive the charge request signal (in the case of S10 No), the power supply side system control means 35a places the system in a standby state with respect to the movable means 36. 2 is output (“OFF” signal) (S20), the power feeding means 31 stores the upper surface of the power feeding means 31 so as to be flat with the road surface 1 as well shown in FIG. The power supply means 31 is arranged at the “first position” which is the position before power supply, and further outputs an “open” drive signal (“OFF” signal) to the switch 33 (S22). Thus, no power is supplied to the power receiving means 21.
 加えて,前記給電側システム制御手段35aは,主バッテリ23の電力容量を監視し(S18),その状態に基づいて前記受電側システム制御手段35bから送られてくる信号に応じて,自動車2を駐車スペースに停めたときに,主バッテリ23の電力容量が所定値より低ければ充電を開始し(S18 Noの場合),電力容量が所定値以上あるとき,または,充電中に所定値になったときに(S18 Yesの場合),前記受電側システム制御手段35bから送られていくる,満充電情報である充電完了信号に応じて,可動手段36の制御と一次コイル31aの駆動をやめ(S20,S22),給電手段31はデフォルトの「第1の配置」に収納状態に戻される。 In addition, the power supply side system control means 35a monitors the power capacity of the main battery 23 (S18), and determines the vehicle 2 according to the signal sent from the power reception side system control means 35b based on the state. When parked in the parking space, if the power capacity of the main battery 23 is lower than the predetermined value, charging starts (in the case of S18 No), and when the power capacity is equal to or higher than the predetermined value, or reaches the predetermined value during charging Sometimes (in the case of S18 Yes), the control of the movable means 36 and the driving of the primary coil 31a are stopped according to the charge completion signal which is the full charge information sent from the power receiving side system control means 35b (S20, S22), the power feeding means 31 is returned to the default “first arrangement”.
 次に,図4の(b)部分において示される一次コイル31aの駆動の手順を説明する。この手順は,上記給電側システム制御手段35aの処理とリアルタイムで行われる。一次コイル31aが「第2の配置」になったときに,前記給電側システム制御手段35aから出力される駆動信号をうけて(S26),開閉器33が導通状態となることによって(S28),駆動回路32に交流電力が供給され(S30),一次コイル31aと二次コイル21aの間で給電が始まるように構成されている(S32)。 Next, the driving procedure of the primary coil 31a shown in the part (b) of FIG. 4 will be described. This procedure is performed in real time with the processing of the power supply side system control means 35a. When the primary coil 31a is in the “second arrangement”, the drive signal output from the power supply side system control means 35a is received (S26), and the switch 33 is turned on (S28). AC power is supplied to the drive circuit 32 (S30), and power feeding is started between the primary coil 31a and the secondary coil 21a (S32).
 尚,前記本発明の第1実施形態では,受電希望信号を受けたなら,前記給電側システム制御手段35aから出力される制御信号によって可動手段36を動かして,給電手段31の配設位置を替えた後に,前記給電側システム制御手段35aから出力される駆動信号でもって開閉器34を閉じて,給電手段31から受電手段21への給電を開始する構成となっているのであるが,給電手段31を動かすタイミングと給電を開始するタイミングをほぼ同時に行うように構成してもよい。 In the first embodiment of the present invention, when the power reception request signal is received, the movable means 36 is moved by the control signal output from the power supply side system control means 35a to change the arrangement position of the power supply means 31. After that, the switch 34 is closed by the drive signal output from the power supply side system control means 35a, and the power supply from the power supply means 31 to the power reception means 21 is started. You may comprise so that the timing which moves may be performed substantially simultaneously with the timing which starts electric power feeding.
 また,充電が完了した場合や,充電の途中で充電を止める場合における,システムの終了手順は,先ず,給電手段31を「第1の配置」に収容する手順を行ってから給電の停止の手順を行うようにしても良いし,給電手段31を「第1の配置」に収容する手順と,給電の停止の手順を同時に行っても良い。 In addition, when the charging is completed or when the charging is stopped in the middle of charging, the system ending procedure is to first stop the power supply after performing the procedure of accommodating the power supply means 31 in the “first arrangement”. Alternatively, the procedure for accommodating the power feeding means 31 in the “first arrangement” and the procedure for stopping the power feeding may be performed simultaneously.
 更に,主バッテリ23が満充電でない状態で充電を止めるような場合,給電手段31を「第1の配置」に収容するまで,前記モータ25の制御ができないような構成にしておくことはいうまでも無い。具体的には,給電側システム制御手段35aは,前記給電手段31が「第1の位置」に収納されていることを示す,「第1の配置」のリミット信号を常時監視することによって,給電側システム制御手段35aが,当該「第1の配置」のリミット信号を検出しない限り,前記モータ25の制御ができないように構成すればよい。 Further, in the case where charging is stopped when the main battery 23 is not fully charged, the motor 25 cannot be controlled until the power feeding means 31 is accommodated in the “first arrangement”. There is no. Specifically, the power supply side system control unit 35a constantly monitors a limit signal of “first arrangement” indicating that the power supply unit 31 is housed in the “first position”. It may be configured such that the motor 25 cannot be controlled unless the side system control means 35a detects the limit signal of the “first arrangement”.
 このように,本発明の第1実施形態によれば,前記電力受電装置20を備えた自動車2を,前記電力給電装置30を備えた所定の駐車スペース3に停め,少なくともパーキングブレーキを掛け,自動車2を確実に停車状態にすることによって,前記電力受電装置20側から前記電力給電装置30側に対して充電希望信号が送出され,電力給電装置30に備えた給電側システム制御手段35aがその充電希望信号を受ける,と言った「所定の手続」を経ることで,前記電力給電装置30側では,給電手段31が,給電前の状態である前記「第1の配置」の配設状態から,受電手段21に向かって上昇して,給電手段31と受電手段21の離隔距離を,相互に所定の間隔を保って近接した,給電における状態である前記「第2の配置」の配設状態になると共に,駆動回路32に開閉器33を介して交流電力を供給することによって,給電手段31を構成する一次コイル31aが駆動され,受電手段21を構成する二次コイル21aとの間で電磁誘導による給電が始まるような構成にした。
 これによって,前記電力受電装置20を搭載した自動車2が前記駐車スペース3に駐車したあとは,一次コイル31aが上昇することによって,二次コイル21aの電磁結合が密になり,二次コイル21a側に効率よく電力を誘起でき,主バッテリ23に対する充電時間等の短縮が図れる。また,一次コイル31aと二次コイル21aの変換効率が良くなるので,コイルの大きさを小さくでき,自動車2への搭載や,駐車スペース3への設置を,より簡単に行うことができるようになる。
As described above, according to the first embodiment of the present invention, the automobile 2 provided with the power receiving device 20 is stopped in the predetermined parking space 3 provided with the power feeding device 30, and at least a parking brake is applied. 2 is reliably stopped, a charging request signal is sent from the power receiving device 20 side to the power feeding device 30 side, and the power feeding side system control means 35a provided in the power feeding device 30 performs the charging. By passing through a “predetermined procedure” to receive a desired signal, the power feeding unit 31 on the side of the power feeding device 30 is changed from the arrangement state of the “first arrangement” which is a state before feeding. Arrangement state of the “second arrangement”, which is a state in which the power feeding means 21 rises toward the power receiving means 21 and the separation distance between the power feeding means 31 and the power receiving means 21 is close to each other while maintaining a predetermined distance. In addition, by supplying AC power to the drive circuit 32 via the switch 33, the primary coil 31a constituting the power feeding means 31 is driven, and electromagnetic induction is performed between the secondary coil 21a constituting the power receiving means 21. The configuration is such that the power supply by is started.
As a result, after the automobile 2 equipped with the power receiving device 20 is parked in the parking space 3, the primary coil 31a rises, so that the electromagnetic coupling of the secondary coil 21a becomes dense, and the secondary coil 21a side Thus, it is possible to induce electric power efficiently and shorten the charging time for the main battery 23. Further, since the conversion efficiency of the primary coil 31a and the secondary coil 21a is improved, the size of the coil can be reduced, so that it can be mounted on the automobile 2 or installed in the parking space 3 more easily. Become.
 また,前記電力受電装置20を搭載した自動車2が前記電力給電装置30を備えた駐車スペース3に駐車しても,前記充電希望信号は,少なくともパーキングブレーキを掛けて,車を確実に停車させないと出力されない構成であり,しかも,電力給電装置30側が前記電力受電装置20側からの充電希望信号を受信する「所定の手続」をしない限り,給電手段31を駆動しない構成であるので,電力供給システムを安全に動作させることができるし省エネルギーとすることができる。 In addition, even if the automobile 2 equipped with the power receiving device 20 parks in the parking space 3 provided with the power feeding device 30, the charge request signal must be applied at least with a parking brake to stop the vehicle securely. Since the power supply device 30 does not drive the power supply means 31 unless the power supply device 30 performs a “predetermined procedure” for receiving a charge request signal from the power power reception device 20, the power supply system Can be operated safely and energy can be saved.
 加えて,前記電力受電装置20を搭載した自動車2であっても,前記電力受電装置20を搭載していない一般の自動車であっても,前記電力給電装置30を備えた駐車スペース3に車を駐車しようとするときは,前記給電手段31と前記受電手段21は「第1の配置」にあるので,車の駐車に際して何ら邪魔になることはないし,当該自動車2が停められていない駐車スペース3において,歩行者等に危険や危害を及ぼすことがない。 In addition, whether the vehicle 2 is equipped with the power receiving device 20 or a general vehicle not equipped with the power receiving device 20, the vehicle is placed in the parking space 3 provided with the power feeding device 30. When parking, the power feeding means 31 and the power receiving means 21 are in the “first arrangement”, so that there is no obstacle in parking the car, and the parking space 3 where the automobile 2 is not parked. However, there is no danger or harm to pedestrians.
 次に,本発明の第2実施形態について図5を基に説明する。尚,以下の説明において,特に明示しない限り,前記第1実施形態と同じ構成を有するものは同一符号を付与し,詳細な説明は省略する。 Next, a second embodiment of the present invention will be described with reference to FIG. In the following description, unless otherwise specified, those having the same configuration as in the first embodiment are given the same reference numerals, and detailed description thereof is omitted.
 図5に示される第2実施形態と,すでに説明した前記第1実施形態との違いは,可動手段36の取り付け位置の違いである。図5に示されるように,この異なる実施例では,可動手段36は,自動車2側に搭載された電力受電装置20側の受電手段21に備えられている。 The difference between the second embodiment shown in FIG. 5 and the first embodiment described above is the difference in the mounting position of the movable means 36. As shown in FIG. 5, in this different embodiment, the movable means 36 is provided in the power receiving means 21 on the side of the power receiving apparatus 20 mounted on the side of the automobile 2.
 つまり,この実施例では,一次コイル31aが路面1側に固定されるようにして給電手段31が構成されており,自動車2に備えられた受電手段21は,二次コイル21aが,車体とは別体に備えられた支持部材である基台21bと一体となるように構成されていると共に,自動車2側に可動手段36を備えたことによって,受電手段21の配設位置を変えることができるように構成されているのである。 That is, in this embodiment, the power feeding means 31 is configured such that the primary coil 31a is fixed to the road surface 1, and the power receiving means 21 provided in the automobile 2 is configured such that the secondary coil 21a is different from the vehicle body. It is configured to be integrated with a base 21b which is a support member provided separately, and the movable unit 36 is provided on the side of the automobile 2 so that the arrangement position of the power receiving unit 21 can be changed. It is configured as follows.
 このため,電力受電装置20に備えた受電側システム制御手段35bは,第1実施形態のように主バッテリ23の電力容量を監視するばかりでなく,前記可動手段36からのリミット信号の監視や,前記可動手段36に対する制御信号の出力を行うように構成されている。 For this reason, the power receiving side system control means 35b provided in the power receiving apparatus 20 not only monitors the power capacity of the main battery 23 as in the first embodiment, but also monitors the limit signal from the movable means 36, A control signal is output to the movable means 36.
 具体的には,起動判定手段26においてパーキングブレーキが「ON」であると判定されたなら,前記受電側送信手段27に対して,それに応じた信号を出力する。そして,受電側送信手段27から電力給電装置30側に向かって充電希望信号が送信される。電力給電装置30では,給電側システム制御手段35aがその充電希望信号を受けるばかりでなく,更には,当該充電希望信号を受けたことを示す信号であって,電力受電装置20に備えた受電側システム制御手段35bに向けた,可動手段36の制御を許可するための応答信号を出力する。そのため,電力給電装置30には,当該応答信号を,前記電力受電装置20側に送信する,通信部37aと送信アンテナ37bとからなる給電側送信手段37が備えられており,電力受電装置20に対して前記応答信号を送信する。 More specifically, if the activation determination means 26 determines that the parking brake is “ON”, it outputs a corresponding signal to the power receiving side transmission means 27. Then, a charge request signal is transmitted from the power receiving side transmitting means 27 toward the power feeding device 30 side. In the power supply device 30, not only the power supply side system control means 35 a receives the charge request signal, but also a signal indicating that the charge request signal has been received. A response signal for permitting control of the movable means 36 toward the system control means 35b is output. Therefore, the power feeding device 30 is provided with power feeding side transmission means 37 including a communication unit 37a and a transmission antenna 37b for transmitting the response signal to the power receiving device 20 side. In response to this, the response signal is transmitted.
 電力受電手段20には,電力給電装置30側の給電側送信手段37からの前記応答信号を受信する,受信アンテナ28bと通信部28aからなる受電側受信手段28が備えられており,前記応答信号は,該受電側受信手段28を介して電力受電装置20に備えた受電側システム制御手段35bに出力される。 The power receiving unit 20 includes a power receiving side receiving unit 28 including a receiving antenna 28b and a communication unit 28a for receiving the response signal from the power feeding side transmitting unit 37 on the power feeding device 30 side. Is output to the power receiving side system control means 35b provided in the power receiving device 20 via the power receiving side receiving means 28.
 前記受電側システム制御手段35bでは,前記応答信号を受けて,可動手段36に対し制御信号を出力し,そして,前記受電手段21は,前記制御信号を受けた前記可動手段36によって,一次コイル31aとの間隔を狭めるように,前記「第2の配置」まで下降するのである。 The power receiving side system control means 35b receives the response signal and outputs a control signal to the movable means 36, and the power receiving means 21 receives the control signal and the primary coil 31a by the movable means 36. The distance is lowered to the “second arrangement” so as to narrow the interval.
 更に加えて,前記受電側システム制御手段35bは,前記可動手段36が,前記受電手段21を前記「第2の配置」に配設し終わったこと示す,「第2の配置」のリミット信号を検出すると共に,その結果を駆動許可信号として,前記受電側送信手段27を介して,電力給電装置30に備えた給電側システム制御手段35aに向けて送出する。 In addition, the power receiving side system control means 35b provides a limit signal of “second arrangement” indicating that the movable means 36 has arranged the power receiving means 21 in the “second arrangement”. At the same time, the result is sent as a drive permission signal to the power supply side system control means 35 a provided in the power supply apparatus 30 via the power reception side transmission means 27.
 給電側システム制御手段35aでは,当該駆動許可信号を受けて,開閉器33に対して「閉」の駆動信号を出力する。そして,開閉器33は,この「閉」の駆動信号に基づいて導通状態となり,駆動回路32に交流電力が供給されることによって一次コイル31aが駆動されるのである。 In response to the drive permission signal, the power supply side system control means 35 a outputs a “closed” drive signal to the switch 33. The switch 33 becomes conductive based on this “closed” drive signal, and the primary coil 31 a is driven by supplying AC power to the drive circuit 32.
 つまり,本発明の第2実施形態では,自動車2側の底面に備えた受電手段21が下降する構成であるが,上述したように,前記電力受電装置20と前記電力給電装置30との間で,充電希望信号の受信,及び,それに対する応答信号の受信と言った「所定の手続」が得られない限り,受電手段21が下降することがないので,自動車側に可動式の受電手段21を備えても,自動車道等の安全運行に支障は生じないのである。更に加えて,前記「所定の手続」が完了し,受電手段21が「第2の配置」にならないかぎり,前記電力受電装置20から前記電力給電装置30に対して,前記駆動許可信号が送出されず,一次コイル31aが駆動されないので,省エネルギーが実現できるのである。 That is, in the second embodiment of the present invention, the power receiving means 21 provided on the bottom surface on the automobile 2 side is lowered, but as described above, between the power receiving device 20 and the power feeding device 30. Unless the “predetermined procedure” such as reception of the charging request signal and reception of the response signal is obtained, the power receiving means 21 will not be lowered, so that the movable power receiving means 21 is provided on the vehicle side. Even if it is prepared, it will not interfere with the safe operation of the expressway. In addition, as long as the “predetermined procedure” is completed and the power receiving means 21 is not in the “second arrangement”, the drive permission signal is sent from the power receiving device 20 to the power feeding device 30. Therefore, the primary coil 31a is not driven, so that energy saving can be realized.
 このように,本発明の第2実施形態によれば,前記電力受電装置20を備えた自動車2を,前記電力給電装置30を備えた所定の駐車スペース3に停め,少なくともパーキングブレーキを掛け,自動車2を確実に停車状態にしたときに,前記電力受電装置20側から前記電力給電装置30側に対して充電希望信号が送出され,そして,その充電希望信号を電力給電装置30が受け,更に,電力給電装置30から前記電力受電装置20側に対して応答信号が送出され,その応答信号を前記電力受電装置20が受ける,と言った「所定の手続」を経ることで,先ず,受電手段21が給電手段31の一次コイル31aに向かって下降して,一次コイル31aと二次コイル21aの離隔距離を,前記「第2の配置」の配設状態とすると共に,その配設を待って,開閉器33を介して駆動回路32に交流電力の供給が行われることで一次コイル31aが駆動され,二次コイル21aとの間で電磁誘導による給電が始まる。
 このように構成したことによって,前記電力受電装置20を搭載した自動車2が前記駐車スペース3に駐車したあとは,二次コイル21aが下降することによって,一次コイル31aとの電磁結合が密になり,二次コイル21a側に効率よく電力を誘起でき,主バッテリ23に対する充電時間等の短縮が図れる。また,一次コイル31aと二次コイル21aの変換効率が良くなるので,コイルの大きさを小さくでき,自動車2への搭載や,駐車スペース3への設置を,より簡単に行うことができるようになる。
As described above, according to the second embodiment of the present invention, the automobile 2 provided with the power receiving device 20 is stopped in the predetermined parking space 3 provided with the power feeding device 30, and at least a parking brake is applied. 2 is reliably stopped, a charge request signal is sent from the power receiving device 20 side to the power supply device 30 side, and the power supply device 30 receives the charge request signal, A power receiving device 21 first receives a response signal from the power feeding device 30 to the power receiving device 20 and receives the response signal by the power receiving device 20. Is lowered toward the primary coil 31a of the power feeding means 31, and the separation distance between the primary coil 31a and the secondary coil 21a is set to the arrangement state of the “second arrangement” and the arrangement thereof. Wait, the primary coil 31a by supply of AC power to the drive circuit 32 via the switch 33 is performed is driven, power supply by electromagnetic induction begins with the secondary coil 21a.
With this configuration, after the automobile 2 on which the power receiving device 20 is mounted is parked in the parking space 3, the secondary coil 21a is lowered so that the electromagnetic coupling with the primary coil 31a becomes dense. Thus, electric power can be efficiently induced on the secondary coil 21a side, and the charging time for the main battery 23 can be shortened. Further, since the conversion efficiency of the primary coil 31a and the secondary coil 21a is improved, the size of the coil can be reduced, so that it can be mounted on the automobile 2 or installed in the parking space 3 more easily. Become.
 また,前記電力受電装置20を搭載した自動車2が前記電力給電装置30を備えた駐車スペース3に駐車しても,前記充電希望信号は,少なくともパーキングブレーキを掛けて,車を確実に停車させないと出力されない構成であり,しかも,前記電力受電装置20側からの充電希望信号を受信し,電力給電装置30側が応答信号を返す,前記「所定の手続」をしない限り,給電手段31を駆動しない構成であるので,電力供給システムを安全に動作させることができるし省エネルギーとすることができる。 In addition, even if the automobile 2 equipped with the power receiving device 20 parks in the parking space 3 provided with the power feeding device 30, the charge request signal must be applied at least with a parking brake to stop the vehicle securely. A configuration in which the power supply unit 31 is not driven unless the “predetermined procedure” is performed, in which the charging request signal is received from the power receiving device 20 side and the response signal is returned from the power feeding device 30 side. Therefore, the power supply system can be operated safely and energy can be saved.
 また,自動車2が前記電力給電装置30を備えた駐車スペース3に駐車し,しかも,前記電力受電装置20と電力給電装置30との間で,前記「所定の手続」がなされない限り,前記受電手段31が下降しないので,当該自動車2の一般道路等における安全運行にまったく支障が生じることがない。 Further, unless the automobile 2 is parked in the parking space 3 having the power feeding device 30 and the “predetermined procedure” is not performed between the power receiving device 20 and the power feeding device 30, the power receiving Since the means 31 does not descend, there will be no hindrance to safe operation of the automobile 2 on a general road or the like.
 加えて,上記第1実施形態と同様に,前記電力受電装置20を搭載した自動車2であっても,前記電力受電装置20を搭載していない一般の自動車であっても,前記電力給電装置30を備えた駐車スペース3に車を駐車しようとするときは,前記給電手段31が路面に固定されているので,車の駐車に際して邪魔になることはないし,当該自動車2が停められていない駐車スペース3において,歩行者等に危険や危害を及ぼすことがない。 In addition, similar to the first embodiment, even if the vehicle 2 is equipped with the power receiving device 20 or is a general vehicle not equipped with the power receiving device 20, the power feeding device 30 is used. When the vehicle is to be parked in the parking space 3 provided with the above, since the power feeding means 31 is fixed to the road surface, it does not interfere with the parking of the car and the parking space where the automobile 2 is not parked In No. 3, there is no danger or harm to pedestrians.
 次に本発明の第3実施形態として図6から図8を参照して説明する。本発明の第1実施形態と第3実施形態の主たる違いは,可動手段36の動きの違いにある。本発明の第1実施形態における可動手段36は,一次次コイル31aと二次コイル21aの離隔距離を替えるように基台を動かせばよいため,可動手段36は,一方向(本発明では上下であり,以下の説明ではZ軸と記載する。)に伸縮するものであればよいが,本発明の第3実施形態における可動手段36は,Z軸方向の伸縮に加え,給電手段31を,Z軸方向に直交する方向(即ち,給電手段31がなす平面に平行な方向であり,以下の説明ではX軸,Y軸で規定される座標で記載する。)へ可動できるように構成されている。つまり,本発明の第3実施形態では,一次コイル31aと二次コイル21aの離隔距離を,基準点である「第1の配置」の配設状態から,Z軸方向に移動した「第2の配置」の配設状態に替えることができるばかりでなく,更に,一次コイル31aと二次コイル21aの間隔を保った状態のままで,給電手段31がなす平面に平行な方向の相対位置を,「第2の配置」からX軸,Y軸方向における所定の範囲内の,任意の座標である「第3の配置」の配設状態の何れかに替えることができるようになっているのである。 Next, a third embodiment of the present invention will be described with reference to FIGS. The main difference between the first embodiment and the third embodiment of the present invention is the difference in the movement of the movable means 36. Since the movable means 36 in the first embodiment of the present invention only has to move the base so as to change the separation distance between the primary coil 31a and the secondary coil 21a, the movable means 36 can move in one direction (in the present invention, up and down). Yes, in the following description, it will be described as Z-axis). However, the movable means 36 in the third embodiment of the present invention is not limited to expansion and contraction in the Z-axis direction, and the power feeding means 31 is It is configured to be movable in a direction orthogonal to the axial direction (that is, a direction parallel to the plane formed by the power feeding means 31 and described in the following description with coordinates defined by the X axis and the Y axis). . That is, in the third embodiment of the present invention, the separation distance between the primary coil 31a and the secondary coil 21a is changed from the arrangement state of the “first arrangement” as the reference point to the “second axis” moved in the Z-axis direction. In addition to being able to change to the arrangement state of “arrangement”, the relative position in the direction parallel to the plane formed by the power feeding means 31 is maintained while maintaining the distance between the primary coil 31a and the secondary coil 21a. It is possible to change from “second arrangement” to any arrangement state of “third arrangement” which is an arbitrary coordinate within a predetermined range in the X-axis and Y-axis directions. .
 図6を用いて本発明の第3実施形態について詳しく説明する。尚,図6には給電手段31が給電状態にあって,しかも,給電手段31が図の左右に位置を替える様子が示されている。 The third embodiment of the present invention will be described in detail with reference to FIG. FIG. 6 shows a state in which the power feeding means 31 is in a power feeding state and the position of the power feeding means 31 is changed to the left and right in the drawing.
 この実施形態における電力給電装置30も,自動車2に備えた電力受電装置20側からの充電希望信号に応じて,当該装置30を構成する給電側システム制御手段35aから可動手段36に対して前記制御信号が出力される構成となっているのであるが,この実施形態における可動手段36は,前記給電側システム制御手段35aからの前記制御信号によって,まず給電手段31を「第1の配置」から「第2の配置」へ上昇させ,一次コイル31aと二次コイル21aの上下の間隔を所定の寸法にするばかりでなく,更に加え,この「第2の配置」の位置を原点として,当該所定の寸法を保ったまま,給電手段31を,給電手段31がなす平面に平行な方向の所定の範囲内において,特に給電手段31の所定地点が,予め設定された複数の任意の座標を有した「第3の配置」に位置するように,前記給電手段31は予め定められた順序で順次移動させるように構成されている。 The power supply device 30 in this embodiment also controls the movable unit 36 from the power supply side system control means 35a constituting the device 30 in accordance with a charge request signal from the power reception device 20 side provided in the automobile 2. The movable means 36 in this embodiment is configured to output the power supply means 31 from “first arrangement” to “first arrangement” according to the control signal from the power supply side system control means 35a. In addition to setting the vertical distance between the primary coil 31a and the secondary coil 21a to a predetermined dimension, the position of the “second arrangement” is set as the origin, and the predetermined arrangement is made. While maintaining the dimensions, the power supply means 31 is set within a predetermined range in a direction parallel to the plane formed by the power supply means 31, and in particular, a predetermined point of the power supply means 31 is a plurality of preset points. So as to be positioned having the meaning of coordinate "third arrangement of" the power supply unit 31 is configured to sequentially move in a predetermined order.
 一方,給電側システム制御手段35aは,給電手段31が「第2の配置」における所定の寸法になったこと示す,「第2の配置」のリミット信号を受けて,開閉器33に対する駆動信号を出力し,前記開閉器33を導通状態にすることによって,駆動回路32の駆動が始まり,一次コイル31から二次コイル21aの給電が行われる。 On the other hand, the power supply side system control unit 35a receives a limit signal of “second arrangement” indicating that the power supply unit 31 has a predetermined size in the “second arrangement”, and sends a drive signal to the switch 33. By outputting the signal and making the switch 33 conductive, the drive circuit 32 starts to be driven, and the primary coil 31 supplies power to the secondary coil 21a.
 更に,この実施形態における電力給電装置30には,給電側送信手段37が備えられており,前記給電側システム制御手段35aから出力された制御信号は,電力受電装置20側にも送信される。 Furthermore, the power supply apparatus 30 in this embodiment is provided with a power supply side transmission means 37, and the control signal output from the power supply side system control means 35a is also transmitted to the power reception apparatus 20 side.
 一方,電力受電装置20側には,前記制御信号を受信するための受電側受信手段28が備えられており,受信した前記制御信号は,電力受電装置20に備えた受電側システム制御手段35bに向けて出力される。前記受電側システム制御手段35bでは,前記制御信号を受けて,当該制御信号から前記給電手段31の前記所定地点における位置データを取得する。この位置データは,前記給電手段31が,「第2の配置」である原点から,予め定められた所定の範囲内において,予め定められた順序に基づいて順次「第3の配置」に移動させたときの,それぞれの座標に対応するデータであり,この位置データを受けて前記受電側システム制御手段35bでは,前記給電手段31の座標を記憶する。更に,前記受電側システム制御手段35bは,前記位置データを受け入れる毎に(言い換えれば,前記給電手段31が制御信号に応じて前記座標を順次移動していく毎に),前記処理部7を介して得られる,例えば,二次コイル21に誘起される交流電力の大きさの電力データを充電回路22から収集すると共に,当該電力データと前記位置データとを対応させたテーブルを作成する。 On the other hand, the power receiving apparatus 20 is provided with a power receiving side receiving means 28 for receiving the control signal, and the received control signal is sent to the power receiving side system control means 35b provided in the power receiving apparatus 20. Is output. The power receiving side system control means 35b receives the control signal and acquires position data of the power feeding means 31 at the predetermined point from the control signal. The position data is obtained by causing the power feeding means 31 to sequentially move to the “third arrangement” based on a predetermined order within a predetermined range from the origin that is the “second arrangement”. In response to this position data, the power receiving system control means 35b receives the position data and stores the coordinates of the power supply means 31. Further, every time the power receiving side system control means 35b receives the position data (in other words, every time the power feeding means 31 sequentially moves the coordinates in accordance with the control signal), the power receiving side system control means 35b passes through the processing section 7. For example, power data of the magnitude of AC power induced in the secondary coil 21 is collected from the charging circuit 22 and a table in which the power data is associated with the position data is created.
 加えて,受電側システム制御手段35bは,給電手段31の可動範囲における,全ての座標において電力データの取得が終わったなら,得られた電力データの中から,最も二次コイル21に誘起される交流電力が大きくなる座標データを最適位置情報として出力する。また,前記受電側システム制御手段35bは,主バッテリ23の電力容量を常時監視して得られる処理部7からのデータに基づいて,主バッテリ23の電力容量が所定値以上有れば,満充電情報を出力するように構成されている。 In addition, the power-receiving-side system control unit 35b is most induced in the secondary coil 21 from the obtained power data when the acquisition of the power data is completed at all coordinates in the movable range of the power feeding unit 31. Coordinate data that increases AC power is output as optimum position information. The power receiving side system control means 35b is fully charged if the power capacity of the main battery 23 exceeds a predetermined value based on the data from the processing unit 7 obtained by constantly monitoring the power capacity of the main battery 23. It is configured to output information.
 そして,この最適位置情報及び満充電情報は,受電側送信手段27を介して,最適位置制御信号及び充電完了信号として電力給電装置30側に送信される。
 電力給電装置30側の給電側受信手段38は,前記最適位置制御信号を受けて最適位置情報を給電側システム制御手段36aに出力する。給電側システム制御手段35aでは,当該最適位置情報に基づいた制御信号を可動手段36に対して出力し,給電手段31は,可動手段36によって,最も二次コイル21に誘起される交流電力が大きくなる位置である「第3の配置」の座標に配設されるように構成されている。また,給電側システム制御手段35aが,前記充電完了信号を受けたなら,可動手段35に対する制御信号と,開閉器33に対する駆動信号の出力を止めて,システムを待機状態となるように終了処理する。
Then, the optimum position information and full charge information are transmitted to the power feeding apparatus 30 side as an optimum position control signal and a charge completion signal via the power receiving side transmission means 27.
The power feeding side receiving means 38 on the power feeding device 30 side receives the optimum position control signal and outputs optimum position information to the power feeding side system control means 36a. The power supply side system control means 35 a outputs a control signal based on the optimum position information to the movable means 36, and the power supply means 31 has the largest AC power induced in the secondary coil 21 by the movable means 36. It is comprised so that it may be arrange | positioned at the coordinate of "3rd arrangement | positioning" which is a position. When the power supply side system control means 35a receives the charging completion signal, it stops the output of the control signal for the movable means 35 and the drive signal for the switch 33, and finishes the system so as to enter a standby state. .
 ここで,図7から図8を用いて給電手段31の動作の具体的な例を示すと共に,システムの処理手順について詳しく説明する。図7は,給電手段31に着目し,第3実施形態における給電手段31が,基準点である「第1の配置」から,「第3の配置」の原点としての「第2の配置」へ上昇し,更に,給電手段31がなす平面に平行な方向に任意の座標を有した「第3の配置」となる動きを模式的に示した図である。この図7において,Cは給電手段31を構成する一次コイル31aの略中心を示しており,この中心点Cが給電手段31の前記所定地点である。また,図7中央に示される{「第2の配置」における給電手段31の配置図及び「第3の配置」における可動範囲}の図の,給電手段31の外側に画かれた破線で示す範囲が,給電手段31の移動可能な範囲を示すものであり,請求項に記載の所定の範囲である。また,この配置図に画かれた給電手段31の中央部に示される,グリッドで仕切られた部分は,給電手段31が前記所定の範囲を動いたときにおける,前記一次コイル31aの中心点Cの動く範囲を示しており,この範囲内の任意の座標に中心点Cが移動したときに,給電手段31は「第3の配置」に配設されたことになる。尚,この図7の上側に画かれた図は,中心点Cが動く座標と,その動きの順序を分かり易く説明するため,前記グリッド部分を取り出して拡大した図である。また,図8は第3実施形態におけるシステムの処理手順を示すものであり,図8の(a)部分は電力給電装置30に備えた給電側システム制御手段35aのフローチャート,(b)部分は前記給電側システム制御手段35aの処理に伴い行われる,一次コイル31aの駆動手順,(c)部分は電力受電装置20に備えた受電側システム制御手段35bのフローチャートである。 Here, a specific example of the operation of the power supply means 31 will be described with reference to FIGS. 7 to 8, and the processing procedure of the system will be described in detail. FIG. 7 focuses on the power supply means 31, and the power supply means 31 in the third embodiment changes from “first arrangement” as a reference point to “second arrangement” as the origin of “third arrangement”. FIG. 6 is a diagram schematically showing a movement that rises and becomes a “third arrangement” having arbitrary coordinates in a direction parallel to a plane formed by the power feeding means 31. In FIG. 7, C indicates the approximate center of the primary coil 31 a constituting the power supply means 31, and this center point C is the predetermined point of the power supply means 31. Further, the range indicated by the broken line drawn outside the power supply means 31 in the {position diagram of the power supply means 31 in the "second arrangement" and the movable range in the "third arrangement" shown in the center of FIG. Indicates a movable range of the power supply means 31, and is a predetermined range described in the claims. Further, the portion partitioned by the grid shown in the central portion of the power feeding means 31 shown in this layout diagram is the center point C of the primary coil 31a when the power feeding means 31 moves within the predetermined range. The moving range is shown, and when the center point C moves to an arbitrary coordinate within this range, the power feeding means 31 is arranged in the “third arrangement”. Note that the figure drawn on the upper side of FIG. 7 is an enlarged view of the grid portion taken out for easy understanding of the coordinates of the movement of the center point C and the order of the movement. FIG. 8 shows the processing procedure of the system in the third embodiment. FIG. 8 (a) is a flowchart of the power supply side system control means 35a provided in the power supply apparatus 30, and FIG. The driving procedure of the primary coil 31a performed in accordance with the processing of the power supply side system control means 35a, part (c) is a flowchart of the power reception side system control means 35b provided in the power receiving device 20.
 この図7及び図8によれば,給電手段31が給電前の状態である「第1の配置」にあるときの,一次コイル31aの略中心点Cの座標(X,Y,Z)を,基準点(0,0,0)とすると,給電側システム制御手段35aは,充電希望信号を受けて(S100 Yesの場合),可動手段36に対して制御信号を出力することによって(S102),前記可動手段36が,給電手段31を上方に向かってαだけ押し上げられた「第2の配置」に配設し,一次コイル31aの略中心点Cの座標は,Z軸方向にαだけ上昇した(0,0,α)となる。この中心点Cの座標は,「第3の配置」における座標P(13)と同じであり,「第3の配置」の原点である。そして,給電手段31が「第2の配置」に配設されたなら,この配設状態を示す「第2の配置」のリミット信号を受けて(S104 Yesの場合),給電側システム制御手段35aは,開閉器33に対して「閉」の駆動信号を出力して(S106),次のステップに移行する(S108)。「第2の配置」でないならば(S104 Noの場合),ステップ(S102)に戻って処理を繰り返す。 According to FIGS. 7 and 8, the coordinates (X, Y, Z) of the approximate center point C of the primary coil 31a when the power feeding means 31 is in the “first arrangement” that is the state before power feeding, Assuming that the reference point is (0, 0, 0), the power supply side system control means 35a receives the charge request signal (in the case of S100 Yes) and outputs a control signal to the movable means 36 (S102). The movable means 36 is disposed in a “second arrangement” in which the power feeding means 31 is pushed upward by α, and the coordinates of the substantially center point C of the primary coil 31a are raised by α in the Z-axis direction. (0, 0, α). The coordinates of the center point C are the same as the coordinates P (13) in the “third arrangement” and are the origin of the “third arrangement”. If the power supply means 31 is arranged in the “second arrangement”, a limit signal of “second arrangement” indicating this arrangement state is received (in the case of S104 Yes), and the power supply side system control means 35a. Outputs a "closed" drive signal to the switch 33 (S106), and proceeds to the next step (S108). If it is not “second arrangement” (in the case of No in S104), the process returns to Step (S102) and is repeated.
 尚,ステップ(S106)において出力された駆動信号を受けて行われる,一次コイル31aの駆動手順(図8の(b)部分で示されるS206~S212)は,第1実施形態の手順(S26~S32)と同じであるので,詳細な説明は省略する。 The primary coil 31a drive procedure (S206 to S212 shown in part (b) of FIG. 8) performed in response to the drive signal output in step (S106) is the same as that of the first embodiment (S26 to S212). Since it is the same as S32), detailed description is omitted.
 一方,前記給電側システム制御手段35aが,前記充電希望信号を受けていないときは(S100 Noの場合),前記給電側システム制御手段35aが,前記可動手段36に対しシステムを待機状態にするための前記制御信号を出力(「OFF」信号)することによって(S118),給電手段31は,給電手段31の上面を路面1とフラットな状態となるように収納した,給電前の位置である「第1の位置」に配設されると共に,開閉器33に対し「開」の駆動信号を出力(「OFF」信号)する)ことによって(S120),給電手段31から受電手段21に対する電力の供給は行われず,システムは待機状態となる。 On the other hand, when the power supply side system control means 35a has not received the charge request signal (in the case of S100 No), the power supply side system control means 35a places the system in a standby state with respect to the movable means 36. Is output ("OFF" signal) (S118), the power feeding means 31 is the position before power feeding, in which the upper surface of the power feeding means 31 is housed in a flat state with the road surface 1. Supplying electric power from the power supply means 31 to the power reception means 21 by providing an "open" drive signal ("OFF" signal) to the switch 33 (S120). Is not performed, and the system enters a standby state.
 更に,前記給電側システム制御手段35aは,開閉器33に対して「閉」の駆動信号を出力したなら(S106),主バッテリ23の電力容量を常時監視して得られる処理部7からのデータに基づいて,自動車2を駐車スペース3に停めたときに,主バッテリ23の電力容量が所定値より低ければ(S108 Noの場合)充電を開始して次のステップ(S110)へ移行し処理を行う。一方,主バッテリ23の電力容量が所定値以上あるとき,つまり,前記充電完了信号を受けたときは(S108 Yesの場合),可動手段36に対する制御信号と閉回路33に対する駆動信号の出力をやめる(S118,S120)ように構成されている。 Further, if the power supply side system control means 35a outputs a drive signal of “closed” to the switch 33 (S106), the data from the processing unit 7 obtained by constantly monitoring the power capacity of the main battery 23. If the power capacity of the main battery 23 is lower than a predetermined value when the automobile 2 is parked in the parking space 3 based on the above, charging is started and the process proceeds to the next step (S110). Do. On the other hand, when the power capacity of the main battery 23 is equal to or greater than a predetermined value, that is, when the charge completion signal is received (Yes in S108), output of the control signal for the movable means 36 and the drive signal for the closed circuit 33 is stopped. (S118, S120).
 また,バッテリ23の電力容量が所定値より低い場合(S108 Noの場合),給電側システム制御手段35aは,給電手段31に対して,給電手段31の高さαを維持したまま,給電手段31がなす平面に平行な方向の前記所定範囲内における,座標P(13)とは異なる任意の座標を有した「第3の配置」に移動するよう,前記可動手段36に対して制御信号を出力する。 When the power capacity of the battery 23 is lower than the predetermined value (No in S108), the power supply side system control unit 35a maintains the height α of the power supply unit 31 with respect to the power supply unit 31 while maintaining the height α of the power supply unit 31. A control signal is output to the movable means 36 so as to move to the “third arrangement” having an arbitrary coordinate different from the coordinate P (13) within the predetermined range in the direction parallel to the plane formed by To do.
 具体的には,給電側システム制御手段35aは,予め定められた順序で出力される「第3の配置」用の制御信号に基づいて,一次コイル31aの中心点Cを,先ず,一つ目の「第3の配置」における中心点Cのポイントである座標P(1)(2,2,α)に配設するための制御信号を出力する(S110)ことによって,一次コイル31aを座標P(1)に移動させる。一方,給電側システム制御手段35aから出力された,前記座標P(1)に配設するための制御信号は,座標P(1)の位置データとして出力され(S112),給電側送信手段37を介して電力受電装置20側に送信される。 Specifically, the power supply side system control unit 35a first sets the center point C of the primary coil 31a to the first one based on the control signal for “third arrangement” output in a predetermined order. By outputting a control signal for disposing at the coordinates P (1) (2, 2, α) that is the point of the center point C in the “third arrangement” of (S110), the primary coil 31a is moved to the coordinates P. Move to (1). On the other hand, the control signal for disposing at the coordinate P (1) output from the power supply side system control means 35a is output as position data of the coordinate P (1) (S112). Via the power receiving device 20 side.
 更に,給電側システム制御手段35aは,予め記憶された座標P(n)の数n(本発明の実施形態ではn=1,2・・・25)に基づいて,座標P(25)の位置データが出力されるまで(S114 Noの場合),可動手段36に対して順次前記座標P(n)の制御信号を出力して給電手段31の配設位置を移動させつつ,当該座標P(n)の位置データを,電力受電装置20側に順次送出する処理を繰り返し行う(S106~S114)。そして,座標P(25)の位置データが出力されたなら(S114 Yesの場合),前記電力受電装置20に備えた受電側システム制御手段35bから送られる,最適位置制御信号を取得する次のステップに移行する(S122)。 Further, the power feeding side system control means 35a determines the position of the coordinate P (25) based on the number n of coordinates P (n) stored in advance (n = 1, 2,... 25 in the embodiment of the present invention). Until the data is output (in the case of No in S114), the control signal of the coordinate P (n) is sequentially output to the movable unit 36 to move the arrangement position of the power supply unit 31, and the coordinate P (n ) Position data is sequentially sent to the power receiving apparatus 20 side (S106 to S114). If the position data of the coordinate P (25) is output (in the case of S114 Yes), the next step of acquiring the optimum position control signal sent from the power receiving side system control means 35b provided in the power receiving device 20 (S122).
 一方,電力受電装置20側に備えた前記受電側システム制御手段35bは,図8の(c)部分に示されるように,前記給電側システム制御手段35aのステップ(S112)において出力された座標P(1)の位置データを取得し,座標P(1)の位置データとして記憶する(S312)と共に,前記受電側システム制御手段35bは,給電手段31が座標P(1)にある時の,例えば,二次コイル21aに誘起される交流電力のデータを,処理部7を介して取得する(S314)。そして,両方のデータを取得したなら,座標P(1)の位置データと電力データとを対応させたテーブルを作成する(S316)。同様にして,座標がP(2)(1,2,α),P(3)(0,2,α)・・・,P(25)(-2,-2,α)と順次移動するのに伴い,これらの座標P(2),P(3)・・・,P(25)の位置データと,ぞれぞれの座標において二次コイル21aに誘起される交流電力の大きさのデータを対比させたテーブルを作成していく(S312~S318 Noの場合)。そして,前記受電側システム制御手段35bは,すべての座標におけるテーブルが完成したなら(S318 Yesの場合),前記テーブルの中から,誘起される交流電力の大きさが一番大きい(PW max)の座標P(m)を抽出し(S320),その座標P(m)の位置データを最適位置制御信号として,電力給電装置30に備えた給電側システム制御手段35aにフィードバックする(S322)。 On the other hand, the power receiving-side system control means 35b provided on the power receiving device 20 side, as shown in FIG. 8C, shows the coordinates P output in step (S112) of the power-feeding-side system control means 35a. The position data of (1) is acquired and stored as the position data of the coordinate P (1) (S312), and the power receiving side system control means 35b, for example, when the power supply means 31 is at the coordinate P (1), for example , AC power data induced in the secondary coil 21a is acquired via the processing unit 7 (S314). And if both data are acquired, the table which matched the position data of coordinate P (1) and electric power data will be created (S316). Similarly, the coordinates sequentially move as P (2) (1,2, α), P (3) (0,2, α)..., P (25) (− 2, −2, α). Accordingly, the position data of these coordinates P (2), P (3)..., P (25) and the magnitude of the AC power induced in the secondary coil 21a at each coordinate. A table that compares the data is created (in the case of S312 to S318 No). When the table at all coordinates is completed (in the case of S318 Yes), the power receiving side system control means 35b has the largest induced AC power (PW max) among the tables. The coordinate P (m) is extracted (S320), and the position data of the coordinate P (m) is fed back to the power feeding side system control means 35a provided in the power feeding device 30 as an optimum position control signal (S322).
 更に,給電側システム制御手段35aでは,座標P(25)の位置データが受電側システム制御手段35bに送出したなら(S114 Yesの場合),前記受電側システム制御手段35bより送られた最適位置制御信号を取得して,座標P(m)の位置データを抽出し(S122),この位置データに応じた制御信号を可動手段36に対して出力する(S124)。可動手段36は,この制御信号を基に,最も二次コイル21に誘起される交流電力が大きくなる位置である「第3の配置」の座標P(m)に給電手段31を配設するのである。そして,給電側システム制御手段35aは,主バッテリ23の電力容量を常時監視して得られる処理部7からのデータに基づいて,主バッテリ23の電力容量が所定値より低ければ(S126 Noの場合),充電を継続する。また,主バッテリ23の電力容量が所定値より高くなれば(S126 Yesの場合),可動手段36に対する制御信号と閉回路33に対する駆動信号の出力をやめ(S118,S120),システム待機に至る終了の処理を行う。 Further, in the power feeding side system control means 35a, if the position data of the coordinate P (25) is sent to the power receiving side system control means 35b (in the case of S114 Yes), the optimum position control sent from the power receiving side system control means 35b. A signal is acquired, position data of the coordinate P (m) is extracted (S122), and a control signal corresponding to the position data is output to the movable means 36 (S124). Based on this control signal, the movable means 36 arranges the power supply means 31 at the coordinate P (m) of the “third arrangement” where the AC power induced in the secondary coil 21 is the largest. is there. If the power capacity of the main battery 23 is lower than a predetermined value based on the data from the processing unit 7 obtained by constantly monitoring the power capacity of the main battery 23 (S126 No) ), Continue charging. If the power capacity of the main battery 23 is higher than a predetermined value (in the case of S126, Yes), the control signal for the movable means 36 and the drive signal for the closed circuit 33 are not output (S118, S120), and the system reaches standby. Perform the process.
 尚,この実施形態に示すグリッドの区切り方と,給電手段31の移動の順番は一例を示すものであり,実施例に限定されるものではない。 Note that the grid separation method and the order of movement of the power supply means 31 shown in this embodiment are merely examples, and are not limited to the examples.
 次に,図9で示される本発明に係る第4実施形態について説明する。この実施形態は前記第3実施形態の異なる実施例であり,その違いは,可動手段36の取り付け位置の違いである。図9に良く示されるように,この第4実施形態では,可動手段36は,自動車2側に搭載された電力受電装置側20の二次コイル21a側に備えられている。 Next, a fourth embodiment according to the present invention shown in FIG. 9 will be described. This embodiment is a different example of the third embodiment, and the difference is the difference in the mounting position of the movable means 36. As well shown in FIG. 9, in the fourth embodiment, the movable means 36 is provided on the secondary coil 21a side of the power receiving device side 20 mounted on the automobile 2 side.
 つまり,この実施例では,一次コイル31aは路面1に固定されていて,自動車2に備えられた受電手段21が,二次コイル21aと支持部材である基台21bで一体的に形成されていることによって,この受電手段21の位置を,可動手段36で持って「第1の配置」から「第2の配置」を経て,「第3の配置」に替えることができるように構成されているのである。 That is, in this embodiment, the primary coil 31a is fixed to the road surface 1, and the power receiving means 21 provided in the automobile 2 is integrally formed by the secondary coil 21a and the base 21b which is a support member. Thus, the position of the power receiving means 21 is held by the movable means 36 so that it can be changed from the “first arrangement” to the “third arrangement” through the “second arrangement”. It is.
 この実施形態における電力給電装置30に備えた給電側システム制御手段35aは,前記充電希望信号を受けて,電力受電装置20側に備えた受電側システム制御手段35bに対して,可動手段36を制御する許可を与える,前記「所定の手続」の応答信号を出力すると共に,前記開閉器33に対して「閉」の駆動信号を出力するように構成されている。 In this embodiment, the power supply side system control means 35a provided in the power supply apparatus 30 receives the charge request signal and controls the movable means 36 with respect to the power reception side system control means 35b provided on the power reception apparatus 20 side. A response signal of the “predetermined procedure” is given, and a drive signal of “closed” is output to the switch 33.
 一方,この実施形態における前記受電側システム制御手段35bは,電力給電装置30側からの前記応答信号を受けて,可動手段36に対して受電手段21を制御するための制御信号を出力するように構成されている。 On the other hand, the power receiving side system control means 35b in this embodiment receives the response signal from the power feeding device 30 side and outputs a control signal for controlling the power receiving means 21 to the movable means 36. It is configured.
 このように構成された本実施形態を具体的に説明する。起動判定手段26においてパーキングブレーキが「ON」であると判定されたなら,前記受電側送信手段27から充電希望信号を電力給電装置30側に送出する。そして,その充電希望信号を受けた電力給電装置30では,前記充電希望信号を受けて,電力給電装置30に備えた給電側システム制御手段35aから,電力受電装置20に備えた受電側システム制御手段35bに対して,可動手段36の駆動を許可するための応答信号を,給電側送信手段37を介して前記電力受電装置20側に送信する。 This embodiment configured as described above will be specifically described. If it is determined by the activation determination means 26 that the parking brake is “ON”, a charge request signal is sent from the power receiving side transmission means 27 to the power feeding device 30 side. Then, the power supply device 30 that has received the charge request signal receives the charge request signal and receives power from the power supply side system control unit 35 a provided in the power supply device 30 to the power reception side system control unit provided in the power reception device 20. A response signal for permitting the drive of the movable unit 36 is transmitted to the power receiving device 20 side via the power supply side transmitting unit 37 with respect to 35b.
 更に,前記電力受電装置20には,電力給電装置30側の給電側送信手段37からの応答信号を受信する受電側受信手段28が備えられており,当該応答信号を受けて,受電側受信手段28から,電力受電装置20に備えた前記受電側システム制御手段35bに対して前記応答信号を出力する。前記受電側システム制御手段35bは,この応答信号を受けたなら,前記可動手段36に対して制御信号を送出することによって,受電手段21が,給電手段3との間隔を狭めるように前記「第2の配置」まで下降すると共に,予め定められたポイントと順序に基づいて「第3の配置」の座標に順次移動するように構成されているのである。 Further, the power receiving device 20 is provided with a power receiving side receiving means 28 for receiving a response signal from the power feeding side transmitting means 37 on the power feeding device 30 side. Upon receiving the response signal, the power receiving side receiving means 20 28, the response signal is output to the power receiving side system control means 35 b provided in the power receiving device 20. When the power receiving side system control means 35b receives this response signal, it sends the control signal to the movable means 36 so that the power receiving means 21 narrows the interval with the power feeding means 3. It is configured to move down to the “second arrangement” and to sequentially move to the coordinates of the “third arrangement” based on a predetermined point and order.
 更に加えて,受電側システム制御手段35bは,前記可動手段36が,前記受電手段21を前記「第2の配置」である所定の間隔に配設し終わったことを示す,「第2の配置」のリミット信号を検出すると共に,その結果を駆動許可信号として,前記受電側送信手段27を介して,電力給電装置30に備えた給電側システム制御手段35aに向けて送出する。 In addition, the power receiving side system control means 35b indicates that the movable means 36 has finished arranging the power receiving means 21 at a predetermined interval which is the “second arrangement”. And the result is sent as a drive permission signal to the power supply side system control means 35a provided in the power supply apparatus 30 via the power reception side transmission means 27.
 給電側システム制御手段35aでは,当該駆動許可信号を受けて,開閉器33に対して「閉」の駆動信号が出力される。そして,この「閉」の駆動信号に基づいて開閉器33が導通状態となり,駆動回路32に交流電力が供給され一次コイル31aが駆動されるのである。 In response to the drive permission signal, the power supply side system control means 35 a outputs a “closed” drive signal to the switch 33. Based on this “closed” drive signal, the switch 33 becomes conductive, AC power is supplied to the drive circuit 32, and the primary coil 31a is driven.
 つまり,本発明の第4実施形態では,自動車2側の底面に備えた受電手段21が下降する構成であるが,上述したように,前記電力受電手段20と前記電力給電装置30との間で,充電希望信号の受信,及び,それに対する応答信号の受信と言った「所定の手続」が得られない限り,受電手段21が下降することがないので,自動車側に可動式の受電手段21を備えても,自動車道等の安全運行に支障は生じない。更に加えて,前記電力受電装置20から前記電力給電装置30に対して,前記駆動許可信号が送出されない限り,一次コイル31aが駆動されないので,省エネルギーが実現できる。 That is, in the fourth embodiment of the present invention, the power receiving means 21 provided on the bottom surface on the automobile 2 side is lowered, but as described above, between the power receiving means 20 and the power feeding device 30. Unless the “predetermined procedure” such as reception of the charging request signal and reception of the response signal is obtained, the power receiving means 21 will not be lowered, so that the movable power receiving means 21 is provided on the vehicle side. Even if it is prepared, it will not interfere with the safe operation of the expressway. In addition, since the primary coil 31a is not driven unless the drive permission signal is sent from the power receiving device 20 to the power feeding device 30, energy saving can be realized.
 そして,受電側システム制御手段35bにおいて座標データとその座標に対応する電力データのテーブルを作成すると共に,電力データが最大となる座標データを抽出することによって,当該受電側システム制御手段35bは,受電手段21を最も効率の良い位置の「第3の配置」に配設することができるのである。 Then, the power receiving side system control means 35b creates a table of coordinate data and power data corresponding to the coordinates, and extracts the coordinate data that maximizes the power data, so that the power receiving side system control means 35b receives the power receiving power. The means 21 can be arranged in the “third arrangement” at the most efficient position.
 このように,本発明の第3実施形態及び第4実施形態によれば,前記電力受電装置20を備えた自動車2を,前記電力給電装置30を備えた所定の駐車場に停め,少なくともパーキングブレーキを掛け,自動車2を確実に停車状態にすることによって,第3実施形態にあっては,前記電力受電装置20側から前記電力給電装置30側に対して充電希望信号が送出され,そして,その充電希望信号を電力給電装置30が受ける,と言った「所定の手続」を経て,給電手段31が,給電の効率最も良くなる位置である「第3の配置」に自動的に配設され,一方,第4実施形態にあっては,充電希望信号の受信に加えて,更に,前記電力給電装置30側から前記電力受電装置20側に対して,充電希望信号に対する応答信号が送出され,その応答信号を電力受電装置20側が受ける,と言った「所定の手続」を経て,受電手段21が,給電の効率最も良くなる位置である「第3の配置」に自動的に配設されると共に,それぞれ配置が完了したことを受けて,開閉器33を介して交流電力の供給が開始されて一次コイル31aが駆動され,二次コイル21aとの間で電磁誘導による給電が始まるように構成した。
 これによって,前記第1及び第2実施形態が有する効果に加え,前記電力受電装置20を搭載した自動車2が,前記電力給電装置30を備えた駐車スペース3に,多少ラフに駐車してしまって,一次コイル31aと二次コイル21aが正対しない状態になった場合でも,本発明の第3及び第4実施形態においては,給電手段31もしくは受電手段21が,変換効率の最も良くなる「第3の配置」に自動的に配設されることから,二次コイル21a側に効率よく電力を誘起でき,主バッテリ23に対する充電時間等の短縮が図れるばかりでなく,無駄に電力を消費しないので省エネルギーとなる。
As described above, according to the third and fourth embodiments of the present invention, the vehicle 2 including the power receiving device 20 is stopped at a predetermined parking lot including the power feeding device 30, and at least a parking brake. In the third embodiment, the charging request signal is sent from the power receiving device 20 side to the power feeding device 30 side, and the vehicle 2 is surely stopped. Through a “predetermined procedure” in which the power supply device 30 receives a charge request signal, the power supply means 31 is automatically disposed in the “third arrangement”, which is the position where the efficiency of power supply is maximized, On the other hand, in the fourth embodiment, in addition to receiving the desired charging signal, a response signal for the desired charging signal is sent from the power feeding device 30 side to the power receiving device 20 side. Response Through the “predetermined procedure” that the power receiving device 20 receives the power, the power receiving means 21 is automatically disposed in the “third arrangement” that is the position where the power feeding efficiency is best, In response to the completion of the arrangement, supply of AC power is started via the switch 33, the primary coil 31a is driven, and power supply by electromagnetic induction is started with the secondary coil 21a.
As a result, in addition to the effects of the first and second embodiments, the automobile 2 equipped with the power receiving device 20 is parked somewhat roughly in the parking space 3 provided with the power feeding device 30. In the third and fourth embodiments of the present invention, even when the primary coil 31a and the secondary coil 21a do not face each other, the power feeding means 31 or the power receiving means 21 has the best conversion efficiency. 3 ”is automatically arranged, so that power can be efficiently induced on the secondary coil 21a side, not only can the charging time for the main battery 23 be shortened, but also power is not wasted. It becomes energy saving.
 尚,本発明は,以下に例示するように,本発明の趣旨を逸脱しない範囲で各部の構成を適宜に変更して実施することも可能である。
 例えば,本発明の実施形態では,前記受電希望信号や応答信号等のやり取りを行う電力受電装置20に備えた受電側送信手段27と受電側受信手段28,及び,電力給電装置30に備えた給電側送信手段37と受電側受信手段38を,説明を明確にするために別体として説明したが,電力受電装置20側,電力給電装置30側それぞれの通信部を一体にすると共に,アンテナを送受信アンテナとして構成しても良い。
Note that, as exemplified below, the present invention can be implemented by appropriately changing the configuration of each part without departing from the spirit of the present invention.
For example, in the embodiment of the present invention, the power receiving side transmitting unit 27 and the power receiving side receiving unit 28 provided in the power receiving device 20 that exchanges the power receiving desired signal and the response signal, and the power feeding provided in the power feeding device 30. The side transmission means 37 and the power reception side reception means 38 have been described as separate bodies for the sake of clarity, but the communication units on the power reception device 20 side and the power supply device 30 side are integrated, and the antenna is transmitted and received. You may comprise as an antenna.
 また,本発明の実施形態では,電力受電装置20に備えた受電側送信手段27と受電側受信手段28は自動車の後方側に備え,電力給電装置30に備えた給電側送信手段37と給電側受信手段38は駐車スペースの後方側に設置し,自動車2を駐車スペース3に止めたときに,受電側送信手段27と給電側受信手段38,給電側送信手段37と受電側受信手段28が対向配置するように構成した例を示したが,例えば,路面と自動車2の底面との間で,前記受電希望信号や応答信号等のやり取りを行うように構成してもよいなど,その設置場所は特に実施例に限定されるものではない。 Further, in the embodiment of the present invention, the power receiving side transmitting means 27 and the power receiving side receiving means 28 provided in the power receiving device 20 are provided on the rear side of the automobile, and the power feeding side transmitting means 37 and the power feeding side provided in the power feeding device 30 are provided. The receiving means 38 is installed on the rear side of the parking space, and when the automobile 2 is stopped in the parking space 3, the power receiving side transmitting means 27 and the power feeding side receiving means 38, and the power feeding side transmitting means 37 and the power receiving side receiving means 28 face each other. Although an example of the arrangement is shown, for example, it may be configured to exchange the power reception request signal or the response signal between the road surface and the bottom surface of the automobile 2. It is not particularly limited to the examples.
 また,本発明の実施形態では,電力受電装置20と電力給電装置30の間の送受信に,高周波信号を使った例を示したが,光信号(この場合,送信アンテナはLED等の光素子となる。)や電子タグ等を使ってもよいなど,その方式は何れの方法であっても良い。 In the embodiment of the present invention, an example in which a high-frequency signal is used for transmission / reception between the power receiving device 20 and the power feeding device 30 has been described. However, an optical signal (in this case, the transmitting antenna is an optical element such as an LED) The method may be any method such as using an electronic tag or the like.
 更に,本発明の実施形態に係る給電手段31と受電手段21は,例えば金属線を巻き回してなる一次コイル31aと二次コイル21aから構成されており,所定周期のパルスを一次コイル31aに加えることで一次コイル31aが駆動し,該一次コイル31aと二次コイル21aとの間の電磁誘導で持って充電が行われるのであるが,非接触で電力の供給が行えるものであれば上記実施形態に限定されるものではなく,例えば,マイクロ波を使った無線電力伝送方式に応用してもよい。この例では,給電手段31として導波管スロットアンテナを用い,受電手段21としてマイクロストリップラインからなるマイクロ波アンテナを用いればよい。この場合の給電手段31の駆動回路32はマイクロ波源であり,受電手段21の充電回路はマイクロ波を検波するダイオード等から構成すればよい。 Furthermore, the power feeding means 31 and the power receiving means 21 according to the embodiment of the present invention are composed of, for example, a primary coil 31a and a secondary coil 21a formed by winding a metal wire, and apply pulses having a predetermined cycle to the primary coil 31a. As a result, the primary coil 31a is driven and charged by electromagnetic induction between the primary coil 31a and the secondary coil 21a. For example, the present invention may be applied to a wireless power transmission system using microwaves. In this example, a waveguide slot antenna may be used as the power feeding means 31, and a microwave antenna composed of a microstrip line may be used as the power receiving means 21. In this case, the drive circuit 32 of the power supply means 31 is a microwave source, and the charging circuit of the power reception means 21 may be composed of a diode or the like that detects the microwave.
 更に,本発明の実施形態では,前記電力給電装置30と前記電力受電装置20は,車両台と自動車2の底面に備えさせた例を示したが,給電手段31と受電手段21を対向させるように設置できればよく,特にこの実施形態に限定されるものではない。 Furthermore, in the embodiment of the present invention, the power supply device 30 and the power reception device 20 are provided on the bottom of the vehicle base and the automobile 2. However, the power supply unit 31 and the power reception unit 21 are opposed to each other. However, the present invention is not particularly limited to this embodiment.

Claims (7)

  1.  少なくとも,充電を必要とすることを示すための充電希望信号を送信する受電側送信手段と,非接触で電力の供給を受けることが可能な受電手段と,該受電手段で受電した電力を蓄電するための蓄電手段と,からなる電力受電装置を具備した移動体と,
     前記移動体を搭載する車両台側に設けられ,少なくとも,前記受電手段に対して非接触で電力を供給する給電手段と,前記受電側送信手段から送信される充電希望信号を受信する給電側受信手段と,前記充電希望信号に応じて,前記給電手段から前記受電手段に電力の供給を行うことができるように制御する給電側システム制御手段と,からなる電力給電装置と,
    を備えてなる移動体の電力供給システムにおいて,
     前記移動体を前記電力給電装置が備えられた前記車両台に止め,前記給電手段と前記受電手段を対向させた状態で,前記給電手段と前記受電手段の位置が,給電前の状態である第1の配置と,給電時における第2の配置の,2様の配設状態を有するように構成したことを特徴とした移動体の電力供給システム。
    At least a power receiving side transmitting means for transmitting a charge request signal for indicating that charging is required, a power receiving means capable of receiving power supply in a non-contact manner, and storing the power received by the power receiving means A mobile unit equipped with a power receiving device comprising:
    Power supply means provided on the vehicle platform side on which the moving body is mounted and supplies power to the power reception means in a non-contact manner, and power supply side reception for receiving a charge request signal transmitted from the power reception side transmission means A power feeding device comprising: a power supply side system control means for controlling the power supply means to supply power to the power receiving means in response to the charging request signal;
    In a mobile power supply system comprising:
    The movable body is stopped on the vehicle stand provided with the power feeding device, and the power feeding means and the power receiving means are in a state before feeding, with the power feeding means and the power receiving means facing each other. 1. A power supply system for a moving body, characterized in that it has two arrangement states, one arrangement and a second arrangement during power feeding.
  2.  前記受電手段と前記給電手段の配設位置を切替えるための手段であって,制御信号に基づいて,両手段の配設位置を,前記第1の配置にするか,前記第2の配置にするかの,何れか一方の配置に切替えるための可動手段を前記給電手段に備えさせ,
     前記給電側システム制御手段は,前記受電側送信手段から送信される充電希望信号に応じて,前記給電手段から前記受電手段に電力の供給を行うための駆動信号を出力するばかりで無く,更に,前記可動手段に対して,配設位置の切替えを行う前記制御信号を出力するように構成されており,
     前記給電側システム制御手段は,前記充電希望信号を受けていないと判定したなら,前記駆動信号を出力せず,前記給電手段から前記受電手段に電力の供給を行わないように制御すると共に,前記制御信号を前記可動手段に対して出力することによって,前記受電手段と前記給電手段との位置を,前記第1の配置に配設し,
     また,前記給電側システム制御手段は,前記充電希望信号を受けたと判定したなら,前記駆動信号を出力して,前記給電手段から前記受電手段に電力の供給を行うように制御すると共に,前記制御信号を前記可動手段に対して出力することによって,前記受電手段と前記給電手段との位置を,前記第2の配置に配設するように構成したことを特徴とした請求項1に記載の移動体の電力供給システム。
    A means for switching the arrangement positions of the power receiving means and the power supply means, and the arrangement positions of both means are set to the first arrangement or the second arrangement based on a control signal. Movable means for switching to any one of the arrangements is provided in the power supply means,
    The power supply side system control means not only outputs a drive signal for supplying power from the power supply means to the power reception means in response to a charge request signal transmitted from the power reception side transmission means, It is configured to output the control signal for switching the arrangement position to the movable means,
    If it is determined that the power supply side system control means has not received the charging request signal, the power supply side system control means does not output the drive signal and performs control so as not to supply power from the power supply means to the power receiving means. By outputting a control signal to the movable means, the positions of the power receiving means and the power feeding means are arranged in the first arrangement,
    In addition, when it is determined that the power supply side system control means has received the charge request signal, the drive signal is output, and control is performed so that power is supplied from the power supply means to the power reception means. 2. The movement according to claim 1, wherein a position of the power receiving means and the power feeding means is arranged in the second arrangement by outputting a signal to the movable means. Body power supply system.
  3.  前記可動手段は,前記給電側システム制御手段から出力される制御信号によって,前記受電手段と前記給電手段との位置を,前記第2の配置に配設するばかりで無く,更に,前記給電手段を,該給電手段がなす平面に平行な方向の所定の範囲内における,任意の座標を有した第3の配置に配設可能に構成されており,
     加えて,前記電力給電装置は,前記給電側システム制御手段から出力される制御信号を送信する給電側送信装置を備えており,
     更に,前記電力受電装置は,前記給電側システム制御手段からの前記制御信号を受信する受電側受信手段と,前記制御信号に基づいて,前記給電手段を前記所定の範囲内で該給電手段がなす平面に平行な方向に移動させたときの任意の座標における位置データと,当該座標における,前記受電手段で受電した電力の大きさを記憶すると共に,前記任意の位置とは異なる座標における位置データと前記受電手段で受電した電力の大きさを記憶し,それぞれの座標における電力の大きさの比較・判定を,前記所定の範囲内で座標を所定の間隔で変えながら繰り返し行うことによって,前記受電手段で受電した電力の大きさが最大となる前記給電手段の位置を判別し,その位置が判別したなら,その位置データを前記給電手段の最適位置情報として出力する受電側システム制御手段を備え,当該最適位置情報を,前記受電側送信手段を介して最適位置制御信号として送出するように構成することによって,
     前記給電側システム制御手段は,前記最適位置制御信号を受けたなら,当該最適位置制御信号に応じた制御信号を前記可動手段に対して出力することによって,前記給電手段は,前記受電手段で受電した電力の大きさが最大となる座標である,前記第3の配置に配設されるように構成したことを特徴とした請求項2に記載の移動体の電力供給システム。
    The movable means not only arranges the positions of the power receiving means and the power supply means in the second arrangement by a control signal output from the power supply side system control means, but also further provides the power supply means. , Configured to be disposed in a third arrangement having arbitrary coordinates within a predetermined range in a direction parallel to a plane formed by the power feeding means,
    In addition, the power supply device includes a power supply side transmission device that transmits a control signal output from the power supply side system control means,
    Further, the power receiving device includes: a power receiving side receiving means for receiving the control signal from the power feeding side system control means; and the power feeding means within the predetermined range based on the control signal. Stores position data at an arbitrary coordinate when moved in a direction parallel to a plane, the magnitude of power received by the power receiving means at the coordinate, and position data at a coordinate different from the arbitrary position; The power receiving means stores the magnitude of power received by the power receiving means, and repeatedly performs comparison / determination of the power magnitude at each coordinate while changing the coordinates at predetermined intervals within the predetermined range. If the position of the power feeding means that maximizes the amount of power received in step 1 is determined and the position is determined, the position data is used as the optimum position information of the power feeding means. Comprising a receiving-side system control means for force, by the optimum position information, configured to deliver the optimum position control signal through the receiving side transmission unit,
    When the power feeding side system control means receives the optimum position control signal, the power feeding means outputs power to the movable means by outputting a control signal corresponding to the optimum position control signal to the movable means. The power supply system for a moving body according to claim 2, wherein the power supply system is arranged in the third arrangement, which is a coordinate at which the magnitude of the electric power is the maximum.
  4.  前記受電手段と前記給電手段の配設位置を切替えるための手段であって,制御信号に基づいて,両手段の配設位置を,前記第1の配置にするか,前記第2の配置にするかの,何れか一方の配置に切替えるための可動手段を前記受電手段に備えさせ,
     前記給電側システム制御手段は,前記送信手段から送信される充電希望信号に応じて,前記給電手段から前記受電手段に電力の供給を行うための駆動信号を出力ばかりで無く,更に,前記充電希望信号に応じた応答信号を出力するように構成されており,
     加えて,前記電力給電装置は,前記給電側システム制御手段からの前記応答信号を送信する給電側送信手段を備え,
     更に,前記電力受電装置は,前記給電側送信手段から送られてくる前記応答信号を受信する受電側受信手段と,当該応答信号に応じて,前記可動手段に対して前記制御信号を出力する受電側システム制御手段を備え,
     前記給電側システム制御手段は,前記充電希望信号を受けていないと判定したなら,前記駆動信号を出力せず,前記給電手段から前記受電手段に電力の供給を行わないように制御すると共に,前記応答信号を出力しないように構成されており,しかも,前記受電側システム制御手段は,前記給電側システム制御手段からの前記応答信号が無いことを受けて,前記制御信号を前記可動手段に対して出力することによって,前記受電手段と前記給電手段との位置を,前記第1の配置に配設し,
     また,前記給電側システム制御手段は,前記充電希望信号を受けたと判定したなら,前記駆動信号を出力して,前記給電手段から前記受電手段に電力の供給を行うように制御すると共に,前記応答信号を出力するように構成されており,しかも,前記受電側システム制御手段は,前記給電側システム制御手段からの前記応答信号を受けて,前記制御信号を前記可動手段に対して出力することによって,前記受電手段と前記給電手段との位置を,前記第2の配置に配設するように構成したことを特徴とした請求項1に記載の移動体の電力供給システム。
    A means for switching the arrangement positions of the power receiving means and the power supply means, and the arrangement positions of both means are set to the first arrangement or the second arrangement based on a control signal. The power receiving means is provided with movable means for switching to any one of the arrangements,
    The power supply side system control means outputs not only a drive signal for supplying power from the power supply means to the power receiving means in response to the charge request signal transmitted from the transmission means, but also the charge request. It is configured to output a response signal according to the signal,
    In addition, the power supply apparatus includes power supply side transmission means for transmitting the response signal from the power supply side system control means,
    In addition, the power receiving device receives the response signal transmitted from the power supply side transmitting unit, and receives the response signal from the power receiving unit, and outputs the control signal to the movable unit according to the response signal. Side system control means,
    If it is determined that the power supply side system control means has not received the charging request signal, the power supply side system control means does not output the drive signal and performs control so as not to supply power from the power supply means to the power receiving means. In response to the absence of the response signal from the power supply side system control means, the power receiving side system control means sends the control signal to the movable means. By outputting, the positions of the power receiving means and the power feeding means are arranged in the first arrangement,
    Further, if the power supply side system control means determines that it has received the charge request signal, it outputs the drive signal to control power supply from the power supply means to the power reception means, and the response The power receiving side system control means receives the response signal from the power feeding side system control means and outputs the control signal to the movable means. 2. The power supply system for a moving body according to claim 1, wherein the positions of the power receiving means and the power supply means are arranged in the second arrangement.
  5.  前記可動手段は,前記応答信号に応じて前記受電側システム制御手段から出力される制御信号によって,前記受電手段と前記給電手段との位置を,前記第2の配置に配設するばかりで無く,更に,前記受電手段を,該受電手段がなす平面に平行な方向の所定の範囲内における,任意の座標を有した第3の配置に制御可能に構成されており,
     しかも,前記受電側システム制御手段は,前記制御信号を出力するばかりでなく,前記制御信号に基づいて,前記受電手段を前記所定の範囲内で該受電手段がなす平面に平行な方向に移動させたときの任意の座標における位置データと,当該座標における,前記受電手段で受電した電力の大きさを記憶するとともに,前記任意の位置とは異なる座標における位置データと前記受電手段で受電した電力の大きさを記憶し,それぞれの座標における電力の大きさの比較・判定を,前記所定の範囲内で座標を所定の間隔で変えながら繰り返し行うことによって,前記受電手段で受電した電力の大きさが最大となる前記給電手段の位置を判別し,その位置が判別したなら,その位置データを前記給電手段の最適位置制御信号として前記可動手段に対して出力するように構成することによって,
     前記受電手段は,前記可動手段によって,前記受電手段で受電した電力の大きさが最大となる座標である,前記第3の配置に配設されるように構成したことを特徴とした請求項4に記載の移動体の電力供給システム。
    The movable means not only arranges the positions of the power receiving means and the power feeding means in the second arrangement by a control signal output from the power receiving side system control means in response to the response signal, Further, the power receiving means is configured to be controllable to a third arrangement having arbitrary coordinates within a predetermined range in a direction parallel to a plane formed by the power receiving means.
    Moreover, the power receiving side system control means not only outputs the control signal but also moves the power receiving means within the predetermined range in a direction parallel to the plane formed by the power receiving means based on the control signal. The position data at an arbitrary coordinate and the magnitude of the power received by the power receiving means at the coordinate, and the position data at a coordinate different from the arbitrary position and the power received by the power receiving means. The magnitude of the power received by the power receiving means is stored by repeatedly storing and comparing the magnitudes of the power at the respective coordinates while changing the coordinates at predetermined intervals within the predetermined range. When the position of the power supply means that is the maximum is determined and the position is determined, the position data is transmitted to the movable means as the optimum position control signal of the power supply means. By configured to output,
    5. The power receiving means is configured to be arranged in the third arrangement, which is a coordinate at which the magnitude of power received by the power receiving means is maximized by the movable means. A power supply system for a mobile unit according to 1.
  6.  前記可動手段による前記第1の配置及び前記第2の配置の違いは,前記受電手段と前記給電手段を対向配置したときの離隔距離の違いであり,
     前記可動手段は,前記給電側システム制御手段若しくは受電側システム制御手段からの前記制御信号によって第2の配置の側に制御された場合に,前記離隔距離を前記第1の配置より小さく,しかも所定の離隔距離を保った状態に,前記受電手段と前記給電手段の間隔を近づけるよう構成したことを特徴とした請求項1から請求項5の何れか一項に記載の移動体の電力供給システム。
    The difference between the first arrangement and the second arrangement by the movable means is a difference in separation distance when the power receiving means and the power supply means are arranged to face each other.
    When the movable means is controlled to the second arrangement side by the control signal from the power supply side system control means or the power reception side system control means, the separation distance is smaller than the first arrangement and is predetermined. 6. The mobile power supply system according to claim 1, wherein a distance between the power receiving unit and the power feeding unit is made close to a state where the separation distance is maintained.
  7.  前記電力受電装置は,移動体のパーキングブレーキの設定状態を検出する起動判定手段を備えており,少なくとも,前記起動判定手段が,移動体のパーキングブレーキが制動中であることを検出したときに,前記充電希望信号を出力するように構成したことを特徴とした請求項1から請求項6の何れか一項に記載の移動体の電力供給システム。 The power receiving device includes an activation determination unit that detects a setting state of a parking brake of a moving body, and at least when the activation determination unit detects that the parking brake of the moving body is being braked, The mobile power supply system according to any one of claims 1 to 6, wherein the charging request signal is output.
PCT/JP2010/051890 2009-02-09 2010-02-09 Power supply system for moving body, and moving body WO2010090333A1 (en)

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