WO2007052092A1 - Glow in dark composition formula with different after glow colors and methods of processing - Google Patents

Glow in dark composition formula with different after glow colors and methods of processing Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2007052092A1
WO2007052092A1 PCT/IB2005/053594 IB2005053594W WO2007052092A1 WO 2007052092 A1 WO2007052092 A1 WO 2007052092A1 IB 2005053594 W IB2005053594 W IB 2005053594W WO 2007052092 A1 WO2007052092 A1 WO 2007052092A1
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WO
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Application
Patent type
Prior art keywords
glow
layer
glowing
dark
nature
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/IB2005/053594
Other languages
French (fr)
Inventor
Vladislav A. Bulochnikov
Original Assignee
Venuslight Limited
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date

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Classifications

    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C09DYES; PAINTS; POLISHES; NATURAL RESINS; ADHESIVES; MISCELLANEOUS COMPOSITIONS; MISCELLANEOUS APPLICATIONS OF MATERIALS
    • C09KMATERIALS FOR MISCELLANEOUS APPLICATIONS, NOT PROVIDED FOR ELSEWHERE
    • C09K11/00Luminescent, e.g. electroluminescent, chemiluminescent materials
    • C09K11/08Luminescent, e.g. electroluminescent, chemiluminescent materials containing inorganic luminescent materials
    • C09K11/77Luminescent, e.g. electroluminescent, chemiluminescent materials containing inorganic luminescent materials containing rare earth metals
    • C09K11/7706Aluminates; Silicates

Abstract

The invention relates to the composition formula and its methods of application in different objects so as to glow in the dark in different colors. The invention will be used for the commercial manufacturing of various kinds of products in the fields of advertisement, entertainment and safety measures, such as live glowing flowers, glowing prints on t-shirts, glowing safety signs, glowing parts of vehicles, glowing furniture, glowing products made of glass and ceramics, interior and exterior design, glowing souvenirs etc. The glow in dark composition is comprised of 25-60% by weight of photo-luminophore made from the chemical family alkaline earth metal aluminate oxides (Sr2A12O4) and 0-20% by weight of a powdered solid solution of dyestuffs in a thermoset suiphonamidemelamine­paraformaldehyde resin.

Description

TITLE OF THE INVENTION

Glow in dark composition formula with different after glow colors and methods of processing.

FIELD OF THE INVENTION

This invention relates generally to the production of glow in the dark with the use of a composition formula with different glowing colors in the dark and its methods of application to different kinds of objects and materials.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

Products which glow in the dark have become very popular both as decorative elements as well as in advertisement, entertainment and safety measures production industry. The invention represents a complex of chemical components, materials and equipment, allowing to organize and perform the process of manufactory of various kinds of materials and objects with ability to glow in the dark in different colors. This happens by receiving (accumulating) a charge of the light from the day-light or any artificial light sources (electric lamp, Ultra-Violet light source) and then emitting of this received charge in the darkness.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

The invention is consisted of two methods of fabricating glow in the darkness of objects and materials, and of a special composition formula of different components glowing in the darkness and providing different after glowing colors. BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

The foregoing detailed description of preferred embodiments of the invention, will be better understood when read in conjunction with the appended drawings. For the purpose of illustrating the invention, in the drawings embodiments can be found, pleasantly preferred. Drawings:

FIG. 1 is an implementation of "The Carrier" method of processing in half face projection. In this figure we can find the following:

1. The object or material.

2. The grounding layer.

3. The white base reflector layer.

4. The main carrier layer with the glow in dark composition.

5. The blank layer to make the surface smooth and glossy.

FIG. 2 is an implementation of "The Monolith" method of processing in half face projection. In this figure we can find the following:

1. The object's body.

2. The glow in dark composition inside the object's body.

FIG. 3 is a top projection of a plan of an example of a workshop divided into four zones. In this figure we can find the following:

1. Spray zone.

2. Dry zone.

3. Preparation zone.

4. Maintenance zone.

FIG. 4 is the spray zone in isometric projection. In this figure we can find the following:

1. Air compressor.

2. The processed product.

3. Rotating base. 4. Shields to prevent undesirable clouds formation.

5. The bell of ventilation system.

FIG. 5 is the dry zone in isometric projection. In this figure we can find the following:

1. Air ventilation.

2. Storage shelves.

3. Processed objects.

4. Walls providing good thermo-insulation properties.

5. Heater.

FIG. 6 is structure of walls of dry zone in half face projection. In this figure we can find the following:

1. Aluminum foil.

2. Wooden boards.

3. Foam plastic. ,

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

The invention represents a formula f chemical components, materials and equipment, allowing to organize and perform the process of manufactory of various kinds of materials and objects with ability to glow in the dark in different colors.

To fabricate a product glowing in the dark, four main things are required:

1. The object or material to be processed.

2. The glow in dark composition.

3. The carrier.

4. The processing methods.

Object or material to be processed - is any physical organic or inorganic solid substance.

Glow in dark composition - is a special composition of photo-luminophore pigment, working as a light accumulator (refer to FIG. 3). It can be of any powdered luminophore from the chemical family, which is named alkaline earth metal aluminate oxides, without additional inclusions of phosphorous or other toxic and hazardous chemical components, plus the special coloring pigments. Powdered thermoset fluorescent pigments, create resistance to strong solvents and temperature. These pigments are composed of a solid solution of dyestuffs in a thermoset sulphonamidemelamine- paraformaldehyde resin and used in order to change the glowing color.

The carrier - is a transparent chemical substance which carries inside the glow in dark composition. There can be different types of varnish, silicone, plastisol, compounds or tars depending on the type of material it will be applied.

Processing method - there are two possible methods "The Carrier" and "The Monolith". According to each particular method the use of different equipment is necessary in the technological process. Example of products processing workshop can be found in Fig.4.

The glow in dark composition formula is consisted of:

1. Photo-luminophore from the chemical family named alkaline earth metal aluminate oxides (Sr∑AbCU) in proportions of 25-60% by weight.

2. The coloring pigment is composed of a solid solution of dyestuffs in a thermoset sulphonamidemelamine-paraformaldehyde resin in proportions of 0-20% by weight.

Description of "The Carrier" method.

The physical meaning of this method is that on the object's surface or material, a layer which glows should be created. The glow in dark composition itself should be considered to be a replenisher to any substance, which has a good adhesion with the object's surface. The meaning of that is to add the glow in dark composition inside the carrying substance and then application of this carrier to the object's surface together, in order to create a glowing layer on the object's surface.

The main carrier layer is consisted of two components:

1. The carrier itself in proportions of 40-70% by weight.

2. The glow in dark composition in proportions of 30-60% by weight. The proportions can be changed with purpose of getting different results of layer thickness and glow intensity.

The process of sequence should be in strict compliance with the following order (refer to FIG. 1 for better understanding) and requires the following:

1. To create a grounding layer.

2. To create a white base layer, other words, reflecting layer.

3. To create the main carrier layer.

4. To create a blank layer in order to make the surface smooth and glossy.

In some cases the carrier cannot have enough strong adhesion with the object's surface. In this case the grounding layer should be applied prior to the carrier layer in order to provide necessary adhesion between the object and the carrier layer.

The white base layer has to be created only when the original object's surface color is different to white. Application of this layer must be performed in order to increase the visible effect of glow caused by property of light reflection. This could be made of any white color substance, which can provide the necessary adhesion between the grounding layer and the main carrier layer.

Description of "The Monolith" method (refer to FIG. 2).

This method is suitable when the material of the object is transparent and allows the light to go through itself. To add the glow in dark composition inside, the material should be melted before, by using heat or chemical solvents or any other method, used in accordance with each particular material. Following this procedure, the glow in dark composition can be added inside the object's body. It is applicable for products, which are made of glass, transparent plastic, silicones etc. Some materials can slightly increase the glow of intensity because of their light refraction properties.

The process of sequence should be in strict compliance with the following order:

1. Melting the material.

2. Adding the glow in dark composition inside of the melted material. 3. Transforming the material back to its normal form.

The invention creates the glowing of different kinds of products and materials in the dark. The invention can be used in several kinds of commercial products, of different size, nature, and production procedure that can be easily found in the market following the application of the invention. This can be applied on a product by the methods described above on products made of wood, plastic, polyester, glass, cloth and practically all kinds of natural and synthetic materials and components, and give them the ability to glow in the dark.

Examples of use: a) The invention when used to glow crystal vases, ashtrays, bottles and glasses could create a new wave of impressive decorative objects and ornaments mostly in shops, restaurants, bars and night clubs. They can also be used in houses to glow lamps, aquariums, glass, wooden, plastic, natural or synthetic objects for decorative purposes and at the same time safety measures for children to be able to see glowing objects in the dark.

b) Specially designed clothes and specialized equipment such as jackets and waist coats for professionals such as police men, traffic wardens, night watchmen, night guards requesting to be exposed in darkness both for attracting attention by other people at nights, as well as offering themselves protection from collusion at night from cars and reckless drivers, when glowing in the dark.

c) Glowing entrance-exit or any other type of signs that could be used in stadiums, airports, train stations, bus stops, shopping rnaiis, bars, nightclubs to indicate the particular signs with a higher degree of light. d) Glowing car accessories inside or outside cars, motorcycles, bicycles for decorative purposes.

e) Glowing signs inside aero planes indicating emergency exits, as well as light marks outside the aero planes glowing at night when the plane is landing.

f) Glowing sea liners for different kinds of vessels.

g) Glowing particular signs, stickers and announcements on cars, motorbikes, bicycles, skate boards, roller blades, both for decorative purposes and for protection when glowing to avoid collusions.

h) Glowing wear fashionable for sports as well as for clubbing, all kinds of t-shirts, jackets, tracksuits, footwear, and for advertisement products of different brands.

i) Sockets and other electrical equipment both inside and outside of flats, offices, houses and in corridors of blocks of flats.

j) Highlighting pens.

Sample workshop description:

FIG. 3. shows a top projection of a workshop plan for products processing using λΛThe Carrier" method. The workshop is divided into four zones.

1. Spray zone.

2. Dry zone.

3. Preparation zone.

4. Maintenance zone.

Detailed description of each zone: 1 - FIG. 4. The spray zone. The main purpose of this zone is to create necessary layers on the object's surfaces, and the following can be found in this zone:

1. Air compressor.

2. The processed product.

3. Rotating base.

4. Shields to prevent undesirable clouds formation.

5. The bell of ventilation system.

The Layer is produced following the spray procedure driven by compressed air from the air compressor.

2 - FIG. 5. The dry zone. The main purpose of this zone is to dry some types of substances to which this procedure is required in order to obtain necessary qualities, and the following can be found in this zone:

1. Air ventilation.

2. Storage shelves.

3. Processed objects.

4. Walls which provide good thermo-insulation properties.

5. Heater.

FIG 6. Shows the structure of the walls of the dry zone and the necessary materials to be used in the following order:

1. Aluminum foil.

2. Wooden boards.

3. Foam plastic.

3 - Preparation zone

This zone is used for preparation of compositions and components storage.

4 - Service zone.

In this zone such actions as final checking of ready compositions, spray gun adjusting, washing of working capacities and maintenance of the air compressor are made.

Claims

1. The glow in dark composition formula, comprised of: 25-60% by weight of photo-luminophore made from the chemical family alkaline earth metal aluminate oxides (Sr2Al2U4); 0-20% by weight of a powdered solid solution of dyestuffs in a thermoset sulphonamidemelamine-paraformaldehyde resin.
2. Method of objects processing ("The Carrier"):
The process of sequence should be in strict compliance with the following order (refer to FIG. 1 for better understanding) and it is necessary to create on the object's surface: a) The grounding layer - substance of any nature, providing good enough adhesion between object's surface and next layer. b) The white base layer, other words, reflecting layer of any nature, providing good enough adhesion between grounding layer and main carrier layer. c) The main carrier layer consisted of carrier substance of any nature, and can provide good enough adhesion with previous layer, and glow in dark composition. d) The blank layer - substance of any nature which has good enough adhesion with previous layer, in order to make the surface smooth and glossy.
3. Method pf objects processing ("The Monolith") refer to FIG. 2:
The process of sequence should be in strict compliance with the following order: a) To melt the material. b) To add the glow in dark composition inside of the melted material. c) To transform the material back to solid form.
PCT/IB2005/053594 2005-11-03 2005-11-03 Glow in dark composition formula with different after glow colors and methods of processing WO2007052092A1 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
PCT/IB2005/053594 WO2007052092A1 (en) 2005-11-03 2005-11-03 Glow in dark composition formula with different after glow colors and methods of processing

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
PCT/IB2005/053594 WO2007052092A1 (en) 2005-11-03 2005-11-03 Glow in dark composition formula with different after glow colors and methods of processing

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP2051225A2 (en) * 2007-10-16 2009-04-22 Valeria Menotti Device for making objects visible under low or zero enviromental illumination conditions
US8152586B2 (en) 2008-08-11 2012-04-10 Shat-R-Shield, Inc. Shatterproof light tube having after-glow
DE102011082465A1 (en) 2011-09-09 2013-03-14 Leibniz-Institut Für Polymerforschung Dresden E.V. Polymer fibers with color pigments and dyes, useful for textiles processing, protective-providing clothing, safety jackets and decorative purposes, comprises fibers with core-sheath-structure with phosphorescent- and fluorescent properties
US9714742B1 (en) 2012-08-03 2017-07-25 Peacock Myers, P.C. Light source carrier

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB769344A (en) * 1954-11-11 1957-03-06 Switzer Brothers Inc Improvements in and relating to pigments comprising sulphonamide-melamine-formaldehyde resins
EP0721007A1 (en) * 1994-12-28 1996-07-10 Ykk Corporation Phosphorescent synthetic resin material, method for production thereof, and formed article
EP0725119A1 (en) * 1995-02-01 1996-08-07 Ykk Corporation Phosphorescent article
JPH10250006A (en) * 1997-03-13 1998-09-22 Mitsubishi Chem Mkv Co Nightglow luminescent laminate sheet
EP1118649A1 (en) * 2000-01-21 2001-07-25 Douglas Baker Plastics Limited Plastics masterbatches

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB769344A (en) * 1954-11-11 1957-03-06 Switzer Brothers Inc Improvements in and relating to pigments comprising sulphonamide-melamine-formaldehyde resins
EP0721007A1 (en) * 1994-12-28 1996-07-10 Ykk Corporation Phosphorescent synthetic resin material, method for production thereof, and formed article
EP0725119A1 (en) * 1995-02-01 1996-08-07 Ykk Corporation Phosphorescent article
JPH10250006A (en) * 1997-03-13 1998-09-22 Mitsubishi Chem Mkv Co Nightglow luminescent laminate sheet
EP1118649A1 (en) * 2000-01-21 2001-07-25 Douglas Baker Plastics Limited Plastics masterbatches

Non-Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
PATENT ABSTRACTS OF JAPAN vol. 1998, no. 14 31 December 1998 (1998-12-31) *

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP2051225A2 (en) * 2007-10-16 2009-04-22 Valeria Menotti Device for making objects visible under low or zero enviromental illumination conditions
EP2051225A3 (en) * 2007-10-16 2010-01-13 Valeria Menotti Device for making objects visible under low or zero enviromental illumination conditions
US8152586B2 (en) 2008-08-11 2012-04-10 Shat-R-Shield, Inc. Shatterproof light tube having after-glow
DE102011082465A1 (en) 2011-09-09 2013-03-14 Leibniz-Institut Für Polymerforschung Dresden E.V. Polymer fibers with color pigments and dyes, useful for textiles processing, protective-providing clothing, safety jackets and decorative purposes, comprises fibers with core-sheath-structure with phosphorescent- and fluorescent properties
US9714742B1 (en) 2012-08-03 2017-07-25 Peacock Myers, P.C. Light source carrier

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