WO2006133530A2 - Equipment and process for the production of soybean flour - Google Patents

Equipment and process for the production of soybean flour

Info

Publication number
WO2006133530A2
WO2006133530A2 PCT/BR2006/000117 BR2006000117W WO2006133530A2 WO 2006133530 A2 WO2006133530 A2 WO 2006133530A2 BR 2006000117 W BR2006000117 W BR 2006000117W WO 2006133530 A2 WO2006133530 A2 WO 2006133530A2
Authority
WO
Grant status
Application
Patent type
Prior art keywords
soybean
flour
invention
equipment
mill
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/BR2006/000117
Other languages
French (fr)
Other versions
WO2006133530A3 (en )
Inventor
José Cleverlan Brito URRUTIA
Original Assignee
Maqsoy Tecnologia Em Alimentos Ltda.
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date

Links

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C13/00Disintegrating by mills having rotary beater elements ; Hammer mills
    • B02C13/02Disintegrating by mills having rotary beater elements ; Hammer mills with horizontal rotor shaft
    • B02C13/04Disintegrating by mills having rotary beater elements ; Hammer mills with horizontal rotor shaft with beaters hinged to the rotor; Hammer mills
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; THEIR TREATMENT, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23LFOODS, FOODSTUFFS, OR NON-ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES, NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES A23B - A23J; THEIR PREPARATION OR TREATMENT, e.g. COOKING, MODIFICATION OF NUTRITIVE QUALITIES, PHYSICAL TREATMENT; PRESERVATION OF FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS, IN GENERAL
    • A23L11/00Pulses, i.e. fruits of leguminous plants, for production of fodder or food; Products from legumes; Preparation or treatment thereof, e.g. treatment with phosphates
    • A23L11/05Mashed or comminuted pulses or legumes; Products made therefrom
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C13/00Disintegrating by mills having rotary beater elements ; Hammer mills
    • B02C13/13Disintegrating by mills having rotary beater elements ; Hammer mills with horizontal rotor shaft and combined with sifting devices, e.g. for making powdered fuel
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C13/00Disintegrating by mills having rotary beater elements ; Hammer mills
    • B02C13/26Details
    • B02C13/288Ventilating, or influencing air circulation
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C23/00Auxiliary methods or auxiliary devices or accessories specially adapted for crushing or disintegrating not provided for in preceding groups or not specially adapted to apparatus covered by a single preceding group
    • B02C23/08Separating or sorting of material, associated with crushing or disintegrating
    • B02C23/14Separating or sorting of material, associated with crushing or disintegrating with more than one separator

Abstract

There is described an equipment as well as a process for the production of soybeans in a hammer mill comprised by rigid bars (21) hingedly coupled to one or more disks, the peripheral velocity of said bars being above 60 meters per second. The equipment comprises a perforated screen (25) with openings of a size equal to or smaller than 15 µm, placed inside the housing of the mill between the part (20) containing the hammers and the outlet opening (26), the latter being connected to a centrifugal fan (14) which aspirates said soybean flour which is pneumatically conveyed to a cyclone (17) wherein occurs the separation of the solid (powder) from the air stream, allowing the product to be packaged by means of known devices.

Description

EQUIPMENT AND PROCESS FOR THE PRODUCTION OF SOYBEANFLOUR

Field of the invention The present invention refers to the field of soybean processing, and more particularly, to the production of soybean flour.

Description of the prior art

Soybeans are currently considered an important source of unsaturated fat and protein, being widely used for animal and human nutrition, since they contain in average 20% oil, 5% minerals, 34% carbohydrates and 40% protein, a value much higher than that of common beans, which have an average protein content of about 20%. Furthermore, soybeans contain isoflavone, a substance that provides countless benefits to health.

Soybean-based products are various and comprise, in addition to oil, textured soybean protein that replaces bovine meat, and soybean flour used in the preparation of soybean milk as well as of bakery and confectionery products, and so forth.

There are various known processes for obtaining soybean flour, the majority of these employing coarse and fine grinding using press rolls, such as described in US patent 4,076,851 bearing the title Method and apparatus for producing fine deodorized soybean powder. The process described in this document comprises an initial crushing step, whereby the soybeans are flattened to a reduced thickness without extracting the oil and are dried to a moisture content of approximately 3%. There follows a first coarse grinding step, which produces fragments of a size corresponding to mesh size 10, and passage through an air blast curtain whereby the seed coats are separated from the fragments of seed leaves (cotyledons), the latter being subjected to the action of vapor at 110° - 120° C to neutralize the anti-trypsin factor. The treated fragments are then dried to reduce the moisture content to 2%, followed by the final steps of grinding (intermediate and fine), wherefrom results the soybean flour. In spite of preserving some of the nutritional components of the soybean (such as the oil) this process produces a degradation of the proteins due to the thermal treatment above 110°, and is also quite costly due to its complexity and the considerable energy consumption required to lower the moisture content of the soybeans (normally around 13%) to the level of 2% to 3% required by the process.

In point of fact, the grinding provided by press roll compression with no oil extraction results in the formation of a sticky and viscous residue when soybeans with the above mentioned moisture content of around 13% are used as raw material. Thus, the process described in the above quoted patent requires a substantial lowering of the moisture content in order to become feasible.

In addition to crushing by press rolls, other crushing techniques are known, such as impact pulverization, used in the processing of ore, mineral coal, recycling of materials (such as glass) and so forth. US patent 6,766,970 bearing the title Method and apparatus for a crusher describes a pulverization process used for stone, ore and coal, where the material to be pulverized is placed in contact with a liquefied gas, such as liquid nitrogen, which reduces the temperature thereof to less than -100° C, rendering it fragile and brittle. The pieces of this material are then impacted by the blades of a centrifugal turbine that rotates at 2750 - 3000 rpm and throws them against the inner wall of the shell, thereby pulverizing the pieces. This process has the disadvantage of using a liquefied gas (nitrogen or equivalent), which raises the cost thereof.

Obj ects of the invention

In view of the preceding, a first object of the invention is to provide a process for the production of soybean flour with low cost and high yield.

Another object consists in avoiding the use of high-cost techniques such as excessive drying, intense cooling and so forth.

Yet another object of the invention consists on the production of a flour wherefrom may be preserved the nutritional qualities of the soybeans, particularly the original oil content of the beans.

Summary of the invention

The present invention achieves the above-mentioned and other objects by means of an equipment that comprises a high-speed hammer mill associated to a perforated screen and a device for aspirating the soybean flour. According to another characteristic of the invention, the peripheral velocity in the hammer mill is above 60 meters per second (m/s), and preferentially in the order of 100 m/s.

According to another characteristic of the invention, the holes of said screen have a size of 15 microns or smaller.

According to another characteristic of the invention, the aspiration device is a centrifugal fan with a rotational speed above 4000 rpm.

According to another characteristic of the invention, said hammer mill and the fan rotor are mounted on the same axle.

Brief description of the figures

The additional features, advantages and characteristics of the invention will be more easily understood from the subsequent description of a preferred exemplary embodiment, taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, in which:

Figure 1 is a schematic representation of the equipment used in the process according to the principles of the invention.

Figure 2 is a detailed view of the hammer mill used in the process according to the invention. Figure 3 is a cross-section view depicting the arrangement of the apparatus used in the process, according to the principles of the invention.

Detailed description of a preferred embodiment of the invention Referring now to Fig. 1, the equipment comprises a hammer mill 10 provided with a loading port 11 for the soybeans 19 in its upper part, having a main housing 20 in which there is located the rotor provided with hammers (not illustrated in Fig. 1) and having its lower portion 12 tapered and coupled to the near end of a suction duct 13 whose far end is connected to the inlet of a centrifugal fan 14. The outlet 15 of said fan is connected, by means of a second duct 16, to a cyclone 17.

According to the process of the invention the soybeans 19, in the form of whole beans, cotyledons (halves) or fragments, are poured into the said loading port, and the powder produced by the action of the mill is suctioned by the high- vacuum centrifugal fan 14 through the duct 13. The air stream containing the soybean flour in suspension at the fan outlet is introduced into the cyclone 17 for separation of the powder (flour) which is unloaded through the outlet 18 at the lower end of the cyclone. The soybean flour may be directly conveyed to other equipment, such as an apparatus for the production of soybean milk (not illustrated), or may be packaged for later use.

Fig. 2 is a more detailed illustration of the hammer mill 10, with the main housing, shaded for better visualization, consisting of an upper half-cylindrical part 24 with a loading port 11 its top, for loading the raw material, and a lower half-cylindrical portion 25 comprising a perforated screen. Inside said main housing there is located the mill rotor comprising a plurality of hammers - rigid bars 21 - hingedly coupled to the periphery of at least one disk 22 by means of pivot pins 27, said disk rotating at more than 4,000 rpm, preferably at about 6,000 rpm. The peripheral velocity of the tips of said hammers is proportional to the rotational speed of said rotor and to the diameter of the assembly, being at least over 60 meters per second, and preferably in the order of 100 m/s. The lower half 12 of the mill housing has a substantially tapering shape which converges to an outlet 26 that is coupled to suction means (not illustrated in the drawing). The openings of said screen have a maximum size of 15 μm, being preferably smaller than 10 μm and yet more preferably between 6 μm and 8 μm.

Fig. 3 illustrates the equipment in vertical cross-section, showing the mill 10 and the centrifugal fan 14 mounted on a common shaft 23 that is driven by the pulley 28 by means of drive belts and a motor (not illustrated). This figure depicts some details not shown in the preceding figures, such as the use of a plurality of bars 21 in the hammer mill and the sieve 25 occupying the whole width 29 of the mill housing, said width being equal to the height of the main cylindrical portion 20 of the mill 10 (see Fig.

I-)

According to the invention, the soybeans to be processed - in the form of beans, cotyledons, fragments, and optionally, germ - is poured into the loading port 11, and is impacted by the hammers 21 of the mill. The high speed collision between said hammers - moving at a speed in the order of 100 meters per second - and the soybeans causes the latter to be shattered into fine dust, which is hurled against the screen 25. The soybean flour particles pass through the openings thereof by the combined action of the centrifugal force with which the powder is flung against the inner face of said screen 25 and the strong suction (partial vacuum) applied to the outer face by means of the aspiration means coupled to said outlet 26, which in the present embodiment are provided by the centrifugal fan 14. Said suction contributes to avoid the obstruction of said openings by the soybean flour.

As mentioned before, said flour is pneumatically conveyed to the cyclone 15 (shown only in Fig. 1) wherein occurs the separation of the solid (powder) from the air stream, allowing the product to be packaged by means of an apparatus (nor shown) positioned under the discharge outlet 18.

Contrarily to the processes that employ crushing by means of press rollers, the equipment and the process of the present invention allow the pulverization of the soybeans irrespective of their moisture content. In fact, fully satisfactory results are achieved when the raw material is processed with the same moisture content - about 13% - used for soybean storage. As no preliminary drying of the raw material is needed, it follows that a substantial saving in thermal energy is brought about. Furthermore, the soybean flour obtained by means of the process of the invention preserves the full content of oil of the soybean in natura, and therefore has a higher nutritional value.

While the present invention has been described with respect to what is believed to be the most practical embodiment thereof, it is particularly noted that this is by way of example only, and appropriate modifications and variations thereof are possible within the spirit and scope of the invention. Thus, for example, the outlet for the soybean flour may be placed in a position different from the one shown in the drawings, such as, for example, on the side of the housing. Furthermore, the screen 25 may be eliminated from the housing, the separation of the flour from the eventual coarser fractions of the ground soy being provided separately from the mill. Moreover, the equipment described previously may be supplemented by a bag filter placed at the cyclone air outlet, in order to retain the finer fractions of the powder resulting from the action of the mill, such addition remaining within the scope of the original inventive concept.

Therefore, the invention is to be described and limited only by the scope of the appended claims.

Claims

1. An equipment for the production of soybean flour comprising a hammer mill (10) comprising a housing provided with an inlet port (11) for the soybeans, an outlet opening (26) for the soybean flour and a main body (20) substantially cylindrical in shape, within which is placed a rotor comprising a plurality of hammers, characterized in that said hammers are provided by rigid bars (21) and the peripheral velocity of said hammers is above 60 m/s.
2. An equipment, as claimed in claim 1, characterized by additionally comprising means for pneumatic aspiration and conveyance of the flour, coupled to said outlet opening (26).
3. An equipment, as claimed in claim 1, characterized by comprising a perforated screen (25) positioned within said housing between said main body (20) and said outlet opening (26).
4. An equipment, as claimed in claim 2, characterized in that said pneumatic aspiration and conveyance means comprise a centrifugal fan (14).
5. An equipment, as claimed in claim 4, characterized in that the rotor of the said centrifugal fan is mounted on the same rotor shaft than said hammer mill.
6. An equipment, as claimed in claim 3, characterized in that said perforated screen (25) has openings whose size is 15 μm or less.
7. An equipment, as claimed in claim 6, characterized in that said perforated screen (25) has openings whose size is 10 μm or less.
8. An equipment, as claimed in claim 7, characterized in that said perforated screen(25) has openings with dimensions comprised between 6 μm and 8 μm.
9. An equipment, as claimed in claim 2, characterized in that it comprises means for separating the soybean flour from the entraining air stream.
10. An equipment, as claimed in claim 9, characterized in that said separating means comprise a cyclone (17).
11. As equipment, as claimed in claim 9, characterized in that said separating means comprise a bag filter.
12. A process for the production of soybean flour, characterized by comprising the pulverization by impact of the raw material by the hammers of a hammer mill having a peripheral velocity over 60 meters per second.
13. A process, as claimed in claim 12, characterized by additionally comprising the removal of the soybean flour through an outlet opening provided in the housing of said mill by pneumatic conveyance provided by the suction of said flour by an aspiration equipment.
14. A process, as claimed in claim 12, characterized by comprising the passage of the pulverized soybeans through the openings of a perforated screen.
15. A process, as claimed in claim 14, characterized in that said passage is provided by the cooperating effect of the impact of the pulverized soybeans hurled by said hammers against the inner face of said perforated screen and the suction applied to the outer face of said perforated screen.
16. A process, as claimed in claim 13, characterized by comprising the separation, by means of a cyclone, of the pneumatically conveyed pulverized soybean flour from the entraining air stream.
PCT/BR2006/000117 2005-06-16 2006-06-16 Equipment and process for the production of soybean flour WO2006133530A3 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
BRPI0502339-4 2005-06-16
BRPI0502339 2005-06-16

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
WO2006133530A2 true true WO2006133530A2 (en) 2006-12-21
WO2006133530A3 true WO2006133530A3 (en) 2007-02-08

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ID=37532643

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
PCT/BR2006/000117 WO2006133530A3 (en) 2005-06-16 2006-06-16 Equipment and process for the production of soybean flour

Country Status (1)

Country Link
WO (1) WO2006133530A3 (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US8037618B2 (en) * 2006-09-20 2011-10-18 Econ Maschinenbau Und Steuerungstechnik Gmbh Device for draining and drying solids, in particular plastics granulated under water

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3995819A (en) * 1974-11-15 1976-12-07 Kabushiki Kaisha Meiki Seisakusho Apparatus for reclaiming and recycling thermosetting scrap
ES8700832A1 (en) * 1986-02-20 1986-11-16 Bellefroid Charly Vincent Hammer crushing mill for grains
DE3611808A1 (en) * 1986-04-08 1987-10-15 Vmei Lenin Nis Hammer mill for comminuting coal which is to be burnt in a fluidised bed
EP0398631A1 (en) * 1989-05-17 1990-11-22 FISONS plc Pharmaceutical composition

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3995819A (en) * 1974-11-15 1976-12-07 Kabushiki Kaisha Meiki Seisakusho Apparatus for reclaiming and recycling thermosetting scrap
ES8700832A1 (en) * 1986-02-20 1986-11-16 Bellefroid Charly Vincent Hammer crushing mill for grains
DE3611808A1 (en) * 1986-04-08 1987-10-15 Vmei Lenin Nis Hammer mill for comminuting coal which is to be burnt in a fluidised bed
EP0398631A1 (en) * 1989-05-17 1990-11-22 FISONS plc Pharmaceutical composition

Non-Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
WIKIPEDIA, THE FREE ENCYCLOPEDIA, [Online] XP003009472 Retrieved from the Internet: <URL:http://www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hamme rmill> & WIKIPEDIA, THE FREE ENCYCLOPEDIA, [Online] Retrieved from the Internet: <URL:http://www.de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hamme rm%C3%BChle_%28Technik%29> *

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US8037618B2 (en) * 2006-09-20 2011-10-18 Econ Maschinenbau Und Steuerungstechnik Gmbh Device for draining and drying solids, in particular plastics granulated under water

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date Type
WO2006133530A3 (en) 2007-02-08 application

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