WO2004103722A1 - Method of producing an integral plastic structure and structure thus obtained - Google Patents

Method of producing an integral plastic structure and structure thus obtained Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2004103722A1
WO2004103722A1 PCT/ES2004/000196 ES2004000196W WO2004103722A1 WO 2004103722 A1 WO2004103722 A1 WO 2004103722A1 ES 2004000196 W ES2004000196 W ES 2004000196W WO 2004103722 A1 WO2004103722 A1 WO 2004103722A1
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WO
WIPO (PCT)
Prior art keywords
layer
holographic
selectively
selected
surface
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/ES2004/000196
Other languages
Spanish (es)
French (fr)
Inventor
Francisco COBIÁN GARCÍA
Original Assignee
I.D. Tec, S.L.
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to ESP200301228 priority Critical
Priority to ES200301228A priority patent/ES2220222B1/en
Priority to ESP200301822 priority
Priority to ES200301822A priority patent/ES2222835B1/en
Priority to ES200302941A priority patent/ES2234432B1/en
Priority to ESP200302941 priority
Application filed by I.D. Tec, S.L. filed Critical I.D. Tec, S.L.
Publication of WO2004103722A1 publication Critical patent/WO2004103722A1/en

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Classifications

    • GPHYSICS
    • G03PHOTOGRAPHY; CINEMATOGRAPHY; ANALOGOUS TECHNIQUES USING WAVES OTHER THAN OPTICAL WAVES; ELECTROGRAPHY; HOLOGRAPHY
    • G03HHOLOGRAPHIC PROCESSES OR APPARATUS
    • G03H1/00Holographic processes or apparatus using light, infra-red or ultra-violet waves for obtaining holograms or for obtaining an image from them; Details peculiar thereto
    • G03H1/02Details of features involved during the holographic process; Replication of holograms without interference recording
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B42BOOKBINDING; ALBUMS; FILES; SPECIAL PRINTED MATTER
    • B42DBOOKS; BOOK COVERS; LOOSE LEAVES; PRINTED MATTER CHARACTERISED BY IDENTIFICATION OR SECURITY FEATURES; PRINTED MATTER OF SPECIAL FORMAT OR STYLE NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; DEVICES FOR USE THEREWITH AND NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; MOVABLE-STRIP WRITING OR READING APPARATUS
    • B42D25/00Information-bearing cards or sheet-like structures characterised by identification or security features; Manufacture thereof
    • B42D25/30Identification or security features, e.g. for preventing forgery
    • B42D25/328Diffraction gratings; Holograms
    • GPHYSICS
    • G03PHOTOGRAPHY; CINEMATOGRAPHY; ANALOGOUS TECHNIQUES USING WAVES OTHER THAN OPTICAL WAVES; ELECTROGRAPHY; HOLOGRAPHY
    • G03HHOLOGRAPHIC PROCESSES OR APPARATUS
    • G03H1/00Holographic processes or apparatus using light, infra-red or ultra-violet waves for obtaining holograms or for obtaining an image from them; Details peculiar thereto
    • G03H1/02Details of features involved during the holographic process; Replication of holograms without interference recording
    • G03H1/024Hologram nature or properties
    • G03H1/0244Surface relief holograms
    • GPHYSICS
    • G03PHOTOGRAPHY; CINEMATOGRAPHY; ANALOGOUS TECHNIQUES USING WAVES OTHER THAN OPTICAL WAVES; ELECTROGRAPHY; HOLOGRAPHY
    • G03HHOLOGRAPHIC PROCESSES OR APPARATUS
    • G03H1/00Holographic processes or apparatus using light, infra-red or ultra-violet waves for obtaining holograms or for obtaining an image from them; Details peculiar thereto
    • G03H1/04Processes or apparatus for producing holograms
    • G03H1/18Particular processing of hologram record carriers, e.g. for obtaining blazed holograms
    • G03H2001/187Trimming process, i.e. macroscopically patterning the hologram
    • GPHYSICS
    • G03PHOTOGRAPHY; CINEMATOGRAPHY; ANALOGOUS TECHNIQUES USING WAVES OTHER THAN OPTICAL WAVES; ELECTROGRAPHY; HOLOGRAPHY
    • G03HHOLOGRAPHIC PROCESSES OR APPARATUS
    • G03H2250/00Laminate comprising a hologram layer
    • G03H2250/36Conform enhancement layer

Abstract

The invention relates to a method of producing an integral plastic structure and to the structure thus obtained. More specifically, the invention relates to the production of a holographic structure comprising a deposit of a holographic product (7) which forms a holographic layer (2h). The invention is characterised in that the holographic product deposited is selected from SZn, TiOx, SiOx, ZrOx, Al, Bi, Ag and a combination of same, and is limited to specific zones and lines that are applied on a support sheet (1a) or on a surface (2'a2) of a layer (2a2) belonging to a container, the surface of a packaging container, a label, a bank note, a document, an identity card, a credit card, or passports and visas. Moreover, the holographic deposit is encapsulated with the application of different alternating layers in order to obtain high-security protection.

Description

PROCEDURE FOR OBTAINING AN INTEGRAL STRUCTURE AND STRUCTURE PLASTIC OBTAINED

OBJECT OF THE INVENTION

The present invention relates both to a process for obtaining an integral plastic structure and the structure obtained comprising a holographic structure that includes a product reservoir Holographic ZnS, TiOx, SiOx, ZrOx, metallic aluminum

(Al), silver (Ag) or bismuth (Bi), limited to specific areas and lines of the substrate of the holographic laminate with three alternative procedures differentiated vapor deposition in vacuum or at atmospheric pressure, or at different specific basic structures of holographic laminate very high security wherein the reservoir of product is made by holographic areas or when and only takes place in areas and lines of the substrate corresponding to the figures, logos, badges with holographic product.

The invention is applicable in obtaining documents, identity cards and credit cards, passports, visas, bank notes and paper documents. It is also object of the present invention the application of the three procedures holographic deposit limited areas and specific concrete substrate, to obtain holographic foils for packaging, for packaging and holographic labels protective packaging high security lines.

The present invention also relates to the structure of holographic laminate combined deposit holographic product both transparent HRI (high reflective index) as deposit metallic holographic product on the same substrate, made by sequential application of procedures deposit object the present invention and conventional PVD deposition process holographic product. It is also object of the present invention the structure resulting from the application of the combined holographic transparent laminate and metal structure HRI in documents and identity cards integrally polycarbonate layers.

The present invention also relates to the structure of holographic laminate superfine resulting from the deposit of holographic product by PVD process (physical vapor deposition) on a recordable plastic (shims and bossable plastic) preferably writable lacquer polymerized by the action of UV light or by the action of electron beams. This holographic tank is preferably encapsulated with a lacquer or thermoadhesive. In this structure the carrier sheet oriented polyester heat of the heat lamination separated. Said holographic laminate being applicable to both banknotes, passports, visas and whole documents or plastic cards.

The present invention also relates to the encapsulation of lines and areas of the holographic deposit specifically limited to those areas of the substrate by adding various layer structures depending on the type of document personalization. These specific laminate structures or holodeck are both HRI (high reflective index) type transparent as metallized holographic layer When high security protection of documents and identity cards and credit in general and in particular for effective protection against tampering fraudulent identity documents whose structures are also subject of the patent. Such holographic or holographic laminate covers both types are applied concretely to integrally plastic documents as documents paper backed books such as passports and visas. These holographic laminates and specifically structured integrate turn in different types of documents integrally made of plastic materials termolaminan and termosueldan each other jointly forming a card is damaged and broken irreversibly fraudulent attempts to delamination and separation of their layers.

The high security conferring the various types of holographic laminate of the present invention the specific protection and improvement of security are further applied to holographic laminates produced is essentially based on the encapsulation layer holographic storage, as well as the conventional process and are part of the present invention. The invention also relates to the specific configuration and adaptation of the plastic layers of both the holographic laminate itself as the core of the paper and back cover protective for the different types of person- tion color system temosublimación can be performed, ie printing , inkjet color laser printing with toner color and recorded with green or blue destructive laser (burning) beam respectively source of the infrared spectrum, or both of the facial image as personal data and signature and fingerprint of the document holder. The structures of documents provided for in this patent provide the combined customization of several of these modalities customization layers or strata, to give the document a high safety.

The invention also relates to the supportive structure adapted to the plastic card identification, the two types of holographic protection, HRI type well (high reflection index) transparent or holographic deposit Al (aluminum), Ag (silver), Bi (bismuth), with demetallization after deposit, to be integrated and jointly encapsulated such structures holographic protection object of the invention within the own plastic structure identification cards and documents in its possible variants, applying a generic adhesive for plastics or selectively adhesive bicomponent polyurethane base to directly bond the holographic layer of the holographic laminate structure board and encapsulating said holographic layer so that it termolaminada with the rest of the structure of the identity card constituting a body not delaminable by applying heat and reagents and disolvent It is common. BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

So far in the identification market there are the following types of holographic laminates: - rolled metal and laminated aluminum holographic holographic polymer with vacuum vaporization metal deposit, usually aluminum. Both laminates are opaque and thus can not effectively protect identification by transparency once the layers forming the document you termolaminadas. Therefore applied as a security element deterrent. Have these two types of holographic laminate the drawback that can be cut from the original document and reused in documents fraudulently reproduced from respective original documents, change personal data and mainly with replacement of the original facial image printed by another identity usually with both types of holographic laminates outlined only achieved protect a testimonial way. Such opaque metal laminates are applied to identity cards and driving licenses both PVC and polycarbonate.

Laminates Transparent Holographic HRI (high reflective index) based on deposit ZnS or Ti0 2 which are transparent and therefore could protect both the printed facial image or recorded with laser beam as personal data of a document termolaminado identity type. So far it has not been possible to apply and effectively practice this type of laminated transparent HRI for various reasons inherent in the technological structure of the laminate HRI for effective protection of identity documents against fraudulent reproduction and manipulation and falsification thereof own. There are therefore no longer satisfactory accumulated experiences in identity documents HRI holographic laminate. On one hand, it is not possible to apply this type of holographic laminate integral documents polycarbonate (PC) because of the high hardness of the PC with the serious drawback that Thermal Laminating and heat sealing the layers of the document is necessary to apply temperatures above 195 ° C surface melting PC, which is not possible to use transparent HRI holograms document protection PC because at that temperature the holographic layer is irreversibly damaged HRI. Moreover, so far the holographic laminate HRI have structural weaknesses that make the support layer (carrier) polyester delaminate and separate from the prolonged action of water (at 24 hours delamination or separation occurs) which is a serious drawback for identity documents high security. Also, the holographic laminate HRI termolaminado in a document or identity card, delaminated and separated without any apparent damage to the action of solvents and so common chemical reagents such as acetone, hydrocarbons ammonia etc ... which represents a serious drawback for security identification as said holographic laminate HRI can therefore be reused in another document fraudulently reproduced the original facial image with replaced by another identity.

Needless to say, also metallized holographic opaque laminates suffer equally lesser extent the disadvantages mentioned delamination.

Summarizing these arguments it is found that all holographic laminates market have the very serious drawback that the holographic layer covering the entire surface is of a thickness of several microns and is a weak for fraudulent termolaminados delamination of documents point.

The present invention thus relates to specific basic structures of holographic laminates both HRI type transparent as metallized aluminum type, in which the deposit of the holographic product is performed in well defined and specific areas of the substrate thus permitting the encapsulated between layers of said figures, logos and holographic shields, so that the respective documents and cards termolaminados identity not delaminate by the continuous action of water nor by the action of solvents and common chemical reagents, and always irreversibly damaged in attempts to delamination.

DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION The present invention, as defined in the claims, basically consists in a method comprising obtaining a holographic structure, both HRI type transparent (high reflective index) as metalized holographic laminate including a tank a holographic product forming a holographic layer; Holographic product tank is selectively performed by ZnS, TiOx, SiOx, ZrOx, aluminum (Al), bismuth (Bi), or silver (Ag); and said reservoir is limited only to specific areas and lines selectively on a surface of a same substrate constituted by a layer selected from durable plastic (durable plastic), polycarbonate (PC) or oriented polyester; or on a surface of a layer selected from acryl or lacquer which polymerizes and hardens by the selective action of ultraviolet (UV) or by the action of electron beams.

three different alternative methods of depositing the holographic product by vacuum vaporization, as well same specific structures holographic laminate high security wherein the reservoir holographic product alone and only takes place in areas and lines of the substrate are provided that They correspond to figures, logos, badges with holographic product. For this purpose the invention provides two specific structures basic covered or laminated holographic both transparent type HRI as metallic type, in which by means of two alternative procedures differentiated vapor deposition in vacuum, object of the present invention, is performed zonally deposit the holographic logos on the figures and limited to the constituent lines of engraving (embossing) of said figures and logos substrate. Another object of the present invention encapsulating said lines and holographic areas of figures and logos by adding different alternatives for high security protection of different types of documents and identity cards layers. They are therefore subject of the present invention the three alternative methods of depositing the holographic layer applied to three distinct processes: first, the conventional PVD method

(Physical vapor deposition) holographic continuous deposition process on coil chamber vacuum vaporization covering the entire surface of the carrier supported by the polyester film with duly modified holographic tank, as described below according to the procedure of the invention to only partially cover said support lines and areas of figures and holographic logos and thus increase the safety of the resulting holographic laminate by encapsulating said holographic storage. The second PVD method further object of the invention is a specific PVD process in continuous and in coil holographic vapor deposition in vacuum or at atmospheric pressure, in specific areas and localized holographic element deposited using an endless belt on which they are made perforations corresponding to figures and logos for the passage of holographic reservoir through them. The third deposition process vacuum vaporization is performed on sheets of substrate. The invention provides a method for depositing product holographic vacuum vaporization or atmospheric pressure is performed on the substrate cut individualized sheets of holographic laminate instead of performing deposition on said coil. To do this holographic laminate it is constituted by a polyester sheet or PC on which the acrylic coating derivative or preferably lacquer polymerized is deposited and hardened by the action of UV light or by the action of electron beams or the action of air. This assembly is cut into sheets each of which is previously recorded (embossing) in hot metal of the tool engraving (shims) designed to produce the respective slits constituting figures and holographic logos. Then on said surface is printed with silicone derivative and selectively with compound oil or vegetable wax and preferably wax-paraffin carnauba around lines and areas have already been recorded (embossing) hot slits, respective figures and holographic logos. Then the sheets are introduced into a apilador- feeder, which by means of roller sets each sheet individually conveyed through the slot door and supported by side guides, to a vaporization chamber PVD vacuum or at atmospheric pressure Product holographic which is selectively vaporized by heating, magnetron effect (sputtering), ion beam, electron beam, or arc; the passage of each sheet by the camera (vaporization produces the holographic deposit on the surface covering only the free areas printing silicone derivative;. and it prevents the holographic product is deposited The sheets and provided with holographic tank below they are carried by the respective sprockets of the side guides and the rollers to the output stacker, so that the rollers are synchronously driven by a stepper motor which is controlled by a processor through signals pass and positioning each sheet passing through a optoelectronic sensors. then the sheets are cleaned in a vacuum chamber with oxygen plasma 0 2 wherein the silicone derivative is clear, and if the generic synthetic oil of the respective printed areas.

A specific embodiment of the present invention is that corresponding to a structure comprising a combined holographic structure, tank holographic product transparent HRI (high reflective index) type on specific areas of the recordable substrate (shims embossable plastic) and deposit holographic product metallized on other specific areas of the same recordable substrate; this holographic structure combined is constituted by a support sheet oriented polyester or durable plastic (durable plastic), both coil and sheets, on the surface, after corona discharge effect or plasma pre-treatment 02 comprises a tank or printing silicone wax or vegetable wax preferably wax / paraffin carnauba forming a layer on which printing or deposit predischarge corona or plasma pre-treatment O2, writeable plastic, preferably writable lacquer is included hardening by the action of UV light or by action of electronic or air radiation, thereby forming the layer; below said surface comprises an engraving (embossing) made by pressing tool

(Shims) of the respective slits corresponding to the lines and areas of the design of the holographic figures and then comprises, after discharging corona or plasma pre-treatment O2, a reservoir made only with transparent holographic product HRI applied by a PVD (physical vapor deposition) of vapor deposition in vacuum or at atmospheric pressure; holographic transparent HRI product consisting of at least one of ZnS, TiOx, SiOx, ZrOx products being; then corona predischarge or plasma pre-treatment 02 comprises a reservoir metal product holographic selectively applied by a PVD

(Physical vapor deposition) of vapor deposition in vacuum or at atmospheric pressure; holographic metallic product constituted by at least selectively one of Al, Bi, Ag or product being; being thus formed on the substrate surface, the holographic layer combined holographic reservoir formed by the corresponding zonal transparent HRI holographic metallic deposits constituting a common holographic surface; then, after discharge corona or plasma pre-treatment O2 comprises a zonal encapsulating layer preferably lacquer which hardens by the action of UV light corresponding to the areas of the holographic surface layer holographic deposit combined on which has only been made selective deposition of transparent HRI holographic product; then gradual demetallization comprises a metal tank holographic product; and then includes the area of ​​encapsulation, preferably with lacquer, the part of the surface corresponding to tank metalized holographic product, thereby forming the layer that in turn is adhered or deposited another layer depending on application laminate combined holographic is selectively formed by: tank derivative polyolefinic PE, polypropylene, acid ethylene acrylic addition of polyurethane derivative, thermobonding paper currency or passport or visa derivative polyvinyl added PVDC (chloride polyvinylidene) for personalization printing termosublimación D2T2, or a layer of thermofusible polyurethane basis which in turn adheres a layer of modified derivative PETG (polyethylene terephthalate glycol; tank holographic metal product of the holographic laminate combination is customized by embossing laser beam (holographic embossing) with REPL ica facial image of the holder of the identity card or passport in the combined holographic laminate has been termolaminado.

Another preferred embodiment of the invention consists of a structure identification integrally polycarbonate comprising a structure consisting of a sheet of polycarbonate is superimposed by heat lamination to both sides of a core of a document integrally polycarbonate, on which previously it has adhered or termolaminado zonal hologram combined holographic area HRI transparent metal holographic area which metal area is customized by destructive laser engraving, characterized in that the thermal lamination assembly comprises transparent polycarbonate sheets to both sides of the core consisting of sheets polycarbonate, on a particular part of whose surface is adhered hologram combined structure containing the metal zonal hologram that is personalized by etching destructive laser (burning) before or after the heat lamination core with covers transparent polycarbonate mines; including in the laser engraving personalization recording of personal data and the replica of the facial image of the holder of the identity document; the zonal hologram combined being HRI transparent zonal metal produced by a PVD vaporization respective product tank holographic HRI transparent and metallic holographic product (Al, Bi, Ag) and the structure, after being adhered or selectively termolaminado with the foil or with the core, is composed of the plastic layer product recordable (shims embossable plastic) or acrylic derivative, preferably writable lacquer on which is deposited the layer of holographic product zonal metal and transparent holographic product, on which his time is deposited or adhered layer encapsulation comprises acrylic derivative, preferably formed from lacquer which hardens by the action of UV light or by the action of electron beams, which in turn contains a layer of thermoadhesive selectively base polyurethane or polyolefin polymer base; that depending on the size chosen for the zonal metallic hologram and its location on the surface with respect to the positioning, figures, logos and facial image personalization data over surface constituting the front face of the document, the encapsulating layer is replaced by the own thermoadhesive layer.

The present invention includes a specific embodiment of holographic structure applied to banknotes, passports, visas and document comprising a holographic structure comprising a holographic structure, selectively transparent HRI type (high reflective index) or metalized holographic laminate; said holographic structure is constituted by a support sheet oriented polyester or durable plastic (durable plastic), both coil and sheets, on the surface, after corona discharge effect or plasma pre-treatment 02, are printed with silicone wax or vegetable wax preferably wax / paraffin carnauba only one layer constituting lines and areas coinciding with lines and corresponding to FIGS areas, shields and holographic logos; on which layer or lines and areas thus printed are printed in turn with writable plastic, preferably with recordable lacquer hardening by the action of light (UV) or by the action of electron radiation or by the action of air, after discharge corona or plasma pretreatment O2, covering a layer with lines and areas writeable cured coating; then an etching (embossing) is effected by matching grooves with said lines and areas of the surface layer and then, after discharge corona or plasma pre-treatment O2 tank holographic product are done using PVD (physical vapor deposition) differentiated alternative vacuum vapor deposition or atmospheric pressure, depositing said holographic product only on said lines and surface areas constituting figures and holographic logos; then, after discharge corona or plasma pre-treatment 02 is printed with thermobonding, selectively consisting of ethylene-acrylic acid added derivative mono or bicomponent polyurethane or thermofusible paper, covering only the said lines and storage areas holographic; it being provided that the coil or sheets of oriented polyester support film or PC, comprising registration marks, preprinted, to allow accuracy in the successive print lines and covering areas of the indentations recorded on the layer; the holographic laminate thus obtained predischarge corona or plasma pre-treatment 02, it is superposed and termolaminado, either continuously wound or in sheets, to melt the wax or silicone preferably wax / paraffin carnauba and so detach the backing sheet (carrier) polyester by heat applied to strongly adhere to the role of each banknote protection formed by the metallic hologram transparent HRI or selectively demetallized by area; It comprising holographic logos and figures whose lines are protected against wear by the coverage of cured coating; the holographic layer being deposited selectively comprises ZnS, TiOx, SiOx, ZrOx, Al, Bi, or Ag and is limited only to specific areas and lines selectively on the surface of said layer.

Another embodiment of the present invention is a structure holographic laminate comprising a holographic structure, selectively type transparent HRI (high reflective index) or metalized holographic laminate, which is constituted by a support sheet oriented polyester or plastic durable ( durable plastic), both coil and sheets, on the surface, after corona discharge effect or plasma pre-treatment 02, the layer of silicone wax or vegetable wax preferably wax / paraffin, carnauba, on whose previous surface is deposited acetate derivative derived polyolefin, derived from polypropylene, acryl, silicone derivative derived epoxy, polyurethane derivative: discharge corona or plasma pre-treatment 02, a layer selectively comprises at least one of the following products is deposited derived polyethylene terephthalate, or preferably lacquer hardening p or the action of UV light or by action of electron beam irradiation and then corona predischarge or plasma pre-treatment 02, the acrylic coating on the surface derived deposited etching is performed

(Embossing) of the respective slits of lines and corresponding to figures and logos areas; then predischarge corona or plasma pre-treatment 02, the holographic product is deposited by PVD process (physical vapor deposition) deposit covers only lines and specific surface areas of holographic product or by PVD process (physical vapor deposition) conventional tank which covers the entire surface of the holographic layer product, thus constituting the holographic layer containing the figures and holographic logos; then, after discharge corona or plasma pre-treatment 02, an encapsulation of holographic surface, with a layer depending on the type of application of the holographic laminate thus formed is selectively formed by one of the following compounds are included: by lacquer selectively hardened by the action of UV light or by action of radiation of electron beams or by air, by deposition selected from polyolefin derivative PE or polypropylene, - selectively by thermobonding paper or preferably ethylene-acrylic acid addition of polyurethane derivative, for use in paper money, passports and visas and documents, printing and personalization termosublimación D2T2,

- of polyvinyl derivative added PVDC

(Polyvinylidene chloride) for printing personalization termosublimación D2T2, a layer of polyurethane thermoadhesive base turn adheres one modified PETG layer derivative

(Polyethylene terephthalate glycol).

Of the two specific basic structures covered or holographic laminates contemplated in the present invention, very specific structures holographic laminates are derived, also object of the present invention by adding specific plastic coatings adapted concretely and integrated by thermal complete holographic laminates both the respective different structures each identity document and each of the different types of personalization of the same, either by printing termosublimación D2T2 (Dye Diffussion Thermal Transfer) onto the core either directly the inner face of the holographic laminate (Re-Transfer system) itself either by destructive laser etching (both of the infrared spectrum, green and blue) or combination of various types of customization on the same document to obtain a higher safety of the . Also form an essential part of the present invention the specific core structures of the document or identity card to suit the different types of personalization and termosueldan integrally with the respective covering structure or holographic foil (both HRI and metallized) object of the present invention. In the structure of the layers forming the two specific basic configurations cover or holographic laminate of the invention, are optionally or applied compounds PVDC (chloride polivildieno) added vinyls optionally cloronitrilo or lacquer adhesives special hardening quickly in a few seconds by polymerization by the action of UV light (photon action) or by the action of electron radiation or primers polyurethane derivatives both mono- and bicomponent. This has on one side a very high adhesion of the holographic layer with their respective protective polyester sheet (or other durable plastic) and across the encapsulated holographic laminate becomes completely resistant to both long-acting water as the action of a wide range of reagents and common solvents so that in all cases delamination of the holographic laminate is produced with irreversible damage thereof. Since the special lacquer applied and hardened by the respective action of UV light or electron radiation is elevadamente scratchproof and wear but delamination of the protective polyester film of the holographic laminate is produced, said special lacquer and cured would protecting the holographic layer highly effectively. The two specific basic structures covered or laminated holographic object of the invention are set respectively and are brought together with the following components and constituent elements:

A. A polyester film oriented transparent or PC, or durable plastic (durable plastic), as a support (carrier) on whose surface has previously been performed a corona discharge effect and on which a thin layer of generic primer is deposited plastics or selectively constituted by at least one of the following: vinyl compound, PVDC (chloride polyvinylidene), acrylonitrile, polyurethane derivative and preferably said layer is lacquer which polymerizes and hardens by the action of UV light and its case by the action of electron radiation or by the action of air. Said lacquer is selectively formed by acrylates multifunctional monomers based polyols as reactive diluents (thinners) acrylates and oligomers as binders (binders) formed from at least one of the following: epoxy acrylate, polyester acrylate, polyether acrylate, methane- acrylate, silicon acrylate, urethane acrylate, epoxy silicone, including their dilutable and water-emulsifiable versions. On said layer is deposited in turn a layer of acrylic compound.

On said support surface in both methods indicated, is deposited by vacuum vaporization holographic product, the engraving had been undertaken directly hot (embossing) of the slits with useful metal etching (shims) designed with corresponding figures and logos . B. A sheet of transparent oriented polyester or polycarbonate PC or durable plastic (durable plastic), as a support (carrier) on whose surface has previously been practiced a corona discharge effect and on which lacquer is deposited with one of the systems: offset or flexograph system, coil a layer covering the entire surface of the coil, or formed by a grid of fine lines or dots. Such polymerized lacquer applied and hardened by the action of UV light or possibly by the action of electron radiation or by the action of air, and is selectively formed by acrylates multifunctional monomers based polyols as reactive diluents (thinners) or oligomers acrylates as binders (binders) formed from at least one of the following: epoxy acrylate, polyester acrylate, polyether acrylate, methanesulfonate acrylate, silicon- acrylate, urethane acrylate, epoxy silicone, and their dilutable emulsifiable versions water. On these surfaces indicated previously are directly recorded slits (hot embossing) with a useful metal etching (shims) designed with corresponding figures and logos; then deposited by vacuum vaporization holographic product. Each of these two structures so formed a coil that is processed in a deposition chamber by vacuum vaporization in vaporization is selectively produced by heating, magnetron effect (sputtering), by action of the arc, by action is obtained ion beam of at least one product holographic deposit of at least one of the elements consisting of ZnS, TiOx, SiOx, zirconia, Al, Ag or Bi. The holographic deposit on the surface on which are made the holes of the engraved lines of the figures and logos (embossing) is performed through a practiced on a band or without metal end or plastic perforations flowing together with the support coil to be deposited within the vaporization chamber vacuum or at atmospheric pressure carried by the corresponding rollers through respective slots inlet to the chamber. Said perforations correspond to the lines of the figures and logos template, so as practiced by the stampings and drilling negative are much broader and much wider than the corresponding original design and allow passage widely holographic reservoir vaporized covering only the areas on the substrate surface containing the coil and the lines and areas recorded (embossing) respective; said ribbon with the punched holes of the figures and logos negative moves synchronously with the bobbin carrier to be deposited with holographic product controlled by sensors through a processor acts on the drive motor of said belt or perforated web to adjust the positioning thereof with respect to the areas where etching (embossing) of the slots corresponding to the lines of the figures and holographic logos were performed on the coil support. Rewinding the coil is effected continuously at uniform speed depending on the deposit thickness tank holographic product previously calculated.

The process of continuous deposition vacuum vaporization holographic product, object of the present invention, makes this holographic deposit occurs on very specific and specific areas so that the surface forming the lines constituting the figures and holographic logos recorded (embossing) left without deposit allowing encapsulate lines and engraved areas (embossing) of said holographic deposit different types of layer enclosure which are contained herein and confer a very high adhesion closure and thus safety .

From these two basic A and B cover or laminated holographic structures are derived by adding specific plastic layers to encapsulate the holographic layer and likewise make possible the different document structures combined with the modalities of customizing different configurations of documents identity, so that termosueldan jointly constituting very high security documents that are irreversibly damaged in any fraudulent attempt to delamination and handling. the holographic layer is encapsulated by the respective addition of the following layer configurations on the holographic surface of the two basic structures of holographic A and B covered:

• corona discharge effect and then previously made on the holographic face, a layer is deposited preferably with lacquer which polymerizes and hardens by the action of UV light and possibly by the action of electron radiation or by the action of air so that the lacquer is selectively formed by acrylates multifunctional monomers based polyols as reactive diluents (thinners) acrylates and oligomers as binders (binders) formed from at least one of the following: epoxy acrylate, polyester acrylate, polyether acrylate, methanesulfonate acrylate, silicon- acrylate, urethane acrylate, epoxy silicone, and their dilutable emulsifiable versions water.

• corona discharge and then previously made on the holographic face generic adhesive is preferably applied to plastic bicomponent polyurethane base adheres one modified PETG (polyethylene-terephthalate glycol) and preferably modified derivative layer derivative PET- G additive micronized coal flame arrester inhibitor and possibly with titanium oxide additive.

• previously corona discharge effect then on the holographic face is carried out, deposited hot coextrusion of adhesive layer-base (tie-layer) generic compound with modified derivative PET-G (terephthalate polyethylene-glycol) and preferably derivative modified with additive PET- G micronized coal flame arrester inhibitor and possibly with titanium oxide additive.

• previously corona discharge effect then on the holographic face is carried out, is selectively deposited by hot injection or by offset printing or by screen printing, or by extrusion, a layer consisting of at least one of the following elements: derivat vinyl, PVDC (polyvinylidene chloride), acrylonitrile, polyurethane derivative.

• previously corona discharge effect then on the holographic face is carried out, is selectively deposited by hot injection or by off-set printing, or by screen printing, or by extrusion, a layer of thermoadhesive preferably composed of acid ethylene-acrylic and alternatively by at least two of the following: gelatin, acrylic derivatives, acrylic acids, polyamide and polyurethane derivatives, so that the layer thus formed termolamina the paper sheet data passport or in general.

• previously corona discharge is performed and subsequently selectively deposited by hot injection or by extrusion, a layer of thermobonding of polyolefin polymer composed of polyethylene or modified polyethylene or polypropylene.

• alternatively for encapsulation mode previously corona discharge effect and then is made on the holographic face adhesive generic plastics applied preferably bicomponent polyurethane base adheres the layer consisting of a sheet derivative modified PET-G (polyethylene taraftalato - glycol) with or without additive micronized coal having a chip embedded and integrated with their respective radio frequency antenna. Is then selectively deposited by hot injection by offset printing, by screen, or by extrusion, a layer already described, so printing termolamina the paper sheet data passport or visa or generally providing it a security chip. Also an object of the present invention a core structure (C) comprising a central assembly with layers 1 to n (Cl, C2, .. Cn) PET-G modified, and on at least one of its faces or termolamina one modified PET-G with generic additive layer derivative extruded to engraving by laser beam destructive or additive micronized carbon arrester flame inhibitor in one layer includes an integrated radiofrequency chip antenna and on whose face deposited, on corona discharge by one of the following procedures: extrusion, hot injection, screen printing, corrosive impression, termodepósito (hot stamping), a layer formed on the whole surface selectively by at least one of the following elements : vinyl derivative, PVDC (polyvinylidene chloride), acrylonitrile, so that on the latter surface, personalization of personal data and face image is printed by im Color pressure

D2T2 of termosublimación.

Is also object of the invention the specific structure of the core of identification to allow mode specific customization and a complete heat sealing is obtained both between the layers forming said core as with holographic protective or cover sheets forming a non-delaminable body . To obtain this result, a core comprising n layers (Cl, C2, .. Cn) PET-G modified, one layer of which includes an integrated RF chip antenna and on at least one side is formed is termolamina or modified PET-G with generic additive layer derivative is coextruded for engraving by laser beam destructive or additive micronized carbon arrester flame inhibitor, on whose face is deposited in turn, after corona discharge, by one of the following procedures: extrusion, hot injection, screen printing, corrosive impression, termodepósito (hot stamping), a layer with limited surface area and over a specific area comprising one of the following products: • Selectively by at least one of the following: vinyl derivative, PVDC (polyvinylidene chloride), acrylonitrile, polyurethane derivative, so that on the limited surface of the core, i MPrime customization facial image and personal data using Color printing D2T2 of termosublimación.

• For generic composite printing system and inkjet alternatively containing gelatin for customization with color inkjet ink

• For at least one of the following: pure gelatin, acrylic derivatives, derivatives polyamide polymers, or combination thereof, so that the limited and covered area is personalized with facial image using photographic transfer system diffusion Inverse wherein the negative image carrier color or grayscale, is superimposed on the surface or limited area and applying light pressure and in the presence of a photographic developer, in which operation the facial image is transferred and where applicable footprint, and text signature to said limited area.

Similarly, one or both sides of the core consisting of layers of modified derivative PET-G, after corona discharge effect, are surface treated on which is deposited, by one of the following procedures: extrusion, hot injection, screen printing, corrosive, by termodepósito (hot stamping), a thin layer of about 15-20μ in whole to the surface consisting of modified derivative PETG generic additive or additive laser engraving micronized carbon or titanium oxide and suppressor flame inhibitor, so that on the core surface thus formed is recorded with laser beam destructive

(Burning) corresponding customization of identification, facial image, image ghost (ghost facial image) and personal data.

It is also object of the invention insertion on both sides of the core or center thereof of a polyester film or polycarbonate offset voltages of the different layers once the document termolaminado. A both sides of said sheet are adhered by adhesive preferably polyurethane base sheets derivative modified PET-G (polyethylene glycol taraftalato).

The present invention contains the specific structure of the outer rear cover protection identification and compatibilized adapted both for a single body or delaminable in the specific heat lamination core is also object of the present invention. Said cover is constituted by a polyester sheet or durable plastic to which it has adhered polyurethane adhesive based preferably a layer of modified PET-G derivative.

The present invention provides that as a preliminary stage to each of the processes deposit layer of adhesive deposit, deposit holographic product printing lacquer, printing with silicone derivative or oil, object of the structure and production of all structures of the present invention, pretreatment activation of the corresponding surface is applied with vacuum plasma oxygen 0 2 and selectively vacuum plasma hydrogen H 2 and possibly with the corresponding atmospheric plasma. Thus the adhesion between layers increases by a factor that gets to surpass 200.

The present invention contains as an example, three preferred structures identification of many potential that can be formed with the corresponding elements that are the object of the present invention. Each of these three structures refers to a combination of said constituent elements that give the highest security identification and tamper against delamination, reproduction and forgery.

The invention relates to the constituent elements of the holographic laminate that at least one of its layers: either the polyester layer of the protective film, either the layer composed of polymerizable lacquer selectively by the action of UV light or by the action of electron radiation or by the action of air, or either the primer layer, or the layer of the acrylic derivatives of the holographic laminate respective both HRI type transparent as metallized type, it is added in its mass selectively etching a generic additive by laser beam or an additive micronized coal flame arrester inhibitor, for personalized engraving structures CLI (change laser image) surface by destructive laser beam (burning).

Likewise deposition processes limited to specific areas and lines on the substrate, object of the present invention Holographic product are applicable to holographic deposit directly onto the sheet package or surface packaging or container label selectively consisting of polyester oriented or durable plastic (durable plastic). BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE FIGURES

The following describes a series of figures in which with an illustrative and nonlimiting character different embodiments of the invention are shown.

Figure 1.- shows diagrammatically the basic structure A of one of the holographic laminate object of the present invention, wherein the recording layer (embossing) constituting the holographic layer is composed of acrylic derivative which in turn leads a primer layer deposited or a thin layer of a special lacquer polymerizable by the action of UV light or electron beams which adheres to the cover polyester.

Figure 2 - represents schematically the basic structure of the holographic laminate B object of the present invention, the layer of lacquer polymerizable special action of UV light or electron beams or air, is directly recorded ( embossing) and thereon is deposited by vacuum vaporization the holographic layer. Figure 3.- represents schematically a basic structure of a laminated holographic object of the present invention. It consists of a structure of a conventional holographic laminate in which the recording layer (embossing) is composed of acryl is deposited on that surface throughout the holographic layer. Among the acrylic layer and the polyester cover printing or a thin film of silicone emulsion or silicone synthetic wax is deposited. On the holographic layer adheres polyurethane-based adhesive a new layer which may be modified derivative PETG or polyester.

Figure 4.- shows diagrammatically the separation process of the polyester layer of the holographic foil structure in which the coil is treated by heat.

Figure 4a.- schematically shows the structure resulting superfine holographic laminate the deposit holographic product PVD method (physical vapor deposition) on a recordable plastic (embossable plastic shims) preferably writable lacquer so that the holographic storage it is preferably encapsulated with a lacquer or thermoadhesive. In this structure the carrier sheet oriented polyester heat of the heat lamination separated. Figure 5.- represents schematically an example of design of holographic final deposit.

Figure 6.- shows diagrammatically a modification holographic chamber deposit PVD vacuum vaporization for performing the PVD process and continuous coil holographic tank through the perforations made in a tape or endless band.

Figure 6a.- represents schematically a tank chamber holographic PVD vacuum vaporization process for conducting deposit on holographic specific and limited substrate in laminated sheets of holographic areas.

Figure 7.- shows diagrammatically a detail exemplary shield design engraving (embossing) on ​​which is deposited by vacuum vaporization the holographic layer.

The 7a.- depicts schematically the perforations corresponding to the lines of a holographic figure exemplary is a shield, made on the tape or band flowing into the reservoir chamber coinciding with the coil substrate.

Figure 8. -. schematically shows the configuration of the endless belt provided with perforations and die cuts negative through which is deposited on the area of ​​the corresponding layer of the polyester film, the holographic product sprayed covering lines and areas figures are recorded and logos (embossing). Figure 8a.- schematically represents areas that are covered with printing or carnauba wax silicone compound leaving uncovered areas where previously made etching (embossing) of figures and logos have be deposited with the holographic compound.

Figure 9.- shows diagrammatically the final structure of the holographic reservoir is conveniently covered by one of the layer structures object of the present invention which in turn encapsulate said holographic storage.

Figure 10.- shows diagrammatically the structure of one of the holographic laminate object of the present invention for identity documents, passports, visas and banknotes, wherein the recording layer (embossing) included in the holographic structure it is composed of a thin layer of a recordable lacquer, on which is deposited by PVD first holographic transparent HRI product confined to one area and the remaining area of ​​said substrate metal is deposited holographic product. Figure 10a. -represents schematically the structure of zonal hologram transparent combined HRI and metallic Hmz adhered on the upper Lpc polycarbonate cover or the core C also polycarbonate PC being termolaminado assembly with sheets transparent Lpc polycarbonate on both sides of said core.

Figure 10b.- schematically it depicts the structure of one of the holographic laminate object herein to identity documents, passports, visas and banknotes, wherein the recording layer (embossing) included in the holographic structure is It composed of a thin layer of a recordable lacquer, on which is deposited by PVD process first holographic transparent HRI product confined to one area and the remaining area of ​​said substrate metal is deposited holographic product

Figure 11.- shows diagrammatically and by way of example how to complete, close and encapsulate the holographic layer on the basic structure A, with a layer of foil adhered derivative PET- G with or without additive engraving beam destructive laser (burning).

Figure 12 - represents schematically and by way of example how to complete, close and encapsulate the holographic layer on the basic structure A, with coextrusion together with the corresponding layer-base (tie- layer) a layer derived PET- G with or without additive etching destructive laser beam (burning) Figure 13.- schematically and as an example how to complete, close and encapsulate the holographic layer on the basic structure by depositing a layer consisting of at least one of the following: vinyl derivative, PVDC (polyvinylidene chloride), acrylonitrile, polyurethane derivative.

Figure 14.- schematically and as an example how to complete, close and encapsulate the holographic layer on the basic structure A, by depositing ethylene-acrylic acids with polyurethane for heat lamination as protection of a passport book, and visa.

Figure 14a.- schematically and as an example how to complete, close and encapsulate the holographic layer on the basic structure A, by depositing ethylene-acrylic acids with polyurethane for heat lamination as protection book passports and visas, in which layer of PET-G is inserted and integrated chip with RF antenna.

Figure 15.- schematically and as an example how to complete, close and encapsulate the holographic layer on the basic structure A, on whose inner side is directly deposited a layer of thermally fusible polyolefinic polymers consisting or polyethylene polymer or polyethylene or polypropylene modified.

Figure 16.- shows diagrammatically a core of a paper sheet comprising modified PET-G derivative, with or without additive laser beam etching or micronized coal, in which one or both sides thereof it has deposited a thin layer composed of PVDC with optional addition of vinyl derivatives and acrylonitrile and polyurethane that allows color printing personalization system D2T2 (Dye Thermal Diffussion Transier) of termosublimación.

Figure 17.- shows diagrammatically a core of identification constituted by sheets of PET-G derivative modified with or without additive laser engraving or micronized carbon beam, on one or both sides thereof, it has been deposited in a specific area, that depending on the type or form of customization is made a thin layer.

Figure 18 - represents schematically a rear protective cover of a document consisting of polyester film which has adhered by adhesive bicomponent polyurethane, a layer of PET-G derivative with or without additive customization by system laser engraving. Figure 19.- shows diagrammatically a polyester film or PC that is sandwiched between the core of Figures 16 and 17 to compensate for structural tensions termolaminado simetrizando document structure. Figures 19a and 19b.- represent schematically and by way of example, the polyester film or PC which is termolaminada both faces of the core of Figures 16 and 17, to compensate for structural tensions termolaminado simetrizando document structure. Figure 20.- represents exemplary a possible preferred structures resulting identity of combining the structures of the elements object of the present invention, combined with personalization on the core surface both color printing D2T2 termosublimación of the ghost image as personalization by laser engraving on both sides of personal data and facial image of the holder on the specific area of ​​limited surface. The structure is provided with blades retensioning polyester, or PC, integrated on both sides of the core document.

DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT OF THE INVENTION comprises obtaining a holographic structure, both HRI type transparent (high reflective index) as metalized holographic laminate, in which a deposit of a holographic product selected from ZnS, TiOx, SiOx is performed , ZrOx, aluminum (Al), bismuth (Bi), or silver (Ag) for a holographic layer (2h) (figures 1,2 and 3); said reservoir is performed only limited areas and specific lines either on a surface (2'a2) a second layer (2a2) of a holographic structure consisting of acrylic lacquer or derivative which polymerizes and hardens by the action of ultraviolet light (UV) or by the action of the electronic air or radiation, depending on the type of coating applied; or making said product tank holographic limited to specific areas and lines directly onto a surface of a first layer (the) oriented polyester or durable plastic in the case of containers, plastic films for packaging or container labels. In the latter case the holographic structure is only formed by said first layer (la).

The preferred embodiment of the invention provides three different deposition processes holographic product described below.

PVD process (physical vapor deposition) holographic deposit continuously on coil, which first performed engraving (embossing) in hot useful metal etching (shims) designed to produce the respective slits constituting figures and logos holographic (3) (figure 5) on the surface (2'a2) of the second layer (2a2) (figures 1 and 2), coil (8a) (figure 6). Below is a continuous printing on the surface (2'a2) of the coil (8a), on the areas (17) (Figure 8a) and around the lines forming the figures and logos (3) (figure 5 is performed ) which have already been recorded (embossing), selectively with synthetic silicone wax, silicone emulsion, natural vegetable oils, paraffin wax-preferably carnauba, covering all free zones of the coil (8a) not have engraved lines (embossing) in the holographic layer (2h) (figures 1 and 2), but leaving enough space without covering on both sides of said scribe lines (embossing) (17) (figure 8a). Then is performed on the entire surface (17 and area figures and logos 3), a PVD vapor deposition in vacuum or at atmospheric pressure, in a continuous process, the holographic element (7), as was indicated It consists of ZnS, TiOx, SiOx, ZrOx, Al, Ag or Bi, so that product (7) is not deposited in the area (17), by the action of continuous deposition performed on that area. Optionally and as a safety measure, it is then effected an impression with specific lacquer which hardens by the action of UV light of all lines and areas that have been covered by the deposit of holographic product, protecting and encapsulating and said holographic deposits corresponding to the area of ​​the figures and logos (3). The next phase of the continuous process is to effect removal and cleaning of the areas (17) were covered with the impression wax-paraffin carnauba wax or silicone derivative (17) (Figure 8a), through vacuum chamber 0 2 oxygen plasma, by which the silicone derivative is apparent. This cleaning can also be performed by applying a silicone derivative solvent, or, if appropriate solvent-paraffin wax, carnauba said derivative by the action of which the surface (2'H) follows a coil (8b ), leaving only the tank holographic product deposited on the surfaces (2h) corresponding to the logos and figures (3) figure 5, on the surface (2'a2) of the second layer (2a2) of a holographic structure. The invention provides for a second deposition process holographic product by vaporization under vacuum or at atmospheric pressure is performed on the second layer (2a2) (Figures 2 and 6a) cut individualized sheets of holographic laminate instead of performing said deposit on bobbins. To do this holographic laminate it is constituted by a first layer (the) polyester or PC on which the second layer (2a2) acrylic derivative or preferably lacquer polymerized is deposited and hardened by the action of UV light or the action of electron beams. This assembly is cut into sheets (8PE) (Figure 6a) each of which previously is recorded (embossing) in hot useful metal etching (shims) designed to produce the respective slits constituting figures and holographic logos (3 ) (figure 5). Then on the surface (2'a2) is printed with silicone derivative and selectively with compound oil or vegetable wax and preferably wax-paraffin carnauba around lines and areas 17 (Figure 8a) which have already been recorded (embossing) hot slits, respective figures and holographic logos. Then the sheets are introduced into a feeder apilador- (12stf) (Figure 6a), which by means of roller sets (12'r) individually transports each sheet through the slot door (llce) and held by guides side, a chamber (10) vaporizing PVD in vacuum or atmospheric pressure holographic product (7) which is selectively vaporized by heating, magnetron effect (sputtering), ion beam, electron beam, or arc; the passage of each sheet (8PE) by the camera (10) vacuum vaporization produces the holographic reservoir (2h) on the surface (2 'a2) covering only the free areas printing silicone derivative; since it prevents the holographic product (7) is deposited. The sheets (8ps) and provided with holographic tank below are carried by the respective sprockets of the side guides and the rollers (12'r) the output stacker (12sto); so that the rollers (12'r) are synchronously driven by a stepper motor (13eng) which is controlled by a processor through signals pass and positioning each sheet (8PE) passing through a optoelectronic sensors (lys) . Then the sheets (8ps) are cleaned in a vacuum chamber with oxygen plasma 0 2 wherein the silicone derivative is clear, and if the generic synthetic oil of the respective printed areas.

The preferred embodiment of the invention provides a third method PVD (physical vapor deposition) holographic continuous deposition on bobbins, in a deposition chamber by vapor deposition in vacuum (10) or atmospheric pressure (6), wherein the vaporisation It produced by heating, magnetron effect

(Sputtering), ion beam, electron beam, arc, of at least one holographic product reservoir (7). Holographic said reservoir (2h) on the surface (2'a2) of the second layer (2a2) (Figures 1 and 2), a holographic structure, comprising: prerecord (embossing) in hot metal of the tool engraving (shims ) designed to produce the respective slits constituting figures and holographic logos (3) (figure 5) on the surface (2'a2) of the second layer (2a2) coil (8a); then, through a vaporizing chamber deposit PVD vacuum (10) or atmospheric pressure (Figure 6), the vaporization of at least a holographic product reservoir (7) is performed; depositing the vaporized holographic product is done through perforations (16), Figures (7a and 8) which correspond to figures and logos drilled negative in tables (11) (Figure 8), repetitive and one after another have been practiced on a band (12 cp) (Figure 6) metal or plastic endless. Said band (12 cp) rotates continuously driven by rollers (12r) and in permanent contact with the surface (2'a2) of the coil (8) flowing through the gates slot (LLCP) so that the perforations ( 16) correspond negative mask-shaped template, to areas where they have been positioned and held slits etching (embossing) hot lines and logos figures holographic design (3). Said perforations (16) are broader and wider than the corresponding lines of the original design (3), to widely allow passage through the perforations of the vaporised holographic reservoir and cover the areas on the surface (2'a2 ) containing lines and areas of recorded (embossing) respective. The band (12 cp) trails synchronously with the coil (8a) passing through the chamber (10) deposit by means optoelectronic sensors (12) detecting a preprinted marks on said bobbin (8a) and the band (12 cp) , having the same width as the coil (8a), so that it is driven by a motor (13) controlled by a processor which adjusts the coincident positioning of the coil (12 cp) and coil (8a), a system pressure constituted by a plate (13sp) and selectively by a system bandwidth and corresponding pinch rollers, press the laminate of the coil (8a) to the band (12 cp) during the passage of both the chamber (10) reservoir PVD; the holographic surface (2h) with holographic product deposited only in the areas where the slits provided corresponding to figures and holographic logos were performed continuously is rewound on the coil (8b). The invention provides the process for obtaining another possible structure holographic laminate described below using Figures 3 and 4, and comprising a first sheet (a) transparent polyester oriented, polycarbonate PC, or durable plastic (durable plastic), as a support (carrier), on whose inner surface (2 'to) previously practiced corona discharge effect, and then deposited or printed a thin film of silicone wax, or natural oil or vegetable wax preferably wax-paraffin and carnauba wax. On said surface of the thin film second layer (2a2) which in this case may consist of acrylic compound or preferably lacquer additive previously hardened by the action of air and polymerizing and finally hardened by the action of deposited UV light or by the action of electron beams. Said lacquer is constituted by at least one of the following: epoxy acrylate, polyester acrylate, polyether acrylate, methane-acrylate, silicone-acrylate, urethane acrylate, epoxy silicone, and their dilutable versions or emulsifiable in water . Then they performed on the surface (2'a2) the grooves by hot embossing (embossing) lines corresponding to the figures and holographic logos (3). Then on said surface (2'a2), and continuously on coil PVD

(8a) in vaporization chamber in vacuum or at atmospheric pressure, by conventional deposition process or by any of the PVD methods described above, the holographic storage (2h) is produced with at least one of ZnS, TiOx, SiOx, ZrOx products or Al, Ag or Bi, whose surface (2'H) resulting in turn is the holographic layer (2h).

In the next step of the process is deposited on the surface (2'H) deposit generic adhesive, preferably polyurethane-based adhesive (2plu) adhering a third layer (lal) derivative modified PET- G or polyester; this third layer (lal) may optionally be composed of polyethylene, polypropylene, or adhesive paper passport and visa preferably ethylene-acrylic acid and polyurethane derivatives and alternatively by at least two of the following: gelatin, acrylic derivatives, acrylic acids, polyamide and polyurethane derivatives; the laminate thus formed coil (Ir) (Figure 4), is subjected, in a continuous process, whereby through a heating station (3p) separate the first polyester film (la) and rewound coil (l'r is ). Case of the second layer (2a2) so deposited acrylic type, preprocessing clearing wax-paraffin plasma chamber 0 2 in vacuum, also in continuous process later is deposited on the surface (2 'al) , a protection layer (not shown) preferably consisting of lacquer which polymerizes and hardens by the action of UV light or by action of electron beam irradiation or by the action of air, so that the lacquer is selectively constituted by acrylate monomers multifunctional based polyols as reactive diluents (thinners) acrylates and oligomers as binders (binders) formed from at least one of the following: epoxy acrylate, polyester acrylate, polyether acrylate, methanesulfonate acrylate, silicon- acrylate, urethane acrylate , epoxy silicone, and their dilutable emulsifiable versions water. It is noted that the invention provides for increasing the adherence between layers, as a preliminary stage of each of the different deposition processes both a layer, as adhesive deposit as deposit holographic product such as printing with lacquer or printing silicone derivative or vegetable wax, prior activation treatment of the corresponding selectively surface with vacuum plasma oxygen, vacuum plasma hydrogen H 2, with the corresponding plasma product deposit or atmospheric plasma is applied .

In the procedures of selective metal deposition of Al, Ag or Bi by vaporization in vacuum or at atmospheric pressure which constitutes the holographic layer (2h), the invention provides that said reservoir can be gradually demetalate by surface areas

(2h) to decrease the density of the metal deposit

Al, Ag or Bi and more transparent a specific area of ​​the holographic surface (2h). For this purpose, the layer of holographic reservoir (2h) is successively printed corrosive Al, Ag, Bi and subsequently washed by covering areas figures and logos selectively Al, Ag or Bi.

In the PDV deposition processes holographic product described above, provide a variation is that the process of hot embossing (embossing) of the corresponding grooves of the respective lines of figures and logos takes place directly on the holographic layer (2h ) prior deposit of the holographic product by vaporization. For this purpose, applying said deposition methods already described deposit holographic product on the lines and limited areas of the respective substrate, either directly on polyester film or durable plastic (la) or either on the surface previously performed (2'a2 ) of the second layer (2a2), and then etching (embossing) performs hot corresponding grooves coincidentally on lines and areas covered selectively with the holographic product by vaporization as described below: the holographic tank (2h) it is performed directly on the surface of the layer (), either on the surface (2'a2) of the second layer (2a2) of a holographic structure, or is made by PVD process (physical vapor deposition) holographic deposit continuously on coil (8a) (figures 1,2 and 3), the latter comprising: performing a continuous printing from one area (17) around l as lines forming the figures and logos (3), selectively with silicone wax emulsion, silicone oil, vegetable wax, preferably paraffin wax, carnauba-covering those remaining areas of the surface (2'a2) coil (8a) over which subsequently will not be recorded (embossing) figures and logos on the second layer (2a2), and leaving enough space without covering on both sides of engraved lines (embossing) of figures logos and subsequently be recorded (embossing); then performing a deposit PVD vacuum vaporization or atmospheric pressure, in conventional continuous process for obtaining a continuous holographic layer (2h); then removing and cleaning the areas that were covered by the continuous printing (17), selectively by passing the holographic structure (8b) through a vacuum chamber with oxygen plasma in continuous process is effected, or by applying a silicone derivative solvent to release the silicone derivative and if the wax-paraffin, carnauba, with the deposit holographic product that has been residually thereon; containing the holographic surface (2'H) coil

(8b) only holographic product tank (7) on the corresponding lines of logos figures (3); then proceeds to record (embossing) in hot, with useful metal etching (shims), the slits which form the figures and holographic logos (3) on the surface (2'a2) of the second layer (2a2) or in if the surface (la), coil (8a) precoated with tank holographic product.

Another variant which provides the procedure recorded on the holographic reservoir (24) is described using Figure 6, wherein the holographic storage

(2h) is effected directly onto the surface of the first layer (la), or on the surface (2'a2) of the second layer (2a2) of a holographic structure, and is performed by PVD process (physical vapor deposition ) holographic deposit continuously on coil (8a) comprising: by a reservoir chamber by vaporization in vacuum (10) or atmospheric pressure vaporization is carried out selectively by heating, magnetron effect (sputtering), ion beam, by electron beam, or arc, of at least one product holographic tank (7); performing deposit holographic vaporised product through perforations (16) of a metal band without selectively or plastic end (12 cp) rotating continuously driven by rollers (12r) and in permanent contact with the surface (2'a2) of coil (8a) flowing through hatches slot (LLCP); coincidently corresponding repetitive positioning perforations (16) of the endless belt with the respective areas over which have positioned the holes of the lines of figures and logos (3) in the coil (8a); being said perforations (16) wider and wider than the corresponding lines of figures and logos (3), to widely allow passage through the perforations of the vaporised holographic reservoir and cover the areas on the surface (2 a2) containing the lines and areas of recorded

(Embossing) respective; and constantly band (12 cp) is dragged in synchronism with the coil (8a) passing through the chamber (10) deposit, and by means of optoelectronic sensors (12) a preprinted marks on said bobbin (8a) is detected and the tape (12 cp), having the same width as the coil (8a), which is driven by a motor (13) controlled by a processor which adjusts the coincident positioning of the band (12 cp) and coil (8a); pressed laminate of the coil (8a) against the web (12 cp) during the passage of both the chamber (10) deposit PVD through a system pressure selectively constituted by a plate (13sp) or by a belt system with rollers drag (12r); then etched (embossing) in hot useful metal etching (shims) corresponding grooves constituting figures and holographic logos (3) on the surface (2'a2) of the second layer (2a2) or possibly on the surface of the first layer (the) coil (8a) and covered with the tank holographic product; then rewinds continuously in a coil (8b).

Likewise the above procedures are applied in obtaining holographic laminates for documents, identity cards and credit cards, passports, visas and banknotes.

Likewise, the limited areas and lines holographic product by vacuum vaporization by the methods described as part of the invention deposit is applied directly onto a first layer (la) consisting of durable plastic (durable plastic) preferably polyester oriented package or packaging surface or labels for containers.

Figure 1 shows the primary structure of an example of the invention, the holographic laminate forming part of the document structure is shown and is constituted by a first layer (the) transparent polyester oriented, polycarbonate PC, or durable plastic (durable plastic), as a support (carrier) on whose surface has previously been practiced surface treatment by corona discharge effect and on which a thin layer (2al) of generic plastic primer, selectively consisting of at least one deposited of the following elements: compound vinyl, PVDC (chloride polyvinylidene), acrylonitrile, polyurethane derivative and preferably said layer (2to) is lacquer polymerizing hardening by the action of UV (ultra violet) or by the action of electron radiation, the lacquer being selectively formed by multifunctional acrylate monomers based polyols as reactive diluents (thinne rs) acrylates and oligomers as binders (binders) formed from at least one of the following: epoxy acrylate, polyester acrylate, polyether acrylate, methane- acrylate, silicon acrylate, urethane acrylate, epoxy silicone, and dilutable emulsifiable versions in water, so that over said layer (2to) is deposited in turn a second layer (2a2) acrylic compound.

In Figure 2 another primary structure is shown as an example of holographic laminate of the invention is constituted by the first layer (la) are printed directly with thick lines the figures and logos (3) with lacquer hardening by UV light or by the action of electron beams constituting the second printed layer (2a2). Alternatively, the invention provides the possibility that the first layer (la) directly deposited a second continuous layer (2a2) of lacquer which polymerizes and hardens by the action of UV light and selectively by the action of electron beams or by the action of air. In both cases the second layer (2a2) is selectively formed by acrylates multifunctional monomers based polyols as reactive diluents (thinners) and acrylates oligomers as binders (binders) formed from at least one of the following: epoxy acrylate, polyester acrylate , polyether acrylate, methanesulfonate acrylate, silicon acrylate, urethane acrylate, epoxy silicone and their corresponding water soluble versions.

Both holographic structures constituted as was described in Figures 1 and 2 a coil (8a) is obtained as shown in Figure 6, which is processed by the three alternative procedures differentiated deposit holographic product by vaporization in vacuum or pressure atmospheric, which are the subject of the preferred embodiment of the invention, wherein the product reservoir holographic ZnS, TiOx, SiOx, ZrOx, Al, Ag or Bi is limited to specific areas and lines on the surface (2'a2) of the second layer (2a2) for a holographic laminate both type HRI (high reflective index) as the metallic type, with posterior encapsulation of lines and areas of the holographic storage corresponding to the grooves are etched (embossing) hot of respective figures and logos (3) holographic.

10 shows a specific embodiment of this invention corresponding to a structure comprising a combined holographic structure, to deposit a first holographic layer (2hι) holographic product type HRI transparent (high reflective index) on specific areas of the recordable substrate (shims embossable plastic) comprising the second layer (2a2) and a second tank holographic layer (2h2) of metalized holographic product on other specific areas of the same recordable substrate (2a2); this holographic structure combined is constituted by a first layer support (a) oriented polyester or durable plastic (durable plastic), both coil and sheets, on the surface, after corona discharge effect or plasma pre-treatment 02, comprising printing a deposit or silicone wax or vegetable wax preferably wax / paraffin carnauba forming a thin layer (2to); on which a print or deposit predischarge corona or plasma pre-treatment 02, writeable plastic, preferably writable lacquer which hardens by the action of UV light or by action of electron beam is included, thus forming the second layer (2a2); then on the surface (2 'a2) comprises an engraving (embossing) made by pressing tool (shim) of the respective slits corresponding to the lines and areas of the design of the holographic figures and then comprises, after corona discharge effect or plasma pretreatment 02, deposit a first holographic layer (2HL) made only holographic transparent HRI product, applied by a PVD (physical vapor deposition) of vapor deposition in vacuum or at atmospheric pressure; holographic transparent HRI product consisting of at least one of ZnS, TiOx, SiOx, ZrOx products being; then corona predischarge or plasma pretreatment

02, comprises a reservoir of a second holographic layer

(2h2) metal holographic product selectively applied by a PVD (physical vapor deposition) of vapor deposition in vacuum or at atmospheric pressure; holographic metallic product constituted by at least selectively one of Al, Bi, Ag or products being; being thus formed on the surface (2'a2) of the substrate (2a2), the holographic layer combined holographic tank, formed by corresponding holographic deposits zone (2HL) and (2h2) with its surface (2'H); then, after discharge corona or plasma pre-treatment 02 comprises a zonal layer (2a4) Encapsulation preferably lacquer which hardens by the action of UV light corresponding to areas of the surface (2 'h) holographic combined layer deposition (2h) on which only it has made the deposit of the first layer (2HL) selective holographic transparent HRI product; then gradual demetallization comprises a metal tank holographic product; and then encapsulating comprises the area, preferably with lacquer, the surface portion (2'H) corresponding to tank metalized holographic product of the second layer (2h2), thus forming the layer

(2a4) on which in turn is adhered or deposited a fifth layer (2a5) which depending on application of the holographic laminate combined is selectively formed by: tank derivative polyolefinic PE, polypropylene, acid ethylene-acrylic addition of derived polyurethane thermoadhesive paper currency or passport or visa derivative polyvinyl added PVDC (chloride polyvinylidene) for personalization printing termosublimación D2T2, or a layer of thermofusible polyurethane basis which in turn adheres a layer of derivative modified PETG (polyethylene terephthalate glycol; depositing the second layer (2h2) of holographic metal product of the holographic laminate combination is customized by engraving with laser beam (holographic embossing) with the replica of the facial image of the holder the identity card or passport in which the combined holographic laminate has been termolaminado. 10a r epresenta an embodiment of the invention a structure identification integrally polycarbonate comprising a structure consisting of a sheet (Lpc) of polycarbonate is superimposed by heat lamination to both sides of a core (C) of a document integrally polycarbonate, on which it has previously been adhered or termolaminado zonal hologram combined holographic area transparent HRI of the first layer (2HL) and metal holographic area of ​​the second layer (2h2) whose metal area (Hmz) is customized by etching destructive laser. The core (C) consists of sheets (Csl) polycarbonate, on a particular part of the surface (C'sl) is adhered hologram combined structure containing the metal zonal hologram (Hmz) that is personalized by laser engraving destructive (burning) before or after the heat lamination core (C) with covers sheets (Lpc) of transparent polycarbonate; including in the laser engraving personalization recording of personal data and the replica of the facial image of the holder of the identity document; the combined zonal transparent hologram being zonal metal HRI

(Hmz) produced by a respective PVD vaporization tank holographic product HRI transparent and metallic holographic product (Al, Bi, Ag) and the structure, after being adhered or termolaminado selectively with blade (LPC) or the core (C), it is composed of the second layer (2a2) plastic product recordable (shims embossable plastic) or acrylic derivative, preferably writable lacquer on which is deposited the second layer of holographic product zonal metal of the second layer (2h2 ) and transparent holographic product of the first layer (2HL), on which in turn is deposited or adhered areal layer (2a4) encapsulating comprises acrylic derivative, preferably formed from lacquer which hardens by the action of UV light or by the action of electron beams, which in turn contains a fourth layer (3BL) of thermoadhesive selectively base or polyurethane base poli Polyolefin number; that depending on the size chosen for the zonal metallic hologram (Hmz) and its location on the surface (C'sl) for positioning, shapes, logos and facial image customization data on surface (C'sl) constituting the face front of the document, the zonal encapsulating layer (2a4) is replaced by the fourth layer of thermoadhesive own (3BL).

Figure 10b represents a specific embodiment of the present invention of holographic structure is applied to banknotes, passports, visas and document comprising a holographic structure, selectively type transparent HRI (high reflective index) or metalized holographic laminate; said structure is constituted by a first layer support (a) oriented polyester or durable plastic (durable plastic), both coil and sheets, on the surface, after corona discharge effect or plasma pre-treatment 02, are printed silicone wax or vegetable wax preferably wax / paraffin carnauba only a thin layer (2to) forming lines and areas coinciding with lines and corresponding to FIGS areas, shields and holographic logos; on which layer or lines and areas (2to) and printed are printed in turn with writable plastic, preferably with recordable lacquer hardening by the action of light (UV) or by the action of electron radiation or by the action of air, predischarge corona or plasma pretreatment 02 covering a second layer (2a2) lines and areas (2to) with recordable cured coating; then an etching (embossing) is effected by matching grooves with said lines and areas (2al) of the surface (2'a2) of the second layer

(2a2) and then, after discharge corona or plasma pre-treatment 02, the tank holographic product with PVD methods (physical vapor deposition) alternative differentiated vapor deposition in vacuum or atmospheric pressure is performed by depositing said holographic product only on said lines and areas (2al) of the surface (2'a2) constituting figures and holographic logos; then, after discharge corona or plasma pre-treatment 02 is printed with thermobonding, selectively consisting of ethylene-acrylic acid added derivative mono or bicomponent polyurethane or thermofusible paper, covering only the said lines and storage areas holographic; it being provided that the coil or the sheets of the first support layer (la), comprising register marks previously printed, to allow the accuracy in the successive impressions covering lines and areas of the indentations recorded on the second layer (2a2) ; the holographic laminate thus obtained predischarge corona or plasma pre-treatment O2, it is superposed and termolaminado, either continuously wound or in sheets, to melt the wax or silicone preferably wax / paraffin carnauba and so detach the support layer (carrier) (the) polyester by the applied heat, to adhere strongly to the role of each banknote protection hologram formed by the transparent HRI or metal, by selectively demetallised areas; It comprising holographic logos and figures whose lines are protected against wear by covering lacquer second layer (2a2) hardened; the holographic layer (2h) being selectively deposited composed of ZnS, TiOx, SiOx, ZrOx, Al, Bi, or Ag and is limited only to specific areas and lines selectively on the surface (2'a2) of the second layer (2a2) .

Figure 4a depicts an embodiment of the present invention structure holographic laminate comprising a holographic structure, selectively type transparent HRI (high reflective index) or laminate 51 metalized holographic, which is constituted by a first layer support (a) polyester oriented or durable plastic (durable plastic), both coil and sheets, on the surface, after corona discharge effect or plasma pre-treatment 02, the thin layer (2to) silicone wax or vegetable wax is deposited preferentially wax / paraffin, carnauba, on whose surface predischarge corona or plasma pre-treatment 02, a layer (2a3) selectively comprises at least one of the following products is deposited: acetate derivative derived polyolefin, derived from polypropylene, acryl, silicone derivative, epoxy derivative, polyurethane derivative, polyethylene-derived TEref allate or pr eferentemente by lacquer which hardens by the action of UV light, by the action of electron beams or by action of air, and then pre-discharge corona or plasma pre-treatment O2, the second layer (2a2) is deposited acryl on whose surface (2'a2) etching (embossing) of the respective slits of lines and corresponding to figures and logos areas is carried out; then corona predischarge or plasma pre-treatment 02, the holographic product is deposited by PVD process (physical vapor deposition) deposit only covering specific lines and surface areas

(2'a2) holographic product or by PVD method

(Physical vapor deposition) conventional reservoir covers the entire surface (2'a2) of the second layer (2a2) of holographic product, thus constituting the holographic layer containing the figures and holographic logos (2'H); then, after discharge corona or plasma pre-treatment O2, encapsulation of holographic surface (2'H) is included, with a zonal layer (2a4) that depending on the type of application of the holographic laminate thus formed is selectively formed by one of the following compounds: by selectively hardening lacquer action of UV light or by action of radiation of electron beams, by air. deposition polyolefin derivative selected from PE or polypropylene. selectively by thermobonding paper or preferably ethylene-acrylic acid derivative with addition of polyurethane, for use in paper money, passport, visa and documents and for printing personalization termosublimación D2T2.

- of polyvinyl derivative added PVDC (polyvinylidene chloride) for printing personalization termosublimación D2T2.

- a layer of thermofusible polyurethane base turn adheres a layer of modified derivative PET-G (polyethylene glycol tereftalato-).

In any of the examples of holographic structure described, the method of the invention performs encapsulation areas and lines reservoir holographic product holographic layer (2h) by the respective addition of configurations of layers on the surface (2 'h) which are described below, taking as a basis the structures of figures 1 and 2:

- Previously corona discharge is performed on the hologram face (2'H), and then said surface layer is deposited preferably it polymerizes and hardens lacquer by the action of UV light or by action of electron radiation, that said lacquer is selectively formed by multifunctional acrylate monomers based polyols as reactive diluents (thinners) and acrylates oligomers as binders (binders) formed from at least one of the following: epoxy acrylate, polyester acrylate, polyether acrylate, methane-acrylate, silicon acrylate, urethane acrylate, epoxy silicone, and their dilutable emulsifiable versions water.

- Another possibility encapsulation shown in Figure 11, in which after effected corona discharge on the holographic face (2'H) then applied adhesive (2plu) generic for plastics preferably bicomponent polyurethane base adheres a third layer (lal) consisting derivative modified PETG (polyethylene terephthalate glycol) and preferably modified PET-G with micronized coal and additive selectively additive titanium oxide and flame suppressor inhibitor derivative.

- Figure 12 shows another possible encapsulation, which previously corona discharge takes place and then on the holographic face (2'H) is deposited hot coextrusion of adhesive layer generic-base compound (tie- layer) with the modified derivative PET-G (polyethylene-terephthalate glycol) and preferably modified PET-G with micronized carbon additive flame arrester and selectively inhibitor additive titanium oxide derivative, constituting the layer (LA2) of encapsulated.

In Figure 13, for the encapsulation previously corona discharge and then is made on the holographic face (2'H) is selectively deposited by hot injection by off-set printing, by screen printing, or by extrusion, a seventh layer (lg) selectively comprises at least one of the following: vinyl derivative, PVDC (polyvinylidene chloride), acrylonitrile, polyurethane derivative. In Figure 14, for the encapsulation previously corona discharge effect then on the holographic face (2'H) is carried out, is selectively deposited by hot injection by off-set printing, by screen printing, or by extrusion , an eighth layer (lf) of thermoadhesive preferably composed of acid ethylene-acrylic and polyurethane derivatives or alternatively by at least two of the following: gelatin, acrylic derivatives, acrylic acids, polyamide and polyurethane derivatives, so that the eighth layer (lf) thus constituted termolamina the paper sheet data passport, visa or document in general.

- Figure 14a, as an alternative for the encapsulated embodiment previously corona discharge effect then on the holographic face (2'H) is effected, adhesive is applied (2plu) generic for plastics preferably bicomponent polyurethane based adhering the third layer (lal) consisting of a sheet derivative modified PETG (polyethylene terephthalate glycol) with or without additive micronized coal having a chip embedded and integrated RF

(5c) with its antenna (5ant). Is then selectively deposited by hot injection by off-set printing, by screen printing, or by extrusion, an eighth layer (lf) already described, so that termolamina the paper sheet data passport or visa or general document, providing it with a security chip. - In Figure 15, for the encapsulation previously corona discharge and then on the holographic face (2'H) is carried out, is selectively deposited by hot injection or by extrusion, a ninth layer (le) of thermoadhesive of polyolefin polymer comprises polyethylene, modified polyethylene, or polypropylene.

The preferred embodiment of the invention also relates to the core structures compatible with holographic covered document described above, so that a core (C) comprising a central assembly with layers 1 to n (Cl, C2 constitutes ,. .cn) PET-G modified, Figure 16, one layer of which can have an integrated chip (5c) with radio frequency antenna (5ant). Furthermore the core includes two third layers (lal), for which on at least one side (3e, 3'e) is termolamina or a third layer (lal) derivative modified PET-G with generic additive recorded extruded laser beam destructive, or selectively suppressing micronized coal flame inhibitor. On the faces (4e, 4'e) of the third layers

(Lal) is deposited, after corona discharge, by one of the following procedures: extrusion, hot injection, screen printing, corroding, or termodepósito (hot stamping), a seventh layer (lg) on ​​the whole surface printing, which it is selectively constituted by at least one of the following: vinyl derivative, PVDC (polyvinylidene chloride), acrylonitrile. On the surface of the seventh layer (lg), personalization of personal data and face image is printed using colored D2T2 printing of termosublimación.

In addition the preferred embodiment provides that the core (C) is formed by the structure as shown in Figure 17, which is constituted by a central assembly with n layers (Cl, C2, .. Cn) PET-G modified. One of the layers of the central set of PET-G can be integrated chip (5c) with radio frequency antenna (5ant). On at least one face (3e, 3'e) of the central set is termolamina or a third layer (lal) derivative modified PET-G with generic additive is extruded recorded lightning destructive laser selectively coal micronized Suppressor flame inhibitor. On the faces (4e, 4'e) is deposited, after corona discharge, by one of the following procedures: extrusion, hot injection, screen printing, printing corrosive by termodepósito (hot stamping), a layer with a surface limited and specific (4z) constituted by one of the following products:

- At least one of the following: derived vinyl, PVDC (chloride polyvinylidene), acrylonitrile, so that on the limited surface (4z) core, customization is printed facial and personal data image using color printing D2T2 of termosublimación.

- By printing composition with generic inkjet system, and alternatively containing gelatin for customization with color inkjet ink.

- For at least one of the following: pure gelatin, acrylic derivatives, derivatives polyamide polymers, or combination thereof, so that the surface (4z) and cover is personalized with the facial image by photographic system diffusion transfer Reverse by the negative carrier of the image color or gray scale, is superimposed on the concrete surface (4z) and applying light pressure and in the presence of a photographic developer, in which operation the facial image is transferred and if the fingerprint, signature and text to said limited area (4z). For symmetrise and mitigate potential stresses occurring in the heat lamination document or identity card, integrate well in the middle of the core (C) or both sides thereof, a sheet of polyester or polycarbonate, for which is a symmetrical layer structure or termolaminan on both sides (3e, 3'e) of the central core assembly (C) or is integrated in the middle of said core, consisting of the following components:

Symmetrically on both sides (3e, 3'e) Central Set (Cl, C2, .. Cn) of the core (C) as shown in Figures 19a and 19b, respectively adheres a layer structure formed symmetrically : tenth layer (Ib) formed of a sheet of polyester or polycarbonate to both sides of which generic adhesive or polyurethane adhesive base (2plu) adheres on one side a third layer

(Lal) PET-G optionally with additive laser engraving, preferably micronized coal, and the other side is also adheres one (lal) layer PET- G derivative, with or without micronized carbon additive. On the latter layer is deposited below the seventh layer

(Lg) selectively comprises at least one of the following: vinyl derivative, PVDC (polyvinylidene chloride), acrylonitrile. Integrated in the middle of the central core assembly (C), as shown in Figure 19 structure constituted by the third layer (Ib) polyester or polycarbonate PC, on the faces of which adheres respectively generic adhesive or adhesive base polyurethane (2plu), a third opaque layer (lal) modified PET-G derivative.

Also it is noted that the invention provides for the arrangement of a structure of the back cover of the document as shown in Figure 18, which is constituted by a layer tenth (Ib) polyester prior corona discharge effect, on which is deposited layer (2plu) generic adhesive plastic preferably polyurethane based on the (lal) layer modified derivative of PET-G selectively adheres additive micronized and respectively carbon additive titanium oxide so that the inside of the tenth layer (Ib) polyester are optionally preprints made up logos, figures, coats, UV inks and ink OVI (variable optical ink). Face (5i) of the third layer (lal) derivative PET-G is that termolamina directly to the respective core structure of the document or identity card.

Combining the structures of the holographic covered with the respective structures of core document and its corresponding rear cover, which are subject to the preferred embodiment, specific structures of documents and identity cards and for use in passports and visas are obtained, where it is possible to use a single mode as likewise a specific combination of modalities document personalization.

Thus, for example, configurations document structures are obtained: Figure 20.- represents exemplary one of the possible preferred structures resulting identity of combining the structures of the object constituent elements of the present invention with combined customization on the core surface both color printing D2T2 of termosublimación of the ghost image as customization gravure laser beam on both sides of the personal information and the facial image of the holder on the specific surface area limited. The structure is provided with blades retensioning polyester (or PC) integrated on both sides of the core document.

To enable the application of lenticular structures CLI (Changing Laser Image) personalized by engraving with destructive laser beam preformed and recorded on the outer surface of the covers of the document, it is expected that the constituent elements of at least one of the layers: first layer (the) polyester protective film, thin layer (2to) both consisting of polymerizable lacquer by the action of UV light or by action of electron radiation as primer (2to) and selectively to the second layer (2a2 ) of acrylic derivatives of the holographic laminate respective both HRI transparent type as metallised type it is added in its mass a generic additive laser engraving beam and selectively additive micronized carbon arrester flame inhibitor, for custom engraving destructive surface structures by laser beam (burning).

Also the preferred embodiment of the invention provides explicitly the holographic structures and corresponding deposition processes limited areas and product lines holographic ZnS, TiOx, SiOx, ZrOx, preferably Al, Bi or Ag by vacuum vaporization, object of the present invention are directly applicable to the first layer (la) (figures 1 and 2), consisting of oriented polyester or durable plastic (durable plastics) so that such substrates are etched in hot with high pressure (hard embossing) with the respective slits corresponding to the lines of the figures and holographic logos are desired produce. This technology has a very immediate and extensive application in the production of packaging and packaging, as well as holographic labels for holographic protection of high security containers for medicines, multimedia and specific consumer items etc ..

Claims

We claim: 1. PROCEDURE FOR OBTAINING AN INTEGRAL plastic structure, comprising obtaining a holographic structure, selected from a transparent laminate HRI (high reflective index), a metallized holographic laminate and combination thereof, including a reservoir of a holographic product (7) forming a holographic layer (2h); It characterized in that the reservoir holographic product is selected from ZnS, TiOx, SiOx, ZrOx, Al, Bi, Ag; and combination thereof, and that said reservoir holographic product is limited to specific areas and lines applied on a surface selected from:
- a surface of a layer (the) selected from durable plastic (durable plastic), polycarbonate (PC), and oriented polyester; Y
- a surface (2'a2) a second layer (2a2), selected from acrylic derivative, gradable plastic (shim embossable plastic) and which polymerizes and hardens lacquer by the selected action between ultraviolet (UV), electron radiation and air.
2.- PROCEDURE FOR OBTAINING AN INTEGRAL plastic structure according to claim 1, characterized in that the lacquer consists of at least one of the following: epoxy acrylate, polyester acrylate, polyether acrylate, methanesulfonate acrylate, silicon- acrylate, urethane acrylate, epoxy silicone, and water dilutable emulsifiable versions; and wherein the second layer (2a2) writable plastic (shim embossable plastic) consisting of at least one of the following products: acrylic derivative, acetate derivative derived polyolefinic derivative polypropylene derivative epoxy, polyurethane derivative derived from polyethylene - terephthalate.
3. PROCEDURE FOR OBTAINING A STRUCTURE
INTEGRAL PLASTIC according to claim 1, wherein the tank of the holographic layer (2h) on the surface (2'a2) of the second layer (2a2) of a holographic structure is performed by PVD process
(Physical vapor deposition) holographic deposit continuously on coil (8a), comprising: recording
(Embossing) hot, with useful metal etching (shims), slits are figures and holographic logos (3) on the surface (2'a2) of the second layer (2a2) coil (8a); then make a continuous printing of zones (17) about the lines forming the figures and logos (3), with a product selected from emulsion silicone wax, silicone oil, vegetable wax, and wax-paraffin, carnauba covering those remaining areas of the surface (2'a2) of the second layer (2a2) of the coil (8a) on which are not recorded (embossing) figures and logos on the surface (2'a2) of the second layer (2a2), and leaving enough space without covering on both sides of engraved lines (embossing) of the drawings and logos (3); then performing a deposit PVD vapor deposition selected from vacuum vaporization, and vaporization at atmospheric pressure in conventional continuous process for obtaining a continuous holographic layer (2h); then removing and cleaning zones (17) which were covered with continuous printing, through an operation selected from step holographic structure through a vacuum chamber with oxygen plasma in continuous process is effected and by applying a silicone derivative solvent to release the silicone derivative and if the wax-paraffin, carnauba, with the deposit holographic product that has been residually thereon; containing the holographic surface (2'H) of the coil (8b) only holographic product tank (7) on the corresponding etched lines (embossing) of logos figures (3).
4. -TEST OBTAINING AN INTEGRAL plastic structure according to claim 1, wherein the holographic storage product selected from vacuum vaporization and vaporisation at atmospheric pressure is performed on sheets (8PE) on the surface (2'a2) of the second layer (2a2) of the holographic laminate; for which the holographic laminate is cut into sheets (8PE), each of which is recorded
(Embossing) hot metal by etching helpful
(Shims) of slits are figures and holographic logos (3); then it is printed with a product selected from silicone derivative, vegetable wax, and carnauba wax-paraffin, over all areas of the surface (2'a2) of the second layer (2a2) on both sides of the lines and areas have been recorded
(Embossing) hot cracks in the lines of the figures and logos; then the sheets are fed into a stacker-feeder (12stf) that by means of sets of rollers (12'r) conveys each sheet individually, through a gate slot (llce) and supported by lateral guides provided with wheels drag, a chamber (10) vaporizing PVD selected from vacuum vaporization, and vaporization at atmospheric pressure, the holographic product (7), which is vaporized by a process selected from heating, magnetron effect (sputtering), ion beam , electron beam and arc; to produce the deposit of the holographic layer (2h) on the surface (2'a2) of the second layer (2a2) covering only the areas that have previously been recorded (embossing) and are free of printing and silicone derivative if wax-paraffin, carnauba; then the sheets (8ps) and provided with holographic deposit are carried by the respective sprockets of the side guides and the rollers (12'r) to an output stacker (12sto); being the rollers (12'r) synchronously driven by a stepper motor (13eng) which is controlled by a processor by means of printed marks and positioning step provided on each sheet (8PE) passing through a optoelectronic sensors (lys); then the sheets (8ps) and provided with holographic tank are cleaned in a vacuum chamber with oxygen plasma 0 2 wherein the silicone derivative is clear, and if the wax-paraffin carnauba of the respective printed areas.
5. -TEST OBTAINING AN INTEGRAL plastic structure, according to claims 1 and 2, wherein the holographic storage (2h) on the surface (2'a2) of the second layer (2a2) of a holographic structure is performed by process PVD (physical vapor deposition) holographic deposit continuously on coil (8a) comprising: recording
(Embossing) in hot metal etching useful
(Shims) grooves which constitute the figures and holographic logos (3) on the surface (2'a2) of the second layer (2a2) coil (8a); then, by a chamber (10) of vapor deposition selected from vacuum vaporization, and vaporization at atmospheric pressure, vaporization is performed by a process selected from heating, magnetron effect
(Sputtering), ion beam, electron beam and arc, of at least one product holographic tank (7); performing the deposition of vaporized holographic product through perforations (16) of an endless band (12 cp) selected from a plastic band and a metal band rotates continuously driven by rollers (12r) and in permanent contact with the surface ( 2'a2) of the second layer (2a2) of the coil (8a) flowing through hatches slot (LLCP); coincidently corresponding repetitive positioning perforations (16) of the endless belt with the respective areas over which have positioned the holes of the lines of figures and logos (3) in the coil (8a); being said perforations (16) wider and wider than the corresponding lines of figures and logos (3), to widely allow passage through the perforations of the vaporised holographic reservoir and cover the areas on the surface (2 a2) of the second layer (2a2) containing lines and areas of recorded (embossing) respective; and constantly band (12 cp) is dragged in synchronism with the coil (8a) passing through the chamber (10) deposit, and by means of optoelectronic sensors (12) a preprinted marks on said bobbin (8a) is detected and the band (12 cp), having the same width as the coil (8a), which is driven by a motor (13) controlled by a processor which adjusts the coincident positioning of the band (12 cp) and coil (8a), - pressed laminate coil (8a) against the web (12 cp) during the passage of both the chamber (10) deposit PVD through a system pressure selectively constituted by a plate (13sp) and a system band pinch rollers; then it rewinds continuously into a second coil (8b).
6. -TEST OBTAINING AN INTEGRAL plastic structure, according to claims 1,2 or 4, wherein the holographic laminate is obtained by a first layer (la) as a support (carrier) on whose surface a corona discharge is performed and then a thin layer of primer (2to) selected from vegetable wax and carnauba-paraffin, and then deposited on the surface of said thin layer of primer (2to) a second layer is deposited
(2a2) selected from lacquer, and acrylic compound; on whose surface (2'a2) an etching (embossing) of the drawings and logos, so that continuous process then PVD vaporization chamber selected from vacuum vaporization, and vaporization at atmospheric pressure occurs is performed tank the holographic layer
(2h) and then deposited on the surface (2'H) of said holographic layer (2h) a polyurethane adhesive base (2plu) adhering a third layer (lal), modified derivative selected from PET-G, polyester, polyethylene, polypropylene, and comprises a thermoadhesive product selected from:
- ethylene-acrylic acid and polyurethane derivatives, - and at least two of the following: gelatin, acrylic derivatives, acrylic acids, polyamide and polyurethane derivatives; being wound below the holographic obtained laminate in a third coil (Ir) which through a heating station (3p) is subjected in continuous process to separate the first polyester layer (la), which is rewound in a fourth coil (l 'r); precleaning plasma 0 2 and continuously further deposited on a surface (2 'to) the second layer (2a2), when said second layer (2a2) is acrylic type, a protective layer preferably consists of lacquer.
7. -TEST OBTAINING INTEGRAL plastic structure, according to claims 1-6, wherein the prior step of each deposition processes of the different layers of adhesive deposit, deposit holographic product printing lacquer, printing with silicone derivative and oil pretreatment activation of the corresponding surface 0 2 plasma is selectively applied with vacuum plasma oxygen vacuum hydrogen H 2, with the corresponding plasma product deposit, and atmospheric plasma.
8. PROCEDURE FOR OBTAINING AN INTEGRAL plastic structure, according to previous claims characterized in the deposit metal selected from Al, Ag, and Bi vaporization selected from vacuum vaporization, and vaporization at atmospheric pressure, which forms the holographic layer (2h ), gradually demetallised by surface areas (2'H) of the holographic layer (2h) to decrease the density of the respective metal deposit and more transparent a specific area of ​​the holographic surface (2'H) of the holographic layer (2h) on which prints on the respective corrosive Al, Ag and the Bi if and subsequently washed by covering areas figures and selectively logos of Al, Ag and Bi.
9. PROCEDURE FOR OBTAINING AN INTEGRAL plastic structure, according to claims 1 and 2, wherein the reservoir of the holographic layer
(2h) selectively performed on the surface of the first layer (la) and on the surface (2'a2) of the second layer (2a2) of a holographic structure is performed by PVD process (physical vapor deposition) holographic deposit continuously onto a coil (8a), comprising: performing a continuous printing of zones (17) about the lines forming the figures and logos (3), with a product selected from emulsion silicone wax, silicone oil , vegetable wax, paraffin wax-carnauba and covering those remaining areas of the surface (2'a2) of the second layer (2a2) of the coil (8a) over which subsequently will not be recorded (embossing) the figures and logos on the second layer (2a2), and leaving enough space without covering on both sides of engraved lines (embossing) of the drawings and logos subsequently be recorded (embossing); then performing a deposit PVD vapor deposition selected from vacuum vaporization, and vaporization at atmospheric pressure, in conventional continuous process for obtaining a continuous holographic layer (2h); then removing and cleaning the areas that were covered by the continuous printing (17) is effected selectively by:
- step holographic structure through a vacuum chamber with oxygen plasma in a continuous process, and the application of a solvent silicone derivative to release the silicone derivative and if release wax-paraffin, carnauba together holographic with the deposit product that has been residually on it; containing the holographic surface (2'H) of the second coil (8b) only holographic product tank
(7) on the corresponding etched lines (embossing) of logos figures (3); then proceed to record
(Embossing) hot metal etching with useful
(Shims), the slits which form the figures and holographic logos (3) selectively on the surface
(2'a2) layer (2a2) and if the surface of the first layer (the) coil (8a), precoated with holographic product tank (7).
10. PROCEDURE FOR OBTAINING A
INTEGRAL plastic structure, according to claims 1 and 2, wherein the deposit holographic layer (2h) performed on the selected surface between the first layer surface (the), and on the surface
(2'a2) of the second layer (2a2) of a holographic structure is performed by PVD process (physical vapor deposition) holographic continuous deposition on a reel (8a) comprising: a camera means (10) deposit vaporizing selected from vacuum vaporization and vaporizing at atmospheric pressure, vaporization is performed by a process selected from heating effect magnetron (sputtering), ion beam, electron beam and arc, of at least one product holographic reservoir (7) ; performing deposit holographic product sprayed through perforations (16) of an endless band (12 cp) selected from a metal strip and a plastic strip which rotates continuously driven by rollers (12r) and in permanent contact with the surface (2 a2) of the second layer (2a2) of the coil (8a) flowing through hatches slot (LLCP); coincidently corresponding repetitive positioning perforations (16) of the endless belt with the respective areas over which have positioned the holes of the lines of figures and logos (3) in the coil (8a); being said perforations (16) wider and wider than the corresponding lines of figures and logos (3), to widely allow passage through the perforations of the vaporised holographic reservoir and cover the areas on the surface (2 a2) of the second layer (2a2) containing lines and areas of recorded (embossing) respective; and constantly band (12 cp) is dragged in synchronism with the coil (8a) passing through the chamber (10) deposit, and by means of optoelectronic sensors (12) a preprinted marks on said bobbin (8a) is detected and the band (12 cp), having the same width as the coil (8a), which is driven by a motor (13) controlled by a processor which adjusts the coincident positioning of the band (12 cp) and coil (8a); pressed laminate of the coil (8a) against the web (12 cp) during the passage of both the chamber (10) deposit PVD through a system pressure selectively constituted by a plate (13sp) by a belt system with rollers drag; then etched (embossing) in hot useful metal etching (shims) corresponding grooves constituting figures and holographic logos (3) on a surface selected from a surface (2'a2) of the second layer (2a2) and surface of the first layer (the) coil (8a), precoated with holographic product tank (7); then it rewinds continuously into a second coil (8b).
11. PROCEDURE FOR OBTAINING A
INTEGRAL plastic structure, according to claims 1 to 10, characterized in that it is applied in obtaining documents, identity cards and credit, passports, visas and banknotes.
12.- PROCEDURE FOR OBTAINING A
INTEGRAL plastic structure, according to claims 1,2, 3 and 5-10, wherein the areas bounded by lines and holographic product is applied directly deposit a first layer (the) selected from a package, a surface packaging, and container label.
13.- INTEGRAL plastic structure comprising a holographic structure, selected from a simple holographic structure and a combined holographic structure comprising a selected laminate between a transparent laminate HRI (high reflective index), a metallized holographic laminate and combination thereof, It is including a reservoir of a holographic product
(7) forming a holographic layer (2h); It characterized in that the holographic layer (2h) is composed of selected holographic product between ZnS, TiOx, SiOx, ZrOx, Al, Bi, Ag and combinations thereof which reservoir is limited only to specific areas and lines on a surface (2 ' a2) a second layer (2a2), comprising a product selected from acrylic derivative, gradable plastic lacquer and combinations thereof; which in turn it is on a surface of a first support layer (la) selected from durable plastic (durable plastic), polycarbonate (PC) and oriented polyester.
14. -STRUCTURE INTEGRAL PLASTIC according to claim 13, wherein the holographic laminate is constituted by a first layer (la) as a support (carrier) on the surface after corona discharge comprises a thin layer (2al) of plastics primer , selected from at least one of the following: vinyl compound, PVDC
(Polyvinylidene chloride), acrylonitrile, polyurethane derivative, and shellac; such that on said thin layer
(2to) is deposited in turn a second layer (2a2) acrylic compound.
15.- INTEGRAL plastic structure, according to claims 13 and 14 characterized in that the holographic laminate is constituted by a first layer (la) as a support (carrier) on the surface and after a corona discharge performed, selectively comprises a printing thick lines figures and logos (3) writable lacquer to form the second layer (2a2) printed; and selectively a second continuous layer (2a2) coating is deposited directly; being included on the surface (2'a2) of said second layer the product reservoir of the holographic layer (2h).
16.- INTEGRAL plastic structure according to claims 13,14 and 15 comprising a combined holographic structure, consisting of a deposit of a first holographic layer (2hι) HRI type transparent (high reflective index) on specific areas of a recordable substrate ( embossable plastic shims) comprising a second layer (2a2); and a deposit of a second layer
(2h2) metallized holographic on other specific parts of the same second layer (2a2) forming a recordable substrate; characterized in that it consists of a first layer support (a) selected from oriented polyester and durable plastic (durable plastic), provided in a configuration selected from one coil sheets, on the surface, selectively prior corona discharge effect and selectively by treatment prior plasma 02, selectively comprises a reservoir and selectively printing selected from silicone wax, vegetable wax and / paraffin carnauba forming a thin layer (2to); on that selectively includes a printing and selectively deposit selectively prior corona discharge and selectively pretreating plasma O2 selected from writable plastic and recordable lacquer hardening by the action selected among UV light, electron beams, and action air to form the second layer (2a2); then surface (2'a2) of the second layer (2a2) comprises an engraving (embossing) made by pressing tool (shim) of the respective slits corresponding to the lines and areas of holographic design figures (3) and then comprising, selectively prior corona discharge and selectively pretreating plasma O2, a deposit of a first holographic layer (2HL) transparent holographic product HRI applied by a PVD (physical vapor deposition) deposition selected from vaporizing and vacuum vaporisation at atmospheric pressure; the first holographic layer (2HL) comprises at least one of the holographic products ZnS, TiOx, SiOx, ZrOx being; then selectively prior corona discharge effect and selectively by pretreatment plasma O2 comprises a second holographic layer (2h2) deposit metal holographic product applied by a PVD (physical vapor deposition) deposition selected from vacuum vaporization and vaporizing at atmospheric pressure; the second holographic layer being
(2h2) consisting of a metal holographic product consisting of at least one of Al, Bi, and Ag products; and it is formed on the surface (2'a2) of the second layer (2a2), the combined deposit holographic zonal
(2HL) and (2h2); further comprising; selectively corona predischarge prior selectively plasma treatment 02, - a zone layer (2a4) Encapsulation lacquer corresponding to the areas of the surface of the first holographic layer (2HL); then gradual demetallization comprises a metal tank holographic product; and then it comprises a zone encapsulating coating on the surface of the second holographic layer (2h2), thus forming the zonal layer (2a4) on which is selectively attached and selectively deposited a fifth layer (2a5) than the type combined application of holographic laminate is selectively formed by: - ​​deposit polyolefinic derivative PE,
- depolipropileno deposit,
- deposit of ethylene-acrylic acid with addition of polyurethane derivative, and selctivamente by thermobonding to paper money, passport, visa and,
- tank polyvinyl derivative with addition of PVDC (polyvinylidene chloride) for printing personalization termosublimación D2T2,
- a layer of thermofusible polyurethane base turn adheres a layer of modified derivative
PETG (polyethylene terephthalate glycol, and the second holographic layer (2h2) deposit metal holographic product with a customization comprising by engraving with laser beam (holographic embossing) with the replica of the facial image of the holder of a selected document between identification and a passport in which the combined holographic laminate has been heat lamination.
17. -STRUCTURE INTEGRAL PLASTIC according to claims 13-16 characterized by comprising a first support layer (la) selected from oriented polyester and durable plastic (durable plastic), provided in a configuration selected from one coil sheets, on the surface selectively prior corona discharge effect and selectively plasma pre-treatment 02 comprises a printing selected from silicone wax, vegetable wax, wax / paraffin carnauba forming only a thin layer (2to) forming lines and areas (2to) match lines and corresponding to FIGS areas, shields and holographic logos (3); on whose thin layer (2al) comprises a printing selected from writable plastic, and recordable lacquer selectively prior corona discharge effect and selectively plasma pre-treatment 02, comprising a second layer (2a2) covering the lines and areas of the thin layer (2to) with hardened lacquer recordable; then comprises an engraving (embossing) through matching recesses with said lines and areas of the thin layer (2to) on the surface (2'a2) of the second layer (2a2) and selectively, after corona discharge and selectively prior plasma treatment O2 comprises a reservoir holographic product PVD method (physical vapor deposition) of vapor deposition selected from vacuum vaporization and vaporizing at atmospheric pressure, said holographic product being deposited only on said lines and areas of the thin layer (2to) and the surface (2'a2) constituting figures and holographic logos; selectively prior corona discharge and selectively plasma pre-treatment 02 comprises a printing thermoadhesive selected from acid ethylene-acrylic addition of derivative mono or bicomponent polyurethane thermoadhesive paper, covering only the said lines and areas of holographic storage ; having been provided that selectively coil and selectively the sheets of the first support layer (la), comprising register marks previously printed, to allow the accuracy in the successive impressions covering lines and areas of the indentations recorded on the second layer ( 2a2); the holographic laminate thus selectively formed, after corona discharge effect and selectively pretreating plasma 02, is superposed and termolaminado selectively coil continuously and selectively in sheets, to melt silicone wax, and if the wax / paraffin carnauba and so detach the first layer support (carrier) (the) polyester by the applied heat, to strongly adhere to a role of each banknote protection formed by the transparent hologram HRI and if the hologram metal, which it has been selectively demetallised by area; comprising figures and holographic logos
18. -STRUCTURE INTEGRAL PLASTIC according to claims 16 and 17 comprising a document structure or identity card consists of a transparent sheet (Lpc) of polycarbonate is superimposed by heat lamination to both sides of a core (C) of a document integrally polycarbonate; provision having been previously and selectively on the core (C) and prior and selectively on the transparent sheet (LPC), comprising selectively attached and selectively termolaminado, a zonal hologram combined consisting of a first layer (2HL) holographic transparent HRI and a second layer metal holographic (2h2) whose metal region (Hmz) comprises a personalization by laser engraving beam destructive (burning), characterized in that the core (C) comprises a first sheet (Csl) polycarbonate, in which on a specific portion of surface (C'sl) comprises attached the combined holographic structure comprising the zonal metallic hologram (Hmz) which comprises a laser personalization by etching destructive (burning) selectively performed before and after heat lamination selectively core (C) with sheets cover (Lpc) of transparent polycarbonate; including laser engraving personalization recording of personal data and the replica of the facial image of the holder of the identity document; the zonal hologram produced by a PVD vaporization respective reservoir holographic product HRI transparent holographic metal product whose structure being, comprising a second layer (2a2) on which comprises a reservoir of the second metal layer holographic zone ( 2h2) and the first transparent holographic layer (2HL), on which in turn comprises selectively deposited and selectively adhered a layer selected from a zonal layer (2a4) encapsulation comprising a product selected from acrylic derivative and lacquer his once it contains a fourth layer (3BL) of thermoadhesive selected from thermofusible polyurethane base and base thermofusible polyolefin polymer; and said fourth layer (3BL).
19. INTEGRAL plastic structure, according to claims 13-16 characterized in that the holographic structure comprises a first layer support (a) selected from oriented polyester and durable plastic (durable plastic), provided in a configuration selected from one coil sheets, on whose surface selectively prior corona discharge and selectively plasma pre-treatment 02 comprises a reservoir of a thin layer (2to) selected from silicone wax, vegetable wax, and wax / paraffin, carnauba, on the surface, selectively predischarge corona and selectively pretreating plasma O2, comprises depositing a layer (2a3) selectively comprises at least one of the following products: acetate derivative derived polyolefin, derived from polypropylene, acryl, silicone derivative derivative epoxy, polyurethane derivative, polyethylene terephthalate derivative, and lacquer, and sele ctivamente corona predischarge and selectively plasma pretreatment 02 comprises a reservoir of a second layer (2a2) acrylic derivative on the surface (2'a2) comprises an engraving (embossing) of the respective slits of lines and areas corresponding to figures and logos (3); selectively corona predischarge, and selectively O2 plasma pretreatment comprises a reservoir holographic product selectively performed by PVD process (physical vapor deposition) deposit only covering specific lines and surface areas (2'a2) of second layer (2a2) and selectively holographic product by PVD process (physical vapor deposition) conventional reservoir covers the entire surface (2'a2) of the second layer (2a2) of holographic product, thus constituting the holographic layer (2h) containing the figures and holographic logos (3); selectively corona predischarge and selectively plasma pretreatment 02 comprede encapsulation surface (2'H) of the holographic layer (2h) with a zonal layer (2a4) that depending on the type of application of laminated holographic and formed is selectively formed by one of the following compounds:
- by lacquer which hardens by the action selected among UV light, electron beam radiation, and air, tank polyolefin derivative selected from PE or polypropylene, selected thermobonding between thermofusible and thermobonding paper ethylene acrylic acid derivative added polyurethane for use in paper money, passports and visas and documents, printing and personalization termosublimación D2T2,
- by polyvinyl derivative with addition of PVDC (polyvinylidene chloride) for printing personalization termosublimación D2T2,
- a layer of thermofusible polyurethane base turn adheres a layer of modified derivative PET-G (polyethylene glycol tereftalato-).
20.- INTEGRAL plastic structure, according to claims 16 and 18, characterized in that the holographic deposit the first layer (2HL) and the second layer (2h2) is performed on a second layer composed of different substrates Recordable (2a2) that They constitute separate holograms that are integrated into a same identity card.
21.- INTEGRAL plastic structure according to claims 13 to 20, characterized in that the lines and areas of holographic deposit the holographic layer (2h) on the holographic surface (2'H) and surface areas (2'a2) the second layer (2a2) not covered by said holographic deposit are encapsulated; comprising said encapsulated, after corona discharge, one layer selected among:
- a lacquer layer polymerizes and hardens by a process selected from UV light, electron beams, and air; an adhesive layer (2plu) for plastics preferably bicomponent polyurethane base on which adheres a third layer (lal), selected from modified derivative PET-G (polyethylene glycol taraftalato), modified PET-G with additive micronized coal derived, and titanium oxide additive with flame suppressor inhibitor;
- a sixth layer (la2) selectively formed by a bonding compound layer-base (tie-layer) with modified derivative PET-G (polyethylene glycol taraftalato), a derivative modified PET-G with additive micronized coal with product selected from a suppressor flame inhibitor, and an additive titanium oxide; deposited hot coextrusion;
- a seventh layer (lg) selectively comprises at least one of the following: vinyl derivative, PVDC (polyvinylidene chloride), acrylonitrile, and polyurethane derivative; selectively deposited by hot injection, off-set printing, screen printing, and extrusion; - an eighth layer (lf) of thermoadhesive selectively comprised of ethylene-acrylic acid and selectively at least two of the following: gelatin, acrylic derivatives, acrylic acids, polyamide and polyurethane derivatives which selectively deposited by hot injection, off-set printing, screen printing, and extrusion Thermal Laminating the eighth layer (lf) with a role of a data sheet selected from a passport, visa document; - a third layer (lal) adhered derivative modified PET-G that has an integrated RFID chip (5c) with planar antenna (5ant), and on said third layer (lal) comprises a reservoir selectively deposited by hot injection, off-set printing, screen printing, extrusion and further comprising an eighth layer (lf) of thermoadhesive comprising a product selected from ethylene-acrylic acid derivatives of polyurethane, and at least two of the following: gelatin, acrylic derivatives, acrylic acids, polyamide and polyurethane derivatives, to the eighth layer (lf) termolamine thus constituted with a sheet of paper selected from a data sheet of a passport and document; - one ninth layer (le) of thermobonding of polyolefin polymer comprises selectively polyethylene, modified polyethylene, and polypropylene, which is deposited by a process selected from hot injection and extrusion.
22.- INTEGRAL plastic structure according to claims 13 to 21, characterized in that it comprises a central group with n layers (Cl, C2, .. Cn) PET-G modified as part of a core (C), that selectively in one of its layers comprises an integrated chip (5c) with radio frequency antenna (5ant), and on at least one side (3e, 3'e) comprising a third layer (lal), selected from a termolaminada layer and extruded layer which in turn is selected from modified derivative PETG generic additive destructive engraved by laser beam, and micronized coal flame arrester inhibitor; comprising deposition on the faces (4e, 4'e) of the first layer (la) and its entire surface, after corona discharge, selectively by extrusion, hot injection, screen printing, printing corrosive and selectively by termodepósito (hot stamping), a seventh layer (lg) consisting of at least one of the following: vinyl derivative, PVDC
(Polyvinylidene chloride) and acrylonitrile; the surface of the seventh layer (lg) printing personalization of personal data and face image by colored D2T2 printing of termosublimación comprising.
23.- INTEGRAL plastic structure, according to claims 13 to 22, characterized in that it comprises a core (C) formed by a central assembly with n layers (Cl, C2, .. Cn) PET-G modified, selectively one of its integrates a chip layers (5c) with radio frequency antenna (5ant), and that on at least one side (3e, 3'e) comprises a third layer (lal) selected from a termolaminada layer and an extruded layer which in time is selected from derivative modified PET-G with generic additive engraved by destructive laser beam, and micronized coal suppressor flame inhibitor, on whose faces (4e, 4'e) comprises a depóstio prior corona discharge, selectively by extrusion , hot injection, screen printing, printing corrosive and termodepósito (hot stamping); a layer with a limited and specific surface (4z) selectively constituted by: - ​​at least one of the following: derived vinyl, PVDC (chloride polyvinylidene), acrylonitrile, whose limited surface (4z) the core comprises a printing facial image and personal data using D2T2 of termosublimación Color printing; - a conventional compound that absorbs ink jet printing and selectively contains gelatin for customization with color inkjet ink;
- at least one of the following: pure gelatin, acrylic derivatives, polymers liami- da, and combination thereof, the surface (4z) comprises a personalization with the facial image and personal data by photographic diffusion transfer system reverse whereby selectively the negative carrier of the selected image from a color image and an image in grayscale, is superimposed on the concrete surface (4z) and applying light pressure and in the presence of a photographic developer, is transferred such customization.
24.- INTEGRAL plastic structure according to claims 13 to 23, wherein at least one face (3e, 3e ') of the central core assembly (C) comprises a personalization performed selectively with destructive laser beam (burning) and termosublimación printing color and at least one of said faces (3e, 3e ') of said core (C) comprises a heat lamination with the holographic laminate (2h) to which has been added on the surface (2'H) selectively configuration selected between layers: - a layer of lacquer consisting polymerizes and hardens lacquer by the selected action between ultraviolet (UV), electron beam, and air; an adhesive layer (2plu) for plastics bicomponent polyurethane base on which adheres a third layer (lal), selected from modified derivative PET-G (polyethylene glycol taraftalato), modified derivative PETG additive micronized coal with inhibitor flame arrestor, and an additive titanium oxide;
- a sixth layer coextruded (la2) with a compound selected from an adherent layer-base (tie-layer) with modified derivative PET-G (polyethylene glycol taraftalato), a modified PET-G with additive micronized coal derivative suppressor flame inhibitor, and an additive titanium oxide; - a seventh layer (lg) selectively comprises at least one of the following: vinyl derivative, PVDC (polyvinylidene chloride), acrylonitrile, and polyurethane derivative;
- a third layer (lal) derivative modified PETG having a chip integrated radio frequency (5c) with planar antenna (5ant), and a ninth layer (le) of thermobonding of polyolefin polymer; so that the holographic layer is burned and irreversibly damaged when attempting to modify and retouch, by etching laser beam through the holographic layer (2h), the features of the facial image and personal data originally recorded directly laser beam on the core.
25.- INTEGRAL plastic structure, according to claims 13 to 24, comprising a symmetrical structure termolaminadas selected layers between layers on both sides (3e, 3'e) of the central set (Cl, C2, .. Cn) of the core (C) and integrated between the central set of said core (C) layers; They are constituted such termolaminadas a layer tenth (Ib) selected from polyester and polycarbonate, on whose faces layers are adhered by adhesive (2plu), polyurethane base, respective third layers (lal) modified derivative PETG selectively additive laser engraving, micronized coal, and selectively additive micronized coal, and on the outer faces of the third layers (lal) comprises a reservoir of a seventh layer (lg) selectively comprises at least one of the following: derived vinyl , PVDC (polyvinylidene chloride) and acrylonitrile; and integrated between the core (C) by a layer tenth (Ib) selected from polyester and polycarbonate PC, on whose faces layers being formed is adhered with adhesive, preferably polyurethane-based adhesive (2plu), a third opaque layer ( lal) modified PET-G derivative.
26.- INTEGRAL plastic structure according to claims 13 to 25, wherein the rear cover of a document comprises a layer tenth (Ib) polyester upon which comprises, after corona discharge, a deposit of a layer of adhesive ( 2plu) for plastics polyurethane to which a third layer (lal) derivative modified PET-G comprising a product selected from additive micronized coal and additive titanium oxide is attached, comprising the inner face of the tenth layer (Ib) selected security printing of logos, figures and shields UV inks and ink OVI (variable optical ink).
27.- INTEGRAL plastic structure according to claims 13 to 26, characterized by comprising a termolaminada combination of a holographic structure, a core and a back cover for specific structures of documents, identity cards, passports and visas.
28.- INTEGRAL plastic structure according to claims 13 to 27, wherein the lacquer which polymerizes and hardens by the action selected among UV light, electron beams, and air, is selected from acrylates multifunctional monomers based polyols as reactive diluents (thinners ) and acrylates oligomers as binders (binders) formed from at least one of the following: epoxy acrylate, polyester acrylate, polyether acrylate, methane-acrylate, silicone-acrylate, urethane acrylate, epoxy silicone, and versions dilutable emulsifiable in water; and that because the recordable plastic (shim embossable plastic) is constituted by at least one of the following products: acrylic derivative, acetate derivative derived polyolefinic derivative polypropylene derivative epoxy, polyurethane derivative derived terephthalate polyethylene-.
29.- INTEGRAL plastic structure according to claims 13 to 28, characterized in that the constituent elements of at least one of the layers: first layer (the) polyester protective film, thin layer (2to) selectively formed by polymerizable lacquer by deposition primer for silicone wax preferably carnauba wax, and the second layer (2a2) of the acrylic derivatives of the holographic laminate respective both HRI type transparent as metallic type, comprising an aggregate in mass of an additive selected from a generic additive engraved by laser beam and an additive micronized coal flame arrester inhibitor, for custom engraving surface structures by destructive laser beam (burning).
30.- INTEGRAL plastic structure according to claim 13 wherein the first layer () is selectively of a container, a packaging surface, and a packaging label comprising selectively oriented polyester, by durable plastic (durable plastic) .
PCT/ES2004/000196 2003-05-26 2004-05-04 Method of producing an integral plastic structure and structure thus obtained WO2004103722A1 (en)

Priority Applications (6)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
ESP200301228 2003-05-26
ES200301228A ES2220222B1 (en) 2003-05-26 2003-05-26 Method for obtaining an integral plastic structure and structure obtained.
ESP200301822 2003-07-31
ES200301822A ES2222835B1 (en) 2003-05-26 2003-07-31 Improvements in patent 200301228 the procedure by obtaining an integral plastic structure and structure obtained.
ESP200302941 2003-12-12
ES200302941A ES2234432B1 (en) 2003-05-26 2003-12-12 Improvements in Patent No.. p-200301228/1, by: obtaining a process structure and integral plastic structure obtained.

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Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5513019A (en) * 1993-04-16 1996-04-30 Crown Roll Leaf, Inc. Semi-transparent reflective layer for a phase hologram
US5759683A (en) * 1994-04-04 1998-06-02 Novavision, Inc. Holographic document with holographic image or diffraction pattern directly embossed thereon

Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5513019A (en) * 1993-04-16 1996-04-30 Crown Roll Leaf, Inc. Semi-transparent reflective layer for a phase hologram
US5759683A (en) * 1994-04-04 1998-06-02 Novavision, Inc. Holographic document with holographic image or diffraction pattern directly embossed thereon

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