WO1998004080A1 - Parking management system - Google Patents

Parking management system Download PDF

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Publication number
WO1998004080A1
WO1998004080A1 PCT/IL1997/000227 IL9700227W WO9804080A1 WO 1998004080 A1 WO1998004080 A1 WO 1998004080A1 IL 9700227 W IL9700227 W IL 9700227W WO 9804080 A1 WO9804080 A1 WO 9804080A1
Authority
WO
WIPO (PCT)
Prior art keywords
parking
central control
control unit
facility
user
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/IL1997/000227
Other languages
French (fr)
Inventor
Shlomo Zeitman
Original Assignee
Shlomo Zeitman
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to IL11889896A priority Critical patent/IL118898A/en
Priority to IL118898 priority
Priority to US08/795,969 priority patent/US5940481A/en
Priority to US08/795,969 priority
Application filed by Shlomo Zeitman filed Critical Shlomo Zeitman
Priority claimed from IL12806597A external-priority patent/IL128065D0/en
Publication of WO1998004080A1 publication Critical patent/WO1998004080A1/en
Priority claimed from HK00104102A external-priority patent/HK1024794A1/en

Links

Classifications

    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06QDATA PROCESSING SYSTEMS OR METHODS, SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES; SYSTEMS OR METHODS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • G06Q20/00Payment architectures, schemes or protocols
    • G06Q20/30Payment architectures, schemes or protocols characterised by the use of specific devices
    • G06Q20/32Payment architectures, schemes or protocols characterised by the use of specific devices using wireless devices
    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06QDATA PROCESSING SYSTEMS OR METHODS, SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES; SYSTEMS OR METHODS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • G06Q20/00Payment architectures, schemes or protocols
    • G06Q20/08Payment architectures
    • G06Q20/12Payment architectures specially adapted for electronic shopping systems
    • G06Q20/127Shopping or accessing services according to a time-limitation
    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06QDATA PROCESSING SYSTEMS OR METHODS, SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES; SYSTEMS OR METHODS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • G06Q20/00Payment architectures, schemes or protocols
    • G06Q20/08Payment architectures
    • G06Q20/16Payments settled via telecommunication systems
    • GPHYSICS
    • G07CHECKING-DEVICES
    • G07BTICKET-ISSUING APPARATUS; FARE-REGISTERING APPARATUS; FRANKING APPARATUS
    • G07B15/00Arrangements or apparatus for collecting fares, tolls or entrance fees at one or more control points
    • G07B15/02Arrangements or apparatus for collecting fares, tolls or entrance fees at one or more control points taking into account a variable factor such as distance or time, e.g. for passenger transport, parking systems or car rental systems
    • GPHYSICS
    • G07CHECKING-DEVICES
    • G07FCOIN-FREED OR LIKE APPARATUS
    • G07F17/00Coin-freed apparatus for hiring articles; Coin-freed facilities or services
    • G07F17/0014Coin-freed apparatus for hiring articles; Coin-freed facilities or services for vending, access and use of specific services not covered anywhere else in G07F17/00
    • GPHYSICS
    • G07CHECKING-DEVICES
    • G07FCOIN-FREED OR LIKE APPARATUS
    • G07F17/00Coin-freed apparatus for hiring articles; Coin-freed facilities or services
    • G07F17/24Coin-freed apparatus for hiring articles; Coin-freed facilities or services for parking meters

Abstract

A parking management communication system including a central control unit (12) having a database (14), a central interface unit (16) and at least one user interface (20, 22, and 26), the central interface unit (16) being in communication with the at least one user interface unit (20, 22, and 26) via at least one of wired and wireless communication link.

Description

PARKΓNG MANAGEMENT SYSTEM

FIELD OF THE INVENTION

The present invention relates to parking management systems, in general, and

particularly to communication systems for parking management systems

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

The ever-increasing use of automobiles and limited space for parking, particularly in urban areas, has led to serious problems in parking management It is often

expensive and logistically cumbersome for police or municipality officials to keep track of

offenders who park their vehicles without paying for the parking space Parking meters do not

fully solve the problem because they require a large investment on the part of the municipality and comprehensive monitoring by enforcement personnel

Another parking management problem is the ever-growing lack of parking

space available. It is difficult, if not impossible, for a driver wishing to travel to an urban district to know ahead of time if there will be available parking space In short, there is a lack

of communication in the field of parking management, between municipality, driver and

parking space

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

The present invention seeks to provide a parking management communication

system, encompassing municipality, driver and parking space The communication system of

the present invention may be used to report parking, monitor parking and reserve parking

spaces. The present invention also allows law enforcement officials to monitor parking facilities with greater ease and expediency.

It is noted that throughout the specification and claims, a parking facility

includes any parking space or parking lot, private or public There is thus provided in accordance with a preferred embodiment of the present invention, a parking management communication system including a central control

unit having a data base, a central interface unit and at least one user interface unit, the central

interface unit being in communication with the at least one user interface unit via at least one of a wired and wireless communication link

In accordance with a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the data

base includes at least one of the following data* parking facility identity, parking facility availability of a certain region, vehicle identification, user identification, billing information, time related information of use of a parking facility, and law enforcement information.

The communication link may include telephone lines, wireless telephone links,

communication network systems, such as the Internet, and/or citizen band radio

Additionally in accordance with a preferred embodiment of the present

invention, the communication system includes billing apparatus for billing a user for use of the parking facility. Preferably, a telephone account of the user is charged for use of the parking

facility.

Further in accordance with a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the communication system includes a law enforcement interface unit for monitoring authorized use

of the parking facility.

There is also in accordance with a preferred embodiment of the present

invention, a method for parking reporting including parking a vehicle at a parking facility, and

reporting to a central control unit parking data including vehicle and/or user identity and time of parking The reporting may be done by any known communications link, such as telephone,

cellular telephone, mobile telephone, or Internet

In accordance with a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the exact

location of the parking facility is not reported In accordance with another preferred embodiment of the present invention, the exact location of the parking facility is reported The

method may further include billing the user for use of the parking facility, such as charging the

user's telephone account

There is also in accordance with a preferred embodiment of the present

invention, a method for monitoring use of a region of parking facilities including providing a

central control unit having a data base and a central interface unit, the central interface unit being in communication with the parking facilities, and communicating with the central control

unit so as to receive a report of which parking facilities are being used and which are vacant

Preferably the method further includes selecting only those parking facilities which the central

control unit reports as being vacant and filing a traffic report against a vehicle using a vacant parking facility without authorization

There is also provided in accordance with a preferred embodiment of the

present invention, a method for reserving a parking facility including communicating a reservation request to a central control unit, causing the central control unit to provide a usei with a map of a region in which the user is interested in parking, selecting a parking facility and

sending a message to the central control to reserve the parking facility The central control

unit then registers the reservation The next time a potential user, other than the user who registered the reservation, wishes to park in the reserved parking facility and communicates with the central control unit, the potential user will receive a message that the facility is already

reserved and not authorized for use The user who registered the reservation, upon parking his vehicle in the reserved facility, reports his identification number to the central control unit and

receives confirmation of authorization to park there

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

The present invention will be understood and appreciated more fully from the

following detailed description, taken in conjunction with the diawings in which Fig 1 is a simplified pictorial illustration of a parking management communication system, constructed and operative in accordance with a preferred embodiment

of the present invention,

Fig 2 is a simplified flow chart of a method for parking reporting and for

monitoring use of a region of parking facilities, in accordance with a preferred embodiment of the present invention, and

Fig 3 is a simplified flow chart of a method for reserving a parking facility, in accordance with a preferred embodiment of the present invention

DEI AILED DESCRIPTION OF A PREFERRED EMBODIMENT

Reference is now made to Fig 1 which illustrates a parking management

communication system 10, constructed and operative in accordance with a preferred embodiment of the present invention Parking management communication system 10

preferably includes a central control unit 12 having a data base 14 and a central interface unit

16 Central control unit 12 may include any type of data processing and information center,

such as a central processing unit in a municipality Data base 14 preferably includes any information pertinent to monitoring and/or billing use of parking facilities, such as parking

facility identity, parking facility availability of a certain region, vehicle identification, user

identification, billing information, and time related information of use of a parking facility Data base 14 may also include law enforcement information, such as identity of stolen vehicles or

previous parking or traffic violations

Central interface unit 16 communicates with at least one user interface unit 20

via a wired or a wireless communication link, which may include telephone lines, wireless telephone links, communication network systems, such as the Internet, and/or citizen band radio Depending on the type of communication chosen, central interface unit 16 may include,

for example, any type of telephone exchange, LAN or transceiver User interface unit 20 may include a public telephone 22, a mobile telephone 24 or a computer terminal 26 connected to a modem 28 or computer network (not shown), for example

Additionally in accordance with a preferred embodiment of the present

invention, communication system 10 includes billing apparatus 30 for billing a user for use of

the parking facility Billing apparatus 30 may include any type of system or software for generating debit notes and communicating debits to a bill collection facility, bank account,

credit card, charge card, smart card, charge account or virtual money Since parking charges

are generally small, preferably a telephone account of the user is charged for use of the parking

facility Often users of a parking lot have a monthly subscription for the use thereof In

such a case, billing apparatus 30 may conveniently charge a user's account in accordance with

predetermined terms of the subscription

Further in accordance with a preferred embodiment of the present invention, communication system 10 includes a law enforcement interface unit 3 1 for monitoring

authorized use of the parking facility. Law enforcement interface unit 3 1 preferably includes a

receiver 32 which receives pertinent information from central interface unit 16, preferably by wireless communication, regarding, for example, parking facility availability of the region, vehicle identification, user identification, and time related information of use of a parking

facility. Law enforcement interface unit 31 preferably includes a report generator 34 for

generating a parking report 36 which may be served on site to users of the parking facilities

Alternatively or additionally, central control unit 12 may generate parking reports directly to a law enforcement agency or municipality

One typical operation of communication system 10 will now be described

Reference is now made to Fig 2 which illustrates, in flow chart format, a method for parking reporting and for monitoring use of a region of parking facilities, in accordance with a preferred embodiment of the present invention Optionally, upon reaching a parking facility, a

user may use user interface unit 20, foi example, mobile telephone 24, to perform some initial

act required before using the parking facility. For example, the user may report his arrival, such as to central control unit 12 or to a parking attendant Another example is a parking lot wherein entry is barred by a barrier operable by a wireless communication unit carried by

authorized users The user may use user interface unit 20 to communicate an authorization

signal to lift the barrier to allow access to a parking facility A further example is a parking lot equipped with an elevator or other lifting devices for vehicles The lifting device may be

suitably designed for communication with a wireless communication unit carried by authorized

users The user may use user interface unit 20 to communicate an authorization signal to operate the lifting device

After parking his car in a parking facility, the user reports parking to central interface unit 16 via user interface unit 20 The report may include vehicle identification, such

as license plate number, and/or user identity, such as name or driver license number, parking facility identification number, time of parking and desired duration of parking Alternatively,

such as in a parking lot, the parking of the vehicle in the parking facility may be sensed by a

sensor such as an optical sensor which reads vehicle identification data and automatically reports the parking of the vehicle to central interface unit 16 Another example of such sensors is a card reader which reads user identification data from a user identification card Such a sensor may be used to check whether the vehicle has authorization to use the parking facility

For example, if the user of the vehicle reserved the use of the parking facility, the sensor may

check if the vehicle which arrived indeed is the one for which a reservation was made

Central control unit 12, via central interface unit 16, may transmit to law

enforcement interface unit 31 , typically held by a law enforcement officer, a report of which

parking facilities are being used and which are vacant In accordance with a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the exact location of the parking facility is not reported, and as will now be explained, is not even necessary for locating parking violations Since a law

enforcement officer has received a report from which he knows which parking facilities are

supposed to be vacant, he merely has to select only those parking facilities which central control unit 12 reports as being vacant and file a traffic ieport against a vehicle using a vacant

parking facility without authorization This saves him from having to monitor the entire parking region However, in accordance with another preferred embodiment of the present

invention, the exact location of the parking facility may be reported In such an event, each parking facility may be coded with an identification number foi monitoring by central control unit 12

It is appreciated that the law enforcement officer may also check from time to

time parking facilities which central control unit 12 reports as being filled with authorization This may be necessary to ensure that no user is trying to "cheat" the system Foi example,

authorization may be granted to use a given parking facility for only a predetermined period of

time Unscrupulous persons may try to make unauthorized use of the parking facility beyond

this time, such as by telephoning to central control unit 12 unlawfully in the name of anothei person

Alternatively, the vehicles in a given area may be identified by their license

plates or other identification data, such as by a law enforcement officer who patrols the area and records the identification data or by an automatic data recording system The vehicle

identification data may then be verified to check if authorization has been granted for use of the parking facility

The method may further include billing the user for use of the parking facility, such as charging the user's telephone account The user may report having finished using the parking facility to central

interface unit 16 via user interface unit 20

Reference is now made to Fig 3 which illustrates a simplified flow chai t of a method for reserving a parking facility, in accordance with a preferred embodiment of the

present invention A user may reserve a parking facility, such as by using user interface unit 20,

e g , computer terminal 26 and modem 28, to communicate with central control unit 12, such as via the Internet Central control unit 12 may provide the user with a map of a region in

which the user is interested in parking The user may select a parking facility and send a message to central control 12 to reserve the parking facility Central control unit 12 then

registers the reservation The next time a potential user, other than the user who registered the reservation, wishes to park in the reserved parking facility and communicates with central control unit 12, the potential user will receive a message via central interface unit 16 that the

facility is already reserved and not authorized for use The user who registeied the reservation, upon parking his vehicle in the reserved facility, reports his identification number to central control unit 12 and receives confirmation of authorization to park there

It is appreciated that various features of the invention which are, for clarity,

described in the contexts of separate embodiments may also be provided in combination in a

single embodiment Conversely, various features of the invention which are, for brevity, described in the context of a single embodiment may also be provided separately or in any

suitable subcombination

It will be appreciated by persons skilled in the art that the present invention is not limited by what has been particularly shown and described hereinabove Rather the scope

of the present invention is defined only by the claims which follow

Claims

C L A I M S
We claim
1 A parking management communication system comprising a central control unit having a data base, a central interface unit in communication with said central control unit, and
at least one user interface unit, said central interface unit being in
communication with said at least one user interface unit via at least one of a wired and wireless
communication link
2 A parking management communication system according to claim 1 wherein said data base comprises data selected from the group consisting of parking facility identity,
parking facility availability of a certain region, vehicle identification, user identification, billing
information, time related information of use of a parking facility, and law enforcement
information
3 A parking management communication system according to claim 1 or claim 2
wherein said communication link comprises at least one of telephone lines, wireless telephone
links, communication network system and citizen band radio
4 A parking management communication system according to claim 1 and
comprising billing apparatus for billing a user for use of said parking facility
5. A parking management communication system according to claim 4 wherein
said billing apparatus charges a telephone account of said user for use of said parking facility
6. A parking management communication system according to claim 1 or claim 2
and comprising a law enforcement interface unit in communication with said central control
unit for monitoring authorized use of said parking facility
7 A parking management communication system according to claim I or claim 2
wherein said at least one user interface unit communicates an authorization signal to allow
access to a parking facility
8 A method for parking reporting comprising
parking a vehicle at a parking facility, and reporting to a central control unit, via a communications link, parking data
comprising at least one of vehicle identity, user identity and time of parking
9 A method according to claim 8 wherein only an approximate location of said
parking facility is reported
10. A method according to claim 8 wherein an exact location of said parking facility
is reported
1 1 A method according to any of claims 8 - 10 and comprising billing a user for
use of said parking facility
12 A method according to claim 1 1 wherein said billing comprises charging a
telephone account of said user.
13 A method according to any of claims 8 - 10 and comprising performing an
initial act required to allow access to the parking facility
14. A method according to claim 13 wherein performing said act is selected from
the group of activities consisting of reporting arrival at the parking facility, communicating an authorization signal to lift a barrier to allow access to the parking facility, and communicating an authorization signal to operate a vehicle lifting device
15 A method for monitoring use of a region of parking facilities comprising providing a central control unit having a data base and a central interface unit,
said central interface unit being in communication with said parking facilities, and
communicating with said central control unit so as to receive a report of which
parking facilities are being used and which are vacant
16 A method according to claim 15 and comprising selecting only those parking
facilities which said central control unit reports as being vacant and filing a traffic report against a vehicle using a vacant parking facility without authorization
17 A method according to claim 15 and comprising collecting data regarding use of said parking facilities before said step of communicating with said central control unit, and
comparing said collected data with said report after communicating with said central control unit 18 A method for reserving a parking facility comprising sending a message to a central control unit to reserve said parking facility,
causing said central control unit to register said message and reserve said
parking facility, parking a vehicle in said reserved facility,
reporting an identification datum to said central control unit, and
receiving confirmation of authorization to park said reserved facility
19 A method for reserving a parking facility comprising
communicating a reservation request to a central control unit,
causing said central control unit to provide a user with a map of a region in which said user is interested in parking, selecting a parking facility,
sending a message to said central control to reserve said parking facility, and
causing said central control unit to register said message and reserve said parking facility
20 A method according to claim 18 or claim 19 wherein if a potential user, other
than said user who registered said reservation, wishes to park in said reserved parking facility and communicates with said central control unit, then said potential user receives a message
that said facility is already reserved and not authorized for use
PCT/IL1997/000227 1996-07-21 1997-07-07 Parking management system WO1998004080A1 (en)

Priority Applications (4)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
IL11889896A IL118898A (en) 1996-07-21 1996-07-21 Parking management system
IL118898 1996-07-21
US08/795,969 US5940481A (en) 1996-07-21 1997-02-05 Parking management system
US08/795,969 1997-02-05

Applications Claiming Priority (7)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
HU9904097A HU9904097A3 (en) 1996-07-21 1997-07-07 Method for parking reporting and method for reserving a parking facility
EP97928416A EP1004196A4 (en) 1996-07-21 1997-07-07 Parking management system
AU32719/97A AU3271997A (en) 1996-07-21 1997-07-07 Parking management system
IL12806597A IL128065D0 (en) 1996-07-21 1997-07-07 Parking management system
JP50675098A JP2002506541A (en) 1996-07-21 1997-07-07 Parking management system
BR9710878-2A BR9710878A (en) 1996-07-21 1997-07-07 communication system for parking management and parking reporting processes to monitor the use of an area of ​​parking facilities and make the booking of a parking facility.
HK00104102A HK1024794A1 (en) 1996-07-21 2000-07-05 A method for parking reporting

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
WO1998004080A1 true WO1998004080A1 (en) 1998-01-29

Family

ID=26323285

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
PCT/IL1997/000227 WO1998004080A1 (en) 1996-07-21 1997-07-07 Parking management system

Country Status (8)

Country Link
EP (1) EP1004196A4 (en)
JP (1) JP2002506541A (en)
AU (1) AU3271997A (en)
BR (1) BR9710878A (en)
CA (1) CA2260925A1 (en)
HU (1) HU9904097A3 (en)
PL (1) PL334610A1 (en)
WO (1) WO1998004080A1 (en)

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HU9904097A3 (en) 2000-05-29
EP1004196A4 (en) 2000-05-31
AU3271997A (en) 1998-02-10
PL334610A1 (en) 2000-03-13
HU9904097A2 (en) 2000-03-28
BR9710878A (en) 2000-01-11
CA2260925A1 (en) 1998-01-29
EP1004196A1 (en) 2000-05-31
JP2002506541A (en) 2002-02-26

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