WO1986005243A1 - A device for synchronized hydraulic fluid supply of two or more hydraulic motors - Google Patents

A device for synchronized hydraulic fluid supply of two or more hydraulic motors Download PDF

Info

Publication number
WO1986005243A1
WO1986005243A1 PCT/SE1986/000079 SE8600079W WO8605243A1 WO 1986005243 A1 WO1986005243 A1 WO 1986005243A1 SE 8600079 W SE8600079 W SE 8600079W WO 8605243 A1 WO8605243 A1 WO 8605243A1
Authority
WO
Grant status
Application
Patent type
Prior art keywords
hydraulic
pumps
cylinder
device according
16b
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/SE1986/000079
Other languages
French (fr)
Inventor
Nils-Enar Nilsson
Original Assignee
Nilsson Nils Enar
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date

Links

Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F15FLUID-PRESSURE ACTUATORS; HYDRAULICS OR PNEUMATICS IN GENERAL
    • F15BSYSTEMS ACTING BY MEANS OF FLUIDS IN GENERAL; FLUID-PRESSURE ACTUATORS, e.g. SERVO-MOTORS; DETAILS OF FLUID-PRESSURE SYSTEMS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F15B11/00Servomotor systems without provision for follow-up action; Circuits therefor
    • F15B11/16Servomotor systems without provision for follow-up action; Circuits therefor with two or more servomotors
    • F15B11/22Synchronisation of the movement of two or more servomotors
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66FHOISTING, LIFTING, HAULING OR PUSHING, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, e.g. DEVICES WHICH APPLY A LIFTING OR PUSHING FORCE DIRECTLY TO THE SURFACE OF A LOAD
    • B66F7/00Lifting frames, e.g. for lifting vehicles; Platform lifts
    • B66F7/10Lifting frames, e.g. for lifting vehicles; Platform lifts with platforms supported directly by jacks
    • B66F7/16Lifting frames, e.g. for lifting vehicles; Platform lifts with platforms supported directly by jacks by one or more hydraulic or pneumatic jacks
    • B66F7/20Lifting frames, e.g. for lifting vehicles; Platform lifts with platforms supported directly by jacks by one or more hydraulic or pneumatic jacks by several jacks with means for maintaining the platforms horizontal during movement

Abstract

A device for providing a synchronized fluid supply to and fluid evacuation from at least two linear hydraulic motors (9a, 9b) comprises a pumping arrangement including for each of the hydraulic motors a particular hydraulic cylinder pump (16a, 16b) such that each of these pumps fluidly co-operates with only one motor, parts (17a, 17b) comprised in the pumps and adapted to, on movement thereof, cause fluid supply to and fluid evacuation from the motors being interconnected by a linearly movable element (18) of a driving arrangement. The hydraulic pumps have openings which enable communication between the working chambers of the pumps and a hydraulic fluid reservoir when said working chambers are substantially maximal but which are automatically closed off when the volume of the working chambers is reduced.

Description

A device for synchronized hydraulic fluid supply of two or more hydraulic motors.

FIELD OF INVENTION AND PRIOR ART

This invention is related to a device of the kind de¬ fined in the preamble of appendent claim 1. The invention is primarily intended to be applied to a lifting device, e.g. for the lifting of vehicles, wherein the hydra- lie cylinder motors are fitted between a support, which is intended to be carried relative to a base, and an elevatable member which is adapted to be directly or indirectly applied to the object to be lifted.

Devices more or less similar to that defined in the preamble of the appendent claim 1 are disclosed in e.g. US A 3 769 881, DE A 2 523 184 and DE A 2 629 579. To the extent that these prior devices are capable of achieving a really synchronous hydraulic fluid supply to the.hydraulic cylinder motors, they suffer from the disadvantage that they are relatively complicated. Thus, they require a relatively complex arrangement of control valves etc.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

The object of the present invention is to devise a way to achieve a synchronized supply of hydraulic fluid to the cylinder motors and evacuation of fluid there¬ from by means of a relatively uncomplicated and accor¬ dingly non-expensive device.

This object is obtained in that the hydraulic pumps have openings, which enable, when working chambers of the pumps communicating with the hydraulic cylinder motors are substantially maximal, communication bet¬ ween these working chambers and a hydraulic fluid reservoir but which are automatically closed off from the working chambers when their volume is reduced. In this way it is obtained that communication between the working chambers and the fluid reservoir is estab¬ lished each time the working chambers have a maximal volume and such communication enables^ fluid from the reservoir to flow into the working chambers so as to compensate for unequal volumes and in addition air trapped in the hydraulic system may flow out into the reservoir through the openings.

Other preferable features of the invention appear from the dependent claims 2-10.

SHORT DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

A more specific disclosure of an embodiment example of the invention will follow hereinafter with refe¬ rence to the appended drawings.

In the drawings:

fig 1 is a side view of the device according to the invention;

fig 2 is a partially cut view of the device viewed from above and with certain components removed;

fig 3 is a view similar to fig 2 but in a somewhat larger scale, additional cuts having been made in fig 3 and additional parts removed; and

fig 4 is an enlarged detail view of an end portion of the device. DETAILED DISCLOSURE OF A PREFERRED EMBODIMENT

The invention will hereinbelow be described as applied to a lifting device for vehicles. This lifting device comprises a support 1 adapted to be carried by a sui¬ table base. In the example it is indicated that the support 1 via hook shaped carrier members 2 is suspen¬ ded on upright flanges 3 arranged at the inner margins of surfaces 4 forming driving paths. The support 1 is via the carrying members 2 displaceable along the flanges 3 and in the area between the two flanges 3 there is accordingly an open space, in which on one hand the lifting device and on the other hand an ope¬ rator may be present. In the view in fig 2 only a por¬ tion of the carrying members 2 is illustrated. The carrying members 2 are indicated in fig 2 as having portions received in a fixing member 5, which in turn is bolted, by means of fixing flanges 6 attached thereto, to a housing 7 contained in the support; said housing will be described more in detail hereinbelow. From that stated above it appears that also the fixing flange 6 indicated in the upper part of fig 2 are intended to be attached to a fixing member similar to the fixing member 5 indicated at the bottom of the figure and that accordingly also such upper fixing member is intended to be carryingly co-ordinated to the carrying members 2. It is of secondary importance for the inven¬ tion how the support 1 in general is carried and since several known solutions are available for the men skille in this art no additional disclosure thereof will be given here.

A member 8, which only appears in fig 1, may be lifted and lowered relative to the support 1 by means of two vertically operating hydraulic cylinder motors 9a and 9b. These are arranged at opposite ends of the support 1 and the housing 7 and are formed by piston cylinder mechanisms, the cylinders 10 of which are connected to the support 1 and the' pistons 11 which are connec¬ ted to the elevatable member 8. In practice, the mem¬ ber 8 may simply be provided with holes 13 for recei¬ ving the outer, for instance flat, end portions 12 of the pistons 11. It is desireable in this connection that member 8 is so carried by the pistons 11 that the member 8 cannot be substantially inclined relative to the support 1 about an axis parallel to the longi¬ tudinal direction of the support 1 and member 8. The member 8 can in a manner known per se be provided with exchangeable components 14 for a suitable contact with the vehicle to be lifted.

When member 8 is to be lifted, hydraulic fluid is supp¬ lied to working chambers 15 in the cylinders 10 so that the pistons 11 move upwardly together with member 8. A pumping arrangement for providing a synchronized supply of fluid to the mechanisms 9a and 9b and fluid evacuation therefrom comprises for each thereof- a par¬ ticular hydraulic cylinder pump 16a and 16b respec¬ tively such that each of these pumps fluidly co-operates with only one motor. Parts 17a and 17b comprised in the pumps and adapted to, on movement thereof, cause fluid supply to and fluid evacuation from the piston cylinder mechanisms 9a and 9b are connected to a common movable element 18 of a driving arrangement to impart a unitary movement to the parts 17a and 17b. The element 18 is in the example formed by a piston reciprocatingly movable in a cylinder 19. Said cylinder 19 is formed by the mentioned housing 7, which has a generally cir¬ cular section and also surrounds the fluid pumps 16a and 16b.

The piston cylinder mechanisms 9a and 9b are arranged at the opposite ends of housing 7. More specifically, the cylinders 10 of the mechanisms are formed in pieces constituting gables of housing 7. The housing has bet- ween the gables 20 the character of a tube, the ends of which are received in localizing seats 21 (see fig 4) in the gables 20. A suitable number of pull rods 22 extend between the gables 20 of the housing externally of the tubular portion of the housing and have at their ends nuts enabling tightening of the gables in a direc¬ tion towards each other. There are suitable sealing members in connection with the seats 21 for sealing the space within the housing relative to the surroun¬ ding. Each of the two hydraulic pumps 16a, 16b is formed by the piston 17a and 17b respectively connected to the piston 18 and by a cylinder 22a and 22b respec¬ tively receiving said piston. These two cylinders are disposed side by side and extend in. the longitudinal direction of housing 7, i.e. generally parallel to the direction of movement of piston 18.

Each of the pumps 16a and 16b has an opening 23-, which when the working chamber of the pump in question is substantially maximal, as in fig 4 enables communica¬ tion between the working chamber 24 and a fluid reser¬ voir 25 but which is automatically closed off from the working chamber 24 when the piston 17a moves in a direction for reduction of the volume of the working chamber. The opening 23 is liberated for communication with working chamber 24 and closed off from such commu¬ nication respectively by means of piston 17a, more specifically a sealing 26 provided at the outer end thereof. The opening 23 can be arranged in such a por¬ tion of the cylinder tube 22a and 22b respectively which has a larger internal diameter than the rest of the cylinder tube and the outer diameter of the sealing 26 when it has expanded maximally in a radial direction. Thus, there appears between the outer surface of sealing 26 and the area of the inner side of the cylinder tube 22a surrounding the opening 23 a gap allowing a free communication between the working cham¬ ber 24 and reservoir 25 as soon as the piston 17a and 17b respectively is retracted so far that sealing 26 is located in the expanded end area of cylinder tube 22a. As an alternative or complement thereto, the device may be such that the sealing 26, when the working chamber 24 is maximal, is located retracted so far that communication may occur between working chamber 24 and reservoir 25 although sealing 26 tends to abut radially outwardly also against the inner side of the portion of the cylinder tube 22a having a larger internal diameter than the rest of the cylinder tube. Thus, the invention is based upon the principle that communication between the working chamber 24 and reser¬ voir 25 in each pump 16a, 16b shall occur when the working chamber 24 is maximal and accordingly the pisto 11 lowered to a maximum. Such an embodiment has the result that some leakage past the sealings of mechanism 9a and 9b on each maximal expansion of the working chambers 24 in the pump 16a and 16b is compensated by some flow of fluid into the working chambers.' When the pistons 17a and 1.7b subsequently are again moved forwardly while reducing the volume of working chambers 24, the sealings 26 will relatively immediately pass the opening 23 and close off communication between working chamber 24 and reservoir 25. The sealing 26 shall in each case have such design that it effectively seals between the piston 17a and 17b respectively and the portion of the cylinder tube 22a and 22b respectivel which has a smaller diameter than the portion in the area of the opening 23.

Said opening 23 is, in order to automatically allow possible air to flow out of the fluid containing system formed by the mechanism 9a and 9b respectively, pump 22a and 22b respectively and conduits therebetween, intended to be located at the highest fluid level in this system. Furthermore, the system should be so design that no air retaining pockets occur. The object of this construction is to avoid irregular movements of pistons 11 due to occurence of easily compressible air in the fluid system. Air may e.g. enter the system on lowering of the pistons 11 without load since the expansion of working chambers 24 when there is some jamming of the pistons 11 and some clearance in the sealings in the mechanisms 9a and 9b may cause air to be drawn past these sealings and into the working chambers of mechanisms 9a and 9b. Since according to the invention the opening 23 is the highest point in each of the fluid systems formed by the mechanisms 9a and 9b respectively, the pump 16a and 16b respectivel and conduits therebetween and there are no air retai¬ ning pockets, such air will tend to flow upwardly from the working chamber of the mechanism 9a and 9b respec¬ tively via the conduit 27, 28 in question and pass into the respective working chamber 24 so as to pass out through the opening 23 when the same is liberated and reach the atmosphere above the. fluid level in the reservoir 25, which preferably via a connection loca¬ ted above the fluid level and provided with an air filter . communicates with the atmosphere outside housing 7. The reservoir has for the rest at a suitable loca¬ tion a ffuid refill opening.

The working chamber 24 within the cylinder 22a commu¬ nicates with the working chamber of mechanism 9a via the conduit 27, which is formed by a passage through the gable 20 comprising mechanism 9a as appears from fig 3 and 4. Communication between working chamber 24 in cylinder tube 22b and the working chamber in the piston cylinder mechanism 9b occurs as mentioned via conduit 28. This conduit is combined by a passage 29 in the gable 20 to the left in fig 3, a tube 30 communicating with this passage and located externally of housing 7 and a passage 31 formed in the gable loca¬ ted to the right in fig 3. Analogous to that previously described, the passages 29 and 31, the tube 30 and the working chamber in mechanism 9b are always loca- ted' lower than the opening 23 in the cylinder tube 22b.

The interior of housing 7 is by means of a partition member 32 divided into two spaces, namely a first space 33-, in which piston 18 is received, and a second space forming fluid reservoir 25. The partition member 32 is penetrated by cylinders 22a, 22b and/or pistons 17a, 17b of the hydraulic pumps and forms means to radially support these cylinders and/or pistons. In the example there are members sealing directly between the partition member 32 and the respective pistons 17a and 17b to avoid hydraulic fluid to enter the space 33. The partition member 32 is fixed as to its position in housing 7 by having a flange 34, which is clamped between two members 35 taking part in forming the tubu¬ lar portion of the housing. Between these members and the partition member there are sealing members. The cylinder tubes 22a and 22b are fixed as to their posi¬ tion by having their one ends received in seats formed in the gable 20 comprising mechanism 9a and by having their second ends received in seats formed in partition member 32. >

The cylinder tubes 22a and 22b and the pistons 17a,

17b extend horisontally in substantially the same plane.

It is preferred to use pressurized air as means to move piston 18 in its cylinder chamber 19. As diagram- matically indicated in fig 2 there is valve means 36, by means of which the pressurized air supply to cylinder chamber 19 via a conduit 37 preferably at least par¬ tially formed in the gable 20 can be controlled. A conduit 38 may be present for evacuating air from space 33. This conduit 38 can for the rest be used for pres¬ surized air supply to space 33 so that pressurized air assisted return movement of piston 18 is obtained, the pump 16a arid 16b thereby causing such a suction effect that pistons 11 forcibly will move downwardly in cylinders 10 also in absence of appreciable load on pistons 11.

When using the device according to the invention, control means 36 is adjusted for pressurized air supply to cylinder chamber 19, which causes movement of piston 18 to the left in the figures. This causes fluid present in pumps 16a, 16b to be forced into the working chambers of piston cylinder mechanisms 9a and 9b via conduits 27, 28 so that accordingly pistons 11 move synchronously and uniformly while raising the lifting member 8. For lowering of pistons 11, cylinder chamber 19 is depres- surized, possibly in combination with pressurization of space 33, so that piston 18 moves to the right in the figures and working chambers 24 decrease their volume. When pistons 17a and 17b have reached the posi¬ tion in fig 4, .communication between working chambers 24 and reservoir 25 is opened so that possible air may enter out of working chambers 24 and instead fluid be filled into working chambers 24. It is preferable that the control arrangement for the lifting device is designed so that when the lifting device is operated in a direction for lowering, a complete lowering movement occurs, which accordingly cannot be reversed by the operator before the position according to fig 4 has been reached. In this way a. frequently occurring eli¬ mination of air from the fluid system is guaranteed and simultaneously fluid is filled into the working chambers 24.

POSSIBLE MODIFICATIONS OF THE INVENTION

The invention has hereinabove been primarily described as applied in connection with a lifting device, i.e. a device wherein the pistons 11 move vertically. There is, however, no hindrance for the invention to be app- lied also as a power exerting device with horizontal or other directions of movement of the pistons 11. It has been illustrated in the example that pistons 11 exert lifting forces on a member 8 bridging the pistons. If desired the member 8 can of course be eli¬ minated and pistons 11 designed so as to exert forces directly on various objects. Although it as a rule is desireable that pistons 11 move with the same speed there may be applications, wherein it is desired to maintain a predetermined movement relation between the pistons but wherein the speed of the pistons may be different. Such a case could be obtained by designing the working chambers 24 of pumps 16a and 16b with diffe¬ rent volume or by designing the working chambers in piston cylinder mechanisms 9a and 9b with different volume.

It has been disclosed that a pneumatic driving motor ' 18, 19 is "used for driving pistons 17a and 17b. It . is of course possible.within the scope of the inven¬ tion to move piston 18 also by means of hydraulic fluid. For the rest it would be conceivable to use other means than a fluid motor for moving pistons 17a and 17b; an element interconnecting pistons 17a and 17b could be driven by a screw or chain transmission or other mechanical arrangement. Furthermore, it would be con¬ ceivable to carry out driving by means of a linear electrical motor. Also other modifications of the device are conceivable within the scope of the invention.

Claims

Claims
1. A device for providing, with the assistance of a pumping arrangement, a synchronized supply of hydraulic fluid to two or more hydraulic cylinder motors (9a, 9b) and evacuation of hydraulic fluid therefrom, said pum¬ ping arrangement comprising for each of the hydraulic cylinder motors a particular hydraulic cylinder pump (16a, 16b) such that each of these pumps fluidly co¬ operates with only one motor (9a, 9b), parts (17a, 17b) comprised in the pumps and adapted to, on movement thereof, cause hydraulic fluid supply to and evacuation from the motors being interconnected by means of a movable element (18) of a driving arrangement for impar¬ ting a unitary movement to said parts, c h a r a c¬ t e r i z e d in that the hydraulic pumps (16a, 16b) have openings (23), which enable, when working chambers (24) of the pumps communicating-with the hydraulic cylinder motors (9a, '9b) are substantially maximal, communication between. these working chambers and a hydraulic fluid reservoir (25) but which are automa¬ tically closed off from the working chambers when their volume is reduced.
2. A device according to claim 1, c h a r a c t e ¬ r i z e d in that the movable parts (17a, 17b) of the pumps are adapted to open and close respectively the openings (23) in that the latter are arranged in the cylinders (22a, 22b) of the hydraulic pumps.
3. A device according to claim 1, c h a r a c t e ¬ r i z e d in that said openings (23), in order to automatically allow passage of possible air out of the hydraulic fluid containing systems formed by the hydralic cylinder motors (9a, 9b), hydraulic pumps
(16a, 16b) and conduits (27, 28) therebetween, are intended to be located at the highest hydraulic fluid level in the systems.
4. A device according to claim 1, c h a r a c t e ¬ r i z e d in that the interior of a housing (7) is by means of a partition member (32) divided into two spaces, namely a first space, in which the movable element (18) of the driving arrangement is received, and a second space, which is intended to function as said hydraulic fluid reservoir (25).
5. A device according to claim 4, c h a r a c t e ¬ r i z e d in that the partition member (32) is pene¬ trated by the cylinders and/or pistons of the hydraulic pumps and forms means to radially support these cylin¬ ders and/or pistons.
6. A device according to claim 1, c h a r a c t e ¬ r i z e d in that the driving arrangement comprises a fluid cylinder driving motor (18, 19).
7. A device according to claim 6, c h a r a c t e ¬ r i z e d in that the hydraulic pumps (16a, 16b) are arranged within a longitudinal housing (7), at the ends of which the hydraulic cylinder motors (9a, 9b) are arranged.
8. A device according to claim 6, c h a r a c t e ¬ r i z e d in that the hydraulic pumps (16a, 16b) are arranged within a longish housing (7), which forms the cylinder of the driving motor of the driving arrange ment.
9. A device according to claim 7, c h a r a c t e ¬ r i z e d in that the cylinders (10) of the hydraulic, cylinder motors are formed in pieces forming gables (20) of the housing.
10. A device according to claim 7 or 8, c h a r a c¬ t e r i z e d in that each of the hydraulic pumps (16a, 16b) is formed by said movable part (17a, 17b), which is formed by a piston connected to the movable element of the driving arrangement, and a cylinder (22a, 22b) receiving the piston and extending in the longitudinal direction of the housing.
PCT/SE1986/000079 1985-03-05 1986-02-24 A device for synchronized hydraulic fluid supply of two or more hydraulic motors WO1986005243A1 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
SE8501054-4 1985-03-05
SE8501054 1985-03-05

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
WO1986005243A1 true true WO1986005243A1 (en) 1986-09-12

Family

ID=20359357

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
PCT/SE1986/000079 WO1986005243A1 (en) 1985-03-05 1986-02-24 A device for synchronized hydraulic fluid supply of two or more hydraulic motors

Country Status (2)

Country Link
EP (1) EP0215096A1 (en)
WO (1) WO1986005243A1 (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR2696794A1 (en) * 1992-10-09 1994-04-15 Belva Sarl Ets Hydraulic jack with several positive hydraulic actuators operated synchronously - includes number of emitter chambers whose evacuation conduits are destined to be connected to these actuators, with pistons of these chambers coupled together by beam link

Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB1309739A (en) * 1970-03-17 1973-03-14 Mitsubishi Metal Mining Co Ltd Method of recovering copper from slag
US3769881A (en) * 1970-06-17 1973-11-06 K Aoki Hydraulic device
DE2523184A1 (en) * 1975-05-26 1976-12-16 Ehrhardt Adami Multiple hydraulic ram synchronising equipment - has driving pistons for each ram all coupled together to move over same stroke
DE2629574A1 (en) * 1975-07-08 1977-01-13 Asea Ab Winding cap for the rotor of a turbine generator
US4135923A (en) * 1976-11-23 1979-01-23 Johnson, Matthey & Co., Limited Extraction of metals
GB2092618A (en) * 1981-02-05 1982-08-18 Johnson Matthey Plc recovery of precious metals from association with ceramics
EP0077128A1 (en) * 1981-09-16 1983-04-20 Matthey Rustenburg Refiners (Proprietary) Limited Recovery of platinum group metals from scrap and residues
US4415360A (en) * 1981-07-22 1983-11-15 Boliden Aktiebolag Method for working-up metal-containing waste products

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB1309739A (en) * 1970-03-17 1973-03-14 Mitsubishi Metal Mining Co Ltd Method of recovering copper from slag
US3769881A (en) * 1970-06-17 1973-11-06 K Aoki Hydraulic device
DE2523184A1 (en) * 1975-05-26 1976-12-16 Ehrhardt Adami Multiple hydraulic ram synchronising equipment - has driving pistons for each ram all coupled together to move over same stroke
DE2629574A1 (en) * 1975-07-08 1977-01-13 Asea Ab Winding cap for the rotor of a turbine generator
US4135923A (en) * 1976-11-23 1979-01-23 Johnson, Matthey & Co., Limited Extraction of metals
GB2092618A (en) * 1981-02-05 1982-08-18 Johnson Matthey Plc recovery of precious metals from association with ceramics
US4415360A (en) * 1981-07-22 1983-11-15 Boliden Aktiebolag Method for working-up metal-containing waste products
EP0077128A1 (en) * 1981-09-16 1983-04-20 Matthey Rustenburg Refiners (Proprietary) Limited Recovery of platinum group metals from scrap and residues

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR2696794A1 (en) * 1992-10-09 1994-04-15 Belva Sarl Ets Hydraulic jack with several positive hydraulic actuators operated synchronously - includes number of emitter chambers whose evacuation conduits are destined to be connected to these actuators, with pistons of these chambers coupled together by beam link

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date Type
EP0215096A1 (en) 1987-03-25 application

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US5010733A (en) Hydrostatic transmission with hydraulic bypass and air bleed
US5626204A (en) Hydrostatic transaxle
US3972652A (en) Variable volume clearance chamber for compressors
US5042253A (en) Hydraulic-pneumatic cylinder device with annular flexible bag as interface
US4971531A (en) Pump arrangement driven by compressed-air
US4271671A (en) Two step pressure intensifier system
US4456310A (en) Hydraulic pump and anti-skid brake system
US5819635A (en) Hydraulic-pneumatic motor
US4536135A (en) High pressure liquid piston pump
US3759144A (en) Hydraulic actuating system for hydraulically operated bending machine
US5649424A (en) Two-stage pressure cylinder
US20040103656A1 (en) Hydraulic energy storage systems
US5092743A (en) Pneumatically controlled pump
US4034817A (en) Impact tool
US5573366A (en) Hydraulic device with synchronously operating jacks
US4498293A (en) Hydraulic log splitter
US5377488A (en) Hydro-pneumatic pressure transformer
US5988607A (en) Self-pumping hydropneumatic strut with an internal level control
US6594992B1 (en) Punch press hydraulic servo device using a rotary valve
US4030560A (en) Hydraulic skid steering control system
US6408736B1 (en) Synchronizing cylinder assembly with equal displacement hydraulic cylinder
US3687008A (en) Pressure fluid controlled reciprocating mechanism
US5607290A (en) Air driven diaphragm pump
US5237916A (en) Regenerative hydraulic cylinders with internal flow paths
US4475870A (en) Hydraulic arrangement

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
AK Designated states

Kind code of ref document: A1

Designated state(s): AU NO US

AL Designated countries for regional patents

Kind code of ref document: A1

Designated state(s): AT BE CH DE FR GB IT LU NL SE

WWE Wipo information: entry into national phase

Ref document number: 1986902045

Country of ref document: EP

WWP Wipo information: published in national office

Ref document number: 1986902045

Country of ref document: EP

WWW Wipo information: withdrawn in national office

Ref document number: 1986902045

Country of ref document: EP