USRE23569E - Device fob inserting bolts in - Google Patents

Device fob inserting bolts in Download PDF

Info

Publication number
USRE23569E
USRE23569E US23569DE USRE23569E US RE23569 E USRE23569 E US RE23569E US 23569D E US23569D E US 23569DE US RE23569 E USRE23569 E US RE23569E
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
barrel
gun
bore
fastening
casing
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired
Application number
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Publication date
Priority to US697341A priority Critical patent/US2518395A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of USRE23569E publication Critical patent/USRE23569E/en
Expired legal-status Critical Current

Links

Images

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B25HAND TOOLS; PORTABLE POWER-DRIVEN TOOLS; MANIPULATORS
    • B25CHAND-HELD NAILING OR STAPLING TOOLS; MANUALLY OPERATED PORTABLE STAPLING TOOLS
    • B25C1/00Hand-held nailing tools; Nail feeding devices
    • B25C1/08Hand-held nailing tools; Nail feeding devices operated by combustion pressure
    • B25C1/10Hand-held nailing tools; Nail feeding devices operated by combustion pressure generated by detonation of a cartridge
    • B25C1/18Details and accessories, e.g. splinter guards, spall minimisers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B25HAND TOOLS; PORTABLE POWER-DRIVEN TOOLS; MANIPULATORS
    • B25CHAND-HELD NAILING OR STAPLING TOOLS; MANUALLY OPERATED PORTABLE STAPLING TOOLS
    • B25C1/00Hand-held nailing tools; Nail feeding devices
    • B25C1/08Hand-held nailing tools; Nail feeding devices operated by combustion pressure
    • B25C1/10Hand-held nailing tools; Nail feeding devices operated by combustion pressure generated by detonation of a cartridge
    • B25C1/12Hand-held nailing tools; Nail feeding devices operated by combustion pressure generated by detonation of a cartridge acting directly on the bolt
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B25HAND TOOLS; PORTABLE POWER-DRIVEN TOOLS; MANIPULATORS
    • B25CHAND-HELD NAILING OR STAPLING TOOLS; MANUALLY OPERATED PORTABLE STAPLING TOOLS
    • B25C1/00Hand-held nailing tools; Nail feeding devices
    • B25C1/08Hand-held nailing tools; Nail feeding devices operated by combustion pressure
    • B25C1/10Hand-held nailing tools; Nail feeding devices operated by combustion pressure generated by detonation of a cartridge
    • B25C1/12Hand-held nailing tools; Nail feeding devices operated by combustion pressure generated by detonation of a cartridge acting directly on the bolt
    • B25C1/123Hand-held nailing tools; Nail feeding devices operated by combustion pressure generated by detonation of a cartridge acting directly on the bolt trigger operated
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S411/00Expanded, threaded, driven, headed, tool-deformed, or locked-threaded fastener
    • Y10S411/924Coupled nut and bolt
    • Y10S411/95Rachet and nut-carried pawl
    • Y10S411/951Flexible

Description

BEST AVAILABLE COPY R. F'. SOPRfS DEVICE FOR INSERTING BOLTS IN CONCRETE 4 Sheets-Sheet 1 Original Filed Sept. 16, 1946 INVENTOR. Romzr 'f' Sam/s.

Oct. 28, 1952 R. F. SOPRIS DEVICE FOR INSERTING BOLTS IN CONCRETE 4 Sheets-Sheet If Original Filed Sept. 16, 1946 uvmvroa Roan-Y F Sara/s.

lumazq Oct. 28, 1952 R F. SOPRIS DEVICE FOR INSERTING BOLTS IN CONCRETE 4 Sheets-Sheet s Oflginal Filed Sept. 16. 1946 mmvrox. Rouzrfi' S PRIS.

ark/MA... 6%, 2 W

@ r W6 9 R. F. SOPRIS 0w: 3 5L DEVICE FOR INSERTING BOLTS IN CONCRETE Filed Sept. 16, 1946 4 Sheets-Sheet 4 fig! 15:

INVENTOR- Romsr (7312mm. BY

JI'WYS Reissues! Oct. 28, 1952 DEVICE FOR INSERTING BOLTS IN CONCRETE Robley F. Soprls, Cuernavaca, Mexico, minor, by mesne assignments, to Daniel W. Creary,

Portland, Oreg.

Original No. 2,518,395, dated Mimi 8, 1950, Se:

rial N0. 697,341, September 16, 1946. Application t r reissue July 10, 1951, serial No. 385 91 Matter enclosed in heavy brackets [I appears in the original patent but forms no part of this reissue specification; matter printed in italics indicates the additions made by reissue.

15 Claims.

The invention relates to a device adapted to imbed bolts, studs and other fastening means in set concrete or similar substances by the operation of driving the bolt, stud or similar device forcibly into the solidified concrete material.

When structures of the nature of concrete or masonry walls. foundations, floors, pilasters, beams and the like are built of masonry. concrete or other structural materials which 51 extremely dense in final form, a problem arises when fastening devices are to be embedded therein which may be necessary for attaching other parts of the structure.

If the wall or structure should be of concrete, fastening devices are frequently set in the forms before the concrete is poured, and when the concrete eventually surrounds the fastening means and solidifies. the fastening means is securely held in its proper position.

If the concrete or masonry structure is already erected, the problem of attaching thereto some fastening means or other is made more difficult. It then becomes necessary to drill a hole in the hard masonry substance, set an anchoring portion of the fastening means in place and then pack the hole so that the fastening means cannot be pulled out. The latter method is. laborious and time-consuming.

In the fabrication of concrete or masonry building structures it is frequently necessary to provide an extensive metal pipin System such as plumbing which must be fastened in some manner to the structure. on other occasions electric wiring may need to be secured in conduits fastened to the structure. on still other oo- .casions shelves, beams, floors or a variety of other appurtenances might need to be hung Upon the structure for some purpose or other. At times a very considerable weight must be attached to the fastening means necessitating the means being imbedded in the structure with exceptional firmness.

It is, therefore, among the objects of the invention to provide an apparatus for driving fastening means of one type or other into a masonry structure so that the operation can be performed quickly. easily and at low cost.

Another object of the invention is to provide a new and improved apparatus for driving fastening devices into masonry or similar structures which is easy to handle and manipulate. easy to load and unload. and which is comfortable to use so that the operator will not tire alter prolonged use of the device.

Still another object of the invention is to P vide a new and improved gun for firing fastening devices into walls comprising dense solid aggregate wherein there is included a cushioning device for absorbing the recoil of new and improved design.

A further object is to provide in a gun for urins fastening devices into a wall structure means for utilizing the force of an explosive discharge to assist in sustaining the foot of the gun against the wall structure in order to improve the penetration of the projectile and to minimize rupture of the immediately adjacent surface of the wall structure upon penetration.

A still further object o! the invention is to provide in a gun for firing fastening devices into well structures a control for lay-passing regulated amounts of the propelling gas generated by an explosive discharge so that the amount of penetration of the fastening device into the wall structure can be carefully controlled and adlusted.

A lurther object still is to provide a fastening means for driving into a wall structure under force of an explosive discharge which is specially designed so as to facilitate its travel through a gun barrel and which is adapted to be provided with an auxiliary means arranged to be forced into contact with the surface of the wall structure upon impact of the fastening device so as to minimize fracture and cratering of the wall structure at the point of penetration.

With these and other objects in view, the invention consists in the construction, arrangement and combination of the various parts of the device whereby the objects contemplated are attained. as hereinafter more fully set forth, pointed out in the claims and illustrated in the accompanying drawings, in which:

Figure l is a longitudinal, sectional view of a gun showing the interior mechanism.

Fi ure 2 is a plan view of the gun shown in Figure 1 partially in section.

Figure 8 is a longitudinal. sectional view of the gun shown in Figure l with the working parts in the positions they would occupy at the moment of discharge. t

Figure 4 is a fragmentary, sectional view of the firing mechanism.

Figure 5 is a fragmentary view partially in section showing a means of attaching the gun barrel to the recoil mechanism.

Figure 6 is a fragmentary, sectional view taken in the direction of the arrow 6 of Figure 1.

Figure '7 is a cross-sectional view taken on the line 'i-l of Figure 1.

Figure 8 is a cross-sectional view taken on the line 88 of Figure 1.

Figure 9 is a cross-sectional view taken on the line 9-9 of Figure 5.

Figure 10 is a fragmentary. sectional view of the end of the barrel showing a projectile fastening device at the point of penetration.

Figure 11 illustrates a fastening device in the position occupied when in use.

Figure 12 is a sectional view of the barrel end of a gun featuring a special attachment in the muzzle.

Figure 13 is a sectional view of the barrel end of a gun of modified construction.

Figures 14 and 16 are fragmentary, sectional views of the muzzle end of a barrel showing difierent forms which the bore in the barrel may assume for cooperation with a device for minimizing cratering at the point of impact.

Figure 15 is a longitudinal, sectional view of a cartridge adapted to be fired in the gun.

Principles of design and operation of a gun of similar construction have been disclosed in applications, Serial No. 645,400, filed February 4, 1946, and issued as U. 8. Letters Patent No. 2,504,311 on April 18, 1950, and Serial No. 392,896. filed May 10, 1941, and issued as U. S. Letters Patent No. 2,400,878, on May 28, 1946, of which the disclosure herein constitutes an improvement.

In an embodiment of a gun chosen to illustrate the application of the novel features contained in the application there is shown a gun casing l consisting of a recoil section II and a barrelholding section l2. At the end of the recoil section is a handle l3 in which is incorporated a trigger l4, and at the end of the barrel-holding section is a gun barrel i5.

To facilitate operation of the gun and particularly to permit the gun to be broken open for reloading purposes the barrel-holding section l2 and a barrel-holding sleeve 20 are hinged together. The hinge consists of a bracket member l6, illustrated in some detail in Figures 8 and 9, which is bolted or otherwise secured to the main portion of the barrel-holding section l2. The bracket member 16 is provided with a hinge portion I6 and lugs I1 adapted to receive a hinge pin is which likewise extends through lugs IS on the barrel-holding sleeve 20. By reason of the fact that the bracket member i6 extends only partially around the lugs i9 providing an open space of greater width than the barrel-holding sleeve 20 the sleeve is adapted to be pivoted about the hinge pin and extended outwardly to the dotted position 20 illustrated in Figure 9. This is the position of the barrel-holding sleeve and the barrel when the gun is to be loaded. It will be understood that release of a bayonet joint, illustrated in Figure 5, admits of separation of adjoining parts so that the hinge-mounted parts are free to rotate.

The barrel l itself contains an axial discharge bore 2| and may be provided with a foot member 22 at the muzzle end. details of which are disclosed in the pending application above identified.

At the breech end of the barrel is an enlargement 23 which is adapted to receive a shell-can ing sleeve 24. the shell-carrying sleeve having a sliding relationship with the barrel in its location within the enlargement 23. The shell-carrying sleeve is adapted to be loaded with a cartridge comprising a shell casing 25 having a projectilelike fastening device 26 attached at the discharge end. Details of one type of cartridge are illus- 4 trated in Figure 15 and will be subsequently described.

In order that the shell-carrying sleeve may be retained within the enlargement. the sleeve is provided with a longitudinal recess 21,.and into this extends a stud 28. the stud being retained in the surrounding portion of the barrel and adapted to extend outwardly through suitable aperture 28' in the barrel-holding sleeve 26. the shape of which is shown in Figure 2. so that the stud may be removed by use of a screw driver when necessary. An oppositely disposed auxiliary aperture 29 is provided immediately adjacent a corresponding recess 30 in the shell-carrying sleeve to assist in manipulating the parts in the event that the inner end of the stud 28 might become broken on for any reason.

It will be observed that the shell-carrying sleeve has an end portion 3| which extends endwise beyond the breech end of the barrel when the shell-carrying sleeve is received to its full depth within the enlargement 23. The endwise extending portion is provided with oppositely disposed studs 32, illustrated in particular in Figures 2 and 5, where they are shown as being adapted for reception in bayonet slots 33 in a breech section 34 of a recoil block 35.

The recoil block 35 fits slideably Within the recoil section I l of the gun casing II) in a position such that the breech section thereof is normally presented to the breech end of the gun barrel. Within the breech section is a pocket 4!) adapted to receive a spring-pressed firing pin 4|.

For actuating the firing pin there is provided a bell crank lever 42 located within a slot 43. appearing in cross-section in Figure 7, wherein the bell crank lever is pivotally mounted by means of a pivot pin 44. The lever is normally held in the position shown in Figure 1 by means of a tension spring 45 stretched between one arm of the lever and a pin 46 in the recoil block.

For tripping the bell crank lever there is provided an extension 41 on the trigger it housed within a cover 48. the extension being slideably mounted by means of a slot 49 and pin 50. A spring 5| holds the trigger down. At the inside end of the extension is a pivoted. spring-retained cam 52 having a finger 53 adapted to engage a corresponding finger 54 on the bell crank lever. So that the extension may move laterally to a position where the fingers can engage there is provided a recess 55 adapted to receive a cam pin 55 and thus permit the extension to shift toward the bell crank lever where the fingers will engage.

Since the spring-retained pivot cam is limited in its rotation clockwise, as viewed in Figure 1, when the trigger is pulled the finger 53 will lift the bell crank lever building up tension in the spring 45. Near the end of its movement engagement of the portion of the lever 41 adjacent the recess with the pin 55 will cause the fingers to slip out of engagement, and the spring 45 will rotate the bell crank lever through its firing stroke against the firing pin 41. A spring 5'! allows the pilot cam to shift to a position permitting it to pass the finger 54 on recoil of the breech block. Likewise on return to initial position the portion of the lever on the other side of the recess 55 will engage the pin 56 and hold fingers 53 and 54 out of engagement. Figure 4 illustrates the firing mechanism in one of its operating positions and will facilitate an understanding of its operation.

In order that the barrel I5. the barrel-holding .in Figure 4.

sleeve 20 and the recoil block 35 may act as a unit when the parts of the gun are locked together in a firing arrangement, means is provided for preventing unlocking of the bayonet joint previously described and also for interlocking the bayonet joint with the firing mechanism. Details of the inter-locking relationship are shown in detail in Figure 6.

As illustrated in Figure 6, within a recess 60 of the breech section 34 is a clip 6i upon which is pivotally mounted a, lever 6!. This lever is provided with a V-shaped slot 62 at one end adapted to receive in one position one of the studs 32 when the stud is at the end of the bayonet slot. In this position the other end 63 of the lever is moved away from engagement with a projection 42' of the bell crank lever 42. thereby permitting the bell crank lever to move freely, projection 42' entering a recess M in firing position shown This means that the bell crank lever 12 can be actuated to a firing position only when the gun barrel is securely locked in place in relation to the recoil block.

When the stud 32 is shifted out of the bayonet slot, movement of the stud rotates the lever ii about a pin 6" through a short distance in a clockwise direction, as viewed in Figure 6, sufficient to shift the end 63 to a position beneath the projection l2, preventing rotation of the bell crank lever, and thereby locking the firing mechanism. A temporary detent comprising a pimple B2 on the clip and a recess 63 in the lever 6| holds the parts normally in locked position against firing.

So that the recoil existent at the time of discharge may be absorbed to reduce bucking of the gun at the handle a cushion is provided operative against the recoil block. To be effective the recoil block is provided at one end with a cupshapecl piston section 65 having a hollow interior portion 68 and a shoulder 61 thereon. The shoulder is adapted to engage a corresponding shoulder 68 located at the bottom of a cylindrical bore 69. The end of the cylindrical bore opposite from the piston section 85 has screwed therein a closure 10 at the center of which is an aperture H adapted to receive a spring-pressed ball check 12 opening inwardly. A heavy coiled spring 13 is located between the closure and the piston section 65 normally acting to press the recoil block 35 to a position where the shoulders 61 and 68 engage, as illustrated in Figure 1.

When the gun is fired the force which counteracts the explosion driving the projectile 26 outwardly is received by the recoil block 35 through the breech section 84 against which the shell casing 25 presses. By reason of the fact that the shell-carrying sleeve ll is locked to the breech section 34 these two parts shift as a unit from the position shown in Figure 1 to the position shown in Figure 3. During this shift the coiled spring 13 is compressed to the position shown in Figure 3 and may be guided during compression by a spring keeper 65'.

The cushioning of the recoil is accomplished by the compression of air within the cylindrical bore 69 which may aptly be designated as a gas or air pocket 14. When the volume of the pocket ll is reduced by movement of the piston section 65 to the position shown in Figure 3, some air may be allowed to escape through an adjustable valve 15 by way of a slot 15'. By means of the valve the effectiveness of the recoil may be varied by adjustment. As soon as the firing action is completed and the discharge of the projectile finished, the spring I! will return the recoil block to its initial position, and action of the ball check 12 will prevent the creation of any retarding vacuum effect in the pocket 14 which would prevent prompt return of the parts to initial position.

On occasions the material comprising the structure in which the fastening device is to be driven may be sufficiently soft to require less explosive force in order to drive the device into the wall to a suitable depth. If the same force is used as would be used for harder materials, the fastening device would travel into the wall too far or might even be driven completely through the wall. While a lighter explosive charge could be employed by selecting a shell of less capacity, it is not convenient to have a variety of shells of different capacity where shells of uniform capacity can be manipulated so as to do the job properly under all circumstances.

In order. therefore, to control the efiect of the explosive charge upon the fastening device. means is provided in the gun for permitting bypassing or escape of regulated quantities of the explosive gas generated when the gun is discharged. This means takes the form of a valve indicated generally by the character Bil. Specifically, the valve consists of a fitting 8! which extends freely through an aperture 82 in the barrel-holding sleeve 20 and is threadably secured within a suitable threaded aperture 83 in the barrel itself at the breech end thereof.

The fitting is provided with an escape bore 84 which communicates with an escape chamber 85 on the exterior of the shell-carrying sleeve 24. This escape chamber communicates by means of a transverse connecting passage 86 with the breech end of the discharge bore 2| in the gun barrel which may be considered an explosion chamber 81. It should be noted that the location of the transverse passage 85 is spaced at a distance from the breech end of the shellcarrying sleeve slightly greater than the length of the shell itself. The escape chamber 85 is shown as having considerable length so that it communicates with the escape bore 84 regardless of the position of the shell-carrying sleeve in the barrel.

The fitting is provided with a laterally disposed relief port 88. The port may be closed to a greater or lesser extent by means of a threaded thumb screw 89 roughened at the portion 90 to facilitate gripping. The portion 90 may likewise be provided with index graduations 9| cooperable with a pointer or stop 92 by means of which the setting of the thumb screw is retained and indicated.

When the gun is discharged some portion of the explosive gas is permitted to escape at the relief port through the passages described and thus reduce the explosive force behind the fastening device which travels through the barrel as a projectile. The amount of opening of the valve 80 can be readily controlled so as to adjust the force behind the projectile to any desired quantity.

In order to operate the gun satisfactorily, the whole weight of the apparatus must be supported by the operator and the gun pressed forcibly against the wall when it is discharged. In devices heretofore provided the weight of the apparatus constituting a certain amount of inertia. coupled with the strength of the operator. has been relied upon in order to press the gun with suflicient force against the surface into which the fastener is driven. The work of the operator can be made more easy and the operation more positive by the utilization of some of the force of exploding gases for the purpose of pressing the muzzle oi the gun against the wall. This has the further advantage of providing a support for the wall in order to reduce to some extent shattering of the surface of the wall adjacent the point of penetration of the projectile comprising the fastening device.

A suitable bucking block I is illustrated as being attached to the muzzle end of a barrel I in Figure 12. In this modified form of the device the bucking block consists of a cylindrical piece having an axial bore IIII in alignment with the discharge bore 2i of the barrel, the bore IOI, however. being slightly larger in diameter than the bore 2I. The bucking block is provided with a flange or shoulder I02 at the end remote from the end in contact with the wall surface I03. A sleeve I04 surrounds the bucking block and the muzzle end of the barrel and is provided with a shoulder I05 in opposed relation to the shoulder I02. A spring I06 is positioned between the two shoulders.

The sleeve I04 is threaded upon a bushing I01 which in turn is threadably engaged with the muzzle end of the gun barrel, the sleeve being so arranged with respect to the barrel that a short portion I00 extends beyond the end of the barrel. By this device there is provided a chamber or space I09 between the end of the bucking block and the face of the muzzle end of the barrel.

In order that a portion of the explosive discharging gases may be applied against the bucking block, the shell-carrying sleeve 20 is provided with a transverse gas passage IIO located at a distance from the breech endof the barrel slightly greater than the length of a shell. The transverse gas passage communicates with a longitu dinaily disposed auxiliary bore III spaced laterally from the parallel to the axis of the discharge bore 2I.

The explosive gas which is generated upon the firing of the gun is primarily directed to advancing the projectile-like fastening device into penetrating engagement with the wall surface I03. However, some of the force of the explosion is diverted through the transverse gas passage H0 and thence through the auxiliary bore I I I into the space I05. There some of the force of the expanding gases is applied against a transversely disposed face H2 at the end of the bucking block and tends to press the bucking block againstthe wall surface. Since there is some recoil effeet when the gun is discharged the barrel will tend to move at the same time from left to right as the space I09 tends to expand. Movement of the barrel with respect to the bucking block is cushioned or dampened to some extent by the spring I00.

In a modified form of the device shown in Figure 13 there is provided a gun wherein the fastening device is located with its point in contact with the wall. and a sing or piston is driven against it by the explosive force of a blank cartridge.

Specifically, in the modified form of the device a barrel I5" is mounted in the usual way in a barrel-holding sleeve 20 in turn retained by the barrel-holding section I2 of the gun casing. In this form. however, there is provided 9. lat eral discharge opening II5 near the muzzle end of the gun and having considerable length. The projectile-like fastening bolt of selected design is shown located within the discharge bore II with its point H0 in contact with the wall I03. Tho fastening device is retained in position by means of pressure of springs III located within the bore 2i adjacent the muzzle end.

At the rear of the fastening device is an anvil III which may be cupped at the advance end to receive the adjacent end of the fastening device and also cupped at H! for reception of a correspondingly sized end I20 of a piston I2I. The piston also is temporarily retained in position at the breech end of the barrel by means of spring fingers I22. A blank cartridge I23 is used to generate an explosion discharge.

When this form of the device is operated, the parts initially have the positions shown in Figure 13. When the blank cartridge is exploded. the piston I2I is driven with great force against the anvil I I8, and the force of the piston is thereby transferred to the. rear end of the projectile-like fastening device which is driven into the wall I03. When the piston has completed its advance and has moved the fastening device inwardly toward the wall, the expanding explosive gases will be permitted to escape behind the piston through the lateral discharge opening I I5.

When a projectile-like fastening device having a hardened pointed tip H6 is driven into a wall I03, which may be of relatively dense hard concrete, there is a tendency under force of impact of the hardened tip to shatter the surface of a. wall and to produce a crater immediately adjacent the fastening device. Cratering or shattering of the wall can be minimized to some extent by the application of pressure through some means or other to the surface.

In Figure 14 there is shown a frusto-conical. tapered space I20 at the muzzle end of the discharge bore 2|. For utilization of this form of discharge bore the projectile 26 having the hardened pointed tip IIG has applied therearound a pressure piece I2I' shown as having a cylindrical exterior form in Figure 14. One end I22 of the pressure piece is shown abutting a shoulder-like portion I23 on the projectile.

In this modified form when the projectile carrying the pressure piece I2I hits the wall I03 the pressure piece will be expanded into the frusto-conical, tapered space I20 by travel of the remaining portion of the projectile through it and at the same time will exert a great amount of force on the face of the wall immediately adjacent the point of penetration of the hardened pointed tip.

As an alternative means of utilizing the principle described in connection with Figure 14 there is shown in Figure 16 a fiat recess I25 at the muzzle end of the bore 2 I. Positioned in the recess is a disc I26 having a central perforation I21. As appears, the disc is shown directly in contact with the surface of the wall structure I03. In this form when the hardened pointed tip I I6 hits the disc it will penetrate the disc at the center point traveling through the aperture I2! and spreading the disc outwardly against the wall of the recess I25 and forwardly against the face of the wall I03. Such force will be exerted upon the disc that there will be provided suificient pressure to prevent shattering or craterlng of the surface of the wall at the point of penetrationv Figures 10 and 11 have been included in order to show the projectile at different stages after having been driven into the wall by the explosive force of the sunn F gure 10 the hardened point H0 is shown already imbedded in the wall structure Hi3, but the Jacket I is still on the projectile covering the threaded portion thereof. The gun barrel l has not yet been removed.

Immediately following the shooting of the projectile into the wall the gun barrel is removed, the jacket I24 is likewise removed baring the threads I29, and a nut I23, for example, may be applied to the threads to enable any structural piece, bracket or strap to be attached to the projectile.

One type of ammunition which has been found satisfactory is shown in detail in Figure 15. As there illustrated, the projectile. which may be appropriately referred to as a stud l3l, comprises the hardened point H8, previously referred to and the threaded shank I29. Surrounding the threaded shank is a piston means Hill which may be formed of any desirable or suitable material such as, for example, metal, wood or paper. The shell casing 25 provides space for a powder charge I33 adapted to be ignited by a cap I34.

By winding the paper piston I directly over the threaded shank I29 of the stud I3! the threads make an excellent anchorage for the piston, thus preventing the stud from being driven out of the piston upon the initial explosion of the gases in the shell.

The piston likewise projects beyond the trailing end of the projectile as identified by the end of the threaded shank I29, thereby forming a shallow cup 32. The cup is expanded outwardly by the expanding gases when the shell is fired, thereby forming a tight seal between the piston and the bore 2i of the gun barrel i5. Also, since the paper forming the piston has comparatively little weight, substantially all of the energy ofthe powder explosion is stored in the stud I31 which is important in the operation of the apparatus described herein.

Although paper has been described as constituting a very satisfactory piston means, it will be appreciated that other relatively soft or fibrous materials having a corresponding lightness in weight may be employed with equally good effect.

In the apparatus herein described there has been provided a ready means for quickly and accurately driving fastening devices into concrete and masonry walls wherever it may be necessary. By use of the apparatus the necessity for setting the devices in the forms is obviated. New piping installations and other devices requiring hangers can be set wherever desired, and location of the fastening devices can be made as accurately as may be necessary with respect to the finished structure. The apparatus is sufliciently versatile so that it is capable of being used against practically any type of Wall surface in that the power behind the driving of the fastening device is adjustable. Features are included which succeed in minimizing the disfigurement of the wall surface while at the same time improving the grip of the fastening device in the wall by reason of maintaining the Wall intact. The effi ciency of the device is further enhanced by providing a suitable recoil absorber so that continued operation by a workman does not become tiresome, thus improving his efficiency and shortening the time necessary to do a job of any mag nitude.

Although the invention has been herein shown and described in what is conceived to be the most practical and preferred embodiment, it is reco nized that departures may be made therefrom within the scope of the invention, which is not to be limited to the details disclosed herein but is to be accorded the full scope of the claims so as to embrace any and all equivalent structures.

The invention having been herein described. what is claimed and sought to be secured by Lettcrs Patent is:

1. In a gun adapted to drive fastening devices into a solid mass of dense aggregate material a casing, a barrel attached thereto having a breech end adapted to receive a cartridge, and means in the casing for absorbing the recoil eiTect comprising a breech block carrying a firing pin mechanism at one end and a piston section at the other end, said casing having a cushion comprising a gas pocket receiving the piston, and an inwardly opening check valve in a wall of the pocket.

2. In a gun adapted to drive fastening devices into a solid mass of dense aggregate material a casing, a barrel attached thereto having a breech end adapted to receive a cartridge, and means in the casing for absorbing the recoil effect comprising a breech block carrying a firing pin mechanism at one end and a piston section at the other end, said casing having a cushion comprising a gas pocket, an inwardly opening check valve in a wall of the pocket and a recoil return spring in said pocket.

3. In a gun adapted to drive fastening devices into a solid mass of dense aggregate material a casing, a barrel attached thereto having a breech end adapted to receive a cartridge, and means in the casing for absorbing the recoil effect comprising a movable breech block carrying a firing pin mechanism at one end and a piston section at the other end, said casing having a cylindrical bore 1 slideably receiving the piston section at one end thereof forming an air pocket, a closure for the other end of the bore and an inwardly opening check valve in the closure and an auxiliary cushion in said bore.

4. In a gun adapted to drive fastening devices into a solid mass of dense aggregate material a casing, a barrel attached thereto having a breech end adapted to receive a cartridge, a handle grip thereon, and means in the casing for absorbing the recoil effect comprising a breech block carrying a firing pin mechanism at one end and a cupshaped piston section at the other end, said casing having a cylindrical bore slideably receiving the piston at one end thereof forming an air pocket, a closure for the other end of the bore, an inwardly opening ball check valve in the closure, and a relatively heavy spring between the piston and the closure, and an adjustable valve between the pocket and the atmosphere.

[5. In a gun adapted to drive a fastening device into a solid mass of dense aggregate material a casing, a barrel having a discharge bore and a transverse escape passage therein communicating with the bore, and regulating means in the escape passage adapted to control the force of penetration of said fastening device comprising an adjustable discharge valve] 6. In a gun adapted to drive fastening devices into a solid mass of dense aggregate material a casing, a barrel attached thereto and telescopically received within the casing, said barrel having an enlarged bore at the breech end providiiu: an explosion chamber, and means for controlling the force of explosive gases comprising a fitting extending through the casing into the breech end of the barrel having an escape bore therein conimunicating with the explosion chamber, a relief port in communication with the escape bore and a thumb screw having movement adapted to regulate the eflective size of the relief port.

7. In a gun adapted to drive fastening devices into a solid mass of dense aggregate material a casing, a barrel attached thereto and telescopically received within the casing, said barrel having an enlarged bore at the breech end and a sleeve in said bore providing an explosion chamber on the inside and a recess on the outside wall thereof providing an escape chamber, a transverse connecting passage between said chambers, and means for controlling the force of explosive gases by-passing through said connecting passage comprising a fitting extending through the casing into the breech end of the barrel having an escape bore therein communicating with the escape chamber. a relief port in communication with the escape bore, a thumb screw having movement adapted to regulate the eflective size of the relief port and a pointer on the fitting cooperable with the screw for indicating the relative position of the thumb screw.

8. In a gun adapted to drive fastening devices into a solid mass of dense aggregate material a casing, a barrel having a discharge bore therein, a bucking block at the muzzle end of the barrel incorporating an area adapted to reception of force of expanding gas discharged by the gun and an auxiliary bore communicating between a space adjacent said area and a portion of the discharge bore remote from the muzzle end.

9. In a gun adapted to drive fastening devices into a solid mass of dense aggregate material a. casing, a barrel attached thereto having a bore therein, a transverse gas passage through the barrel adjacent the breech end thereof in the area of discharge, an auxiliary bore in the barrel communicating between the gas passage and an outlet at the muzzle end, and a buffer at the muzzle end comprising a block having a coaxial discharge bore, opposed shoulders respectively on the barrel and the block and a cushion between said shoulders, said block being spaced from the muzzle end of the barrel providing thereby a piston head adjacent the outlet of the auxiliary bore for reception of the force of gas from said auxiliary bore.

10. In a gun adapted to drive fastening devices into a solid mass of dense aggregate material a casing, a barrel attached thereto having a bore therein and an enlargement of said bore at the breech, a shell carrying sleeve in the enlargement, a transverse gas passage through the sleeve at a distance from the breech end thereof in excess of the length of a shell, a longitudinally disposed auxiliary bore in the barrel communicating between the gas passage and an outlet at the muzzle end, and a buffer at the muzzle end comprising a block having a coaxial discharge bore, a sleeve surrounding said block and a muzzle end of the barrel, opposed shoulders respectively on the barrel and the block and a coiled spring between said shoulders, said block being spaced from the muzzle end of the barrel providing thereby a piston head for reception of the force of gas from said auxiliary bore.

11. In a gun adapted to drive a fastening projectile into a solid mass of dense aggregate material the combination of a barrel having a discharge bore therein, a lateral gas escape adjacent the muzzle end, an anvil having a sliding position in the bore adjacent the escape adapted to rest upon a fastening projectile and a piston adapted to be driven through the bore into contact with the anvil under force of an explosive charge.

12. In a gun for firing projectile loaded shells,

a casing having a recoil section, a barrel holding section and a longitudinally extending laterally disposed hinge comprising a pivot connection between said sections, a recoil block in the recoil section. a barrel telescopically retained in the barrel section and having a limited slideable connection thereto, said barrel having an enlarged recess therein and a shell holding sleeve mounted for limited axially sliding movement in said recess, said sleeve having a releasable connection with the recoil block.

13. In a gun for firing projectile loaded shells, a casing having a recoil section, a barrel holding section and a longitudinally extending laterally disposed hinge comprising a pivot connection between said section, a recoil block in the recoil section, a barrel telescopically retained in the barrel section and having a limited slideable connection thereto, said barrel having an enlarged recess therein and a shell holding sleeve mounted for limited axially sliding movement in said recess, said sleeve having a releasable connection with the recoil block, said connection comprising bayonet elements respectively on the sleeve and the recoil block.

14. In a gun adapted to drive fastening devices into a solid mass of dense aggregate material a casing, a barrel attached thereto having a breech end adapted to receive a cartridge, a handle grip thereon, and means in the casing for absorbing the recoil effect comprising a breech block carrying a firing pin mechanism at one end and a cup-shaped piston section at the other end, said casing having a cylindrical bore slideably receiving the piston at one end thereof forming an air pocket, a closure for the other end of the bore. an inwardly opening ball check valve in the closure, and a shock absorbing cushion between the breech block and the handle 15. In a gun adapted to drive a fastening device into a solid mass of dense aggregate, a casing, a barrel mounted in said casing for telescoping movement with respect thereto, said barrel having a bore therein which is open at one end of the barrel, means mounted in said casing adjacent the rear end of the bore of the barrel for receiving an explosive charge for driving said fastening device. the open end of said barrel providing an abutment to engage said material, said barrel having a passage communicating with the bore therein, and means in the passage adapted to control the force of penetration of said fastenz'ng device.

16. In a gun as recited in claim 15 in which said last means comprises adjustable discharge valve.

ROBLEY F. SOPRIS.

REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent or the original patent:

UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 1,480,957 Schneider c- Jan. 15, 1924 1,984,117 Davis Dec. 11, 1934 2,030,803 Temple Feb. 11, 1936 2,166,041 Cox July 11, 1939 2,213,435 Temple Sept. 3, 1940 2,221,157 Temple Nov. 12, 1940 2,359,515 Fanger Oct. 3, 1944 2,378,735 Shafier June 19, 1945 2,395,354 Temple Feb. 19, 1946 2,400,878 Dunn May 28, 1946

US23569D 1946-09-16 Device fob inserting bolts in Expired USRE23569E (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US697341A US2518395A (en) 1946-09-16 1946-09-16 Device for inserting bolts in concrete

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
USRE23569E true USRE23569E (en) 1952-10-28

Family

ID=24800751

Family Applications (2)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US23569D Expired USRE23569E (en) 1946-09-16 Device fob inserting bolts in
US697341A Expired - Lifetime US2518395A (en) 1946-09-16 1946-09-16 Device for inserting bolts in concrete

Family Applications After (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US697341A Expired - Lifetime US2518395A (en) 1946-09-16 1946-09-16 Device for inserting bolts in concrete

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (2) US2518395A (en)

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2855817A (en) * 1954-02-01 1958-10-14 Olin Mathieson Projectile fastener for penetration into materials of varying resistance to penetration
US3038159A (en) * 1957-11-13 1962-06-12 Olin Mathieson Stud driver attachment
US3060437A (en) * 1958-05-21 1962-10-30 Olin Mathieson Swing jaw safety fixture
US3319862A (en) * 1963-08-26 1967-05-16 Omark Industries Inc Powder actuated tool
US5104264A (en) * 1989-03-23 1992-04-14 Bernard Castagner System for driving anchors in the ground

Families Citing this family (49)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE969590C (en) * 1951-04-27 1958-06-19 Hammerwerk Richard Naescher U device for injecting of Stahlduebeln, bolts or other fastening means in masonry, Eisentraeger. like.
DE1145109B (en) * 1951-04-30 1963-03-07 Rudolf Dietz Dr Ing Powder-actuated tool for injecting fastening bolts in components
US2645772A (en) * 1951-05-08 1953-07-21 Remington Arms Co Inc Stud driving tool
DE973783C (en) * 1951-06-23 1960-06-02 Langensiepen Kg M Method and apparatus for the production of Duebelloechern
FR61848E (en) * 1951-07-12 1955-05-18 seals fixer gun, rivets and connections stalks
BE505746A (en) * 1951-07-18
DE898880C (en) * 1951-07-29 1953-12-03 Broekelmann Einschiessbolzen with cartridge
LU31350A1 (en) * 1951-09-01
US2775762A (en) * 1951-09-10 1957-01-01 Hilti Martin Explosively actuated fastener driving tool
US2705323A (en) * 1951-12-11 1955-04-05 Bossong Werk G M B H Gun for fastener projectile
DE1064438B (en) * 1952-02-20 1959-08-27 Erich Holz powder-actuated tool
US2731636A (en) * 1952-08-20 1956-01-24 Prospection & D Inv S Tech Spi Improvements in explosively actuated fastener driving tools
DE1011368B (en) * 1952-09-01 1957-06-27 Walter Schulz powder-actuated tool
DE1105359B (en) * 1952-09-29 1961-04-20 Bossong Werk G M B H Apparatus for shooting in of fastening bolts
NL181924C (en) * 1952-10-25 Sun Ventures Inc Process for the catalytic ammoxidation of m- and p-xylene to nitriles, and method for the manufacture of a catalyst suitable for use in said method.
DE1011369B (en) * 1953-01-24 1957-06-27 Walter Schulz powder-actuated tool
DE1012868B (en) * 1953-01-24 1957-07-25 Walter Schulz powder-actuated tool
DE1024448B (en) * 1953-01-24 1958-02-13 Walter Schulz Schiessgeraet, especially powder-actuated tool
BE521711A (en) * 1953-01-24
US2920563A (en) * 1953-02-09 1960-01-12 Olin Mathieson Explosively actuated driving
US2859444A (en) * 1953-04-01 1958-11-11 Ile D Etude De Procedes De Sce Explosively actuated gun
US2896209A (en) * 1953-05-08 1959-07-28 Hilti Martin Stud driving device
US2945236A (en) * 1953-05-14 1960-07-19 Olin Mathieson Explosively actuated tools
US2810910A (en) * 1954-02-04 1957-10-29 Walter Schulz Method for driving bolts into metallic bodies
DE1071006B (en) * 1954-02-23
US3029434A (en) * 1954-06-03 1962-04-17 Olin Mathieson Powder-actuated tools
DE1094674B (en) * 1954-07-27 1960-12-08 Reich Maschf Gmbh Karl Apparatus for driving pins, bolts, dowels od. Like. In a solid material by means of compressed air
DE1125369B (en) * 1955-01-31 1962-03-08 Anstalt Fuer Montage Technik Setzgeraet for driving the anchoring element
US3018481A (en) * 1955-03-02 1962-01-30 Remington Arms Co Inc Safety shield for explosively driven tools
BE548862A (en) * 1955-06-22
DE1166109B (en) * 1955-09-29 1964-03-19 Erich Holz powder-actuated tool
BE551741A (en) * 1955-12-06
US2873447A (en) * 1956-04-05 1959-02-17 Remington Arms Co Inc Cartridge-operated staple-driving tool
US3066302A (en) * 1956-06-08 1962-12-04 Olin Mathieson Power tool
BE564346A (en) * 1957-03-14
US2910701A (en) * 1957-06-10 1959-11-03 Mine Safety Appliances Co Explosively actuated stud driving tool
NL291727A (en) * 1958-02-27
DE1235229B (en) * 1959-07-29 1967-02-23 Walter Schulz Powder-actuated tool and bolts
US3111673A (en) * 1960-04-12 1963-11-26 Olin Mathieson Explosive actuated axial impact fastener setting tool
US3128653A (en) * 1960-10-14 1964-04-14 Remington Arms Co Inc Explosively actuated tool
NL299427A (en) * 1962-10-23 1965-08-25
CH433148A (en) * 1965-03-08 1967-03-31 Etem Etablissement De Tech Mod sealing gun flyweight
US3283983A (en) * 1965-05-04 1966-11-08 Omark Industries Inc Powder actuated tool
DE1603705B1 (en) * 1966-01-29 1970-08-20 Bettermann Elektro Ohg Internal combustion bolt coaster with a selbsttaetig can be brought into the loading position thrust piston
DE1603721B1 (en) * 1966-12-02 1970-07-30 Bettermann Elektro Ohg Rueckstossdaempfungseinrichtung on an internal combustion bolt translators whose running is replaceable
FR2294808B1 (en) * 1974-12-20 1981-03-06 Hilti Ag
IT7920575V0 (en) * 1979-01-23 1979-01-23 Berfi Spa Improvement in fastening tools to firing.
DE4337307C2 (en) * 1993-11-02 1996-05-30 Fichtel & Sachs Ag Method and device for removing gases and / or liquids from a container
US9103623B2 (en) * 2014-01-11 2015-08-11 Chance Giannelli Cartridge gas energized gun for arrows, darts and the like

Family Cites Families (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2166041A (en) * 1936-04-01 1939-07-11 Cox Percy Explosively actuated under water riveting and punching or like apparatus
US2213435A (en) * 1937-11-29 1940-09-03 Jr Robert Temple Tool
US2400878A (en) * 1941-05-10 1946-05-28 Stephen M Dunn Method of inserting bolts into concrete
US2395354A (en) * 1943-12-24 1946-02-19 Temple Velocity Equipment Inc Driving tool

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2855817A (en) * 1954-02-01 1958-10-14 Olin Mathieson Projectile fastener for penetration into materials of varying resistance to penetration
US3038159A (en) * 1957-11-13 1962-06-12 Olin Mathieson Stud driver attachment
US3060437A (en) * 1958-05-21 1962-10-30 Olin Mathieson Swing jaw safety fixture
US3319862A (en) * 1963-08-26 1967-05-16 Omark Industries Inc Powder actuated tool
US5104264A (en) * 1989-03-23 1992-04-14 Bernard Castagner System for driving anchors in the ground

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
US2518395A (en) 1950-08-08

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US4747455A (en) High impact device and method
US3042008A (en) Striking machine, chiefly nailing, clamping and the like percussion machines
US4215808A (en) Portable electric fastener driving apparatus
US3977330A (en) Warhead construction having an electrical ignition device
US2951424A (en) Gas operated bolt and carrier system
US4200213A (en) Percussion apparatus
US2132148A (en) Impact press
US3661312A (en) Detection and cutoff mechanism for power driven devices
CA1072587A (en) Method and device for breaking a hard compact material
US5564614A (en) Nailing depth adjusting mechanism for pneumatic nail guns
US5529300A (en) Self-powered extensible projectile launching police baton
US4132148A (en) Expellable reaction mass for recoilless projectile launchers
US4804127A (en) Fastener driving gun
EP0788863B1 (en) Combustion powered fastener driving tool
US6631668B1 (en) Recoilless impact device
US5329685A (en) Pneumatically-powered battering ram
US4313552A (en) Apparatus for driving fasteners
EP0274919A1 (en) Fastening tool acting via an intermediate anvil
CA2731516C (en) Explosive discharge actuated tool for driving fasteners
FR2514402A1 (en) Self-powered downhole tool anchor and cartridge for use as an energy source therefor
US2241184A (en) Single action pneumatic riveter
US4552327A (en) Hydraulic ejector
US4026212A (en) Open chamber gas powered tool and gas generating charge therefor
US4204715A (en) Method and device for breaking a hard compact material
US4830254A (en) Two-stage power driving system for powder actuated tools