USPP30603P2 - Anemone plant named ‘ANEM080’ - Google Patents

Anemone plant named ‘ANEM080’ Download PDF

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USPP30603P2
USPP30603P2 US15/732,950 US201815732950V USPP30603P2 US PP30603 P2 USPP30603 P2 US PP30603P2 US 201815732950 V US201815732950 V US 201815732950V US PP30603 P2 USPP30603 P2 US PP30603P2
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anemone
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US20190223345P1 (en
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Henricus Maria Joseph Holtmaat
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AB Kwekersrechten BV
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AB Kwekersrechten BV
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Assigned to AB KWEKERSRECHTEN B. V. reassignment AB KWEKERSRECHTEN B. V. ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST (SEE DOCUMENT FOR DETAILS). Assignors: HOLTMAAT, HENRICUS MARIA JOSEPH
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01HNEW PLANTS OR NON-TRANSGENIC PROCESSES FOR OBTAINING THEM; PLANT REPRODUCTION BY TISSUE CULTURE TECHNIQUES
    • A01H5/00Angiosperms, i.e. flowering plants, characterised by their plant parts; Angiosperms characterised otherwise than by their botanic taxonomy
    • A01H5/02Flowers
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01HNEW PLANTS OR NON-TRANSGENIC PROCESSES FOR OBTAINING THEM; PLANT REPRODUCTION BY TISSUE CULTURE TECHNIQUES
    • A01H6/00Angiosperms, i.e. flowering plants, characterised by their botanic taxonomy
    • A01H6/72Ranunculaceae, e.g. Clematis

Abstract

A new and distinct cultivar of Anemone plant named ‘ANEM080’, characterized by its upright and relatively compact plant habit; moderately vigorous to vigorous growth habit; early and freely flowering habit; long flowering period; single-type flowers that are bright red purple in color; and good garden performance.

Description

Botanical designation: Anemone hupehensis.
Cultivar denomination: ‘ANEM080’.
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
The present invention relates to a new and distinct cultivar of Anemone, botanically known as Anemone hupehensis and hereinafter referred to by the name ‘ANEM080’.
The new Anemone plant is a product of a planned breeding program conducted by the Inventor in Zuidwolde, The Netherlands. The objective of the breeding program is to create new long-flowering Anemone plants with large attractive flowers.
The new Anemone plant originated from a cross-pollination made by the Inventor in September, 2015 in Zuidwolde, The Netherlands of two unidentified seedling selections of Anemone hupehensis, not patented. The new Anemone plant was discovered and selected by the Inventor as a single flowering plant within the progeny of the stated cross-pollination in a controlled greenhouse environment in Zuidwolde, The Netherlands in September, 2016.
Asexual reproduction of the new Anemone by in vitro meristem culture in a controlled environment in Zuidwolde, The Netherlands since November, 2017 has shown that the unique features of this new Anemone plant are stable and reproduced true to type in successive generations.
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
Plants of the new Anemone have not been observed under all possible combinations of environmental conditions and various cultural practices. The phenotype may vary somewhat with variations in environmental conditions such as temperature and light intensity without, however, any variance in genotype.
The following traits have been repeatedly observed and are determined to be the unique characteristics of ‘ANEM080’. These characteristics in combination distinguish ‘ANEM080’ as a new and distinct Anemone plant:
    • 1. Upright and relatively compact plant habit.
    • 2. Moderately vigorous to vigorous growth habit.
    • 3. Early and freely flowering habit.
    • 4. Long flowering period.
    • 5. Single-type flowers that are bright red purple in color.
    • 6. Good garden performance.
Plants of the new Anemone can be compared to plants of the parent selections. Plants of the new Anemone differ primarily from plants of the parent selections in plant habit as plants of the new Anemone are more compact than plants of the parent selections.
Plants of the new Anemone can be compared to plants of Anemone hupehensis ‘Pocahontas’, disclosed in U.S. Plant Pat. No. 25,352. In side-by-side comparisons, plants of the new Anemone and ‘Pocahontas’ differ primarily in the following characteristics:
    • 1. Plants of the new Anemone are more compact than plants of ‘Pocahontas’.
    • 2. Plants of the new Anemone and ‘Pocahontas’ differ in flower color as plants of ‘Pocahontas’ have light purple-colored flowers.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE PHOTOGRAPHS
The accompanying colored photographs illustrate the overall appearance of the new Anemone plant showing the colors as true as it is reasonably possible to obtain in colored reproductions of this type. Colors in the photographs may differ slightly from the color values cited in the detailed botanical description which accurately describe the colors of the new Anemone plant.
The photograph on the first sheet is a side perspective view of a typical plant of ‘ANEM080’ in a container.
The photograph at the top of the second sheet comprises a close-up view of typical leaves of ‘ANEM080’.
The photograph at the bottom of the second sheet comprises a close-up view of typical flowers of ‘ANEM080’.
DETAILED BOTANICAL DESCRIPTION
The aforementioned photographs and following observations, measurements and values describe plants grown during the summer in 21-cm containers in an outdoor nursery in Zuidwolde, The Netherlands and under cultural practices typical of commercial Anemone production. During the production of the plants, day temperatures ranged from 18° C. to 30° C. and night temperatures ranged from 6° C. to 18° C. Plants were one year old when the photographs and description were taken. In the following description, color references are made to The Royal Horticultural Society Colour Chart, 2015 Edition, except where general terms of ordinary dictionary significance are used.
  • Botanical classification: Anemone hupehensis ‘ANEM080’.
  • Parentage:
      • Female, or seed, parent.—Unidentified seedling selection of Anemone hupehensis, not patented.
      • Male, or pollen, parent.—Unidentified seedling selection of Anemone hupehensis, not patented.
  • Propagation:
      • Type.—In vitro meristem culture.
      • Time to initiate roots, summer.—About 14 days at temperatures about 25° C.
      • Time to initiate roots, winter.—About 20 days at temperatures about 10° C.
      • Time to produce a rooted young plant, summer.—About 60 days at temperatures about 20° C.
      • Time to produce a rooted young plant, winter.—About 75 days at temperatures about 18° C.
      • Root description.—Medium in thickness, fleshy; close to N199C to N199D in color, actual color of the roots is dependent on substrate composition, water quality, fertilizer type and formulation, substrate temperature and physiological age of roots.
      • Rooting habit.—Freely branching; dense.
  • Plant description:
      • Plant and growth habit.—Herbaceous perennial; upright and relatively compact plant habit with leaves developing from basal rosettes; numerous basal rosettes developing per plant; ovate to oblong in overall shape; moderately vigorous to vigorous growth habit; moderate growth rate.
      • Plant height, soil level to top of foliar plane.—About 21 cm.
      • Plant height, soil level to top of floral plane.—About 48 cm.
      • Plant diameter.—About 35.6 cm.
  • Leaf description:
      • Arrangement, basal leaves.—Alternate; simple or compound with three leaflets per leaf.
      • Arrangement, cauline leaves.—Opposite; simple or compound with three leaflets per leaf.
      • Length, basal leaves.—About 8.9 cm.
      • Width, basal leaves.—About 7.7 cm.
      • Length, cauline leaves.—About 5 cm.
      • Width, cauline leaves.—About 3.9 cm.
      • Length, basal leaflets.—About 6.9 cm.
      • Width, basal leaflets.—About 3.6 cm.
      • Length, cauline leaflets.—About 4.2 cm.
      • Width, cauline leaflets.—About 2 cm.
      • Shape, basal and cauline leaves.—Broadly ovate.
      • Shape, basal leaflets.—Ovate.
      • Shape, cauline leaflets.—Narrowly ovate.
      • Apex, basal and cauline leaves and leaflets.—Acute.
      • Base, basal and cauline leaves and leaflets.—Obtuse to attenuate.
      • Margin, basal and cauline leaves and leaflets.—Serrulate; simple leaves tri-lobed, depth of sinuses are medium to deep and divergent.
      • Texture and luster, basal and cauline leaves and leaflets, upper and lower surfaces.—Sparsely pubescent; matte.
      • Venation pattern, basal and cauline leaves and leaflets.—Laciniate.
      • Color, basal and cauline leaves and leaflets.—Developing leaves and leaflets, upper surface: Close to 143A. Developing leaves and leaflets, lower surface: Close to between 143B and 144A. Fully expanded leaves and leaflets, upper surface: Close to NN137A; venation, close to 144A. Fully expanded leaves and leaflets, lower surface: Close to 147B; venation, close to 144C.
      • Leaf petioles.—Length, basal leaves: About 14.5 cm. Length, cauline leaves: About 1.6 cm. Diameter, basal and cauline leaves: About 2 mm. Strength, basal and cauline leaves: Strong. Texture and luster, basal and cauline leaves, upper and lower surfaces: Moderately pubescent; glossy. Color, basal leaves, upper and lower surfaces: Close to 144A; towards the base, close to 183D. Color, cauline leaves, upper and lower surfaces: Close to 144A.
      • Stipules.—Quantity and arrangement: Two, opposite at the base of each leaf Length: About 1.9 cm. Diameter: About 3 mm. Shape: Narrowly oblong Texture, upper surface: Smooth, glabrous. Texture, lower surface: Moderately pubescent. Color, upper and lower surfaces: Close to 145C.
  • Flower description:
      • Flower arrangement and flowering habit.—Single-type rotate flowers arranged in simple and compound cymes; freely flowering habit with 100 flowers developing per plant; flowers face mostly upright to slightly outwardly.
      • Fragrance.—None detected.
      • Natural flowering season.—Plants of the new Anemone begin flowering about 125 days after planting and flower during summer until the late summer in The Netherlands.
      • Flower longevity.—Individual flowers last about ten days on the plant; flowers not persistent.
      • Inflorescence height.—About 46.5 cm.
      • Inflorescence diameter.—About 15.9 cm.
      • Flower diameter.—About 5.6 cm.
      • Flower length (depth).—About 1.9 cm.
      • Flower buds.—Length: About 1.3 cm. Diameter: About 9 mm. Shape: Ovate. Texture and luster: Densely pubescent; matte. Color: Close to N186D; towards the base, close to 145C.
      • Petals.—Absent.
      • Sepals.—Quantity and arrangement: Twelve arranged in about three whorls. Length: About 2.6 cm to 3.3 cm. Width: About 1 cm to 2.1 cm. Shape: Obovate to narrowly obovate. Apex: Obtuse. Base: Cuneate. Margin: Entire. Texture and luster, upper surface: Smooth, glabrous; velvety; slightly glossy. Texture and luster, lower surface: Densely pubescent; slightly glossy. Color: When opening, upper surface: Close to 64C. When opening, lower surface: Close to 64B. Fully opened, upper surface: Close to 64C; towards the base, close to 75A to 75B; venation, similar to lamina colors; color becoming closer to 72C with development. Fully opened, lower surface: Close to 72C; venation, similar to lamina color; color becoming closer to 75A with development.
      • Peduncles.—Length: About 32.7 cm. Diameter: About 3 mm. Aspect: About 10° from vertical. Strength: Strong. Texture and luster: Densely pubescent; somewhat glossy. Color: Close to 144A and 146A.
      • Pedicels.—Length: About 7.5 cm. Diameter: About 1.5 mm. Aspect: About 30° from the peduncle axis. Strength: Moderately strong. Texture and luster: Densely pubescent; slightly glossy. Color: Close to 148C occasionally tinged with close to 197B.
      • Reproductive organs.—Androecium: Stamen number per flower: About 150. Filament length: About 8mm. Filament color: Close to 150D. Anther shape: Oblong. Anther length: About 2 mm. Anther diameter: About 0.5 mm. Anther color: Close to 14A. Amount of pollen: Scarce. Pollen color: Close to 11D. Gynoecium: Pistil number per flower: About 300. Pistil length: About 1 mm. Stigma shape: Club-shaped. Stigma length: About 0.5 mm. Stigma diameter: About 0.5 mm. Stigma color: Close to N144B. Style length: About 0.5 mm. Style color: Close to 150D. Ovary color: Close to 144A.
      • Seeds and fruits.—Seed and fruit development have not been observed on plants of the new Anemone to date.
  • Garden performance: Plants of the new Anemone have been observed to have good garden performance, to tolerate high temperatures of about 35° C. and to be suitable for USDA Hardiness Zones 4 through 9.
  • Pathogen & pest resistance: Plants of the new Anemone have not been observed to be resistant to pathogens and pests common to Anemone plants.

Claims (1)

It is claimed:
1. A new and distinct Anemone plant named ‘ANEM080’ as illustrated and described.
US15/732,950 2018-01-12 2018-01-12 Anemone plant named ‘ANEM080’ Active USPP30603P2 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

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USPP30603P2 true USPP30603P2 (en) 2019-06-25
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Owner name: AB KWEKERSRECHTEN B. V., NETHERLANDS

Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:HOLTMAAT, HENRICUS MARIA JOSEPH;REEL/FRAME:045118/0990

Effective date: 20171107