USPP32941P2 - Astilbe plant named ‘Harvandermeerwhite’ - Google PatentsAstilbe plant named ‘Harvandermeerwhite’ Download PDF
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- USPP32941P2 USPP32941P2 US16/873,623 US202016873623V USPP32941P2 US PP32941 P2 USPP32941 P2 US PP32941P2 US 202016873623 V US202016873623 V US 202016873623V US PP32941 P2 USPP32941 P2 US PP32941P2
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- 241001092376 Astilbe Species 0.000 title claims abstract description 30
- 241000196324 Embryophyta Species 0.000 abstract description 40
- 230000017260 vegetative to reproductive phase transition of meristem Effects 0.000 abstract description 12
- 241000123982 Astilbe chinensis Species 0.000 description 8
- 239000002932 luster Substances 0.000 description 8
- 239000003086 colorant Substances 0.000 description 4
- 239000000203 mixture Substances 0.000 description 4
- 241000218922 Magnoliophyta Species 0.000 description 3
- 240000001140 Mimosa pudica Species 0.000 description 2
- 241000607479 Yersinia pestis Species 0.000 description 2
- 230000001154 acute Effects 0.000 description 2
- 230000001488 breeding Effects 0.000 description 2
- 150000001875 compounds Chemical class 0.000 description 2
- 230000018109 developmental process Effects 0.000 description 2
- 238000004519 manufacturing process Methods 0.000 description 2
- 230000001717 pathogenic Effects 0.000 description 2
- 244000052769 pathogens Species 0.000 description 2
- 239000002689 soil Substances 0.000 description 2
- 241001164374 Calyx Species 0.000 description 1
- 210000001672 Ovary Anatomy 0.000 description 1
- 230000011681 asexual reproduction Effects 0.000 description 1
- 235000009508 confectionery Nutrition 0.000 description 1
- 230000001419 dependent Effects 0.000 description 1
- 235000013399 edible fruits Nutrition 0.000 description 1
- 239000003337 fertilizer Substances 0.000 description 1
- 238000009472 formulation Methods 0.000 description 1
- 239000003205 fragrance Substances 0.000 description 1
- 230000005078 fruit development Effects 0.000 description 1
- 238000005259 measurement Methods 0.000 description 1
- 210000000056 organs Anatomy 0.000 description 1
- 230000002085 persistent Effects 0.000 description 1
- 230000033458 reproduction Effects 0.000 description 1
- 230000001850 reproductive Effects 0.000 description 1
- 239000000758 substrate Substances 0.000 description 1
A new and distinct cultivar of Astilbe plant named ‘Harvandermeerwhite’, characterized by its tall, broadly upright and mounding plant habit; vigorous growth habit; dark green-colored leaves; freely and uniformly flowering habit; pure white-colored flowers on tall, upright and strong peduncles; and good container and garden performance.
Botanical designation: Astilbe chinensis.
Cultivar denomination: ‘HARVANDERMEERWHITE’.
This application claims priority to a European Community Plant Breeders' Rights application filed on Feb. 6, 2020, application number 20200384. There have been no offers for sale anywhere in the world prior to the effective filing date of this Application and no accessibility to one of ordinary skill in the art could have been derived from the printed Plant Breeder's Rights documents.
The Inventor/Applicant asserts that no publications nor advertisements relating to sales, offers for sale or public distribution occurred more than one year prior to the effective filing date of this application. Any information about the claimed plant would have been obtained from a direct or indirect disclosure from the Inventor. Applicant claims a prior art exemption under 35 U.S.C. 102(b)(1) for disclosure and/or sales prior to the filing date but less than one year prior to the effective filing date.
The present invention relates to a new and distinct cultivar of Astilbe, botanically known as Astilbe chinensis and hereinafter referred to by the name ‘Harvandermeerwhite’.
The new Astilbe plant is a product of a planned breeding program conducted by the Inventor in Nieuwe Wetering, The Netherlands. The objective of the breeding program was to create new uniform and freely flowering Astilbe plants with attractive leaf and flower coloration.
The new Astilbe plant originated from an open-pollination in 2013 in Nieuwe Wetering, The Netherlands, of Astilbe chinensis ‘Harvandermeer’, not patented, as the female, or seed, parent with an unknown Astilbe chinensis seedling selection as the male, or pollen, parent. The new Astilbe plant was discovered and selected by the Inventor as a single flowering plant from within the progeny of the stated open-pollination in a controlled greenhouse environment in Nieuwe Wetering, The Netherlands during the summer of 2015.
Asexual reproduction of the new Astilbe plant by vegetative divisions in a controlled nursery environment in Nieuwe Wetering, The Netherlands since December, 2015, has shown that the unique features of this new Astilbe plant are stable and reproduced true to type in successive generations.
Plants of the new Astilbe have not been observed under all possible combinations of environmental conditions and cultural practices. The phenotype may vary somewhat with variations in environmental conditions such as temperature and light intensity without, however, any variance in genotype.
The following traits have been repeatedly observed and are determined to be the unique characteristics of ‘Harvandermeerwhite’. These characteristics in combination distinguish ‘Harvandermeerwhite’ as a new and distinct Astilbe plant:
- 1. Tall, broadly upright and mounding plant habit.
- 2. Vigorous growth habit.
- 3. Dark green-colored leaves.
- 4. Freely and uniformly flowering habit.
- 5. Pure white-colored flowers on tall, upright and strong peduncles.
- 6. Good container and garden performance.
Plants of the new Astilbe differ primarily from plants of the female parent, ‘Harvandermeer’, in the following characteristics:
- 1. Inflorescences of plants of the new Astilbe are larger than inflorescences of plants of ‘Harvandermeer’.
- 2. Flowers of plants of the new Astilbe are pure white in color whereas flowers of plants of ‘Harvandermeer’ are pink in color.
Plants of the new Astilbe can be compared to plants of Astilbe chinensis ‘Vision in White’, disclosed in U.S. Plant Pat. No. 18,965. In side-by-side comparisons, plants of the new Astilbe and ‘Vision in White’ differ primarily in the following characteristics:
- 1. Plants of the new Astilbe have darker green-colored leaves than plants of ‘Vision in White’.
- 2. Inflorescences of plants of the new Astilbe are larger than inflorescences of plants of ‘Vision in White’.
- 3. Flowers of plants of the new Astilbe are pure white in color whereas flowers of plants of ‘Vision in White’ are more creamy white in color.
Plants of the new Astilbe can also be compared to plants of Astilbe chinensis ‘Harvandermeerrubyred’, disclosed in U.S. Plant Pat. No. 31,439. In side-by-side comparisons, plants of the new Astilbe and ‘Harvandermeerrubyred’ differ primarily in flower color as flowers of plants of the new Astilbe are pure white in color whereas flowers of plants of ‘Harvandermeerrubyred’ are dark red purple in color.
The accompanying colored photographs illustrate the overall appearance of the new Astilbe plant showing the colors as true as it is reasonably possible to obtain in colored reproductions of this type. Colors in the photographs may differ slightly from the color values cited in the detailed botanical description which accurately describe the colors of the new Astilbe plant.
The photograph on the first sheet (
FIG. 1 of 2) is a side perspective view of a typical flowering plant of ‘Harvandermeerwhite’ grown in a container.
The photograph on the second sheet (
FIG. 2 of 2) is a close-up view of typical inflorescences of ‘Harvandermeerwhite’.
The aforementioned photographs and following observations, measurements and values describe plants grown during the late summer in 18-cm containers in a glass-covered greenhouse in Nieuwe Wetering, The Netherlands and under cultural practices typical of commercial Astilbe production. During the production of the plants, day temperatures ranged from 20° C. to 40° C. and night temperatures ranged from 8° C. to 24° C. Plants were one year old when the photographs and description were taken. In the following description, color references are made to The Royal Horticultural Society Colour Chart, 2015 Edition, except where general terms of ordinary dictionary significance are used.
- Botanical classification: Astilbe chinensis ‘Harvandermeerwhite’.
- Female, or seed, parent.—Astilbe chinensis ‘Harvandermeer’, not patented.
- Male, or pollen, parent.—Unknown Astilbe chinensis seedling selection, not patented.
- Type.—By vegetative divisions.
- Time to initiate roots.—About three weeks at temperatures about 20° C.
- Root description.—Thick, fleshy; typically brown in color, actual color of the roots is dependent on substrate composition, water quality, fertilizer type and formulation.
- Rooting habit.—Freely branching; dense.
- Plant description:
- Plant form and growth habit.—Herbaceous perennial; tall, broadly upright and mounding plant form with inflorescences held above the foliar plane; flowering stems and leaves basal; freely flowering with numerous basal branches developing per plant, dense and bushy; vigorous growth habit; and freely and uniformly flowering habit.
- Growth rate.—Moderately rapid; from divisions, about three months are required to produce fully-grown flowering plants in containers.
- Plant height (soil level to top of foliar plane).—About 48.6 cm.
- Plant height (soil level to top of inflorescences).—About 74.1 cm.
- Plant width (spread).—About 72.8 cm.
- Stem description.—Length: About 33.7 cm. Diameter: About 3.5 mm. Internode length: About 16.2 cm. Strength: Strong. Aspect: Erect to about 5° from vertical. Texture and luster: Moderately pubescent; slightly glossy. Color, developing: Slightly darker than 195A. Color, developed: Close to 144A.
- Leaf description:
- Arrangement.—Alternate; biternately compound; on average, about 33 leaflets per leaf.
- Leaf length (excluding petiole).—About 38 cm.
- Leaf width.—About 29.9 cm.
- Terminal leaflet length.—About 8.4 cm.
- Terminal leaflet width.—About 4.3 cm.
- Lateral leaflet length.—About 5.9 cm.
- Lateral leaflet width.—About 2.7 cm.
- Leaf shape, in outline.—Broadly ovate to broadly deltoid.
- Leaflet shape.—Ovate to broadly elliptic.
- Leaflet apex.—Apiculate to acute.
- Leaflet base.—Short attenuate to obtuse.
- Leaflet margin.—Biserrate; not undulate.
- Leaflet texture and luster, upper and lower surfaces.—Moderately pubescent; slightly glossy.
- Leaflet venation pattern.—Pinnate.
- Leaflet color.—Developing leaflets, upper surface: Close to 137B. Developing leaflets, lower surface: Close to 147B. Fully expanded leaflets, upper surface: Close to NN137A; venation, close to 143A. Fully expanded leaflets, lower surface: Close to 147B; venation, close to 145C.
- Leaf petiole length.—About 29.6 cm.
- Leaf petiole diameter.—About 2.5 mm.
- Leaf and leaflet petiole strength.—Strong.
- Leaf and leaflet petiole texture and luster, upper and lower surfaces.—Sparsely pubescent; glossy.
- Leaf and leaflet petiole color, upper surface.—Close to 144A; towards the base, close to 184A; at the nodes, close to 187A.
- Leaf and leaflet petiole color, lower surface.—Close to 144A; towards the base, close to 185A; at the nodes, close to 183C.
- Flower description:
- Flower type and flowering habit.—Single rotate flowers arranged on terminal compound panicles; flowers face upright, outward or downward depending on position on the inflorescence; panicles conical in shape; freely and uniformly flowering habit with about 2,000 flowers developing per inflorescence and about 20,000 flowers developing per plant during the flowering season.
- Fragrance.—Strong; sweet and pleasant.
- Natural flowering season.—Plants begin flowering about 13 weeks after planting; continuously flowering from late spring until late summer in The Netherlands.
- Postproduction longevity.—Flowers last about ten days on the plant; flowers not persistent.
- Flower buds.—Height: About 3.5 mm. Diameter: About 2 mm. Shape: Ovate. Texture and luster: Smooth, glabrous; matte. Color: Sepals, close to 145C and petals, close to NN155D.
- Inflorescence height.—About 30.1 cm.
- Inflorescence diameter.—About 10.8 cm.
- Flower diameter.—About 1.1 cm.
- Flower depth.—About 6 mm.
- Petals.—Quantity per flower: Typically five in a single whorl. Length: About 6 mm. Width: About 1 mm. Shape: Oblanceolate. Apex: Obtuse. Base: Narrowly cuneate. Margin: Entire; not undulate. Texture and luster, upper and lower surfaces: Smooth, glabrous; matte. Color: Developing petals, upper and lower surfaces: Close to NN155D. Fully expanded petals, upper and lower surfaces: More white than NN155D; color does not change with development.
- Sepals.—Quantity per flower: Typically five in a single whorl, lower 60% fused towards the base forming a campanulate-shaped calyx. Length: About 2.5 mm. Width: About 1.25 mm. Shape: Ovate. Apex: Acute. Base: Cuneate, fused. Margin: Entire. Texture and luster, upper and lower surfaces: Smooth, glabrous; matte. Color: Developing sepals, upper and lower surfaces: Close to 150D. Fully expanded sepals, upper and lower surfaces: Close to 155A; colors do not change with development.
- Peduncles.—Length: About 29.3 cm. Diameter: About 2.5 mm. Angle: Mostly erect. Strength: Strong. Texture and luster: Moderately to densely pubescent; slightly glossy. Color: Close to 144A to 144B.
- Pedicels.—Length: About 1 mm. Diameter: About 0.5 mm. Angle: About 45° from peduncle axis. Strength: Moderately strong. Texture and luster: Moderately pubescent; matte. Color: Close to 145C to 145D.
- Reproductive organs.—Stamens: Quantity per flower: Typically ten; anthers basifixed. Filament length: About 3 mm. Filament color: Close to NN155A. Anther shape: Broadly ovate. Anther length: About 0.3 mm. Anther diameter: About 0.2 mm. Anther color: Close to 155C. Pollen amount: Scarce. Pollen color: Close to 155A. Pistils: Quantity per flower: Two. Pistil length: About 1.75 mm. Stigma diameter: About 0.1 mm. Stigma shape: Club-shaped. Stigma color: Close to 195D. Style length: About 1.5 mm. Style color: Close to 157A. Ovary color: Close to 145C.
- Seeds and fruits.—To date, seed and fruit development have not been observed on plants of the new Astilbe.
- Pathogen & pest resistance: To date, plants of the new Astilbe have not been noted to be resistant to pathogens and pests common to Astilbe plants.
- Garden performance: Plants of the new Astilbe have been observed to have good garden performance and tolerate rain, wind, temperatures ranging from about −25° to 35° C. and to be suitable for USDA Hardiness Zones 5 through 10.
1. A new and distinct Astilbe plant named ‘Harvandermeerwhite’ as illustrated and described.
Priority Applications (1)
|Application Number||Priority Date||Filing Date||Title|
|US16/873,623 USPP32941P2 (en)||2020-05-21||2020-05-21||Astilbe plant named ‘Harvandermeerwhite’|
Applications Claiming Priority (1)
|Application Number||Priority Date||Filing Date||Title|
|US16/873,623 USPP32941P2 (en)||2020-05-21||2020-05-21||Astilbe plant named ‘Harvandermeerwhite’|
|Publication Number||Publication Date|
|USPP32941P2 true USPP32941P2 (en)||2021-03-30|
Family Applications (1)
|Application Number||Title||Priority Date||Filing Date|
|US16/873,623 Active USPP32941P2 (en)||2020-05-21||2020-05-21||Astilbe plant named ‘Harvandermeerwhite’|
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|US (1)||USPP32941P2 (en)|
- 2020-05-21 US US16/873,623 patent/USPP32941P2/en active Active
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