USPP30124P3 - Nectarine tree named ‘NJF20’ - Google PatentsNectarine tree named ‘NJF20’ Download PDF
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- USPP30124P3 USPP30124P3 US15/530,785 US201715530785V USPP30124P3 US PP30124 P3 USPP30124 P3 US PP30124P3 US 201715530785 V US201715530785 V US 201715530785V US PP30124 P3 USPP30124 P3 US PP30124P3
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- 235000006029 Prunus persica var nucipersica Nutrition 0.000 title claims abstract description 15
- 240000005866 Prunus persica var. nucipersica Species 0.000 title claims abstract description 15
- 235000013399 edible fruits Nutrition 0.000 abstract description 24
- 235000009508 confectionery Nutrition 0.000 abstract description 5
- 239000000796 flavoring agent Substances 0.000 abstract description 4
- 235000019634 flavors Nutrition 0.000 abstract description 4
- 235000011446 Amygdalus persica Nutrition 0.000 abstract description 3
- 240000005809 Prunus persica Species 0.000 abstract description 3
- 238000002844 melting Methods 0.000 abstract description 3
- 239000002253 acid Substances 0.000 abstract description 2
- 239000004575 stone Substances 0.000 description 8
- 210000003491 Skin Anatomy 0.000 description 6
- 241000196324 Embryophyta Species 0.000 description 4
- 239000006071 cream Substances 0.000 description 4
- 244000144730 Amygdalus persica Species 0.000 description 3
- 235000006040 Prunus persica var persica Nutrition 0.000 description 3
- 238000011156 evaluation Methods 0.000 description 3
- 239000000203 mixture Substances 0.000 description 3
- 210000004209 Hair Anatomy 0.000 description 2
- 210000001672 Ovary Anatomy 0.000 description 2
- 240000006094 Thunbergia fragrans Species 0.000 description 2
- 210000003462 Veins Anatomy 0.000 description 2
- 230000001580 bacterial Effects 0.000 description 2
- 239000003086 colorant Substances 0.000 description 2
- 201000010099 disease Diseases 0.000 description 2
- 238000005259 measurement Methods 0.000 description 2
- 208000008313 Contusions Diseases 0.000 description 1
- 210000004907 Glands Anatomy 0.000 description 1
- 240000001140 Mimosa pudica Species 0.000 description 1
- 241000985670 Xanthomonas arboricola pv. pruni Species 0.000 description 1
- 241000607479 Yersinia pestis Species 0.000 description 1
- 239000004410 anthocyanin Substances 0.000 description 1
- 230000011681 asexual reproduction Effects 0.000 description 1
- 235000019622 astringency Nutrition 0.000 description 1
- 235000019606 astringent taste Nutrition 0.000 description 1
- 230000034303 cell budding Effects 0.000 description 1
- 230000000994 depressed Effects 0.000 description 1
- 230000018109 developmental process Effects 0.000 description 1
- 230000004720 fertilization Effects 0.000 description 1
- 239000000835 fiber Substances 0.000 description 1
- 239000003205 fragrance Substances 0.000 description 1
- 230000001788 irregular Effects 0.000 description 1
- 235000021232 nutrient availability Nutrition 0.000 description 1
- 210000000056 organs Anatomy 0.000 description 1
- 230000033458 reproduction Effects 0.000 description 1
- 230000005070 ripening Effects 0.000 description 1
- 239000007787 solid Substances 0.000 description 1
- 241000894007 species Species 0.000 description 1
- 230000017260 vegetative to reproductive phase transition of meristem Effects 0.000 description 1
- 230000035899 viability Effects 0.000 description 1
- A—HUMAN NECESSITIES
- A01—AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
- A01H—NEW PLANTS OR NON-TRANSGENIC PROCESSES FOR OBTAINING THEM; PLANT REPRODUCTION BY TISSUE CULTURE TECHNIQUES
- A01H6/00—Angiosperms, i.e. flowering plants, characterised by their botanic taxonomy
- A01H6/74—Rosaceae, e.g. strawberry, apple, almonds, pear, rose, blackberries or raspberries
- A01H6/7427—Prunus, e.g. almonds
- Produces early ripening, flat nectarines.
- Fruit are medium-sized, glossy and well colored with a red-purple blush and a ground color that is an attractive yellow-orange.
- Tree produces sweet, low acid, nectarine fruit of exceptional quality for the season.
- Flesh of the fruit is yellow with a firm, melting texture.
- ‘NJF20’ differs from the related cultivar ‘Flameprince’ (unpatented), in that ‘NJF20’ fruit shape is oblate, has glabrous skin, and ripens very early, whereas ‘Flameprince’ fruit shape is round, has skin covered with hairs and ripens about 8 weeks later. ‘NJF20’ differs from the related cultivar ‘White Lady’ (U.S. Plant Pat. No. 5,821), in that ‘NJF20’ fruit shape is oblate, has glabrous skin, yellow flesh, and ripens very early, whereas ‘White Lady’ fruit shape is round, has skin covered with hairs, has white flesh and ripens about 4 weeks later.
- Scientific name: Prunus persica L.
- Seed parent.—‘L5-225-01250’.
- Pollen parent.—‘Y153-69’.
- Plant hardiness zone.—Growth of plants has only been observed in zone 6b.
- Dormant flower bud cold tolerance.—At least to −17° C.
- Overall shape.—Spreading.
- Height.—Average as compared to other nectarine cultivars. For example, measurement of a typical grafted tree on ‘Tennessee Natural VF 281.8’ peach seedling rootstock (non-patented) at three years after planting shows an average height of 3.4 meters when grown in Elmer, N.J.
- Width.—Average as compared to other nectarine cultivars. For example, measurement of a typical grafted tree on ‘Tennessee Natural VF 281.8’ peach seedling rootstock (non-patented) at three years after planting shows an average width of 4.3 meters when grown in Elmer, N.J.
- Caliper.—Three year old tree is 34 cm. in circumference measured at 20 cm. from the ground.
- Trunk and branches:
- Trunk bark texture.—Nearly smooth with prominent lenticels averaging 9.5 mm. in length and 2.4 mm. in width.
- Trunk bark color.—Grey (between RHS 201C and RHS 201D).
- Primary branches.—Branches that are approximately 15 cm. in circumference are greyed-orange (RHS 177D) overlaid with grey (RHS 201D).
- Lenticels.—Low density, approximately 0.75 per square cm; elliptical in shape and conspicuous; typical examples of which averaged 5.0 mm. in length and 2.1 mm. in width.
- Lenticel color.—Perimeter color is greyed-orange (RHS 164B) becoming greyed-orange (RHS 173D) towards the center.
- Branch pubescence.—None.
- New growth bark.—Anthocyanin coloration is present in the flowering shoot, generally greyed-purple (RHS 183B) in sun, becoming greyed-purple (RHS 187A) on well exposed shoot tips; greyed-purple (RHS 183B) over a yellow-green (between RHS 152C and RHS 152D) ground color in shade.
- Internodes.—Length averaging 18.3 mm. on a one-year shoot.
- Texture.—Glabrous, both surfaces.
- Sheen.—Young leaves semi-glossy with a flat finish on the underside.
- Length.—About 164 mm. to 202 mm., averaging about 181 mm. including the petiole.
- Width.—About 29 mm. to 38 mm., averaging about 33.6 mm.
- Petiole.—Averaging 10.6 mm. long and about 1.9 mm. in diameter.
- Margin undulation.—Slight, occasionally may have broad undulations.
- Form.—Lanceolate, and concave in cross section.
- Apex.—Sharply acuminate, typically sharply curved downward.
- Glands.—Number: About 3 to 6, averaging about 4.6. Position: Located on the leaf base and occasionally on the petiole. Size: Length averaging 1.2 mm. and width averaging 0.9 mm. Form: Reniform. Color: Yellow-green (RHS 151C).
- Stipules.—None observed on mature leaves.
- Leaf color.—Upper leaf surface: Yellow-green (RHS 147A). Lower leaf surface: Yellow-green (RHS 147B). Vein: Yellow-green (RHS 151D).
- Size.—Non-showy, medium size, typical flower measuring between 23 mm. to 27 mm., averaging about 25 mm. across.
- Color.—Dormant bud: Greyed-green (RHS 197C) becoming brown (RHS 200D) at base. Pink stage bud: Red-purple (between RHS 63A and RHS 63B). Open flower: Freshly opened flowers are red (between RHS 56B and RHS 56D) becoming red-purple (between RHS 63C and RHS 63D) at the petal's margins.
- Petals.—Typically five petals per flower, cupped, medium sized, obovate, margin entire with little to no undulation, averaging about 12.1 mm. long and 9.0 mm. wide.
- Petal apex.—Obtuse.
- Petal base.—Cuneate at point of attachment.
- Stamens.—Number: Variable, typical range 39 and 45, averaging 42.4. Length: Variable and generally shorter towards the center, between 9 mm. to 13 mm, averaging about 11 mm. Filament color: White (RHS 155A), becoming red-purple (RHS 63C) near petal fall. Anther color: Adaxial surface is red (RHS 53B); abaxial surface is yellow-orange (RHS 23D).
- Pistil.—Number: One. Size: Length between 12 and 14 mm., averaging about 13.1 mm. Pistil color: Yellow-green (between RHS 145B and RHS 145C). Ovary: Small, medium length, glabrous, and flat in shape, color yellow-green (RHS 145A and RHS 145B). Stigma: located generally at the same level to slightly below the anthers.
- Sepals.—Number: Five. Pubescence: about 0.4 mm long, high density. Color: Generally yellow-green (between RHS 148C and RHS 148D), sometimes overlaid with greyed-red (RHS 182B) near the base. Shape: Elliptic to ovate, with a flat base. Size: Length averaging 5.1 mm., width averaging 3.8 mm.
- Hypanthium color.—Surface between the point of attachment of the petal/stamens and the ovary of the flower is Orange (between and RHS 25A and RHS 25B).
- Pollen.—Abundant; yellow-orange (between and RHS 16A and RHS 16B) in color.
- Fragrance.—None to very slight, sweet.
- Bloom season.—Onset of bloom in Bridgeton, N.J. was on Apr. 15, 2015, with full boom on Apr. 19, 2015.
- Size.—Medium for a flat nectarine, averaging about 3.5 cm. long, 6.3 cm. wide parallel to the suture and 6.5 cm. wide perpendicular to the suture.
- Typical weight.—83 g.
- Form.—Longitudinal section: Oblate. Traverse section: Triangular and slightly lipped.
- Suture.—Generally shallow, extending from base to apex.
- Ventral surface.—Nearly smooth to slightly depressed.
- Apex.—Depressed; between nearly 5.7 mm. to about 8.4 mm. in diameter, with an average of 7.0 mm.
- Stem.—Average length of 10.2 mm. and an average diameter of 7.8 mm.
- Skin.—Thickness: Less than 1 mm. Surface: Glabrous. Tenacity: Medium. Astringency: None. Tendency to crack: Generally low, but medium to high if lightly cropped. Color: Blush is red-purple (between RHS 59A and RHS 59B); ground color is yellow-orange (between RHS 14B and RHS 14C) when present.
- Fruit properties.—Flesh color: Yellow (RHS 13C), becoming yellow (RHS 13D) adjacent to stone. Glossiness: strong when firm-ripe, becoming medium when soft-ripe. Flesh adhesion: Generally clingstone, but may become semi-clingstone when fully ripe. Flesh firmness: Firm. Lenticels: conspicuousness is weak when firm-ripe, becoming medium when soft-ripe. Juiciness: Higher when soft-ripe relative to firm-ripe. Texture: Melting. Fibers: Not noticeable. Ripens: Between June 30 and July 9 at Cream Ridge, N.J. Flavor: Sweet, low acidity. Soluble solids: 16.0%. Aroma: Sweet, fruity. Eating quality: Good to very good.
- Keeping quality.—Medium. Has held its flavor and firmness for at least 7 days in cold storage at 1° C. to 2° C.
- Shipping quality.—Good. No bruising or scaring disorders have been observed.
- Market.—Local and long distance.
- Productivity.—Medium. Trees have produced a full crop in 2 out of 5 and at least a partial crop 3 out of 5 years in Cream Ridge, N.J.
- Shape.—Slightly oblate in lateral view.
- Base angle.—Greater than 90° wide.
- Apex angle.—Greater than 90° wide.
- Surface.—Mixture of single pits and rosettes of pits.
- Ventral suture.—Low and may be deeply grooved on both sides from base to apex.
- External color.—Orange-white (between RHS 159A and RHS 159B).
- Cavity surface color.—Orange-white (RHS 159B).
- Average stone dry weight.—2.2 g.
- Average stone wall thickness.—Varies between 7.2 mm. along the dorsal ridge to 2.3 mm. at the base.
- Size.—Large in relation to the fruit length, and medium in relation to the fruit width; averages about 13.9 mm. long, 20.9 mm. wide parallel to the dorsal ridge, and 18.8 mm. wide perpendicular to the dorsal ridge.
- Tendency to split.—Typically low when well cropped.
- Skin color.—Greyed-orange (between RHS 164B and RHS 165C).
- Vein color.—Greyed-orange (between RHS 164B and RHS 165C).
- Size.—Highly variable, forms only rudimentary seeds.
- Plant/fruit disease and pest resistance/susceptibility: No atypical resistances/susceptibilities have been noted under normal cultural practices. Tolerant to bacterial leaf spot caused by Xanthomonas campestris pv. pruni.
Priority Applications (1)
|Application Number||Priority Date||Filing Date||Title|
|US15/530,785 USPP30124P3 (en)||2017-02-28||2017-02-28||Nectarine tree named ‘NJF20’|
Applications Claiming Priority (1)
|Application Number||Priority Date||Filing Date||Title|
|US15/530,785 USPP30124P3 (en)||2017-02-28||2017-02-28||Nectarine tree named ‘NJF20’|
|Publication Number||Publication Date|
|US20180249613P1 US20180249613P1 (en)||2018-08-30|
|USPP30124P3 true USPP30124P3 (en)||2019-01-22|
Family Applications (1)
|Application Number||Title||Priority Date||Filing Date|
|US15/530,785 Active 2037-03-18 USPP30124P3 (en)||2017-02-28||2017-02-28||Nectarine tree named ‘NJF20’|
Country Status (1)
|US (1)||USPP30124P3 (en)|
- 2017-02-28 US US15/530,785 patent/USPP30124P3/en active Active
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Owner name: RUTGERS, THE STATE UNIVERSITY OF NEW JERSEY, NEW J
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:GOFFREDA, JOSEPH C.;REEL/FRAME:042123/0131
Effective date: 20170214