US998479A - Building. - Google Patents

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US998479A
US998479A US53190909A US1909531909A US998479A US 998479 A US998479 A US 998479A US 53190909 A US53190909 A US 53190909A US 1909531909 A US1909531909 A US 1909531909A US 998479 A US998479 A US 998479A
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girders
cantaliver
columns
concrete
platform
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US53190909A
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Theodore Augustus Eisen
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/18Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons
    • E04B1/24Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons the supporting parts consisting of metal

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  • said invention which relates to certain improvements in buildings, is more particularly adapted for the construction of were houses, hotels, office buildings, and other architectural structures generall wherein is a succession of vfloors each-above another and supported on columns in spaced parallel rows between the outer walls of the buildings or in thewalls themselves.
  • floor carrying girders which may be of metal, reinforced concrete, wood, burned fireclay, or other material, are placed in position at certain distances from the outside of the columns as determined'by the desired size of the cantaliver platforms in order to be. permanently cdnnected to the cantaliver platforms, and prior to the said cantalivers being constructed or placed, these girders are to be temporarily carried at the required levels corresponding to the floors of the structure, by being temporarily supported upon uprights, or a framing of timber, or other material.
  • the aforesaid-girders which are to become the sides or edges of the cantaliver plat- ,of cast, riveted or rolled metal, covered or not covered with cement or concrete, or of wood, or of reinforced fireclay, or terra cotta or of reinforced concrete, the whole of which materials are'now'used as the material for the columns of buildin' "After the concreteconstitutlng the body of each dantaliver has com letely set, or the aforesaid braces are secured in the structure, then the cantalivers take the weight of the rders in each entire floor, this being composed by knocking out the temporar right props, or su porting frame of timber upon which the door-carrying irders are supported during their assembling, and while being uni-ted at the several angles where thosegirders meet to form the sides and edges -'of the portions of the cantalivers all in the manner hereinafter set forth,
  • each girder extends from one 1 latform to the'next of the adjacent co umn the ends of the platform edges, there being a girder for each platform edge, excepting those situated on the outside.
  • Figure 1 is a pian showing the meeting ends of the girders at any place in the floor of a build- .mg wherein the nds of adjacent girders meet for the purp ses of being united at the locus of a column where a cantaliver is to be constructed to "carry the floor after the said girders'havefbeen assembled, and tied together in the-plates where such cantalivers are to be formed.
  • Fig. 2 is a plan corregirders being flush with thesponding to Fig. 1, showing the said meeting ends of thegirders united,'and the con wherein'several cantaliverplatforms, and
  • Fig. 4 is a sectional elevation upon theline c, 0, Fig.3.
  • Fig. 5 isa transverse section- 1'5" I insection,thetiesconnectingopposite glrders upon anenlarged scale, showing the. girders with each other, also other ties connecting said girders with the center of a column supporting" a -ca'ntaliver constructed in ac- .cordance. with my present invention.
  • FIG. 6 is an 'elevati'on showing a girder of I shaped section to which other, girders 'of the same section-pneither side thereofare united a by two angleirons and rivets.
  • Fig. 7 is
  • Fig. 8 is a plan on a larger scale than Fig. 1, showing the rods, or by reinforcing rods alone, that is to meeting ends "of four girders at the place wherethey 'unite 'for forming the edges of .a cantaliver' platform, and which are united by reinforcing ties connected to the webs of saidgirder's, and passing around a column of-H section at the center, upon which the cantaliven platform-is to be carried?
  • Fig. 9 is a plan on a larger scale than Fig. 1, showing the rods, or by reinforcing rods alone, that is to meeting ends "of four girders at the place wherethey 'unite 'for forming the edges of .a cantaliver' platform, and which are united by reinforcing ties connected to the webs of saidgirder's, and passing around a column of-H section at the center, upon which the cantaliven platform-is to be carried?
  • FIG. 8 is a plan-corresponding to Fig. 8 wherein. concrete'is-used to inclose the reinforcing nods shpwn. in Fig. 8, in the form of'a cross, whosexa'rms stretch from oneangle to the diametrically opposite an 19 ofthe 's uare formed by 'such meeting 0 the said gir cm; the spaces between the concrete in. the cruciform shape being left unoccupied or empty; I -Fig.”10, 1"s a section on;the line 0, 0,,Fig. 9.
  • Fig. 11 is a horizontal section, showing the meeting ofth'e reinforcing rods, an angle iron at' the place of meeting of two girders i at"right angles to each other, and the reinforcin rods extending from said angle iron.
  • the adjacent endsfof the girders. 1 constitute-a rectilinear figure around the loci where the supporting bull ing. 1, may e column 1 1, is situated, and constitute a frame tobe afterward filled'by the concrete formlat-forms of the in art of the'cantaliv'er
  • the meeting ang es ofthe girders united in various ways, but a convenient methodof uniting the same is shown at Fig. 6, wherein the girder 1, shownin transverse section is unitetifoneiich of its sides to anothergirder 1, projecting at right angles thereto.
  • the girders 1, and 1, are
  • the concrete when it has set therein constitutes the solid body of.the cantaliver platform, which may be either in one piece with the columns 11, thereof, or there may be a.joint whereby every column and its corresponding cantaliver platforms are not united.
  • the column 11, is a vertical steel or iron beam of an H shape section, around which concrete'is poured and sets in the same manner as it sets within the frame of thecantaliver platform, or the columns Ina be constructed of reinforced concrete or reclay,-iron, wood, or other material. So long as the girders 1, are not connected.
  • a cantaliver platform containing less'concrete is obtained than by the construction hereinbefore described with reference to, and shown at Figs. 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5. It is to be understood that the girders may be of any section adapted for the purposes of this invention.
  • a series of columns in spaced parallel rows, the columns having enlargements comprising cantaliver platforms of a roximately rectangular shape, a series 0' o'er girders extend ing from column to column, and at right angles to each other, each girder lying against an edge of the cantaliver platform and the end thereof flush with an adjacent edge of the platform and in abutting relation with the girder thereagairlst, substantially as set forth.
  • each girder lying against an edge of the cantali er platform and the end thereof flush with an adjacent edge of the platform and in abutting relation with the girder thereagainst.

Description

-T. A. EISEN.
BUILDING. APPLICATIOI Hum mm; 2. 1909;
Patented July 18,1911.
gamma-sum 1.
- T. A1EISEN.
BUILDING. APPLICATION mum n30. 2,1909.
Patented July 18,1911.
' 2 SHEETS-3115! 2.
would? platforms u 'the' load of the floors UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
THEODORE AUGUSTUS EISEN, OF LOS ANGELES, CALIFORNIA.
BUILDING.
To all whom it may concern:
' Beit known that I, THEODORE AUGUSTUS EISEN, of the city of Los Angeles, in the county of Los Angeles, in the State of California, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Buildings, ofwhich the following is a full, clear, and exact specification, reference being had to the annexed marked thereon. l
' -My said invention which relates to certain improvements in buildings, is more particularly adapted for the construction of were houses, hotels, office buildings, and other architectural structures generall wherein is a succession of vfloors each-above another and supported on columns in spaced parallel rows between the outer walls of the buildings or in thewalls themselves.
The object of'my'apresent improvementsis duce or construct such buildings thefloors are carried by cantaliver on the upperparts .of the columns, where y the cantaliver platforms and the floors are'supported', and the arran to pro wherein ment of the construction issuch that the cantaliver platforms need not be placed on the columns, and need not receive and carry until after the columns and the girders which constitute the carrying ed es thereofat each side of eachcantaliver platform, and throughout the entirety of each floor, are connected. 1 a
In carrying my invention into practical effect, after the position of the several ,columns has been determined, floor carrying girders which may be of metal, reinforced concrete, wood, burned fireclay, or other material, are placed in position at certain distances from the outside of the columns as determined'by the desired size of the cantaliver platforms in order to be. permanently cdnnected to the cantaliver platforms, and prior to the said cantalivers being constructed or placed, these girders are to be temporarily carried at the required levels corresponding to the floors of the structure, by being temporarily supported upon uprights, or a framing of timber, or other material.
After the aforesaid girders of each floor, and the portions thereof constituting the sides of each cantaliver platform are tied together, and to the columns by reinforcing ties, or united by braces, or their equivalents, then the frame constituted of those portions of permanently placed and Specification of Letters Patent. Application filed December 2, 1909. Serial no.
' of the cantaliver platforms, I floor beams, joists, or slabs of reinforced con- The columns are.
Patented July 18, 1911. 531,909,
the aforesaid-girders which are to become the sides or edges of the cantaliver plat- ,of cast, riveted or rolled metal, covered or not covered with cement or concrete, or of wood, or of reinforced fireclay, or terra cotta or of reinforced concrete, the whole of which materials are'now'used as the material for the columns of buildin' "After the concreteconstitutlng the body of each dantaliver has com letely set, or the aforesaid braces are secured in the structure, then the cantalivers take the weight of the rders in each entire floor, this being efected by knocking out the temporar right props, or su porting frame of timber upon which the door-carrying irders are supported during their assembling, and while being uni-ted at the several angles where thosegirders meet to form the sides and edges -'of the portions of the cantalivers all in the manner hereinafter set forth, The
spaces between the girders of each floor,
parts of whichconstitute the sides and edges are filled in with crete, or other material. arranged in spaced parallel rows with cantaliver platforms on the columns and girders or beams arranged on the edges of the plat, form, each girderextending from one 1 latform to the'next of the adjacent co umn the ends of the platform edges, there being a girder for each platform edge, excepting those situated on the outside.
U on the annexed drawings: Figure 1, is a pian showing the meeting ends of the girders at any place in the floor of a build- .mg wherein the nds of adjacent girders meet for the purp ses of being united at the locus of a column where a cantaliver is to be constructed to "carry the floor after the said girders'havefbeen assembled, and tied together in the-plates where such cantalivers are to be formed. Fig. 2, is a plan corregirders being flush with thesponding to Fig. 1, showing the said meeting ends of thegirders united,'and the con wherein'several cantaliverplatforms, and
' ers." and floor beamsgjoists or slabs supcolumns are'included, together with the girdorted in, byvor-"between the said girders,
- :ig. 4 is a sectional elevation upon theline c, 0, Fig.3. Fig. 5, isa transverse section- 1'5" I insection,thetiesconnectingopposite glrders upon anenlarged scale, showing the. girders with each other, also other ties connecting said girders with the center of a column supporting" a -ca'ntaliver constructed in ac- .cordance. with my present invention. Fig.
6, is an 'elevati'on showing a girder of I shaped section to which other, girders 'of the same section-pneither side thereofare united a by two angleirons and rivets. Fig. 7, is
an elevation indicating; the supporting of the girders upon vertical posts or props,of
wood or other material, by which said girders are carried While being assembled and "united by angle irons-and tie or reinforcing 30.
, say, without angle irons. Fig. 8, is a plan on a larger scale than Fig. 1, showing the rods, or by reinforcing rods alone, that is to meeting ends "of four girders at the place wherethey 'unite 'for forming the edges of .a cantaliver' platform, and which are united by reinforcing ties connected to the webs of saidgirder's, and passing around a column of-H section at the center, upon which the cantaliven platform-is to be carried? Fig. 9,
is a plan-corresponding to Fig. 8 wherein. concrete'is-used to inclose the reinforcing nods shpwn. in Fig. 8, in the form of'a cross, whosexa'rms stretch from oneangle to the diametrically opposite an 19 ofthe 's uare formed by 'such meeting 0 the said gir cm; the spaces between the concrete in. the cruciform shape being left unoccupied or empty; I -Fig."10, 1"s a section on;the line 0, 0,,Fig. 9.
Fig. 11, is a horizontal section, showing the meeting ofth'e reinforcing rods, an angle iron at' the place of meeting of two girders i at"right angles to each other, and the reinforcin rods extending from said angle iron. As s own by Figs. 1, 2, and 3, the adjacent endsfof the girders. 1, constitute-a rectilinear figure around the loci where the supporting bull ing. 1, may e column 1 1, is situated, and constitute a frame tobe afterward filled'by the concrete formlat-forms of the in art of the'cantaliv'er The meeting ang es ofthe girders united in various ways, but a convenient methodof uniting the same is shown at Fig. 6, wherein the girder 1, shownin transverse section is unitetifoneiich of its sides to anothergirder 1, projecting at right angles thereto. The girders 1, and 1, are
connected by the angle irons 2, respectively, p
tension .and compr'ession reinforcing rods 4:,
.situated at any suitable angles within '-the frame formed-by the meeting and union of the ends'of the'girders 1,-so as to provide transverse compression and tension, of the rods 4, in as many times as are sufiicient to produce the requisite stiffness of the cantalivers whencompleted. To complete a cantaliver of which the frame and central column is shownat- Fig. 1, concrete is poured into the hollow rectangular space constituting the cantaliver frame, a temporary bottom or mold'being placed beneath the frame formed by the girders 1, upon which the concrete. rests after being poured and while setting. In every .su'ch rectangular frame reinforcedas hereinbefore described, and as s hownat Figs. 1, and 2; of the drawings, the
concrete when it has set therein, constitutes the solid body of.the cantaliver platform, which may be either in one piece with the columns 11, thereof, or there may be a.joint whereby every column and its corresponding cantaliver platforms are not united. For general purposes, however, the column 11, is a vertical steel or iron beam of an H shape section, around which concrete'is poured and sets in the same manner as it sets within the frame of thecantaliver platform, or the columns Ina be constructed of reinforced concrete or reclay,-iron, wood, or other material. So long as the girders 1, are not connected. by the concrete of the cantalive'rs with the columns, and while placing the girders 1, in their \proper relative ositions for beinguni'ted in frames at the co umns where the cantaliver platforms, are to be constructed,-these girdersl, rest upon the temporary timber supports 5, Fig.1, or 'iapon" analogous supports which} are remove soonas the concreteof thecantalivers has set and united with. thecantalivers 6, and the girders 1,' with the columns 11, after which the flooring, consisting of floor beams, joists,
or slabs 7, of reinforced concrete, steel or other material, are placed in position and supported by: girders constituting the sides and edges 0 t e cantaliver platforms. I
p In Figs. 1, 2,.an'd 5, of the annexed drawings, I have shown the concrete 8,as filling the entire space of each of the rectangular frames formed at the loci of the .columns 11, but in place of filling the frames entirely wit-hc'onc'rete' the concretemay occupy a portion of the said frames only, in the form -of a cross 9,-as shown at Fig. 9, or in any other suitable form, whereby'portions of the space within the rectangular frames are not filled by concretefi, Z
.The form ofcmicrete shown at Fig. 9, is
very conveniently applied when the rectangular frames formed by the meeting ofportions of the girders 1, are connected to? gether diagonally by reinforcing rods 10, as shown at Figs. 8,10, and 11, and the concrete when so applied as shown at Fig. 9,
completely incloses the upper tension rods 10, and the lowercbmpression rods 10. By such construction a cantaliver platform containing less'concrete is obtained than by the construction hereinbefore described with reference to, and shown at Figs. 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5. It is to be understood that the girders may be of any section adapted for the purposes of this invention.
I claim as my invention. 1. In a building construction, a series of columns; in spaced parallel rows, the columns having enlargements comprising cantaliver platforms of a roximately rectangular shape, a series 0' o'er girders extend ing from column to column, and at right angles to each other, each girder lying against an edge of the cantaliver platform and the end thereof flush with an adjacent edge of the platform and in abutting relation with the girder thereagairlst, substantially as set forth. I
2. 'Iniabuilding construction, a series of concrete columns in spaced parallel rows,
the columns having enlargements comprising reinforced cantaliver latforms of rectangular shape, a series 0 floor g1rders'ex- Copies of this patent may be obtained for flvecents each, by addressing the Commissioner of Patents,
tend ng from column to column, and at right angles to each other, each girder lying against an edge of the cantali er platform and the end thereof flush with an adjacent edge of the platform and in abutting relation with the girder thereagainst.
3. In a building construct-ion, a series of columns in spaced parallel rows, the columns having enlargements comprising can taliver platforms of approximately rectangular shapega series of floor girders extending from column to column, and approxi-' mately at right angles to each other, each girder lying-against an edge of the cantaliver platform, and the end thereof flush with adjacent edgeof the platform, and in abli ting relation with the girder thereagainst, the space between the said girders and the said supporting columns to be filled with filling material, and the spaces outside of girders filled with floor beams, joistsor slabs, the whole forming one continuous floor,"subst'antially as shown and described.
In testimony whereof, I, the said THEO- nonn AUGUSTUS EIsEN, have hereunto set my hand and seal at the city of Los Angeles, in the county of Los Angeles, in the State of California, in the presence of twd subscribing witnesses.
THEODORE AUGUSTUS EISEN. [1,. a] Witnesses:
IDA M. DASKAM, I J0 Db Washington. D. 0. i
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Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2744590A (en) * 1950-12-12 1956-05-08 Alfred M Butts Load-supporting structures
US3010257A (en) * 1960-04-20 1961-11-28 Jacob D Naillon Prestressed girder
US3349539A (en) * 1964-12-24 1967-10-31 David B Cheskin Construction of two-way composite building system
US3354593A (en) * 1963-01-10 1967-11-28 Zukas Simon Ber Concrete beamless building construction
US3546049A (en) * 1967-05-25 1970-12-08 Omniversal Design Symmetrical non-cartesian multipleaxis joining of beams
US3992830A (en) * 1973-07-26 1976-11-23 Shotwell Samuel H Structural panel
US4927674A (en) * 1989-03-02 1990-05-22 Wovenwire Corporation Woven wire apparatus
US5197254A (en) * 1989-03-02 1993-03-30 Sally Mayer Woven wire structures
US20110192108A1 (en) * 2008-02-18 2011-08-11 Baro Construction Key-Technology Co., Ltd. Grid-type drop-panel structure, and a construction method therefor
EP3401460A1 (en) * 2017-05-10 2018-11-14 Holger Rupprecht Wood-concrete compound system with distributed transverse load

Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2744590A (en) * 1950-12-12 1956-05-08 Alfred M Butts Load-supporting structures
US3010257A (en) * 1960-04-20 1961-11-28 Jacob D Naillon Prestressed girder
US3354593A (en) * 1963-01-10 1967-11-28 Zukas Simon Ber Concrete beamless building construction
US3349539A (en) * 1964-12-24 1967-10-31 David B Cheskin Construction of two-way composite building system
US3546049A (en) * 1967-05-25 1970-12-08 Omniversal Design Symmetrical non-cartesian multipleaxis joining of beams
US3992830A (en) * 1973-07-26 1976-11-23 Shotwell Samuel H Structural panel
US4927674A (en) * 1989-03-02 1990-05-22 Wovenwire Corporation Woven wire apparatus
US5197254A (en) * 1989-03-02 1993-03-30 Sally Mayer Woven wire structures
US20110192108A1 (en) * 2008-02-18 2011-08-11 Baro Construction Key-Technology Co., Ltd. Grid-type drop-panel structure, and a construction method therefor
US8549805B2 (en) * 2008-02-18 2013-10-08 Baro Construction Key-Technologies Co., Ltd. Grid-type drop-panel structure, and a construction method therefor
EP3401460A1 (en) * 2017-05-10 2018-11-14 Holger Rupprecht Wood-concrete compound system with distributed transverse load

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