US980925A - Non-refillable bottle. - Google Patents

Non-refillable bottle. Download PDF

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Publication number
US980925A
US980925A US49744209A US1909497442A US980925A US 980925 A US980925 A US 980925A US 49744209 A US49744209 A US 49744209A US 1909497442 A US1909497442 A US 1909497442A US 980925 A US980925 A US 980925A
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Prior art keywords
bottle
valve
neck
casing
liquid
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US49744209A
Inventor
Robert Dehrenbach
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Robert Dehrenbach
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D49/00Arrangements or devices for preventing refilling of containers
    • B65D49/02One-way valves
    • B65D49/04Weighted valves

Description

um o www .L- HTM.. .CNY ABM BE NLD EBM A RLH Hun EPN DHU. l- RWM Nn DL A Patented Jan. 10, 1911.
ROBERT DEHRENBACH, 0F JERSEY CITY, NEW JERSEY.
NON-REFILLABLE BOTTLE.
Specification of Letters, Patent.
Application filed May 21, 1909.
Patented Jan. 10, 1911.
Serial No. 497,442.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, ROBERT DEHRENBACH, citizen of the United States, residing at Jersey City, in the county of Hudson and State of New Jersey, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Non-Rellable Bottles, of which the following is a specii'ication.
This invention relates to non-rellable bottles and has for its object to provide a comparatively simple and inexpensive device of this character, the construction of which is such as to eifectually prevent an unauthorized person from fraudulently refilling the same with an inferior grade of goods to replace that originally contained in the bottle.
A further object of the invention is to provide a bottle having main and auxiliary valves, one of which is movable to open position by the weight of the liquid in the bottle when the latter is inverted thereby to permit the discharge of the contents of said bottle.
A further object is to so arrange the auX- iliary valve with respect to the main valve that when the lat-ter is opened and an attempt is made to refill the bottle, said auxiliary valve will be forced to its seat and thus prevent the entrance of liquid to the interior of the bottle.
A still further object of the invention is generally to improve this class of devices, so as to increase their utility, durability and eiiiciency, as well as to reduce the cost of manufacture.
Further objects and advantages will appear in the following description, it being understood that various changes in form, combinations of the parts and minor details of construction may be resorted to within the scope of the appended claims.
For a full understanding of the invention and the merits thereof, and to acquire a knowledge of the details of construction, and the means for eecting the result, reference is to be had to the following description and accompanying drawings, in which;
Figure 1 is a vertical sectional view of a non-refillable bottle constructed in accordance with my invention; Fig. 2 is a similar view showing the bottle inverted to permit the discharge of the contents thereof; Fig. 3 is a transverse sectional view taken on the line 3-8 of Fig l; and Fig. i is a similar view taken on the line 1 -4 of Fig. 1.
Corresponding and like parts are referred to in the following description and indicated in all the views of the accompanying draw'- ings by the same reference characters.
r1`he device comprises a bottle or similar containing vessel 5, the neck 6 of which is reduced to form a contracted portion 7, the exterior walls of the neck above the contracted portion 7 being olf-set to form transversely alined sockets 8.
Disposed within the neck 6 of the bottle is a casing 9 formed of porcelain, metal, wood or other, suitable material and having its upper portion provided with a flat bearing surface 10 and its lower .portion inclined to conform to and adapted to bear against the interior walls of the neck at the contracted portion 7 thereof.
Formed in the body of the plug or cas` ing 9 are intersecting chambers 11 and 12 one ofV which opens through the flat bearing surface 10 of the casing 9 and constitutes a discharge passage for the liquid in the bottle. The lower end of the chamber 12 communicates with the interior of the bottle and is provided with a valve seat 13 there being a similar valve seat 14 forme in the chamber 11 at its point of connection with the chamber 12. v
Slidably mounted in the chamber 12 is a valve 15 which serves to normally cut off communication between the interior of the bottle and the chambers 11 and 12, said valve being yieldably retained in its seat by means of a coiled spring 16 interposed between the valve 15 and the adjacent v end of the chamber 12 as shown.v As a means for limiting the opening movement of the valve 15 there is provided a pin or lug 17 formed integrally with or secured to one of the end walls of the chamber 12 and arranged in the path of movement o-f the valve 15, the length of the pin 17 being such as to prevent further longitudinal movement of the valve after the latter has cleared the opening 1S.
Disposed within the chamber 11 and normally engaging the seat 14 is a ball valve 19 preferably formed of cork or other light material, there being a depression 2O formed in one wall of the chamber 11 and adapted to receive the valve 19 when the bottle is inverted in the act of discharging the contents thereof. A pin 21 is extended transversely across the mouth of the passage or chamber 11 for the purpose of preventing ilo the escape of the ball valve during thc disA charge oit' rthe liquid in the bottle.
As a ineans tor locking the plug or cas` ing 9 Within the neck oit' the bottle there are provided suitable springs 2Q, preferably secin'ed to the opposite sides of the plug 9 and having their t'rce ends bent laterally to forni spring catches 23 adapted to enter the sockets 8 in the neck of the bottle, there being` koets or recesses t'ornied in the adjacent walls of the plug or casing 9 for the reception oit the tree ends oi' the catches 23 when the plug or casing is positioned Within the neck of 'the bottle. Thus it will be seen that by pressing the tree ends et the catches 23 Within the kerts or recesses 2a the plug or casing 9 may be adjusted longitudinally Within the neck ot the bottle un til said catches register with the sockets 8, when the catches Will automatically enter the sockets 8 and thus lock the casing in position within the neck.
rlhe loiver end ot the plug or casing 9 is cut away to produce a recess 25 one wall oit which is curved laterally in the direction of the valve scat 1-5, thereby positively to direct the liquid in the body of the bottle through the valve seat when said bottle is inverted in the act of discharging said liquid. Attention is here called to thetact that the tension of the spring 1G is such as to permit the valve 15 to be nioved to open position by the weight of the liquid in the bottle ivhen the latter is inverted but to hold the valve tirnily to its seat regardless of the position ot the bottle when the latter is einpty.
In order to discharge the contents ot the bottle it is nierely necessary to invert the saine in the usual nianner when the Weight of the liquid will open the valve 15 and perinit said liquid to pass through the valve seat 13 and opening 18, the liquid in its passa-ge through the chamber 11 forcing the valve 19 Within the depression 2O so as to perniit the discharge oit the liquid through the inouth of said chamber, and into a glass or other receptacle designed to receive the saine. lVhen the bottle is again placed in nornial position the valve 19 Will drop by gravity into engagement with the seat llt While the spring 1.6 ivill automatically seat the valve 15 as will be readily understood. lt an attempt .is niade to :fraudulently refill the bottle While the latter is still partiallyY tilled with liquid, the valve 19 being' inade ot cork ivill float to its seat so that the introduction ot liquid through the inouth ot the chaniber 11 Will only tend to niore tirinly retain the valve in engagenient with said seat and thus eidectually prevent the entrance et' liquid to the interior Oi' the bottle.
By arranging the valves 15 and 19 in the manner shown the auxiliary valve 19.
torins a closure for the valve 15 so as to prevent an unauthorized person from sur reptitiously introducing a wire or other instrument through the chamber or passage 11 with a view to lifting the valve 15 from its seatl in order to torce liquid Within the body oi the bottle.
lt desired a cork or stopper 26 may be inserted in the neck of the bottle during transportation or storage.
llhile the nicchanisin torniing the subject inatter of the present invention is shown applied to a bottle it is obvious that the saine may be used with equally good re sults in connection With jugs, jars and other liquid containing vessels Without departing from the spirit of the invention.
Having thus described the invention, what is claiined as neviT is; F
1. A bottle having a neck, a casing seated Within the neck and provided with coniniunicating passages, one of which opens through the top ot the casing and the other through the bottoni thereof, a float valve seated in one of said passages Yt'or normally closing the saine, and a spring actuated valve entirely housed Within the other passage and disposed at its point of junction with the first :mentioned passage, said spring valve being inovable to open position by contact with the liquid when the bottle is inverted and automatically to closed position when the bottle is in upright position, the toat valve being disposed on one side of and forming a guard for the spring valve.
2. A bottle having a neck, a casing seated in the neck and provided with communicating vertical passages, one et Which opens through the top of the casing and the other through the bottoni thereof, a float valve disposed Within one of said passages at the lower end thereof for nornially closing the saine, and a vertically disposed spring actu-` ated valve entirely housed Within the other passage at its junction with the first inentioned passage, said sprino valve being nor inally extended across the lower end ot' the first mentioned passage at the seat ot the float valve.
A bottle having a neck provided With oppositely disposed seating grooves, a cas ing disposed Within the neck and provided ivith communicating' vertical passages, one of Which opens through the top of the casing and the other tlu'ough the bottoni tliereot, a float valve disposed within one oit the passages for normally closing the lovver end thereof, a vertically disposed spring actuated valve entirely housed Within the other passage at its point oi junction with the first mentioned passage and extending across the lower end ot said lirst passage at the seat ot the float valve, there being a depression formed in the Walls oi the first mentioned passage near the upper end thereof for the reception of the float valve when the bottle is in inverted position, and locking members carried by the casing and engaging the seating grooves in the neck of the bottle.
4. A bottle including a neck havin@` its lower end contracted and its intermediate portion provided with seating grooves, a casing disposed within the neck and having its lower end inclined to conform to and adapted to bear against the inclined walls of the contracted portion of the neck, said casing being provided with communicating passages, one of which opens through the top of the casing and the other through the bottom thereof, a ioat valve disposed within one of the passages at the lower end thereof for normally closing said passage, and a spring actuated valve entirely housed within the other passage at its point of junction with the first mentioned passage and extending across the lower end of said l'irst mentioned passage at the seat of the float valve,
' the Wall ol the passage opening through the bottom of the casing being inclined in the direction of the contracted portion of the neck, there being a depression formed in the Wall of the other passage near the upper end thereof for the reception of the float valve when the bottle is inverted.
In testimony whereof I affix my signature in presence of two witnesses.
ROBERT DEHRENBAGH. [1.. s]
Vitnesses:
JOHN H. PAUL, CHARLES H. NATTEFORD.
US49744209A 1909-05-21 1909-05-21 Non-refillable bottle. Expired - Lifetime US980925A (en)

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