US761364A - Non-refillable bottle. - Google Patents

Non-refillable bottle. Download PDF

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Publication number
US761364A
US761364A US18861804A US1904188618A US761364A US 761364 A US761364 A US 761364A US 18861804 A US18861804 A US 18861804A US 1904188618 A US1904188618 A US 1904188618A US 761364 A US761364 A US 761364A
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United States
Prior art keywords
casing
bottle
valve
neck
seat
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Expired - Lifetime
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US18861804A
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Julian Doriot
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Individual
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D49/00Arrangements or devices for preventing refilling of containers
    • B65D49/02One-way valves
    • B65D49/08Spring-loaded valves

Definitions

  • My invention relates to non-relillable bottles such a's are lemployed for preventing the fraudulent substitutionof an inferior grade of material for that originally contained by the bottle, and has for its object to produce a comparatively simple inexpensive device of this character which willbe eiicient in operation and 'one in which 'the valve may be locked against movement during transportation.
  • Figure 1 is a vertical ylongitudinal section through a bottle-neck, .showing my device applied thereto.
  • Fig. 2 is a similar view showing the device in discharging position.
  • Fig.'3 is a View of the parts of the valve in perspective.
  • a secondary tubular sleeve or casing 6 of smaller diameter than the primary casing Disposed concentrieally within the casing 4 is a secondary tubular sleeve or casing 6 of smaller diameter than the primary casing, thereby producing an intervening discharge-passage 7, with whichydiseharge-openings 8, provided through 'the wall of the casing 6communicate, as doalso Asafety-openings 8, formed through the casing 6 adjacent to itsupper end for the purpose which will hereinafter appear.
  • a coupling sleeve or member 12 having adjacent to its upper end a peripheral exterior flange 13 bearing beneath the flange l 11.
  • avalve 16 Disposed loosely within the lower end of casing 6 for movement longitudinally of the latter is avalve 16, which is normally pressed to its seat'by an overlying expanded spring 17, having bearing at its ends upon the upper end of the valve and beneath the wall 9, thereby preventing passage of liquid into the bottle through its neck wheny the valve is in operative position.
  • the weight of the valve is such that when the bottle is turned to discharging position the resistance of the spring will be overcome and permit the valve to slide forward, whereby the liquid may pass outward through openings
  • the member v12, yvhich is of tubular to lock the latter against movement during 9';
  • the key is lentirely removed, vthereby permitting free movement of the valve for discharging the liquor, as above described. If after the bottle has been emptied an at- IOO tempt be made to refill the same by the cmployment of a pressure-pump, the pressure acting through opening 18 on the valve will force the latter to its seat, and if under these conditions the opening 18 be plugged then the pressure will act upon the valve for a like purpose through the safety-openings 8.

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • Closures For Containers (AREA)

Description

(-No. '761,'3/6`4. PATENTED MAY 3l,'1904.
A J. v'DORIO'AI'l v 1 NON-REFILLABLB BOTTLE.
APPLICATION rILLn JAN. 11. 1904.
y 11o MODEL.
Ii Il' Patented May 31, .1904.
IUNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
. Y l JULIAN DoRIor, or BLUrrroN, oIII'o.
- NoN-REFILLABLE BOTTLE.
SPECIFICATION forming part of LettersPatent No. 761,364, dated May 31, 1904. Y
Application filed danuaryll, 1904. Serial No. 188,618. (No model.)
T0 @ZZ whom t may concern:
Be it known that I, JULIAN DoRIo'r, a citizen of .the United States,residing at Bluffton, in'the county of Allen and State of Ohio,have invented a new and useful Non-'Refillable Bottle, of which the following is a specification.
My invention relates to non-relillable bottles such a's are lemployed for preventing the fraudulent substitutionof an inferior grade of material for that originally contained by the bottle, and has for its object to produce a comparatively simple inexpensive device of this character which willbe eiicient in operation and 'one in which 'the valve may be locked against movement during transportation.
To these ends the. invention comprises the novel features of' construction and combination of partsvmore fully hereinafter described.
In the' accompanying drawings, Figure 1 is a vertical ylongitudinal section through a bottle-neck, .showing my device applied thereto. Fig. 2 is a similar view showing the device in discharging position. Fig.'3 is a View of the parts of the valve in perspective.
Referring to the drawings, it Will beseen that I have illustrated my improved device as applied to a bottle 1 of the usual construction having a neck 2 terminating in a 4dischargemouthV` 3, these parts being composed of glass or othersuitable materia In the device constituting the subject-matter of this invention, 4 designates an outer primary tubular sleeve or casing seated in the neck of the bottle and secured therein by a retaining cap or vmember 5, which engages over the outer end of the casing and is cemented or otherwise permanently secured to the bottle-neck to prevent removal of the casing. Disposed concentrieally within the casing 4 is a secondary tubular sleeve or casing 6 of smaller diameter than the primary casing, thereby producing an intervening discharge-passage 7, with whichydiseharge-openings 8, provided through 'the wall of the casing 6communicate, as doalso Asafety-openings 8, formed through the casing 6 adjacent to itsupper end for the purpose which will hereinafter appear. The casing 6, the upper end of which is closed by a wall 9, is provided at its lower end with a peripheral ange 10, designed to seat above an internal flange 11 on the lower end of casing 4 and is secured in place by a coupling sleeve or member 12, having adjacent to its upper end a peripheral exterior flange 13 bearing beneath the flange l 11. form, is eXteriorly threadedl above the fiange 13 for engagement with the lower end of casing 6 and is of suicient length to receive a cork packing 14, which lits the neck of the bottle to prevent liquid creeping between the.
samesame and the casing 4. From this arrangement it is apparent that the member l2, the upper end of whiclrprojects suiiiciently above the iiange 10 to form a valve-seat 15,` securely couplesithe'lower ends of the - easings 4 and 6 for securingthe latter within the former. 4
Disposed loosely within the lower end of casing 6 for movement longitudinally of the latter is avalve 16, which is normally pressed to its seat'by an overlying expanded spring 17, having bearing at its ends upon the upper end of the valve and beneath the wall 9, thereby preventing passage of liquid into the bottle through its neck wheny the valve is in operative position. It' may here be said that the weight of the valve is such that when the bottle is turned to discharging position the resistance of the spring will be overcome and permit the valve to slide forward, whereby the liquid may pass outward through openings The member v12, yvhich is of tubular to lock the latter against movement during 9';
transportation. When, however, the bottle is to be used, the key is lentirely removed, vthereby permitting free movement of the valve for discharging the liquor, as above described. If after the bottle has been emptied an at- IOO tempt be made to refill the same by the cmployment of a pressure-pump, the pressure acting through opening 18 on the valve will force the latter to its seat, and if under these conditions the opening 18 be plugged then the pressure will act upon the valve for a like purpose through the safety-openings 8.
From the foregoing it will be seen that I produce a simple inexpensive device which may be practically applied to bottles of the ordinary form now in general use and will serve in practice to prevent refilling of the latter, it being understood, of course, that after iilling the bottle initiallyT the mechanism herein described is seated and secured in place in the neck. In attaining these ends I do not limit myself to the precise details herein set forth, inasmuch 'asminor changes may be made Without departing from the spirit of the invention.
Having thus described my invention, what I claim is- Y 1. The combination with a bottle and its neck, of a primary tubular casing seated in the` latter, a member attached to the bottle and engaging the casing to retain the same in position, a secondary tubular casing disposed within the primary casing, a coupling member for connecting said casings, a valve movably disposed Within the secondary easing, a seat for said valve, and a spring for moving the valve to seating-position.
2. The combination with a bottle and its neck, of a primary tubular casing seated in the latter, a secondary tubular casing disposed in the primary casing and having dischargeopenings, the secondary easing being of smaller diameter than the primary casing to produce a discharge-) )assage with which the openings communicate, a coupling member for connecting the casings, a valve movably disposed' within the secondary casing, a seat for said valve, and a spring for pressing the Valve normally to its seat.
3. The combination with a bottle and its neck, of a primary tubular casing seated in the latter and provided with a fiange, a secondary tubular casing disposed within the primary casing and having a flange to seat aboveY the first-named flange, a tubular coupling member having its end tapped into the lower end of the secondary casing and provided with a ange designed to engage beneath the first-named flange, a valve-seat provided in the secondary casing, and a Valve movably disposed within the latter and normally resting upon the seat.
In testimony that I claim the foregoing as my own I have hereto aflixed my signature in the presence of two witnesses.
JULIAN DORIO'I.
W itn esses:
ALvIs CRIBLEZ, HENRY L. RoMEY.
US18861804A 1904-01-11 1904-01-11 Non-refillable bottle. Expired - Lifetime US761364A (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4033475A (en) * 1975-06-09 1977-07-05 Stant Manufacturing Company, Inc. Roll-over gas cap

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4033475A (en) * 1975-06-09 1977-07-05 Stant Manufacturing Company, Inc. Roll-over gas cap

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