US1012826A - Non-refillable bottle. - Google Patents

Non-refillable bottle. Download PDF


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US1012826A US61745711A US1911617457A US1012826A US 1012826 A US1012826 A US 1012826A US 61745711 A US61745711 A US 61745711A US 1911617457 A US1911617457 A US 1911617457A US 1012826 A US1012826 A US 1012826A
United States
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Tiberias B M Dougherty
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    • B65D49/00Arrangements or devices for preventing refilling of containers
    • B65D49/02One-way valves
    • B65D49/04Weighted valves


Patented Deo. 26, 1911.A
' Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented Dec. 26, 1911.
Application led 'March 28, 1911. Serial No. 617,457.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, TIBERIAS B. M. lJoUGH- ERTY, a citizen of the United States, residing at Philadelphia, in the county of Philadelphia and State of Pennsylvania, have invented a certain new and useful Improvement in Non-Refillable Bottles, of which the following is a specification.
My invention relates to new and useful improvements in non-refillable bottles, and has for its object to produce a bottle of this character which will be exceedingly simple. in construction, comparatively inexpensive in the cost of manufacture, yet strong and durable for the purpose for which it is used.
In constructing this bottle I mount a tube in the neck vof a specially constructed bottle, said tube carrying a sliding valve, said valve having mounted therein a secondary valve for closing the former, even though Asaid former valve be open with relation to the tube in which it is mounted. i
With these ends in view, this invention consists in the details of construction and combination of elements hereinafter set forth and thenspeciically designated by the claims.
In order that those skilled in the art to which this invention appertains may understand how to make and use the same, I will describe its -construction in detail, referring by letter to the accompanying drawing 'forming a part of this specification, in 'whicha similar view of the secondary valve, and
Fig. 6, a plan view of the perforated guard.
In carrying out `my invention as here embodied, '(1) represents the body of the bottle having a neck 2, which is provided with an enlarged portion 8, forming. in the interiors/ L a guard cavity 4, the bottom wall of which forms an annular flange or shoulder 5 in which is produced an annular depression 6. With the enlarged portion is formed the extension or mouth 7 whose outer wall di- 'verges toward its outer end asl indicated by 8, thusv making a relativelyI thin portion 9 `equal to the distance from the top portion. The mouth of the bottle is made thinat this point in order that rit may be readlly and easily broken if the mechanism 1s tampered w1th, and in order that this point may be further weaken 3d when the,
bottle is being tampered with, yet braced during ordlnary handling, I provide a metallic ring 10 which is molded in to the bottle, at the point where the extension 7 joins with the enlarged portion 3.
11 denotes a tube having a iange 12 formed with its upper end and provided w1th internal oppositely disposed grooves or tracks 13 which extend inward from the upper end of said tube within proximity to the opening 14. Thist'ube is open at both ends and is inserted in the neck of the bottle until the flange 12 seats itself in the depression 6. The diameter of this tube being smaller than the interior diameter of the neck in orderto produce a liquid space 15 lbetween the neck and said tube whereby the liquid may reach the opening 14 in the side wall of said tube, produces a space which is unused between the tube and Athe bottle neck and between the opening 14 and the flange 12, and when the bottle is `inverted to'pour out the liquid a port-ion thereof would flow into this space, and in order that this may not happen, I provide a packing 16 of cork. or other suitable material which will fill the space 15 from the opening.14 to the flange 12, sothat when the bottle is inverted the liquid will flow only to the opening 14. After the tube 11 is inserted the sliding valve 17 is placed in said tube so that-the lugs 18 *formed with the upper end of said valve, may register with the grooves 13 in the tube 11, thereby causingthe opening 19 in the valve 17 and the opening 14 in the tube 11 to be in alinementv or register with one another when the bot-- tle is inverted, since the distance from the top of the valve 17 to the opening 19 is of the tube 11 to its opening 14. The faces of the tube "'11 are parallela' and vertical and although the outer face of the valve 17 is the same as the faces of the tube and snugly fits within said tube, yet the interior face of saidyalve converges with the interior.
face toward its upper end, 'producing a beveled interior side wall 20. The bottom.
of said vsliding valve is closed by the' infrom' the bottle to reach the interior 'of the walls of which diverge' toward its upper end, producing a beveled s ide Wall 23 which corresponds with the 'beveled interior walls of the valve 17 so. that when the auxiliary valve'22 is resting in the bottom of the valve 17 the opening 19 of the latter is closed, but when the bottle is inverted and 'the auxiliary valve rests at the upper end of the valve 17, a' space is left between the in. terior vwalls of the valve 17 and the exterior wa-lls of the auxiliary valve 22 equal to the difference between the interior diameter of the valve 17. at its upper end and the ex. tericr d/ameter of the auxiliary valve 22 which space is vsufficient to permit the liquid to flow from the bottle. `The auxiliaryvalve *may be inthe vform of a float or a solid body, yetis preferably constructed in the manner here shown lcomprising a relatively heavy body having a cavity 24 leading fromY the top thereof, so that whenl it is attempted to lill the bottle, ,a certain amount of liquid will run into this cavity, adding its weight to the body of the auxiliaryvalve, causing said auxiliary valve to close the opening 19 and if the `bottle is inverted and a liquid forced into the neck, the cavity 24 will then cause th'e auxiliary valve to float upon said liquid and close the opening 19. Then again, should the bottle be laid uponits side, the liquid ilowingl into the neckA will carry the auxiliary valve along with it, ,causing said auxiliary valve to againy close the opening and prevent the 'flowing of the liquid into the interior ofthe bottle'. Inorder that this mechanism may be held in place and to also prevent its being tampered with, I provide a guard which comprises a body 26 having a pluralityofperforfation's 27 therein and having.
a flange 28 of relatively soft or untempered material so that after the guard is inserted.
in the guard cavity 4, the'outer face of the body 26 resting upon the flange 5 and vupon the top face of the flange 12 of the tube 11,
the flange 28 of said guard may be expanded into the vguard cavi-ty 4 thereby preventing its withdrawal, to prevent any one tamper` lpositionand this flange expanded with-a4 suitable tube. For shipping, a stopper-may be placed in the extension 7. To pour out!v a liquid the bottle is inverted causing the valve 17 to'slide -until it abuts the guard, atv which time its opening 19 will register with the opening 14 inthe tube 11. At the same time the auxiliary valve 22 will'slide from its seat in the valve 17 until it abuts the guard, and as the side walls of the valve and auxiliary valve diverge, and as said auxiliary Valve is shorter than the valve proper, then lthe diameter of the smaller or closing all of the openingsand holding the y liquid from the interior of the bottle. Should any1-one attempt to fool with the valve by placing an instrument in the neck any .slight pressure upon the extension 7 will cause the same to break from the bottle at its weakest point, which is where it joins with the enlarged portion 3.` 'This' mutilation of the bottle may readily beseen yby the purchaser, causing him to .refuse the bottle with its contentsl orl any of the contents from said bottle.
Of course I donot wish to be limited to the exact details' of construction as ,'-here shown, as'these maybe varied within the limits of theappended elai'mswithout departing from the spirit of my invention..-
Havingthus'^fu11y 'described my invention, what I claim as new and useful, is-
1. In combinatiomwith the nec-k :of a bottle, a straight Walled tube-"having an opening therein, a valve closed Aat one end, .having an with the opening-inthe tube, the, interior' walls of said valvel diverg'ingltoward its opemng 1n its side wall adapted to register* upper end, and a secondary. valve having its exterior walls diverging, slidably mounted in the rst namedvalye and ladapted tol close the opening... therein when seated in 'the lowerfend of'said valve.
2. In a device of the character describeda bottlefcomprisingajbody, a neck formed therewith having an ,enlarged portion, the
interior offwhich produces a vguard cavity, an annularv integral flange formed Within said cavity and having an annular' depres.-k
sion produced therein'a'n` extension mout formed withthe enlarged portion, ,a tube having a ange formed with its upper end and provided with'-a .pa ir of oppositely dis! i [posed grobvesand an O peningin it'ss'ide wall, L
a valve closed at-one end andl having an opening, the interior side-walls o f'said' valve div'verging vtoward its upper fend, apair of -oppositely` disposed lugsformed adjacent the upper endsof' saidvalve, adapted to register with the grooves of the' tube,j .an
auxiliary valve, the exterior side walls of which diverge, having a cavity produced therein, said auxiliary valve being slidably mounted within the first named valve, a perforated guard, and a flange formed therewith, said guard mounted within the guard cavity and resting upon the flange of the tube to prevent the withdrawal of said tube or valves and to act as a stop for said valves, the flange of said guard being expanded to prevent its withdrawal from the guard cavity.
3. In combination with the neck of .a bottle, a tube, the interior and exterior Walls of whieh'are concentric and straight, said tube having an opening in its side wall intermediate its ends, a valve closed at one end, its exterior wall being concentric with the Walls 'o the tube, its interior Walls diverging, said valve having an opening in its side wall adapted to register with the opening in the tube when the bottom is inverted, said'valve constantly remainingfwithin the tube, a secondary valve 'slidably mounted in the irst named valve and always remaining entirely Within said first named valve, the exterior walls of said secondary valve diverging, said secondary valve closing the opening in the first named valve when the bottle is in an upright position, and a guard for retaining the parts in position and limiting the movement of the valves.
In testimony whereof, I have hereunto aiiixed my signature in the presence of two' subscribing witnesses.
US61745711A 1911-03-28 1911-03-28 Non-refillable bottle. Expired - Lifetime US1012826A (en)

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